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Red G newsletter issue 3 Powered By Docstoc
					3
        Firenews
Issue



                          The official fdia & asib media publication




        FIRE SYSTEMS TRAINING

        ASIB ABOArD
        SANS 60849
        FIRE DETECTION IN HOTELS

        GAS PROTECTION
        PREVENTS INDUSTRIAL DOWNTIME
                                                        How many beam detectors would you require
                                                                    in this building?

                                                                  If your answer was TWO
                                                         and you work in the Fire Detection Industry




                                        F RE SYSTEMs
                                                 training


Fire Systems Training is endorsed by the FDIA and can provide the full requirements of training for Fire Detection,
                                   Gas Extinguishing and Sprinkler systems.
      All courses have been designed against the current South African National Standards and compiled in
                                            outcomes-based format.
  Courses are available country-wide to all persons with an interest in these fire industry sectors for individuals,
                                               companies or groups


                                   Special rates for FDIA members
               Visit out website www.firesystraining.co.za for details and booking forms



                                             TRAINING PORTFOLIO
                 FIRE DETECTION                                               GASEOUS EXTINGUISHING
COURSE CODE                      SUBJECT           DURATION     COURSE CODE             SUBJECT               DURATION

                                 Introduction to     1 Day                             Introduction to         1 Day
FST07/IFD01                                        Next Date:   FST07/IGE01         Gaseous Extinguishing    Next Date:
                                  Fire Detection
                                                     5 June                                                   26 June
                                 The Practical       1 Day                              Understanding          1 Day
FST07/PRACTD                         Side of       Next Date:   FST07/306              Co2 Gas Systems       Next Date:
                                 Fire Detection      6 June                              (SANS 306)            3 July
                                                     1 Day                              Understanding          1 Day
                               Understanding       Next Date:                                                Next Date:
FST07/10139P+1               Fire Detection P+1                 FST07/14520           Clean Agent Gases
                                                    14 June                             (SANS 14520)          12 July
                               (SANS 10139)
                               Understanding         1 Day
FST07/10139P+2               Fire Detection P+2    Next Date:
                               (SANS 10139)         21 June

          Fire news [ page 2 ]
Fire                                                                 FDIA          Fire Detection Installers Association




news                                                    Fire News welcomes ASIB and the
                                                        sprinkler industry “on board”
                                                        Fire News welcomes ASIB as a full participant in the magazine.
                                                        ASIB, like the FDIA will use this medium for disseminating news
The official media publication of the                   to their relevant industries.
Fire Detection Installers Association and
Automatic Sprinkler Inspection Bureau                   Since the inception of Fire News it was our intention to circulate
                                                        technical information to the entire fire systems industry. The
Fire News contact details:                              FDIA represents the Fire Detection and Gas Extinguishing
P O Box 1046                                            market sectors while ASIB now fills the void for water sprinklers.
Sunninghill
2157
                                                        This has enabled our publication to double distribution and
Tel: 011 708 7070                                       provide more valuable content to our readers.
E-mail: firenews@firesystraining.co.za

Introduction                                            FDIA NEWS
Welcome to the third edition of Fire News.
Our second edition was favourably received              Year end workshops
by many members and we look forward to
producing interesting and informative news              The annual year end function was well attended by over 70
for our readers in the future.                          people at the Constantia Hotel in Midrand. The entertainment
                                                        was provided by Sony BMG.
We are seeking topical editorial pertaining to
our industry as well as supportive advertising
from suppliers, contractors and consultants.

The success of this publication depends on
your participation and support.

Distribution of this publication is available to
all persons who have an interest in the fire
industry. Readers are encouraged to ensure
that their clients are on our distribution list
which can be checked at the FDIA's offices
and you may add any details of persons who
would like to receive a copy of this
publication.

All correspondence and enquiries shall be
addressed to:
firenews@firesystraining.co.za

Edited by:                                              Multinet Stelsels were the proud recipients of the “Company of the Year”
K Norgate - (fire detection)                            Trophy
J Goring (sprinklers)
L Swart - (gas suppression)                             The notorious “Ball and Chain” award was presented to Steve
                                                        Alberts and the John Parry Trophy was awarded to Neil
                                                        Hughes.

                                                        Committee members travelled to both Kwazulu Natal and Cape
                                                        Town towards the end of 2006 to hold workshops for members
                                                        in these regions.

