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Markham Centre - Performance Measures Document

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					         P ERFORMANCE M EASURES
                D OCUMENT

               The Markham Centre Vision for
               Sustainability and Smart Growth




www.markhamcentre.com                     Date: January 2004
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth


Table of Contents
SECTION #1                                            SECTION #2
Delivering Markham’s Downtown Vision                  5 Key Themes for Performance Measures
Introduction                                          Greenlands
• Message from Mayor                                  • Protection & enhancement of the Rouge River
• A Special Thanks                                       valley and its tributaries as an ecological system
• Markham Centre Belongs to the People of
                                                      Built Form
    Markham
                                                      • The role of buildings in creating an active, diverse
Background                                                and pedestrian-friendly environment
• Building on a Solid Foundation of Community
                                                      Green Infrastructure
   Values
                                                      • Design and engineering solutions that support
• Markham Centre & Smart Growth
                                                         sustainability
• Markham Centre Represents a Smart Departure
   from Urban Sprawl                                  Open Space
                                                      • Parks, urban squares and open spaces, urban
Structuring for Success
                                                         activities and programs
• Step by Step Public Vision Comes to Life
• Public Input Defines Markham Centre Vision          Transportation
• The Vision Becomes the Town’s Policy as OPA 21      • Public transit, road network, walking and biking
• 11 Guiding Principles                                  facilities
• Citizen Advisory Group Terms of Reference
                                                      SECTION #3
Performance Measures                                  GREENLANDS Performance Measures
• The Purpose of Performance Measures                 Greenlands Preamble
• The Benefits of Performance Measures                Evaluation Checklist & Indicators
Public Input is Key                                   Reporting Targets
• Performance Measures were Developed and
   Confirmed Through Public Input                     SECTION #4
                                                      BUILT FORM Performance Measures
From Guiding Principles to Practical Application      Built Form Preamble
• Performance Checklists and Performance              Evaluation Checklist & Indicators
   Indicators                                         Reporting Targets
• Performance Measures Flow Chart
Making It Work                                        SECTION #5
• The Development Application Process                 GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE Performance
• Keeping It On Track Over the Longer Term            Measures
                                                      Green Infrastructure Preamble
Future Direction                                      Evaluation Checklist & Indicators
• A Living document of Best Practices                 Reporting Targets

                                                      SECTION #6
                                                      OPEN SPACES Performance Measures
                                                      Open Spaces Preamble
                                                      Evaluation Checklist & Indicators
                                                      Reporting Targets

                                                      SECTION #7
                                                      TRANSPORTATION Performance Measures
                                                      Transportation Preamble
                                                      Evaluation Checklist & Indicators
                                                      Reporting Targets




                                                                                                       Page 1
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

SECTION #1: Delivering Markham’s
Downtown Vision

                                                          A Special Thanks
                                                          A Citizen Advisory Committee was formed in early
                                                          2002 to help us shape our downtown and develop
                                                          these Performance Measures to ensure our success
                                                          over the long term.

                                                          A special thanks goes out to the founding members of
                                                          our Citizen Advisory Group for their tremendous
                                                          endowment of time, dedication and experience. These
                                                          group members represented a wide variety of
                                                          stakeholder interests.


                                                                            Founding Members
INTRODUCTION                                              Gary Atkins      Markham Resident        Richard Jarrell   Markham
                                                                                                                     Conservation
                                                                                                                     Committee
A Message from the Mayor                                  Neil Bannerjee   Village of Unionville   Robert Jarvis,    Markham
Markham Centre is the most exciting and                                    Property Owners         Q.C.              Resident
                                                                           Assoc.
challenging project this community has ever seen.
After 11 years of public consultation, planning and
design, our vision for a unique downtown core is
                                                          Hal Brooks       Unionville Resident     Susan Lawton      IBM Canada
becoming a reality.

I invite you to read this Performance Measures            Rudy Buczolits   Remington Group,        Jane Ross         York Region
Document – a Made in Markham Formula - that will                           Developers Round                          District School
                                                                           Table                                     Board
be a blueprint to help us ensure that as we build this
fabulous new place to live, work and play in
                                                          Ruth             Markham Board of        Kira Sheppard     Motorola
Markham. This document will help guide and                Burkholder       Trade                                     Canada
monitor the clear vision that our citizens have told us
they want for their downtown.
                                                          Karen            Unionville B.I.A.       Ted Spence        York University,
                                                          Chadwick                                                   Office of the
                                                                                                                     President
                                                          Allen Chan       Unionville Resident     Charles           Markham
                                                                                                   Sutherland        Resident


                                                          Ron Christie     Chair of the Rouge      Bryan Tuckey      York Region
W. Donald Cousens                                                          Alliance                                  Commissioner
Mayor of the Town of Markham                                                                                         of Planning
                                                          Bryson           York Catholic           David Vince       Mayor’s Youth
                                                          Eldridge         District School                           Task Force
                                                                           Board



                                                          Alan Graf        Unionville              Jayne White       Lucent
                                                                           Ratepayers Assoc.                         Technologies




                                                            For more information, visit our website at:
                                                                   www.markhamcentre.com




                                                                                                                           Page 2
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth


Markham Centre Belongs to the
People of Markham

Markham Centre will provide Markham’s citizens with
a unique urban experience while ensuring that our
community values are maintained. It will become the
new downtown focus for the whole of the Markham
community.

The downtown will include residential, retail,
commercial, hospitality, entertainment and educational
venues. Interconnected parks and open spaces,
complete with walking and biking trails, will provide a
number of active and passive recreational
opportunities.

Tree-lined Enterprise Boulevard will provide sweeping
views of the downtown’s major features while enabling
both vehicles and pedestrians to easily connect all
parts of the downtown.

With rapid transit running right through it, the Civic Mall
will interconnect the downtown with neighbourhoods
with an old-fashioned town square. The open space
amenity and the retail and entertainment core on High
Street will offer shopping opportunities in an area
reminiscent of England’s famous shopping districts.

The Employment District will attract top companies to
the area and deliver a high quality business
environment served by well placed and efficient
parking structures.




                                                              An open space amenity will be the centerpiece of the
                                                              development and will feature charming shops,
                                                              recreational activities and a fabulous view of the valley
                                                              lands.

                                                              The purpose of this document is to identify
                                                              performance measures that will guide and monitor the
                                                              implementation of Markham Centre over time to
                                                              deliver the downtown vision.




                                                                                                                Page 3
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

BACKGROUND
Building on a Solid Foundation of Community           Markham Centre Represents                  a    Smart
Values                                                Departure from Urban Sprawl
The vision for Markham Centre was built on the        Based on the principles of new urbanism and Smart
recommendations and input gathered from an            Growth, Markham Centre will provide a central focus
extensive public consultation process that began in   and future gathering place for Markham residents and
1992 through to the present.                          businesses for generations.

Markham Centre & Smart Growth                         Markham Centre will have a distinctly urban character,
Smart Growth development, supported by the            with higher density, mixed-use developments, strong
Provincial and Federal governments as a vision for    streetscapes and world-class parks and public
fostering and managing growth, is based on building   amenities. It will set new standards for Smart Growth
strong communities, a strong economy and a clean,     by ensuring the following goals are met:
healthy environment.
                                                             Celebrate Markham’s community values
Markham residents expressed their desire to embody           Enhance Markham’s quality of life
all three Smart Growth Goals in an innovative new            Be sustainable for future generations
downtown area bordered by Highway 407 on the                 Protect and enhance the natural environment
south, Highway 7 and the Civic Centre on the north,          Build upon transit initiatives and existing
Kennedy Avenue on the east and Rodick Road on the            infrastructure
west.                                                        Enhance the economic vitality of our Markham
                                                             community
                                                             Provide a central location for arts, cultural and
STRUCTURING FOR SUCCESS                                      social activities on a year-round basis




                                                                                                       Page 4
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

Public Input Defines Markham Centre Vision                                 The Vision for Markham Centre is based on
Markham residents have been engaged in a dialogue                          Guiding Principles
with the Town over the years to define their vision for                    11 Guiding Principles were developed to ensure that
the future.   Through numerous workshops, open                             Markham Centre continues to promote a vibrant,
houses, conferences and surveys people have shaped                         family-oriented, people place with pedestrian-friendly
the plan and will continue to guide its implementation.                    streets, high quality parks and buildings.

The Vision Becomes the Town’s Policy as                                    Council adopted ten guiding principles in early 2002 to
OPA 21                                                                     provide clarity and direction to the vision for Markham
Approved by the Ontario Municipal Board in 1997,                           Centre.    An eleventh principle was adopted by
Official Plan Amendment #21 laid out a strong                              Markham Council on April 1, 2003 to highlight the
planning foundation. Some of the key essentials OPA                        value placed on quality of life for residents and
21 addresses are:                                                          communities not only within and adjacent to Markham
                                                                           Centre, but also throughout the Town. Endorsed by
        Protection of the natural environment;                             Markham citizens, the principles were embodied in the
        Building     a    supportive    public  transit                    Markham Centre Secondary Plan OPA 21.
        infrastructure;
        Promotion of a mixed-use, high quality and
        compact urban form;
        Setting targets for population and employment
        land AND; providing for a range of parks,
        public squares and community amenities.

