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Destination of Leavers from North East Universities 2008-09

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					Destination of Leavers from North East Universities 2008-09
October 2010

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This briefing paper provides details of the destination of leavers from the North East of England’s five universities
during the 2008/09 academic year. Specifically, the briefing paper highlights the current activities and employment
destinations of all leavers (Section 1), First Degree leavers (Section 2) and leavers who have entered employment
(Section 3). In discussing these key themes, attention is also given to examining the destination of leavers in relation
to domicile, gender, mode of study, level and nature of qualification gained, subject, location of employment,
occupation and industrial classification. The briefing note concludes with a short summary of its key messages.

A lack of available information means that the report is unable to comment on the destination of leavers from the
region’s universities that have studied a Foundation Degree. Nor, for similar reasons, is the report able to say
anything about the number of leavers from the region’s universities that stay within the region to work or undertake
further study.

Unless otherwise stated, all of the information discussed and presented here is drawn from the Higher Education
Statistics Agency’s (HESA) 2008/09. Destinations of Leavers from the Higher Education (DLHE) dataset, which
includes information on all leavers and those that responded to HESA’s annual DLHE survey. Access to this dataset
was gained using HESA’s own Higher Education Information Database for Institutions (heidi) service. The scope of this
dataset and how it has informed the different sections of this report is discussed below.


1. All Leavers2

        23,450 students completed their studies and left the North East’s five universities during the 2008/09
         period. Over three-quarters of these leavers had studied on a full-time basis and 95% were UK domiciled.
        62.7% of all leavers had a First Degree, 15.6% had an Other Undergraduate qualification, 21.7% had a
         Postgraduate qualification and 1.7% had a Doctorate.
        The subject groups with the largest number of leavers were Subjects Allied to Medicine (12.1%), Education
         (11.4%) and Biological Sciences (11.1%). Over a quarter of all leavers had studied one of the ‘strategically
         important’ Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) subjects.



1
  These are Durham University, Newcastle University, Northumbria University, University of Sunderland and Teesside
University.
2
  This section of the report is based upon data extracted from HESA’s DLHE Target Population data set which includes
information on all full-time and part-time students who obtained the ‘relevant qualifications’ during the reporting period
1st August 2008 to 31st July 2009. Excluded from the DLHE Target Population dataset, which is collected annually by HESA
from all publicly funded higher education institutions (HEIs), are leavers that have studied for a professional qualification or
an undergraduate diploma/certificate other than a Foundation Degree, HND, DipHE, HNC and CertHE. The data set also
excludes information on higher education (HE) qualifications obtained by students at further education colleges and other
private/independent HE colleges. For further information and a full list of the ‘relevant qualifications’ that are included in the
2008/09 data set see HESA (2010) Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education in the United Kingdom for the Academic
Year 2008/09, HESA SFR 148 .
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       72% of all leavers were in employment , 16.5% were in further study only and 7.2% were assumed to be
        unemployed.

       Of those leavers in employment, 69.5% were in full-time paid work (including self-employment) only, 14.4%
        were in part-time paid work only; 1.8% were in voluntary/unpaid work only and 1.4% were in work and
        further study only.

       Information on the activity and employment destination of Foundation Degree leavers from the region’s
        universities is not available. Information for the UK, as a whole, indicates that in 2008/09 36% of Foundation
        Degree leavers reported their first destination as employment only, 24% were in a combination of work and
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        study, a quarter were in further study only and 3% were assumed to be unemployed.

       98.9% of leavers that had studied Medicine and Dentistry were in employment, as were 91.5% of leavers
        that had studied Education and 88.9% of leavers that had studied Subjects Allied to Medicine. In
        comparison, only 49.0% of leavers that had studied Historical and Philosophical Studies were in employment.

       Across all subject groups, the percentage of learners that were assumed to be unemployed was below the
        10% mark, with the exception of Computer Science (19.6% unemployed), Creative Arts and Design (14.4%
        unemployed) and Mass Communications and Documentation (12.3% unemployed).

       61.8% of all STEM leavers were in employment and 10.5% were assumed to be unemployed.

       67.9% of all leavers that had studied full-time were in employment, 8.4% were assumed to be unemployed
        and 19.0% were in further study only. In comparison, 88.5% of all leavers that had studied part-time were in
        employment, whilst 2.5% were assumed to be unemployed and 6.6% were in further study.


2. First Degree Leavers5

   96.9% of First Degree leavers from the North East’s five universities were UK domiciled and 92.2% had studied
    on a full-time basis.
   Half of all First Degree leavers achieved an Upper Second degree classification, 16.5% achieved a First, 24.3%
    achieved a Lower Second and 5.1% achieved a Third.




