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Vol.21, No.3          Whole Number 77   Aug 2008

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                            129
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PHILATELIC EXHIBITORS (NAPE)                                              Bernard Doherty FAP
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 Front	and	Back	Cover	&	Featured	Pages:

    Stuart Leven Collection of New Guinea,

           Courtesy Millennium Auctions
                                                                                 ISSN 1321-3644
130	            	                                                                        The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                     The Asia Pacific Exhibitor
          Founded 1987 as THE AUSTRALIAN EXHIBITOR
 Official	Journal	of	the	interNational	Association	for	Philatelic	Exhibitors
                    Our website:

Aug	2008		                                                    Vol.21	No.3	(Whole	Number	77)
                COntents                                171	 HMAS	sydney	World	War	II	deployment
131	   Editorial                                        173	 The	 Picture	 Postcards	 Scene	 in	 South	
132	   Letters	to	the	Editor
                                                        178	 Maximaphily	Exhibits	at	Israel	2008
135	   Taipei	2008	International	Stamp	Exhibition
                                                        180	 Why,	What	and	How	I	Collect
137	   Australia	Post	Seeks	Increase	in	Letter	Rates	
       - 15th	February	2008                             184	 Book	Review
139	   Collecting,	 Displaying	 and	 Exhibiting	        184	 Open	 and	 Social	 Classes	 -	 Discussion	 over	 a	
       Electronic	Mail	1984	–	1995                           Decade	or	More
144	   Exhibiting	your	Material                         189	 NAPE	News
146	   Correction                                       191	 FIP	News
147	   New	FIP	Commission	for	Postal	History            192	 Meet	our	Contributors
147	   Sydney	Aircraft	Accident	April	9	2008	–	Mail	    193	 Show	Time	!!!
       Cargo                                            194	 NAPE		-		Aims	and	Objectives
148	   Exhibiting	Postal	History	(1)	/	如何創作出色的郵史集
158	   The	Papuan	Philatelic	Society	1954-2008	-	A	
       History                                          171		Adelaide	Stampex	2008	
164	   Improving	Your	Exhibit	(4)                       138	 Brusden	White	Publishing
169	   The	Stuart	Leven	Collection	of	New	Guinea,	      167	 Millennium	Philatelic	Auctions
       1888-1942                                        147	 Sunstamp	2008	Brisbane

At	the	NAPE	meeting	held	during	the	Canberra	           The	APF	Executive	at	that	time	agreed	to	liaise	
2008	Stampshow	 the	Picture	 Postcard	(PPC)	            with	the	PPC	groups	in	formulating	a	set	of	rules	
group	 reported	 on	 the	 inaugural	 One	 Frame	        and	guidelines	for	judging,	on	the	basis	that	the	
picture	 postcard	 exhibits	 included	 in	 the	         PPC	groups	formed	a	national	association	or	
competitive	section.                                    body,	which	would	be	responsible	for	training	
                                                        judges	and	organizing	the	requirements	for	the	
One	of	the	suggestions	voiced	there	was	that	it	        class	 at	 various	 exhibitions.	 	 The	 result	 was	
was	time	that	Picture	Postcards	were	recognized	        that	at	the	meeting	of	the	Australian	Philatelic	
as	a	legitimate	class	at	exhibitions.                   Federation	on	7	October	2002	a	proposal	was	
                                                        tabled	 from	 the	 Postcard	 Group	 (Dr	 Derek	
During	2001	and	2002	the	Australian	Philatelic	         Pocock	 WA)	 for	 some	 judging	 rule	 changes.	    	
Federation	(APF)	carried	out	a	survey	of	the	           Those	 changed	 rules	 and	 the	 classifications	
attitude	of	the	various	State	PPC	administrative	       listed	were	approved	at	that	meeting.
bodies	in	regard	to	being	included	within	the	
philatelic	exhibition	umbrella.                         At	 the	 same	 meeting	 of	 the	 Federation	 it	
                                                        was	agreed	that	the	various	judges	registers,	
New	 South	 Wales	 and	 Victoria	 opted	 for	 the	      judge	training	and	records	of	judging	would	be	
collage	 type	 presentation	 on	 a	 piece	 of	 1m2      maintained	by	the	Picture	Postcard	Group.		It	
board;	 that	 is	 the	 postcards	 were	 mounted	        was	further	agreed	that	National	exhibitions	
within	an	artistic	presentation	on	a	large	board.	      wishing	 to	 have	 a	 Postcard	 section	 within	
This	 type	 of	 display	 was	 included	 at	 Sydpex	     the	 exhibition	 must	 ensure	 that	 the	 judges	
88.	 Here	 one	 of	 the	 main	 problem	 evident	        chosen	 came	 from	 the	 panel	 maintained	 by	
was	 the	 difficulty	 in	 transporting	 exhibits.	      the	Group	and	that	the	new	Picture	Postcard	
Australian	 Capital	 Territory,	 South	 and	            rules	were	observed.		For	their	part	the	APF	
Western	Australian	groups	agreed	to	adopt	the	          would	encourage	the	attachment	of	a	postcard	
philatelic	concept	of	15	album	size	page	sheets,	       section	 to	 National	 Exhibitions	 but	 of	 course	
which	were	easily	transportable.

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                         131

this	was	the	domain	of	the	particular	exhibition	         picture	postcards?	Do	they	have	to	be	used	or	
organising	committee.                                     will	unused	suffice?

The	 two	 participating	 States	 and	 Territory	          Alternatively	the	picture	postcard	rules	limit	
have	 implement	 judges	 training,	 as	 well	 as	         the	 amount	 of	 other	 than	 picture	 postcards.	
encouraging	PPC	exhibits	at	exhibitions	held	in	          With	the	PPC	guidelines	stating	that:	
their	own	areas.	But	the	formation	of	a	national	
group	has	not	eventuated	to	date.                         It is permissible in all classifications of postcard
                                                          exhibits to show other material to complement
Looking	at	where	picture	postcards	can	be	used	           the display e.g. photographs, newspaper
within	the	philatelic	arena	at	present:	                  cuttings, menus etc but they shall be neither
•	 We	have	maximaphily,	where	a	concordance	              numerically nor in area more than 25% of the
   of	 stamp	 and	 postmark	 on	 the	 picture	            postcards shown.
   side	 makes	 them	 acceptable;	
                                                          It	will	be	interesting	to	see	the	outcome	of	the	
•	 in	postal	history	the	postally	used	address	           new	Postal	History	rules,	which	incorporates	
   side	 is	 accepted	 as	 a	 study	 of	 the	 rates,	
   routes	 and	 markings	 as	 well	 as	 the	              Social	 Philately	 under	 heading	 2C	 with	    	
   postal	 regulations	 associated	 with	 the	            “Greeting	 Cards	 including	 Valentines”	 being	
   development	 of	 picture	 postcards.                   one	of	the	sub-classes.
•	 In	experimental	social	philately	(Australian	          3.2	Historical,	Social	and	special	studies	(sub-
   rules)	 10%	 of	 the	 50%	 postally	 related	
   items	can	be	non	philatelic,	e.g.	photos	or	           clause	 2C)	 exhibits	 would	 include	 material	
   alternatively	picture	postcards,	newspaper	            developed	by	commerce	and	society	for	use	in	the	
   cuttings	etc.	No	comment	to	say	the	PPCs	              postal	system	and	may	include	non-philatelic	
   need	 to	 be	 used.                                    material	where	relevant	to	the	subject	of	the	
•	 Experimental	Special	Studies	guidelines	               exhibit.	The	non-philatelic	material	should	be	
   stated	 that	 non-philatelic	 material,	               incorporated	into	the	exhibit	in	a	balanced	and	
   such	 as	 the	 pictorial	 sides	 of	 unused            appropriate	manner	in	such	a	way	that	it	does	
   postcards,	newspaper	clippings,	philatelic	            not	overwhelm	the	philatelic	material.
   information	 or	 references,	 and	 cachets	
   without	appropriate	postal	usage,	should	              Are	picture	postcards	about	to	be	accepted	into	
   be	kept	to	a	minimum.	It	is	the	exhibitor’s	           the	 philatelic	 fold?	 For	 are	 they	 not	 greeting	
   responsibility	to	explain	its	relevance	to	            cards,	developed	by	commerce	and	society	for	
   the	 exhibit.	 The	 use	 of	 collateral,	 non-         use	in	the	postal	system?	Thus	can	an	exhibit	
   philatelic	 or	 non-affiliated	 items,	 while	
   permitted,	 should	 be	 minimal.                       of	 greeting	 cards	 form	 the	 total	 exhibit?	 Do	
                                                          they	 have	 to	 have	 passed	 through	 the	 post?	
Does	the	latter	description	imply	that	USED	              What	about	current	concession	greeting	cards	
picture	postcards	are	acceptable?	And	how	does	           needing	to	be	enclosed	in	an	envelope?	
one	interpret	minimal	use?
                                                          I	think	I	can	hear	some	loud	knocking	on	the	
The	 Open	 class	 states	 that	 the	 philatelic	          philatelic	 exhibition	 doors,	 but	 who	 is	 going	
material	will	cover	50	%	approximately	of	the	            to	tell	the	group	knocking	who	or	what	will	be	
extent	 of	 the	 exhibit.	 Can	 the	 other	 half	 be	     invited	to	enter,	and	in	what	quantity?

                            LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Welcome	 to	 the	 ranks	 of	 journal	 editors	 and	       Assuming	 that	 Northern	 Beaches	 is	 a	 regional	
congratulations	 on	 your	 first	 issue	 of	 The	 Asia	   rather	than	a	national,	one	may	expect	somewhat	
Pacific	 Exhibitor	 (May	 2008).	 As	 usual,	 the	        higher	 scores	 there.	 The	 underlying	 expressed	
content	 is	 diverse	 and	 several	 of	 the	 subjects	    concerns,	 however,	 are	 more	 important	 to	
worthy	of	additional	comment.                             consider.	How	meaningful	are	the	point	scores?	
                                                          How	consistent	is	the	judging?
Problems with one Frame exhibiting
                                                          “Judging,	 after	 all,	 is	 partially	 subjective,” we	
One	can	feel	the	frustration	of	John	Pugsley	as	          read.	 Actually,	 it	 is	 wholly	 subjective.	 It	 is	 an	
he	 discusses	 the	 “Problems	 with	 One	 Frame	          art,	not	a	science.	Were	it	otherwise,	there	would	
Exhibiting”	 in	 his	 letter.	 I	 am	 admittedly	         be	 no	 need	 for	 judges	 but	 only	 for	 a	 scientific	
unfamiliar	 with	 either	 of	 the	 exhibitions	 cited,	   and	 absolute	 measurement	 of	 some	 kind.	 This	
Northern	 Beaches	 and	 Wodonga,	 but	 get	 the	          is	not	the	case,	of	course.	Decades	of	evolution	in	
impression	that	they	are	not	on	the	same	level.	          the	evaluation	and	judging	of	philatelic	exhibits	

132	         	                                                                The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                             Letters to the Editor

has	 yielded	 virtual	 universal	 agreement	 on	           imbalance	largely	created	by	the	interpretation	
criteria	and	weight.	Then	it	falls	to	judges,	not	         of	 the	 rather	 non-specific	 instruction	 that	 the	
infallible	in	spite	of	years	of	study,	experience	and	     exhibit	may	contain	stamps	issued	specifically	for	
application,	to	apply	these	principles	and	criteria	       airmail	use.”	He	then	quotes	FIP	Aerophilately	
to	the	exhibits	before	them.	Not	just	one	judge,	but	      SREV	 3.1.2	 in	 support.	 Dr.	 Pocock	 jumps	 past	
several	are	brought	together	to	bring	diversity,	          the	 controlling	 SREV	 provision,	 Section	 3.1.	 It	
depth	 and	 multiple	 views	 to	 bear.	 It	 is	 not	 an	   is	important	to	read	and	interpret	the	following	
absolute	process.	Results	can	and	will	vary.	              subsections	in	the	context	of	preceding	section.	

The	fact	that	it	is	not	an	absolute	process	in	any	        A	 look	 at	 the	 FIP	 Guidelines	 for	 Aerophilately	
way	 makes	 point	 scoring	 a	 problem.	 What	 do	         will	show	that	airmail	stamps	are	included	in	the	
the	numbers	mean	in	terms	of	substance?	There	             arena	of	aerophilately.	
is	not	much	clue	in	a	simple	number.	Numbers	
                                                              Other	items	within	the	scope	of	aerophilately	
are	seen	by	most	people	as	an	absolute,	and	that	
is	a	problem.	We	are	using	an	absolute	form	to	
indicate	a	subjective	result.	This	sets	the	stage	            =	 	 	Adhesive	 stamps	 issued	 or	 overprinted	
for	 bewilderment	 and	 discontent,	 particularly	            specifically for use on airmail, even when used
where	there	is	a	basic	misunderstanding	of	the	               for	other	postal	purposes.
entire	process.	
                                                           While	this	is	true,	it	is	so	only	within	the	context	
As	 exhibitors,	 we	 strive	 to	 improve	 our	             of	the	basic	definition	of	aerophilately,	not	in	the	
exhibits	 and	 seek	 substantive	 suggestions	 and	        sense	of	“traditional”	philately.	In	light	of	some	
recommendations	 from	 both	 judges	 and	 other	           apparent	misunderstanding	of	the	role	of	airmail	
experienced	 and	 successful	 exhibitors	 to	 that	        stamps,	it	is	appropriate	to	look	at	the	question	
end.	 Meaningful	 commentary	 on	 an	 exhibit	 is	         again.
in	the	form	of	either	written	or	verbal	discourse	
directed	at	specific	observed	points	in	the	context	       Consider	 an	 exhibit	 of	 airmail	 stamps.	 Is	 it	
of	the	evaluation	criteria.	Number	scores	do	not	          aerophilately?	 In	 the	 broad	 sense,	 yes,	 as	 it	 is	
measure	up.	                                               airmail	 stamps.	 Is	 it	 an	 aerophilatelic	 exhibit?	 	
                                                           No.	It	may	be	either	traditional	or	a	special	study,	
The	 magic	 for	 success	 in	 a	 one-frame	 exhibit	       depending	on	how	the	exhibit	is	structured	and	
is	 a	 subject	 and	 scope	 that	 lends	 itself	 to	 a	    its	defined	subject	and	limits.	
comprehensive	showing	in	16	pages,	a	complete	                Aerophilately	is	the	study	of	the	development,	
story	fully	developed.	Many	one-frame	exhibitors	             operation or other defined scope of airmail
come	to	grief	on	the	rocks	of	subjects	appropriate	           services,	 shown	 and	 explained	 by	 the	
to	multi-frame	presentations.                                 presentation	of	directly	relevant	items	and	the	
                                                              treatment	 and	 analysis	 of	 the	 aerophilatelic	
The	role	of	picture	postcards	is	another	question	
and	 there	 is	 no	 doubt	 that	 they	 “can	 form	 an	
important	 component	 of	 many	 social	 exhibits.”	        In	 other	 words,	 aerophilately	 is	 flown	 covers!	
However,	 one	 must	 also	 remember	 that	 they	           Airmail	stamps	are	included	in	aerophilately	but	
are	non-philatelic	elements	providing	collateral	          only	within	the	described	context,	not	simply	as	
support	 to	 the	 philatelic	 exhibit.	 Discretion	 is	    stamps	per	se.
required.	The	statement	from	the	new	draft	of	the	
SREV	for	postal	history,	Section	3.2,	is	perfectly	        A	 few	 exhibits	 entered	 as	 aerophilately	 at	
on	point:                                                  Washington	2006	were	re-classed	as	traditional	
   Historical,	Social	and	Special	Studies	exhibits	        because	they	were	loaded	with	stamps	or	had	the	
   .	.	.	may	include	non-philatelic	material	where	        stamps	as	the	exhibit	subject.	I	have	a	traditional	
   relevant	to	the	subject	of	the	exhibit.	The	non-        exhibit	of	the	1934	airmail	issue	of	Germany;	it	is	
   philatelic	 material	 should	 be	 incorporated	         not	aerophilately.
   into	the	exhibit	in	a	balanced	and	appropriate	
   manner	(and)	in	such	a	way	that	it	(does)	not	          All	 the	 above	 said,	 the	 picture	 with	 regard	 to	
   overwhelm	the	philatelic	material.                      the	role	of	airmail	stamps	as	aerophilately	is	not	
                                                           sharp,	clear	and	well-defined.	The	first	and	major	
imbalances in aeroPhilately                                consideration	for	the	collector	is:	

As	a	lifetime	aerophilatelist,	this	title	drew	my	         What is the declared scope, intent and purpose of
immediate	interest.	Dr.	Derek	Pocock	wastes	no	            the collection / exhibit?
time	in	asserting	that	“aerophilately	is	very	uneven	
to	the	collectors	of	widely	divergent	countries,	(an)	     If	 it	 is	 a	 study	 of	 the	 design,	 development,	
                                                           production	 and	 use	 of	 airmail	 stamps,	 this	 is	
Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                             133
                                              Letters to the Editor

traditional	 philately.	 It	 remains	 so	 even	 if	 all	    Has	the	time	come	to	reconsider	the	regulations	for	
the	uses	are	airmail	(as	they	will	be	with	most	            this	exhibition	class	(aerophilately)?	I	think	not.	
U.S.	 airmail	 issues).	 The	 chosen	 focal	 point	 is	     The	regulations	and	guidelines	for	aerophilately	
stamps.                                                     are	quite	clear	and	most	instructive	when	read	
                                                            fully	and	in	the	context	of	the	whole.	Aerophilately	
If	it	is	a	study	of	the	development,	operation	or	          is	an	incredibly	fascinating	and	challenging	facet	
other	 defined	 scope	 of	 airmail	 services,	 this	 is	    of	our	hobby	that	fully	merits	its	role	and	scope	
aerophilately.	It	remains	so	even	if	airmail	stamps	        as	presently	defined.	
take	a	role	in	that	context.	The	stamps	in	such	
an	 exhibit	 would	 be	 incidental	 or	 secondary	 to	      Postal history: new sreV and
the	airmail	itself,	i.e.,	the	stamps	would	be	used	         guidelines
to	pay	the	rate	and	perhaps	to	provide	financial	
support	 to	 the	 air	 transport	 system	 and	 its	         The	 inclusion	 of	 these	 in	 this	 issue	 is	 a	 great	
development.	Such	links	should	be	described	and	            service	 to	 everyone.	 Regardless	 of	 what	 one	
demonstrated	as	they	definitely	 are	within	 the	           collects	or	exhibits,	these	merit	careful	reading	
context	of	aerophilately.	The	chosen	focal	point	is	        and	study.	There	is	much	to	be	gained	here	and	
the	airmail	service	(rates,	routes	and	means).	Any	         it	has	applications	that	transcend	postal	history.	
focus	on	airmail	stamps	per	se	may	conflict	with	           Thank	you	for	this.
the	declared	scope,	intent	and	purpose,	confuse	
the	viewers	and	cloud	the	result.	                          Jim	Graue	                                        USA

If	 it	 is	 a	 study	 of	 airmail	 stamps	 in	 a	 non-
traditional	 sense,	 but	 still	 only	 stamps,	 this	 is	
a	 special	 study.	 The	 “special	 study”	 has	 been	       Just	a	note	on	a	couple	of	things	I	noticed	the	last	
defined	as	a	“catch-all”	for	exhibits	that	defy	the	        issue	(76).
usual	classifications	but	that	implies	a	dumping	
ground	and	special	studies	are	much	more	than	              I	 congratulate	 Jeff	 &	 Yvette	 Trinidad	 for	 their	
that.	Wonderful	special	studies	have	been	done	             Gold	 medal	 in	 the	 postcard	 class.	 I	 would	 like	
on,	 for	example,	stamp	separations	and	on	 the	            however	to	raise	one	issue	with	this	exhibit,	and	
prevention	of	stamp	fraud	and	deceit.	A	special	            would	welcome	feedback	from	others	regarding	
study	 on	 airmail	 stamps	 could	 focus	 on	 their	        this,	as	I	will	be	doing	another	postcard	exhibit	
intent	and	purposes	(“why?”)	and	not	production	            in	the	near	future	myself.
aspects	 (“how?”).	 Within	 that	 context,	 selected	
covers	 showing	 use	 in	 fulfilment	 of	 intent	 and	      I	received	a	National	Gold	for	my	first	postcard	
purpose,	 and	 strictly	 limited	 to	 that,	 would	 be	     exhibit	 in	 the	 1998	 Canberra	 exhibition,	 and	
in	order.                                                   have	watched	the	class	evolve	since	then.	In	my	
                                                            1998	exhibit	I	also	detailed	the	publishers	of	the	
                                                            postcards,	but	also	gave	the	year	or	estimated	year	
                                                            of	publication,	which	I	considered	to	be	important.	
In	 the	 light	 of	 the	 above	 discussion,	 the	 points	   I	did	not	however	mention	the	printing	process	
raised	 by	 Dr.	 Pocock	 lose	 substance.	 He	 is	          used	to	create	the	postcard	(which	is	obvious	in	
apparently	 seeking	 acceptance	 of	 traditional	           most	cases	in	any	event	to	the	observer	who	knows	
treatment	of	airmail	stamps	as	aerophilately	to	            about	 postcards).	 This	 is	 my	 query	 regarding	
avoid	being	reclassed	as	traditional	to	vie	with	           the	 exhibit	 on	 Western	 Australia.	 The	 exhibit	
enumerated	classic	stamp	issues.	One	should	not	            is	thematically	based	(as	was	mine),	and	I	don’t	
lose	sleep	over	this.	The	fact	is	that	aerophilately,	      see	the	relevance	of,	first	of	all,	mentioning	the	
while	gaining	in	recent	decades,	is	still	seen	as	          printing	processes	on	the	Title	Page,	and	second	of	
“modern,”	some	of	it	contrived,	and	it	will	never	          all,	providing	that	information	for	every	postcard	
be	seen	on	the	same	plane	in	our	beloved	hobby	             in	the	exhibit.
as	 classic	 stamp	 issues	 or	 even	 18th	 and	 19th	
century	postal	history.	                                    Had	 the	 exhibit	 been	 one	 that	 was	 studying	
                                                            printing	 processes	 of	 postcards,	 or	 showing	
Those	 who	 decry	 the	 inclusion,	 and	 even	              variations	 in	 one	 publisher’s	 postcards	 over	 a	
importance,	 of	 “contrived”	 covers	 from	 pioneer	        period	of	time,	then	I	would	of	course	include	such	
flights,	survey	flights,	trial	flights	and	many	first	      information.		However,	I	fail	to	see	the	relevance	
flights	choose	to	be	blind	to	their	essential	role.	        in	a	thematic	postcard	exhibit.
Many	 are	 the	 only	 existing	 philatelic	 evidence	
and	documentation	of	critically	important	events	           As	a	comparative,	in	a	thematic	philatelic	exhibit,	
in	the	aerophilatelic	story,	i.e.,	the	development	         the	 printing	 process	 for	 every	 stamp	shown	 in	
of	 airmail	 services.	 The	 story	 cannot	 be	 shown	      the	 exhibit	 is	 not	 necessary	 or	 expected.	 	 You	
without	them.	                                              might	mention	this	for	important	proofs	or	essays	

134	         	                                                                  The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                            Letters to the Editor

etc.,	but	you	certainly	would	not	do	it	for	every	        regards	the	Title	page.		Naturally	these	comments	
item	 in	 the	 thematic	 display.	 Such	 treatment	       presuppose	 that	 the	 Open	 class	 exhibit	 is	 put	
would	be	left	for	the	Traditional	class.	I	believe	       together	in	a	similar	fashion	to	a	postal	history	
that	the	addition	of	the	publication	date	of	the	         exhibit.	My	Open	class	exhibit	is	being	done	on	
postcard	 is	 more	 important	 and	 relevant,	 than	      a	purely	thematic	basis	and	has	a	close	parallel	
repetitively	stating	the	mostly	obvious	printing	         with	 the	 Thematic	 class	 (but	 with	 material	
process.	It	also	then	frees	up	the	Title	Page	for	        included	that	could	not	be	shown	in	that	class).	I	
more	relevant	information	regarding	the	exhibit.	         would	not	“give	relevant	general	(postal	history)	
I	would	be	interested	to	hear	the	views	of	others	        information	on	the	subject	being	developed	in	the	
in	this	regards.                                          exhibit”	on	my	Open	class		Title	page!		Just	as	I	
                                                          don’t	 currently	 in	 my	 Thematic	 class	 exhibits.	
The	other	point	was	in	relation	to	Hans	Karman’s	         Just	wanted	to	make	that	point.
comments	on	page	97,	making	reference	to	Open	
Class	exhibits	by	using	the	Postal	History	rules	as	      Daryl	Kibble	                                   Qld

                                            Lionel savins
I	 was	 appointed	 Australian	 Commissioner	 to	          materials.	 	 Our	 actual	 weight	 on	 check-in	 was	
the	 Taipei	 2008	 Exhibition,	 with	 a	 very	 short	     some	13kg	below	the	limit	we	were	given,	which	
lead	 time	 of	 eight	 months	 in	 which	 to	 obtain	     gave	us	maybe	a	bit	of	spare	space	for	the	return	
entries.		Nevertheless,	I	did	manage	to	get	entry	        flight	(shopping!).
applications	for	77	frames	which	were	submitted	
to	 Taipei.	 	 Jan	 Gane	 was	 appointed	 Assistant	      Customs	on	the	way	over	was	no	problem,	and	
Commissioner,	 carrying	 the	 South	 Australian,	         the	completion	of	the	necessary	forms	at	Taipei	
Western	 Australian	 and	 one	 Victorian	 entry	          took	 about	 an	 hour.	 	 The	 return	 journey	 went	
with	her.		The	final	acceptances	were	much	lower	         well	until	we	tried	to	pass	through	Customs	in	
than	 the	 submitted	 applications,	 due	 to	 Jury	       Sydney.		We	were	told	we	needed	to	present	an	
appointments	 and	 an	 oversupply	 of	 applicants	        Import	Declaration,	which	neither	we	nor	Customs	
for	the	1,000	available	frames	at	the	exhibition.	  	     held.		Several	telephone	calls	were	made	and	some	
The	final	Australian	acceptances	was	ten	entries,	        two	hours	later	we	were	cleared	and	on	our	way	
including	one	in	the	Championship	Class.		                home.

An	investigation	of	airline	flights	available	resulted	   We	 were	 met	 at	 Taipei	 by	 members	 of	 Taiwan	
in	my	flying	with	Cathay	Pacific	–	accompanied	           Post	and	were	taken	to	the	Bin	Room	in	the	GPO,	
by	my	wife.		This	meant	that,	even	though	the	            where	our	entries	were	checked	in.		I	was	also	able	
journey	 had	 to	 be	 broken,	 we	 were	 flying	 with	    to	leave	the	exhibits	box	with	them.		We	were	then	
a	single	carrier	all	the	way.		I	did	apply	for,	and	      taken	to	our	hotel	to	be	checked	in.
received,	 a	 concession	 on	 our	 weight	 allowance	
to	the	tune	of	30kg.		This	enabled	me	to	take	a	          There	were	functions	on	almost	every	night,	for	
Commissioner’s	Box	with	the	entries	and	other	            which	 we	 received	 Official	 Invitations,	 and	 we	
                                                          attended	all	these	events.

