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Grande Prairie's Grande Prairie's 2009 Report Card on 2009 Report

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Grande Prairie's Grande Prairie's 2009 Report Card on 2009 Report Powered By Docstoc
					                                                     Grande Prairie's
                                      2009 Report Card on
                                   Housing and Homelessness

                                                             Terry’s Story
                         Terry* has lived in Grande Prairie all his life and has worked in the oil patch for
                         several years. Because the work was in remote areas
                         he used to live in a work camp four weeks straight and
                         then had two weeks off. With working away so much
                         of the time, Terry did not have his own home. He
                         would stay with friends during the two weeks off
                         paying them some rent and buying extra groceries for
                         the household.

                         In July, Terry was laid off from his well paying job.
                         Suddenly, he was without any income. He had always
  Inside this
                         had a job and wasn’t worried about finding another.
    report:
                         Now, after submitting his resume for a countless
Housing and  P.2         number of companies and hearing the same words
Homelessness
                         “We aren’t hiring right now” he is worried. His family is
Indicators
                         unable to support him financially and he is ineligible
Homelessness P.3-4       for income assistance.
in Grande
Prairie                  Terry’s friends don’t let him rent a room because he is unable to pay rent. He is
                         now forced to couch-surf, with no place to call home. He has his meals at the
Financial       P.5-7
Information              soup kitchen and spends his day checking for new job listings and delivering
                         his resume. Unless he finds employment soon, Terry says he will be forced to
Community       P.8-11   leave his home-town and move to find a job.
Services
                         Terry is one of Grande Prairie’s hidden homeless. His story of sudden job-loss
Housing First   P. 12
                         and poor job prospects is now a common reality. This report card illustrates the
                         complexity of factors colliding causing individuals and families in Grande
                         Prairie to be at risk of or in becoming homeless.
                         *Name changed to ensure anonymity


                         This is the inaugural Report Card on Housing and Homelessness in Grande Prairie. It
                         provides a point-in-time snapshot of the realities of housing and homelessness in Grande
                         Prairie.

                         The Report Card includes information collected from local agencies that support the
                         homeless population and brings forward the voice of the homeless people. The quotes
                         represent the thoughts and experiences of service providers and service users on
                          homelessness (interview excerpts, 2009).

                         It is produced by the Canadian Mental Health Association—Alberta Northwest Region,
                         with funding provided by The United Way of Grande Prairie and Region.
Page 2                                                                                                             Experiencing Homelessness

