091 Zarat Moti

					      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                   245 fo 1 egaP
      ,      w ,         X         X
     4g ntke hgo e cl3e ykt ]e yko sudG ykt 4g ntke hgo gxt cl slS
                                                X s          X                  ,   w ,                                s
        ,          \           s               T s         ,
    4hrOc Cgu Ldi Bkd ji lm 4g rkv Iky lifko ykt ]ykt hg urdf kdG 4                                 s       s X
,                                    s       s                  s
g krkt IwN7IwN ]rhx hg urdf kvkx ];kim kjd [ky 4Cgu kr/c e kdr ]Cgu                             a X ë
            X X        s                         s s
   krkv e knç' 4dl u k>el hH kr gkp kuk>el kd jln hldf 4kg lm ]kg sl      s s w                    s s           s
          ,                                                       s
    tf 4g oHquv dS ke®keji 4krdl Cgu hH kg 4g Cgu <kei Bkd kd ke®keji   ,               z     s
                                                                                                        X X
                                                                                                      2e kRi d     s
  X 1 X X                              X                 X
  k{o ]e k<jdf hd tjwl ]Xe ktkokv hd k;{fi ]e xjr7xjr hd kog 2Cg;3g   X       a       a                              ,
                     s       ,   a        Z                    , s
   ke®keji hHv kr ]g [kv 4,g F;ø cl ]'kyd kvkt ]h'kd kvkt ]kckd kvkt                      s                    s
                 s         s \ s            X a      ,
   ]_¬k' hg urdf kPi kr Xkg u [kv 4g kgj ljc <{ rfi ke®keji kr kg [kv             z                    s X X a
                                                                                            s
                                                                                      2hrke lnf gln rj>  qa
                                                       q            a       T
                                         44hlkd7kjFe u okt ]kyjfe jf/ jkp ykyx lkn               s           q
                                                               , ,          s s ,          q
                                                          4hlkjkp jGf rezH ]ybk[ d;ki eüt "uke
                                                                   a  s   s            w
                                                         44hrkt u xl mkd ]kukjlf ;el rti jgosn
                                                                       Z   s w      Z   s
                                                         4hrke7ne7k;ke7ox ]k;¥H jfd e/7eu k;ufqn
                                                            a q   s .             a           s
                                                        44hrkH gc k;jke jf/ ]hlk;ül hir hrt hxkt
                                                                 q     q      ,         q
                                                      4hrkt cl ufe ju jl ]k;yfkv jhi kuye htkd
                                                                       q ,      s qa
                                                      44hIk? cl rjGf7rIy ]ybk/ jkv gp jlkcluf
                                                                                    s ,   s
                                                                            4hIkcv jkp ytfk[ eg jxu
                                                 q      a                 q      q ,
                                       44hjkeg yIN cv rfki7rfkt ]hjkgyfc Qxrl ykyx gd
                                                                 X     ,                 q w
                                                     44;kIiy gfj e hlkjkp ];kgc y;x cl dQr ngV
                                                      s a                s     s
                                          44;ki ujknb utHjfg ucf ];kuc k;πj "H urt rqgc
                                                  a s        w        s s
                                            44;kox k;¥p cl yeZHx ];kHky kÍj heNy rql u/
                                                                             q a
                                            44hjkrge ,yki dykc lt ]hjkguf rfjl gr jgi Okv
                                                 s q                       s     qa s
                                          44kue j gj yxky jlkcluf ]ku/ jke k;tfi jke ekj
                                               s      qa
                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       245 fo 2 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                     T
                                                                                                                                                                 4g hrkv nk; cl cv 2kF uoht rHnv kld 2Sx     X                                                                                                                                        q .                                            ,
                     w
             dp kurdf ;kg ]jv df g kryp kri cr ]kd uGLr ji Ir g krn ykL ]g                                 s                                         ,                                                                                            s s                                           \                                                         ,                              s                                                ,
                         s
           kry pC[ gér kvNe kd rke rDo d q;®e 4F e jxkl er kr kF ct uoht    X q                              q                                               ,                                      s                           1 s X                                                                                      q s
                               X                           ,
              dfk;D 4g hg dhO rkc g; jkv 4F rofht eg df g kryp kri kd Xkxky rD                                                                                           ,                   s                                                                                       ,                                                                               s                                 s
                  s                                       T s
    o rje ]g rgd 4g rgj hg Lq\t ]g rgj hg Lt eg Fkl dltf kryp Cgu hg                                  T s                                                        s                        T s                                                  s q\                                                               s
                                               X
             kri eg kdlm 4g rkt kg UHf eg lltf 6g rkt II eg lltf 6g rkt IN                           T s                                      s                                                         s                                       T s                                               w                            s                                           T s                                                      w
                                   s
       eg lltf g kryp kri hg kdlm eg 4kuy >el l dhO kd e;uf lb d ue       ,                                                                                                                    X                             s                                            s                                              s                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        wa X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4g e jxkl e df kyp Cgu kri dr c                         T
                                             X
  r hF e jxkl dr ct 4g Cgu e jxkl cv jkv hF e jxkl e df yp kri j                                                                        wa                                   X                                                                       ,                                 X                                                 T                                  s
                    w s
     dII l jxkl 4Skv >el lm cr ]Skv /kc lm cr ]sGLr ]ji rj rîr ]ji                                                                               s                                                                             s s                                                                              \                                                      s
                             s
    Ir n ykL ]lm y pC[ kvqNe Bkd 4g krdl yp kri hHd7hHd kd jxkl kd                     s           s                                                                                   s              ,                                                                                                                                                                                                                         s
              hyNe udfsy 4hxSkt kg rt√lof unf dS hg e jxkl ]Bg hLc hg e jxkl ]                                                       s                                                                                                                     X                                                        q                           \                                    X
           q                               ,
    Bg kni hg e jxkl `ld hH yp 4kryp Cgu kri kd jxkl kd hyNe g srgd     X                                                      s ,                                 s                                                                                                                                                               s                                                             T
                                                                                                                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                                                 4kg hH cv hg lo ]F ygi lt ]kg hg d                                      s , s s                                                                       s , s                                                                  s
                                                                q
     IhG AN er df kxSkrc hH go 2u kxSkt kt kIkN hH go ]kg riku l pb jk                                                                                                                                                             s                           s                                                              s s                                                            s                          a ,
                           q
  v IG ltf er 4kxyp Cgu kri ukd7kukd hHd kd hldf kr ]e rkiuv ukel                        q                         s                                                                                      X                                                        s                                                  s                       X                                            q
              a                                    s
           ]Skt kg hIkN Fkl dS tCp hjkl jxv 4F ygi urtf xgj pM hg urm le           s                                                        X                                                                               s s                                        s                                      s X s a                                                                          s                            s
     q                                 1
     r {o 4kF ygi kurtf kxgj kIkN hg kurm ler kIc kjkgéqr 4hF ygi hurt         s                                                                   s                                 s                                                           s q                                        s                                                                            s
                                 s
       f hxgj hg hurm hjn hd jiîN l jlf jkgér 4kxgj e;kd rkiuv kukji dfk;                                            w                                                             s                               s                 q                               s                                                                            q                                                q                              X
                       T                                     s s s
     D 4g Sx kg IkN eg df kxyp Cgu hg kri kd hldf kr ]Skt kg kIkN e rki                                                                                  s                                                                                   s                                                      s                                               s                               s X
q
uv hlm hH ukde ]Skt kg IkN e rkiquv hlm hH {o Fkl jkeg jkv ]Skt k                                                      a                   s s s X                                                                                                                                            1                                      s                                        ,                               a                             s
                s                                a
  g d pb AN cl eg jkv Skt kg jkd®ep Bkd dukpv Oc7O,c kg; k>el slt                                                                ,                                         s                                                               s                                                              s , s                                         a                         s                                                   ,
                                                                                                                             s
                                                                                                     4kxyp Cgu kri kr 4g kgj e? Fkl dlm cl "' hH jkv 4                                     s                     ,                                       w                                            s                                                            s                                                  ,
    T s                                               w
    g gj e? Fkl dlm hH eg 4g xv dlm eg `yp ld kri kd rfx hd hoƒ1i                                s                                                                     T                 a s                                                                 s                             s ,
                                                              T
             Syflb ]g ji hoƒi eg jxe 4g hrjd <eHjfi Gjr kjkp d Z;l3kjln jkv                                      1                                                             ,                                                         z                                                              X                              s                         w                                       w ,
              6rfx hygi3g hre? ji yhd huiv 4hdlm g rfx hjgkn 4g hryp yirfi ]               ,                             w                                                                                                                             ,                                                   s                     ,                                                                                        z
  ,
  g hryp hoƒi df g kyp Cgu kri hH g; hHv 4g k<jk/ hd ukg kypv d ho               1                     ,                                                                                                                                                         ,                                                                         s s                                                                      s
         1
     ƒi hHv 2kxkg kgj ukKof dk[ k;D 4Cgu hryL ]Cgu hrygf ]Cgu hryp kt ]8     s                                                                                                                                                                     q                                                                                                                                                              s
                                                        ,
kypv83g kgd kd hoƒi e kno A Sgfkp ku[j yk;“ kdum ]g ukKof kjkl e k                             s                                1 X X s                                                                                                                                                  s                                  ,                                                                                            X X
       s                                             T s
no df g rjd k<"k? xky kt 4g jF¬f hoƒi df hgj k<jk/ g; dr "o kjktg                                              s                       s s                                       ,                                               1                                                                                                                                                     Z                        X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4g ukerfx u[ df kyp kr                                                          w
                                         ë                          ,
     i Xe k"o kl uhr kr g; 4kg kjH huki e hjxx df lt 6g kvg kjH df kF y                                  s                                             s                                                              X                                                             s , ,                                                   q
                                                                  ,
     k;“ hg; 4g krjd <eHjfi e jhj' u[ df kF Cgu hg kri g; kd kdl®dfpf                                                              z                       X                                                   w                                                                                                                                                s X
                                     s
     dr ygi "o kl uhr 2kryp Cgu hg kri ]g kgj Lkn u[ e jhj' jkgér slt Z                      ,                                                                                                                                         ,                                         ,\                          w X                                                                s                         q                             ,
                                                                                                                                                               s
                                                                                                                                                4hrkg Cgu rfhri hdlb Syflb ]Cgu Sg xyv hHd                                z                                                                                                                                   q
             q s
     er l hxnwtke lb ]g urkul hurb jkv g hu? hurb hxntke g; hdlm jxe                 ,                                     ,                                                                                , ,                                                                                                         w ,
                                                                                                                                              s      qa
                                                                                                                                            hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 3 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4g UHfv ]g dS Xe                                                        T
      lm cl eg 2g UHf Nd llm Cgu 4hHv g hgj ykc jrhH je rDf' hgo ]hH                ,                                            q s                                                                                                          ,                                   s                                                 s s
                    ,                                        q
v g hgj ul jrhH jkgér rDf' hgo 6jkr rDf' hgo Cgd ]g huc tjl rDf'                                              s                           q                                                                         s                                                                                                      ,                                                                   w
                                                       ,
    hgo Cgd ]g h;x kg yG jdkg yky ]g h;x kg {o jdkg hjg rDf' hgo Cgd                                 s                      w                                   s                                                 ,                                s                    1                          s
         ,                  s
    4g y[ kjkl kr hg kd ktM jkv 4g ktM ]g rDf' yod ke®keji 4g Cgu rDf          s                                                        Z                                 ,                           , Z                                       ,                                                s                                                                             ,
                        s
    ;ø Bkd ke®keji 4g rfhri hd ;ürp 4g jkd®k{kl kd rev 4g eku kd rfHu                                   ,                                              z                                               ,                  ,                                                                                    1                                      ,                                                                 w q
                                                 a
      v hd nukv yod ke®keji 2ku[j <je¬ Auqi7Aui 4g Cgu rDf;ø Bkd ke®keji                        s                                                                                                                                                                 q ,                                                                                                 s
                                                                                                                                                             ,
                                                                                                                                                         4g ke®keji eku kd hlm ]g nukv kt rDe l jkokjk                                                                                ,                  a                            s                                 q s
                                           ,
i lm jkv 4g Cgu jkokjki Bkd kd nukv cr 4g krpku ]g krlg Xe nukv cr  ,                                                                                                 s                                         a                                               ,                                                     ,                                        a                                   a
                                               ,                         s X
               4rDH g krkj e nukv cr 2nkeük"g kurdf ]nkÁkv kurdf cr jkv 28hrke                              a                                                                                    ∆                                                                                                                                                                        ,                                         s
                              qa
       lnf gln rj>8 A xdl gd <ki hH jkgér hHr 4xkvki >el kd k_l ub eqr                                    s X                                                                  z                              s                             q                             s s                                                                             s X w
                                         s
               hHr 4kg oHquv yLe kd kHkv hdlm jkv kjkp gér cr 4g kvg kjgO e gsn                                   a                                                                                                                      s X                               X q                                                   ,                               q                                             X
                                                   ,                      s
               udfsy g hgnv kt xy ukg rfhrzi hdlm hH e gn gér kr 4g iW dS hg kd                     s s                                          s s                                                                                                     X                    s X q s                                                         ,
                                                     s a
lm hH kj/v dfXk;D ]g ntke hH e j/v kt ]g kiNf hH e j/av kt Li h;k[                                                    ,                               w ,                                     X s s a s                                                     ,                                                           X s s                                        s s \
                                     z
nf 'kdi go gér n;k' kr 4g kgd nku rgkuv u krl ltf 4g rhxl kd ke®k                  X q                                                         s                        ,                                                                                          s X a s                                                                  ,                                          a
                          s s \
eji kt Li h;kul rhxl go n;k' kr 6kjd jkpo√uf kLkF kd ue 6kjd rk' k                                q                            a                                                                           s                   s                                                                       s\ s                                                                  s                                    a
           s\ s X
    LkF kd kukd ]kjk[uf ]kjkoal kLkF kd k[akv 6kIN LkF er l kjF®i7kLdd 4g               s                                           s                                              s\ s X                                                               s w s s\                                                     q s X                                                                    X \ a                          T
               hdIv ji jF®i7kLdd kr [kv hjkgér ]syp ld kri kd k;rfke gér 4kg gj                        X \ a s X a                                                                                                      q                                  s ,                                                           X                                  s X q s s
           uhc jF®i7Ldd kr er 4g kgj ljc rev df Cgu hg kri gér jxe 2I? ui     \ a s                                           q ,                                                                                                1                                                                                                   X q                                                                                   s
                  s
v ky jH 4g kgj ljc rev jkv g ;¥egc <{ ds;®i 4g gj j> ruv 4g gj   ,                                                                                1                           , ,                                           w q                                                              z T s                                                                                       a                       T s
                           s X
         j> l kvk'nf kln 28hrke lnf gln rj>8 A g rgd dhO ykyx 2g gj ljc                       X                                              s                                       qa                                                                T s                                                                                                 q T s
                s                                              s
    hrke hg hrke 4kgj yp Cgu kri eg jxe ]g gj ljc hrke Gjr kjkp Syflb                                                                                                                       X                                                     T s                                                              s                                               X
                                   ,
  4jrhH g hgo ]jgkc g hgo 4elm kr xaSkl ]elm kr xxkt 4elm kr xje ]Xe                                            ,                                                   X                                s s s                                           X                         s s X                                                      X                                 s s X
      lm skr sxaSht 4Cgu Nd jgkc dlm 2Cgu kjkudf Bskd ]Cgu hg Ir Bkd kdlm                                           q                                                       s                                                                                                                                                                                                      s
             s
       4rdl Cgu hg kg eg kr jgkc d jxkl d ke®keji udfy 4g krdl yp kri                      s                              s                                                      s                                                 s                                                                         s                 ,
  kr ]l jxkl g hrdl kt hph[ hyNe 4g ji df g kryp kri kr ]Hp ]Lx kI
  s                   s                                                     ,                                                                                   aa                                                           , ,                                      ,                                                                                 s                s q s \
    a                                        ,
    kd Xe ji 4krkg Cgu hg /kc kd jlf gér dr cr ]kg u nn e jlf jkgér dr           s                                                                       s                                                   X q                                                                    s                            Z                      X                                                   s                q
               ct j,kv 4hrkg Cgu rfhri hd ;ƒ¬ko¬ gér dr cr kLi u jkehc er dr ct       s                                                                    z                                                                  X q                                                         s \                                                                                        q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4kF kr
s                                                          q
kg Cgu oHuv kd uoht kr ]kd q;®e kF Cgu kri dfk;D ]hF hg dhO rkc g;                                                                                  s                                                    1                                                                                 X
                                                                   s s
       cr jxe `kg gj Ikd kd ;el er df g kgj Ikd géqr ;el ]kyxki 4g kgj                                                            s                                                                q                                   ,                                                X                                                                    s                                           wa
         Ikd ;el df F rgd kr ]kg gj jd k;D krNi Bkd jkv 2F gj y[ Ri d                     s s                                         s                        s s                                                                                            w                 s                    ,                             s s                                                     s s                           s
                                 s                       ,
       'kr ]F sOc SkNcf tjr' sygi jkv 4kxyef Cgu ]Skt yef jkv <{ dS df                                                  a                                                                      ,                                     s                                                                                                              ,
      s a                              q
      kxke er cv 4F rId Cgu Ikd kt ]hd kunf cl um 6Snf kox hg wa; kt hd k                    s s                                                                  s                       s                                               X                                                                                                     a                                                    s                         X
<{ cl um g hrkv nk; jd GLr7GLr cv df g hrjgkn Syflb 4g hrjgkn          ,                                                                                                                \                             \                                             ,                                      s                                                                     ,                                    s
       ,
4g hrkt kjgkn l uekl d k[kv hukgd hd uoht jkl e <{ rje df g srgd      s s s                                                                 s X a                                                                                                                           s                  X                                                  s                                                    T
                                                                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
                           m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   245 fo 4 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                wa
                                                                                                                                                                                            4g ukeyle e 4g k[yf e ukjd kt kxyk                                    q T ,                                                                                       X                                           q s                                                         wa s
                           s T
  c hgo kr e 4kxwaykc Cgu e g; 4g krk[ Cgu ye g; ]g krk[ yse l ukjd g                  s                                         T                                   ,                                                                                                  s                                          ,                                                                                         s                                q
                                s                         w
  ; 4k;x kg ydrfi d n"ufim g; 4g yduv d no g; 4skyskc klS ]Cgu klS                z s                                                                                                   ,                            w q                                      s                    s                                                                                                            s                                                         s
  s X                             X
Axgd 4sxn jd jk/l e phc hH elm kr sykc go kr [yf7Pi 4rki n Cgu kjwi                       q X                                                                X                                            s                                  s                                    s s                                                              s \ s                                                       s
            w s s
7kji kd uiv [yf7Pi 4g rykL upLv rgc [yf7Pi dfk;D 4g kdl ykc sl h  s                          s \ T s                                                                                                 \                       q                          s                                s \                            X                                                  ,                                                     s
                                                              s X
  uklkv knk;† l k[yf7Pic ke®keji ]g kvg klS jlDv jkv 4F [yf7P\ic 4g                                           s s                                                                                  ,                                 q                             s                                                          ,                                           s s                                          s s T
   s
   rgd hg nç' 6F Cgu henkv [yf7Pi df g Gkl 2Skx rhx jk;î u ykyx jkv   s                                                                            s                            s \                                                    ,                                                                                                                  s                                   s                                      q                              ,
                                                                                                                          ,                          ,
                                                                                                                      4g ojkx kdlm hg; ]g hrn ukt gc kd rhx 4,g hc[                                                                                 ,                            s s                                                                            s                                                                                     w
   hdlm hg; lc ]Cgu hrdkj kd rhx 4g ;üw' ]g rDjf ]g hyk[ go df ,g hg;                                                           s s                                                                     ,                                                       ,                                              ,
             w                                   q a
   hc[ hd hjlkc `g hrkv kgd hjlkc `kun7kuy k;D kd hjlkc ]>el eg kd k               ,                                                a                            q a                                                       s                          s                                                                                        q a                                   X                                                       s X
                                      s
  rhx um ]gc rhx kt l hjlkc df Cgu utk;i kd hldf jkv Cgu kri kd hld                      s s                                          q a                                                                                                s z s                                                                                            ,                                                                                 s
         X                    ,                     T
f güm jkv 4g r¬;ø e nkoof o jkv 4lc ]g rPi hg yko ujd Z;kd7/k' jlwn                                    X                                         s                       ,                                                                T s \                                                      s                                           s                                                                            s s
                                                                \
         ]Cgu hH krPi kjln Bkd kd Z;kd7/k' dum 4hd k;kd7/k' dum g hrkt hr                       w                    s s                                                                               s s                                                                                ë                                                     s s                                                        T
                 a                                X X
xy k;iîfF e k;yk|ofoæof 4Cgu cklgf kdltf df kd krkc hd F;ø g rkyp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            X                                                                          Z                             T s
                                                               , T s
  nkoof kurb jkv g r[j Skpe o–im kurb e krkc hd F;ø o `keüt e j?                                                                                                                                                                                   X X                                                                Z                                                 s                                                          X
                                                        X
   ldf ]keüt e Ffrf ldf ]keüt kgd ukd3g rgj xy Xe krkc hd F;ø Cgüb o                                                                                           a                                              ,                             T s                                        s                                            X                                                                 Z                                                                   s
           T s                          s
       4g rgj rjd ;kd7/k' e Xk;yk|ofoæof so 4g hH xky yko ukt e krkc hlSZ                                    s X                                                                                                                                            T                                       s s                                                           s                                X X                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4g Cgu rjWt Bkd                                                                                            s
                                          X X
       hd sukt e krkc utk;i‘uf hd gjr lb3kF kvg kni lkc kgd ]kF kd xP hl                                 s z                                                                                                                                                          q                       ,                      a a                                                                                                               a
                                           a
     df ]kF lkc kd xj ldf ]hF huc l lkc ldf hjlkc cv 4hxkg hgj hH hjlakc                   a                                                                                     s                               a                                                        q a                                                                                         s                                                                         q
                       ,
       df g hryef jc[ l krhx um 4g h@#!ikd rhx o lc 4g lki jkeg rhx o                               s X                                                                T                                                                                                             s                                                  T                                                   s                                                                 s
                                                   q s X
]Skx rhx Nd l elm u ke®keji 4F hjxki hd lkc lc kr hH F Nd ykyx                                                   s                                                                    s                                          X                                             a                                                s                                                         s                        q                                        q
                         s
   jxv 4k>el klS ]Cgu hg Sg hHd ykyqx 4g hg jckjc Sg u Sg kr ]Skt gj        s                                                             q                                                                                                    ,                                                                                  q                                                    q s
                            a
       u jkdgv ct 4g <jkd kdlm jkv 2Sg u ]Sg lt 4kxyef Cgu hH e h<iîI           ,                                                                                          ,                                       q                                                 q s ,                                                s                                                                                             X
   f7nki hldf 4Cgu hg kxyef kr sxkvkt utk[ e lkgrfb er kr eku kd ykyx                                              s                        s                      s                                            s s X                                                                                                                         q s                                                                                                                             q
                                                                                                                                                                                          ,
                                                                                                                                                                                    4g kruc lkgrfb l Cgüb 4kxgj kri Nd r                                                                          s                                                                                s                                                       q
q                  ,                                        q
gc ]g kri Nd rgc e /cl dcl ub ]xr7l®kvke jkv ]jyIgf G¥kLv jkv                        q                     X                       a a s                                                                                           qa s s                                                              ,                                                                                                         s                                ,
                                                      ,
  ]gk'jnfku jkv ]hH e /cl d k[tsxp jkv ]g kri Nd rgc e /cl d jnd                                     X                 a a s a                                                                a                        ,                                  ,                                              q                                          q                        X                          aa a s                                                          a
                     ,
  lf 4g rkc dpl hLc g; jkv 4g jckjc d u hjkdukt hjkeg e /acl d kral w                             \                                     ,                  ,                                                                   s                                                                                                                                               X                                     a s X
                                               ,
           Syfhlb 4g k;df Cgu rhgzxl ueg kd krkc hd F;ø e /cl d krl Syfhlb                                                                      a s                                          s X                                                                           Z                               X                                          a a s X a
                                                                                                                              ,                        1
                                                                                                                      4g q;®e Bkd u ]g eüt Bkd u 6g rfkt Bkd u 6g kr          s                                          ,                                                   s                                              ,                                                                       s                                    ,
               q                             ,
  i Nd u ]g eku u Bkd kr e k;ufn lm 4g ryp ri7eku O> Xe k;ufqn hO>                                        s s X                                                                     q                                                      T s                                              s                                                            s w                                                                                            w
     T                              X
  4g sryp e k;ufn lb ri7eku `g Fv k;D kr hH kukt `hH jdukt sxkjd k;           q                                s                                                  , Z                                                                            s                                                                                                                                                                             s
   D3kF eku k;D kd krif7ke ]Sg kni e jkojfi ldf ]Sg kni l Hx ldf 4g h                                                       a                            q                         , X                                                                                                                           q                                      , s Z                                                                                       T
g j? j? cl `g k;D kun7kuy3Sg Lc e j? ldf ]eüt kgd 4g <kei hg o            ,                                             s                     s                              q s \ X                                                                                                            X                                           a                                    T                                        z                                     s
       T
   4g hGkd hg upo 4g Cgu hH rjWt 4g Cgu kri knk;† rgc e /cl d ykyx                            ,                                                                                                             ,                                                                                                                         q                             X                             a a s                                                                         q
                                                                                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 5 egaP
, s
 t ]kg ynf ct ]g Bg h;kuc hg hje go g kuFki kt kr hjse 4kxkg iki jGf k              ,                      q                                                                                 s                             ,               Z z s s                                                                                                   s                                                                              s
                   s                       s
r ]xaSkt kg sxkv nç' d sNhi ]xaSkt kg Nhi nç' d xkv elb jkv 4hxdl skg                                                   s                                              s                                  s s                                                          s s                                X                                        ,                                           s
                          s q                                Z z
         u l>e kuFki hcay hurb 4kxMkt yH e g; df kgd ulm 4hF hcy hLc go                                                                                            a                                       w T                                                                               s                                                                      a                                    \
       4h;k>el go ]g kuFki kt hd k;nfg; ]Sgfkp hujd kuFki kt lm u kle kr  ,                             Z z s                                                                   X                   w                                                                                          Z z s s                                                                        s                              w s
                                                                                                                                                                                    ,
                                                                                                                                                                     `g hujd ld kuFki df kn k>el >e kr kg S               s ,                              Z z                                  s                                                            s q s s
                                               q
    x hg kv er cv 2kvkg u tkjku ]kjd Gke s>e ]henkv k[yf7kPic ]henkv c                             s s                                                                                          s                                                q                                                                                                \ s
                           T T X
    hjx e 4g rkc hNπv7hNπv e ue je hg;~ ~ ~rkc hNπv7hNπv df kF kgj gd                                                                             X                                            s s                                                 X
                                s                                    s T
       jdpkl hg; kr e 4kxgd hgo e ]kn k>el s>e eqr `l kgd aMky rkc hNπv                                                     wa                                                 T s                                                                   q                                    s a                                                                             X
 7hNπv 4Cgu hrkv s>e jxe ]rkc hNπv7hNπv g krgkp hH kugd llm e cv                                         q                                               X                                                                                    wa                                                                                                           s                               T
     ,
4g k"kH hd phc d kLH hje jkv je lc k"kH hje kr ]k>el xl®l kje hg;                     s X s                                                s                      , s s                                                                                             s s                              s                                         a                                                   s
              wa
        ]g krukt kujd rkc hg l kLH lc ]g k[yf7kPic ]g henkv chjx kr e ]Cg                                                               s X s\                                                                   wa                                           \ s wa                                                                                                                s T
                                             q
       u krkv Nd s>e A kgd sulm ]d kle k;yf Ldi ji endS kr k;jfLx kjkpc q                                                                                            s                                w                                     \                              ,                                         s                                                               \                                        s