                                                MARKHAM CENTRE MAP
                                                             as of January 2004

Existing Development                  Approved Development              Proposed Development




                                              Unionville
                                                High
                                               School                      Unionville
                         First                                                                                  Union
                       Markham                                             Gardens
                                           Civic                                                                Villa
                        Village
                                         Centre and
                                          Theatre
                  Tridel/Dorsay
                                                            Highway 7
                                                                                               Sciberras
                                             Hilton                                              Road
                       Stringbridge          Suites

                                            Liberty
                                         Developments                                                         Future
                                                                                                               High
                                                                                                              School
                               IBM


                                                                                                                         Kennedy
                                                                                                                         Road
                                                                            Remington
                                                      Motorola             Developments          Unionville    YMCA
                                                                                                    GO
                                                                                                  Station

                                      Warden Avenue
                                                                  Highway 407




                                                                                                                           Page 5
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

            The vision for Markham Centre is based on the following Guiding Principles:

1. Protect and Enhance the Rouge River Valley             7. Ensure Ecological Sustainability
   The Rouge River and Beaver Creek valley                   Lands will be developed to protect and enhance
   systems are powerful influences on Markham                the natural processes of the landscape. A
   Centre. The downtown core will be designed to             cogeneration energy plant will further support
   protect and enhance this natural environmental            environmental goals.
   system.
                                                          8. Provide Cultural and Social Focus
2. Support Public Transit                                    Markham Centre will provide a town wide focus for
   A rapid transit system will facilitate movement to        arts, cultural and social activities. The Centre
   and around the Centre.                                    already houses the Markham Civic Centre and
                                                             Markham Theatre, and will be home to Markham
3. Transform Highway 7 into an Urban Boulevard               YMCA.
   Highway 7 will be transformed from an inter-
   regional highway to a major urban boulevard with       9. Manage Traffic and Parking Issues
   a concentration of activity, mixed uses and high-         Parking and traffic will be controlled to maintain
   quality urban design and landscaping.                     quality of life.

4. Develop an Effective Street Network                    10. Deliver a Financial Framework
   A grid of major and minor streets will provide easy        A new financial plan will be developed to build and
   access to support the mix and intensity of activity        sustain a superior public environment.
   and define the structure of Markham Centre.
                                                          11. Respect Quality of Life in Markham
5. Provide a "Sense of Place"                                 The value placed on quality of life in existing,
   Markham Centre will provide high-quality public            adjacent communities is recognized, respected
   spaces, pedestrian-friendly streets and courtyards         and supported.
   to contribute to a strong "sense of place."
                                                          From these Guiding Development Principles the
6. Enhance Pedestrian Activity                            Performance Measures were developed by the
   In Markham Centre, the pedestrian will gain            Markham Centre Advisory Group to further articulate
   equality with the automobile. Well-defined streets,    the objectives for Markham Centre and provide a clear
   architectural design, parks and trails will create a   direction of expectations for development. The
   "walkable" downtown.                                   Advisory Group will work with Town staff to ensure that
                                                          implementation plans for Markham Centre adhere to
                                                          these principles.




                                                                                                            Page 6
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

                     Markham Centre Citizen Advisory Group Terms of Reference

Planning doesn’t end with the adoption of a                 Composition of Advisory Group
plan-and neither does public involvement!                   The Advisory Group consists of representation from
The Markham Centre Secondary Plan adopted by the            throughout Markham and includes various Town-wide
Town in 1994 and approved by the Ontario Municipal          interest groups, residents and businesses as well as
Board in 1997 establishes a broad framework to create       representation from local area stakeholders.
a vibrant, mixed-use, pedestrian oriented Town
Centre. That framework is now in the process of being       Representatives from the following groups were
realized in actual buildings, streets, schools and parks.   selected to form the inaugural membership:
The role of the Markham Centre Advisory Group is to
assist the Town in reviewing and confirming the                  Unionville Ratepayers Association
principles and objectives of the Markham Centre                  Village of Unionville Property Owners Association
Secondary Plan and developing and evaluating the                 Unionville resident at large
performance of the implementation measures to                    Markham residents at large including
realize our Town Centre.                                         representation from Milliken, Markham Village
                                                                 and Thornhill
                                                                 Unionville Business Improvement Area
                                                                 Markham Board of Trade
                                                                 Major Local Business Representative (Lucent
                                                                 Technologies, IBM Canada, Motorola, Hydro
                                                                 One)
                                                                 Markham Conservation Committee
                                                                 Chair of Rouge Alliance
                                                                 Commissioner of Planning, York Region
                                                                 Academic Community
                                                                 Mayor’s Youth Task Force
                                                                 York Region School Board(s)
                                                                 York Region Police Services
                                                                 Developer’s Group

                                                            Approximately 20-25 representatives sit on the
                                                            Markham Centre Advisory Group. Members of the
                                                            Markham Centre Steering Committee, (Members of
                                                            Council appointed to guide the development of
                                                            Markham Centre) are also notified of and invited to
                                                            attend Markham Centre Advisory Group meetings,
                                                            along with any other interested members of Council.

                                                            Council appoints members of the Markham Centre
                                                            Advisory Group for a one-year term. Replacement
                                                            members are identified through a nomination process
                                                            to fill vacancies within the basic composition of the
                                                            group’s representation.




                                                                                                           Page 7
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

Role & Responsibilities
The Markham Centre Advisory Group will advise and          Policy and implementation issues are discussed are
assist the Markham Centre Steering Committee and           focused on the following key areas:
Council in creating the new Town Centre. The
Advisory Group will:                                           Infrastructure to support the concentration of
                                                               activity within the Centre while ensuring hard and
    Be familiar with the planning and design principles        soft services are provided
    for an urban Town Centre and act as a focus for            Financial Package that attracts investment to build
    the entire Town of Markham                                 a high quality of urban design for residential, retail,
    Assist in developing criteria, benchmarks and              institutional and employment uses
    indicators to achieve the principles and objectives
    of the Markham Centre Plan                                 Consultation Strategy to ensure the Plan and its
    Provide commentary on the application of the               implementation provide an overall benefit to the
    Performance       Measures     as    reflected    in       quality of life and investment for the Centre and
    development applications                                   surrounding uses
                                                               Environmental Protection and Enhancement of the
The responsibility of each member will be to attend            Rouge River and natural features
and participate at Advisory Group meetings in order to:
                                                               Community Amenities in a range and scale to
1. Become familiar with the Markham Centre Plan, its           ensure community life within the Centre is
   principles, objectives and policies and its current         supported at a scale that creates a vibrant urban
   context in the local, regional, town-wide and GTA           Town Centre
   wide setting.                                               Clear Criteria, Benchmarks and Indicators and
2. Contribute to the development of the criteria,              Supportive Legislative Framework that will result in
   benchmarks and indicators that will be used to              a high quality of urban design and investment for
   achieve the goals and objectives of the Plan                the full implementation of the Plan.
3. Participate in workshops, focus groups and public
   events/activities on the Markham Centre Plan            The meeting discussions will focus on performance
4. Comment on the degree to which performance              criteria, benchmarks and implementation issues. For
   measures have been achieved/reflected in specific       example, one of the principles of the Plan is to create
   development applications within Markham Centre.         a pedestrian oriented centre. The Advisory Group will
5. Assist in providing feedback, information and           assist in articulating how this principle is achieved
   enhanced opportunities for residents, business          through built form criteria and indicators, mix of uses
   and associations represented by the Advisory            and treatment of the public realm. This principle and
   Group.                                                  the mechanisms to achieve its implementation would
                                                           also be discussed with a broader group through the
The focused work of the Advisory Group will be valued      efforts of each individual member, so that a plan that is
input to the Markham Centre Steering Committee and         truly representative of Markham’s interests is realized.
Council as the Markham Centre Plan and various             The Advisory Group will also assist in evaluating the
implementation measures are brought forward for            progress of implementation by providing input and
discussion at the Committee.         This consultation     commentary on specific application of the performance
process provides an excellent opportunity for the          measures as reflected in development proposals.
Steering Committee to have a clear understanding of
the progress and evaluation of the measures through
the Advisory Group’s detailed work, discussion and
through further stakeholder/public input.




                                                                                                               Page 8
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
Reporting Procedure                                     Duration of Appointment
Discussion and directions from the Advisory Group       1 year
meetings will be reported to the Markham Centre
Steering Committee, as work on each of the              Chair
implementation issues advances.     The Markham         The Chair of the Markham Centre Steering Committee
Centre Steering Committee reports through the           chaired the meetings of the Advisory Group for the
Development Services Committee to Council.              inaugural year. The Advisory Group has since elected
                                                        and will on an ongoing basis, select a chair or co-chair
The Subgroup Structure                                  from amongst its membership.
The Advisory Group members were divided into 6
subgroups focused on the following areas of interest:
Greenlands; Built Form; Open Spaces; Green
Infrastructure; and Transportation. Members could
also be involved in one or more subgroups. The
Subgroup structure allows individuals to become more
intimately involved and provide input and knowledge
into their special areas of interest.

Remuneration
The Advisory is a volunteer membership.

Frequency of Meetings
The inaugural meeting was scheduled for May 2,
2002, from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Further meeting
dates and times were finalized at the first meeting.
The expectation is that meetings would be held on a
monthly basis throughout the year.         Additional
meetings may be required during the months of April
to October with a minimum of 2 weeks notice.




                                                                                                         Page 9
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
PERFORMANCE MEASURES                                      PUBLIC INPUT IS KEY
The Purpose of Performance Measures                       Performance Measures were Developed &
This citizen-centered approach to performance             Confirmed Through Public Input
measures meets a number of community and Town             The Performance Measures contained in this
Council needs, including:                                 document were developed through inclusive, “grass-
                                                          roots” citizen involvement and will serve as a tool to
   Translating town-wide community values into            guide and monitor development applications within
   actual measurement systems                             Markham Centre.
   Using measures that are credible to the
   community                                              The Markham Centre Advisory Group hosted a series
   Facilitating citizen participation                     of themed public workshops to obtain feedback and
   Constructing a system that can:                        identify key measures and performance guidelines that
       Be fine-tuned and updated to reflect new           would track the success of Markham Centre against
       technologies and best practices                    the Guiding Principles adopted by the Town.
       Measure progress towards established goals
       and objectives                                     The workshop tasks included developing key
       Be open, accountable and developed from the        performance targets and indicators that would help to
       community interests and issues                     guide and monitor development and ensure that every
   Communicating community expectations to all            application delivers on Smart Growth and sustainable
   stakeholders                                           development.

