Rubrics accuracy grade by sanmelody

VIEWS: 29 PAGES: 39

									Rubrics

Why and How
 Rubrics are guidelines for
evaluating and scoring work.




                               2
    Rubrics can help you

Grade objectively and consistently
Clarify your instructional goals
Improve student performance




                                      3
  Generic rubrics can be
 found on websites and in
   books, but why wear
 “one-size-fits-all” when
you can have tailor-made?



                            4
 Rubrics can take
 different forms,
including checklists
     and tables.

 I prefer tables.


                       5
            Odd or even?

1   2   3   4        1   2   3   4   5




                                         6
With odd-numbered rubrics,
  scores gravitate to the
 middle (i.e. 3 in a 5 point
           rubric).
   Even-numbered rubrics
encourage thoughtful choice.
      I prefer even.


                               7
        How many points?

1   2    3   4      1   2   3   4   5 6




                                          8
  Enough to recognize
quality, but not so many
 as to blur distinctions.


     I prefer four.


                            9
 The quality of your
rubric will depend on
 the quality of your
     assignment.



                        10
Assignment: Analyze the philosophy
of government expressed in the
Declaration of Independence, discuss
how the Magna Carta, English Bill of
Rights, and Mayflower Compact
helped shape that philosophy, and
analyze the extent to which it was
reflected in, and implemented by,
the Articles of Confederation and the
Constitution.

                                    11
Challenging? Yes, but not unfair --
 provided you make sure students


    understand  what you’re
     asking them to do
    are given the knowledge
     and tools to do it
    are evaluated accurately
     and consistently

                                      12
Here’s how to do two of
those things: incorporate
the language of the
assignment -- and the
Standards -- into a rubric.



                              13
Use the language of the assignment
to establish your Evaluation Criteria
Evaluation   1   2    3      4
Criteria

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

                                    14
Standard 8.1.2     Assessment

Analyze the        Analyze the
philosophy of      philosophy of
government         government
expressed in the   expressed in the
Declaration of     Declaration of
Independence, …    Independence, …


                                      15
Standard 8.2.1     Assessment

Discuss the        … discuss how
significance of    the Magna Carta,
the Magna Carta,   English Bill of
English Bill of    Rights, and
Rights, and the    Mayflower
Mayflower          Compact helped
Compact.           shape that
                   philosophy, …
                                      16
Standard 8.2.2         Assessment

Analyze the Articles   … and analyze
of Confederation       the extent to
and the                which it was
Constitution and       reflected in, and
the success of each    implemented by,
in implementing the    the Articles of
ideals of the          Confederation
Declaration of         and the
Independence.          Constitution.
                                           17
Assignment: Analyze the philosophy of
government expressed in the Declaration
of Independence…

 Evaluation Criteria          1


 Analyzes the philosophy
 of government expressed
 in the Declaration of
 Independence…

                                          18
…discuss how the Magna Carta, English
Bill of Rights, and Mayflower Compact
helped shape that philosophy,

 Evaluation Criteria       1

 Discusses how the
 Magna Carta …

                                    19
  Incorporate other
   elements of the
assignment -- such as
 quality of research,
organization, grammar
-- into your Evaluation
       Criteria.

                          20
Evaluation      1   2   3   4
Criteria

Analyzes
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits
historical
accuracy
Demonstrates
effective
research
Exhibits
organization
and focus



                                21
       What do the points mean?

Evaluation      1?   2?   3?   4?
Criteria

Analyzes
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits
historical
accuracy
Demonstrates
effective
research
Exhibits
organization
and focus
                                    22
  Use your expectations as a
yardstick … and set them high.


  1 = Far Below Expectations
  2 = Approaches Expectations
  3 = Meets Expectations
  4 = Exceeds Expectations

                                23
                     How do you define
                   levels of achievement?
Evaluation          Far Below   Approaches      Meets       Exceeds
Criteria           Expectations Expectations Expectations Expectations

Analyzes               ?             ?            ?            ?
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits               ?             ?            ?            ?
historical
accuracy
Demonstrates           ?             ?            ?            ?
effective
research
Exhibits               ?             ?            ?            ?
organization and
focus
                                                                         24
Begin at level 3 (“Meets Expectations”),
  and clearly define what you expect
        students to accomplish.




Evaluation Criteria            Meets Expectations


Exhibits organization and   Coherent thesis and logical
focus                       conclusion; coherent
                            paragraphs and effective
                            transitions…
                                                          25
    Then modify your
definitions for the other
levels of achievement by
adding to or subtracting
  from, as appropriate,
    the standards you
 established for level 3.

                            26
               Are all areas of evaluation
                   equally important?
Evaluation       Far Below   Approaches        Meets       Exceeds
Criteria        Expectations Expectations   Expectations Expectations

Analyzes            1?           2?             3?           4?
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits            1?           2?             3?           4?
historical
accuracy
Demonstrates        1?           2?             3?           4?
effective
research
Exhibits            1?           2?             3?           4?
organization
and focus
                                                                        27
Should “uses correct punctuation and
capitalization” have the same weight
 as “exhibits historical accuracy?”
   Are “demonstrates effective
 research” and “exhibits appealing
     style” equally important?
If not, then you need to weight the
 performance areas of your rubric.


                                       28
    Weighting performance levels:
                step one

A student who “Exceeds Expectations” in
every evaluation category will score 100%
       of the total possible points.


A student who is “Far Below Expectations”
in every evaluation category will score 25%
        of the total possible points.

                                            29
Evaluation       Far Below     Approaches        Meets         Exceeds
Criteria        Expectations   Expectations   Expectations   Expectations

Analyzes             1              2              3              4
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits             1              2              3              4
historical
accuracy

Demonstrates         1              2              3              4
effective
research

Exhibits             1              2              3              4
organization
and focus


                    25%           50%           75%             100%
                                                                            30
    Weighting performance levels:
                step two

Consider the relative significance of each
       evaluation criterion, then…


    …assign each box in the “Far Below
     Expectations” column a point value
reflecting your thinking, with the total for
           the column being 25.

                                           31
Evaluation       Far Below   Approaches      Meets       Exceeds
Criteria        Expectations Expectations Expectations Expectations

Analyzes            8
philosophy of
government in
Declaration
Exhibits            6
historical
accuracy

Demonstrates        7
effective
research

Exhibits            4
organization
and focus


Total points: 25
                                                                      32
      Then multiply out each column by its
          assigned value (2, 3, or 4)
Evaluation       Far Below   Approaches      Meets       Exceeds
Criteria        Expectations Expectations Expectations Expectations

Analyzes                       2x8=         3x8=         4x8=
philosophy of
government in        8          16           24           32
Declaration
Exhibits                       2x6=         3x6=         4x6=
historical
accuracy             6          12           18           24
Demonstrates                   2x7=         3x7=         4x7=
effective
research             7          14           21           28
Exhibits                       2x4=         3x4=         4x4=
organization
and focus            4           8           12           16

Total points: 25                 50          75          100          33
You now have a rubric that


Lets students know what you expect
Simplifies evaluation of student work
Reflects the varied values of tasks
Converts easily into percentages




                                         34
   You can use rubrics
     for all kinds of
assignments and activities



                             35
Consider letting students
   design the rubric…




                            36
…you’ll be surprised by the results:


   students  tend to be more
    demanding of themselves
   you’ll probably get fewer
    arguments about grades


                                  37
Remember: our
job as teachers
is to create
opportunities
for students to
learn at -- and
perform to --
the highest
possible level


                  38
Rubrics can help us do that by


        articulating our
 clearly
 expectations to students
        us grade their
 helping
 efforts fairly

                                 39

								
To top