                                                                 The Basics
 The following table utilizes nationally recognized homelessness indicators with statistics for the city of
 Grande Prairie. The indicators were chosen for consistency with other published Canadian report cards
 and were deemed to be essential information to create a baseline measure. Using the same indicators in
 future report cards will allow our community to measure areas of growth and progress towards ending
 homelessness. As this is the first report card for Grande Prairie, future data will be graded for progress,
 like a school report card, based on this baseline information.
      The Current Situation in Grande Prairie
                                                                The Local Context
      City of Grande Prairie population                                                                                50,227 (2007)
                                                         Homelessness Indicators*
      Total number of admissions into shelter beds                                                                     3,111
             Men                                                                                                       1103
             Women                                                                                                     619
             Children in families                                                                                      457
             Independent youth                                                                                         932
      Average length of stay in shelter bed                                                                            20.15 days
      Total days of stay in shelter                                                                                    53,899
      Total number of emergency shelter beds available¹                                                                94
             For Men                                                                                                   39
             For Women and children                                                                                    45
             For Youth                                                                                                 10
      Total number of individuals accessing the mat program (The Oasis)                                                192
      Total number of mats nights used (The Oasis)                                                                     2,664 nights
      Number of individuals entering addiction detox ²                                                                 1569
      Number of individuals entering addiction treatment ³                                                             480
      Number of meals served by Salvation Army ⁴                                                                       17,855
      Number of food hampers given by Salvation Army                                                                   1,380
      Number of Homeless (point in time formula)                                                                       122
      Number of Homeless Estimate                                                                                      854
                                                                Income Indicators
      Median (after-tax) income, all census families (2005)                                                            $70,828/annually
      Income assistance (Alberta Works, single person, not expected to                                                 $687.00/month
      work, in private housing)
      Income for AISH recipient                                                                                        $1,188.00/month
      Minimum Wage                                                                                                     $8.80/hour
                                                               Housing Indicators
      Number of subsidized housing units – Grande Spirit Foundation ⁵                                                  93
      Number of households on waiting list for direct rental subsidized                                                517
      family housing
      Number of housing units receiving rental supplements                                                             627
      Number of long-term supportive living housing units for                                                          58
      individuals with mental illness – Willow Place
      Rental Vacancy Rate (Spring, 2009)                                                                               8.5%
      Average total cost of rent (Spring, 2009)                                                                        $914.00/month
     *Shelter statistics are based on Wapiti Dorm, Willow Place, Fraser House, Odyssey House and Youth Emergency Shelter. Does not include Elder’s
      Shelter (ages 55+) or Oasis Mat Program (winter only). Based on data from April 1st, 2008 to March 31st, 2009.
     1. Based on occupancy in Wapiti Dorm and Odyssey House and Sunrise House. Does not include Oasis Mat Program, Elder’s Shelter, or the 2 family
     rooms available at the Wapiti Dorm.
     2. Data from April 1st, 2008 to March 31st, 2009.
     3. Data from April 1st, 2008 to March 31st, 2009. Includes Northern Addiction Centre admissions to Business and Industry Clinic, Residential Program
     and Gambling Program.
     4. Data period for Salvation Army is from January 1st to June 30th, 2009.
     5. Family Housing Direct Rental, excludes Seniors Lodges and Seniors Apartments.
Page 3                                                                               Experiencing Homelessness

                                                                                                      I feel a little lost.
                       What does it mean to be homeless?                                       I don’t want to go home
                                                                                               because I’m lonely since
          There are many faces of homelessness in Grande Prairie. Some you                     my husband died.
                                                                                               Being alone is hard.
          may recognize, many you won’t.

          Absolute Homelessness refers to people who live on the street, stay
          on friend or family members’ couches, live in places unfit for human inhabitation, or
          are staying in temporary shelters. They have no shelter of their own.

          At-
          At-risk of Homelessness refers to individuals and families experiencing difficulty in
          maintain housing, or are at imminent risk of eviction. This includes individuals paying
          too high of a proportion of their income towards housing.

          Chronically Homeless is a sub-population of ‘absolute homelessness’. The Alberta
          Secretariat for Action on Homelessness defines chronic homeless as individuals who
          have been continuously homeless for over one year, or have had four episodes of
          homelessness during the past three years.




                    It’s not about who is deserving or                     Mental health is a big obstacle
            undeserving of services. Everybody’s on a            for the bulk of my clients. It often stays
            journey. How do we support people where              undiagnosed because they won’t go see
            they are at, and how do we move them to the          somebody, or if they do they don’t have
            next step if that’s where they choose to go?         the money for the prescription they need.




                             Who are the homeless in Grande Prairie?
          The 2008 City of Grande Prairie Homeless Count enumerated 620 people, with an
                         additional 122 people self-identifying, as homeless.

                                             Using a point-in-time formula,
                     854 individuals are estimated to be homeless.

    Number of individuals self-identified as homeless (n= 122)
                    Aboriginal        Non-Aboriginal     Unrecorded

    Ethnicity       61%               27%                13%

                    Male              Female             Unrecorded
    Gender          75%               20%                5%

                    13-17 yrs.        18-24 yrs.         25-44 yrs.   45-64 yrs.     65 and older       Unrecorded
    Age             13%               13%                32%          43%            0                  0

  Source: City of Grande Prairie, 2008 Homeless Count.
Page 4                                                                         Experiencing Homelessness

                                                   Reasons for Homelessness
      We want to deal with
 some of the emotional
 reasons that keep them in      Homelessness is not about an imbalance in housing supply and
 poverty rather than            demand. A variety of factors cause or contribute to an individual or
 releasing them from            family to become homeless. Grande Prairie’s community agencies
 poverty.
                                identified the following as some reasons for homelessness.

