cxovelTa nusxa by nikeborome

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									      samonadireo meurneoba

         `k a p i r a~




organizaciisa da gaZRolis proeqti
     samenejmento gegma




            ambrolauri
            2010 weli




                                    1
                                   Sinaarsi
1.   Sesavali
2.   samarTlebrivi safuZveli
3.   ekologiuri safuZveli
4.   ekonomiuri safuZveli
5.   koncefcialuri midgoma

                                    Tavi I

             samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis daxasiaTeba

6. samonadireo meurneobis adgilmdebareoba da farTobi
7. tye-mcenareulobis zona
8. reliefi da niadagebi
9. hidrografiuli qseli
10. klimati
11. cxovelTa samyaro

                                    Tavi II

            sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro pirobebis Sefaseba

12. tyis jgufebi da kategoriebi, tyis fondis maCveneblebi
13. savargulebis farTobebis identifikacia sanadiro cxovelebis TiToeuli
    saxeobisaTvis Sesaferis da araSesaferis samonadiro teritoriebad
14. savargulebis samonadireo-tipologiuri daxasiaTeba
15. sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro pirobebis xarisxis Sefaseba

                                   Tavi III

                 sanadiro cxovelebis resursebis Sefaseba

16. sanadiro cxovelebis saxeobrivi simdidre
17. sanadiro cxovelebis gavrceleba, gansaxleba da ganTavseba sabinadrod Sesaferis
    savargulebSi
18. sanadiro cxovelebis dasaxlebis simWidrove da ricxovnoba Sesaferisi sabinadro
    savargulebis tipologiur erTeulebSi da mTels teritoriaze
19. samonadireo savargulebis biologiuri da sameurneo produqtiulobis potencialuri
    SesaZlebloba




                                                                                2
                                      Tavi IV

                            bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebi

   20. savargulebis bioteqnikuri keTilmowyoba
   21. gareuli nadir-frinvelis damatebiTi sakvebiT uzrunvelyofa
   22. gareuli cxovelebis Semoyvana da gansaxleba samonadireo meurneobis
       savargulebSi

                                     Tavi YV

                 samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis organizacia

   23. samonadiro meurneobis teritoriaSi saegero dacvbis Seqmna
   24. meurneobis zonireba
   25. samonadiro meurneobis sazRvrebis demarkacia
   26. kvotebi
   27. nadirobis procesis organizacia
   28. rekomendaciebi

                                      Tavi VI

                 samonadireo meurneobis sainvesticio xarjebi
                              da Semosavlebi

   1.   kapitaluri danaxarjebi
   2.   samonadiro meurneobis SEmosavlebi
   3.   meurneobis fuladi saxsrebis moZraobis uwyisi
   4.   daskvna

proeqts Tan erTvis:
   1. rukebi, sqemebi
   2. oqmebis, aqtebis, daskvnebis, nebarTvebis aslebi.




                                                                           3
                                  1.     Sesavali
      saerTaSoriso gamocdileba adasturebs, rom sworad organizebuli samonadireo
meurneoba SesaZlebelia ganvixiloT, rogorc saxeobaTa mravalferovnebis SenarCunebis
erT-erTi saSualeba.
      sameurneo da rekriaciuli gamoyenebis marTvadi ekosistemis organizaciis
gaZRolis sakiTxi pirdapir damokidebulia mis ekologiur da ekonomikur efeqtianobaze.
racionaluri bunebaTsargeblobis upiratesoba gamoixateba imaSi, rom marTvadi
ekosistema gvaZlevs stabilur wliur biologiur produqcias, romlis maRali komerciuli
efeqtis gamoyeneba warmoadgens proeqtis ekonomikur safuZvels.
      winamdebare proeqti SemuSavebulia teritoriis landSaftur-ekologiuri da biologiur-
ekonomikuri eqspertizis principiT da agebulia ekologiuri, samarTlebrivi da
ekonomikuri parametrebis analizis, Sefasebis da prognozirebis meTodiT.
      proeqti iTvaliswinebs ekosistemis damangreveli qaoturi bunebaTsargeblobis
procesis SeCerebas sameurneo da rekreaciuli gamoyenebis marTvadi ekosistemis
organizaciis da gaZRolis meSveobiT. mosaxleoba yovelwliurad moipovebs biologiur
produqcias sasursaTo da sayofacxovrebo saWiroebisaTvis, romlis RirebulebiTi
mniSvneloba am samomxmareblo realobaSi 10-jer naklebia, vidre misi fasi evropis
turizmis bazarze.
      teritoriis biologiur-ekonomikuri potencialis efeqtiani gamoyeneba SesaZlebelia
mxolod ekosistemis komponentebis bunebrivi Tanazomierebis SenarCunebiT da
mdgradi ganviTarebiT. Sedegad miRebuli iqneba stabiluri sameurneo da biologiuri
produqcia da saboloo jamSi, stabiluri yovelwliuri finansuri Semosavlebi.


                             2. samarTlebrivi safuZveli

      ambrolauris raionSi ambrolauris satyeo meurneobis sadmelis satyeoSi ubanSi
(mTliani farTi 3489 ha) samonadireo savargulebis gamoyofis mizniT, saqarTvelos
kanonis `cxovelTa samyaros Sesaxeb~ (muxli 29 da 46) da debulebis `samonadireo
meurneobis Sesaqmnelad samonadireo savargulebis gamoyofisaTvis saWiro winaswari
ekologiuri, biologiur-ekonomikuri gamokvlevis, cxovelTa samyaros obieqtTa
srulfasovani aRricxvisa da mdgomareobis dafiqsirebis, gareul cxovelTa aRwarmoebisa
da mopovebis normebis dadgenisa da samonadireo meurneobis Seqmnaze daskvnis
gacemis proceduris Sesaxeb~, Tanaxmad Catarda saTanado samuSao samonadireo
savargulebis gamosakvlevad. gamokvleva daafinansa da Caatara satyeo kodeqsis 86-e
muxlis Tanaxmad S.p.s. `kapira~-m.
      samonadireo bunebaTsargeblobis marTvisa da regulirebis sakiTxebi asaxulia
saqarTvelos moqmed kanonmdeblobaSi.
      am gegmis samarTlebriv safuZvels warmoadgenen Semdegi saxelmwifo notariuli
aqtebi:
      1.       saqarTvelos kanoni `garemos dacvis Sesaxeb~
      2. saqarTvelos kanoni `garemosdacviTi nebarTvis Sesaxeb~
      3. saqarTvelos kanoni `saxelmwifo ekologiuri eqspertizis Sesaxeb~
      4. saqarTvelos kanoni `cxovelTa samyaros Sesaxeb~
      5. saqarTvelos kanoni `daculi teritoriebis sistemis Sesaxeb~
      6. saqarTvelos kanoni `saqarTvelos tyis kodeqsi~.



                                                                                    4
      normatiul aqtebSi ganmartebulia, rom:
      _ `nadiroba aris gareul cxovelTa specialuri sargeblobis formiT mopoveba, fizikuri
da iuridiuli pirebis materialuri, rekreaciuli da sxva moTxovnilebebis
dasakmayofileblad~.
      _ `nadiroba daiSveba mxolod amisTvis specialurad gamoyofil teritoriebze _
samonadireo meurneobebSi (garda gadamfreni frinvelebisa _ mwyeri, ixvi da sxva),
aRkveTilebSi da daculi teritoriebis specialurad gamoyofil zonebSi, dadgenil
SemTxvevebSi~.
      _ `samonadireo meurneoba warmoadgens kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT
Seqmnil teritoriul-sameurneo erTeuls, romelic moicavs gareuli nadir-frinvelis
aborigenuli saxeobebisTvis bunebriv sabinadro zonaSi gamoyofil teritorias, an am
saxeobisaTvis Sesaferis bunebriv pirobebSi gamoyofil teritorias~.
      _ samonadireo meurneobis teritoria Sidasameurneo daniSnulebis mixedviT iyofa
Semdeg erTeulebad:
      a) sanadiro ubani
      b) aRkveTili
      g) aRwarmoebis ubani
      d) nadir-frinvelis saSeni.
       saqarTvelos moqmedi kanonmdebloba gansazRvravs samonadireo mosargebleTa
ufleba-movaleobebs,      gareuli    nadir-frinvelis  resursebis   ganmkargavi da
bunebaTsargeblobis saqmianobaze sazedamxedvelo funqciebis matarebeli saxelmwifo
institutebis ufleba-movaleobebs, samarTlebrivad aregulirebs maT urTierTobebs.
                                3. ekologiuri safuZveli
      samonadireo meurneoba aris racionaluri bunebaTsargeblobis forma, sadac es
procesi marTvadi da regulirebadia. funqcionaluri daniSnulebiT samonadireo meurneoba
warmoadgens Signidan marTvad ekosistemas, romlis mizandaniSnulebaa gareuli nadir-
frinvelis resursebis dacvis, SenarCunebis, aRwarmoebisa da racionaluri gamoyenebis
RonisZiebebis gegmazomieri ganxorcieleba. aseTi Signidan marTvadi ekosistema
SeiZleba iyos bunebrivi an xelovnurad Seqmnili, rac ganisazRvreba saWiro
bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis kompleqsis moculobiT.
      samonadireo meurneobis Sidasameurneo struqturul erTeulebSi gareuli nadir-
frinvelis dacvis, SenarCunebis, aRwarmoebisa da racionaluri gamoyenebis saWiro
bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis kompleqsis moculoba nawildeba Semdeg maCveneblebSi:

                                                                              cxrili #1
                                                            bioteqnikuri
     #            Sidasameurneo erTeuli
                                                     RonisZiebebis kompleqsi %
    1     sanadiro ubani                                       50-60
    2     aRkveTili (rezervati)                                60-80
    3     aRwarmoebis ubani (aklimatizatori,                   80-90
          remizi)
    4     nadir-frinvelis xelovnuri saSeni                       100



                                                                                     5
      samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze gareuli nadir-frinvelis saxeobrivi simdidrisa
da ricxovnobis mixedviT ganisazRvreba Sidasameurneo struqturuli erTeulebis prioriteti
da aqedan gamomdinare, maTi fiunqcionirebisaTvis saWiro bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis
saWiro moculoba da saxeobebi.
      samonadireo meurneobis Seqmnisa da gaZRolis praqtikaSi wesad aris miRebuli,
rom gareuli nadir-frinvelis saxeobrivi simdidrisa da ricxovnobis mdgomareobis
miuxedavad, misi teritoriis 25%-i avtomaturad gamoeyofa aRkveTilebsa da
aRwarmoebis ubnebs. es aris gareuli cxovelebis kvebis, TavSesafris, budobisa da
bunagobis, namatis gamozrdis, sezonuri adgilgadanacvlebis da araxelsayrel pirobebSi
gadarCenis staciebi. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, Tu samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze
warmoebs nadir-frinvelis xelovnuri moSeneba an sxva teritoriebidan Semoyvana _
gansaxleba, cxovelebis savargulebSi damagrebis mizniT iqmneba bunebrivi an
xelovnuri (aklimatizatori, remizi) aRwarmoebis ubnebi.
      samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze gamoiyofa specialuri sanadiro ubnebi, raTa
erT saxeobaze nadirobis procesma minimaluri uaryofiTi zemoqmedeba iqonios sxva
saxeobis cxovelebze.
      TviT nadirobis process samonadireo meurneobaSi aqvs damatebiTi bioteqnikuri,
kerZod seleqciuri funqcia. am RonisZiebis meSveobiT regulirdeba cxovelTa
ricxovnoba, asakobrivi da sqesobrivi Sefardeba, xdeba xelovnuri gadarCeva fizikuri da
morfo-fiziologiuri niSan-Tvisebebis mixedviT.


