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Slide 1 - TRANSED 2010

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					ACCESSIBLE ROAD CROSSING FOR ALL



                 By:


           Ar. Ashok Singh
                   &
           Ar. Anshu Gupta
                 India
. The Authors are Architects working in New Delhi Municipal
Council & working for the promotion for “Access for ALL” a social
cause.

•Associated with Handicap International India as Consultant
Architects and worked on making Flood cum Cyclone Shelters in
State of Orissa (disaster prone area) to make them disabled
friendly.

•Involved with prestigious NGO’s for research in various
infrastructure developments & Commonwealth Games.

•Also associated with the Office of Chief Commissioner for
Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment , Govt. of
India
Key Issues:
•Creating an accessible/ barrier free environment
starts with the belief that everyone in this world CAN
contribute.

•An opportunity to everyone to study, to work, to earn,
to enjoy, to play, to watch cinema, to enjoy Tourism &
to live with dignity & grace.



     Accessible Road Crossings at intersections
BARRIERS & EXCLUSION
•ENVIRONMENTAL AND ACCESS BARRIERS :-
    • - Inaccessible public transport ,
    • - Inappropriate building design
    • - Inaccessible Road Crossings etc.

•LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL BARRIERS:-
    • - Right to Education, to work , To Earn, No Building Bye laws

ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS:
      - Fear, Shame, Low self Esteem, Embarrassment , Non
       awareness of Rights, Attitude of non disabled person.
ACCESSIBILIY & INCLUSION
•Environmental and access barriers:- Accessible public
Transport I.e. low floor buses and new designed barrier
free bus shelters, Railway services, Metro, accessible
buildings & Road Crossings,

•Legal and Institutional barriers:- The efforts have been
made by including bye-laws for designing building with
special design features and making it mandatory .

•Attitudinal barriers :- By creating sensitisation and
awareness among the public.
OBJECTIVES OF STUDY:


•To study the existing scenario of various road
crossings of New Delhi area to understand the
various barriers & accessibility features
provided.

•To Propose a model road crossing which could
be helpful for the social inclusion
STEPS OF STUDY:
•Understand the behaviour of motorist, pedestrian
including persons with disabilities & elderly on the road
intersection.

•Understand the existing features available for the
accessibility & safety for person with disability & its
usability at particular road crossings intersections.

•Understand whether our road crossings & intersections
are addressing the needs of persons with reduced
motilities.
  Case Studies: No.1
   Road Crossing of Ram Manohar Lohiya Hospital, New Delhi

OBSERVATIONS:

                         ENVIRONMENTAL BARRIERS
                         •300 mm High median & footpaths
                         •No pedestrian Lights and timer, Audio Signals or
                         clues

                         ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS
                         •People walking on road rather than on Zebra
                          crossing.
                         •Vehicle standing over Zebra crossings were
                          forcing them to walk on the road
Case Studies: No.2
Road Crossing of at Jantar Mantar, Parliament Street
OBSRVATIONS:
                          ENVIRONMENTAL BARRIERS
                         •Footpaths & the roads are at 150 mm difference
                         level & creating a barrier for wheel chair & other
                         disabled persons.

                         •No Traffic / pedestrian light, speed calmer were
                         found for people to reach up to traffic island.

                         INSTITUTIONAL & ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS
                         •Lots of physical barriers like, Planters, traffic
                         signals, Road signage’s, Police barricades were
                         found on the traffic islands & Zebra crossings
    Case Studies: No. 3
     Road Crossing of BRT corridor (From Delhi Gate to Moolchand Hospital) for Delhi
     Integrated Multi Modal transit system (DIMTS)
   OBSERVATIONS:                    •Traffic tabletop and calmer in contrasting colour was
                                    observed

                                    • Arrangement of Tactile tiles were found But it was
                                    confusing & placed at inappropriate location.

Side Crossings with speed calmer
                                    •Concrete Bollards 650 mm high and 1.4 m. apart are
                                    put at junction.

                                    •Broken Bollards were found without having good colour
                                    scheme.

                                    •No directional signage were found at this crossing.
    Concrete bollards obstruction
Case Studies: NO. 4
Main traffic Crossing (ITO Crossing) :- Curb Cut
                          OBSRVATIONS:
                          - Slope of Kerbs were found very steep
                            which is difficult for person with wheel
                          chair to move at their own.
                          - The steep slope was resulting into sudden
                          landing of the wheel chair user on the road
                          there was no buffer between slope and
                          road.
                          SUGGESTIONS:
                          - Area should be provided between slopes and
                          the road for person to wait.
                           -Gradient of the slope should be gentle
Case Studies: NO.4
Main traffic Crossing (ITO Crossing) :- ZEBRA CROSSINGS
                    OBSRVATIONS:

                     -The zebra crossing was at road level & kerbcuts
                     were provided at 300 mm from the road levels.

                     - The standard design of the kerb cuts has been
                     compromised.

                     -No pedestrian signals were noticed

                     - No audio clues are provided at any place..

                    SUGGESTIONS:
                      Proposal of tabletop at every zebra crossing with
                    contrasting colour, traffic signals including pelican,
                    audio sounds, digital timers.
Case Studies:
Main traffic Crossing (ITO Crossing) :- Median Refuge
                          OBSRVATIONS:


                          - The median space provided is around 5
                          mt. Wide but there is no directional divisions
                          for the pedestrian movement which results
                          in a conflicting movement.

                          - Sharp edge Edged advertisement panels
                          are protruding out in the pedestrian
                          movement could be dangerous for the
                          pedestrians.
Case Studies:
Main traffic Crossing (ITO Crossing) :- Traffic   Island
                          OBSRVATIONS:

                            - Foot path is connected to Traffic Island
                            with Table Top
                            - Good nos. of bollards are provided at the
                            traffic island.
                            - There is no colour distinction between the
                            traffic island & traffic calmer.
                            - There is no feel food factor at any of
                            traffic     island      &    pedestrian  felt
                            uncomfortable.
Universal Design
of Crossing:
       Universal Design of Crossing:
•Clockwise directional     model   would    create   a   standard
movement at crossings.

•It would help persons with vision impairments to understand
the motorist behaviour.

•All the footpaths shall be link with traffic islands by providing
the tabletop & speed calmer. It would ensure reducing the
motor speed.

•The bollards shall be in contrasting colour. Its metallic sound
would guide & orient persons with vision impairment and low
vision towards the traffic crossing.
    Universal Design of Crossing
•Signage mentioning the speed limit of vehicles shall
be placed before the Zebra crossing .

•To have pictograms & audio            announcement
describing the name of the crossing.

•Signal lights need to be assigned a universally
accepted beeper tone with announcement of time

• The time period assigned should be designed after
calculating the moving speed of least mobility person.
      Universal Design of Crossing
•Tactile map, information kiosks, in Braille shall be placed
near the bollards.

•Motor training school        shall   conduct   awareness
programmes for learners.

•To conduct sensitization programmes for traffic police
with training on disability awareness and etiquettes

•The related information shall be highlighted in print and
electronic media. Word of mouth is the best publicity.
 Conclusion :
To introduce the chapter on Disability awareness ,
rights of the persons with reduced mobility in
Schools of Architecture.

The school children should get training through
text books and practical on basics importance of
accessible environment including road crossings

Inclusive design and mobility shall hold the key.
 Case Studies: No.1
 Road Crossing of Ram Manohar Lohiya Hospital, New Delhi


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