Introduction to the ICD- 9-CM Book and Its Codes

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					                              Introduction to the ICD-
2                             9-CM Book and Its Codes

Adverse effect
Anatomical site
                               LEARNING OUTCOMES
Conormed                       • Identify the terms used to describe diagnoses in the
                                 alphabetic index of ICD-9-CM.
E codes
                               • Apply the guidelines to determine the best, most appropriate
External cause
                               • Correctly abstract the key words located in physician’s notes
Inpatient facility               as they relate to the diagnoses.
Late effect                    • Use the documentation to find the correct codes that
Outpatient services              establish medical necessity.
                               • Distinguish between ICD-9-CM, V codes, and E codes.
                               • Recognize the conditions under which E codes are required.

             EMPLOYMENT       Hospitals                                Pharmacies
           OPPORTUNITIES      Doctors’ ofoces                          Medical supply companies
                              Dentists’ ofoces                         Diagnostic imaging
                              Nursing homes/assisted living            Laboratories
                              Mental health facilities                 Insurance companies
                              Clinics                                  HMOs
                              Rehabilitative centers                   Self-insured companies
                              Home health care providers               Government agencies
                              Hospice                                  Software manufacturers
                              Pharmaceutical companies

          he ICD-9-CM book contains all of the              In this chapter, as well as the rest of this
          codes you need to report the reason            textbook, all references will be made to the
          why the patient came to see a health           printed version of the codes. Let’s begin by
care professional for a specific encounter. The           reviewing the sections of the ICD-9-CM book,
codes in the directory are available to you in           to learn where to find the best, most accurate
print, on the Internet, and on CD-ROM.                   codes.
There are two parts in the ICD-9-CM book, referred to as volumes, which
contain information related to diagnostic coding:
    Volume 1 is the tabular list of diseases. It lists all the ICD-9-CM         «« C O D I N G T I P
      codes in numerical order: fi rst, the codes from 001 to 999.9; sec-
                                                                                Volume 1 (the tabular list) is
      ond, the V codes from V01 to V86.1; and third, the E codes from
                                                                                located after Volume 2,
      E800 to E999.1.
                                                                                Section 3, in your ICD-9-CM book.
    Volume 2 is the alphabetic index to diseases. It lists all the diagno-
      ses by their basic description alphabetically from A to Z. Diag-
      nostic descriptions are listed by:

    •   Condition (e.g., Infections, fractures, and wounds)                     Condition
    •   Eponyms (e.g., Epstein-Barr syndrome and Cushing’s disease)             A health-related situation.
    •   Other descriptors (e.g., history, family history)
    Volume 2, Section 2, contains the table of drugs and chemicals, an          Eponym
      alphabetic index of pharmaceuticals and chemicals that may
                                                                                A condition named after a
      cause poisoning or adverse effects in the human body.                     person.
    Volume 2, Section 3, contains the index to external causes, the
      alphabetic index for the causes of injury and poisoning.

Many physician’s offices are specialized. So you will most likely end up
working with a limited number of sections in the ICD-9-CM book.

If you are working for a gastroenterologist, you would rarely, if ever, use
codes for mental disorders 290—319.

    Physician specialization makes the entire process of coding from
the huge ICD-9-CM book less intimidating. However, because most of
you do not know the type of health care facility you will be working in
and some of you will work in a hospital or clinic that typically sees a
wide range of illnesses and injuries, our learning here covers the entire

Abstracting Physician’s Notes
The best place to begin the coding process is with the physician’s notes
and the superbill for the encounter. Abstract, or pull out, the key words
relating to the reason why the patient came to see the physician for this
    When the physician treats or attends multiple conditions, you have
to determine the principal or primary or fi rst-listed diagnosis. The
Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set (UHDDS) defi ned this to be “that

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                 23
                                      condition established after study to be chiefly responsible for occasion-
CODING TIP »»                         ing the admission of the patient to the hospital for care.” For outpatient
The diagnostic key words are          situations, the definition is very similar: “the main condition treated or
often the answer to the question,     investigated during the relevant episode of care.”
“Why did the patient come to see          When reading procedure or operative notes, you will typically find
the doctor today?”                    a preoperative diagnosis or indication and a postoperative diagnosis or
                                      findings. There may be times when pre- and postoperative diagnoses are
                                      different. Due to the fact that the notes are written after the physician
                                      has performed the procedure, it is expected that the postoperative diag-
                                      noses or findings are considered to be more accurate, and therefore, that
                                      is the information you will use to code the encounter.
                                          In cases where the patient has been in the hospital, you might fi nd a
                                      difference between an admission diagnosis and the discharge diagnosis.
                                      The admission diagnosis is the condition that was the medical neces-
                                      sity prompting bringing the patient into the hospital. That is important
                                      information when coding diagnoses at discharge because you may have
                                      to indicate certain conditions as being present on admission (POA).
                                          The notes may contain key words directly identified as a confirmed
                                      diagnosis, or you may need to fi nd the patient’s signs and symptoms
                                      (often called the patient’s chief complaint).

                                      The Alphabetic Index
CODING TIP »»                         Once you have identified the diagnostic-related key words abstracted from
                                      the notes, turn to the alphabetic index of ICD-9-CM. You use the alpha-
Never, never, never code only         betic index to guide you to the correct page or area in the tabular (numeri-
from the alphabetic index             cal) volume. Then you need to carefully read the descriptions, beginning
(Volume 2, Index to Diseases).
                                      at the top of the subheading, so you can make certain that you find the
Always check the code in the
                                      best code, to the highest level of specificity, according to the physician’s
tabular listing and read the entire
code description and all notations
                                      notes for a particular encounter and within the directions of the book.
before deciding it is the best            When you begin, you will realize that looking for a diagnostic key
code.                                 word in the alphabetic index may not be as easy as it sounds. Some-
                                      times, however, it’s a snap, and you find the code right away!
                                          For example, suppose you read that “Dr. Files diagnoses Alvira
                                      Gomez with polyphagia.”
                                          Turning to the alphabetic index, you find Polyphagia 783.6.
                                          When you look in the tabular listing, you see that the definition for
                                      code 783.6 matches the physician’s notes perfectly.
                                          Occasionally, you have to look a little further. Suppose you read that
                                      “Dr. Farina removed a splinter from Jaleel Waters’s finger.”
                                          When you look in the alphabetic index under splinter, you discover
                                      a see reference:
                                         Splinter—see Injury, superficial, by site
                                         Therefore, you turn to:
                                                    Finger(s) (nail) (any) 915
                                          Read back up the indented words, and it becomes: “Superficial Injury
                                      to any finger or fingernail 915.”

