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The Great Doctor Hunt The Great Doctor Hunt

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					Preston as you’ve never seen it before
        as you’ve never seen it before
                                          M    Five campin


H RM
                                          A
                                          Y        question
                                          2
                                          0        answere
                                          0
                                          1


 H a l i f a x f r o m   e n d   t o   e n d



The Great
Doctor
Hunt
Searching
for a new
GP?




Jane Purves
on the state of education                      Volume 1 Issue 1
C o n t e n t s

                                    11
                                                24


                                                          21
                               17
W e s t                             F e a t u r e s
                                • Jane Purves
• E d i t o r ’s L e t t e r           The education minister on the state of education, and who’s
                                to blame...8
• Ta l k B a c k
•Ones to Watch                  • School Bored?
                                       Has Halifax outgrown the current system?...11
•Halifacts
•Places to See                  • The Great Doctor Hunt
                                        Looking for a new dcotor or even trying to see your own
                                can be tricky...14

E a s t                         • Bottoms up and Bottomed out
                                       Harold Mckay may have been down, but he’s not out..17

• Reflections on HeRM           • The Faith Market
                                         Some Halifax churches are seeking out target audiences.
• Finance                       But is religion the place for niche marketing?...21
• Eats
                                • Preston: stories from ‘up home’
• Arts & Entertainment                 Some storytellers show you Preston in a new light...24
• Time Out
                                • Get out, have fun
• Celebrity Cut-outs                   We answer fiive of your capimng questions...28



                                                           H a l i f a x f r o m End to End     1
Editor’s Letter
Kids to Watch
Brought t o                                                                        HeRM
you by the                                                                           Halifax from End to End




letter ‘e’                                                                          Editor-in-Chief
                                                                                      Chad Lucas


    Welcome to the first issue of HeRM: Halifax from End to End. If
you’re still trying to figure out what the heck HeRM means, think                  Features Editor
Halifax Regional Municipality. Our art director has cleverly decided that            Liam O’Brien
the “e” stands for “end to end,” but we originally just threw it in there
because we thought it looked cool and we didn’t want an acronym for a
name. Aren’t you tired of hearing bureaucrats and politicians reducing            East/West Editor
our municipality to three letters: H.R.M.? It sounds like a company or a            Cheryl Beckett
stock option, not a place to live. “HeRM” has much more personality, we
think.
    But the “e”-factor is important to us here at HeRM: it’s our goal to                Photo Editor
make this an end-to-end magazine, one that’s just as interesting and rel-                Ken MacInnis
evant to our readers in Hubbards and Ecum Secum as it is to those in
Dartmouth or the city’s South End. Being from Sackville, I know that
those of us outside the downtown core have a love-hate relationship with                Art Director
the city we were forced to become a part of on April Fool’s Day, 1996.                  Andrea Methot
Mostly we love to hate it. We complain that everything is focused on the
old city of Halifax – our media, our politicians’ attention, and, most
importantly, our money – while the rest of us get the shaft.                             Copy Editor
    Here at HeRM, we promise not to be too metrocentric. We want to                       Jen Powley
help our readers, rural and urban, get to know their municipality better.
We’re sending our arts, food and outdoor reporters to the far reaches of
the county to let you know about some hidden gems. And we’ll give you                    Publisher
in-depth profiles of your neighbours – people and places you might not                 Stephen Kimber
know about. This month we look at beer and sports baron Harold McKay
and the communities that make up Preston.
    So, citizens of HeRM, unite! And enjoy what we hope is a really good     HeRM is published monthly by the

read.                                                                       U n i v e r s i t y o f K i n g ’s C o l l e g e S c h o o l

                                                                            of Journalism with the exception of

                                                                             double issues in July/August, and

                                                                                          D e c e m b e r / J a n u a r y.

Chad Lucas
Editor




2        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
West                                                                                                  Talk Back

Supercity
s o u n d s l i k e ...
We asked Haligonians:

W h a t ’s i n y o u r C D p l a y e r r i g h t n o w ?




   Josh Barkhous               Stephen Coleman                        Marlon Hemming                    A n d re w M c N e i l ,
        Grade 7                        Grade 6                                Grade 5                        Spryfield
Fairview Junior High            Fairview Heights                     Burton Ettinger School                   dj clue
South Park, Eminem                  Elementary                            South Park,                  The Professional 2
                                  S h a g g y, N e l l y              Muchdance 2001

                                  Soon you’ll be bringing HeRM into
                           your home every month, to sit on your
                           c o ff e e t a b l e , y o u r k i t c h e n c o u n t e r o r
                           m a y b e y o u r b e d ro o m f l o o r. We t h i n k i t ’s
                           o n l y f a i r, t h e n , t h a t w e f i n d o u t a l i t t l e b i t
                           about you and your home. This month, we
                           g o i n s i d e s t e re o s a n d C D p l a y e r s a l l o v e r
    S u s a n L a c e y,                                                                                  Eilish O’Day
                           t h i s m u n i c i p a l i t y, a s k i n g f o l k s t h i s
Ridgecliff Middle School                                                                                     Armdale
                           m o n t h ’s p re s s i n g Ta l k B a c k q u e s t i o n .
        Cursor                                                                                                Shaggy
       Colorful                                  Text and photos by Cheryl Beckett




     Matt Fader               Ta n y a F i t z g e r a l d ,              Pat Kramer                    Allan Hounsel
        Halifax                     Ya r m o u t h                     Lower Sackville                        Halifax
    SMU student               M a t c h b o x Tw e n t y,           C o u n t r y, s o m e r o c k             Nelly
  Collective Soul                     Shaggy                                                          Country Grammar

                                                                               H a l i f a x f r o m End to End         3
Ones to Watch

Hoops star aims high
    These days, Tyler Johnston,18, can’t walk into the neighbourhood Tim
Horton’s without someone asking him “The Question.” Today it’s a woman
with an infant daughter, an old family friend.
    So, do you know where you’re going next year?
    The look on Tyler’s face says it all.
    I’m thinking Queens or McMaster, he says. Maybe pre-law. Or psycholo-
gy. Or even medicine.
    Not that he needs to figure it out yet. His world is wide open.
    Tyler Johnston, who will graduate from Auburn Drive High in Cole
Harbour next month, is the kind of person who’d describe himself as well-
rounded. He’s too modest to use the kind of superlatives that friends and
admirers attach to his name. Besides being a standout on the basketball
court and the baseball diamond – he’s a high school hoops all-star and a
member of the Canada Games baseball core team – Tyler coaches four
sports, writes reviews and philosophical essays for the Metro Writers’ Circle,
hangs out with kids with special-needs and raises money to fight diseases
affecting children.
    And he manages to maintain honours standing at Auburn High.
    “I just kind of go about my business,” says Tyler, a finalist for the
Wendy’s Classic Achiever scholarship. “I think it’s just part of my personali-
ty that I’m always on the go.”
    He’s taking it easy today – it is the middle of March Break, after all. But
he spent all weekend working behind the scenes at the Justin Coward
Memorial basketball tournament.
    He coaches baseball, basketball, badminton and track and field. He says
he’s so involved in youth sport because of his own sporting background.
    “When I was a kid, people organized things for me and I had a great
time. If there’s no one else there to do it, a lot of kids will miss out on the
opportunities I had. If you can do something nice for someone else, why not
go out and do it?”
    Part of his compassion comes from his mother, a program assistant at
Astral Drive junior high, who got him working with some of the special
needs students there.
    “I take them out to a movie or something like that,” he says. “It’s such a
thrill for them to get out to movies. You see their eyes light up.”
    One of the students Tyler works with has A-T, or Ataxia-Telangiectasia –
a degenerative disease that attacks the cerebellum and breaks down kids’
muscle control and immune systems, making them susceptible to pneumo-
nia and cancer. Tyler got involved in the A-T Children’s Project, which raises
funds and awareness to fight the disease.
     “We raised $22,000 on our Walk for a Cure at Shubie Park last year,” he
says. “That’s more than some big U.S. cities raised.”
    Between volunteering, sports (he’s also on Auburn Drive’s badminton
and track and field teams) and school, Tyler’s schedule is pretty full.
    “It can get a little stressful, but the key is preparation,” he says. “As long
as I get my school work done on time, I don’t feel too busy.”
    He realizes that team time requirements might force him to focus on
one sport in university next year, and the idea of having too much free time
makes him nervous.
    “Maybe I’ll need it for studying,” he laughs. “But I’m sure I’ll (coach) a
team or get involved in something, wherever I am.”
                                                                – Chad Lucas

4      HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                                                                                      Ones to Watch
    Super
    computers,
        Super kid




     Open up the Millwood High School basketball team’s web-         he’ll study computer engineering at an Ontario university. He
site (www.millwoodbasketball.cjb.net) and you might think            wants to go into software development.
you’re about to check out the Raptors or something.                      Hisham spent the first nine years of his life in Saudi Arabia.
    Thumping dance music rocks your computer speakers as the         “It was really hot there,” he says. “It was great, though. We had
flash intro leaps across your screen: Ladies and gentlemen, turn     a swimming pool in our backyard, and we’d swim just about
up your sound sytem… It’s time to get pumped and ready…              every day.”
    Pretty flashy stuff for a team that finished sixth in Nova           His Indian-born parents moved the family to Canada so
Scotia’s Division II playoffs this year. It’s the work of Hisham     Hisham, his older sister and younger brother could get a better
Javed, 17, a basketball player and the Sackville school’s resident   education.
computer superstar.                                                      When Hisham isn’t messing around with computers, he’s
    Hisham spent last July at prestigious Shad Valley – a sum-       usually playing sports. He was a guard on Millwood’s basketball
mer camp for 52 of Canada’s brightest young scientific minds at      team, and also plays soccer, volleyball and badminton.
Carleton University in Ottawa. When he wasn’t sneaking out               This year he also coached kids’ basketball.
with friends for midnight volleyball games or water balloon              “I was the baby (of the coaches), so the kids would rag on
fights with the girls’ dorm, he took in lectures and workshops       me,” he says. “It was fun to play with them.”
on subjects such as robotics and the human genome project.               Hisham is also a student ambassador for the Kids Help
    “It was a lot of fun,” he says. “And I came back with 51 new     Phone. He helps with fundraising, raising awareness, and of
best friends.”                                                       course, web design.
    He keeps in touch with his new friends through e-mail and            Keep an eye out for Hisham’s name next time you’re surfing
ICQ. “Just the other day everyone was talking about a reunion        the ’Net.
in Toronto,” he says.
   When he graduates from Millwood in June, Hisham figures                                                          – Chad Lucas

                                                                                    H a l i f a x f r o m End to End             5
     Halifacts


          Did You Know?
    • The Halifax Regional Municipality stretches
    for 5,600 km2 – the same area as Prince
    Edward Island.

    • Charles Dickens and his wife visited Halifax
    in the summer of 1842.

    • Halifax Regional Municipality was recently
    ranked the third best city in Canada in which
    to raise children.

    • With a population of more than 385,000,
    HRM makes up more than one-third of the
    population of Nova Scotia.                                         This month in history
    • Between 1928 and 1971, more than a mil-         May, 1926: Together with Bill Johnson of the Northern Electric Company,
    lion immigrants landed at Halifax’s Pier 21 –     William C. Borrett launched radio station CHNS in Halifax, with studios in the
    the doorway to Canada.                            Carleton Hotel. CHNS operated with a 500-watt transmitter, on a carrier fre-
                                                      quency of 930-kilocycles per second 930-kilohertz. The “HNS” part of the call
    • Halifax Regional Municipality has one of        letters stood for Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    the largest commercial ports in Canada, han-
    dling over 14 million tonnes of cargo last        May, 1986: Danny Price, Bruce Paul, and other aviation enthusiasts founded the
    year. Even at low tide, the harbour is one of     Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum.
    the deepest in the world at a depth of 18
    metres (60 feet).                                 May 2, 1864: The Merchant’s Bank of Halifax (later the Royal Bank of Canada)
                                                      opened for business in Halifax.
    • Halifax Regional Municipality is ranked as
    one of Canada’s top five “smart cities” with      May 12, 1945: German submarine U_190, Type IXC/40, under Oblt Hans_Edwin
    six universities, attended by 29,897 students.    Reith, launched on 8 June 1942, surrendered at Halifax.
    It has the highest ratio of educational facili-
    ties to population in North America.              May 19, 1780: Complete darkness falls over Halifax at about 2 p.m.. The cause
                                                      is never explained.
    • There are more pubs per capita in HRM
    than any other city in Canada.                    May 20, 1927: In the early afternoon, Charles Lindbergh flew over Nova Scotia
                                                      on his way to Paris. With this flight, Lindbergh became the 67th person to fly
    • The first lawn tennis game in Canada was        non-stop over the Atlantic Ocean, and the first to do it alone.
    played in Halifax in 1876.
                                                      May 21, 1953: Liberal Premier Angus L. Macdonald, besides winning his own
    • Kerosene was distilled for the first time (in   Halifax south seat, wins his fifth majority government.
    the world) in Halifax in 1846.
                                                      May 29, 1950: Henry Asbjorn Larsen sails the RCMP patrol boat St. Roch to
                                                      Halifax after passing through the Panama Canal from Vancouver; the first ship
                                                      to circumnavigate North America.