                              4. ekonomikuri safuZveli
      samonadireo meurneobis funqcionirebis wina piroba ekonomikuri TvalsazrisiT
aris savargulebis stabiluri, yovelwliuri biologiuri da sameurneo produqtiuloba.
savargulebis ekologiuri da biologiur-ekonomikuri eqspertizis monacemTa safuZvelze
dgindeba sameurneo produqtiulobis arsebuli da potencialuri SesaZlebloba, misi
dinamikis prognozireba _ anu warmoebis samonadireo meurneobis savargulebis
ekonomikuri efeqtis gansazRvra. es parametrebi gaiangariSeba droSi da sivrceSi,
kerZod, ama Tu im ekonomikuri efeqtis misaRwevad ra optimaluri farTobi da gareuli
cxovelebis ricxovnobaa saWiro, drois ra monakveTSi ganxorcieldeba es procesi da ra
moculobis investiciebi uzrunvelyofs am ekonomikuri efeqtis miRwevas. konkretuli
bunebriv-klimaturi zonisaTvis SeirCeva samonadireo meurneobis saerTo teritoriis da
Sida sameurneo struqturuli erTeulebis iseTi parametrebi, romlebic biologiurad da
ekonomikurad ufro ekonomiuria, amis meSveobiT xerxdeba araefeqturi xarjebis
moculobis Semcireba.


                            5. koncefcialuri midgoma

      saqarTvelos teritoriaze mobinadre aborigeni saxeobis sanadiro cxovelebis arsebuli
ricxovnobis done ar gvaZlevs SesaZleblobas, rom maTi bunebrivi resursebis potenciali
gaxdes samonadireo meurneobis efeqturi funqcionirebis safuZveli.
      sanadiro cxovelebis bunebrivi aRwarmoebis done ver uzrunvelyofs ara Tu
samonadireo meurneobis savargulebis stabilur yovelwliur sameurneo produqtiulobas,




                                                                                     6
aramed rigi saxeobis ricxovnoba misulia iseTi kritikuli pesimumis doneze, rom realurad
dgas maTi saqarTvelos teritoriaze gadaSenebis saSiSroeba.
     warmodgenili proeqtis koncefciuri midgoma samonadireo meurneobis Seqmnisa
da gaZRolis sakiTxebisadmi dafuZnebulia samonadireo-sameurneo saqmianobis
Semdeg rigiTobaze:

     pirveli rigis amocanebi:
   1. samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze mobinadre aborigeni saxeobis nadir-
       frinvelis saxeobrivi simdidrisa da ricxovnobis dadgena;
   2. dacvisa da SenarCunebis RonisZiebebis ganxorcieleba;
   3. sabinadro pirobebis gaumjobeseba da aRwarmoebis xelis Sewyoba;
   4. meurneobis teritoriidan gadaSenebuli cxovelebis Semoyvana da gansaxleba;
   5. nadir-frinvelis xelovnuri moSeneba;
   6. saxeobrivi simdidris gazrda.

meore rigis amocanebi:

   1. sanadiro cxovelebis ricxovnobis optimaluri donis SenarCuneba;
   2. mopovebis normebis dadgena, biologiuri da sameurneo produqtiulobis
      gansazRvra;
   3. nadirobis procesis organizacia;
   4. monadireTa da turistTa kontingentis miReba da momsaxureba.


                                        Tavi I
                samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis daxasiaTeba
                    6. samonadireo meurneobis adgilmdebareoba
                                  da farTobi

     samonadireo meurneobisaTvis SerCeuli farTobi mdebareobs ambrolauris
administraciuli raionis teritoriaze. ganTavsebulia ambrolauris raionis satyeo meurneobis
sadmelis satyeos savargulebSi. (kv. #14, 23, 24, 28-48, 51. romelTa saerTo farTobi
Seadgens 3489 heqtars).
     saqarTvelos satyeo meurneobis departamentis gamgeblobaSi Semavali
ambrolauris satyeos meurneoba mdebareobs dasavleT saqarTvelos Crdilo-dasavleT
nawilSi ambrolauris administraciuli raionis teritoriaze:
     samonadireo meurneobisaTvis SerCeul teritorias (sadmelis satyeos) esazRvreba:
     dasavleTidan _ Wrebalos satyeo
     CrdiloeTidan alpuri saZovrebi
     aRmosavleTidan _ lixeTis satyeo
     samxreTidan _ Txmoris satyeo.


                             7. tyemcenareulobis zona



                                                                                      7
      tyemcenareulobis daraionebis mixedviT ambrolauris satyeo meurneobis teritoria
miekuTvneba dasavleT amierkavkasiis tyis mcenareulobis olqs, romelsac esazRvreba
samxreTiT da aRmosavleT aWara axalcixis, mesxeTis da saguramos qedebi, xolo
CrdiloeTiT mTavari kavkasionis qedi. imis gamo, rom es olqi mTlianad izolirebulia
kavkasiis sxva olqebisagan maRali mTis sistemiT, garda erTi mxrisa, romelic
mimarTulia Savi zRvisaken, hava am olqSi Tbili da teniania.
      gansakuTrebulma klimaturma pirobebma ganapiroba is, rom ambrolauris satyeo
meurneobaSi SemorCa uZvelesi reliqturi flora, romelic cnobilia kolxeTis floris
saxelwodebiT.
      tyemcenareulobis aRniSnul geobotanikur olqSi vertikaluri zonalobis mixedviT
gamokveTilia oTxi sartyeli:
           I.     wablis tyeebis sartyeli, romelic zRvis donidan 500-1000 metramdea
                  gavrcelebuli da wablis tyeebiTa warmodgenili, romelic kirian
                  niadagze qarTuli muxis koromebiT icvleba, am tyeebSi vxvdebiT
                  agreTve Telas, cacxvs, rcxilas, meore sarTulis saxiT bzas. amave
                  dros qvetyeSi gvxvdeba Sqeri, wyavi, mocvi da sxva.
           II.    wiflis tyeebis sartyeli, romelic zRvis donidan 1000-1500 metramdea
                  gavrcelebuli da aRmosavleTis wifeliTaa warmodgenili. garda wiflisa
                  gvxvdeba kavkasiuri soWi, aRmosavleTis naZvi, rcxila, cacxvi, Tela
                  da sxva saxeobebi.
           III.   soWisa da naZvis sartyeli, romelic zRvis donidan 1500 _ 2000
                  metramdea gavcelebuli. xasiaTdeba kavkasiuri soWis da
                  aRmosavleTis naZvis koromebiT, romelic xSirad Sereulia
                  aRmosavleTis wiflis, cacxvis, verxvis, aryis da sxva saxeobebiT.
           IV.    sub-alpuri meCxerebis sartyeli, romelic zRvis donidan 2000-2250
                  metramdea gavrcelebuli da Sedgeba mTis nekerCxlis, Wnavis da
                  aryisgan, qvetyeSi gvxvdeba deka, romelic xSirad qmnis xSir rayas.

     aRniSnuli tyis zolis Semdeg iwyeba alpuri mdelos sartyeli.
     ambrolauris raionisaTvis sadacganlagebulia satyeo meurneobis tyeebi
damaxasiaTebelia naleqebis didi raodenoba, temperaturis mcire cvalebadoba da
niadagSi tenis SenarCuneba.


                               8. reliefi da niadagebi

      ambrolauris administraciuli raionis teritoria Sedis dasavleT saqarTvelos niadaguri
olqis mTa-tyeTa niadagebis zonaSi.
      samonadireo meurneobisTvis SerCeuli teritoria moqceulia raWa-leCxumis
qvabulis neSompala karbonatuli, tyis yomrali da tyis gaewerebuli niadagebis raionSi.
      meurneobis    teritoria   geomorfologiurad        warmoadgens      Zlier   daseril,
mravalricxovani maRali mTebisa da umetesad Zlier daqanebuli ferdobebis Rrma




                                                                                       8
xevebisgan Sedegenil mTian olqs. igi moicavs uamrav xeobebs, romlebic umetesad
Rrma da kanionisebrivia.
      geologiur agebulebaSi yvelaze metad gavrcelebas poulobs kirqvebi, romelnic
qmnian zedapiris ufro mkveTr reliefis elementebs, zogan kirqvebis masivebs arRvevs
oligocenisa da miocenis danaleqi qanebis gavrceleba.
      ambrolauris satyeo meurneobis niadagebis fizikur qimiuri Tvisebebi, romelic tyis
zrdis pirobebs gansazRvravs, friad xelsayrelia da uzrunvelyofen tyis koromis karg
ganviTarebas.
      niadagis meqanikuri Semadgenloba ZiriTadad Tixnarebi da mZime Tixnarebia,
vxvdebiT Tixian saxesxvaobasac. niadagis struqtura kargia, rac xelsayrel wyalgamtar da
aeraciis Tvisebebs uzrunvelyofs.
      tyeTmowyobis masalebis mixedviT meurneobis teritoriaze gamoyofili iqna
Tvrameti niadagis tipebi, qvetipebi da maTi saxesxvaobebi, romlebic pirobiTad dayofili
iqna oTx agrosawarmo jgufad.
      pirvel jgufSi Semavali niadaguri saxeobebi xasiaTdeba SedarebiT kargi bunebrivi
nayofierebiT da agromwarmoebluri TvisebebiT. yvela es saxeobebi gamoirCevian
maRali warmadobiT, tyis zrdis xelsayreli TvisebebiT da uzrunvelyofen maRali bonitetis
tyis koromTa Seqmnas.




                                                                                    9
        I jgufi

   1.    mTa-tyis muqi yomrali, saSualo siRrmis niadagebi;
   2.    mTa-tyis, muqi yomrali, saSualo siRrmis alag xirxatiani niadagebi;
   3.    maZRari yomrali niadagebi;
   4.    mTa-tyis yomrali, saSualo siRrmis alag xirxatiani niadagebi;
   5.    tyis, neSompala-karbonatuli, saSualo siRrmis niadagebi.

      meore jgufis saxesxvaobebi, pirvelTan SedarebiT naklebi bunebrivi nayofierebiTa
da agromwarmoeblur Tvisebian niadagebs miekuTvnebian.