                                                                                                                    ,                 Z z
                                                                                                      `g kuFki Bkd g; 2jd rkc hd 'kg 2g kyko[j kdlm wr                       s                                                      X                                                s                        ,
       ]Cgu kyko[j Bkd kdlm `kxjd Gkl jdLxj7Lxj kd joæB r `g rkg kvt         s                                                                                  s                                                                \                             \                  s                                                  w                          T s s a q
            s
            kd joæB `kxsykduf kvt d joæB r 2d;kyku dQ A kgd 4k;x kg jgkc sl                                                    a q s                                                                    w                                                                                                                                                     s
                 Z                                              s
    ræknc jGf32l joæB3g kgj jd rkc hd uykduf St g; df kul u kle ct                                                        ,                                                                                                  s                                          a q                                                                      q s                                                 w
                                                                  wa                                             s
                                                               4g k;x kg y'd klS rykduf7rykduf d kLH 2kxn ykduf ]Skt                           q                                  s s                                          s                                                 s X s\                                                   wa                                                                    a
                     \ a                              wa
           Li kvqt 4g krn gd Gkl rkc cl ]kukiNf k;D l>r cv 2kyko[j kjr Te ]    s                                                                                                                                                                                      s q                                                                                                                        s
Cgu kyko[j Bkd kjr ]kyko[j kdcl r 2kxkg krjd ∂Gf hjr ukd 2rkyp7sr     s                               s                                                                                                        w                      s                                                                                     s                            ,                             s
                              s                               a s
    kyp kd jkll urb r kxkg krkt dF 6kxwan jd hH 'yfke tkj kr ]g hrkv >                                       w                      s                                                                                                                                                                               s s                                                 ,                                                 s
  q
 e hH hujd 'yfke ]g krkv >e hH kuckn ji jkv 4kxWd k;nf kuc hH utkH                                             ,                                        s q                                                                             , ,                                             a                                                                                                                             s
         s                        wa                 q T
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                                       s           q
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        , s s s s X s\
    ld kg r[n kd kLH huiv 4kxn kojd uku¬ tkj >r e 2y kyc >e ]jv 2H                                                                                                       wa                                                                              s s q T                                            s                            q s q s                                                                            q
 z s
 i g A kF kgj gd go 4kF kgj gd rkc chtv hLc e kuFki go dfk;D 4jrgc                                                                                                                                X                                                          \ X                                    Z z                                                          X                                                              s
                                          s s
       dr¬fku kr llb 4jd u Bkd kuFki jrgc kr l kuFki hlS 4hF hd Cgu hH k                         s                                       s                                         Z z                                   s s s                                                  Z z                             s
                                                         s
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                                     q
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                        \                                  X
    jfLx dS sukgüm jkv g gj jtx l yxat dS kle 4g [y¥m e uoht d klwe                             , T s                                                                       q s                                                                                  w ,                                   s                         X                                                           s
                                                                                                                                                               2sykL k;D hH k/kc henkv k[yf7kPi jx dfk;D 4                                                                                                                                   \ ,                                                       X
    hn gd rkc huiv l kryjl u ke®keji l k[yf7Pi jx df g kvg klsS jlDv                      s                                                                s                                                            s X                                       s \ ,                                           ,                                    q
                                                                                            ,
                                                                                       4g kruke rgc kd kykohn htxkd ue g; 4g krkt >ym rg                     q                            s X                                                                                                                             ,                                                                                                       q
                            X
    c Xe kykohn htxkd ue g; jxe ]g htxkd kr lS 4g ykohn hLc ykohn hd k                                                                                                                     T                                       s s s T X                                                                                                  \ X                                                                                     X
_¬k' hurtf ]Cgu ykohn hLc hurb hH Xykohn hd gky 2g ydæfe kLc kukv d                     X                                                    \                                                                                                                       s s                   ,                                           q                              \                                                 s
                                         s X
jd jki kd k_¬k' jkv 4g Sg jH _¬k' elm ]g Cgu hyk[ hjlkc df g krkg                                   ,                             T              q s                                                                  X                                ,                                                                        q a                                                      ,                        s
                      Z                          s
g; Fv kd [yf7Pi 4g hrkg Sk<jk/ ]g rkg rki{i ]g rkg gxkv d [yf7P\i                  s \ T                                               s a                                                                    T s s                                                                 T s s                                          z                               s s                                              s
                                                                                                                                             s      qa
                                                                                                                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       245 fo 6 egaP
  kojp g; df3lki d dyfke ]lki d ykyqx3CF hrkv jc[ rckc dlm 4hF hr                                  s                                                                    s                                                                                                          X                                                                     s
                       s s
    gj j? slm kHkv hd nukv dS 4k[n Cgu rk[ kd nukv uiv lm u hldf hH                                                        a                                                s                                     s s s                                                    a                                   s                             s                   s
                                           s
d udfy 6krIky knke7kdF rkj ]kg ekd hH kt ]ujd ekd e r[ krkt yduf       ,                             a                                                         s                                                           s                    s                                                                         X                       s
      l gcl 4kF hGkd hg kurm ]hF hrkt yef hIkj ut kn lc ]kF kgkojp3kd u
      s                                  q                                                                                                                                                                                   s                             w s                                                                                                                                   s s
    s
    kg uxe lki dlm Cgu kF Nd 4kF krgj uxe knl jkv 4F rLi Cgd ]ji kF            s                                                                     q                                                                                                                                  ,                            s s \                                                                          ,
         kr[j Cgd 4hF hr¬e dS e uOc7suOm dlm 4kF jke[ e k[kv hdlm 2hF j                                                                     X s ,                                                   s                                                                                       q X X a
  ,                            q
  kv Nd hg ykp hdlm ]kF henkv r¬e kLc ekjhdkyc udfy 4ekjhdkyc3kF k                                                                                                                                            \                                                          q                                            s                                                                 q
  gkojp dS kdum jkv F jknCet Ike7IkN dS ykyx df g klS oirHv 4Cgu                                       , s                                                           s s s s                                                                                     q                                               ,                      s Z w w
         Z w w                                                      q X
         oirHv Nd elb ]g Sg ;‘'f k[ky dum jkv g Sg Qxnl kjktg jkv 4sF                                            T               q                                X                      s                                       , T                                                  q                       q .                        X                                            ,
                                               q          s
  ;‘'f rgc d gk'ky¥c 6Cgu lk[ rkc Bkd kr g; 4d gk'ky¥c F ;‘'f ykyx                                            q                                                                                s s                                                                 s                                                                   q s                                                                       q
                                                                                                                     ,                           ,
                                                                                                                   2g ddfkyv hLc jkv 4Cgu hH k'kv hdlb ]hxI? hHd k                 \                  ,                                                                                                                                                                s
                   q
    jkcn jGf 4g [y¥m Bkd klo e nkc u ]g [y¥m klo Bkd ygi u 4g oirH,                  s                                 s                       , X                                                          ,                  s                                                 ,                       s s                                                                       , Z w w
                                                      ,
    v kuI? jkv 4sxdl kg yjl _l jkl ; hg nkc d kuI? lm dfk;D ]g hjWt                      X                  s                                              w s                       s                                                        s                                                                                                     X                          ,
                                                            s
    kusy >el ygi kd kuI? lm3hI? phc d Qqx d ykyx jkv ykyx3hI? Cgu                           s                                                                                                           s                             s                                                      q                     ,                                       q
                                 X
    hHd e lkgrfb ji d rfkt;‘que kt ]g ZoirHv kt kuI? dS ]y nko¬ kd kn                      s w s                                                                      s                ,                         w w                                     s                                                                                            X                                                        X
                        s                         s
      ç' nkl7/hl dum ]jke hdcL e knç' nkl7/hl dum ]jrm e knç' dum eg       s                              X                                     q X X                                        s                           s                        s                                                  X                                X X                                        s
                            s                           s
         df ygi dlb 4kxSkt kg Gkl hg l knç' dum 4g henkv [yf7Pi jx ykyx                                                        s                                          s X                                        s                                      T                                                                 s                         s \ ,                                                      q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4g krskg,
                     a ,                                        s
            Hn ]g krkg jkdgv dS e ukK jkv g hrkg kreuof dS e ukKv dfk;D 4g                       a                                      X                                  , ,                                         s                              z                                                                     X                                                                 X                          ,
         Cgu k/kc hLc hurm ukKv 6g krkt kuc k/kc ukK 4g krkt pgi l huklkv    \                                                                           ,                                                                                                                                ,                                                    qa                  s
                                       s
  Iduf d ke®keji jlDv ]kd k_¬k' g Cgu kri Nd ltf ]henkv k[yf7kPi jx                                                                                X                          ,                                                                         q s                                                                                                                                     \ ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                4hykL k/kc >r ue kt h;x kg yH                                        s q s T s                                                                                      s                   w
            \                                s
  hLc hje 2[j hjkt kuFki huiv kr r 2g hret lm rkc hjr df ]g hrgkl Xr                                               Z z                                           s w                            T                                                   s                          X                                                s                              T                                  s
                              s s
  kc hjr kdlm df kri k;D >e 4g tkjku ji >e ke®keji ][j hjkt kuZFki hu                                                                      s q ,                                                                                    q                                                                                                                                                                 z
                          w
    iv r Akgd jkv Li ji 4hxke ke{ ]lifko Sx udfy 4Sg ukjg rgc kr klwe            , s \ ,                                                     a                                                                                                                         s                                  q                                ,                 q                            s
                                                                                 2lifko kt r 4g k;k[n kd ;nÔ d rDH dS ur 4g hd hryxw ,                                            q s                                                   s                                                                                            s w ,
              \                      w
  hLc sur 4hF krd<fkeki elm ]kF okH elm ]kF ei elm ]kF ;nÔ elm ]kF                                                  z X                                                                    X                                                                   zs X                                                                                                         X
                                                 s s
        krgd kt ygi go 2xke ke{ llm ]kt lifko r 2elm g Cgu udL/ hd ;n                                                    a                                   s                                                                            w                          X                                      ,                                                             \
                s
    Ô dlm udfy ]g kgj kr gd go cv 4g hlkc cv ]kuFki g jk/m cv 4Tg Cg  s ,                                                    s                                                                    ,                                                                                               Z z ,
                                                    z                s X
        u hg <ki Bkd e kuFki lm udfy ]g kgj jd kuFki hjr go cv 4k;kv Lkr                                        Z z                                                 s ,                                                                                       Z z                                      s                                                                                                    s\
          s                        w
          lm r ]kF kLq\t l>e henkv go 2k;nf jd W' kuLkr kr ur ]kuLkt l>e k                      s q                                                                                                                               q                                          s\ s s w                                                                                s\ s q s
                  X s w
    d kxky r df ktH ji hoƒi s>r ue ]kle df h;kv tkokv l 'kdkv ]Sx e                           s                                       1                     q s T                                         w                                                                                                                       s                                                                       X
                      a s
      yxt o jdLkN kdlm hg lt 4k;kxy ji r¬kj kd henkv Sg dIH dS df L      s\ s                                                             s ,                                                                      s                        s                                                                                       q s                                                                              s
\
i yp jdk>el kdlm Uli rgc kle 4h;k>el kjkcrf ]h;k>el kjkcn u klwe                       s                                            z                  q                        w                                                                                                                                                                                             q s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4g Cgu rjWt hH hd u                                                                                                     s
                                                              s
        gd hgo tkj7tkj Bkd 4kgd go hHd ]kgd g; hHd 4g kry jd klo gkp kl            s                    s                                                                                                                                                                                      wa                       s                                                , wa
                                                                                                                                         s      qa
                                                                                                                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 245 fo 7 egaP
     s
     kji 2dyfke ]F Skuc utkH k;D7k;D jkv CF hOc hd kv/kl k;rDfi ji k;rD                             s                                                         s                                                              ,                                              ,                                X q                                 a                           a                                             X
              a ,                                             s
          fi jkv 2kvkt kv l 'n jn7jn ]kvkt kv cl ]kvkt kv df g krky kyc kd                                                 s                 s w w s                                                                                                                          s                                                             wa                                                                  q s
X a q                                                       s
 krl7/kl jkl e ue hg ue 4g krjd kjkLaH7hluke kr g krkg r¬e ct e uk;                               T                                                                           wa                                                                                                               s wa                             s                                                                           X
                                         s
        ÷ lc kr ]Mkojd kt utkH Cgu hg g udfy ]g krgkp kujd <_euf Syf da                                                s                                   s                                                    ,                            s wa                                                                                                                        a                                                       s
        s
        ukojd utkH kd krl7/kl ]g henkv chjx kr ]e uk;÷ g krkt kg r¬e e hH   s s X a q                                                                                      wa                                                                         s                         X                                          wa                                    s                                                   T
                                                                ,
                     ct df g g; k/kc hje 2hH uikv dyfke k;nf jd ctx 4hF upLv hj[fkv                                                             s                                       s                                                                                                                                                                                               \
                           s                                                      ,
                     hje hg; ]g hrsy j? s>e k/kc hg; kr g krkt kg r¬e e e uk;÷ hH ct 4k                                             s                    q                                                           s wa                                                             s                                       T X
F kgj ki IN Cgu e lltf ]k/kc hl7kjt 4hn kIef k/kc go u rky hdikv 4Xe      w                                           T s                                                                                                                                                                                                                 s
                                               s s
                   uk;÷ je hF h;x gj k/kc hl7kjt 4kF kgj jd uk;÷ e cr hjke rky uikv                                                                                                                                                                                                                             T                                                                                         s
                                                X
          ct dfk;D `Wd jkHkv ld `n nko;ü/ e knç' udf 2dyfke je A l dyfke                     a                                                        s ,                            wa                                               X X                                                                                                                  s s                             s
               s                                          s
               uiv kykc 4F gj gc Jv d nukv jkv d ezsi 4Cyk[ [kv 4kLi jxf jdk[                    s s                                              q                     s                         a                       , s                                                                        s X a                                                    \
    rky ekjhdkyc 4hn jke lm rky dS l jkt jdkt jkv pgi Nhi dlm 4g sr                            q                                                    s                                                                 s                    s                                                                , s qa                                    s                        s                                               T
        gd dhO xky 2~ ~ ~hlykv ]ygfkd ]jk[ekjg g;3k[n 4k;kv /k∂ kd dyfkes                                                                                                                                         s                                                                                     s                                                   s s
             s s                                        s
        4F gj ykL Sdf nc [kv phu d {o ekjhdkyc jkv3kF Cgu hg kyko udkg                                                   a                  a s                                             s                 1                                                   q                       ,                                                                                                              s a
                   s               s
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                          , wa
                     jkv g krkt tkv e Akgd 4kF k;x dF rul7rul dyfke 2g hrkg kehl dS                                            T                                                                                                        s q s q                                                                                                ,                           s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4g kgj ykL Sdf nc [akv phu                             s                                                a                                                 s
                               \
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          kt krhc ;el ]jd W' Bkvc e r[ df kd jdku g ktH uer df gcl7hg7g                                   s                             q                                 q X                         s                                  s                                        , ,                                     s s q                                                                    q
                 q
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4kxkg rhj    s
                                           q
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       s q s
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               ¬eu hHd uer l jdku `kg rn hH uk;÷ er ]g krkt jtx jdkv jdku ]skg s q s                                                      ,                          s s s                                                                                q ,                                                                     q                                                                              ,
           s                         \
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                             ,                      ,
       7jdku 2g kr[sn l jkx Bkd kd kjdkp7jdku jkv 4xkg jdkp hH jkv ]xkg j                                       s                     ,                         s s X                                                                         ,                          ,                      s X                                                                                ,                               s X
                        ,                                         ,
          dku hH jkv 6hF u hH rlG 4Cgu k[n kr l jkx kd ekjhdkyc ukgüm hHd k                                                                                  Z q                                                    s s s                                                  , s                                                                           q s X                                                                       s
                                                  a
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                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,                      a a
                                                                                                                                                                                                      2g /cl k;D kd ujd ekd ji r[ sllm j                                                         s                                                                                   s
                                 ,
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  a
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                                             s                               \
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                                       s
           ji r[ df kg rtH kr er `g kun7kuy k;D l ukjp ;kx jkv l uktc hjql                s s s s                                                                  q                      ,             s                        s                                    s s                                                                            , s s
                                                      ,
 akc jxe ]g pl g; ]g krktc hd ctx hjlkc ]kg 4g krktc hjlkc jdOc ji                                                                ,                                                                                                    q a                          a                        ,                                                            q a                                                 ,
                     \                                              T
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  ;D g; ekd ]k[n rpku e r[ lb ueg dfk;D ]Cgu krjd ekd knk;† Nd kg                                      s s                                             X                         s s                      s                                         X                                                                                                                                                                  q
                                                                                                                                             s      qa
                                                                                                                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
                  m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 8 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                        4h;x Lkt kd kukn jkv hxy s\ s X s                                                         ,
                                                            X s
           Fkl dS Gjr kukn xkv g; 4hI? kuI? g; e <{ dS 2rixq; ]Fkl dS3ke                                                                                                          X
                                       ,                       q
üt ;‘'f jkv kvg Qqxnl df hF hI? Cgu hHd ygi kuI? hlS Fkl dS udfy                    .                                                                                                      s                                                     s                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                       s
                                                                                                                                             4kxgj hjkt ikRkpæi kr Gjr hjse 4rkc hx                                        s
s
kg Gjr hdikv go A rgd ukyqx udfy 4jd re ikRkpæi dgku r ]g rhgxu                       s                                                              s                                                                                                                      w wa                                 1 q
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     ,                            s
     g hrkg hu,pc güm kr sxy sukv u[hl uk;÷ kIc kdum 4g Cgu lj Bkd kdum      s X                                s                                                      s                                                                             s                                                                  ,                                                         s
            X s
            e u[hl uk;÷ 2g gj tH jgkc su[hl xjV;ufhtb kd kpπc uiv o ]g gj kv                     T s                                s                                                                                                                                    a s X                                                           s                              s T s
                                                          s
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   X                                       a
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       , X                                             z T
       d e tcfd ]LilDkv 6aSkt pgi ld kdhjev o df g hrkg g; krdl®m hjkl                  Z                                                                     qa                   s ,                                                                     s                                 ,                              s                                                           q
                                                        T s
                  hdum g ryef llm ;hrjkH hH kt udfsy ]g k;kv u[hl uk;÷ rjkH do;                      s                                                                                    s                                                            ,                                              s                                                                                                                  q
                          q
       kvg k;kv l kdhjev `g hgu kr ukpgi Bkd Xe u'LmkG jyGdkj ]Skt yef  s                                                        , sa                              s                                                                        s                                           s a                                                       s
                              ,                     q s
             kli Nd l u'LmkG LkG ]kun koynf i'fjykd¬ ]kun kojd hrjH e hIl√ou                    s a                       Z s                                    s                                                                                                                                 s                                                                                X
                                                                                                                                            s      qa
                                                                                                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                     245 fo 21 egaP
                                                                                                                            s s
                                                                                                                        2hH rkl
    s s       s         s s
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                                   s a              ,       ,        s                                                q
  s                      s ,        s             w
  kd rDf;ø hg lo ]Skt kg u dp7ywH Nd Cgd ]Skt k[ u Ikp Cgd ]Skt u  q                                s
                                                        ,
  dIH Cgd ]Skt u jxf kpπc Cgd3g krgj kuc <je¬ lm knl ]rxkt7srkl ]sr                         s            s                s
     ,                     z ,                                s
  Oc7srOm ]yirfi3g hrjd krpV hd pπc uiv ke lt 4g hrkt II nCu hdlm       s     a s , ,                      w
         ,          q q                                         w
       jkv Skueud kjt kpπc udfsy 6hrII Cgu nCu hdlm ]gj hrdLd hytcf ]g                        s              \                   X
       s                    X                             w
 j rtjx ynkc e 'kdkv rkj 4kryH Cgu <je¬ kd pπc udfy ]kg h>ym e                        s               s s                      X
                                 X          a
ekd jktg 4hxSkt kv e uxkv jdxkH go jkv tkokv hl7kjt udfy ]kg kry            ,                                    s s
s X             a                     s
[ e uxkv jgkc kpπc ]kg hrjd ekd e dkp go 4g krgj kxy ji pπc kdl   X s ,             ,                             s
                  s                             a
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           s s ,               s s        a
     hg lS 4g hryki kd pπc ke 84hjkrge ,yki dykc lt~ ~ ~8 4jH l hxtkr 4                                s       s
 Z w Z                                  s     s       T
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                                                                                                ,
                                                                                 4hjkrge yki dykc lt ~ ~ ~
                     s            a              s     X        s
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                X a       X    wa           s s               s
lm jdkxy hdIdI [kv jgi kOkv 4g krgkp kugj r[n hg Gjr hdlm kr Te
                                                      q a
                                      ~ ~ ~ hjkguf rfjl gr jgi Okv
                          ,   Z    s      ,                      ,
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        ,              s                               w s
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      s                                a s s s               s
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                                                               q a
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                         s             X
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                s                T s                           s q
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                     s                            T       wa       s
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                                                                                              q s
                                                                      4k;ki Cgu jkl Nd llb ]k;yf ukpgi ]g l                                ,
        s          s                             , a
ki jkeg kr u/ hydu 4g kgd u/ hylv df kxLi hg kutk[ lm ko®xkrrüv                     s \                          s s                 s
            s \              s                 s
   4kxLi hg kukg de√k/ lm ]krdl gj Cgu de√k/v dr unf rgc tkel jhev                                                         q
                           q         q              s        X
    udfsy ]0fcL\t yd¥cf kg dfk;D ]g krdl kg de√k/v kr rDf;ø jhev 4krd    ,      s                       s
      s
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                  s ,                    q
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          ,                    s             s
  b ]g hrdl kg kro¬ftr hdlm Pkxi hurb 4sy >el kd krF;ø hd u/ hH srg  \ z                        s                 Z
                                  ,                   s
   j chjx go df g hrdl kg kRe0fc hurb hd rDf;ø dfk;D ]g krdl kg de√    q                            X                    ,             s
             s                                          s
  k/ kr rDf;ø chjx 2krdl kg Cgu de√k/ tkel chjx Bkd A g kgj gd jWt                                s                   wa
T                      s                   s
e g; udfy 4krdl kg Cgu de√k/ henkv chjx Bkd df g kgj gd Cgu g; Te                       s                 wa
                                                  s      qa
                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
                     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   245 fo 31 egaP
         ,                                    s Z
    6g kjH l ktM kpπc k; ukot hHv 4Ldl dS krdl Cgu hg Oc 2g kvg kxy                                                                                                                   a s                                                                                                                              , ,                            q
       X                                         s
       e ekd urdf go df kxyp kri kder cr ]kjd ydu hd pπc dS jxv eqr                                                        s                                    s                q                                         s                                                                     s
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                         2g kLi unf rgc kr hHv 2e®[ hn¥  \                                        q            s
                   s
  t urb `e®[ lc `k;D yp ]jv Akgd u spπc ]kxy ukt ukoygi ct jkv 4k                                                            s                s                                            s                                                                    s                                                                                             ,
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           s                         ,
         kr 2g krjd g; hg klo g krjd e kl,t 2g kte c[ g; ]kgd ulm ]k>el                                             , wa                                              T                                        ,                                           w                                                               s
                               s
    ys[ kdlb su pπc 2kxy y ukt hje kpπc g; ]SiQ o Skt e LkH 2kyp j?        s                              s s                                                       s                                                                                        s a                                   X                     \
  s                                    T
    uiv e ]SiQ o Sgfkp Cgu s>e Akgd ulm jkv 4k;x kg Rpf uk[ kjkp ukoy              s                                                     q                                         s                                   ,                                          s                                              s               X
                             X                                   s
       gi e unf /kv 4g dhO A kgd ulm 4kd un kF htkj dufkKo 2d unf dS 4g                     ,                                                       s                                s s s                                                                                                            , s                                                                      T
                 s
             srkg SiQ jktg ln 4kxy jykL jktg dS A kgd ulm 4kxke hGkd ulm hH j                                        wa                                                                                                                        s                                            a                                        s
    Gf `ekd kLc Bkd g; Akpkl ulm 4g jk;r kd un eg go kg uxke li >r   \                    s                                    s s                                             T                          , s s s                                                                                    X s a s , s q
                          s                    ,
  hH kt jkv 4g kujd s>r hgo ]jd kpπc kt 4Iky r kr Iky ji uhet kpπc 4   ,                                      q                                   s                                            s                                    s w s s s
                                 w s s
    xkH r kr xkH kpπc 4nd r kr nd kpπc 4dpm r kr dpm kpπc lt 4g ku                                                      w w s s w                                                                                                                 w s s                                                                                     s , ,
                            s q
    jd >r hgo jd kpπc g; kt df kgd kd ukoygi 4k;nf kxy kd ukoygi sLc     s                                                      s                                                      s                                                                                                                             s                                                   \
                                                            s s
               dS sNhi d pπc IkN dS 4k;df xk;i ukgüm e ;yk|ofoæof dS d kdhjev                    s s                                                                      s z s X                                                    X                                                                                             s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                                               4kxdF ed hH jkv kr kd pπc IkN                                                          , s                                                s                      s s
                     s
  4kxdF ed kurm kg ukot kurtf ]kxSkt dF hn¥t hurm jhj' kg kPc kurt                             s                                                                                                                                                                                                                             s                   w\
                                          s           s
              f 4kxdF l jn kjt henkv kycqn ]kxSkt dF hn¥t henkv kIke Syflb 4kxSk     s                                                                                                                                                                                                                       s
  t dF hn¥t surm ]kd jhj' kg >kc knk;† kurtf 4g krkt dF hn¥t ],g >kc                                                                  s                       s                                                                                      ,                                                                                                                 s
                                                          ,
    kd jhj' 4g krkt dF hn¥t ]g hÈef jhj' 6g krdF jhj' 4hg g e ekJof kn                                                                     ,                                                                         ,                                                                                                  , X
                       s                            ,
    l kr ;ürp dfk;D 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ekJof kd ;ürp 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd                    X                                                                  s                                                                                s                            ,                                                                               s
                                                   s s q wa
                ekJof kr >e 4g krgj kxkt kr e 4krkl Cgu e ]g krkl jhj' Akgd u 0c                                                                       s T                                       s                                           T ,                                    s                                                                     s                q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             `Cgu df
s s s
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    p7uyg kjt~ ~ ~kurb dfk;D `rkl Cgu df g rkl 4hH uikv hn jd ng 4ryn                                                    X                      s s                                                              T s s                                                    s                                                                                      s
             c Cgu hH Iojd 4g krgj hg klo go ]kF k[j Fkg kt ji Fkg ltf 4g krgj                    ,                                                     ,                                                                                                     s                                                                                     ,
                                            ,
              hg klo go ]kF k[j ji kt ji ji ltf 4g rgj Skl rkj hji hg lo dhO ]g                                  , s                                              ,                                      T s                                           s                                                  w                     s ,                                              T
               rkl ikv klt df g krki kdikv jxe ]g k[n jdOm e rkj phc jkc Bd Xe
               s s                                                             ,                     wa                           s                                                                  ,                         s                                            X
                                         s T
           rkj ue 4Cgu hg kxSkOm uæi g; Bkd kjln Syflb ]Cgu hg kr[n Bkd kr j                                                        z                                      s                                 w                                                                                                                 s s s
     ,                            wa                               s
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                         T s s
    v e 4je ;kolf ]Cgu hg kri kd jln dfk;D 4g kdDi g; ]kxNi Cgu hHd ]C                                                                           s s w                                                 X                               ,                                                                            s w
                                                        s
    gu A kgd u naukv `kxNi Cgu hHd kjlwn skt g uæi kl7ukd go A kgd u 0c                                         s w                                                                                                          ,                     z                                      ,                                                                 s                q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          s \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4kxLi kuNi likv >e go 4C                         w s                                          s q
                                                             w
    gu hg kxsNi hHd kjln kt g hH uæi klsS dS udfy 4g rkt yef >e jRm                                        w s ,                                                             z                                                                           s T s                                                                          s q
 sdum ;el rn jRm kd hldf ]yd Cgu tkv 4g krgj [j hg e ue uiv ikps s                                      s                                                                                                                        wa                                 s                                          X                             s
