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7th and 8th Grade words and Definitions ac·cept verb to receive willingly <accept a gift> b: to be ab·di·cate able or designed to take or hold (something verb applied or added) <a surface that will not accept to relinquish (as sovereign power) ink>2: to give admittance or approval to intransitive verb : to renounce a throne, high <accept her as one of the group> office, dignity, or function <the president was forced to abdicate after the vote of no ac·cep·tance confidence> noun the quality or state of being accepted or acceptable <the new student hoped to gain ab·dom·i ·nal acceptance at his new school> adjective the part of the body between the thorax and the ac·ces·si·ble pelvis; also : the cavity of this part of the trunk adjective containing the chief viscera <Abdominal pain is capable of being reached <accessible by rail>; symptomatic of a ruptured appendix> also : being within reach <fashions at accessible prices> b: easy to communicate or abil·i·ty deal with <accessible people> noun the quality or state of being able <Farmers ac·ci·dent measure the ability of the soil to hold water>; noun especially : physical, mental, or legal power to an unforeseen and unplanned event or perform circumstance b: lack of intention or necessity : CHANCE <We met by accident rather than by abu·sive design> adjective characterized by wrong or improper use or ac·com·mo·date action; especially : CORRUPT <abusive verb financial practices>2 a: using harsh insulting to make room for b: to hold without crowding language <an angry and abusive crowd yelled or inconvenience5: to give consideration to insults during the speech> : allow for <The public facility must accommodate the special interests of various ac·a·dem·ic groups> noun member of an institution of learning: a person ac·com·pa·ny·ing verb who is academic in background, outlook, or to go with as an associate or companion <The methods <The professor had long experience as an academic at the university> girl was accompanying her sister to the movies> ac·cede intransitive verb ac·com·plish to express approval or give consent : give in to transitive verb a request or demand <I decided to accede to my to bring about (a result) by effort <I have much daughter‟s request to go shopping> to accomplish today> ac·com·plish·ment ac·cus·tomed noun adjective something that has been accomplished adapted to existing conditions <My eyes : ACHI EVEMENT <It is a major accomplishment became accustomed to the dark> to master the spelling words in this list> ache according noun preposition a usually dull persistent pain <I have an ache in in conformity with 2 : as stated or attested by my tooth> <according to the clock, it is time for your nap> achieve ac·cord·ing·ly verb adverb to carry out successfully : ACCOMPLISH <the in accordance : CORRESPONDI NGLY 2 manager was able to achieve a gradual increase : CONSEQUENTLY, SO <It is time for your nap in production> and I expect you to act accordingly> achieve·ment ac·cu·mu·la·tion noun noun a result gained by effort b: a great or heroic increase or growth by addition especially when deed3: the quality and quantity of a student's continuous or repeated <there was a large work <Winning the spelling bee was a great accumulation of snow this winter> achievement> ac·cu·ra·cy acid·i·ty noun noun freedom from mistake or error <Jane did the the quality, state, or degree of being acid <a math problems with speed and accuracy> small amount of acidity makes biscuits raise better> ac·cu·rate adjective ac·knowl·edge free from error especially as the result of care verb <The doctor made an accurate diagnosis> to express gratitude or obligation for <acknowledge a gift> b: to take notice of <Jane ac·cuse failed to acknowledge my greeting> c: to make verb known the receipt of <acknowledge a letter> to charge with a fault or offense : BLAME <The police proceeded to accuse the woman of ac·quaint robbing the bank> verb to make familiar : cause to know firsthand <I ac·cus·tom would like to acquaint you with your new verb classmates> to make familiar with something through use or experience <I would like to accustom you to ac·rid your new classroom> adjective deeply or violently bitter : ACRIMONIOUS <an acrid denunciation across ad·e·noids adverb noun in a position reaching from one side to the either of two abnormally enlarged masses of other<the bridge stretched across the river> lymphoid tissue at the back of the pharynx that usually obstruct the nasal and ear passages; also ac·ti·vate : such a mass when not abnormally enlarged — verb usually used in plural <I had to have my to set up or formally institute (as a military unit) adenoids removed at the same time as my with the necessary personnel and equipment <It tonsils> was decided to activate the 5 th regiment to fight the war> ad·ept noun ac·tiv·i·ties a highly skilled or well-trained individual noun : EXPERT <Fred was adept at chess> an educational procedure designed to stimulate learning by firsthand experience <the students ad·e·quate performed running activities to increase their adjective stamina> sufficient for a specific requirement <adequate taxation of goods>; also : barely sufficient or ac·tu·al satisfactory <her first performance was merely adjective adequate> existing in fact or reality <actual and imagined conditions> c: not false or apparent <actual ad·he·sive costs>3: existing or occurring at the time noun : CURRENT <caught in the actual commission an adhesive substance (as glue or cement)<the of a crime> adhesive tape was sticky> acute ad·ja·cent adjective adjective characterized by sharpness or severity <acute of two angles : having the vertex and one side pain> (2): having a sudden onset, sharp rise, in common <the degrees adjacent angles have a and short course <acute disease> sum of 180) ad·junct adapt·able noun adjective an associate or assistant of another<the adjunct capable of being or becoming adapted<you will faculty member at the college was a member of find it easier to get along if you are adaptable> the English department> ad·dict ad·ju·tant noun noun DEVOTEE <a detective novel addict> a staff officer in the army, air force, or marine corps who assists the commanding officer and ad·dress is responsible especially for correspondence to direct the efforts or attention of (oneself) <the battalion adjutant wrote to the draftees that <will address himself to the problem> their service time was up> ad·mi·ra·tion ad·vise noun verb delighted or astonished approbation<I have the to give advice to : COUNSEL <I advise her to try greatest admiration for the participants in the a drier climate> spelling bee> afraid adolescent adjective noun filled with fear or apprehension <afraid of a young adult <the adolescent was mostly machines> <afraid for his job> 2 : filled with concerned with having fun> concern or regret over an unwanted situation <I'm afraid I won't be able to go> ad·o·ra·tion noun ag·gres·sor the act of adoring : the state of being adored noun <the actress accepted the adoration of her fans> one that commits or practices aggression <the bully was the aggressor in the fight> ad·van·tage noun ag·o·ni ze superiority of position or condition <higher verb ground gave the enemy the advantage> to suffer agony, torture, or anguish <agonizes over every decision> <the artist continued to ad·van·ta·geous agonize over every choice of color in the adjective: painting> FAVORABLE <an advantageous opportunity> ag·gra·vate ad·ver·tise·ment transitive verb noun to make worse, more serious, or more severe a public notice; especially : one published in : intensify unpleasantly <Please don‟t continue the press or broadcast over the air <the to aggravate me by tapping your pencil> advertisement about the final sale was on television> ag·gres·sive adjective ad·vice strong or emphatic in effect or intent <aggressive colors> <aggressive flavors> noun recommendation regarding a decision or course ag·ri·cul·tur·al of conduct : COUNSEL <he shall have power, by adjective and with the advice and consent of the Senate, of, relating to, used in, or concerned with to make treaties > agriculture <the farmers were all members of the agricultural community> ad·vis·able adjective fit to be advised or done : PRUDENT <it is advisable to get a good night‟s sleep before a test> al·le·giance al·to·geth·er noun adverb the fidelity owed by a subject or citizen to a WHOLLY, COMPLETELY <an altogether sovereign or government (2): the obligation of different problem> <stopped raining an alien to the government under which the altogether> 2 : in all : ALL TOLD <spent a alien resides2: devotion or loyalty to a person, hundred dollars altogether> 3 : on the whole group, or cause <I pledge allegiance to the <altogether their efforts were successful> flag> al·ter al·lot·ment verb noun to make different without changing into : APPORTIONMENT2: something that is something else <I wanted to alter the music by allotted; <I spent my allotment of money on playing it faster> candy> alu·mi·num al·low·ance noun noun a bluish silver-white malleable ductile light a sum regularly provided for personal or trivalent metallic element that has good household expenses <each child has an electrical and thermal conductivity, high allowance> reflectivity, and resistance to oxidation <I used aluminum foil to wrap up the left-overs> al·most adverb amass very nearly but not exactly or entirely <we're verb almost there> to collect for oneself : ACCUMULATE <I was able to amass a great fortune by working hard al·pha·bet and saving my money> noun a set of letters or other characters with which am·a·teur one or more languages are written especially if noun arranged in a customary order<Most kids know one who engages in a pursuit, study, science, or the alphabet by the time they are in 1 st grade> sport as a pastime rather than as a profession <the amateur golfer dreamed of becoming a al·ready professional> adverb prior to a specified or implied past, present, or future time : by this time : PREVIOUSLY <he amaze had already left when I called> verb to fill with wonder : ASTOUND <the magician al·though was able to amaze his audience> conjunction in spite of the fact that : even though <although am·bi·tious my shoes hurt my feet, I love to wear them> adjective having or controlled by ambition <an ambitious young executive sought a promotion> b: having a desire to achieve a particular goal : ASPIRING <The candidate was ambitious for power> am·bu·late an·ni·ver·sa·ry verb noun to move from place to place : WALK <the nurse the annual recurrence of a date marking a was instructed to ambulate the patient after their notable event; broadly : a date that follows such surgery> an event by a specified period of time measured in units other than years <the 6-month ame·lio·rate anniversary of the accident> verb to make better or more tolerable <The cold an·nounce·ment compresses helped to ameliorate the pain of the noun sprained ankle> a public notification or declaration<the wedding announcement appeared in the newspaper> am·mu·ni·tion noun an·nu·al the projectiles with their fuses, propelling adjective charges, or primers fired from guns <the covering the period of a year <the annual soldiers needed ammunition for their guns> rainfall exceeded 12 inches> among an·te·ced·ent preposition noun in or through the midst of : surrounded by <the a preceding event, condition, or cause <the bear was hidden among the trees> assassination of Kaiser Wilhelm was the antecedent to WWI> amount intransitive verb an·tic·i·pa·tion to be equivalent <acts that amount to treason> noun b: to reach in kind or quality <Every mother the act of looking forward; especially wants her child to amount to something> : pleasurable expectation <I awaited Christmas with anticipation> amuse·ment noun an·ti ·dote pleasurable diversion : ENTERTAI NMENT noun <Stanley plays the piano for amusement> remedy to counteract the effects of poison <anti-venom is the antidote for a snake bite> anal·y·sis noun an·tic·i·pate the identification or separation of ingredients of verb a substance b: a statement of the constituents of to give advance thought, discussion, or a mixture <the chemical analysis indicated that treatment to <To anticipate the test, you should salt is made of sodium and chloride molecules> study hard> an·a·lyze anx·i·ety verb noun to study or determine the nature and painful or apprehensive uneasiness of mind relationship of the parts <I had to analyze your usually over an impending or anticipated ill argument to see if it was logical> b: fearful concern or interest c: a cause of anxiety <the child reacted to going to the doctor with anxiety> apart·ment ap·pend·age noun noun a room or set of rooms fitted especially with usually projecting part of an animal or plant housekeeping facilities and usually leased as a body that is typically smaller and of less dwelling <instead of living in the dorm, the functional importance than the main part to students decided to rent an apartment> which it is attached <the twig was an appendage on the branch> apol·o·gy noun ap·pen·di·ci·tis an admission of error or discourtesy noun accompanied by an expression of regret <the inflammation of the vermiform appendix <It contrite politician issued a public apology> turned out that the stomach pain that Jane suffered was appendicitis> apos·tle noun ap·plaud an ardent supporter <The pope is an apostle of verb the Catholic church> to express approval especially by clapping the hands <the audience continued to applaud for 5 apos·tro·phe minutes after the performance> a mark ' used to indicate the omission of letters or figures, the possessive case, or the plural of ap·pli·ca·tion letters or figures <use an apostrophe to replace noun the letters „ha‟ in the contraction I‟ve> an act of administering or superposing <The application of paint to the house had to wait for ap·par·ent spring> adjective clear or manifest to the understanding <the ap·plied reasons for not touching the hot flame are adjective readily apparent> applying general principles to solve definite problems <applied sciences> ap·par·ent·ly adverb ap·point·ment it seems <the window had apparently been noun forced open> <apparently, we're supposed to an arrangement for a meeting : ENGAGEMENT wait here> <The job applicant called to schedule an appointment for an interview> ap·pear·ance noun ap·pre·ci·a·tion external show : SEMBLANCE <although hostile, noun he preserved an appearance of neutrality> an expression of admiration, approval, or b: outward aspect : LOOK <had a fierce gratitude <A thank you note to expression your appearance> appreciation for a gift is mandatory> ap·proach ar·dent verb adjective to draw closer to : NEAR <To approach our characterized by warmth of feeling typically destination, we had to slow the car down and expressed in eager zealous support or activity drive over a bridge> <ardent proponents of the bill lobbied for its approval> ap·pro·pri·ate adjective ar·gue especially suitable or compatible : FI TTING <an verb appropriate response to the question is „yes‟> to contend or disagree in words : DISPUTE <The newly-weds continued to argue about money ap·prove throughout the evening> verb to accept as satisfactory <The committee hopes ar·gu·ment Jane will approve the date of the meeting> noun a reason given in proof or rebuttal <My ap·prox·i ·mate·ly argument against wearing the red shoes, is that adverb they hurt my feet> nearly correct or exact <there were approximately 125 guests at the party> aris·to·crat noun ap·ti ·tude a member of an aristocracy; a nobleman <The noun aristocrat refused to eat food he considered b: a natural ability : TALENT<Fred had an common> aptitude for hard work> arith·me·tic ar·cha·ic noun adjective a branch of mathematics that deals usually with having the characteristics of the language of the the nonnegative real numbers including past and surviving chiefly in specialized uses sometimes the transfinite cardinals and with the <The practice of animal sacrifice is archaic> application of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to them ar·chi·tec·ture <Arithmetic is often a difficult subject for noun elementary school students> the art or practice of designing and building structures and especially habitable ones <I aroused decided to study architecture in university> verb to awaken from sleep<the bear was aroused arc·tic from hibernation by the spring sun> adjective of, or relating to, or suitable for use at the north ar·range·ment pole or the region near it <No one can survive noun in arctic waters for more than a few minutes> the act of arranging <the arrangement of the details was quickly accomplished> ar·ti·cle at·tach noun verb a member of a class of things; especially : an to make fast (as by tying or gluing) <attach the item of goods <That article of jewelry is very label to the package before taking it to the post expensive> office> ar·til·lery at·ten·dance noun noun large bore crew-served mounted firearms (as an account of persons attending <the teacher guns, howitzers, and rockets)<The artillery took attendance before starting class> fired without cessation on the target> at·ti·tude as·per·sion noun noun a mental position with regard to a fact or state false or misleading charge meant to harm <a helpful attitude is useful when working on a someone's reputation <To cast an aspersion on group project> her integrity, Bill called Jane a liar> at·trac·tion as·pi ·rin noun noun personal charm <The man felt the attraction of a white crystalline derivative C9H8O4 of the beautiful woman> salicylic acid used for relief of pain and fever<Jane felt a cold coming on and took two at·trac·tive·ness aspirin> adjective arousing interest or pleasure <Attractiveness as·sis·tance can take the form of beauty or kindness> noun the act of assisting or the help supplied <The at·tri·bute boy scout came to the elderly woman‟s noun assistance and helped her across the street> an object closely associated with or belonging to a specific person, thing, or office <a scepter ath·let·ic is the attribute of power>; adjective characteristic of an athlete; especially at·tri·tion : VIGOROUS, ACTIVE3: MESOMORPHIC <The noun swimmer had a muscular, athletic build> the act of weakening or exhausting by constant harassment, abuse, or attack <a war of attrition at·mo·sphere existed between Germany and the Allies during noun WWII> the gaseous envelope of a celestial body (as a planet) b: the whole mass of air surrounding the au·di·ence earth<We must be careful to keep our noun atmosphere clean> a group of listeners or spectators <The audience applauded wildly at the end of the concert> au·ra awe·some noun adjective a distinctive atmosphere surrounding a given inspiring awe <an awesome task> b: TERRIFIC, source <the deserted mansion had an aura of EXTRAORDI NARY <I had an awesome time at mystery> the party> aus·tere awk·ward adjective adjective stern and cold in appearance or manner<the lacking dexterity or skill (as in the use of school marm‟s dress was austere and hands) <The man was awkward with a needle imposing> and thread> au·then·tic bach·e·lor adjective noun worthy of acceptance or belief as conforming to 2: a person who has received what is usually the or based on fact <The author paints an authentic lowest degree conferred by a 4-year college, picture of our society> university, or professional school <the graduating student received a bachelor of arts au·to·bi·og·ra·phy degree>; also : the degree itself <received a noun bachelor of arts>3 a: an unmarried man the biography of a person narrated by himself or <Because he had no wife, the bachelor often ate herself <Benjamin Franklin wrote his dinner out.