Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school by Seeds for Growth Charity Supported by Tower Hamlets NHS Primary Care Trust 2 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school Background This guide provides information on The government has established a national establishing your own school based tuck shop. target for obesity and articulated its The Seeds for Growth charity has based our objective in a Public Service Agreement to advice on experience of supporting the Heal the year-on-year rise in obesity formation of school tuck shops and healthy among children aged under 11 by 2010 . eating projects. We aim to provide some (Department of Heal th, Department for useful hints and tips to help other schools Children, School s and Fa milies & Department of Culture, Media & Sport) gain from our experience. Obesity is now recognised as a significant Seeds for Growth have assisted people to problem given that the majority of establish healthy eating projects as social children who are overweight or obese are enterprises and co-ops so these were the known to go on to become overweight or examples that we used when talking to pupils obese adults, who are themselves at in schools. In our sessions we described increased risk of hypertension, coronary social enterprises, co-operatives, Fair Trade heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. and the reduction in carbon emissions. In addition, obesity has been shown to increase the risk of a number of cancers. Why a Healthy Tuck Shop? Childhood obesity is a significant problem in Both children and adults who are Tower Hamlets. The National Child overweight or obese have substantially Measurement Programme statistics more psychological problems compared to demonstrate that the proportion of obese the rest of the population, and are more children in Tower Hamlets is considerably likely to suffer from discrimination. higher than the national average. Tower Hamlets has the fifth highest proportion of reception age children who are overweight and has the third highest obesity rate of children aged 4-5 years in the country. 3 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school Healthy School Tuck shops have a positive impact on health in both childhood and adulthood. Why eat more fruit? Fruit and vegetables form part of a healthy, Fruit and the other stock can be supplied via a wholesaler, retailer, supermarket or 4 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school balanced diet. It is recommended that co-operative, and is delivered to the school children eat at least five portions of fruit or collected on a regular basis. Tower and vegetables a day. However, many now eat Hamlets CDA can offer a supply service to just 1 or 2 and few achieve over 3 units your school. regularly. The shop will need some adult support The daily intake of fruit and vegetables can (school staff or volunteers) but ideally it reduce the chance of: will be almost entirely run by children. It can operate before school or at any time Developing coronary heart disease and a during the school day. number of cancers, particularly bowel cancer. The wider benefits A balanced diet including fruit and A tuck shop can be tailored to meet vegetables can help prevent overweight individual schools’ requirements and and obesity in children. priorities. Some schools will wish to organise a healthy tuck shop as a low- Fruit is a very nutritious snack providing maintenance project that does not intrude vitamins, minerals and fibre. into teaching time. For others, the project can be a source of wider benefits. Eating fruit in moderation, as a snack instead of sugary foods, is the healthier A tuck shop project can be used as: choice for teeth. A practical initiative to support work in Eating fruit in childhood can help develop the curriculum on nutrition and to good eating patterns to be carried further the idea of a ‘health-promoting through into adult life. school’. A ‘real-life’ source of data to What is a healthy food tuck shop? supplement the maths and IT It is a shop set up by members of the school curriculum. community (pupils, parents or staff) to sell An opportunity to develop a wide range any combination of fresh fruit, dried fruit of curriculum lessons. and fruit juice and healthy snacks to pupils An opportunity to provide information during the school day. about co-operatives, environmental issues and fair trade. 5 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school Stage 1 Planning background considerations Tuck Shop Demand To run a successful healthy tuck shop, you How much initial enthusiasm is there among may need to address issues such as staff, governors, parents and children? children carrying cash or bringing in their own chocolate and crisps, etc to school. You need to establish whether a tuck shop would be welcomed by members of the school If this is likely to be problem you could community, and how much practical support consider running the fruit tuck shop they would be willing to give. You also need before school, or for example collecting to ascertain the number of potential money weekly or half-termly. customers to the tuck shop. Money brought into school Market research Are there any issues to be addressed if We suggest that you support your own pupils children bring money to schools in order to to undertake market research to gauge: - make their purchases? the level of demand, the type of fruit and snacks that the Location children would buy, Decide how to run the tuck-shop. Some their spend, and schools use the school hall, a classroom or the level of commitment from staff, a table in the playground. children and parents. Links to your Curriculum Who will be responsible? Some schools link the tuck shops to Is there a member of staff, governor or numeracy work, science projects around parent willing to take responsibility for the nutrition and plant growth, running tasting initial planning? It will be necessary for at sessions, planning geography lessons based least one key adult to take charge in the on the fruits country of origin and so on. initial stages. You may need to review your policies if a However, once the enterprise is established tuck shop is to operate to maximum effect. adult involvement can be minimal. Many successful tuck shops operating in primary How much fruit to order? schools are run almost entirely by the pupils. Tower Hamlets CDA can arrange for a delivery to your school at set times each Policy on snack foods week. What do children currently eat at break times? Is any food currently sold at school We will also help to identify or provide other than for school lunches? resources to link the running of the tuck shop into the school curriculum. 