                             Could you be homeless?
              Have you ever experienced:
            ...job loss?
            …low-income earnings?                                                         The stigma of
            ...family violence?                                                           homelessness needs
                                                                                    to be removed. We haven’t
            ...onset of a long-term mental or physical illness or injury?           walked in their shoes, we
            ...addiction?                                                           don’t know why or how
            ...trauma?                                                              they’ve gotten there. I don’t
                                                                                    think anybody chooses
            ...eviction?                                                            to be homeless, ever.
            ...family or relationship breakdown?
            ...discharge from a hospital or other treatment centre?
            ...poverty?
             ...unsafe living conditions?
             …female lone-parent family?

              Any number of these factors could put you at risk for homelessness.


                             The Local Context
The primary purpose of this Report Card is to create a baseline to measure our
                                                                                        Utilization of local
community’s progress in ending homelessness. With the acceptance of a new
approach and new mantra “We are no longer going to manage homelessness                 Addiction Treatment
but end it” it is an appropriate time to get a community wide measure of where               Services
we are.

We often believe that things are getting so much worse, or so much better,                            Number of
without accurate and substantiated evidence. There are a few things that we do                        clients
know; first, the number of individuals and families at risk of becoming home-                         (March
lessness is increasing because the recession is causing more unemployment                             2009—April
but more insidious is the general “slow down” meaning there is no “over-time”                         2009)
and no “job bonuses” which is most dramatically illustrated by the 36% in-
                                                                                    Detoxification
crease in people utilizing the food hamper program. Second, the housing mar-                          1569
                                                                                    Services
ket has swung violently within 3 years from a severe shortage of all types of
housing to an over supply of single family homes. Third, homelessness is blind      Business and
to political rhetoric and will continue to expand without a cohesive & consistent   Industry          170
set of funded priorities from the three levels of government to ensure resources    Clinic
are directed over the long-term and not subject to election cycles.
                                                                                    Residential
                                                                                                      291
Local community agencies identified awareness around homelessness as one            Treatment
simple way to reduce homelessness. If knowledge is power, may the people of         Gambling
our community express their experiences, stories, and wisdom.                                         19
                                                                                    Program
Page 5                                                                                              Experiencing Homelessness

                           What exactly is “affordable” these days?
Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) defines “affordable housing” as
residences costing less than 30% of before-tax household income. This includes associated costs
such as:

For renters:
    - rent
    - utility payments (electricity, fuel, water, municipal services)

For homeowners:
    - mortgage payments (principle and interest)
    - utility payments
    - property taxes
    - condominium fees


            Core Need Income Threshold in Grande Prairie for 2009

 The Core Need Income Threshold (C.N.I.T) is a nationally recognized measure used to measure the
 income required to pay for average market rent (based on statistics provided by The Canadian
 Mortgage and Housing Corporation). Below these income levels, it is difficult for people to find
 acceptable housing without spending over 30% of their income on housing.
                     Bachelor      1 Bedroom            2 Bedroom             3 Bedroom              4 Bedroom     5 Bedroom

  C.N.I.T for
  Grande             $ 32, 000      $ 34,000              $ 42,500             $ 55,000              $ 58,000          $ 61,000
  Prairie




                                    The average sale price of a newly completed
                                  dwelling in Grande Prairie for April 2009 was
                                                          $346,644.

                                 Source: Government of Alberta, Housing and Urban Affairs Housing
                                                Bulletin Monthly Report April 2009




  In Spring 2009, Grande
  Prairie was the only city in      If you can afford a place, can you find one?
  Alberta to report a lower
  vacancy rate than of Spring
                                                Vacancy Rates for Apartment Structures (Spring 2009)
  2008.
                                                           Bachelor         1 Bedroom               2 Bedroom    3+ Bedroom
  However, Grande Prairie                                  Suite
  currently holds the highest        Vacancy
                                     Rate (%)              4.2              5.1                     10.7         7.1
  vacancy rate for Alberta,
  8.5%
                                  Source: Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Rental Market Statistics Spring 2009
Page 6                                                                                             Experiencing Homelessness

                                            The cost of rent

                                                                                                                        Grande Prairie’s
                                                                                                                          average rent in
                                                                                                                        Spring 2009 was
                                                                                                                                $914.00.