24                                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
    In the tabular (numerical) listing, turn to code 915:
    915 Superficial injury of finger(s)
    Continuing down the indented list below the subheading, you see:
    915.6 Superficial foreign body (splinter) without major open wound,
      without mention of infection
    It can be like looking for a contact lens on the carpet—you have to
really look carefully and think about what the problem really is.

Darlene Samanski broke a drinking glass in her hand. She was pretty certain
she got all the glass out and cleaned the wound well, but two days later, her
hand was still hurting. She went to Dr. Mahoney, who removed several tiny
shards of glass left in the wound.
    You have to think about this and realize that the glass is actually a for-
eign body. In addition, you must ogure out that the glass is not actually in
Darlene’s hand; it is in her soft tissue. Now, you will be able to ond this in the
alphabetic index:
     Foreign Body, In, Soft Tissue (residual) 729.6
    Other times, you may have to use alternate terms from those in the
notes to find the correct listing. A medical dictionary will help you.
Also, practicing will familiarize you with the terms used and the think-
ing process that is a part of coding.

Stephan Lewis fell off of his bicycle and scraped his knee very badly, so he
came to see Dr. Martinez.
    Scrape is not in the alphabetic index. Another term for scrape is abra-
sion. Turn to abrasion in the alphabetic index, and it will direct you to Injury,
Superocial, by site. Eventually you arrive at Injury, Superocial, Knee 916.

    Remember that accuracy is the most important issue here. It is not a
race. You need to be careful and meticulous.


Jerry Califon, a 47-year-old male, came to see his regular physician, Dr.
Warren. Jerry has a family history of pancreatic cancer, so he is very
diligent about his checkups.

Let’s Code It!

As you read through the notes, you can see that Dr. Warren identified the
reason for Jerry’s visit. He has a “family history of pancreatic cancer.”
    There are four key words: family, history, pancreas, and cancer. Let’s
look them up in the alphabetic index one at a time.

                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes       25
                                        Cancer: When you look up the word cancer in the alphabetic index,
                                    you find that the ICD-9-CM book refers you to see also Neoplasm, by site,
                                    malignant. (You may remember from your medical terminology class
                                    that malignant neoplasm is the proper term for what is commonly called
                                    cancer.) But be careful! Jerry does not have a malignant neoplasm, just
                                    a family history. If you follow this lead and go to the neoplasm listings,
                                    you will see that there is nothing that indicates a family history. You
                                    now know that the key word will not lead to the correct ICD-9-CM code
                                    for this particular encounter.
                                        (Note: Don’t worry about that M8000/3 code shown here. That
                                    is a special code, and you will learn all about it in Chap. 6, “Coding
                                    Go to the next key word.
                                        Pancreas: Find the word pancreas in the alphabetic index, and you
                                    read the direction to see condition. This does not mean to go to the list-
                                    ing for the word condition; it means that you should go back to the phy-
                                    sician’s notes and look for the condition of Jerry’s pancreas. What is
                                    wrong with his pancreas? Well, there really isn’t anything indicating
                                    that there is anything wrong with his pancreas. So this is not going to
                                    get you any closer to the correct code because the alphabetic index does
Anatomical site                     not include code listings by anatomical site.
A specioc location or part of the
                                        Don’t get frustrated. Look at this like a treasure hunt. The correct
human body.                         answer is here in this book. You just have to find it. Let’s go to the next
                                    key word: family.
                                        Family: Next to the word family, the book directs us to see also con-
                                    dition. Underneath, there are codes indicated for:
                                        Family disruption V61.0
                                        Family planning advice V25.09
                                        Family problem V61.9
                                        Family problem specified circumstance NEC V61.8
                                        None of these possibilities comes close to the reason why Jerry came
                                    to see Dr. Warren. So let’s move on to the last key word.
                                        History: Looks like you struck gold! There are over a page and a half
                                    of codes listed under History (personal) of. The first question you need to
                                    answer is what kind of history does this individual have: a family his-
                                    tory. Look down the column at the long list of words indented under the
                                    word history until you reach family.

CODING TIP »»                       EXAMPLE
Once you ond the appropriate        Family is a description of a type of history.
main key word from the notes        Malignant is a description of a type of neoplasm.
in the alphabetic index, the next
item you want to identify is the    Open is a description of a type of wound.
adjective, or descriptor, used by
the provider.                           You will notice that under the word family there is an indented col-
                                    umn, in alphabetical order, of codes for different family histories. Let’s
                                    go ahead and look down the listing to see if the word pancreas appears.

26                                  Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
It does not. That’s because you can’t have a family history of having a
pancreas. Everyone has one! What does the individual actually have? A
family history of a malignant neoplasm (cancer) of the pancreas. Aha.
Let’s continue down the list:
                                                                                  «« C O D I N G T I P
      Family                                                                      When looking through these long
          Malignant neoplasm (of) NEC V16.9.                                      lists with lots of indentations,
                                                                                  we must be conscientious and
   This is read as “family history of a malignant neoplasm not else-
                                                                                  go down the columns carefully.
where classified (NEC).” But that’s not our situation. Let’s keep going            Use a ruler or your onger to keep
down the indented list under malignant neoplasm:                                  things in line.
   Pancreas V16.0
     This is read as “family history of a malignant neoplasm, pancreas.”
Finally. We found it!!
     As you can see, each word or phrase indented below another word
or phrase includes the one above.
     Look above to family indented once under the heading history. You
read this as “family history.” Then malignant neoplasm is indented once
under family that is indented once under history. So we read this as
“family history of malignant neoplasm.” This can get a little confusing,
so use a ruler or your finger to keep track of what is indented at which
level. If you let your eyes jump ahead, you might accidentally look at the
next column under history that says “malignant neoplasm (of) V10.9.” If
you look at the indentations of the columns, you will see that this means
a history of malignant neoplasm (indicating that the patient had been
previously diagnosed) but not a family history of a malignant neoplasm
(indicating that someone in the family, not this individual, was diag-
nosed). A big difference!
     Now turn to the numerical listings (Volume 1, tabular), and look for
code V16.0 to make certain this is the best, most specific code available.
It shows:
   V16 Family history of malignant neoplasm
      V16.0 Gastrointestinal tract
         Family history of condition classifiable to 140–159
    You read the listing in the volume in the same way you read the
indented listings in the alphabetic index. Each indented phrase includes
the description above it at the margin. Therefore, the complete descrip-
tion is read as “V16.0 Family history of malignant neoplasm, gastroin-
testinal tract.”
    But Jerry has a family history of pancreatic cancer. Is that in the gas-
trointestinal tract? Take a look at the notation indented below the code
   Gastrointestinal tract   Family history of condition classifiable to 140–159.
    It means that the original diagnosis would have come from the code
range of 140 through 159. As you read through the descriptions of all
the codes in that range, take a look at code 157, Malignant neoplasm of
pancreas. That is what someone in Jerry’s family had; therefore, V16.0 is
correct. (See Fig. 2-1.)