> autobiography before his death> bal·loon au·tumn noun noun a nonporous bag of light material that can be the season between summer and winter inflated esp. with air or gas: as a: a bag that is comprising in the northern hemisphere usually filled with heated air or a gas lighter than air so the months of September, October, and as to rise and float in the atmosphere and that November or as reckoned astronomically usually carries a suspended load (The hot air extending from the September equinox to the balloon had a gondola filled with passengers) December solstice —called also fall <students return to school in autumn> ban·quet noun aux·il·ia·ry a sumptuous feast; especially : an elaborate and adjective often ceremonious meal for numerous people constituting a reserve <The auxiliary power often in honor of a person <The President gave plant took over when the main plant shut a state banquet to honor the spelling bee down> winners> avail·able bar·gain adjective noun present or ready for immediate use <All an agreement between parties settling what each available resources were used in the war effort> gives or receives in a transaction between them or what course of action or policy each pursues in respect to the other <We made a bargain that we would share the cost of dinner> ba·si ·cal·ly be·liev·ing adverb verb in fundamental disposition or nature <The math to accept as true, genuine, or real <Because the answers on your quiz are basically correct> kids were believing in ghosts, they became very frightened in the haunted house> ba·sis noun be·mused the principal component of something <Carbon transitive verb is the basis for all living things> to make confused <The bird was bemused by the shiny windows> beau·ti·ful adjective ben·e·fit exciting aesthetic pleasure <The beautiful day noun made us long to play outside> something that promotes well-being <Good health is a benefit of good nutrition> beau·ty noun ben·e·fi·cial the quality or aggregate of qualities in a person adjective or thing that gives pleasure to the senses or conducive to personal or social well-being pleasurably exalts the mind or spirit <Not only <Good nutrition is beneficial to good health> is the child a beauty, she is nice as well> be·nev·o·lent be·com·ing adjective adjective marked by or disposed to doing good <The attractively suitable <That hat is very becoming King was benevolent to his subjects> on you> book·keep·er be·gin·ning noun noun person who records the accounts or transactions the first part <The beginning of a child‟s formal of a business <The bookkeeper made sure that education is usually kindergarten> the bills of the business were paid> be·hav·ior bot·a·ny noun noun the manner of conducting oneself <The child‟s a branch of biology dealing with plant life <The behavior was shocking, they threw garbage out study of botany is very interesting to gardeners> of the car window!> bounc·er be·hest noun noun one employed to restrain or eject disorderly an urgent prompting <The doctor was called at persons <When the fight started, the bouncer the behest of my friends> threw the men out> be·hold·en adjective being under obligation for a favor or gift <I'm beholden to you for lending me the money for lunch> bound·ary brev·i·ty noun noun something that indicates or fixes a limit or shortness of duration <Because time is so short, extent <the boundary between the United States brevity will be imposed on all of the speakers> and Canada is called the border> brit·tle bow·er adjective noun easily broken, cracked, or snapped <The brittle a lady's private apartment in a medieval hall or ice crackled underneath our feet> castle <The princess‟ bower had a balcony overlooking the garden> brow·beat transitive verb brace·let to intimidate or disconcert by a stern manner or noun arrogant speech <The lawyer tried to browbeat an ornamental band or chain worn around the the witness into admitting they had lied> wrist <The bracelet was made of gold and diamonds> bulk·head noun breach an upright partition separating compartments <a noun rupture in the bulkhead allowed water to flood a broken, ruptured, or torn condition or area two compartments of the boat> <The breach in the dam allowed water to flood the field> bu·reau noun breadth specialized administrative unit; especially : a noun subdivision of an executive department of a distance from side to side <The breadth of the government <The Federal Bureau of boat is too wide to fit between the docks> Investigation is responsible for stopping interstate crime> break·age noun busi·ness loss due to things broken <After the earthquake noun there was a lot of breakage at the china shop> a particular field of endeavor <The tap dancer was the best in the business> breath noun ca·dence the faculty of breathing <The runner recovered noun his breath after the race by walking around the the beat, time, or measure of rhythmical motion track> or activity <The drum section played a cadence so the band could march in time> breathe verb caf·e·te·ria to draw air into and expel it from the lungs noun <The air was so hot, we could hardly breathe> restaurant in which the customers serve themselves or are served at a counter and take the food to tables to eat <The line for food at the cafeteria gets very long at lunch time> cal·en·dar car·i ·bou noun noun system for fixing the beginning, length, and a large gregarious deer (Rangifer tarandus) of divisions of the civil year and arranging days Holarctic taiga and tundra that usually has and longer divisions of time (as weeks and palmate antlers in both sexes —used especially months) in a definite order <January is the first for one of the New World —called also month of the calendar> reindeer <the caribou is used for food and shelter among the northern tribes> cam·paign noun car·ry·ing a connected series of operations designed to verb bring about a particular result <The Presidential to move while supporting <The girl was campaign began last fall and will continue until carrying a large basket of bread> November of this year> car·ton can·di·date noun noun a box or container usually made of cardboard one that aspires to or is nominated or qualified and often of corrugated cardboard <The carton for an office, membership, or award <A of books weighed over one hundred pounds candidate for governor must be ready to visit all of the counties in their state> car·tridge noun can·ny a tube (as of metal) containing a complete adjective charge for a firearm and usually an initiating CLEVER , SHREWD <a canny lawyer can tell if device (as a primer) <The cartridge was placed someone is lying> in the gun and the shot was fired> can·on·i ze cat·e·go·ry transitive verb noun to declare (a deceased person) an officially any of several fundamental and distinct classes recognized saint <The pope has the priviledge to which entities or concepts belong <The dress to canonize the saint> fell in the category of tacky> ca·reer ceil·ing noun noun a field for or pursuit of consecutive progressive the overhead inside lining of a room <The achievement especially in public, professional, ceiling is painted white, the walls blue> or business life <The student went to medical school to begin their career as a doctor> cel·lo noun care·less the bass member of the violin family tuned an adjective octave below the viola <The cello section INDIFFERENT, UNCONCERNED <The thief was played the lowest notes during the symphony careless of the consequences of stealing> concert> cen·ten·ni ·al change·able noun adjective a 100th anniversary or its celebration <The able or apt to vary <changeable weather is a centennial of the United States was July 4, characteristic of spring> 1876> cha·ot·ic cen·tu·ry adjective noun a state of utter confusion <The classroom was a period of 100 years especially of the Christian chaotic when there was a substitute teacher> era or of the preceding period of human history <The industrial revolution occurred in the 19 th char·ac·ter·is·tic century> noun a distinguishing trait, quality, or property <The cer·tain woman‟s most noticeable characteristic was her adjective red hair> assured in mind or action <I am certain I left my purse on that chair> chauf·feur noun cer·tif·i·cate a person employed to drive a motor noun vehicle<The chauffeur wore a uniform when on a document evidencing ownership or debt <The duty> stock certificate proves we own 100 shares of IBM> cheer·ful·ness noun ces·sa·tion full of good spirits : MERRY <The cheerful host noun made the party a pleasure> a temporary or final ceasing (as of action) <The cessation of artillery fire caused an eerie chief·ly silence> adverb most importantly <Salt was chiefly responsible cha·grin for the rust on the car> noun disquietude or distress of mind caused by chis·el humiliation, disappointment, or failure <Much noun to my chagrin, I failed the math test> a metal tool with a sharpened edge at one end used to chip, carve, or cut into a solid material chal·lenge (as wood, stone, or metal) <The sculptor used a verb chisel to carve the granite into a beautiful to arouse or stimulate especially by presenting statue> with difficulties <she wants a job that will challenge her> choc·o·late noun chaise a food prepared from ground roasted cacao noun beans <Chocolate cake is my favorite birthday any of various light horse-drawn vehicles treat> <Only one horse was necessary to pull the chaise> chor·tle clout verb noun to laugh or chuckle especially in satisfaction or a blow especially with the hand <The boxer exultation <The joke caused the child to chortle dealt his opponent a clout to the head> with delight> clus·ter chose noun verb, past tense a number of similar things that occur together to select something <The kids chose members <The cluster of stars shone in the night sky> of their team> clutch cho·sen verb noun to grasp or hold with or as if with the hand or one who is the object of choice or of divine claws usually strongly, tightly, or suddenly favor : an elect person <The candidate was <The cat continued to clutch the mouse, despite chosen to be governor> being bitten on the nose> chro·no·log·i·cal coach adjective noun reckoned in units of time <The chronological one who instructs or trains <The basketball age of the man was 97 years old> coach insisted on nightly practices>; chrys·a·lis co·a·li·tion noun noun a pupa of a butterfly <The newly hatched a temporary alliance of distinct parties, persons, monarch emerged from its chrysalis> or states for joint action <A coalition of politicians joined together to pass the law> cir·cuit noun co·he·sion the complete path of an electric current noun including usually the source of electric energy the act or state of sticking together tightly <When the switch was thrown, the circuit was <Epoxy glue is known for its extreme completed and the light came on> cohesion> cir·cu·lar co·in·ci·dence adjective noun moving in or describing a circle or spiral <The the occurrence of events that happen at the same woman descended the circular staircase> time by accident but seem to have some connection <It was just a coincidence that the cir·cum·stance doorbell rang at the same time as the phone> noun a condition, fact, or event accompanying, col·umn conditioning, or determining another : an noun essential or inevitable concomitant <the weather a vertical arrangement of items printed or is a circumstance to be taken into written on a page <The words in the spelling list consideration> were arranged in one long column> com·fort·ably com·par·i ·son adverb noun affording or enjoying physical <The sailor an examination of two or more items to rested comfortably in his berth> establish similarities and dissimilarities <his faults seem minor by comparison> com·mer·cial noun com·pat·i ·ble an advertisement broadcast on radio or adjective television <The commercial for cocoa puffs was capable of existing together in harmony intended for kids> <compatible theories> <compatible people> com·mis·sion com·pel noun transitive verb a formal written warrant granting the power to to cause to do or occur by overwhelming perform various acts or duties <Christopher pressure <The police have the power to compel Columbus received his commission to explore you to get out of your car> the New World from Queen Isabella> com·pe·tence com·mu·ni·ca·tion noun noun a sufficiency of means for the necessities and a process by which information is exchanged conveniences of life <The singer sang the aria between individuals through a common system with competence> of symbols, signs, or behavior <the function of pheromones in insect communication is studied com·pe·ti·tion by entymologists>; noun a contest between rivals <The Olympics is a com·mu·ni·ty competition among the athletes of the world> noun an interacting population of various kinds of complete·ly individuals (as species) in a common location adverb <The Spokane community is bounded on the having all necessary parts, elements, or steps south by 57 th street > <The child finished her dinner completely, then went to bed> com·pa·nies noun com·plex·ion an association of persons for carrying on a noun commercial or industrial enterprise <There are the hue or appearance of the skin and especially three major car companies in the United States: of the face <A person with fair complexion is General Motors, Ford Motor Cars and Chrysler especially likely to get sunburned> Automotive> com·po·si·tion com·par·a·tive·ly noun adverb general makeup <The composition of mud is of, relating to, or constituting the degree of earth and water> comparison in a language that denotes increase in the quality, quantity, or relation expressed by an adjective or adverb <Comparatively speaking, your grades are not up to standard!