Tuck Shop Guide

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					               Launching a
           Healthy Tuck Shop
             in your school
                            by Seeds for Growth Charity




           Supported by
Tower Hamlets NHS Primary Care Trust
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                               Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




Background

This    guide      provides     information        on      The government has established a national

establishing your own school based tuck shop.              target for obesity and articulated its

The Seeds for Growth charity has based our                 objective in a Public Service Agreement to

advice on experience of supporting the                     Heal the year-on-year rise in obesity
formation of school tuck shops and healthy                 among children aged under 11 by 2010 .
eating projects.     We aim to provide some                (Department        of   Heal th,   Department   for

useful hints and tips to help other schools                Children, School s and Fa milies & Department of

                                                           Culture, Media & Sport)
gain from our experience.


                                                           Obesity is now recognised as a significant
Seeds for Growth have assisted people to
                                                           problem       given     that   the   majority   of
establish healthy eating projects as social
                                                           children who are overweight or obese are
enterprises and co-ops so these were the
                                                           known to go on to become overweight or
examples that we used when talking to pupils
                                                           obese adults, who are themselves at
in schools.     In our sessions we described
                                                           increased risk of hypertension, coronary
social enterprises, co-operatives, Fair Trade
                                                           heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
and the reduction in carbon emissions.
                                                           In addition, obesity has been shown to

                                                           increase the risk of a number of cancers.
Why a Healthy Tuck Shop?

Childhood obesity is a significant problem in
                                                           Both      children      and    adults   who     are
Tower    Hamlets.        The     National      Child
                                                           overweight or obese have substantially
Measurement          Programme           statistics
                                                           more psychological problems compared to
demonstrate that the proportion of obese
                                                           the rest of the population, and are more
children in Tower Hamlets is considerably
                                                           likely to suffer from discrimination.
higher than the national average.             Tower

Hamlets has the fifth highest proportion of

reception age children who are overweight

and has the third highest obesity rate of

children aged 4-5 years in the country.
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                          Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




   Healthy School Tuck shops have a positive impact
      on health in both childhood and adulthood.




Why eat more fruit?

Fruit and vegetables form part of a healthy,          Fruit and the other stock can be supplied
                                                      via a wholesaler, retailer, supermarket or
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                            Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




balanced diet. It is recommended that                   co-operative, and is delivered to the school
children eat at least five portions of fruit            or collected on a regular basis. Tower
and vegetables a day. However, many now eat             Hamlets CDA can offer a supply service to
just 1 or 2 and few achieve over 3 units                your school.
regularly.
                                                        The shop will need some adult support
The daily intake of fruit and vegetables can            (school staff or volunteers) but ideally it
reduce the chance of:                                   will be almost entirely run by children. It
                                                        can operate before school or at any time
   Developing coronary heart disease and a             during the school day.
    number of cancers, particularly bowel
    cancer.
                                                        The wider benefits
   A balanced diet including fruit and                 A tuck shop can be tailored to meet
    vegetables can help prevent overweight              individual schools’ requirements and
    and obesity in children.                            priorities. Some schools will wish to
                                                        organise a healthy tuck shop as a low-
   Fruit is a very nutritious snack providing          maintenance project that does not intrude
    vitamins, minerals and fibre.                       into teaching time. For others, the project
                                                        can be a source of wider benefits.
   Eating fruit in moderation, as a snack
    instead of sugary foods, is the healthier           A tuck shop project can be used as:
    choice for teeth.
                                                            A practical initiative to support work in
   Eating fruit in childhood can help develop               the curriculum on nutrition and to
    good eating patterns to be carried                       further the idea of a ‘health-promoting
    through into adult life.                                 school’.

