Name: ____________________________________ Date: _________ Unit 1 Pre-Reading and Study Guide Begins on Pg. 5 Essential Questions for this unit: 1. How did Native Americans view their relationship to the world around them? 2. What were the major cultural features that the Puritans brought with them to New England? 3. How did the development of society in colonial America lead to the Revolution? 1. Look at the picture on pg. 4 of your text. What does First Harvest in the Wilderness show about early American life? _________________________________________________________ 2. Look at the timeline on pgs. 6-7. What was the history of the English monarchy between 1642 and 1688? ___________________________________________________________________ 3. What conclusion can you draw about the development of American literature in the colonial period? _______________________________________________________________________ __ 4. Look at “By the Numbers” on pg. 8. Examine the religion graph. Which religious group had the most churches? _______________________________________ 5. Which groups are Protestant? _____________________________ Look at “Being There”, pg. 9. Reading Check: 6. What animals were introduced into the Americas from Europe? ________________________________________________________. 7. How do American Revolutionary War casualties compare with those of the British? ____________________. 8. Where were most of colonial America’s large cities located? _______________________. Read pgs. 10-11. 9. Why did European exploration have an enormous effect ob world history? _______________________________________________________________________ ______. 10. How would you describe the Native American literary tradition? ________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ________________________. Read Big Idea 1, pg. 12-13. 11. Write the main idea of each paragraph and list two supporting details to support each main idea. The Cycle of Life: _______________________________________________________________________ ___ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ Owning the Land: _______________________________________________________________________ __ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ A Legacy of Stories: _______________________________________________________________________ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ Supporting detail: _______________________________________________________________________ __ 12. Read the song “I Have Killed the Deer”. Is the song poetry? _______________________ Find examples of poetic devices, such as imagery, personification and repetition. What are some similarities between songs and poetry? _______________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________ 13. How did Native Americans’ religious views lead to conflict with Europeans? _______________________________________________________________________ ________________________ 14. Read the introductory paragraph for Big Idea 2, pgs. 14-15. What is meant by the phrase “subdue a wilderness”? ________________________________________________________ 15. Read the rest of the text on these pages (and Bradford’s excerpt). Why did the Puritans adopt a plain style in their writing? _____________________________________________ 16. Read Big Idea 3, pgs. 16-17. How did Ben Franklin’s success reflect the values of the newly emerging American society? ___________________________________________________ 17. How did the American colonies come to have an effective group of leaders at the time of the Revolution? ____________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ________________________ Part 1 Selections: Mooney, Momaday, Bruchac Read Native American Mythology, pgs. 20-21. Responding and Thinking Critically 1. In your opinion, what is the most vital role of mythology in a culture? _________________________________________________________________ _______________________ 2. How do Native American myths express a dual view of reality? ________________ _________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 3. What are some archetypes that can be found in such forms of popular culture as comic books, movies and video games? ______________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _________________________ Read Before You Read, pgs. 22-23. Copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “How the World was Made”-Cherokee story retold by James Mooney: The world is ______________________ when the ____________________ in Galunlati, a place in the ___________, need more room. Water-beetle offers to find what is _________________ the water that is beneath the ____________. The _________________ stirs up ____________ to form ________________, on which the animals settle. ____________ and woman are created, and they and their ___________________ soon dominate the ______________. Summary of “from The Way to Rainy Mountain” by N. Scott Momaday, pg. 27: After his ______________________ death, the author reflects on his ________________ roots. He physically retraces the ________________________ of his ancestors. He describes his grandmother’s traditional ________________________, noting her ________________________ in “the last great moment” of her _________________, a Sun Dance in ____________ that was interrupted by _______________________________. He recalls her later years and his _________________________ to her and to his ___________________. Summary of “The Sky Tree”- retold by Joseph Bruchac, pg. 35: To save her sick ______________________, Aatentsic dives out of ________ Land toward the ______________ below. The animals build a mud _________________ on Turtle’s back, where