“Who Do You Say That I Am”? An Introduction to Christology Who is Jesus? Jesus = First/Only Name (see Mark 1:9) – Hebrew: Yeshua (= "Joshua") – Greek: IHSOUS (IhsouV) – Latin: Iesus – English: Jesus (cf. Joshua) – Note: "Christ" is a title, not his last name! Meaning: “God saves” – Cf. Matt 1:21-25; Luke 1:31; 2:21 – Emmanuel = “God is with us” Identifying People in NT Times By Place of Origin: – Jesus of Nazareth / the Nazarene / the Galilean By Occupation: – Jesus the Carpenter (construction worker?) By Family Relations: – Jesus, the son of Joseph / the carpenter’s son – Jesus, the brother of James, Joses, Judas, Simon – Jesus, the son of Mary (rare outside of NT) Christological Titles (esp. in Mark) Messiah / Christ Son of God Son of Man Rabbi / Teacher Lord / LORD Prophet King of the Jews / King of Israel Lamb of God / Good Shepherd / etc. See Catholic-Resources.org/Bible/Christological_Titles.htm Messiah / Christ Heb. “Mashiah” = Gk. “Christos” = “Anointed” Son of God Divine Title? My Beloved Son The Holy One of God Son of the Blessed One Son of Man “Bar Nasha” = Human One or Heavenly Judge? Rabbi / Teacher Common Title in Mark; Portrayal in Matthew Lord / LORD Kyrios = Lord/Sir/Master LORD = YHWH = “I Am” Prophet Gk. pro-phemi = “to speak on behalf of (God)” King of the Jews I N R I = Iesus Nazarenos Rex Iudeorum Lamb of God / Good Shepherd Narrative Christology How is Jesus portrayed in Gospel stories? – Beginnings – Actions Teaching Miracles – Interactions – Endings What does each Evangelist emphasize? – Mark? Matthew? Luke? John? Summary: Who Is Jesus? Names vs. Titles vs. Actions? – Naming people: by origin / occupation / family – Identifying roles: Christological titles – Portraying character: narrative emphases Various Christological Titles & Portraits: – Some Emphasize Humanity? – Some Emphasize Divinity? – Some in the Gospel acc. to Mark? – Others in Matthew, Luke, or John? – Some in later NT books? – Others not until post-NT writings?