                                         II jgufi

   1. mTa-tyis muqi yomrali, saSualo siRrmis niadagebi;
   2. mTa-tyis yomrali, saSualo siRrmis, xirxatiani alag qviani niadagebi;
   3. mTa-tyis gaewerebuli yomrali, saSualo da mcire siRrmis xirxatiani niadagebi;
   4. neSompala-karbonatuli, saSualo da mcire siRrmis xirxatiani niadagebi;
   5. tyis, neSompala-karbonatuli da yomrali niadagebis kompleqsuri
      warmonaqmnebi;
   6. deuviur-proluviuri niadagebi;
   7. tyis gaewerebuli da meoradi mdelos niadagebi.

        mesame jgufis saxesxvaobebi kidev ufro naklebi maCveneblebiT xasiaTdeba.


                                         III jgufi

   1. mTa-tyis, Ria yomrali, saSualo da mcire siRrmis xirxatiani, alag qva-RorRiani
      niadagi;
   2. tyis neSompala karbonatebi mcire siRrmis xirxatiani, alag qviani niadagebi;
   3. mTa-mdelos kordian-xirxatiani niadagebi;
     meoTxe jgufSi Sedis sustad ganviTarebuli da Zlier erozirebuli niadagebi.




                                                                                     10
                                       IV jgufi

   1. sustad ganviTarebuli Camorecxili niadagebi;
   2. Zlier erozirebuli xevebi, SiSveli kldeebi, qvayrilebi da qanebis gaSiSvlebebi.

      satyeo meurneobis niadagebis fizikur-qimiuri Tvisebebi, romlebic tyis zrdis
pirobebs gansazRvravs, friad xelsayrelia da uzrunvelyofen tyis koromTa karg
ganviTarebas.
      pirveli jgufis niadagur saxesxvaobebs ukaviaT SedarebiT naklebi daqanebis
ferdobebi da dafarulia mTlianad tyis koromebiT.
      aq gavrcelebuli niadaguri saxesxvaobebis meore da mesame jgufi gvxvdeba ufro
meti daqanebis ferdobebze da amitom eroziuli movlenebi ufro xSiria, es niadaguri
saxesxvaobebic ZiriTadad tyiTaa dafaruli, magram vxvdebiT fanjrebis saxiT, romlebic
gatyevebas eqvemdebarebian.
      rac Seexeba meoTxe jgufis Zlier erozirebul niadagebs, romlebic xasiaTdebian
Zalian cudi agromwarmoebluri TvisebebiT, maTi gatyeveba did siZneles warmoadgens
an ufro swored SeuZlebelia.


                                     8. hidrografia

       ambrolauris raionis teritoriaze gamdinare mdinareebidan aRsaniSnavia md. rioni,
romelic saTaves iRebs fasis mTidan, gaivlis onis raionis teritorias da aRmosavleTis
mxridan Semodis ambrolauris raionis teritoriaze (centralur nawilSi) gadaseravs mTel
raions aRmosavleTidan dasavleTisken da leCxumis, imereTis, guriis da samegrelos
teritoriis gavliT Caedineba Sav zRvaSi.
       mdinare rionis dinebis marjvena mxares ganlagebulia sadmelis satyeo meurneoba,
romlis teritoriazec Tavisi SenakadebiT miedineba mdinare ricula. aRniSnuli mdinareebi
xasiaTdebian didi siCqariT da wyaluxvianobiT metwilad gazafxulze Tovlis dnobis
periodSi da SemodgomiT xSir wvimian dReebSi.
       maTi kalapotebi Caxergilia didi zomis qvebiTa da xSiria kldeebze
CanCqeriseburi wyalvardniloba




                                                                                       11
      mdinare ricula saTaves iRebs samercxlies mTidan da Wrebalos satyeos teritoriis
gavliT sofel sadmelTan uerTdeba md. rions. misi saSualo siRrme 0,5 metria da siCqare
1-1,5 metri wamSi. Tavisi SenakadebiT warmoadgens tipiur mTis mdinares da
gazafxulze Tovlis dnobis periodSi da Semodgomis xSiri wvimebis dros diddebian da
iZenen damangrevel Zalas.




                                    10. klimati

      ambrolauris raionisaTvis sadac ganlagebulia satyeo meurneobis tyeebi
damaxasiaTebelia naleqebis didi raodenoba da niadagSi tenis SenarCuneba.
      savegetacio periodis dasawyisisa da damTavrebis saSualo sadReRamiso
temperatura Seadgens +11 graduss.
      savegetacio periodis xangrZlivoba 277 dRea. qarebis ZiriTadi mimarTuleba
Crdilo-aRmosavleTi. garda amisa gavrcelebulia dRe-Ramuri qarebi. Tovlis safaris sisqe
damokidebulia reliefze, xevis pirobebze, igi gacilebiT Rrmaa, vidre serebze da mTis
kalTebze.
      pirveli Tovlis mosvlis saSualo TariRi 25 oqtomberia, xolo dnobis saSualo TariRi
12 Tebervali.


                              11. cxovelTa samyaro
      meurneobis savargulebis vertrikaluri zonaloba da mcenareuli safaris mozaikuroba
ganapirobebs cxovelTa samyaros mravalferovnebas. aq binadroben rogorc aborigeni
saxeobebi, aseve momTabare, mozamTre mobudari submigrantebi da sezonuri
transmigranti cxovelebi.


                                 cxovelTa nusxa

                                     Tevzebi
                                                                             cxrili #2

1   mdinaris kalmaxi                        Salmo fario
2   kavkasiuri qaSayi                       Leuciscus cephalus
3   kolxuri tobi                            Chondrostoma colchicum
4   dasavleT kavkasiuri cimori              Gobio gobio, lepidalakmus n. caucasikus
5   kolxuri xramuli                         Varicorhinus siebalde
6   kolxuri wvera                           Barbus tairikus, escherikhi L.




                                                                                   12
7   angoruli goWala                   Nemachilus angorae
8   amierkavkasiuri gvelana           Cobitis taenia, satunini
9   kavkasiuri mdinaris Rorjo         Gobius cephalarges, constructor
10 samxreTuli frita                   Alburnoides bipunctatus fasciotus




                                amfibiebi
                                                                          cxrili #3

1   Cveulebrivi tritoni               Triturus vilgaris
2   Cveulebrivi vasaka                Hyla arborea
3   mwvane gombeSo                    Bufo viridis
4   tbis bayayi                       Rana ribibunda
5   mcireaziuri bayayi                Rana macrocnemus



                                reptiliebi
                                                                          cxrili #4

1   boxmeWa                           Anguis fragilis
2   arTvinis xvliki                   Lacerta derjugini
3   qarTuli xvliki                    Lacerta rudis
4   kavkasiuri xvliki                 Lacerts caucasica
5   Cveulebrivi ankara                Nartix natrix
6   amierkavkasiuri mcuravi           Elephe hohenakeri
7   eskulapis mcuravi                 Longissima longissima
8   spilenZi                          Caronella austriaca
9   kavkasiuri gvelgesla              Vipera kaznakowi




                                                                                13
                            frinvelebi
                                                           cxrili #5

1    gareuli ixvi                 Anas, platyrhynchos
2    svavi                        Aegipius monachus
3    mTis arwivi                  Aquiola chrysaetus
4    Cveulebrivi kakaCa           Buteo buteo
5    mimino                       Accipiter nisus
6    qori                         Accipiter gentilis
7    Zera                         Milvis milvis
8    kavkasiuri roWo              Lyrurus mlocosiewiczi
9    mwyeri                       Coturnix coturnix
10   RalRa                        Crex crex
11   Cibuxa                       Gallinago gallinago
12   goWa                         Gallinago media
13   tyis qaTami                  Scalopax rusticola
14   qedani                       Columba palumbus
15   guguli                       Cuculus canorus
16   zarnaSo                      Bubo bubo
17   Woti                         Athene noctua
18   bu                           Strux aluco
19   ololi                        Asio otis
20   ufexura                      Caprimuliqus europaeus
21   namgala                      Apus apus
22   kvirioni                     Merops apiaster
23   yapyapi                      Caracias garrulus
24   ofofi                        Upupa epops
25   mwvane kodala                Picus viridis
26   didi Wreli kodala            Dendrocopos major
27   saSualo Wreli kodala         Dendrocopos medius
28   maqcia                       Jynxtorquilla
29   mercxali                     Hirundo rustica
30   mwyerCita                    Anthus spiraletta
31   mTis boloqanqara             Motacilla cinorea
32   wylis SaSvi                  Cinclus cinclus
33   CxarTvi                      Turbus viscivorus
34   SaSvi                        Turbus merula
35   cocia                        Sitta europaea
36   yorani                       Corvus corax
37   Cxikvi                       Garrulus glandarius




                                                                 14
                         ZuZumwovrebi

                                                      cxrili #6

1   evropuli zRarbi             Erinaceus europaeus

2   kavkasiuri Txunela          Palpa caucasica

3   mgeli                       Canis lupus

4   mela                        Vulpes vulpes

5   mura daTvi                  Ursus arctos

6   wavi                        Lutra lutra

7   TeTryela kverna             Martes foira

8   yvuiTelyela kverna          Martes martes

9   dedofala                    Mustela nivalis

10 maCvi                        Meles mwwus

11 tyis kata                    Felis silvestris

12 focxveri                     Felis lynx

13 gareuli Rori                 Sus scrofa

14 Sveli                        Capreolus capreolus

15 arCvi                        Rupicapra rupicapra

16 kavkasiuri ciyvi             Sciurus anomalus

17 Cveulebrivi ciyvi            Sciurus vilgaris

18 kurdReli                     Lepus europaeus




                                                            15
                      1
     sadmelis              raioni satyeo tyis kategoria
     niadfagdacviTi




                      2
            3489           tyis fondis saerTo farTobi




                      3
            3436           sul




                                                                         tye




                      4
            38,5           m.S. xelovnuri




                      5
             20            kronaSekruli tyis kulturebi




                      6
              1            tyis sanergeebi




                      7
              _            naxanZralebi da daRupuli
                           koromebi




                      8
              _            gautyevebeli nakveTebi
                                                                           satyeo miwebi




                      9
              3            velobebi da gautyevebeli
                           sivrceebi
                           sul




                      10
             25

                           saxnavebi



                      11
              _

                           saTibebi
                      12
              _

                           saZovrebi
                      13
              6
                                                                      miwebi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Tavi II




                           baRebi, venaxebi da sxva
                      14


              1

                           sul
                      15




              7
                                                           sasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebis




                           wylebi
                      16




              5
                                                                                                  tyis fondis miwebi




                           el.trasebi navTob. da
                      17




              _
                           gazsadenebi da sxv.
                           gzebi da sironebi
                      18




              _
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sanadiro cxovelebia sabinadro pirobebis Sefaseba

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12. tyis jgufebi da kategoriebi, tyis fondis maCveneblebi




                                                                 miwebi




                           sakarmidamo nakveTebi da sxv.
                      19




              1
                                                           spec. daniSnulebis




                           sul
                      20




              1

                           Waobebi
                      21




              7
                                                                                                                                   miwis kategoriebis mixedviT farTobebis ganawilebis Sedegebis kvartaluri uwyisi




                           qviSebi
                      22




              _
                      23




              _

                           xevebi, kldeebi da sxv.
                      24




             14

                           sul
                      25
                                                                           gamouyenebeli miwebi




