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Connecting RDA to the Catalog INTERESTING TIMES M OLLY TAMAR KI N DUKE U NIVERSITY Overview of Talk 1. Me 2 . AACR 2, M AR C & t he cat alog 3 . R D A & t he cat alog 4 . Ou t side t he lib r ar y: sear ch & descr ipt ion 5 . The f u t u r e 6 . Im plicat ions f or adm inist r at or s 1982: 1st library job as work study: Univ. of Chicago Library About me Tech services & development 1990: got MLS: St. Louis Public Cataloging & collection development 1992: Brooklyn Public reference 1996: Marlboro College librarian 1999: Marlboro IT director 2001: Duke Asst./Assoc Dean for IT 2007: CTO, Univ. of Puget Sound 2009: Assoc. Univ. Librarian, IT, Duke AACR2 and MARC AACR2 MARC Began in 1960s, revised Early 1960s to create in 1970s catalog cards Provides standard for Predates relational description of physical databases objects More like a transport More like a conceptual protocol and markup data model (but MARC than a data model isn’t really a logical Like HTTP / HTML data model) AACR2 & MARC Both were created in an era where information was obtained through a physical medium (books, journals, documents) Both are used to represent a physical item in a condensed form: information about information (metadata) Both are used when representing a physical item digitally MARC & The Catalog MARC The Catalog Allows us to transfer Provides inventory information about our Provides location inventory Provides status Allows us to represent Aggregates items a physical item around pre-defined electronically vocabularies Is the structure of Traditionally composed necessity in today’s ILS of MARC records Reflections on MARC and the Catalog Our catalogs are limited by our ILS systems If your only tool is a hammer, every problem can be a MARC record Our catalog is of limited utility—who does it really serve: us or our users? RDA & MARC RDA can be interpreted in MARC records in the same way AACR2 serves as a descriptive standard for MARC RDA & MARC are not incompatible, though MARC 21 has been revised to incorporate RDA elements But is the relationship between RDA and MARC relevant to our future? RDA & the Catalog If your catalog is a bunch of MARC records, then RDA can have minor effect on your catalog. But is this good? If RDA can genuinely contribute to the semantic web, then why have a local catalog of MARC records? WWW and the Recall the directories of yore development (Yahoo, Alta Vista, even AOL) of search What happened? To structured topics? To controlled vocabulary Has search gotten better or worse? What’s happened to search as a result? How have users changed? Their expectations Their search strategies Good enough is better than perfect Good, fast, or cheap: pick two Big business commercially (Google, Bing!) and academically What’s happening with description? RDF = W3C standard Optimized for search engines Best data format for linked data (naturally builds a “web”) RDA vocabularies can be viewed as an RDF subset What is the difference between web resources and information resources? WHAT IS U NIQU E TO LIBR AR IES? WHAT CONTENT R EQU IR ES A LIBR AR Y-SPECI F IC APPR OACH? Print materials? Physical objects? Future of Content Print as the sole format is decreasing Digital content is becoming unbundled, or bundled arbitrarily Printed acquisitions are likely to be “special” Digital content is getting less owned and more leased Effects of content More and more silos change on the catalog More and more “discovery” tools Less and less control More and more “good enough” Less and less value in the catalog? Future Role of Catalog Thinking ahead… Access provided by Continue to need a way identity services to represent physical Local catalog for items special collections MARC record retired, Local catalog of value converted internally Descriptive standards Content discoverable apply to minority of via web standards objects available Current Trends in [Library] Systems Kuali OLE (Open Library Environment) Community-sourced ILS for higher education Building more of a system to model data and less of a data model Cloud services expand Library as pioneer in this area Effect on local systems Effect on local silos Collaborative development continue Again, library is a pioneer here What we know for sure •C O N T E NT G R O W I N G MO RE FR AGMENTED •C U R R ENT S Y S T E MS D O N O T S U P P O R T P T O E C H A NGE S •C U R R ENT P L A N N ED C HANGE S M A Y S U S T A IN U S •C U R R ENT P L A N N ED C HANGE S M A Y N O T B E T H E R A D ICAL D EPART URE W E C O U L D H A V E Library Administration Are you Bleeding edge? Leading edge? 3rd to none? Laggard? What is your culture? Where should you be? Pareto This is a law about optimizing Principle resources For many Are you building a system for events, 80% of 20% of your resources or 80%? the effects come from 20% of the causes Are you building a system to handle exceptions or to manage the rule? What is best for your community? CURRENT AND FUTURE What is best for industry? FOLLOW THE M ONEY QU ESTION R EALITY Summing It Up RDA Catalog Useful relation to RDF Of internal use as local Won’t solve the silo on inventory its own No longer authoritative May be an important for resources provided change for 20% of your Content must be resources? exposed to 3rd party services Consider the following Univ. of Phoenix Blockbuster vs For profit education Netflix…. growing at about 10% Deal making vs year customer-focused DIYU innovation? Edupunk movement Google Does anyone use: Constant innovation AOL Dogpile Altavista Interesting Times INTER ESTING QU ESTIONS ? Image Credits Slide 3: photo of Regenstein Library from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Regenstein_Library_entrance.jpg (creative commons license) Slide 7: photo of silos from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Allegany_Township_silos.jpg (creative commons license) Slide 9: photo of pig from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lipstick_on_a_pig.jpg (creative commons license) Slide 10: Altavista screenshot taken from http://www.solecontrolsolutions.com/blog/ . Reproduced here for purposes of commentary under fair use. Slide 11: photo of March 2009 Computer cover from http://www.qmags.com/Magazines/PubHomePage.asp?publication=116&issue=3960&sessionID=9803ED4ABED8D09C248779 E94; reproduced here for purposes of commentary under fair use Slide 12: RDF illustration from http://www.semanticfocus.com/blog/entry/title/introduction-to-the-semantic-web-vision-and- technologies-part-3-the-resource-description-framework/ . Reproduced here with permission. Slide 14: table from http://dwarfplanetpress.wordpress.com/2010/05/26/book-publishing-industry-statistics-part-4/ Reproduced here with permission. Slide 15: catalog card photo from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LA2-katalogkort.jpg (creative commons license) Slide 19: wave photo from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ocean_surface_wave.jpg. Photo in the public domain.
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