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Lifting Techniques (PowerPoint)

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  • pg 1
									Lifting
Techniques
Basic rules of good
lifting
 Size   up the load before you lift

 Bend   your knees

 Centeryourself
 over the load


                                       1a
Basic rules of good
lifting
 Get    a good hand hold

    straight up - let
 Lift
 your legs do the work

 Don’t   twist or turn


                            1b
Basic rules of good
lifting
 Have   a clear path

 Setthe load down
 properly

 Always push a
 cart or dolly

                        1c
Basic rules of good
lifting
 Get   help for long loads

     up heavy loads
 Split
 when you can




                              1d
If back pain occurs
 You   may have a serious problem
 if:
 • resting a few days
   doesn’t help
 • you have a feeling of
   numbness in your
   lower limbs



                                2a
If back pain occurs
 For   on-the-job relief:
  • get up a stretch if you sit for long
    periods
  • shift your feet if you
    stand
  • avoid leaning to one
    side if you stand



                                           2b
Injuries that occur to
backs
 Strains   and sprains

 Ruptured   or slipped disks

 Chronic   tension and
 stress

 Other   forms of back
 pain
                                3a
Injuries that occur to
backs
 Some   injuries require surgery

 Some injuries lead to permanent
 disability

 Back injuries can limit
 activities on and off
 the job

                                    3b
Correct lifting posture
 Bend    knees

 Centerbody over
 the load

 Lift   straight up


                          4a
Never twist or turn
when lifting
     strain to back’s disks,
 Adds
 muscles, ligaments, tendons

 Planyour lift to avoid awkward
 positions

    load down if you’re losing
 Set
 your grip
                                 5a
Never twist or turn
when lifting
 Don’ttwist and turn or juggle
 load to regain grip

 Keepback as straight as
 possible




                                  5b
Carrying the load
 Ensure   a clear path

 Ensure a place where load can
 be set down

 Check   for stability of load

 Can   you get a good grip?

                                  6a
Carrying the load
   the load too heavy for one
 Is
 person?
 Follow lifting weight
 restrictions
     the weight by carefully
 Test
 pushing load, or lifting one
 corner
                                6b
Carrying the load
 Usemechanical equipment if
 load is too heavy
 Get help if load is too heavy - lift
 at the same time to keep load
 balanced




                                    6c
Lowering the load
 Bend    the knees

 Slowlylower it; do not
 drop the load

     sudden
 Avoid
 movements

                           7a
Lowering the load
 Bendknees to let leg muscles
 support the weight

 Lowerthe load at the
 same time if
 working with
 partner

                                 7b
Pushing versus pulling a
load
 Pushing   a load is easier on the
 back

 Pushing a load
 is easier to
 control



                                      8a
Plan ahead
 Avoidusing lower rack for
 moderately heavy to heavy
 items, or awkward items

    help when lifting heavy,
 Get
 awkward, or long items



                               9a
Plan ahead
 Size   up the load:
  • Can it be split into multiple loads?
  • Smaller loads cause less strain on
    the back




                                       9b
Plan ahead
 Usematerial handling
 equipment if load is too heavy
 • Forklifts
 • Hoists
 • Dollies




                                  9c
Other factors in back
injuries
 Age   of employee

 Improper postures when
 sleeping, standing, sitting

 Physical   condition of employee

 Repetitive   motions

                                 10a
Summary of main points
 Types   of injuries

 Proper   lifting techniques

 Other   factors in back injuries



                                     11a

								
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