                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                   27
                                      ✓ 4th   V16 Family history of malignant neoplasm
                                                  V16.0 Gastrointestinal tract
                                                           Family history of condition classifiable to 140-159
                                                        AHA: 10,‘99,4
                                                  V16.1 Trachea, bronchus, and lung
                                                           Family history of condition classifiable to 162
                                                  V16.2 Other respiratory and intrathoracic organs
                                                           Family history of condition classifiable to 160-161,
                                                  V16.3 Breast
                                                           Family history of condition classifiable to 174
                                                        AHA: 20,‘03, 4; 20,‘00, 8; 10,‘92,11

                                   Figure 2-1 V Code for Family History of Malignant Neoplasm.

                                   The Tabular (Numerical) Listings
                                   Volume 1 of the ICD-9-CM book lists all the codes and their descriptions.
                                   However, it lists all its information in numerical order, starting at 001
                                   and running all the way through the V codes and then the E codes. That
                                   section is called the tabular listing. Let’s investigate the different types
                                   of codes shown in the listing and when you would use each kind.

                                   ICD-9-CM Codes
                                   As discussed previously in this chapter, the majority of the ICD-9-CM
                                   book contains ICD-9-CM codes that are three-, four-, or five-digit num-
Conormed                           bers that directly connect to specific, confirmed diagnoses of illness
Found to be true or deonite.
                                   (disease) or injury.
                                       When coding outpatient services, you must be certain that the
                                   patient’s file, including the physician’s notes, verify that the patient
Outpatient services                actually has the condition, disease, illness, or injury. The guidelines
Health care services provided to   state that you are to use the code or codes that identify the condition to
individuals without an overnight   its highest level of certainty. This means that you only code what you
stay in the facility.              know for a fact. You are not permitted to assign an ICD-9-CM diagnosis
                                   code for a condition that is described by the provider as probably, sus-
                                   pected, possible, questionable, or to be ruled out. If the health care pro-
                                   fessional has not been able to classify a diagnosis, then you must code
                                   the signs, symptoms, abnormal test results, or other element stated as
                                   the reason for the visit.

                                   Larry Glass, a 39-year-old male, came to see Dr. Walden, in his ofoce,
                                   because of a sharp pain in his lower right abdomen. After doing a thorough
                                   examination, Dr. Walden suspects that Larry may have appendicitis, so he
                                   orders a blood test.

28                                 Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
If the blood test comes back positive to conorm appendicitis (after the physi-
cian documents it in the ole), you would use code:
     541 Appendicitis, unqualified
If the blood test comes back negative, meaning Larry does not have appendi-
citis (after the physician documents it in the ole), then you would use code:
     789.03 Abdominal pain, right lower quadrant

    The rules for coding uncertain diagnoses for patients of an inpatient        Inpatient facility
facility are different from those for outpatients. When at the time of
                                                                                 An establishment that provides
discharge the diagnosis is described as probable, possible, suspected,           acute care services to individuals
likely, or still to be ruled out, you must code that condition as if it did      who stay overnight on the
exist. This directive applies only when you are coding services pro-             premises.
vided in a short-term, acute, long-term care, or psychiatric hospital or
facility. It is one of the few circumstances where the guidelines differ
between coding outpatient and inpatient services.


Jenna Butler, a 59-year-old female, was admitted into the hospital for
observation after she complained of having severe chest pain radiating
to her left shoulder and down her arm. Dr. Halberton discharged her the
next day with a diagnosis of probable variant angina pectoris.

You Code It!

   As the hospital’s coder, go through the steps of coding, and deter-
mine the codes that should be reported for this encounter between Dr.
Halberton and Jenna Butler.
    Step 1: Read the case completely.
    Step 2: Abstract the notes: Which key words can you identify relat-
            ing to the procedures performed?

    Step 3: Query the provider, if necessary.
    Step 4: Code the diagnosis or diagnoses.

    Step 5: Code the procedure(s): One night hospital stay for
    Step 6: Link the procedure codes to at least one diagnosis code to
            confi rm medical necessity.
    Step 7: Back code to double-check your choices.
    Did you find the correct code to be:
    413.1 Prinzmetal angina

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                    29
     V Codes
     There are times when an individual comes to see a health care provider
     without having a particular illness or injury. In such cases, you might
     assign a V code, which describes an encounter between a provider and
     an individual without a current health concern.
      1. A healthy person might go to see a physician for the following
        a. Preventive care such as a flu shot or vaccination: codes V03.0
           through V06.9
        b. Routine and administrative exams, such as an annual physical
           or a well-baby checkup: codes V20.2 and V70.0 through V72.9
           (except V72.5 and V72.6)
        c. Monitoring care and screenings for someone:
              i. With a personal history of a condition: codes V10.00
                 through V15.9
             ii. With a family history: codes V16.0 through V19.8
            iii. In a population subgroup, such as mammograms for women
                 over 40 or prostate examinations for men over 50: codes
                 V76.1x and V76.44
        d. Counseling for the patient and/or family members with regard to
           the circumstances involved with an illness or injury or to deal
           with family or social problems such as contraceptive or procre-
           ative management: codes throughout the V code section
        e. Organ donation (to be a donor): codes V59.01 to V59.9

     Kinley Washington onds out his brother has end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
     He comes in today to be tested to see if he can donate his kidney: code

      2. A person requiring continuous care for:
        a. Chronic illness or injury
        b. Healing illness or injury requiring aftercare, such as follow-up
           after surgery: codes V51 through V58.9
        c. Status identification, which is a follow-up for someone who is
           a carrier of a disease, has residual effects of a past condition, or
           has a prosthetic or mechanical device: status codes throughout
           the V code section
        d. Follow-up examinations for a condition that has already been
           treated or no longer exists: codes V24.0–V24.2 or V67.00–V67.9

     Dr. Rosin sees Don Bowlin in the ofoce six weeks after performing a carpal
     tunnel release before closing this case . . . code V67.09

      3. A person that does not have any signs or symptoms of a disease but
         came to the health care professional because he or she:

30   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
   a. Was exposed to an infected individual: codes V01.0–V01.9
   b. Might be a carrier or suspected carrier of a disease: codes V02.0–
   c. Needs to be observed for a suspected condition that is ruled out:
      codes V29.0–V29.9 or V71.0–V71.9

Robert Boatman, a 19-year-old male, discovers that his roommate has been
diagnosed with tuberculosis. He visits his physician to ond out what he
should do: code V01.1.