                                                        The FDIA delegation was well received and representatives for
                                                        the two branches were nominated.
Editorial policy:
Statements, views or opinions expressed in articles
in this publication do not necessarily reflect the      Kwazulu Natal:
views of the Fire Detection Installers Association      Patrick Dennysen and Duncan Boyes
(FDIA), or the Automatic Sprinkler Inspection           Cape Town:
Bureau (ASIB) or the editorial staff.
Advertising in this publication does not imply in any   Hartmut Dennewill and Robin Patterson
way endorsement or approval by the FDIA or the
ASIB. Although every effort has been made to
present factual information, the editors will in no     FDIA contact details:
way be held liable for inaccuracies or opposing         Tel: 011 454 5733 Fax: 086 518 4376
views.
                                                        e-mail: fdia@fdia.co.za

                                                                                                                           Fire news [ page 3 ]
2007 Annual General Meeting                                 Public Address and Evacuation
A successful (but poorly attended) AGM was chaired by       Agreement was reached regarding the inclusion of Public
Laura Swart who presented FDIA achievements for 2006        Address and Evacuation as a sub division of the FDIA.
and new plans for 2007. A new committee was nominated
and approved for 2007                                       A separate division will not be formed but companies will
                                                            soon have to prove competency in this field to be registered
Chairperson:            Laura Swart                         under the Evacuation section.
Treasurer:              Richard Mc L
                                   Laughlan                 Classic Acoustics is the promoter and founder member of
Liaison Officer:        Keith Norgate                       this section.
Secretary:              Jenny Brown
                                                            New Members
Committee:              Matt Kielty
                        Dave Boyack                         We welcome the following new member companies to the
                        Lauren Sher                         FDIA:
                        Pieter Coetzee
                        Paul Williams                       Apex Fire Protection
                        Paul Randall                        Classic Acoustics
                        Aubrey Hlapa                        Fire Dot Com
                                                            Hlamulo Projects
                                                            Limpopo Access Solutions
                                                            Mzanzi Electronics and Outsourcing
                                                            Polokwane Fire and Security
                                                            Quantum Fire
                                                            Uyabonwa Technologies

                                                            FIC visit to SA - 24 January 2007

                                                            The FIC is a confederation of the UK “fire industry” trade
                                                            association representing the interests of the UK
                                                            manufacturers and suppliers.
Gentech Services attended the FDIA end of year function     The FIC Export Council has been established to promote
and Pieter Coetzee (left) was nominated onto the FDIA       trade between UK fire companies and overseas partners. If
committee.                                                  you are looking for a British supplier they can help find a
                                                            suitable company for you.

                                                            It has been recognised by the FIC Export Council that over
Fire Systems Training                                       the last ten years a lot of effort has been spent developing
                                                            the new European standards and the promotion of these
Fire Systems Training, the appointed training body is
                                                            around the world has not been given as high priority as it
underway with its training programmes.
                                                            possibly should have.
The courses have been well received to date including the
                                                            This trade mission which included the opportunity to
first comprehensive suite of gas extinguishing courses.
                                                            promote new standards was therefore believed to be a step
                                                            in the right direction.
Fire Systems Training would like to thank GE Security
                                                            The overall Aims and Objectives of this special fire industry
(Africa), Technoswitch and Ziton for the equipment
                                                            trade mission was to increase trade between both
donations for the Practical Detection Course
                                                            countries in this sector and to develop partners and
                                                            relationships at a trade association level and at a business
                                                            to business level.
                                                            FDIA committee members attended meetings with a
                                                            delegation of Fire Industry Confederation (FIC members
                                                            from the UK)
                                                            An exchange of information and contact details took place
                                                            at the British Embassy and during a SABS presentation in
                                                            Pretoria.




                                                               ADVERTISING RATES:
                                                                               FDIA MEMBER NON-FDIA MEMBER

                                                              FULL PAGE           R2,500               R3,860
                                                              HALF PAGE           R1,500              R2,800
                                                               1/3 PAGE           R950                R1,800



             Fire news [ page 4 ]
Fire news [ page 5 ]
ASIB
  The Automatic Sprinkler Inspection Bureau (Pty) Ltd was founded in 1970 by the thirty-five short
  term fire insurance companies. The philosophy behind the formation of ASIB was that whilst the
    insurers may disagree on premium ratings, they would not do so in respect of the minimum
  required standards of fixed fire protection. The added advantage was that the ASIB performed a
                                      uniform inspection service.

It is pointless and self defeating having several approving      parking basements to aircraft hangers. Building owners,
authorities or individuals because the lowest standard           building developers, insurance companies and brokers,
will always prevail, a facet of the building industry that we    local authorities such as the fire departments, architects,
sometimes see in rational design within South Africa             consulting and mechanical engineers as well as rational
today.                                                           designers all seek advice from ASIB.