                                                                                                                           Source: Canadian
                                                                                                                               Mortgage and
                                                                                                                        Housing Corporation,
                                                                                                                               Rental Market

                                                                                                                        Reports, Spring 2009.




     Source: Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Rental Market Reports, Highlights



           After paying rent, can you afford utilities and taxes?
In 2007, Grande Prairie had the highest combined average annual property tax and utility
charges in Alberta for a single detached house of $5,004. Grande Prairie ranked third among
the 24 Canadian cities surveyed, with only Ottawa and Toronto reporting higher costs.

While this data is from 2007, Grande Prairie has consistently (2004—2007) had the highest
combined property taxes and utility charges in Alberta, and amongst the highest in Canada.
This trend indicates that Grande Prairie will continue as one of
the most expensive communities for utility charges and            In 2007, of 24 Canadian cities surveyed,
property taxes.                                                   Grande Prairie had the highest average
 Source: City of Edmonton Residential Property Taxes and Utility Charges Survey, 2007.
                                                                                                         monthly utility charges.



                                                                   Grande Prairie — Athabasca Region


 From April to July of 2009,
   the Athabasca-Grande
                                                  Percentage (%)




Prairie region had the highest
rate of unemployment across
            Alberta.




                                                       Source: Government of Alberta, Monthly Labour Force Statistics
Page 7                                                                                         Experiencing Homelessness

                         Average incomes as compared to cost of rent
                                                                April 2009 average cost of rent by type of apartment
                                                                X = Non-Affordable (over 30% of monthly income)
                                                                √ = Affordable (less than 30% of monthly income)
  Type of work/source           Overall        30% of           Bachelor 1 bedroom         2 bedroom       3+ bedroom
  of income (2009)              average        monthly
                                annual         income           $699           $818               $969                $1,082
                                income
  *Income Support –             $8,244         $206.10
  Single person                                                       X               X                   X                   X
  *Income Support –             $16,092        $402.30
  Couple two children                                                 X               X                   X                   X

  A.I.S.H. recipient            $14,256        $356.40
                                                                      X               X                   X                   X

  General office clerk          $32,400        $810.00
                                                                     √                X                  X                    X
  Cashier                       $24,970        $624.25
                                                                     X                X                  X                    X
  Automotive Service            $56, 718       $1,417.95
  Technician                                                         √                √                  √                    √
  Heavy Duty                    $64,026        $1,600.65
                                                                     √                √                  √                    √
  Mechanic
  Custodian                     $37,125        $928.13
                                                                     √                √                  X                    X
  Drilling Rig Lease-           $47,087        $1,177.18
  hand/Floorhand                                                     √                √                  √                    √

  Retail Sales Person           $32,794        $819.85
                                                                     √                √                  X                    X
  Drilling and Service          $114,963       $2,874.08
                                                                     √                √                  √                    √
  Rig Managers

 *Based on monthly core benefits for not expected to work clients, private housing.
 Source: Alberta Learning and Information Services: Wage Info for Athabasca-Grande Prairie Region, based on overall average
 salary (annually)




                            Based on 2005 median after-tax incomes, a female lone-parent
                            family made $33,289 a year, meaning only $832.23 per month
                              can be spent on rent/mortgage payments and all utilities to
                                     remain affordable at 30% of monthly income.

                           The median after-tax income for a male lone-parent family was
                           $57,762, meaning $1,444.05 per month can be spent on rent/
                           mortgage payments and all utilities to remain affordable at 30%
                                                 of monthly income.