The Benefits of the Performance Measures
These Performance Measures are intended to help           From Guiding Principles to Practical
guide and monitor the development of the downtown in      Application
accordance with the broader community’s goals and
expectations and the highest quality standards and
                                                          Performance Checklists and Performance
best practice models.
                                                          Indicators
                                                          Coming out of these workshops the Advisory
   Connect day-to-day decision making with                Committee confirmed a series of “Performance
   achievement of the vision                              Checklists” within the five theme areas for Markham
   Provide ‘drill-down’ detail on key criteria intended   Centre:
   to promote best practice solutions.
   Challenge stakeholders to provide new and better
                                                          •   Greenlands (the natural environment of the Rouge
   solutions.
                                                              River)
   Level the playing field by ensuring that each
                                                          •   Transportation
   development application is assessed using the
   same evaluation tool.                                  •   Built Form
   Raise the bar through continuous assessment and        •   Green infrastructure (sustainable engineering
   improvement.                                               practices)
   Present a consistent, transparent and clear            •   Public open space.
   assessment of how proposals are evaluated,
   modified and approved.                                 A series of key “Performance Indicators” were then
                                                          developed out of the checklists to provide a basis for
                                                          ensuring all development applications within Markham
                                                          Centre are evaluated in terms of achievement of goals
                                                          and measurable targets.

                                                          The Checklist and Performance Indicators support a
                                                          dynamic evaluation procedure, where progress made
                                                          towards the Guiding Principles and the achievement of
                                                          the new vision for Markham Centre can be monitored
                                                          and evaluated over the long term.




                                                                                                        Page 10
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth


Performance Measures Flow Chart




MAKING IT WORK
The Development Application Process                      Annual Report Card
1. An initial assessment will be made on each            •   An Annual “Report Card” prepared by staff on
   development application by staff using the                behalf of the Advisory Group to evaluate the
   “Performance Checklists” to identify whether              implementation of development towards the
   each of the questions has been addressed.                 achievement of community values, goals and
                                                             performance targets.
2. Once all questions on the checklists have been
   satisfactorily addressed, staff will evaluate the     •   This report will identify any areas where further
   application in accordance with the performance            study may be required or where the performance
   indicators.                                               measures may require clarification or fine-tuning.

3. The citizen Advisory Group will carefully assess      •   The Annual Report Card will be submitted to Town
   the application.                                          Council in the first quarter of each fiscal year and
                                                             will be circulated to stakeholders and the general
4. The development proponent will then present their         public.
   plans to the Advisory Group to receive comments
   and recommendations.

5. The proponent’s proposals will be modified to
   reflect the comments and recommendations of the
   Advisory Group.

6. The proponent’s revised proposal will be reviewed
   again with the Advisory Group.

7. A staff report will then be brought forward to the
   Development Services Committee and ultimately
   Council for approval.

8. The Performance Measures Document is intended
   to form a separate Appendix of the Markham
   Centre Secondary Plan, OPA 21 for convenience
   and to provide direction to all those interested in
   the development of Markham Centre, including the
   public, developers, land owners, agencies and
   other stakeholders.

                                                                                                          Page 11
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

               SECTION #2: 5 Key Themes for Performance Measures
KEEPING IT ON TRACK                                         BUILT FORM
                                                            The Built Form theme focuses on the lots and block
A Living document of Best Practices                         pattern, views and vistas, building placement and the
Markham is re-engineering its future by carefully           promotion of pedestrian oriented streets. Highway 7 is
managing growth and changing development patterns.          to be transformed into an urban boulevard while
To this end, Markham Centre development will                keeping its role as an important component of the road
continue to be measured and evaluated on the                and transit network. Additional lighting, sidewalks and
principles and best practices of Smart Growth.              trails, and high quality architectural standards will help
                                                            to make the new downtown core a pedestrian-friendly
Our Performance Measures are designed to be a               environment. Built Form will support the urban core
dynamic part of the living legacy that we’re building for   while concentrating on ecologically sustainable
future generations. The Measures will be reviewed           development.
and the results monitored annually. They will also be
updated regularly to reflect the newest technologies        GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE
and the most up-to-date best practices. Markham’s           To protect the environment of the valley lands,
plan to continue to involve its citizens in creating        effective management of urban runoff and storm water
world-class benchmarks for sustainable development          is critically important. Green Infrastructure strategies
is evidence of the Town’s long-term commitment to           will focus on initiatives that affect air quality, water
creating a progressive, sustainable urban downtown          conservation, waste reduction and efficient energy
community                                                   use.

GREENLANDS                                                  OPEN SPACE
This key theme focuses on the protection and                In order to make Markham Centre a people place,
enhancement of the Rouge River valley lands and its         considerable attention will be given to the design of
tributaries as an environmental system while creating       public parks and facilities, streetscapes and major
an integrated open space system. The protection of          gathering spaces. Social and cultural considerations
existing natural heritage features for future generations   will be taken into account to ensure that Markham’s
is the primary goal. A passive recreational trail           new downtown is welcoming to all.
network is proposed to recognize existing boundaries
while affording recreational opportunities in a series of
connected urban parks.                                      TRANSPORTATION
                                                            A focus on rapid transit and other non-automotive
                                                            modes of travel will help to ensure that the pedestrian
                                                            gains equality with the automobile in Markham Centre.
                                                            The Town’s Transportation Planning Study identifies
                                                            existing road network improvements, rapid transit
                                                                                             corridors,      effective
                                                                                             new      policies    and
                                                                                             educational initiatives
                                                                                             to relieve congestion.




                                                                                                              Page 12
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

SECTION #3: GREENLANDS                                       Common to all are a set of principle Performance
                                                             Measures that should be given primary consideration
Performance Measures                                         in the process of evaluation the overall plan for the
                                                             Greenlands, these include the following:
GREENLANDS PREAMBLE                                          1. Has an inventory of sufficient scope and detail to
A list of Performance Measures has been developed               gain a comprehensive understanding of the
for the Greenlands component of Markham Centre to               features of the site and their interrelated functions
aid in the evaluation of the overall plan for the               been undertaken as the basis for the development
Greenlands, and to be implemented through the                   of the Greenlands Plan?
combined efforts of the developer, the Town and its
partner agencies. Based on key sub-categories that           2. Do the Greenlands encompass sufficient area to
include: Knowledge and Understanding; Protection;               ensure the protection of natural features and
Restoration and Enhancement; Interface, Cohesion                ecosystem function in perpetuity, in consideration
and Connectivity; Implementation; and Management                of future adjacent land-use patterns?
and Monitoring. These measures are fundamental to            3. Does the Greenlands Plan facilitate the
the creation of a sustainable Greenlands Plan and will          establishment of a core habitat area that is
add to the future Rouge Park system.                            insulated from disturbance from adjacent land
                                                                uses?
For each sub-category, performance measures are set
out based upon the objectives identified throughout the      4. Does the Greenlands Plan incorporate initiatives
planning and consultation process. Although these               to restore degraded areas and enhance the
performance measures are stated in general terms,               breadth, vitality and diversity of vegetation
they are intended to be interpreted as it relates to each       communities and habitats?
of the specific components which comprise the
environment of the Greenlands including:                     5. Will an appropriate interface between the
                                                                Greenlands and adjacent development be
    Water – in terms of hydrology, hydrogeology,                achieved through the implementation of the
    water quality and base flow                                 Greenlands Plan?
    Air – in terms of clean air quality and microclimate     6. Does the Greenlands Plan make provision for
    Vegetation – in terms of health, species                    appropriate      passive     recreational use in
    composition,      diversity,   extent   and     patch       consideration of the environmental context and
    configuration                                               practical circulation patterns?
    Wildlife – in terms of health, diversity, size and
    extent                                                   7. Does the Greenlands Plan provide opportunities
    River Processes – in terms of erosion, slope                for interpretation, education and appreciation of
    stability, fluvial geomorphology and sediment               natural and cultural heritage resources?
    transport                                                8. Does the Plan set out a clear strategy to secure
    Social      Factors     –    including     recreation,      funding to facilitate the implementation and
    interpretation, education and user experience               management of the Greenlands over the long
                                                                term?
                                                             9. Does the Greenlands Plan include a strategy to
                                                                facilitate the long-term management of natural
                                                                heritage resources?
                                                             10. Does the Greenlands Plan set out a protocol for
                                                                 monitoring the health and evolution of the
                                                                 ecosystem?




                                                                                                              Page 13
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
TOWN RESPONSIBILTY
The Greenlands Master Plan

In parallel with the process of defining objectives and
performance criteria for Markham Centre, the Town of
Markham undertook the development of a Master Plan
for the Greenlands. The Master plan addresses the
corridors associated with the Rouge River, East
Beaver Creek and Apple Creek both within and
beyond the limits of the Markham Centre area. The
Greenlands Master Plan sets out a number of
objectives that were defined in consultation with the
Greenlands Advisory Committee and provides an
illustration of how these objectives will be achieved
within the Greenlands. The Greenlands Master Plan
illustrates the Town’s vision for achieving ecological,
hydrological, recreational and interpretive goals while      Implementation initiatives in partnership with
ensuring the long-term health and sustainability of the      landowners along the river corridors.
Greenlands ecosystem.
                                                          In the future, the Town will be responsible for
                                                          overseeing the implementation of the Greenlands
                                                          Master Plan and will work in partnership with
                                                          landowners and developers to realize the vision
                                                          illustrated by the Master Plan.