             14
                      26




             53            sul tyis fondis miwebi
16
                                                                                                                       cxrili #7
                      tyeebis ganawileba gabatonebuli merqniani saxeobebis da xnovanebis klasebis mixedviT
                                                                                                                                cxrili #8
  gabatonebuli                                                    xnovanebis klasebi
   merqniani                                                                                                                     sul
                  I        II     III     IV      V       VI      VII    VIII     IX      X      XI     XII   XIII   XIV   XV
   saxeobebi
soWi                                      2,1    69,2    161,2   334,4   236,1   174,3   100,9   65,3                            1143,5
fiWvi                             0,8    13,0                                                                                     13,8
naZvi                                    22,3                                                                                     22,3
wifeli                    4,4    56,6    171,6   112,4   223,7   377,6   38,9    25,0                                            1010,2
muxa             7,9     200,3   302,2   12,2             7,2                                                                     529,6
wyavi                                    72,8    36,5                                                                             109,3
Txmela                           16,3     0,6    19,3    26,7     1,8                                                             64,7
cacxvi                                           26,2                                                                             26,2
rcxila                    41,9   223,7   25,7     5,9                                                                             297,2
verxvi                                                   10,0                                                                      10
panta            2,0                                                                                                               2,0
wabli            1,0                                                                                                               1,0
jagrcxila                 1,6                                                                                                      1,6
sul              10,9    248,2   599,6   320,0   269,5   428,8   713,8   275,0   199,3   100,9   65,9                            3231,4




                                                                                                                                       17
      tyeebis ganawileba gabatonebuli merqniani saxeobebis da sixSireebis
                                  mixedviT

                                                                                       cxrili #9


  gabatonebuli                               sixSireebi
   merqniani
   saxeobebi     01-02   03      04     05        06       07      08      09      10     sul
         1         2       3      4       5            6     7         8    9      10        11

soWi             32 6    412 2   343    358       106 2    3,5     _       _       _      1255,5

fiWvi              _       _     5,5    31,3        8,5      _         _       _   _        45,3

naZvi              _       _     22,3        _         _     _         _       _   _        22,3

wifeli            22,1   82,5    193,   642,7      99,7     4,4        _       _   _       1044,7
                                  3

muxa               _       _     2,3    138,8      298,7   76,3        _       _   _       516,1

wyavi              _       _      _      0,6       19,2    83,4    3,0     5,0     _       111,2

cacxvi             _       _     8,3    23,9           _     _         _       _   _        32,2

rcxila             _       _     30,9   143,9      35,6    86,8        _       _   _       297,2

panta              _       _     2,0     2,3           _     _         _       _   _        4,3

wabli              _       _     1,0     1,5           _     _         _       _   _        2,5

jagrcxila          _       _     6,9     2,0           _     _         _       _   _        8,9

Txmela             _     12,5    1,8    25,5       13,1     4,9        _       _   _        57,8

kakali             _       _     1,5     9,0           _     _         _       _   _        10,5

askili             _       _      _          _      0,6      _         _       _   _        0,6

verxvi             _       _     10,0        _         _     _         _       _   _        10,0

sul               54,7   507,2   628,8 1379,       581,6   259,3   3,0     5,0     _       3419,1
                                         5
  13. savargulebis farTobebis identifikacia sanadiro cxovelebis TiToeuli
       saxeobisaTvis Sesaferis da araSesaferis sabinadro teritoriebad

      savargulebis farTobebis identifikacia ganxorcielda SerCeviTi meTodiT satyeo
miwebis fondSi tyis tipebis mixedviT da arasatyeo miwebis fondSi, romlebmac moicva
velebi, saTibebi, mdinareebi, gzebi da serebi – gorakebi.
      sanadiro cxovelebis TiToeuli saxeobisaTvis Sesaferisi sabinadro farTobebis
dadgenisaTvis ZiriTadSi gamoyenebuli iqna cxovelTa simWidrovis indeqsaciis
principebi.
      dadginda sanadiro cxovelebis dRe-Ramuri da sezonuri sabinadro staciebi,
agreTve savargulebis is tipebi, sadac cxovelebi binadroben epizodurad _ vertikaluri
adgilgadanacvlebis, ferdobebis daqanebis da eqspoziciis Secvlis, kvebis, dasvenebis an
klimaturi mizezebis gamo.
      mudmivi sabinadro staciebi mdebareobs muxnarebSi, wiflnarebSi, rcxilmarebSi,
Sereuli foTlovanebis da jagrcxilnarebisa da wiwvianebis nawilSi.
      epizoduri sabinadro savargulebia is farTobebi, romlebic gamoiyeneba sasoflo-
sameurneo daniSnulebiT, kerZod, velobebi, saTibebi, saZovrebi, baRebi, gzebi da
serebi.
      gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia, rom gareuli cxovelebi aqtiurad iyeneben
nasoflarebis teritoriebs. garkveuli periodulobiT, mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi gareuli
cxovelebi darCenil baRebsa da sakarmidamo nakveTebSi toveben Tavisi moqmedebis
TvalsaCino kvals.
      satyeo fondis mTel farTobebSi muxnar-wiflnar koromebs ukaviaT 1546 ha anu
mTeli farTobebis TiTqmis 44%, wiwvian koromebs _ soWi, naZvi, fiWvi ukaviaT
1345 ha anu mTeli farTobis 39%, xolo danarCen tyis savargulebs _ 567 ha, anu 16%.
      aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, tyis fondis savargulebi ZiriTadSi Sesaferisi
sabinadro farTobebia aq arsebuli sanadiro cxovelebis yvela nairsaxeobisTvis _ Sveli,
kurdReli, gareuli Rori, mgeli, mela, maCvi, kverna.


            14. savargulebis samonadireo-tipologiuri daxasiaTeba
      samonadireo savargulebis identifikacia Catarda satyeo-tipologiuri, geobotanikuri
da agro landSaftebis erTeulebis sabinadro pirobebis sxvaobebisa da erTobliobis
Tvisebebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
      savargulebis tipologiuri identifikaciis procesSi Sefasebuli iqna maTi ZiriTadi
Tvisebebi _ kvebis, TavSesafaris, budobis da bunagobis, namatis dabadebisa da
gamozrdis, araxelsayrel eqstremalur pirobebSi gadarCenis, sezonuri da dRe-Ramuri
adgil-gadanacvlebis pirobebi da antropogenuri uaryofiTi zemoqmedebis done. sul
savargulebis aRwerisa da Sefasebis procesSi maTi Tvisebebi da xarisxi Sefasebul iqna
xuTidan TxuTmetamde parametriT.
      sanadiro cxovelebis dRe-Ramuri da sezonuri sabinadro staciebi dadgenil iqna
maTi faqtiuri iq arsebobiT, xolo rigi saxeobebisa, romlebic binadrobdnen aTi wlis win




                                                                                   19
da amJamad aq aRar gvxvdebian (iremi, gareuli Rori), adgilobrivi mosaxleobis
gamokiTxviT _ tyis mcvelebi, monadireebi, mwyemsebi.
       samonadireo savargulebis tipebad gamoyofil iqna sabinadro Tvisebebis fito da
agrocenozebi.
       samonadireo savargulebis tipebis minimalur farTobad ganisazRvreba:
       _ tyiT dafarul savargulebSi _ 5 heqtari
       _ buCqnarebiT da balaxiT dafarul savargulebSi _ 0,5 heqtari.
       TiToeuli saxeobis gareuli cxovelis Sesaferisi sabinadro savargulebis farTobi
ganisazRvra dRe-Ramuri, sezonuri da wliuri sabinadro staciebis generalizaciis wesiT.
am farTobebSi avtomaturad gaerTianda yvela tyiT dafaruli ubani, romelTa farTobi iyo
5 heqtarze naklebi.
       tyiT, buCqnariT da balaxiT dafarul savargulebSi calkeul tipebad gamoyofili iqna
iseTi gabatonebuli saxeobebiT warmodgenili farTobebi, romlebsac gadamwyveti
mniSvneloba aqvT cxovelTa sabinadro pirobebis SeqmnaSi.
       soWnarebi _ samonadireo savargulebis am tipSi sezonurad binadroben Sua tyis
zolis da mTamaRalis zonis cxovelebi. Sua tyis zolis cxovelebisaTvis soWnari aris
sazafxulo sabinadro adgilebi, xolo mTamaRlis zonis cxovelebisaTvis zamTris sabinadro
staciebi.
       naZvnarebi _ saSualo an saSualoze dabali xarisxis savargulebi. cxovelebi
gamoiyeneben mxolod TavSesafarisaTvis da xangrZlivad am farTobebSi ar binadroben.
       fiWvnarebi _ bunebrivi da xelovnuri warmoSobis koromebi qmnian
gansxvavebuli tipis adgilsamyofels. ZiriTadSi sanadiro cxovelebis zafxulis
adgilsamyofeli.
       muxnarebi _ uxvnayofiani savargulebi, cxovelTa sabinadro staciebi wlis civ
periodSi. uxvmosavlianobis periodi 3 weli. TavSesafris pirobebi maRali xarisxis
zafxulSi da kargi xarisxis zamTrSi.
       koromebi ganTavsebulia samxreTis, samxreT-dasavleTis da samxreT-
aRmosavleTis eqspoziciis ferdobebze.
       wiflnarebi _ gareuli cxovelebis wlis Tbili periodis cxovelTa sabinadro staciebi.
koromebi ganTavsebulia CrdiloeTis, Crdilo-dasavleTis da Crdilo-aRmosavleTis
eqspoziciis ferdobebze.
       mosavlianobis periodizmi, kerZod, uxvmosavlianoba Seadgens 3-5 weliwads.
       TavSesafris pirobebi zafxulSi maRali xarisxis, zamTarSi kargi an saSualo
xarisxis.
       rcxilnarebi _ zRvis donidan simaRlis, daqanebis da eqspoziciebis mixedviT aris
gareuli cxovelebisaTvis civi periodis adgilsamyofeli. axalgazrda koromebi gamoirCeva
maRali sixSiriT da aqvT TavSesafris kargi pirobebi, xolo mwife asakisa qmnian
gamWvirvale koromebs da TavSesafris pirobebi zamTris pirobebSi dabalia.
       Sereul foTlovani tyeebi _ sxva da sxva jiSis tyemcenareuli safari, romelTac aqvT
Tanabari, naklebad gansxvavebuli sabinadro pirobebi _ verxvnarebi, Txmelnarebi,
tirifnarebi, arynarebi, ifnarebi, nekerCxlianebi da sxv. TavSesafris pirobebi saSualo an
kargi xarisxis, kvebis pirobebi saSualo xarisxis. cxovelTa droebiTi, epizoduri sabinadro
staciebi.