                                            This is a difference between genders of
                                                    $ 611.82 per month.
Page 8                                                           Experiencing Homelessness




         There has been a considerable increase in the number of people using
                     food programs at the Salvation Army in 2009.

                      A 36% increase in food hampers distributed.


            A 42% increase in the number of meals served in the soup kitchen.




                                  When people change and they
                           go back to their environments that
                           haven’t changed, they need the
                           skills and supports to deal with
                           that. They may not be successful in
                           dealing with their stressors. They
                           may end up relapsing and the
                           cycle starts over.
Page 9                                                                                    Experiencing Homelessness

     Affordable housing/subsidized housing options for Grande Prairie
 The Grande Spirit Foundation, as a management body, provides housing for seniors and low-
 income individuals and families. The Grande Spirit Foundation also manages the affordable
 housing buildings owned by the City of Grande Prairie and the Grande Prairie Residential Society.

 The Grande Spirit Foundation also administers rental supplements to private landlords, and direct
 rental supplements to tenants.

                          Number of      Number of         Households
                          housing        occupants         on Waitlist
                          units                                                       A total number of 1,237 households

  Senior’s Lodges         219            241               155                        in Grande Prairie receive subsidized
                                                                                      housing and rental supplements
  Senior’s                122            127               135                        through the Grande Spirit Foundation,
   Apartments
                                                                                      representing 2,295 people requiring
  Family Housing          70             216               517     1261
  Direct Rental                                                    people             assistance in paying rent.

  Rent Supplement         252            515               n/a
  (paid to landlord)                                                                  Currently, another 947 households
  Rent Supplement         375            949               123                        are on a waitlist.
  Direct to Tenant


                                       The current average income for a family on
                                       the waitlist for family housing owned by the
                                        Grande Spirit Foundation is $ 13,953.00



The Government of Alberta provides income
support to low-income individuals and                          Alberta Works Income Support
families. This table provides a brief overview
of the core benefits available to Albertans.
                                                                          Core Essential                       Core Shelter
Expected to work: People who are looking for                            Funding Per Month                  Funding Per Month
work, working or unable to work in the short                         Includes food, clothing,              Social    Private
term.                                                                telephone, household                  Housing Housing
                                                                     and personal needs,
Not expected to work: People who have                                transportation.
difficulty working due to chronic physical or
                                                                     Expected         Not
mental health problems.
                                                                     to Work          Expected to
Social Housing: Housing unit operated by                                              Work
local housing authority (i.e. Grande Spirit
                                                      Single         $260             $364                 $120         $323
Foundation). Includes rent, damage deposit,
                                                      Adult
heating and utilities other than electricity.
Electricity benefit paid is actual electricity        Single         $343             $460                 $212         $546
costs.                                                Adult, 1
                                                      Child
Private Housing: Home-owners, renters, room
and board situations. Includes rent or                Couple, 3      $635             $814                 $377         $605
mortgage, damage deposit, heating and                 Children
utilities, lot taxes, condo fees, municipal taxes.
Page 10                                                                Experiencing Homelessness

                             Our Shelters
   The Oasis provides a winter mat program, a mat, blanket and                     Last week we had one
 coffee , and is the only emergency housing where individuals can stay        day where we had to turn
                                                                              away six people. Either
 overnight even if under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Last winter,      people in shelter have to
 192 individuals were kept out of the cold overnight.                         leave, or we turn away
   In the spring of 2010, The Oasis will be opening a 20 unit affordable      people trying to access
 and assisted housing service based on the Housing First model.               shelter.



     The Wapiti Community Dorm offers 59 emergency              Odyssey House offers 40
  beds to individuals who are homeless.                      emergency beds for women and
  - 39 beds for single men                                   children leaving abusive relationships.
  - 5 beds for single women                                  Homeless women and their families
  - 2 family rooms                                           are accommodated as space allows.
  - 13 long-term beds for individuals with mental illness       Odyssey House has identified the
      The new Rotary House, opening in the fall of 2009,     need for second stage transitional
  will have the capacity to provide shelter and supports     housing with supports for women and
  to 143 people.                                             children leaving abusive relationships.
  - 43 men’s cots, and 28 men’s mats                         This will ensure families are not exiting
  - 23 women’s cots and 29 shared rooms (2 beds each)        the emergency shelter into
  - 20 private rooms                                         homelessness, unsafe community
                                                             housing, or returning to a violent
    The Elder’s Caring Shelter serves individuals over        relationship.
  the age of 55. Medical needs and meals are provided
  for residents as they work towards independence.