                                                            Commissioners’	Roll	call	was	at	9:00am	each	
                                                            morning,	 before	 the	 Exhibition	 opened.	 	 We	
                                                            attended	all	of	these,	and	were	always	on	time.	  	
                                                            On	the	second	day,	we	were	addressed	by	the	
                                                            Expert	 Team	 Leader	 who	 advised	 us	 which	
                                                            Commissioners	would	be	needed	at	the	frames.	     	
                                                            We	were	on	the	list,	and	went	to	the	frames	
                                                            to	 attend	 the	 removal	 of	 certain	 pages	 from	
                                                            exhibits	for	close	examination.		We	were	also	
                                                            in	attendance	when	the	pages	were	returned	
                                                            that	evening.		On	the	third	day,	we	were	asked	
                                                            to	advise	the	Commissioner	General	the	names	
                                                            of	any	exhibitors	who	would	be	attending	the	
                                                            Palmares.		We	had	one	such	person,	who	was	
                                                            introduced	 to	 the	 Commissioner	 General.	      	
                        The Jury

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                        135
                                Taipei 2008 International Stamp Exhibition

                                                                                      The Exhibition
                                                                          move	around	in	spite	of	the	crowds.	   	
                                                                          The	stage,	the	Trade	stands	and	
                                                                          the	activities	areas	took	up	some	
                                                                          60%	 of	 the	 Hall.	 	 There	 were	 62	
                                                                          stand	 holders,	 including	 a	 large	
                                                                          number	of	Postal	Administrations.	     	
                    Tiger Dance at the Opening                            The	 frames	 area	 was	 very	 large,	
                                                                          there	 being	 some	 three	 metres	
Arrangements	were	immediately	made	for	a	free	            between	the	rows	of	frames.		The	frames	were	
ticket	to	the	Palmares	to	be	issued	to	him.		In	the	      supported	at	their	ends	on	A-frames	which	were	
late	afternoon	of	the	third	day	we	were	given	a	list	     hinged	at	the	top.		The	frames	were	similarly	
of	the	results	for	the	Australian	entries.		These	        hinged,	with	a	top	hinged	door.		The	angle	face	
were	promptly	sent	back	to	Australia,	to	the	APF	         made	it	easy	to	see	the	four	rows	of	sheets	on	
contact	and	to	the	exhibitors.		A	list	of	the	medal	      the	frames,	but	the	frames	had	to	be	installed	
levels	is	located	at	the	end	of	this	Report.              in	 straight	 lines.	 	 They	 were	 set	 up	 in	 blocks	
                                                          of	 ten	 frames	 (20	 sides)	 with	 four	 blocks	 to	 a	
On	the	final	day	of	the	Exhibition	we	attended	
                                                          row,	 where	 building	 columns	 did	 not	 intrude.	    	
the	Presentation	Ceremonies	for	the	lower	level	
                                                          Lighting	was	good.
Awards	 and	 the	 Special	 Prizes.	 	 I	 accepted	 the	
Special	prizes	for	Australia	and	on	behalf	of	the	        The	 standard	 of	 the	 exhibits	 was	 quite	 high,	
New	Commissioner	who	was	attending	a	FIAP	                with	the	majority	coming	from	Asian	entrants.	       	
Exco	meeting.		The	Exhibition	closed	at	4:00pm	           It	 was	 difficult	 to	 really	 study	 some	 entries	
and	we	were	able	to	collect	our	entries	from	the	Bin	     because	of	the	foreign	country	language	used	for	
Room,	now	moved	into	the	Commissioners’	Room,	            write	up,	but	there	was	plenty	of	other	entries	
from	 6:00pm.	 	 We	 flew	 out	 the	 next	 afternoon,	    where	we	could	read	the	text	language.		This	
being	 picked	 up	 from	 the	 hotel	 and	 taken	 to	                             was	 a	 FIAP	 Exhibition,	 so	
the	 Airport	 by	 Taiwan	 Post	                                                  that	all	classes	were	catered	
personnel.                                                                       for,	 including	 Youth	 and	
                                                                                 Literature.		There	was	also	
The	Exhibition	was	held	in	the	
                                                                                 an	 Experimental	 Class	
Taipei	 World	 Trade	 Centre	
                                                                                 for	 One-Frame	 exhibits.	    	
Exhibition	Hall	3,	next	door	
                                                                                 The	 organization	 of	 the	
to	 our	hotel.		Crowd	control	
                                                                                 Exhibition	 was	 excellent,	
barriers	 were	 in	 use	 every	
                                                                                 with	 special	 events	 at	
day,	 and	 the	 lines	 extended	
                                                                                 regular	 intervals,	 and	 all	
along	the	street	and	around	
                                                                                 ran	pretty	well	to	schedule.	 	
the	 corner	 of	 the	 building	
                                                                                 School	groups	were	regular	
each	morning.		After	the	first	
                                                                                 visitors,	and	there	were	a	lot	
day,	stools	were	provided	for	
                                                                                 of	them.
the	 early	 arrivals	 to	 sit	 and	
wait	 for	 the	 doors	 to	 open.	 	                                             Overall,	it	was	an	excellent	
The	Exhibition	was	crowded	                                                     E x h i b i t i o n , 	 a n d 	 t h e	
at	all	times	over	the	five	days	                                                experience	 we	 received	 as	
it	was	open,	but	I	did	not	hear	                                                Commissioners	 was	 great,	
any	estimates	of	attendance	                                                    even	 though	 it	 was	 a	 very	
–	entry	was	free.                                                               busy	five	days	for	us.		When	
                                                                                travel	to	and	from	Australia	
The	Exhibition	area	was	quite	        Geoff Lewis is presented with his
                                                                                is	 included,	 the	 total	 time	
large,	with	plenty	of	room	to	                  Large Gold
                                                                                involved	was	eight	days.
136	         	                                                               The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                      Taipei 2008 International Stamp Exhibition

       exhibitiOn resuLts Of AustrALiAn nAPe MeMbers

Geoffrey	Lewis	                  Championship	                     Philippines	1775-1878	Mail	Routes
	                                	                                 and	other	Postal	History	                      LG	+	SP
Anthony	Presgrave	               Traditional	                      Departmental	Stamps	of	south	Australia	        LV	(86)
Jeff	Trinidad	                   Traditional	                      Latvia,	1918-1923	                             V	(82)
Geoffrey	Kellow	                 Traditional	                      Sierra	Leone	–	the	Sterling	Issues	of
	                                	                                 Queen	Elizabeth	II,	1953-1964	                 V	(83)
Geoffrey	Lewis	                  Postal	History.	                  New	Orleans	Postal	History	–	
	                                	                                 Stampless	Mail	                                G	(90)
Michael	Blinman	                 Postal	Stationery	                New	South	Wales	–	Lettersheets,
	                                	                                 Envelopes,	Wrappers	and	Postcards	             LV	(88)
Gary	Brown	                      Postal	Stationery.	               South	Africa	Airletters,	Aerogrammes
	                                	                                 to	1961	                                       V	(80)
Ian	McMahon	                     Revenue	                          Queensland	Revenue	Stamps	                     V	(84)

              RATES - 15 TH FEBRUARy 2008

The	following	was	accessed	via	the	Australia	                            “Even	with	the	proposed	55	cent	stamp	rate,	
Post	webpages                                                            Australians	 will	 have	 access	 to	 one	 of	 the	
                                                                         most	affordable	and	reliable	letter	services	
Australia	Post	has	lodged	a	draft	notification	                          in	the	world.	It	is,	and	still	will	be,	the	third	
w i t h 	 t h e 	 A u s t r a l i a n 	 C o m p e t i t i o n 	 a n d	   lowest	 basic	 postage	 rate	 in	 the	 OECD.	 In	
Consumer	 Commission	 (ACCC)	 seeking	 to	                               the	USA	it	costs	an	equivalent	of	58	cents,	
increase	the	basic	postage	rate	from	50	cents	                           while	 in	 the	 UK	 it	 is	 the	 equivalent	 of	 74	
to	55	cents	to	help	cover	the	growing	costs	                             cents.
associated	with	providing	the	letter	service	
across	Australia.                                                        “The	 impact	 on	 most	 consumers	 will	 be	
                                                                         minimal,	 as	 an	 example	 if	 someone	 sends	
This	 is	 the	 first	 proposed	 increase	 in	 over	                      50	letters	a	year;	it	will	cost	an	additional	
five	years	and	the	ACCC	will	now	review	the	                             $2.50	over	12	months.”
notification	 and	 undertake	 a	 consultation	
process	with	the	community	before	finalising	                            Mr	 Robinson	 said	 the	 ACCC	 notification	
its	decision.                                                            will	also	seek	an	increase	to	PreSort	letters	
                                                                         or	‘bulk	mail’	which	has	not	had	a	general	
Group	Manager	Letters,	Allan	Robinson,	said	                             increase	 since	 1992	 and	 accounts	 for	 over	
rising	fuel,	wages	and	other	transportation	                             half	 of	 all	 letter	 volumes.	 Even	 with	 the	
costs	meant	stamp	prices	needed	to	rise	to	                              proposed	 increase,	 the	 most	 common	 price	
ensure	 the	 future	 of	 the	 letters	 business.	                        for	PreSort	Small	Letters	is	still	below	what	
Domestic	 reserved	 letters	 profitability	                              businesses	paid	in	1992.
dropped	 by	 18	 per	 cent	 last	 year	 and	 is	
expected	to	make	a	loss	of	around	$12	million	                           Overall	 prices	 will	 increase	 by	 an	 average	
this	year.                                                               of	8	per	cent	compared	with	the	Consumer	
                                                                         Price	Index,	which	will	have	increased	by	an	
“The	 number	 of	 delivery	 addresses	 for	                              estimated	15	per	cent	from	January	2003	to	
home	and	businesses	has	increased	by	over	                               July	2008.
800,000	 since	 the	 last	 price	 rise	 in	 2003	
taking	 the	 total	 number	 of	 delivery	 points	                        “Last	financial	year	Australia	Post	delivered	
to	 10.3	 million	 across	 the	 country,”	 Mr	                           over	96	per	cent	of	domestic	letters	on	time	
Robinson	 said.	 “The	 task	 has	 got	 bigger,	                          or	early,”	added	Mr	Robinson.	“This	increase	
the	costs	have	increased,	but	growth	in	the	                             ensures	 we	 can	 continue	 to	 invest	 in	 the	
letters	area	has	only	been	modest.                                       business	to	maintain	its	high	level	of	service	
                                                                         in	the	future.”

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                                     137
138	   	   The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                ELECTRONIC MAIL 1984 – 1995
                                          barbara bartsch

The	 new	 Electronic	 Post	 was	 very	 heavily	         To	 try	 out	 the	 system,	 as	 well	 as	 to	 get	 an	
promoted	from	the	beginning.                            example	 of	 the	 end	 product,	 I	 then	 sent	
                                                        my	 first	 Intelpost	 Lettergram	 to	 my	 son	 in	

                                                                                          	 I	 also	 picked	
                                                                                          u p 	 m y 	 f i r s t	
                                                                                          p r o m o t i o n a l	
                                                                                          brochure,	 (Fig	
                                                                                          2),	 EP21/March	
                                                                                          1986,	 and	 read	
                                                                                          a b o u t 	 “ T h e	
                                                                                          telegram	 with	
                                                                                          i m a g i n a t i o n	
                                                                                          with	 greeting	
                                                                                          c a r d s 	 f o r 	 a l l	
                                                                                          o c c a s i o n s ” .	
                                                                                          This	 brochure	
                                                                                          introduced	 me	
                                                                                          to	the	electronic	
                                                                                          E P o s t 	 a n d	
                                                                                          Intelpost	 and	
                                                                                          was	the	start	of	
                                                                                          my	 interest	 in	
  (Fig 1). This was a pre Mothers’ Day promotion offering special EPost and               electronic	mail
           Imagegram rates to ALL Australia Post staff in all States.

T h e n 	 i n	
S e p t e m b e r	
1987	Australia	
P o s t 	 h e l d 	 a	
p r o m o t i o n a l	
stand	 at	 the	
Royal	Adelaide	
S h o w 	 a t	
Wayville,	South	
Australia.	 It	
was	there	that	I	
learnt	about	the	
new	 Electronic	
M a i l , 	 a n d 	 i t	
was	 explained	
t o 	 m e 	 t h a t	
I	 could	 write	
or	 even	 draw	
o n 	 t h e 	 f r e e	
p r o m o t i o n a l	
s h e e t , 	 d a t e d	
August	1985,	to	
send	anywhere	
in	Australia.	
                           (Fig 3) The special envelope for the ‘Celebration of a Nation’ Imagegram,
                                   available only at the travelling Bi-Centenary Exhibition.
Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                           139
               Collecting, Displaying and Exhibiting Electronic Mail 1984 – 1995

                                        (Fig 2), EP21/March 1986
At	 that	 time	 the	 Telegram	 Service	 was	 still	 for	Expo	‘88	and	The	Bi-Centenary	’88.	Both	
running,	but	this	new	service	was	cheaper	at	 these	items	I	happily	collected.	
$6	for	delivery	within	four	business	hours	with	
extra	charges	for	home	delivery	and	Express	 (Fig	3)	The	special	envelope	for	the	‘Celebration	
Delivery.                                             of	a	Nation’	Imagegram,	available	only	at	the	
                                                      travelling	Bi-Centenary	Exhibition.	
However,	 as	 the	 price	 was	 still	 more	 than	 a	
simple	telephone	call,	I	almost	forgot	about	it	 Then,	when	the	Telegram	Service	was	finally	
until	the	Greeting	cards	were	heavily	promoted	 discontinued	the	new	electronic	service	dropped	

140	       	                                                        The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
              Collecting, Displaying and Exhibiting Electronic Mail 1984 – 1995

  (Fig 4a) This is one of the promotional cards which were mailed to businesses across South
             Australia and Northern Territory, to promote the Lettergram service.

                                             (Fig 4b)

in	price	and	was	promoted	heavily	with	Post	       offices,	 but	 it	 was	 the	 introduction	 of	 the	
Office	brochures,	letter	drops	and	free	offers.	   Lettercard	service	that	finally	hooked	me	into	
                                                   collecting	electronic	mail	seriously.
(Fig	4a)	This	is	one	of	the	promotional	cards	
which	were	mailed	to	businesses	across	South	      In	 1990,	 my	 friend,	 Barbara	 Gilbert,	 had	 a	
Australia	and	Northern	Territory,	to	promote	      Thematic	 ‘Hands’	 Collection	 and	 she	 had	
the	Lettergram	service.	                           acquired	 a	 set	 of	 the	 Lettergrams	 because	 of	
                                                   the	 ‘Hand’	 imprint	 on	 each	 card.	 	 I	 had	 also	
The	other	side	of	this	card,	(Fig	4b),	had	the	    collected	 a	 set	 and	 as	 we	 exchanged	 notes	 it	
official	 postage	 imprint,	 more	 Lettergram	     became	 obvious,	 because	 of	 the	 back	 details,	
information	and	the	business	address	              that	we	had	two	different	issues.

For	the	next	few	years	I	kept	picking	up	and	
collecting	 promotional	 material	 from	 post	
Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                  141
                Collecting, Displaying and Exhibiting Electronic Mail 1984 – 1995

                                                                       nineteen	 numbers	 were	 never	
                                                                       issued.			Then	about	1994,	I	was	
                                                                       lucky	to	be	given	a	lot	of,	by	then,	
                                                                       the	discontinued	Lettercards	and	
                                                                       found	the	last	one	ever	issued	was	
                                                                       the		EP240,	1991,	(Fig	5	a	&	b),		it	
                                                                       was	not	for	public	sale	but	used	as	
                                                                       an	 Official	 Congratulatory	 Card.	
                                                                       It	was	printed	in	green	with	the	
                                                                       golden	wattle	instead	of	the	‘Hand’	
                                                                       postage	imprint	and	the	National	
                                                                       Australian	 Anthem	 was	 printed	

                                                                       I	now	had	a	lot	of	Electronic	Mail	
                                                                       items	 and	 I	 wrote	 them	 up	 into	
                                                                       a	 small	 display	 and	 spoke	 about	
                                                                       the	missing	Lettergram	numbers,	
                                                                       very	 few	 of	 the	 club	 members	
                                                                       knew	much	about	them.

                                                                       The	 items	 were	 hard	 to	 display	
                                                                       because	 of	 the	 size	 of	 sheets,	 so	
                                                                       I	 just	 slipped	 them	 into	 hagnar	
                                                                       sheets	to	display	them.	And	as	I	
                                                                       had	duplicates	I	was	able	to	show	
                           (Fig 5 a & b)                               both	sides	and	talk	about	them.		

                                                                       Then	 about	 the	 year	 2000	 I	
                                                                     dug	 them	 out	 again	 with	 all	 the	
                                                                     other	 electronic	 mail,	 envelopes,	
                                                                     and	 promotional	 brochures	 and	
                                                                     displayed	the	whole	lot	again.

                                                                     A	 club	 member	 suggested	 that	 I	
                                                                     could	write	it	all	up	into	an	exhibit,	
                                                                     so	I	agonised	about	where	I	should	
                                                                     start	and	where	to	finish	it.		I	also	
                                                                     hesitated	because	there	was	really	
                                                                     no	 philatelic	 class	 where	 such	 an	
                                                                     exhibit	would	be	acceptable	till	the	
                                                                     introduction	 of	 the	 Australia	 Post	
                                                                     Cup.	 But	 even	 then	 I	 didn’t	 go	 on	
                                                                     with	 the	 idea	 because	 I	 wanted	
                                                                     to	 enter	 my	 already	 written	 up	
                                                                     “Certified	Mail”.

                                                                     	But	it	had	made	me	start	looking	
                                                                     at	 my	 collection	 and	 I	 decided	
                                                                     that	 I	 should	 start	 with	 the1984	
                                                                     introduction	 of	 	 Electronic	 mail	
                                                                     –	then	show	the	various	trials	and	
                                                                     developments	 until	 1995	 when	
                                                                     it	 was	 finally	 superseded	 by	 the	
However	 the	 numbers	 were	 not	 sequential	                        present	FaxPost	of	today.
and	certain	numbers	were	in	the	first	set	with	
                                                         So	 I	 started	 asking	 questions	 and	 looking	
intervening	 numbers	 issued	 in	 the	 second	
                                                         for	 introductory	 dates,	 etc.	 to	 tell	 the	 whole	
set.	 This	 could	 also	 be	 seen	 on	 the	 different	
                                                         Electronic	Mail	introductory	story.
promotional	 brochures.	 	 We	 know	 now	 that	

142	        	                                                               The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                 Collecting, Displaying and Exhibiting Electronic Mail 1984 – 1995

                                                                                    a n d 	 o t h e r 	 f u l l 	 A 4	
                                                                                    items	proved	a	further	

                                                                            I 	 f i n a l l y 	 m o u n t e d	
                                                                            t h e m	 w h o l e ,	 w i t h	 a	
                                                                            s m a l l 	 c r e a s e 	 a c r o s s	
                                                                            the	 horizontal	 plane	
                                                                            where	it	didn’t	matter	
                                                                            (eg	 no	 text	 or	 image	
                                                                            was	 obscured),	 then	
                                                                            printed	 the	 notes	 and	
                                                                            descriptions,	 on	 a	 5-
                                                                            7.5	 cm	 strip	 mounted	
                                                                            across	 the	 form,	 over	
                                                                            the	crease,	folding	the	
                                                                            ends	 under	 the	 sheet	
                                                                            a n d 	 f i x i n g 	 t h e m 	 i n	
(Fig 6) EP57 July’84, was the Delivery Advice card used for electronic place	 with	 adhesive.	                   	
   mail until withdrawn in 1991 and replaced with the EP23A card.           I	 am	 not	 particularly	
 – The Postal item awaiting Collection Advice Card, with check boxed happy	with	this	format	
 for all categories of mail including both ‘Lettergrams’ and ‘Fax Post’ as,	in	some	frames;	it	
                                                                            is	 very	 boring	 seeing	
Thanks	 to	 advice	 and	 help	 from	 Martin	 so	many	almost	blank	sheets	facing	you.
Walker,	 Michel	 Roland	 and	 David	 Collyer	
I	 acquired	 copies	 of	 Barbara	 Handcock’s	 All	along	I	had	agonised	what	to	put	in	and	
“Australian	Telegram	Forms	and	Envelopes”	 what	to	leave	out.		I	could	see	from	the	start	
and	Richard	Peck’s	“Special	Post”	and	other	 that	 it	 would	 be	 a	 large	 collection	 as	 so	
literature.	All	were	invaluable	to	place	my	 many	different	forms,	envelopes	and	cards	
items	 in	 chronological	 order	 as	 well	 as	 to	 etc	were	also	use	in	those	ten	years.
see	what	was	missing.
                                                     (Fig	 6)	 	 EP57	 July’84,	 was	 the	 Delivery	
So	I	went	hunting!                                   Advice	 card	 used	 for	 electronic	 mail	 until	
                                                     withdrawn	 in	 1991	 and	 replaced	 with	 the	
I	accumulated	a	lot	of	the	early	period	items	 EP23A	 card.	 –	 The	 Postal	 item	 awaiting	
from	 Bernie	 Doherty,	 Martin	 Walker	 and	 Collection	 Advice	 Card,	 with	 check	 boxed	
Judy	Kennett	and	started	to	get	the	newly	 for	 all	 categories	 of	 mail	 including	 both	
acquired	items	into	order.	As	expected	I	had	 ‘Lettergrams’	and	‘Fax	Post’.	
great	trouble	in	displaying		the	full	Sheets,	
forms,	and	the	large	Lettergram	cards.	              Even	cutting	the	number	of	Imagegrams	and	
                                                     only	showing	one	side	of	the	Lettergrams,	
Finally	 I	 decided	 that,	 as	 the	 exhibit	 was	 it	 was	 difficult	 to	 reduce	 it	 down	 to	 6	
now	growing	much	larger	than	I	expected,	I	 frames.
would	just	show	one	side	of	the	Lettergrams	
and	 attached	 a	 scan	 of	 the	 small	 picture	 For	 feedback	I	exhibited	 at	 several	 stamp	
from	the	front	side,	at	the	top	of	the	page.	 clubs	and	made	a	few	changes	and	additions	
Only	 a	 few	 of	 the	 Imagegram	 cards	 were	 following	 the	 constructive	 suggestions	
shown	 because	 I	 mounted	 them	 after	 a	 received.
brochure	 showing	 the	 designs.	 Then	 I	
included	examples	of	the	back	to	show	that	 Originally	I	had	intended	to	place	it	in	an	
the	first	five	were	different	to	the	rest	and,	 Australian	Post	Cup,	but	for	two	years	we	
as	the	insides	of	the	cards	were	blank,	and	 had	only	part	Nationals	and	there	was	no	
not	as	interesting	as	the	Lettergram	cards,	 Australia	Post	Cup.
I	didn’t	show	them	at	all.
                                                     Then	I	saw	that	Canberra	2008	were	having	
I	now	found	that	mounting	the	Lettergrams	 a	 National	 “Open”	 Class,	 so	 I	 thought	 I	
was	only	possible	using	larger	sheets,	and	 would	 like	 to	 see	 what	 others	 thought	 of	
as	 I	 did	 not	 have	 an	 A3	 printer,	 I	 printed	 the	exhibit,	and	be	there	to	hear	what	they	
the	 sheets	 sideways,	 and	 they	 looked	 said.
presentable.		But	the	full	forms,	facsimiles	

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                              143
                Collecting, Displaying and Exhibiting Electronic Mail 1984 – 1995

I	was	delighted	with	the	result!		I	received	         affected	frames	to	break	up	the	monotony.	
74	points,	a	Large	Silver,	and	I	agreed	with	         This	will	no	doubt	necessitate	the	purchase	
all	the	comments	on	my	assessment	sheet	              of	an	A3	printer.
–	What	a	surprise!
                                                      I	 think	 I	 will	 overlap	 2-3	 similar	 forms	
However	I	was	slightly	puzzled	by	my	entry	           together,	although	I	will	have	to	work	out	
being	transferred	to	the	“Social	Class”	with	         how	to	mount	them,	and	I	must	also	think	
the	 comment	 that	 I	 didn’t	 have	 enough	          of	 a	 better	 way	 to	 show	 the	 Imagegram	
non-philatelic	material,	as	I	had	presumed	           cards.
that	 all	 my	 many	 advertising	 postcards,	
PO	 brochures	 etc	 would	 not	 be	 classed	 as	      the Future!
‘philatelic	material’
                                                      Will	there	 be	 anywhere	for	 this	 exhibit	 to	
Looking	at	my	exhibit	as	it	is	now	I	can	only	        go	 if	 the	 Social	 Class	 is	 lost.	 –	 Except	 for	
think	that	an	extra	point	for	presentation	           the	Australia	Post	Cup?
should	get	me	a	Vermeil,	so	that	is	what	I	
must	now	look	at.		Possibly	I	could	add	to	           The	medals	don’t	matter;	the	whole	thing	is	
research	and	knowledge	points	as	well.                having	‘fun’!		And	I	can’t	think	of	a	better	
                                                      way	to	have	fun	even	although	my	husband	
My	next	aim!		The	Melbourne	2009	Australia	           asks	 when	 I	 will	 stop	 playing	 around	 like	
Post	Cup!                                             a	child!

Next	time	I	exhibit	I	think	I	will	experiment	
with	at	least	one	double	sheet	in	each	of	the	

                      EXHIBITINg yOUR MATERIAL
                                  PArt 7 Of A series

                                          John sadler
This series of articles has been written              whole	frame.			To	improve	the	symmetry	may	
primarily for exhibits in the First Day Cover         require	some	slight	relocation	of	some	pages.	      	
(FDC) class. For other exhibition classes,            If	 you	 have	 prepared	 more	 pages	 than	 you	
the steps required to exhibit your material           will	 finally	 need,	 this	 is	 the	 opportunity	 to	
are basically the same. Other than FDC’s,             see	which	ones	give	the	best	fit.
exhibition classes which involve the collecting
of covers are Aerophilately, Astrophilately,          Once	you	are	satisfied	with	each	frame,	collect	
Polar Philately, Postal History, and Social           the	 pages	 in	 their	 correct	 sequence,	 with	
Philately. The main differences between the           the	first	one	on	the	top	and	the	last	one	on	
FDC class and the other cover classes shown           the	bottom,	and	place	each	completed	frame	
above are the sources of information and the          into	 the	 appropriate	 exhibition	 envelope	
marking scale.                                        provided.

We	 had	 reached	 the	 stage	 where	 the	 pages	      If	time	permits,	read	through	each	page.			It	
are	all	completed,	and	the	exhibit	is	ready	for	      is	amazing	how	many	typos	get	successfully	
the	final	touches.                                    through	spellcheckers.