                q s                                             T T s
       ip kdum e ]g rOm e ue je uæi rgc 2ukoxH df g kNi l 0c u nukv                                         X                           s s                             z                q                                                                                      ,                        w s                           q s                         a
                                                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          245 fo 41 egaP
      ,                                                          ,
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        a                                          T s
  ;l hH cr ]g rkt kl cl ct 84he;l r√xkt k;¬r kukrHol k'uf k;8 Akgd                     s                                                                              a                                               a                               a                                w Z
   s X                              s            ,
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4Cgu g kuOc 2Skt                ,                            , a
                                , X                       s
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                                 s w
  ky[f jln hH kuk[ 4g hrL\i hudG jkv g hrLi kukojd kd kjln hH ck'i7k                              ,                                               X                         , ,                                             \                                                              s X w                                                                                              s
                                       ,
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    s
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                                  s \           , T
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                         s s
                 gjr kr aSkt jxf Cgd dfk;D ]g [j /kc Fkg uiv ukgüm l kjhtt ]g Bg                                        X                  T s                                                a                                   s                                        s X                                   s X                               a T q
                                         X a s
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            s s                       s \ s a
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                             , ,
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               a                            s
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    kv skt cv 4hF ;≈k;k;n rykg hdum 4ue k[n kdum kr kjtx e l r¬kj lm   s                                                                                                                s T                    s s                                                          s                                       q T s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4g kckc hJL[ e                                                     s \
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                                   s X                  s
      ]kgd ukgüm ]kr eku 2g eku Bkd hH g; 2kckc hJL[ 4g kckc hJL[ e okx                                  ,                            s                                                                                                          s \                                    T                                                       s \ X                                                  a
             s                                        s                     q
             jkeg df hxkg h'[ jdukt kdikv A kgd u kxky kgo kr k;x e okx dS Te                                                   s                                                                      s X s a                                                                     s                                               X                    a
          ,
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                   X                       T s
r ]e j? g rgj L[ gjr hd ri7rwH ; df sxSkv kg; jdy r;kd'f pπc jk     s \                                                                 zs                                          s                           a                              a                                                     s                                                                s                                  s
                 q                                            q s
  gér ]hu®i hjkgér kr Cgu 4kukt kg re d/kl lS 2g L[ jH7rkj df 6g krg                                                                        s                                                                           s s T s \                                                                                                                                             ,
                              \
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      krgj kxkt hH cr go ]g d/kl kt go 84he;l r√xkt k;¬r kukrHol k'uf                                          ,                                    s                                                               a                                                                a                                   a                     w Z
  k;8 4Cgu rkj Syf d hxk; hH go ]g rkj Syf dcl kt df ]u g kgd u <‘Î           s                            s                                                  ,                                                           s                                      s                                                              ,                                       s
                                                    ,                s
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                                              X
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                           s
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                       s
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                          s s
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                     ,                                      s
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                                                               s
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                                                                                                                                     s      qa
                                                                                                                                   hrke lnf gln rj>
             m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                               245 fo 51 egaP
w Z              T   q s                             q
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              w        X                   X s
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            s                           s X            s
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                                                                                                   q
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      s         T s          s                 s
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        ,                X X     ,
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4
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                           s
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          s                                       w                 s
       /kc jrhH ]Skt dp u /kc jrhH udfy ]jd ekJof kr jhj' A g Fv kd u                                  s s                                                       s                                        , Z                                s
    s s                               q                      X s s s s \
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                                                                                                                                                      2g h;kv kd ut†l ub go           s
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        4hrkv yDv kr kd /kdS 4k;df u g; hH u dS l e kyko u[yf kdhI jkt                                                 s                            s X X                                   s
                         T
    g dS um ]g aSkdhI jktg dS ji krhx 2g h;kv e >el d kckc hJL[ kt h                                           ,                              X                               s                                 s \ s
                                            X
;kv u rkc g; e yDv hH hdum jxe ]h[yf kdhI ji krhx u Z;kpkjd' 4g;                                                                                                                        s                                a
                                    s
       k;df Cgu hH ulm 2Ski >el er ]k>el Cgu go ]hul krhx u utv 4<‘Î                    q                                                                          q                             s         qZ
  X              s                              \
  kg Sx kg kckc hJsL[ df Cgu kryef [y¥m Bkd kr klS `k;df g; n[ u <                                   s                              s s                              s                                                  q s
                                 X                       s
    ‘Î ]kgd g; e krhx u <‘Î df hHd rpkl kr kurb df A kNi lum ue jkv                             s s s                                                                                         w s                    s T                 ,
                                                                      X
                                                                  `k;D klgV hurb ]krI‘n hurb g; `k;D kukrl kurb                       q                                                   X
     s                                    X                X
     kd jhj' g; `k;D xkP kd sukg L[ g; 4g r¬kj l7rgc kr kg kuked hg u/       s s \                                 T s                          s            q               s s
                             s                      q         a
         kd jgkc ]jv 2kvg xP Bkd g; jxe 4g Cgu h/kjof kd u/ d jgkc Nd Te  s                             wa                                        s                                            s                                 q
                                                                                           T s
                                                                            4jgkc g dIv3g Cgu /cl Bkd kr l <jxkt d       ,                                 a a                  s s s                                                      s
                                s a                     , T s \
     jrhH jxe 6I? lhckp g L[ 6g Cgu kun7kuy Nd kr kd u/ d jrhH 4g S                   ,                    s                 s               q s                                                   s                               T
            s          X                T                       X
     x kg ket e dc SiQ kjktg 2kjd ket e dc ]k;kv kurdf df g ry Ni c               s                          X                   T                                                                       T s s                       w
krdf7cklgf rkj 2ykgél ]kOm3g krjd kØdb li dum kt3kd henkv d yxc                 ,                                                  s , s                               s         s                                    s
        T s          s
        g rgj rjd kjk'b 2kjkLH7hluke 4e ue hg ue g rgj srjd hruxf L[ hg a                     X                                                      T s                                                                     s \
       s \      s \ s                         ,
        L[ `Pp urdf3g krgj kxy ji lb uk;÷ udfy ]g rgj L[ o kr jkv ]akg                                                                  s T s                                       s \ s s                                ,
                                                                                            T s
                                                                                          4g gj kt SkPp SiQ 6g hgj kg ktwi hdum          \                                 ,                           s
              ,                                       s
     jxe 4g rjWt hd ukt [j e uk[yxki kdub 4g rjWt hd kl®dfpf kdub s         X s                                  s                         ,                                                                                  s
                                                                                s      qa
                                                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
                   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                              245 fo 61 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                            s     s
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ~ ~ ~ ;kuc kpπj "H urt rqgc
                                                     X
                                     4k;koax ;el cl elm ]kF Cgu ;≈sk; ukeds
                                   s     s     ,                 ,
        skt 4Cgu k;ked go kF kuked kt ]jv df g kryp kri cr 4g krkt gj kL
 \            ,       ,      s s s                       s s s
 i cl ]g hrkv rke jGf 4kg ry jd kØdb jF®i7hÈef ]kg rn pc ;ürp 4kg   s    , s
     s              a s s s   s      X            s s s     a s s
   sry nhj[ L\dd ]kg rn sn jhg 4Xe kthp hd ZF;ø kg rn kox 4kg rkt yp jds
          a s           s s            a   \       q s             T s
       kox kdcl lm ]kg rkv jdsy knil hLc hurb er l eüt df g rgd ykyx            q
                                                             a s
                                                        4;kox k;¥p cl yeHx  w Z
                                                                     s
                           4kukoax u kd uoht uiv elm ]g F;ø kt A g krkg Fv kd ukg de√k/                      s                           X                               , Z                         s                ,                  s Z                                            s s
                                                                                                         s
                                                                                           2kukg de√k/ kg rpkl er kdlb `kxjd k;D Bkd 4sdl                   s s s                                          q s                                        s                                           s
                                                        q s
           jd Cgu 0c ]dl jd Cgu jdFhr ]dl jd Cgu jkrov 2kdkc ykc kjkeg y                                                                                            s                                                                                     a                                                                       s
                                s                     s
            jd Bkd ]jv 2kdl jd Cgu kdkc hH ykc Bkd kjkeg ]hH Sx jkv hH Skv                                                                        a                                                    s                                                                         ,
                                                                s
    2k;nf kxy ji r¬kj kdcl df 6k;kjg kdcl df kg rdl gd er 2lo d slo                  s                                                                                 s                                    s s                                                     q s , s                                                   ,
            q            ,
       er jkv3Sx hH yp ]Sx hH kv cl 2kvg jk0m dk[ k;D 4Cgu kvg kjkgér  s                                                                                                          q                                                                                                       q                                 q
                                  ,                           s
        jk0m jkv 2kxgj hg djd jk0m kjkgér df ]g kLi Nhi jkgér Bkd `kd ke®              s                                                                                  q                              ,           \ s                    s                 q                    s                s
keji kujd Cgu jk0m kd hldf j,kv e k;ufn ]lc ]g rjWt hd ujd jk0m h                                                                                                 X                       q                                ,                                             s
                              q                     ,
    g kjkgér `g rjWt k;D kr Cgu 4g krLi kukv jkc7jkc Syflb 4Cgu hg ruql                              s                                                ,                         \                                                                                                                                 s
                  q                         s s                          s s
            er df kg jgc lS er jkv 2kvkt jkv7jkv 2kvkt jkc dS jGf 2kvkt ]k;                      q                       ,             s                                    ,               ,                s                                                                              s
        ,                   ,                             \
        H df g krLi kutH kdlm df g k;df uk'ji klS uer kd ke®keji `g hrk             s s                                                     ,                                                 s                    s s q s                                                                              ,
                                               q s
   v yDv Nd llb ]jkrov jkl jkv jdFhr Skv jkl hg kg; jkgér A kgd uTe                                              s                              ,                                                              s                          a                 s                  q                                        s
                                                         T s
                                                        2g gj kv cl ehdg ehu ]ehdg cl hHr ]Sgfkp ukg jkehc hg r                                                                                                                        a                        s s
     q                s s
     gc xky d j? lm 4sxgd Cgu eg kr g; ]Cgu A kgd ukgüm `g F¬o¬ rgc x                    X                                                                s                                                                         s X                           T                                       q
  s s
   ky d j? lb df sxkgd er k;D kr ]Skv e j? hlm dl®dfpf drfÎki ]|o3                s                    q                                      s                 a                   X                                                                                                           z                     ,
   ehdg ehu3ehdg cl ]Skv e j? d hlm jIDkL cl ]e j? hldf e y¥gke sj                         a                               X                            s                                                                         X                                                  X s                        ,
              q                       s                           wa
    kgér df k>el ; A kgd sue `cyre kdikv A kgd ukgüm 4g de√k/v 'n g;                                       T                                                                                                            s X                         ,                                                         s
                    ,                     s
           df g krkg 0lf hg kurb ilf llb A kgd sue 4g efH de√k/ 'n g; df g                                         Z               s                                                            T ,                             w                                            s                                                  ,
                s                                 s
          krkg 0lf llb `Sgfkp k;D jkv3Sg kg; 0c ]Sg kg; jdFhr jkl ]Sg kg;                                                      ,                               q a                               q                  q a                                                    s                          q a
                                        s
           jkrov jkl 6g; g efH hd ;≤i 6g kr 'n de√k/ ]kg A kgd ukgüm `krkg C    ,              w                                           q , s                                        s                                     a                                      s X                                            s
                       ,
   gu kni jkdD/f ]hrkv Cgu e' rjd kti hd k;iQ `kg gj jd k;D g; j,kv3                                                   Z             s                                        w                    X                         s s
,                                               ,
g de√k/ ]g uko;≤i kLc 'n g; df l>e kg rgd kr Cgér df kgd lum uTe            q                \                       s                                                s q s s                                            s                    q                                               s                           s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2g kte kd kti kr                                           w s
       X s                                   s              s
       kg dDlf d sukl ]dDlf d hnkp3g h;x Li rnkv hukji 2kti hd ktxkd df   s                        s                         a                      ,                                 \                                              q                  w                             X
                                    a
       Cgu hrpt kjt kti hd XkIku jkv `kjd u[ku[ ld kd XkIku cv 4Syf d kt      w                                s                 ,                           s                                                   s , s                            s                                                         s
                                                                                                            s      qa
                                                                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
             m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                      245 fo 71 egaP
  \                                              s
  i yp jdsy Fkl uiv jkv hjOx sxk/kc cl 4Nhi xkvkt u LkN Nd er kr  ,                               s a                          s                 s s                            s\                      q            q s
                  s                 s s
 Fkl uiv nkc d uje u/ er kdl kt y jxv 4g hg dS Ldi dr en rje                    q s                                s                   ,                                  \                                               s
                                                                          s \
                                                                        4Li hujd u I>> hurb kder 4hg ji cd kxMkt j   a                         s            q                                 z                a
                      wa
 e Cgo 4g kryp kyp hg n[ e kr 4g krdl yp hg n[ e df g ukt Xe>e h           q T s                     wa                                                         q T                     ,                                   q
                s                           s s
 urb kr hHv ]kIc jv df kgd sulm kr `sxkjd k;D rt A kgd 4kvky rt jse                                        s             s                             s w                                  s                 s w s
                          s           ,                         s
            A kxy ugd jkv jddI Fkg k;x Oc jdOm endS uhYQlu hHr 2g k[j k;                                 ,                                                                                                 ,
                                  ,                    s
    D Xelm cv ]g hÈef kr hÈef kr henkv k;x hg je cv 2jdkOm xyp y jkv                s                                                                                                           s X                s              ,
                     s s a                   s           T s
      Xe hyIki k/kc ]jv 6g Èd7Èg eg kr hHv 4g hxge thp jg ]hLdy ]lkc y        s                    s                         ,             a                                                       \                  a
                                        s s ,
 dtkv df kgd u Fkp 4Sgfkp kuyp y hg ji ñFv g yk;“ kr kjkeg 4kxSkt                                              s                                     ,                      s
          s Z                                  s
          kg kp[ kd jkdc `kn;kG k;D l ujd kok[nf kd dgku 4g rkt jdPp ji                      s s                                                                        T s                                      \
                         s \ s \ s                        ,
ñFv hH Lc7Lc ]jv `g rjWt k;D hd jLlcS Akgd u jlhr~ ~ ~ 4g gj uql                                                       s , a                              s s                                             T s
 Li uhYQlu hHv 4g Cgu je hHv~ ~ ~2k;x hg je kr henkv jkv 4kujd ckj[
s \                                                ,                    s                                                                    s                                ,
             , X
    kli e kykiéb dgku 4hxSkt yp jLlcaS 2jLlcS k;D jkv kykiéb k;D cv k                                   s ,                      s , a                            ,                                                                 s
                                     , T s
 r ]Sx hg je jkv g gj hg je o ct df kgd su Isc jln 4xyp y I?je kd                        s                                               s                 s w s X                               s                              s
                                                            X
    ñFv hdum jd[j hg elm 4g krkv y ji Skjdf hLkx kykiéb dS jkv g kr              wa                          s                                          \                                                    , wa
              T                           s                   a
 kt e 4Sgfkp hun sl xP knof skdum 4Sgfkp kukue l dhO eg kd jlov lb                                                                                 s                  X             s
     T s
 ]g gj kt htkrif cv df kgd su Ic sygi 4Sg Ødb xky hH jkv d jkojfi 4                           s s                          q s                                s                    , s
           q s              s s X                    s
  Sg Ødb Ic kjkp dlm kr kvg chjd d suje ct uhYQlu ky¥e df kuql uTe  s                 q                          s                                                                    q                                       s
                                                                                           ,
                                                                                        4g hpe ;kg7;kg dr en rje 2y jd kØdb k                                       s                     X
       s\           , s ,                , s ,
 LkF jkv ld ]jkv ld 4g hpe ;kg7;kg 2j,kv sld3Xe o–im hlb g Iiy hHl    ,                                                              ,                                                               T s
                                                                                                                                                        44;kIiy gfj e hlkjkpO‘                        X                 ,
                                                   X       q s    ,
                                                  4kg ukeyle gkp jkv Xkg ngV gkp3g gj gc e hlb cl jkv
                                                                         w   s    T s    X          ,
                                                                                                q w
                                                                               O‘];kgc y;x cl dQr ngV
                                                   T a           1 s
                                                  4g Skdpfhjexe 4xy u Fkg Nd kr    q s
   s             ,                     s     w
   kvkt lki ]g krxy kjk;î kurdf l jn A g hlt "u/–b 4Cgu krkv Fkg Nd
                                                    ,  ,   q        a                   q
                   q     q    T          a z T s s s           a
     jdkt lki ]rgc CrkHy 4g aSkupoi ]g [k/ d jkll lb hg lS 4hlt jgt        s s   ,
      q       s       qa
     yd¥cf Xe uk[ ]jnl hLc e u[n 4g Lkn7xkH hd jkll lb hg hlS 4klt j
                            \ X s s ,          ,\                 a            s     ,
        ,       \ X s               qa X s s s           ,   s
  gt jkv koLd e uk[ udfsy ]jnl e u[n kt3g krkg yG jnl dS 8ujknb8        qa          s a
                                   s a                                s
                           44;ki ujknb utHjfg ucf ];kuc k;πj "H urt rqgc     s
                                                              q X
                                                          4hjN e yxc e
    X  qa       s
 kj e ge 4jgkc rky[nf Nd ]jrhH g Nd 2Ik[e ld7ld ]jgp ld7sl,d 4x
                       q        T   q    s , q s , s ,   s s s ,
ky g SifQgc 2g Sg Skuc u kxky xj ld7ld 2kg rkuc "H er kurdf jkv
s T       q   T   q      s X s a s , s ,      s s      s    q       ,
                                                                             s      qa
                                                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
                     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        245 fo 81 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4dhO df kgd u ckc hykxc                                             s w                                                            a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           wa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4g krgkp kukt y hg Fkl Te 4x                                               s                                                                                 s
  a                                  s
  Skt y jd Lk[m xky kr Cgu ]yp u kri kd hldf ]kujd hjk;'fkg hg kurb              \                              s s                                     s                                                      s                                                                                                                    s
                                             s
               ]lc yp u kri kd hldf 4kun kdjl e cd ikpip SiQ [ky lhc er kr ]                           s                                            s                                X z                                                               q                                                                                                q s
    Skt h[j e cd ct 'ky hje ]Skt k;kuGn s>e ct 4Cgu Nd kujd A kgd uX z                                                                    s                                                                            q                                                                  q                                                                                            s
    lm `kd [ky lhc ub g kujd k;D 4dhO df kgd ulm ]kF hykxc _ef kygi                                                   ,                                                                                                                              s                                                                   a
                                                                                          ,
                                                                                     4g Fkl kjkeg kd jH uoht 6g klkjH >e ji er3g krn Ikc k                                                               ,                          s                         s q                                  q wa                                      s a s
                       X                                         q
  d kuhr er [ky lhc7lhc 4g SiQ [ky Okl lki je 4kujd kiÎ hRb ji >qe                                                                     T                                                                                                     s s
                             q                            s
          er 6r¬kn hjxtf je kuhr er 4kxMkt jdy Te 4g krgkp kuLkr kd e;uf l                                 s s X                                  q                 a                                            s                            wa                                                      s\ s
                     T
    b e udfsy ]krdl Cgu kt y Nd henkv Bkd nkc d uje df ue g kuql ]k[                                                                 s                q                                               s                                                  s s                                            s T ,                                                              s
      s                                                              s
      n df kgd kdum jkv k;kyc kd k_ef uhr suiv ulm 4kF kgj je henkv dS                                        ,                     q s X                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            T s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4g rgj Oc jdke                                  s ,
        t ktçd Cg; o df g kurb utsk;i jxe 2g k;yf hg LkF kdO Bkd hg u ikl             s                          ,                                            z                                     ,                                                            s s\                          s                       s                                     s                 a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4g srk
                   s                             q
  t kg Nd Nd ]g rkt kg Nπcf Nd3g Cgu rjWt hd ukt kg ikl hg e pl          q                      T s                  s w                                     q ,                                                                                                    s                s                            a                                   X
             s                           ,
    Bkd 4g hg kurb cyre kdlm 4g rkt Oc ji u/ SkLx uiv jdkg ikl xky                                                                                        T s                             ,                                                                           \ s                                                     s                     a                        s
                                                              s
          hH nkc d sukt je df g rgd hg dhO xky go 4xkjke jdDp Cg; er hH n                                                     T s                                                             s                                                   s s                                                                                         q
                                 s
      kc d I?je 4jkv Cgd sxkdl u kt er 4hxSkrl kd kjx7kjS 4jdkg ri7rH                         ,                                s                                                   q                                                             s X , X s                                                                        s                      zs            w
                 s                                          w
  hxgj hre? Cg; ke®kv hjkgér 4j[7F®u7j,x7jsS gj gj jkv ukde k;kuc ueqr                                                                   q s , w                                      s s                                         s                                        ,                                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      `jd kte sj[7  X                                                    ,
                                    s s
wF®u7j,x7jsS ukd Cgu kri df g krkg [Aqn kd ynf llb 4xjd kte j[7F®u7sj              ,                                                            ,               s                               s                                                  s                           s X                                                    s , w
 , s s                                         s
 x7jS Bkd jkv 4hxSkt gj hLi Cg; jkv hd ruge jH hxntV 4g krkg [Aqn >        ,                                                                  \                              ,                                                          s                                                                ,                             s                                         s
    q                                              s
    e jdpkl g; ]kxdl kt y u hH Nd e l elb ]kxSkt gj kLi Cg; cl g;                                   wa                           s                                        q T s X                                                                                                                             \
                           ,                            a
          jkv kxMkt je e 4kOm re hg rkc g; 6g krkg [An hH jdpkl >e llb 4                          T                                                                                               ,                             s                              q                                           s s q s
  kxSkt gj kLi Cg; cl g; jkv kxMkt je e 2Sgfkp kukg '[ dk[ k;D A kg          \                                                              ,                     a                                          T                                                         s                     q
                         s
  d ulm 4Sgfkp kukg '[ kr kdikv 2g hrpgi Ikp kdikv A kgd ulm 2,g hr                                      s          q s s                                                        ,                                 qa                     s s                                                                                   s
          qa                               s
    pgi Ikp rgc kd ynf je llb 2gd re ]rkc ; gd re r df kgd ulm 4k      q                    s                             s s s                                                                            X                          s                                            w                                                              s
                               s
  ;x kg lknm rgc eke Iljekl udfsy 4rHnv jpñuG kdikv ]jnl kphxc kd                       q                                   s                                                            q .                                                                                                                               qa
                                                     qa
  ikv ]jnl uoH kdikv df kF kgj jd Ghjkr kthrH kdlm 4rgc k;ked 6kF                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   q
               q
    rgc u/ ji lm 4hrehd thp jg hdlm ]hrehd kLc jpñuG kdlm 4k;kuc u                                                                                                                                                                                        \
                                       \
  oH kLc ]k;kuc kphxc jknuk' rgc ulm 4e phxc d n[ 4kF kgj ygI e p                                                                                          q               s                            X s                                                 s            q                                                                                          X s
    hxc dS Fkl d thrH uiv eke Iljekl d[y djkpof kLc rgc kd epæfi                     s s                                s                                             s                                                  s                                                             \                        q
                                                                                                                   4kxSkt gj kLi k;ke/7k;ked cl df g rkg uk'ji ur       \                                                                                                                T s s                                                              s s
                                   s s
    tf3rkg uk'ji Cgu <jkd d ;®e rDo rje xky df g g; oHuv kuiv kjse             s                                                   s q 1                                               s                                      s                                   ,                                         q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2skg
        s                                                       q ,
          rkt h[An 4g krLi kukt Fkg hyk[ e hjcte Syflb ]rdl Cgu kt y 4xskL                                  \                                                                  X            w                                                                                s                                                                  s                    s
                                                                                                                             s      qa
                                                                                                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
          m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                              245 fo 91 egaP
   ,      ,                                        ,
ukd `g krkt sy pC[ ukd u/ kd hxntf hjkeg `g gj kg k;D nkcc eg `g              a                            T s s X                    Z                     ,
         w X             s       , ,
  kgj Iy eg kt ukd g df kykL tk[ jxu kjkl ueg 4hIkcv jkp ytfk[ eg      s                         s                               s ,            s
                T s                                        ,
  jxu A g rgd dhO ykyqx 4g Cgu kd jln "kn jkv 2kn n ji jln "kn3,g k;       s w           s             ,           s s              s w       s
      z              s         s           a
  ∂fi hd ukpc kd jkdgv uiv hjkeg g; 4g kgj n "kn ji jln rDf;ø d;®zi
                                                       s                               ,                 s       s          s w                           s
                                                                                                                               T
                                                                                                                              4g Cgu hH LkH             s a
s                X                           s
d hÈef e j? j/b 2hrkg hukjtkj Cgd tkv kr Cgu 4hn kyef e hÈef hxntV                         s                                      X
            X          \               Z q
  hjkl 2e hL? hd ;≈kHn ldf 2k;x kg kuyef l kgd l geyd lb df g hrpk       s                   s a                s s qa                              ,           s
                                         s               q
  l hg; hH hu®i j,kv 2u I‘n kykL jd du ]h;x kg nkcc hxntV hje l gto h       Z                      s          Z                           s s
                             ,       s                       T s s
  d hu®i lb ]g krpkl rfi 4g rn ji jkv hldf o®;fkn k'eg eg 4g kgj jd              ,                                        s                 ,
              s                                      s           ,
      I‘u kd hxntV hjkeg Bkd df g k<jk/ hdcl eg g; ]ku[j yk;“ `g kgj                                                                                  ,
                   s                             s
jd I‘u kd hxntV hjse kt ]ukeBc go g kgd ]jkp go g kgd df kg rjGf srs            , a                  s               , a                   s s
     s X                   s       q           ,
  tk[ e jxu jkl er `g kgj kt y Skjp kd u/7uoht jkgér kt g ukd jkv    s             q s                                s      q s ,                ,           ,
                                                                                                                         s ,
                                                                                                         4hIkcv jkp ytfk[ eg jxu        s
                                     s\ s           s   q .
                            4k;nf Lkt l u/ hylv Xeg u Qxnl 4kIiuf jdDp
          ,                     ,\                    w         \
   kd hlkjkp g; 4h;x IwN hH Lkn hd ni7u/ g; 4h;x IN hH Ldi hd jgkc
                          a                                 q     q .
  hjkeg g; 4h;x IwN hH rfki7rfkt hjkeg df kiÎ hd gk'ky¥c Qxnl ]g srgd T
                                   q      a                   q
                      44hjkeg yIN cv rfki7rfkt ]hjkgyfc Qxrl ykyx gd    q ,
              ,                                                      ,
             4g u/ Syflb hg uk;÷ 4g uk;÷ go ]g hrdl kt h;kt y thp hg dS                                    ,                                   s
     s s                    q s                          s
  4kg rkoax er kr go 6Cgu rked er go ]g ;≈k; ukt y kt jkv `xkvkt y                  q                  ,         s s                 s s             ,           s s           s
      s               s         a             a
      l,d `sxkvkt sy kgd 4Mkt y df g krgj e ''fkd lb henkv dr en rje
                                                           s                    ,                        X              s                                                s
                                                                                  s              s
                                                                         2kIc kt y df ]dp yuli3dp k/hl 2uto               ,           Z            ,
                                    s                 s a
  kurb ][ky Okl kxjGf krkP kgd ]jv 4k;nf [j dp kd [ky Okl 4Syf ykd            s                                               ,
           T s                                  s            \ s
 uf sue o ][ky lhykp F SkLx kt suer `s>e kg r>el k;D er A kgd ulm                           q                q s s                                     q               s
                                                                                                                                                                             `k;
                   s q s              s
 df k;D uer ]kgd kr huiv A kNi su kukn 4ji hLkojke kF d' kd kukn jxe      w                X s                        \                                    s X s
                                                                                                                                2kF Fkl kd jH uoht j
                        s T                 s
  [fkv 2hH ue SkL\x ]jv `SkLx hg uer kg rpkl er k;D df kgd u hykxc \                  s q s s s                                 q                                 s              a
                             q          s         T              q
        4Snf kL\x yd¥cf kr sue `kvg k;D kd k;iQ ]kvg k;D BkH df kgd u hckt                         X                        q                                        s
 a s                X                     s            a
 i 4yef kuhr 4k;x kg jkd¬l erfv 4k;x kg rîkel hH ekd cl 4Sx je _ef          a                        s
                                                                                                                                        wa
                                                                                                                                  4kxn jd hH kr 6Cgu rk      s
         s        s s a X                           q
c Bkd ]kg rIkc e uhr er udfy ]ekd kd sukLx [ky Okl g; kF krdl jd       s                                           \
                s         T
        hg kydv e 2re hg kujd jdGf er A kgd ukgüm 4F hLkojke ut†l sjlhr                q                       s X                 s         \
                                                              wa
                          4SiQ [ky lhc kxn kL\x 4kxn uyp Cgu kri ukd7kukd kd hldf              wa s                                              X             s
   s                              q
  ]kjd re jdGf yd¥cf 6Cgu jdGf Bkd df kgd ukgüm 4F hckti ut†l jlwn                       s                           s X                   s             a                 s
                                                            s      qa
                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                        245 fo 02 egaP
                           ,                     ,           s Z
     ]jkgo;ø dtfkekl dS ]g _ke krdjfkpikv dS yod e/ kjkgér dr ct j          q
  ,                    X q   a     s   s                   a
kv 2krdl Cgu kpc gér jnfe Bkd ]kvkt uc u jnfe hg er dr ct 4kxSkt        q
            \                    q                 s     ,
    gj kLi cl ]kxSkv Cgu ekd Nd dr cr ]kg u kni Igkuxux hd ukjd jrh    q q          q
      s   q          X                         s     q
H jkgér dr ct ]eüt u n"ufim jrhH jkgér dr ct ]xt u no kd jrhH      s          s
s       q          T           a           s \                   s
jkgér dr ct 4g jgkc cl 4sxSkt gj Li Cg; cl s; 4no u ]ukjd u ]hxSkt              q
                 T                   a   w             a      T
     Fkl krhx u 4g hyko sukt Fkl k;r√e hd jnfe u ]g syko ukt Fkl jnfe u   s             a
                                                                                  a
                                                                     44hrkt u xl mkdO‘s
                                                                                     s   X X    a ,
                                                                   4k;koax ;el srkt7rkt e kjnfe jkvæ
                                                                                s             w
                                                                             O‘]kukjlf ;el rti jgosn
                                      T q     T         T       T
                                2_ofi e ]/kl e ]do®fkl e ]de√k/ e d
  ,   s    \                s     s Z
f g krkg kL[ jkdagv <jkd sd ujd kd e/7e;uf lb jGf ]Cgu hg kurb jkv,
                                            Z   s w       Z  s
                              4hrke7ne7k;ke7ox ]k;¥H jfd e/7eu k;ufqn
                                                                T s      s
                                                              4g gj kpc kd
              a             s s   ,   T s s
 u/ hylv rfkH lb df Tg rpkl jkv3g ry kojd kFd hd <;kjku;®l hHd
  T   s   \       T s
 ]g sry Pi krhx ]g rsy Pi ycfbkc ]g ry Pi ukjd 6g rkv Pi tkeu jdkt
                        \           T s s     \       q  T s     \
    X        T s      \   w     T s             w X       a T
    e nt¬fe 6g rkv kPp yG skn ]g rkv jd kti e jnfe 4g Syf jd re√uf
s Z             ,   T        q
kd e/ djfkpikv ]g Cgu sIy eg df Syf d ukyH kdlb skt ]g lS Nd jkv
                                            s s     q s        T s s   q   ,
                                                  Z     s w        Z s
                                4hrke7ne7k;ke7ox ]k;¥H jfd e/7eu k;ufqn
                                                                                         q
                                                                              2Sx Iy ]Sx kg nkcc jx    s            Z
                  T s                         a q          s
  e ]Cgu kri Ag rgd cl so 4hrkH gc k;jke jf/~ ~ ~]kNi l k;lfk;ül ]kNi                 w s X                     a             w
     X             w s X                   w s X             s
sl k;o¬fir ]kNi l k;rfkt ]kNi l k;xfkt~ ~ ~]hlk;ül hir hrt hxkt 4g kpc          a                          s              ,
          q           s a            T s q               ,
   Cgu kIy kucf Bkd kg; 4g Iy hHl 4g hgo rykg hdcl df k;ki udfy ]Sx                                                   s
        s                          q           q                 w s
    lki dcl 4hrkt cl ufe ju jl~ ~ ~]kNi lcl~ ~ ~]k;yfkv jhi kuye htkd                      ,                      q
                    ,                                s
                  4g krkt Iqy cl jxe 2rjd Cgu ''fkd hurdf3kg [l Nd 6Xe    s                        s          q             q
            s            q   X
    hxntV kg lj Nd 6e hxntV kg kejfx Nd 6kg e hxntV Fv Nd 6Skt pc
                                            s                     q  s X                     Z       q
                                 s                             a
  hxntV ]Skt pc cl df rjd Cgu ektrb kurdf er `xkH kgo ]xkH kg;3g            q       s          a         s              a       T
              s        s       q
   Sdf ''fkd hd upc rgc eg jkv 2g Cgu ;kim jkv Bkd ;kolf d uIy Xe
                                                   ,   ,                      ,        s                     s s q
                s          ,                     s
    hxntV lb l,t 2g k;D kyeke 4Iqy Cgo ]Sx kgt3k[n jde? ueg gxt cl    a           s              w s
                                                                         q ,
                                           44hIk? cl rjGf7rIy ]ybk/ jkv gp jlkcluf                s qa
                                                            4kykL
   s s              s Z   ,   s
  tk[ ueg jxu kjkl `kd du g krn kuc ukd `kd uoht jkeg g kry lp
                                     ,   s       s    ,   s    w
                                                s      qa
                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
                   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                          245 fo 12 egaP
                                          q
  l 48Qxrxt83Qx er dlb 2e®[ kyeke ]rxt ky [j eku kdlb 4Cgu rjW                 q                        q s                                                                                                      s
                              s                              s s
   t Bkd hd ukg Hirg A kgd ue 4xy hH Hirg LkF o 2g ;‘'f kje hg; 4g                        z                                           s T s                                                   z                      s s\ s ,                                                                          s                                  T
                 s                                                      s
                 rgkp kuyef likv Qxrxt df kF k;x gd l>e kt henkv hgo3kF hg Fkl                              q                                                                                        s q s
           s                                               ,