    The Youth Emergency Shelter provides emergency
  shelter from 9pm to 10am to a maximum of 10 youth a
  night on a first come, first serve basis. They also
  provides street outreach, positive choices programs,
  in-house drop-in programs and 24/7 crisis phone
  support.


    Rising Above provides supportive housing to 10 men
  and 6 women who are exiting homelessness.
  Employment assistance, addiction recovery and
  spirituality supports are provided to residents during
  their six month stay.

                              Association-
     Canadian Mental Health Association-ANWR provides
  affordable and supported housing to low-income
  individuals with mental illness though 58 bachelor
  suites in Willow Place. CMHA-ANWR also manages
  Fraser House, providing low-income housing for up to
  4 men. Residents of Fraser House can access
  supports through CMHA’s outreach worker and Willow
  Place.
Page 11                                                                  Experiencing Homelessness

 What are the gaps?
Local agencies identified the following gaps, where they saw their clients “fall through the cracks”.
It is by filling these gaps that our community can better end homelessness.

• Lack of programs for individuals with complex needs e.g. concurrent disorders.
• Lack of coordinated data system for monitoring service provision to individuals and groups.
• Lack of prevention based programs.
                                                                                      With everything
• Shortage of affordable housing.
                                                                               now a days, there’s
• Lack of sober living options for people in recovery from addictions.         way too much paper
• No second stage shelter for women and children.                              work. It’s like signing
                                                                               your life away, just to
• Lack of supported transitional housing for homeless or street-involved       get some help.
  youth.
• Absence of co-ordinated discharge planning e.g. hospital.
• Lack of Housing First based housing-units. Many community groups would like to see a facility
  where homeless individuals or people at risk of homelessness could access all services with no
  contingencies, with only one intake process. This facility would ensure all basic needs were
  being met, including on-site housing and on-site support through strong case management.

             What are the challenges?
             Both support service providers and users identified the following as the greatest
             challenges they face:

             • Discrimination and stigmatization from the public towards homeless individuals.
             • Navigating “red tape” in order to access services or funding.
             • High staff turnover.
             • Challenges associated with rapid community growth.
             • A lack of adequate space in their building.
             • Keeping in contact with individuals who are homeless.
             • Receiving long-term stable funding.
             • Coordination of supports across many agencies for one individual due to
               F.O.I.P.P.
             • Maintaining awareness of all services provided within the community on an
               updated basis.
                                    What are the successes?
                                    Community agencies generally agreed that Grande Prairie is
                                    improving its efforts to address homelessness with noted success
         There needs to be a
                                    in the areas of:
    long-term commitment and
    involvement to supporting the
    homeless - we’re not
                                    • Improved coordination and partnerships among community
    sprinting.                        agencies.
                                    • Raising awareness and advocacy on housing and homelessness.
                                    • A strong dedicated and impassioned response to homelessness.
                                    • Building stronger relationships with clients by offering
                                      individually-tailored services.
                                    • Adoption of the Housing First approach to homelessness.
Page 12                                                                                     Experiencing Homelessness

       Dollars and sense when it comes to ending homelessness
According to the Alberta Secretariat for Action on Homelessness, it is more cost effective to end
homelessness than it is to manage homelessness. The Government of Alberta now has a Ten Year
Plan to End Homelessness.

 The total savings of ending not managing homelessness by implementing the 10 year plan, based
                  on today’s homeless population would be                    $3.334 billion dollars.
These include direct costs related to homelessness, e.g. the emergency shelter system and
services and programs, and indirect costs e.g. health care and the corrections system.