Previewing	the	Intended	Frames                        It	 doesn’t	 matter	 how	 thoroughly	 you	 have	
                                                      checked	 your	 pages,	 a	 casual	 observer	 will	
To	 see	 what	 the	 finished	 material	 will	 look	   always	find	the	typo.
like	in	the	frames,	lay	out	each	frame	on	the	
floor,	or	some	other	suitable	area.			I	find	that	    Identifying	and	Numbering	the	Pages
a	table	is	not	really	suitable,	as	you	cannot	
get	 over	 the	 top	 of	 it	 enough	 to	 simulate	    The	next	step	is	to	put	your	name,	address	
viewing	 the	 pages	 as	 they	 would	 appear	 in	     and	 page	 number	 on	 each	 sheet.	 	 	 Most	
the	frames.                                           exhibition	 prospectuses	 indicate	 that	 this	
                                                      information	 should	 be	 written	 on	 the	 back	
This	previewing	will	let	you	see	the	symmetry	        of	each	page.
of	your	pages,	both	row	by	row,	and	for	the	

144	        	                                                            The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                         Exhibiting your Material

The	 page	 numbering	 should	 start	 at	 1,	              an	 example	 –	 you	 have	 a	 double	 sheet	 that	
incrementing	by	1	for	each	following	page.			So	          will	occupy	spaces	6	and	7	in	the	first	frame.	  	
if	you	have	an	exhibit	containing	5	frames	of	            This	 sheet	 should	 be	 numbered	 6	 &	 7,	 and	
16	pages,	the	last	page	number	will	be	80.                the	next	sheet	will	be	number	8.		For	each	16	
                                                          sheet	frame,	you	must	use	16	numbers.
It	is	wrong	to	number	each	frame	from	1	to	16.	  	
If	a	page	is	misplaced,	it	could	prove	difficult	         Whilst	 completing	 the	 mounting	 plan	 on	
to	 correctly	 position	 it	 in	 the	 appropriate	        each	envelope,	check	to	ensure	that	the	other	
frame.	 	 	 There	 have	 been	 cases	 where	 the	                                                        	
                                                          information	 shown	 is	 correct	 and	 complete.	
pages	have	been	numbered	from	1	to	16	but	                Be	sure	to	complete	the	instructions	for	the	
with	the	frame	number	also	included.			This	              return	of	your	exhibit.
would	simplify	the	identification	of	misplaced	
pages,	but	is	incorrect.                                  reView      the   title Page
I	find	that	it	is	difficult	to	write	your	details	        You	will	recall	from	earlier	parts	of	this	series	
in	the	same	place	on	each	sheet,	so	I	use	stick-          that	the	Title	Page	previously	prepared	was	
on	labels	which	are	affixed	to	the	back	of	the	           only	a	draft,	and	therefore	it	could	be	subject	
protector.			Depending	upon	the	thickness	of	             to	change	when	all	the	pages	of	the	exhibit	
your	paper,	the	problem	may	arise	that	the	               have	been	completed.
written	data	is	partially	visible	through	the	
pages	when	they	are	mounted,	and	this	will	               Having	now	reached	that	stage,	you	need	to	
detract	from	the	appearance	of	the	material.	       	     review	 the	 draft	 Title	 Page	 to	 ensure	 that	
This	 problem	 can	 be	 overcome	 by	 ensuring	           it	 still	 reflects	 the	 final	 treatment	 of	 your	
that	 your	 name	 details	 are	 behind	 one	 of	          material	as	shown	by	the	completed	pages.
the	 mounted	 items,	 but	 this	 can	 place	 the	
details	in	a	different	position	on	each	page.	      	     This	is	a	most	important	step.			Your	points	
Ensure	 that	 the	 name	 details	 are	 written	           for	Treatment	are	assessed	based	upon	your	
large	enough	to	be	easily	read.		If	you	decide	           success	in	achieving	the	aims	of	the	exhibit	
to	 use	 a	 pencil	 for	 this	 exercise,	 make	 sure	     expressed	in	the	Title	Page.			Therefore	it	is	
that	it	is	dark	enough	to	be	read	in	poor	light.	   	     very	much	in	your	interest	to	ensure	complete	
Quite	 often	 during	 mounting	 the	 light	 is	           comparability	between	the	objectives	and	the	
not	that	good	and	unclear	writing	can	prove	              results	achieved.
                                                          Also	 check	 the	 text	 on	 your	 Title	 Page	 to	
The	advantage	of	using	labels	affixed	to	the	             ensure	there	is	no	ambiguity,	or	statements	
protector	 is	 that	 you	 do	 not	 have	 to	 write	       that	 could	 be	 misinterpreted.	 	 	 Applying	
new	information	each	time	that	you	replace	               Murphy’s	 Law,	 if	 there	 is	 a	 misleading	
a	 page	 in	 the	 exhibit.	 	 	 It	 also	 reduces	 the	   statement	 on	 your	 Title	 Page,	 it	 will	 be	
possibility	of	overlooking	writing	your	details	          misinterpreted,	 and	 this	 could	 have	 an	
on	a	new	page.                                            adverse	effect	on	your	points.

On	each	of	the	exhibition	envelopes	there	is	a	           Make	 any	 necessary	 modifications,	 and	
box	with	sub-divisions	simulating	the	frame	              complete	the	Title	Page	in	its	final	format.
layout.			In	this	box	should	be	written	the	page	
numbers	 as	 they	 are	 to	 be	 mounted	 in	 the	         Your	exhibit	is	now	complete.
frame.		Generally,	this	will	be	in	numerical	
order,	 corresponding	 with	 the	 numbering	              make    a   coPy   oF   your exhibit
of	 your	 finalised	 pages.	 	 	 It	 would	 be	 very	
unusual	for	the	pages	not	to	be	mounted	in	               As	a	final	step	before	submitting	the	exhibit,	
numerical	order.                                          make	a	photocopy	of	the	pages.			There	are	a	
                                                          number	of	reasons	for	this	step	-
However,	if	you	have	any	oversize	pages,	the	             •	 In	the	event	of	all	or	part	of	your	exhibit	
proper	 completion	 of	 this	 mounting	 plan	 is	            becoming	lost	or	stolen,	you	have	proof	
important	to	ensure	that	the	oversize	sheet(s)	              of	 its	 contents,
are	correctly	positioned	in	the	frame.	Where	             •	 the	photocopies	are	very	useful	for	noting	
an	oversized	sheet	will	occupy	more	than	one	                any	 errors	 which	 you	 find,	 plus	 any	
mounting	space,	it	should	be	numbered	with	                  planned	 improvements	 for	 the	 future.	  	
all	of	the	spaces	that	it	will	take	up.		If	this	            By	 being	 able	 to	 note	 these	 potential	
sounds	a	bit	like	“Double	Dutch”,	let	me	give	               changes	when	they	are	identified	ensures	
                                                             their	 chances	 of	 being	 carried	 out;

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                        145
                                     Exhibiting your Material

•	 you	will	get	ideas	from	looking	at	other	         If	 I	 am	 attending	 an	 exhibition	 in	 which	
   people’s	 exhibits,	 and	 these	 should	 be	      my	 material	 is	 displayed,	 I	 try	 to	 take	
   noted	 on	 the	 appropriate	 page	 as	 they	      photographs	of	the	frames,	using	two	photos	
   develop;                                          for	 each	 frame,	 eight	 pages	 in	 each	 shot.	   	
•	 these	copies	can	also	be	used	to	review	          These	photos	should	be	taken	WITHOUT a
   your	existing	exhibit	prior	to	preparing	         flash	 -	 there	 will	 often	 be	 signs	 prohibiting	
   for	 it’s	 next	 showing,	 and                    the	use	of	flash.			If	able	to	be	taken,	these	
•	 there	can	be	significant	changes	over	the	        photos	 become	 a	 very	 good	 memory	 of	 the	
   life	 of	 an	 exhibit,	 both	 in	 presentation	   exhibition.
   and	 content.	 	 	 It	 is	 quite	 interesting	
   to	 look	 back	 upon	 the	 progress	 of	 your	    conclusion
   exhibit	 over	 the	 years.
The	 notes	 made	 could	 refer	 to	 any	 aspect	     It	is	a	very	satisfying	experience	to	see	your	
  of	 a	 page	 or	 the	 exhibit	 in	 total,	 and	    own	material	mounted	in	the	frames.		
  could	 include
•	 improved	 wording	 in	 the	 Title	 Page,          Attending	the	exhibition	allows	you	to	meet	
                                                     with	other	exhibitors	and	exchange	views,	all	
•	 identification	 of	 typographical	 errors,        of	which	adds	to	your	experience.
•	 suggested	 alterations	 for	 the	 text	 on	 a	
   page,                                             At	 some	 time	 during	 the	 planning	 or	
•	 a	 reminder	 to	 replace	 an	 item,               preparation	of	your	exhibit,	it	could	be	to	your	
                                                     advantage	 to	 visit	 the	 EXPONET	 website.	   	
•	 a	 suggestion	 or	 reminder	 to	 reposition	      This	 is	 a	 virtual	 International	 Philatelic	
   an	 item,	 and                                    Exhibition,	and	the	website	address	is	www.
•	 improvements	 to	 the	 page	 layout.    	 	 It	 currently	 has	 380	 exhibits	
                                                     from	 36	 different	 countries.	 	 Irrespective	
Naturally,	if	you	are	attending	the	exhibition,	     of	whether	your	exhibit	is	in	one	of	the	FIP	
make	sure	that	you	take	the	photocopies	with	        classes	 or	 not,	 you	 can	 always	 get	 ideas	
you.		It	is	quite	useful	to	include	a	few	blank	     regarding	 presentation	 and	 page	 layouts,	
pages	in	the	front,	so	that	when	you	have	the	       and	ideas	are	the	nucleus	for	innovation	in	
opportunity	of	reviewing	your	exhibit	with	the	      your	exhibit.
judges,	you	can	make	notes	of	their	comments	
and	suggestions.			There	will	be	constructive	       I	hope	that	the	thoughts	and	ideas	expressed	
comments	included	on	the	critique	sheet	you	         in	 this	 series	 of	 articles	 have	 been	 helpful,	
will	receive	at	the	conclusion	of	the	exhibition,	   and	 you	 will	 continue	 to	 gain	 pleasure	 and	
but	these	comments	will	generally	only	be	a	         satisfaction	from	exhibiting.
summary	of	the	information	conveyed	during	
a	review	in	front	of	the	frames.                     This	 article	 is	 reproduced	 courtesy	 of	 the	
                                                     Australian	 Cover	 Society	 Inc.,	 publishers	
It	is	not	easy	to	remember	all	of	the	comments	      of	 “The	 Cover	 Connection”	 magazine.	 	 	 The	
made	by	the	judges,	so	it	becomes	imperative	        Australian	Cover	Society	Inc.	can	be	contacted	
to	write	them	down	at	the	earliest	opportunity.		    by	mail	at	PO	Box	2066	BAYSWATER	VIC	
It	is	important	to	remember	that	the	judges	         3153,	 or	 by	 email	 at	 mooremv2002@yahoo.
are	 there	 to	 assist	 you	 in	 improving	 your	.
exhibit,	so	make	the	most	of	it.		The	only	silly	
question	is	the	one	that	you	do	not	ask.

                                                                                NAPE No            Date
In	 the	 NAPE	 issue	 76	 the	 “Australian	 –	 Domestic,	                          28450      21-Nov-77
Barcoded	 and	 Local	 Letter	 Rates”,	 a	 transition	 error	                       29311      31-Mar-80
occurred	when	the	Excel	tables	were	transferred	to	the	                            29781       14-Jul-81
Adobe	program	used	for	compilation.	Namely	some	of	the	
dates	incorrectly	printed	as	a	five	figure	number,	as	some	                        30042      01-Apr-82
of	the	dates	were	similar	in	the	various	tables	the	date	                          28672       01-Jul-78
numbers	were	repetitive.	                                                          31110      04-Mar-85
The	 table	 adjacent	 lists	 the	 correct	 dates	 beside	 the	                     31649      25-Aug-86
numbers	incorrectly	shown	in	the	tables.                                           31959       01-Jul-87

146	       	                                                           The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                         NEW FIP COMMISSION
                         FOR POSTAL HISTORy
                      I	wish	to	inform	NAPE	that	the	FIP	Commission	
                      meeting	at	Bucharest,	Romania	has	concluded	
                      on	 26	 June	 08	 and	 a	 new	 bureau	 has	 been	
                      elected,	there	are	seven	members:-
                      •	 Chairman	 -	 Kurt	 Kimmel	 (Switzerland)	
                      •	 Secretary	 -	 Dr.	 JJ	 Danielski	 (Canada)	
                      •	 Bureau	members	for	Americas	FIAF	-	Mrs.	
                         Dila	 Eaton	 (Paraguay),	 Europe	 FEPA	 -	
                         Per Friis Mortensen (Denmark), Asia
                         FIAP	 -	 Andrew	 Cheung	 (HK)	
                      •	 Malcolm	 Groom	 (Australia)	
                      •	 Danforth	 Walker	 (USA)

                      Malcolm	 is	 now	 responsible	 for	 setting	
                      up	 the	 FIP	 Postal	 History	 site	 and	 it	has	
                      been	partially	 constructed.	 The	 address	 is:	
                            SyDNEy AIRCRAFT
                          ACCIDENT APRIL 9 2008
                              – MAIL CARgO
                      Sydney	Aircraft	Accident	April	9	2008	–	Mail	Cargo

                      Australia	Post	sympathy	goes	out	to	the	family	of	the	
                      pilot	and	the	staff	of	Airtex	who	owned	and	operated	
                      the	aircraft	which	crashed	off	the	coast	of	Sydney,	NSW,	
                      on	the	night	of	April	9,	2008.

                      Australia	Post	confirms	that	the	aircraft	was	carrying	
                      Express	Post	mail	sent	from	the	ACT	and	NSW	on	
                      Wednesday	9th	April	for	addresses	in	Queensland.	
                      The	aircraft	was	carrying	approximately	30	per	cent	of	
                      Express	Post	mail	bound	for	addresses	in	Queensland	
                      for	delivery	today.	The	aircraft	was	delivering	the	
                      second	of	two	Express	Post	consignments	from	Sydney	
                      to	Brisbane.	The	first	consignment	had	already	arrived	
                      in	Brisbane.

                      Mail	to	and	from	other	destinations	sent	yesterday	
                      was	not	involved.

                      Regrettably,	Australia	Post	advises	customers	that	
                      the	mail	carried	on	this	aircraft	is	likely	to	be	damaged	
                      or	held	by	the	relevant	authorities.	Australia	Post	
                      recommends	that	customers	who	sent	Express	Post	
                      to	addresses	in	Queensland	from	the	ACT	and	NSW	
                      on	Wednesday	9	April	allow	time	for	delivery	and	
                      then	check	with	the	addressee	to	see	if	their	item	has	

                      Only	customers	who	sent	Express	Post	items	and	are	
                      concerned	that	their	mail	has	been	lost	are	advised	to	
                      contact	the	Australia	Post	customer	contact	centre	on	
                      13	13	18.	Before	calling,	customers	should	have	with	
                      them	the	item’s	barcode	number	that	is	displayed	on	
                      the	peel-off	receipt	sticker	on	the	Express	Post	article.

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                        147
   Exhibiting Postal history (1) / 如何創作出色的郵史集
                      Dr. Andrew M.T. Cheung FRPSL / 張文德医生
                  Acknowledgement:	FIAP	magazine	issue	no.	25.	February	2008
Postal	History	exhibiting	can	be	approached	          (I)	 “Postal	 History	 of	 Hong	 Kong	 and	 the	
in	two	basic	ways*:	-                                      Treaty	Ports	–	Pre-UPU	period”	–	routes	
•	 Studying	 the	 postal	 routes	 and	 postal	             and	rates	exhibit
                                                      (II)	 “British	Treaty	Port	Post	Offices	in	China”	
•	 Studying	postal	markings	on	stamps	and	                  –	macrophily	exhibit
                                                      *A	 new	 approach	 is	 to	 study	 the	 social	
Exhibiting	 postal	 history	 is	 like	 story	         and	 historical	 aspect	 of	 the	 subject	 with	
telling.	 A	 postal	 history	 exhibit	 is	 like	 a	   a d d i t i o n a l 	 o f 	 r e l e v a n t 	 b u t 	 n o n - p o s t a l	
book,	it	has	a	beginning	and	an	ending	and	           material	 such	 as	 maps,	 documents	 and	
the	 story	 should	 flow	 smoothly	 from	 start	      photographs	etc.
to	finish.	Therefore,	the	scope	of	the	exhibit	
is	important;	too	large,	the	story	would	not	         The	 author	 would	 like	 to	 thank	 Mr.	 Tay	
flow	smoothly	since	the	volume	of	material	           Peng	Hian	RDP	for	giving	the	opportunity	
needed	to	illustrate	the	story	would	not	fit	         to	 share	 his	 experience	 in	 postal	 history	
into	 the	 number	 of	 frames	 allocated.	 Too	       exhibiting	in	FIAP	News
small	 a	 scope,	 there	 might	 not	 be	 enough	
materials	to	tell	a	good	story.                       ***************************************
In	 order	 to	 build	 an	 outstanding	 exhibit,	      郵政史類的郵集基本上可分作两大類別(註
uncommon	items	relevant	to	the	title	of	the	            一):
exhibit	should	be	used.	However,	relatively	
common	 items	 are	 still	 needed	 to	 build	 up	     •	 郵資及郵路研究類
the	story.                                            •	 郵戳及指示戳研究類

A	 good	 exhibit	 should	 always	 give	 correct	      郵政史類的郵集豫如一本書,有始有終,內容需
analysis	 of	 the	 postal	 rates,	 routes	 and	       流暢,不可拖泥帶水。郵集所表達的範圍絕不
markings.	It	is	often	preferred	to	incorporate	       可以太廣,比方說一部「世界郵政史郵集」需
properly	 described	 “new	 discoveries”	 and	         求大量郵品來表達,在參賽所容許的八框內根
not	 merely	 re-shuffling	 materials	 shown	          本沒可能放進去。可是一部範圍太小的郵集,
before	 by	 others.	 Although	 for	 many	 well-       如一個小鄉村的郵史集,所有的郵品也可能不
collected	 areas,	 this	 may	 not	 be	 possible,	     足夠放進五框內。
nevertheless,	 significant	 new	 finds	 can	
be	 seen	 as	 added	 bonuses	 and	 would	 be	         雖然一部出色的郵史集當應要擺放珍罕的郵品,
rewarded	by	the	judges.                               可是為了故事的連貫性,一些較平庸的郵品也
Postmarks	 on	 covers	 and	 stamps	 of	 a	
macrophily	exhibit	must	be	clear,	preferably	         詳盡郵資及郵路的研究及正確的表達是一部出
only	 earliest	 and	 latest	 dates	 shown.	 The	      色的郵史集必不可少,如果還有前所未見的新
value	of	the	adhesive	stamps	is	irreverent.	          發現那就更錦上添花。郵史集展示的郵戳及指
The	 presentation	 should	 be	 neat	 and	 not	        並不重要。
overcrowded.	 Too	 much	 blank	 space	 on	 a	
page	is	to	be	avoided.	It	is	also	customary	to	       「外觀」方面應要令貼片看來充實,一般是兩
show	two	related	covers	(or	sometimes	more)	          封一貼片,郵品擺放需要有平衡感,文字大小
per	page	in	postal	history	exhibits	unless	the	       適中,應該選用常規字体,不應標奇立異。珍
single	item	shown	is	of	great	significance.           罕品應獨個兒擺放及精簡註明方可突顯其「珍
Let	 me	 start	 by	 showing	 what	 I	 mean	 by	
using	examples	from	my	International	Large	           請參考以下兩部選自作者之國際級大金獎和金
Gold	and	Gold	medal	exhibits:	-                       獎郵史集:	-
                                                      (i)	 「萬國郵聯前期香港與中國商埠郵政史」-	

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      郵資及郵路研究類                                         Fig.1	-	Introducing	the	story:-
(ii)	 「英國在華客郵」-	 郵戳及指示戳研究
                                                       Since	 the	 exhibit	 is	 about	 “development	
                                                       of	 the	 postal	 services”,	 it	 is	 appropriate	 to	
註一:第三類別社會歷史研究,郵集可包含少                                   begin	 the	 story	 by	 telling	 what	 happened	
量非郵品如圖片地圖及新聞紙等。                                        before	postal	services	were	organized.

作 者 衷 心 感 謝 鄭 炳 賢 先 生 給 予 機 會 在 F I A P	               Thus	the	first	frame	includes	18th	and	early	
News發表文章                                               19th	century	shipletters,	and	letters	sent	by	
                                                       forwarders	such	as	the	Waghorn	Agency.
P ostal h istory oF h ong k ong and
the t reaty P orts – P re -uPu Period
This	 exhibit	 is	 a	 study	 of	 routes	 and	

The	 introduction	
i s 	 c o n c i s e 	 a n d	
tells	 the	 viewer	
o f 	 w h a t 	 t h e y	
are	 going	 to	 see.	
T h e 	 i m p o r t a n c e	
o f 	 t h e 	 e x h i b i t	
is	 mentioned 	 in	
the	 first	 line.	 It	
tells	 the	 viewer	
why	 such	 a	 time	
period	 is	 chosen	
how	the	exhibit	is	

T h e 	 s c o p e 	 o f	
t h e 	 e x h i b i t 	 i s	
c l e a r l y 	 s t a t e d .	
The	 highlights	 of	
the	 exhibits	 are	
shown	 frame	 by	
frame	and	only	the	
m o s t 	 i m p o r t a n t	
r e f e r e n c e s 	 a r e	

Picture	of	the	Lady	
M a r y 	 W o o d 	 a n d	
a	 brief	 history	 of	
the	legendary	ship	
are	placed	there	to	
attract	attention.



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Figs	2	&	3	-	Rarities	shown:	-                     t he   story must Flow …..

Early	 shipletters	 even	 from	 China	 are	 not	   These	three	consecutive	pages	in	the	exhibit	
particularly	 uncommon	 and	 therefore	 rare	      show	the	impact	of	the	1854	Crimean	War	
items	need	to	be	shown	in	a	good	exhibit.	         to	the	postal	service:-



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Fig	4	-	Reduction	of	postage	rates	to	England	      essential	to	continue	the	story.
since	the	mail	service	was	reduced	to	monthly	
instead	 of	 twice	 a	 month.	 Although	 it	 is	    Figs	5	&	6	-Rare	use	of	the	Calcutta	routing	
desirable	 to	 show	 rare	 covers	 but	 relative	   as	a	supplementary	service	and	even	rarer	
common	 items	 like	 these	 on	 this	 page	 are	    examples	 of	 letters	 still	 sent	 via	 Calcutta	

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after	normal	bi-monthly	service	resumed.	       影響。雖然第一頁的郵品比較平庸,可是沒有它


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the story must go on……..                               Figs	8	&	9	-	Voluntary	payment	of	38c	rate	and	
                                                       reduction	of	the	Brindisi	rate	cover	with	a	solo	96c	
These	three	consecutive	pages	in	the	exhibit	show	     triple-rate	franking!
the	impact	of	the	1870	Franco-Prussian	War	to	the	
postal	service	with	a	trio	of	signature	pieces:-       故事應要有連貫性……

Fig	7	-	Via	Brindisi	postage	rate	increased	to	38c,	   這三連頁說明1870「普法戰爭」對郵資郵路的影
letters	not	franked	thus	were	surcharged	3d.	Only	     響。一連貫三頁的珍罕郵品就更能顯出郵集的「
a	handful	of	letters	known	from	Hong	Kong	and	         實力」。請注意!極珍罕之郵品是可以獨個兒
China	bearing	the	boxed	marking	and	the	“new	          擺放。
find”	with	manuscript	marking.
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Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                157
                     A HISTORy
                                  ray Kelly, Life Member

The	 Papuan	 Philatelic	 Society	 (PPS)	 began	        including	 one	 about	 Marilyn	 Monroe	 and	
in	November	1954,	when	a	group	of	fourteen	            other	 non-philatelic	 chatter,	 were	 features	
enthusiasts	met	in	the	lounge	of	the	Yvonne	           of	early	issues.		The	meetings	were	very	low	
Beadel	residence,	in	the	Port	Moresby	suburb	          key,	with	members	exchanging	stamps,	a	few	
of	Boroko,	or	“4	mile”	as	it	was	then	known.	 	        volunteered	to	talk	about	their	stamps,	but	
There	 were	 no	 “philatelists”	 among	 them,	         the	socialising,	with	a	cuppa	and	cakes	that	
only	modest	stamp	collectors.		Eric	Douglas	           followed,	 were	 the	 most	 important	 event	 of	
was	appointed	the	first	President.                     the	evening.		At	the	1955	AGM	Ray	Kelly	was	
                                                       appointed	 Society	 Secretary	 and	 Magazine	
First newsletter                                       Editor.

In	 January	 1955	 Peter	 Daniels,	 using	 a	          In	 the	 Australasian	 Petroleum	 Company	
“Gestetner”	 roneo	 duplicator,	 produced	             (APC)	Drawing	Office	there	was	a	“Gestetner”,	
the	 first	 issue	 of	 the	 Club	 journal	 “Stamp	     a	“Dyeline”	Plan	Printer	plus	a	long	carriage	
News”	(Fig	1).		Peter	was	a	rough	diamond	             typewriter	 (essential	 to	 insert	 the	 foolscap	
without	secretarial	skills	and	he	apologised	          wax	sheet	sideways	and	so	produce	the	folded	
for	 the	 “crook”	 spelling	 and	 “crook”	 typing.		   equivalent	 A5	 format).	 	 Numbering	 pages	
Nevertheless,	 it	 ushered	 in	 the	 “mag”	 era,	      correctly	 was	 tricky,	 especially	 when	 there	
which	 provided	 details	 of	 membership,	             were	up	to	12	pages.
future	 meetings	 and	 programmes,	 but	 with	
very	 little	 news	 to	 fill	 the	 4	 pages;	 jokes	   The	“Stamp	News”	front	cover	was	revamped,	
                                                                     which	saw	the	introduction	
                                                                     of	colour	(Fig	2).		Native	staff	
                                                                     employed	in	the	APC	office	to	
                                                                     colour	geological	formations	
                                                                     on	geo	maps,	were	given	the	
                                                                     colour	 master	 copy	 of	 the	
                                                                     magazine,	 the	 boys	 would	
                                                                     then	 colour	 the	 remaining	
                                                                     30	 plus	 magazines	 in	 each	
                                                                     issue.		Cutting	reproductions	
                                                                     of	 postage	 stamps	 on	 wax	
                                                                     sheets	was	a	real	art.