           dum go 6g hg dS kje kr ;‘'f df kgd sukgüm `g ;‘'f dikv e 'n ldf                                           s s                                                                         X                                T                                  s                        X                       s
                                     s
7ldf d rxt jkv 2kg ;‘'f skr Nd ed7l7ed Syf d ukg Qxrxt `g ;‘'f            ,                           X                                            q                             s                                                      s s s                               q                                   T
   s                                            s
     urdf dikv A kNi lum sue 4Skv go 4kvkv y kr g rgkp kuyef ]j[ 2Qx                   w s                                       T                                             s                        s s T s                                                                                                   ,                   q
                                   s
rxt urdf jkv dS rxt ]ydæfe kLc `g Qqxrxt urdf A kgd ue jkv `x  ,                                                                            q                \                     T                                                s                                                    s T                        ,                   s
X                                                        X
gkp kuyef k;D l>e jkv Qqxrxt A kgd ue 4g rgkp kuyef likv o ]g Sg            s q                                 ,                                                                      s T T s                                                                                s                              s T                            q
               s                            X        a
               jgO e okx hH Qxrxt dS df kgd >e su Xkxky d okx 4k;x e okx dS Te                  q                                                              s q                                           s s                               a                                       X                 a
                                                                                                                                              ≠                   q
                                                                                                                                   4rfiI‘kj er ]lc df n koynf IdGfI√l hjkdjl                                             wa                                             s
         kdcl 2k;D yqxjk' kurb 2kukpe o–im elb k;D 4Skt kg Fkl dS ji ekd
         s                                                                       s                                                                                                   X                                                a                 s                                                     s w
  X s                                         s
  kukn ]k[yf rfiI‘kj sxkv ]k[yf h_euk/i cl Nhi d eku uiv `g k;D hg I         ≠                                               s                           a                 z                             s                    s                                s                          ,
                                                  a              z
  >a> 4h_euk/i cl df n jd k<"k? kr e kr yp 'o kje `Xkg h_euk/i sld                                                wa                            s s T s s                                                                                             s                                     a                             z       ,
                     s\
             Lkjd jRl cv 4g kukg rfiI‘kj kd hHl ]g kukg h_euk/i kd hHl ]Xe 'sn                ,               s                     ≠                s                                      ,                  s                         a                  z s
                          T
lb g henkv Lkjd jRl 2g kuOc kdcl ji ñld hg dS 4g kuOc ji ñlqd hl     s\                                                    ,             , s                                                               q                                              ,                        ,
                                         s X w
  m hH kd kjln dfk;D 6krLi Cgu dG Nd hH kr Sx Oc hH ji ñld hldf 4h                      X                                      \                 Z                     q                              s                                      ,                                                   q
     s
xgj hjkt BkIif7BkId hH kr kvkt hH pgi jkv kvki pgi g kuokHl ed rg                                   q                     s s                                       qa                          , s                                              qa              ,                                 a                                          q
                            s s                     s s q
  c 4xkIif7xkId rgc ]hxkg hukrkpC[ hLc ]kxkg kujd }} Fkl d kxky urdf               q                                    s                                                \                         s                                                a                             s X s s
                   w                                   ,
         eyke7u 4g Z"?al kr xkgkp kukt ji ni 4Cgu kryef r@#!ie kr hg klS Bk                        s s s                                                                                                                                                               q s                                                    s                 s
                        T
d 4g I‘d sd u/ jkv d ni jGf 4g kgj kLkn Nhi d ni ]g kgj kLkn Nhi d                                , s                                                  ,                                  ,\ s                                  s                            ,                                       ,\ s                           s
                                  X q
           u/ gér hg ue 4g kgj koIqy gér hg ue kjkgér 6g kgj Iy Cgu gér kjlwn               ,                                           X q                                                                   q ,                                                  w                            X q
             s                         ,
  Bkd 4g kgj jd re√uf du kjkgér ue 4g Sdf nkcc gér ue 4g ue kjkgér                                                    Z                   q                                  ,                                     Z                       X q                                  ,                                               q
       s                        ,
jkp 4g jrhH jkgér jkp ]rjWt hd ukt h'kd u ]rjWt hd ukt kjFe kr u   s                 q                    s                                                s                                                                                                              s                                q                s
                                                                                                                                                                q
                                                                                                                                   44hlkd kjFe u okt ]kyjfe jf/ jkp ykyx lkn                                                ,                                                        s                                  q
                                                                      s        \       s wa   s s       X q T   T s
                                                                     2kjke j/ Ldi ]kd jkp g krn n kri gér e A g rgd ykyx  q
                                                                                                     ,           s    q
                                                                                                  O‘]kyjfe jf/ jkp ykyx lkn
                                        s    w                 X X
                  2syef cd Cgu kri jGf kr kdp jk} g; jkc dS 4e k;If
s      ,    s
kd hlkjkp sxkdIH jGf 4kg gj k[ hH jGf ]k;ki uoht rHnv klt ;‘ue jkv
                      s s s                        q .   ,   q       ,
                                    , ,          s s ,
                               4hlkjkp jGf rezH ]ybk[ d;ki eüt "ukeq
                     s s         X     \ s s
                    4kg rdl gj e LhH kr kgj jdkg LH 4kgj lt LhH kr ]g
                                                   s s\ s  s ,    \ s ,
        X   \    ,       X
   kuht e LhH ]g kugj e LhH jkv 2g hrkt kg tkjku LhH kr Cgu 6g hH rp
                             \     ,    ,     s        \ s      ,
              s s s s      s   \     \    s s    s             s T
  fm g; Syf d ukg l¬gf d LkH7LhH 4kg gj jd kr Sgfkp kujd klS g srgd
    s     X                                     s s
   xky dfk;D 6Msut k;yf ugi ]dyrf k;yf kxy3kg rjd Syflb Sgfkp kujd
                                                                                                                s      qa
                                                                                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 22 egaP
                         s                                      s
              u gj j> hrke Bkd u ]kr[nf Cgu gj,xo ke®keji Bkd Cgd kr[n henkv g               s                                                                                                                                                             s                                                    s
      o jd kId dku 4krn Ikd dku kgo jkv e yxt krkt y kdum 4kxy uIkd                                   s                                                            a                     , X                                         a                              s s                                                                s
                                                 X s
dku hd kxky go ]Fkl uiv hjqN kF hg k;ky kr go kr 4kn Ikd hH hjkeg kr                                                        s                                                                                              s                             s                 s                                                                                   s
                       ,
          ]k;H kNπv A kgd ukgüm 4joreégf kjt 4Sx yef d;kyku jkv Nd sjh/7jh/                        s X                                                                                                                                                                                    ,                   q                                          s
                                           ,                               q
                                    4g Gkl yd¥cf r<fx ]g hrpt yd¥cf rkc 4k;x kg e®[ jkdgv ]hn I                                                  ,                          a                  q                                                                  s                                                       a
kd dku sulb ]g dhri kd jkdgv dku jkv 6g k/kc jkdgv A g rgd _¬k' h    ,                                    z                                                a                                          ,                ,                                                 a                          T s
Hl 2kykduf kr¬kj kd ctx hH henkv g; 4g rgd _¬k' hHl kr g; ]g k/kc                                                                                                                                              T s                                                                              s                                  ,
                           a                            ,
      jkdgv jkv 4dku g kr dhri kd jkdgv 2k[j yk;“ hH kd dku huiv Nd                              , s                                               z                                        a                   s                                                                                                                                          q
                               s
   df 6kyp jd ykgél dku huiv ]jv df g rgd xky 4h;x Id dku A g srgd                                                                                                    s                              T s                                      s                                                                                  T
        s kr h;x jxf rt†b jxv jxe ]kg hId hH u gkp dku 4h;x Id dku hd uky                                                                                      s                                                         s                                                                                                                           s
                                                    T s
   G ]BH Ag rgd xky 2g dhO kr rkc g; A rgd xky 4dhri kd jkdgv ufk;                         s                      ,                                      s                                                        s                             s                                     z                                       a
                                                s s
              dku ]kg r>el er kr Fv kd dku A krgd go kr ]kF jk;'fkg henkv jGf                     q s Z                                                                                                                                     s                                                         s
                                                                                               ,                                     s Z
                                                                                           2g hgj kg k"o hd nukv hg nukv ]kugd k;D kr cv 2hrke                                            a                                            a                                                                s                                                        s
                                 qa
      lnf gln rj>3g kte hg kte lc kr cv 2k;x y[ ktkojn endS ]h;x Ig             ,                                                                                                  s                                                              q
                 \
              Lkv df hId k;D dku 4e phc je jkv ke®keji hF Lkv hg l gto hd dku                                                      X                                 s s               ,                                                                      \                               s
                                                                    a a
        g; A kgd `/cl k;D kd hr¬e l suId eku 4kukt Id kd dku3g <jkd kd                                                                                           s                                                                                                                                         ,
   hr¬e df krgd go kr `g k;D r¬e surb ikv ]g k;D rkc BkH df Ni xky 2                                s                           T X                                                                                                ,                                                                                X w                      s
s X
; kg hg gk'ky¥c lt 6xy uykL endS ]Skv hH Bkd 4kxy uky[nf jxe ]r              q s , s                                                          s s                                                                                                   s                                   s
                     s , s                                    s
   ¬e ld kr kxgj 2kxy ugj r¬e endS jkv 4k;x kyp okx jln go 2h;x hg                                                        s                                                                             ,                                                                    a s w
                                    s
              Id kr dku cv ]kujd k;D cv A kgd ulm 2go kF hg ht kru3F ruke kr                                                                                                                     s                                                                                                   s s s
      s                                                s s
        u slm xky d okx 4kF jk;'fkg kLc hH henkv 4hn Ikd dku hdlm jkv dkp         a                                                                    s                      \                                                                                                                                                 , w
                                                  s
              k;kOm ulm df h;x kg tkjku hurb ji lm hu®i hd henkv dS ]g kuql uTe                               s                                                                                                                                                                                                   ,                                          s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2g kg
      j kv naukv kld 2gkgv df g krgd jd Ldv henkv ]g Cgu hH Nd kg; df  ,                                                                       ,                                                             \                                                  ,                                                    q a
                                                          s
        hH jd [n jiM kgo kr `C;kOm rchle k;D hurb ]Sdf BkPp k;D unf Rb                 a                        s                                                         X                   q X                                                                                           \ X                                                    s
                                          s w q
    jGf ]kg 0c er df sxgd o kr ]g Cgu hH Nd kg; ]k;H df kgd lum jxv      q                                          X                        s s                        ,                                                     q a                                    ,                            s                   s
                      q s \ T s
              ]Sg rPp g gj kv yp sphu kt jGf jxe `g hrkt Cgd hy¥nf 4Cgu hrkt C                              s                                                s                                                                 ,
                                      \
gd hPhl g; 2e®[ ]kF ukn;ki hg; lc ]Cgu hg g Nd xkv df xkvki cr xk                                                                                                                                                                        ,              q s                                               s s                                                      s s
           qa
pgi ji ukn;ki hjiM yd¥cf ct ]hPhl kgj rPp 2kugd lldf cv ]h;x Id                                                               q                                                       \ s                             s \                                                     s
                                                                  X
              huiv ct dfk;D 4Cgu dhO hH kugd Nd jGf jxe 4kg rkt uc w0c jdkt                                                                                                                        q                                                         s s                                                            q
    a                                   ,
    kgo 4g Cgu hH Nd jd pgi jiM jkv k;uflu ji k;uflu ]k;Pfhl ji k;Pfh                    q                                            qa                                             , a                            s                                 X                s                     a \                                            X \
               s                             s \
l kgj rPp df e k;ufn lb g g; kr kte 4Cgu kryef Nd hH jdyef jkv                X                                       q                              ,                           s                                                                                              q                                                                      ,
                   q                          ,
      4rgc g hukrkpsaS ]rgc g hukrkpC[ jGf kr 4g hdcl3hd u/ ]hd ni g Lkn                                q                        ,                                                                         s                     ,                                                                                                       ,                          ,\
                                                                                                                                                       4rxt eku kdlb ];‘'f kjkgér g; dfk;D 2kg Q                                                                                  q                                     X                        s
 q                                                   q
 xrxt er df kxLi kun ;<uf hH kd Ikd ehil 4krdl ykL Cgu upLv huu                     s \                                 s                  Z                                    s Z s                                        z q                                                                                                     \                                 w
                             s                              q
kd Bkd ji er Bkd jGf 2g rkc k;D hd ukg uk'ji Rb ]kykduf chdjr yj                     s                                                   ,                                                                s s                              s s                                      s
                                                                                                                       s      qa
                                                                                                                     hrke lnf gln rj>
             m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                       245 fo 32 egaP
                                                                                                             , ,          s s ,          q
                                                                                                        4hlkjkp jGf rezH ]ybk[ d;ki eüt "uke
                                                                 s ,                 s
                                                   2Sgfkp kukg3g krdl kg hH e uoht jkg         X              s
           ,    q s          q          , ,
     éqr klo ]kvg kd ykyx jdOc7Oc Fkl d gk'sy¥c jkv kvg kd gk'y¥c klt
                                                       s               q ,          q s                 s q     ,
                   s s     s                   s s       s
                4kg l¬gf d kRoxH ]kg l¬gf d ukoxH jdkg sL[ ji –d lm eqr          s         \         X
                                  s                q           s w
      jGf 4–w' u ]<‰kzc u ]kukg ukeyle u kukg ngV u 4rkc djfkpikv Bkd u      X                   ,          s
                                    s                a       s
 ]h'kd u ]kckd u ]nt¬fe Bkd u ]jnfe Bkd u jGf 4xky ukt er unf hlm3         s s               q
 s           s   \
 xskvkt kg sL[ ji –d sd ;ürp suiv unf ltf ]xkvkt skg L[ ji –d uiv e
                         X               ,                           s s           s \                 X s
   q                s  s       s
     r unf ltf 4kgj rcwL ]kgj rjrm jrhH rrl I? lhckp 4kvkt xy kgo ]lc
                                      s                    .       s a         ,       s                 a
                                           s q
                               44kue j gj yxky jlkcluf ]ku/ jke k;tfi jke ekj            s         qa s
                                                                                             4jrhH ni hylv ]jrhH u/ hylv 4g jrhH ]                                                                          ,
  g ;≈sk; uki kt 4Cgu g Nd kd uki jgkc 4Cgu krdl yef 4kyef Cgu kd hld
  ,                  s                s                      ,                q s s                                                                                                                               s
                                                    q
        f hHd 4Cgu hH Nd kyef jxe 2k;kv naukv kLc ]kyef rgc A xgd cl o `k                                                                 \                           q                    s X                          s
                                         s w s
      yef k;D df kNi lum ]k;yf ki ni sukgütf jkv `kyef k;D df kNi lum ]k;                                 X                        ,                                                         s w s
                                 s X                     ,               s
     yf ki u/ ukgütf 4g kFkF hH uoht kjkgér 4g kFkF hH go ]g e/ kt kjkgéqr                                             q ,                          s                                , Z                s
                                                                       ,
                                                               2g hg rpæfuf kukg oHuv kd <kouf endS kr nkc d  s                q                                  Z                                s                        s
      s           ,                              s
      uId ]g hd dr uId jn g; 4kxSkpc hH go kr Skt Id hH hd ktkj df kd      s                                                            s                                                                                       s
           q           wa                                            T
     >r df g krgd kdDi e kRb jkv 4g gj kpc huiv s; cv ]g hy koId sl>qe                     ,         T s                                                                         ,
               s X s                                  ,          wa
           hH u kxky ub jkv 4g kgj kpc huiv e kl ]g krLi hg kujd ;kim kr >qe                                      T s                       ,               \                                                         s s
                                              s
           jxe h;x Id kr h;x Id ]jv 2krjd Cgu ektrb ukd Syf d ukpc huiv                s                                                              a         ,                     s s
                ,                                                   s s
     jGf jkv 4hIkd dku hje u hu®i hje 4g krn Skrc pl7pl e kr ]g gj jd                            s wa                        s                                                  T s                  T s
        BkIif knk;† ikv cv A kgd ulm 2krc pl7pl r A kgd jkv hd BkIif hNπv                s                                                      w                          ,
                                , X
             hdlm jkv e yxat xyv k;x y kd henkv lm 4kF henkv jk;'fkg jhto 4                   s s                                                                                                     s
     kn uy kxy kri >e ygi 4kjd re hn¥t hurb ]kjgO kjt er A kgd u jhto
    s s s                                       s q s                              s                                                              s                                q                                s
                                                               s
                                                2dku kn hg koId ]sxSkt hg je yd Cgu tkv ]k[j e jhj'   a                                                                                                         X
                            , s s
        k;D hH g kr kg kryef l uId dku jxv 6Bg Cgu tk[ ]h;x kg jH hxntV h    s s                                                 q                            s                          s
                                            s
     H eg df kgd ulm 4kF htk[ hH ktkj 4hpgi dr ktkj ]g rgd ]rkc 4hrkg                s                                    qa                                            T s                                               s
                              s
     d;ky su[n hr¬e hdum ]rkt yef kgt jkv 4h;x kg rket hdum 4Sx kg Id          s                   a               ,                                    s                                                              s s
                          X             a s                s
     du Bd e okx jh/7jh/ 4e ugd Cgu g Nd kr jkl cv df krpkl hH henkv             X s                        ,            q s                                                                   s
                                                                                                                                              X
                                                                                                                        2r¬e e hr¬e endS ]Sg rIhi hLt                                            q s                                  \
a                                   s                   q s
[ endS 3kvkt Sg pku endS er kr cv 2g rn Skuc w0c kd er eg ]k;                                   q s                                  T s s                                     q s                        q
                    s s                    w q
      D jkl l uuc 0c `k;D jkl cv 2kg 0c A sxgd xky ]krLi Cgu h;k[nf Nd                            s w q                               X                   s                  \                                                    q
                                  s
         ]h;x Id kr dku df kgd g; jdkt e okx uer jxv cv 4h;x Id hjkgér                                  X               a s q                                                                                                 q
                                                   s s
        cv hlsS ]k;kpc kd uiv hH jGf sueg jkv hId hjkeg hlt jxe `g kgj L\i                                           ,                                                   ,                                    ,
         s
         kdeg k;D h;k[nf df krgd go 2kgj Li Cgu h;k[nf Nd ]k;H A krgd 4Nd                                       \                                                   q                  ,                                            q
                                                                              s      qa
                                                                            hrke lnf gln rj>
    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                        245 fo 42 egaP
                                                         s             s          q
                                                      4krkg u k;ki >el kdutf sl 0fc
                                                        wa    s     q s   q
                                                        g kxy u>el Nd jkgér sjk'b
                                                            s         s s s s
                                                         4krkg u k;kx kr lS uTe Xgütf
                                                         s s   a X X    s
                                                         je rhxl e kjkr d ynf kOm
                                                         s                s    a s
                                                      4krkg u k;kyNf uekn l XkIkd kt
                                                           s     w      s s X
                                                           ry[f yG s; u je e uekn
                                                       s         s      q
                                                    4krkg u k;ki kr hH Nd jdki Xgütf
                                                           a          s
                                                        hg k;efkdku hje C;x uc k;hn
                                                          s         T      q
                                                       4krkg u k;kv e hjkgér Xe <j'
                                                        s         s T  q s
                                                      krkg u k;ki ue [An kt sl uoht
                                                                              ]ukoxH
                                          ,   , s  ,
                                       2`g hupc hld g; ]ukoxH `g,
                 s          z      wa           s      a  Z w s
  ku/kl uOfd hH l ku/kl k{hri k;D `g kgj jd k{iv hd oHlv oi d ;
     T                a                     Z        s       s
 el e k;D 4,g hrxy oHlv d¥fc Cgu hg uOfd ilf k_k; hd xkv udfy 4kd
        s    s       , s s     s        s
qp jtqx llm l sjkgl jkv l jk'b dikv udfy ]hgj uOfd k_k; hd dr cv
                                                           2ukoxH
                                                          4hg kurb tkv
                             z .       T   s          , T       X
              2lfeoÂr 2e¬fk‰c egv 4g Cgu kn ke®keji jkv e dfk;D 4g k ,
                        s         wa , T        s      wa   , T
;D ke®keji df k;yf ukt ulm ]g ukd e k;yf ukt ultf 4g ukd e df y        X
            ,              ,    s                 , Z
ukt eg df g ;”y hg dS ]g tk[ hg dS hd uoht ]g Fv hg dS kd uoht
                                                                  2dr ke X
          w        s          s          s
üt urdf eyke7u sxkdIH jGf kr Cgu ]kd jlov7uoht eji lb kun k[ res s
                                             s      qa
                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                245 fo 52 egaP
                   ,       a            s s                q
    dfXk;D 4g hg oHlv ]kg rgd er kl,t ]Cgu hg uOfd 4uOfd hg rpæfuf kuj
                     a s                                 ,      Z
 d jkdhxv kd ;®l lb udfsy 4g <kouf e sukg hg lo ]kg lt 4g kukg Cgu      X          s             s , s s ,             ,       s
                       s              a        q ,
kF;üv Cgd llm ]skg kgt er 4g kr<i go ]g rîk;i go ]kg kt er df ,g hg
                                                               Z w               ,          Z                 s s        q
     s                       Z a T                   w
 ; kr ;®l 4hH k_k;rv3g hO> aSk_k; cl df g hg; kr ;®l 2hro¬jl rtfv                      ,              s
                                                                                                  ,       , s      ,
                                                                                              2`g hupc hld g; ]ukoxH
                                                       ,                                  s
                                                  `g ku/kl uOfd hH l ku/kl k{hri k;D `g kgj                          z             wa
                 s              a        Z w s               T
    jd k{iv hd oHlv oi d ;el e k;D `g hrOm k;D r;kd'f g; ]ukoxH                ,                    X
                                                                                         4Cgu krdIf uk/kel hH jGf
  ,                                 X              q
 ]g hrxy hl hrkv e >el Nd rkc 4kn LkN hg yk;“ kd k_k; g; 6kg ji y  s        s\                                               s
       a     q T s                s             ,
 tfe er ]g rgd kr ikv 4g hrxy oHlv yd¥cf d¥fc ]Cgu hg uOfd ilf        a              q                                                Z
                              s
 k_k; hd sxkv udfy 4kgj krk>el hH kd kjln dr cv lm ]k;kv e oHuv      s X w                              s                  X            q
         s    wa                            s
hH kt 2g hxkH;ü/ jdki lm ]kF u hH kpkl hHd kt 4kdp jtx llm sl jkg         s                    s           q      q s                     s
           , s s         s
l jkv l jk'b dikv udfsy ]hgj uOfd k_k; hd dr cv 2ukoxH Auæi kygi                                                                 z
                                                                `
,       s     s X             T s            wa
g hH kr;nkim Bkd e gkoof k;D `g rgd k;D ikv 4g krgkp kujd gkoof Te
                                                           ]ukoxH
                                                                                    T               q
                                                                               krki e ekJof hg hjkgér Xe <j'
                                                                                              T
                                                                              krkt kl jxf7jxf e kdIv Xe Cgüm
                                                                                   w            s X
                                                                             krki IN hHv u huiv l kvk<jk/
                                                                                    wa \          \ \  a
                                                                               krki g Lm Cgu ]krkLGLG [i Te
                                                                                                                                  X
                                                                                                                                dfk;D
                                                                                          s
                                                                                        hje ukoxH ku[j jc[ Cgéqr
                                                                                           s s          wa
                                                                                         hjr l yGfge kv g kgj kt
                                                                                               s          zs s s
                                                                                            4krkg u k;ki ei jr kucf
                                                                                            Mkt yH gér e jxe sld
                                                                                            a    w X q T       ,
                                                s      qa
                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                245 fo 62 egaP
                           s s\
   hg LkF djfklkl Bkd e 2g <jk/klv3g hg LkF henkv <jk/kl Bkd e 4Cgu   a                             s T                           wa                                                                     wa                             s s\                                                                                                                s T
   hH rkc <jk/kl Bkd 4hyef rkc hl,t sujd Nd cv ]kg ]g krgd ue 4g krkt                          s                                                                                                                                              q                                              a                    ,                                                               ,
                                  s
                   jH l uk;Hfv dS jGf ue 6g hrOm kxext rfk;† dS jGf e ue 6g krkt                                                                            ,                                                                                                       s                                                                    X                                          ,
                                                     X
                  kv yc e ue 6g krkt kg kL[ ue kr ]g kuki uk;÷ Akg rgd er ct udfy         ,                              s                            \                                   s                         ,                                                                              s s                                               q                                                                s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           s X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        `xjd k;D hH jdki
                     ,                                     s X
                  4g krkt kg e rykg hje/v hg ;o¬ ue hg jd [n kdum ]g u/ lki dutf                                                                                         a                                                                                                     s s                                                ,                                                               s
                                            X                               X
                  Gjr kjkp dfk;D 4hryef Cgu hrkup hl,o kd ue kr ]g kuki u/ kg rgd e                                                                                              , q                                            s                                               s                         ,                                                        s s
        qr ct Syflb 2g kr kr[n kd uoht d kxky Gjr kjkp `g Cgu kr k/v ue                  , s                                         s s                                                              s X s                                                                             X                                   ,                                  s                              a
                                                         ,
                  j[fkv `g k;D k;ki ]g k;yf ki u/ su krgc jkv 2kyef dk[ k;D ]g k;x y                                ,                                                                                              X q                                ,                                                                                                                     ,
                                                s X q
             ef ni kd krgc Ag kr[n kr Gjr kjkp ue dfk;D 4krki jd Cgu htkj kd u                   ,                      s s                                                            sa                                                               X                                                                                                                                           s
             e knk;† kurb kyko uki ni ]kyko suki u/ Arr¬o 4g kry jd jkdho¬ kd hr                               s                                                                                                                                  q                                       ,                         s                                                                       s
                 , q
                 kup lb ue kjkgér 4xjd kd k_k; lb ]sxyp Ag krgd ue kjkgér 4g krkt                     q s X                                 s                                                                                X                                ,                                                                                            q ,
 s
kg htkj ue kjkgér jkv3rfkH hd kjkr7nkp3g jn rgc kt hd ;®l lm 6g kg                          q                ,                        a                                           X                              a                         , w                                      q                       s                                                                                           ,
                                                             z
      j jd k{hri hjkgér kt ]hd [lkge ddfkyv lm 6g hrkg hujd rkc hd <ko                               q s                                                  q                                                              ,                                                        ,                           s                                                                                                   Z
                                                       ,                s
      uf eji 6g hrkg hujd rkc hd nauknpπfl kr 4hd Ikv g rjWt kd ue sjkgéqr                                                                                                                                                 s                                           s                            ,                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4hlG hyNe kr k;x pgi jrhH kIkd                                             s                                           qa                                                                 a
                       ,
               jkv 4kxSkt pgi jrhH hH kIkd Fkl d Ikv 6hxSkt yhy kd Ikv ]hxyhy u qa                                                                      a                                                     s s                                                                                                             s s                                                     s
               s                        a
               kr kIkd hyNe 4kd u[j Ldi kd hyNe ]g rn kxy kIkv ji Ikd lt g kl                 s s                                             \                   s                                                            T s s                                                                                                              s a s , ,
           s                                     ,
           S go 4g ;kim kd u[j SkdIf gér yod go kr kNi pl jxe 4<kouf ]{ke                                s                                                            X q                                      s                                    s s w                                                                                                               Z                                       s
             ,
             g kuki ]naukv g kuki ]ke®keji g kuki Ag krgd e ler 4g hrLi huykc k"k      ,                                                                               ,                                              wa                                              T s q ,                                                                          \                                s
                                               q s q
   H hjkgér >e <siWZ;koufv kr ]kg rkv lki je W'7W' ct er hH Te Syflb                                                                    s                     s s                                                                      s s                        q                              q                                  q
                                                                                                       ,                   s
                                                                                                     4g <"ki kd ue e ujd 4g k{jl ]g okpc kd ue e ujd                                  X s                                                   ,                                 q ,                                                                                                X s
                                                                                                                             s
                                                                                                                   4kxpc ue kr sxkjd hH Nd er ]g krukt ue dfk;D 2          s                        s                                                     q                                 q ,                                                                                                 X
skyp Sdf Nd 6kjd Nd Ag krgd ue 4g htkj hH Syf dlb ue ]kjd ku/klq              s                                  q ,                                                                                        ,                                                                                         s                                                  s
                            s s                             q s
   hd ukg rDe l ue 4kjd ku/kl hd ue7v er df g htkj Syf d dr lb ue                                          s                                                                                                                             q                                  ,                                                                 s
                         s                    s ,\
                   4kgj rLkn Syf d uki Nd er ]g htkj ue3kr kg ;”y ddfkyv ]kr kg ;                  s s                                    q                      q ,                                                                                 s s                                                                                        ,                             s s
                                                   ,              ,
      ”y ddfky 4g htkj ue kr ]Lkn7sxkH]jd hik/kikv 6gxt hLkF Sgfkp kd ue                                              s                         s ,\                                            s                                                                                                                              s\                                              s
   4krpc Cgu ukF¬ Syf d ujd rfx kd ue 6krpc Cgu hg 'kdov Bkd Syf d                                                s s                                                               s                                                                                                                                                                                 s                                             s
                                s
                  ue kr ]hg; jkv hHv 4Cgu kr Cg; jkv hHv ]g hrdl kg hji hg e ;‘ofH   ,                                                            s                                                    ,                                                    ,                                                         s               w                                   X
    s                                 a
   kr k{kdkv hd uki 4;‘ofH huk; ue 4g krht hg jkgl d k"kH hd uki ue d              s                                                                                                              ,                                                             s                                       s                                                           s
         X                          ,                            a s
   fk;D 6g hrpt kd ue k"kH hd uki 4g htkj ue jkv k[j e;kd k"kH hd uki                                                                                          s                            ,                                                                            , s                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2g kuki kr ke®keji                       s
                   ,
                  ]g kuki Cgu ni ]Cgu ∂Gf Bkd Ag krgd ue 4hrkv Cgu upLv kd ue jkeg                                                                  s                          ,                                                                                                                                                        \ s                                                           s
                                          \                               s
                   4krLi Cgu nH3hd ke®keji k; kg hd ni L,\kn hd uki jGf 4krLi Cgu nH3                                                                                        s                                                                                                        s                                                                      \                                              s
                                                                    s
               hd uk;÷ k; kg hd u/ Lkn hd uki jGf 4Lkn hd uki Nd ]klîhHv ]k{kdkv                                               ,\                                   s                                                             ,\                                      s                                     q                                                                         a
      ,
   Ag jk/kv kd k{hn7k{'f hjkl hjkeg 4g Syf d kvk_k; k{hn7k{'f hjkl hjkeg                                                                                                                      ,                                                 s X
                                                                                                                                        s      qa
                                                                                                                                      hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              245 fo 72 egaP
                    \
       rLi Cgu hg Bk[nf go ]g kt lki 4g krkt yH go ]g kt lki e ylv 4g sr                                                           , s                                                        ,                                                 w                                              , s                                                  X                                              T
                            s \
         gj rLi Bk[nf kr jkr d jwn 4g Cgu jn ke®keji dfk;D kg Sx yH Syflb             s s                                      s                                 ,                                                       w                                                                       X                    s                                      w
       s
       kd ke®keji ]g jwn rgc ke®keji df kg Sx yH Cgu Syflb kd ke®keji 4g         ,                            q                                                                                   s                                               w                                                                                   s                                                                ,
                               s
         k;x kg <je¬of Syflb ]g <ki kd k<ki jkgér ke®keji ]jrIduf hH sl Idu                                                          ,                        z                              X z s                                         q
                ,
 f ]g Iduf kurb ke®keji 4kg Sx yH Syflb ]kg Sht hg e ke®keji er 4g                                                                           s                                             w                                                            s                                                           X                                                                      q ,
                                            w s ,
     hrkt yH kr g hrkt yef rgc thp Bkd ct 4kg Sx ywH df g kvg kyef Xgé                                                                                 q                                               s                                                  s                                                                                 ,                    q
 q
 r kurb ke®keji 4kg Sx kl ilf 4kg rdl kg u ]kg u ]kg gj u UHf sl ke®k                            s                                     s Z                                           s s                                               s                                     s                           s s
       eji hHd er 4g kRjfrkv hjkgér ]g kF¬ov jrv hjkgér kr ke®keji udfy  q ,                                             a                                             q ,                                                                                            a                              q s                                                                                             s
                                             Z