                                                                                     20
      cacxvnarebi _ samonadireo savargulebis aRniSnuli tipi warmodgenilia mcire
farTobiT. ZiriTadSi gamoiyeneba sanerge masalis misaRebad nekeris dasamzadebeli
plantaciis Sesaqmnelad.
      panta _ gabatonebulia calkeul ubnebSi, riTac iqmneba calkeuli sakveburi
adgilebi.
      wyavianebi _ savargulebis farTobSi warmodgenilia Targebad. samonadireo
savargulebis es tipi gamoirCeva maRali xarisxis TavSesafris da kvebis pirobebiT. am
tipis arsebobiT mkveTrad izrdeba savargulebis mozaikuroba, anu maTi sabinadro
pirobebis xarisxi.
      saZovrebi _ kvebisa da TavSesafris saSualo xarisxis mqone savargulebi, sadac
xangrZlivad moqmedebs maRali donis Sewuxebis faqtori.




                                                                                21
                    samonadireo savargulebis tipebis eqsplikacia
                                                                      cxrili #10

    #                    dasaxeleba                    farTobi (ha)


1       soWnari                                           1281
2       naZvnari                                           22
3       fiWvnari                                           42
4       muxnari                                            515
5       wiflnari                                          1031
6       rcxilnari                                          314
7       pantiani                                            4
8       meCxerebi                                          28
9       Sereuli foTlovanebi                                77
10      wyavianebi                                         112
11      cacxvnari                                          32
12      velobebi                                            3
13      saZovrebi                                           6
14      wylebi                                              5
15      baRebi                                              1
16      sanergeebi                                          1
17      kordoni                                             1
18      kldeebi, xevebi                                    14
        sul                                               3489




                                                                             22
          nayofis momcemi sakvebis maragis Semqmneli kulturebi

                                                                    cxrili #11

    #             dasaxeleba               savargulebis kategoria
                                        satyeo                 arasatyeo
1       vaSli                             _                   nasoflarebSi
2       msxali                            _                    ___ ` ___
3       qliavi                            _                    ___ ` ___
4       kakali                            _                    ___ ` ___
5       kakali                      tyis kulturebSi                 _
6       muxa                          bunebrivi                     _
7       wifeli                        ___ ` ___                     _
8       wabli                         ___ ` ___                     _
9       Txili                         ___ ` ___                     _
10      tyemali                       ___ ` ___                     _
11      panta                         ___ ` ___                     _
12      maJalo                        ___ ` ___                     _
13      Sindi                         ___ ` ___                     _
14      wyavi                         ___ ` ___                     _
15      kuneli                        ___ ` ___                     _
16      askili                        ___ ` ___                     _
17      mocvi                         ___ ` ___                     _




                                                                             23
                  15. sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro pirobebis
                               xarisxis Sefaseba

       tyiT dafarul savargulebSi sabinadro pirobebis Sefaseba warmoebda calkeuli
kvartlebisa da ubnebis mixedviT.
       kvebis pirobebi _ gabatonebuli saxeobebis nayofiereba, uxvmosavlianobis
periodizmi, xnovanoba, sixSire, ganaxleba;
       _ qvetyis arseboba, maTSi nayofismomcemi saxeobebis sixSire;
       _ niadagis safarSi sakvebi balaxeuli da maRalReroiani mcenareebis gavrceleba da
sixSire;
       _ TavSesafris pirobebi _ dRe-Ramuri da sezonuri sabinadro staciebis cxovelebis
mier arCeviTobis dadgena maTSi SemTxveviTi, droebiTi, moklevadiani da
grZelvadiani sabinadro adgilebis gansazRvra;
       _ budobis an bunagobis, namatis dabadebisa da gamozrdis staciebis gamovlineba;
       _ sezonuri adgil-gadanacvlebis, cxovelebis dasvenebis, gamozamTrebis da
gadarCenis SesaZlebloba;
       _ eqstremaluri araxelsayreli klimaturi movlenebis xasiaTi da periodizmi;
       _ antropogenuri uaryofiTi zemoqmedebis faqtorebis xasiaTi da maTi pirdapiri da
arapirdapiri gamovlineba.
       buCqnar-balaxian, gatyevebuli velobebis, saTibebis da saZovari savargulebis
sabinadro pirobebis Sefaseba warmoebuli iqna dominanti mcenareuli safaris farTobebis
mixedviT _ sixSire, simaRle, nayofiereba, proeqciuli dafarvis maCvenebeli, reliefis
simartive da sirTule. sameurneo aTvisebisa da gamoyenebis periodizmis saxeobebi da
xasiaTi.
       savargulebSi cxovelTa arsebobis pirobebis Sefasebis da xarisxis dadgenis
procesSi erT-erTi mniSvnelovani faqtoria maTi mozaikurobis xvedriTi maCvenebeli. es
maCvenebeli ganisazRvra sxva da sxva tipis savargulebs Soris momijnave tyispira da
velispira sazRvrebis saerTo sigrZis SefardebiT.
       meurneobis teritoriis savargulebis tevadoba, rogorc cxovelTa saxeobrivi
simdidris, ise ricxovnobis maCveneblebis mixedviT, ganpirobebulia pirveladi
(bunebrivi) an meoradi (adamianis an bunebriv-klimaturi) xasiaTis faqtoris, perioduli an
erTjeradi eqstremaluri gamovlinebiT. am TvalsazrisiT meurneobis teritoriaze aris
cxovelTa arsebobis optimaluri bunebrivi pirobebi, romlebic epizodurad damZimebulia
yinvebiT, maRalTovlianobiT, wyaldidobiT, mewyerebiT, qarebiT. yvelaze
mniSvnelovani uaryofiTi zemoqmedebis faqtorebi atareben antropogenur xasiaTs,
romelSic mTavari mouwesrigebeli nadiroba da TevzWeraa.
       merqniTi resursebiT sargebloba atarebs Semdeg xasiaTs:
       _ samasale merqnis resursebi xelmisawvdom adgilebSi aTvisebulia, xolo rTuli
reliefis gamo auTvisebelia rig ubnebSi, vinaidan misi transportirebisaTvis gzebis
Seyvana araxelsayrels xdis am maragis aTvisebas;
       satyeos teritoriaze gvxvdeba calkeuli ubnebi, sadac aris xeluxlebeli koromebi da
SenarCunebulia pirvandel mdgomareobaSi.




                                                                                     24
      _ saSeSe merqani moipoveba da gamoiyeneba adgilobrivi mosaxleobis mier,
aseve xelmoisawvdomi adgilebidan, soflebisa da tyeSi arsebuli gzebis siaxloves.
maTgan daSorebul ubnebSi saSeSe merqnis resursebi TiTqmis ar aris aTvisebuli.
      samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze arsebuli uaryofiTi faqtorebis SezRudva,
Semcireba da ganeitraleba misi gaZRolis procesSi ar aris dauZleveli amocana, vinaidan
mis mizandaniSnulebaSi Cadebulia adgilobrivi mosaxleobisaTvis samuSao adgilebis
Seqmna, xolo materialuri daintereseba da stimulireba SezRudavs savargulebis
araracionaluri sargeblobiT gamowveul uaryofiT faqtorebs.




                                        Tavi III
                     sanadiro cxovelebis resursebis Sefaseba


                  16. sanadiro cxovelebis saxeobrivi simdidre

      sanadiro cxovelebis saxeobrivi mravalferovneba savargu-lebSi gamoixateba
ZiriTadSi mkvidri mobinadre saxeobebiT:
      nadiri _ Sveli, iremi, asiti, gareuli Rori, kurdReli, daTvi, mgeli, mela, focxveri,
kverna, maCvi, ciyvi; frinveli _ roWo.
      garda CamoTvlilisa, aris gareuli frinvelebis ramdenime saxeoba mobudari da
aramobudari transmigrantebi, kerZod:
      tyis qaTami _ Semodgoma-zamTris periodSi Cerdeba tyis qveda zolSi da
WalebSi.
      Sveli _ binadrobs savargulebis mTel farTobSi. ZiriTadi sabinadro staciebi
mdebareobs wiflnarebSi. zafxulis periodSi inacvlebs wiflnarebis zeda zolSi, sadac
binadrobs agreTve meCxerebSi. zamTris periodSi sabinadro staciebia wiflnarebis qveda
zoli, muxnarebi, rcxilnarebi da jagrcxilnarebi.
      kurdReli _ ZiriTadi sabinadro staciebia tye-veliani savargulebi, vertikalurad
vrceldeba Walis tyeebidan subalpur zonamde.
      mgeli _ savargulebSi sabinadro sivrce sakmarisia erTi ojaxisaTvis 3-5 suli. meore
ojaxisaTvis teritoriis SigniT aris sabunage pirobebi, xolo saarsebo sivrce aqvs teritoriis
gareT.
      mela _ binadrobs ZiriTadad tye-velian sivrceebSi, magram iTvisebs teritoriis
mTel farTobs;
      kverna _ binadrobs ZiriTadad tyiani savargulebis farTobSi, Walis tyeebidan
subalpuri zonis CaTvliT;
      maCvi _ sabinadro sivrce SezRudulia soroebis mowyobis SesaZleblobiT.
binadrobs tyiani savargulebis im nawilebSi, sadac niadagis fenis sisqe sakmarisia
soroebis mosawyobad.
      ciyvi _ binadrobs tyiani savargulebis mTel farTobSi. aqvs TavSesafris da kvebis
kargi pirobebi.




                                                                                       25
17. sanadiro cxovelebis gavrceleba, gansaxleba da ganTavseba sabinadrod
                          Sesaferis savargulebSi

       sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro pirobebis xarisxis gansazRvris procesSi ZiriTadi
kriteriumia im malimitirebeli faqtorebis gamovlena, romlebic pirdapiri an arapirdapiri
zemoqmedebiT zRudaven savargulebSi sanadiro cxovelebis saxeobriv simdidres, maT
gavrcelebas, gansaxlebas da ganTavsebas sanadirod Sesaferis savargulebSi.
       Sveli SezRudulia imiT, rom tyeebis TiTqmis naxevari mdebareobs 35-45
gradusiani daqanebis ferdobebze da ar warmoadgens mkveTrad sabinadro stanciebs.
misi Sida teritoriuli gavrceleba da gansaxleba limitirebulia am faqtoriT.
       populacia ganTavsebulia qedebis da serebis qveda nawilSi, gavakebis sazRvarze,
agreTve tyis gorakborcvian mTel reliefSi.
       kurdRlis gavrcelebis da gansaxlebis sivrce aris mxolod teritoriis perimetris gareT,
xolo perimetris SigniT suladoba ganawilebulia Tanabrad.
       mgeli binadrobs ojaxur-teritoriuli principiT da sakontrolo teritoriebi dayofili aqvT
mdinare riceulas sazRvriT.
       mela da maCvi gavrcelebis da gansaxlebis pirobebis mxriv SezRuduli arian
soroebis mosawyobi adgilebis simciriT. ganTavsebis adgilebi xelsayreli mdebareobiT
mTlianad aTvisebulia maT mier.
       kverna da ciyvi ar arian SezRuduli raime araxelsayreli faqtorebiT, vinaidan
teritoriaze bevria gadaberebuli, fuRuroiani xeebi, romlebic maTi ganTavsebis ZiriTadi
adgilebia.