6 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school Stage 2 Running a Tuck Shop Storage Sell to make a profit Having decided where to locate the tuck shop It is important to monitor how sales are there are other activities to take into going. So ensure that the children always consideration such as storage. maintain a daily sales record from which you can analyse sales patterns. Plan where you will store the stock, some of which will be perishable. Usually a cool dry Promote and market the tuck shop e.g. storeroom will be adequate. two for the price of one, loyalty cards, Hygiene free sticker with portion of fruit, etc. Plan who will wash the fruit and vegetables. Think of different ways to present the Sometimes the fruit or vegetables will need fruit and vegetables e.g. pick and mix, fruit cutting or preparing in some way before you kebabs, fruit smoothies, and stocking sell them. unusual or exotic fruit. Ensure that people handing the food always Borrow ideas and search the web and tell wash their hands before preparing fruit and other schools about your ideas. Have vegetables. An adult must supervise this competitions for children to design and work following health and safety guidelines on make advertising posters. Send letters preparing food and the use of food preparing home to parents to let them know about equipment. Seeds for Growth can provide a the tuck shop. guide. Recycle & Compost Pricing and Cash Remember to always pick up and collect Make up price lists to display around your litter from your tuck shop. school and at the tuck shop. Decide who will handle the money at the tuck shop. Check if you need more litter bins. Rota Recycle everything you can from your tuck It will be a good to rotate jobs giving shop. everyone a chance to do each of the different duties involved in running your tuck If you have a composter you can collect shop. fruit skins and cores to make compost. Useful Links Also make plans for younger children to Seeds for Growth become involved and learn what to do, then firstname.lastname@example.org 020 7247 1056 when older children move up the tuck shop can continue to run smoothly. Food in Schools Toolkit www.foodinschools.org Food Standards Agency Fruit Tuck Shops www.food.gov.uk 7 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school School Tuck Shop Case Studies Setting up the healthy tuck shops is part of the healthy outcomes for children under Every Child Matters (ECM) and to the Healthy Eating theme of the National Healthy Schools Programme. It encourages children to make healthy choices in what they eat and provides an introduction to developing enterprise in schools. School Tuck Shop Case Study 1 The school plays a strong part in the community life and has developed highly effective links with the other schools engaged in similar activity. This includes the excellent links with a s chool in the countryside near London which has given the pupils first hand experience of visiting the countryside and learning about healthy and sustainable foods. Where the idea came from? The idea came from the School Council which is run by pupils from Years 2-6 with 1 boy and 1 girl as representatives on the council. The council sits about 3 times a term. What work was done to prepare for the launch? The children prepared a proposal which they submitted to the Deputy Head who readily agreed to the idea but had a number of questions. The children compiled a survey to find out what to sell, how much they would buy and how would they organise money issues. Initially it was agreed that the children would hand over their money to prevent any problems but organisationally this provided too onerous and the children now keep hold of their own pocket money. Pupils developed their own publicity and flyers which they distributed throughout the school. Support from the school The school has been very supportive of the Tuck Shop. The tuck shop is being run by a parent with the help of a volunteer in the sheltered area in the playground. However, the Gifted and Talented and elder pupils participate in serving in the tuck shop and purchasing food. Where is the food purchased? The food is primarily purchased from Sainsbury who provide the produce at discounted retail prices i.e. “2 for the price of 1” etc. The CDA is looking into supplying some or all of the food. Role of the pupils. The pupils are years 3-6 aged 8-11 Key Stage 2. Key Stage1 are already provided with free fruit and vegetables through government funding schemes. 8 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school Description of how it now operates. The tuck shop is run 3 days a week Wed, Thurs and Fri from 10.20 to 10.40. The average takings are £24.00 per day. Typical Stock Includes: Raisins 10p Fruit bar 10p Raisins 10p Fruit bar 10p Yogurt tubes 25p. Cheese sticks 25p Bread sticks at 5p. Fruit salad pots 20p. Apples, tangerines/bananas 5-10p Sandwiches are made up selling cheese, tuna and salad on wholemeal brown bread. Environmental Impact Eating healthy food and being aware of where fruit comes from is an important environmental message for the children to learn. This was reinforced by a session led by the Tower Hamlets CDA on assessing the food miles, carbon emissions and the importance of buying food locally. Relating to curriculum The lessons learned in the tuck shop are related to the maths class to ensure that pupils have practical demonstrations of addition and subtraction. Leftovers There is not usually any food left over but there are composting facilities at the school. Are any changes planned for the future? More visits are planned to the out of London school. When the pupils went to the school they loved the outdoor space, gardening and fresh air. As a result they are now trying to get an allotment. The next stage is for the children to gain experience of gardening so they can grow their own vegetables and fruit and set up a Gardening Club. Good and negative lessons learned. A key lesson to pass on is that a dedicated person