The ASIB created the Tenth Edition Rules which was used          The ASIB developed a Certificate of Competency that is an
virtually throughout South Africa by all Local Authorities       open book examination on fixed fire protection which is
and is still used today in preference to SABS0287. The           used for the status and listing of the sprinkler installers.
primary function of ASIB is to inspect sprinkler systems         This exam accurately gauges the depth of knowledge and
for Clearance Certificate purposes. Where the premises           understanding of the individuals who write this and has a
comply with the minimum requirements of recognised               required pass mark of 90%. Considering the fact that fixed
Rules, Codes or Standards, a Certificate is issued subject       fire protection is not within any curriculum of any discipline
to any item in the report which is generated being               within South Africa, this is a meaningful certificate.
attended to.
                                                                 Deteriorating Standards:
ASIB also lists and registers approved sprinkler installers
on a graded scale ranging from Supervising Installer to          The current level of fixed fire protection within South Africa
Conditional Installer. This provides the client with some        is generally deteriorating with the Tenth Edition Rules and
indication in respect of the depth of the companies and          SABS0287 becoming outdated. These need to be radically
possible abilities. A condition of listing is that all work      overhauled in order for this country to remain acceptable to
completed by the installing company is to be submitted           the international reinsurance market. Neither the British
for inspection, a facet that some of the less ethical            nor European Standards nor the American Codes fully suit
individuals try to avoid.                                        South Africa and a mix between the three is what is needed.
The inspection is an independent third party inspection          The European Standard has lost a lot in trying to appease
and is the clients only method of determining the level of       several countries and leaves too much open to
protection that exists within the building. ASIB has no          interpretation whereas the American Codes have
financial interest in any installing company or supplier         improved dramatically but seem to be more commercially
and is completely independent, it therefore has no vested        orientated.
interests or hidden agendas.
The company has in excess of one-hundred years                   A set of Rules, Codes or Standards cannot be rationalised
combined experience in fixed fire protection. The ASIB is        as these are based on proven criteria derived from actual
used in an advisory capacity by the legal profession and in      fire tests and experience. To move away from accepted
consultation for virtually every type of risk that exists from   norms is to invite disaster in the event of fire and failure of




            Fire news [ page 6 ]
the installation. Should it be proven that
excessive fire losses, injury or loss of life resulted
from unproven standards having been applied, it
is possible that criminal and civil charges could be
brought against the owner, occupant or persons
responsible for the design of the sprinkler system.
Every failure of a sprinkler system is directly
attributed to either poor maintenance or
deviations from accepted practises.

The ASIB provides a valuable function for the fixed
fire protection industry and all end users.

If you are unsure if your installation complies with
the minimum standards as required in terms of
the law, contact us.




                                         ASIB
The Automatic Sprinkler Inspection Bureau (Pty) Ltd
Telephone: +27 11 642-1703
Facsimile: +27 11 642-1019
E-mail: asib@asib.co.za




                                                         Fire news [ page 7 ]
FIRE DETECTION IN HOTELS
                                                              People's vulnerability to fires in hotels was recognised in
                                                              the UK after the Rose and Crown hotel fire in Saffron
                                                              Walden in 1969, which resulted in 11 deaths. This led to
                                                              hotels and boarding houses being the first premises to be
                                                              designated as requiring a fire certificate under the Fire
                                                              Precautions Act 1971.

                                                              As years have passed regulations and safety standards
                                                              worldwide have been modified and improved.

                                                              The main objective in hotels is to reduce the risk of fire
                                                              breaking out, prevent the spread of flames and smoke,
                                                              ensure that the occupants can be evacuated safely, and
                                                              enable the emergency services to take action.

                                                              Guests of hotel chains expect an international level of
                                                              service, as well as high levels of safety and fire protection.
                                                              In countries like South Africa which have a high crime rate
                                                              and low safety record, this becomes even more important.

                                                              SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
Statistics show that people are most vulnerable               For low-rise hotel buildings, fire safety codes may not
to the effects of fire when they are asleep. In               require the building to be protected by an automatic fire
hotels, this vulnerability is coupled with being              sprinkler system, but sprinkler protection may be a
unfamiliar with the building, which often makes               requirement of the hotel operator.
response times to an alarm longer and finding                 If so, all requirements of SABS 0287 should be followed.
an exit route from the building more difficult.
So there is a need to provide fire safety systems,            FIRE STRATEGY
which respond to the specific needs of this risk              Every hotel should develop a fire strategy.
group.
                                                              The fire strategy should engage staff to assist with
By their very nature, hotels are complex buildings and        evacuation, not least for assisted evacuation of people with
designing their fire precautions require considerable         impaired mobility. For hotels where false alarms can cause
thought and flexibility.                                      considerable interruption to guests, the strategy often
                                                              includes time to investigate the validity of an alarm. But at
South African Building Regulations SABS 0400, T-section       night when there is generally a skeleton-staff, if the
classifies hotels as H1 and specifies the installation of a   evacuation management strategy is reliant on staff,
fire detection system and emergency evacuation                consideration should be given to their numbers and their
communication system designed, installed and                  availability.
maintained in accordance with SANS 10139.
                                                              Some large hotel complexes provide a fire control room.
SANS 10139 indicates that systems installed in buildings      The fire control room is required to be accessed from the
of overnight accommodation should be designed in              fire-fighting core and has to be fire separated for a
accordance with Category L1. Category L1 determines           minimum of two hours. Large hotel complexes are likely to
fire detectors should be installed “throughout” the           require 24-hour security facilities anyhow, so combining the
building.                                                     fire control room with the security one is an option to
                                                              consider.
People sleeping in hotel bedrooms are especially at risk,
as they are probably not very familiar with the premises      ATRIA AND INTERCONNECTED SPACES
and associated escape routes. They may be tired after         Interconnected spaces pose problems in buildings where
travelling for long hours, they may be deeply asleep having   people also sleep, as smoke can migrate into the sleeping
consumed alcohol all of which might leave them in a           accommodation and/or compromise escape. Fire
disorientated state when first awakened by the sound of a     strategies can place limitations on the use of atria to
fire alarm.                                                   minimise the risk of fire originating in their base. This is