                                                      May 30, 1957: The last train trip powered by a steam locomotive, travelling
                                                      westbound from Halifax to Moncton, of the Canadian National Railway’s Halifax-
                                                      Montreal passenger train The Maritime Express was made on this day.




                                                                                                 – Compiled by Liam O’Brien

6    HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                                                                                            Places to See

Daybreak at the boardwalk:
A quiet morning in
Fisherman’s Cove
          In 1995, citizens of Eastern Passage began to worry about the
economy and future of their small town. Downsizing in the fishery and
at CFB Shearwater motivated them to do something. Fisherman’s Cove
was born. The group turned several rundown fishing shacks into a
working fishing village and popular tourist attraction.
          Last year alone, about 75,000 visitors walked the half-mile
boardwalk that explores the homeport of about 20 fishing boats. The
locals don’t mind curious tourists watching them work, says Gladys
Horne, office manager at Fisherman’s Cove. “They have a good rap-
port with them.”
          The village offers deep-sea fishing, tours to islands nearby, as
well as stores full of local crafts, jewellery, and souvenirs. It operates
from April to December, but Horne says local “die-hards” use the
boardwalk year round.
          Here’s my tale of a visit to Fisherman’s Cove.

          There’s no sunshine today, no bright blue sky. It’s cloudy and
grey and somehow that’s right. Sitting here on a small wooden bench
at Fisherman’s Cove, I can close my eyes and trick my mind into
thinking it’s early morning, before sunrise and this is exactly where I
want to be when the world wakes up.
          Inside this village, the city that’s only minutes away doesn’t
even exist. On all sides I see the trees of McNab’s and Lawlor’s islands,
the rocks following the shape of the boardwalk, the ocean siting still
and tranquil and the seagulls lounging on its surface.
          The cars and trucks driving by on Shore Road disappear. I
                                                can’t hear them, see them
                                                or even imagine how close
                                                they really are. The atmos-
                                                phere leaves no room for
                                                the noise of engines and horns. The only things I hear are seagulls and waves lapping gen-
                                                tly at the rocks by my feet.
                                                      Everything has vanished except the rainbow-colored buildings behind me, the lobster
                                                pots piled up all around, and the faded blue, red and white boat christened Fisherman’s
                                                Cove that looks like it’s paid its dues and its days at sea have passed.
                                                      The yellow, gray, red, blue, green and white wooden stores and even Boondocks
                                                Lounge beckon me to come inside. Better to stay here and take everything in; walkers
                                                speeding by me on the boardwalk and seagulls watching from their perches on lampposts.
                                                The boardwalk that I methodically discover takes me to the home of boats like the yellow
                                                Smiley’s Pride , the green and orange Fiddler’s Green and the blue Rhian Lee, all waiting
                                                for the next day they’ll take to sea.
                                                      In a time when we spend more minutes stuck in traffic than enjoying our surround-
                                                ings, Fisherman’s Cove is an oasis that brings a little peace to the soul.
                                                                                                                     – Cheryl Beckett


                                                                                 H a l i f a x f r o m End to End            7
 JanePurves
Journalist turned politician Jane Purves has the
often unenviable task of being top dog in Nova
Scotia’s much-beleaguered education system.
The Education Minister took time during a trip to
Liverpool to talk to Liam O’Brien about school
boards, student debt, and Napoleon.
H e R M : Tw e n t y y e a r s a g o , d i d   around the house with nothing to               dents. I hope to be able to fix that in
you think you would ever                       do. I knew John Hamm from editori-             the coming years. I’d also like to see
become minister of educa-                      al board meetings we’d had in the              improved literacy at all levels.
tion?                                          past. He always seemed like a                  Thirdly, I’d like to see more seamless
                                               straight-talker. I liked him. He told          education and integration or recog-
Purves: Twenty years ago I had just            me the PC Party didn’t have a candi-           nition of certain college courses
started editing at The Chronicle-              date for Halifax Citadel. I signed on.         within the university system. And, as
Herald. Politics was the last thing on         Education and health care were my              always, there are major needs for
my mind. Journalism was my focus. I            priorities. I wanted to be part of a           infrastructure overhaul in universi-
always cared about education issues,           party that put those things first but          ties and schools. It’s built up quite a
but I never really campaigned for              also wanted to address the terrible            bit. I’d say that to address it all, it
one party or another.                          fiscal shape our province was in. Dr.          would cost $1.3 billion. It’s going to
                                               Hamm gave me that option.                      take a while.
HeRM: What made you, a for-
m e r j o u r n a l i s t a n d e d i t o r,   H e R M : W h a t a re y o u r t o p p r i -   H e R M : W h a t s o r t o f re s p o n s e
decide to get involved in pol-                 orities as education minis-                    a re y o u g e t t i n g s i n c e t h e
itics?                                         ter?                                           government had to cut some
                                                                                              of the education budget last
Purves: It was a complete accident. I          Purves: Student debt is a big one.             year?
had spent nearly 20 years at the               Nova Scotia is the only province that
Herald. I took the retirement buyout           doesn’t have a loan remission or bur-          Purves: It’s a response I understand
that they offered me. I was sitting            sary program for post-secondary stu-           and respect. I’m inundated with let-

8        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
ters protesting the cuts. I’m used to
it. People don’t want to see teachers
go. They write me and ask why it’s
happening. Some school boards are
considering closing schools. People
didn’t like it when schools closed 20
years ago, or 50 years ago, and they
still don’t like it now. I get the occa-
sional personal attack. A cheap shot
or two. But that goes with the terri-
tory. I try to respond to every con-
cern. I’m especially concerned when
somebody presents a well-reasoned
argument defending their school.

HeRM: What do you say in
y o u r re s p o n s e s ?

Purves: Obviously it depends. If it’s
something where it’s my decision, I
consider what I can do and do what I
can. But so often it’s the school
board’s decision. I point them in the
right direction.

H e R M : We re c e n t l y a t t e n d e d
p u b l i c s c h o o l c l o s u re m e e t -
ings with the Halifax
R e g i o n a l S c h o o l B o a rd . S o m e
m e m b e r s o f t h e b o a rd h a v e
said this is, per capita, the
l o w e s t f u n d e d s c h o o l b o a rd
in Nova Scotia and perhaps
the lowest funded school
                                                   “I   s u s p e c t t h a t t h e re i s e n o u g h
b o a rd i n C a n a d a . H o w w i l l
y o u a d d re s s t h a t ?
                                                   b l a m e t o g o a ro u n d . A s l o n g a s
Purves: It’s true that Halifax                         tough decisions have to be
Regional School Board is probably
the lowest funded in the province.
They need more money to deal with
                                                      m a d e , t h e re a l w a y s w i l l b e . ”
their student populations. But let’s
remember that the national testing               duced full financial details yet, that          they haven’t yet taken full responsi-
shows our students are doing well.               has to wait. In the meantime we’re              bility with their accounting prac-
The board needs to clean up their act            working with them.                              tices. Essentially the Department of
in terms of business planning, budg-                                                             Education has all the responsibility
et-making, accounting policy and                                                                 and none of the control. I think this
administrating policy before some of             H e R M : M a n y p a re n t s a n d            happened because successive govern-
this can happen. That’s the Auditor              e v e n s o m e s c h o o l b o a rd            ments wanted to address demands for
General’s assessment. Also, it’s                 members have said that the                      more local say in how schools were
important to remember that the cost              o n l y re a s o n t h e s c h o o l b o a rd   run. But others probably thought it
of running rural school boards                   i s t h e re i s t o t a k e h e a t f o r      would help defuse blame. I suspect
increases because there are places               decisions that you make as a                    that there is enough blame to go
where a school must exist and oper-              m i n i s t e r. H o w d o y o u re s p o n d   around. As long as tough decisions
ate with fewer students, but with the            to that?                                        have to be made there always will be.
same base cost for a building. Also,
transportation of students is much               Purves: It’s a two-way street. I                HeRM: There was $16 million in
more expensive in rural areas. It                receive all kinds of criticism for deci-        new spending granted for
would be interesting to see a better             sions that I did not make. They are             school boards in Nova Scotia’s
audit of Halifax Regional School                 the board’s decisions. Yes, it’s true           recent budget. How do you
Board. Then we can see their needs               that the boards have a limited                  respond to claims that this isn’t
better. But since they haven’t pro-              amount of money to work with, but               enough?

                                                                                           H a l i f a x f r o m End to End     9
Purves: It’s true. It isn’t enough to do
exactly what must be done. But it is
enough to maintain stability in education
in this region. While I’ve maintained
                                                T h e s e a re a f e w o f
since the beginning that I am dead set
against building up systems for the sake
of building systems, I see that we need a
                                                her f a v o u r i t e
lot more money, and I’m confident we’ll
have it once we deal with the massive           things ...
deficit our government inherited. It’ll be
a year or two before we know just how
much. Hopefully we’ll have even more to
invest in next year’s budget. It’s impor-
                                                    Musician/Musical
tant to remember that government is tak-
                                                              G ro u p :
ing more severe cuts elsewhere to allow
this reinvestment in education already. If
                                                  “I’d have to say Dire
we don’t deal with our deficit, our credit
                                                       Straits and Mark
rating will fail and eventually we won’t
                                                Knopfler. Bob Dylan is
even be able to borrow to fund education.
                                                      also quite good.”
What happens then?

HeRM : You must be both the minis-
ter of education and MLA for Halifax
Citadel. What do you see as your top
priorities?
                                                                 Movie:

Purves: Education is actually a big priori-
                                                         “I’d have to say
ty for the people in my riding. We have
                                                        Salvador starring
several schools, the Community College,
                                                  James Woods. It came
the College of Art and Design, Dalhousie
                                                 out back in the 1980s.
University and Saint Mary’s University.
                                                I’ve seen it many times.
The universities in Halifax Citadel need
                                                    It seems like a lot of
assistance with infrastructure work. The
                                                   people have forgotten
schools, through their school board, also
                                                                about it.”
need financial attention. I hope we can
get it in the near future. Beyond that, in
economic terms, my riding is doing well
and needs to be left alone.                               Inspirations:
HeRM: What makes a good edu-                            “I was somewhat
cation minister?                                 inspired by leaders like
                                                 Bobby Kennedy. It was
Purves: Knowing how to decipher                   a very sad day for me
“bureaucratese.” It can often be like the            when he was shot. I
British TV series Yes Minister, though it            was also a victim of
also helps to have good communication                Trudeau-mania. But
with the department. Straight talking is        Joe Clark was and con-
good. It helps to be able to grasp ideas                tinues to be very
quickly.                                                inspiring. He has
                                                 struck a nerve with the
HeRM: If you could meet any one                   Chretien government.”
person, dead or alive, who would
it be? Why?
                                                    In the CD player:
 Purves: Napoleon Bonaparte. I’m not
really sure why. I guess I just would like          “Eric Clapton and
to meet a man mentioned so prominently                       B.B. King
in history compare notes. See how much           Ridin’ with the King”
the people writing the books got right.
                                            e


