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VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 32

									                     AARNet3 and
                    Optical Circuits
Customer Empowered Fibre Networks Workshop
                                    Prague
                          19 September 2007




                               Alex Reid
          Director, eResearch/Middleware
                                      Overview
                              Background to AARNet
                              AARNet3 Network
                              Regional Overlay Networks
                              Deployment of LightPaths for eResearch
                              EN4R
                              AMSeP -> National Collaboration Network
                              Summary




2   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                                          Australia




3   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                                                 AARNet
 A Not-for-profit Company
 Owned by the 39 Universities and CSIRO
 Gains all its revenue from charges for services to its members
         Subscription
         Traffic charges
 35 staff distributed in the 6 main cities
 A registered carrier
 Owns its own dark fibre across the country (15-year IRU)
 Over-engineered to guarantee no congestion
 Received a government grant to help that acquisition but
  otherwise receives no funds from the government
 AARNet3 installed during 2004
 50 connected organisations, ~ 1 million users
    4     CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                AARNet3 Network Extent




5   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                AARNet3 Network Extent




6   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                AARNet3 Network Extent
                                                                   2 AARNet International
                                                                   Gateways: Sydney; Perth

                                                                   8 AARNet Global PoPs:
                                                                   Seattle; Palo Alto;
                                                                   Los Angeles; Hawaii (Oahu);
                                                                   Hawaii (Big Island); Suva
                                                                   Singapore; Frankfurt

                                                                   13 International Circuits:
                                                                   2 x 10Gbps
                                                                   5 x 622Mbps
                                                                   6 x 155Mbps



7   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits                   19-Sep-07
              International Optical Network
        Available across
         Southern leg of
         SXTransPORT
        Up to 9x1G circuits
        Connects to Domestic
         optical circuits in
         Sydney
        Connects to US National
         LambdaRail in Los
         Angeles and thence to
         other light paths in
         Canada, UK, Europe
        2x1G reserved for GLIF/
         EN4R activities




8       CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                Domestic Optical Network
 Available across
  whole network
  shown
 2@10Gb circuits
  along all paths
 1 for general IP
  traffic
 1 for splitting into
  dedicated 9x1Gb
  circuits
 63 equipment
  locations
 5,800km of Nextgen
  fibre cable.
 5 trunk paths.
                       Optical POP
                       CEV
  9   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
       AARNet has Laid some of its Own Fibre




10   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
       Connecting Regional Australia




11   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
         The AARNet DWDM Backbone




          Provisioned for 16 wavelengths today
          Expandable to 32 wavelengths
          40G (STM256) compatible

12   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
          Regional Distribution Network




      One 10G (STM64) bearer can carry:
          9 x 1 Gigabit/sec transmission circuits using GFP-F (VC4-7v)
      Only accessible at CEVs (controlled environment vault)


13   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits    19-Sep-07
                       Deployment of LightPaths
 Regional Network Connections:
      Interconnecting sites belonging to the one organisation (44@ so far)
 Light Paths for eResearch:
      Support for “big science” projects (large datasets, dedicated
       bandwidth requirements)
 Experimental Networks for Researchers (EN4R)
      “Try before you buy” service
 AARNet3 Multiple Service Platform (AMSeP) proposal
      Dramatically increase flexibility of circuit deployment




14   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits      19-Sep-07
     Overlay Networks for Regional Connectivity




15   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                   Optical Overlay Strategy
      AARNet benefits from virtually unlimited capacity and controls the
       underlying infrastructure
      Known nationally as the optical network it can provide a series of
       purpose and organisation specific overlay networks
      One is used for IP traffic, another is the campus LANs (eg CSU and
       SX) others could include:
          HPC Grid; School Regions (AEDN); Astronomy; Medical Imaging;
           DSTO & other distributed organisations; research groups…
      The benefits:
            complete control over dedicated capacity
            technical parameters within the customer‟s control
            enable the use of different protocols
            enable APL to develop marketing models for wider education



16    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits        19-Sep-07
               LightPaths to Support eResearch
 Temporary circuits for special events
      Huygens Probe eVLBI data transfer from Parkes and Mopra to JIVE in the
       Netherlands in January 2005
      Mopra-China-Europe eVLBI demonstration at APAN-24 in Xi‟an August 2007
 Leading to EXPReS: 20 telescopes worldwide linking to JIVE
 Partnership with GLIF – reserved 2 international circuits
 CERN‟s Large Hadron Collider:
      from Tier1 site in Taiwan to Tier2 in Melbourne;
      currently 300Mbps sustained 24x7
      currently accommodated by IP network
 Medical applications:
      Imaging
      Haptics
      Video surgical procedures (eg Adelaide to Vietnam)

17   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits      19-Sep-07
            APAN-24 Xi‟an eVLBI Demonstrator




18   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                                              EN4R




19   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
 EN4R: Experimental Networks for Researchers
      What?
        Dedicated gigabit circuits between two geographically disparate
         locations
        Layer 1 – Optical Circuits
      Why?
        Encourage researchers to „think differently‟ about transferring data
        Try Before You Buy
      Who?
        Researchers affiliated with a full AARNet connected institution
      When?
        For short-term (weeks, months) or long-term (up to 1 year)
        Thereafter: transition to standard service


20    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits     19-Sep-07
                             EN4R: Allocation
      On all regional distribution trunks 2 circuits are reserved
         Not yet available to Queensland (pending install of 10G λ)




21    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits     19-Sep-07
 EN4R: Experimental Networks for Researchers
      How?
           By application
           Assessed by independent Panel
           No cost (for up to 6 months or more)
           Thereafter: standard connection fee and annual charge
      Promotion:
         Presentations at conferences from July this year (eg Australasian
          eResearch Conference)
         “Plug into” researcher networks
         Brochure http://www.aarnet.edu.au/library/eN4R.pdf




