Spay and neuter surgery to sterilise dogs and cats has been hailed by gyvwpsjkko


									Spay and neuter surgery to sterilise dogs and cats has been hailed as an expedient method of pet
population control. The idea is that sterilised pets can't breed and produce puppies/kittens that end
up in animal shelters to be adopted or euthanaised.

Many shelters and virtually all animal rescue groups sterilise dogs/cats before making them
available to buyers.

Common excuses for not sterilising:
     "It is too expensive"
     "It is cruel to the animal"
     "My male dog will turn into a 'sissy’"
     "My bitch will get fat"

The truth is that if you sterilise me (your pet that is):
              I will not be at risk for chronic uterine (womb) infections (pyometra).
              The risk of mammary tumors (breast cancer) will be decreased / won’t get testicular
              The risk of diabetes is decreased.
              I won't go on heat and that means, no other dogs trying to get onto our property.
              I won’t gain weight, if you don't feed me too much and take me for long leisurely walks
                 in the park. There are superb commercial weight control diets available!
              I won't run around the neighbourhood anymore.
              I won't try to exert dominance over the family.
              I will be a better pet.

Remember, I don't nurture my pups for 18 years, watch them go off to university, marry and give me
grandchildren. I only nurse them for a few weeks, teach them the basics of being a dog and off they

              – Published with permission of Pet’s Health                1

Can't the vet do it cheaper? Most people think that an ovariohysterectomy (removal of ovaries and
uterus) is a quick and easy surgery that can be done on an assembly line.

Sterilisation: Step by step
The spay protocol should include a presurgical examination followed by injections of a muscle-
relaxant and a short-acting intravenous anaesthetic to allow insertion of a tube into the dog's airway
for air and gas anesthesia.

Preparation of the surgical area is done by a nurse or technician, while the veterinarian dresses and
scrubs for the surgery. The nurse or technician shaves the surgical site, expresses urine from the
dog's bladder, and uses antiseptic soap and disinfectant spray to clean and prepare the surgical
site. The veterinarian uses a sterile scrub pack and scrubs his hands and arms just as a human
surgeon does before an operation.

The dog is hooked to a breathing and heart monitor. The sterile surgical pack of instruments is
placed within the doctor's reach. Then the surgery can begin. The surgery starts when the
veterinarian clamps the skin to stretch it taut and begins the incision with a scalpel. The incision
must be done carefully to minimise muscle damage. The dog's uterus is a Y-shaped organ with two
horns and a body. The uterine body and horns and the ovaries and the tubes connecting the ovaries
to the horns are removed in a complete ovariohysterectomy. The doctor uses dissolvable sutures for
the cuts at the ovaries and the cervix, checks for any abnormalities, bleeders and so on and closes
the incision with layers of stitches in the muscles and the skin respectively.

Time elapsed from the start of surgery to the last stitch that closes the incision is about 25 minutes.
On bitches that carry a lot of abdominal fat it can take much longer. Add to this the time for pre-
surgical examination and preparation, post-surgical examination if necessary, and removal of
stitches, and the cost to safely spay a beloved pet to prevent unwanted litters, reproductive cancers,
and uterine infections, is a bargain. Remember, many veterinarians charge more for spays on
mature bitches, for the surgery takes longer. Many charge by the weight of the bitch, as more
anaesthesic agent is needed for a heavier bitch.

          – Published with permission of Pet’s Health                      2
If you don't want to spay or neuter, be responsible

Pet owners who decide not to spay their bitches and neuter their dogs certainly have the right to
make that decision. However, they bear a responsibility to prevent their intact pets from adding to
the population of pets that wind up in animal shelters.

Unless you are a dedicated breeder, take the cheaper, healthier, and far more practical route,
and sterilise your pets

So, if there is a pregnancy, owners must be prepared to:

           Provide the best nutrition and veterinary care for the bitch.
           Remain with the bitch during the births to clean and dry the puppies.
           Deal with problems in pregnancy or delivery.
           Keep the puppies warm and the whelping area clean.
           Keep the puppies for at least eight weeks.
           Provide basic health care and socialisation before the pups go to their new home.
           Provide training and behaviour information to puppy buyers.
           Take trouble to find good responsible owners for the puppies.
           Take back or help place any puppy that doesn't work in its original home.


Fiction: Females should be allowed to have at least one litter of puppies or kittens before being

Fact: If you have a female dog or cat spayed before her first heat cycle you help to decrease the
risk of mammary tumours significantly. However if you postpone this surgery to later in her life, it
does not provide this benefit. Early spaying also helps prevent the risk of several reproductive tract
diseases like pyometra, an accumulation of pus in the uterus.

          – Published with permission of Pet’s Health                     3
Fiction: A female is calmer, happier and more content if she has at least one litter before being

Fact: No evidence from behavioural research supports the above belief. Some animal behaviorists
suggest that this belief can be described as the "placebo effect". The owner expects that breeding
will result in a behaviour change and this expectation leads to the assumption that the behaviour has

Fiction: Neutering male dogs and cats has no real benefits. Keep dogs on your property and male
cats in the house and everything will be alright.

Fact: Everything will not be alright. You may have a yard with strong fences but urge to roam will
turn an intact (not neutered) male into an escape artist. Dogs climb fences and take advantage of
unsecured gates. As male dogs roam in search of females in heat, they are vulnerable to being hit
by a car or attacked by other dogs. There are also health benefits to consider: Neutering a male dog
eliminates the risk of testicular cancer as well as other testicular diseases.

Fiction: Spaying or neutering changes a pet's personality.

Fact: It s true that these procedures may decrease aggressiveness in animals. However a pet’s
genetic makeup, its early socialisation and the attention and training it receives, are key factors that
shape its personality.

Fiction: Neutered or spayed dogs and cats become fat.

Fact: It is true that many neutered pets tend to become obese as the result of hormonal changes
and a quieter lifestyle. However this can be prevented. Keep a watchful eye on your pet s body
condition and adjust its diet accordingly. Often just eliminating table scraps from its diet will solve the
problem. If necessary; reduce the amount of pet food offered by no more than one-fourth of the
usual amount. In addition to dietary management, encourage your pet to exercise. Regular walks
and play time with your dog should help prevent obesity. Ask your vet about
specially formulated commercial diets that are available to manage a dog's
body condition.

           – Published with permission of Pet’s Health                      4

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