The Greenlands Master Plan provides a blueprint for
the following:

    The establishment of a core area of natural habitat
    within the valley system
    The development of a network of trails that are
    designed to accommodate various types of users
    and levels of use, including both utilitarian and
    recreational uses while avoiding fragmentation of
    the natural heritage system.
    The implementation of interpretive initiatives and
    opportunities to celebrate the presence of the
    Rouge River as a key feature within the Town of
    Markham
    The implementation of initiatives aimed at
    restoring and enhancing the health, diversity and
    stability of the Greenlands ecosystem.
    The establishment of an appropriate interface
    between        adjacent  development    and    the
    Greenlands.
    The establishment of strong connections to
    existing communities located beyond the limits of
    Markham Centre.


                                                                                                    Page 14
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth

Specific Town responsibilities will include the following:   The Town has already initiated the process of
                                                             implementing aspects of the Greenlands Master Plan
    Create and maintain an inventory of existing             in advance of the development of the Markham
    natural and cultural heritage resources of the           Centre. The future development of Markham Centre
    Greenlands                                               presents the opportunity to expand upon this work and
    Implement a public education and interpretation          realize the vision of the Greenlands Master Plan in its
    program based on the natural and cultural heritage       entirety.
    features
    Implement natural channel design solutions to
    restore degraded or eroded sections of the river
    Implement a monitoring program to track the long-
    term success of protection, restoration and
    enhancement initiatives.
    Implement a trail system that minimizes impact on
    the natural heritage system of the Greenlands
    while providing clear sight lines and lighting where
    appropriate.
    Ensure public safety through the provision of
    access by emergency vehicles where required.
    Develop and implement a program to direct the
    long-term management of the Greenlands that
    addresses the following:
    o Management or eradication of nuisance
        species
    o Natural evolution of the river system
    o Evolution of habitats and vegetation
        communities
    o Mitigation of potential impacts from human use
    o Enhancement of the health, diversity and
        sustainability of the system
    Establish a funding program to ensure that the
    management and monitoring programs are
    sustainable over the long-term.
    Establish a program aimed at fostering
    partnerships to implement the Greenlands Plan,
    encourage involvement and recognize partner
    contributions.




                                                                                                            Page 15
                                           Performance Measures –
                                           SCORECARD
Application:______________________________ Theme: GREENLANDS
Date: ______________________________



Smart Growth                                                           Performance




                                                      N/A

                                                            YES

                                                                  NO




                                                                                                    GOLD


                                                                                                           SILVER


                                                                                                                    BRONZE
Checklist                                                              Indicators
KNOWLEDGE & UNDERSTANDING
1.   Is there a complete inventory of existing site                      Extent and accuracy
     conditions to create a summary baseline as                          of inventory
     it may impact the valley system?                                    information
2.   Does the inventory incorporate elements to                          Number of listed
     facilitate natural and cultural heritage                            sites/structures with
     interpretation and site orientation?                                natural, cultural and
                                                                         heritage significance
3.   Is there research on meander belt                                   Record of historical/
     characteristics to ensure crossings                                 present-day data on
     accommodate natural river evolution and                             geomorphic
     minimize requirements for grading,                                  conditions and river
     armoring and long term impacts on the                               meander
     watercourse?                                                        characteristics.
                                                                         Extent and accuracy
                                                                         of database on the
                                                                         meander pattern of
                                                                         the river.
                                                                         Number of crossings
                                                                         designed to
                                                                         accommodate natural
                                                                         geomorphic
                                                                         processes.
4.   Is there analysis to determine the practical                        Extent and frequency
     location of pedestrian connections into the                         of monitoring to
     valley system in the context of desire lines                        confirm habitat and
     and sensitivity to the existing environmental                       species requirements.
     habitats and movement patterns?                                     Limitation of
                                                                         pedestrian crossings
                                                                         within significant
                                                                         wildlife corridors to
                                                                         prevent interruptions
                                                                         of migratory patterns.




                                                                                                  Greenlands 1
                                                                Performance Measures –
                                                                SCORECARD
Application: _________________________                          Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:       ______________________________




Smart Growth                                                         Performance




                                                    N/A

                                                          YES

                                                                NO




                                                                                                   GOLD


                                                                                                          SILVER


                                                                                                                   BRONZE
Checklist                                                            Indicators

PROTECTION
1.   Does the plan recognize and strategize for                        Quantity of vegetation
     the potential impacts of development of                           cover.
     Markham Centre related to demand for use,                         Distribution/coverage
     stormwater management, habitat,                                   of vegetation.
     microclimate modification, noise                                  Connectivity of
     attenuation, light penetration and other                          naturalized areas.
     disturbances?                                                     Limitation of
                                                                       pedestrian crossings
                                                                       within significant
                                                                       wildlife corridors to
                                                                       prevent interruptions
                                                                       of migratory patterns.
                                                                       Width of buffers
                                                                       between Greenlands
                                                                       and adjacent land uses.
                                                                       Limitation of
                                                                       vehicular crossings.
2.   Are there recommendations to guide the                            Extent and diversity of
     implementation of initiatives aimed at                            habitats, vegetation
     preserving habitats?                                              and wildlife species
                                                                       protected.
3.   Is the core habitat area of the Rouge Valley                      Size of core habitat
      lands insulated from human encroachment                          area protected.
      and disturbance as the spine of the                              Extent of core habitat
      Greenlands system?                                               area that will achieve
                                                                       species diversity
                                                                       objectives.
4.   Are there recommendations related to the                          A management plan
     removal, management/deterrence of                                 has been developed.
     nuisance species?                                                 Amount/ area of
                                                                       nuisance species
                                                                       removed.
                                                                       Extent of
                                                                       management/restoratio
                                                                       n initiatives
                                                                       implemented.




                                                                                                 Greenlands 2
                                                                 Performance Measures –
                                                                 SCORECARD
Application: _________________________                           Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:       ______________________________




Checklist                                                             Indicators




                                                     N/A

                                                           YES

                                                                 NO




                                                                                                       GOLD


                                                                                                              SILVER


                                                                                                                       BRONZE
(continued)                                                           (continued)



5.   Does the plan preserve and protect                                  Diversity of vegetation
     ecological and habitat features and their                           types/species.
     functions by increasing extent, diversity and                       Increase in
     sustainability?                                                     sustainability and
                                                                         protection of
                                                                         ecosystem.
                                                                         Biodiversity of plant
                                                                         and animal species is
                                                                         accessed and
                                                                         enhanced.
6.   Has development been configured to                                  Area of corridor
     minimize crossings and avoid the                                    habitat zones/areas of
     fragmentation of habitat areas and                                  wildlife and plant
     corridors?                                                          species protected.
                                                                         Habitat fragmentation
                                                                         has been minimized.
                                                                         Number of crossings
                                                                         proposed.
7.   Is adequate protection provided to ensure the                       Fish and in stream
      health and diversity of existing aquatic and                       habitats are protected.
      terrestrial habitats – including sensitive                         Area of fish passage
      habitats?                                                          provided
                                                                         Presence and number
                                                                         of indicator species on
                                                                         development lands
                                                                         Sustain habitat
                                                                         zones/area of wildlife
                                                                         and plant species that
                                                                         have been identified.
                                                                         A management plan
                                                                         that identifies areas for
                                                                         protection, designated
                                                                         as rehabilitation areas
                                                                         to enhance existing
                                                                         habitats
                                                                         Areas of encroachment
                                                                         have been minimized.




                                                                                                     Greenlands 3
                                           Performance Measures –
                                           SCORECARD
Application: _____________________________ Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:               ____________________________



Smart Growth                                                          Performance




                                                     N/A

                                                           YES

                                                                 NO




                                                                                                       GOLD


                                                                                                              SILVER


                                                                                                                       BRONZE
Checklist                                                             Indicators

RESTORATION & ENHANCEMENT
1.   Have potential partners been identified to                           Number of partners
     facilitate the implementation of vegetation                          committed to
     restoration initiatives on development                               restoration initiatives.
     lands?
2.   Are there initiatives or opportunities                              Area of enhancement
     provided to enhance and restore the health,                         of habitats and
     size and diversity of the Greenlands system?                        vegetation species
                                                                         preserved and
                                                                         enhanced.
3.   Are opportunities provided to enhance                               Size and diversity of
     aquatic and terrestrial habitats?                                   natural vegetation
                                                                         community.
4.   Is there a strategy to address the                                  Size and success of
      management of invasive species?                                    aquatic and terrestrial
                                                                         habitat enhancement
                                                                         initiatives
5.   Does the plan increase the overall percentage                       A protocol for the
     of canopy coverage?                                                 management and
                                                                         removal of nuisance
                                                                         vegetation species is
                                                                         in place
6.   Does it enhance linkages between vegetation                      • Number and types of
     communities on tablelands and within the                            initiatives aimed at
     valley?                                                             restoration.
                                                                      • Amount of increase
                                                                         in canopy coverage
7.   Is there a management plan to ensure the                          • Baseline data for
      sustainability of terrestrial and aquatic                           watershed
      resources over the long term?                                       hydrology, total
                                                                          annual infiltration
                                                                          rates and runoff
                                                                          volume has been
                                                                          provided
                                                                      • Evapotranspiration
                                                                         rates and seasonal an
                                                                         annual baseflow data
                                                                         have been provided




                                                                                                     Greenlands 4
                                                                   Performance Measures –
                                                                   SCORECARD
Application: _____________________________                         Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:       ______________________________



Smart Growth                                                            Performance




                                                      N/A

                                                            YES

                                                                  NO




                                                                                                      GOLD


                                                                                                             SILVER


                                                                                                                      BRONZE
Checklist                                                               Indicators

INTERFACE, COHESION &
CONNECTIVITY
1.   Does the plan provide an appropriate interface                     •   Appropriate setbacks
     between development and the natural heritage                           and buffer distances
     system to mitigate potential disturbance and                           to ensure minimal
     protect ecosystem functions?                                           disturbance to the
                                                                            core habitat have
                                                                            been provided.
                                                                        •   Trails are located to
                                                                            avoid core habitat
                                                                            areas and minimize
                                                                            negative impacts to
                                                                            existing habitats.
 2. Are community amenities, including parks,                           •   Design guidelines for
    schools, stormwater management facilities and                           the future
    passive uses facilities adjacent to the                                 development of trails
    Greenlands, located with appropriate                                    have been provided.
    transitions?                                                        •   Area of habitat
                                                                            disturbed to
                                                                            accommodate trail
                                                                            installation and
                                                                            public safety
                                                                            requirements.
 3. Is the trail system located to avoid habitat                        •   Provision of
    areas and the stream corridor? Is the goal of                           appropriate setbacks
    public safety considered in the location and                            to accommodate for
    design of the trail system?                                             natural river meander
                                                                            processes.
 4. Is the edge of the Greenlands system defined                        •   Appropriate setbacks
    by a single loaded riverside drive?                                     and buffer distances
                                                                            ensure minimal
                                                                            disturbance to the
                                                                            core habitat.
                                                                            Appropriate use
                                                                            adjacent to the
                                                                            Greenlands provided.