                                                                         society association
                                                                         with Png Post and
                                                                         In	 late	 1955,	 the	 Society	
                                                                         discussed	 the	 upcoming	
                                                                         50th	Anniversary	of	Papua	
                                                                         and	 it	 was	 decided	 that	
                                                                         w e 	 w o u l d 	 a p p r o a c h 	 t h e	
                                                                         Minister	 for	 Territories,	
                                                                         Paul	 Hasluck,	 requesting	
                                                                         that	this	occasion	should	be	
                                                                         recognised	by	the	issue	of	a	
                                                                         short	set	of	postage	stamps.	            	
                                                                         This	 suggestion	 was	 not	
                                                                         approved.		We	then	lobbied	
                                                                         the	Administrator,	Brigadier	
                                                                         Cleland,	and	the	Director	of	
                                 Fig.1                                   Posts	and	Telegraphs	(P&T),	

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                      The Papuan Philatelic Society 1954-2008 - A History

                                                               P&T	had	not	located	an	artist	and	
                                                               Bob	 Griffiths,	 a	 very	 good	 artist/
                                                               draftsman	from	the	APC	Drawing	
                                                               Office,	 was	 recommended.	 	 P&T	
                                                               confirmed	 there	 was	 an	 urgent	
                                                               need	 for	 designs	 to	 cope	 with	
                                                               impending	 postal	 rate	 changes	
                                                               —	the	theme	for	a	new	issue	was	
                                                               PNG	 “Industry”.	 	 Bob	 Griffiths	
                                                               was	granted	leave	of	absence	and	
                                                               he	 travelled	 through	 Bulolo	 and	
                                                               up	 into	 the	 Central	 Highlands,	
                                                               taking	photos	and	making	sketches	
                                                               for	the	series	ultimately	issued	in	
                                                               June	1958	comprising	4d	Cocoa,	7d	
                                                               Plywood,	1/7	Cattle	and	5/-	Coffee.	    	
                                                               At	 the	 last	 minute	 it	 was	 found	
                                                               that	the	3½d	Printed	Matter	rate	
                                                               had	 been	 overlooked.	 	 The	 only	
                                                               option	 was	 to	 use	 the	 1952	 issue	
                                                               3½d	 Head	 Dress.	 	 However,	 the	
                                                               carmine	colour	of	the	then	current	
                                                               Head	 Dress	 stamp	 would	 clash	
                                                               with	the	4d	Cocoa	to	be	printed	in	
                                                               vermilion,	 thus	 it	 was	 decided	 to	
                                                               reissue	it	in	black.

                                                               Apparently	 the	 4d	 and	 7d	 rate	
                                                               increases	could	not	wait	until	the	
                                                               new	stamps	were	printed,	so	a	rush	
                                                               overprint	 job	 was	 done	 with	 the	
                                                               surcharged	stamps	issued	on	29th	
                                                               January	1957.		These	were	a	very	
                                                               rough	 print	 with	 many	 overprint	
                                                               varieties,	the	study	of	which	was	a	
                           Fig.2                               small	monograph	by	PPS	members	
                                                               Bob	 Richardson	 and	 Don	 Storms	
Bill	Carter.		Courteous	replies	supported	the	      of	USA.
decision	of	Paul	Hasluck.		Our	efforts	were	
not	completely	in	vain	for	in	early	1956	we	        Our	members	had	not	fully	realised	that	the	
received	a	letter	from	Bill	Carter	inviting	us	     1952	issue	of	PNG	Pictorials	had	revitalised	a	
to	appoint	two	delegates	to	attend	a	meeting	       strong	collector	interest	in	all	matters	of	PNG	
at	the	Port	Moresby	Post	Office;	Eric	Douglas	      philately,	 so	 that	 when	 a	 small	 article	 was	
and	myself	were	appointed.                          printed	 in	 the	 “Australian	 Stamp	 Monthly”	
                                                    in	 late	 1955,	 announcing	 the	 existence	 of	
We	 were	 to	 learn	 that	 the	 purpose	 of	 the	   the	 Papuan	 Philatelic	 Society,	 there	 was	 a	
meeting	 was	 the	 formation	 of	 the	 “PNG	        considerable	influx	of	overseas	members.
Stamp	Advisory	Committee”	responsible	for	
the	 design,	 approval	 and	 recommendation	        Very	few	local	PPS	members	were	interested	
of	all	future	PNG	postage	stamp	issues.		It	        in	 the	 pre-	 or	 post-war	 stamps	 and	 postal	
was	 pleasing	 to	 know	 that	 P&T	 identified	     markings	 of	 PNG,	 and	 within	 a	 matter	 of	
the	value	of	collector	influence	in	their	stamp	    2-3	years	the	overseas	membership	actually	
issuing	 policy.	 	 The	 committee	 comprised	      outnumbered	the	locals.		These	new	members	
four	 members	 of	 P&T	 staff	 including	 the	      were	 seeking	 information	 on	 Post	 Offices,	
Chairman,	 two	 collectors	 and	 one	 artist	       Cancellations,	 Registration	 Labels	 and	 all	
—	 (in	 future	 contentious	 matters,	 we	 were	    Postal	History	related	matters,	which	were	
always	 outnumbered,	 which	 at	 times,	 was	       subjects	 the	 local	 PPS	 members	 had	 never	
very	frustrating.)                                  considered.

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                      The Papuan Philatelic Society 1954-2008 - A History

We	 subsequently	 arranged	 with	 the	 Chief	       Most	O/S	members	wanted	either	Plain	and/
Postmaster	at	Port	Moresby	for	the	Society	to	      or	Registered	Covers	and	a	“Cover	Service”	
be	provided	with	details	of	CDS	movements,	         was	introduced.		This	was	a	mammoth	task,	
the	 opening	 of	 new	 POs	 etc.,	 which	 thus	     sending	 SAEs	 to	 outlying	 POs	 etc.,	 but	
provided	 “Stamp	 News”	 with	 much	 needed	        from	 a	 modest	 beginning	 it	 survived	 and	
regular	data,	and	also	provide	the	O/S	members	     in	 50	 plus	 years	 of	 operation,	 has	 probably	
with	the	information	they	required.                 serviced	 25,000	 covers	 to	 several	 hundred	
                                                    members	 worldwide.	 	 Although	 the	 covers	
Illustrating	 postmarks	 etc.	 was	 a	 real	        are	philatelic,	without	them	records	of	many	
challenge	on	a	“Gestetner”,	but	a	draftsman’s	      postal	 markings	 would	 not	 exist.	 	 From	
accurate	 tracing	 and	 a	 “Dyeline”	 print	        these	 records	 in	 “Stamp	 News”,	 members	
pasted	onto	the	pages,	was	a	very	acceptable	       Vern	 Rutherford	 (USA)	 and	 Jim	 Harrison	
option,	 until	 the	 introduction	 of	 photocopy	   (Tasmania)	 compiled	 extensive	 illustrated	
machines.                                           handbooks	for	the	1945	to	1984	period,	which	

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                     The Papuan Philatelic Society 1954-2008 - A History

remain	 the	 standard	 reference	 for	 this	       globalisation
subject.	 	 Members	 of	 the	 UK	 Branch	 have	
recently	completed	an	update.                      Overseas	membership	and	a	“Cover	Service”	
                                                   were	not	without	their	problems,	especially	
In	1956	the	Society	received	an	invitation	from	   for	a	Society	with	a	very	transient	population,	
the	Victorian	Philatelic	Association	to	provide	   and	a	committee	who	were	not	particularly	
two	frames	of	New	Guinea	and	Papua	stamps	         interested	in	a	great	deal	of	extra	work.		The	
for	display	in	the	non-competitive	“Olympex”	      solution	was	to	appoint	Overseas	and	Regional	
Philatelic	 Exhibition,	 held	 in	 conjunction	    Representatives	who	were	prepared	to	handle	
with	 the	 Melbourne	 Olympic	 Games.	 	 The	      internal	 subscriptions	 and	 all	 necessary	
combined	effort	of	several	members	produced	       matters	for	members	in	their	country.		It	was	
a	very	creditable	representation	of	both	pre-	     an	 enormous	 task	 collecting	 subscriptions,	
and	post-WWII	issues.                              and	“Cover	Service”	monies	etc.,	but	it	was	
                                                   tried	and	it	did	work	with	“Reps”	appointed	

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                               The Papuan Philatelic Society 1954-2008 - A History

in	Australia,	USA,	New	
Zealand,	UK	and	Europe,	
who	at	their	peak,	were	
handling	 the	 affairs	 of	
550	 or	 more	 members	
— 	 b a n k 	 a c c o u n t s ,	
c u r r e n c y 	 t r a n s f e r s ,	
and	 the	 distribution	
of	 a	 now	 much	 larger	
“Stamp	News”,	would	be	
a	continuous	concern.

A s 	 a 	 r e s u l t 	 o f 	 t h e	
increased	 membership	
and	the	appointment	of	
Representatives,	 small	
pockets	of	locally	resident	
members	throughout	the	
world	were	now	meeting	
on	a	friendly	basis	with	                                          Fig.5
a	 common	 interest	 in	                                  the	 same	 year,	 Foundation	 President,	 Eric	
PNG	philately.		In	time,	some	of	these	would	             Douglas	moved	to	Canberra.		The	first	AGM	
grow	into	strong	PPS	Branches.                            held	outside	of	Papua	elected	an	all	Australian	
                                                          Committee	with	Ray	Kelly	President-Editor,	
In	 the	 early	 1960s,	 a	 small	 but	 active	
                                                          Mac	 Clarke	 Secretary	 and	 Max	 Bulley,	
Melbourne	 group,	 under	 the	 guidance	 of	
                                                          Treasurer.		“Stamp	News”	had	now	taken	on	
Max	Bulley,	was	holding	quarterly	meetings,	
                                                          a	new-look	(Fig	3),	professionally	printed	with	
initially	in	Max’s	home	in	Hawthorn,	but	in	
                                                          photos,	real	reproductions	of	postal	markings,	
various	venues	in	subsequent	years.		Names	
                                                          registration	 labels	 etc,	 usually	 12	 pages,	
such	 as	 Paul	 Simonson,	 Eric	 Creed,	 John	
                                                          with	excellent	regular	articles	by	members,	
Gartner,	 Len	 Buchanan,	 Jim	 Halbert,	 Jim	
                                                          introducing	a	strong	research	component	into	
Tyler,	 Mac	 Clarke,	 Bruce	 Tanner,	 Trevor	
                                                          the	content.
Ross,	 Simon	 Alsop	 and	 Ray	 Kelly,	 enjoyed	
these	 informal	 gatherings,	 and,	 48	 years	            An	 Exchange	 Branch	 —	 Postal	 Bid	 Sale,	
later,	the	meetings	continue,	with	a	printed	             was	 organised	 by	 Jim	 Halbert	 and	 then	
syllabus,	not	a	great	amount	of	philately,	but	           Mac	 Clarke,	 servicing	 the	 world	 wide	 PPS	
lots	of	laughter	and	an	occasional	display.               membership	 for	 approx	 34	 years.	 	 At	 that	
                                                          time	 more	 than	 600	 collectors	 had	 joined	
The	Port	Moresby	Branch	decided	to	celebrate	
                                                          the	 Society,	 with	 only	 small	 numbers	 of	
the	10th	Anniversary	of	the	PPS	in	1964,	by	
                                                          resignations	or	deaths	recorded.
arranging	a	small	non-competitive	Philatelic	
Exhibition	“PANGEX”	held	in	Port	Moresby.	      	         In	 1970,	 during	 the	 “Anpex”	 Exhibition	 in	
This	was	achieved	with	the	support	of	“PNG	               Sydney,	 PPS	 endeavoured	 to	 establish	 a	
Post”	 plus	 some	 displays	 from	 members	 in	           group	in	Sydney	where	notable	PNG	subject	
New	 Zealand	 and	 Australia.	 	 From	 their	             authors	John	Powell	and	Tony	Croaker,	plus	
local	 newspaper	 reports	 it	 was	 featured	 as	         Errol	 Pike,	 Merv	 Riddell,	 Bob	 Taylor,	 Ray	
something	 very	 new,	 which	 attracted	 the	             Baldwin	and	other	members	of	the	“Pixies”	
interest	 of	 both	 the	 indigenous	 and	 ex-pat	         (Pacific	 Islands	 Study	 Circle)	 made	 up	 the	
populations	 viewing	 the	 hobby	 of	 philately	          membership.		The	PPS	meetings	clashed	with	
at	first	hand.		It	remains	the	only	Philatelic	           so	much	else	going	on	in	Sydney,	that	interest	
Exhibition	ever	held	in	Papua	New	Guinea.                 waned	and	the	meetings	were	discontinued.
society management                   moVed to             Interest	 in	 philately	 in	 Port	 Moresby	 had	
australia                                                 decreased	to	the	point	where	in	1971,	regular	
                                                          meetings	were	discontinued.		They	thought	
It	was	becoming	increasingly	difficult	for	the	           the	 name	 Papuan	 Philatelic	 Society	 was	
Port	Moresby	group	to	continue	management	                too	forbidding	and	likely	to	discourage	new	
of	 the	 ever-growing	 PPS,	 and	 in	 1968	               members,	so	they	formed	the	“Port	Moresby	
operations	 were	 moved	 to	 Melbourne.	 	 In	            Stamp	 Club”,	 which	 was	 very	 informal	

162	            	                                                          The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                               The Papuan Philatelic Society 1954-2008 - A History

with	 no	 external	 responsibilities.	
A	 Regional	 Representative	 was	
appointed	 to	 maintain	 the	 “Cover	
Service”	and	to	attend	to	all	pending	
matters	of	PPS.

In	the	UK	during	the	1960s	a	strong	
i n t e r e s t 	 i n 	 P N G 	 p h i l a t e l y 	 w a s	
developing,	 to	 the	 point	 where	 in	
1968	this	Branch	organised	the	first	
of	their	regular	two-day	Conventions,	
with	 a	 range	 of	 displays	 and	 guest	
speakers,	 attended	 by	 24	 members	
plus	 wives	 and	 friends.	 	 The	 south	
coast	 near	 Bournemouth	 etc.	 is	 a	
wonderful	 place	 to	 spend	 a	 social	
weekend.		The	Branch	also	organised	
an	Exchange	Packet	service,	and	with	
increasing	membership	it	had	become	
the	largest	of	the	PPS	Groups.

international management
The	Regional	Representatives	system	
was	now	functioning	well	and	in	1970,	
the	PPS	took	on	a	more	International	
image	with	the	appointment	of	Wally	
Colbran	 UK,	 as	 President.	 	 This	
action	 was	 the	 forerunner	 to	 the	
transfer	of	PPS	operations	to	the	UK	
in	1983.		Roger	Lee	(UK)	became	the	
first	non	Australian	Editor,	and	after	
30	 years	 the	 Bulletin	 name	 “Stamp	
News”	 was	 altered	 to	 “Papua	 New	
Guinea	Calling”	(Fig	4).		It	continues	
to	include	some	research	by	members,	
full	 illustrations	 of	 postal	 cancels	                                    Fig.6
(Fig	 5),	 details	 of	 new	 stamp	 issues	                  Yvonne	Beadel	and	her	group	enjoying	coffee	
etc.,	and	remains	the	premier	source	for	all	                and	 cakes	 would	 never	 have	 imagined	 that	
matters	of	PNG	philately.		The	January	2008	                 the	headquarters	of	the	PPS	would	one	day	
“Bulletin”	was	Vol	No.54,	No.1	and	Issue	No.	                be	in	London	and	not	Port	Moresby.
239	(Fig	6).
                                                             My	apology	for	important	matters	or	member	
Without	 a	 Postal	 Bid	 Sale	 or	 an	 Exchange	             names,	 unintentionally	 omitted	 from	 this	
Branch,	 the	 society	 relies	 completely	 upon	             story.
a	 good	 quality	 Newsletter	 to	 maintain	 the	
interest	of	overseas	members.		Many	editors	                 For	 interested	 readers,	 the	 Society	 contact	
these	 days	 have	 difficulty	 in	 obtaining	                is:
suitable	 “copy”	 for	 publication.	 	 PPS	 is	 no	
different,	 and	 so,	 as	 with	 many	 Clubs	 -	              Mr	 Derek	 Ashton,	 71	 Lowerside,	 Ham,	
Societies,	membership	continues	in	decline.	      	          Plymouth,	PL2	2HU,	UK
On	the	last	count,	a	total	of	1375	collectors	
have	 joined	 the	 PPS	 since	 1954,	 but	 active	           The	 society	 does	 not	 have	 a	 joining	 fee,	
membership	 has	 dwindled	 to	 about	 165.	       	          current	subscription	rates	per	annum	are:
Some	 of	 these	 are	 now	 long	 time	 members,	             	   UK	 members	 GB	 £10	 .00.
such	as	Ray	Kelly	(#19)	and	Max	Bulley	(#29)	
who	in	2005	were	extended	Life	Membership	                   	   European	 members	 £11.50.
for	their	50	years	service	to	the	Society.                   	   USA/Australasian	 members	 £13.00.

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                       163
                       IMPROVINg yOUR EXHIBIT (4)
                                       hans Karman MAP

Last	time	we	talked	about	the	Title	Page.		This	          You	 need	 to	 apply	
time	 we’ll	 talk	 about	 the	 rest	 of	 the	 exhibit.	
                                                      	   the	 5	 rules	 across	
Most	exhibits	did	quite	well	in	the	appearance	           the	 exhibit,	 and	 in	
stakes,	so	it	would	seem	that	maybe	there	isn’t	          each	step.
a	great	deal	to	talk	about	on	that	score.		But	
hang	on	–	that’s	assuming	that	every	exhibitor	           The	 first	 rule	 you	
got	that	right	by	accident?		Surely,	getting	it	          need	 to	 apply	 is	
right	 was	 a	 matter	 of	 trial	 and	 error	 over	 a	    balance.	 	 There	
considerable	number	of	exhibitions	–	it	wasn’t	           are	only	two	kinds:	
taught	at	school.                                         symmetrical	 and	
It	is	certainly	taught	at	some	schools:		if	you	
are	 interested	 in	 the	 business	 of	 Layouts	 for	     S y m m e t r i c a l	
Advertising,	the	WWW	has	many	free	resources	             balance	 (Fig.1)	 is	
available.		For	instance:                                 easier	to	work	with	                 Fig.1
                                                          and	 it	 is	 ordered,	
“Make	 Your	 Own	 Layout	 -	 Graphic	 Design	             simple	 and	 formal.	 	 If	 you	 use	 symmetrical	
Rules	 for	 Designing	 Marketing	 Materials	 by	          balance,	 your	 layout	 will	 have	 a	 mirror	
Brenda	 Lewis	 (”	      	       image	-	left	to	right	or	top	to	bottom	(or	both).	        	
This	 is	 aimed	 at	 the	 advertising	 world,	 but	       Symmetrical	balance	gives	you	a	basic	structure	
are	you	not	trying	to	“sell”	your	exhibit	to	the	         for	unity	(unity	is	explained	later),	and	is	hard	to	
Judges?                                                                                  mess	up.	The	most	
                                                                                         obvious	 example	
Brenda	 talks	 about	 five	 basic	 graphic	 design	                                      of	a	symmetrically	
rules:	balance,	proportion,	sequence,	emphasis	                                          balanced	 layout	
and	 unity.	 	 And	 then	 she	 goes	 on	 to	 explain	                                    i s 	 a 	 p a g e 	 w i t h	
what	 she	 means	 with	 those.	 	 There	 is	 one	                                        two	 covers,	 their	
basic	 difference	 between	 what	 she’s	 talking	                                        d e s c r i p t i o n s	
about	and	exhibiting:		she	talks	about	a	single	                                         below	 them,	 and	
advertisement,	while	exhibiting	is	about	a	series	                                       all	 centred	 on	 the	
of	related	pages	that	should	be	seen	as	a	single	                                        page.
advertising	effort.		Therefore	her	explanations	
need	to	be	adapted	to	fit	our	purpose.		But	the	                                             A s y m m e t r i c a l	
principles	 are	 sound	 and	 her	 basic	 tenet	 is	                                          b a l a n c e 	 ( F i g . 2 )	
sound:	you	need	to	get	your	message	across	to	                                               i s 	 c o m p l e x 	 a n d	
the	viewer.		Too	often	the	message	gets	buried	                       Fig.2                 i n f o r m a l 	 a n d	
under	poor	grammar,	too	many	typefaces,	too	                                                brings	“movement”	
much	background,	too	much	border                          to	 a	 page.	 	 It	 is	 also	 harder	 to	 use.	 	 To	 use	
                                                          asymmetrical	balance	well,	you	need	to	know	
She	makes	a	free	18-page	pamphlet	on	the	topic	           more	about	graphic	design	rules.		In	our	world	
available,	 and	 in	 that	 she	 advocates	 that	 for	     asymmetrical	 layouts	 are	 most	 often	 seen	
successful	advertising	you	need	to	go	through	            when	two	covers	mounted	on	a	page	one	above	
five	steps	(with	my	adaptations)	to	putting	an	           the	other	are	too	tall	to	allow	any	descriptions	
successful	advert	(exhibit)	together:                     below	them	–	the	descriptions	are	then	added	
1.	 Write	your	Message	–	outline	your	story	              to	 one	 side,	 resulting	 in	 an	 assymetrical	 or	
    line                                                  unbalanced	page.		In	the	ideal	case	you	could	
                                                          restore	balance	by	balancing	the	pages	in	the	
2.	 Edit	 your	 Message	 –	 check	 for	 errors	           frame,	i.e.	making	sure	that	the	asymmetrical	
    and	 for	 wordiness
                                                          pages	 have	 an	 opposite	 asymmetrical	 page	
3.	 Choose	 your	 Typefaces	 –	 that	 needs	 no	          in	 the	 opposite	 side	 of	 the	 frame.	 	 How	 this	
    adaptation                                            could	be	done	is	shown	when	you	compare	the	
4.	 Choose	 your	 Graphics	 –	 pick	 the	 items	          unbalanced	 Frame	 (Fig.3)	 with	 the	 balanced	
    for	 display                                          Frame	(Fig.4).		No	information	was	changed,	
5.	 Put	 it	 all	 Together	 –	 particularly	 check	       nor	 any	 items,	 all	 that	 was	 done	 was	 to	 re-
    that	 it	 all	 hangs	 together.                       arrange	some	items	and	the	text	accompanying	

164	         	                                                                   The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                        Improving Your Exhibit (4)

                                                         to	 bottom.	 	 The	 typical	 sequence	 for	 a	
                                                         printed	piece	is	(with	the	philatelic	exhibit’s	
                                                         equivalent	in	brackets):
                                                         •	 The	 headline	 (Page	 Heading)
                                                         •	 A	subhead	(which	can	often	be	omitted	
                                                         in	 exhibits)
                                                         •	 The	 main	 message	 (the	 Story	 Line	
                                                         that	 joins	 the	 pages	 so	 they	 become	 a	
                                                         single	 exhibit)
                                                         •	 A	 tagline	 (the	 philatelic	 information	
                                                         for	 the	 items	 included)	

                                                         Like	 proportion,	 you	 can	 use	 sequence	 to	
                                                         show	the	relative	importance	of	an	element	
                                                         in	your	layout.	The	important	parts	of	your	
                                                         marketing	message	are	usually	positioned	
                                                         above	 and	 to	 the	 left	 of	 less	 important	

                                                         In	your	own	layouts,	one	--	and	only	one	--	
                                                         element	should	dominate.	Emphasis	is	the	
                                                         rule	that	applies	here.		In	an	exhibit	this	
                                                         would	be	the	item(s)	displayed.		To	keep	the	
                                                         unity	if	there	are	more	than	one	item	they	
                                                         should	 be	 closely	 related,	 but	 should	 not	
                                                         duplicate	one	another,	e.g.	a	set	of	stamps	
                                                         and	a	cover	showing	usage,	or	two	covers	
                                                         showing	the	topic	of	the	page	but	different	
                                                         aspects	of	that	topic,	e.g.	an	inward	cover	
them	so	that	the	rows	roughly	balanced	in	

The	 second	 rule	 you	 need	 to	 learn	 is	

Proportion	compares	related	parts	of	your	
layout,	 like	 blocks	 of	 text	 or	 graphics.	 It	
looks	at	how	one	part’s	color,	size,	shape	or	
weight	relates	to	the	same	characteristics	
of	another	part.	For	example,	if	one	line	of	
type	is	darker	than	another,	the	difference	
in	proportion	(weight)	shows	which	line	of	
type	is	more	important.

Usually	you	have	no	control	over	the	size	
of	your	items.		But	the	amount	of	text	and	
where	you	place	it	are	under	your	control.	   	
You	may	not	have	much	room	if	you	need	to	
work	around	large	items,	or	you	may	have	
room	to	spare.		In	the	latter	case	repress	the	
urge	to	become	verbose:	keep	it	short.

To	 make	 your	 own	 layout	 effective,	 the	
third	 graphic	 design	 rule	 you	 must	 learn	
is	sequence.

Sequence	 is	 the	 visual	 direction	 of	 the	
information	 in	 your	 marketing	 piece.	       	
Sequence	 is	 usually	 left	 to	 right	 and	 top	                        Fig.4

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                  165
                                        Improving Your Exhibit (4)

and	an	outward	cover,	or	a	censored	cover	and	             exceptions	 the	 line	 will	 be	 slightly	 tight,	 but	
an	uncensored	cover,	etc.                                  hardly	noticeable.