10      HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
School
Bored?
The Halifax Regional School
Board seems to have more
problems than solutions.
Is it time for Halifax to
scrap the current system?
                                         Story and photos by Liam O Brien
    “You can’t even tell me how           hours before – the third meeting          fire them. Isn’t that why you’re
much it costs to run each school and      that week. King has attended them         there?”
now you’re saying you might close         all.                                          “Well, at these long hours and
them.”                                         “One minute left to speak, Mr.       $7,200 a year, it isn’t for the money,”
    George King’s voice sears             King,” says Sandra Everett, the chair     Everett cracks. The parents share in
through the humid air in the              of the board, sitting in the middle of    the laugh. Some sponge the sweat
Notting Park Elementary gymnasi-          the row of 14 board members at the        from their brows. It is a brief truce
um. The microphone in front of him        front of the room. She coughs into        of understanding and humour in a
wobbles as he leans on the podium. A      the microphone. A man with head-          long night of confrontation.
cheer erupts from more than a hun-        phones in the corner of the gym,              The meeting adjourns.
dred of his fellow parents and a row      monitoring the recording of the               The question is left hanging.
of 15 elementary students all sport-      meeting, winces at the sudden sharp           Why does the school board exist?
ing ‘Save our school’ buttons and         noise.                                        It’s not as unreasonable a ques-
carrying placards. The north-end               “Oh I won’t keep you long,           tion as it might seem. When schools
Dartmouth construction worker rais-       Sandra,” King says in a friendlier        first became commonplace in Nova
es cheer after cheer as he skewers        tone than he used before. “I know         Scotia in the 1800s, the community
the Halifax Regional School Board’s       you folks aren’t to blame. But you        or the parish took care of all the
accounting policy using data from         need to get your administrators           details. In the early 20th century the
their Web site. The crowd isn’t as big    working harder to identify your costs     Department of Education communi-
as it was when the school closure         before you start talking about possi-     cated directly with the principals of
consultation meeting started three        bly closing a school. If they refuse,     schools and each school had a group

                                                                           H a l i f a x f r o m End to End         11
Board members and parents alike are frustrated by the problems in HRM schools.
of commissioners to help make deci-      sents the community affected,” says      criticisms of the auditor general.
sions. When school boards came into      Wade Marshall, board member for              “If government wants a better
existence in a more concrete form in     Lower Sackville. “But in HRM, that       financial report, it’ll have one by
the 1940s, the members were              doesn’t mean much when you are,          next year. Our staff are taking this
appointed by government, based on        per capita, the least funded school      very seriously,” says Everett. “We
interest and varied expertise. There     board in Nova Scotia and one of the      can’t afford to look irresponsible.
was still a closer relation to the       lowest funded boards in all of           Not with big decisions about the
schools.                                 Canada.”                                 education of children on our plate.”
    But in the province’s new amal-          Marshall says the board members      Everett still warns parents that all
gamated system, the Halifax board        take a lot of abuse for things they      the bean counting in the world won’t
has 14 elected people covering an        can’t change. He says it goes with       make up for the cash they desperate-
area that used to be covered by more     the territory. But even as the board     ly need from the department.
than 30. It’s hard to maintain a per-    deliberates on whether or not to             Education Minister Jane Purves
sonal touch. The hired administra-       close several schools, they have sym-    says the shield analogy applies just
tors have taken over a lot of the con-   pathy from some parents.                 as much or more to the minister and
trol. The question is, if the province       “The real cowards are the admin-     the department of education as it
foots the bill and the local adminis-    istrators like David Reid and politi-    does to any school board.
trators run the day-to-day opera-        cians like the education minister,”          “The department ultimately has
tions, why does the school board         says Mark Piper, whose two children      all of the responsibility and none of
continue to exist?                       attend Northbrook school. “They          the control,” says Purves. She chalks
    Given the turmoil lately, some       hide behind bureaucracy. The elected     it up to successive governments
would say the answer for Halifax         board is supposed to be there to rep-    either addressing legitimate requests
Regional School Board is “to have        resent us and our desires. Instead it    for local representation or making a
problems.” And it has some big ones.     seems to be a shield for bureaucrats     system to deflect and defuse blame.
    Striking janitors, protesting par-   and governments to hide behind               “Sometimes we get the worst of
ents, and an auditor general that        when they don’t deliver. We all know     both worlds,” says Purves. She also
says the board has no business plan      the auditor general couldn’t even        says that, while it may be true that
and poor accounting practices –          find a proper financial report. What     HRSB is the lowest funded in the
these are just a few of the items on     the hell is the administrator doing in   province, it doesn’t incur as much
the school board’s plate. But the        that office?”                            cost in terms of numbers of schools
board members still believe they’re          Board superintendent David Reid      or transportation for students like
doing the best they can.                 did not respond to requests for an       the rural boards. “Still, I hope we
    “It’s important for decision-mak-    interview. But board chair Sandra        can fund them better in the near
ing to come from a group that repre-     Everett says the board is heeding the    future. There’s an extra $16 million

12       HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
in [March’s] budget for school           Armstrong says
boards.”
    Parent Mark Piper says that even
if school boards get the funding they
                                         that her board is
                                         also chronically
                                         under-funded.
                                                          “It seems we’re all think-
desperately need, the next time there    Underfunding can
is a financial crunch or some other      be more expensiveing about the same thing,
change made by the Education             in the long run, as
Department, the minister will be
able to point to the school board and
                                                            but we’re all coming up
                                         deteriorating build-
                                         ings and supplies
say, “You elected them, they have the    go unreplaced.
control, bother them.” He says if
that’s the way the board system will
                                             “Sometimes
                                         you’ve got to spend
                                                             with different answers.
be used, what’s the point of electing    money to save
them?                                    money,” Armstrong   Too many cooks in the
    There are other ways of operating    says. “It’s the only
an education system. In Scotland,
with a population of more than five
million, they still run world-class
                                         way to keep track
                                         of finances . . . and
                                         even more impor-
                                                                           kitchen.                       ”
schools with no layers of government
between the community and the
                                         tantly, develop the
                                         best programs for
                                                                   - George King,
national Department of Education.        the students.”
    Newfoundland switched to an
elected system in 1997. The same
                                                                concerned parent
large regional boards were
established. But the com-
plaints are different.
    Debbie Armstrong is
director of education for Baie
Verte–Central–Connaigre
school board in
Newfoundland. She’s an
administrator, not elected.
But she says the elected sys-
tem is fine – just make sure
the electeds members have
the power to shake things up
if necessary.
    She says she takes a
grassroots approach to run-
ning schools in her district.
    “Contact is the key,” she
says. “There needs to be
enough representation, either
through program staff or
elected board members so        School board members face questions at a school closure meeting in
that parents don’t just see a Northbrook School.
bunch of people who aren’t                                                    ‘Think about programs.’ ‘Think
from their neighbourhood when             ‘Spend money to save money.’        about the students.’
meetings happen. And the only time       ‘Think about programs.’ ‘Think           “It seems we’re all thinking
you see your school board shouldn’t      about the students.’ George King     about the same things, but we’re
be when trouble is on the horizon.”      uses almost exactly the same words   coming up with different answers,”
    Armstrong stresses the impor-        at the Northbrook school closure     King says. “Too many cooks in the
tance of precise accounting.             meeting he attends (his fourth that  kitchen. Maybe it needs to be that
    “If a school board runs a debt, it   week) as he steps up to the micro-   way. But parents are gonna need to
should be able to account for where      phone to face the same 14 people.    start thinking along those lines
the money is spent with some preci-      After the meeting he stays and dis-  when electing the boards and the
sion,” she says. “A good relationship    cusses the local issues with a board government. It’s the only way we’ll
with principals and individual           member for more than an hour in      ever get everyone in there with the
schools helps.”                          the cold night air. Again the words  same answers in mind. Otherwise the
    But while each board has its own     are spoken. This time by the elected blame gets defused, the buck stops
problems, some woes are common to        board member.                        nowhere, and our kids lose out.” e
school boards across Canada.                 ‘Spend money to save money.’
                                               The Great
                                               Doctor
           Story and photos
           by Ken MacInnis
                                               Hunt
             he waiting room is perfectly           At 11:45 Dr. Gallagher calls my          patients –– but that list ran dry a couple



T            symmetrical. On either end of
             the long room are counters,
             with, a secretary sitting
             behind each counter. Behind
             the secretaries are matching
shelves full of patient files. A narrow
                                               name. I follow her into one of the exami-
                                               nation rooms. I’m with the doctor for 10
                                               minutes. When I walk back into the wait-
                                               ing room, I see it’s just as full.
                                                   “You were here on a typical day,” Dr.
                                               Gallagher tells me two days later as she
                                                                                             of months ago. “It makes me frustrated,”
                                                                                             says Cluitt.. “It’s our medical system we
                                                                                             are talking about...” She pauses. “You
                                                                                             think, that’s pretty bad if you can’t even
                                                                                             give them the name of a doctor to go to.”
                                                                                                  Nova Scotia Department of Health
hallway beside each counter leads to doc-      eats her lunch – a sandwich, fries, and a     physician recruiter Frank Peters says the
tors’ offices and examination rooms.           glass of milk, from the Garden Grill          government is currently trying to attract
Between the counters are banks of seats,       restaurant, which is part of the same         eight to eight-10 family doctors to the
one side the mirror image of the other.        Sunnyside mall complex as her practice.       province. But he concedes these posi-
Between In the middlethem is a small           We’re in her office, a small room full of     tions merely represent part of the normal
area filled with distractions for children,    papers – on the desk, on the wall, in the     physician turnover. “People retire, people
still too young to have mastered the art       filing cabinet by the door. “I’m very         move,” he says. The positions he’s filling
of appearing to waiting patiently.             busy.”                                        only help ease those strains.
     It’s Tuesday morning and, as usual,            Gallagher is one of 284 family prac-         On paper, however, Nova Scotia is
most of the seats in the room are full.        titioners in the Halifax-Dartmouth-           actually faring well in terms of the num-
There are mothers with children, older         Bedford-Sackville area. She only prac-        ber of general and family practitioners.
couples, a nervous-looking businessman.        tices four days a week because she wants      The Southam Medical Database shows
Leaning over his knees, toes pointed           to spend time with her kids. But she says     the province with 101 active family
together, the businessman seems to be          she could work seven days a week if she       physicians per 100,000 residents in 1998.
the only one who’s uncomfortable.              wanted to. If she did, maybe she could        And while British Columbia boasted 106
    I sit among them – I too am waiting        take new patients. But she doesn’t do         per 100,000 and Quebec 105, Alberta and
to see my doctor, Kathy Gallagher. Dr.         that either.                                  Ontario only had 85.
Gallagher and her colleagues occupy the            She’s not alone. And that’s part of the         But numbers don’t tell the whole
right side of the office.                      problem.                                      story. The reality is that doctors are busy
    Dr. Gallagher picks the top file from a         I called five other clinics in Metro,    and people in HRM looking for a family
stack piled on a table beside the secre-       which have a total of more than 30 doc-       doctor are having a hard time finding
tary. She calls a name, and a mother           tors. None of them were accepting new         one. Liberal health critic and former
pushing a stroller makes her way toward        patients.                                     minister of health Dr. Jim Smith points
the hall. I settle in. Though I arrived only                                                 out that what were once standard work-
five minutes early for my 11:30 a.m.                Marion Cluitt, a receptionist for        ing hours for a physician aren’t necessar-
appointment, I know it will be a while         three doctors practicing on Halifax’s         ily the norm today. Doctors, such as
before my name is called. I pick up a          Spring Garden Road, says she gets 10-15       Gallagher, may not work full time in
Maclean’s from January. Everyone else in       calls per week from people searching for      order to spend time with their families.
the office seems content to talk to one        a family doctor. She used to refer them to    Straight numbers don’t account for this.
another – or just sit.                         physicians she knew were still taking         Back at her practice, Gallagher lists sev-
Looking for a
new doctor
or even
trying to see
your own can
be tricky.
eral reasons why finding a family doctor in
HRM is difficult..
    Population growth is one. “In urban areas,
you have a growing population, but you don’t
have a growing number of doctors,” she says.
    Those doctors who do begin practice quick-
ly become swamped. When Dr. Carolyn
Thomson joined Gallagher’s practice on the
Bedford Highway four years ago, she stopped
taking patients after only six months.
     The fact that people are living longer and
are surviving more illnesses only adds to the
problem. It seems the supply of doctors can’t
keep up with the demand.
     Doctors are lured to other parts of Canada,
or to the United States. In the U.S., employers
will often pay off a graduating medical stu-
dent’s debt (which is usually between $75,000
and $100,000) as a signing bonus. Doctors in
other parts of Canada, such as in British
Columbia and Alberta, make significantly more
money than doctors in the Maritimes. Even
the Canadian Armed Forces is luring Nova
Sscotia doctors away, recently offering doctors
                                                   I’m very busy, says Dr. Kathy Gallagher, shown here at her practice in
entering the service a $225,000 signing bonus. Sunnyside Mall.
     But financial considerations aren’t the only                     that’s all they know at the time.
contributor to the shortage of family physicians. Dr. Gallagher,           “When you’re in medical school, you take a block of cardiol-
who graduated from Dalhousie Medical School in 1989 and sits          ogy, a block of radiology. A lot of medical students tell me they
on the Canadian Medical Association’s Council of Medical              never thought of doing family medicine because it was not
Education, says students don’t get the same exposure to family        something they were exposed to.” And once a med student
medicine anymore.                                                     chooses to specialize, it’s too late to change.
     Dalhousie’s medical students used to do a one-year rotating          As mentioned earlier, the man in charge of finding doctors
internship after they graduated. After the year, the graduates        for the Nova Scotia Department of Health doesn’t think HRM
could apply for a license to practice medicine. Gallagher says,       has a shortage of family doctors. I think anyone who has picked
“You came out after medical school and thought, ‘I’m going to         up a phone book with hopes of finding a physician taking
pay off some loans, make some money, then I’ll go back and            patients would disagree. For them, the hunt is on – and the
train as a specialist.’” It’s what Gallagher planned to do – but      prize is rare.
during her internship, she fell in love with family practice.
Students no longer have that option. Medical students are now
required to choose their discipline at the end of their third year    Additional research by Jen Powley
of school. A lot choose to be specialists, says Gallagher, because
F i n d i n g a doctor
when you have
time t o wait
     The Nova Scotia Medical                    Emergency service providers     When it’s not an emergency,
Association used to maintain a list of          in HRM:                         but it’s more urgent than a
physicians accepting new patients, but                                          regular office visit…
in October, the Department of Health            Dartmouth – Dartmouth
began maintaining the service.                  General Hospital…465-8300            The average wait for a regular office
Physician recruiter Frank Peters says                                           visit is about a week, but doctors will
the department has been able to refer           Halifax – IWK Grace Health      work more urgent cases, such as a baby
all 1,500 calls to at least a couple of         Centre for Women and            with an earache or abdominal pains,
doctors taking patients. How are they                                           into their day’s schedule. Frank Peters
sure the callers are successful in their                                        of the department of health says there
search? He says, “We’ve never got a call                                        aren’t any walk-in clinics (where no
back.”                                                                          appointment is necessary) in the Halifax
    If you call 424-3047, you are asked                                         area. He says the decision to go to
to leave your name, phone number, and                                           emergency is up to the individual.
the area in the province where you
would like to find a doctor.                                                    A bit of advice…
Peters says they try to get back to
callers within 48 hours. When our                                                   If you are new to an area, find a fam-
reporter called it took 26 hours for a                                          ily doctor BEFORE you get sick. When
call back and a day of phone tag. They                                          you’re already aren’t feeling well, the
gave him the names of two doctors in                                            last thing you need to worry about is
Bedford willing to take patients.                                               finding a doctor.
    However, the first will only take                                               Also, before you part ways with your
someone new to the province; he does-                                           old doctor, see if he or she has any col-
n’t accept patients who are simply look-                                        leagues in your new city. It might be
ing to switch physicians. The second of                                         possible to get a referral – avoiding the
the two is willing to see you, but will                                         search altogether. Dr. Graeme Bethune
decide after the first visit if he is willing   Families…428-8050 (children’s   has been practicing family medicine in
to take you on as a regular.                    emergencies)                    Halifax for 25 years. And though he
    There are caveats, but still, they are                                      doesn’t accept new patients from the
willing to accept patients.                     Queen Elizabeth II Health       general public, he’ll often take them
    Another option (if you like rejection)      Sciences Centre…473-2700        from another doctor.
is to pull out the yellow pages and start                                           Bethune also says that many doctors
calling.                                        Lower Sackville – Cobequid      will consider accepting family members
                                                Multi-Service Centre In emer-   of current patients into their case load.
In an emergency…                                gencies call…864-0234           “Or, if someone’s getting married, and
                                                                                they want their spouse to join my prac-
    If you have a medical problem that          Sheet Harbour – Eastern Shore   tice, then I will. “But the word at the
can’t wait, head to the Emergency               Memorial Hospital…885-2554      front desk is, ‘Sorry, I’m not.’”
Room of the nearest hospital. It may                                                   So plan ahead. Ask the reception-
mean a long wait before you get any             Nova Scotia Hospital…           ist about special circumstances. Or just
service, but eventually, you will. If you       464-2114                        stay healthy.
just want a physical, or some medical
advice, the ER is not an option.
Bottoms
up                    and