 18. sanadiro cxovelebis dasaxlebis simWidrove da ricxovnoba Sesaferisi
     sabinadro savargulebis tipologiur erTeulebSi da mTels teritoriaze
     sanadiro cxovelebis aRricxvis dasaxlebis simWidrovisa da saerTo ricxovnobis
dadgenisaTvis gamoyenebuli iqna stratifikaciis meTodi.
     pirvel rigSi gamoyofili iqna stratebis jgufi, risTvisac teritoria dayofili iqna sam
nawilad:
   1. zeda zolis tyeebi, s. zR. d. 1500-1950 m. farglebSi, moicavs wiwvianebsa da
      wiflnarebs.
   2. Sua zolis tyeebi, s.zR. d. 1000-1500 m. farglebSi, moicavs muxnarebs,
      wiflnarebs, rcxilnarebs, wyavianebs da cacxvianebs.
   3. qveda zolis da Walis tyeebi, zR.d. 750-1000 m. farglebSi, moicavs muxnarebs,
      rcxilnarebs, jagrcxilnarebs, verxvnarebs da Txmelnarebs.

      stratebis TiToeul jgufSi aris velobebi, saTibebi, saZovrebi, nasoflarebi, kldeebi da
naSalebi.
      stratebis jgufebSi gamoyofili iqna calkeuli stratebi, saSualo farTobiT 500 heqtaris
farglebSi, sadac uSualod warmoebda sanadiro cxovelebis aRricxva.
      samonadireo savargulebis is tipebi, romelTa farTobi aris 500 heqtarze naklebi, ar
gvaZlevs sarwmuno informacias sanadiro cxovelebis ricxovnebaze, magram zrdian
savargulebis mozaikurobis xarisxs.




                                                                                        26
      sanadiro cxovelebis dasaxlebis simWidrove da ricxovnoba dadgenili iqna ZiriTadi
topologiuri erTeulebisa da mTeli Sesaferisi sabinao farTobisaTvis.
      savargulebis stratifikaciis principis erT-erTi ZiriTadi ganmsazRvreli piroba aris
samonadireo savargulebis xvedriTi wili mTels farTobSi, kerZod, tyis savargulebze
modis 99% farTobi, aqedan wiwvianebis wilia 39%, wiflnarebis _ 30%, muxnarebis
14%, rcxilnarebis 9% da tyis danarCeni farTobebis 8%.
      saerTo jamSi saaRricxvo farTobma moicva sanadiro cxovelebis Sesaferisi
sabinadro savargulebis 1500 ha, anu 43%-mde.




                                                                                    27
      sanadiro cxovelebis arsebuli dasaxlebis simWidrove da ricxovnoba
                           Sesaferis sabinadro savargulebis
                                  mTels teritoriaze

                                                                           cxrili #12
      #            dasaxeleba          Sesaferisi               arsebuli
                                       sabinadro
                                                       ricxovnoba      dasaxlebis
                                      savargulebis
                                                                      simWidrove
                                      farTobi (ha)
                                                                       1000 ha-ze

  1       Sveli                          3351             23                7

  2       kurdReli                       3481             87                25

  3       mgeli                          3481             17                5

  4       mela                           3481             17                5

  5       kverna                         3468             14                4

  6       maCvi                          3461             10                3

  7       ciyvi                          3416             110               32




   19. samonadireo savargulebis biologiuri da sameurneo produqtiulobis
                       potencialuri SesaZlebloba

     samonadireo savargulebis biologiuri produqtiuloba warmoadgens sanadiro
cxovelebis wliuri namatis miRebas da SenarCunebis realur maCveneblebs.
     Sesaferisi sabinadro savargulebis farTobSi SeiZleba ibinadros mxolod im
raodenobis sanadiro cxovelebma, ramdeni saarsebo sivrcec gaaCnia ama Tu im
saxeobas.
     samonadireo savargulebis sameurneo produqtiuloba ganisazRvreba yovelwliurad
mopovebisaTvis daSvebuli ricxovnobiT. es danakargi ar unda iyos imaze meti, risi
Sevsebac bunebrivi aRwarmoebis xarjze SeuZlia ama Tu im saxeobis sanadiro
cxovelebs.
     eqstensiuri formis samonadireo meurneobaSi, sadac ar xorcieldeba raime
mniSvnelovani moculobis sanadiro cxovelebis dacvis, SenarCunebisa da aRwarmoebis
xelSemwyobi RonisZiebebi, mopovebis formebi dgindeba Zalian dabal doneze.




                                                                                  28
       samonadireo meurneobis intensifikacia, anu saWiro saxeobebis da moculobis
bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis yovelwliuri ganxorcielebis xarjze, samonadireo savargulebis
tevadoba sagrZnoblad izrdeba, ris gamoc ufro maRal doneze iwevs biologiuri da
sameurneo produqtiulobis maCveneblebi. Sedegad dgindeba racionalurad mopovebis
normebi.
       amave dros gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs uSualod mopovebis procesis
organizacias, romelic unda warmoebdes damzogavi xerxebiT da saWiroze meti
Sewuxebis faqtori ar Seitanos savargulebSi.
       samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis ZiriTadi nawili, garda Sidasameurneo
teritoriuli miznobrivi erTeulebisa da maTgan erTi kilometris radiusis gareT,
gankuTvnilia nadirobis procesis Casatareblad.
       nadiroba samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi xdeba kanoniT dadgenili wesiT,
saqmianobis gaZRolaze miRebuli da cxovelTa mopovebaze miRebuli generaluri
licenziebis pirobebis ganuxreli dacviT.
       rig gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi, samecniero da vetsanitaruli kvlevebisa da
eqspertizisaTvis, samonadireo meurneobis administracia damatebiT aRZravs sakiTxs
saqarTvelos garemosa da bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministros winaSe miznobrivi
licenziis gamoyofis Sesaxeb, romelic ganixilavs da gadawyvets am sakiTxis
mizanSewonilobas.
       garda nadirobisa da salicenzio cxovelebis mopovebisa, samonadireo meurneoba
awarmoebs gareuli nadir-frinvelis cocxlad daWeras, maT volierul Senaxvas, qveynis
SigniT da gareT Sesyidvasa da gayidvas, gacvlas, savargulebSi gansaxlebasa da sxva.
       saqarTvelos moqmedi kanonmdeblobiT aRniSnuli saqmianobis gaZRola
saWiroebs saTanado nebarTvebsa da licenziebs, romlebsac gascems garemosa da
bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministro.




                                                                                   29
                                      Tavi IV

                           bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebi

                 20. savargulebis bioteqnikuri keTilmowyoba

     bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis kompleqsis mizandaniSnuleba ganisazRvreba TiToeul
kerZo SemTxvevaSi, pirobiTad iyofa or jgufad:
   1. RonisZiebebi, mimarTuli sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro savargulebSi arsebobis
       pirobebis xarisxis gaumjobesebaze;
   2. RonisZiebebi, mimarTuli uSualod gareul cxovelebze, dacvis, aRwarmoebis,
      SenarCunebis, gamravlebis da gansaxlebis xelSemwyobi RonisZiebebi.
      pirveli jgufis RonisZiebebis meSveobiT umjobesdeba kvebis, TavSesafris,
budobis da bunagobis, namatis gamozrdis da sezonuri adgilgadanacvlebis pirobebi.
      meore jgufis RonisZiebebis meSveobiT xorcieldeba sanadiro cxovelebis
saxeobrivi simdidris da ricxovnobis gazrda savargulebSi gansaxleba, xelovnuri
moSeneba, agreTve seleqciuri da veterinaluri RonisZiebebi.
      samonadireo meurneobaSi sanadiro cxovelebis dacvis, SenarCunebis,
aRwarmoebisa da racionaluri gamoyenebis bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis kompleqsi
saxeobebisa da moculobebis mixedviT ganisazRvreba cxovelTa arsebuli saxeobrivi
simdidrisa da ricxovnobis mdgomareobidan gamomdinare. samonadireo-sameurneo
TvalsazrisiT am RonisZiebaTa efeqturoba _ rogorc ekologiuri, ise ekonomikuri,
gamoixateba imaSi, rom meurneobis savargulebs gaaCndeT stabiluri yovelwliuri
biologiuri da sameurneo produqtiuloba.
      TiToeuli saxeobis cxovelisaTvis, misi dRe-Ramuri sezonuri da wliuri biologiuri
riTmis Sesabamisad unda Seiqmnas maRali xarisxis sabinadro pirobebi, raTa isini
damkvidrdnen da damagrdnen meurneobis savargulebSi da stabilurad miRebul iqnas
yovelwliuri biologiuri da sameurneo produqcia.



        21. gareuli nadir-frinvelis damatebiTi sakvebiT uzrunvelyofa

      samonadireo meurneobis teritoria ganTavsebulia tyis da meoradi alpuri mdeloebis
mcenareuli zonis farglebSi. gansxvavebuli bunebriv-klimaturi pirobebis gamo
meurneobis savargulebSi aris mcenareTa savegetacio periodis (210 dRe) didi
xangrZlivoba, mosavlianobis periodizmi, mosavlis siuxve da misi xelmisawvdomoba
gareuli cxovelebis mxridan.
      gareuli nadir-frinvelisaTvis damatebiTi sakvebis miwodebis pirveli periodi
TiToeul gansxvavebul bunebriv-klimatur da mcenareul zonaSi Sesabamisad iyofa sam
nawilad:

   1. sakvebis miwodebis periodi _ 90 dRe _ tyis qveda zona
   2. sakvebis miwodebis periodi _ 120 dRe _ tyis Sua zona
   3. sakvebis miwodebis periodi _ 180 dRe _ tyis zeda zona



                                                                                  30
      gareuli nadir-frinvelisaTvis damatebiTi sakvebis periodi Tavis mxriv iyofa sam
etapad:

   1. miwodebul damatebiT sakvebTan Seguebis etapi _ miecema maragis 25%.
   2. gareuli nadir-frinvelis damatebiTi intensiuri kveba _ miecema maragis 50%.
   3. gareuli nadir-frinvelis bunebriv sakvebze dabruneba _ miewodeba maragis 25%.

     damatebiTi sakvebis       miwodeba       gareuli     nadir-frinvelisaTvis    xorcieldeba
ramdenime saxiT:

   1. iqmneba sakveburi mindvrebi, sadac mosavali rCeba adgilze auReblad da mas
      TavianTi moTxovnilebisamebr gamoiyeneben gareuli cxovelebi,
   2. bunebriv saTibebSi warmoebs Tivis maragis Seqmna,
   3. iqmneba naTesi mindvrebi marcvlovani da Zirnayofiani kulturebis
      warmoebisaTvis. aq miRebuli mosavali inaxeba maragis saxiT da gareul
      cxovelebs miewodeba sakvebur moednebze da wertilebze,
   4. mzaddeba foTliani nekeris konebi da xorblovani kulturebis Znebi, romlebic
      inaxeba damzadebis adgilze da gamoiyeneba, rogorc mimdinare damatebiT
      kvebis procesSi, ise eqstremalur klimatur pirobebSi,
   5. warmoebs veluri mcenareulobis nayofis Segroveba da misi maragis Seqmna.

      damatebiTi sakvebis maragis Seqmnis RonisZiebebi samonadireo meurneobebSi
xorcieldeba ori mimarTulebiT:

   1. veluri mcenareulobis nayofisunarianobis gazrda satyeo-melioraciuli da agro-
       melioraciuli xerxebis gamoyenebiT;
   2. kulturuli mcenareulobis naTesi mindvrebis Seqmna.
     bunebrivi saZovrebis produqtiuloba cxovelebis mier gamosayenebeli mSrali
masis saxiT (mosavali c/ha).