 4. Obstetrics and neonatal concerns including regularly planned,
    periodic checkups, the outcome of delivery, birth status, and health
    supervision and observations of an infant or child. These related
    codes range from V22.0 through V39.
                                                                                «« C O D I N G T I P
                                                                                The V in V code stands for
Tiffany Sherwood, a 29-year-old female, is seven weeks pregnant with her
                                                                                preVentive. The patient doesn’t
orst child. She has an appointment with Dr. Nelson today for her regularly      have a disease or injury, and he
scheduled prenatal checkup: code V22.0.                                         or she comes to see the physician
                                                                                to prevent something from going
 5. Patients receiving diagnostic services only during an encounter.            wrong or to ensure continued
    When coding a visit for routine lab work or radiology services,             health.
    when there are no current signs, symptoms, or related diagnosis,
    report the visit using either code V72.5 or V72.6.

Rhonda Shultz comes in for a routine chest x-ray. She does not see Dr. Fahey
or have any other services provided: code V72.5.

 6. Routine testing performed during an encounter that also evaluates
    an unrelated sign, symptom, or diagnosis. Code both the V code for
    the routine test and the reason for the evaluation.

Kallie Pasternak, a 25-year-old female, is here for her annual well-woman
exam. She asks Dr. Walli to do a genetic disease test because she and her
husband are discussing beginning a family: code V72.31 (routine gynecologi-
cal examination) and V26.31 (testing of female for genetic disease carrier


Lewis Elliott brings his daughter Marissa to Dr. Cruse, her pediatrician,
for a rubella vaccination. Marissa is 4 years old and will be going to pre-
school next month. The school requires just this one shot. Marissa chose
a sunflower sticker as her prize for being a good patient.

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                 31
                                     Let’s Code It!

                                     Marissa did not come to Dr. Cruse because she was ill or injured. She came
                                     so that he could prevent her from becoming ill. So Dr. Cruse would indi-
                                     cate that the reason why he saw Marissa today was to give her a vaccina-
                                     tion to prevent her from getting rubella. Let’s go to the alphabetic index.
                                         Looking up the key word rubella, you see the code:
                                        Rubella (German measles) 056.9
CODING TIP »»                            Using the code would indicate that Marissa had been confi rmed to
                                     have a diagnosis of rubella. But she does not. The physician’s notes doc-
Remember that a diagnostic           ument that she has come for a vaccination against rubella. So let’s look
code identioes the reason why
                                     up vaccination. You see a long list indented below the key word, most
the patient came to see the
                                     of which are shown below another indented word prophylactic (another
physician for this encounter:
because she needed to have the
                                     word for preventive). Underneath, you find:
vaccination. That is the reason         Rubella (alone) V04.3
that the code reads “Need for.”
                                        The numeric listing confi rms it. The correct code is:
The diagnostic code is not the
code for the actual provision of        V04.3 Need for prophylactic vaccination, rubella alone
the injection. That will come from
                                        Some V codes cover a variety of miscellaneous issues, such as prob-
the procedure coding book. This
                                     lems relating to lifestyle (V69) or encounters for administrative purposes
is just the why, not the what.
                                     (V68). Take a few minutes to look through the V code section of your
                                     ICD-9-CM book. Get a feeling for the category headlines and sections.
                                     The descriptions for all V codes are included in the alphabetic index,
                                     and the ICD-9-CM book will guide you as to when to use them.

                                     LET’S CODE IT! SCENARIO

                                     After having surgery to remove a cancerous tumor, Caroline completed
                                     her planned sequence of chemotherapy treatments. She comes to see Dr.
                                     Masters for a follow-up.

                                     Let’s Code It!

                                     Caroline has completed her treatments, so she is technically no longer ill.
                                     However, it would be remiss of Dr. Masters not to examine her to ensure
                                     that she is doing as well as expected and that the treatments worked.
                                     You cannot report the visit with a code for cancer, because Caroline no
                                     longer has cancer. This visit is a follow-up as a part of her completed
                                     treatment, so she actually does not yet qualify for a personal history
                                     code. Let’s try the best key word we have: follow-up. In the alphabetic
                                     index, you see:
                                        Follow-up (examination) (routine) (following) V67.9
                                           Cancer chemotherapy V67.2
                                         In the tabular (numeric) listing, reading from the top of the sub-
                                     section, you see:
                                        V67 Follow-up examination
                                        Includes surveillance only followed completed treatment

32                                   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
   Keep reading down the column to
   V67.2 Following chemotherapy
      Cancer chemotherapy follow-up
   That is a perfect match to the notes. Good job!


Augustina Saciolo, a 36-year-old female who is approximately 12 weeks
pregnant with her first baby, comes to see Dr. Apple for a regularly sched-
uled pregnancy checkup. The sonogram shows no abnormalities with
a fetus that appears to be appropriate size and growth for the approxi-
mated gestation.

You Code It!

Go through the steps of coding, and determine the codes that should be
reported for this encounter between Dr. Apple and Augustina Saciolo.
   Step 1: Read the case completely.
   Step 2: Abstract the notes: Which key words can you identify relat-
           ing to the procedures performed?

   Step 3: Query the provider, if necessary.
   Step 4: Code the diagnosis or diagnoses.

   Step 5: Code the procedure(s): Regular pregnancy checkup;
   Step 6: Link the procedure codes to at least one diagnosis code to
           confi rm medical necessity.
   Step 7: Back code to double-check your choices.
   Did you find the correct code to be:
   V23.81 Supervision of high-risk pregnancy, elderly primigravida

                                                                                Adverse effect
E Codes
                                                                                The harm a patient experiences
When an individual has an injury, has been poisoned, or has had an              by a medication that has
adverse effect, something had to cause it. You can’t catch a broken leg or      been prescribed by a health
wake up with a case of poisoning. Something outside of the body had to          care professional and taken
cause the problem. There had to be an external cause. E codes are used,         as instructed; an unexpected
along with ICD-9-CM and/or V codes, to explain exactly what had hap-            reaction to a drug taken for
pened. (See Fig. 2-2.)                                                          therapeutic purposes.