                                                                                                    Greenlands 5
                                                                  Performance Measures –
                                                                  SCORECARD
Application: _____________________________                        Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:       ______________________________



Checklist                                                              Indicators




                                                     N/A

                                                           YES

                                                                 NO




                                                                                                       GOLD


                                                                                                              SILVER


                                                                                                                       BRONZE
(continued)                                                            (continued)



5. Have buffers been implemented to protect and                        •   Identify flood/erosion
   accommodate changes in the morphology of                                vulnerable sites.
   the river corridor and long-term changes in                         •   Adequate buffers
   habitat functions and processes?                                        adjacent to habitat
                                                                           areas are provided
                                                                       •   Provision of adequate
                                                                           buffer to protect river
                                                                           processes.
6. Does the plan minimize rear lotting or locating                     •   Type of proposed
   larger building masses adjacent to the valley                           land use adjacent to
   edge?                                                                   valley lands.
                                                                       •   Length of rear lotted
                                                                           frontages proposed.
                                                                       •   Location and size of
                                                                           large buildings
                                                                           proposed.
7. Is light penetration and noise emissions into                       •   Width and density of
   natural core areas mitigated?                                           buffers between the
                                                                           core area and
                                                                           emitting uses.




                                                                                                     Greenlands 6
                                           Performance Measures –
                                           SCORECARD
Application:______________________________ Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:             ______________________________


Smart Growth                                                         Performance




                                                    N/A

                                                          YES

                                                                NO




                                                                                                     GOLD


                                                                                                            SILVER


                                                                                                                     BRONZE
Checklist                                                            Indicators

IMPLEMENTATION
1   Are opportunities provided to improve water                      •   Infiltration rates to
    quality, enhance flow attenuation, enhance                           support the required
    hydrological functioning, mitigate thermal                           base flow to the
    impacts and augment base flow?                                       Rouge River to
                                                                         sustain healthy habitat
                                                                         have been maintained.
                                                                     •   Baseline data to
                                                                         establish healthy
                                                                         standards and
                                                                         acceptable levels has
                                                                         been provided.
                                                                     •   Storm water
                                                                         management
                                                                         initiatives meet/
                                                                         exceed MOE and
                                                                         TRCA criteria.
                                                                     •   Flow/discharge rates
                                                                         are maintained or
                                                                         enhanced.
2. Is the long-term evolution of natural features                    •   A plan that is flexible
   including growth and change of vegetation                             to the natural
   communities provided for?                                             evolution of the river
                                                                         and evaluation of
                                                                         vegetation community
                                                                         has been provided.
3. Have recommendations been established for                         •   A protocol for
   the adequate protection and monitoring of the                         rehabilitating and
   health of water resources, aquatic habitat and                        enhancing degraded
   the stability of the river system of existing                         areas has been
   wetlands, depressions and drainage features?                          provided.
                                                                     •   Funding opportunities
                                                                         have been assessed to
                                                                         facilitate long-term
                                                                         implementation.




                                                                                                   Greenlands 7
                                           Performance Measures –
                                           SCORECARD
Application:______________________________ Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:              ______________________________



Checklist                                                              Indicators




                                                      N/A

                                                            YES

                                                                  NO




                                                                                                       GOLD


                                                                                                              SILVER


                                                                                                                       BRONZE
(continued)                                                            (continued)



4. Are the impacts related to road crossings of the                    •   A record of
   Rouge River minimized and have crossings                                historical/present day
   been located in appropriate areas in the                                data on geomorphic
   context of the morphology of the river and                              conditions and river
   long-term erosion processes?                                            meander
                                                                           characteristics has
                                                                           been provided.
                                                                       •   Environmental
                                                                           Assessments to
                                                                           determine appropriate
                                                                           locations for
                                                                           bridge/pedestrian
                                                                           crossings have been
                                                                           undertaken.
5. Are there recommendations provided to                               •   A protocol for
   enhance existing degraded/eroded areas and                              monitoring of water
   implement active management initiatives to                              resources, in-stream
   enhance the stability of the river over the long                        stability, and aquatic
   term period?                                                            habitat been provided.
                                                                       •   Funding available to
                                                                           implement
                                                                           rehabilitating
                                                                           initiatives.
6. Have existing degraded areas been restored?                         •   Number of degraded
                                                                           areas or areas
                                                                           vulnerable to erosion
                                                                           restored.
                                                                       •   Design guidelines for
                                                                           the appropriate
                                                                           approach to stream
                                                                           stabilization provided.
7. Have adequate setbacks from the river been                          •   Erosion index flow
   provided to accommodate natural fluvial                                 volumes, flow
   processes?                                                              velocity, shear stress,
                                                                           meander belt,
                                                                           frequency of flows
                                                                           above erosion
                                                                           threshold have been
                                                                           accommodated.
                                                                       •   Adjacent uses are
                                                                           located with sufficient
                                                                           distance from top of
                                                                           bank to accommodate
                                                                           future river meander.

                                                                                                     Greenlands 8
                                            Performance Measures –
                                            SCORECARD
Application: ______________________________ Theme: GREENLANDS
Date:              ______________________________




Smart Growth                                                        Performance




                                                   N/A

                                                         YES

                                                               NO




                                                                                                   GOLD


                                                                                                          SILVER


                                                                                                                   BRONZE
Checklist                                                           Indicators

MANAGEMENT & MONITORING
1. Is public involvement and support ensured                        •   Confirmation of public
    through partnerships with local community                           support, involvement
    groups, NGO’s and others to implement long-                         and participation has
    term restoration and management initiatives?                        been provided.
2. Is there a plan to implement, manage and                         •   A record of
    monitor the Greenlands to ensure short and                          achievements of each
    long-term objectives are achieved?                                  development
                                                                        application, what they
                                                                        intended to achieve,
                                                                        and what they actually
                                                                        achieved has been
                                                                        prepared.
                                                                    •   A management and
                                                                        monitoring plan has
                                                                        been provided.




                                                                                                 Greenlands 9
                                                                       Reporting Targets
                                                                       Theme: GREENLANDS
Application: ______________________________
Date:  _____________


Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                                  TARGET
                                                                                                                  ON


                                                                                                                           NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                        Identify, manage and plan for
                                                                        development impacts related to
                                                                        demand for use, storm water
                                                                        management, habitat disturbance,
                                                                        microclimate modification, noise
                                                                        attenuation, light penetration and
                                                                        other disturbances
                                                                        Protect existing vegetation, wildlife
                                                                        and provide an extensive core habitat
                                                                        area by increasing extent and
                                                                        biodiversity of habitat
                                                                        Increase biodiversity and enhance
                                                                        function of natural heritage features

                                                                        Minimize fragmentation of habitats
                                                                        and encroachment of corridors and
                                                                        protect valley lands from intrusions
                                                                        and maintain functions
                                                                        Establish and maintain a healthy,
                                                                        diverse, sustainable and inter-
                                                                        connected natural vegetation
                                                                        community as the core of the
                                                                        Greenlands system
                                                                        Increase area of aquatic and
                                                                        terrestrial habitat and resources and
                                                                        ensure their long term sustainability
                                                                        Provide a safe, functional trail system
                                                                        while achieving environmental
                                                                        objectives
                                                                        Increase area of overall canopy
                                                                        coverage

                                                                        Minimize fragmentation and impact,
                                                                        enhance and expand natural
                                                                        vegetation communities




                                                                                                         Greenlands 10
                                                                          Reporting Targets
                                                                          Theme: GREENLANDS
Application: ______________________________
Date:  _____________



Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                                  TARGET
                                                                                                                  ON


                                                                                                                           NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                           Monitor and protect habitats, water
                                                                           quality and discharge and enhance
                                                                           base flow to ensure the health and
                                                                           natural function of the Greenlands.
                                                                           Achieve functional and ecological
                                                                           requirements through storm water
                                                                           management initiatives
                                                                           Accommodate for natural river
                                                                           meander processes and vegetation
                                                                           community evolution in the plan for
                                                                           the Greenlands
                                                                      •    Minimize the impact of crossings on
                                                                           the health, long term stability and
                                                                           evolution of the Greenlands.
                                                                           Restore and enhance existing
                                                                           degraded and eroded areas and
                                                                           enhance the health and long-term
                                                                           stability of the Rouge River.
                                                                           Provide adequate buffer to ensure
                                                                           environment objectives are achieved
                                                                           and provide an appropriate interface
                                                                           between Greenlands and urbanized
                                                                           areas
                                                                           Minimize light and noise disturbance
                                                                           to habitat




                                                                                                          Greenlands 11
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
SECTION #4: BUILT FORM
Performance Measures

BUILT FORM PREAMBLE
The Built Form Performance Measures are intended to
guide built form in the development of Markham
Centre.

