The Rise of Aggression Pre-WWII

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					                             The Rise of Aggression Pre-WWII:


Japan’s government put limited power on the ___________-_____________ and the
______________. The army was a separate body and was only responsible to the emperor.

During the depression ________________ leaders won control of the country. Their goal was to
build a _______________ empire. They also wanted to ________________ Japan. To improve
their country, the military wanted to provide Japan with ___________ materials, gain new
_______________ for Japan, and find more ____________ space for Japan’s growing

To accomplish their goals, Japan invaded northeastern ______________, in an area known as
Manchuria. This occurred during 1931 – 1932. Their goals in invading Manchuria included:
gaining natural resources, like ___________ and _______________. Also, Japan wanted to
build mines and factories. This act of _______________; however, went against the Kellogg-
Briand Peace Pact.

Under the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact (which was signed in 1928), countries that ________ the
treaty pledged to “renounce _________ as an instrument of national policy.” Almost every
country in the world signed it, including: the Soviet Union, Japan, Germany and Italy. By
having all countries sign this treaty, there was great hope for ________________ in the world
following WWI.

When Japan invaded Manchuria, the League of Nations did ____________. Because no action
was taken, this was the first sign of _________________ for the League.

Manchuria became a ______________-_______________, which is a government that is
controlled by an outside power, in this case – Japan.

The beginnings of WWII can be traced back to Asia beginning in 1937. Japan and China had a
border incident on July 7th, 1937. Japan ____________________ over China. They were
successful because Japan had superior training and __________________. China was forced to
move westward to set up a new capital called _______________________.

Nothing      equipment              coal           industrialize         prime-minister
Szechwan     China                  dominated      war                   aggression
Military     signed                 Pacific        iron                  weakness
puppet-government                   living         cabinet               raw
markets      peace
                              The Rise of Aggression Pre-WWII:


Mussolini had always dreamed of building an Italian empire in _______________. In October
of 1935, Il Duce ordered a massive invasion of ________________. Italy completely out-
matched Ethiopia because the Italians had the following weapons:
    1. ____________________
    2. ____________________
    3. ____________________
    4. ____________________

The Ethiopians; however, had more primitive weapons like: _______________ and

By 1936, Italy was successful in their conquer of Ethiopia, and Mussolini declared, “Italy has at
last her ________________ …. a fascist empire.”

Like with Japan and Manchuria, the League of Nations condemned Italy’s attack, but they did
__________________. Britain and France hoped that by _______________________ Italy,
peace would be kept in Europe. The Ethiopian leader, Haile Selassie said, “It is us today, It will
be ______ tomorrow.”

Spears         appeasing             Africa          tanks          nothing        airplanes
Ethiopia       poison gas            you             swords         guns           empire
                                The Rise of Aggression Pre-WWII:


In the mid-to-late 1930’s, Germany began to _______________ the Treaty of Versailles time and time
again. Because the ____________-____-______________ failed to ________________ the treaty with
other nations, Hitler was convinced that he could also take great risks.

The first invasion occurred on March 7, 1936. Here, Hitler invaded the ___________________, which is
a 30 mile zone on either side of the Rhineland River. Of course, the League of Nations did nothing to
stop this German invasion. There are three reasons why this event is important:
    1. Hitler’s power and prestige were __________________
    2. Balance of power was changed in favor of __________________
    3. It encouraged Hitler to begin building a program of __________________ and
         __________________ expansion

In October of 1936, Italy and Germany formed the ____________-__________ Axis. Japan also joined
the alliance in November of that same year. With addition of Japan, those three countries were now
known as the ___________-______________.

Continuing with his invasions, Germany ______________ (took over) Austria in March of 1938. Under
the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and union between Germany and Austria, known as an
_______________ was forbidden. This annexation of Austria; therefore, defied the terms of the treaty.
However, because most Austrians were of ______________ decent, they ________________ Hitler’s

In October of 1938, Germany threatened to take over the ______________________, which is a western
part of _______________________. German-speaking people also inhabited this area in Czechoslovakia.
Hitler claimed that these peoples were suffering terrible discrimination by the Czech government. The
Czech government was a ___________________. Czechoslovakia had a treaty with France and expected
that France and Great Britain would __________ them. However, the two countries, not wanting ______,
instead _________________ Hitler.

As a result of Hitler’s actions in the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, top world leaders met on September
29, 1938 at the _________________ ________________. This conference was attended by the British
prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, the French prime minister Edouard Daladier, Italy’s leader
__________________ and Germany’s leader _________________.

At the conference, Hitler promised that Sudetenland was his last territorial ____________ in Europe.
Hitler signed a _____________________ stating that Great Britain and Germany would “never go to
_________ with one another again.” This conference was important because Chamberlain’s
_________________ to stand up to Hitler helped make WWII ____________________.

Sudetenland             military                declaration             inevitable  defy
 Enforce                Rome-Berlin             aid                     Mussolini   war
Anschluss               German                  strengthened            Hitler
Czechoslovakia          Munich Conference       appeased                Axis-Powers
Hitler                  democracy               League-of-Nations       Rhineland
territorial             annexed                 welcomed                claim
failure                 war

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