                                                            A ‘real-life’ source of        data   to
What is a healthy food tuck shop?                            supplement   the   maths       and    IT
It is a shop set up by members of the school                 curriculum.

community (pupils, parents or staff) to sell                An opportunity to develop a wide range
any combination of fresh fruit, dried fruit                  of curriculum lessons.

and fruit juice and healthy snacks to pupils                An opportunity to provide information
during the school day.                                       about co-operatives, environmental
                                                             issues and fair trade.
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                           Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




                                           Stage 1
               Planning background considerations

Tuck Shop Demand                                       To run a successful healthy tuck shop, you
How much initial enthusiasm is there among             may need to address issues such as
staff, governors, parents and children?                children carrying cash or bringing in their
                                                       own chocolate and crisps, etc to school.
You need to establish whether a tuck shop
would be welcomed by members of the school             If this is likely to be problem you could
community, and how much practical support              consider running the fruit tuck shop
they would be willing to give. You also need           before school, or for example collecting
to ascertain the number of potential                   money weekly or half-termly.
customers to the tuck shop.
                                                       Money brought into school
Market research                                        Are there any issues to be addressed if
We suggest that you support your own pupils            children bring money to schools in order to
to undertake market research to gauge: -               make their purchases?
  the level of demand,
  the type of fruit and snacks that the               Location
    children would buy,                                Decide how to run the tuck-shop. Some
  their spend, and                                    schools use the school hall, a classroom or
  the level of commitment from staff,                 a table in the playground.
    children and parents.
                                                       Links to your Curriculum
Who will be responsible?                               Some schools link the tuck shops to
Is there a member of staff, governor or                numeracy work, science projects around
parent willing to take responsibility for the          nutrition and plant growth, running tasting
initial planning? It will be necessary for at          sessions, planning geography lessons based
least one key adult to take charge in the              on the fruits country of origin and so on.
initial stages.
                                                       You may need to review your policies if a
However, once the enterprise is established            tuck shop is to operate to maximum effect.
adult involvement can be minimal. Many
successful tuck shops operating in primary             How much fruit to order?
schools are run almost entirely by the pupils.         Tower Hamlets CDA can arrange for a
                                                       delivery to your school at set times each
Policy on snack foods                                  week.
What do children currently eat at break
times? Is any food currently sold at school            We will also help to identify or provide
other than for school lunches?                         resources to link the running of the tuck
                                                       shop into the school curriculum.
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                           Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




                                           Stage 2
                            Running a Tuck Shop
Storage                                                Sell to make a profit
Having decided where to locate the tuck shop           It is important to monitor how sales are
there are other activities to take into                going. So ensure that the children always
consideration such as storage.                         maintain a daily sales record from which
                                                       you can analyse sales patterns.
Plan where you will store the stock, some of
which will be perishable. Usually a cool dry           Promote and market the tuck shop e.g.
storeroom will be adequate.                             two for the price of one,
                                                        loyalty cards,
Hygiene                                                 free sticker with portion of fruit, etc.
Plan who will wash the fruit and vegetables.           Think of different ways to present the
Sometimes the fruit or vegetables will need            fruit and vegetables e.g. pick and mix, fruit
cutting or preparing in some way before you            kebabs, fruit smoothies, and stocking
sell them.                                             unusual or exotic fruit.

Ensure that people handing the food always             Borrow ideas and search the web and tell
wash their hands before preparing fruit and            other schools about your ideas. Have
vegetables. An adult must supervise this               competitions for children to design and
work following health and safety guidelines on         make advertising posters. Send letters
preparing food and the use of food preparing           home to parents to let them know about
equipment. Seeds for Growth can provide a              the tuck shop.
guide.
                                                       Recycle & Compost
Pricing and Cash                                       Remember to always pick up and collect
Make up price lists to display around your             litter from your tuck shop.
school and at the tuck shop. Decide who will
handle the money at the tuck shop.                     Check if you need more litter bins.

Rota                                                   Recycle everything you can from your tuck
It will be a good to rotate jobs giving                shop.
everyone a chance to do each of the
different duties involved in running your tuck         If you have a composter you can collect
shop.                                                  fruit skins and cores to make compost.
                                                                      Useful Links
Also make plans for younger children to                             Seeds for Growth
become involved and learn what to do, then                seedsforgrowth@co-operation.coop
                                                                      020 7247 1056
when older children move up the tuck shop
can continue to run smoothly.                                      Food in Schools Toolkit
                                                                   www.foodinschools.org

                                                         Food Standards Agency Fruit Tuck Shops
                                                                   www.food.gov.uk
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                              Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




                  School Tuck Shop Case Studies

Setting up the healthy tuck shops is part of the healthy outcomes for children under Every Child
Matters (ECM) and to the Healthy Eating theme of the National Healthy Schools Programme. It
encourages children to make healthy choices in what they eat and provides an introduction to
developing enterprise in schools.