is required who would be responsible at the beginning for purchasing, operating and selling in the tuck shop. As the project develops the pupils will take ownership and increasingly run the tuck shop themselves. The behaviour in the playground improves when the tuck shop is operating. Children are better behaved and queue for food in an orderly manner. Children have increased their responsibility in terms of handling money and improving their mental calculations. Many of the younger children have had no experience of dealing with money and saving it for the tuck shop provides a safe environment for them to „gain experience of shopping‟. The sharing of expertise with a school located in the countryside has been very beneficial in terms of putting children in touch with a growing environment It is hoped that some parents will get involved in the Gardening Club and growing food on the allotment. School Tuck Shop Case Study 2 9 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school At 10.15 every morning a teaching assistant assist supports two pupils to sell individual items of fruit such as an apple, pear, banana all priced at 20p. We sell on average 8 items per day for £1.60. The children love staffing the stall are there is strong competition to do the work. We train the pupils in terms of hygiene, customer care, handling money, setting up the stall and storing the unsold fruit. School Tuck Shop Case Study 3 Who was involved in setting up the tuck shop? Some schools in England have set up healthy eating tuck shops in schools using the co-operative model, being advised by Young Co-operatives, selling only Fair Trade products with a focus on developing awareness of how this can help to alleviate poverty in the world. This Involvement in a Young Co-operative provides a variety of learning opportunities – business skills, co-operative and democratic working. Description of the tuck shop. Young Co-operative tuck shops sell food and drink during the school day often during school break, for the intention of being eaten during the school day, Who runs the tuck shop? Young people take control of their own business – selecting and pricing stock, researching markets, devising promotional materials, cash management and so on. Some Young Co- operatives produce a business plan to set the agenda for their future development. Through Young Co-operatives young people learn to work with one another. Each member has an equal stake in the business and an equal opportunity to contribute and make decisions. They run their own meetings and learn about the wider co-operative movement What skills or lessons have been learned? The Young Co-operative programme offers four main packages to schools. Each pac kage includes a full day training in school for staff and students, Co-ordinators kit containing exercises, activities, worksheets, case studies and useful advice and the opportunity to design a website 10 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school School Tuck Shop Case Study 4 Who was involved in setting up the tuck shop? The school where the tuck shop was developed is in a relatively deprived area and has about 200 children on roll divided into 7 classes. A Healthy Eating committee was formed, comprising children from the School Council, the head-teacher, two teachers and two school governors, to consider what should be done to satisfy the criteria to achieve the Healthy Eating Standard. The creation of a healthy tuck shop was identified as one of the positive action to put in plac e. The School Council was asked to create a questionnaire to be sent out to all families to explore their interest and support for such an initiative. The response was positive enough for the Healthy Eating committee to decide to go ahead with the idea and plan the tuck shop. Description of the tuck shop. The committee decided the tuck shop would offer the following: Fresh fruit; this was to be the same choice as that offered daily to Key Stage 1 children as part of the national School Fruit Scheme. Dry fruit; chosen for sale were banana, sultanas, apricots, dates and papaya. Wholemeal toast and butter. Fruit juice. The following equipment was purchased specifically for the project: Four 4-slice toasters. Air-tight plastic containers to store dry fruit. Two sets of storage chests on wheels to keep the bagged dry fruit to sell at break time. Electronic scales. Measuring jugs. Food scoops. Plastic cups. Paper bags. Who runs the tuck shop? Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 children run the tuck shop. Each station was staffed by two children selling the fruit and one teacher preparing the toast with the help of another pupil. The fruit shop was managed entirely by the children. Half of the class was involved on a voluntary basis and on a rota. The two teachers members of the Healthy Eating committee volunteered to prepare the toast. They had to give up their break time in order to do this. Timing The tuck shop took place during morning break between 10.45 and 11.00. The necessary equipment was set up at 10.40 and put away by 11.00. 11 Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school What skills or lessons have been learned? The tuck shop provided an excellent opportunity to do some interesting curriculum work. The first project was the production of the questionnaire. Following this, the establishment of the tuck shop itself involved some 5 hours of numeracy work by the Year 5 class who was chosen to run the shop. Build Up & Launch As a way of promoting the tuck shop among the children a special assembly was held to explain what was going to happen. Also, the week preceding the launch, all classes had the opportunity to taste and discuss the food that was going to be on offer, thus reinforcing a sense of expectation and ownership of the project. A few weeks into the running of the tuck shop the local paper was invited to take photographs and a very positive article was published. Evaluation The tuck shop has been a success from the very first day and there has been great enthusiasm for the project. The evidence that health and nutrition are related is indisputable and government initiatives to encourage children to improve their diet are multiplying. Although families have got the greatest influence on what children eat, schools can set a good example and encourage healthy eating habits.