> com·pre·hen·sion con·fi·dence noun noun the capacity for understanding fully <The a feeling or consciousness of one's powers or of universe contains mysteries that are beyond our reliance on one's circumstances <Sheila had comprehension> perfect confidence in her ability to succeed> con·cede con·i ·cal verb adjective to acknowledge grudgingly or hesitantly <I resembling a cone especially in shape <the concede that it might be a good idea to buy that mountain had a conical shape> car> con·nois·seur con·ceiv·able noun adjective one who enjoys with discrimination and IMAGINABLE <We used every conceivable appreciation of subtleties <Chef Colicchio is a combination to open the lock> connoisseur of fine wines and foods> con·ceive con·science verb noun to apprehend by reason or imagination the sense or consciousness of the moral : UNDERSTAND <I was unable to conceive his goodness or blameworthiness of one's own reasons for opening all the windows on a winter conduct, intentions, or character together with a night> feeling of obligation to do right or be good <Fred‟s conscience pained him when he con·cen·trat·ed cheated on the test> verb to focus one's powers, efforts, or attention <The con·sci·en·tious student concentrated on the math problem and adjective didn‟t hear the bell ring> governed by or conforming to the dictates of conscience : SCRUPULOUS METICULOUS, concern CAREFUL <John is a conscientious listener> noun marked interest or regard usually arising con·scious through a personal tie or relationship <The adjective mother had great concern for the health of her perceiving, apprehending, or noticing with a baby> degree of controlled thought or observation <Henry was conscious that someone was con·demn watching him> transitive verb to pronounce guilty <The jury will condemn the con·sen·sus thief to prison> noun the judgment arrived at by most of those con·fed·er·a·cy concerned <the consensus of the committee was noun to go ahead and plan the event> a league or compact for mutual support or common action <The states formed a confederacy to standardize laws of commerce> con·se·quent·ly con·tri·bu·tion adverb noun as a result : in view of the foregoing <Bill a payment (as a levy or tax) imposed by didn‟t study, consequently he failed the math military, civil, or ecclesiastical authorities test> usually for a special or extraordinary purpose <The church asked its members for a con·sid·er·able contribution to pay for the new pews> adjective large in extent or degree <1,000,000 is a con·trolled considerable number> adjective regulated by law with regard to possession and con·sid·er·ation use <controlled drugs are illegal unless you noun have a prescription> continuous and careful thought <after long consideration he agreed to their requests> con·tro·ver·sy noun con·sis·tent a discussion marked especially by the adjective expression of opposing views <The kids used marked by harmony, regularity, or steady “rock, paper,scissor” to settle their controversy continuity : free from variation or contradiction over who lined up first> <Da Vinci demonstrated a consistent style in painting> con·ve·nience noun con·so·la·tion fitness or suitability for performing an action or noun fulfilling a requirement <Find a time of your a contest held for those who have lost early in a convenience to have lunch> tournament <the losers met in a consolation game> cor·re·spon·dence noun con·tem·po·rary communication by letters <Jane‟s adjective correspondence with her mother was enough to happening, existing, living, or coming into fill two shoe boxes> being during the same period of time <Mozart was a contemporary of Salieri> coun·ter·feit adjective con·tin·u·al·ly made in imitation of something else with intent adverb to deceive <The thieves used a printing press to recurring in steady usually rapid succession make the counterfeit money> <Sam was continually tapping his pencil on the desk> countries noun con·tin·u·ous the land of a person's birth, residence, or adjective citizenship b: a political state or nation or its marked by uninterrupted extension in space, territory <Many countries comprise the time, or sequence <Mr. Jones provided European Union> continuous entertainment to the history class with his stories> cou·ra·geous cur·ric·u·lum adjective noun having or characterized by courage : BRAVE the courses offered by an educational institution <George Washington was a courageous <the math curriculum at Lewis and Clark High soldier> School is very challenging> cour·te·sy cus·tom·ary noun adjective consideration, cooperation, and generosity in commonly practiced, used, or observed <it is providing something (as a gift or privilege); customary to say „thank you‟ when you are (Evelyn showed courtesy by thanking her complimented> Grandma for her birthday gift> cus·tom·er crepe noun a light crinkled fabric woven of any of various one that purchases a commodity or service <the fibers <The dress was made of crepe and quite customer is always right> cool to wear in the summer> cyl·in·der crit·i·cism noun noun the surface traced by a straight line moving the art of evaluating or analyzing works of art parallel to a fixed straight line and intersecting a or literature; also : writings expressing such fixed planar closed curve <Quaker Oats oat evaluation or analysis <The author found the meal comes in a cylinder-shaped box> criticism of his novel annoying> dan·ger·ous cru·cial adjective adjective exposing to or involving danger <Crab fishing marked by final determination of a doubtful is a dangerous job> issue <The seventh, crucial game of the series decided the winner of the Stanley Cup> dap·ple noun crul·ler any of numerous usually cloudy and rounded noun spots or patches of a color or shade different a small sweet cake in the form of a twisted strip from their background <the horse‟s coat was fried in deep fat <The cruller was a wonderful white and dapple grey> treat> daub cup·board verb noun to coat with a dirty substance <The hornets‟s closet with shelves where dishes, utensils, or had to daub the side of the house with mud to food is kept; <Old Mother Hubbard went to her build their nest> cupboard to fetch her poor dog a bone> daugh·ter cu·ri·os·i·ty noun noun a female offspring especially of human parents inquisitive interest in others' concerns b: a female adopted child c: a human female <Curiosity killed the cat> descendant <My daughter has brown hair and eyes like her father> daunt·less de·fense·less adjective adjective FEARLESS <Indiana Jones is a dauntless hero> incapable of resisting attack <With the walls breached, the fort was defenseless> da·vit noun de·fi ·cien·cy a crane that projects over the side of a ship or a noun hatchway and is used especially for boats, a shortage of substances necessary to health <A anchors, or cargo <The deck hands used a davit vitamin C deficiency leads to scurvy> to load the wheat cargo on the boat> de·fi ·cient dealt adjective verb not up to a normal standard or complement ADMINISTER , DELIVER <The boxer dealt his <The sailor was deficient in vitamin C and opponent a blow> developed scurvy> de·ceive def·i ·nite verb adjective to cause to accept as true or valid what is false having distinct or certain limits <The WASL or invalid <The criminal intended to deceive the sets definite standards for pupils to meet> police by lying about where he obtained the money> def·i ·ni·tion noun a statement of the meaning of a word or word de·cid·ed·ly group or a sign or symbol <The definition of the adverb word „scurvy‟ can be found in the Merriam- free from doubt or wavering <The senator has Webster dictionary> decidedly conservative ideas on politics> de·lin·quent de·cid·u·ous adjective adjective being overdue in payment <The man was falling off or shed seasonally or at a certain delinquent in paying his charge account> stage of development in the life cycle <deciduous trees loose their leaves in the fall> de·moc·ra·cy noun de·ci·sion the rule of the majority, a government in which noun the supreme power is vested in the people and a determination arrived at after consideration exercised by them directly or indirectly through : CONCLUSION <I couldn‟t make a decision a system of representation usually involving about whether to have chocolate or vanilla ice periodically held free elections <The United creme> States government is based on democracy> de·ci·sive dem·on·strat·ed adjective verb having the power or quality of deciding <a to show clearly <The child demonstrated a decisive battle was fought in Gettysburg> willingness to cooperate with rules of the game> de·pen·dent de·sign adjective verb determined or conditioned by another to create, fashion, execute, or construct : CONTI NGENT <The plans for the picnic were according to plan <The architect intended to dependent on the weather> design the tallest building ever built> der·vish de·ter·mi·na·tion noun noun a member of a Muslim religious order noted for a judicial decision settling and ending a devotional exercises (as bodily movements controversy <It was the determination of the leading to a trance) <The dervish whirled in a jury that the thief was guilty> circle accompanied by joyful music> de·struc·tion de·scribe noun transitive verb the state or fact of being destroyed <The to represent or give an account of in words <It destruction of the earthquake was beyond was difficult to describe the picture without an imagination> example> det·ri·ment des·o·late noun adjective INJURY, DAMAGE <John did hard work without joyless, disconsolate, and sorrowful through or detriment to his health> as if through separation from a loved one <the desolate widow could not be comforted after deuce her loss> noun a throw of the dice yielding two points <The de·spair gambler rolled a deuce and lost his bet> verb to lose all hope or confidence <The child came de·vi ·ate to despair of ever having a pony> verb to stray especially from a standard, principle, or des·per·ate topic <I will not deviate from my plan> adjective giving no ground for hope <the outlook was de·vices desperate for victims of the tornado> noun something fanciful, elaborate, or intricate in des·per·a·tion design <Inspector Gadget has amazing devices noun hidden in his coat> a state of hopelessness leading to rashness <In an act of desperation, the quarterback called for di·a·bol·ic the stature of liberty play> adjective of, relating to, or characteristic of the devil de·pres·sion <The diabolic plot to overthrow the king failed noun miserably> a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment, <In the late 1930s an economic depression afflicted many people in the world> dic·ta·tor di·min·ish noun verb one holding complete autocratic control <The to make less or cause to appear less <The dictator did not allow any freedoms to his horrible weather served to diminish the army's people> ability to fight> dic·tio·nary dining room noun noun a reference source in print or electronic form a room used for eating meals <We always eat in containing words usually alphabetically the dining room, instead of the kitchen, on arranged along with information about their special occasions> forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses diph·the·ria <The Merriam-Webster dictionary is the source noun of the words in this list> an acute febrile contagious disease typically marked by the formation of a false membrane dic·tum especially in the throat and caused by a gram- noun positive bacterium (Corynebacterium a formal pronouncement of a principle, diphtheriae) that produces a toxin causing proposition, or opinion <The king issued the inflammation of the heart and nervous system dictum that all people should bow when he <Children are protected from the dread disease walked by> diphtheria by vaccinations> dif·fer·ence di·sas·trous noun adjective the quality or state of being different <The attended by or causing suffering or disaster child did not know the difference between right : CALAMI TOUS <a disastrous flood ruined all of and wrong> the crops> dif·fi ·cul·ty dis·ap·pear noun verb the quality or state of being difficult <The to pass from view <The magician caused the difficulty of the game increases with each dove to disappear> round> dis·ap·point di·lem·ma verb noun to fail to meet the expectation or hope of <The an argument presenting two or more equally man had to disappoint his child and not buy the conclusive alternatives against an opponent pony> <The dilemma was: do I have vanilla or chocolate ice crème??> dis·cern verb dil·i·gence to detect with the eyes <I failed to discern a noun figure approaching through the fog> persevering application <The spelling bee contestants studying the word list with diligence> dis·ci·ple dis·par·age noun transitive verb one who accepts and assists in spreading the speak slightingly about <The woman continued doctrines of another <The mother was a disciple to disparage the saleswoman, even after she of the parenting principles of the Dr. Spock> started to cry> dis·ci·pline dis·sat·is·fied noun adjective orderly or prescribed conduct or pattern of expressing or showing lack of satisfaction : not behavior <The discipline in the 2 nd grade pleased or satisfied <dissatisfied customers classroom was not very good when the often disparage the service in the restaurant> substitute teacher was in charge> dis·si·pate dis·cov·er·ies verb noun to break up and drive off <The crowd was something discovered or found <The made to dissipate by the police> discoveries of Christopher Columbus brought him fame in Europe> dis·tin·guished adjective dis·crim·i·na·tion marked by eminence, distinction, or excellence noun <The distinguished leadership of the general prejudiced or prejudicial outlook, action, or was honored by a medal> treatment <racial discrimination is against the law> di·vide verb dis·crep·an·cy to separate into two or more parts, areas, or noun groups <My mother used a knife to divide the a variance <The discrepancy between the cake into slices> amount of money in the cash register and the receipts indicated that someone miscounted di·vin·i·ty change> noun the quality or state of being divine <The dis·cuss Japanese Emperor is thought to have the transitive verb characteristic of divinity> to talk about <Discuss among yourselves> di·vulge dis·ease transitive verb noun to make known (as a confidence or secret) <It a condition of the living animal or plant body or was wrong to divulge the name of the secret of one of its parts that impairs normal witness> functioning and is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms <Disease is dom·i·nant prevalent when nutrition is poor> adjective commanding, controlling, or prevailing over all others <the dominant culture in the United States is western European> dor·mi·to·ries ef·fi·cien·cy noun noun a residence hall providing rooms for individuals effective operation as measured by a or for groups usually without private baths comparison of production with cost (as in <Students usually live in dormitories when they energy, time, and money) <The project was first go to college> completed with the greatest efficiency> drunk·en·ness el·e·gy noun noun excessive use of alcohol <Public drunkenness is a song or poem expressing sorrow or illegal> lamentation especially for one who is dead b: something (as a speech) resembling such a ebul·lience song or poem <The son delivered the elegy for noun his father at the funeral> the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings <The ebullience of the el·e·men·ta·ry cheerleading squad inspired the team to adjective victory> of, relating to, or dealing with the simplest elements or principles of something <an ec·cen·tric·i·ty elementary course in math deals only with noun counting and addition> odd or whimsical behavior <The eccentricity of the old man was evident when he wore a el·i·gi·ble lampshade as a hat> adjective qualified to participate or be chosen : ENTI TLED ec·sta·sy <People are eligible to retire when they reach noun the age of 65> state of overwhelming emotion; especially : rapturous delight <The student was in ecstasy elim·i·nate when she won the spelling bee> verb to put an end to or get rid of : REMOVE, ech·e·lon ERADICATE <I checked over my math test to noun eliminate errors> one of a series of levels or grades in an organization or field of activity <The project el·o·quent·ly involved employees at every echelon> adverb marked by forceful and fluent expression <The edi·tion eloquent preacher delivered a very moving noun sermon> the form or version in which a text is published <a paperback edition of the book costs less than elu·ci·date the hardcover> to give a clarifying explanation<The teacher proceeded to elucidate the text of the novel> ef·fect noun power to bring about a result <The war will effect the course of history> em·bas·sy en·cour·age·ment noun noun the official residence and offices of an courage, spirit, or hope <The student was given ambassador <The ball was held at the American lots of encouragement to do well on the math Embassy in England to honor the President> test> em·broi·dery en·e·mies noun noun the art or process of forming decorative designs one that is antagonistic to another; especially with hand or machine needlework <Girls were : one seeking to injure, overthrow, or confound once taught embroidery as part of their an opponent <The army sought to conquer their educations > enemies> em·er·ald en·nui noun noun a rich green variety of beryl prized as a a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction gemstone <The emerald ring cost many : BOREDOM <The students were filled with thousand dollars> ennui as summer vacation approached> emer·gen·cy enough noun adjective an urgent need for assistance or relief <the occurring in such quantity, quality, or scope as governor declared a state of emergency after the to fully meet demands, needs, or expectations flood> <Don‟t worry, there is enough food for everyone> em·i ·grate intransitive verb enor·mous to leave one's place of residence or country to adjective live elsewhere <The refugees decided to marked by extraordinarily great size, number, or emigrate from Canada to the United States> degree <The word list for the spelling bee is enormous> em·per·or noun en·ter·prise the sovereign or supreme male monarch of an noun empire <The emperor ruled his