                         School Tuck Shop Case Study 1
The school plays a strong part in the community life and has developed highly effective links with
the other schools engaged in similar activity. This includes the excellent links with a s chool in the
countryside near London which has given the pupils first hand experience of visiting the
countryside and learning about healthy and sustainable foods.
Where the idea came from?
The idea came from the School Council which is run by pupils from Years 2-6 with 1 boy and 1 girl
as representatives on the council. The council sits about 3 times a term.

What work was done to prepare for the launch?
The children prepared a proposal which they submitted to the Deputy Head who readily agreed to
the idea but had a number of questions. The children compiled a survey to find out what to sell,
how much they would buy and how would they organise money issues.

Initially it was agreed that the children would hand over their money to prevent any problems but
organisationally this provided too onerous and the children now keep hold of their own pocket
money.

Pupils developed their own publicity and flyers which they distributed throughout the school.

Support from the school
The school has been very supportive of the Tuck Shop. The tuck shop is being run by a parent
with the help of a volunteer in the sheltered area in the playground. However, the Gifted and
Talented and elder pupils participate in serving in the tuck shop and purchasing food.

Where is the food purchased?
The food is primarily purchased from Sainsbury who provide the produce at discounted retail prices
i.e. “2 for the price of 1” etc. The CDA is looking into supplying some or all of the food.

Role of the pupils.
The pupils are years 3-6 aged 8-11 Key Stage 2. Key Stage1 are already provided with free fruit
and vegetables through government funding schemes.
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                              Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




Description of how it now operates.
The tuck shop is run 3 days a week Wed, Thurs and Fri from 10.20 to 10.40.

The average takings are £24.00 per day.

                                     Typical Stock Includes:
                                            Raisins 10p
                                            Fruit bar 10p
                                            Raisins 10p
                                            Fruit bar 10p
                                         Yogurt tubes 25p.
                                         Cheese sticks 25p
                                         Bread sticks at 5p.
                                       Fruit salad pots 20p.
                                 Apples, tangerines/bananas 5-10p

Sandwiches are made up selling cheese, tuna and salad on wholemeal brown bread.

Environmental Impact
Eating healthy food and being aware of where fruit comes from is an important environmental
message for the children to learn. This was reinforced by a session led by the Tower Hamlets
CDA on assessing the food miles, carbon emissions and the importance of buying food locally.

Relating to curriculum
The lessons learned in the tuck shop are related to the maths class to ensure that pupils have
practical demonstrations of addition and subtraction.

Leftovers
There is not usually any food left over but there are composting facilities at the school.

Are any changes planned for the future?
More visits are planned to the out of London school. When the pupils went to the school they
loved the outdoor space, gardening and fresh air. As a result they are now trying to get an
allotment.   The next stage is for the children to gain experience of gardening so they can grow
their own vegetables and fruit and set up a Gardening Club.

Good and negative lessons learned.
   A key lesson to pass on is that a dedicated person is required who would be responsible at
      the beginning for purchasing, operating and selling in the tuck shop. As the project
      develops the pupils will take ownership and increasingly run the tuck shop themselves.
      The behaviour in the playground improves when the tuck shop is operating. Children are
       better behaved and queue for food in an orderly manner.
      Children have increased their responsibility in terms of handling money and improving their
       mental calculations. Many of the younger children have had no experience of dealing with
       money and saving it for the tuck shop provides a safe environment for them to „gain
       experience of shopping‟.

      The sharing of expertise with a school located in the countryside has been very beneficial in
       terms of putting children in touch with a growing environment

      It is hoped that some parents will get involved in the Gardening Club and growing food on
       the allotment.


                         School Tuck Shop Case Study 2
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                              Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




At 10.15 every morning a teaching assistant assist supports two pupils to sell individual items of
fruit such as an apple, pear, banana all priced at 20p. We sell on average 8 items per day for
£1.60.

The children love staffing the stall are there is strong competition to do the work.