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                33
External cause
An event, outside the body, that
causes injury, poisoning, or an                        ✓ 4th   E816 Motor vehicle traffic accident
adverse reaction to an individual.                             due to loss of control, without
                                                               collision on the highway
E codes
Codes that report how and/or
where an injury or poisoning
                                     Figure 2-2 Example of an E Code, Including Both How and Where.
The E code explains the external
cause of the individual’s injury,    EXAMPLE
poisoning, or adverse reaction.
                                      How was Mickey poisoned by that drain cleaner? E864.2 Accidental poison-
                                        ing by corrosives and caustics, caustic alkalis
                                      Where was Mickey when he got poisoned? E849.0 Home
                                      How did Rosanne aspirate all that water? E910.0 Accidental drowning and
                                        submersion while water-skiing
                                      Where did Rosanne almost drown? E849.4 Place for recreation and sport
                                      How did Arthur get that rash? E930.4 Adverse effects in therapeutic use,
                                        tetracycline group
                                      Where was Arthur when he got that rash? When using therapeutic use
                                        codes, you do not need a place of occurrence code.
                                      How did Ruth break her ankle? E880.0 Fall on an escalator
                                      Where was Ruth when she was on that escalator? E849.6 Public building,
                                        store (mall)

                                     LET’S CODE IT! SCENARIO

                                     Ellen Depew was brought to Dr. Davis’s office with a bad headache. She
                                     had knocked her head fiercely against a cabinet when she slipped on
                                     a wet spot on her kitchen floor. After x-rays have been taken, Dr. Davis
                                     determines that Ellen has a brain concussion.

                                     Let’s Code It!

                                     Why do the claim forms and the reports need to identify how or where
                                     Ellen got hurt? The answer is that the situation responsible for Ellen’s
                                     concussion would affect which insurance carrier’s policy pays the med-
                                     ical expenses. If Ellen hit her head:
                                      At work, then workers’ compensation insurance would pay the medi-
                                        cal bills, not her health care plan.
                                      While shopping at a store, the store’s liability insurance might pay for
                                       the medical bills.
                                      In an automobile accident, then her automobile insurance would
                                         probably be billed.

34                                   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
 In her own home, then her own health care policy would be billed
    fi rst.
    Therefore, as a coding specialist, you must use codes to explain what
happened, so it will be clear which insurance carrier is responsible for,
and should receive, the medical bills. In addition, your state or federal
agencies may need to know the circumstances for statistical analysis or
other research purposes.
    You will use E codes, after the diagnosis code(s), to provide this
important information. Now, let’s look back at Ellen Depew’s scenario
and pick out the key words that will lead us to the correct codes. With
our diagnosis codes and E codes, the entire story must be reported to
explain why Ellen came to see Dr. Davis for this visit. As you learned,
because Ellen has an injury, you must also report how and where she
became injured.
    Dr. Davis’s notes tell us that Ellen had a headache that turned out to
be a concussion: “Dr. Davis determines that Ellen has a brain concus-
sion.” That leads you to code:
   850.0 Brain concussion, with no loss of consciousness
    The notes do not mention anything about her losing consciousness
after she hurt her head, so it is the most accurate code. Now, you know
that a concussion is an injury, so you will need to explain how and
where she hurt her head. Go back to the notes, and find the documen-
tation to explain how she injured herself: “She had knocked her head
fiercely against a cabinet when she slipped.” When you look that up in
the E code alphabetic index in Volume 2, Section 3, and then confi rm it
in the E code numeric listing, you fi nd the best code to be:
   E885.9 Fall from other slipping, tripping, or stumbling
    You need one more code to explain where Ellen was when she was
injured. It is called a place of occurrence code. Let’s look at the notes,      «« C O D I N G T I P
and find out where she was hurt: “her kitchen floor.” It tells us that she
                                                                                An E code can never be a
was in her own home. When you go to the E code alphabetic index, look
                                                                                principal, or orst-listed, code. In
up P for place of occurrence. This listing directs you to Accident (to),
                                                                                other words, it cannot be orst on
occurring (at) (in).                                                            a claim form.
    Go back to the A for accident, and look down the columns until you
reach the fi rst indented word: occurring (at) (in).
    Go down the indented column underneath the phrase until you get
to home (private) (residential) E849.0. Confi rm it in the numeric listing
to find that the code accurately reports where Ellen was when she got
   E849.0 Place of occurrence, home
   Now, with those three codes, you can accurately and completely
report the reasons why Ellen came to see Dr. Davis for this visit and
identify the medical reason for Dr. Davis ordering the x-ray.
   850.0 Brain concussion, with no loss of consciousness
   E885.9 Fall from other slipping, tripping, or stumbling
   E849.0 Place of occurrence, home

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                    35
                                       You may have to ask the intake nurse, the attending physician, or
                                   the patient him or herself to obtain all the information you need to code
                                   an injury properly. However, in some circumstances, additional infor-
                                   mation may not be available. If the patient is unconscious, for example,
                                   you may know the how with regard to the device (e.g., ladder, automo-
                                   bile, aspirin) but not have a confi rmation on the intent (e.g., accident,
                                   assault, or attempted suicide). In such cases, you can use a code from
                                   the following:

                                      E980.0–E989 Injury undetermined whether accidentally or purposely
                                       Although less likely, the reverse may occur. You may know the intent
                                   but not the device. In such cases, you may choose the most appropriate

                                      E928.9 Unspecified accident
                                      E958.9 Suicide and self-inflicted injury by unspecified means
                                      E968.9 Assault by unspecified means

                                       Undetermined and unspecified codes should only be used as a last
                                   resort, when you have no way of getting additional information. Most
                                   insurers are wary of such codes and will typically pull claims using
                                   them for further investigation. It will delay payment.
                                       Occasionally, the ICD-9-CM book will actually remind you to include
                                   an E code.

                                        995.5x Child maltreatment syndrome
                                        Use additional E code to identify:
                                        nature of abuse (E960–E968)
CODING TIP »»                           perpetrator (E967.0–E967.9)

In some circumstances, you
might need to include multiple
                                       Most of the time, however, you have to use your judgment as to
E codes to tell the whole
                                   whether an E code is necessary. These code descriptions are not included
story—the how and the where.
Some codes include both in their
                                   in the main alphabetic index. So once you have determined that an E
description. Read carefully.       code is necessary, you will begin the search for the most accurate E code
                                   in Section 3 of Volume 2: the index to external causes, the alphabetic
                                   index of E code descriptions.
                                       In some cases, one E code will include both the how and the where:

                                      E815 Other motor vehicle traffic accident involving collision on the
                                      The one E code explains how the individual got injured (a motor
                                   vehicle accident) and where it happened (on the highway).