                                  Cost to Manage                                     Cost to End
 Type of homelessness             Average annual             Total cost to           Cost to provide        Total cost to
 and number* per                  cost per person or         manage                  housing and            provide support
 group                            family                     homelessness            services               program
                                                             over 10 years
 Chronically homeless             $114,850/year              $ 3.45 billion/         $34,000                $1.02 billion
 (3,000)
 Transient homeless               $39,680/year               $ 2.182 billion/        $14,000                $770 million
 (5,500)
 Employable homeless              $21,600/year               $ 324 million           $6,000                 $90 million
 (1,500)
 Homeless families                $69,600/year               $ 696 million           $17,800                $178 million
 (1,000)

 *Numbers are based on the current 11,000 Albertans who are homeless.
 Source: Alberta Secretariat For Action on Homelessness, A Plan for Alberta, 2008.




             The Housing First approach to ending homelessness
    Housing First centers on quickly providing safe and stable                         Outcomes of a Housing First
housing for an individual with supports as needed. Individuals                         approach to homelessness vary by
are provided with services and supports to address the root                            each individual in the program,
causes of homelessness. Housing is not contingent on                                   however there have been
participating in mandated services, but rather supports are                            demonstrated results in:
put in place to assist the individual in maintaining housing
                                                                                       - Better overall health (better eating
including addiction treatment, mental health stabilization and                         habits, improved sleeping patterns).
treatment, counselling, health care, planning for employment                           - Decreased levels of stress.
and education, and life-skills such as budgeting and grocery                           - Higher level of personal
shopping.                                                                              security.
     Supports begin with street outreach workers assisting the                         - Improvement in mental health.
individual in searching for and securing housing, assisting in                         - Decreased use of alcohol and
the obtaining of damage deposit and first month rent and                               drugs.
helping find rental subsidies. Once housing has been secured,                          - Decrease in panhandling.
                                                                                       - Decrease use in emergency
support workers provides services as decided by the
                                                                                       services (hospitalizations, contact
individuals. Once supports and services are in place, follow-
                                                                                       with RCMP).
up workers assist both the individuals and landlords to
address any barriers and concerns in maintaining housing.                              (Source: Toronto Shelter, Support and Hous-
                                                                                       ing Administration, Results of Streets to
                                                                                       Homes Post-Occupancy Research, 2007).
Source: National Alliance to End Homelessness
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Thank you to the community
agencies and the homeless
individuals for their time,
thoughtful interviews and
sharing of information to
assist in developing this
report card.

With gratitude:
- The United Way
- The University of Calgary
- H.I.F.I.S
- The Salvation Army
- H.I.V. North
- Goodwill Industries
- The Grande Spirit
  Foundation
- Centerpoint Facilitation
- Luonor Focus Point
- The Wapiti Dorm
- Alberta Health Services
  Addictions and Mental
  Health
- The Oasis
- Persons with
  Developmental Disabilities
- The Community Village
- Odyssey House
- Rising Above
- The Youth Emergency
  Shelter Society
- R. Work Group
- Alberta Works Grande
  Prairie
- A.I.S.H. Grande Prairie
- and especially to the
  homeless individuals who
  shared their stories.



        We want to save
  lives. Two of our home-
  less clients died last
  year. I think it could
  have been different had
  they had stable                                                CONTACT INFORMATION
  housing.

                               For media inquiries, more information on this report, or to receive a copy of this report,
                                                                  please contact:

                                                         Canadian Mental Health Association—ANWR
                                                             Hywel Williams, Executive Director
                                                                    9713 100 Avenue,
                                                                  Grande Prairie, Alberta
                                                                          T8V 0T5
   Grande Prairie & Region                                       hywel_gpcmha@telus.net
                                                                      (780) 814-5678

                               All information contained within this document is believed to be accurate at time of reporting. Canadian Mental
                                         Health Association –ANWR provides this information in good faith but gives no warranty nor
                                                  accepts liability for any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading information.

				
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