           Fire news [ page 8 ]
achieved by placing restrictions on, for example, the types of surface
finishes and furniture that can be put in the atrium base.

But hotel operators may want particular furnishing, or surface finishes,
for example in bar or reception areas, so limiting the fuel in the base in
the atrium may not be an option. The building design should, therefore,
consider fire safety provision necessary to allow flexibility in the atrium
base, including sprinkler protection and smoke control.

High-rise hotels (taller than 18 m) need fire-fighting lifts to provide
access for the fire and rescue service. These lifts are required to be
designed to include specifications for lift carriage size, controls and an
emergency back-up power supply.

Evacuation of people with mobility impairment (MIP) can be managed
through assisted evacuation using the fire fighting lift, which can double
as an MIP lift.

As hotel complexes get larger, so do their ancillary and back-of-house
areas. Often these are areas designated as secondary to the hotel,
including shops, bars, restaurants, spa facilities, and even ballrooms
and casinos. It is rare that generous space is assigned to accommodate
back-of-house staff areas. From a fire safety perspective, this can result
in compromised means of escape, where travel distances are extended
or evacuation paths are complex. Often coupled with complex escape is
the need to provide a high level of compartmentation in these areas to
separate hazards, for example refuse collection areas and kitchens.
Practical considerations for fire safety precautions in back-of-house and
ancillary areas must be considered.

SMOKE DETECTION SYSTEMS
SANS 10139 L1 specifies smoke detectors to be installed throughout
the building with the exception of toilets, small cupboards or short
passages that are compartmentalised. The objective in a hotel is to
notify all guests as early as possible to the presence of smoke to allow
adequate time to evacuate the building before corridors become smoke
logged.

With the exception of a kitchen it is general practise to install optical
smoke detectors. There is a trend overseas which is moving towards the
installation of CO (Carbon Monoxide) sensors in hotel bedrooms. In the
earliest stages of a fire, carbon monoxide is generated therefore making
the CO sensor ideal for this application.

With smoke detectors installed in every bedroom, corridor and back-
area room objectives of speedy evacuation of guests and staff can be
achieved. Allowances of detectors mounted on the wall above the door
in small bedrooms is provided with hotel rooms in mind.

Correct installation of evacuation sounders becomes as important as
the installation of the smoke sensors. A sound pressure level of 65db
must be achieved throughout the building with 70db at the bed head to
ensure guests are roused from sleep.

South Africa is notorious for not sticking to, or applying, fire regulations
within buildings. Can our hotels meet the level of safety requirements
international guests demand?




                                                                               Fire news [ page 9 ]
News                                                        CLASSIC ACOUSTICS
                                                            Classic Acoustics (Pty) Ltd as the authorized sole
                                                            distributor for TOA equipment in Southern Africa
                                                            is pleased to announce that the TOA VX-2000

Release                                                     Integrated Voice Evacuation System complies
                                                            100% with SANS 60849.


SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL
STANDARDS
SANS 10139:2007 Edition 3.1-
INCLUSION OF SANS 60849
The South African Bureau of Standards issued the
standard SANS 60849 “Sound Systems for Emergency
Purposes” in July 2005.

The key points for this standard lie in the design,
installation and operation of the system.

Following this development, a media statement was
released by the SABS regarding the intention to
incorporate a reference to SANS 60849 in SANS 10139
which is the existing standard for:

“FIRE DETECTION INSTALLATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS
FOR BUILDINGS”.

This inclusion has been published with effect from
February 2007 and SANS 60849 now forms an integral
part of SANS 10139.