36                                 Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
Selene Judd sustained a simple fracture of her ulna when she fell off her
skateboard while practicing pips at City Park. The codes required are:
     813.82 Fracture of ulna (alone), unspecified part, closed
                                                                                «« C O D I N G T I P
     E885.2 Fall from skateboard                                                An E code can be added on with
                                                                                any ICD-9-CM code (from 001
     E849.4 Place of occurrence, place for recreation and sport                 through V84.8) that designates
                                                                                an injury, poisoning, or adverse
                                                                                effect. The code should be
    Remember: The main purpose of the E code is to help guide you in
                                                                                included on the claim form, or
your determination as to which insurance policy should be responsible
                                                                                the statistical report, only for
for paying the bill. Therefore, be certain you know the whole story, so         the orst encounter when the
that your codes can tell the whole story. While E codes are not required        condition is treated by the health
in all states or by all insurance carriers, including the codes on your         care professional, not the follow-
health claim form will speed the process along and get your claim paid          up encounters.
faster. And that’s what this is all about!

When the patient has come to see this health care professional for the
treatment of a late effect of an injury or a poisoning, code the particular     Late effect
description (late effect) only in the following situations:                     Cause-and-effect relationship
 • Scarring, as the result of a burn, laceration, wound, or other               between an original condition,
                                                                                illness, or injury and an additional
                                                                                problem caused by the existence
 • Nonunion or malunion of a fracture                                           of that original condition. Time is
 • As specifically stated by the physician or health care professional           not a qualioer for a diagnosis as a
   as a late effect                                                             late effect because the additional
                                                                                concern may be present at any
    Coding the treatment of a late effect will require at least two codes,      time.
in the following order:

 1. The late effect, which is the condition that resulted and that is
    being treated
                                                                                 «« C O D I N G T I P
 2. The late effect code that identifies the original condition
                                                                                 PCE the coding of the late effect
    As with any rule, there is always an exception. When coding a late           of an injury or poisoning as
effect whose code is followed by an additional digit (fourth or fifth digit       follows:
to the code) to identify a manifestation or when a separate manifesta-
tion code is required, the code for the original illness or injury is not        P    Problem being treated
                                                                                      (scarring, mental
reported with a code for the late effect.
                                                                                      retardation, paralysis, etc.)
    Late effect E codes E929.0–E929.9, E959, E969, E977, E989, and
E999.0–E999.1 should be used for the treatment of the late effect of an          C    Cause (what caused the
                                                                                      problem), late effect code
injury or poisoning for the first and any subsequent encounters. Unlike
original E codes, late effect E codes are not reported when the original
condition was an adverse effect. In addition, you will not assign a late         E    E code (late effect code to
                                                                                      explain how the “cause”
effect E code for any condition resulting from a medical misadventure
or a surgical complication.

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                    37
                                         Cerebrovascular disease can often cause other problems in the
CODING TIP »»                        patient. When the physician identifies any condition as a late effect of
When the problem was not             cerebrovascular disease, a cardiovascular accident (CVA) or other diagno-
caused by injury or poisoning,       sis originally described with codes from the 430–437 range, report code
you will not need an E code.         438.xx to connect the current problem with the specific late effect.
Such late effects will have two          There are times when a patient experiences a complication with her
diagnostic codes:                    pregnancy, the birth of the child, and/or a complication of the puerpe-
P    Problem being treated           rium, and that complication creates a condition that requires treatment
     (scarring, mental               or services later on. Even when that treatment occurs after the initial
     retardation, paralysis, etc.)   postpartum period, if the condition is identified as a late effect of a preg-
C    Cause (what caused the          nancy complication, you will use code 677.
     problem), late effect code

                                     LET’S CODE IT! SCENARIO
CODING TIP »»                        Bruce Bucholz, a 27-year-old male, comes to see Dr. Walker for treatment
Code V12.59 History of
                                     of adherent scars on the back of his hand. Bruce is a firefighter and suf-
cerebrovascular disease is only      fered third-degree burns on his right hand last year when he reached in
reported when the patient has no     to save a child from a burning house. Dr. Walker evaluates Bruce’s scars
neurological deocits as a result.    and proceeds to plan out a series of plastic surgeries.

                                     Let’s Code It!

                                     In this case, in addition to the code for Bruce’s scars (the problem), you
                                     have to include a late effects code to relate how Bruce got the scars in
                                     the first place (the cause), and because it was an injury, you need a late
                                     effects E code.
                                        709.2 Scar conditions, adherent
                                        906.6 Late effect of burn of wrist and hand
                                        E929.4 Late effects of accident caused by fire

                                     YOU CODE IT! CASE STUDY

                                     Marion Rilea, a 71-year-old female, came to see Dr. Mills for continued
                                     treatment of the acute gastric ulcer in her stomach. The ulcer developed
                                     after she followed Dr. Miller’s instructions to take aspirin for her arthri-
                                     tis. Dr. Miller recommends surgery, and Marion agrees.

                                     You Code It!

                                     Go through the steps of coding, and determine the codes that should be
                                     reported for this encounter between Dr. Miller and Marion Rilea.
                                        Step 1: Read the case completely.
                                        Step 2: Abstract the notes: Which key words can you identify relat-
                                                ing to the procedures performed?

38                                   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
    Step 3: Query the provider, if necessary.
    Step 4: Code the diagnosis or diagnoses.

    Step 5: Code the procedure(s): 99213-57.
    Step 6: Link the procedure codes to at least one diagnosis code to
            confi rm medical necessity.
    Step 7: Back code to double-check your choices.
    Did you find the correct codes to be:
    531.30 Acute gastric ulcer, without mention of hemorrhage or perforation,
      without mention of obstruction
    909.5 Late effect of adverse effect of drug, medical or biological substance

Category E979.0–E979.9 are to be used when the cause of an injury has
been deemed the result of an act of terrorism by the Federal Bureau
of Investigation (FBI) or other appropriate agency of the U.S. federal

Present on admission (POA) indicators are required for each diagno-
sis code and external cause of injury code reported on UB-04 and 837
Institutional claim forms. They are used to report services provided to
inpatients (acute care hospital).
    The POA indicators are used to clearly identify conditions docu-
mented at the time the patient is admitted into the hospital. Placed in the
appropriate box, or form locator, of the claim form, the indicators are:
    Y   Yes, this condition was present at the time of inpatient
    N   No, this condition was not present at the time of inpatient                «« C O D I N G T I P
                                                                                   If any part of the diagnosis code
    U   Documentation is insufficient to determine if condition is pres-
                                                                                   description was NOT present at
        ent on admission.
                                                                                   the time of admission, report this
    W Provider is unable to clinically determine whether condition                 with an N.
      was present on admission or not.
    1   Exempt conditions as identified on the approved exempt list.

Elijah is admitted with an esophageal ulcer which did not begin bleeding until
after admission. Reported with code 530.21 Ulcer of esophagus with bleed-
ing, this would receive a POA indicator of N because the entire description of
this code was not present at admission.