empire with readiness to engage in daring or difficult action justice> : INITIATIVE <The community showed great enterprise in dealing with the crisis> em·pha·size transitive verb en·ter·tain·ment to place emphasis on : STRESS <The newspaper noun continued to emphasize the need for reform> amusement or diversion provided especially by performers <The bride hired a band to provide emp·ti·ness entertainment at the wedding reception> noun having no purpose or result : USELESS <My days were filled with emptiness after the loss of my cat> en·thuse equa·tion verb noun to show enthusiasm <The band played a a usually formal statement of the equality or splendid performance, and the audience equivalence of mathematical or logical continued to enthuse long after it was over> expressions <The math student solved the equation for the class> en·thu·si·asm noun equip·ment something inspiring zeal or fervor <The noun cheerleaders showed their enthusiasm by the implements used in an operation or leaping and shouting> activity<ski equipment consists of skis, boots, bindings and poles> en·tire·ly adverb equipped to the full or entire extent : COMPLETELY <I transitive verb agree entirely> <you are entirely welcome> to furnish for service or action by appropriate provisioning <The army was properly equipped en·trance and a formidable force> noun the means or place of entry <The door served as equiv·a·lent the entrance to the house adjective equal in force, amount, or value; also : equal in en·vis·age area or volume but not superposable <the transitive verb square is equivalent to the triangle, but does not to have a mental picture of especially in have the same shape> advance of realization <The teachers met together to envisage an entirely new system of es·cape education> verb flight from confinement <The prisoner managed ep·i·lep·sy to escape by digging a tunnel out of the jail> noun any of various disorders marked by abnormal esoph·a·gus electrical discharges in the brain and typically noun manifested by sudden brief episodes of altered a muscular tube that in humans is about nine or diminished consciousness, involuntary inches (23 centimeters) long and passes from movements, or convulsions <Epilepsy is a the pharynx down the neck between the trachea disease in which a person can suffer seizures> and the spinal column and behind the left bronchus where it pierces the diaphragm ep·i·sode slightly to the left of the middle line and joins noun the cardiac end of the stomach <The esophagus a brief unit of action in a dramatic or literary is the passageway through which food enters work <That was my favorite episode of “Buffy the stomach.> the Vampire Slayer”> es·pe·cial·ly equal·ly adverb adverb in particular (Jenny was a great student, but in an equal or uniform manner : EVENLY <The especially talented in spelling) lottery winners shared the money equally> es·sen·tial ex·cept adjective preposition of the utmost importance <Water is essential for with the exclusion or exception of <The store is human existence> open daily except Sundays> et·y·mol·o·gy ex·cep·tion·al·ly noun adverb the history of a linguistic form (as a word) more than average or usual <Fred did an shown by tracing its development since its exceptionally difficult task with great skill> earliest recorded occurrence in the language <The etymology of the word „cat‟ begins in Late ex·cess Latin> noun the state or an instance of surpassing usual, even·tu·al ·ly proper, or specified limits <we gave our excess adverb food to the foodbank> at an unspecified later time : in the end <I will get to my chores eventually> ex·cit·able adjective ev·ery·body capable of being readily roused into action or a pronoun state of excitement or irritability <Children can EVERYONE <Everybody cheered at the end of be very excitable> the game> ex·em·pla·ry ev·i·dent·ly adjective adverb serving as a pattern b: deserving imitation in an evident manner : CLEARLY, OBVIOUSLY : COMMENDABLE <his courage was <Evidently the food was rotten, because my exemplary>; mother threw it all away> ex·hausted ex·ag·ger·at·ing verb verb to consume entirely : USE UP <We exhausted to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth <Jane our funds in a week> was exaggerating about the size of her CD collection> ex·is·tence noun ex·ceed the state or fact of having being especially verb independently of human consciousness and as to extend outside of <the river will exceed its contrasted with nonexistence <Most scientists banks> believe in the existence of other worlds> ex·cel·lent ex·or·bi·tant adjective adjective very good of its kind : eminently good <The exceeding the customary or appropriate limits in food was excellent at the French restaurant> intensity, quality, amount, or size <Taxes in Europe are exorbitant> ex·pec·ta·tion ex·trav·a·gant noun adjective the act or state of expecting : ANTICIPATION spending much more than necessary <Ellen has <Jane was in expectation of what would happen always been extravagant with her money> at the party> fa·cil·i·ties ex·pense noun noun something (as a hospital) that is built, installed, financial burden or outlay : COST <The or established to serve a particular purpose committee built the monument at their own <The hospital facilities in our community are expense> very sophisticated> ex·pe·ri·ence faith·ful ·ness noun adjective direct observation of or participation in events steadfast in affection or allegiance as a basis of knowledge <Baseball players have : LOYAL3: firm in adherence to promises or in a lot of experience running bases> observance of duty <Faithfulness is a great characteristic in a friend> ex·per·i·ment noun fal ·la·cy TEST, TRIAL <I will make another experiment noun to test the strength of this solution> a false or mistaken idea <It is a popular fallacy that one can loose weight without exercise> ex·po·nen·tial adjective fam·i·lies expressible or approximately expressible by an noun exponential function: characterized by or being a group of individuals living under one roof and an extremely rapid increase (as in size or extent) usually under one head <Most families like to <the bacteria grew at an exponential rate> eat dinner together> ex·qui·site fan·ci·ful adjective adjective marked by flawless craftsmanship or by marked by fancy or unrestrained imagination beautiful, ingenious, delicate, or elaborate rather than by reason and experience <J.K. execution <The exquisite vase had meticulous Rowling is a fanciful person> detail and beautiful color> fan·ta·sy ex·ten·sive noun adjective the free play of creative imagination <Harry having wide or considerable range <Bob had Potter is a an example of fantasy> extensive knowledge of kangaroos> far–fetched ex·traor·di·nary adjective adjective not easily or naturally deduced or introduced going beyond what is usual, regular, or : IMPROBABLE <That story is pretty far– customary <Iron Man has extraordinary powers fetched and not very believable> of strength and flight> fascinating fi·nan·cial·ly adjective adverb extremely interesting or charming Of the system that includes the circulation of : CAPTIVATI NG <the woman with the fur coat money, the granting of credit, the making of was fascinating> investments, and the provision of banking facilities <The bank was financially sound > faulty adjective fi·nan·cier marked by fault or defect : IMPERFECT <The noun computer was faulty and had to be repaired> one who deals with finance and investment on a large scale <The financier made millions of fa·vor·ite dollars by investing in the stock market> adjective markedly popular <Chocolate is a favorite fi·nesse flavor> noun skillful handling of a situation : adroit fe·al ·ty maneuvering <The referee handled the dispute noun with great finesse> the fidelity of a vassal or feudal tenant to his lord <The vassal proclaimed their fealty or fin·ger loyalty to the king> noun any of the five terminating members of the fea·si·ble hand<The child pointed her finger at the adjective airplane> capable of being done or carried out <The kids had a feasible plan to earn money to buy ice flag·on creme> noun a large usually metal or pottery vessel (as for fic·ti·tious wine) with handle and spout and often a lid adjective <The peasant ordered a flagon of wine> conventionally or hypothetically assumed or accepted <The book was fictitious therefore not flex·i·ble based in fact> adjective characterized by a ready capability to adapt to fi·del·i·ty new, different, or changing requirements <My noun schedule is flexible > the quality or state of being faithful <the knights pledged their fidelity to the king> fo·liage the aggregate of leaves of one or more fiend plants<The fall foliage was spectacular> noun a person of great wickedness or maliciousness for·eign <The demon was a fiend> adjective alien in character : not connected or pertinent fi·nal <the language is foreign and I don‟t understand adjective it> not to be altered or undone <all sales are final> fore·word frost·i·ness noun noun prefatory comments (as for a book) especially marked by coolness or extreme reserve in when written by someone other than the author manner <his smile had a frostiness that made <The foreword to the book contained the woman uneasy> interesting facts about the story> frus·trate foun·da·tion transitive verb noun to balk or defeat in an endeavor <I will frustrate a basis (as a tenet, principle, or axiom) upon my sister by taking her doll away> which something stands or is supported <the foundations of geometry are taught in middle fu·gi ·tive school> adjective running away or intending flight <The fugitive found·ry slave followed the underground railway to noun freedom> the act, process, or art of casting metals <The horseshoes were made in the foundry> ful ·fill transitive verb to meet the requirements of <This will fulfill fra·ter·ni·ty your obligation> noun group of people associated or formally fun·da·men·tal organized for a common purpose, interest, or adjective pleasure <My brother joined a fraternity when of central importance : PRI NCIPAL <the he went to college> fundamental purpose of school is to educate students> fre·net·ic adjective fu·ner·al FRENZI ED, FRANTIC <The pianist played the noun concerto at a frenetic tempo> the observances held for a dead person usually before burial or cremation <The funeral for the friend·li·ness man was held in the rain> noun showing kindly interest and goodwill <Because fur·ni·ture of her friendliness, Jane was invited to many noun parties> movable articles used in readying an area (as a room or patio) for occupancy or use <We front·age bought new patio furniture just in time for the noun July 4th party> a piece of land that lies adjacent (as to a street or the ocean)<The beach cottage had 500 feet of fur·ther lake frontage> adverb to a greater degree or extent <my ponies are tired and I have further to go> gauge gog·gles noun noun plural an instrument with a graduated scale or dialect protective glasses set in a flexible frame (as of for measuring or indicating quantity <The gas rubber or plastic) that fits snugly against the gauge says we are nearly out of gas> face <Make sure you wear goggles when conducting science experiments> gaunt adjective gor·geous excessively thin and angular <Dracula has a adjective long gaunt face> splendidly or showily brilliant or magnificent <The day ended with a gorgeous sunset> gauze noun gos·pel a loosely woven cotton surgical dressing <My noun mother put gauze over my scraped knee> something accepted or promoted as infallible truth or as a guiding principle or doctrine <Fred ge·nius took her words as gospel> noun a person endowed with transcendent mental gour·met superiority; especially : a person with a very noun high IQ<Albert Einstein was a genius> a connoisseur of food and drink <The gourmet refused to eat at Mc Donalds> gen·tle·man noun gout a man whose conduct conforms to a high noun standard of propriety or correct behavior <My a metabolic disease marked by a painful boyfriend is a gentleman, he always opens inflammation of the joints, deposits of urates in doors for me> and around the joints, and usually an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood <My uncle gen·u·ine suffers from gout> adjective actually having the reputed or apparent qualities gov·ern·ment or character <The restaurant served genuine noun vintage wines> the complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of glad·i·a·tor governing is carried out <the government of the noun United States is centered in Washington D.C.> a person engaged in a fight to the death as public entertainment for ancient Romans <The gov·er·nor gladiator fought in the Coliseum. noun the managing director and usually the principal glos·sa·ry officer of an institution or organization <The noun governor of Washington is Christine Gregroire> a collection of textual words or of specialized terms with their meanings <There was a glossary of terms in the chemistry book> gram·mar guile noun noun the study of the classes of words, their deceitful cunning <The fox stalked the chickens inflections, and their functions and relations in with guile> the sentence <During our grammar class we learned to diagram sentences> handicapped adjective gran·deur having a physical or mental disability; also : of noun or reserved for handicapped persons <It is the quality or state of being grand against the law to park in the handicapped : MAGNIFICENCE <The grandeur of the Grand parking spaces without a special permit> Canyon makes it a prime tourist attraction> hand·ker·chief gra·tu·itous noun adjective a small usually square piece of cloth used for given unearned or without recompense b: not usually personal purposes (as blowing the nose) involving a return benefit, compensation, or or as a clothing accessory <I used my father‟s consideration c: costing nothing : FREE <My handkerchief to wipe my tears> sister gives a lot of gratuitous advice> happening gre·gar·i·ous noun adjective something (as an event) that is particularly marked by or indicating a liking for interesting, entertaining, or important <The companionship : SOCIABLE <My brother is Library Foundation‟s Spelling Bee is quite a very gregarious and has a lot of friends> happening!> griev·ous ha·rass adjective transitive verb causing or characterized by severe pain, to annoy persistently <My little brother suffering, or sorrow <The soldier suffered a continued to harass me despite my mother‟s grievous wound> telling him to stop> guar·an·tee harsh noun adjective an assurance of the quality of or of the length of strict in judgment, discipline, or government use to be expected from a product offered for <The film critic rendered a harsh review of the sale often with a promise of reimbursement film> <The dishwasher didn‟t work, but since it was still under guarantee it was replaced> har·vest noun guid·ance the season for gathering in agricultural noun crops<Because of all the snow, we should have advice on vocational or educational problems a great wheat harvest this fall> given to students <My guidance counselor offered suggestions about colleges> hay·wire adverb or adjective being out of order or having gone wrong <the radio went haywire> haugh·ti ·ness her·mit·age noun noun blatantly and disdainfully proud <No one liked a secluded residence or private retreat to talk to Gertrude because of her haughtiness> : HIDEAWAY c: MONASTERY <Our mountain cabin is our own hermitage> healthy adjective her·o·ine conducive to health <I walk three miles every noun day, a beastly bore, but healthy — G. S. Patton> a woman admired and emulated for her achievements and qualities<Susan B. Anthony heart·i·ly is a heroine of womens‟ sufferage> adverb WHOLLY, THOROUGHLY <I am heartily sick of hi·er·ar·chy all this talk> noun the classification of a group of people according to ability or to economic, social, or professional heavi·er standing; also : the group so classified <in the adjective hierarchy of the Catholic church, the pope is the having great weight, comparatively <A bowling leader> ball is heavier than a feather> high·brow height adjective noun person who possesses or has pretensions to the distance from the bottom to the top of superior learning or culture<Because he went to something standing upright <Most children many plays, Reginald was thought himself to be reach their full height by the end of their teens> quite highbrow> help·ful hinge adjective noun of service or assistance : USEFUL <My mother a jointed or flexible device on which a door, lid, gives a lot of helpful advice> or other swinging part turns <the hinge on the door is very squeaky> her·biv·o·rous adjective hitch·hike feeding on plants <A deer is a herbivorous verb animal> to travel by securing free rides from passing vehicles<It is not safe to hitchhike> heroes noun hope·less·ness mythological or legendary figure often of divine noun descent endowed with great strength or the state of having no expectation of good or ability<Hercules was among the heroes of success <Jane experienced hopelessness over Greek myth> receiving an increase in her allowance> hop·ing verb to cherish a desire with anticipation <Ed was hoping for a promotion> ho·siery illegible noun adjective knitwear fashioned to cover the feet and legs