This incorporation means that the design requirements
for emergency voice communication systems are far
better defined. This will greatly facilitate the work of
Consulting Engineers, Architects and Fire Chiefs, thereby
ensuring a high standard for the end user with regard to
installations of such a critical nature.                    They were recently appointed as authorized sole
                                                            distributor for AV DIGITAL products and confirm that the
SANS STANDARDS                                              VARIODYN ® D1 system fulfills the requirements of the
All Fire Standards including SANS 60849 can be              SANS 60849 standard.
purchased from the SABS library or contact SABS website
at https://www.sabs.co.za or contact Standards Sales at
the SABS on:
Tel: 012 428-6883.
Fax: 012 428-6928, or
email: sales@sabs.co.za

                                                            For more information contact Paul Randall at
                                                            +27 (0)82 857-6666.



           Fire news [ page 10 ]
Fire news [ page 11 ]
It’s a                                                            200® Waterless Fire Protection gas was developed to
                                                                  replace ozone-depleting fire suppressants such as Halon
                                                                  1301.




GAS
GAS SYSTEM PROTECTION PREVENTS
INDUSTRIAL DOWNTIME
                                                                  FM-200 is the original Heptafluoropropane gas that was
                                                                  submitted for EPA SNAP listing and for inclusion in NFPA
                                                                  2001, Standard for Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing
                                                                  Systems. FM-200 has been proven safe for people and the
                                                                  environment through extensive testing. FM-200 is so safe
                                                                  that the compound is also approved as a propellant for
                                                                  medical inhalers.

                                                                  Effective on many types of industrial fires including Class A,
                                                                  B, and C fires, FM-200 extinguishes fires quickly through a
                                                                  combination of chemical interaction and physical heat
                                                                  removal. FM-200 does not smother flames by removing
                                                                  oxygen. It removes heat energy from the fire, not oxygen
                                                                  from the environment.

                                                                  Stored as a liquid in pressurized cylinders, FM-200 flows
                                                                  through a piping network to a discharge nozzle where it is
                                                                  deployed as a gas. The amount of FM-200 delivered to
                                                                  each nozzle is carefully calculated to ensure the
                                                                  appropriate concentration level. Systems are designed for
                                                                  uniform distribution throughout the protected area.

                                                                  Unlike water or water mist, which may be unable to
                                                                  penetrate inside electronic enclosures or reach a fire that
                                                                  is underneath machinery compartments, FM-200 gas
                                                                  penetrates with three-dimensional capability, easily
                                                                  reaching into obscure or hard to reach areas.

                                                                  How FM-200® Systems Work
                                                                  The primary objective of an FM-200 system is to detect and
                                                                  extinguish a fire in its incipient stage long before smoke
                                                                  generation causes damage.
I n our c omp etitive g l ob a l ec on omy,
manufacturers and process plants of all types                     When fires are stopped at the incipient stage, the risk of
                                                                  explosion, production of toxic combustion by-products and
are harnessing technology to improve                              extensive damage are eliminated. Delays usually result in
efficiency, reduce costs and increase margins.                    loss of lives, increased damage, and downtime, FM-200
                                                                  systems encompass two functions: the
As plants increasingly rely on electronics for day-to-day         detection/notification of a fire at its incipient stage and the
operations, maintaining uptime is an absolute necessity.          subsequent suppression of that fire. Detection systems
rom petrochemical processing, to automotive                       rely on various types of detectors to sense either smoke,
manufacturing, to power generation, system downtime at            flame, heat or the presence of combustion by products.
a single facility can have a widespread effect when               Different industrial applications will require different types
production, processing, and distribution systems are all          of detection devices. With incipient fire detection and
part of a distributed network.                                    intelligent alarm panels, we can detect overheating
                                                                  electrical wire before it reaches a flash point.
With concentrations of electronics, combustible
materials, and many energy sources, plants are                    Unlike water, FM-200 is non-conductive and non-corrosive
especially vulnerable to fire damage. Overheated                  making it safe to use around electronics and electrical
electrical components or smouldering wiring often                 equipment. There is no collateral damage, no residue to
hidden from sight and located in hard to reach places             clean up, no disaster and no downtime.
such as under flooring or in equipment cabinets are
common fire hazards in many plants. Other high-risk fire          FM-200 systems rapidly detect and extinguish ordinary
areas include switchgear rooms, flammable liquid                  combustible, electrical, flammable liquid and gas fires in
storage, turbines, paint mixing rooms, automated paint            just seconds, often before the system has finished
spray booths,CNC machining centers.                               discharging.
Every second counts when a fire occurs in a high-risk
area. Fires grow rapidly until fully engaged. Providing fast-     Cost-Effective Fire Protection
acting, safe, effective fire protection is critical to business
continuity and life safety.                                       Since waterless fire protection systems are not required by
                                                                  most local building codes, the decision to install an FM-
Waterless Fire Protection Systems Stop Fire Immediately,          200® system is usually based on an extensive evaluation
Manufactured by Great Lakes Chemical Corporation, FM-             process.



