Information for Disaster Management

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					Information, Communication and Space Technology For Disaster Management
By: Dr. Fahim Arif  Knowledge-based disaster management to be addressed by the WSIS as part digital divide  Use of information, communication and space technology tools for disaster management should be promoted  National capacities should be enhanced through establishment of enabling environment and regional cooperation Disaster management is a major issue related to development Plan of Action includes the promotion and use of ICTs to establish monitoring systems to forecast and monitor the impact of natural and man-made disasters – Disaster reduction should be incorporated with development agenda by all the countries – Measures should be taken to reduce the damages – Priority on pre-disaster preparation, planning and mitigation – ICST viewed as one of the tools for achieving the goals of the WSSD – Key targets include effective ICST applications in disaster management – Making pre-disaster preparation more practical – Vulnerability assessment and risk mapping – Mitigation, preparedness and response strategy – Disaster modelling and decision support tools – Monitoring and early warning – Supporting disaster response more efficiently – Emergency decision making – Affected area identification and damage estimation – Rescue and relief – Supporting more reasonable after disaster activities – Rehabilitation and reconstruction planning – Creating new economic opportunities Information for combating disasters  Background information for vulnerability and impact estimation for disaster mitigation and response planning – Geographic, landuse, infrastructures, residential environment

– Demographic, economic and social – Historic  Realtime information on warning signals of disasters – Earthquake – ground and seafloor monitoring, … – Tsunami and storm-surge - sea wave height monitoring – Windstorm and flood -- meteorological, hydrological & oceanographic parameters – Forest and grassland fire – doughtiness and hot spots – Volcano – Seismological /thermal signals  Indirect information on major factors related to disasters – Draughtiness of vegetation and soil moisture -- Drought – Sea water temperature -- El Nino – flood and drought  Realtime information for disaster damage assessment and response actions Educating the people  Multi-media courseware on living with risks  Penetrate disaster preparedness knowledge to community level – Distance-education and community e-centers – Public awareness building and guidance Emergency communication  Hybrid terrestrial and space infrastructure – More robust communication systems in disaster prone area  Fast deployable systems supporting field rescue/relief actions – Mostly satellite and terrestrial wireless – Audio, video, data, conferences, telemedicine , …

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