Bottomed
    out
    Harold MacKay
 learned the hard way
that the brewing busi-
ness can be bitter. But
Halifax’s beer baron is
about to bounce back.


     Story by Kathleen Gallagher
       Photos by Ken MacInnis
                          Y
                                              ou’d better be careful,        “You can spend a lot of time on yester-
                                              Harold MacKay’s mother     day,” he says. “There’s nothing you can do
                                              would warn him. People     about yesterday.”
                                              with too much stress in    Harold MacKay’s yesterday is 1997. By the
                                              their lives have heart     mid-1990s, small “micro” breweries were
                                              attacks. But even though   popping up all over North America, offering
                                              he put in 80 -hour work    beer lovers more flavourful and more dis-
                                              weeks, Harold never        tinctive alternatives to the mass-produced
                          worried. The kind of things he did in his      watery commercial beers. Craft beer was
                          jobs may have been work but they were also     the next big thing and everybody wanted in
                          fun. And rewarding too. He had risen           on the action. Even in the Maritimes – a
                          through the ranks of the
                          brewing business, becom-
                          ing vice-president of
                          sales at Maritime-owned,
                          but internationally-mar-
                          keted, Moosehead
                          Breweries. During his
                          tenure at Moosehead,
                          MacKay had also been
                          the driving force behind
                          some of the brewery’s
                          most successful market-
                          ing ventures. He started
                          modestly enough in the
                          early 1990s by opening a
                          cold beer store, the first
                          of its kind in Nova
                          Scotia, next to the
                          Moosehead plant on
                          Windmill Road in
                          Dartmouth. Then he
                          turned the streets of
                          Halifax into a giant race-
                          track for Grand Prix auto
                          racing. But his crowning
                          achievement was intro-
                          ducing Quebec Major
                          Junior Hockey to the
                          Maritimes with the
                          Halifax Mooseheads
                          hockey club in 1994.
                          Today, the Mooseheads
                          are a money machine for
                          the brewery and its
                          investors.
                          No wonder Harold MacKay never worried.         fiercely loyal lot when it comes to their
                              Things change.                             drinking habits – small companies like
                              “I’ve had more stress here in the last     Granite Brewery and Propeller had begun
                          two years than I’ve had in my entire life,”    to successfully cater to the connoisseurs’
                          he says today. “There’s nothing worse than     beer market.
                          watching your own company unravel.”            MacKay, who’d spent 20 years in the beer
                              A tall, heavy-set man with a ruddy face    business, had always dreamed of having his
                          and thinning brown hair, MacKay sits in        own brewery one day. When Moosehead
                          the empty boardroom at the Maritime Beer       moved its head office from his Halifax base
                          Company brewery in Dartmouth. Posters of       to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1993, one
                          the company’s five core beers hang on the      day seemed like it had finally come.
                          wall, looking more like memorials than             Over coffee with friend and brewer Kirk
                          proud achievements. Only two brands are        Annand in 1996, MacKay asked Annand if
                          still on the market. MacKay shuffles in his    he thought it would be possible to set up a
                          chair and sighs, trying to remember how it     brewery to compete in the Maritime mar-
                          all went wrong.                                ket. Annand said that if MacKay could find
18   HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
the money, he’d help build the place. For a     trouble two months into business.”
brewer like Annand, to see his recipes              MacKay knew the nearly five per cent of
turned into full-fledged beers that would be    the market his beers initially captured
sold across the Maritimes was the chance of     would not be enough. It created an illusion
a lifetime. The two worked out a business       of success, but it was largely based on the
plan and figured they’d need $11 million.       novelty of the beers. To ensure long-term
Within 16 months MacKay had the money.          survival, MacKay believed the new beers
He got $5 million from the Royal Bank, and      needed to take at least 10 to 15 per cent of
the remaining six from local investors and      the market immediately after it was
the new company’s three main partners:          launched, and then settle into five per cent.
MacKay, Annand and their marketing chief,           Something had gone wrong.
Stuart Strathdee. When asked how he raised          Today, MacKay can cite a number of rea-
all that money, MacKay replies “hard work.”     sons for the company’s failure, but says one
But it still sounds as if he is talking about   of the biggest mistakes was “a classic bad
selling oranges for a high school ski trip.     job of marketing, in my estimation.”


          “I’ve had more stress here in
        the last two years than I’ve had
             in my entire life. There’s
          nothing worse than watching
          your own company unravel.”
                           – Harold MacKay
    Maritime Beer Company would be posi-            He points to the beer labels hanging on
tioned differently than other Nova Scotian      the boardroom wall behind him. “We made
craft breweries, like Granite and Propeller,    up very pretty graphics, very attractive
in that it would be aiming at a bigger share    labels. You look at the labels and say, ‘My
of the drinking market. Instead of just         gosh, aren’t they pretty?’ The problem with
focusing on the high-end craft beer connois-    it was...they don’t really say, ‘Drink me.’
seurs’ market, Maritime Beer’s five brands –    They have a tendency to say they’re heavy
Black Pearl, Privateers, 1949, Kings and        and overbearing and strong.”
Atlantic Storm – would be aimed at five dif-    Instead of seeing them as five brands for five
ferent segments of the market. Banking on       different segments of the total beer drinking
the wide appeal of the brands, MacKay           market, as the company had hoped, MacKay
promised investors the brewery would be         realized the general public instead saw them
able to grab five per cent of the Maritime      as five flavours for the smaller beer-connois-
beer market in five years.                      seur market.
     It was an ambitious goal. But investors        By late fall of 1998, the brewery was in
were willing to risk it because this was        serious trouble. More money from investors
Harold MacKay. If anyone could do it,           to help boost the beers’ profile had not
Harold could.                                   helped. In a last-ditch attempt for quick
Maritime Beer Company’s brands premiered        cash, Maritime launched Frosted Frog, a
in March 1998. In addition to the five brands   light-hearted, accessible lager featuring
of beer, the company opened a restaurant,       Buzz, a watery-eyed cartoon frog, as its mas-
Brewdebakers, attached to the brewery.          cot. It got the brewery noticed, but not in a
Both the beers and the restaurant were a        good way – Advertising Standards Canada
hit, and the beers grabbed four per cent of     investigated Maritime for allegedly market-
the market. Everyone was thrilled. But          ing to teenagers. Yet even that didn’t save
Harold MacKay’s stomach had begun to            the brewery. Maritime Beer Company had
bother him.                                     simply bit off more than it could chew.
                                                    “We were ambitious enough that we just
   “I knew we were in trouble probably two      built the business so big, so quick,” Kirk
months into this thing.” He pauses. “I          Annand says. “We put so much pressure on
shouldn’t say that. I felt like we were in      ourselves to need to succeed immediately,

                                                                            H a l i f a x f r o m End to End   19
                          and if you build too big you’ve got an albatross around your neck right from
                          the start.”
                          In December 1999, the brewery officially declared bankruptcy. The Royal
                          Bank put the brewery into receivership. Kirk Annand and Stuart Strathdee
                          both left to work at consulting firms. It fell to Harold MacKay to pick up the
                          pieces – or walk away.

                              On this early spring day, nearly a year-and-a-half after Maritime reached
                          the bottom of its financial glass, an eager, energetic Harold MacKay is lead-
                          ing a visitor on a tour. He weaves in and out of the maze of pipes and
                          machinery that make up the Maritime Beer Company’s brewing and bottling
                          plant. Harold MacKay is 53 years old now, older and wiser, but his eyes still
                          sparkle behind his thick glasses. He points to cases of Old Milwaukee beer
                          stacked up to the ceiling, waiting to be shipped to stores across Nova Scotia.