The subject of built form is explicitly addressed in the
5th principle: Markham Centre will provide high quality
public spaces, pedestrian-friendly streets and
courtyards to contribute to a strong “sense of place”.
Other principles, such as those addressing transit,
major streets, Highway 7, ecological sustainability,
even the Rouge River affect the role of built form in
realizing an urban focus for Markham that is
sustainable and consistent with Smart Growth
principles.

The performance measures in this section are
intended to test whether development proposals for
Markham Centre will achieve intended goals for built
form. These measures are presented in the form of
questions. To facilitate ease of use they are organized
into four thematic areas including:

        Character
        Attractive building and lively streets
        Transit support
        Environmental support




                                                                                 Page 16
                                                                        Performance Measures –
                                                                        SCORECARD
Application:______________________________                              Theme: BUILT FORM
Date:      ______________________________


Smart Growth                                                               Performance




                                                       N/A

                                                             YES


                                                                   NO




                                                                                                                  GOLD

                                                                                                                         SILVER

                                                                                                                                  BRONZE
Checklist                                                                  Indicators
1.   Do the building locations define street                                   Consistent building alignment
     corridors and open spaces?                                                along the edges of street
                                                                               corridors and open spaces
2.   Do building locations create views and vistas                             Degree of connectivity within
     to visible landmarks?                                                     the street grid pattern
3.   Are landmark buildings or open space                                      Degree of building
     features distributed to add visual                                        concentration adjacent to rapid
     distinctiveness and orientation?                                          transit
4.   Do all streets perpendicular to the Rouge                                 Extent of view corridors and
     River Valley provide public view corridors to                             vistas terminating in natural or
     the valley?                                                               built features
5.   Do the buildings create a coherent urban                                  Extent of parking facilities
     character for the area?                                                   allocated along street frontage
6.   Has public art been integrated into the public                            Degree of integration of public
     street and open space hierarchies?                                        art into the public realm and
                                                                               private space
7.  Have buildings been located to promote                                     Public institutions or landmark
    extended use adjacent to public streets and                                buildings located at high
    open spaces?                                                               visibility locations
8. Does the building location and height at the                            •   Extent of shared use of
    street edge support the pedestrian character                               parking facilities
    of the streets and open spaces?
9. Do the buildings accommodate                                            •   Extent of land allocated to
    intensification or adaptation to changes in use                            surface parking
    over time?
10. Are building designs and materials of a                                •   Width and continuity of
    consistently high architectural quality?                                   unimpeded pedestrian
                                                                               sidewalk surfaces
11. Does the design of roof areas create special                           •   Listing of Green technology
    places of activity as well and contribute to a                             measures or adherence to the
    distinctive roofscape?                                                     LEED rating system
12. Has building illumination been designed to                             •   Extent of glazing and building
    enhance the nighttime character and                                        entrances along the frontage of
    attractiveness of Markham Centre as well as                                pedestrian oriented retail
    contribute to pedestrian amenity and safety?                               streets and adjacent to open
                                                                               spaces
13. Does the building design contribute to the                             •   Sun penetration to the ground
    attractiveness to visitors as well as generate a                           plane of proposed open spaces
    sense of place for local citizens?                                         (between the hours of 10 a.m.
                                                                               and 4 p.m. March–Sept.)
14. Has public art been incorporated into private                          •   Location and prominence of
    development to contribute to the cultural                                  building massing up to eight
    legacy of Markham Centre?                                                  story’s adjacent to street and
                                                                               open spaces
                                                                                                               Built Form 1
                                                                        Performance Measures –
                                                                        SCORECARD
Application:______________________________                              Theme: BUILT FORM
Date:      ______________________________



Smart Growth                                                               Performance




                                                       N/A

                                                             YES

                                                                   NO
Checklist                                                                  Indicators
15. Do streets form a continuous grid pattern of
    lots and blocks in both directions?
16. Do the block dimensions promote easy cross
    movements?
17. Is the building massing and character
    appropriate to the scale and role of each street
    type?
18. Do the street cross sections support
    maximizing pedestrian use and amenity and
    minimizing pavement?
19. Are buildings along special streets located to
    complement adjacent topography or features?
20. Are proposed street sidewalks wide enough to
    allow for: easy pedestrian passage; for
    sidewalk retail displays and/or outdoor dining;
    for amenable street furniture and landscaping;
    and to buffer ground floor residential?
21. Are building entrances concentrated along
    street frontages and glazed areas maximized to
    promote street activity?
22. Are pedestrian sidewalk crossings for vehicle
    entrances to parking garages or service areas
    minimized along street frontages?
23. Where surface parking is proposed at the
    initial stage of development, has it been
    designed for the eventual phase-out of surface
    parking?
24. Where surface parking is proposed, has it been
    subdivided by a grid of road rights-of-way to
    facilitate future intensification?
25. Is parking located and designed to avoid
    interruption of the continuity of street
    frontages?
26. Does the street environment support
    unimpeded pedestrian activity?
27. Does the design of the building base support
    street level activity?
28. Are climate modifying devices incorporated
    into building facades?
29. Are ground floors and building facades
    designed to be adaptable to changes in use?
    (Residential to retail)


                                                                                           Built Form 2
                                                                         Performance Measures –
                                                                         SCORECARD
Application:______________________________                               Theme: BUILT FORM
Date:       ______________________________




Checklist                                                                    Indicators



                                                        N/A

                                                              YES

                                                                    NO
(continued)                                                                  (continued)



30. Are front yards and facades configured so as to
    ensure privacy for living spaces immediately
    facing the street?
31. Are the ground floors within above grade
    parking structures along street corridors
    designed to accommodate related or personal
    service uses at present or in the future?
32. Have parking structures adjacent to the street
    corridor been designed to maximize street face
    design quality and integration with adjacent
    development and landscaping?
33. Is surface parking located within the interior of
    development parcels and away from street
    frontage?
34. Has surface parking been minimized in area?
35. Have buildings been concentrated along the
    rapid transit stops?
36. Have parking lots been located away from the
    rapid transit corridor and from transit stops?
37. Has access to on street parking been maximized?
38. Are buildings adjacent to transit stops designed
    to provide protection from the elements?
39. Has the development pattern been organized to
    make creative use of Green Infrastructure
    principles and best practices?
40. Have the buildings been positioned and oriented
    to make creative use of Green principles and
    best practices including the use of solar energy,
    natural ventilation, wind power, etc.?
41. Has the building been designed using rapidly
    renewable, recycled and durable materials?
42. Does the design of the building respond to Green
    technologies to address such matters as
    wastewater collection and treatment, water use
    reduction, etc.?
43. Does the design of the building envelope
    respond to Green technologies to address such
    matters and energy conservation, solar heat gain,
    reduction in heat island effects, etc.?

                                                                                            Built Form 3
                                                                       Reporting Targets
                                                                       Theme: BUILT FORM
Application: ______________________________
Date:       ______________________________




Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                                  TARGET
                                                                                                                  ON


                                                                                                                              NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                        Design excellence, high quality
                                                                        materials and quality execution for
   COMMENTS:                                                            all buildings and structures
   ___________________________________                                  Continuity of building alignment for
   ___________________________________                                  at least 80% of the edges of street
   ___________________________________                                  corridors and open spaces
   ___________________________________                                  Visual predominance of the building
   ___________________________________                                  massing up to eight storeys
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  Articulation of the building base
   ___________________________________                                  adjacent to pedestrian activity; at
   ___________________________________                                  least 80% of building frontage in
   ___________________________________                                  glazing and entrances along retail
   ___________________________________                                  streets
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  Grid pattern with uninterrupted block
   ___________________________________                                  lengths no greater than 200 metres
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  Concentration of building height and
   ___________________________________                                  massing within 300 metres of rapid
   ___________________________________                                  transit stops, and key landmark
                                                                        locations.
                                                                        Well-defined streets, building
                                                                        placements and architectural
                                                                        character that supports public life and
                                                                        year round activity
                                                                        “Convertability” of ground floor uses
                                                                        over time along retail and
                                                                        commercial main streets




                                                                                                               Built Form 4
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
SECTION #5: GREEN
INFRASTRUCTURE
Performance Measures
GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE
PREAMBLE
Green Infrastructure Performance Measures relate
primarily to principle #7:        “Ensure Ecological
Sustainability – Land will be developed to protect and
enhance natural processes of the landscape.”