            Fire news [ page 12 ]
Industrial organizations understand that downtime due          Business Continuity versus Fire
to loss of critical systems and data is expensive, but may
fail to account for the total costs associated with the        Disasters
impact of downtime. Companies usually include the
tangible cost of lost revenue and lost productivity, but       When evaluating waterless fire protection systems, it's
may fail to consider the intangible items such as              easy to lose sight of your greatest need: protecting human
customer loyalty, reputation, and lost opportunities.          life. During the early morning hours, a UPS unit located in
                                                               the control room of a food processing plant overheated and
Although installing a waterless fire protection system         began to burn. The FM-200 system extinguished the fire
does not remove industrial fire risks, it does reduce the      immediately with only minor damage to the UPS unit. The
damage and downtime associated with plant fires in             computers and control systems were not damaged. After
mission critical areas. Many organizations believe they        ventilating the control room and repairing the UPS unit, the
have a disaster recovery plan that accounts for all risks.     company returned to normal operations.
Most disaster recovery plans are designed to address
equipment failure. Rarely do they address catastrophic         At a power plant, a faulty plate on a gas-fired turbine
incidents such as fire. Disaster recovery, if even possible,   caused a rupture in the engine wall ejecting pressurized
is expensive and time consuming.                               burning gas and causing fire to fill the turbine enclosure.
                                                               An FM-200 system detected and suppressed the fire within
Business interruption and downtime are usually more            seconds thereby saving millions of dollars in capital repair
costly than the loss of assets. Even if your organization      and downtime. The turbine experienced only minor
can get adequate insurance, what's the impact to your          damage and the power plant experienced no downtime.
reputation if your customer records are destroyed? How
long will it take to replace hardware and equipment? How       An operator noticed smoke was filling the machine working
will this affect future revenue? How much does your            area inside a $300,000 grinding machine as a result of not
downtime really cost?                                          enough lubricant being dispensed behind the grinding
                                                               wheel. A spark quickly ignited the oil mist and a flash fire
A META group survey in America showed the average              o c c u r r e d i n s i d e t h e m a c h i n e c h a m b e r. T h e
hourly downtime costs for twenty industries was                FM-200 system stopped the fire so fast that there was
$1 010 536. See table below.                                   virtually no damage to the machine.

             COST OF DOWNTIME                                  Safety, effective risk management, and eliminating
 INDUSTRY SECTOR                LOST REVENUE PER HOUR
                                                               downtime are top priorities for all industrial organizations.
                                                               By installing gas fire protection systems to protect critical
 Energy                               $ 2,817,846              plant assets, your risk management strategy shifts from
 Telecommunications                   $ 2,066,245              disaster recovery to business continuity.
 Manufacturing                        $ 1,610,654
 Information Technology               $ 1,344,461
 Pharmaceutical Processing            $ 1,082,252
 Food Processing                      $   804,192
 Chemical Processing                  $   704,101
 Utilities                            $   643,250
 Construction and Engineering         $   385,601

 Source: META Group, Inc



                                                                                                    Fire news [ page 13 ]
Fire news [ page 14 ]
      THE
                       QuickStart
Small-To-Medium Life Safety Solutions                           Qs1 Single Loop Intelligent Addressable Panel
                                                                As an intelligent panel, QS1 supports up to 250 intelligent
from GE Security                                                detectors and modules, taking full advantage of EST's
                                                                exclusive Signature Series technology.
The Security division of the GE Industrial worldwide            QS1 also features the QuickStart auto-learn function, and
business platform spans the globe as a technological            the option of configuring the panel using convenient front
leader in the rapidly growing electronic security industry,     panel programming or from a PC, and is suited for new or
bringing together specialist companies, in order to             retrofit installations in schools, flats, hospitals, office
provide high quality products for security, life safety and     buildings, and retail facilities. QS1 is as simple to operate,
communications businesses, with residential,                    as it is to set up.
commercial and enterprise applications.

In Southern Africa, the Security division of GE Industrial      QS4 Intelligent Addressable Panel
has offices in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban and              EST's QS4 QuickStart life safety control panel provides
Windhoek, as well as a distributor in Mauritius, from           conventional and intelligent addressable circuits in a
which service and support is offered to the whole of South      single control panel. As an intelligent panel, QS4 supports
Africa and Africa.                                              Signature Series devices, or as a conventional panel
                                                                supports compatible devices already installed at the site.
GE Security introduces their QuickStart range of fire           As a hybrid system, QS4 leaves plenty of room for
panels manufactured by Edwards Systems Technologies             expansion. There is no need to tear a building apart in
(EST). QuickStart represents a line of fire control panels      order to upgrade the life safety system. Now you have the
that brings the power of big-system intelligence to small       best of both worlds. QS4 supports up to 1,000 intelligent
and medium-sized buildings. QuickStart's application            detectors and modules, supporting up to 48 conventional
flexibility and ease of operation, make it an ideal choice      Class B or a combination of 40 Class A and Class B
for smaller commercial and industrial facilities.               initiating circuits, this panel leaves plenty of room to grow.