                          He’s excited about the future again, just like in 1997.
                              After the Maritime Beer Company declared bankruptcy in 1999, a group
                          of Halifax investors, led by real estate developer George Armoyan, bought
                          the land and brewing rights. For a while it looked like the brewery would
                          be liquidated; its parts dismantled and sold to rival breweries in other parts
                          of the country. MacKay could’ve walked away. But he couldn’t stand to see
                          the brewery he built torn down. More than the heart attack his mother had
                          warned him of, “that would kill me.”
                              So he stuck it out, persuaded Ontario-based Sleeman Breweries Ltd. to
                          buy the company’s brewing assets. Although it still maintains its name for
                          day-to-day operations, Maritime Beer Company is now Sleeman Maritimes.
                          Although several of Maritime Beer’s original brands have been cut, the
                          brewery is starting to produce other Sleeman-owned beers, such as Old
                          Milwaukee. The brewery’s restaurant, Brewdebakers, is now a separate oper-
                          ation, though you sill have to walk through its doors to get to the offices
                          where Harold MacKay now works as Sleeman’s general manager of Atlantic
                          Canada. George Armoyan is now the brewery’s landlord.
                              It might make for a strange situation, but MacKay seems to think it’s
                          the best possible solution to an ugly problem. He’s determined to make his
                          brewery a success for Sleeman.
                              It’s been a tough five years for MacKay. Maybe one day he’ll be able to
                          sit down over a beer and laugh about it. But not any time soon. He’s got a
                          brewery to run. Again.
                                                                                                  e

20   HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
 The Faith
   Market



      The church landscape is starting
 to seem like a mall – shop around enough,
and you’ll find something to suit your tastes.
    But is the market mentality keeping
               generations apart?
                     Story by Jen Powley
           Photos by Ken MacInnis and Chad Lucas
                                              tionalist church she and her husband          member “worship team” that leads



 G
             rowing up in small-town          Gary attended in Halifax . She wanted a       today’s service begins singing “I Believe
             Alberta, I despised two ladies   church that was not only more welcom-         in Jesus,” the congregation is slow to set-
             who attended the same            ing but also closer to her Sackville home.    tle. Bob Burns, a silver-haired member of
             Lutheran church I did. Clara         Lowe tried a couple of churches in        the church’s leadership team, explains
Kempin and Mrs. Hennig. They were a           her neighbourhood before settling on          that the members of this congregation
tag-team of tradition, the former forcing     Faith United Baptist. Housed in a newly-      aren’t “casual” – they are serious about
the rest of the congregation to endure an     constructed building on Gloria Avenue in      serving God – but they are “informal”.
occasional verse of a hymn in German,         Lower Sackville, Lowe says “it felt right.”       They are. The two-hour worship serv-
the latter diluting the Sunday School         The style of worship — a middle-of-the-       ice is fluid and energetic. Congregation
juice until it was more red-coloured          road mix of traditional and contemporary      members raise their hands in praise. As
water than cherry Kool-Aid.                   —was what she was used to. And the            Josh Lake, the 19-year-old worship team
    I was convinced they were the only        church’s new children’s ministry pro-         drummer (he also plays bass, guitar, sings
fortification stopping my church from         gram seemed a perfect fit for her two         and acts as worship leader), explains: “The
being a very cool place. Standing just        sons, aged six and eight.                     Spirit just comes and it fills me here. This
5’0” and 4’10” respectively, and both             In today’s “worship marketplace,”         is where it happens for me.”
pushing well past 70, they were a mighty      churches must carve out their niches —            Though hesitant to leave his former
wall indeed.                                  all aware that they are only one of many      church, the Vineyard Christian
    Despite their annoying presence, I        options for worship on Sunday morning.        Fellowship, and follow his parents to
continued to go to that church. I knew             Will it be drums and pop-style gospel    Gateway nine years ago, Lake says now
the other churches in town wouldn’t           tunes or organ-accompanied hymns in a         he wouldn’t even consider leaving.
have been any better. Looking back a          traditional setting? The beauty (and              That’s not to say others wouldn’t.
decade later, I’m glad I didn’t shop          bane) of today’s world is that church         Perhaps surprisingly, Pastor Paul Francis
around. Staying taught me more than           goers can choose one or the other – or        — who tirelessly helped nurture
leaving ever would have.                      both. There are enough options for each       Gateway’s Mennonite Brethren congrega-
    But Halifax isn’t rural Alberta. Here     individual, and each church, to find the      tion from just three families when it
congregations abound, each with a dis-        perfect fit – the “right” blend of people,    began 10 years ago to nearly 100 today
tinctive feel and style of worship. People    music, programs and facilities.               — says he has no qualms about encour-
looking for a church are free to, even            But is this really a good thing?          aging people to seek out a different
encouraged to, shop for one that suits                                                      church. “We’re not desperate for people
their needs. For most people, the prob-           Ten-thirty comes and goes, yet the        to be in the church,” he says. “If you
lem isn’t so much church doctrine as          members of Gateway Community Church           don’t like what you are experiencing in
personal taste.                               show no signs of breaking from their          terms of this life and this community,
    After attending the same place of wor-    neighbourly chattering and settling into      there’s all sorts of other ones – get into
ship for 10 years, Deanna Lowe says she       the rows of chairs in the old firehall that   one that feeds you the best.
still felt like an outsider at the ongrega-   is the church’s home. Even as the seven-          “The reality is the church is not




Bob Burns says GatewayCommunity Church is informal, but serious about serving God.

22        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
restricted to one congregation. The           university students. Dalhousie Chaplain      church growth which is dominant in
church in Halifax is made up of all the       Patricia Cummings says homogeneity is a      society is holding out its hand to a specif-
genuine churches who worship Jesus.”          mixed blessing. The lack of an older,        ic group with less power, how can that
Ultimately, as long as we are all shopping    established congregation means the stu-      not be positive?
in the Mall of Christ, Francis seems to be    dents step into leadership roles and have        But what if the power brokers are
suggesting, there’s nothing wrong with        a greater sense of ownership. “But I also    simply renewing themselves?
browsing at different stores.                 think, ‘Are we ghettoizing them?’” she
    Finding a church that fits is impor-      questions. “We need other voices.”              Growing up, I needed to hear the
tant. If it hadn’t been for a wonderful          Rev. Dr. Harry Gardner, the Executive     voices of Clara Kempin and Mrs. Hennig.
youth program to offset the influence of      Minister of the United Baptist               As shrill and as anti-melodic as they
my juice-making adversaries, I might          Convention in the Atlantic Provinces in      were, I needed to learn that a community
have abandoned my Alberta church long         Saint John, NB, says that the fact that      can be created — and ought to be —
before I discovered the lessons these         many urban and suburban churches “are        with people at all stages and places in the
women had to teach me.                        targeting the younger generations — not      journey of life.
    We all want a place filled with people
we can be comfortable with — we want
the “perfect church.” And with the vari-
ety of churches to cater to our wants,
why not pick a designer congregation?

    Back at Gateway, Tom Balke, a con-
gregation member who is also the
Atlantic director of Inter-Varsity
Christian Fellowship, which focuses on
Christianity on university campuses, is
announcing this week’s events to the
congregation. Standing on the raised
platform at the front of the church next
to the worship team, he asks mischie-
vously, “What are you thinking about
that’s happening this Friday?”
    From somewhere in the rows of cush-
ioned metal-frame chairs, a woman
                                             Josh Lake drives the beat for Gateway’s uptempo, contemporary worship
shouts , “Chocolate.” Balke chuckles –       style.
the woman is right, there will be a lot of    only the boomer, but also the busters and        Apart from my grandparents, these
chocolate at the Inter-Varsity Christian      the Generation X” — creates problems.        two women were probably the only two
Fellowship Dessert Fest he’s announcing.          “I think the biggest thing people are    “greys” I had any real contact with.
Isn’t this what one searches for — a          missing is that there’s much to be shared    Though technically we live in one of the
church where we can both laugh (and           across generational lines,” he says. “In a   most diverse societies in the world, the
cry) with our fellow worshippers?             transient society, older people can          groups we participate in are often made
     “I think sometimes we think that we      become almost like aunts and uncles and      of people who are eerily similar – be it by
just want a church with people our own        grandparents to some of the younger peo-     place of employment, age or social class.
age for example, or people who think like     ple who are there with their children.”      Church, of all places, should be a place
us, or look like us or smell like us. It’s        Dalhousie comparative religion pro-      where we escape our little social bubbles.
the consumer mentality,” Balke says.          fessor Dr. Tom Faulkner has a different      Though our needs and wants will be dif-
    The church growth “gurus” promote         perspective. He points to the                ferent, we need to negotiate a path built
targeting homogenous populations for          Metropolitan Church, a congregation for      on a common ground of humanity.
growth. Focusing on a specific group and      gays, lesbians and their supporters, as          I can’t say I learned to appreciate
its specific needs works. Congregation        well as the Black Baptist Church and the     German hymns. Cherry Kool-Aid, even at
size increases.                               Anglican Church, which consists almost       full strength, still brings back feelings of
     But is it really wise to build church    exclusively of people with British her-      ill will. And when I returned home for
communities whose members are too             itage, as examples of segregated church      Christmas last year, neither woman
similar. The number of people attending       communities that work. “Is that destruc-     greeted me with a welcoming embrace.
church may increase, but are we doing a       tive of Christian universalism? Well I’d     We’ll never be close, but these two
disservice to ourselves – and ultimately,     say that the de facto particularities of     women taught me a great deal about
to society as a whole — by remaining in       most congregations is destructive of         compromise and tolerance. Mostly they
our safe, isolated enclaves?                  Christian universalism.” Like building       taught me about respect. It’s a lesson I’m
    The Saint Mary’s and Dalhousie            separate colleges for women and blacks       still struggling to learn, but one I fear we
University chaplains hold a regular           rather than waiting for men to accept        are increasingly closing ourselves off to
Sunday evening service at the Canadian        them into their universities, he suggests    in the interests of finding the perfect fit.
Martyrs’ Church on Inglis Street. Sixty to    churches like the Metropolitan offer
70 per cent of those in attendance are        empowerment. In the same way, if a
                                                                                                                                  e
                                                                                 H a l i f a x f r o m End to End             23
A




    Preston:
           herrybrook, North Preston and East Preston, the three communities
                                                                                    storie
      C    that make up the Preston area, together form the largest black com
           munity in Atlantic Canada. Since the communities’ beginning in the
     late 1700s, the people have battled poverty, hardships and racism. But
     Preston has survived on a strong sense of culture, family and spirituality.
     We hooked up with some of the areas’s best tale-weavers backstage
     before a show during the Preston Cultural Festival in March and asked
     them to tell us about Home.


                                                             Story by Chad Lucas
                                                           Photos by Ken MacInnis
          In a dressing room at the Alderney Landing Theatre, the
    Preston storytellers are getting set for the show. It’s 7:40; they’ll
    be on in 20 minutes. A stagehand pokes her head in and
    announces they’re letting the audience in. The room buzzes
    with nervous energy. The performers are wired. Their sound
    check ran late and their food hasn’t shown up yet, but they’re in
    good spirits.
           As Renalda Provo, a slight East Preston woman, pulls on her
    fur jacket, she laments that “they must put something in the
    water these days to give girls boobs and a bum.”
          “I’m 32, and I don’t have them!” she says. “When am I
    gonna get mine?”
          The others laugh. Alfreda Smith, the elder statesperson of
    the group, gives her a look.
          “Do you talk like that around your husband?” she asks.
          “She talks like that all the time,” Vetty Thomas cracks. She,
    like Smith, is from North Preston.
          The laughter picks up again when Leonard Kane a.k.a.
    Snookie, a.k.a. Sugar-Free Leonard on the Yuk Yuks circuit,
    enters the room. He’s taken on another personality tonight:
    One-Eyed Jackson, a stooped old man with an eyepatch and
    painted-on eyebrows as white as his hat.
          “Good eeevenin’,” he says in his character’s low growl.
    Playwright David Woods cracks up.
          In a few minutes, these performers will take to the stage to
    tell their stories of life in Preston – some true, some…well,
    embellished. They come with different experiences: Kane and
    David Woods are seasoned stage veterans who’ve performed
    across Canada. Provo and Thomas have acted with Woods’ Voices
    Black Theatre Ensemble. Smith, a historian and recent divinity
    graduate, is new to the storytelling scene.
          But they all have tales to tell. They’ll talk about baptisms,

    24        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
s from ‘up home’




   Leonard Kane (left), a comedian from East Preston, transforms himself into One-Eyed
   Jackson (above) to tell the story of “The Witch and the Ghost Who Coulda Been Sisters.”