If	you	want	to	grab	attention	with	a	graphic,	             For	my	page	headings	I	use	the	same	font	as	
then	make	that	graphic	stand	out.		If	you	don't	           standard	 text,	 but	 14	 points	 bold,	 trying	 to	
want	 anyone	 to	 miss	 your	 headline,	 make	             keep	the	heading	down	to	three	or	four	words.	     	
sure	 it's	 big	 and	 bold,	 but	 don’t	 overdo	 it	 or	   I	don’t	generally	use	subheadings,	but	if	I	do	the	
the	 headings	 will	 look	 more	 important	 than	          headings	are	left	justified	and	the	subheadings	
the	items	displayed.		If	you	try	to	emphasize	             right	justified	on	the	same	line,	using	the	same	
everything,	you	emphasize	nothing.                         size	and	emphasis.		I	also	set	my	headings	to	
                                                           use	 upper	 case	 first	 letters	 and	 small	 upper	
The	last	rule	is	unity;	that	ensures	that	your	            case	for	the	rest	of	the	words,	rather	than	use	
headlines,	 text	 areas	 and	 graphics	 are	 in	           upper	case	for	the	whole	heading.	
harmony.		This	means	that	if	you	want	to	make	
sure	your	exhibit	looks	like	it	was	put	together	          The	 final	 component	 of	 my	 pages	 is	 the	
as	a	single	exhibit	(and	not	a	conglomeration	of	          philatelic	text,	for	which	I	use	10	points	italic,	
pages	out	of	your	collection),	your	information	           in	the	same	font	as	the	rest.
should	be	using	a	single	font,	with	emphasis	
achieved	by	changes	in	size,	or	by	using	bold	             For	general	layout	my	heading	is	10mm	from	
text	and	italics.		That	does	not	mean	that	the	            the	 top	 of	 the	 page,	 and	 I	 use	 10mm	 as	 the	
exhibit	 will	 look	 boring,	 but	 that	 it	 will	 look	   margin	all	around.		My	story	line	follows	after	
uniform:		all	pages	the	same	colour	and	size	(at	          a	4mm	spacing	below	the	heading,	using	left	
least	height),	all	text	in	predictable	places	and	         justified	text	or	centred	text.		I	try	to	keep	it	to	
all	information	in	roughly	the	same	order.		               two	or	three	lines	but	will	use	more	if	necessary.	     	
                                                           I	then	arrange	my	items	below	the	story	line,	
Let’s	talk	about	some	of	the	details.		I	will	give	        centred	on	the	page	if	possible,	and	each	with	a	
you	my	opinions,	and	will	use	as	samples	what	I	           1	point	outline,	2mm	spaced	all	around.		Below	
use	in	my	exhibits.		You	should	vary	this	to	suit	         each	 item	 I	 state	 the	 philatelic	 details	 in	 10	
your	 own	 skills,	 equipment	 and	 preferences.	  	       points	italic,	centred	and	if	possible	limited	to	
But	 I	 will	 give	 you	 my	 reasons,	 so	 you	 can	       one	line.		If	the	line	is	one	or	even	two	words	
decide	if	those	are	valid	or	to	your	tastes,	and	          longer	 than	 a	 line,	 I	 will	 squeeze	 the	 letter	
vary	them	accordingly.                                     spacing	 to	 fit	 the	 text	 on	 one	 line	 –	 it	 isn’t	
I	use	one	font	throughout	an	exhibit.		I	look	for	
fonts	that	are	easy	on	the	eye	–	I	find	Times	             It	 is	 possible	 to	 do	 all	 this	 with	 MS	 Word,	 I	
New	Roman	a	bit	hard	to	read	from	a	distance	              think,	but	a	proper	desktop	publishing	package	
because	the	c	and	e	are	very	similar,	with	the	            will	make	things	much	easier.		I	use	InDesign,	
loop	of	the	e	almost	closed.		So	I	look	for	fonts	         an	Adobe	product	that	is	the	companion	to	the	
with	an	open	e,	and	the	ones	that	suit	me	are	             popular	 Photoshop.	 	 Both	 are	 expensive,	 but	
Century	Schoolbook,	Bookman	Old	Style	and	                 compared	 to	 the	 cost	 of	 some	 of	 your	 items,	
Book	 Antiqua.	 	 Bookman	 Old	 Style	 tends	 to	          the	cost	is	small.		The	cost	of	exhibiting	at	an	
take	more	room	than	the	others.		I	use	11	points	          International	 Exhibition	 is	 higher	 than	 the	
for	 the	 main	 story	 line	 text	 –	 but	 remember	       cost	 of	 that	 software.	 	 Once	 you	 get	 used	 to	
that	 11	 points	 in	 one	 font	 is	 not	 identical	 in	   using	InDesign,	you	wonder	how	you	ever	did	
size	 to	 11	 points	 in	 another	 font.	 	 Try	 a	 few	   without	it.
fonts	in	a	substantial	paragraph	and	see	how	
the	size	of	the	paragraph	changes.		I	find	12	             The	 standard	 exhibition	 pages	 are	 230mm	
points	 a	 smidgen	 too	 large,	 hence	 11	 points.	   	   wide,	 which	 means	 they	 won’t	 fit	 through	 a	
For	emphasis	I	use	bold	and/or	italics.		If	there	         standard	 A4	 printer.	 	 A	 lot	 of	 people	 use	 A4	
is	a	very	important	point	to	be	made,	I	will	use	          paper	 (and	 then	 forget	 to	 cut	 it	 short	 to	 the	
a	font	like14	point	Cooper	Black.		This	violates	          exhibition	maximum	of	285	mm),	but	to	me	this	
the	 unity	 rule,	 but	 I	 believe	 exceptions	 are	       is	restrictive	–	it’s	amazing	how	many	covers	
permitted	 as	 long	 as	 they	 are	 exceptions	 –	 I	      won’t	fit	on	an	A4	page,	the	extra	20mm	can	be	
would	not	use	it	more	than	three	times	in	one	             crucial.		An	A3	printer,	which	will	take	an	A4	
frame.		When	you	use	14	point	text	in	among	               page	on	its	long	edge,	is	no	longer	out	of	reach;	
11	 point	 text,	 make	 sure	 your	 line	 spacing	         they	 are	 generally	 more	 robust	 and	 faster	
stays	 the	 same.	 	 Normally	 for	 11	 points	 the	       than	the	A4	printers	as	they	are	designed	for	
lines	 are	 spaced	 13.2	 pts,	 so	 for	 the	 14	 point	   commercial	use.

166	         	                                                                 The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	   167
                   The Stuart Leven Collection of New Guinea, 1888-1942

                          Fig.1                                      Fig.8



168	           	                                              The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                        The Stuart Leven Collection of New Guinea, 1888-1942

One	 of	 our	 advertisers,	 Millennium	 Philatelic	        handstamps	are	present,	as	well	as	the	various	
Auctions, will	 be	 offering	 the	 outstanding	            censor	handstamps.
collection	 of	 New	 Guinea	 postal	 history	 and	
stamps	 formed	 by	 Stuart	 Leven	 of	 California	         The	 N.W.	 PACIFIC	 ISLANDS	 overprints	 are	
in	October.	The	collection	has	been	formed	over	           a	 major	 group.	 The	 stamps	 themselves	 have	
a	period	of	more	than	forty	years	and	includes	            not	been	collected	on	a	highly	specialised	basis,	
much	 material	 that	 has	 not	 been	 seen	 by	 two	       but	nevertheless	include	some	important	items,	
generations	of	collectors.	The	whole	period	of	New	        highlighted	by	the	fabled	2½d	Second	Wmk	‘abc’	
                                                           strip	of	three	(Fig. 7).	This	is	in	fine	mint	condition	
Guinea’s	postal	activities	is	covered	-	from	the	
                                                           with	none	of	the	staining	often	associated	with	
establishment	of	the	first	post	office	in	German	
                                                           this	stamp.	It	is	likely	that	two	sheets	(and	not	
New	 Guinea	 in	 1888,	 through	 the	 military	
                                                           one	as	is	often	stated)	of	these	stamps	were	issued,	
occupation	 with	 G.R.I.	 and	 N.W.	 PACIFIC	              but	only	one	sheet	passed	intact	into	collector’s	
ISLANDS	overprints,	to	the	Mandate	period	and	             hands.	Of	the	six	possible	‘abc’	strips	from	this	
up	to	the	Japanese	occupation	of	1942.	While	the	          sheet,	two	were	subsequently	cancelled-to-order,	
strength	of	the	collection	is	in	the	postal	history,	      and	one	other	is	in	the	Smithsonian	Institution	
with	over	1,000	covers	including	many	important	           in	Washington.
commercial	usages,	there	are	some	marvellous	
highlights	in	the	stamps	as	well.                          Our	 enquiries	 indicate	 that	 a	 mint	 ‘abc’	 strip	
                                                           of	 the	 2½d	 Second	 Wmk	 has	 not	 been	 offered	
All	 the	 German	 New	 Guinea	 post	 offices	 are	         at	 auction	 since	 1977	 (in	 the	 U.K.)	 and	 that	
represented,	with	many	fine	covers	and	postcards.	         one	has	never	before	been	offered	at	auction	in	
Among	 the	 rarer	 offices	 are	 fine	 strikes	 of	 the	   Australia.
Hatzfeldthafen	(open	1888-1891)	and	Kerawara	
(open	1888-1890)	datestamps	on	pieces	(Figs. 1             Also	 present	 are	 panes	 of	 the	 3d	 Third	 Wmk	
and back cover, bottom)	and	a	1914	cover	from	             including	 fifteen	 Die	 II	 units,	 the	 5th	 setting	
Deulon	to	Germany	with	a	boxed	‘Via	Sibirien’	             1d	 including	 the	 two	 substituted	 clichés,	 and	
routing	 mark.	 There	 is	 a	 wonderful	 group	 of	        an	 example	 of	 the	 5th	 setting	 £1	 (Fig. 8).	 The	
active	service	covers	for	the	period	late	1914/early	      covers	 are	 a	 very	 impressive	 group	 and	 once	
                                                           again	include	an	exceptional	range	of	commercial	
1915,	including	examples	with	the	straight-line	
                                                           usages.	The	1d	on	1/-	used	on	cover	is	a	very	rare	
markings	 of	 Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen	 (Fig.
                                                           usage (Front page, top)	and	there	are	examples	
3, next page),	 Rabaul	 and	 Morobe,	 and	 with	
                                                           of	 combination	 usages	 with	 G.R.I.	 overprints,	
usages	 to	 Australia,	 the	 United	 Kingdom	 and	         use	on	Australian	stationery	and	active	service	
the	U.S.A.	                                                lettercards,	 and	 from	 Nauru.	 The	 study	 of	 the	
                                                           post	offices	is	extensive,	and	all	are	represented.	
There	 are	 useful	 G.R.I.	 overprints	 up	 to	 the	       The	 OS	 punctures,	 underrated	 in	 the	 past,	
2s/2m,	the	most	unusual	item	being	a	pair	of	the	          have	become	very	popular	in	recent	times.	The	
Kawieng	registration	labels	with	an	additional	            collection	contains	one	of	the	finest	lots	of	these	
diagonal	 impression	 of	 the	 post	 office	 name.	        stamps	on	cover	ever	formed,	including	several	
The	 G.R.I.’s	 are	 well-represented	 on	 cover	           exceptional	frankings	to	the	U.S.A.	which	have	
with	 some	 interesting	 frankings	 which	 appear	         likely	 never	 been	 offered	 before	 at	 auction,	
commercial,	 one	 with	 1d	 on	 5pf	 to	 Sydney	           including	the	1d	violet	and	6d,	and	4d	blue	(Front
cancelled	 ‘Simpsonhafen’	 straight-line,	 and	            Page, bottom).
another	 with	 1d	 on	 3pf	 ‘OS’	 to	 England	 with	
unit	handstamp	(back cover, top).	The	very	rare	           The	Mandate	period	comprises	a	very	extensive	
Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen	 G.R.I.	 handstamp	 is	            study	of	the	post	offices,	with	the	various	postal	
represented	by	a	30pf	on	cover	(Fig. 5),	and	there	        markings	 represented	 on	 stamp	 and	 on	 cover	
is	a	fine	holding	of	the	overprinted	postcards.            -	virtually	all	the	rarer	types	are	present.	Once	
                                                           again,	there	are	numerous	commercial	usages,	
The	 use	 of	 Australian	 stamps	 includes	 a	             with	 the	 spectacular	 ‘DISTRICT	 OFFICE’	
spectacular	1915	cover	with	½d,	2d,	3d	and	1/-	            datestamps,	 registration	 markings	 and	 censor	
Kangaroos	punctured	OS	from	Rabaul	to	Sydney	              markings/tapes	a	feature.	An	example	is	the	only	
(Fig 6).	The	famous	Rev.	Thiele	correspondence	            recorded	‘NEW	GUINEA	VOLUNTEER	RIFLES’	
is	well-represented,	and	most	of	the	provisional	          handstamp	on	a	1939	cover	(Fig. 11, next page).

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                            169
           The Stuart Leven Collection of New Guinea, 1888-1942



170	   	                                              The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
Sydney’s	 initial	 duties	 in	 World	 War	 II	         Canal.	 While	 serving	 in	 the	 Mediterranean,	
consisted	 of	 patrol	 and	 escort	 duties	 in	 the	   Sydney	was	credited	with	the	sinking	of	the	
Indian	Ocean.                                          Italian	 destroyer	 Espero,	 a	 ship	 that	 fought	
                                                       tenaciously	to	the	very	end.
However	 when	 Italy	 joined	 the	 war,	 she	
was	 deployed	 in	 the	 Mediterranean	 under	          Sydney’s	crowning	glory	was	achieved	on	19	
Captain	John	Augustine	Collins,	joining	the	           July	 1940,	 in	 the	 Battle	 of	 Cape	 Spada	 in	
7th	 Cruiser	 Squadron	 at	 Alexandria	 on	 26	        the	 Greek	 Islands.	 With	 a	 British	 destroyer	
May	 1940	 after	 passing	 through	 the	 Suez	         squadron	 in	 company,	 she	 engaged	 the	
                                                                    high-speed	 Italian	 light	 cruisers	
                                                                    Bartolomeo	Colleoni;	and	Giovanni	
                                                                    dalle	Bande	Nere.	In	the	running	
                                                                    battle	which	followed,	Bartolomeo	
                                                                    Colleoni	 was	 wrecked	 and	 later	
                                                                    sunk	 by	 torpedoes	 from	 the	
                                                                    destroyers,	 while	 the	 high	 speed	
                                                                    of	 Giovanni	 dads	 Bande	 Nere	
                                                                    enabled	 her	 to	 escape	 a	 similar	
                                                                    fate.	 During	 this	 battle,	 Sydney	
                                                                    received	 the	 only	 damage	 of	 her	
                                                                    Mediterranean	 campaign,	 when	
                                                                    a	 shell	 penetrated	 one	 of	 her	
                                                                    funnels.	This	victory	had	important	
                                                                    strategic	effects:	“….until	the	fall	
                                                                    of	Greece	some	nine	months	later	
                                                                    Allied	 control	 of	 the	 Eastern	

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                  171
                               HMAS sydney World War II deployment

                                                                                              Envelope posted from
                                                                                             H.M.A.S. Sydney while
                                                                                            at Alexandria, Egypt, in
                                                                                         September 1940, where the
                                                                                         light Cruiser was stationed
                                                                                         for repairs and shore leave,
                                                                                            following the epic battle
                                                                                             and sinking of the Ital-
                                                                                             ian Cruiser Bartolomeo
                                                                                         Colleoni (19th July) and the
                                                                                           fuel Tanker Ermoni (27th
                                                                                            July). Envelope prepaid
                                                                                         with Egyptian adhesives for
                                                                                             airmail postage to Aus-
                                                                                            tralia uncancelled, bear-
                                                                                          ing Departure Naval H.M.
                                                                                           Ships ‘Tombstone’ Censor
                                                                                            hand-stamp and Arrival
                                                                                         cancel ‘Paquebot’ 7pm 11th
                                                                                         September 1940 (Hoskings
                                                                                            Type #693, with Square
                                                                                                   Town Die).

Mediterranean	and	the	Aegean	was	virtually	              from	 where	 she	 would	 carry	 out	 patrol	 and	
unchallenged.”                                           escort	duties	in	the	Indian	Ocean,	occasionally	
                                                         venturing	into	Asian	and	Pacific	waters.
On	27	July	1940,	while	covering	a	convoy	to	the	
Dardanelles,	in	company	with	HMS	Neptune,	               Final battle     and disaPPearance
Sydney	was	involved	in	the	sinking	of	a	small	
tanker,	 Ermioni	 which	 was	 carrying	 fuel	 to	        On	 5	 November	 1941	 at	 Albany,	 Western	
the	Italian	garrison	in	the	Dodecanese.	During	          Australia,	Sydney	began	escorting	the	troopship	
August	and	September,	 Sydney	took	part	in	              Zealandia	 which	 was	 bound	 for	 Singapore.	
various	operations.	including	bombardments	              Sydney	 and	 Zealandia	 arrived	 at	 Fremantle	
of	 Italian	 positions	 at	 Bardia	 in	 Libya,	 and	     on	9	November.	They	were	delayed	by	a	labour	
an	airfield	at	Scarpanto	in	the	Dodecanese.”	      	     dispute	on	board	Zealandia,	but	left	Fremantle	
Sydney	 then	 returned	 to	 Alexandria	 for	             on	 11	 November.	 On	 17	 November,	 Sydney	
repairs,	maintenance	and	leave.                          handed	over	escort	duties	of	Zealandia	to	HMS	
                                                         Durban	at	Sunda	Strait,	then	turned	around	to	
In	 October,	 Sydney	 and	 another	 Leander	             head	back	to	Fremantle.	Sydney	was	scheduled	
class	 cruiser	 HMS	 Orion	 carried	 out	 a	             to	arrive	back	in	Fremantle	in	the	afternoon	
bombardment	 of	 Port	 Maltesana	 (Astipalea)	           or	evening	of	20	November.	Axis	submarines	
in	 the	 Dodecanese.	 In	 November,	 Sydney	             and	 surface	 raiders	 had	 already	 been	 active	
ferried	troops	and	stores	to	Crete;	on	the	night	        in	 the	 Indian	 Ocean	 and	 Pacific,	 and	 it	 was	
of	 11	 November.	 Sydney,	 Orion,	 HMS	 Ajax	           expected	 that	 any	 Australian	 naval	 vessel	
(another	Leander)	and	two	destroyers	attacked	           on	 such	 a	 voyage	 might	 have	 to	 investigate	
an	Italian	convoy	of	four	merchant	ships	and	            reported	 sightings	 or	 suspicious	 vessels.	 At	
two	 escorts	 in	 the	 Strait	 of	 Otranto.	 All	 the	   about	4pm	on	19	November,	somewhere	west	
merchant	ships	were	sunk,	although	the	two	              of	 Shark	 Bay,	 Western	 Australia,	 Sydney	
escorts	escaped.                                         sighted	 what	 she	 believed	 to	 be	 a	 merchant	
                                                         ship	 about	 20	kilometres	 (11	nmi)	 away	 and	
Sydney	was	refitted	at	Malta	and	departed	the	           challenged	 her.	 The	 other	 ship	 identified	
Mediterranean	 for	 Australia	 on	 12	 January	          herself	 as	 the	 Dutch	 ship	 Straat	 Malakka.	
1941,	 performing	 escort	 duties	 en	 route.	           She	was,	in	fact,	the	German	merchant	raider	
Sydney	reached	Fremantle	on	5	February	and	              Kormoran,	disguised	and	sailing	under	a	false	
underwent	a	further	refit	in	Sydney	Harbour,	            flag.	 According	 to	 survivors	 from	 Kormoran,	
during	 which	 Collins	 handed	 over	 command	           the	 ill-prepared	 Sydney	 closed	 to	 within	
to	 Captain	 Joseph	 Burnett.	 Sydney’s	 crew	           1,000	metres	 (1,100	yd),	 and	 was	 surprised	
was	 honoured	 by	 her	 namesake	 city	 on	 11	          and	 overwhelmed	 when	 the	 crew	 of	 the	
February,	with	school	children	given	a	holiday	          heavily	 armed	 raider	 opened	 fire	 at	 nearly	
in	order	to	see	them	on	parade.	On	27	February	          point-blank	 range	 with	 concealed	 artillery	
the	 ship	 left	 for	 its	 new	 base	 of	 Fremantle,	    and	torpedoes.

172	        	                                                              The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                             HMAS sydney World War II deployment

K o r m o r a n	
was	 also	 badly	
damaged	 in	 the	
e n s u i n g 	 b a t t l e	
a n d 	 h a d 	 t o 	 b e	
abandoned	 and	
scuttled	 due	 to	
e n g i n e 	 f a i l u r e	
and	 a	 fire	 that	
w a s 	 b u r n i n g	
o u t 	 o f 	 c o n t r o l .	
Survivors	 from	
Kormoran	 were	
rescued	 by	 the	
ships	 Koolinda,	
A q u i t a n i a ,	
T r o c a s 	 a n d	
HMAS	 Yandra,	
while	 a	 further	
1 0 3 	 r e a c h e d	
C a r n a r v o n 	 b y	
l i f e b o a t . 	 T h e	
Germans	reported	
that	 Sydney	 was	             Brochure from British Admiralty Records giving actual account of the battle
last	seen	down	by	                                     with Bartolomeo Colleoni
the	 bow	 and	 on	
fire	as	she	disappeared	over	the	horizon.	The	 The	images	show	that	the	bow	had	sheared	off,	
ship	 and	 her	 645	 crew	 members	 were	 never	 leading	Search	Director	Mearns	to	speculate	
seen	again                                               that:	
                                                         It	seems	increasingly	likely	that	Sydney’s	
discoVery oF the kormoran and the sydney
                                                         bow,	 severely	 damaged	 and	 weakened	
On	 16	 March	 2008,	 the	 wreck	 of	 HMAS	              by	 the	 torpedo	 strike,	 broke	 away	 with	
Sydney	 was	 reportedly	 found	 at	 26°14′37″S	          Sydney	 pointed	 on	 a	 heading	 of	 140	
111°13′03″E,	 	 approximately	 100	nautical	             degrees,	 and	 still	 possibly	 underway.	All	
miles	 (190	km)	 west	 of	 Steep	 Point	 and	            the	evidence	indicates	that	the	weather	and	
12.2	nautical	 miles	 (22.6	km)	 from	 the	              sea	conditions	worsened	on	the	evening	of	
Kormoran	wreck.	Prime	Minister	Kevin	Rudd	               November	19th	and	rough	seas	may	have	
confirmed	the	following	day	that	the	wreck	was	          played	a	factor	in	Sydney	losing	her	bow	
that	of	the	Sydney,	at	a	depth	of	2,470	metres	          and finally sinking.
(8,100	ft).	On	3	April	2008,	the	Finding	Sydney	
Foundation	 published	 the	 first	 underwater	 
pictures	of	the	Sydney	taken	using	an	ROV.	              Sydney_(1934)

                                        Michel roland
In	 South	 Australia,	 picture	 postcards	 have	      are	 also	 accepted	 and	 compete	 for	 individual	
been	 accepted	 as	 part	 of	 “philately”	 since	     awards	only.
2000.	From	that	year	picture	postcards	have	
been	an	acceptable	class	in	the	annual	South	         This	competition	has	been	the	stepping	stone,	
Australian	 Interclub	 competition.	 Basically	       both	for	entries	in	National	One-Frame	or	for	
the	winning	club	is	 the	one	with	 the	 highest	      eventually	expanding	collections	into	three,	five	
aggregate	points	from	four	exhibitors	in	four	        or	eight	frame	exhibits.	The	trend	for	picture	
different	 “classes”	 of	 one-frame	 entries	 per	    postcards	 has	 paralleled	 the	 more	 philatelic	
club/society.	Traditionally,	most	clubs	include	      pursuits.	
a	 picture	 postcards	 entry.	 Individual	 entries	

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                  173
                              The Picture Postcards Scene in South Australia

The	only	difference	is	that	philatelic	exhibits	        This	dissects	the	various	criteria	and	highlights	
and	picture	postcard	exhibits	are	not	judged	by	        their	components.
the	same	jury,	leading	to	answer	the	question	
“Where	do	you	get	your	judges	from?”		We	train	         The	 introduction	 to	 the	 workshop	 explains	
them	of	course.                                         the	 genesis	 of	 picture	 postcards	 from	 plain	
                                                        postal	 stationery	 and	 why	 their	 physical	
Indeed	the	process	is	very	simple.	We	have	a	           appearance	 changed	 over	 the	 years.	 Then	 a	
two-year	cycle	of	training	that	is	repeated	as	         subtle	intrusion	of	postal	history	is	allowed	by	
needed.	The	first	session	is	a	one-day	workshop	        the	importance	of	postal	regulations	in	the	use	
to	 which	 interested	 people,	 including	 stamp	       of	picture	postcards.	Short	topical	questions	are	
collectors,	 are	 invited	 -	 whether	 they	 collect	   welcomed	and	answered	briefly
picture	postcards	or	not.
                                                        After	 a	 short	 break	 for	 morning	 tea,	 the	
The	 format	 is	 simple	 and	 covers	 topics	 such	     session	 resumes	 with	 the	 basic	 technical	
as,	 ‘Where	 do	 picture	 postcards	 come	 from?’	      aspects	 of	 the	 cards	 production.	 The	 various	
‘What	are	they?	How	are	they	classified?	How	           printing	 techniques	 are	 reviewed	 with	 a	 few	
are	 they	 printed?	 All	 those	 questions	 are	 in	    pages	of	text	and	supporting	pictures	handed	
fact	 addressed	 in	 our	 judging	 sheets.	 Every	      out.	 This	 aspect	 of	 the	 training	 is	 not	 easy	
person	 attending	 is	 handed	 a	 judging	 sheet!	 	    to	 master	 at	 first	 and	 is	 repeated	 in	 every	
                                                        subsequent	 workshops.	 Short	 questions	 are	
                                                                     again	encouraged	before	the	lunch	

                                                                    From	 the	 beginning	 of	 training	
                                                                    it	 was	 understood	 that	 a	 replete	
                                                                    collector	 is	 not	 the	 most	 alert	 of	
                                                                    persons	after	a	lunch	break,	and	a	
                                                                    hands-on	exercise	to	be	performed	
                                                                    by	individuals	or	small	groups	was	
                                                                    initiated.	 Some	 collectors	 attend	
                                                                    their	first	workshop	after	they	have	
                                                                    started	collecting,	but	most	are	still	
                                                                    experiencing	the	dilemma	of	“What	
                                                                    do	I	want	to	collect	on	my	budget?”	
                                                                    This	question	can	only	be	answered	
                                                                    by	the	collectors	themselves.

                                                                    My	recommendation	is	that	people	
                                                                    should	 collect	 a	 subject	 they	 are	
                                                                    familiar	 with	 or	 a	 topic	 they	
                                                                    particularly	like	(Fig	1).	In	picture	
                                                                    postcards,	 subject	 or	 topic	 does	
                                                                    not	 necessarily	 mean	 a	 thematic	
                                                                    collection	although	it	may	be.	