 4Sgfkp xke ]Sgfkp chdjr ]Sgfkp ;kim ]Sgfkp /fof Syf d uki kd u/ ]akg          a                      X                                                                                                                                                                                                                            s s                         s
                                                                                         s
                                                                                      4kg ;hrktof leg kt 6kg u okHo¬ kjkeg kt ]g hrkg hujd k              s                             s                     s                                                                                                         s                       T                         s                                       s
                  s                   s                           s a
   d uki lm kr Sku/kl ]k;/fof ];kim 4g hujd Cgu Sku/kl ]k;/fof ];kim B                                                     a                                                                                      T                                                                    a                                                a
         s                                         s s
         kd Syf d uki kd ke®keji 4Cgu hg k;k[ hHd uer ]g Cgu kuki kd ke®kej            s                                                                                                                               s                                                  s q ,                                                                                         s
                        ,
       i 4g o®r¬fv kjkgér ]g Cgu ;ørx ke®keji 4g Cgu k_k; Bkd3hg kxgd sleqr                        q ,                                                                      a                                                                ,                                                                                 s                                               wa
            e kr cr 6g oHlv kuIky l kgt Sx kv ji ncV lm er 6xkdl u Iky eqr
           T s                                                       ,                     a                                        , s a                                                                                                           q                                                           q s s                                                                  ,
                                                        ,
            hH jGf ]g hrdl kt hgd rkc hylv kgt Sx kv gxt lm er cv kx[sn Te                                                                                                                                      a                                                                                                                             q                                             wa
            ct ]yd Cgu tkv 4hxn jH l }} Lc rkc hylv 4hxykL e BkuOfd rkc hy                                             s                                    s                   a s \                                                                                                              s                             X
                                 ,
 lv jkv 4hxkg hg hugd rkc hylv jGf ]Sx lG er jkc dS ]hro¬jl rtfv       s                                                                                                                                                                              a                              q
                                                                                                        ,                                        Z
                                                                                                    4g kIkv ilf go e cklgf je jxe 4g krjd rkc hd k_k;                                           X                                              s s                                                    wa
            de®fk;÷kv ler hH e 4g hrkt pt kd ue rkc hd k_k; de®fk;÷kv Syflbs q                                    T ,                                                                     a s
              ,                                       s
            4g hl,t ujd rkc g; ]g krgd ue 2 g tkcykp kLc ue 4ku[n l jkx kjt                                                      ,                                                                                   ,                                                                    \                                                           s s                            ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4sxjxf ji k<jp yG ]kxPp |ou ]hx                       X                                         w                           s \                          s ,
   s \                              w
   Pp kti dr kx;7kx; 2eku rgj rtwax dr k;nfl7k;nfl 2e ukg I¬bk∂ ]e uk         X q X q                                                              s                          s                                                    ssa                                         X                                  X s s                                                                        X s s
                                               s ,
       g <‘Î kr g kte ]g hrkt Ief jhdy hpC[ ji huki lt k;x Ief ; cl jkv                             T                                                                   X                                                                                                                       s ,                                                                  wa                                     ,
                                                ,
            h;kv rke jGf jkv kukt gér su kxky jkp df g kte k;D 2e ukg utf kr g                 ,                                          X q                                      sa s                                                                     ,                                                                        X s s                                                      s ,
                                        X                       s
             kte ]e suy ki ni g kte k;D 2e sukg 0c kr g kte ]e uy ki u/ g kte                               ,                                                                    X                   s                        q s ,                                                                              X s s                                                                   ,
                                                    a
              k;D 4kxMkt kg ;hr}fv e kr Mki pgi ]'kd dfk;D 4g krxy d"dkv kur       s                                                     T s a                                                             qa                                                                      X                      ,                                                        Z
                      s                                     w
 m ]kg kd jn kurtf 4g krxy d"dkv hg kurm kd ue ]kg j['f kpM kurtf                                               ,                                                  Z                                                                                          s                                             s                                                               a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4g kry jd jkdho¬ kd hrkup lb          s                                                                             s                           , q
                             ,
    ue 4g krkt kg ji®r ue jkv 2g hgj kg rkc hd e®k;÷v Lc df kg rpkl e       s                                                                  ,                     ,                                   s                                                                                                                s \                              s s s
     q                    ,                       s s
       r jkv 4ktk[ klsS Nd3<fk_¬' rfnNV euu~ ~ ~rdl Cgu nN ltf _¬' 6Ado                                   q                                                                           a                             . ,                                         s                                                                   s s
                                                          ,
       ki rfgn auu~ ~ ~Cgu hrkyt ltf xkv 4hrdl uhN q;®e u ]rdl Iy dkL u ]                                                                            s                                                                                                                                       1                               s                              w w
                                          q
srdl kjp jkp u kdltf 2ktk[ kd roæk' ]jv 2Xe –{ kg >ym k;D df g srk s                         s                                          s s s                                                                                            s                                               q s s                                                                                                   T
                                   X q
   >el gér hlk;ül7/kl jkgér 4e”l kLc3g iW kLc kd Hky g; ]ku[n sl jkx                 a q                             s                     q                              w                         \ ,                                                                    \                                  s                                                                   s                             ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4hxSki uhN u hH q;®1e sltf ]k                                                                                                                           s
                                                              s
 d urkul ]kd roæk' kxMki kr e 6kd Ikjof kxMki kr e 6hxy uhN slub ;®                                                          a                           s T s                                                                                                    a                         s T                                           s                                                                   q
    1 s
    e kr Xthp –{ ; 6g Sg s>ym e kthp –{ kr xky djfklkl ; 4g de√k/3g       q s T                                    q                                            X X                                                        q s                                          s                                          a s wa                                                                                wa
                                                                                                                                       s      qa
                                                                                                                                     hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         245 fo 82 egaP
f hHd cv jkv ]Skrcf e naukv hL? kn d Oc hHd u ]k;df ei u ]F Fkl u,                                                     X                                               \ s s                                              ,                                                                                                    zs                                     s
                     s                               s
nf urb ]jv df kg rkj Syflb kr kg rkj ji ;®e hd hldf er ct 4xkvki                     s s s                                                              s s s s                                                                   q 1                                                                                             q                                          s s
                                                        ,
  tkj hg jkv Nd er kr ]ji rkc lb sxkn uk;÷ jxv ]xkjd <"yæof dhO jx            q                q s                                                                                     s                                                                                               s s                                           s
                                                       s q 1
  v 4h;x kg ;®e df kg rkj hg LkF Syflb kr kg rkj ji ;®e hd hldf ct                                      s s s                                        s s\                                                                s s s s                                                                       q 1
               q ,
 er 4g krkt IN ct g krkv cr hg nk; kr go ]g lki uiv kt ]g kuiv kt           w                              ,                                                                                   s                                               ,                                           s                         s                                      ,                                       s
                                                                                                                   s                            w
                                                                                                           2jd yH Bkd hlS kr Cgu 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf kdub cv    s                    s s                                                                                    \                                                                                       s
                                               s
df k;x kg kdDi >e kr cr 4sxy suktc hIhl jd [n >qe kr hF hgj yduf Te                    s q s                                                                                                                                                                    s s                              s
                s
                kr unf dS 4g kr[n jd kxy hdIdI Bkd kd hu®i huiv kr Cgu 4g h;x k ,                        s                                                                                          s s                                                                                                     s                                                            T                                s
                       s                                   X a
g jkted [kv df ,g Gkl llb 2g r[n jd kxy hdIdI kd h>e o ]kukiNf                                                                 s                                T s s                                                                                                                          s                                    q s
                             s
 k;D l ikv cv ]kgd sulm kr `kyp kri ld s>r 4hxkg u Ghydr Bkd güm                                                                      s                                                              s ,                              q                                        s                                                                                        s X
      s                                                      s
 ]rkv Cgu o ct df kgd su jIDkL 4n ket keæp d jd ykrLi7pkt ]j? Skt                                                                                                         X                                                              s                                                                         \                               a                                        a
             kv unf dS hg ikv 4g hYtf ]Cgu rkv ]g hrk>el jkc7jkc ]g hrgkp kutH                                       T                                                      s                    wa                                                                                                                         wa                                                                          s
            T X                                                           s
             e güm ]Cgu ruke o 4hd eæp g rjWt 4g h;x kg jkted g krkg eyke [                           s                                 s                     ,                                          T                                         s                                 s                        ,                                         s                     w                       X
    a                                                              s s
    kv hd rfi je df hykc jkv h;x lki d jIDkL uiv hu®i hd uhYQlu ky¥qe                                          s                 ,                                                   s                                                     s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2sk>e
                                                  s s s
l yxki kr [n jd kxy hdIdI kd hu®i jkv rfi 2g r[n jd kxy hdIdI                                                                                                    s                                           ,                                                   T s s
s T s s
kr g r[n ct hlkLi ]kg 4g hg lki ]g hg e j? 2l k"o kxkg u hg k[sn slm                      s \ a                                     ,                                          ,                                  X                                            s ë                                        s
                         a                                     s q
               [kv jH uer n;k' 4sxkg Sx kg k"o `k[n Cgu l cd kd hu®i huiv ueqr                                              X                              s ë                                                         s                                  s                                  s                                                                                            s
                                                                                                                                              \
                                                                                                                       4krLi Bk[nf Cgu go ]g krkg skt lki d n[ 6g krL\i                                                         ,                           s                                                          s                                  q                ,
                                                                    ,
             Bk[nf go ]g krkg lki d jln kt 4kg rn jd <je¬of kdlm er ]g krkt                s                                  s s w s                                         s s s                                                                                                                                                                  q ,
                                 X q s
 yef gér kt Ag e;uf <jk/kl kd ue g; 4g rkt yH eg lm ]g lki rgc k        ,                                                                                                                                        T s                                              w                                     s                                ,                                              q                   s
                           T s
t 4g rdl Li Bk[nf Syflb ]g jn 4g jwn rgc jkr 4g rdl Li Bk[nf jkr      \                                                                             T w T                                                                     q              s                                          T s                                                  \                                                  s
                                                                                                                                    4hF u rkc hd jn knk;† Bkd kr g; kr 4g srLi B                               w                                                            s s                                                        s                            T                         \
                                  s                       s q
k[nf jkr >e hH e rkj hd lokev 2re hg Ni ikv kr hd hjn 2g rLi Bk[                        X                                                                                                                                   X w                                              s                                             w T s \
                                    s                           X s s a s
 nf hH jkr e j/v d rkj >e kr lsS 2XNi u g; ikv cv Akgd u uhYQlu `                                                                  s q s s                                                   w                                                                                                                                                 s
  ,                                   \
  g krLi Bk[nf e j/v dr jn hurdf gér 2kg [j cklgf kd pb7pb er df                    X s s a                                                       w                                X q                                       s s                                                                                                           a                      a                   q
          Gkl kurb `k;x Li Bk[nf Gkl7Gkl gér e rkj hj/av ]hF Cgu hH uIyky                         \                                                                               X q X                                                                             s                                                                                                           s
          s
 Bkd ]hF Cgu hH rfk;† Bkd kgo jkv hF rkj hj/v jkv `kg [j cklgf kd p                             s                          s a                                       ,                                                               s a                              ,                            s s
        a                      a                            a , s \
          b7pb 2pb ku Pkl df kyef Cgu kyko sun jRm Bkd klS ]srkyp ryknv >qe                                                                                                                s                                                         s                                   s                                                                                                        s
                                        s
                  h;x kg hxntV `F Sg L[ jd iku k;D 4g hyko ukg k;®g df kF kri hg sl          s                    q s \                                                                                    ,                                                  s s
             s                            X q
             ygi gér df g krkg ewyke klS Akgd su II¬tfe 4hdkp hH ryknv hji ]kdk   ,                 s                                                 s                                                             ≠s                                                             T                                                                                              w                           T
                                           ≠s
p hH II¬tfe 4pb ku Pkl IhG g_l Akgd ulm `F jn hurdf er ;el lm                         a , s \                                                                                                          s                                         s                               w                                                               q
                   q
  ]Bg k;®g g; df k;x kNwi llm 4e ryknv kF kende dS ji uhYQlu ky¥qe                                                                        s                        X                                                                                                      q
                                                 s s
                                              4xkdl [sn hg kr ]Sgfkp kylkG ]Sgfkp ;”ijfi kLkF ]Sgfkp hjwn kjts                                                                                                                                         zs                                           s\
                            s \
          4kxLi Bk[nf u hH Nd kr Cgu ]kukt kg L[ re jd kxy ge yd¥cf l <Zi                                        q s                                                                s s \                                                                                                                       qa                                    q                             s
                                                   s
 n 4kukt yp re lki rgc d <in kr ]kg hu[n jho¬r huiv e <in jxv 4k                                                         q                  s            Z              s                s                                         s                                                                                     X                                    Z
                                                                                                                                     s      qa
                                                                                                                                   hrke lnf gln rj>
                      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 92 egaP
                                                T
 j gd hg; e jkv `k;D jd jGf AkxOm uæi 4kl oHlv kxxy 4Cgu kujd Nd     ,                                                   X                                                        s                                 z                                           a                                       s                                                                                     q
      ]Cgu kukt Cgd 4kg _i d rev er Argd no 4A_i ;¬rev 4kg ke®keji eqr                s                    q s                             1                                 q s                                                s                       q                                   1                                s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4kvg Ixi go     q                             z
                          \                                        s
      ]kF kLi kiNf kt jrhH jkgér j/m df kjxf j/b 4kvg Nd cl df kjxf ue                                                     s             q                                                                                                                                      q                 q
                                                            s
 ]kjxf ue df dQ ]kjxf ue df jgO 4kxkg hg kujgO kr cv 6Cgu ;kim kd uI                                                                                     s                                        s                                                                   s                                                                                                                   s
    , s                                                       ,
    ky Nhi ]Cgu g Nd kd ukt sxkv 4g krxy kl,t hlkG ;®l cr jkv 6g krdl                    q s s                                                                                ,                                                                           a                                                                                  ,                             ,
           kt kgd ;®l cr ]Cgu ;kim kd uIky ]Sx IwI rl yNif 4rdl Cgu Iky e                                                                                                   s ,                                                                  q s s                                                                 s                                                             ,
  q
  r cv df Skt kg Gkl rkc g; ct g krdl kt kgd hHr uer kr ;®l 4kd              s                                                                                                        ,                                                                                                                         s q s
     s s                \
     uy Ldi Fkg kjkgér g Cgu ;kim Bkd jkv 4hgj k;∂fi l knl hd k0qc hg;                       q ,                                                                                    s                           ,                                                                   z s                                                                       X
       s s                                                        q X
      4kg rkt kv er e uHkyi3hrke lnf gln rj>3xljc hrke hg hrke 6hxkg k                                            s z                                s                                         qa                                                    s X                                                     s                                             s                             s Z
                                  a
 "o hd nukv ]ke®keji kxyef 6kjd kuFki ]kjd uk;÷ ]kjd ku/kl Ag krgd sl                                                        s                             s                                  Z z s                                                                                  s                                                                wa
           q s s T s s s
      er lS 4g rn n suky[f eg kd kpπc IkN l,t 4g krkylG gér ygi Syflb                           ,                                                   s X                                               s s s                                       wa                                                   q X q s
                                                                         ,                         q
                                                                4g oHuv kd ke®keji Cgo ]g rke hd ue kgt jkv 4g rke hj                                                                                                     ,           ,                                                             a                              ,                            ,                  ,
 e e udQ 2kje e df dQ er 6re kudQ Ag krgd ue 2re kudQ 4epæfi kr
s X s                                                                           T                           s                          q                                                                              ,                                                                                                                                                                     s
                                                    w s
       epæfi ]cji kr cji 4kgj rkt jxe kvkt hH Cgd 4kgj rkyp yLi jxe ]d                         w s                               s                                                          s                                                                               s                   s                                                        ,                                      s
              s                          s s
         dkyji kr kvkt dp l rxt lb 6d kvkulko h;u7h;u ]d kvk{kdkv h;u7h                           q s                                                                                   s X                                                                                                                    s X                               a
                  s                                  s
  ;u 6kgj hg rjke yLi 4kjxf df kdkj 4g krht kr kgj rkxH 6g klS kr ue                                     ,                                                                      s                         ,                                 s s                                        s                                       ,                             s s
 4hjxf df Sdf nc ujke yLi ]k;df nc kukyp 4g hrgj hL[ kr kgj rkyp y             a s                                             ,                                                          a                                                  ,                                                              \ s s                                                      s
                            s , s
  dfbkl lt k>el klsS kr ue 4g y'd e uLkn ue 2kjgO cv 2kdQ cv ]Cgu                                             s                                        ,                                 q X s ,\                                                                             s                                                        s
                                                         wa
         k_k; cv Ag krgd e ct g hrkv cr kr upL\v 4g yjl hH k_k; uOfd sl                                T                           ,                                                                          s                                               ,
                                          ,
 uOfd 4hg g yjl Syf d ue kr k_k; 4g krukt hH e 4hF yjl kr k_k; hd                                               s                                 s                                                    wa                                                               T                                                                  s
                                    s s
dr cv Akg rgd er 4g kr>el e hH BkuOfd hjkgéqr 2hro¬jl rtfv ]udfy                            q wa                                                                     T                                                                                                                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                      ,
                                                                                                            4g kukt kjk>d> Zilf eg 2<je¬7Aui Ag kgj gd e ]ku       s                                                          X                                                                       q wa                                                                     T
                                                  ,
  [j yk;“ 4g kukynf <je¬ui ilf eg 4g Sx yH eg ]lc 4Skt yH lm eg                                                         Z q Z                                             X                         T                                     w                                                                        a                               w s
                ,
    df g dofkHko¬ yd¥cf g; df ]l knl ]lki urb ]g lki urb jkeg ke®keji                     q                                                                      s                                                                s                         ,                                             s                      s
                                                                                                                                 4kgj u ;kim Bkd kd ukg Fkl cv jkv 6g hrkrl                                             s                             s s                                                                                ,                           ,
            \
       kLhi cv ]k;x II Fkl cv ]F Cgu Fkl kr F Fkl ct 4kgj krku kd jiM7j             w                                                          s                                                                  s s
                               s
      iM 4kykII u e yr¬rv d jln7dS hHd ]kdk> u e [kv hd jln7dS hHd     X                                           a s s w                                                                                                          a                                     X                   a                                      s w
                      s                                a
           ]k[n u [kv jH kd jln7dS hHd ]Sg u 0crhxl hL? kn hHd ]Oc u sl                       s s w                                                                                                         q                                                     a                      \ s                                                                      s ,
         a                           \
      nukv hL? skn hHd ]kvg u nkol hHd 6k;df nkoof jkv ]hd gyd jkv 2F F                                             q                                        a                                                                                                                    ,                                                                                ,                   s
                             s
 kl unf urdf jkv 4hrdl kt h/kc Cgu k'kv Bkd hdlb ]hxkg rkdkye sllb         ,                                                                                   a                                                                        s                                                                        s                                                       q
                                                                s
  ji Ls\ke hldf d uoht ]ji r¬kj hldf hHd cv 2Cgu kdDi Nd hH kdlb ]kx                                                                 s                                                                                                                                                                                   q
                                 X X
 syef hH e kuil g; kr cv 4k;x kl k;x rDf;ø kt cv 4h;x kg rkc jgkc d                                  s                                                                  s                                                                      s                                                                           s                                                                      s
                                            s
         Fkg cv kr hH xgkp cv `jd ld cv `jd k;D cv df g hrykl kLhi hd                   s X                                                  X                         s ,                                                  X                                                                                        ,                                                           \
                                              ,
       rkc lb 4g krkyQ ikRkpæi kd rkc lb 4kgj u ;kim Bkd kd ukg lki cv                                                                                                                                                                                                                    s                                           s s
                    s                  w
    ]Sx kg jn Syf d knl cv jkv gj uc jn7jn kr ]F lki ct 4kxkg u kuye              s                                                              , s s                                                             w w s                                            s                                                                               s
                                                                                                                                  s      qa
                                                                                                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                245 fo 03 egaP
          s                                       s
          kg k;D kje `g hrdl kg ld dhO rkc ]g krgd g; 4krn Cgu udIf kd dy       ,                                         s s ,                                                                                         ,                                                                             s                                   s                                            s
                                                               ,
              > lm g; ]g ue kukji kt g; udfy 4dhO rkc df gér g hryef dy> dS                                              q s                                                                     s                                                                                 X q ,
                                                       ,                                    s
                                                4g k;x kg Lkgi kl,t ;ykegf dS ue 4C;x hret ]C;x hret hd k         \                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  X
    vkulko ]hd ;H ]hd Hky ]hd kvk<jk/ ]hd ukK ]hd oHuv rji h;u jkv7jk                                                  s                                 X                                                                                                                                        q                 X                                                                      ,                           ,
     v ji lm 4hgo kd hgo k'eg ue ]g kgj krync kr jhj' 4g kejH ]g kdIH                                                                 s                                                      ,                                                                      s                                             ,                                                             ,
                                                      q X X
                   ue kjkgér e k;Ifskd hlkjkp Ag ktk[ su krl ;hrjkH nç' dhri Syf sd k_                                                            ,                 ,                              s                                  X a                                                                                                     z
                                          ,
     k; lm 4g k_k; hd "o kLkjd7kLkjd 4g k[n lkgrfb kjkl u ue jkgér 4g u                            Z                           X s\                     X s\                                                      ,                      s                                                                    s                                         s                             q ,
                     z                                     ,
     hpki rfv ]g uhpki rgc ue ]g k;u kL\c kr jhj' 2g Cgu kr kukji knk;† sl                    z                q                                           ,                                                                      s                                              ,                              s                                                 q
     lb ]lc ]kukji ykl jRl ]kukji ykl Okv lki d hldf ]kukji ykl lkpi l        q                                                                                   q                                                                                             s                                                        q
                              s                                          ,
              ki d hldf 4g k;u kLc kr jhj' 4g uhpki rfv lki jkgér ue 4g krkt kg                                     \ s                                                                    ,                                    z                                                       s               q                                                 ,                                            s
                s z X
'oi e jhj' jln ]g krjH ukLm kr ue 4g krkt jxf hH ue kvg klc jrhH           s w ,                                                                                 \ s                                                                ,                                                                                                             q
            s
            d jhj' lm df kupkl re g; er cr ]g krjxf ct jhj' dS kjkgér 4kry                               s                                                                     q                                          ,                                                                                                                                                         q
                                                                     ,
     nc Cgu ue ]g krkt ync kr jhj' e uoht jg ]ku[j yk;“ er g;~ ~ ~kukj                                                                      s                                                  X                                                                                                                                        q
    q X                                 X
     i keüt7keüt ]kukji k;nfl7k;nfl ]g ue jGf udfy ]g hrkt kv e >el kr                          q X                                             X                                        ,                                                                            s ,                                                                             X                                              s
                                              ,
     rkc g; ]g uoht kjkeg go ]g e hlm eg ]kgd kuki ]kgd kukt ]dhO ]kg ]g                                                                              T X                                                                                        a                                          a                                                                                                a                     ,
                   okHo¬ kjkeg ke®keji df g hrkt kv rkc e >el hd 0fc 4g krkt kg kjs/                                                                ,                                                                                                X                                                      q ,                                                                          s
      a                         q
      v iî? jGf jkv ]Bx /kd hytcf l,t ]kvg Gkl cl g krxy kd jH7<{ 4h;       ,                                              T                                                           s                                    q                                                       ,                                      s
                         ,
  x jkv h;kv7h;kv 4g hrkt dINf rkv7rkv 4g rkc kn kukt dIf e >el jkv                              ,                                                                           s                                  s                                      T X                   s                                                                      X                                                        ,
                                                    X
                kukt kv e >el jxe 4hxSkv e >el df Syflb kr g kgj gd ler 4Cgu                                                                                          X                                                                                                         s wa                                                                        s q
                                  s q T s X
     krgd ler e kr e >el hrdl kv u 4Sgfkp hg hukv e >el rkc kgt kg                                                                                                                                                                                                                              X                                                                             a                          s
                                      s
    Sx kv kr gxt lm er cv dfk;D 6hxSkv e >el hH rkc ]kxxy hH oHalv                                           q                                                 X                                                                           X                                                                                          s
                                                                                                                                                    48k;kjgO k;® kd k;†8 4Sx y[ jk} d jnfae 6k;x     X                                                  X                                           q                                       s
                           q
                    y[ tkj kjkl ]lc 6Sx jgO hg l,o d lo kg lt er ]8k;kjgO k;® kd k;†                                                                                                 s                       s s , s s ,                                                              q                                                                      X                                             X
                    T s
    8 Ag rgd jhcd ~ ~ ~e krjFf lm 4Sx kg jFf ]Sx jgO er cr ]krpc Cgu                                       X                                                                                                          s                                                                                   q
s
kd sukt Cgd ct 4g k_Zk;rv rDfe l kvk_k; cl 4g rkc hd ugd yosd k_k;                        ,                                         a                                     q s X                                                                                        ,                                              s                                                                                        Z
                   a ,
      rv ]g Cgu k_k; dS e kvk_k; jkv7jkv k_k;rav 4pgi jrhH er df CIN S                                           X X                                                               ,                                ,                              Z                           s qa                                                             q                                                   w a
     k_k; cl ]lc 4g kukt IN kd kvk_k; cl ]g Cgu k_k; kukt jrhH 4g utlo              ,                                           w                            X                                                                               ,                                                                                                                          ,                      Z
f kd ue go 4k;®ge®kv hg g 4kd ue g krxy klt k;®ge®kv go ]g ywlm hn                                                                            , s                                                          ,                                                      ,                                                                                             ,
                             q s
    k;ufc kt kd ukt jrhH dfk;D 4kgd re g; ]g kukt jrhH jxe 4xPp ]g ku  s                                                                X                               s                                                                                 ,                                                                                                    s X \ ,
                 \                 a ,
     Pp jd'hjkx 4g htkj kd suykL e jr[ ukt 4dhO Akxgd go ]kvkt yp ji              ,                                  s                                                     X s                                                                                                            s                                        ss                                       s
              a                     s                        s
  nkp 2kxdl kg Cgu g; Ag krgd go jkv ]kn LkN kd jkpof ]kn uyp u uid                                                          ,                                                                           ,                    s                             s\ s                                                        s s                                                                                      a
                                            s                      a
                   jrhH ]kvkid re kd ue ]re kyL7kygf ]kvkt Oc rk' <{ kn df kgd jx                    s                                                                      s q s                                                              s                         ,                    a                                s                                                  s
                       ,                                 s
    e 4g htkj kd sukt ]kg kukt ji nkp 4g kry jd henkv ekd uOfd l uOfd                                  s                                                                         a                            ,                        s                                                                                                                              s
        ,
    6g Cgu BkuOfd e ujd 4g hI¥m rkc ]Cgu jxe `k;D BkuOfd elb kr ]Cgu h                X s                                         ,                                                                                                                                                                                          X                                      s
                                                q
    g kujd Nd ct 4Sgfkp kukg eryjl kujd u ]g krxy klS kr l jkrekv 4                                                                       s                                                                                                                   ,                                              s s s                                                        ,
  ,
  g Cgu rkc Bkd jkv uOfd l ujd u e rxt lb 4g Cgu hH Nd kujd Ag kgs                      ,                                                      s s                                                     X                                                                   ,                                                     q                                                               wa
                                                                                                                                        s      qa
                                                                                                                                      hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           245 fo 13 egaP
                                                                     X
         dl Cgu rht rnkv s; df g krdl gd ler kurb `g krrht e k; g hrrht                                                                wa                                                                         s q                                                                                  wa                                                               T                             T
                 X                                               q
                 rnkv hjkgér df g g; ku[n 2cv k[sn kr er 4phc je jkv krnkv hjkgéqr                ,                                                   s                                               s                 s                                      q                                                   s s                               , X
             3hukr7kpC[ ]}a} g; 2kxyp gkikgM unf Nd 2rtfv ]hxyp 'de'd unf N                                                s                              s                                                                         q                                                                                           s
qd 4Crdl Cgu rht hH rnkv s; cv jxe 4hxn kIg7kIg ]hxn kdINf7kdINf kd                                                X                                                                                                                        X                                                                                           X                                                                                     s
                                             q
                 >el Bg hrkv rnkv s; Syflb 2kji kd kji g k;yf jd ktçd u krnkv ub    X                                                                                                               w                                         w ,                                                                                                                                      s X
                                                                                                                                            s