                                     I mTis saZovrebi

1. subalpuri saZovrebi                                                 _ 6_14
2. alpuri dabalbalaxiani saZovrebi                            _ 4_10


                            II Walebis, Waobebis saZovrebi

1. Waobebis saZovrebi                                                           _ 1_4
2. Walebis saZovrebi                                                   _ 6_12


                                     III tyis saZovrebi



                                                                                          31
1. tyis varjis qveS                                             _ 1_4
2. tyis velobebze                                               _ 6_15




                  gareuli cxovelebis damatebiTi kvebis normebi
                               (erT sulze 100 dRe)

                                                                             cxrili #13

#        gareuli        marili,    nekeri,   Tiva,   Zna Tav-      marcv-     wvniani
       cxovelebis        kiri     foTliani    kg      Taviani      ovani      Zirnayofi
                         kg.        kona             kona 2-3     sakvebi,       kg.
       saxeobebi                                        kg           kg

1 Sveli                1 _ 1,5      20        50                    20           30
  erT sulze

2 gar. Rori            1,5 _ 2                                      60          100
  erT sulze

3 kurdReli             1 _ 1,5      40       500       25           25           40
  100 sulze




                                                                                      32
                   sanadiro cxovelebis sabinadro savargulebis
                      bioteqnikuri keTilmowyobis normebi

                                                                                     cxrili #14

#       gareuli       naTesi       sakveburi   sakveburi   sama-rile s sabu-   TavSe-     remizi
                     kulturebi       wertili    moedani                dari     safari
      cxovelebis
      saxeobebi       sakvebi
                     mindori

1   Sveli           0,1 _ 0,2 ha    1 cali      1 cali     1 cali 20      _      _          _
                      20 sulze     20 sulze    50 sulze      sulze

2   gareuli Rori    0,3 _ 0,4 ha    1 cali      1 cali     1 cali 10      _      _          _
                      10 sulze     10 sulze    20 sulze      sulze

3   kurdReli        0,1 _ 0,2 ha    1 cali       1 cali    1 cali 50      _      _       1 cali 1
                     100 sulze     50 sulze    100 sulze     sulze                        samc-
                                                                                           velo




      gareuli nadirisaTvis mowyobil samarileebSi gamoiyeneba qva-marilis natexebi an
misi fxvieri nazavi, kerZod:

94% _ qva marili                    0,4% _ spilenZis sulfati
4% _ magnezia sulfati               0,4% _ TuTiis sulfati
0,5% _ magnezia oqsidi                    0,2% _ rkinis sulfati
0,4% _ mangano sulfati              0,0-1% _ kobaltis sulfati




               22. gareuli cxovelebis Semoyvana da gansaxleba
                    samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi

      samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi sanadiro cxovelebis Semoyvana da
gansaxleba unda ganxorcieldes miznobrivi SerCevis gziT.
      pirvel rigSi xorcieldeba im cxovelebis reintroduqcia, romlebic istoriulad
binadrobdnen samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi da araxelsayreli pirobebis
zemoqmedebis gamo gadaSendnen am teritoriidan.
      sanadiro cxovelebis Seyvanisa da gansaxlebisaTvis savargulebSi tardeba
bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis calke kompleqsi _ savargulebis momzadeba cxovelTa
SemoyvanisaTvis, adaptaciisaTvis da naturalizaciisaTvis. saboloo jamSi nadir-frinvelis
aklimatizaciis procesi Sedgeba am sami CamoTvlili etapisagan.
      samonadireo meurneobis praqtikaSi yvelaze metad amarTlebs xelovnuri
sabinadro staciebis _ remizebis mowyoba, isini iqmneba veluri kulturebis gamoyenebiT




                                                                                                33
an Ria savargulebSi da asruleben erTdroulad TavSesafris da sakveburi mindvrebis
funqcias.
       remizebisa an bunebriv saadaptacio staciebis irgvliv ewyoba sakveburi mindvrebi,
sakveburi moednebi da wertilebi, samarileebi, sarwyuleblebi da sxva bioteqnikuri
nagebobani.
       samonadireo meurneobaSi gansaxlebisaTvis Semoyvanili nadir-frinveli 10-15
dRis sakarantino periodSi Senaxulia volierebSi, romlebic mowyobilia saadaptacio
staciebis uSualo siaxloves.
       sakarantino periodis damTavrebis Semdeg xdeba nadir-frinvelis gaSveba
volieridan. cxovelis dRe-Ramuri cxovrebis niris Sesabamisad volierebi ixsneba
saRamoTi _ Sebindebisas, an diliT _ gamTeniisas. am SemTxvevaSi dauSvebelia
cxovelebis iZulebiT gamodevna volierebidan, dafrTxoba an sxva formiT Sewuxeba.
cxovelebi sakarantino periodSi eCvevian volieris pirobebs, miaCniaT is saimedo
TavSesafrad da uWirT misi datoveba da ucnob pirobebSi gasvla. savargulebSi
gaSvebuli cxovelebi voliers ubrundebian ori kviridan eqvs Tvemde drois ganmavlobaSi,
risTvisac pirvel dReebSi aq isev eZlevaT sakvebis sruli ulufa, xolo 10-30 dRis Semdeg
es ulufa mcirdeba. erTi Tvis Semdeg, rodesac gareuli cxovelebi SeeCvevian saadaptacio
staciebSi kvebasa da dasvenebas, volierebSi sakvebis micema mTlianad wydeba, xolo
kidev erTi Tvis Semdeg volierebSi Sesasvlelebi iketeba. amiT gareuli cxovelebi
iZulebuli xdebian Seeguon saadaptacio staciebSi dRe-Ramur binadrobas da aiwyon
srulfasovani `gavelureba~.
       im periodidan, rodesac Semoyvanili da samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze
gansaxlebuli gareuli cxovelebi daiwyeben namatis mocemas da gamozrdas, risTvisac
TviTon ganawildebian Sesabamis sabinadro staciebSi, mimdinareobs naturalizaciis
etapi.




                                                                                    34
                                        Tavi V

                  samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis organizacia

       23 samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze saegero samcvelos Seqmna

       samonadireo meurneobis teritoria Tavisi mizandaniSnulebiT gankuTvnilia
samoyvarulo-turistuli nadirobis warmoebisTvis da sxva SemecnebiT-saTavgadasavlo
rekriaciuli RonisZiebebisaTvis. aRniSnulidan gamominare misi Sidasameurneo
teritoriuli organizacia srulyofilad unda uzrunvelyofes mis funqvcionalur
mizandaniSnulebas, rogorc ekologiuri wonasworobis da usafrTxoebis TvalsazrisiT, ise
monadireTa da turistTa kontingentis momsaxurebis Sesaferisi doniT.
       meurneobis teritoriaze dacvisa da sameurneo saqmianobis operatiuli
uzrunvelyofis TvalsazrisiT mizanSewonili iqneba Seiqmnas sadmelis saegero samcvelo.


                              24. meurneobis zonireba

     samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze ekologiuri usafrTxoebisa da wonasworobis
SenarCunebis mizniT savargulebis saerTo farTobis 25%-mde unda ganekuTvnos
miznobriv teritoriul erTeulebs. am mizniT samonadireo meurneobis teritoria
Sidasameurneo daniSnulebis mixedviT unda daiyos Semdeg erTeulebad (sqema
mocemulia TandarTul rukaze):
        1.   sanadiro ubani _ samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis is nawili, sadac
              uSualod xdeba im nadir-frinvelis mopoveba, romlebzedac nadiroba
              nebadarTulia licenziiT. am miznisaTvis SerCeulia Semdegi kvartlebi:
              23, 24, 28, 29, 31 _ 35, 38 _ 41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 51 (s.f. 2643 ha).
        2.   aRkveTili _ samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis is nawili, romelic
              gamoiyofa gareuli nadir-frinvelis optimaluri ricxovnobis aRdgenis da
              maTi gamravlebis xelsayreli pirobebis Sesaqmnelad. aq mTeli wlis
              ganmavlobaSi akrZalulia nadiroba da sanadiro ZaRlebis Seyvana. am
              miznisaTvis SerCeulia Semdegi kvartlebi: 36, 37 (s.f. 302 ha).
        3.    aRwarmoebis ubani _ samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis is nawili,
              romelic gamoiyofa gareuli nadir-frinvelis budobis, gamravlebis da
              namatis miRebis da gamozrdisaTvis xelsayrel ubnebSi. aqac mTeli wlis
              ganmavlobaSi akrZalulia nadiroba da sanadiro ZaRlebis Seyvana. am
              miznisaTvis SerCeulia Semdegi kvartlebi: 14, 30 (s. f. 289 ha).
        4.    nadir-frinvelis saSeni _ samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis is nawili,
              sadac volierul an naxevrad volierul pirobebSi inaxeba gareuli nadir-
              frinvelis sadede suladoba mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi. aqve xdeba namatis
              miReba da gamozrda. am miznisaTvis SerCeulia Semdegi kvartlebi:
              45, 48 (s. f. 255 ha).




                                                                                35
                   25. samonadireo meurneobis sazRvrebis
                                demarkacia

     samonadireo meurneobaSi xorcieleba sazRvrebis demarkacia gareTa perimetrze
da Sidasameurneo teritoriuli erTeulebis gamoyofa. amisTvis gamoiyeneba
gamafrTxilebeli, amkrZalavi da gamomyofi Sinaarsis mqone warweriani firniSebi,
romlebic idgmeba TvalsaCino adgilebSi.
     perimetrze ganTavsebul sasazRvro firniSebze rig SemTxvevaSi datanilia
samonadireo meurneobis sqematuri konturi, xolo Sida sameurneo teritoriuli erTeulis
sqematuri konturis datana Sesabamis firniSze savaldebuloa.
     aseTi xasiaTis firniSebiT SesaZlebeli xdeba sakonfliqto situaciebis Semcireba da
ganmuxtva.



                                    26. kvotebi

      meurneobis teritoriaze Catarebuli savele samuSaoebis monacemTa mixedviT
savargulebSi ar aris nadir-frinvelis samonadireo _ saeqsploatacvio ricxovnoba.
dRvandeli mdgomareobiT aq SesaZlebelia mxolod gadamfreni frinvelebis mopoveba,
vinaidan saerTo SefasebiT aborigeni nadir-frinvelis rigi saxeobebis ricxovnobis done
aris minimumisa da kritikuli pesimumis doneze.
      generaluri licenziis mflobelma erTjeradi saxelobiTi licenziebi gadamfren
frinvelebze (qedani, tyis qaTami) SeiZleba gasces saerTo kvotebis farglebSi.