                                                        H a l i f a x f r o m End to End     25
                                                                                            In the winter, the lake was for
     “ I ’ d b e o u t t h e re i n m y b o o t s ,                                    hockey. Leonard Kane, the comedian
                                                                                       from East Preston, remembers playing
sliding all over the place. But                                                        even before he had a pair of skates.
                                                                                            “I’d be out there in my boots, slid-
when some snow fell on the ice,                                                        ing all over the place,” he says. “But
                                                                                       when some snow fell on the ice, I tore
                                                                                       my way through everybody. They said
I t o re m y w a y t h ro u g h e v e r y -                                            it wasn’t fair, me playing in boots.”
                                                                                            When he finally did get a set of
b o d y. T h e y s a i d i t w a s n ’t f a i r,                                       blades, he joined Preston’s hockey
                                                                                       team. They practiced on the lake,
me playing in boots.”                                                                  because they had no arena. He
                                                                                       remembers the first time he played in
   - L e o n a rd K a n e                                                              a real rink in Musquodobit Harbour.
                                                                                            “Most of us walked in with our
     ghosts, childhood, overzealous              “Obviously I didn’t eat much,” the    skates already on,” he said. “We were
relatives and accidental fires (“I didn’t   diminutive Provo says, smiling. She        so used to trudging through the
do it,” insists Vetty Thomas). Before       recalls lying in bed crying for food.      woods in them. We came all dressed
the show, they’ve agreed to share                “Mama would come in and say,          and ready to go; we didn’t know we
some stories with us.                       ‘What’s all that crying for?’ ‘I’m hun-    had a dressing room.
     Alfreda Smith, the historian, gets     gry, Mama.’ So she’d bring me a slice           “When we got on ice, we were
the ball rolling. She recalls the old       of bread. While she’s getting the          falling all over the place. The other
houses made of slab-board with card-        bread, I’m thinking about how I’m          kids were laughing at us like we were
board and newspaper for insulation.         going to eat it. I’m only going to get     the Bad News Bears. None of us had
     “It was very cold in the winter—”      one piece, so I’ve got to make it last…    our skates sharpened. On the lake it
Smith says…                                      “I’d get up the next morning, still   was fine, but the rink ice was differ-
     “—spring, summer and fall,” the        hungry. Now, if I can’t sleep when I’m     ent. Everyone’s blades were so dull
wisecracking Provo adds, to more            hungry, how am I gonna go to school        they couldn’t stand up. It was so
laughter from the others. “We had to        and learn? So [my brothers and sis-        funny. But when we got our skates
sleep in snowsuits.”                        ters] sent me to get lunch money. I’d      sharpened, we were baaad.”
     “We hung blankets over the win-        go to Mama and it was always, ‘I don’t
dows to keep the cold out,” Smith           have no money! Where’s my purse?                Community is a big deal in
continues. “Rain and snow would blow        All I got is change and you better not     Preston. Friends and neighbours drop
in under the front door. If it rained       ask me for no money tomorrow!’ So          by all the time. Kane says he comes
and then got freezing cold, we little       she’d give me two dollars. I had to        from a family of “about 300.”
children would have fun sliding on          split it and it had to last two days.”          “I got married a year-and-a-half
the ice near the front door.                     Things were better in the sum-        ago, and I found out just how many
     “I remember waking up one              mertime, though.                           relatives I had," he jokes. "But the
morning with snow and frost on the               “Most of my biggest meals came        door’s always open to everybody."
bed, I’m not lying. From my shoulder        from the woods,” Vetty Thomas of                These storytellers credit that
down, my arm was froze. I woke up           North Preston says. “In the summer         community spirit for giving them the
and I couldn’t feel a thing. I said, ‘Oh    time, we’d be out there picking            storytelling bug.
my Lord, where’s my arm?’ I tried to        berries and eating crabapples. And              "I learned in the academy of sto-
get up and only one arm got up. I felt      making mudcakes. I ate mudcakes,”          rytelling: Ma May’s kitchen," says
around the bed for my other hand.           she declares, somewhat proudly. Provo      playwright David Woods, who was
There was icicles on it. I had to move      says she too snacked on mud.               born in Trinidad but considers
it around with the other hand. I didn’t          When they weren’t eating mud          Preston his adoptive home.
want to tell Mama, ‘cause she would         and climbing trees, Preston children            "People told every story they ever
have made me stay home from work            practically lived in the lake “down        knew in Ma May’s house every day," he
that day. I was afraid I’d lose my job.     back of Mama’s house,” Smith says.         says. "Without knowing people, I knew
After a while, I started feeling pins            “But leeches!” Provo says. “The       everything they’d ever done."
and needles and it came around.”            lake was full of leeches.”                      In all three Preston communities,
     Provo says growing up she had to            “I got one on my leg one day,”        the church is the heart and soul. The
battle hunger as well as cold. Most         Smith says. “I was so scared. People       three churches in the area used to
Preston families were large, and meal       used to say if they got on you, they’d     share a minister.
times could be a struggle.                  suck your blood till you die.”                  "We always had the big meetings

26        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
bringing people together," Vetty           things – especially when it comes to      Smith for dressing her children the
Thomas says. "How do you think             singing, Provo says.                      same when they were young to keep
Renalda got her man? Got him from               "People up home used to say we       track of them.
the big meeting." Everyone laughs.         sang all slow. We were like, ‘Layyy            “Lookin’ like the Jackson Five
     "Yup," Provo, ever the joker,         down my burrrdens…’" she drags it         going to Natal Day,” he cracks.
deadpans. "But all these guys driving      out. "But up in New Road (North                The food finally shows, and the
cars, he come in on a bicycle."            Preston) they sang with a beat." She      performers grab a quick meal before
     "Meetings" became gatherings          starts clapping as she sings, then she    they hit the stage. Except for the take-
that lasted long after church was over.    stops. "And the Cherrybrook people        out bags, it could be a Sunday dinner
     "If you had something big in one      were all dried up."                       “up home” – everybody talking, laugh-
of the churches, it would draw the              Even Viola Fraser, the lone          ing, eating. Community is still alive
other two communities," Alfreda            Cherrybrook native in the room right      and well in Preston, and in a few min-
Smith says. "After the meetings, peo-      now, has to laugh. For all the close-     utes, the storytellers will tell a packed
ple would go to each other’s houses.       ness, these communities have a            theatre all about it. e
My parents did it all the time. They’d     friendly rivalry.
sit and they’d sing and sing and sing,          The churches
long into the night."                      aren’t as close now,
     But more than just being a social     since each has its
and spiritual centre, the church           own minister. Peo-
helped people survive, says Cherry-        ple in each commu-
brook native Viola Fraser, who helped      nity don’t see each
organize the Preston festival.             other as often.
     "The church was mother and                 “It’s not the
father to the communities – a place of     same now,” Fraser
family and healing. If people lost their   laments. “There’s
homes, the church was there."              not the same sense
     Baptism is a key event in every       of family. More peo-
Preston church member’s life.              ple have cars now,
Candidates used to spend weeks             so they come and go
preparing before they "took the dip."      and do their own
     "For six weeks, you’d stay away       thing.”
from dances, pool halls, alcohol," says         But these story-
Leonard Kane, who got baptized when        tellers hope March’s
he was 16. "You’d walk in the fields       festival will help
and pray. The minister and deacons         spread a sense of
would come visit you, ask you ques-        culture and commu-
tions – if you’d seen visions or heard     nity, especially to
from God. Then you’d stand up in           the younger genera-
front of the congregation on Sunday        tion.
and they’d ask you questions. You’d be          “I want our
baptized the next week. You dressed        youth to be blown
all in white: T-shirt, socks, underwear,   away — to say, ‘I
white gloves, white head dress. The        didn’t know there
minister would ask if you’d found          was so much talent
Jesus. You said yes, he dipped you         and culture within
under, and you were baptized."             the Preston area,’”
     But those weeks before baptism        Fraser says.
could be a trial of faith. Renalda Provo        The many youth
says she liked to "test" her peers’        in the crowd tonight
devotion.                                  will at least go
     "When they were over in the cor-      home, like everyone
ner praying, I’d come up behind them       else, with stomachs
and pow! Kick them in the bum." She        sore from laughing.
grins mischievously. "They weren’t         The jokes have
allowed to retaliate."                     already started
     But the three communities have        backstage, as David
always had their own way of doing          Woods teases Alfreda
                                                                            H a l i f a x f r o m End to End          27
                                                          g e t out,
                                                        h a v e fun
                                                                      Summer is
                                                                      around the
                                                                   corner. Here’s
                                                                    how to make
                                                                     your family-
                                                                    camping trip
                                                                             one to
                                                                     remember –
                                                                  for all the right
                                                                           reasons


                                    Story by Cheryl Beckett
                                Illustration by Andrea Methot

So you’re taking the kids camping? To help you prepare (and prosper), we asked two
experts for advice. Here are the answers to five questions any parent should ask before
heading off – along with a few lessons you’ll be thankful not to learn on your own.


Our Experts:
Jim McMorran is programming director for Scout Canada’s Nova Scotia division. His 25
years experience with Scout Canada adds up to plenty of trips, and with more kids than
you’d ever bring along.

John Annett’s sales and purchasing experience at The Trail Shop on Quinpool Road
means he’s seen his share of camping gear. He’s also camped, hiked and canoed count-
less times with his two daughters.




28     HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
1. Where do we go?                              Don’t forget to about the ele-            Here, some extra planning may
                                            ments either. Wear something that         really help you. Have you considered
    “Somewhere that has some facili-        shields you from the sun. “A baseball     bringing a magnifying glass for kids
ties,” suggests Annett. “You can do         cap is useless; your ears will burn,”     to inspect bugs? A scrapbook to
your trips and plan everything day-         McMorran says. “I learned that the        draw pictures of what they see? A
to-day from that home base.”                hard way.” Other things to add to         journal for older kids to record
(Remember, you’re getting ready for         your must-have list: insect repellent,    details of their trip? Little extras can
walks in the woods and all the good         sunblock, a first aid kit for feet – to   make a simple hike an adventure.
stuff, not just sleeping in a tent.) He     take care of blisters as soon as possi-       “Kids will have fun provided you
recommends national or provincial           ble – a good pocket knife, string,        give them the opportunity to and you
parks where you know what to                matches or a firelighter of some sort     make it exciting no matter where
expect.                                     and a pocket-sized emergency kit.         you are,” Annett says. Remember
    McMorran is more specific:              These usually have some variation of      that being outside is what’s fun.
“Dollar Lake Provincial Park,” he           the following: fishing line and hooks,    Leave the video games and toys at
says. “In the Halifax area, I’d say         a mirror, a whistle and bouillon          home. If there’s a special pal some-
that’s the best suited to families.” To     cubes or pieces of chocolate.             one cannot sleep without, bring it,
get there, take exit 5A from Highway                                                  but avoid the animal overload Annett
102, the Old Guysborough Road.              3. What do we eat?                        calls the “Pack of Pals.” Choose toys
                                                                                      wisely and keep in mind that the
2. What do we bring?                            McMorran favors lightweight,          things you can do everyday are not
                                            natural snacks like nuts, raisins and     the focus of your excursion.
     McMorran’s list begins with the        granola bars. “Stay away from too
obvious: a first aid kit and spare cloth-   much sugar,” McMorran says. Drink         5. Any last tips?
ing, like socks, underwear, rain gear       water – pop and sugary juices make
and warm pants and sweaters. Keep in        for more bathroom breaks. On any              “If you buy new hiking boots,
mind, though, that just because             hike, no matter how short, encour-        wear them for a few days before you
you’re camping for five days, you           age each person to carry a water bot-     go,” McMorran advises. “Trying to
don’t need five days’ worth of clothes.     tle and some “fuel.”                      break in new boots on a hike is an
     Annett says to bring enough                “Fuel” for the Annett family con-     invitation for blisters like you would-
clothes for two days, and work with         sists of a bag of mixed nuts and “gra-    n’t believe.”
that. The less you carry, the better.       nola type ingredients”. Use what you          He also says be aware of
Critically important for hikes (and         like: dried fruit, raisins, chocolate     hypothermia, even in summer. “If
happy children), says McMorran, are         chips, even Gummi Bears or                clothes get wet and the temperature
“good, solid shoes with a thick sole        Smarties. (OK, sugar is fine in mod-      drops … you can get hypothermia.”
that allows you to walk over just           eration. But don’t overload!) Annett      He says the clothes closest to the
about anything. If your feet get wet,       says to take things that won’t go bad,    body are most important to keep dry.
tired, or blistered, you’ll be so miser-    and consider what your kids will          Last advice from Annett? Keep young
able it won’t even be funny. With           actually eat. “Something is better        ones warm while they sleep. “Kids
kids, you’ll end up having to carry         than nothing.”                            traditionally sleep cold,” he says.
them along with what you’re already             Think carefully about what you’ll     Make sure they have good insulation
carrying.” On any hike, carry a small       be cooking at home base. Take things      between them and the ground. A
backpack with raingear, an extra            that will provide energy, and that are    good foam sleeping pad should do
sweater, water and snacks.                  easy to cook and carry. You may want      the trick. Big air mattresses are too
     Annett recommends allowing kids        to consider cooking on a stove rather     hard for a little body to heat up.
to carry necessities such as a light        than a campfire, since it may be easi-    Make sure they have a good sleeping
jacket, sweater, a cap and light            er to keep kids away from. If you do      bag, and blankets just in case.
gloves. He also suggests giving each        cook over a fire, McMorran recom-         “Nobody’s happy when they’re not
child a small first aid kit . Teach         mends teaching kids the purpose and       getting enough sleep.”
them to carry their own things and          importance of the campfire. “If               Here’s one other lesson Annett
use them when they need to. After           they’re taught properly, they come to     learned on his first cool-weather
all, you don’t know (as well as you         respect what campfire can do.             excursion with his daughters. “I real-
think you do) when they’re warm or          Knowledge is the key.”                    ized the first morning that they got a
cold or thirsty.                                                                      bit chilled and I just couldn’t keep
     Get used to what you’ll carry.         4. What do we do?                         the food coming fast enough.” Have
McMorran says backpacks are easiest                                                   hot drinks ready: “keeps them busy,
for carrying, since they distribute             Most importantly, plan ahead.         keeps them happy,” he says.
weight across the shoulders. ”The           Think up interesting, challenging         The biggest thing, McMorran says, is
backpack has to be suited to the size       activities. “On a hike,” McMorran         common sense. “Think twice before
of the child,” he says. “You don’t          says, “awareness of nature can be         you do something. That doesn’t mean
want a child to be carrying a back-         interesting, for young kids especial-     you don’t challenge yourself, but be
pack that’s as big as they are so that      ly.” Keep an eye out for insects and      careful in the process. Know your
they put it on and fall backwards.”         interesting tracks.                       skills.”
                                                                                                                          e