22    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits    19-Sep-07
 EN4R: Experimental Networks for Researchers
      Research projects needing dedicated circuits:
           Bandwidth Reservation
           Dedicated links for research traffic
           Confidentiality
           Lowest latency / lowest jitter
      Not suitable for all projects:
         routed IP network goes further
         More than 2 endpoints




23    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                                   EN4R: Mechanics
      Subject to Availability of Gigabit Circuits:
         Internal process to make circuits available
      Research Committee to Approve and Rank Proposals:
         IT Directors and Research Peers (Tate, McMeekin, Buchhorn,
          Moloney, Tzioumis, Francis)
      For Research Use:
         traffic must conform to the AARNet AUP
         One end must terminate in an AARNet member institution
      Contractually:
         Exchange of letters
         Cancellation without penalty
      Any tail costs to be met by proposer
      AARNet may lend terminating equipment (eg GBICs, switches)


24     CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
                       EN4R: Programme Charges
                 Time                           Charge*                         Notes

           0 – 6 months                            Free                No cancellation fee

           6 – 9 months                          $8,500
                                                                       No cancellation fee
                                                                       Quarterly payments
          9 – 12 months                          $8,500

                                                                       Transition to full
            12+ months                    $60,000 / $34,000             service
                                                                       Contract requirements

     * Prices are per circuit per trunk; tail charges not included


25     CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits                      19-Sep-07
                             EN4R Potential Projects
        Grid Computing: Research into computational grids.
        Large Hadron Collider data transfer (Tier2 node – 300Mbps 24x7).
        GLIF: potential international projects, driven by the GLIF/astronomers'
         agenda.
        EXPReS: Express Production Real-time e-VLBI Service (Parkes, Narrabri,
         Mopra); 3x256Mbps in Jun-07, 3x512Mbps Oct-07.
        APAC network: the APAC Grid implemented with lightpaths.
        NZ research collaboration exemplars:
           Grid Computing;
           eVLBI Astronomy;
           Bioinformatics.
        HD video trans-Pacific: Demonstrate HD video Brisbane-Chicago using
         multiple clean 25Mbps 'channels'.
        HD video demonstration using SabreNet in South Australia (requires 1.5Gpbs
         dedicated circuit).
        Radio astronomy: Australia Telescope National Facility.
        Swinburne University: Establish a link between the Swinburne HPC facility at
         Glenferrie and the Parkes radiotelescope via the ATNF at Marsfield, Sydney.
        ANSTO: access to new OPAL Reactor.
        Synchrotron: “virtual” beam lines.
26       CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits          19-Sep-07
                                   EN4R: Summary
      The “upfront” costs of circuits can be expensive
         For research the ROI may be uncertain
      This program breaks barriers by:
           Setting a $0 entry point for 6+ months
           Leveraging AARNet surplus capacity to assist with tails
           Provide loan equipment
           Minimising contractual requirements
           Providing technical support for Network tuning
      Connectivity:
         Domestic - Domestic
         Domestic - International



27    CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits    19-Sep-07
     AARNet3 Multiple Service Platform (AMSeP)
 AMSeP: AARNet3 Multiple Service Platform
 Is an integrated system of network hardware, software and
  underlying capacities brought together to enable a national,
  scalable, reconfigurable collaboration infrastructure, operating
  at 10Gbps
 Aimed at enabling research organisations collaborating in
  nationally-funded research activity (National Collaborative
  Research Infrastructure Strategy, NCRIS) to establish a high-
  speed VLAN, or “Research Commons”
 By application to an independent Panel
 Limited to 50 initially
 Available for other compatible purposes

28   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits   19-Sep-07
     AARNet3 Multiple Service Platform (AMSeP)
 Based on VPLS over MPLS technology (AARNet3 already MPLS-enabled)
 Layer-2 overlay Ethernet network on current AARNet3 infrastructure.
 Across whole Backbone Network (not just where we have “spare” fibres)
 High bandwidth point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connections (1 or 10
  Gigabit Layer-2 Ethernet).
 Firewalls: at the discretion of the institution, connect:
      direct into the institutional LAN
      into the institutional Firewall, or
      outside of institution Firewalls to speed collaboration and avoid complications
       of local IT policies.
 Leverages AARNet support staff and facilities for network operations.
 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity for appropriate users of the ANCN on a merits
  allocation basis.
 Integrated with the EN4R offering already announced by AARNet.

29   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits            19-Sep-07
                              AMSeP Configuration
                                                       AARNet3
                                                Multi Service Platform



                    NCRIS                                             NCRIS                             NCRIS
                   Member 1                                          Member 2                          Member 3
                   Adelaide                                          Melbourne                         Canberra




                                                                        10G                      10G
                              10G




                                            Virtual LAN 3

                                                            Virtual LAN 1
                                                                                 Virtual LAN 2




                                10G                                                              10G


                    NCRIS                                                                               NCRIS
                   Member 1                                                                            Member 4
                    Sydney                                                                             Brisbane




30   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits                                                 19-Sep-07
                   AARNet LightPaths Summary
 Regional Network Connections:
      Interconnecting sites belonging to the one organisation (44@ so far)
 Light Paths for eResearch:
      Support for “big science” projects (large datasets, dedicated
       bandwidth requirements)
 Experimental Networks for Researchers (EN4R)
      “Try before you buy” service
 AARNet3 Multiple Service Platform (AMSeP) proposal
      Dramatically increase flexibility of circuit deployment




31   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits      19-Sep-07
      AARNet3 – 21st Century Network




                                                                    Questions?




32   CEF Networks Workshop - Alex Reid: AARNet & Optical Circuits       19-Sep-07

								
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