These measures enforce the sustainability of the
ecological system by minimizing the impact of
developments on the environment and the
conservation of energy through the use of sound
engineering and innovative technology. The objectives
are:
       Water conservation
       Air quality
       Multifunctional stormwater management
       Reduction of waste
       Conservation of energy




                                                                                 Page 17
                                          Performance Measures –
                                          SCORECARD
Application:_____________________________ Theme: GREEN
Date:       ____________________________ INFRASTRUCTURE




Smart Growth                                                      Performance




                                                 N/A

                                                       YES


                                                             NO




                                                                                                        GOLD

                                                                                                               SILVER


                                                                                                                        BRONZE
Checklist                                                         Indicators
1.    Is the predevelopment infiltration                            Existing rate of infiltration is
      maintained?                                                   maintained (+/- 10%)
                                                                    Baseflow to Rouge River is
                                                                    maintained or enhanced.
                                                                    Erosion rate in Rouge River is
                                                                    reduced or maintained
2.    Are predevelopment catchments                                 Maintain catchment area and
      maintained?                                                   outlet points over majority of
                                                                    planning area
3.    Does the stormwater management plan                           Priority given to lot level, then
      include a variety of measures to control                      conveyance, then end of pipe
      runoff?                                                       storm water management
                                                                    techniques
4.    Have stormwater management facilities                         Storm ponds are
      been integrated into the landscape?                           multifunctional. Ponds are
                                                                    naturalized
5.    Has landscaping for energy conservation                       Landscaping for windbreaks
      been incorporated into the plan?                              and shading included on plans.
                                                                    Number of trees planted
6.    Does the waste management plan                                Separation of organics at
      maximize reuse and recycling?                                 source. Separation of other
                                                                    recyclable materials. Number
                                                                    of reuse centers for residential,
                                                                    commercial and building
                                                                    materials
7.   Is the reliance on fossil fuels reduced?                       Number of units to be serviced
                                                                    by District Energy. Number
                                                                    of units with alternative
                                                                    energy supplies
8.    Does the risk management plan include                         Number of cubic meters of gas
      provisions for organic waste collection?                      produced as fuel from organic
                                                                    waste.
9.    Have impervious surfaces been                                 Application of a variety of
      effectively reduced?                                          permeable materials (e.g.
                                                                    permeable pavement, porous
                                                                    materials, green roofs) for
                                                                    conveyance and at the lot
                                                                    level. Direct runoff to
                                                                    exfiltration trenches, third
                                                                    pipes, swales, rain gardens,
                                                                    etc.




                                                                                             Green Infrastructure 1
                                          Performance Measures –
                                          SCORECARD
Application:_____________________________ Theme: GREEN
Date:       ____________________________ INFRASTRUCTURE



Checklist                                                        Indicators




                                                N/A

                                                      YES

                                                            NO




                                                                                                        GOLD

                                                                                                               SILVER

                                                                                                                        BRONZE
(continued)                                                      (continued)



10.   Does the site maximize infiltration and                       Landscaping or building design
      minimize runoff?                                              for windbreaks on north /
                                                                    northeast sides of buildings.
                                                                    Landscaping or building design
                                                                    for shade included on south and
                                                                    west facing sides of buildings.
                                                                    Parking lots and roads shaded to
                                                                    reduce heat island effect
11.   Has landscaping or design for water                           Extent of use of alternative
      conservation been incorporated into the                       ground covers.
      plan?                                                         Number of lots with recycled
                                                                    water for irrigation
12.   Are the street sidewalks and urban open                       Measures employed to manage
      spaces directly connected to the trail                        water at the lot level, such as
      system in the Rouge Valley lands?                             green roofs, rain gardens,
                                                                    cisterns, permeable materials,
                                                                    vegetation
13.   Do the streets, parks and pathways                            Extent of green rooftop
      include soft surfaces that can absorb                         treatments.
      groundwater and encourage natural                             Number of trees planted around
      percolation?                                                  parking lots, roads, and
                                                                    sidewalks.
                                                                    Lighter colour pavement,
                                                                    building or landscape materials
                                                                    used.
14.   Have energy efficiency measures been                          Percentage of lot/site with
      incorporated into building design?                            alternative ground cover (not
                                                                    lawn/naturalized).
                                                                    Provision of cistern or other
                                                                    source of recycled water.
                                                                    Provision of water and energy
                                                                    efficient appliances, faucets and
                                                                    fixtures.
                                                                    Building placement maximizing
                                                                    east-west positioning.
                                                                    Building designed with locally
                                                                    available construction materials.
                                                                    Buildings designed with
                                                                    environmentally friendly building
                                                                    materials.
                                                                    Commitment to recycle during
                                                                    construction.




                                                                                              Green Infrastructure 2
                                          Performance Measures –
                                          SCORECARD
Application:_____________________________ Theme: GREEN
Date:       ____________________________ INFRASTRUCTURE




Checklist                                      Indicators




                              N/A

                                    YES

                                          NO




                                                                                      GOLD

                                                                                             SILVER

                                                                                                      BRONZE
(continued)                                    (continued)



                                                  Windows that can be opened
                                                  Daylighting design to take
                                                  advantage of the sun.
                                                  Connection to District
                                                  Energy/co-generation or
                                                  alternate energy source.
                                                  Design uses constructed shading
                                                  techniques if landscaping not
                                                  included.
                                                  Building design includes
                                                  recycling in the waste disposal
                                                  system.
                                                  Organics are separated at source.
                                                  Businesses prepare and
                                                  implement Waste Reduction
                                                  Plans.


COMMENTS:
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________




                                                                            Green Infrastructure 3
                                                                    Reporting Targets
                                                                    Theme: GREEN
Application: ______________________________                         INFRASTRUCTURE
Date:  _____________




Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                             TARGET
                                                                                                             ON

                                                                                                                      NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                        Capture 90% of the annual runoff
                                                                        for filtration and infiltration
   COMMENTS:                                                            (capturing 25mm events and less
   ___________________________________                                  will result in an annual capture
   ___________________________________                                  rate of 95% of the annual
   ___________________________________                                  precipitation)
   ___________________________________                                  30% reduction in energy
   ___________________________________                                  requirements over expected/
   ___________________________________                                  typical urban requirements.
   ___________________________________                                  Minimum 25% of parking lots
   ___________________________________                                  and road surface areas shaded
   ___________________________________                                  (upon tree maturity) to reduce the
   ___________________________________                                  heat island effect by 1°C
   ___________________________________                                   75% recovery of waste materials
   ___________________________________                                  for reuse and recycling
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  90% of units connected to District
   ___________________________________                                  Energy or alternate
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  25% reduction in water
   ___________________________________                                  consumption over
                                                                        expected/typical urban
                                                                        requirements.

                                                                        50% of landscaped areas are
                                                                        treated with alternative ground
                                                                        covers




                                                                                                 Green Infrastructure 4
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
SECTION #6: OPEN SPACE
Performance Measures

OPEN SPACE PREAMBLE
The Open Space Performance Measures deal with
open spaces, including parks (in terms of quantity,
quality, typologies, character, streetscapes and public
amenities (schools, community centers, and other civic
amenities), as well as environmental indicators.

The subject of Open Space is again addressed largely
through principle #5 – “Provide a “Sense of Place” –
Markham Centre will provide high quality public
spaces, pedestrian-friendly streets and courtyards to
contribute to a strong “sense of place”. In this case
the measures of this section address open space
matters such as:

        Adequate open space
        Integration of open space systems
        Variety of open spaces
        Pathways, passageways, courtyards
        Urban street treatment
        Sustainable site development practices




                                                                                 Page 18
                                            Performance Measures –
                                            SCORECARD
Application: ______________________________ Theme: OPEN SPACE
Date:                ______________________________



Smart Growth                                                         Performance




                                                    N/A

                                                          YES

                                                                NO




                                                                                                          GOLD

                                                                                                                 SILVER

                                                                                                                          BRONZE
Checklist                                                            Indicators
1.    Does the urban park system preserve and                        •   Amount and location of
      enhance the scenic presence of the Rouge                           tableland consolidated with
      River Valley?                                                      the Rouge Valley
2.    Does the urban park and streetscape                            •   Connectivity of the park and
      system provide appropriate points of                               open space systems amongst
      visual connection and clearly identified                           themselves and to the Rouge
      entry points and gateways to the Rouge                             River Valley system
      River Valley?
3.    Have the boundaries of the Rouge Valley                        •   Extension of tree canopy
      been extended and enhanced with                                    extension on public and
      compatible park and open space uses and                            private lands
      naturalized landscape treatments?
4.    Have the public parks and open spaces                          •   Accessibility, safety and year
      been located and developed to provide un-                          round usability of parks and
      compromised, year round public access,                             open spaces
      use and enjoyment?
5.    Have the urban spaces been located and                         •   Diversity of activities and
      developed to accommodate and promote a                             programs in parks and open
      wide range of activities and programs?                             spaces
6.    Have each of the urban street cross                            •   Coherency and consistency
      sections been developed with consistent,                           of streetscape treatments
      high quality boulevard and median
      treatments, street and pedestrian lighting,
      furniture and street tree planting?
7.    Do the urban streetscape treatments tie                        •   Degree of horticultural
      into a high quality, coherent visual image                         biodiversity
      for Markham Centre?
8.    Do the urban parks promote a range of                          •   Amount of native species and
      functional and desirable alternative                               shrubs
      experiences to the natural character of the
      Rouge Valley?
9.    Are the parks distinct yet complimentary                       •   Degree of amelioration of
      in treatment and programming?                                      heat island effects through
                                                                         landscaping
10. Are parks and open spaces clearly linked?                        •   Degree of contribution to
                                                                         water conservation and
                                                                         groundwater recharge
11. Is there horticultural biodiversity in the
     development of the urban streetscapes,
     parks and open spaces?




                                                                                                          OpenSpaces 1
                                            Performance Measures –
                                            SCORECARD
Application: ______________________________ Theme: OPEN SPACE
Date:               _____________________________



Checklist                                                         Indicators (continued)




                                                 N/A

                                                       YES

                                                             NO




                                                                                            GOLD

                                                                                                   SILVER

                                                                                                            BRONZE
(continued)



12.   Does the design and development of
      the urban streetscapes, parks and open
      spaces feature native trees and shrubs?
13.   Has public art been integrated into the
      design and development of the urban
      streetscapes, parks and open spaces?
14.   Have the bridge valley crossings been                       COMMENTS:
      designed to accommodate pedestrian                          ___________________________________
      crossing viewing points?                                    ___________________________________
                                                                  ___________________________________
15.   Have the bridge valley crossings been                       ___________________________________
      designed as high quality visual                             ___________________________________
      structures?                                                 ___________________________________
                                                                  ___________________________________
                                                                  ___________________________________
16.   Are the street sidewalks and urban                          ___________________________________
      open spaces directly connected to the                       ___________________________________
      trail system in the Rouge Valley lands?
                                                                  ___________________________________
17.   Do the streets, parks and pathways
      include soft surfaces that can absorb
      groundwater and encourage natural
      percolation?
18.   Do parks and urban open spaces have
      adequate street frontage and lighting to
      provide unobstructed visibility and
      access, public safety day and night,
      year round?
19.   Are landscape elements intentionally
      placed to structure scenic views along
      the valley edge at strategic locations?
20.   Do the streets have boulevards or
      medians wide enough to support
      growth of mature trees in a full canopy
      and natural branching habitat?
21.   Have private open spaces and
      courtyards been integrated with streets
      and parks?
22.   Are animal habitats or crossings
      accommodated in the design and
      development of the parks and open
      spaces?