INDECIPHERABLE <Your messy writing is <Jane purchased hosiery to match her new dress illegible > and shoes> il·lus·tra·tion hos·pi·tal·i·ty noun noun a picture or diagram that helps make something welcoming treatment, reception, or disposition clear or attractive <the illustration in the story <Grandma always shows amazing hospitality to was almost better than the story itself> her guests> imag·i·nary hu·mil·i·ate adjective transitive verb lacking factual reality <Jane‟s imaginary friend to reduce to a lower position in one's own eyes was named Elwin and had green hair> or others' eyes : MORTIFY <The attention only served to humiliate Frank even more> imag·ine verb hu·mor·ous to form a mental image of (something not adjective present) <Frank was a worrier and would full of or characterized by something that is imagine accidents at every turn> comical or amusing <That TV show is very humorous> im·me·di·ate·ly adverb hun·gry without interval of time : STRAIGHTWAY <I'll adjective make that call immediately> characterized by or characteristic of hunger or appetite <I am so hungry I could eat an im·mense elephant> adjective transcending ordinary means of measurement hur·ried·ly <the immense and boundless universe exceeds adverb our imagination> going or working at speed <I did my homework hurriedly, so my handwriting was a mess> immigrant noun hy·giene a person who comes to a country to take up noun permanent residence <The immigrant has long conditions or practices (as of cleanliness) been a building block of the American conducive to health (Bob practiced good dental population> hygiene and brushed his teeth after every meal> im·pass·able hy·poc·ri·sy adjective noun incapable of being passed, traveled, crossed, or feigning to be what one is not or to believe what surmounted <the flooding rivers were one does not; especially : the false assumption impassable> of an appearance of virtue or religion <It is hypocrisy to insist on truthfulness in others when you yourself are a liar> im·pu·dent in·def·i·nite·ly adjective adverb marked by contemptuous or cocky boldness or having no exact limits <The conversation in the disregard of others <the students behave in an room went of indefinitely> impudent fashion when the substitute teacher was in charge of the classroom> in·de·pen·dence noun in·ac·ces·si·ble the state of not being controlled by adjective others<Sheila celebrated her independence by not able to be reached or attained <Spring staying out past her curfew> runoff made the island inaccessible due to high water> in·dict·ment noun in·ad·e·quate a formal written statement framed by a adjective prosecuting authority and found by a jury (as a not capable <No matter how hard she tried, grand jury) charging a person with an offense Eliza was inadequate as a leader> <The jury handed down the indictment accusing the man of theft> in·au·gu·ra·tion noun in·dis·pens·able ceremonial induction into office <The adjective inauguration of the new President will occur in absolutely necessary : ESSENTIAL <The nurses January> are indispensable members of the hospital staff> in·ci·den·tal ·ly adverb in·di ·vid·u·al by way of interjection or digression : by the adjective way <Incidentally, do you know which way the intended for one person <an individual serving deli is? > contains 300 calories> in·com·pat·i ·ble in·duce·ment adjective noun incapable of association or harmonious motive or consideration that leads one to action coexistence <The incompatible colors on the or to additional or more effective actions <Jane walls made the room look frightful> offered Bob $5 as an inducement to wash her car> in·crease verb in·dus·tri·al to become progressively greater (as in size, adjective amount, number, or intensity) <To increase the characterized by highly developed industries numbers of tomatoes on your plants, simply add <Britain became an industrial nation during the fertilizer> 19th century> in·cred·i·ble in·fal·li·ble adjective adjective too extraordinary and improbable to be believed incapable of error : UNERRI NG <Marie had an <Judy was making incredible claims about infallible memory> being able to fly> in·fla·tion in·sti·tute noun transitive verb continuing rise in the general price level usually to originate and get established <Mary was on attributed to an increase in the volume of money to institute change in any organization> and credit relative to available goods and services <Due to inflation, milk now costs over in·stru·ment $3.50 per gallon> noun a device used to produce music; also : a singing in·flu·ence voice <A violin is a stringed instrument> noun the act or power of producing an effect without in·sur·gent apparent exertion of force or direct exercise of noun command <The mayor used all of her influence a person who revolts against civil authority or to encourage the city council to vote for the new an established government; <Earl became an swimming pool> insurgent by refusing to pay his parking tickets> in·gre·di·ent noun in·te·grate something that enters into a compound or is a verb component part of any combination or mixture to end the segregation of and bring into equal <Flour is the main ingredient in cake> membership in society or an organization b: DESEGREGATE <The government passed in·no·cence laws to integrate school districts> noun freedom from guilt or sin through being in·tel·lec·tu·al unacquainted with evil <The man proclaimed adjective his innocence throughout his trial> given to study, reflection, and speculation <Albert read many books as part of his in·nu·en·do intellectual pursuits> noun an oblique allusion<John‟s reputation was in·ter·est ruined by rumor and innuendo> noun a feeling that accompanies or causes special in·stal·la·tion attention to an object or class of objects <I have noun a great interest in cats> a work of art that usually consists of multiple components often in mixed media and that is in·ter·fered exhibited in a usually large space in an intransitive verb arrangement specified by the artist <The to interpose in a way that hinders or impedes installation at the museum required a full room : come into collision or be in opposition <Fred many weeks of work> interfered with the kicker and he missed the goal> in·sti·gate transitive verb to goad or urge forward : PROVOKE <Jane would instigate trouble by kicking her brother‟s chair> in·ter·pre·ta·tion jeal ·ous·ly noun adverb a particular adaptation or version of a work, vigilant in guarding a possession <Barbara method, or style <Mozart‟s interpretation of jealously hoarded her Barbie dolls> music was different than any that had come before> jeop·ar·di ze transitive verb in·tro·duc·to·ry to expose to danger or risk <If you don‟t get a adjective good nights sleep, you‟ll jeopardize you of, relating to, or being a first step that sets chances of doing well on the test> something going or in proper perspective <Susan found the introductory course in jew·el·ry calculus very easy> noun bjects of precious metal often set with gems and in·vari·able worn for personal adornment <The Queen wore adjective a lot of jewelry at the coronation> not changing or capable of change : CONSTANT <Coffee every morning is part of my invariable jinx routine> noun one that brings bad luck <Susan was a jinx; involved every time she attended the game the team lost> adjective marked by extreme and often needless or jit·ter·bug excessive complexity <The plot in this novel is noun very involved> jazz variation of the two-step in which couples swing, balance, and twirl in standardized ir·re·sist·ible patterns and often with vigorous acrobatics adjective <My Grandparents danced the jitterbug when impossible to resist <Betty found the cake they were teenagers> irresistible > jock·ey ir·ri·ta·ble noun adjective a person who rides or drives a horse especially easily exasperated or excited <Baby Elwin gets as a professional in a race <the jockey was a irritable when he tires> very small man atop a huge horse> ir·ri·tate joist verb noun to provoke impatience, anger, or displeasure in any of the small timbers or metal beams ranged : ANNOY <Ben like to irritate his sister by parallel from wall to wall in a structure to tapping his pencil on her head> support a floor or ceiling <the joist broke under the weight of the snow and the roof collapsed> is·land noun a tract of land surrounded by water and smaller than a continent <The tropical island was surrounded by crystal blue water> jowls knell noun verb usu. slack flesh (as a dewlap, wattle, or the to ring especially for a death, funeral, or disaster pendulous part of a double chin) associated with <The bells tolled the funeral knell at the death the cheeks, lower jaw, or throat <The old man of the king> had no hair and big jowls> knelt ju·nior intransitive verb adjective to bend the knee : fall or rest on the knees <the lower in standing or rank <Steve was very knight knelt before the queen to receive her happy to become a junior partner in the law blessing> firm> knowl·edge jus·tice noun noun the fact or condition of knowing something with the quality of being just, impartial, or fair b familiarity gained through experience or (1): the principle or ideal of just dealing or right association <After a lot of study, I‟ve gained a action <With liberty and justice for all> lot of knowledge about math> ju·ve·nile knuck·le adjective noun physiologically immature or undeveloped <The the rounded prominence formed by the ends of juvenile birds could not fly fast enough to keep the two adjacent bones at a joint —used up with the flock> especially of those at the joints of the fingers <The bruised a knuckle when I closed the car ki·lo·me·ter door on my hand> noun a metric unit or length equal to 1000 meters lab·o·ra·to·ry <The gas station is one kilometer up the road> noun place equipped for experimental study in a kiln science or for testing and analysis <the scientist noun created the monster in his laboratory> an oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing a substance by burning, firing, or la·bo·ri·ous·ly drying <The pots came out of the kiln and were adverb too hot to touch> involving or characterized by hard or toilsome effort <Michael studied laboriously and did knap·sack well on the chemistry test> noun a bag (as of canvas or nylon) strapped on the lac·er·ate back and used for carrying supplies or personal transitive verb belongings <the hiker kept his tent and camp to tear or rend roughly : wound jaggedly <It is gear in his knapsack> easy to lacerate a finger with a freshly sharpened knife> knave noun a boy servant < The knight was accompanied by his knave on the quest> lan·guage li·brar·i·an noun noun the words, their pronunciation, and the methods a specialist in the care or management of a of combining them used and understood by a library <A librarian is able locate the best community <People in France speak a different reference sources on the internet> language than those in the United States> lieu·ten·ant lar·yn·gi·tis noun noun a fire or police department officer ranking inflammation of the larynx <Janice had below a captain <The lieutenant took charge of laryngitis and could not speak> the regiment when the captain was injured> leak·age like·li·hood noun noun something or the amount that leaks <Leakage PROBABILITY <There is a strong likelihood from the tank ran all over the basement floor. that Albert is correct > leav·en liq·uid noun adjective a material (as baking powder) used to produce a having the properties of a liquid : being neither gas that lightens dough or batter < The baker solid nor gaseous <Water is liquid above 32 used yeast to leaven the bread> degrees farenheit> led·ger lit·er·a·ture noun noun a book containing accounts to which debits and the body of written works produced in a credits are posted from books of original entry particular language, country, or age <Plan on <The accountant entered the figures into his reading a lot of books if you choose to study ledger> literature> le·gal·i·ty live·ly noun adjective attachment to or observance of law <Obeying briskly alert and energetic : VIGOROUS , the speed limit is a legality that is often ANI MATED <Mertle and Joe had a lively ignored> discussion> lei·sure·ly lone·li·ness a dverb noun without haste : DELIBERATELY <Jane finished a feeling of bleakness or desolation <Sarah sat her dinner in a leisurely fashion> in her apartment and cried from loneliness after she lost her cat> length·en·ing verb lose to make longer <The tailor was lengthening the verb skirt when the phone rang> to miss from one's possession or from a customary or supposed place <You will lose that toy if you don‟t put it away> lov·able maim adjective transitive verb having qualities that attract affection <the kitten to mutilate, disfigure, or wound seriously <The was cute, fuzzy and lovable> tiger was able to maim the boy when he reached his hand through the bars of the cage> loy·al·ty noun main·te·nance the quality or state or an instance of being loyal noun <the knight‟s loyalty to the king was the upkeep of property or equipment <The unquestioned> maintenance of your car includes changing the oil and keeping it clean> lux·u·ries noun mal·con·tent a condition of abundance or great ease and noun comfort <Gourmet food and expensive cars are a discontented person <Freida was a real luxuries> malcontent, she complained all of the time> mag·a·zines mal·nu·tri·tion noun noun a periodical containing miscellaneous pieces (as faulty nutrition due to inadequate or unbalanced articles, stories, poems) and often illustrated; intake of nutrients or their impaired assimilation also : such a periodical published online <The or utilization <Millions of children in Africa bookstore had a whole section dedicated to suffer from malnutrition> fashion magazines> man·age·ment mag·is·te·ri·al noun adjective the conducting or supervising of something (as marked by an overbearingly dignified or a business) <The management of the theater assured manner or aspect <As the President decided to raise ticket prices> walked into the statehouse, his bearing was magisterial> man·ag·ing verb mag·is·trate to direct or carry on business or affairs <the noun managing editor of the newspaper decided to an official entrusted with administration of the fire the reporter> laws <The local magistrate degreed that no one should go into river when the water was so ma·neu·vers high> noun an extended and large-scale training exercise mag·nif·i·cent involving military and naval units separately or adjective in combination <The army battalion was in the marked by stately grandeur and lavishness <The field for over two weeks conducting practice billionaire led a magnificent way of life> maneuvers> manufactur·ing med·i·cine verb noun to make into a product suitable for use <General a substance or preparation used in treating Motors company is a leader in manufacturing disease <the doctor prescribed medicine to cure automobiles> Bob‟s infection> mar·riage me·nag·er·ie noun noun the state of being united to a person as husband a collection of wild or foreign animals kept or wife in a consensual and contractual especially for exhibition <Michael Jackson kept relationship recognized by law <We gather a menagerie at his home in California> together to recognize the marriage of this man and this woman> men·tal·i·ty noun mar·riage·able mode or way of thought : OUTLOOK <the adjective imperialist mentality of the nineteenth century fit for or capable of marriage <At fourteen led to the colonialization of many countries> years old, the girl was not yet of marriageable age> mer·chan·dise noun ma·te·ri·al the commodities or goods that are bought and adjective sold in business <The store stocked a lot of relating to, derived from, or consisting of merchandise that did not sell> matter; especially : PHYSICAL <Iron is an element in the material world> met·ro·pol·i·tan adjective math·e·mat·ics of, relating to, or characteristic of a metropolis noun or city and sometimes including its suburbs the science of numbers and their operations, <Many millions of people live in the New York interrelations, combinations, generalizations, metropolitan area > and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, met·ro·nome transformations, and generalizations <The study noun of mathematics is mandatory for all students> an instrument designed to mark exact time by a regularly repeated tick <Music students should may·on·naise use a metronome when they practice their noun instruments> a dressing made of egg yolks, vegetable oils, and vinegar or lemon juice <I love tuna fish mi·cro·scop·ic with mayonnaise> adjective very small or fine or precise <The stitches in the mean·ness needlework were microscopic> noun characterized by petty selfishness or malice mil·i·tate <the meanness Lucy displayed in breaking the intransitive verb pencil made Jane cry> to have weight or effect <his boyish appearance continued to militate against his getting an early promotion> min·i·mize mo·not·o·nous transitive verb adjective to underestimate intentionally : PLAY DOWN, uttered or sounded in one unvarying tone SOFT-PEDAL <To minimize our losses in the : marked by a sameness of pitch and intensity football season, the coach cited the inexperience <My economics professor