she lands and where the tree takes _________________. Part 2 Selections: Bradford, Bradstreet, Edwards Part 2 begins on pg. 53. How do you think the painting relates to the quotation? _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________ Read the quotation. What does Winthrop mean by saying that the colonists’ city is like one built “on a hill”? _________________________________________________________________ Read Bradford’s Before You Read and copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “from Of Plymouth Plantation”: In ____________, a group of ______________ called the ___________________ set sail from __________________ for ____________________. A storm blows the ____________________ off course, and the ship lands in what is now ____________________________. A few months after their arrival, nearly half the __________ Pilgrims have died of ______________________. Some Native Americans befriend the ________________. ____________________ becomes an _______________________, guide, and teacher for the Pilgrims, who learn to provide for themselves and celebrate a “First Thanksgiving” after the _________________. Read “Before You Read” pgs. 82-83. Copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “Upon the Burning of Our House” and “To My Dear and Loving Husband”: In the first poem, Bradstreet comes to terms with the ____________ of her _________________ and her ________________________ to a ____________. In the second poem, she _____________________ in her ____________ for her __________________. Read “Before You Read” pgs. 88-89. Copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”: Jonathan Edwards preaches a fiery ________________, invoking images of ___________ and ____________________. He says that God is ______________ with the __________________ who have not received God’s _________________. The members of the ______________________, unlike the sinners who are now suffering in hell, have an opportunity to turn to ____________, ask for _______________________, and enter God’s kingdom. Edwards asks the members of the congregation how they can rest one moment in this condition, knowing that they can be _______________. Part 3 begins on pg. 95. How does the painting relate to the quotation? ___________ _______________________________________________________________________ _____________________ Part 3 selections: Franklin, Jefferson, Isaacson, Paine, Adams Read “Before You Read” pgs. 96-97. Copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “from The Autobiography of Ben Franklin” and “from Poor Richard’s Almanack”: Although recovering from a ____________, Ben Franklin sets out to walk __________ miles to ____________________, New Jersey, and then travel by __________ to _____________________. Along the way he befriends the roguish _____________________ Dr. _____________. Despite his lack of funds and makeshift ________________ arrangements, Franklin finally arrives in Philadelphia, where he obtains something to eat and falls asleep at a ________________ meetinghouse. Summary of “from Poor Richard’s Alamanack”: pg. 102. In a group of ___________________________ excerpted from Poor Richard’s Alamanack, Ben Franklin offers observations about ___________. Read “The Rhetoric of Revolution” pgs. 104-105. Responding and Thinking Critically: 1. What answers is Patrick Henry expecting to his rhetorical questions quoted on the bottom of page 104? Explain. ______________________________________________ 2. What connotation is suggested by Thomas Jefferson’s phrase “swarms of officers”? _______________________________________________________________________ ______________ 3. Which type of persuasive appeal—appeal to reason, appeal to emotion, or appeal based on ethics—most influences your political views? Explain. _______________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __________________________ Summary of “Declaration of Independence” by Thomas Jefferson: The declaration explains precisely why the ____________________ believed they _______________ their ________________ and lays the _____________________ for establishing the basic ___________________ that are the foundation of our ____________________. Summary of “Time: How They chose These Words” pg. 118: This article describes the drafting and ________________ of the Declaration. As chairman of the Declaration _________________, Jefferson was responsible for drafting the document. As ___________________, Franklin made a few changes, such as changing an appeal to ___________________ to an appeal to ________________. The ___________________ Congress made additional changes before signing the document. Read “Before You Read” pgs. 122-123. Copy/define vocabulary terms. Summary of “from The Crisis, No. 1” by Thomas Paine: In his essay, Paine calls on every _________________ to join in the noble struggle for ________________________ from _________________. Paine asserts that the war is ____________--that the British king is a __________________ and _____________. Paine castigates people who do not ______________. Summary of Letter to John Adams and Letter to Her Daughter” by Abigail Adams: In a letter to her husband written in ___________, Abigail Adams describes _______________ done by British ________________ to Massachusetts homes. She also _________________ that the Continental Congress create a _________________________ that respects the rights of __________________. In a letter to her __________________ written in ____________, Adams describes the new presidential _____________________ in Washington, D.C., which would later be named the ________________ _________________.
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