                                                                              H a l i f a x f r o m End to End         29
Reflections
                                                                                                       East
Major Ray Hogan, his wife Pat and their four children first moved to what was then the city of
Halifax almost 20 years ago. Ray and Pat are both are from the east coast, Ray from
Newfoundland and Pat from New Glasgow, and had visited the city before. It had been a dirty port
city then and when they arrived in1982, it still was.
In 1990 they were transferred to Goose Bay, Labrador, but in 1994 they returned. Today, they see
something more. Halifax has transformed itself.
     We asked them to reflect on the sailors’ pit-stop that greeted them in 1982 and what they see
today.




Ray: I moved to Halifax from                                         shore leave. Lower Water          Pat: The city finally realized
CFB Cold Lake, Alberta             Ray: I visited a few times pre-   Street was full of prostitutes.   that the harbour area was
because I had asked for a          vious to ‘82 and found Halifax    No one spent time attracting      what made Halifax distinctive
transfer here. I had always        to be what people classed as      people to the water. You took     and moved towards developing
wanted to come back to the         typical port city: dirty down-    the ferry, got off and went       that. I think the bottom line is
east coast after spending 12       town, unkempt waterfront          about your business.              that without the harbour
years in places like Alberta,      area—generally a place most                                         Halifax is just another city.
Ontario and Europe. The kids       people would not want to visit.   Since then, Ray and Pat agree     Fixing up the Harbour had the
(Robbie, Tanya, Angela and                                           the changes have been remark-     direct result of attracting
J.R.) were 14, 12, five and        Pat: Halifax harbour was a        able.                             tourists and cruise ships which
three.                             working port city – the water-                                      have an incredible effect on
                                   front had ships carrying cargo    Ray: Historic Properties is       the economy.
Pat: Halifax was our longest       from all over the world. The      without a doubt the biggest
transfer. Prior to ‘82 we were     docks were full of Navy ships.    change that brought tourists      Maj. Hogan retired in 1995
in Cold Lake three times, in       The harbour was doing what        downtown. General clean up        and the family moved to Lake
PEI, Germany, and Toronto.         harbours were supposed to do      of the boat-docking areas and     Charlotte, on the Eastern
We were delighted to move to       – and it looked dirty while it    attractions like Pier 21 have     Shore, an hour away from
someplace with more than one       was doing it.                     all added to make the down-       Halifax Harbour. Today, Ray,
traffic light and that was clos-    If you weren’t in the Navy or    town core a very enjoyable        Pat, Angela and J.R. still call
er to Ray’s home in                working on the ships there        place to take family and          Lake Charlotte home, while
Newfoundland so that the kids      was no reason to go there.        friends.                          Tanya and Robbie own their
could see their grandparents.      Bars were full of sailors on                                        own homes in Chezzetcook.




30         HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                                                                                      Money Matters
C re d i t 1 0 1
     “If I use the MasterCard to make the mortgage payment, I
can use the Visa to pay the minimum balance on the
MasterCard. And the minimum balance on the Visa can be
taken from…”
     If I rob Peter, then maybe I’ll be able to pay Paul.
     According to John Eisner, executive director of Credit
Counseling Services of Atlantic Canada (CCSAC), this juggling
signals credit trouble.
     The reasons financial problems spiral out of control vary –
it’s not necessarily because Dad couldn’t resist buying himself
a new SUV. Layoffs, an illness in the family, gambling prob-
lems, and student loans can all be factors.
    And though the individual is ultimately responsible for cred-
it trouble, the ease of getting credit – the applications for cred-
it cards that appear in the mailbox each week – and a failure to
educate the public about finances – at home, schools, and in
the work place – compound the problem,
     CCSAC councilors help individuals overcome the immediate
troubles of creditors breathing down their necks and the threat
                                                                      How much credit
of bankruptcy, as well as teach budgeting and establishing a
workable payment plan. CCSAC also offers educational semi-
                                                                      really costs
nars through employers and schools.
                                                                      Sharon Wilks of the Canadian Bankers Association says
     Eisner says most people the organization helps, over 5,000
                                                                      only half of Canadian’s credit cards balances are paid off
last year alone, never come back. But each year, another 5,000
Maritimers walk through the doors.                                    in full each month. The rest rack up interest.
A non-profit organization, CCSAC opened a Halifax branch in           At http://www.freecreditcardanalyzer.com/ you can find
January, adding to its locations in Saint John, Fredricton and        out how much using your credit cards can really cost.
Moncton. In the first six weeks they were open, the Halifax           For example, I plugged in the info from my latest Bank
office booked 85 appointments.                                        of Montreal MasterCard outstanding balance: $1370.79;
     The Halifax branch is located in the Roy Building on 1657        interest rate: 18.4 per cent.
Barrington. There is a $25 consultation fee, but even if unable       If I make the minimum payment of $41, it will take 47
to pay, no one is refused service. Call 1-800-539-2227 to sched-      months (almost four years) to pay it off. The interest I’ll
ule an appointment.                                                   pay? $565.86.
     If you can’t make it into Metro, CCSAC will do counseling
over the telephone after filing your information with them via
the Web at www.solveyourdebts.com or by mail. Again, call for
details.
                                                   – Jen Powley

Home is where the bargain is
    They say that with the          south-end. In Windsor, 40         tion, Lummis suggests              out of his property too.”
advent of this digital age,         minutes away, the price drops     checking Clayton Park in the           The average selling price
where you are doesn’t matter.       to $150,000. (Sounds great,       Bayer’s Lake area, or Bedford.     of the over 5,000 homes sold
“They” must not be trying to        but remember this doesn’t         Best bang for your buck? Try       in Halifax last year was
buy a home in Halifax.              include the cost of gas and       Spryfield or the north-end of      $127,000. Power says the real
According to real estate bro-       upkeep on a vehicle if you        Dartmouth. Best starter            estate market is stable –
ker Mark G. Lummis, the fac-        need to commute.)                 homes? Sackville.                  favouring neither buyer nor
tor that most affects selling            Lummis suggests price            RE/MAX nova broker             seller. Property values have
prices in HRM?                      and location shouldn’t be the     Wayne Power warns that in          increased at a rate of 1.5 to
    “Location, location, loca-      only considerations though.       every area, with every size of     three per cent per year for
tion. “ People are willing to       Before you even start looking,    property and every condition       the last ten years, and Power
sacrifice size and condition to     it’s important to identify what   of home, there are good deals      expects the steady increase to
be on the south- or west-end        your priorities are now, and      and there are not-so-good          continue. “As long as you
of Halifax.”                        what they will be in the          deals for a buyer. He says,        have a job, there’s not a lot of
    A 2,000-square-foot, newly      future.                           “Remember on the other side        reasons for people to leave
renovated 100-year-old house             If a community rife with     of the coin, there’s the seller,   Halifax.”
goes for $400,000 in the            amenities is top considera-       who wants to get the most                        – Jen Powley

                                                                                   H a l i f a x f r o m End to End              31
Eats
                                                                       The Golden Coast
                                                                          Oyster Pond
Great view
easy on the wallet
    The Golden Coast in Oyster Pond, near Jeddore may        al family restaurant type meals, including liver and
be a 75-minute drive [from where? – CL] along the #7         onions and pork chops. The restaurant isn’t big on pasta,
highway, but it’s worth it. The restaurant and the drive.    only serving three kinds of fettucine - lobster, chicken,
You’ll get to see plenty of pictur-                                               and seafood.
esque hills, lakes, and Jeddore                                                       Seafood, of course, is the Golden
Harbour.                                                                          Coast’s forté. It offers several seafood
    You’ll know you’ve arrived when                                               dishes, including lobster served in
you see a giant sign featuring Goldy                                              the shell. Prices vary according to
the lobster standing next to the road.                                            the season.
The Golden Coast itself is set back                                                 The most expensive meal is the Surf
from the road, overlooking the har-                                               & Turf, a fillet steak, clams, haddock,
bour. At sunset, the view at is                                                   shrimp, scallops, mussels, choice of
breathtaking. You can also watch the                                              potato, roll, and tea or coffee, for
fish plant next door, where boats                                                 $19.95
drop off their catches for processing                                                  I ordered one of the traditional
and sale.                                                                         meals: hamburger steak and fries.
    Initially, the restaurant’s décor is                                          Amanda had the chicken stir fry.
diner-like. On one side, there’s a long                                           Even though only Judith and a cook
counter with stools, on the other, a                                              were the only staff working, our
live lobster tank. Beyond the counter,                                            meals took just 10 minutes form
a sign asks customers to wait to be                                               ordering to eating. The meals were
seated.                                                                           served on large oval plates to accom-
   My dinner companion Amanda and                                                 modate the generous amounts of
I did. Almost immediately, Judith,                                                food.
the only waitress, directed us to a                                                   Both Amanda and I enjoyed the
table overlooking the harbour,                                                    meals, and the bill at the
around a corner from the counter.                                                 end.Amanda’s stir fry cost $7.95, my
The kitchen blocked our view of the                                               hamburger steak $7.25. Add in my
counter and the parking lot outside.                                              $3.50 bottle of beer, and our total
The interior was dim in the sunset                                                came to $21.51. It’s almost impossi-
until Judith tuned on the overhead                                                ble to feed two poor college students
lights, offering a better view of the                                             in the city for less than $30.
restaurant.                                                      The Golden Coast operates seasonally. From May 1 to
    Away from the counter, the Golden Coast has an inti-     September 30, the restaurant is open from 10 a.m. to 10
mate, yet still airy, atmosphere, unlike most of the dark    p.m., 7 days a week. October 1 to April 20, it’s open 11
restaurants in downtown Halifax. The smoking section is      a.m. to 7 p.m. Sunday to Thursday, and Friday and
in the front room of the building, with the kitchen and      Saturday 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.
counter. A second room farther away from the door hous-          The Golden Coast is in Oyster Pond, about 35 minutes
es the non-smoking section and old-fashioned fake fire-      beyond Lake Echo. The phone number is 889-2386.
place. The interior is done in greens and dark pinks.
Large folk paintings of harbour scenes hang on most of                                                 – Ken MacInnis
the walls.
    The menu is extensive, offering a number of tradition-

32       HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                                                                                                                                 Eats
RestaurantGuide
“ Ta s t e o f N o v a S c o t i a ” - d e s i g n a t e d r e s t a u r a n t s i n t h e H a l i f a x R e g i o n a l M u n i c i p a l i t y

