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Connecting RDA to the Catalog

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					Connecting RDA to the Catalog

       INTERESTING TIMES




                    M OLLY TAMAR KI N
                    DUKE U NIVERSITY
            Overview of Talk

1. Me
2 . AACR 2, M AR C & t he cat alog
3 . R D A & t he cat alog
4 . Ou t side t he lib r ar y: sear ch &
    descr ipt ion
5 . The f u t u r e
6 . Im plicat ions f or adm inist r at or s
            1982: 1st library job as work study:
             Univ. of Chicago Library
About me        Tech services & development
            1990: got MLS: St. Louis Public
              Cataloging & collection development

            1992: Brooklyn Public reference
            1996: Marlboro College librarian
            1999: Marlboro IT director
            2001: Duke Asst./Assoc Dean for IT
            2007: CTO, Univ. of Puget Sound
            2009: Assoc. Univ. Librarian, IT,
             Duke
                AACR2 and MARC

AACR2                       MARC


 Began in 1960s, revised    Early 1960s to create
  in 1970s                    catalog cards
 Provides standard for      Predates relational
  description of physical     databases
  objects                    More like a transport
 More like a conceptual      protocol and markup
  data model (but MARC        than a data model
  isn’t really a logical        Like HTTP / HTML
  data model)
                 AACR2 & MARC

 Both were created in an era where information was
 obtained through a physical medium (books,
 journals, documents)

 Both are used to represent a physical item in a
 condensed form: information about information
 (metadata)

 Both are used when representing a physical item
 digitally
               MARC & The Catalog

MARC                         The Catalog


 Allows us to transfer       Provides inventory
  information about our       Provides location
  inventory                   Provides status
 Allows us to represent
                              Aggregates items
  a physical item              around pre-defined
  electronically               vocabularies
 Is the structure of
                              Traditionally composed
  necessity in today’s ILS     of MARC records
     Reflections on MARC and the Catalog

 Our catalogs are limited
  by our ILS systems

 If your only tool is a
  hammer, every problem
  can be a MARC record

 Our catalog is of limited
  utility—who does it really
  serve: us or our users?
                  RDA & MARC


 RDA can be interpreted in MARC records in the
 same way AACR2 serves as a descriptive standard for
 MARC

 RDA & MARC are not incompatible, though MARC
 21 has been revised to incorporate RDA elements

 But is the relationship between RDA and MARC
 relevant to our future?
                  RDA & the Catalog

 If your catalog is a bunch
  of MARC records, then
  RDA can have minor
  effect on your catalog.
  But is this good?

 If RDA can genuinely
  contribute to the
  semantic web, then why
  have a local catalog of
  MARC records?
WWW and the      Recall the directories of yore
development       (Yahoo, Alta Vista, even AOL)
of search
What
happened?
 To structured
   topics?
 To controlled
   vocabulary
 Has search
   gotten
   better or
   worse?
     What’s happened to search as a result?

 How have users
 changed?
    Their expectations
    Their search strategies
 Good enough is better
 than perfect
    Good, fast, or cheap: pick
     two
 Big business
 commercially (Google,
 Bing!) and academically
What’s happening with description?


                   RDF = W3C standard
                   Optimized for search
                    engines
                   Best data format for
                    linked data (naturally
                    builds a “web”)
                   RDA vocabularies can
                    be viewed as an RDF
                    subset
What is the difference between
web resources and information
          resources?

  WHAT IS U NIQU E TO
  LIBR AR IES?

  WHAT CONTENT R EQU IR ES A
  LIBR AR Y-SPECI F IC APPR OACH?
   Print materials?
   Physical objects?
                   Future of Content


 Print as the sole format is
  decreasing
 Digital content is
  becoming unbundled, or
  bundled arbitrarily
 Printed acquisitions are
  likely to be “special”
 Digital content is getting
  less owned and more
  leased
Effects of
content          More and more silos
change on the
catalog
                 More and more “discovery” tools


                 Less and less control


                 More and more “good enough”


                 Less and less value in the catalog?
              Future Role of Catalog

Thinking ahead…


 Access provided by        Continue to need a way
  identity services          to represent physical
 Local catalog for          items
  special collections       MARC record retired,
 Local catalog of value     converted
  internally                Descriptive standards
 Content discoverable       apply to minority of
  via web standards          objects available
       Current Trends in [Library] Systems

 Kuali OLE (Open Library Environment)
    Community-sourced ILS for higher education
    Building more of a system to model data and less of a data
     model
 Cloud services expand
    Library as pioneer in this area
    Effect on local systems
    Effect on local silos
 Collaborative development continue
    Again, library is a pioneer here
         What we know for sure

•C O N T E NT G R O W I N G MO RE FR AGMENTED
•C U R R ENT S Y S T E MS D O N O T S U P P O R T P T O E
C H A NGE S

•C U R R ENT P L A N N ED C HANGE S M A Y S U S T A IN U S
•C U R R ENT P L A N N ED C HANGE S M A Y N O T B E T H E
R A D ICAL D EPART URE W E C O U L D H A V E
Library Administration


             Are you
                 Bleeding edge?
                 Leading edge?
                 3rd to none?
                 Laggard?


             What is your culture?


             Where should you be?
Pareto
                    This is a law about optimizing
Principle
                    resources

For many            Are you building a system for
events, 80% of      20% of your resources or 80%?
the effects come
from 20% of
the causes          Are you building a system to
                    handle exceptions or to manage
                    the rule?
 What is best for your
    community?

CURRENT AND FUTURE
What is best for industry?

    FOLLOW THE M ONEY
     QU ESTION R EALITY
                  Summing It Up

RDA                         Catalog


 Useful relation to RDF     Of internal use as local
 Won’t solve the silo on    inventory
 its own                     No longer authoritative
 May be an important        for resources provided
 change for 20% of your      Content must be
 resources?                  exposed to 3rd party
                             services
              Consider the following


 Univ. of Phoenix          Blockbuster vs
   For profit education    Netflix….
    growing at about 10%       Deal making vs
    year                        customer-focused
 DIYU                          innovation?
   Edupunk movement

 Google                    Does anyone use:
   Constant innovation      AOL
                             Dogpile

                             Altavista
 Interesting Times

INTER ESTING QU ESTIONS ?
                                              Image Credits
   Slide 3: photo of Regenstein Library from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Regenstein_Library_entrance.jpg (creative
    commons license)

   Slide 7: photo of silos from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Allegany_Township_silos.jpg (creative commons license)

   Slide 9: photo of pig from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lipstick_on_a_pig.jpg (creative commons license)

   Slide 10: Altavista screenshot taken from http://www.solecontrolsolutions.com/blog/ . Reproduced here for purposes of
    commentary under fair use.

   Slide 11: photo of March 2009 Computer cover from
    http://www.qmags.com/Magazines/PubHomePage.asp?publication=116&issue=3960&sessionID=9803ED4ABED8D09C248779
    E94; reproduced here for purposes of commentary under fair use

   Slide 12: RDF illustration from http://www.semanticfocus.com/blog/entry/title/introduction-to-the-semantic-web-vision-and-
    technologies-part-3-the-resource-description-framework/ . Reproduced here with permission.

   Slide 14: table from http://dwarfplanetpress.wordpress.com/2010/05/26/book-publishing-industry-statistics-part-4/
    Reproduced here with permission.

   Slide 15: catalog card photo from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LA2-katalogkort.jpg (creative commons license)

   Slide 19: wave photo from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ocean_surface_wave.jpg. Photo in the public domain.

				
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posted:3/29/2011
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