                                                                                                                                          2kvkv jd hjk[kog kjt ]kvkt 2kxy kr¬kj kr krx                          s                                                                                   s                                       s                                                            s
                                                                           q
             y Cgu ue kjkgér df hxgd kr s; 4hxjd ''fkd hd ujd jgkc ykduf hg kd                                           X                          s                                                     X                                           s                                                   s                                                                                                                     s
                                            s s X
                dyfke kr ; 2rnkv g hgj gj l k;nfl7k;nfl kr ; jkv ]ryduf Cgu kr S                                 T                                                         s X                                        X                                                  s s                                        ,                            s                                                                     s a
         kt gj jknSkjdf ykl jkp7kn jkv 2ryduf Cgu lS jknSkjdf Bkd 4hxSkt Cg                                                               s                       ,                      s                                                                                s s                                                                                             s                                a
                                               s s
             u yduf ; kr ]endS sxkykduf jgkc tkv kdub 4g h;x Oc djd ktçd klS                                                 s                                                                                                        s                                                  T                                                    , s                                                                                 s
                                 s                     q
                jrhH jkgér chjd7chjd rnkv hd ue g; jkv 4g uoht kuiv hH kd Xkrnkv                                                     X                                                                                                         ,                                 ,
                                                                                 s
                                                                          2kvkpc ]kvkpc Ag hrky¥pf ]g hrjd kd ukpc uiv ;kim hj s                                             T                                                                     T                                                                              s                                         s
                                                s                      s
             [fkv hH rje7rje 4g hrje l ydæfe hLc rnkv 4krdl kv Cgu tkc sl rn                               T                                            s                                               q                     \ X
                               s
             kv 6kxgj krkyp k;Rfyn huiv 6kx[j hjkt pi7okn huiv ue kukji k;nfl7k           a                            q                                                               s                                                                      X a                                                                                                                                 q X                               X
                                    X
       ;nfl dfk;D ]hxsxy hrIwN jkc rgc udfy 4dr kgo kd >el g k;ky pC[ df                                                                                              q                                       s                                                      a                          s                                                             wa
 ssa k;D ]hxSkv rkc e >el 4kg hgo l knl er jkv 6g kukg gér kt kg hgo eqr       X                                                   s                                             s                                          q                             ,                            ,                          s X q s s
                                                                                        ,                            q
                                                                                 4g hry[ r;yflv Cgo 4g kuy [n jdkt Nhi d pe ]g ku                                                                                         ,                                 s                              s                                                       s                               s                    a ,
     s                                                     s
 y dak> sNhi d ;uHfv kukt kg h{kl ]kukt xkt rfi d ue jkv 4g kruHfv                                                                                s                                                                                                                                          z s                                                                 ,                              ,            s
                           ,
             ue 4g Cgu knk;† l ;uHfv uoht 4g ;uHfv 4g Cgu nH Bkd ]g rkt jxf ∆n              s                                                                                                  ,                                                                   ,                                                   s                       s                              T s
                     T s s \ T s
       i 6g nH Lc ]g rOm ni jgkc7jgkc cl kg; 4g pae7;Iku hLc dS rxt g;                                         ∆                                                                                                    a                                   ,                                                   .                                           \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4g Sx kv e                                        X
         r;yflv huiv 6g k;nf jkrm kIk[e ]g hn xkI jd ykduf No7Ni hH u uke    ,                                                                                            , q ,                                                                  a                                                                                                         wa                            wa                      s
              q              ,                                           q s
              ug 4g kL\x> Nd l <okj u ]g kun7kusy Nd sl ekj u 4g hgj jd i'ix hO                                                                             ,                        s                                                    q                                                                                         T
         ,                         s X s
         c phc d kukn k;be krhl 4g gj jd i'ix 2Fkl7Fkl3g gj hi ;kp sOc <o                                                                       T s                                                                                                                                                                        T s                                                                                       ,
                       ,                                           ,
       kj jkv ekj `g kgj kg k;D Nhi kr g krkt jxf kni ct 2jd k[n jdkt Nhi                             s                                       s                             s ,                                                                                            Z                                                          X                                              s                                    s
                                                     ,
              kjt jGf 4g krjxf kni jGf 4jrkv yd¥cf Syf d k;®g hd jln7dS ]ji®r                       Z                                                               q                                       q                                                                  s                                                                          s w
                         s                        q T s \ s
             Syf d 0; ]g L[ /kl ji jln7dS <kc7"u/ <okj j,kv ekj ]g krOm kni                                                                      s w                                                                                    q                                                                                                                                      ,                                        Z
                   s
       4hxyp kri r;yflv gér kgo `k[n jdkt sNhi d pe d kyhyekj uer hHd                                     X q a                                                                    s                                                                                   s                              a s                                                                                           s q
                                                                                                                                                                                             ,
                                                                                                                                                                                     4g Cgu dG Bkd Xe <okj jkv ekj 4g uke         Z                                          s                                                                                       ,                                             ,
       tkjof hg dS jrhH ]g kd ue dG ]g jiM7jiM dG 4g Cgu dG Bkd e ral                                   ,                                                       Z                                 ,                                                                                Z                            ,                                                  Z                                 s X
                      , X                                a
 v jkv e rl df g hg; Bkpl jkv 4kxsxy ukg ydæfe kun jRm d kuæi ub                      ,                                                                                 ,                                                        s s                                                              q                           s                                                         s X z
           s                            ,                      T
           d ue jkv 2g ke®keji hHl jxv `xkjd dG k;D e hxl®l jkv e hckj' e                                                                                                                        s s                           Z                                                              X                             a                                          , X
       q                              ,
       r jGf 4g krjd L[ o–im jktg ue jGf `ekj ukd jkv <okj ukd jGf 6ke             s \                                                                                                                                                                                               ,                        ,                                                                             ,
                                          ,
             ®k;≤qi ukd ]hiki ukd 6rlv ukd jkv rl g ukd jGf kr kg hg ke®keji eqr                ,                                a                            ,                            ,                       a ,                                           ,                                                    s s
                                                             Z
                   jxv 4Cgu Fv Bkd kd ku/kl jGf 6Cgu utk;i Bkd kd e/ jGf kr kg hg             s                                                                                                                                                      s z s                                                                                Z                                                        s s
                                                   q
             ke®keji er jxv dfk;D 6hrdl kg Cgu dhO rkc g; jkv `Mkt kgd e `kx                                 X                                                                 s                                                                                                                                         ,                            a                                       a                T
                                                                                                                                            s      qa
                                                                                                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 23 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Akgd ukgüm kukt ukgütf Syflb       s X                                                      s X
                                                                                                ,
                                              4Cgu hHd Ag krkg Fv kd yd 4Cgu hHd huk; yd 4k;nf ykI Syf              s Z
    s                                    s                         X
      d knl ulm ]e phc k;ky rkc hd yd kt dfk;D 4kuky re hg rkc kr hd y                                                                                                                   s                   X                                                                                                             s
                               ,
           d 4g Cgu rjWt hd suykI hH jH yi kdlb 4Cg; ]hHv 4g hrdl I? kuI?                                                                                                              s                                                                                      ,
                                                 ,
      <{ hlb 4g kvg k;kv l knl kr ;el 4kg gj jd k{iv Cgu er oi d ;el     q                               s                                    s                                              s s                                                         s                                                q Z w s
                          ,                        s
                 4g hrdl kg ryfG /fkel 4kxsyef l /fkel kr uk/kel 4kxyef Cgu sl jRm                                                                              s                                              s                                                                         s
                s s                                                  ,
                je uk/kel 4g uk;÷ hylv hg; 2kykHl cv kd <je¬ lb rrl 4kg hgo eqr                                                                            s                       a                                  s                                                                                        s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  T w
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4g ygi kn d ;                      s s
                                                       s
       ®l hg dS ; udfsy 4sxy jdpfQ kt kdltf 4tke huiv ]ñte huiv g; 4g r                                                                                   s s                                                                ,                                                                                                          ,
                                               q
    kc hd okup Zilf g; 4kup kd nç' ;ü' su 0qc ]kup kd nç' <i u rakno 4g                                          q s                                                     w                                                                   q s                                                 Z w s                              s T
  w                              s s s
  ygi kn d dDlf hg dS ]g eku kn d ;®l hg dS ;ü' jkv <i Syflb jkv                                                     T                                 s s                                                                                             w                , Z w                                                                 ,
              ,                                                        w
      4g krgj hg ;ü' ;üw' ]kn Lkt hH Nd e ;ü' 4g krgj hg ;ü' ;ü' ]ky ykd                                     s                  s\                                q X                                  w ,                                                                                   w                w s
                                             q s
       uf hH Nd l ;ü' 4g k;cf[ hg; hd ;ü' jkv <i 4krLi Cgu hg nsH Nd e              w , a                               w                                                                  w            , Z w                                                     \                                                                  q X
      Z w ,
       <i 4g krgj kurm hg kd kurm <i hH kr ]n Lkt hH kd <i eg e <i lb                                                                                 Z w                                     s          X                        s\                            s Z w                                            X Z w
                   ,                                 s
         4g krgj "' hg <i Nhi hH kr Xy ykduf hH kd <i eg l <i lb Ag rgd               Z w s                                            s                                                                                   s Z w                                         s Z w                                               T s
                                      Z w
      4hd kr<i hd o®r¬fv lb g rjd k<"k?nm hjk;î n"ufim 4g <i o®r¬fv g;                                                 T s                                                     s .                                                                                                  , Z w
                                                                                          ,
                                                                                     4g hujd Cgu k{hri Bkd hd hldf 2g hujd hdldf k{hri 4                       z s                                                                                   ,                                                                                          z
                                           X
    k;kjgO k;® kd k;† 4g Cgo ]g kgt kt 4hHd Cgu hg k;x Bkd 4g Cgu kd ukv   X                  ,                                     , a                      s                                                                                                                    s                    ,                           s s
                            s
                Bkd 2kxSkv kyko ukv df ]kxSkv Bkd df h;x kg W' k_k; jGf kr e k{hr           s                                                                          s                                                               s                     q                                                    s X
         z
         i 2hd rkc ldf k{hri 8`g ku/kl uOfd hH l ku/kl k{hri k;D8 Akg rNi                           z                       ,                                                                                       s                                                                  z                                 s s w
                 q                ,           s s wa s
    er jkv 4kn utx l aSkj7aSkj g; 48e¬fk‰c gv8 4kn uOm cv kd "k?.nm lb                                 s                  s                                                                       z a                                    s s                                                       s                 s
                                                               ,
       48dgyuv8 4g jkdho¬ kd dofkHko¬ kr g; ]g Cgu hg k{iv g; 2oHlv kgd                                                                                             s                                      ,                                                          s                                                       a           a
                        a              ,                   s
                        kg; ]g k{iv hd dofkHko¬ kr g; 4g Cgu k{iv hd oHlv g; jkv 2k;x k                                                    s                               ,                                                   s                                          a                                            ,
      v ;el ]Cgu 8`g kgj jd k{iv hd oHlv Zoi d ;el e k;D8 Askg rNi eqr           wa                                                      s                                                      a                  w s                                              T                                                     s w
                                                                               s
                                                                         4rdl kt Cgu SkLdi xP o cv 4dl kt SkLdi xP ukji jGf                             \                       a s                                                  X                                               \                       a s q
           X q
           gér n;k' df g k'kv hH hHv kdub 2kg Sx cL urdf er df kri k;D kd    ,                                                                      s                                s                                           w s                                            q                                                           s
       X                                                 s
       krnkv hjkpc ub 4hxjd kI‘sp ]hxaSkLGLG ]hxjke [i rnkv ; dr unf LkF                          X                                                                   \ \                                        X                                  a X                                    s                                          s s\
            ,                                                    s
      4g Cgu ;H Bkd cv 4Sx cL Odkv3Sx cL kr er 2k;x kr ;el go ]rtfv                                                           w                   a                                                w s                                    q                                 s
                                                                                                                  2kukv re kjkcn jGf kr kxkH l kg; kt jkv 4kugj                  q                                          s s                                  s a                                 s             ,
s                                   X
rkyp rkc hjlwn jrhH uiv er ]gd hH Nd e 2gd e hH Nd ]re hg kuuql                                            s                                 q wa                                                   q T wa                                                 T                                   q
                                                             ,
                        4Sgfkp kuOc gjr hd jgc yd¥cf kr kvkt hH kv 4Sgfkp Cgu hg kukv lki                      s                                q                  s s
                     s s s s q s
                     je kr l>e kg kupc 4g kgj Cgu ;kim Bkd kd ukt Cgd cv kdlm ]kcL k                              ,                                                                                  s                                        s                                                            s                                      w
                      s\ s X q
       LkF kt e>e ]kOc kt lki je ]k;kv kt lki je 4g kgj Cgu ;kim Bkd cv              , s                                           s s                                       s                                          s s ,                                                                                                   s
                              s ,
    kd uIky sNhi df g krn gér ulkoækv kurm 4g Sx II rl d uIky Nhi dfk                  wa             s X q                                                                                                              T                                     w q s s s , s                                                                        X
    ;D 4Crdl Cgu rht s; jxe ]Skt xy hg hurdf jn ]y y hg kurdf ;el3Cr                                                                                                                                                                        s X s
                                                                                                                  s      qa
                                                                                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
            m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                              245 fo 33 egaP
                                                       ,
    jrhH endS go ]g hlkjip kje kt go ]hF dhO kr hrkg dr Cg; rkc jkv                      s s                                                    s                s                                             ,
     s X                                                     ,
    4xy jd hH hHd ]g hLi hn¥t k;D df jd pkl hg; jxe ]kF krgkp sl unf  \                                                    s
         q          s
 rgc kr kukxH 2nk; _l kuiv ky jd df ji ykohn k;x [yf rDo rkt jkv  w                       s                                                                                                            s         ,
                                   s                     \
             4kxkH sy kd hdLy I¬ifbkI hje dyD Lg kje jkv 28cçd xkjd jfgc ]hxSk              s Z                      s       s           ,                                   s s                 q                        s
                            X                      s
g ;yji e yi8 2kvkt hg yduf kr kg kuyduf ]pπc df k;nf n kjk'b u hr                                s s                                   w                                             s                     s
                                               s X
“r hdikv jxe 4xjd ]sxyp ]kF krpkl jxe 6xkH y df kF krpkl sl unf r            X                          s                         wa                   s                               s
  q                       q                          ,
 gc ]okHukge df g k;x [yf jkv 28jd tkv skl jd ykd8 df k;x [yf Iku                            ,                                                    ,                                                                 s
       ,
    jkv 4k;x xkH jd sy hLktrf ehue kje df Bg g; go Bg kt rykg udfy ]      s\                      q          s                  q                                      q s                                   s
                s                                              s X
kgd ulm ]hrkv Cgu kr e hr“r 2hd hldf kukcn unx ]Cgu hg hrkv rkc g;                                                                                       Z
                                     s s                        s
      Xe hr“r 2kn u>el kr rkc ]g k;D rkc ]er skr kjgO ]BH Akgd u dufkKok               ,                                 q                          s                                      s                       , s
                                              , s
ue~ ~ ~hd dufkKokue hLdi unx kt d Ii> kr ulm jkv 84cçd kxjd jfqgc              \     Z              s s                        s s                                   ,                               ,
                      s                  X
     ]hxSkg ;yji e yi 6cçv kl jd tkv ]jd tkv kl jd ykd83df g kgj skg               s ,                                                                s ,                                          ,
                              s wa              s\                  Z
     ht hH kje 4n Lkje unx hjkgér df g krkg ht 2~ ~ ~hr“r hjkgér 4kF Cgu                       q           ,           s                                                                 q
                                            q
 hH hHd ykg kjc knk;† llb 22re hg kNi kr ykg 2kNi re Akgd u ykywnp      s                                      s w s                                       s w                                 s                      a
                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                          `g ykg k;D ykynp AkNi ]kyef dufkK                     w a                w
 , s                           s
  okue ji r¬kj nkc unf jkp7uhr 2hr“r hgo Cgo kvkt hH kgt ]gxt cl ]akg                                                                         s                          a
           a            X
o7kg; ]e eWFkc3hn koxy kgo ]aSkt hH kgt 6Cn koxy ji kykohn gxt7gxt               a                                 a                                                       X
                                                           s
             6Cn koxy ji ycI hd cl jd kouc ak;r“fr jnl 4hpt rkc hH kd ykywnp                                                               qa                      a                         s                          a
                                                                                                                                                                                               2hxSkv y
                  s              q         X s
    dv kr Nd ]sx[n jkc7jkc ]sxX[sn tkj7tkj kdlb 4kxkg ek<jfi kd hr“r lb                               s           s s                                       s
                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                          844cçd kxjd jfgc ]hxSkg ;yji e yi                   q                  s                       X
                                                                                                       s ,                s ,
                                                                                                  4cçv kl jd tkv ]jdp tkv kl jd ykd8
                                                                 s                   s
                                                                4kn kxy ji ycI hd djg hr“r g; df       s
           s            , s            ,
     kgd u dufkKokue 4g kgj kv chjd kykonf ]g hrkt hcL ukdn 2g kujd k;       ,             w                q ,
                      s         q              a X
  D ]Cgu hg krkg Nd ekd 2nc ybkG df k;x e 4g hrkt y[ ybkG ]g rkt k        T T                        q X             T s         s
                  s           ,      s                a
g xtl cl kl 4g krn ktc hI? go ]g krkv e jr@#!in e hg lt df g kv
                                                             wa            X                       T         s ,           ,
   q                                     s                T s q s
   g k[j jd ykgél hH kd hlkjip 4g rul kdum ]jrhH d ycI g [j kiNf                               s           s T s
s        s          a≠ s s s s             T s
  k;Lfj jI¬tfkI IkN7IkN 4g rkL\m i'ix ]g rhi Ijxlf ]g srhi ;kp ]g srPiT s         s          T                        T      \
              T s                 ,                     a  s
   jkc[v 4g rkt Oc jd jkli xkI xky jdkv 4Cgu krkv ji rDo Bkd 4krjd                                               s
                            s                       T               s
       Cgu hg ekd Bkd `aWd k;D e df kNwi l dufkKokue uiv jdkt u ykywnp           , s     s                         s           a
     T          \         X
   4g hrkt Lxcf rkc kr g hrpgi Xe Fkg d k;ufkKv ct rkc hd k;ufkK jxe
                                    s T          qa                s X                           X             X
                                                                               ,       q
                                                                 44cçd kxjd jfgc ]hxSkg ;yji e yi        s               X
                                                                                                              , ,               s ,
                                                                                                         4cçv kl jd tkv ]jd tkv kl jd ykd
                                                                         s      qa
                                                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
                        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       245 fo 43 egaP
        s                                               s
          S jxv 2jv ]sxXpkl o 4g Skv Su7Su yd¥cf Bkd 4g xky d gjr rgc kg;                     s s T                                                                                                                                 q                                s                       T                     s s                                                                       q                       a
                     X
             dfk;D 4ku[j yk;“ hH g; ]g kgj gd l hro¬jl rtfv ]g kgj gd Te kt g                                                                                   wa                                                       s                                                                                                  wa                                                                           s
                             ,                            s
      ; jkv 4kuy >el re jkv Nd llb er jxe ]g klt ]hgo g kgj gd kr Te                                                            ,                                    q s                                          q                                                    ,                        ,                                              wa                                                      s
                       s
        4kuy jd u Fuv Fv kdlb kr ]kg ke®keji er df g kgj gd l er ct Te   Z                          Z                                                              s                     s                                                                   q                                    wa                                                             s                    q
                                                                                                                           T s s
                                                                                                                          4g rn dkP kd k;jfkehc hjkl jrhH d knç' Nπv7Nπv  a s X                                                                                                                                                    s X                                            s                            s
              T s s                                   \
      ]g rn kPm eg jxe 4hjkehc ]hje[H ]hekyx ]kr–jfn ugx 4g uekl ek<jfi                                                                                                                          q                                               q                                                                                                , s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           s s\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2kLN re hg rkc hd ekd 4krgkp kuj
d Cgu ekd Bkd 4k;x kg r¬l ]k;x kg ygfkd 'n kji kl 4xy ∂Gf hH hjkeg         s                                          s                              q                                             s                                                             s                          w s                                 s X
      s                              T
      kr ]g ekj krkn dcl ct `hjdkp jd k;D `ekd jd k;D 4Sx gd hg dhO k                     s                                                                                                  X                      X                                                               X                    X                                                                                                                     s
r Sx gd lkndye ct kr 84ekd u jd hNi ]hjdkp u jd jxtv8 df g Sx                    w                                          s                                                                        ,                                         a                                                                 ,                                                                                 T
               gd ht lkndwye ]g rgd o 4g k[j jd nk; _l g; u cl ]g hlykv urt                                    T s                                     s ,                                                                                                               w                                   s                                           T                                                   s
                         ,
          f jkv 84ekj krkn d cl ]Sx gd kdye lkn 6ekd u jd hNi ]hjdkp u ,jd                            s                                                                                                    w                                                                                         ,                                       a
                jxtv8 Akgd u dye 4g krkt kg hÈef ]kn [j kukl e Fkg jkeg 2g hjkd®   s                            w                 ,                                                  s                                                   s                                                 s X                                                       s                                     T
                               s
 ep lsS Fkg jkeg 4g rkt kg kjpd7kLd rkjgkot7jhg rkv7rkv e Fkg jkeg   s                                      T s                                  s                                                           w\                                                                   s                        s                              s                         X                                      s
                                   q
               4kvg ek<jfi‘n kLc kd k_l um udfsy 4g Snf _l jgx Lc u 'n lb 4Bgq                            \                             X w                                                                                           T                                        w s                                     s \ s                                               s                                               q
               Z q                             \
k'nn hLc hd 'n lb hg <jkd d ue lb 4g kry ykduf chdjr hd gjr lb                 s                                                                                        s                                                                    ,                 s                                                    X
          ue 4kugj uk/okl l ue kjt 4g ukeBc _ke ue 4g ukeBc rgc ue kjkgéqr                                   s                                                             ,                                    s                                                                        ,                                       s                           q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2g krdl ync hg LkF e p                                                                                    s s\ X
                                                            s
   hc cv 6kxjd hg ekd kd hjkp go kr ]e dIku kujd ekd kd hjkp g; er                                                                                      s                                      s                       X                                                                                                                                              s                                                  q
 df ;uHfv k;nf n kd _ki kGn dS 4rdl Cgu ync kr kd ;uHfv Bkd e p                          s s                                                                                                             s                                                                                     s s                                                                                        s X
        hc cv 4k;nf sulm ;uHfv kt 2g gj jd kl g kgj kojd kt ke®keji ]sjv 2                                                                         s                          T s                                                       s ,                                                                               s
 s                                                            q s s s
 kjd k;D er kr kg gj jd hukeBc df 2kjd k;D er kr kg gj jd hjkp df                                                                                                                      s                                    s                                                         q s s s                                                                                                    s
                s                            s
      kuy pkl re g; kr ]g ;uHfv kr rxt g; ]g kujd Cgu hH Nd Ag krgd                             s                       ,                                                      s                                                                         ,                                                                                                         q wa
                                                 , sa
   Te ct 4g hgu kujd kr jkv Nd3kg gj jd hg dhO jGf kl kg gj jd kt e                                               s                      ,                             q s s                                                                                                                                          s s s                                                                          s
    q                                             s
   r df kuy pkl re g; kr ]g kujd Cgu hH Nd Ag krgd e ct 4g kukt kl     s                                                      s                           ,                                                                                                q wa                                                                     T                                           ,                                            s
                   ,
               jkv jd ukr k;jfnp df kuy >el re g; kr ]g kujd Cgu hH Nd Ag kgj                                                                               s                                                                                        s                     ,                                                                                                        q wa
                                       s            q
        gd l er ct e 4g y'd kLc e ujd Fuv go 4g kL[ ue e phc dfXk;D                  T ,                                            q                                 \ X s                                                   Z                                                        ,                       \                                       X
             T s
      4g rkt ync yd¥cf Fv dlm rpgi7rpgi dr k;ufkKv ]g rgd Nd hukK                     q                             Z                        s                               s qa s qa                                                                                       X                                                              T s                                                q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2ukdn hje hn jd nkcc  q                          s                                                               Z
                                                                                        s q
                                                                                 2kjtx jd g kujd kt ]Skv u Skv ;el klS ]Skv ]jv 28cç           ,                                           s                                                                                                                                            s                                               s
                                         ,                     q
 d kxjd jfgc ]hxSkg ;yji e yi8 df h;kv e >el rkc g; l cr ]hP\i hr                                       s                                                     X                                                                                        X                                                                                                   s
                                 s
      “r l ct jxe 4sxn kxy ukdOf kr ]r“oc7r“o ]kxSkt yef hHd e yktm7sj                            X                                        s                                     s                                                s                                                                                                                                            X s
           a                               s
s/v Bkd ]kxsxy Bkd jlov ]kxSkv Bkd kdke ]x[n hHd ]x[n df jd pkl                             s                                                                                                          s                                   ,                s X s                                                              s X s                                                                                   s
                           T
hg; e jxe~ ~ ~krgkp kujke Cgu kd dyfke uiv hlkjip ukd~ ~ ~n kxy ukd                                                                                                                s                                                               s                                                                                  ,                                 wa                                       s
                  s s
Of kd pπc d ykynp lb df ]kF krgkp l knl kr kujke `h;kxy k;D hr“r s                             w a                                                                                                                              s                                  s                                                                                                         X
]kgd sulm `g krjd k;D r g; ]BH ]kNi ue 2sujke srt kxy jkv k;kv lq? ,                                                                  w                                                                               w s T                                                                            w                                                       ,
                                                                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
                  m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 53 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                s         T      q
                                                                                                                                                                                             4krkg u k;kv e hjkgér Xe <j'
                                                                                                                                                                                      s         s T  q s
                                                                                                                                                                                   ]krkg u k;ki ue [An kt sl uoht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ]ukoxH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Auæi kjlwn
                               s                                   q
                           4kg hgo er 4lfeoÂr 4g uoht kjkgér kr hgo 4g gkoi kd rDj sjkgér k                            ,                                                    q s                                               ,                         z                                                          q s
                                        ,
   r hgo 4g udL/ hd ;nÔ jkgér kr hgo 4g lkoæ hjkgér kr hgo 4g kvg kOc\                                        s                      q s                                           ,                                                   q s                                            ,              q                    ,
                                                                 s
                jdkv jrhH jkgér go ]kF kukv ltf 2Cgu kyko ukv Bkd 4g hujd Cgu k{     q                                                            s                                                                   s                         s                     ,
                  z ,                                 q
      hri 4g oHuv kd ke®keji l Cgo ]g ;n;˙v kd FkF; l Cgo 84k;kjgO k;®                                              s                                     ,               q                               Z                                 s                                                              X
                     X                         ,
     kd k;†8 4g kukt kg jFf hg elm ]g <{ kt kd ukero ]g ncV kt e ;÷e d       s                                             X                        ,                        s                                              Z                      , q                        s X                                     s
        s                          , s
        xkv jkv Nhi 4kukt Cgu Cgd `aSkt kgd jGf ]Cgu kukt xkv ]Cgu kukt Nhi                                                                                     a                                                                                   s                                                            s
                a                     s ,
          `Skt ld sxkv cv kr Cgu g kr k_k; df kg kgj kg kL[ ykol g; uekl d                s                                  , s                                                         s                          s                     \                                                  s                          s
                             ,
      um jkv ]Cgu ;kim Bkd kd uIky sNhi df kg k;x kg I‘i¬ g; cv Syf sdut                      s                               s ,                                                      s                                s
                       ,                  s
              f jkv ]kg k;df uk;÷ "o rkl7pki sukgütf 4g kgj kt k;nf Syf dldf jRm                  Z                                         a                     X                        ,                                                                                   s
                         ,
kl7ukd ]ku[j yk;“ Syflb 4g xky d gjr7gjr 4g xky d yr rgc kg; kr                                                                T              s s                                                                 T                 s s                                                 q       a                   s
                                                                                                            2kn;kG k;D lki d dl®dfpf lS 6tk[ kd dl®dfp                           s                                                      s s X s s
               s w                                        s
f jln hldf kyp kr ]Cgu hg rjWt Bkd hd tkyb g krgd dl®dfpf jkv ]sF          s                                                                                        s                                                     ,                                                                        ,
                                             s
          Sx Syf d tkyb eg jkv 6g Cgu hg kujd Nd g rgd kr o 2jkl k;D l u                                ,                ,                                                                         q T s                                          s s                                                        s s
                   a
     kt kgo df sxaSkt jdy yk;“ g; o 4g k>el u ]g kul u ]g k;df uk;÷ u u                     s                                                  s ,                                                    ,                           q                             ,                                                           s
   kgütf ]g Skv hg jkc hygi kg; kr rgc 4g Fv Bkd Syf jkgér kd jRm lb
   X                                T                                                                             a                     s                     q                , Z                          s                                         s                   q
                                 s                 X X z s
              hHr ]Om e k<ki jkgér Arr¬o ykol g; kgt kg k;kv y gxt lm uk;÷ ]Xgé                       q         q                                                                    a              s                                         s
q s
r kg k;x jk[uf uk;÷ 4Sgfkp kr_ki rgc ]Sgfkp kr;≈k; rgc kr Syf d u>                                                                                                    q                                                              s                        q             s                     s s
                           s                                wa
              el kdlm ]g kgj n e jRm kt jkv 4Sgfkp kr;≈k; hH hd uNi kd uæi lb          s T                                         s            ,                                                             s                                                     s w s                                z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4F gj ht hg ;®l
   eji eg 2hgj c[ kr ]g ;®l eji hg; jxv 2sk>el hF hxntV hg hd d/kl k     w s                        ,                                                                                                                                                                                                                         s
   r hxntV huiv kr 4g hxntV huiv kr hg; 4kupv u ]uk;÷ u ]kti u 4sF gj  s                ,                                                             s                                          Z                                                                                 w                           s
                                                    s
   hg jd eg kr hg; 2hn gd rkc hd te hLc kr g; 6ku/kjkv u ]kupv u ]kt                                                                                    s                       \ s                                                                                                       Z
          w                                 Z z
          i u ]kuFki u ]uk;÷ g kujd u 6kvg kNπv hg rgc kr g; Axkpkl eqr ]xkv                    ,                                                           q                                           q                       s                                    s s s                                    s s
            kg Skv Su7Su er kr Cgu 4g kgj kt k;nf kdldf jRm df gj <je¬ kdeqr
            s                                                                     q s                                            ,                                                           s                                                                          s                              s
                                                        Z
                dfkr kd krduæi g kry eku e rDo rn jRm Syfhlb 4g kgj n kd Cgüm    z wa                     s                               T                             s s                                                                               wa                         s s