                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                    39
          It is the responsibility of the physician or health care provider admit-
     ting the patient into the hospital to clearly document which conditions
     are POA. However, it is the professional coder’s responsibility to query the
     physician if the documentation is incomplete with regard to this issue.
     POA indicators have their own reporting guidelines, found in Appendix I
     of the ICD-9-CM Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting.
          POA indicators are mandatory for all inpatient admissions begin-
     ning January 1, 2008. You must know the rules and policies of those
     with whom you are working, when it comes to reimbursement and sta-
     tistical reporting requirements.

     As you look back over this chapter, you should notice one very impor-
     tant thing: The book will almost always guide you to the correct code.
     The alphabetic index will guide you to the correct page in the numerical
     (tabular) listing, so you can find the best, most appropriate code. And if
     it doesn’t match the physician’s notes, just go back and keep looking.
         You need to remember two principles to be a good coder:
      1. Identify the key words in the physician’s notes so that you can look
         up the best, most appropriate codes.
      2. In case of an injury, poisoning, or adverse effect, you will need to
         add an E code.
     The ICD-9-CM book will guide you through the rest with its notations
     and instructions. It can point you in the right direction toward the best,
     most appropriate code. Just look and read.

40   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
Chapter 2 Review
Introduction to ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes

1. The alphabetic index includes the listing of          6. When coding outpatient services, code any
   diagnoses by all except                                  condition described as
  a. Eponyms.                                               a. Suspected.
  b. Anatomical site.                                       b. Possible.
  c. Laterality.                                            c. Probable.
  d. Condition.                                             d. Confi rmed.

2. An example of a “condition” is                        7. V codes are used to report an encounter for
  a. Heart.                                                 a. Applying a cast to a broken arm.
  b. Parkinson’s disease.                                   b. An annual checkup.
  c. History.                                               c. A stomach ache.
  d. Infection.                                             d. Removing stitches.

3. After abstracting the key terms, a coder will         8. An E code can be used
   go next to the
                                                            a. As a fi rst-listed diagnosis code.
  a. Tabular listings.                                      b. As the only diagnosis code.
  b. Alphabetic index.                                      c. With both ICD-9-CM and V codes.
  c. V codes.                                               d. To report what the physician did for the
  d. Appendix A.                                               patient.

4. Diagnosis codes explain                               9. When coding a malunion of a previous frac-
                                                            ture, you will need to report a separate code
  a. Who the patient is.
                                                            for all except
  b. What the physician did for the patient.
                                                            a. The original fracture.
  c. Why the patient came to see the physician.
                                                            b. The malunion.
  d. How the patient came to be ill.
                                                            c. A late effect code for the fracture.

5. The tabular listings show diagnoses                      d. A late effect E code.

  a. In numerical order.
                                                        10. E codes are used to report additional informa-
  b. In ledger format.                                      tion in cases of all except
  c. In alphabetical order.
                                                            a. Injury.
  d. In cost order, from least expensive to most
                                                            b. Poisonings.
                                                            c. Adverse effects.
                                                            d. Pregnancy.

                   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                41
     YOU CODE IT! Practice
     Chapter 2. Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book
     and Its Codes

      1. Jonathan Masters, a 16-year-old male, goes to Dr. Principal for a
         medical examination required by his school so that he can play on
         the basketball team.

      2. Marilyn Chase, a 57-year-old female, was given instructions by her
         family physician, Dr. Jamison, on taking Amobarbital, the sleeping
         pills. After taking them for several days, Marilyn developed gener-
         alized abdominal cramps. Dr. Jamison determined she was having
         an adverse reaction to the medication and ordered her to discon-
         tinue use.

      3. Harrison Richmond, a 27-year-old male, was seen in the emergency
         room for a sprained back (coccyx) suffered as a result of falling off
         a horse he was riding.

      4. Karyn Felder, a 31-year-old female, came to Dr. Vistas complaining
         of pain in her left ear. Dr. Vistas diagnosed Karyn with acute otitis

      5. Raul Boca, a 13-year-old male, was recently diagnosed with
         asthma. He comes in to Dr. Wilder’s office for counseling on the
         correct use of his nebulizer.

      6. Eleanor McKee, a 43-year-old female, came to Dr. Geoffrey for her
         annual gynecological exam with Pap smear.

      7. Mary Chase, a 23-year-old female, came to Dr. Hernandez for the
         evaluation of a pilonidal cyst.

      8. Kim Wong, a 9-day-old female, was brought to Dr. Johannson for
         the evaluation of skin tags that were on her outer ear and earlobe.

42   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
 9. Millie Andujar, a 43-year-old female, comes to Seaside Diagnos-
    tic Imaging for another mammogram because her mother died of
    breast cancer.

10. Edward Madison, an 81-year-old male, was brought to Dr. Abbott
    for a follow-up on the progress of the malignant melanoma on his

11. Lawrence Bowers, a 33-year-old male, came to the emergency room
    for treatment of bilateral second-degree sunburn on his shoulder
    areas. Lawrence has been a fi refighter for 10 years.

12. Salvatore Mulkey, a 2-year-old male, was brought to the ER by
    ambulance after his mother found him unconscious. Her bottle of
    ampicillin was found empty next to him.

13. Debra Gilliam, a 19-year-old female, was camping with her boy-
    friend when she was bitten by a tick. She began to feel sick and
    came to the doctor. After a thorough exam, Dr. Chung diagnosed
    her with Lyme disease.

14. Kathleen Wilcox, a 4-year-old female, was brought by her father to
    Dr. Bridges to remove a jellybean from Kathleen’s nose.

15. Christopher Edison, a 1-year-old male, was brought in to Dr.
    Vasquez for Christopher’s routine examination.

                  Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes   43
     YOU CODE IT! Simulation
     Chapter 2. Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book
     and Its Codes

     On the following pages, you will see physician’s notes documenting
     encounters with patients at our textbook’s health care facility, Taylor,
     Reader, & Associates. Carefully read through the notes, and find the best
     ICD-9-CM code or codes for each case. Include E codes as necessary.

44   Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
                                      TAYLOR, READER, & ASSOCIATES
                                       A Complete Health Care Facility
                          975 CENTRAL AVENUE • SOMEWHERE, FL 32811 • 407-555-4321

  PATIENT:                             VAN DYKE, OLIVIA
  ACCOUNT/EHR #:                       VANDOL001
  Date:                                09/16/08

  Attending Physician:                 Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

  S: Pt is a 25-year-old female who has had a sore throat for the past week. She states that she has felt feverish for
  the last two days, and had a temperature of 100.5 degrees last night.