We train the pupils in terms of hygiene, customer care, handling money, setting up the stall and
storing the unsold fruit.


                         School Tuck Shop Case Study 3
Who was involved in setting up the tuck shop?
Some schools in England have set up healthy eating tuck shops in schools using the co-operative
model, being advised by Young Co-operatives, selling only Fair Trade products with a focus on
developing awareness of how this can help to alleviate poverty in the world. This Involvement in a
Young Co-operative provides a variety of learning opportunities – business skills, co-operative and
democratic working.

Description of the tuck shop.
Young Co-operative tuck shops sell food and drink during the school day often during school
break, for the intention of being eaten during the school day,

Who runs the tuck shop?
Young people take control of their own business – selecting and pricing stock, researching
markets, devising promotional materials, cash management and so on. Some Young Co-
operatives produce a business plan to set the agenda for their future development. Through Young
Co-operatives young people learn to work with one another. Each member has an equal stake in
the business and an equal opportunity to contribute and make decisions. They run their own
meetings and learn about the wider co-operative movement

What skills or lessons have been learned?
The Young Co-operative programme offers four main packages to schools. Each pac kage
includes a full day training in school for staff and students, Co-ordinators kit containing exercises,
activities, worksheets, case studies and useful advice and the opportunity to design a website
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                              Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




                        School Tuck Shop Case Study 4

Who was involved in setting up the tuck shop?
The school where the tuck shop was developed is in a relatively deprived area and has about 200
children on roll divided into 7 classes. A Healthy Eating committee was formed, comprising children
from the School Council, the head-teacher, two teachers and two school governors, to consider
what should be done to satisfy the criteria to achieve the Healthy Eating Standard.

The creation of a healthy tuck shop was identified as one of the positive action to put in plac e. The
School Council was asked to create a questionnaire to be sent out to all families to explore their
interest and support for such an initiative.

The response was positive enough for the Healthy Eating committee to decide to go ahead with
the idea and plan the tuck shop.

Description of the tuck shop.
The committee decided the tuck shop would offer the following:
    Fresh fruit; this was to be the same choice as that offered daily to Key Stage 1 children as
      part of the national School Fruit Scheme.
    Dry fruit; chosen for sale were banana, sultanas, apricots, dates and papaya.
    Wholemeal toast and butter.
    Fruit juice.

The following equipment was purchased specifically for the project:
    Four 4-slice toasters.
    Air-tight plastic containers to store dry fruit.
    Two sets of storage chests on wheels to keep the bagged dry fruit to sell at break time.
    Electronic scales.
    Measuring jugs.
    Food scoops.
    Plastic cups.
    Paper bags.

Who runs the tuck shop?
Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 children run the tuck shop. Each station was staffed by two children
selling the fruit and one teacher preparing the toast with the help of another pupil.

The fruit shop was managed entirely by the children. Half of the class was involved on a voluntary
basis and on a rota. The two teachers members of the Healthy Eating committee volunteered to
prepare the toast. They had to give up their break time in order to do this.

Timing
The tuck shop took place during morning break between 10.45 and 11.00.
The necessary equipment was set up at 10.40 and put away by 11.00.
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                             Launching a Healthy Tuck Shop in your school




What skills or lessons have been learned?

The tuck shop provided an excellent opportunity to do some interesting curriculum work. The first
project was the production of the questionnaire. Following this, the establishment of the tuck shop
itself involved some 5 hours of numeracy work by the Year 5 class who was chosen to run the
shop.

Build Up & Launch
As a way of promoting the tuck shop among the children a special assembly was held to explain
what was going to happen. Also, the week preceding the launch, all classes had the opportunity to
taste and discuss the food that was going to be on offer, thus reinforcing a sense of expectation
and ownership of the project.

A few weeks into the running of the tuck shop the local paper was invited to take photographs and
a very positive article was published.

Evaluation
The tuck shop has been a success from the very first day and there has been great enthusiasm for
the project. The evidence that health and nutrition are related is indisputable and government
initiatives to encourage children to improve their diet are multiplying. Although families have got
the greatest influence on what children eat, schools can set a good example and encourage
healthy eating habits.

				
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