3
  In ‘employment’ includes all leavers that were in the following DLHE activity categories - paid full-time work (including self
employment) only; paid part-time work only; voluntary/unpaid work; work and further study.
4
  HESA (2010) Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education in the United Kingdom for the Academic Year 2008/09, HESA SFR
148.
5
  Section 2 and 3 of the report are based upon HESA’s DLHE Respondents Only dataset, which consists of information gathered
from leavers that responded to HESA’s annual DLHE survey. All leavers are sent and asked to complete a DLHE survey which
collects information on patterns of employment, further study and training at a point six months after completion. As with the
DLHE Target Population data set, the DLHE survey includes leavers from part-time as well as full-time programmes, but is
limited to UK and other EU domicile leavers only. In 2008/09 there was a total of 354,730 valid responses from 470,940
qualifiers, giving a response rate of 75.3%. For further information see HESA (2010) DLHE Introduction 2008/09.



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   12.4% of First Degree leavers had completed a qualification in the Social Studies, 11.0% had studied Biological
    Sciences and 10.1% had studied Subjects Allied to Medicine. Just under a third of First Degree leavers had
    studied a STEM subject.

   Over two-thirds of all First Degree leavers were in employment and 8.6% were assumed to be unemployed. Of
    those First Degree leavers in employment, 46.5% were in full time employment, 11.3% were in part-time
    employment, 1.6% were in voluntary/unpaid employment and 8.1% were in work and further study.

   65.5% of First Degree leavers that had studied on a full-time basis were in employment, 9.1% were assumed to
    be unemployed and a fifth were in further study only. In comparison, 90.5 % of First Degree leavers who studied
    on a part-time basis were in employment. 3.4% were assumed to be unemployed and 3.9% were in further study
    only.

   All First Degree leavers that had studied Medicine and Dentistry were in employment, as were 90% of First
    Degree leavers that had studied Education. In comparison, less than half of First Degree leavers that had studied
    Historical and Philosophical Studies were in employment.

   A fifth of First Degree leavers that had studied Computer Sciences were assumed to be unemployed. Other
    subjects where a relatively high percentage of First Degree leavers were assumed to be unemployed were
    Creative Arts and Design (16.4%), Combined Studies (14.3%) and Mass Communications and Documentation
    (13.7%).

   69.5% of First Degree leavers that achieved a Lower Second and Third class degree were in employment,
    compared to 65.2% of students with a First and 64.7% of students with an Upper Second. Rates of
    unemployment were also highest amongst students with a Third (15.0%) and Upper Second (12.0%) class
    degree.

   No information is available on the salary of First Degree leavers in employment from the North East’s five
    universities. Information for the UK as whole indicates that the median salary for graduates that were in full-
    time paid employment in the UK was £20,000, the same as in 2007/08. The lower quartile was £15,000 and the
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    upper quartile £24,000 .


3. Leavers in Employment

   60.3% of leavers in employment were female and over three-quarters had studied on a full-time basis.

   69.5% of leavers in employment that had studied on a full-time basis were in full-time paid work only (including
    self-employment), 16.4% were in part-time paid work only, 2.2% were in voluntary/unpaid work and 11.9% were
    in work and further study.

6
 HESA (2010) Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education in the United Kingdom for the Academic Year 2008/09, HESA SFR
148.




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   A similar proportion (69.6%) of leavers in employment that had studied on a part-time basis were in full-time
    paid work (including self employment) only, whilst a fifth were in work and further study. Only 8.4% of part-time
    leavers in employment were in part-time work only and less than 1% were in voluntary/unpaid work.

   England was the location of employment for 93.1% of all leavers in employment from the region’s universities.

   Over two-thirds of leavers in employment were in Professional/Associate Professional and Technical
    occupations. 9.4% of leavers were employed as Managers and Senior Officials and 8.1% were employed in Sales
    and Customer Services.

   Analysis of subject and occupation shows that 97.8% of Medicine and Dentistry leavers went into Professional
    Occupations, whilst over three-quarters of leavers that had studied Subjects Allied to Medicine and 72.0% of
    Education leavers were in Associate Professional and Technical Occupations.

   Just under two-thirds of STEM leavers were in Professional/Associate Professional and Technical Occupations,
    whilst 29.0% of leavers from the region’s universities that went on to be employed as Managers and Senior
    Officials had studied Business and Administrative Studies.

   Analysis by industry sectors shows that 1 in 4 leavers in employment were undertaking activities related to
    human health and social work, 18.4% were undertaking activities related to education and 11.3% were
    undertaking activities related to public administration and defence.

   The three main industry sectors in which STEM leavers find employment are Education (14.1%), Professional
    Scientific and Technical (12.4%) and Wholesale and Retail Trade (11.7%).


4. Summary and key messages

   Levels of employment are high amongst all learners from the region’s universities, including learners that have
    completed a First Degree.

   Only 8.6% of First Degree leavers from the region’s universities are assumed to unemployed, whilst over two-
    thirds are in employment. The majority of those in employment are in full-time paid work (including self-
    employment).

   Levels of employment are particularly high amongst leavers that have studied subjects (e.g. Medicine and
    Dentistry; Education; Subjects Allied to Medicine) that are linked closely to particular occupations and industrial
    sectors.

   Leavers from the North East’s universities are likely to find employment in England, as Mangers and Senior
    Officials, or in Professional/Associate Professional Occupations. Employment is also most likely to be in the
    public sector – health, education, social welfare and public administration.

   First degree leavers in full-time paid employment can expect to earn salary of around £15,000 and £25,000 per
    annum.


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