                                                                    In	fact	picture	postcards	(commonly	
                                                                    abbreviated	PPCs)	may	be	collected	
                                                                    in	 a	 topographic	 fashion,	 along	
                                                                    a	 thematic	 storyline	 (Fig	 2),	 or	
                                                                    according	to	a	classification	study.	
                                                                    Many	 collectors	 will	 start	 with	 a	
                                                                    topographic	collection	of	their	birth	
                                                                    place,	a	geographic	region,	a	tourist	
                                                                    attraction	perhaps,	and	add	cards	
  Fig 1 The Goldfields - Nickelodian, in the Pioneer Mu-            during	the	following	years	to	their	
 seum, Greenborough, WA. Musical relic of the Murchison             accumulation	 in	 the	 ubiquitous	
                         Goldfields                                 shoebox.	 This	 is	 in	 a	 way	 similar	

174	        	                                                             The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                The Picture Postcards Scene in South Australia

to	 stamp	 collectors	 with	 their	 cheap	 Chinese	        of	time	(say	the	gradual	destruction	of	a	small	
stock	book.                                                medieval	town	such	as	Ypres	during	the	first	
                                                           world	war).	Fascinating	is	it	not?
There	is	a	vast	difference	between	the	types	of	
collectors.	The	stamp	collectors	will	sit	quietly	         Examples	of	thematic	collecting	could	include	
at	 a	dealer’s	table	 at	 a	fair	with	a	 simplified	       the	 history	 of	 time	 measurement	 or	 the	
catalogue	on	their	lap	and	check	the	previously	           development	of	a	bullfight	from	the	entrance	
unticked	items.	Of	course	the	price	will	also	be	          into	the	arena	of	the	raw	bull	until	its	removal	
of	concern	to	the	potential	buyer.	The	postcard	           after	its	death	20	minutes	later.
collector	 will	 hover	 a	 little,	 searching	 for	 the	
location	of	the	boxes	with	cards	in	their	field	           Another	 way	 of	 collecting 	 is	 termed”	
of	interest	and	will	look	religiously	at	all	the	          classification”.	 This	 researches	 and	 classifies	
cards	in	one	box,	selecting	their	items	as	they	           the	 photographers,	 printers,	 publishers,	
go,	and	then	move	to	the	next	box.	Spotted	the	            wholesalers	and	retailers	of	picture	postcards.	
difference?	–	no	catalogue!                                It	could	be	the	study	of	the	large	output	of	a	
                                                           publisher	 from	 Ceylon	 or	 North	 Borneo	 for	
I	 have	 mentioned	 topographic	 collecting	 as	           instance,	or	the	study	of	the	whole	production	
something	simple.	But	it	is	not	so	and	soon,	the	          and	 distribution	 of	 cards	 for	 a	 small	 South	
card	collector	has	to	make	choices	(like	stamp	            Australian	town.
collectors).	For	instance	if	you	collect	Big	Ben,	
do	you	stop	at	all	the	possible	exterior	angles	           And	then,	there	are	the	collectors	who	collect	
or	do	you	enter?	Another	example	would	be	to	              the	cards	for	their	beauty,	originality,	novelty	
collect	a	landmark	and	see	it	change	over	the	             and	appeal.	In	this	case	the	imagination	of	the	
years,	often	by	observing	the	growth	of	trees,	            collector	 and	 the	 availability	 and	 cost	 of	 the	
the	erection/removal	of	fencing,	the	additions	            cards	are	the	limiting	factors.
and	modifications	to	a	facade	(Fig	3a	&	3b),	the	
disappearance	of	cobblestones	and	tramlines	or	            It	is	not	often	that	you	see	collectors	interested	
even	the	evolution	of	street	lighting.	Or	even	            in	 the	 same	 topic	 and	 thus	 competing	 for	
more	succinct,	observe	the	construction	of	the	            the	 scarce	 supply	 of	 better	 cards,	 but	 it	 does	
Sydney	Harbour	Bridge.                                     happen!	And	if	they	happen	to	exhibit	in	the	
                                                           future,	they	will	end	up	competing	against	each	
One	can	thus	collect	a	static	movie	at	any	point	          other,	no	longer	against	a	standard	alone.
in	time	(say	an	exhibition	100	years	ago)	or	a	
dynamic	sequence	of	snapshots	over	a	period	               So	 it	 happens	 that	 a	 collector	 graduates	 to	
                                                           become	an	exhibitor.	By	then,	the	rules	of	the	

           Fig 2, Lighthouses A view along the breakwater towards Nobbys Lighthouse

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                          175
                             The Picture Postcards Scene in South Australia

   Fig 3a & 3b - Changes over time - The old Auckland (NZ) windmill. The two cards clearly
show progress: to overcome increasing interference with its “wind”, the mill was raised by add-
 ing about 4 metres of bricks as a cylinder on top of the existing structure. This made manipu-
lating the sails from the old gallery impossible, so the wings were modernised to become self-ad-
                                      justing, using a new cap

game	 should	 be	 known	 to	 the	 participants.	      traineeship.	 The	 traineeship	 will	 take	 about	
Unfortunately	the	biggest	pitfalls	become	very	       two	 years	 to	 complete	 with	 apprenticeship	
obvious	at	this	early	stage	and	this	may	deter	       served	 at	 annual	 Congresses	 and	 other	 club	
the	 minority	 of	 those	 who	 took	 the	 plunge.	    competitions	 under	 the	 supervision	 of	 more	
The	 areas	 that	 usually	 need	 attention	 are	      experienced	judges.	Their	dedication	and	the	
treatment	and	knowledge	of	the	cards.	This	is	        diligence	to	the	discharge	of	their	stewardship	
where	the	follow-up	training	is	introduced,	with	     will	usually	result	in	their	graduation	to	the	
particular	attention	paid	to	the	above,	specially	    ranks	of	the	judging	fraternity.
the	 printing	 of	 the	 cards.	 A	 conscientious	
exhibitor	 is	 generally	 ready	 to	 have	 another	   The	 system	 does	 look	 simple	 and	 obvious	
go	 and	 even	 perhaps	 expand	 the	 exhibit.	 A	     but	it	just	does	not	happen	by	itself.	It	needs	
noticeable	improvement	in	the	marks	should	           to	 be	 engineered	 by	 dedicated	 mentors	 and	
result.                                               experienced	collectors,	supported	by	their	State	
                                                      philatelic	council	and	most	importantly	of	all,	
Eventually	the	collectors/exhibitors	will	reach	a	    coordinated	by	a	national	body.
standard	that	will	enable	them	to	be	considered	
for	further	judges’	training.	In	South	Australia	     Whether	 the	 collecting	 of	 picture	 postcards	
this	standard	is	currently	set	at	the	Vermeil	        should	be	called	“deltiology”	(almost	obsolete	
level	with	a	minimum	of	three	frames	exhibited,	      term)	 or	 “cartophily”	 (more	 attuned	 to	 the	
similar	to	the	requirements	for	philatelic	judge	     object	 of	 the	 collecting	 in	 modern	 society)	 is	

176	        	                                                            The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                              The Picture Postcards Scene in South Australia

not	 relevant	 to	 the	 collectors.	They	 want	 the	    collecting,	preferably	under	the	tutelage	of	the	
public	to	know	that	they	collect	cards,	not	doing	      APF.
something	that	could	be	associated	with	body	
building.                                               As	 stated	 earlier,	 the	 majority	 of	 exhibitors	
                                                        will	 start	 with	 one	 frame.	 With	 the	 advent	
Some	States	in	Australia	have	specialist	PPC	           of	 One-Frame	 exhibits	 at	 the	 national	 level,	
societies	publishing	good	journals,	but	they	seem	      this	is	becoming	more	challenging	than	a	club	
to	 have	 little	 interaction	 between	 themselves	     competition.	With	the	high	level	of	competence	
and	 seem	 not	 to	 favour	 coming	 under	 the	         shown	 at	 the	 lower	 levels,	 most	 exhibitors	 do	
umbrella	 of	 a	 governing	 body	 nation-wide.	 In	     not	find	it	daunting	or	traumatic	to	have	a	go	
South	 Australia,	 we	 have	 no	 such	 specialist	      at	“national”	competitions	once	they	understand	
society	but	the	collecting	is	carried	across	several	   they	compete	against	a	standard	and	not	their	
clubs	involved	in	active	promotion	of	the	hobby	        fellow	exhibitors.	The	more	advanced	collectors	
of	picture	postcard	collecting.                         are	 usually	 comfortable	 in	 expanding	 their	
                                                        exhibits	 past	 16	 pages,	 but	 at	 this	 stage	 the	
Perhaps,	 the	 popular	 saying	 “No	 man	 is	 an	       judging	evaluation	sheet	had	to	evolve	according	
island”	should	be	revised	to	“No	club	should	be	        to	the	early	guidelines	suggested	by	the	APF.	
an	island”	in	order	to	promote	a	unified	approach	      The	guidelines	were	a	useful	tool	in	their	infancy	
by	all	the	Australian	States	in	the	field	of	PPC	       many	 years	 ago,	 but	 need	 minor	 revamping	

ONE-FRAME             marks   FRAMES          marks     Commentary
Presentation           10                       15      Overall viewing impression. Text and layout to
                                                        complement the cards. Balance in the frame.
                                                        Reward innovation of presentation.
Appeal                 5                                Display designed and presented to entice
                                                        viewers? Be subjective & show empathy. Marks
                                                        to be included in “Presentation”.
Treatment              10                       15      Assessment of the overall structure of the
                                                        exhibit. Reward originality.
Coverage               20                               Combination of the title, plan and material to
                                                        show logical progression and completeness of
                                                        the exhibit with a concise write-up. Marks to be
                                                        included in “Treatment”.
Front page             10                       10      Attractiveness and information of introduction.
                                                        The”shop window” of the exhibit. Marks to be
                                                        included in “Treatment”.
Subject                10                       15      Good knowledge of the subject with evidence of
knowledge                                               topic research. Appropriate cards selection to
                                                        illustrate the topic.
Cards                  15                       15      Knowledge relevant to the overall production
knowledge                                               of the cards. Reasonable technical knowledge
                                                        of the cards shown in the exhibit. Original
                                                        research must be rewarded.
Condition              10                       20      Aim is to show the best possible condition given
                                                        age and scarcity. All cards to be free of major
                                                        faults. Postal usage is not a defect!
Rarity                 10                       10      Relative scarcity of acquisition with regard to
                                                        supply and survival given consideration to the
                                                        subject. How difficult to replicate the exhibit?

Total                 100                       100

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                      177
                                      The Picture Postcards Scene in South Australia

to	 accommodate	 the	 innovative	 aspects	 of	                        followed	by	our	SA	judges	in	their	assessment	
modern	 exhibiting.	 Unlike	 other	 classes,	                         of	the	exhibitors’	effort.	As	a	result,	exhibitors	
picture	postcards	do	not	need	revised	marking	                        know	from	an	early	stage,	the	area(s)	they	need	
schemes	for	thematic	or	social	approaches	and	                        to	 improve	 to	 gain	 higher	 marks.	 Except	 for	
a	sub-class	distinction	(topographic,	thematic,	                      shifts	in	emphasis	due	to	the	size	of	the	exhibits,	
classification,	 modern)	 is,	 in	 my	 opinion,	 not	                 the	evaluation	sheets	are	similar.
warranted	in	exhibiting,	but	is	very	useful	in	the	
way	collectors	want	to	structure	their	exhibits	                      The	 marking	 schemes	 (and	 their	 comparison)	
and	in	their	treatment	of	that	structure.                             used	 in	 South	 Australia	 are	 shown	 on	 the	
                                                                      previous	page.
In	 the	 dawn	 era	 of	 PPC	 exhibiting	 in	 South	
Australia,	 only	 one	 adjudication	 sheet	 was	 in	                  contributor ProFile
use	for	all	exhibits.	It	was	recognized	that	more	
emphasis	 in	 promoting	 the	 hobby	 should	 be	                      Michel Roland (SA),	Judges	Registrar	(South	
placed	in	the	“judging”	and	a	modified	evaluation	                    Aust	 Philatelic	 Council),	 Australian	 National	
sheet	for	One-Frame	exhibits	was	designed.	It	                        Judge	(Trad,	PH,	PS,	Social,	One-Frame,	FDC,	
was	not	perfect	and	evolved	until	about	2005.	                        PPC).	 Editor	 of	 SAFMISG	 Journal;	 Exhibits	
The	 South	 Australian	 version	 has	 now	 been	                      modern	 Australia	 (Framas,	 CPS	 &	 EPOS	
“adopted”	 in	 recent	 Western	 Australian	 and	                      studies),	Australian	philanthropic	organisations	
Australian	Capital	Territory	exhibitions.                             in	WW2;	Parcel	posts	of	Belgium,	Belgian	PH	
                                                                      (WW1),	 PS	 (to	 WW1),	 traditional	 classics,	
In	 conclusion,	 both	 adjudication	 sheets	 are	                     ATM	 stamps;	 PNG	 (since	 WW2)	 and	 several	
shown	side	by	side,	along	with	the	commentary	                        postcards	collections.

           the use Of Pre-1900 uPrAted POstAL CArds As
                         MAxiMuM CArds

                                                       daryl Kibble
In	 an	 attempt	 to	 assist	 Australian	 judges	                         a n d 	 i s 	 o n l y 	 t h e 	 s e c o n d 	 e x h i b i t 	 i n	
with	 their	 knowledge	 of	 the	 maximaphily	                            maximaphily	 to	 ever	 be	 awarded	 that	
class,	I	am	writing	this	article.	To	do	this	I	                          honour.	 	 The	 exhibit	 was,	 however,	
will	provide	the	results	of	the	top	5	exhibits	                          previously	 owned	 by	 the	 first	 person	
at	 Israel	 2008,	 one	 of	 which	 is	 a	 previous	                      to	 ever	 receive	 a	 Gold	 medal	 in	 the	
FIP	Gold	medal	winner.	The	results	were:                                 maximaphily	class,	the	late	Margaret	
                                                                         Kotopoulis	 of	 Greece.	The	exhibit	 has	
•	 88	points	(LV)	Rangos,	Nicos	(Cyprus),	                               however	 been	 totally	 revamped	 and	
   for	 "Europa	 Nostra	 1901-1940"	 (Our	                               presented	 differently;
                                                                      2.	G e n e r a l 	 f e e d b a c k 	 p r o v i d e d 	 t o 	 m e	
•	 88	 points	 (LV)	 Cruz,	 David	 Rodriges	                             through	two	of	the	top	three	exhibitors	
   (Portugal),	 for	 "Les	 Chefs	 d’États...”	                           at	 this	 show	 was	 that	 the	 judging	
   (World	 Leaders);                                                     s t a n d a r d s 	 w e r e 	 b e l o w 	 p a r . 	 I 	 w a s	
•	 8 6 	 p o i n t s 	 ( L V ) 	 C o n s t a n t o u r a k i s ,	        informed	that	in	general,	the	exhibits	
   G e o r g e 	 ( C a n a d a ) , 	 f o r 	 " H i s t o r y 	 o f	      (other	 than	 one),	 were	 two	 points	
   Maximaphily";                                                         off	 where	 they	 probably	 should	 be.	
                                                                         To	 support	 this	 view,	 the	 exhibits	
•	 83	points	(V)	Kibble,	Daryl	(Australia),	                             by	 Rangos	 and	 Constanourakis	 both	
   for	 "A	 Maximum	 Life";	 and                                         dropped	 by	 two	 points,	 and	 I	 believe	
                                                                         that	my	exhibit	was	also	two	points	off	
•	 83	 points	 (V)	 Chen	 Min	 (P.R.China),	                             its	true	mark.	I	am	informed	that	the	
   for	 "Pre-1940	 Natural	 Wonders".                                    only	exhibit	to	increase	in	points	since	
                                                                         its	 last	 FIP	 showing,	 an	 increase	 of	
k ey   notes :                                                           two	points,	was	the	Portuguese	exhibit	
                                                                         by	 Cruz.	 The	 point	 was	 also	 made	
1.	T h e 	 e x h i b i t 	 b y 	 N i c o s 	 R a n g o s 	 h a d	        that	 the	 dominant	 judge	 happened	 to	
   previously	 achieved	 90	 points	 (Gold)	

178	           	                                                                             The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                          Maximaphily Exhibits at Israel 2008

    be	 Portuguese.                                                     cards.	I	fear	that	my	inclusion	of	them	
                                                                        downgraded	 my	 exhibit	 at	 Canberra	
3.	P o l i t i c s 	 a s i d e , 	 t w o 	 o f 	 t h e 	 b e s t	       due	to	the	lack	of	knowledge	of	judges	
   maximaphily	 exhibits	 in	 the	 world	                               regarding	their	use	(hence	the	point	of	
   dropped	by	two	points,	and	my	exhibit	                               this	article).	At	least	this	seemed	to	be	
   is	 3	 to	 5	 points	 behind	 both	 of	 them.	                       the	inference	in	the	judge’s	critique.	An	
   If	 all	 three	 exhibits	 were	 readjusted	                          example	of	one	such	uprated	maximum	
   by	 two	 points	 so	 to	 speak,	 then	 my	                           c a r d 	 t y p e 	 i s 	 i l l u s t r a t e d 	 w i t h 	 t h i s	
   e x h i b i t 	 w o u l d 	 b e 	 a t 	 8 5 	 p o i n t s 	 ( a	     article.
   national	 Gold	 and	 where	 I	 believe	
   it	 is	 at).	 Interestingly,	 this	 is	 the	
                                                                      A	final	point	to	make	for	Australian	judges	
   exact	 unchanged	 exhibit	 that	 could	
                                                                      relates	to	the	creation	of	modern	maximum	
   only	 muster	 a	 national	 Vermeil	 at	
                                                                      cards	 on	 old	 vintage	 postcards.	 The	 top	 5	
   the	 recent	 Canberra	 Nationals.	 This	
                                                                      at	 Israel	 2008	 had	 exclusively	 pre	 1940	
   suggests	that	judges	in	the	maximaphily	
                                                                      maximum	cards.	My	exhibit	had	a	majority	
   class	 in	 Australia	 are	 behind	 FIP	
                                                                      percentage	 of	 such	 cards,	 but	 also	 had	 a	
   standard,	 probably	 due	 to	 a	 lack	 of	
                                                                      solid	number	of	modern	cards	made	on	old	
   seeing	 genuinely	 good	 maximum	 card	
                                                                      vintage	postcards.	It	is	generally	accepted	
                                                                      in	 maximaphily	 circles	 that	 such	 modern	
4.	The	 86	 point	 (previously	 88	 point)	                           creations	(on	old	vintage	postcards)	equate	
   Constanourakis	exhibit	contained	over	                             to	old	maximum	cards	of	the	1930s.	As	such,	
   one	 frame	 of	 pre-1900	 uprated	 postal	                         all	exhibits	had	a	somewhat	equal	usage	of	
   cards	 used	 as	 maximum	 cards.	 I	 also	                         rarity	 (reflected	 in	 the	 marks).	 The	 main	
   know	that	the	88	point	(previously	90	                             disadvantage	 with	 my	 exhibit	 was	 that	 it	
   point)	exhibit	by	Rangos	contains	these	                           was	 only	 5	 frames,	 whereas	 the	 top	 three	
   types	of	maximum	cards	(indeed	it	was	                             exhibits	were	showing	8	frames.
   the	 FIP	 Maximaphily	 Commissioner	
   Rangos	who	introduced	me	to	them	in	                               I	trust	that	this	article	may	assist	Australian	
   general,	before	I	took	them	to	the	next	                           judges	 to	 take	 a	 harder	 look	 at	 how	 they	
   level	 by	 searching	 for	 which	 postal	                          might	 judge	 maximaphily	 exhibits	 in	 the	
   cards	 could	 become	 a	 maximum	 card	                            future.	 If	 they	 are	 not	 marked	 to	 FIP	
   with	 an	 uprated	 postage	 stamp).	 My	                           judging	standards,	then	quality	exhibits	in	
   exhibit	 contained	 only	 8	 pages	 (half	                         this	class	will	never	been	seen	in	Australia	
   a	 frame)	 of	 these	 types	 of	 maximum	                          other	than	at	FIP	shows	every	6+	years.

  Illustration notes: 1895 El Salvador TCV Postal Card (Coat of Arms), cancelled Santa Ana.
 The added 1 centavo stamp has the arms (Volcano rising out of the sea, with flags & Phrygian
   cap), which can also be seen in the cachet at the far left of the postal card. A genuine early
 dated maximum card valid for FIP maximaphily class, adding a wonderful postal history ele-
                                        ment to this class.

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                                                  179
                   WHy, WHAT AND HOW I COLLECT
                                             hans dahl
Over recent years NAPE has invited members to           now	become	Social	Philately,	especially	with	my	
contribute accounts that describe the background        Olympic	material.		Living	in	Australia,	I	could	
and development of their collections. Each story        not	resists	giving	1956	Melbourne	Games	a	bit	
is unique and all provide fascinating insights          of	a	go;	the	52	different	cancels	were	quite	cheap	
into how a childhood interest can grow into             and	after	purchasing	them	and	comparing	them	
an abiding lifetime hobby. It is a pleasure             to	the	1936	issues	the	question	became	“WHAT	
therefore to publish this account by Hans Dahl,         now!!!”.	 	 This	 was	 to	 change	 when	 I	 read	 an	
a long-time resident of Canberra. The Exhibitor         article	 in	 the	 Australian	 Stamp	 Monthly	 by	
would very much welcome similar articles from           Wilson	Ilbery	(then	obviously	a	young	collector)	
other readers. There are no firm guidelines but         that	 described	 the	 “date	 reversals”	 and	 I	
contributors are invited to incorporate covers          realised	 that	 the	 abundance	 of	 items	 offered	
that illustrate their story. [Editor]                   great	potential	for	philatelic	research,	perhaps	
                                                        less	than	for	the	1936	Games,	but	sufficient	to	
why                                                     promote	Melbourne	for	a	future	theme	(Fig.4).
It	was	a	privilege	to	grow	up	in	Cooma,	New	            This	changed	the	focus	of	my	interest	to	covers	
South	Wales	during	the	1950s,	a	time	when	it	           and	post	cards	and	I	gradually	decreased	my	
was	at	the	hub	of	the	Snowy	Mountain	Scheme.	      	    earlier	 emphasis	 on	 a	 broadly	 based	 stamp	
This	 was	 a	 massive	 infrastructure	 project	         collection	 and	 increased	 my	 special	 interest	
lasting	for	over	two	decades	and	it	attracted	a	        collections.		Both	my	father	and	father-in-law	
multi-national	 population.	 	 Like	 most	 school	      served	 with	 the	 German	 Navy	 during	 WWII.	  	
children	 at	 the	 time,	 I	 collected	 stamps	 and	    Dad	was	an	administration	Officer	till	late	1944,	
have	 memories	 of	 hanging	 around	 the	 post	         when	there	was	nothing	left	to	administer.		He	
office	 asking	 those	 who	 were	 collecting	 their	    was	 retrained	 as	 a	 marine	 infantry	 soldier;	
mail	if	we	could	please	have	the	stamps.		We	           he	fought	in	East	Prussia	and	was	one	of	the	
soon	had	several	stamp	albums	full	and	there	           few	to	be	evacuated	from	the	Hela	Peninsula	
was	competition	as	to	who	had	the	most.		As	            (Fig.1).	 	 I	 would	 mortgage	 my	 house	 today	
is	so	often	the	case	interest	waned	but	I	still	        to	 obtain	 an	 envelope	 authenticated	 to	 have	
retained	my	early	collection/albums.                    been	 transported	 by	 U-Boat,	 dropped	 off	 in	
Years	 later,	 grown	 up	 and	 married	 with	 a	
family,	I	returned	to	the	hobby	again,	this	time	
limiting	my	collecting	to	just	a	few	countries.	  	
These	 were	 Australia,	 as	 it	 was	 our	 adopted	
country,	 as	 well	 as	 Germany	 and	 Yugoslavia	
because	of	the	family	background.		I	added	to	my	
new	collections	by	correspondence,	purchasing	
items	at	auctions	and	swapping	with	others.

                                                          Fig.1 Prewar, my Father was a civilian in
Along	the	way	I	acquired	German	commemorative	           Navy employ, and during the war became a
envelopes	for	the	1936	Olympics.		There	was	an	          Silberling, a civilian specialist in Navy em-
abundance	of	postcards	from	Berlin	and	other	           ploy. He remained an admin officer until the
Olympic	 sites	 all	 with	 different	 illustrated	       Russians reached the German borders, then
postmarks.		Because	the	Berlin	Games	was	one	           was retrained as an infantry soldier serving
of	my	father’s	favourite	topics	(he	had	completed	       in the East Prussia area. He fortunately es-
                                                        caped from Hela on a Fährpram, all purpose
his	professional	training	there)	I	collected	them	
                                                                          Navy barge.
to	gain	a	better	understanding	of	that	city.
                                                         The Hela U boat label had official sanction,
As	 stamp	 issues	 became	 more	 prolific	 and	
                                                          but actual, special U boat mail delivery is
the	correspondence	more	expensive,	I	started	
                                                         not known. Anyone and anything requiring
to	drop	parts	of	my	earlier	collections	and	by	           evacuation , was placed on any vessel that
doing	 that	 also	 started	 to	 focus	 on	 what	 has	         could float, and shipped to safety.

180	        	                                                             The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                    Why, What and How I Collect

Fig.2 Wilhelm Gustloff - My Father in Law pre empted indiscriminate conscription, by volun-
teering in 1942, to serve with the German Navy. He was posted to the Wilhelm Gustloff, mother-
                    ship to the Second U Boat Training division in the Baltic.

  With a complement of 10,000 crew and passengers,the last fateful voyage of this vessel ended
on the 30th January 1945. The four captains on board were unable to come to an agreement to
sail closer to shore, and thus the ship was torpedoed with the rescue of only 1200 survivors from
                                  the icy waters of the Baltic Sea.
Schleswig-Holstein	(Fig.3)	and	delivered	to	our	       In	my	experience,	if	you	don’t	ask	you’ll	never	
home,	which	at	that	time	was	situated	between	         know	and	I	have	found	that	most	philatelist	are	
Hamburg	and	Luebeck.		My	father-in-law	came	           very	willing	to	talk	and	share	their	knowledge,	
from	Vukovar	in	Croatia,	the	family	was	ethnic	        and	to	encourage	and	guide	with	any	queries	
German	(Maria	Theresa).	He	was	a	sailor	on	            you	 might	 have.	 	 My	 mind	 boggles	 as	 to	 the	
the	Wilhelm	Gustloff	which	was	attached	to	the	        philatelic	knowledge	my	two	mentors	possess	
second	 U-Boat	 training	 division,	 stationed	 in	    and	no	question	goes	unanswered.		My	special	
East	Prussia	(Fig.2).		On	her	last	fatal	voyage	       thanks	to	David	Collyer	and	Hans	Karman	to	
my	father-in-law	had	above	deck	duty	and	was	          whom	I	owe	so	much.	
one	of	the	few	survivors	of	that	vessel.
                                                       Over	the	years,	I	have	had	hours	of	fun	and	at	
So	 slowly	 I	 changed	 from	 stamp	 collecting	 to	   times	my	hobby	was	an	escape	from	day	to	day	
social	philately	and	postal	history,	only	I	did	not	   business	pressures	and	I	thank	my	mentors	for	
know	that	terminology	then.		Over	the	years	I	         showing	me	the	way.		I	have	read	piles	of	books	
have	been	extremely	lucky	to	have	found	two	           recommended	to	me	on	both	subjects	and	thank	
fellow	collectors,	who	I	consider	my	mentors,	to	      my	 mentors	 for	 guiding	 me	 to	 this	 pleasure.	
help	and	guide	me	in	my	choice	of	subject.             This	concludes	my	personal	philatelic	history.

I	still	collect	1936	Berlin	but	specialise	on	the	     how
1956	Melbourne	Games.		My	German	Fieldpost	
has	become	an	even	more	specialised	collection.	   	   Now	 to	 my	 methodology:	 obviously	 for	 many	
From	 an	 early	 exhibit	 of	 Fieldpost	 ten	 years	   years	I	had	none	and	the	Melbourne	Games	were	
ago,	for	which	my	award	was	very	promising	I	          my	first	large	accumulation	which	showed	the	
have,	with	Hans	Karman’s	tutelage,	revamped	           need	for	order	or	sequence.		Having	acquired	the	
that	exhibit	with	a	more	focussed	theme	and	           covers	and	searched	for	the	inverted	and	reverse	
was	delighted	with	the	National	Large	Vermeil	         postmarks,	I	then	moved	to	obtain	everything	
award	in	the	Postal	History	Class	at	Canberra	         pertaining	to	the	games	including	non	philatelic	
Stampshow	2008.                                        items,	such	as	programs	for	sporting	and	non-
                                                       sporting	events	and	other	items	associated	with	
                                                       any	aspect	of	the	games.

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                    181
                                Why, What and How I Collect

 Fig.3 Schleswig Holstein - Schleswig Holstein was a POW compound, under British juris-
 diction, for approximately 1.5 million men. It was divided into two sections. G, the top half
bordering Denmark, incarcerated all troops surrendering from Scandinavian countries. F, the
bottom half, bordering Luebeck/Hamburg, was primarily used for all evacuees coming by sea
                      from the Kurland, East Prussia and Hela pockets.