The Best of Both Worlds
With options that support Signature Series
intelligent detectors or Apollo Series 65
conventional circuits, or a mixture of both,
QuickStart is an ideal solution for new and
retrofit applications alike. Now, no job is too
small for the true multi-sensor technology. The
signature series offers environmental
compensation, electronic addressing, and the
power of intelligent processing that, before
QuickStart, was the exclusive domain of big
systems.

Designed for easy setup and simple installation
QuickStart lives up to its name in every respect. QSC's         Good to Go, Easy to Use
exclusive QuickStart auto-learn function, and the option        QuickStart lives up to its name in every respect. Easy to
of configuring the panel using convenient front panel           install, simple to set up, and rock-solid when it comes to
programming or from a PC, makes short work of system            performance, this system is an installer's dream.
setup. Location message text entry is as easy. A few
simple passes of the optional scanner is all it takes to        Supplied by Brett Birch, African Region Leader, GE
store custom messages.                                          Security (edited by Fire News)

Retrofit applications
Retrofit applications enjoy the best of both worlds.
QuickStart's support for both intelligent and conventional
circuits ideally positions this innovative control panel for
upgrading an existing system all at once - or in stages.
With Signature Series' ability to use existing wiring, costly
rewiring is not required in most situations. There are
several QuickStart control panel options to choose from
for any particular application:


                                                                                                 Fire news [ page 15 ]
TECHNICAL CORNER
DIRT TRAPS
When cutting threads on pipes, swarf can easily enter the
pipe as well as dirt and dust building up over long storage
times. During discharge of gas this can be blown down the
pipe and clog the orifice of the nozzle causing an
unbalanced discharge.

On all pipe-work serving gas systems of any type it is                 Similarly, as the hot gases and smoke flow horizontally
necessary to install a dirt trap at the end of every pipe.             across a ceiling, there is a stagnant boundary layer at the
                                                                       surface of the ceiling; this precludes the sensitive element
                                                                       of a heat or smoke detector from being mounted flush with
                                                                       a ceiling. The code of practice requires a detector to be
                                                                       150mm away from the ceiling, this is normally taken care
                                                                       of with the detector mounting base.

                                                                       This restriction needs to particularly be taken into account
                                                                       in the case of the sampling points of an aspirating smoke
                                                                       detection system. Most manufacturers supply a sampling
                                                                       point nozzle which overcomes this problem, make sure you
                                                                       install them!



                                                                        BAD PRACTICE
A tee piece with a trap of a minimum of 50mm shall be
                                                                        INSTALLATIONS
installed with a blanking cap at the end of every pipe.



DEAD SPACE
Heat and smoke detectors depend on convection to
transport hot gasses and smoke from the fire to the
detector. The hottest gas and the greatest concentration
of smoke will generally form at the highest parts of the
enclosed areas, and it is here, therefore, that heat or
smoke detectors need to be sited.

 It is important that heat and smoke detectors are not
mounted too close to obstructions to the flow of hot gases
and smoke towards the detector.

At the junction of a wall and a ceiling, there is a “dead
space”, within which heat or smoke detection would not                  Please support me! No brackets, No bolts, 25 Bar
be adequately effective.                                                pressure.... And steam fittings!




                                                                                                        Great Balls of Fire......
   Depth of ceiling
   layer approximately
                                                                                                        What next?
   10% of height from
   fire to ceiling.


                                                 Half angle of plume
                                                 approximately 7o




                  The fire plume under a flat ceiling




             Fire news [ page 16 ]
                  South Africa’s premier
             gas suppression systems supplier


                                                                        fire and life safety equipment distributors
0126 TECHN




                      Not only gas...
                          a breath of fresh air




                                                                   TM
                                       inergen fm200 novec 1230 co2
                                                      TM
                                                                  2
                                                                                       TM




              When you’re considering which fire suppressant to use, make the safe choice.



                                                                                    www.redg.co.za
             RED G Distributors
             Tel 011 708 0160 Fax 011 708 0164 Cell 082 337 9901                   Email sales@redg.co.za
Fire news [ page 18 ]
Fire news [ page 19 ]
      FDIA           Fire Detection Installers Association
                                                               Fire detection installers association
                                                                                                members listing
               Members of Detection Division only

               Members of Detection and Gas Divisions
               Members of Gas Division only