  O: Ht 5 5 Wt. 159 lb. R 16. T 99. BP 110/85 Pharynx is inspected, and there is obvious purulent material in the left
  posterior pharynx. Neck: supple, no nodes. Chest: clear. COR: RRR without murmur.

  A: Acute pharyngitis

  P:   1. Send pt for test to rule/out Strep
       2. Recommend patient gargle with warm salt water and use OTC lozenges to keep throat moist
       3. Will write Rx once results of Strep test come back
       4. Return in three weeks for follow-up

  Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

  SRT/pw    D: 9/16/08 09:50:16 T: 9/18/08 12:55:01

Find the best, most appropriate ICD-9-CM code(s).

                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                           45
                                         TAYLOR, READER, & ASSOCIATES
                                          A Complete Health Care Facility
                             975 CENTRAL AVENUE • SOMEWHERE, FL 32811 • 407-555-4321

     PATIENT:                             WILLIAMS, CONRAD
     ACCOUNT/EHR #:                       WILLICO001
     Date:                                06/21/08

     Attending Physician:                 Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

     S: Pt is a 51-year-old male who I have not seen since his annual physical exam last September. He states that 5–6
     weeks ago he noted some intermittent soft stool and decrease in the caliber of stools. He also noted some bleed-
     ing that discontinued four days ago. He denies any cramps or abdominal pain.

     O: External examination of the anus revealed some external skin tags present in the left anterior position. Anal
     examination revealed an extremely tight anal sphincter. This was dilated manually to allow instrumentation with
     the anoscope, which was accomplished in a 360-degree orientation. There was some prominence of the crypts
     and some inflammation of the rectal mucosa, a portion of which was sent for biopsy. This was friable. In the left
     anterior position there was a fistula that was healing with some formation of a sentinel pile on the outside, which
     had been noticed on external examination.

     A: Anal fissure, unusual position, nontraumatic

     P:   1. Rule out inflammatory bowel disease with air contrast barium enema examination and reflux into terminal
          2. Patient to return for sigmoidoscopy after BE.

     Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

     SRT/pw D: 06/21/08 09:50:16 T: 06/25/08 12:55:01

Find the best, most appropriate ICD-9-CM code(s).

46                                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
                                      TAYLOR, READER, & ASSOCIATES
                                       A Complete Health Care Facility
                          975 CENTRAL AVENUE • SOMEWHERE, FL 32811 • 407-555-4321

  PATIENT:                            BEVINS, NANCY
  ACCOUNT/EHR #:                      BEVINA001
  Date:                               08/11/08

  Attending Physician:                Willard B. Reader, MD

  S: Pt is a 37-year-old female who comes in every six months for an abdominal scan. She had been diagnosed
  with bladder cancer three years ago. After a sequence of radiation and chemotherapy, she was pronounced
  malignant-free one year ago. Since that time, she comes in for a check every six months. Pt denies any signs or
  symptoms indicating a return of the malignancy.

  O: Ht 5 3 Wt. 119 lb. R 18. T 98.6. BP 120/95 Abdomen appears to be normal upon manual examination. Results
  of CT scan indicated no abnormalities.

  A: Personal history of bladder cancer

  P: Pt to return PRN

  Willard B. Reader, MD

  WBR/pw D: 08/11/08 09:50:16 T: 08/13/08 12:55:01

Find the best, most appropriate ICD-9-CM code(s).

                    Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                       47
                                          TAYLOR, READER, & ASSOCIATES
                                           A Complete Health Care Facility
                              975 CENTRAL AVENUE • SOMEWHERE, FL 32811 • 407-555-4321

     PATIENT:                               ROMANO, JOSEPH
     ACCOUNT/EHR #:                         ROMAJO001
     Date:                                  07/11/08

     Attending Physician:                   Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

     S: Pt is a 25-year-old male who states that he cut the back of his right index finger while cutting up a chicken
     while at work. Pt works as a chef at a local restaurant. He cannot extend his finger since the accident, and he
     had some bleeding, which he stopped with pressure. Pt had a tetanus toxoid administered last year when he sus-
     tained a wound to the forearm while at work. He has no past history of serious illnesses, operations, or allergies.
     Social history and family history are noncontributory.

     O: Examination reveals a 3-cm laceration, dorsum of right index finger, with laceration of extensor tendon, proxi-
     mal to the interphalangeal joint. The patient cannot extend the finger; he can flex, adduct, and abduct the finger.
     Sensation at this time appears to be normal. Pt was prepped, and a digital nerve block using 1% Carbocaine was
     carried out. When the block was totally effective, the wound was explored. After thorough irrigation of the wound
     with normal saline, the joint capsule was repaired with two sutures of 5-0 Dexon. The tendon repair was then
     carried out using 4-0 nylon. Dressings were applied, and a splint was applied holding the interphalangeal joint in
     neutral position, in full extension but not hyperextension. The Pt tolerated the procedure well and left the surgical
     area in good condition.

     A: 3-cm laceration, dorsum of right index finger, with laceration of extensor tendon

     P:   1. Rx Percocet, q4h prn for pain
          2. Rx Augmentin, 250 mg tid
          3. Patient to return for follow-up in three days

     Suzanne R. Taylor, MD

     SRT/pw     D: 07/11/08 09:50:16 T: 07/13/08 12:55:01

Find the best, most appropriate ICD-9-CM code(s).

48                                       Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes
                                       TAYLOR, READER, & ASSOCIATES
                                        A Complete Health Care Facility
                           975 CENTRAL AVENUE • SOMEWHERE, FL 32811 • 407-555-4321

  PATIENT:                             HADLEY, HELEN
  ACCOUNT/EHR #:                       HADLHE001
  Date:                                10/19/08

  Attending Physician:                 Willard B. Reader, MD

  S: Pt is a 37-year-old female who parachuted from a plane yesterday and landed in a tree. She banged her head
  against a tree limb and lost consciousness for approximately three minutes.

  O: Ht 5 7 Wt. 129 lb. R 17. T 98.6. BP 120/95 HEENT unremarkable. Pupils are equal and reactive. EEG shows
  indication of a mild head trauma. CT scan confirmed the brain concussion. Pt told to rest, with no physical activ-
  ity for the next 72 hours.

  A: Concussion with brief loss of consciousness

  P:   1. Rx aspirin for pain prn
       2. Pt to return in one week

  Willard B. Reader, MD

  WBR/pw D: 10/19/08 09:50:16        T: 10/23/08 12:55:01

Find the best, most appropriate ICD-9-CM code(s).

                     Chapter 2 Introduction to the ICD-9-CM Book and Its Codes                                        49