      T                                                        ,
      e jRm g; jkv 4g jkndg d uNi Syflb 2g k;df eJ dFv jkv 4g gj N                 T                                  s s w                                                                    ,                                                                                 ,             T s
 w                                               s
 i g; nkc d eJ d ykl ln Bkd hro¬jl rtfv 2jd uk;÷ k;D jGf kr g kl               s                                                      s                                                                         X                                                 X                         s ,
                                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                        245 fo 63 egaP
           s s     a   T s a      s      ,     \
keg <jkd d uskg s/v 4g /v eg kr g; 4g krLi Bk[nf jk} kd ke®keji hH
    q 1  ,     ,     s
 Xe ;®e jkv 6g krkt kg u'kj kj/av skr ]kg [kv 4g rkt kg yG o kr ]Skt
                             s  s       X X a      T s  s   w s s
             s   s        s X a     T s
 kv kyd hd u[sn l dhO kd kIkd 4g iNf uknjo hH Xe ik'Hfv 2;ürp <‘Î  ,
                                                 T              q
                                           krki e ekJof hg hjkgér Xe <j'
                                                                     T
                                                     krkt kl7jxf7jxf e kdIv Xe Cgüm
                                                          w            s X
                                                    krki IN hHv u huiv l kvk<jk/
                                                          wa \          \ \  a
                                                     krki g Lm Cgu ]krkLGLG [i Te
                                                                                X
                                                                              dfk;D
                                                           s
                                                         hje ukoxH ku[j jc[ Cgéqr
                                                          s s           wa
                                                        hjr l yGfge tkv g kgj kt
                                                               s          zs s s
                                                            ]krkg u k;ki ei jr kucf
                                                            a    w X q T       ,
                                                           ]Mkt yH gér e jxe sld
                                                        s             s          q
                                                     4krkg u k;ki >el kdutf sl 0fc
                                                       wa    s     q s   q
                                                       g kxy u>el Nd jkgér sjk'b
                                                           s         s s s s
                                                        4krkg u k;kx kr lS uTe Xgütf
                                                         s s   a X X    s
                                                        ]je rhxl e kjkr d ynf kOm
                                                        s                s    a s
                                                     4krkg u k;kyNf uekn l XkIkd kt
                                                          s     w      s s X
                                                         ]ry[f yG s; u je e uekn
                                                      s         s      q
                                                   4krkg u k;ki kr hH Nd jdki Xgütf
                                                           a          s
                                                       ]hg k;efkdku hje C;x uc k;nf
                                            s      qa
                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
         m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                         245 fo 73 egaP
    f Sgfkp kuNwi Cgu Syflb 4kxsHp gjr hd Ikd ]kxSkrl >e 6kxgj hg kdIv q            s a                            s q         s
    X                s s           z             ,                 s
    e ue je uæi g; jkv sxaSkt kg knof ikv j@#!if udfy Sgfkp Cgu kr kuN                                       s                                  s
w X                          s                            w s
 i e <{ d <je if|; AkNi u jkd_i dS 4hF h;ki q;kv ulm hcy 4sF Sg Ø                                                   s               a                q s
                                                             s
   db jkd_i 4kF kgj je jdkg kd "o kl 4kF kLi ji k;…'<je uhYQlu ky¥qe      Z   ,                  \             ,
                                           X          w
                                     4sxjd XyH hgo hd hgo `CF hd ygi ukgüb kt xjd Cgu yH       s   s X                  s s X                       X w
             s s s s                         q                 T s s
   hgo ; kg rpkl er k;D skr ]g rn kuc ukot gér eg l jGf df gd slub B                      X q            s                            s
 s                                                         s
 kd jxv jxe 4ok>ym cl d rhrv g rdl [n l rfk' cv jd Iky ]hxntV               T s            s s       a                                    ,
               s               X       T s              s
        hy [n dfk;D 4g rkt kg jk;'fkg e Fv lb Pc hHl 4g Cgu <{y kd kRe   s X Z              s w\                 ,
                 s                       X                           s
        0fqc Bkd kujd rkc hd hjk;'fkg jdkg Pc 4g rkc yjl yd¥cf ]g Cgu rkc    s s w\ ,                                    q              ,
                           q            T s                      X
        uOfd Nd go 4g rxy sujd rkc hd huke0fc jlDv Pw\c Syflb 4krkg Cgu                 q              s                                      s
                   q             s                   q X
uOfd rgc kukg uke0fc e /acl d rhrv 4ku[j yk;“ g; ]g krkt kg uke0a s                                                        ,                s
      q               s s                      ,
   fc hH Bkd kr jdIky sNhi 4kukt re yH ]ku[j <je¬ hH xkv 4xgj hg srkv           w                                     s            s X
           q             X                         a
        [An ]hxgj hg hrkv k;efkdku 4ku>el re hg e /acl d rhrv kdlb 2k[hl                     X      a s                          s                s
                                                                                      s                    s
                                                                                  4krkg u k;ki kr hH Nd jdki Xgütf           q
                                                                                                          a          s
                                                                                                      ]hg k;efkdku hje C;x uc k;nf
                                                                                                                                          s \
                                                                                                                              4hxLi Bkul duH                q
  hd ]dge hd ]dy> hd rhrk;el lm hH e jxaH<{ 4xLi Bk[nf jk'b hg d  s                 X         q                    s X \                              s                   s
         a      s          X        a
     ruv lm hH e jqxH<{ 4hxSkv /ax hd roæk' jkc hygi e kyG Syf dlm                                                                 X X w                            s
       s             s X a s
      ]y ync kd kIkd kt 2kxSkt hg kg uoht kge kr uoht Syf dlm ]y yncs                                  s                                      s                 s
            s       1 s           ,   ,
     hH kd q;®e kt jkv 4g krLi Bk[nf [e hg kd ke®keji hH e q;®e cr 4g h
                                                         \                    q                                                         X               1             ,
                                1              ,       s
  rkt ync hH q;®e cr jkv 4kd uxyVkv d q;®e 4gj jk;r skd uxyVkv sl gkj           s               1 X                       ,                                             s
              s       a s                 s                1
  kel 4l rhxl ]l rhx ]l ;®u eg 4gj u q;®e Syf jkeg hH q;®e df g wnkt    s                 1                    s                                  1           ,
                         X                         s           s X w
   hylv hg; 4y ki tkj kd uy[f kd kyG hH e kLhi jkv 6y tk[ rhx kd [                          X              \          ,          X              s
   q              X            q a          , w
   l eg hH e [An kgt 4g nkt hylv hg; 4Cgu ed llm ]g krgkp kukuc jx                                           s                wa
w          s X               a          T
nkt kd k;lfk;ül suiv e jkv 4Sx kg jxnkt er ]Sx kg jhxk;efhd eqr 4Sx
                                                     ,                s           w              q                      s
                                                             s
     [hl kyd ]Sx [hl k;efhd hd ujd rjfrkiW kd [An eqr kr ]kd [An kdl                  a            s             q                    s                           q s
                                                 ,              q
      jd rxko¬ eqr ]'kd 4g kiNf [l hg Nhi d [An dfk;D 4kujd rxko¬ hg g      s           s                q          X
                       s                     q
  jr hd _ef kr ]Skv [An ct j,kv 4k[hl kusn nko;ü/ hH kd [An cv Syflb      s                                                 s                       q
                                                                                                     s
                                                                                            4krkg u k;kv e hjkgér Xe <j'            T                     q
                                                                                                   s         s T  q s
                                                                                                ]krkg u k;ki ue [An kt sl uoht
                                  s s          s                   ,
                                 Akg rgd eqr 4k[hl Oki kygi Syflb 2g
            s q 1          ,   T s a      w   , ,
  k;D knk;† l ;®e hH uoht jkv 4g Ikd hH yG jkv g jkohn hH jk} Syf sj
                                                          s      qa
                                                        hrke lnf gln rj>
                 m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                             245 fo 83 egaP
  s         s         s
  kr <je¬ kdl [j `kd ;®l lb sxskdl [j <je¬ ;el lm `nko;ü/ xkdl    s s
                              s        q X       s   q   a   s
sn 2kusn nko;ü/ 6kusn re hykx kr ]Skt Hp e uekn jkgér kIkd Bkd ct cv
                                            s                  s   a s
                                         4krkg u k;kyNf uekn l XkIkd kt
                                                                                                                                                                                              s     w      s s X
                                                                                                                                                                                             ]ry[f yG s; u je e uekn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Akg rgd eqr
                                                                                      qa
                                                 4h;x yef htd hLc dS Syf d uoht jkgér kr ]kvkt kg u 'kgc       \                                             s                                  s                 q s                    s                                 s                           s s
                s                                 w X
        ]kvkt u yH e hL? hd kryGlv 6kdl [j <je¬ er e hL? hd [Aqn 2'kd  \                                                                       s                                                               q X                         \
                                                              s                                 w
                                                     4kxyduf tjl jkv sxIN ynkc hg hn¥t 2re kukLc? kr ]Li II      ,                     X a                                                                                                                 \                 s               s \ w
                             q s
             un√n Bkd ji uoht tkv jkv 4g <jokv hg kd kryGlv 4Nhi kryGl Bkd                                   ,                   ,                                                                                                   s                                                                  s
                          s
                  hxkg hrkv Aku[j s>el kr ]yef kryGlv Bkd tkv jxv ]kdlb ku[j nk;                   s                     s                                                s                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4xkjd yH hgo                            w
                                     s
          jGf 6sxkvkt ywH jGf 4g y'd hg kLc e suyH go 4g okHo¬ kd ue hg; d               ,                             q                                \ X                 w                                   ,
    X                           wa
  fk;D ]g kgj gd Syflb e 4xkvkt yH jGf er kr ]hxyef kryGlv Bkd jx                          T s s                                                   w                   q s                                           s                                                                        s
                                                        s s
  v tkv jxe 4kg rdl n nko;ü/ tkv er 4C;kv y kg; gér o ]Cyef Xgér S              s                                                                          q                                   s a                         X q s                                                                      q a
kryGlv ]Cyef gér k;efkdku kt df g kgj kv e >el gér cv 2;ürp <‘Î X q a                                                       s                         ,                                 X                                 X q                                                              ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4Sgfkp
           jk[uf kd uk;÷ ]Sgfkp kro¬ftr hLc ]j[zi hLc Syf dlm 4g rkc uOfd hL                                                  s                  \                               \                                     s                         ,
\                       s                             q X
c kukg uke0fc e ukero 4g kgj Li dG Cgo ]lc 4g hu/kl lm e ukero k              Z                          ,                                \ Z                                                              ,                                       s                     X                        Z        s
                                   s s s
dlm ]kg gj n er kdltf jkv g hgj kv l rhrv jkgér kr go ]kg gj n gkq s                                        , ,                                                s                                       s                 q s                                            s s s
                      s                  q ,
  yl kt er 4g <jkd kdlm jkv 2huy Cgu eg ]k[j lki uiv gkyl huiv d                                                   ,                       s                     X                        s                                 s
             T s                                     s T s
  f g rgd hH o 4g rpc hH o ]g rn kdutf 2kryef Cgu kyko uy Bkd hH j                                         s T s s s                                                                                                                                             s s             s
                                       X                   T s
      Gf ]kd kgkyl g rjd ukn kjlwn7rDe surb xky `kxkg k;D <jkd 4kry Cgu                                                                      q                       s                                       s                                                                           s
      s                       s            q
  Bkd ]kn er [ky 4kry Cgu Bkd jkv3g jk;r xky kd un r@#!ie3e k;ufqn          s                                        s                  ,                T         ,                        s s s s                                                                   q X
              ,                                                    s
                g hrkt hn knk;† lcl gkyl Syflb ekd uOfd lcl kuuke gkyl hd sjlwn             X                                                                                                     s
           ,                                                s
   jkv ekd yjl lcl kun gkyl kd jlwn ]dS 4k[j yk;“ ]g thp kn e k;ufqn              s                                             s s                                            s                                                  T X                                  s X
                                                                          ,                          X
                                                                   4g Cgu e k;ufn lb ekd yjl l un gkyl kd jlwn 4Xe /                q                                                                 s s s                                                     s s
   a a s                                       Z
    cl d ukero Sgfkp hukg huke0fc 4g uklkv kukg uke0fqc e /cl d rhrv                s                                                 q ,                                                    s                                         X                           a a s
                                                                                                                                                     4CF hd suer kt xkjd yH hgo `kxWd  q s s s                                      X w                                                             a
                            T s                        s s
   k;D e kr ]sn n Bkd hHv hukot >e jxv df pkl e ue uiv hH kPc jxv                                                                  s q                                        s s X                                             s                                                    w\
                   s X                                   s
  udfy 4gd g; kt ]xkg Pc ed n;k' jknukeB urb 4g kgj gd dhO uhYQlu        s X s w\                                                                                                  s                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                               4Cd l jn kjt jxe ]Cd            s
          X w                             s T
           yH Bd ue jkc lb 4kxkg dG kurb lc ]kxWd W' hn¥t kLkF 4kxWd sl j                         s Z                                                                   a                                q                                              s\                         a
                    a                              s
Gf ]kg Akgd ulm jkv hyk[ [kv u uhYQlu `Cd e uoht lb uikv kt xXjd     ,                        s                            a s                                                                      X                                                        s                          s s
        s                                    w
        l jGf XyH hgo ikv k;D kr syef uoht kjkcqn kdkikv jxv 4g krNi hH jG                             s                                                                             s                                                               wa                        w
                                                                                                    s      qa
                                                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
          m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                 245 fo 93 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                                                                               4kxxy up          s
      qa                      s                        ,
      gi chjd d /fkel hH jkv rhxl g; 6kxkg j/el jkv rhxl g; 4xSkt srL a               s       q q                  ,                        a                   s a
q\                                      , X
t ek;kv Su7Su jkv e rhx lb 4kxSkt krkg 0el hH jkv rhx ; 4hxSkt h                          s         1                           ,                      s
                  \                                , X
   rPc kegfe ]kejfx hH jkv e rhx lb ]sxkvkt rkg y'd eqr lt7l,t jkv 4k               s             s s                      q                   s , s                         ,
         s                               s                 s
xOm rhx g; Cgo 4kdl Ls\N kd jkrlf uiv ]kvkg hH kgt er df g krn /skc         s               s s                      a                    q               wa            s
             X q                                    s            s
             gér 4Skt kv kyd hd uktc kd jkrlf suiv ilf gér df g krgkp 4Skt k[                  Z            X q                        wa                                          s
           s               s        q                    s
           kt ]krn Cgu Xgér rhx klS jkv 4Skt IN skt ]krn Cgu gér /x hlS Syflb
                                                               ,                w                       s                      X q               a               s
                                                                                                                                                                               4hxS
                     w            s          s        s a
   kt IN Cg; ]sxkvkt yp l kg; er ]/ax hje 4kxSkt IN Cg; ]xkvkt yp sl    q               s                              w                        s s                   s
    a                    q             s ,                   q s ,
    kg; er ] rhx kje 4g kjkgér kt g krdl kt k;ki hgo dfk;D 4g kjkgér go                                                              X               ,                     q
              ,              s q s         ,
             ]g k;ki uer kt 4g k;df kjk'b ilf sue 4kF kLi kcn e Idjd7Ld jrhH h
                                                                          Z   T                       \                      X                           s w\
                s      q                         q
   g jkgér kjhg hg kjkgér 4kF kLi rpfjfiv udfy ]kg 4g Cgu hH Nd kje el
                                                                    \                            s a                     ,                                   q            s X
                    s s               q ,                          q ,
      b 4kg gj kx Cgér 4g hg kjkgér ]g kgj kg skt g; ]Mkynf nk; gér e udfy        s                           a                                     X q T                            s
                                s              s s q
              4kF krdl kg Cgu kr l>e hHd g; 4kF krdl kx hgu klS hHd kr e df3                                    sa                 s                           s T
                                                                                                          s
                                                                                                  4krkg u k;kx kr lS uTe Xgütf                s s s s
                                                                                                                s s   a X X    s
                                                                                                               ]je rhxl e kjkr d ynf kOm
                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                                    3g kr
                  s s ,                  a
 xy hg klS kr g krxt rhxl kGn hygi ct 4g kr>el e rkc hjkgér udfy wa                  T                   q                 s
                                 , X q          T s            Z
                                4g gér kuyp ]g rk[nf xke yod kr 0c Ag kgd u 0    s s            q ,                     s
  q                          q T a          a
  c 4,g rhxal hg kjkgér ]g k;yfqxv hg hjkgér ]g jkr hg jkgér 4rhxl kxLi k
                                                          q T                      s         q       a                 s \
             s X           a        q ,                 s
uLs\N hg kd k;yfqxv hjkgér 4g krdl jd jk'b yod kr Qx Akrdl LN Cgu            s s         q                     s\
 s X            a             s
  l k;yfqxv huiv hH kd k<ho hd ;nÔ jkgér Qx 6krdl n Cgu rhxl ]krdl
                                                    s      q           q               s               a
    s                X                 \
    n Cgu rhx géqr Qqx 4kF kLi k;kl e jkrlf hg jkgér go 4g hg kjkgér rhxal
                                           s X                       s        q            ,                 q
          ,              q                            X q
      go 6g hg kjkgér rhx go Awan kynf nk; gér udfy 2kF krdl kx go df krds
                       s             ,        ,                     a T
      l Cgu hH pkl go df klt klsS 4g krxt rhxl ]g srOm rhx ji h_r7;nÔ                                      a
              X                                              s
hd ;‘'f e ;÷Ufkl hd Qqx jWt 4,g hjWt huy [j yk;“ rkc Nd e /cal lb                                q X              a
                                                                           s                   s s s s
                                                                     4krkg u k;kx kr lS uTe Xgütf
                                                                                                                s s   a X X    s
                                                                                                               ]je rhxl e kjkr d ynf kOm
                         X . z   ,          , Z   s             s s
                        2e Ikel jkv hjk[Hf g dG kr kl hg kurb 4kg g
          s    z  , s                      s s        s       ,
  j kt jdkg Ikel jkv F Skv gjr hd hjk[Hf 4kg gj kt jdkg 01el jkv sF
             q      s s        s       q        s   a
   Skv –jfn er 2jGf kg gj kt jdkg Su er 6k;x kg rjfrkiW uoht kjkgéqr
                                                             s      qa
                                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
 m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                         245 fo 04 egaP
                                                             a          X
                                                            nG kd xkjof e xi ykL
                                                                      X Z
                                                               jkH kd k;ørd sjkgéqr
                                                            X s   w   ,
                                                           dG kt jn ]ukd go ;”y
                                                      `lkgrfb7<je7eüt hgj [yf
                                                              s
                                                           hu[y jd uc hd k'kjuf
                                                              . s s               w
                                                           lkoNπkl kt ji XkO‘1i ;ü'
                                                                        q     ,
                                                             lkv go Bk>je hl7ukd
                                                                     , s s
                                                              `gkj hOc dkj hjkgéqr
                                                            X    z    s
                                                        tkv e rkHi hH d rfÎzi
                                                         z q      q
                                                      gkoiJv uc /fl hdltf df
                                                                 q      w     ,
                                                           uîo¬ [l go kII kl7ukd
                                                           4uktuv uhlknm sl rDf'
                                                       s
                                                       gj Ief ji krdlf hd ;el
                                                                     \
                                                      `ukel güpf ni Lt sd hldf
                                                         ,              q  s
                                                        ukd ji Fi uoht er "'
                         ,                   s             s
                        4g hjWt hg hurm hH hun kynf nk; g; l Gjr
    q                z     ,                   s
hd Qx udfsy 4okH kd gxquv 4g dofkHko¬ okH g; l Gjr hd ;‘'f udfys
                                          s      qa
                                        hrke lnf gln rj>
m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                        245 fo 14 egaP
                                                          X q a          wa ,
                                                          gér Mkyrc k;D ]g ukd
                                                                  s s
                                                          2ukeofN g8 u ouke kgd
                                                                         s
                                                           lkoæuf yrh' jdy dS
                                                          z     X   s
                                                      4rkHi k"m k;† kg hgj kv
                                                           wa
                                                     ykL I?? u? yefy>f ek;æ
                                                                 s           z q
                                                          rkx rrfk;† kl7njki H'
                                                                  s      a
                                                          <Qv rI‘fojfi ypv yhu
                                                            s     z  Z
                                                          4doof7;<i <"dkv kuc
                                                            k;x gj ouke hg kr[sn
                                                      dS yi jd rjfkG¬of I‘f1n
                                                            q    a    a   w q
                                                          /≈eof tkv utv ygrd
                                                                             s
                                                          4ukx Bx uc j[cf kurp
                                                               a      wa X
                                                            rhxl kOm tx e ;nÔ
                                                                 s
                                                          ukr go u ouke ct huql
                                                       a          s      w
                                                      ne yd hd ydfkd hl dd
                                                                  ,      s X
                                                          `jki lb g k;kv y géqr
                                         s      qa
                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
                m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 24 egaP
                                q T
           ji hÈN e tkv df 4g k;x kg wy@#!i s>e kjt tkv df 4Cgu ue kje kjt        ,                      s                                     q                                                                                                                       s
tkv df krdl gd Cgu g; 4kxkg hg kuuc ikH lm ji hxLf kl 4g 'oji 4g                                           s                                                  s                                   z                     ,                     ,                                          ,
                                                            q
  0ckv7rf;uf yd¥cf huki 4g Cgu rkc hd okH hg uiv Bkd hd huki g; 4ji                            ,                                                                               s                          s
     ,                                          s
     kl hHd ]ji cukRl hHd jkv Skt uc ikH jdkg ex ji hxLf cukØv hHd                                   ,                                                                s Z                                         z                       s
  huki df Cgu klsS 4l iW nkoijuf 4hrdl Li Cgu k/kc7u¿of Bkd elb 4kxgjs                                                                                \                                                                              s X                                             s
                               s Z                         s s
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                                             T s
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                      s                           q
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                                            z X q s
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                     wa s T                                       ,
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                                     s s q s s
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                    , Z
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                                  T s
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                                                                   X q
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                                                q             q s
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s                                                 T s
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            s                                 ,           s Z
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                                          a
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                                   X
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                                                                                                                                                s      qa
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                                                            q
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                               s
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                                 a Z
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                                      q                   s
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                        s s
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                             q
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                                                               ,           s               s s
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         yk[ tkojn7jk}7k;dfL[f sulm 4kxkg k;df u rxfjr kd uiv l k0J ulm               a                             \                                                                  s                                                                                    a               s s                                                    s                              s
                    s
4kxkg kgj nc go 4kxkg kgj u ky[ go 4kujd re nkoof Nd llm kr 2kvg   a                          s                                                                        q                                                                                                                                                q s                                          s                              q
                                                         q s X
     Cgu hH Nd kr eg ]BH ]gd go ]kg kOc jdkv hg lki jkgér hH kjlwn Bkd                                                   s                                                   s                                     ,                                                                                 s                       q                                                              s
      ,                                                s
      g krdl kg hH klsS Syflb 4g Cgu kr;koufv 4kg htkj kd ujd jkdhxv Sy                                                                        ,                                                           Z                                                     s                                       s s                                                                    a
              s                                       q ,
     f dlm er ]g kgj I? jrhH d Qqxnl kt df g hg kurb yod Fv kd xal®l                                                                             s                                   .                           s                                 ,                                                                                s Z
                                                                                                                                      s      qa
                                                                                                                                    hrke lnf gln rj>
        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                            245 fo 64 egaP
            ,        s              a X
    jr dS ]g kukIg kd 0fqc kusy xkyN e lk;ül 4dl y xkyN e lk;ül eqr ]
                                              a s        s   a      X       a
s                  s     q     q
dl [j jd kIg kd 0fc er dfk;D3h;x kg rkvQ'3rgc7kLkF Ski >el eqr
                                  X       s          q     q     s\
                                                                               X
                                                                              4rkc
              ,             X    T X    q   ,      X
     hd jrhH3g k/kc 0fqc eutf g rkc Nd jkv3rkc hd jgkc3g hrkt h>el    T
  s     q s T          q
    l 0fc kt g Xrkc Nd 4rkg Ski >el u hH Nd er l 0fc 2rkc g dhO g;
                           s s                 q       q s     q          ,
                                                 s                      s
                                            4krkg u k;ki >el kdutf sl 0fc        q
                                                                                           wa    s      q s   q
                                                                                          ]g kxy uk>el Nd jkgér sjk'b
                                   q s s            ,                q
                             Aer kg rgd 4g hg kjkgér go ]kxy[f yG skt jxe           s          w
    ,              s Z                  ,             s      a
   4g krdl sn _{ktM dhO7dhO 4g krdl n xjr dhO7dhO 4g krdl n jlov                      ,              s
            s   , s           s       q ,
    ]krdl n kdke kd thc jkgér 4g kgj jd hyke kt g krdl jd hgo Qx.nl      s ,                             q
                                                                                            4krdl kxy
              s          X          s       s             s s
   Cgu yG d ekv sl e thc d ehu kr hH kr jd ;kim [ky hyke ]jd ;kim                                 s
                           \                    s          q
  hyke [ky kF;üv 4kF kLi kcn Xe thc jkgér dfk;D ]g ky[f e er yG ; 4X         ,           X   q         w s
,       q                       s         s
g kvg Syfhlb ]kF krdl kg g; 4kg sdl kx Syfhlb 4F rdl kx er Ag krg              s s               q wa
      s q T      s     s
d ler e udfy 2l suiv F rdl kx er df kjd klkjH er ld ] rpfjfiv
                                  s s             q            s           s       q s ,
                                              X         s
   kurb ]kuskguv kurb ]k;u kurb dfk;D 2l Gjr hjkgér kugd kjkgér g dhO           q                   q ,
                                                                       s                s s s s
                                                                 4krkg u k;kx kr lS uTe Xgütf
                                                                                               s s   a X X    s
                                                                                              ]je rhxl e kjkr d ynf kOm
                                                                                      s s                  q ,
                                                                                     Akg rgd er 4g dofkHko¬ okH kd
    z q           s                                        ,
  gxuv l Gjr hd ;‘'f 2;ürp <‘Î ]g krjd jkdho¬ Te hH rkc hjkgér jxe         wa                                                                  q
                                              s              a       s             s
                                        4krkg hH kgo kr ]krkg kul l k0J jxv utx kd jxkl        q s                            Z
 s q                     s     a
 uer 4krkg hH kgo ]krkg k[n l k0J kd kyG ry[f jxv uer 4krkg hH akg
                                            s          s s                    s X w s                                 s q                s
     s               s       q s                    q
o kr ]krkg kul l k0J suer hH kdlm 'kd jkv hrkv tkokv hd y;kd sl j  s                            ,                                            s
             w , s s s , X                              q
wn7jn jkv rkg Oc e yxat er df kF krdl kg hH klS 4kF krdl kg hH jkv                       s                  s                      s                   ,
                                        q X               w ,
   Cgd 4kurb lc ]kvg e hxntke hdlm 4Refuf 48ItS dIfyfId8 Ag rgd d                                       X                 s          T s
              , s                  ,                  s s
  ufkKo kdltf 4g Refuf yod kr Qx.nl go 4g hg kjkgér go ]g krtc kt ]k     q                   ,                 q            ,                    s
                                 s              s
 u[j yk;“ udfy 4Skt kg Wq' kutc Nd jrhH jkgér kr ]kd uiv kyk[ eqr              q                  s       q s       s s               s s
                    s X              ,
       jxv kr elb 4g 8hIlfufk∂ulf8 kr xl®l 4g Cgu e;uf kd <jkd7;kd Bkd s         a         ,                                           Z             s
       a               ,               a s s
   xl®l jkv 4k[j nc kd uiv sulm df hg hurb kr g rfkH Bkd jxv hdlm                                     s ,        az     s
           w                                      s
  `jld k;D hH kdlm 4kukg re hH tkjku ji lm kr gd klS ler Bkd jxv                                       s s           s s q                 s
                                                                 s s \ X
                                                               `kg Li e jdDp ldf er 2kg e h'kgc er `k         q s X               s s              q     s
         X      s          q
  g e 'kg er 4Cgu hpt rkc Nd kr eg 6Skv Iky hg wa; kr eg ]F Sx hH e
                                          a                     q s X                               ,             s             s
                                                    s      qa
                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
           m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                245 fo 74 egaP
      T s        zs  q     a   ,          X          q
 go ]g yko sujd ei s>e hH kgt 4g Cgu 0ckv e ukF¬ lb Nd yGfge g;
    s                   ss   a      s                  s
 4hxgj hjkt yGfge g; ]sxkgj kgt cv 4rdl Cgu kt Cgd cv l yGfge lb
                                            s s          wa
                                         hjr l yGfge tkv g kgj kt
                                                                                                                                   s s
                                                                                                                               Akg rgd eqr 2re kvkL\c? jkv                 s                          ,
                                                                                                         ,
                                                                                                      4g h;x gj hed Nd7u Nd ]hed Nd                            q         q                          q
                                      s                 ,
ku>el sygi dlm 4g kuki hg kd kF¬ov hd nHv lm 4krkt gj Cgu nH g;                  s                                           s                                                            s
        , q               ,             ,
     ]g Qx ukd ]g ;‘'f ukd 4krkt gj Cgu Gkl ]g ukd7ukd hL? lm 4kxSkt y
                                                             ,                                                                   ,      ,             ,             \
                                    \
    wH hH Qqx hL? lm ]kxSkyx kurb ei ]kxSkcL kurb ei ]xkpc Cgu hH er 4                       zs                       q                             zs s s                                        q
  ,           s         X                  s                     s X a
  g kun dG hH lb Fkl d kIkd Cgüm `sxkjd k;D kdlb ]Sx yduf Ikd cl c                                         s                                                                        s a
                    a             ,               s
      t Xe rv jkv 4kxy ykduf kd kIkd cl jkgér kt ]g kIkd dS r} kd Qx j      s X a                               s           q s               ,              a               ,                  q
,                           T s s                X s X a X s
kv ;‘'f 4g rn dG kd kIkd kukn jGf ]g ry ykduf kIkd kjln eg sl Ikd                                            T s s                                        a            w                      s a
             s , ,
    dS lt 4g krkt IwN hH r} g; e rv jGf ]g rn kLN kd kr} jkv r,} g;  ,                X           a                      T s s                  q\ s X , ,
      ,         ,             a                       s
    4g r} erfv g; 4rkt I? r} cl jkv 4r} hj[kv g r} hH g; 4g ke®kejiq           ,                ,                   ,                       ,           ,                         ,
                  ,                            ,                       a
          Cgo ]g Qqx u g ;‘'f u kgt j,kv 4k;x hH Qx ]Sx hH er kr ]Sx Ief eqr                                                   q                                 q s
                                             s             q
         jxv jxe 2sxkdl kyH u eqr l ukyqH jkgér ]kg 4g rht Fkl7Fkl 8r8 jkv           s s                      s         q a                T s                                          w               ,
           T          s                   q s
          8e8 `gd Qx kd Qx kt kxpc ukd 4g krkt Ief hH Qx kr g krkt Ief ;‘
                                                          q s                s           ,             ,                                                    q s ,
                                s
     'f ct udfy 4Skt Ief ;‘'f ct g hHr kr kr<i hd ;‘'f 4k;x r kgo k;x                      ,                      s                 Z w                                        w a
         T a                                        s          X
         e kgt ArokHo¬ kr ]e ei sxkvkt cL hg yd¥cf eqr ct ]xkgj u Cgér ctzs        s                w                     q                                        s s                      q
                                                                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                          4krkg u k;ki ei jr kucf               zs s s
                                                                                                                                     a    w X q T       ,
                                                                                                                                    ]Mkt yH gér e jxe sld
                                                                                                                                     s
                                                                                                                                   Akg srgd
                                    X                        s
   eqr 4kxSkt kv e >el cl kr ]u hg kpc df kvkt cwL urb 4kxSkv Xe >e              s            s                 s
      ,          , s w                       ,             q
 l jkv7jkv kcL j,kv7jkv 4kvg W' kukv e >el Nd7Nd kr ]cL e ei eqr        q          X                q         q s           s w X              zs
           ,               zs              q             ,
        4g hd ei kRe0fc go 4g UHf rgc l 0fc kt ]g kRe0fc hH jkv dS           q       s     q s             ,            q                ,
                                                                                                                    s s
                                                                                                             2hd ukg uke0fc g r             q ,
 az s                 Z         T       w q s
fkH kdum ilf ]g hg 0c kr uke0fc 2rkg u ukohn jxv rgj uc hg 0c kr          q s s          s                        s       s                w q s
             q           X               X             q ,
   uke0fc dfk;D 2ji kuke0fc3g jkdim kLc kd kukohn `kF ojkx k;D ]hF k                   \        X                              ,
                                      s s s
ejfx k;D hd ke' kr rkg u hg ukoji 4Cgu hg rkv ukoji j,kv hrgj hryts                         s         s
               s              s                      s
 ke' 4krkg u Bkd hg kyko ukx kd kegfe hd 'kdi e rxt lb kr srkg u u    s                           z X                            s     s          s
                                                 ,             qa
koji jxv 4Cgu hg krI? ]g jnl hH kt e rxt lb kr rkg u ukohn jxv 2            s X                           s s s              s
                                  \                     s s s
krkt gj –jfn kLc rxt g; kr rkg u ukohn ]'kd 4g k;df jkdim kLc kd               s                        ,                                    \
                     s X                       ,
 rxt lb u kukohn jxe 4g uikukohn kd gjr dS lk;ül 4g rkg yxki ezsi h                                          a T s s
         ,        zs                               X
Hl 4g ei kd gjr dS dfk;D ]g uiyxki kd gjr dS lk;ül 4g kun [j G      ,                                                 a ,          s
                                                                    s      qa
                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
         m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                    245 fo 84 egaP
                      Z                   w q                s
        rkc dS ilf ]jtg ]kgd ulm `g kugd e okpc uiv Nd gér Akgd u II            ,        X              s                    q X q                         s       ≠s
                              \         X           s a
¬tfe 4k;x kLdi kFkg xj 4k;x kLdi jkv kl? ujd hjkp e j? dS jkp dS              \   ,          q s                       s X                            s
                                                                                              4hxSkt xy hlkG e uhr 4g kjr     a X                       ,
         X s               s ,                    s
  [ e kn udfy ]g kr;nkim kr hd hu®i dS 4g hrn kpgi ukldu kon knk;†
                                                                 s                            ,       s             qa                 q
      ,                            s                    s\            s
     ]g hrjd ekd kr kon hLkF 4kuy sy re hH kon knk;† ]ku[j yk;“ jxe 4Sg
                   s                 s                s
  fkp hg hukg ed7l7ed kr hu®i dS df Sx kuc e;uf uke0fc kr Syflb 4x                                                                 q s                           s
   s       s q       s s
  kIif jc `xkpc ld ]e jkll g k;_¬f hurb 2g r;lfg k;D hjkgér kr Cgu 4
                                       s , X                       a T a                        ,               ,                        q s
  s s            s                                             s
  kg gj [n kuil k;D df hx[j cklgf hH e rkl 4hx[j kjgi kI? lhckp 4j/                    X s s              s                          a              ,
                                s             a
  m u ]j/b hxn sudk> u 6j/m u ]j/b hxn su[n u 4g d{j hu®i 2xkvkt ky                  s            s         ,                                 s s
               s            ,                   s
xi `kxjd ukd k{j kr Cgu 4hxjd k{j l k;_¬f hjln hjkgér go kr ]hgj hu     s           s X                       w                q            s
                         ,                  s              s
  ®i jxv df g g; kr kr;nkim hLc l cl 4g hLc kr;nkim e gkoof ]rkd–p           \ s           ,        \             s              X                        a a
                                                                                                                           ,              s
                                                                                                                          `g hH kr;nkim Bkd                  s
X                                 T s
e gkoof k;D `g rgd k;D ikv 4g krgkp kujd gkoof e ]ukoxH Auæi erfv         wa                                            T                         z            a
                                                                                          ,
                                                                                         4g H' gq
      ,     s       s     s        q
 o ]g krkg hH kt cr ]kg Cgu er ct jkv 4kxgj krkg ]kxkg ]g kukg kt jG
                                           ,          s         s       s       ,       s s
        s s     s     s s     \
f 48;kg kl ;kg hukg8 4kn kPp kji7kd7kji kd uiv kr er 4kxSkt kg sl uiv
                                 w      w s s               s       q              s          s
              s s\          s                     Z           ,
  cl jGf 6kLkN krpV jGf 4kvkt <j' hdlm ]e/ ]g k;hn kvg kryt kt jr             q             s
    s              a s                   s      .         s
hH d Qqx.nl 4?l 6kvkt <j' hd xal®l d Qqxnl 2kvkt <j' hd Qxnl hldf                    q .