SUPPLIERS:                                                   Corporate Security (Pty) Ltd.         Fire Control Systems (Pty) Ltd –
                                                             Tel: 011 674 5285                     Alarms Division
Ansul – Tyco Fire Suppression                                Eascape Fire cc                       Tel: 011 463 1404
Tel: 031 561 5314                                            Tel: 041 453 1964                     Firetech cc
Bosch Security Systems                                       Electric Eye                          Tel: 012 808 1201
Tel: 011 651 7810                                            Tel: 011 781 9636                     Heat Transformation Systems
Classic Acoustics                                            Emptech Industrial Services cc        Tel: 043 740 0370
Tel: 011 609 7212                                            Tel: 035 902 2421                     IBR Fire
Fire & Security Techniques                                   FBS Electronics cc                    Tel: 011 740 2424
Tel: 012 621 9400                                            Tel: 051 430 0506                     Link Fire Control Systems cc
GE Security ( Africa )                                       H.B. Controls cc                      Tel: 011 395 3240
Tel: 021 937 6000                                            Tel: 011 431 0290                     Limpopo Access Solutions
Honeywell Southern Africa                                    Integrated Technical Solutions        Tel: 015 291 0721
Tel: 011 574 2500                                            Tel: 011 789 3969                     M & M Fire
Red-G distributors                                           ITS Group                             Tel: 041 453 5746
Tel: 011 708 0160                                            Tel: 021 551 8097                     MFS Electronic Systems (Pty) Ltd
Sysman Public Safety Systems                                 Masc Fire Solutions                   Tel: 011 794 4332
Tel: 011 460 0020                                            Tel: 011 609 1775                     MZ Security Systems cc
                                                             OPT-X Project Management              Tel: 011 794 4913/7462
GRADE 1 MEMBERS:                                             Tel: 021 447 9390                     Mzanzi Electronics & Outsourcing
ADT Security (Pty) Ltd.                                      Phoenix Fire & Security Systems       Tel: 031 203 5200
Tel: 011 807 1122                                            (Pty) Ltd                             Ndlovu Electronic Secure Systems cc
Advanced FST                                                 Tel: 011 793 1989                     Tel: 011 261 7105
Tel: 011 869 2142                                            Raps Electronics cc                   Polokwane Fire & safety
Alpha Pyrosec                                                Tel: 011 884 1977                     Tel: 015 291 5262
Tel: 011 873 7593                                            Sitronix                              Pulsecool cc
Centa Holdings                                               Tel: 011 760 5311                     Tel: 043 726 1733
Tel: 031 569 1175                                            Temoc Engineering                     Quantum Fire and Access
Chubb Integrated Systems                                     Tel: 035 789 5895                     Tel: 021 712 4401
Tel: 011 458 9400                                                                                  QD Fire Systems cc
Firemate Systems cc                                          GRADE 3 MEMBERS:                      Tel: 011 708 2277
Tel: 011 837-7790/3                                                                                SyncroSec cc
FireSPEC Systems cc                                          Chubb Fire East London                Tel: 021 556 2041/2
Tel: 021 685 1111                                            Tel: 043 722 9611                     Universal Fire Fighting Equipment
Firetech Projects (Pty) Ltd.                                 Electrim Control Systems              Tel: 00260 1 287995
Tel: 021 685 1111                                            Tel: 011 452-0221                     Uyabonwa Technologies
Gijima AST Group Ltd                                         Fire Dot Com                          Tel: 043 727 0808
Tel: 012 667 2338                                            Tel: 033 342 2130                     Wideband Electronic Services
MK Integrated Fire and Security                              Firequip                              Tel: 011 674 5210
Tel: 011 422 4475                                            Tel: 033 394 8836                     WMC Fire House
Modular Communications SA                                    GenTech Services                      Tel: 039 695 0133
(Pty) Ltd                                                    Tel: 011 740 9032
Tel: 041 364 2653                                            Hlamulo Projects
Multinet Stelsels                                            Tel: 012 993-4583
Tel: 012 379 1753
Provicom Electronics                                         INTERIM MEMBERS:
Tel: 011 608 1744                                            Apex Fire
Security & Fire Projects (Pty)                               Tel: 021 551 2843
Ltd.                                                         Britfire
Tel: 011 247 7800                                            Tel 011 864-4277
Sensor Technologies                                          CCTV Security Surveillance
Tel: 011 452 1339                                            Tel: 011 454 5448
Westec Electronics                                           Cybernetic Interactive Solutions
Tel: 011 494 5287                                            cc
                                                             Tel: 011 615 8955
GRADE 2 MEMBERS:                                             Centa OFS Fire
                                                             Tel: 051 447 8752
Advance Fire Systems                                         Fast Fire Services
Tel: 011 868 3370/75                                         Tel: 0926 646 4206425
Airfire Solutions                                            Fest Fire Security
Tel: 043 731 2133                                            Tel: 018 293 0776; 018 293 0102
Asset Fire Protection                                        Firecare Systems
                                                             Tel: 021 535 1190
                                                                                                   Support the Companies
Tel: 021 851 5278
                                                                                                         that care!
        Fire news [ page 20 ]

				
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