These cards are known as Wehrmachts Post. They were purpose printed, used numbers similar
                             to Field Post and were post free.

182	      	                                                      The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                     Why, What and How I Collect

Fig.4 Olympic Cover - Since reading the Wilson Ilbury article, I’ve been obsessed with all items
bearing Olympic frankings, and the commercially used Cover franked with a Repatriation G H
    Hospital Heidelberg Dater is the only one I’ve seen in 15 years of research (possibly rare)

 The Repat Hospital was situated quite near the Olympic Village, and its well equipped Physio
              Dept and Gymnasium were made available each afternoon and evening.
Initially,	having	had	an	early	focus	on	postmarks,	 was	 well	 rewarded	 because	 of	 its	 scope	 and	
I	tried	to	organise	my	collection	by	the	postmark	 unimagined	 and	 unheard	 of	 items,	 but	 left	
dates.	 	 Reading	 background	 articles	 to	 the	 me	 with	 a	 feeling	 of	 it	 being	 unfinished	 and	
Games,	I	was	able	to	place	dates	with	events	and	 lacking	in	a	story	line.		So	gradually,	with	a	lot	
also	use	my	non-philatelic	items.		For	instance	 of	advice,	I	grouped	my	items	into	ever-changing	
opening	and	closing	ceremonies	and	registered	 chapters.
covers	allowed	me	to	link	postmarks	with	venues	
                                                      1	 Fieldpost	 cancels	 and	 transmit	 marks
which	allowed	additional	scope.
                                                      2	 Airmail	services,	parcel	delivery	and	radio	
All	these	items	were	now	based	on	a	postmark	            messages
chronology	 and	 I	 was	 getting	 nowhere.	 	 I	
                                                      3	 Propaganda,	 Censorship	 and	 Volunteers
discussed	this	with	other	interested	collectors	
and	became	convinced	that	a	thematic	approach	 4	 T h e 	 R e t r e a t 	 a n d 	 A f r i c a n / A e g e a n	
was	 the	 way	 to	 go.	 	 It	 sounded	 so	 easy	 and	    Fieldpost
sensible,	but	I	fell	flat	on	my	face.		One	of	the	 5	 Pre-war	 and	 Post-war	 Fieldpost	 services
great	 proponents	 of	 this	 thematic	 exhibiting	
(she	is	only	tiny)	had	a	chat	with	me	after	the	 My	collection	grew	to	the	extent	that	I	am	now	
exhibit	and	offered	the	opinion	that	although	I	 able	 to	 show	 for	 example,	 in	 one	 frame,	 the	
had	nice	items,	the	exhibit	only	half	qualified	 postal	history	of	Italy’s	WWII	endeavours	from	
thematically.		Still	not	disappointed,	and	on	a	 being	self-sufficient	but	much	maligned	units,	
long	and	arduous	learning	curve,	I	kept	asking	 to	becoming	volunteers	to	escape	the	perils	of	
and	 slowly	 improved	 the	 sequence;	 beginning	 internment.		This	remains	a	never-ending	quest	
with	history,	organisation,	cultural	and	sporting	 for	 items	 which	 expand	 the	 story	 links	 to	 the	
programs	all	with	sub	headings.		This	formula	is	 hours	of	background	but	rewarding	reading.
expandable	and	for	now,	I’m	sticking	to	it!
My	 first	 Fieldpost	 endeavour,	 having	 learned	
from	the	experience	with	my	Olympic	collections,	       The	current	challenge	is	to	further	re-arrange	
was	a	straight	forward	chronologically	ordered	         the	exhibit	for	its	first	venture	into	international	
collection	 of	 items	 (as	 per	 catalogue),	 which	    competition	at	China	2009.

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                       183
                                           BOOk REVIEW
       viCtOriA: the 1895 hAveLOCK-fOster’s POstCArd By
                         RAyMOND kELLy
34	pages,	softbound,	illustrated	largely	in	colour.	         published	in	‘The	Australian	Philatelist’	Vol.	I	
Published	by	Brusden-White	for	$35                           No.5	of	October	1988.

This	 monograph	 provides	 a	 comprehensive	                 The	 monograph	 covers	 the	 story	 behind	 the	
study	of	one	of	the	most	interesting	Victorian	              issue,	the	design	and	make-up	of	printing	plate,	
stationery	 issues,	 the	 1895	 Havelock-Foster’s	           the	public	reaction	to	the	postcard,	withdrawal	
postcard.	 	 The	 issue	 of	 this	 postcard	 on	 1	          from	sale,	the	ultimate	‘marketing	racket,	the’	
November	 1895,	 caused	 outrage	 within	 the	               Australian	 philatelist’	 comments,	 comments	
Clergy	and	the	many	Temperance	Institutions,	                and	opinions	from	the	public,	implementation	
to	the	point	where	the	advertising	contract	was	             of	the	‘wilful	damage’	legislation,	postcards	with	
revoked	and	the	postcards	withdrawn	from	sale	               printed	notices,	use	of	the	postcard	in	Victoria,	to	
                                                             Australasian	colonies	and	to	overseas	countries	
on	19th	November.		
                                                             and	the	identification	of	the	printing	electros.
The	 Study	 covers	 the	 social	 issues,	 perhaps	
                                                             This	 issue	 is	 one	 of	 the	 most	 fascinating	
the	 most	 significant	 factor	 of	 its	 world-wide	         of	 Australian	 postal	 stationery	 issues	 and	
notoriety,	as	well	as	the	philatelic	aspects	as	the	         this	 monograph	 provides	 a	 fascinating	 and	
postcard	was	very	different	from	other	Victoria	             informative	study	of	the	cards.		It	should	be	read	
postcards	 and	 builds	 on	 the	 Author’s	 	 article	        by	all	Australian	stationery	collectors.

              DECADE OR MORE
                            extracted by bernard doherty fAP
Being	interested	in	the	Social	Class	since	its	inception,	   social classes.
I	have	followed	with	interest,	the	various	discussions	      Any	exhibits	of	special	philatelic	interest	which	can-
on	generating	more	interest	in	exhibiting.	Remember,	        not	be	properly	assessed	using	the	special	regulations	
some	of	the	information	extracted	may	not	have	been	         (SREV)	of	any	given	Class	will	be	evaluated	in	accord-
accepted,	or	has	passed	into	urban	myth.	So	read	on.         ance	 with	 the	 general	 principles	 of	 GREV	 Article	 5	
                                                             by	 a	 special	 panel	 appointed	 by	 the	 Jury	 Presidium	
a reView oF FiP Flash magazine                               (Flash38/Dec	91	p5)
articles Pertaining to the oPen and

184	         	                                                                   The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                       Open and Social Classes - Discussion over a Decade or More

telecards                                                         ticle	4	of	the	GREX,	particularly	the	Traditional;	Postal	
As	decided	at	the	Roundtable	Conference,	FIP	sent	out	            History	and	Thematic	Classes,	may	be	classified	by	the	
a	Press	Release	regarding	Telecards.                              jury	as	a	Special	Study.

The	 Philatelic	 Organisations	 present	 at	 the	 Round-          2.	 A	Special	Study	exhibit	may	combine	elements	from	
table	Conference	at	Genoa,	unanimously	decided	the	               the	various	competitive	classes	of	GREX	Article	4,	but	
following:                                                        if	it	does	not,	of	itself,	fit	into	one	of	these	competitive	
                                                                  classes,	and	would	receive	a	lower	award	under	the	FIP	
Telecards	are	not	to	be	included	in	philatelic	collections,	      point	system	if	judged	in	one	of	such	classes,	it	shall	be	
they	do	not	belong	in	the	Philatelic	World.	(Flash	42,	           judged	as	a	Special	Study	under	these	Guidelines.
Dec	92	p	12)
                                                                  3.	 A	Special	Study	exhibit	uses	all	types	of	philatelic	
A	 proposal	 for	 Regulations	 or	 guidelines	 for	 Special	      material	and	may	include,	very	sparingly	unless	ab-
Study	Exhibits	was	submitted	to	the	FIP	Board.	After	             solutely	essential,	elements	normally	considered	to	be	
discussion	about	the	merit	of	having	special	Evaluation	          non-philatelic.
Rules	and	Guidelines	for	such	exhibits	it	was	felt	that	
it	would	be	proper	to	have	a	kind	of	Guidelines	to	help	          4.	 The	Special	Study	should	include	a	Title	Page	or	
jurors	to	reach	a	satisfactory	result.	Vice	President	F	          Plan	which	clearly	outlines	the	nature	of	the	study,	its	
B	Burton-Sellers	was	charged	to	draft	such	guidelines.	           purpose	 and	 organization	 and	 is	 logical,	 correct	 and	
(Flash	46/Dec	1993	p11)                                           fully	consistent	with	the	title	chosen.
                                                                  5.	 The	development	of	the	Study	should	demonstrate	
ProPosed PrinciPles For deVeloPing                                the	personal	knowledge	and	depth	of	research	of	the	
                                                                  exhibitor,	 the	 originality	 of	 the	 study	 and	 how	 the	
guidelines For sPecial studies                                    philatelic	 elements	 contribute	 to	 the	 development	 of	
                                                                  the	Study.
FiP Vice-President F burton-sellers
President	Jatia	has	commissioned	me	to	develop	suit-              criteria For eValuating exhibits
able	guidelines	for	consideration	and	ultimate	formal	
adoption	 by	 the	 FIP	 Board.	 What	 follows	 below	 is	         The	general	criteria	for	evaluating	exhibits	as	specified	
a	 rough;	 first	 draft	 of	 such	 proposed	 principles	 for	     in	Article	4	of	the	GREV	are	applied.	(Flash	47	Mar	
this	 class	 of	 Special	 Study	 exhibits.	 The	 necessary	       1994	p7)
Guidelines	can	be	better	developed	after	the	principles	          (Whilst	not	the	actual	Open	Class	as	such	here	is	one	
themselves	 are	 finally	 agreed	 upon	 and	 juries	 have	        article	which	may	create	a	few	ripples	in	the	Urban	
the	continuing	experience	between	now	and	the	1996	               Myth	stakes.	Ed)
FIP	Congress	of	judging	such	exhibits	on	the	present	
ad	hoc	basis.
                                                                  Fisa Free class at aeroPex ‘94
Accordingly,	 individuals	 and	 FIP	 Federations	 are	            Participation	 in	 the	 new	 classification	 is	 for	 exhibits	
invited	to	submit	their	comments	and	suggestions	for	             which	may	include	whatever	the	collector	wishes	in	the	
additions	or	revisions	to	the	following	draft,	and	also	          way	of	press	cuttings,	photographs,	maps,	Cinderellas,	
to	offer	any	suggestions	they	may	have	for	inclusion	             timetables,	so	long	as	the	end	result	is	still	a	planned	
in	the	Guidelines	that	will	subsequently	be	developed.	           aerophilatelic	exhibit.
Comments	are	particularly	solicited	as	to	whether	the	
general	criteria	for	the	evaluation	of	Special	Studies	           Of	course,	there	are	some	limitations	in	that	publicity	
should	adhere	strictly	to	the	categories	of	GREV	Article	         buttons	 and	 medals	 may	 not	 be	 included,	 although	
4.2	or	whether	other	or	additional	criteria	should	be	            menu	cards	with	an	air	mail	flavour	and	specialised	
considered.	 Also	 whether	 the	 point	 system	 specified	        air	stamp	exhibits	will	be	accepted.
in	GREV	Article	5.2	should	be	strictly	adhered	to	or	             However,	 exhibitors	 should	 keep	 in	 mind	 the	 basic	
whether	 a	 different	 or	 expanded	 point	 distribution	         definition	of	aerophilately.	Aerophilately	is	a	study	of	
should	be	considered.	It	is	hoped	that	a	revised	draft	           the	development	of	air	mail	services	and	the	collection	
can	be	offered	for	further	consideration	by	mid	or	late	          of	documents	pertinent	to	such	a	development.	(Flash	
1994	so	comments	should	be	sent	promptly.	Please	send	            48	June	1994	p	27)
them	directly	to	me:

                                                                  Joint meeting oF the FiP board/
PrinciPles For eValuation oF sPecial
                                                                  commission Presidents
study exhibits
Competitive	Exhibits                                              m l heiri, secretary general
A	Special	Study	exhibit	develops	its	theme	by	using	              Vice-President	F.B.	Sellers	informed	that	the	response	
the	 chosen	 material	 to	 best	 illustrate	 the	 exhibitors’	    to	the	publication	in	FLASH	was	very	poor;	however,	
knowledge	of	their	exhibits.                                      the	comments	received	were	worthwhile	and	significant.	
Principles	of	Exhibit	Composition                                 The	purpose	of	the	original	article	was	to	encourage	
                                                                  people	to	offer	comment.	The	most	significant	informa-
1.	 Any	 philatelic	 exhibit	 accepted	 by	 the	 exhibition	      tion	had	come	from	New	Zealand	who	are	far	along	
organizers	 which	 does	 not	 clearly	 fit	 into	 any	 of	 the	   with	something	they	call	“Social	Philately”	and	they	
categories	of	the	Competitive	Classes	described	in	Ar-            have	well	developed	series	of	regulations	for	evaluation	

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                                         185
                        Open and Social Classes - Discussion over a Decade or More

of	Social	Philately	exhibits	and	a	series	of	Guidelines.	           changes	 introduced	 by	 newer	 classes	 such	 as	 Social	
Also	some	input	had	been	received	from	individual	col-              Philately,	Open	Class	and	the	broad	interpretation	of	
lectors	in	the	United	States	who	have	an	exhibit	which	             content	allowed	in	the	Thematic	Class	for	ideas.	We	
falls	in	this	category	and	who	had	some	problems	when	              should	be	looking	at	ways	to	allow	the	inclusion	of	more	
exhibiting.	Mostly	the	input	had	come	in	great	detail	              illustrative	material	in	the	theme	of	the	exhibit.	This	
from	the	Netherlands	Federation;	the	Swedish	Federa-                will	allow	the	exhibitor	to	emphasise	his	own	personal	
tion	 responded	 and	 fully	 accepted	 the	 Guidelines	 as	         study	in	a	much	more	attractive	way	which	will	appeal	
drafted	in	FLASH.                                                   to	other	collectors	and	visitors	alike.	(Flash	75	March	
                                                                    2001	p	14)
This	matter	was	discussed	at	length	with	the	result	
that	the	original	approach	taken	should	be	maintained	              Open	Class	exhibits	have	been	shown	at	several	exhibi-
i.e.	that	Special	Study	Exhibits	should	contain	mainly	             tions	as	an	experiment	and	as	a	promotion	for	stamp	
philatelic	 material	 and	 that	 non-philatelic	 material	          collecting.	However	there	were	so	many	different	rules	
should	be	used	very	sparingly.                                      applied	for	their	evaluation	and	to	avoid	that	we	tend	
                                                                    to	make	the	same	mistake	as	we	did	when	building	up	
President	Jatia	warned	that	the	reactions	to	the	article	
                                                                    MOPHILA,	for	which,	even	today	we	do	not	have	final	
in	FLASH	he	read	in	some	of	the	philatelic	magazines	
                                                                    rules.	FIP	has	made	Open	Class	a	project	with	the	aim	
gave	an	entirely	wrong	approach	to	this	question.	They	
                                                                    to	finalise	the	regulations	for	judging.
interpreted	special	study	exhibits	as	open	to	anything,	
freedom	of	choice	and	the	collectors	can	use	anything	
they	like.	This	is	exactly	the	contrary	to	what	we	are	             oPen class - rules ProPosed by nordic
interested	in.                                                      countries
President	Jatia	is	of	the	opinion	that	such	new	ideas	              At	all	major	stamp	shows	Open	Class	has	now	been	
developed	by	collectors	should	be	welcomed	at	exhibi-               included	for	the	last	few	years.	As	this	class	is	called	
tions;	however	this	kind	of	exhibits	should	be	treated	             “Open”	nobody	was	keen	to	establish	a	set	of	rules	for	
with	caution.	When	more	feed-back	is	received	on	this	              this	class.	However,	to	have	a	fair	evaluation	of	these	
matter,	especially	from	Federations,	then	the	discussion	           exhibits	some	rules	have	to	be	set	down.	The	Nordic	
can	be	taken	up	again.(Flash	49	Sept	1994	p12)                      countries	 have	 prepared	 such	 rules	 and	 guidelines	
                                                                    which	we	present	to	you	for	your	consideration	and	any	
                                                                    comments	are	welcome.
46th board meeting
The	Board	briefly	discussed	the	‘Open	Class’	and	rec-
ommended	this	class	should	be	promoted	at	national	                 oPen class - the standard nordic
exhibitions	 and	 no	 rules	 should	 be	 made	 for	 such	 a	        regulations
class	as	it	should	give	all	the	liberty	to	the	exhibitors	          Accepted	at	the	Nordic	Chairmen’s	Meeting,	Tucson,	
and	in	this	way	attract	a	new	type	of	exhibitor.	On	the	            Arizona,	January	13’”,	2001
international	level	such	exhibits	should	be	accepted	on	
invitation	only	for	PR	reasons.	(Flash	62	Dec	1997	p9)              1.	Participation

Workshop	“Exhibitions”                                              1.1.	To	participate,	the	exhibitor	must	be	a	member	of	
                                                                    one	of	the	Nordic	Philatelic	Federations	or	of	one	of	the	
7)	More	space	for	more	creativity	-	let	new	ways	of	pre-            affiliated	youth	organisations.
senting	stamps	and	new	people	into	the	show!	Postal	
items	can	be	collected	in	different	ways	-	the	standard	            1.2.	To	participate,	the	exhibit	must	have	been	previ-
collecting	fields	are	regulated	by	FIP.	However,	there	             ously	awarded	not	less	than	a	silver	medal	(70	points)	
are	other	ways	to	use	stamps	and	postal	items	and	to	               at	a	national	exhibition.
present	them.	Hence,	exhibitions	should	give	enough	                1.3.	 Exhibits	 owned	 by	 groups	 may	 participate,	 pro-
and	 prominent	 space	 to	 such	 exhibits,	 may	 they	 be	          vided	 this	 is	 mentioned	 in	 the	 special	 regulations	 of	
qualified	 as	 “Art”	 i.e.	 Stamp	 Art	 or	 just	 a	 variety	 of	   the	exhibition.
the	more	conservative	way	of	exhibiting	-	they	would	
certainly	enhance	the	overall	view	of	a	Stamp	Show.	                1.4.	The	number	of	frames	must	be	between	2	and	5.
(Flash	64	July	1998	p3)                                             The	exhibit	must	consist	of	at	least	50%	philatelic/postal	
Postal history – chairman’s Page                                    ·	The	exhibit	must	fit	into	standard	exhibition	frames.
For	the	future	I	think	that	we	have	all	wished	to	make	             ·	Accordingly,	no	item	may	be	thicker	than	0.5	cm.
postal	history	exhibits	more	attractive	and	this	aspect	
was	discussed	in	Madrid	in	1975	and	again	in	1983.	One	             1.5.	The	jury	may	not	transfer	an	Open	Class	exhibit	
of	the	pioneer	postal	historians	Robson	Lowe	always	                to	another	class.
said	that	“Philately	is	the	science	of	stamp	collecting	and	
                                                                    2.	Judging
postal	history	is	the	humanity”.	Let	us	consider	how	to	
bring	more	humanity	into	our	postal	history	exhibits.               2.1.	The	exhibits	will	be	judged	by	one	or	more	separate	
                                                                    jury	groups	consisting	of	three	jurors.	The	organising	
The	1983	draft	proposal	for	inclusion	in	our	SREV	read	
                                                                    committee	 may	 appoint	 a	 specially	 trained	 and/or	
as	 follows:	 “The	 exhibit	 may	 contain,	 where	 strictly	
                                                                    professional	artist	as	advisor	to	the	jury.	In	this	event,	
necessary,	 adhesive	 stamps,	 maps,	 prints,	 sketches,	
                                                                    this	must	be	mentioned	in	the	special	regulations	of	
documents,	decrees	and	the	like”.	We	should	study	the	
                                                                    the	exhibition.

186	           	                                                                         The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                       Open and Social Classes - Discussion over a Decade or More

2.2.	In	evaluating,	the	following	points	may	be	award-          	 Artistic	and	creative	details	which	contribute	to	a	
ed:                                                             strong	impression?
1.	 Idea	&	originality	of	the	exhibit	           40	points      2.	Miscellaneous
2.	 Treatment	of	the	subject	and	the	material	exhib-            If	 the	 jury	 finds	 that	 an	 exhibit	 contains	 too	 many	
ited	 	                                                         non-postal/philatelic	 items,	 the	 exhibit	 is	 awarded	 a	
	 	 	                                     40	points             Certificate	of	Participation	which	states:	
3.	 Presentation	                                20	points      “The	amount	of	postal/philatelic	material	of	this	exhibit	
                                                                is	not	sufficient	to	judge	the	exhibit”.
Evaluations	will	follow	the	special	guidelines	for	the	
Open	Class.                                                     Exhibits	 which	 are	 particularly	 entertaining	 to	 the	
                                                                viewer	and/or	may	be	considered	as	particularly	inspir-
2.3.	Medals
                                                                ing	to	other	collectors	can	be	awarded	a	special	prize.
The	same	medals	and	points	will	be	awarded	as	in	other	
                                                                (Flash	77	Sept	2001	p7)
competitive	classes.	The	word	“Open”	must	be	engraved	
in	the	medals.	The	jury	may	also	award	the	exhibit’s	
special	 prizes.	 The	 best	 exhibit	 will	 be	 awarded	 the	   oPen - g darVeight comments.
“Grand	Prix	Open”.                                              The	five	Nordic	countries	have	now	accepted	common	
3.	Miscellaneous                                                Open	 regulations	 to	 be	 used	 at	 national	 and	 Nordic	
                                                                levels.	These	regulations	were	published	in	the	previous	
3.1.	The	entry	fee	is	established	by	the	organising	com-        issue	of	Flash.	Unfortunately	these	regulations	give	no	
mittee	and	must	be	contained	in	the	special	regulations	        points	for	knowledge	of	the	theme/subject	but	40	points	
of	the	exhibition.                                              for	the	knowledge	of	the	material.	I	should	prefer	that	
3.2.	The	standard	NORDIC	regulations	apply	to	any	              20	points	be	allocated	to	each	type	of	knowledge.
additional	questions	which	may	arise.                           The	 Open	 Class	 probably	 needs	 to	 have	 some	 more	
                                                                years	as	a	promotion	class	before	it	finds	its	form.	If	
oPen class - the standard nordic                                the	organisers	of	international	exhibitions	really	want	
                                                                to	have	interesting	and	qualified	Open	Class	exhibits,	
guidelines                                                      they	should	award	the	exhibitors	properly.	The	Social	
Accepted	at	the	Nordic	Chairmen’s	meeting,	Tucson,	             Class	at	AUSTRALIA	was	a	good	attempt,	but	the	‘so-
Arizona,	January	18’”,	2001                                     cial’	limitation	of	accepted	themes	and	the	remaining	
1.	Evaluation	and	points	awarded                                ‘Rarity’-points	don’t	make	it	a	real	Open	Class.	(Flash	
                                                                78	Dec	2001	p12)
1.1	The	plan,	idea,	originality	of	exhibit		     40	points
	   The	title	and	idea/subject	                          20     From the exPeriment social class rules
	   Is	the	title	exciting	and	does	it	cover	the	content?        3.1	A	Social	Philately	exhibit	consists	of	material	which	
                                                                can	be	included	in	other	classes	of	philately	as	well	as	
	 Originality,	possibly	new	ways	of	making	the	ex-
                                                                non	philatelic	items	which	are	directly	related	to	the	
                                                                operations	and	products	of	a	postal	system	either	as	post	
	   Development	of	the	idea/subject	                     20     office	equipment	or	as	material	developed	by	commerce	
                                                                to	use	or	reflect	post	office	services	and	products.
	 Is	the	idea	performed	creative,	original	and	com-
plete?                                                          This	 non-philatelic	 material	 must	 have	 an	 intimate	
                                                                connection	 with	 the	 operation	 or	 the	 objective	 of	 a	
1.2	Treatment	of	the	material	                   40	points      postal	system	or	the	paraphernalia	of	postage	stamps	
	   Documented	knowledge	of	the	material	utilised	20            and	philately	or	be	part	of	the	physical	make-up	of	the	
                                                                subject	being	exhibited.
	   Documented	philatelic	knowledge?
                                                                This	material	should	be	arranged	so	as	to	illustrate	a	
	   Extent	of	development	of	exhibit.	                   20     balanced	plan	as	a	whole	or	to	develop	any	aspect	of	
	 Ingenuity,	creativity	in	selection	and	versatility	with	      Social	Philately.
respect	to	the	material?
1.3	Presentation	                                20	points      examPles oF social Philately include:
	   The	general	impression	                              10     1.	   Telegram	Services.
	   Balance	between	the	sheets	within	the	frames?               2.	   Greeting	Cards	including	Valentines.
	   Does	the	exhibit	appear	as	a	harmonic	whole?                3.	   Illustrated	 and	 Pictorial	 Envelopes	 (including	
	   Does	the	exhibit	have	popular	appeal?                             Patriotic	Covers).