had a very of his team> monotonous voice, making it difficult to stay awake in class> min·i·a·ture noun mon·strous something small of its kind <The miniature adjective poodle fit into a teacup> having extraordinary often overwhelming size<The monstrous size of the fish sent mis·cel·la·neous everyone running for their camera. adjective consisting of diverse things or members <There month were a lot of books and other miscellaneous noun items on display in the garage sale> measure of time corresponding nearly to the period of the moon's revolution and amounting mis·chief to approximately 4 weeks or 30 days or 1⁄12 of a noun year <January is the first month of the year> action that annoys or irritates b: the quality or state of being mischievous mor·al : MISCHIEVOUSNESS <The young boy had adjective mischief in his eyes> sanctioned by or operative on one's conscience or ethical judgment <We have a moral mis·spelled obligation to help the poor> transitive verb to spell incorrectly <Winslow misspelled mo·rale almost every word on the test> noun the mental and emotional condition (as of mis·use enthusiasm, confidence, or loyalty) of an transitive verb individual or group with regard to the function to use incorrectly : MISAPPLY <Because of or tasks at hand <The morale of the team misuse of funds, the banker was sent to jail> suffered after repeated losses> mod·i·fied mor·tar·board verb noun to make basic or fundamental changes in often an academic cap consisting of a closely fitting to give a new orientation to or to serve a new headpiece with a broad flat projecting square end <the wing of a bird is an arm modified for top<The graduate threw her mortarboard into flying> the air at the end of the ceremony> mos·qui ·toes na·tion·al·i·ties noun noun any of a family (Culicidae) of dipteran flies membership in a particular nation <Many with females that have a set of slender organs in nationalities gather at the Olympics> the proboscis adapted to puncture the skin of animals and to suck their blood and that are in nat·u·ral·ly some cases vectors of serious diseases <The adverb mosquitoes are especially heavy due to all of the according to the usual course of things : as rain> might be expected < naturally, we dislike being hurt> mur·der noun nec·es·sar·i·ly the crime of unlawfully killing a person adverb especially with malice aforethought < Murder is of necessity : UNAVOIDABLY 2 : as a logical against the law> result or consequence <It ain‟t necessarily so> mu·si·cian nec·es·sary noun adjective composer, conductor, or performer of music absolutely needed <Oxygen is necessary to our <The musician loved playing his violin more existence> than life itself> neg·a·tive mus·tang adjective noun marked by denial, prohibition, or refusal <Sally small hardy naturalized horse of United States received a negative answer to her request for a western plains directly descended from horses cookie>; brought in by the Spaniards<The mustang bucked and kicked when it was roped by the ne·go·tia·ble cowboy> adjective capable of being traversed, dealt with, or mu·ti·nous accomplished <a difficult but negotiable road> adjective disposed to or being in a state of mutiny neigh·bor : REBELLIOUS <The mutinous crew refused to noun sail any further> one living or located near another <My neighbor brought a cake when we moved into mys·te·ri·ous my house> adjective exciting wonder, curiosity, or surprise while nei·ther baffling efforts to comprehend or identify conjunction : MYSTI FYING <Jane heard a mysterious noise> not either <neither black nor white> nar·ra·tive nem·e·sis noun noun the representation in art of an event or story; a formidable and usually victorious rival or also : an example of such a representation <My opponent <The Joker is the nemesis of Batman> narrative begins when I was three years old> nick·el·ode·on no·tic·ing noun transitive verb an early movie theater to which admission to attend to <I was noticing your beautiful pink usually cost five cents <Put another nickel in dress> the nickelodeon> nou·gat nick·name noun noun a confection of nuts or fruit pieces in a sugar usually descriptive name given instead of or in paste <I love the nougat in this candy bar> addition to the one belonging to a person, place, or thing <Elwin‟s nickname is “Skip”> nul·li·fy transitive verb niece to make of no value or consequence <The jury noun will nullify the verdict> a daughter of one's brother, sister, brother-in- law, or sister-in-law <My niece lives in Long nu·mer·ous Beach, CA> adjective consisting of great numbers of units or nigh individuals <Bob was born into a numerous adverb family> near in place, time, or relationship —often used with on, onto, or unto<Nigh onto midnight, nur·ture Santa came down the chimney> noun TRAINI NG, UPBRI NGING <the job of a good nine·ties parent is to nurture their child> noun the numbers 90 to 99; specifically : the years 90 nu·tri·ent to 99 in a lifetime or century <Many people live noun well into their nineties> a beneficial substance or ingredient <Calcium is a nutrient found in green, leafy vegetables> ninth noun ob·sess sequentially after the eighth <Judy was the verb ninth person in line> to haunt or excessively preoccupy the mind of <Ella continued to obsess with the idea> nos·tal·gia noun ob·sta·cle wistful or excessively sentimental yearning for noun return to or of some past period or irrecoverable something that impedes progress or condition <There is a lot of nostalgia for the achievement <The only obstacle between us 1950‟s> and victory is lack of will> no·tice·able ob·sti·nate adjective adjective attracting notice or attention <The stain on your perversely adhering to an opinion, purpose, or blouse is not noticeable> course in spite of reason, arguments, or persuasion <obstinate resistance to change> oc·ca·sion omit noun transitive verb a favorable opportunity or circumstance <Julie to leave out or leave unmentioned <You may did not have occasion to talk with her friends> omit question four from the test> omit·ted oc·cult transitive verb adjective to leave out or leave unmentioned <Jane not revealed : SECRET <The occult door was omitted one important detail> behind the bookcase> oner·ous oc·cu·py·ing adjective transitive verb involving, imposing, or constituting a burden to take or hold possession or control of <The : TROUBLESOME <Cleaning the stable is an occupying army set up camp in the middle of onerous task> town> opaque oc·cur adjective intransitive verb exhibiting opacity : blocking the passage of to come to mind <It did not occur to me that radiant energy and especially light <The you would want that apple> curtains were opaque> oc·cur·rence operation noun noun EVENT, INCIDENT <that is the second an exertion of power or influence <the occurrence of vandalism> operation of a drug is to cure a disease> oc·cur·ring opin·ion intransitive verb noun to come to mind <It was occurring to me that a view, judgment, or appraisal formed in the the car needed a wash> mind about a particular matter <keep your opinion to yourself> odd·i·ty noun opi·um an odd person, thing, event, or trait<The noun chicken with three legs was a oddity> a bitter brownish addictive narcotic drug that consists of the dried latex obtained from omis·sions immature seed capsules of the opium noun poppy<Opium became a huge social problem in something neglected or left undone <There 19th century China> were omissions in the testimony> op·po·nent om·nip·o·tence noun noun one that takes an opposite position (as in a an agency or force of unlimited power<The debate, contest, or conflict)<Lisa‟s opponent omnipotence of the weapon was feared by all> beat her easily in the 100 meter race> op·por·tu·ni ·ties paid noun adjective favorable juncture of circumstances <the halt marked by the receipt of pay <John received provided opportunities for rest and paid vacation time> refreshment> pam·phlet op·pose noun transitive verb an unbound printed publication with no cover or to offer resistance to<I oppose your wish to with a paper cover<According to the pamphlet, build a fence between our yards> registration op·ti·mism pan·de·mo·ni·um noun noun an inclination to put the most favorable a wild uproar : TUMULT<When the substitute construction upon actions and events or to teacher entered the room, pandemonium broke anticipate the best possible outcome <Lisa‟s out> optimism made her a joy to work with> par·al·lel op·ti·mis·tic adjective adjective extending in the same direction, everywhere an inclination to put the most favorable equidistant, and not meeting <The parallel rows construction upon actions and events or to of trees stretched out of sight> anticipate the best possible outcome <I am optimistic that you will all enjoy the spelling par·a·lyze bee> transitive verb to make immoveable, powerless or orig·i·nal·ly ineffective<The snake venom had the power to adverb paralyze the rat> in the beginning : in the first place : INI TIALLY <although I bought this dress at a resale shop, parch·ment originally it came from Nordstrom‟s> noun the skin of a sheep or goat prepared for writing over·whelm·ing on<The torah was made of parchment> adjective tending or serving to overwhelm par·fait <overwhelming force>; also : EXTREME, noun GREAT <The candidate won an overwhelming cold dessert made of layers of fruit, syrup, ice majority in the election> cream, and whipped cream <Sally ordered a parfait at Baskin-Robbins> ox·i·da·tion noun par·tic·i·pat·ed the process whereby an element combines with verb oxygen< Rust is the product of the oxidation of to take part <Laura always participated in class iron> discussions> par·tic·u·lar·ly peace adverb noun to an unusual degree It was a particularly dry freedom from civil disturbance<Peace summer> prevailed at the end of the war> part·ner peace·able noun adjective one associated with another especially in an disposed to peace : not contentious or action <Ed was the partner of Sally in the quarrelsome<Eva was a quiet and peaceable science fair> person> pas·tel pe·cu·liar·i·ties noun noun any of various pale or light colors<the pastel a distinguishing characteristic<One of the colors of spring are a marvel after the grey of peculiarities of the ostrich is it cannot fly> winter> pen·ni·less pas·time adjective noun destitute of money<Pat spent all of her money something that amuses and serves to make time and was penniless> pass agreeably : DIVERSION <Steven‟s favorite pastime is watching baseball on television> per·ceive transitive verb pa·ter·ni·ty to attain awareness or understanding<I fail to noun perceive what you are driving at> the quality or state of being a father<The paternity of the child was beyond a doubt> per·co·la·tor noun pa·thos a coffeepot in which boiling water rising noun through a tube is repeatedly deflected an element in experience or in artistic downward through a perforated basket representation evoking pity or compassion<The containing ground coffee beans to extract their pathos of the story reduce Jane to tears> essence<Put the coffee in the percolator so we can have fresh coffee for breakfast> pa·tio noun per·for·mance a recreation area that adjoins a dwelling, is noun often paved, and is adapted especially to public presentation or exhibition <the audience outdoor dining<It is a pleasure to eat on the rose to applaud at the end of the performance> patio on a summer evening> per·fume pa·tri·arch noun noun the scent of something sweet-smelling<The the oldest member or representative of a perfume of the flowers filled the air> group<As the oldest male, Elwin was the patriarch of his family> pe·rim·e·ter per·sis·tent noun adjective the boundary of a closed plane figure<The existing for a long or longer than usual time or perimeter is the sum of the length of all sides of continuously<Chuck was persistent in asking the figure> for a puppy and finally received one> per·ju·ry per·son·al noun adjective the voluntary violation of an oath or vow either of, relating to, or constituting personal property by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to <A toothbrush is a personal item> do what has been promised under oath : false swearing<The liar was found guilty of perjury> per·son·i ·fy transitive verb per·ma·nent to be the embodiment or personification of adjective : INCARNATE <Hitler has come to personify continuing or enduring without fundamental or evil> marked change<Your grades are a part of your permanent record> per·son·nel noun per·mis·si·ble a body of persons usually employed (as in a adjective factory, office, or organization)<The personnel that may be permitted : ALLOWABLE <Today of the factory went on strike> it is permissible to talk during class> per·spi·ra·tion per·mis·sive noun adjective a saline fluid secreted by the sweat glands granting or tending to grant permission : SWEAT<Perspiration gathered on my forehead : TOLERANT<The permissive parent allowed in the hot summer sun> her child to watch TV 5 hours a day> per·suade per·mit transitive verb noun to move by argument, entreaty, or expostulation a written warrant or license granted by one to a belief, position, or course of action<Sandy having authority <Adolescents receive their was able to persuade her mother to buy ice drivers‟ permit at 16> cream for the party> per·sua·sion per·se·ver·ance noun noun the act or process or an instance of the action or condition or an instance of persuading<Jackie used persuasion to persevering : STEADFASTNESS<Michael‟s convince her teacher to raise her grade> perseverance paid off when he won the spelling bee> per·tain intransitive verb to belong as a part, member, accessory, or product <This conversation does not pertain to you> phase pis·ta·chio noun noun a particular appearance or state in a regularly a small Asian tree (Pistacia vera) of the cashew recurring cycle of changes <It is the full phase family whose drupaceous fruit contains a of the moon> greenish edible seed; also : its seed<My favorite flavor of ice cream is pistachio> phi·los·o·phy noun pla·ce·bo the sciences and liberal arts exclusive of noun medicine, law, and theology <Theodore is a a usually pharmacologically inert preparation doctor of philosophy> prescribed more for the mental relief of the patient than for its actual effect on a disorder<It phlegm was found that the placebo worked as well as noun the drug being investigated> viscid mucus secreted in abnormal quantity in the respiratory passages<Phlegm is a symptom planned of a respiratory infection> verb to devise or project the realization or pho·tog·ra·phy achievement of <The prisoners planned their noun escape> the art or process of producing images by the action of radiant energy and especially light on pla·teau a sensitive surface (as film or a CCD chip)<I noun went to the photography studio to have my a usually extensive land area having a relatively picture taken> level surface raised sharply above adjacent land on at least one side<there was a magnificient phy·si·cian view of the countryside from the top of the noun plateau> a person skilled in the art of healing; specifically : one educated, clinically play·wright experienced, and licensed to practice medicine noun as usually distinguished from surgery<It takes a person who writes plays<Shakespeare is the many years of study to become a physician> most famous playwright> pic·nick·ing pleas·ant intransitive verb adjective to go on a picnic : eat in picnic fashion<We having qualities that tend to give pleasure were picnicking in the park when the storm : AGREEABLE <Have a pleasant day> began> plun·der pic·to·ri·al verb adjective to take the goods of by force (as in war)<The illustrated by pictures <The pictorial weekly pirates‟ goal was to plunder gold from ships> showed many photographs of the volcanic eruption> plywood pre·ce·dent noun noun a structural material consisting of sheets of something done or said that may serve as an wood glued or cemented together with the example or rule to authorize or justify a grains of adjacent layers arranged at right subsequent act of the same or an analogous kind angles or at a wide angle<The shed was made <The verdict that had no precedent in case law> of plywood and shingles> pre·ced·ing por·trayed adjective transitive verb comes immediately before <On the preceding to play the role of : ENACT<Susan portrayed day, we went to the park> “Ariel” in the The Little Mermaid.> pre·dom·i ·nant pos·ses·sions adjective noun having superior strength, influence, or authority PROPERTY<Mabel put her prized possessions : PREVAILI NG<The predominant characteristic in a box> of the skunk is its smell> pos·si·bil·i·ty pre·fer noun transitive verb potential or prospective value —usually used in to like better or best<Do you prefer chocolate plural <the house had great possibilities> or vanilla ice cream?> pos·si·ble pref·er·a·ble adjective adjective being within the limits of ability, capacity, or having greater value or desirability<It is realization <a possible but difficult task> preferable to sleep in your bed rather than on the ground> pov·er·ty noun pref·er·ence the state of one who lacks a usual or socially noun acceptable amount of money or material the power or opportunity of choosing<What is possessions<The people in the tenement lived your preference, chocolate or vanilla?