      Alfredo, Weinstein                             The Granite Brewery                              M c K e l v i e ’s R e s t a u r a n t
            and Ho                                         Halifax, N.S.                                          and Bar
           Halifax, N.S.                           1222 Barrington St. 902-423-                                 Halifax, N.S.
         1739 Grafton St.                                      5660                                      1680 Lower Water St.
          902-421-1977                                                                                        902-421-6161
                                                      Haliburton House Inn
  C h i n a To w n R e s t a u r a n t                      Halifax, N.S.                               M u r p h y ’s R e s t a u r a n t
           and Lounge                                     5184 Morris St.                                       Halifax, N.S.
             Halifax, N.S.                                 902-420-0658                                         Cable Wharf,
       381 Bedford Highway                                                                              1751 Lower Water Street.
            902-443-2444                                  Inn on the Lake                                      902-420-1015
                                                             Waverley, N.S.
     The Citadel Halifax                              Exit 5, off Hwy 102, in Fall                    O ’ C a r r o l l ’s R e s t a u r a n t
    Hotel Restaurant and                                          River.                                       and Lounge
            Lounge                                           902-861-3480                                        Halifax, N.S.
          Halifax, N.S.                                                                                1860 Upper Water Street
       1960 Brunswick St.                                  Jeddore Lodge                                        902-423-4405
         902-422-1391                                 Salmon River Bridge, N.S.
                                                          9855 #7 Highway                                Pastaman Cafe and
 Crown Bistro Restaurant                                    902-889-3030                                        Market
        Halifax, N.S.                                                                                         Halifax, N.S.
     1990 Barrington St.                             The Libertine--Bistro                                 5537 Young Street.
       902-425-6700                                       Nova Scotia                                        902-453-8161
                                                           Halifax, N.S.
         Dauphinee Inn                             1463 Brenton Street, 902-429-                              S a l t y ’s O n t h e
         Hubbards, N.S.                                        3499                                             Waterfront
       1 6 7 S h o re C l u b R d .                                                                              Halifax, N.S.
           902-857-1790                              T h e L i b r a r y, S h e r a t o n                      1869 Water St.
                                                                   Hotel                                        902-423-6818
       The Fireside                                           Halifax, N.S.
         Halifax, N.S.                                  1919 Upper Water St.                          Sou’wester Restaurant
 1500 Brunswick St. 902-423                                 902-428-7896                              Peggy’s Cove, off Route 333
             5995                                                                                          902-823-2561
                                                    M a c A s k i l l ’s R e s t a u r a n t
       F r a n ’s R e s t a u r a n t                      Dartmouth, N.S.                               Sweet Basil Bistro
           Dartmouth, N.S.                              88 Alderney Dr. in the                                Halifax, N.S.
           451 Windmill Rd.                          Dartmouth Ferry Terminal                           1866 Upper Water Street.
             902-469-9165                                    902-466-3100                                    902-425-2133

    G e o r g i o ’s R e s t a u r a n t                         Maple                                    The Waterfront
                and Bar                                        Halifax, N.S.                          Warehouse and Oyster
             Halifax, N.S.                                  1813 Granville St.                                    Bar
           1725 Market St.                                    902-425-9100                                   Halifax, N.S.
            902-425-1986                                                                               1549 Lower Water Street
                                                                                                            902-425-7610


                                                                                             H a l i f a x f r o m End to End                33
Arts
ArtsGuide
      Art galleries and in the Halifax Regional Municipality

Alderney Landing Visual        Cobblestone Fine Art                Maritime Heritage
      Arts Gallery             Handcrafts, Antiques                       Gallery
         461-4698                and Collectibles                 1869 Upper Water Street
    Alderney Landing, 2               425-2210                       Historic Properties
      Ochterloney St.,          1869 Upper Water St.                       Halifax
        Dartmouth                       Halifax                  Mary E. Black Gallery
                               Dalhousie Art Gallery                      424-4062
Anna Leonowens Gallery                494-2403                     Nova Scotia Centre for
        494-8223                Dalhousie Arts Centre,               Craft and Design,
  Nova Scotia College of         6101 University Ave.               1683 Barrington St.
      Art & Design,                    Halifax                             Halifax
    1891 Granville St.
         Halifax                  Eye Level Gallery               Mount Saint Vincent
                                        425-6412                 University Art Gallery
       Arsbory Gallery        1672 Barrington St., 3rd Floor,            457-6160
           463-6739                      Halifax                  Seton Academic Centre,
     30 Brookdale Crescent,                                          166 Bedford Hwy.
           Dartmouth
                              Gallery at Clam Harbour           Multicultural Art Gallery
     Art Gallery of Nova               845-2946                          425-7770
            Scotia                  33 Beach Road,                        Pier 21,
           424-7542                  Clam Harbour,                  1055 Marginal Road
         1723 Hollis St.,                                                 Halifax
             Halifax          Gallery Renate Petersen
                                      823-1106                     The Olde Blanket
      Ballroom Gallery               Highway 333                          Box
           429-5500                                                    826-1344
        5500 Inglis St.        Hall of Frame-Secord                     Tantallon
            Halifax                    Gallery
                                      423-6644                     Studio 21 Fine Art
 Black Sheep Folk Art            6301 Quinpool Road                     420-1852
        Gallery                         Halifax                    1233 Lower Water St.
       889-5012                                                          Halifax
 1689 West Jeddore Road        Khyber Centre for the
                                        Arts                             Xportfolio
 Carrefour Atlantique                422-9668                           902-423-1766
      Emporium                   1588 Barrington St.                   6144 Shirley St.
        423-2940                       Halifax                             Halifax
   Historic Properties
         Halifax                Laughleton Arts and                Z w i c k e r ’s G a l l e r y
                                   Crafts Gallery                          423-7662
     Flight of Fancy Art      111 Shore Road, RR #2, West              5415 Doyle St.
           Gallery                   Chezzetcook                             Halifax
           467-4171
          Bear River

34      HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                                                                     Entertainment

EntertainmentGuide
     Bars and pubs in the Halifax Regional Municipality

 Aladdin Jazz & Blues                  Jamieson's Irish                    Penny on the Park
        Theatre                         House & Grill                       Pub and Lounge
        457-7777                           433-0500                              461-4922
     249 Bedford Hwy                    5 Cumberland St.                    Highfield Park Plaza
         Bedford                          Cole Harbour                          Dartmouth

 Big Leagues Beverage                    K e y L a r g o ’s                      Swanky's
        Room Ltd.                    Margaritaville Dining                        435-5148
         462-2721                     Room and Lounge                       900 Cole Harbour Rd.
   4 Forest Hills Parkway                   864-5126                            Cole Harbour
       Cole Harbour                     70 First Lake Dr.
                                            Sackville                            The Attic
       Boondocks                                                                  423-0909
Dining Room And Lounge                      K o k o m o ’s                     1741 Grafton St.
         465-3474                  Dining Room and Lounge                          Halifax
  200 Government Warf Rd                     876-8555
      Eastern Passage                   120 Susie Lake Cr.                     The Colby
                                    Bayer’s Lake Industrial Park                  434-9662
  Coachs Bar and Grill                                                  Colby Village Shopping Mall
        864-7699                           Lake Loon                           Cole Harbour
     800 Sackville Dr.                    Bar and Grill
        Sackville                           434-6658                         The Rockaway
                                            Dartmouth                            832-1644
     Copper Penny                                                          1225 Bedford Highway
         443-5074                         North End                               Bedford
     278 Lacewood Dr.                   Beverage Room
          Halifax                          455-7432                           T i c k l e Tr u n k
                                          Gottingen St.                            429-2582
  D r. S h a r p ' s R o u t e 2            Halifax                      5680 Spring Garden Road
        Roadhouse                                                                   Halifax
           835-3336                       O'Carroll's
      961 Bedford Hwy                       423-4405                        To m f o o l e r y ' s P u b
            Bedford                    1860 Upper Water St.                        455-8555
                                             Halifax                           3625 Kempt Rd.
    Finbar's Garden                                                                 Halifax
    Grill & Irish Pub                     O l d Tr i a n g l e
          835-3746                  Irish Pub & Alehouse                        Tw o G u l l s
     1595 Bedford Hwy.                        492-4900                   Restaurant and Pub
     (in Sunnyside Mall)           Prince Street at Bedford Row                  826-7769
           Bedford                             Halifax                  5250 St. Margaret's Bay Rd.
                                                                            St. Margaret’s Bay




                                                              H a l i f a x f r o m End to End         35
Time Out
       Who’s the
M i r ro r, m i r ro r
On the wall...

shadiest of them all?
     In this corner: Weighing in at 100 pounds, the self-pro-         sells, looks matter, and submissiveness is the way to land the
claimed virgin with hits like “Hit Me Baby One More Time,” and        studs. Hit me baby one more time.
“Oops! I Did It Again.” In the other corner, weighing in at 98            Listen to “Oops! I did it Again.” Britney’s gone and made
pounds, the controversial rapper who sings nasty rhymes about         some poor schmuck think she likes him. She “played with his
murder, rape and other felonies.                                      heart.” Way to go. “I’m not that innocent!” Britney exclaims. No
     Pretty simple to pick a winner, right? After all, Eminem is      kidding. So listen up girls: Wear next to nothing, seduce a guy,
obviously bad. He swears, says horrible things about his mother       and dump his ass. It’s the way life works in the pop world.
and his girlfriend. And Britney sings sweet little tunes about love       One more thing. Whether or not Britney had her breasts
     Wrong. A closer look at the two stars shows that Britney isn’t   enlarged hardly matters. The publicity over the question was bad
as inoffensive at she                                                                                               enough.
seems, and Eminem…                                                                                                      Eminem is also
well, he’s actually a lit-                                                                                          sending the wrong
tle less offensive.                                                                                                 message. In the uncen-
     Am I crazy? Of                                                                                                 sored version of his
course not. Sex sells,                                                                                              first hit, “My Name Is,”
and Britney is the                                                                                                  he says, “I’ll f— any-
Fuller brush girl of                                                                                                thing that walks.” The
carnality. Listen to her                                                                                            difference is, Eminem
lyrics, watch her                                                                                                   knows he’s bad. While
videos. The sad thing                                                                                               Britney is simply a
is, that while her                                                                                                  marketing tool, like a
record label is trying                                                                                              model lounging on the
to cash in on the                                                                                                   hood of a sports car,
horny young males,                                                                                                  Eminem is an artist.
it’s the even younger                                                                                               He writes his own
girls that love Britney                                                                                             lyrics, and as offensive
the most. Watch tapes
of her concerts. Who’s
                          Ken MacInnis sounds off on which                                                         as they may be, they
                                                                                                                   are his own. He has
in the front rows,
yelling, screaming, and       blond pop phenomenon                                                                 control over rhythm
                                                                                                                   and rhyme. Naturally,
waving their arms?                                                                                                 he doesn’t get as much
Girls, age eight to 14.         is worse for your kids                                                             airtime as Britney. But
    Britney’s songs are                                                                                            Eminem’s videos are
about relationships and sex – staples of pop music. The               thought-provoking, while Britney’s are smut.
Backstreet Boys and N’Sync sing about the same things from a              Over the course of his two CDs, Eminem has infuriated
boy’s point of view. The fact that pop is blasted non-stop from       everyone: his mother, his girlfriend, Christina Aguilera, and his
televisions and radios across the world makes it all the more         record label. But it’s all a joke. On the first track of the Marshall
dangerous.                                                            Mathers LP, a public service announcer proclaims, “Little did
     What does it matter to parents here in HRM? After all, we’re     you know upon purchasing this album, you have just kissed his
far away from the glitz and glamour of Hollywood, and for that        a—!” On another song, “Criminal,” he says he’s more likely to
matter, the mean streets of Detroit.                                  kill someone who thinks he believes in what he’s saying than his
      It matters, because through TV, radio and the Internet,         mother.
music is available anywhere, any time. Your kids can listen to            In “Stan,” Eminem uses two voices to talk about what critics
just about anything in the living room.             A sample from     and parents both fear: that a fan will take him seriously enough
Britney’s “I Was Born to make You Happy”: “I know I’ve been a         to kill both his girlfriend and himself. Eminem comes off as the
fool since you’ve been gone, I’d rather give it up than carry on…     considerate star in the song. While this may or may not be the
if only you were here tonight, I know that we could make it           real Slim Shady, it’s clear that he doesn’t take himself too seri-
right.”                                                               ously.
    Even the title is suggestive. Girls learn from Britney that sex       Neither should you.

36        HeRM M a y 2 0 0 1
                            Celebrity Cut-outs
PeterKelly
D re s s i n g u p f o r t h e c a u s e
 What would HeRM be without our
fearless leader? Here are just some
of the many roles our mayor plays.


Indie Rock Kelly

Kelly fronts the
indie band
Supercitiez, but
can’t get any-
one to come
see his shows
– all because
he can’t put up
a few posters.




Conductor Kelly                                     Supermayor Kelly

All aboard the PK                                   Kelly valiantly
Raiiway: HRM’s                                      defends his city
brand new                                           f r o m t h e f o u l D r.
express train, run-                                 Equalizer and his
ning straight from                                  money-grubbing
Kelly’s driveway in                                 municipal hench-
Bedford all the                                     men.
way downtown to
city hall.




                                H a l i f a x f r o m End to End        37

				
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