	   The	layout	of	the	exhibit	                           10     4.	   Post	Office	and	Official	office	stationery	(without	
                                                                      imprinted	stamp).
	 Balance	 between	 the	 material	 and	 text	 on	 the	
sheets?                                                         5.	   Philatelic	History	other	than	literature	(including	
                                                                      albums	 hinges,	 perforation	 gauges	 etc,	 the	

Vol	21-3;	Aug	2008	                                                                                                    187
                       Open and Social Classes - Discussion over a Decade or More

       impedimenta	of	philately).                                 story	is	told,	however	Display	exhibits	may	incorporate	
                                                                  non-philatelic	items	that	will	augment	and	enhance	
6.	    Philatelic	Libraries.                                      the	 development	 of	 the	 story	 being	 presented.	 Such	
7.	    Officially	issued	documents	bearing	illustrations	         material	should	be	justified	within	the	story	and	not	
       of	postage	stamps.                                         simply	added	because	the	exhibitor	owns	it.	(Example:	
                                                                  An	 exhibit	 about	 a	 soldier’s	 battle	 experiences	 may	
8.	    PHQ	 Cards	 -objects	 associated	 with	 postage	           contain	photographs	of	him,	medals	and	decorations	
       stamps	and	their	use.                                      he	received,	badges	of	rank,	his	honorable	discharge	
                                                                  papers,	contemporary	newspaper	clippings,	and	other	
9.	    Aspects	 of	 the	 affect	 of	 the	 postal	 system	 on	
                                                                  pertinent	ephemera	that	would	enhance	the	fabric	of	
       commerce	or	industry.
                                                                  the	story.)
10.	 Locality	studies	based	on	postal	and	social	history	         There	is	no	percentage	requirement	on	how	much	or	
     using	the	materials	of	Social	Philately.                     how	 little	 non-philatelic	 material	 should	 be	 present,	
11.	 Objects	associated	with	postage	stamps	and	their	            nor	 is	 there	 an	 absolute	 requirement	 that	 philatelic	
     use	(letter	balances,	stamp	boxes,	model	post	office	        items	should	be	mounted	on	every	page.	The	guideline	
     impediments	etc).                                            is	that	the	philatelic	aspects	of	the	exhibit	should	not	
                                                                  be	subservient	to	the	non-philatelic	elements.
12.	 Post	Office	equipment	(mail	bags,	uniforms,	postal	
                                                                  Philatelic	material	may	include	items	from	any	of	the	
     tools	etc).
                                                                  other	Divisions.	A	bonus	point	is	available	to	reward	
	   And	any	other	subject	which	fits	the	definition	in	           exhibits	that	contain	elusive	philatelic	material	(see	
    3.1.                                                          Bonus	Points).	
Clause	4:	    Criteria	for	Evaluating	Exhibits                    The	optimum	Display	exhibit	will	blend	the	philatelic	
These	criteria	are	drawn	from	Article	4	of	GREV	and	              and	non-philatelic	material	seamlessly	to	complement	
are	 applied	 according	 to	 the	 peculiarities	 of	 Social	      and	tell	the	story.
Non-philatelic	material	can	be	included	but	should	not	
                                                                  the ProPosed 2c draFt guidelines
comprise	more	than	50%	of	the	exhibit.	The	material	has	          3.2	Historical,	Social	and	special	studies	(sub-clause	
to	be	directly	linked	to	a	postal	system:	non-philatelic	         2C)	 exhibits	 would	 include	 material	 developed	 by	
material	not	linked	to	the	postal	system	can	be	included	         commerce	and	society	for	use	in	the	postal	system	and	
provided	it	is	directly	linked	(and	of	importance	to	the	         may	include	non-philatelic	material	where	relevant	to	
theme)	to	the	social	aspects	of	the	exhibit	but	should	           the	subject	of	the	exhibit.	The	non-philatelic	material	
not	comprise	more	than	10%	of	the	material.                       should	be	incorporated	into	the	exhibit	in	a	balanced	
                                                                  and	appropriate	manner	in	such	a	way	that	it	does	not	
Where	the	exhibit	is	concerned	with	the	impedimenta	of	           overwhelm	the	philatelic	material.
the	post	office,	or	of	philately,	or	of	the	use	of	the	postage	
stamp	then	the	total	exhibit	may	be	of	non-philatelic	            Ed. In my opinion, all Display, Open, Social and Special
material,	according	to	the	definition	of	philatelic	mate-         Study class guidelines definitely state that the philatelic
rial	in	GREV.                                                     items in an exhibit should not be overshadowed by the
                                                                  non-philatelic items.
Ed. Many of the above Social Philately examples are
now excluded from the class by the “no thicker than               The	proposed	2C	guidelines,	again	in	my	opinion,	are	
5mm” clause. But can someone explain the terms “or                somewhat	ambiguous	in	the	area	of	“material	developed	
of philately” and “or of the use of the postage stamp” in         by	commerce	and	society	for	use	in	the	postal	system”,	
the last paragraph, allowing the total exhibit to be of           weren’t	postcards	developed	by	commerce	and	society	
non-philatelic material?                                          for	use	in	the	postal	system?	Philatelically	the	address	
                                                                  side	of	the	postcard	fits	into	postal	history,	but	what	of	
                                                                  the	image	side?	Does	sending	a	postcard	through	the	
the oPen class guidelines                                         mail,	thus	becoming	a	used	postcard	make	it	philatelic	
Article	2:	Competitive	Exhibits                                   as	compared	to	an	unused	postcard	(which	is	suggested	
                                                                  as	being	non-philatelic)?
An	Open	Class	exhibit	develops	a	subject	according	to	
the	choice	of	the	collector,	giving	him	total	freedom	to	
arrange	it	with	the	only	limits	of:                               are greeting cards Philatelic?
2.1	The	Philatelic	Material	will	cover	50	%	approxi-              As	an	exhibitor	the	guidelines	are	great	giving	utmost,	
mately	of	the	extent	of	the	exhibits.                             albeit	ambiguous,	freedom.	But	they	also	open	a	pro-
                                                                  verbial	Pandora	’s	Box	in	relation	to	how	individual	
2.2	The	non-philatelic	material	will	be	no	thicker	than	          exhibitors	and	judging	teams	will	interpret	them.	Con-
5	mm	to	fit	into	the	standard	exhibition	frames.                  sider	the	angst	and	confusion	which	could	be	created	
                                                                  by	vastly	differing	results	when	an	exhibit	is	shown	
the united states disPlay diVision (July                          at	a	few	exhibitions,		whilst	the	exhibitor	struggles	to	
2001)                                                             implement	conflicting	critique	session	suggestions.
Composition	of	Material	Presented	Criterion:	The	phila-
telic	items	should	be	the	primary	vehicle	by	which	the	

188	           	                                                                       The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                         NAPE NEWS
                                                          into	 account,	 we	 break	 even	 on	 members	 in	
                                                          Australia,	while	losing	about	$10	per	overseas	
                      It	 had	 to	 happen	 sooner	        member	 each	 year.	 	 As	 we	 have	 a	 large	 bank	
                      or	 later,	 but	 it	 happened	      balance,	 we	 can	 stand	 that	 for	 a	 few	 years,	
                      now:	 	 we’ve	 run	 out	 of	 the	   but	eventually,	with	the	cost	of	postage	rising,	
                      February	and	May	journals	          we	will	need	to	increase	memberships.		So	be	
                      –	none	left.		For	quite	some	       warned,	membership	will	have	to	rise	when	the	
                      time	we	were	printing	20,	30	       losses	get	too	great.
extra	copies	each	issue,	and	there	is	a	garage	
full	 of	 them	 in	 Canberra.	 	 Occasionally,	 very       With	our	current	bank	balance	of	close	to	$30,000	
occasionally,	 we’d	 sell	 one	 or	 two,	 but	 mostly	     we	can	sustain	the	loss	for	many	years,	but	not	
they	 are	 collecting	 dust	 and	                          indefinitely.		And	since	postage	costs	abroad	are	
vermin.                                                                     $A        three	 times	 the	 local	
                                                                                      postage	 it	 is	 fair	 to	
                                         Income Bank                        $1,203 assume	that	overseas	
So	 last	 year	 we	 decided	 we	
would	only	get	a	few	more	than	                     Sales                   $1,882 membership	rises	will	
needed	to	fill	the	distribution	                                                      be	 higher	 than	 the	
                                                    Memberships             $6,786 local	 ones.	 	 So,	 you	
list	 for	 the	 particular	 issue,	
i.e.	we’d	print	enough	for	the	                     Other                     $309 can	 look	 forward	 to	
members	who	had	paid	their	                         Total                  $10,180 a	 rise	 of	 $5	 in	 local	
subs	and	10	more,	and	that’s	                                                         m e m b e r s h i p 	 a n d	
it.	 	 It	 saves	 us	 quite	 a	 bit	 of	                                              $7.50	 for	 overseas	
cash.                                    Expenses Production                $7,718 m e m b e r s h i p ,	
                                                                                      sometime	 not	 later	
We	have	run	out	of	some	of	the	                     Postage Aus               $539 t h a n 	 s a y 	 2 0 1 3 .	  	
older	numbers	too,	but	if	they	                     Postage o/seas          $1,544    Anyone	 paying	 their	
are	 the	 old	 black-and-white	                                                       membership	up	front	
ones	we	could	just	photocopy	                       Bank                      $303 will	 have	 a	 bargain	
the	 occasional	 issue.	 	 But	                     Tax                       $342 when	the	time	comes.	         	
with	the	present	run	of	colour	                                                       When	the	actual	rise	
covers	 and	 “perfect”	 binding	
                                                    Other                     $876 will	 come	 I	 cannot	
that	 is	 much	 harder	 –	 and	                                            $11,322 say	 –	 it	 depends	 on	
much	too	expensive.			So	when	                                                        p ri nt i ng	 co st s 	 a s	
we	run	out,	that’s	it.                                                                well	 as	 postage.	 	 Go,	
                                                    Loss                    $1,142 figure!!!
That	 affects	 you	 late	 payers:	     	
if	you	renew	your	membership	                                                         I’d	be	interested	to	see	
late,	 we	 may	 not	 be	 able	 to	 Loss per member per year                  $4.57 any	feedback!!
send	 you	 the	 numbers	 you	
missed.		So	watch	out	–	every	journal	we	send	                nAPe Meeting At brisbAne
out	 has	 an	 envelope	 with	 an	 address	 label,	
and	 on	 the	 address	 label	 is	 printed	 when	 you	 There	 will	 be	 a	 NAPE	 meeting	 at	 Sunpex	 in	
membership	expires.		With	the	last	issue	of	your	 Brisbane	on	Saturday	22	August	from	12:30	to	
current	membership	we	also	enclose	a	renewal	 2:00.		Usually	we	arrange	for	a	topic	of	discussion	
form,	 so	 you	 can’t	 say	 we	 don’t	 tell	 you.	 	 Pay	 beforehand,	 but	 this	 was	 left	 open	 at	 the	 last	
when	you	get	your	renewal	notice,	that	way	you	 NAPE	meeting.
won’t	forget,	and	it	helps	NAPE’s	cash	flow.
                                                           There	will	also	be	a	NAPE	meeting	at	Tarapex	
                    stAtistiCs                             in	New	Plymouth,	New	Zealand,	but	the	details	
                                                           have	not	yet	been	finalised.		The	November	issue	
Our	 finances	 for	 the	 past	 financial	 year	 show	 will	 not	 reach	 our	 members	 until	 after	 that	
we	 are	 bleeding	 about	 $4.60	 per	 member	 per	 Show,	which	will	also	include	the	Australasian	
year.	 	 Actually,	 when	 you	 take	 postage	 costs	 Challenge.

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                           189
        interNational Association for Philatelic Exhibitors
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                                                                                               $10	each
which	numbers	(Several	are	out	of	print	and	not	available,	even	recent	ones)
Back	Numbers	of	The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	post	paid	outside	Australia,	specify	
                                                                                               $12	each
which	numbers	(Several	are	out	of	print	and	not	available,	even	recent	ones)

Volumes	1-20	(some	numbers	very	low	and	thus	unavailable)	post	paid,	at	current	              $30/$45per	
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 190	            	                                                                      The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
NEWSNEWS                                                  NEWS
                                                           experimental	sub-class	called	“Historic,	Social	
                              FIP NEWS
                                                           and	Special	Studies”.	We	want	to	achieve	with	
                                 fiP                       this	 sub-class	 that	 besides	 the	 established	
                             COMMissiOn                    postal	history	exhibits	(rates	and	routes)	and	
                                                           the	“Marcophily”	(Postmarks),	to	have	a	home	
                             fOr POstAL                    for	collecting	areas	like	the	historical	exhibits	
                               histOry                     which	usually	cannot	show	nice	postmarks	nor	
                            Press	release	July	11,	2008:
                                                           special	 rates,	 such	 as	 soldiers’	 letters	 which	
                                                           either	had	a	uniform	rate	or	were	completely	
The	new	regulations	(SREV)	and	guidelines	for	             free	of	postage.	With	the	new	sub-class	these	
Postal	History	were	approved	at	the	70th FIP               interesting	 exhibits	 can	 be	 shown	 in	 a	 more	
Congress	in	Bucharest.	At	the	2004	meeting	in	             attractive	 way	 so	 that	 they	 will	 be	 easier	 to	
Singapore	these	ideas	were	initially	presented	            understand	 and	 hopefully	 shall	 get	 better	
to	 the	 delegates	 of	 the	 FIP	 Commission	 for	         awards.				
Postal	History	and	were	unanimously	approved.	
During	the	years	2004-2007	these	regulations	              Furthermore,	a	new	division	of	Postal	History	
were	drafted	and	circulated	in	order	to	include	           exhibits	 has	 been	 introduced.	 Instead	 of	 a	
as	many	opinions	as	possible	so	that	in	April	             geographical	division	it	will	be	one	by	periods:	
2008	the	final	version	could	be	submitted	to	the	          1.	 before	 1875;	 2.	 1875-1945;	 and	 3.	 after	
FIP	 Board.	 These	 new	 regulations	 for	 Postal	         1945.
History	will	be	valid	as	of	January	1,	2009.	
                                                           Each	 exhibit	 belongs	 to	 the	 period	 where	 it	
What	are	the	main	changes?	It	started	in	1998	             starts	or	where	its	main	contents	lies.	
with	 a	 request	 from	 the	 Federation	 in	 New	
Zealand	 to	 include	 “Social	 Philately”	 in	 the	        The	FIP	Congress	also	confirmed	the	election	
Postal	History	Class.	These	exhibits	are	very	             of	the	new	management	of	the	FIP	Commission	
popular	in	Australia	and	New	Zealand.	Such	                for	Postal	History	for	the	period	2008-2012	as	
exhibits	show	the	interaction	of	commerce	and	             follows:
society	with	the	postal	system.	It	is	impossible	
to	 achieve	 this	 using	 only	 covers	 which	 are	        Chairman:		    Kurt	E.	Kimmel,	Switzerland;	
acceptable	 in	 Postal	 History.	 Therefore,	 it	          Secretary:		           JJ	Danielski,	Canada;
was	 obvious	 that	 these	 exhibits	 will	 contain	        Members:	
also	 related	 non-philatelic	 material	 with	             Mrs	Dila	Eaton,		                 Paraguay;
the	 condition	 that	 this	 has	 to	 be	 related	 to	      Andrew	M.T.	Cheung,		             Hongkong;	
shown	philatelic	items	and	that	it	should	not	             Per	Fris	Mortensen,		             Denmark;	
overwhelm	 the	 philatelic	 material.	 At	 the	            Malcolm	Groom,		                  Australia;	
beginning	 this	 resulted	 in	 sceptical	 or	 even	        Danforth	Walker,		                     USA.	
adverse	 reactions.	 However,	 the	 Chairman	
of	 this	 Commission,	 Leo	 De	 Clercq,	 pointed	          The	 new	 team	 intends	 to	 prepare	 Standard	
out	that	originally	in	the	first	regulations	for	          Postal	 History	 Seminars	 called	 “Streamline	
Postal	History	it	was	permitted	to	include	such	           Seminars”	 which	 should	 be	 given	 by	 the	
material,	but	has	been	diluted	by	the	phrase	              delegates	in	their	countries	so	that	the	jurors,	
“if	absolutely	necessary”	with	the	result	that	            collectors	and	exhibitors	in	Argentina	will	get	
more	 and	 more	 shared	 the	 mistaken	 opinion	           the	same	advice	and	hear	the	same	opinions	as	
that	 the	 inclusion	 of	 related	 non-philatelic	         those	in	Australia	and	China.	
material	was	forbidden.	At	the	same	time	the	
demand	to	have	an	“Open	Class”	spread	so	that	             Basically	we	shall	try	to	maintain	the	popular	
new	collectors	could	be	attracted	to	exhibiting	           collecting	 and	 exhibiting	 “Postal	 History”	 in	
by	 allowing	 them	 more	 liberty	 in	 choosing	           such	 a	 way	 that	 it	 will	 neither	 degenerate	
material	 to	 include	 in	 their	 exhibits.	 We	 felt	     to	 an	 unpleasant	 “cheque	 book	 competition”	
that	it	does	not	make	much	sense	to	be	very	               nor	 become	 a	 pure	 academic	 discipline.	 Our	
restrictive	 with	 most	 of	 the	 qualified	 postal	       main	aim	should	be	to	allow	the	collectors	and	
history	 exhibitors	 and	 on	 the	 other	 hand	 to	        exhibitors	of	Postal	History	to	have	more	liberty	
allow	nearly	everything	to	a	few	newcomers.	               and	pleasure	in	creating	their	exhibits.
Therefore,	 the	 Postal	 History	 Commission	
tried	 to	 compromise	 and	 introduced	 a	 new	            Chairman		                           Kurt	Kimmel

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                          191
                           MEET OUR CONTRIBUTORS
Barbara Bartsch (SA):	 APF	 Delegate	                      (philately/literature),	exhibitor,	 writer,	
FIP	 Maximaphily	 Commission,	 National	                   collects	 German	 airmail	 (Zeppelin	 South	
Judge	(Trad,	Maximaphily,	Social)	Member	                  America	 flights,	 DLH	 South	 Atlantic	
of	SAPC	exhibits:	Roads	&	Bridges	(Max.),	                 service,	 German	 North	 Atlantic	 catapult	
1/2d	Kangaroo	(Trad.),	Australian	mammals	                 airmail,	1934	Germany	airmail	issue
                                                           Hans karman MAP (ACT):	 NAPE	
Dr. Andrew Cheung (Hong Kong):                             Sec./Treasurer/compositor,	 Life	 Member	
FRPSL,	 Chairman	 of	 the	 Hong	 Kong	                     Philatelic	Soc	of	Canberra,	national	judge	
Philatelic	Society	and	committee	member	                   (PH/Soc./PS),	 exhibits,	 collects:	 Aust	
and	editor	of	its	journal	since	1996.	National,	           Privileged	Mail,	Dutch	P.	Stat	after	WWII,	
FIAP	 and	 FIP	 judge.	 Collecting	 interests	             Aust.	Electoral	Business	(Soc.),	postcards	
                        are	 Hong	 Kong	 and	              relating	Windmills.
                        t h e 	 T r e a t y 	 P o r t s	
                        (PH),	 British	 Treaty	            Ray kelly FAP (Qld):	 FIP	 judge	 (PH,	
                        Port	 Post	 Offices	 in	           Lit.),	 exhibits:	 Port	 Phillip	 District	 (PH),	
                        China	 (macrophily),	              New	Guinea	&	Papua	(Aero.),	Denmark	&	
                        French	 Post	 Offices	             Aust.	 Terr.	 (P.Stat),	 Advertising	 by	 Post,	
                        in	 China	 (PH),	 Hong	            Melb.		Olympics	&	Pre	WWI	Aust.	Pictorial	
                        Kong	 Postage	 Dues,	              Envelopes	(Soc.)
                        and	 Russian	 Post	
                        Office	in	China	–	the	             Daryl kibble (QLD):	exhibitor,	philatelic	
                        overprinted	 issues	                                                            	
                                                           &	 collectibles	 writer/web	 site	 publisher.	
(trad)	and	Disinfection	of	mail	from	China	                Primary	 collecting	 interests:	 	 Australia	
(one-frame).                                               &	 Territories	 (Maximaphily),	 Explorers	
                                                           &	 Exploration	 including	 Polar	 (FDCs,	
H a n s D a h l ( A C T ) : 	 	 E x h i b i t s :	         postcards,	 all	 paper	 ephemera),	 Angels	
German	 Fieldpost	 WWII,	 Melbourne	                       (Thematic).
Olympics.	 	Collects	 :	 German	 Mobile	 PO	
usage	1934-1939;	German	FPO	WWII;	1956	                    Stuart Leven (USA): formed one of the
Olympics.                                                  leading collections of material from
                                                           Papua and New Guinea.
Bernard Doherty FAP (NSW): APF
Judges’	Register	Project	Officer,	Showman	                 Michel Roland (SA):	 Judges	 Registrar	
exhibition	 program	 ‘test	 pilot’,	 national	             (South	Aust	Philatelic	Council),	Australian	
judge,	exhibitor,	philatelic	writer,	collects	             National	Judge	(Trad,	PH,	PS,	Social,	One-
                                                           Frame,	 FDC,	 PPC).	 Editor	 of	 SAFMISG	
(Trad)	South	Africa	Postage	dues,	Senegal,	
                                                           Journal;	 Exhibits	 modern	 Australia	
USA	 Americana	 Series;	 (P	 Stat)	 South	                 (Framas,	CPS	&	EPOS	studies),	Australian	
Africa	 Postal	 Cards,	 modern	 Australia	                 philanthropic	organisations	in	WW2;	Parcel	
Postal	Cards;	(P	Hist)	Newcastle	Postmarks,	               posts	of	Belgium,	Belgian	PH	(WW1),	PS	(to	
Australian	Taxed	Mail,	(Soc)	Servicing	the	                WW1),	 traditional	 classics,	 ATM	 stamps;	
Posts	at	Newcastle,	Up	Front	and	Behind	                   PNG	 (since	 WW2)	 and	 several	 postcards	
the	Scene	at	the	Post	Office,	and	still	in	the	            collections.
box	Australian	Parcel	Post.
                                                           John Sadler (NSW): exhibits:	 Airmails	
Paul Fletcher (NSW):	 	 international	                     affecting	 Australian	 development	 1914-
exhibitor,	 collects:	 Australian	 Postage	                1939,	collects	Australian	Airmails
Due	stamps	and	covers	of	Australia,	NSW,	
Victoria	and	Trinidad	(Trad.).                             Lionel Savins (NSW):	 President	 of	
                                                           Philatelic	 Association	 of	 NSW,	 Vice	
Jim graue (USA):	 German	 Postal	                          President	 of	 Philatelic	 Development	
Specialist	 (Germany	 Philatelic	 Society)	                Council,	Australian	Probationary	National	
Editor	 and	 GPS	 director,	 member	 APS	                  Judge	 (Trad),	 National	 commissioner,	
Committee	 for	 Accreditation	 of	 National	               Collects	 New	 Zealand	 (Trad	 &	 Postal	
Exhibitions	 and	 Judges,	 national	 judge	                Stat).

192	         	                                                              The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77
                                              SHOW TIME !!!
                                                                                      Commissioner / Contact for Closing
 Dates                 Name / Venue                              Details
                                                                                              Entries             Date
                                                       Half	National	Traditional,	
 22 - 24 Sunstamp	2008		Commerce	Building,	RNA	                                      Prospectus	and	entry	form	
                                                           Postal	Stationery,	                                    Closed
  Aug Showground,	Gregory	Terrace,	Brisbane                                        available	from	the	QPC	website
                                                         Thematics	&	Youth)		
                                                         FIP	Specialised	World	
 12 - 14 Praga	2008		Prague	Exhibition	Grounds,	                                          Ross	Wood,	P.O	Box	38,	
                                                        (Trad,	PH,	One-Frame	&	                                         Closed
  Sep Prague	7	–	Holešovice                                                               Mirrabooka,	WA,	6941
        Northern	Beaches	Stamp	Expo	2008		Manly	
  13	&	 Warringah	Leagues	Club,	Car	Park	
                                                               Inter-Club              See	Philas	Website	for	details   Closed
 14 Sep Building,	Federal	Parade	cnr,	Pittwater	
        Road,	Brookvale.
                                                           National	One	Frame	
         Adelaide	Stampex	2008	(SAPC	Congress),	         plus	State	and	Congress	
 11 - 12
         Drill	Hall,	Army	Parade	Ground,	King	          Club	Competition	(APTA	          See	entry	form	for	details     Closed
         William	Road,	Adelaide,	South	Australia        Convention	will	be	held	in	
                                                       conjunction	with	this	event)
         Jakarta	2008	(22nd	Asian	International	
 23 - 28 Stamp	Exhibition)		Jakarta	International	                                        David	Figg,	david.figg@
                                                                    FIAP                                                Closed
  Oct Exhibition	Centre,	Mangga	Dua	Square,	                                       
         Jakarta,	Indonesia	

  7	-	9	 Tarapex	2008		TSB	Stadium,	Mason	Drive,	 New	Zealand	National	(Plus	 Refer	Bulletin	#1	-	available	
  Nov New	Plymouth                                 Australasian	Challenge) from	the	Tarapex	2008	website

 10 - 16                                                                                Dingle	Smith,	dsm30722@
         China	2009		Luoyang	(Hunam	Province)              FIP	General	World                                            Closed
                                                                                        Gary	Brown	(Commissioner	
 23 - 26                                                                                                           30	Nov	
         Melbourne	09		Melbourne	Exhibition	Centre	             National                 General),	garyjohn951@
  Jul                                                                                                             2008	(tbc)
  6 - 10
         Ibra	2009		Messegelände	Essen,	Germany                     TBA                            TBA                  TBA
  May	 Hong	Kong	2009		(23rd	Asian	International	
                                                                    FIAP                           TBA                  TBA
  (tba) Stamp	Exhibition)	
  30	Jul	 Philakorea	2009	(24th	Asian	International	                                  Darryl	Fuller,	130	Bandjalong	
                                                                    FIAP                                                TBA
 - 4 Aug Stamp	Exhibition)	Seoul,	Korea                                                 Cres,	Aranda,	ACT,	2614
  TBA Launceston	2009		TBA                                National	One	Frame                       TBA                  TBA
 17	-	19	Timpex	2009		S.B.S	Events	Centre,	Aorangi	
                                                         New	Zealand	National                      TBA                  TBA
  Oct Park
                                                          Limited	Class	FEPA	
 21 - 25 Italia	2009,	Palazzo	dei	Congressi	(EUR	
                                                       Exhibition	(with	Australian	                TBA                  TBA
  Oct quarter),	Italy
                                                       participation	by	invitation)
  Dec Dubai	2009		TBA                                               FIAP                           TBA                  TBA
  Mar Canberra	Stampshow	2010		TBA                            Half	National                        TBA                  TBA
  8 - 15 London	2010		Business	Design	Centre,	                                           Bernard	Beston,	bernard.
                                                          General	World	(FIP)	                                          TBA
  May Islington	Green,	London,	England                                           
  1 - 10                                                                              Gary	Brown,	P.O	Box	106,	Briar	
         Lisbon	2010		Portugal	(+	FIP	Congress)           General	World	(FIP)                                           TBA
   Oct                                                                                        Hill,	Vic,	3088
         Jo’burg	2010	(25th	Asian	International	
 27	-	31	Stamp	Exhibition),	Sandon	International	                                       John	Sinfield,	PO	Box	548,	
                                                                    FIAP                                                TBA
  Oct Convention	Centre,	Johannesburg,	Republic	                                            Heathmont,	3135
         of	South	Africa
 12 - 14
         Palmpex	2010		Palmerston	North                  New	Zealand	National                      TBA                  TBA
  TBA India	2011		TBA                                               TBA	                           TBA                  TBA
  TBA Sydney	2011		TBA                                          National                           TBA                  TBA
  Jul	/	
         Philanippon	2011		TBA                            General	World	(FIP)                      TBA                  TBA
         Canpex	2011	Christchurch	(Centenary	of	the	
  TBA                                                    New	Zealand	National                      TBA                  TBA
         Christchurch	Philatelic	Society)

Vol 21-3; Aug 2008                                                                                                          193
                The Stuart Leven Collection of New Guinea, 1888-1942

§ To represent philatelic exhibitors       § To create a cooperative environment
  with reference to their requirements       between exhibitors and judges, and
  and ambitions.                             exhibitors and show organisers.
§ To advertise and promote                 § To foster understanding between
  opportunities for philatelic               exhibitors in the different classes.
  exhibitors.                              § To encourage new exhibitors at all
§ To publish and disseminate                 levels and in all age groups.
  information about all organised          § To sponsor appropriate awards
  aspects of our hobby, with                 at philatelic exhibitions and to
  particular reference to encouraging        recognise the achievements of all
  participation in exhibitions.              exhibitors.

194	     	                                                 The	Asia	Pacific	Exhibitor	no.77