                       27. nadirobis procesis organizacia

       samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis ZiriTadi nawili, garda Sidasameurneo
teritoriuli miznobrivi erTeulebisa gankuTvnilia nadirobis procesis Casatareblad.
       nadiroba samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi ganxorcieldeba kanoniT
dadgenili wesiT, saqmianobis gaZRolaze da cxovelTa mopovebaze miRebuli generaluri
licenziebis pirobebis ganuxreli dacviT.
       rig gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi, samecniero vetsanitaruli kvlevebisa da
eqspertizisaTvis, samonadireo meurneobis administracia damatebiT aRZravs sakiTxs
saqarTvelos garemosa da bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministros winaSe miznobrivi
licenziis gamoyofis Sesaxeb, romelic ganixilavs da gadawyvets am sakiTxis
mizanSewonilobas.
       garda nadirobisa da salicenzio cxovelebis mopovebisa, samonadireo meurneoba
awarmoebs gareuli nadir-frinvelis cocxlad daWeras, maT volierul Senaxvas, qveynis
SigniT da gareT Sesyidvasa da gayidvas, gacvlas, savargulebSi gansaxlebasa da sxv.
       saqarTvelos moqmedi kanonmdeblobiT aRniSnuli saqmianobis gaZRola
saWiroebs saTanado nebarTvebsa da licenziebs, romlebsac gascems garemosa da
bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministro.




                                                                                  36
                               28. rekomendaciebi

      miuxedavad savargulebis didi mozaikurobisa da cxovelTa sabinadro Tvisebebis
maRali xarisxisa, savargulebis biologiuri produqtiulobis da samonadireo-saeqsploatacio
resursebis sameurneo produqtiulobis donis gansazRvra da ekonomikuri Sefaseba
sanadiro cxovelebis ricxovnobis optimaluri donis miRwevamde saprognozoa.
      samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaze arsebuli uaryofiTi faqtorebis SezRudva,
Semcireba da ganeitraleba misi gaZRolis procesSi ar aris dauZleveli amocana, vinaidan
mis mizandaniSnulebaSi Cadebulia adgilobrivi mosaxleobisaTvis samuSao adgilebis
Seqmna, xolo materialuri daintereseba da stimulireba SezRudavs savargulebis
araracionaluri sargeblobiT gamowveul uaryofiT faqtorebs.

      sanadiro cxovelebis resursebis mdgomareobis Seswavlis da Sefasebis
Sedegebidan bunebrivad gamomdinareobs samonadireo-sameurneo RonisZiebaTa
Tanmimdevroba: resursebis dacva, saxeobrivi simdidris da ricxovnobis SenarCuneba,
intensiuri bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebis saSualebiT aborigeni nadir-frinvelis aRwarmoeba
da ricxovnobis optimalur doneze dastabilizireba, xolo amis Semdgom samonadireo-
sameurneo sargeblobis RonisZiebebis gegmazomieri ganxorcieleba.

konkretuli amocanebi:

   1. moxdes samonadireo meurneobis teritoriis organizacia:

          a)   samonadireo meurneobis teritoriaSi saegero samcvelos Seqmna.
          b)   samonadireo-sameurneo daniSnulebis Sidasameurneo erTeulebad
               dayofa.
          g)   samonadireo meurneobis sazRvrebis demarkacia,
          d) moxdes miznobrivi SerCevis gziT gareuli
               cxovelebis Semoyvana da maTi reintroducireba
               samonadireo meurneobis savargulebSi (saTanado
               nebarTvebis safuZvelze).
          e) aRdgenil iqnas gareuli cxovelebis saxeobrivi
               simdidre da ricxovnoba savargulebis tevadobis
               Sesatyvisad. aq SeiZleba binadrobdes: arCvi _ 60, iremi _ 10, Sveli _
               54, gareuli Rori _ 24, kurdReli _ 230, daTvi _ 3, mgeli _ 1, mela _ 24,
               focxveri _ 4, maCvi _ 17, kverna _ 24, ciyvi _ 260 suli, roWo _ 40
               frTa.


   2. moewyos gareuli cxovelebis xelovnuri saSeni.
         gareuli Roris _ sadede suladoba:
                 a. taxi _ 4 suli
                 b. nezvi _ 12 suli.




                                                                                   37
        3. samonadireo savargulebis rekreaciuli gamoyeneba.

      am resursebis racionalurad SesaZlebeli sameurneo gamoyenebis pirobiT
dainergos da ganviTardes samonadireo turizmi, agreTve SemecnebiTi da
saTavgadasavlo turizmis sxva formebi, kerZod, raionis teritoriaze da mis siaxloves
ganTavsebulia Sua saukuneebis bevri istoriul kulturuli Zegli, romelTa gasacnobad
SesaZlebelia moewyos sacxenosno da saavtomobilo marSrutebi.

      4. sanadiro cxovelebis savargulebSi damagreba.
      nadir-frinvelTa damatebiTi sakvebi bazis Sesaqmnelad samonadireo
savargiulebSi yovelwliurad ganxorcieldes bioteqnikuri RonisZiebebi: daiTesos
miwavaSla, simindi, qeri da sxva. moewyos sakveburebi da samarileebi.

     5. samonadireo meurneobis funqcionirebis SemTxvevaSi                  ganxorcieldes
mravalmxrivi monitoringi:
     a _ kanoniT dadgenili wesiT xelisuflebis institutebis mxridan;
          b _ garemosdacviTi arasamTavrobo organizaciebis mxridan;
          g _ adgilobrivi mosaxleobis mxridan;
          d _ Sidasameurneo monitoringi biologiuri resursebis SenarCunebis, dacvis da
                 aRwarmoebis saWiroebidan gamomdinare.



                                             Tavi VI
                samonadireo meurneobis sainvesticio xarjebi da Semosavlebi
                                I.    kapitaliri danaxarjebi
          1. samonadireo meurneobis saStato ganrigi

    #             Tanamdeboba           xelfasi TveSi      raodenoba      xelfasi weliwadSi

1         direqtori                          100               1                1200

2         buRalteri                          80                0,5              480

3         egeri                              60                2                1440

4         saSenis momvleli                   50                1                600

          sul                                    _             _                3720




                                                                                        38
                        II. gareuli cxovelebis xelovnuri saSenebi

erTjeradi danaxarji 2010 wlis
firniSebis ganlageba 500 lari
sadede jgufebisaTvis Ria volierebis mowyoba              2000 lari



               III. gareuli cxovelebis sadede jgufebis Seqmnis xarjebi

#       cxovelebis dasaxeleba      erTeulis fasi      sul             sul TanxaSi     xarjebis gaw.
                                                   raodenoba                              wlebi

1       gareuli Rori                   500               8               4000              2010




                         IV. sadede suladobis Senaxvis xarjebi


#        xarjebis           raod                             w l e b i                       jami
         dasaxeleba
                                         2010      2011        2012      2013       2014

1        gareuli Rori       suli             8      16          16        16         16        _

                            Tanxa          352     704         704        704       704      3168




        V. gareuli cxovelebis xelovnur saSenSi namatis gamozrdis xarjebi


#        xarjebis           raod                             w l e b i                       jami
         dasaxeleba
                                         2010      2011        2012      2013       2014

1        gareuli Rori       suli             _      18          40        40         40        _

                            Tanxa            _     1800        4000      4000   4000         13800

              VI. monadire turistis momsaxurebis xarjebi
    #                   danaxarjebis dasaxeleba                         dRiuri momsaxurebis fasi
    1      transporti                                                             50



                                                                                              39
    2      gamyoli, megzuri                                                    40
    3      ZaRli                                                               30
    4      kveba                                                               40
    5      Ramis Teva                                                          30
                                                         sul                   190



2. samonadireo meurneobis Semosavlebi

    I. cxovelebis realizaciidan Semosavali

#         xarjebis            raod                       w l e b i                          jami
          dasaxeleba
                                      2010        2011     2012       2013    2014

1         gareuli Rori        suli      _          _           40      40      40            120

                              Tanxa     _          _      24000       24000   24000         72000




    II. monadireTa momsaxurebis Semosavlebi gareul
      Rorze nadirobisas

        wlebi            mopovebis     nadiroba           nadiroba _          sul Semosavlebi
                         raodenoba      dReebi             dRis fasi
        2010                40              160                 400                  6400

        2011                40              160                 400                  6400

        2012                40              160                 400                  6400




                                                                                             40
              3. samonadireo meurneobis (pirveli 5 wliani periodis)
                       fuladi saxsrebis moZraobis uwyisi


#       gasavlebi             2010      2011       2012      2013     2014

1       fuli periodis         21000     9280       303       35291    70279
        dasawyisSi

2       xelfasi               3720      3720       3720      3720     3720

3       soc. anaricxebi       1153      1153       1153      1153     1153

4       saSenis xarjebi       6352      2504       4704      4704     4704

5       sxva xarjebi           500      1500      30400      30400    30400

6       bunebiT sargeb.         _                  4000      4000     4000
        gadasaxadi

7       dRg                     _

8       mogebis gadasaxadi      _                  9035      9035     9035

9       sul gasavlebi         11725     8877      53012      53012    53012



     Semosavali


10      Semosavali              _         _       24000      24000    24000
        nadirobidan

11      Semosavali              _         _       64000      64000    64000
        turizmidan

12      sul Semosavali          _         _       88000      88000    88000




                                                                        41
                                        4. daskvna

      amrigad, aRniSnuli savargulebis sabinadro Tvisebebis maRali xarisxi, zemoT
aRniSnuli rekomendaciebisa da miTiTebis ganxorcielebis SemTxvevaSi saSualebas
iZleva moewyos Tanamedrove tipis samonadireo-turistuli meurneoba, rac xels
Seuwyobs arsebuli qaoturi bunebaTsargeblobis procesis SeCerebas da SesaZlebels
gaxdis mravalmxrivi, marTvadi ekosistemis Camoyalibebas.
      proeqtSi warmodgenili finansuri gaangariSebebi moicavs meore 5 wlian periods
(2010-2014 wlebi) da mTlianad damyarebulia xelovnuri aRwarmoebis Sedegad
miRebul resursze.
      gadamfren frinvelebze nadirobidan Semosavlebi damokidebuli iqneba
yovelwliurad adgilze Catarebul monitoringze, ris mixedviTac dadgindeba nadirobis
vadebi da kvotebi yoveli calkeuli sezonisaTvis.
      meurneobis warmatebulad funqcionirebisaTvis mizanSewonilia generaluri
licenzia gaices aranakleb oci wliT.
      im SemTxvevaSi, Tu saTanado saxelmwifo normatiuli aqtebiT ganisazRvra
daculi teritoriebis qselis gafarToeba da es Seexo samonadireo meurneobis teritorias,
misi mflobeli valdebulia Seasrulos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli moTxovnebi da teritoriis
ZiriTad mesakuTresTan 5 weliwadSi erTxel moaxdinos savargulis sazRvrebis
koreqtireba.

mowyobis masalebi mocemulia TandarTul rukebze.




      samonadireo meurneoba
         `kapira~
        direqtori




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