> in poverty> pre·ferred prac·ti·cal·ly transitive verb adverb to like better or best <Steve preferred sports to ALMOST, NEARLY <practically everyone like reading> ice cream> prep·a·ra·tion noun prai·rie the action or process of making something noun ready for use or service or of getting ready for land in or predominantly in grass<The grass on some occasion, test, or duty <Judy studied very the prairie went on forever> hard in preparation for the chemistry exam> pre·pare priv·i·lege verb noun to make ready beforehand for some purpose, a right or immunity granted as a peculiar use, or activity <Ella is going to prepare food benefit, advantage, or favor <Parking is a for dinner> privilege not a right> pre·scrip·tion prob·a·bly noun adverb a written direction for a therapeutic or insofar as seems reasonably true, factual, or to corrective agent; specifically : one for the be expected : without much doubt <it will preparation and use of a medicine <the doctor probably rain today> wrote out a prescription for an antibiotic> pro·ce·dure pres·ence noun noun a particular way of accomplishing something or the part of space within one's immediate of acting <Let‟s all follow procedure and line vicinity <Don‟t bring that dirty sock into my up at the door> presence!> pro·ceed previous intransitive verb adjective to begin and carry on an action <Proceed with going before in time or order<The previous caution through the intersection> teacher allowed the students to talk in class> pro·cess prim·i·tive noun adjective a natural phenomenon marked by gradual belonging to or characteristic of an early stage changes that lead toward a particular result <the of development : CRUDE, RUDIMENTARY <the process of growth was recorded on the film> campground was primitive and had no facilities> pro·di·gious adjective prism extraordinary in bulk, quantity, or degree <the noun prodigious spelling bee word list was over 100 a polyhedron with two polygonal faces lying in pages long> parallel planes and with the other faces parallelograms <The prism split the sun beam pro·fess into its component colors> verb to declare or admit openly or freely <The pris·on subjects were forced to profess their loyalty to noun the King> an institution (as one under state jurisdiction) for confinement of persons convicted of serious pro·fes·sor crimes <The thief was sentenced to prison> noun a faculty member of the highest academic rank at an institution of higher education <The professor lectured the students on physics> pro·file pro·vi·sions noun noun a set of data often in graphic form portraying a stock of needed materials or supplies; the significant features of something <The especially : a stock of food —usually used in corporation's earnings profile was posted on the plural <John sold provisions for camping in his website> store> pro·found pso·ri·a·sis adjective noun having intellectual depth and insight b: difficult a chronic skin disease characterized by to fathom or understand <The poem was circumscribed red patches covered with white profound and presented a mystery to the scales <My mother suffers from psoriasis on readers> her elbows and knees> pro·fuse psy·chol·o·gy adjective noun exhibiting great abundance : BOUNTIFUL <a the science of mind and behavior <psychology profuse harvest was the reward after a lot of is a very popular class for college students> hard work> pul·ver·ize prom·i·nent verb adjective to reduce (as by crushing, beating, or grinding) readily noticeable <An elephant has a to very small particles : ATOMIZE <The force of prominent nose> the earthquake was able to pulverize rock> pro·nounce punc·tu·a·tion verb noun to say correctly <I can't pronounce his name> the act or practice of inserting standardized marks or signs in written matter to clarify the pro·nun·ci·a·tion meaning and separate structural units <Most noun students find learning the rules of punctuation the act or manner of pronouncing something tedious> <There is more than one pronunciation for that word> pu·ni·tive adjective pro·pa·gan·da inflicting, involving, or aiming at punishment noun <the substitute teacher took severe punitive ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to measures when the class missbehaved> further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause; also : a public action having such an pur·sued effect <The communist party used propaganda verb to sway public opinion > to find or employ measures to obtain or accomplish : SEEK <Sheila pursued a goal of pro·pri·e·tor learning French> noun a person who has the legal right or exclusive title to something <John is the proprietor of that store> qual·i·ties qui z noun noun peculiar and essential character <Monica had a short oral or written test <Tommorrow we the qualities of loyalty and truthfulness> will have a pop quiz> quan·da·ry quo·ta·tion noun noun a state of perplexity or doubt <Jed was in a a passage referred to, repeated, or adduced <My quandary over the answer to the math problem> I use that paragraph as a quotation in my novel?> quan·ti·ty noun ram·page a determinate or estimated amount <There was noun a large quantity of dust in the air> to rush wildly about <the bull went on a rampage when it escaped from its pen> quar·ter noun rap·port a coin worth a quarter of a dollar b: the sum of noun 25 cents <That gumball costs a quarter> relation marked by harmony, conformity, accord, or affinity <The coach had a great quell rapport with his team> transitive verb to thoroughly overwhelm and reduce to re·al ·ize submission or passivity <Force was necessary transitive verb to quell the riot> to conceive vividly as real : be fully aware of <Harold did not realize the risk he was taking> ques·tion·naire noun re·al ·ly a set of questions for obtaining statistically adverb useful or personal information from individuals in reality : ACTUALLY <I like to paint things as <Please fill out all of the questions in the they really are> questionnaire before you send it back to me> re·ceipt queue noun noun writing acknowledging the receiving of goods a braid of hair usually worn hanging at the back or money <You must have the receipt to return of the head <the Chinese man was made to cut the shoes> off his queue> re·ceive qui·es·cent verb adjective to come into possession of : ACQUIRE marked by inactivity or repose : tranquilly at <Everyone loves to receive a gift> rest <The lake was quiescent after the storm> re·cep·tion quips noun noun a social gathering often for the purpose of a clever usually taunting remark <Sharon was extending a formal welcome <The reception famous for her clever quips> will follow the wedding> re·cess re·gard noun noun a suspension of business or procedure often for : the worth or estimation in which something or rest or relaxation <Recess is my favorite part of someone is held <Patton was a man of great the day> regard> re·ces·sion·al re·gion·al adjective adjective a hymn or musical piece at the conclusion of a of, relating to, characteristic of, or serving a service or program <the recessional most often region <Spokane is a regional health center> played at the end of a wedding is “The Wedding March” register transitive verb rec·og·ni·tion to enroll formally especially as a voter or noun student <You must register for classes before knowledge or feeling that someone or the beginning of the term> something present has been encountered before <My recognition of that person is faulty> re·gret·ta·ble adjective rec·og·nize deserving regret, <that decision was transitive verb regrettable> to acknowledge with a show of appreciation <To recognize the act of bravery, the soldier reg·u·la·tion was given a medal> noun a rule or order issued by an executive authority rec·ol·lec·tion or regulatory agency of a government and noun having the force of law <the FDA issued a something recalled to the mind <I have no regulation about food sweetners> recollection of loosing that sock> rel·a·tive rec·om·mend noun transitive verb a person connected with another by blood or to present as worthy of acceptance or trial affinity <My uncle is my closest relative> <May I recommend the soup?> re·li·gion ref·er·ence noun noun a personal set or institutionalized system of person to whom inquiries as to character or attitudes, beliefs, and practices <Islam is a ability can be made <I used my teacher as a religion practiced in many middle eastern reference when applying for the job> countries> re·frig·er·a·tor re·li·gious noun adjective a room or appliance for keeping food or other relating to or manifesting faithful devotion to an items cool <Please close the door on the acknowledged ultimate reality or deity <Mother refrigerator> Theresa was a religious person> re·mem·ber re·quire·ment verb noun to bring to mind or think of again <Jason something essential to the existence or doesn‟t remember the old days> occurrence of something else : CONDI TION <Graduating high school is a requirement for re·mem·brance college admission> noun something that serves to keep in or bring to re·search mind : REMI NDER <I‟ll keep this corsage as a noun remembrance of our date> investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of rem·i·nisce accepted theories or laws in the light of new intransitive verb facts, or practical application of such new or REMEMBER, <We got together to reminisce revised theories or laws <Careful research may about the old days> yield a cure for cancer> re·nowned res·ig·na·tion adjective noun having renown : CELEBRATED <Greg was a formal notification of termination of renowned for his generosity> employment <Jacob handed in his resignation> re·pen·tance res·o·nate noun verb the action or process of being sorry and to relate harmoniously : strike a chord <The resolving to do better; especially for misdeeds candidate delivers a message that resonates or moral shortcomings <Repentance may follow with voters> punishment> re·sources rep·e·ti·tion noun noun a source of supply or support : an available : the act or an instance of repeating or being means —usually used in plural <We must repeated <It is only after repetition that a conserve our resources> musical piece is memorized> re·sponse re·plen·ish noun verb something constituting a reply or a reaction <I to fill or build up again <the rain came just in sent Jane a thank you note as a response to her time to replenish the reservoir> gift> rep·re·sen·ta·tive re·spon·si·bil·i·ty adjective noun serving as a typical or characteristic example something for which one is responsible <The young man was a representative : BURDEN <Fred honored his responsibility and moviegoer> took out the trash> res·tau·rant room·mate noun noun a business establishment where meals or one of two or more persons sharing the same refreshments may be purchased<I want to go to room or living quarters <I am still friends with a restaurant for dinner> my roommate from college> rev·er·end ru·di·men·ta·ry being a member of the clergy —used as a title adjective <the Reverend Mr. Doe conducted services of a primitive kind <the equipment of the first every Sunday morning > railway builders was rudimentary> re·viewing sab·o·tage transitive verb noun to examine or study again <We are reviewing destructive or obstructive action carried on by a our notes to study for the test> civilian or enemy agent to hinder a nation's war effort <The spies planned to sabotage the rheu·ma·tism bridge> noun any of various conditions characterized by safe·ty inflammation or pain in muscles, joints, or noun fibrous tissue <Grandpa‟s rheumatism always the condition of being safe from undergoing or acted up in rainy weather> causing hurt, injury, or loss <Safety first!> rhythm sand·wich noun noun the aspect of music comprising all the elements two or more slices of bread or a split roll having (as accent, meter, and tempo) that relate to a filling in between b: one slice of bread forward movement <the drum section kept the covered with food <I want a ham sandwich for rhythm steady> lunch> rid·i·cule sar·cas·tic noun adjective DERISION, MOCKERY <Pauline was subject to having the character of sarcasm <Your the ridicule of the class> sarcastic criticism is not welcome> ri·dic·u·lous sa·tir·i·cal adjective adjective arousing or deserving ridicule : ABSURD , of, relating to, or constituting trenchant wit, PREPOSTEROUS <Your idea to paint the house irony, or sarcasm used to expose and discredit orange is ridiculous> vice or folly <The satirical play exposed the ignorance of the king> ri·val·ry noun sat·is·fac·tion the act of rivaling : the state of being a rival noun : COMPETI TION <There was a huge rivalry the quality or state of being satisfied between Tom and Jake over who would be : CONTENTMENT <I had a feeling of captain of the team> satisfaction after I ate my sandwich> scheme sat·is·fied noun verb a plan or program of action; especially : a crafty to gratify to the full : APPEASE <Judy was or secret one <What crazy scheme are you up satisfied by the outcome of the trial> to?> sau·cer noun schol·ar·ship small shallow dish in which a cup is set at table noun <The cup and saucer were part of a set china> a grant-in-aid to a student (as by a college or foundation) <Many students cannot afford to saun·ter pay for college so they must receive a intransitive verb scholarship> to walk about in an idle or leisurely manner <Don‟t saunter in here with those dirty feet!> sci·en·tif·ic adjective sau·sage of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or noun principles of science <Dr. Watson used a highly seasoned minced meat (as pork) scientific methods to organize his experiment> usually stuffed in casings of prepared animal intestine; also : a link or patty of s ausage <I scrip·ture would like sausage and eggs for breakfast> noun a body of writings considered sacred or scape·goat authoritative <according to scripture, you noun should not steal> one that bears the blame for others <Marvin was the scapegoat for the whole team> scuf·fle intransitive verb scar·ci·ty to struggle at close quarters with disorder and noun confusion <The boys started to scuffle, then the quality or state of being scarce; especially began to fight> : want of provisions for the support of life <The scarcity of food meant that many deer would se·clu·sion starve this winter> noun the act of secluding : the condition of being scen·ery secluded or isolated <The prisoner was placed noun in seclusion for punishment> a picturesque view or landscape <I enjoyed the beautiful scenery on our car ride> sec·re·tary noun sched·ule one employed to handle correspondence and noun manage routine and detail work for a superior a written or printed list, catalog, or inventory; <I‟ll have my secretary make the appointment> also : TIMETABLE <the work schedule is posted next to the time clock> seis·mo·graph sev·er·al noun adjective apparatus to measure and record vibrations more than two but fewer than many < several within the earth and of the ground <The students raised their hands when the teacher seismograph recorded the strength of the asked for volunteers.> earthquake> se·vere·ly seize adverb verb of a strict or stern bearing or manner : AUSTERE to take possession of : CONFISCATE <The <The man was severely hurt in the accident> police broke down the door to seize the documents> shep·herd noun se·lec·tion a person who tends sheep <The shepherd used a noun dog to help him herd his sheep> one that is selected : CHOICE <Put your money in the machine, then make your selection> shining adjective se·mes·ter emitting or reflecting light <the shining stars noun added to the beauty of the night> either of the two usually 18-week periods of instruction into which an academic year is often shoul·der divided <There is a final test at the end of each noun semester> the laterally projecting part of the human body formed of the bones and joints with their sen·tence covering tissue by which the arm is connected noun with the trunk <I have a pain in my shoulder> a word, clause, or phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a syntactic unit which shriek expresses an assertion, a question, a command, verb a wish, an exclamation, or the performance of to utter a sharp shrill sound <Jill began to shriek an action, that in writing usually begins with a during the scary movie> capital letter and concludes with appropriate end punctuation, and that in speaking is sig·nif·i·cance distinguished by characteristic patterns of stress, noun pitch, and pauses <That was a very long the quality of being important <The agreement sentence> is of great significance to history> sep·a·rate sil·hou·ette verb noun to set or keep apart <Do I need to separate you a likeness cut from dark material and mounted two??> on a light ground or one sketched in outline and solidly colored in <the artist created my se·ri·ous·ness silhouette, then we put it in a picture frame> noun of or relating to a matter of importance <The seriousness of the allegations require careful investigation> sim·i·lar source adjective noun having characteristics in common : strictly a point of origin or procurement : BEGI NNING comparable <The orange and tangerine are <I went to the source of the river, high in the similar> mountains> sin·cere·ly sov·er·eign·ty adverb noun marked by genuineness : TRUE <I meant the freedom from external control : AUTONOMY compliment sincerely> <The sovereignty of the country was respected by all of the diplomats> sit·u·a·tion spe·cial·i·za·tion noun noun relative position or combination of structural adaptation of a body part to a circumstances at a certain moment <How did particular function or of an organism for life in we get into this situation?