                                                                                           OpenSpaces 2
                                                                     Reporting Targets
                                                                     Theme: OPEN SPACE
Application: ______________________________
Date:        ______________________________




Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                               TARGET
                                                                                                               ON


                                                                                                                        NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                        Extension and enhancement of the
                                                                        borders and edges of the Rouge
   COMMENTS:                                                            Valley system
   ___________________________________                                  Diversity in design and
   ___________________________________                                  programming of the park and
   ___________________________________                                  open space system
   ___________________________________                                  Full interconnectivity of the park
   ___________________________________                                  and open space system and the
   ___________________________________                                  Rouge Valley
   ___________________________________                                  Extension of the existing tree
   ___________________________________                                  canopy by 100% at maturity
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  Horticultural biodiversity and the
   ___________________________________                                  predominance of native species
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________




                                                                                                             OpenSpaces 3
Markham Centre Performance Measures Document for Sustainability & Smart Growth
SECTION #7: TRANSPORTATION
Performance Measures

TRANSPORTATION PREAMBLE
The Transportation Performance Measures have been
developed using the principles of sustainable
development. The measures promote a balanced
transportation system that accommodates all modes of
travel. The five component areas of the transportation
performance measures set out in this section include:
        Roads
        Transit
        Biking
        Walking
        Transportation Demand Management
It is expected that users of this document will apply the
criteria in each of the five areas to ensure that the
individual development applications not only
accommodate automobile based travel but also
incorporate and promote non-automobile based forms
of transportation. It is through this process that a
sustainable transportation network can be achieved.




                                                                                 Page 19
                                                               Performance Measures –
                                                               SCORECARD
Application: __________________________                        Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Date:        __________________________




Smart Growth                                                        Performance



                                                   N/A

                                                         YES


                                                               NO




                                                                                                    GOLD

                                                                                                           SILVER


                                                                                                                    BRONZE
Checklist                                                           Indicators

ROADS
1.   Does the road network reflect the grid                              Appropriate intersection
      network pattern and promote the urban                              spacing
      character inherent to the vision for
      Markham Centre?
2.   Does the street system provide                                      Minimized potential for
      interconnection throughout Markham                                 infiltration
      Centre?
3.   Do the crossings minimize impact on the                             Clearly visible and safe
      valley?                                                            intersections
4.   Is there appropriate intersection spacing?                          Clearly visible,
                                                                         identifiable and safe
                                                                         pedestrian crossings
5.  Where required, are appropriate traffic-
     calming measures outlined?                                     COMMENTS:
6. Is the appropriate form of traffic control at                    ________________________________
     intersections indicated? (i.e. Is there                        ________________________________
     choice of direction for all vehicles to                        ________________________________
     enter and exit?)                                               ________________________________
7. Is on street parking accommodated on                             ________________________________
     public streets?                                                ________________________________
8. Is there proper spacing for driveway access                      ________________________________
     to individual land uses?                                       ________________________________
9. Are offset intersections or driveways                            ________________________________
     minimized?                                                     ________________________________
10. Is on site orientation simple, clear and                        ________________________________
     straightforward?                                               ________________________________
                                                                    ________________________________




                                                                                                    Transportation 1
                                         Performance Measures –
                                         SCORECARD
Application: ___________________________ Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Date:                 ___________________________




Smart Growth                                              Performance
                                         N/A

                                               YES

                                                     NO




                                                                                          GOLD

                                                                                                 SILVER

                                                                                                          BRONZE
Checklist                                                 Indicators

TRANSIT
1.   Is an appropriate ROW protected                           Maximum 5 minute walk to
     to accommodate rapid transit                              transit station/stop
     system?
2.   Is there connectivity amongst
     local, regional and interregional
     transit systems?
3.   Are transit stops in reasonable
     proximity to the proposed
     development?
4.   Is a transit stop integrated into
     the development plan?                                COMMENTS:
5.   Are shelters provided at transit                     _____________________________________
     stops?                                               _____________________________________
6.   Is a pick-up/drop-off facility                       _____________________________________
     required?                                            _____________________________________
7.   Is sufficient signage and                            _____________________________________
     illumination provided at transit                     _____________________________________
     stops and/or stations?                               _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________
                                                          _____________________________________




                                                                                           Transportation 2
                                                         Performance Measures –
                                                         SCORECARD
Application: __________________________                  Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Date:        __________________________




Smart Growth                                             Performance
                                        N/A

                                              YES

                                                    NO




                                                                                                  GOLD

                                                                                                         SILVER

                                                                                                                  BRONZE
Checklist                                                Indicators

BIKING
1.   Are designated bike routes                               Provision for interconnected bike
     identified to meet Town-wide                             system – (on-street and off-
     objectives?                                              street)
2.   Are bike routes or pathways                              Extent of bike support facilities
     interconnected with the transit                          incorporated into the
     network and development sites?                           development
3.   Is appropriate signage and
     illumination provided to define
     the bicycle pathways?
4.   Does the plan provide for
     showers, change rooms, lockers                      COMMENTS:
     and bike racks?                                     _____________________________________
5.   Are the off-street bike pathways                    _____________________________________
     connected to development sites?                     _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________
                                                         _____________________________________




                                                                                                   Transportation 3
                                                           Performance Measures –
                                                           SCORECARD
Application: _________________                             Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Date:        _________________




Smart Growth                                               Performance

                                          N/A

                                                YES


                                                      NO




                                                                                                 GOLD

                                                                                                        SILVER

                                                                                                                 BRONZE
Checklist                                                  Indicators

WALKING
1. Are pedestrian pathways integrated                           Sidewalks on both sides of the
   into the transportation network?                             road
2. Are sidewalks and pedestrian                                 Connectivity between on-street
   pathways interconnected with the                             and off-street pathways
   transit network?
3. Are development blocks short
     enough to promote direct travel by
     foot?
6. Are off-street pathways through
     greenways designed to maximize                        COMMENTS:
     connectivity and minimize                             _____________________________________
     environmental impact?                                 _____________________________________
7. Are pedestrian pathways connected                       _____________________________________
     to development sites?                                 _____________________________________
8. Does the plan encourage a                               _____________________________________
pedestrian friendly environment?                           _____________________________________
9. Does the development plan                               _____________________________________
   provide for sidewalks?                                  _____________________________________
10. Does the sidewalk design provide                       _____________________________________
   direct access between the buildings                     _____________________________________
   and the adjacent transit stops or                       _____________________________________
   sidewalks along the adjacent                            _____________________________________
   roads?                                                  _____________________________________
11. Is sufficient signage and                              _____________________________________
   illumination provided on proposed                       _____________________________________
   pedestrian routes?




                                                                                                  Transportation 4
                                                             Performance Measures –
                                                             SCORECARD
Application: _________________                               Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Date:        _________________




Smart Growth                                                 Performance
                                            N/A

                                                  YES

                                                        NO




                                                                                                     GOLD

                                                                                                            SILVER

                                                                                                                     BRONZE
Checklist                                                    Indicators

TDM
1. Have arrangements been made                                    Balance of uses (mixed use
   (lease and/or purchase and sale)                               development – employment and
   with tenants for participation in a                            residential)
   Markham Centre Transportation
   Management Association (TMA)
   and the incorporation of
   transportation demand
   management (TDM) measures?
2. Have resources (time, funds, staff)                            Appropriate density (people/jobs
   been set aside to implement TDM                                per acre)
   measures?
3. Does the plan promote travel by
   transit, walking and biking as
   viable alternatives to the
   automobile?
5. Does the plan allow for the
     flexibility to relocate parking to
     structured parking facilities within
     Markham Centre?
6. Is the implementation plan for
     TDM measures established with                           COMMENTS:
     achievable goals?                                       _____________________________________
7. Is there opportunity to introduce an                      _____________________________________
     employee trip reduction program                         _____________________________________
     for the onset of occupancy?                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________
                                                             _____________________________________




                                                                                                        Transportation 5
                                                                     Reporting Targets
                                                                     Theme: TRANSPORTATION
Application: ______________________________
Date:       ______________________________




Smart       N/A   YES   NO   Performance   GOLD   SILVER   BRONZE
                                                                    Smart Growth




                                                                                                              TARGET
                                                                                                              ON


                                                                                                                        NOT
Growth                       Indicators
Checklist

                                                                    Reporting Targets

                                                                        Minimum delay and queuing by
                                                                        automobiles at key intersections
   COMMENTS:                                                            Level Of Service “D” at key
   ___________________________________                                  intersections
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  30% transit modal split
   ___________________________________                                  Balanced ratio of transportation
   ___________________________________                                  alternatives (i.e. 6 autos: 1
   ___________________________________                                  bike/walk: 3 transit)
   ___________________________________                                  100% continuation of dedicated
   ___________________________________                                  bikeway system
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________                                  100% continuation of on and off-
   ___________________________________                                  street path/sidewalk system
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________
   ___________________________________




                                                                                                           Transportation 6

				
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