> a particular environment <The tiny arms of the dinosaur underwent specialization to become skin·ny wings> adjective lacking sufficient flesh : very thin <The models spe·cif·i·cal·ly were very skinny> adverb sharing or being those properties of something snap·drag·on that allow it to be referred to a particular noun category <I was referring specifically to your any of a genus (Antirrhinum of the family red shoes> Scrophulariaceae, the snapdragon family) of herbs having showy bilabiate flowers; spec·i·men especially : a widely cultivated one ( A. majus) noun of Mediterranean origin having usually pink, an individual, item, or part considered typical of red, yellow, or white flowers <The child made a group, class, or whole <The monarch is a the blossom of the snapdragon open and close> particularly beautiful specimen of butterfly> spec·ta·cle so·lu·tion noun noun an object of curiosity or contempt <Luella made an action or process of solving a problem a spectacle of herself> <Peter wrote the solution to the math problem on the chalkboard> speech noun sor·row·ful a usually public discourse : ADDRESS <Jack was adjective very nervous before giving his speech in front full of or marked by sorrow <Jane said a of the whole school> sorrowful good-bye to her boyfriend> state·ment sub·scrip·tion noun noun a single declaration or remark : ASSERTION an arrangement for providing, receiving, or <Fred made the statement that he was going making use of something of a continuing or home> periodic nature on a prepayment plan <I have a subscription to Teen Vogue> ste·nog·ra·pher noun sub·stan·ti·ates a writer of shorthand 2 : a person employed transitive verb chiefly to take and transcribe dictation <the to give substance or form to : EMBODY <That stenographer has been largely replace by the picture substantiates my feelings about the dictophone> Grand Canyon> step·ping sub·sti·tute verb noun to move by raising the foot and bringing it a person or thing that takes the place or down elsewhere or by moving each foot in function of another <When our teacher became succession <I was stepping off the curb when I ill a substitute teacher took her place> tripped and fell> sub·tle straighter adjective adjective DELICATE, ELUSIVE < Marie wore a subtle free from curves, bends, angles, or irregularities fragrance that smelled like lilacs> <I have straighter hair than you> suc·ceeding strength verb noun to attain a desired object or end <Susan was the quality or state of being strong : capacity succeeding in her goal to become student for exertion or endurance < Iron Man has super- president> human strength> suc·cess·ful stren·u·ous adjective adjective resulting or terminating in success <John made vigorously active : ENERGETIC <Strenuous a successful attempt to climb Mt. Everest> exercise is good for your health> suc·cu·lent stud·ied adjective adjective moist and tasty : TOOTHSOME <My mother carefully considered or prepared <It is my cooked a succulent meal for my birthday.> studied opinion that that painting is ugly> sud·den·ness study·ing noun verb happening or coming unexpectedly <The to undertake formal study of a subject <I was earthquake struck with a suddenness that studying for the math test when the phone rang> shocked the world> suf·fi·cient sup·pose adjective verb enough to meet the needs of a situation or a to lay down tentatively as a hypothesis, proposed end <The hikers packed sufficient assumption, or proposal <suppose you bring the provisions for a month> salad for the July 4 party ?> sum·ma·ri ze sup·press verb transitive verb to tell in or reduce to a summary <please to put down by authority or force : SUBDUE summarize your remarks to save time> <The police were summoned to suppress a riot> sum·ma·ry sur·face adjective noun COMPREHENSIVE; especially : covering the the exterior or upper boundary of an object or main points succinctly <June wrote a summary body <The wind skipped on the surface of the paragraph of her essay> water> su·per·in·ten·dent sur·rounded noun transitive verb one who has executive oversight and charge to enclose on all sides : ENVELOP <the crowd <The school superintendent decided which text surrounded her> book to buy> sus·cep·ti·ble su·per·sede adjective transitive verb capable of submitting to an action, process, or to cause to be set aside <The candidate was able operation <Einstein wrote a theory susceptible to supersede the sitting president> to proof> su·per·sti·tious sus·pense adjective noun relating to a belief or practice resulting from pleasant excitement as to a decision or outcome ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic <”Signs” is a movie of suspense> or chance, or a false conception of causation <People often become more superstitious sus·pi·cious around Halloween> adjective tending to arouse suspicion : QUESTIONABLE su·per·vi·sor <I was suspicious that my mother hid my noun birthday present under her bed> an administrative officer in charge of a business, government, or school unit or swim·ming operation <I let my supervisor know that I verb would be leaving work early> to propel oneself in water by natural means (as movements of the limbs, fins, or tail) <I love to sup·pli·cate go swimming on a hot summer day> verb to make a humble entreaty; especially : to pray to God <I was asked to supplicate our mother to make ice cream for the party> sym·bol tech·nique noun noun something that stands for or suggests something the manner in which technical details are else by reason of relationship, association, treated (as by a writer) or basic physical convention, or accidental resemblance; movements are used (as by a dancer); also especially : a visible sign of something invisible : ability to treat such details or use such <the lion is a symbol of courage> movements <The amateur displayed good piano technique> sym·met·ri·cal adjective tech·nol·o·gy having corresponding points whose connecting noun lines are bisected by a given point or a capability given by the practical application of perpendicularly bisected by a given line or knowledge < fuel-saving technology has greatly plane <The symmetrical curves of the car> reduced fuel consumption over the past 25 years> syn·on·y·mous adjective tem·per·a·ment having the same connotations, implications, or noun reference <to runners, Boston is synonymous characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of with marathon> emotional response <Edwin had a nervous temperament> sys·tems noun tem·per·a·ture a regularly interacting or interdependent group noun of items forming a unified whole <Math is the the degree of heat that is natural to the body of study of number systems>: a living being c: abnormally high body heat <Sara was running a temperature so she stayed tact·ful·ness home from school> noun having or showing mental or aesthetic tem·po·ral perception <Sherry showed tactfulness in not adjective mentioning that John had mispronounced the of or relating to earthly life <In this temporal word> world, we are subject to the rules of nature> taste·ful tem·po·rar·i·ly adjective adverb having, exhibiting, or conforming to good taste during a limited time <the store is closed <The tasteful display of flowers adorned the temporarily> table> ten·ant tav·ern noun noun one who rents or leases (as a house) from a an establishment where alcoholic beverages are landlord <Jack is a tenant in the apartment sold to be drunk on the premises <the peasants building> gathered at the tavern to hear the news and tell stories> ten·den·cy thought noun past and past participle of THINK <I thought a proneness to a particular kind of thought or you were coming over at 5:00> action <Mary has a tendency to fidget while she studies> thou·sand noun ten·e·ment a very large number <A thousand ants invaded noun our picnic> any of various forms of corporeal property (as land) or incorporeal property that is held by one to·geth·er person from another <the tenement did not have working indoor plumbing> adverb in or into one place, mass, collection, or group ter·ri·to·ry <the men get together every Thursday for noun poker> a geographic area belonging to or under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority <Lewis to·mor·row and Clark explored the Northwest Territory in adverb the early 19 th century> on or for the day after today <I will mow the lawn tomorrow> tex·tu·al adjective trag·e·dy of, relating to, or based on a text <My noun knowledge of the subject is completely textual> a disastrous event : CALAMI TY b: MISFORTUNE <The earthquake in China was a tragedy> the·o·ries noun trans·ferred the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to verb one another <there were many theories as to to convey from one person, place, or situation to how the lamp was broken> another <I was transferred to a new office> there·fore trans·por·ta·tion adverb noun for that reason : CONSEQUENTLY b: because of means of conveyance or travel from one place that c: on that ground <I think, therefore I am> to another <I ride public transportation to work> thir·ti·eth adjective or noun tres·pass number 30 in a sequence <My thirtieth noun birthday was many years ago> an unlawful act committed on the person, property, or rights of another; especially : a thor·ough·ly wrongful entry on real property <Sam was adverb arrested for trespass > carried through to completion <Jane studied the book thoroughly and did very well on the test> twelfth adjective or noun un·con·scious number twelve of a sequence <Some people adjective have parties on the twelfth night after having lost consciousness <alan was Christmas> unconscious for three days after the accident> twen·ti·eth un·con·trol·la·ble adjective or noun adjective number 20 of a sequence <I had a big party on incapable of being controlled my twentieth birthday> : UNGOVERNABLE <The woman had a rush of uncontrollable emotions> typ·i ·cal adjective un·de·sir·able constituting or having the nature of a type <It is adjective typical of Frank to be so generous> not desirable : UNWANTED <undesirable side effects of the medication are drooling and tyr·an·ny sleepiness> noun oppressive power <I am against every form of un·doubt·ed·ly tyranny over the mind of man> adverb not doubted : GENUI NE, UNDISPUTED <Your ubiq·ui·tous story is undoubtedly true> adjective existing or being everywhere at the same time un·eas·i·ness : constantly encountered : WIDESPREAD <The noun peasant skirt is a ubiquitous fashion> physical or mental discomfort <Ellen had a feeling of uneasiness about leaving the gate ul·tra·son·ic open> adjective having a frequency above the human ear's un·for·get·ta·ble audibility limit of about 20,000 hertz —used of adjective waves and vibrations <Cats can hear ultrasonic incapable of being forgotten : MEMORABLE sounds humans cannot> <The musical CATS had unforgettable music and staging> unan·i·mous adjective uni·lat·er·al having the agreement and consent of all <The adjective candidate received unanimous support> done or undertaken by one person or party <The army performed a unilateral withdrawal from un·be·liev·able the country> adjective too improbable for belief <the plot is unreal and unbelievable>; un·civ·i·lized adjective not civilized : BARBAROUS <The kindergarteners were uncivilized> uni·ver·si·ties usu·al·ly noun adverb an institution of higher learning providing accordant with usage, custom, or habit facilities for teaching and research and : NORMAL <I usually have coffee with my authorized to grant academic degrees; breakfast> specifically : one made up of an undergraduate division which confers bachelor's degrees and a vac·u·um graduate division which comprises a graduate noun school and professional schools each of which a device creating or utilizing a partial vacuum may confer master's degrees and doctorates <I used a vacuum cleaner to clean the carpet> <College-bound students generally begin to visit universities in their junior year of high valleys school noun an elongate depression of the earth's s urface un·nec·es·sary usually between ranges of hills or mountains adjective <The valleys often flooded during spring not necessary <It is unnecessary to raise your runoff> hand before you leave the classroom> valu·able un·til adjective preposition having monetary value <the vase you smashed used as a function word to indicate continuance was very valuable> (as of an action or condition) to a specified time <Rory stayed with the pony until morning> va·ri ·e·ties noun un·usu·al the quality or state of having different forms or adjective types <I am growing several varieties of not usual : UNCOMMON, RARE <It is unusual to tomatoes in my garden> have cake for breakfast> var·i ·ous ur·gen·cy adjective noun dissimilar in nature or form : UNLIKE <There the quality or state of being urgent are various shoes in the store which you may : INSISTENCE <Janet begged her mother to open like> the door with urgency> ven·ti·late us·age transitive verb noun to expose to air and especially to a current of the action, amount, or mode of using <There fresh air for purifying, curing, or refreshing was a decreased usage of electricity due to <Open the window to ventilate the room> conservation> ven·tril·o·quist use·ful noun adjective one who provides entertainment by using capable of being put to use; especially ventriloquism to carry on an apparent : serviceable for an end or purpose < hammers conversation with a hand-manipulated dummy and screwdrivers are useful tools> <the ventriloquist was so talented, it looked like the dummy was really speaking> ver·ba·tim vi·cin·i·ty adverb noun in the exact words : word for word <I quoted the quality or state of being near : PROXIMI TY the speech verbatim> <the police were in the vicinity of the crime when it was committed> ver·bose adjective vic·tim containing more words than necessary : WORDY noun <Martin gave a verbose reply to a simple one that is tricked or duped <Shawn was the question>; victim of the prank> ver·nac·u·lar adjective view using a language or dialect native to a region or noun country rather than a literary, cultured, or extent or range of vision <The view of the foreign language <slang is part of the Spokane Falls from the downtown library is the vernacular of any language> best in town> ver·sa·tile vil·lage adjective noun embracing a variety of subjects, fields, or skills; settlement usually larger than a hamlet and also : turning with ease from one thing to smaller than a town b: an incorporated minor another <Linda was a versatile dancer, being municipality <The village came together to able to perform ballet and tap> celebrate the harvest> vet·er·an vil·lain·ous noun adjective a person of long experience usually in some befitting a villain (as in evil or depraved occupation or skill (as politics or the arts) <The character) <a villainous attack on the village boy was a veteran at spelling bees> struck fear in the hearts of the inhabitants> vi·a·ble vin·e·gar adjective noun capable of working, functioning, or developing a sour liquid obtained by fermentation of dilute adequately <There were several viable alcoholic liquids and used as a condiment or alternatives to cutting down the tree> preservative <I like a simple dressing of oil and vinegar on my salad> vi·bra·to noun vir·tu·ous a slightly tremulous effect imparted to vocal or adjective instrumental tone for added warmth and morally excellent : RIGHTEOUS <Jane made a expressiveness by slight and rapid variations in virtuous decision to visit her grandmother> pitch <String players add vibrato to their playing by rapidly moving their finger side to vis·i·ble side> adjective capable of being seen <There are thousands of stars visible to the naked eye> vi·ta·min wield noun transitive verb any of various organic substances that are to handle (as a tool) especially effectively essential in minute quantities to the nutrition of <Mira can wield a broom like no other> most animals and some plants, act especially as coenzymes and precursors of coenzymes in the regulation of metabolic processes but do not provide energy or serve as building units, and are present in natural foodstuffs or sometimes produced within the body <Vitamin C may help cure colds> viv·i ·fy transitive verb to endow with life or renewed life : ANIMATE <We long for rains that vivify the barren hills> vol·ume noun the degree of loudness or the intensity of a sound <please turn down the volume on the TV> wan·der verb to move about without a fixed course, aim, or goal <Don‟t wander off and get lost> wave noun a moving ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid (as of the sea) <The wave knocked me over> wealth·i ·est adjective characterized by abundance <Bill was the wealthiest man in town> weath·er noun the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness <The weather is generally hot and dry in the summer>
"th and th Grade s and Definitions"