                                                    a
                                 4efkNπx a<j' eé/ ]efkNπx <j' ?l ]efkNπ   a       a a
          a                     s s s                   s
x a<j' 0qc 2rfxk<j' 4kxSkt kg l uiv cl "' ]Skt kg kni okH7<j' lc  s         ,
                                                                      T
                                             4krki ekJof e hg hjkgér Xe <j'           q
                                                                                                             T
                                                                                             krkt kl7jxf7jxf e kdIv Xe Cgüm
                                                                                                  w            s X
                                                                                            krki IN hHv u huiv l kvk<jk/
                                                                                                   wa \          \ \  a
                                                                                              krki g Lm Cgu ]krkLGLG [i Te
                                                                                                                                                          X
                                                                                                                                                        dfk;D
                                                                                                           s
                                                                                                         hje ukoxH ku[j jc[ Cgéqr
     s s      s                         a           s
    Akg rgd 2kjd re krpV hdlb 4kxsOm rhxl g; Cgo ]kxOm rhx g; Cgo
        s                   s X ,    s    s a     ,   ,
]hxSkt kg Wq' yGfge g; Cgo ]xOc yef ukohn kn kgt jkv 4g yGfge g; C
                                                        s      qa
                                                      hrke lnf gln rj>
                  m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                245 fo 94 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            T wa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dyiv e gj hg kr[sn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              X X q ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k; gér ]g krgkp ht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Aygi l hnk'                        s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             4g Cgu ;kim kd ukv ygi                                                      s                         s
        s                                                 ,
Bkd kdlm 2g hg e nkc d hjk' krkv ;æn kd nkc d hnk' go jxe 4g krkt                X                           s                                                                 1                                             s                                                                          ,
                                             q
          ync yd¥cf ;æn nkc d hnk' jkv g krkg kuokHy c[ kt ]g krkg ;æn dS    1                           s                                  , ,                        s                                           q                w s                 ,                        s                             1
      s                             s
      ygi d hnk' 4ryp Cgu l kgkyl hd hldf yeke g; dfXk;D 4Cgu hH xkdQ     s                                    s X                                                                         s                                                                                                                s s
            q s s s
   er l udkj 4Cgu hH rpfm kudkj kr ]g k;x kg hg ynf kjkgér cv 4kd kj/                                                                s s                     ,                                     s                                                        q                                         s
   s                      ,
     k'; g krkt ;J kjkl 4kryp u kri kd 0c erkx ]kj/k'; hrkg u 4k;nf eü s                                                                                                            q                      ,                                 s                  s
                 s                                      a s
t kd lk;ül ultf g hg gkoof 2g kr;nkim hL\c hdlb 2ku[j yk;“ kurb3Cg                       ,                                               ,           s
                                          s
 u hg krkg lk;ül e k;ufn kucf d gkoof jkv 4g Cgu hH ;kim Bkd kucf Sd     a X                               q                          s                                               ,                ,                                                                     s
                                                    s
 f oHquv ]jxf e &^!x kucf 2kjd k;bH kr kg rgkp kujd gkoof ]rkd–p klX s                                                       s                                       s s s                                                                                                                     a a s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4g Sx k[ hykx skn ;ktc                         s
                            s                               s
sd hykx dS l hryx jkv ]g htkrif jr ; 2gj ip ]d;kyku jv ]hykc heée                                      ,            T                             s s s                                                          q                                        s                                       s
                                                ,                              s                 ,
                                               4g k;x kg jkv kdLy dS gér df Cgu hg k[yf uer `g ukd g; ]h              \                        X q                                                                                               s q                   ,                     ,
                                            w s Z
eée ]kNi l ;pækv L\c sulm 4g Bg hOc Syf kd dLy ;ñ"o pki dS e nkx                               s                                 , q                     ,                                      s s \                                                              a                                         X             s
             a
             ke hdlm df k[n sulm kr kIky l 'nof ct kIc kd ykynp nkc ;el Nd         s                            s                 , s                  s                                                       s                                    w a                                                                      q
                        4hF ykl lhykp em hd hu®i hdlm jkv lhykri kunf um em hd ykywnp      z                                                                               ,                                           T X                                    z                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4,g hrkt
          s
          kg ed ykl lhc em hd rDf;ø l uk[ gütf ]g k;yfkx o e Idi lb df kF            z                                                     s s                     X                                 T a                           s s X                          s ,
                                      X
        k[yf e _i 4l Ly≈b kF ktH _i dS jkv Idi dS u _i dlm kd ykywnps                  T a                               s                                               ,                     s ,                                     s          q s                                s                                             a
                                                                                                                        4hryp Cgu l r<fx hxntV 6kukOcf re r<fx kls
 s
 S 2hurdf hd jkp ]hurdf hd uhr ]hurdf hd kn kr ]g kr;nkim hurb ct h                                                                                                                                   s s                            ,                s
                                                              s
 d dS df kuy >el re g; jxe 4hxSkpc l kjkv kr;nkim hd hu®i dS kr                                                                                                                         s X ,                                              s                                                                             s
                                                                                                                           s
                                                                                                                  2kun re ktl hd k;u®fi kn g; jxe ]kun sn kg kt                          X                                 s                                                           s                         s
                   s                    ,
l kt jkv ikv 4h;x kg gcl lS hg lS jkv 2g Skv Syfldf uiv df k;x h                                   s               q s s                         s s                             ,               T
                       w T
g yH e 6k;x xy e u[n k'ker e df hF hgj kg ukr7kpC[ hlS hdlb 6hF                         X s s                                                T                                                           s                                                           s
 hrpC[ jiM kdlb hu®i dS jkv hF hrpC[ sphu kdlb hu®i dS 4g kuht es                                                              ,                                                                             s                                                                     ,                                 X
                                ,
 phc ]g hrgj jiM hu®i hjln ]g hrgj phu hu®i dS hdlb 2~ ~ ~kF Cgu hg                                                     w ,                                    s
               s                                      Z
klkjH ji du >e ygi 2~ ~ ~h[n rfx sue kt hdlb jkv 2tkv Cgu hg krlG     s q s                                                        s                                  T s                                                                ,                                                                                     a
                                  s
            rkc kr hygi e kr ]d henkv lb ]Crkg u k;_¬f kn jxv df kgd ulm 2g T s                      s                                                     s                                 a                          s                                                                  s                           ,
                     q                            X               w s
     kvg kjL k;D r l gjr lb~ ~ ~]Cn aSktl kd kxky ue rgc df kgd u I≠sI¬tf                                                                                                          s X s s T                                                   q                                                s
                              s
e 4kun re ktl hd ujd gkoof l k;_¬f kn jxe ]kun ktl cl jkv ]g hugd                            s                                          s X                                  s                                                   s                                             ,                    ,
                                                                                                            s      qa
                                                                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                          245 fo 05 egaP
                                               ,    s      q    X    s s     s
                                               g kryk? ljk/l Xe kukd je nç' d;®zi
                                                           s s     q s  q
                                                      kyko ukg rjf[e l [e sjkgéqr
                                                              a s X   \   s   ,
                                                         kIN –p kg e Lkv ?e slt
                                                                \ q \        Z
                                                              kL[e Lg¥v kiNf 0v
                                                                 X  \       qa
                                                                 e Lkv hd uOxov
                                                                    s X   s     ,
                                                          kI? yek;æ kg e ek;ø slt
                                                                     q s   q s ,
                                                                ]ji [e jkgér yG
                                                                      q   s q s q
                                                                     jdpf y[y[
                                                              a         q
                                                        Sif jrjuf xkji j/e dnke
                                                           kd hyd ]yfv r¬e df k;
                                                             s  s   s     a X
                                                         Syf d jkdp kg hunkp k;†
                                                            q               a
                                                            {p yip ]uorpf ypp
                                                                  s s ,
                                                              Syf je g loki qr+
                                                               q 1   X s
                                                        keyfky ne hd kykid sjkgéqr
                                                                   s s ,
                                                               Syf je g lj uoht
                                                          q          X
                                                       krj/e dnke hd kj/v sjkgéqr
                                                              dy> dS hjkgéqr ]lc
                                                               ,          s   s
                                                               g kjkgl kd uht jse
                                         s      qa
                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                          245 fo 15 egaP
                                                      wa  s s s      q
                                                      g krkg kd ugd Nd hH ct Te
                                                s    s      w
                                               ]kg hry jd hji kre√/Og jg huiv eqr
                                                                                ,
                                                         jd jH jhu kgkpuv Xe Xkuu
                                                       s        q  q
                                                       kg hrjd Nd er ku ]jH unf
                                                            kg hrn ujd Nd >e ku
                                                            s    s s    q s q
                                                           s        ,  q   s X
                                                          `kg hrjg up [l kje k;D
                                                                       s q
                                                          ]jd gj hdipf l>e enjg
                                                      ,                    s
                                                     `g Cgu eku kd k;n Syf d rfi
                                                      X       q s        q      ,
                                                      e ltf ]er kg hu®i jO‘uf hld
                                                            ,         X  s
                                                           `g Cgu ekd e Bklj k;D
                                                         q s    ,           s X
                                                       ]er kg hOc ji hrkN hje k;D
                                                                    Ankc sd hnk'
                                                  T wa         s X q s
                                                  e g krdl ktl l kuel kd Fi krs
                                                            s
                                                           3kyp Fkl jd uc huxfal
                                                        e g krdl kuc gkj huiv kr
                                                        T wa                  s
                                                                 s  q s
                                                               kje er kgx jd nf;
                                               ,    s                  Z a
                                               g krykc hg; lc jd gjgj uerv kjse
                                                          z   wa   X q
                                                        s;if ]y ki gér gjr hH hldf
                                         s      qa
                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                           245 fo 25 egaP
                                                     T wa            , s
                                                    ]e g krdl hi hH jkv kr Znn ]akg
                                               s  q s            ,     s
                                               l >e rkt Sif Cgu jkv cv ukr sjkgéqr
                                                      T s     s X
                                                      g gj kt dG ji¬ji ji sjlwndS
                                                      X                      s
                                                   cl ckrdf ]rkon ]eyd ]txkd jse
                                                                T s     s X
                                                                g gj kt dj jkrxy
                                                                      X  q   q   s
                                                                      e jl sjlsc ;
                                                    l kg; kvkt y kd kpπc ub uiv
                                                    s a   s    s s X        s
                                                             T   z s     s s s
                                                             g <ki rdllf je dIv
                                                                  X s   s
                                                                  e xk/ d k;n hjsr
                                                                     , Z    s  s
                                                                Zkrgup ]krd'yD kv
                                                    g <kc hnsHnç' ]Cgu nç' ]nç' jg
                                                    T
                                                            s s     q s  q
                                                       kyko ukg rjf[e l [e sjkgéqr
                                                          s s ,    a  s
                                                      Syf je g kjs/v jk? kd ;‘ofH
                                                                 \ q
                                                               kL[e ljhu kjH th[
                                                               s s T s s s X
                                                           Syf je g j? d kvk;¬el
                                                                   q   s
                                                                  jdpf j[cf sjkgéqr
                                                           kg hry jH huki eub I>
                                                           s    s         X
                                                                        kuc jk;Ffg
                                         s      qa
                                       hrke lnf gln rj>
   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                  245 fo 35 egaP
                                                                X       q     , ,
                                             44;kel dju jGf jGf rkr 4;kyc rgj / / ujkd
                                                              q       ,   q
                                          4jki gVoki u utHjfg ucf 4jkrkv "ue xku ju jql
                                                a             s                  q  s
                                           44;kox r¬Hf ujkd [tkn 4;k/ j?7j? gVokti dky
                                                                       q        ,     1
                                                  44jhjl rjGf yrke7k/ofn 4jhF u jd ku¬r klkv
                                                        w   s        s
                                         44uklif rgd gVj/ rtk[ 4uk;÷ kd yt yF®i gVtwi
                                                    ,  q     a q        ,     s q        s
                                                  44ok>elgVu koue uikv 4okuc "H gc hrt xfkt
                                                   q    s   ,              ,      X
                                              44;kj?j yIH yOc j? 4;kt rdf jkv ekj e ur
                                                         q               q      q
                                          44k;jfr ex exv /lVoH ]hjkgyfc Qxrl ykyx gd
                                                            s       q   s w\   s q  s
                                                  44k;jfrov k;¥ u jfgc ]kPe ju kul jc hd cv
                                                           qa qa                s        ,
                                                  44k;jfe ge ge rjke ]roki gVu mkd rokpu cl
                                                    s                           q
                                              44k;jfc huiv huiv ]ujkd cl rdgL ufe ju jql
                                              a            s
                                       44k;jfxv Gkl rykL7rykL uNf uNf yi yi jf? jf?
                                                                                4hg kurb tkv
                                                           s s
                                                        4xkvkt kg  s
     a      s   a  a
ykywnp jGf ]kg rkd–p hHv 2kjtqx jd ]rkd–p ]kOm okH e ue jkgér hHv
                          s          a   a         X     s       q
                                       T wa          ,         q
                                       e g krdl ht jkv unf Nd hHv
                                                                         s s\        s  q
                                                                     skr kLkN kNhi kje er nf;
                                            s      qa
                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
               m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                       245 fo 45 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                            s    a
                                                                                                                                                                          22kjH xj roæk'
                                                                                                                                                  3ji hIki yekd hd kokH                                      s                        X
                                                                                                                                                                                                 s
                                                                                                                                                                                               2kjrm uc euwi
                                                                                                4kjk}Qqx Cgo ]ktjxf Cgo ]nt¬fe Cgo ]jnfae Cg
                   s                     q
  o ]hxOm jkdi g; jdOc kgt 4 kjk}Qqx u ktjxf u ]nt¬fe u g rjWt hd u       , a                                                                                                                                           ,                                                   s
                       a                                s
kt jnfe u jGf 4xy uOm jkdi l erjrv d k<ki jkgér kr kdl jd jkdho         s                     q s                                a s X z s                                                     q s s
               s                                          s
   ¬ 4kn jd jkdub kgkp ]ky jd jkdho¬ kgkp ]g <_euf 4kg Cgu xv d ol®m        s                                         s                         ,                    a                             s                               a s
                            q           s Z
         lb er <iW;koufv Syflb ]kg Cgu h{i ]kg Cgu 'i ]kg Cgu /ki er jkv                          s                                        s                              q                          s                           s ,                     q                ,
                                                                                                                                                           ,
                                                                                                                                                   4g y[ kjkl kd [kv hjkgér s                                                       a                                 q
       T s                        s s a                     w s X
  4g rkt kg Ikd yG kr kg u [kv 4g rkt kg yG hH Ikd jh/7jh/ hg urm                            X a              T s                     s                w                                    s a s                            s                                 s
T                s
g hrkg hjgx hurtf [kv jkv 4g ry up yG yko [kv 4g ryef hg Ikd kd      X a          ,              T s s              q                   w s                                       a                      T s                                        s a s
    X                      s s                         q X X a
      k/av 4xkvkt Hp e kIkd hg kIkd kr sxk[sn u 4 gnl jktg7jktg ]gnal 6g o                  X a s                        s                                          s a                                                                        s                   T s
                         ,                                       s
  d'f jkv r;kd'f kr ]sxk[n u 4g ku/kjkv ]g kti ]g kuFki gxuv 4xkvkt           s s                         ,                                  ,                   w ,                                    Z z                 z q                    s s
        w X                           q      s
   cL e gzxuv kr sxk[sn 4g e/ hg okH kd nko;ü/ 4xkvkt jH l nko;ü/ kr
                                                               s               , Z                                                                                     s s                                                s                                         s
  s s s                                            ,
  xk[n 4hyk[ jkv rDjf xkvkt gj kr sxk[n u ]hyk> huiv xky jH kr xk[sn       s s                              s           s s                                       s                                              s s                             s s s
                                                                                               T s                                  s
                                                                                            4g gj kt hg rj> kr hrke ]k[n u k; k[n eqr                        s                           s                  s s                                   s s
           s                                   s                      q
         ]kgkp u k; kgkp er udfsy 4k[n re kr ]kgkp ]hrke lnf gln rj> k[sn k                     s s                        s             s                                    s                                    qa                                        s                s
         s                      ,
r kgkp 4g kre{ hd okuqp 4g _ro¬ kurp hd ;‘ue 4g Z;koufv Syf sdum o                    ,               a                        s                               q                       ,
                                    s                s
  l®m g; 4rdl kg Cgu jgkc l ol®m lb hH kr gkp o 4g Cgu l kNπo¬ hdu                      s                                                      s X                                    s ,                                      s                     s
                     s
   m kukg ryfeéfl kdum udfsy ]e ol®m g ryfeéfl cl o ]jkr ]Lkgi7nu7hn                                X                             T                                                                    s s                              \
                              q            s ,               T
  u 6h{i7'i ]/ki 6g ryfeéfl hH {1o 4g krdl y nukv kd ol®m lb dowi'                                                ,                                s                    a                                                                                        Z
      kg kt g hg henkv dS dfk;D 2g hH <jkd kd ukt Li 4d ol®m lb ,g k;x
      s s ,                                                                         X                   ,                                            s                                     \ s
             \                                   ,
        Li jgkc df g henkv dS 4g r¬ene ]g uhxaj l ol®m hg dlm ]l nukv h                   ,                                  ,                           s                                                            s                      s             a
                                   s X
  g sdlm ]l kjo¬ hg dlm uoht kjkl g; 4Cgu hrdQ kd <{ dS 4roæk' 4g  s                                                                                                            s                                                                                       ,
  hgj hg tc k<ho hdlm ]g jgc ukd 4g gj hg j> hrke ]g hed hd [kv lc              T s                             T s                                                                 s                     ,                                            a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               s
                                                                                                                                                                                                2hrke lnf gln rj>                         qa
                                                                                   q   ,       q         q
                                                                            44ek/ jiet kr u ykyx gd 4ekj gukt tuf n[ql knl
                                                                                                  s             q    s   s
                                                                                  44Bkv u Fkg qNd rcf /fov 4BkH gukt kt jc hdcv
                                                                                           s      qa
                                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                            245 fo 55 egaP
             ,                 Z   ,           ,
          4g ktkr knl e/ 4g klkc ]g jk/m ukKof 4g krdl n gér kjlwn ukKo,               s X q
       X           s                        Z       ,        s
f dfk;D 4krkg Cgu <{'f kd e/ ]g krdl kg <{'f kd ukKof 4Cgu hg krskg
                 s           Z        s               \        s
 <{'f Bkd kd e/ 2hrkt kg yjl hLc rkc kr krdl n kjln Bkd ]'kd 4kr              s              w s
      s ,            s                    T       s
dl n jkv Bkd u ]krdl sn e u 6rdl sn jhokge u ]rdl n 0c u 6 krdl             s             s      q
  s            q       ,
    n ukjd u ]g hrdl n krhx u 4Cgu jk/m ]g kryef l tk[ ji ]uk/kel g
                                 s                               ,               s      s                      ,
                         ,              s        s X
 kryef jWt ]g kryef 4kxkg kutk[ géqr 4kxn n Bkd df g Xe k'kv hlb cls s s             T
           ,                         s s                s
    eg jkv 4krdl Cgu hH n Bkd 4kdl sn kd uk/kel d ue je Cgu Bkd 4kd       s                 s s          s
         q s               a                  s s          s
 l k>c kd jkxv hrdgn hd ue je Cgu Bkd 4kdl k>c kd ue je Cgu Bkd                 q s                s s     s
                                                                      q ,           s s
                                                          4k;jf>c d ue jke ybd gfu mkd                 a     s
                                       s        a   s X w       s
                                      3kjd ex;nÔ kd k_l ub d ykyx     q
                                                              s   s
                                                            4rki kg C
            q       ,           q Z      ,              ,
gu rDq;al er Syflb ]g hed hd jkdi ilf 4g kgj hg jrm 4g krjrm ke®ke
    ,              w s              ,             q    s s  q
ji jkv 2skjrm uc eui ]kjrm 'u√gv A g hrOm jkdi ]skxy u[n er hg slt  ,
                                              s
                                            22kjrm uc eui w
                                            s        Z s
                                           2kjpof ;ferfk;†
                                                                       z   z   s
                                                             ]yo††m7<i ]Hirlf d uoht
                                                                         s        q q
                                                              6yn7yIki d yejfi ryfde
                                                                      s X    X
                                                               ]ynr' d k/kl kg rlfdof
                                                                         s        w
                                                                      22kjrm uc eui
                                                                       s
                                                                      2kjd 0lf d/kl
                                                                        s X w X
                                                                ]e∂7eJ d ky' kg yG‘uf
                                                                   z       X z q
                                                                 6eHél kd k<ki j/of7/x a
                                                                            z    z   q
                                                               ]e;7e;uf <ki‘uf <ki7rDe
                                                                         s
                                                                      22kjrm uc eui w
                                                                       s     1
                                                                      2kjg k"r hd xq;
                                                                          s       X
                                                                ]j/ j/v "krjfi ji kj/v
                                                                     Z   s X        s
                                                                   6j>uf d kvkyko† rj>
                                                                             q s
                                                                 ]jojl7ur kly> l irkv
                                                                        s         w
                                                                     222kjrm uc eui
                                              s      qa
                                            hrke lnf gln rj>
                 m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 65 egaP
                wa                                          s
     g; 4g kgj sy ekn dlm ]g k;kxy e su>el kd _; lb uoht kji 4kF Cgu                        ,                                       X                             s                             a                                                              w
                                                           s s
   kyko suyp _a; g; l uld hH d hldf udfy 4krn ld hH Bkd kr pi 4 g                                              s                                          s                                   s                                                      s s                   X                 wa
                         s , s s                              s
   kgj sy li d uukt kdlb ]g kuld pi kgd 6kd uukt kdlb ]g kyhP pi akg                             ,                                       X a                                                s                                  s                        ,                        X
         wa
d ]g kgj sy Cgu ekn d suld kd pi df kgd u K"'of lm 2jykL jktg ln          s                                s                    X                                      s                                    s
    s s                              s          X s
    d uld d pi l7kjt ]Bx kg ng kr g; ]kgd ulm jkv kF kgj [n kL[ d                                       s                   s                                                      s                                   ,                                               s       \
                                 \                              ,
    yfke 4hLi yp hjIDG 4k;nf ld kdlm ]kF kyhP Nd Cgd jkv k;yf ldpi                                                      s                                                                           q                                              ,                                              X
              s
kjt ulm 4k;df u hH Nd ulm 4kusy jktg ln ]kjd dhO df kgd ukgüm ]Sg                     q s                                                                                                s                                                                        s X                                     q
       htkj dyfke 4kF kgj kg ukldu tkj kd k[ky kr gj hLi nc hjIDG jxe 2             s                        q                s                     X                                 s s                                          \ a                                   ,
   SiQ [ky dS cyre jykL jktg ln 4hLi eyke knk;† hLkF lhG 4g lhG hj                                                                                \             w                                                                      s\                            ,
s
e jykL jktg ln kgd ulm ]hykL jtu dS ulm ]k;kv K"'of 4g rdl tH                     s                                                                         s                                                                               s                 T s                                       s
                               s
       eg K"'of df kgd ukgüm 4ykt_a; kji7kd7kji kF k;kv jduc l kgt hLi   s X                                                                    w                          w                                                                                 s a                                    \
                                       s             s
  hujd jc[ kr 4F Sx tk[ hHv7hHv ]F duf/k;®v ]F _a; Su7Su 4kuc u ;              s s                                                        s                   q                                                s
                       q                            s X
   kim Nd jxe ]u kdyfke hd ''fkd rgc 4Bx kg nc unf jln jkv hyp unf                                                   s                        q                                s                          a                               s w ,
    dS ]Bx hykL Bu7Bu ]hjIDG dIfekIkv ]hjIDG hLc rgc dS df g kuql uTe                              ,                      s s                                       ,                             \                          q                                     ,                     s
                             s                                    s\
                         2jd hg kl7kLkF K"'of gkp 4g K"'of ]Skt Lxcf _a; 4e rxt d j           s                  s                    T                 s                                                                \                                 X                       s
            T                      s
gkc g K"'of 4hd /f"kv ]hd uknuf ]hd hjkehc g hrLi hujd Cgu krpV géqr            ,                                                                                                      ,                             \                                                               X
                     s
       4Bx kg er[ rkc ]g krn n 'nuf hH kd /f"kv ]g krn jd uknuf kd hjke,                 s s                       ∆                                                         ,                        ,                          s
                           q                      ,
   hc hjkgér go ]g K"'of go 4kg rkt yp lki d dl®dfpf kr kg jkehc 4g  s                                    s s                               s                                    s                                                                s s                                           T
                                              X
hrkt kv ekd gkyl hd Xkjln e /cl d kthp cl jkv dfk;D 4g hH dofkHko                               w X                    a a s X                                                                          ,                           X                 ,
                                            ,
   ¬ g; 4rDf;ø g kryduf sutk[ e k'kv lb ]kxn Ikd nji l k[kv hjse Bkd                                 s X                                                                 s                                         s                       s X a                                       s
                   s                     Z s
   ]Gkl kd <in d ue je kxn jd Bkd 6kxn Nki Sk/ofn hjse ]}} je Bkd ]k          s s                     s                           s                   s               X a                                                  q                              a s s              s
     s                                                 \
  xn jd Gkl XupLv hje Bkd ]kxsn kIef ok>ym je Bkd ]kxn k>yl kd kvk;         s             s                                                                                          s s                         s                            s                  q s X
                                          s s            s
  ¬el hd ue je Bkd df e k'kv hlb kr g kryduf utk[ Bkd hH ct udfy                       X                                                s ,                                                                   s s                               s                                                     s
                                                                                                                                                    4k;jf>c d ue jke ybd gVu mkd           q ,                                        s s                                                  s
                                                                   ,             s
                                                                  4g krkg kuki hg ktkr ]g krkg kutk[             ,     s              s
                              s
    jGf7jGf 4krkg Cgu klkc go df hH ojkx ]g hH kejfx hdlm g; ]g krI‘',         ,                                           ,
                        Z          s         s s
 fof g; hd e/ 4kxkg kutk[ kd Cgér kd uk/kel d Rpf jkgér udfy ]g sr
                                                          q s                              s          s        q               s T
            s     , q X q T s                  s
 dl n hrkup gér ]g rdl n ugkokv gér ]g rdl jkdi gér ilf ]g krFe  X q T s                           q X q Z                   ,      Z
              \             s          s
lv hLc ji ]l nku d rgkuv Sx jH so ]lm k;ki ]lm ktk[ u kxky ;erfk         s                   s            s s X s                  Z s
          s         s           s                    s
;† duv7duv ]u ykyqx ]su duku ]u jhcd 4krkg Cgu kdcl ]ktk[ su neégqe                  s                             s
      s                              s                     s
   ]ktk[ su llht 4krkg Cgu kdcl ]ktk[ hH u jhokge 4krkg Cgu kdcl gjr         s                      s
                      s s s              q                   s
lb go ]ktk[ kt u 0c udfsy 4k;x kg kjkgér rk0lf df n k>el kg krukt                  q     a              s                s
 s              s         s       \ s                  s\
 kt hH Bkd ]ky Pi ]ky >el kl7kLkF lc cv 4k;x kg kdcl ]k;yf tk[ u                               s                                s s
        a              s s                       s ,
 uhI¬bkv 2stk[ lm jkc7jkc kt g yxki Bkd3Cgu rjWt hd utk[ jkc7jkc k     s                                     s s                        s
                                           s
d henkv jg cv ]k;yf tk[ jkc dS kd rk0lf d kr{ikl u uhI¬bkv Ic¥vs           a           s         s         s         a           Z
                                                                                                    s      qa
                                                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
                m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                245 fo 75 egaP
   hd jH7hxntV 4hxy ujd kNhi nCu hg l gcl udfy ]k;kv kr Om gcql 4hd                s                                                             s                     q                  s                            s
                             w
   Cgu yH go kjkckn jGf ]k;ki [An kt jdOm jkc hg dS jkv ~ ~ ~kF tc ln s                                                      q s                                                                               ,                                                   s
                                               s
            hg krOm kr go ~~~~kOm hg jkc dS 4jnl kLc rge kd gcl df kPi ]kuql j                                                                            qa              \ Z w q                                    q                                   \
                                             X
  kc7jkc dfk;D 4kOm hn¥t gcl jkc dS e hxntV e df g kgd u yp√p uI¬oV                                         q                                        X                           T                 ,                             s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4g  T
                           s                             s\
      srkt kl jdPkv ycd jkv o cr 4g kryduf tjl ct g hrxy nCu hHr kd              a                  , s                            ,                                                   w              ,                                                                         s
                  s                         q ,
           Xkxky Nd ]g g; kr pl 4g rgj Li hg Skl kr xky l7rgc ]g krkv ydufs                              T s                      s \                             s s                       s s              q                          ,
                                   w s
    hH tjl kr Cgu 4g htkj Syf d ukI? kt g krI? kd Cgüm udfy 4g krI?     T                                             s s                                s ,                                     s                                              s ,
             q X                                 w ,
   Nd e hxntke hd tjl ]Cgu 2sxkgj Skl dr cd cv df ]Bx kg gcl ]BkH                               w                        s                     s                                                                                      s                          q
s                                                             s
  kOm df Cgu krn dr¬n jdkv ji jk} dS7dS tjl 4xy uxt xky Sg Skl j                                                                                                                      w s               s                                 s                    q            s
                                        ,
   H7rkj jkv Bx kg gcl 2Cgu krknqxnx jdkv kd Od d h{i dS7dS tjwl Bk s                     q                                             q                                  s             a s                                                                                              s
                s                   s
d 4xy ukx rhx h{i jkv Bx kg gcl 2Cgu krky[f jdkv kd yG dS7dS t                                    ,                s                 q                                                                           s                          w
         w               s
   jl Bkd 4aSkt y[f yG jkv Skt kg gcl lt 4xy uxkt oÂr Sg Sskl jrhH                          w        ,                        s                         q s , X                                s                                                 q
    s               q X
    jkgér e rfF¬fim hdltf ]g _ke rfF¬fim dS yod skr Qxnl 4g kjkgér ku                                     ,                                                                                  s                     q .                             ,                      q
                                          ,          s
  jd cl 4g hrkg hg gér hu[hl jxe 4kg rdl [hl kyd hd ukyt kd Shn d           X q                                                               s s                                                                        s                             s                            s
                                 s                          q
    jrhH uiv er jdOc lki dum 4g krkg hg gér kuyp jxe 4kg rdl [hl                        ,                     s                 ,                  s                     X q                                                         s s
                                      q
  kuyp er jdOc lki dum 4g krkg hg gér kuxj jxe 4kg rdl xj e xj d,                             s                 ,          s                           X q                   a                       s s                                             a X                      a s
                       q                           ,
  um er jdOc lki sdum 4g rkg hg gér ku>el jk'b jxe 4kg srdl >el sj                                     T s s                           X q                                         s                                       s
                               q                       ,
   k'b er jdOc lki dum 4Tg rkg "Qi 0ci ]rkg Cgu K"'of e rxt d e/                     s                            s s                     q                    q z s s                                    s                        X                                   s Z
                                                                                                                                                                                         4krdl Cgu hg jd Bkd g;                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4sl yk
              s
t d ue krkt kg rDe e df 4hrkt Id hu,pc hje df 4krkt kg rîr e df 4ks                    q T                                                                           s         s                                             s                        1 T
rkt yef uk/kel s>e df 4krkt kg rv kd kvk;¬el hd ue ]kvk/ofn hd ue            q                                         s                    a                      X                                                           X                             q
       s             s
       jse lltf ]kdl u n gkyl7ok>ql klsS Bkd ]kdl u gd rkc hlS Bkd udfy        s                                                                             s                                                                                s            s                          s
                                                                                                                                                                                     q ,
                                                                                                                                                                 4k;jf>c d ue jke ybd gVu mkd               s s                                                                   s
                                                                                                                                          ~ ~ ~SkI[I[ surdf jk} ]gxt rqgc k;x
                                                                                                                                                                             ~
                                                                                                                                                                           s
                                                                                                                                                             ~ ~ ~ybd gVu mkd
                                                              T s
                                                            A g rgd ykyx   q
                                           s       s X          s
                          4krkv Cgu ekd K"'of Bkd e rxt d jrhH 4kr
  s          s    s X       s
 kg Cgu K"'of Bkd e rxt d jrhH udfy 4g krkg K"'of e rxt d jgkc
                                       s ,     s     s    X         s
                                                                        wa
                                                                      2g kr
       T                       a             \   w
 ukt e go3kuld kurdf ]kuld kgd jxe 4krLi eyke Cgu dhO kuxke jktg  a
           s    ,        s , s           X             wa
    ln Syf dlb ]g ekd kd li kn g; ]kld pi kl7kjt df g krukt hH e kr    T s
                                                                                               s      qa
                                                                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              245 fo 85 egaP
         q                                  s                       s
           r 4sxkdl n u k[k/ er cv A kgd u <[hH 4kg rkl ht klkv df rkc hgo                           s                          q                                                     s                                            s s s                                                 s
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               s s s                               s
 Shn je kn kyt ]kn kIef je kd j/v ]kd u>ym hje Bkd kn k>yl ]kd ue    s s s s s a s                                           s             s s                       q s
      s s                s s               q                       ,
      je Bkd kn k>c df k;kyG _kik{Hf gxt hurdf eyke7u ]g SkI[I[ jk}7j                                                    w                         T
                  wa
     k} ]g k;x j?7j? 84k;jf>c d ue jke ybd gVu mkd8 A ykyx g rgd dhO       q ,                   s s                       s                               q T s
                                                                                                                                     T a
                                                                                                                                    4g SkFd hd erjrv jk                       a s
          q T                          X
 gér ]g Cgu rkc hd lkgrfb ]g Cgu rkc hd jgkc xq;yfd7xq;rl 4g krkg jr            T                     X                                                          ,        s
             s                               q         s     q
       hH d rDf;ø Sg Skl x;yfd jkv 4g krkg jrhH d rDf;ø rxkt xq;rl 4kg             ,              ,           s        s                               z                             s
 s                   s         s                     X ,
 rkt yp ykI ji kjkv er Ag Gkl <jkd 4Cgu hryef gkj 4hxLi hutk[ hHvq ,                                                                                     s \            s
                             q                 ,               s
       gkj Nd 2hHv g kugj kder jkv 3kxgj e ;‘ofH x;7xo¬ ]kxgj e rhrv          q        ,                  s X                         q Z                    s Xa
        q                        s                                s s
     x;rl 4hxgj rykg hg; ]xkgj er hH ct jkv 4g ydæfe thp jg kr hHv 4                       q                    ,    ,                   q                            s
   ,            w                  X
     g hjcte ]jd k;D hHv `hHv jkv3g x;7Z<o¬ e ;‘ofH jkv ]kF Nhi x;rl                     ,          ,       q     X                            ,               s               q
                                                                                                                                       ,         s
                                                                                                                                     4g kry jd kui¥d hd
                           s         ,                   s
 ;‘ofH kr ]g krpc l rhrv jxv jkv 4hd rhrv jnl ]hd rhrv g kry jd                                ,                                 aq                                ,        s
                                         s                             s
       kui¥d Syf d sukjgO jkoeéqt kd k;rfF¬fjfi hd tkv go 4g kui¥d hd ;‘u         s X                                                                ,                                 q
           Z
     e ilf go ]kF Cgu hHd x;rl `kF cd xq;rl `kvg cd rjkHkge jGf kr          q                                                  q                                                   s
                                                              s      qa
                                                            hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      245 fo 26 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4ky k>c xkv hd jrhH              q
   s                                    q s
   uiv er lutf aSkt kg W' suyef _l o gér srOc7rOm lki dltf ]g e/ Xe                                   s                   q                                                      w s X q                                                 , s                                                    s                                     , Z
                                         s
         uoht d rDf;ø lm ilf A g hg dS <kei kd hL/k[k/ jkv 4g hryp hL\/k[                          Z                                 ,                                                                z                                \               s                     ,                         ,
               s              q
                 k/ rgc ji eku d e/ 4kg rdl kyG jkr¬of kd kvkui¥djfi7kvkui¥d hH           s Z                                s s                                                        ,                                                          X                                                                X
                 q
Nd ji eku d e/ 4Bkuc Cgu ulm df g krdl jd 0lf go u ]Bkuc ue d         s Z                                                                               s                                           ,                                                                                                                                        s T
                      s s
             f kg rdl jd 0lf er u `kxjd 0lf ld 4Bkuc Cgu uer df krdl jd C                                    q                                                   s                                      s ,                                                              s q
gu 0lf Bkd kr ]Bkuc k;ufn sue df kn gd jxv er 4kd ujd rLf[ kd kv  s s                                                                  q                       T                              s                                                      q                                 s                                            a s X
                           s                                        q
         k<"k? hjkgér Cgu ;kim Bkd 4kg rdl jd k<"k? hH Nd kr ji eku d e/                                                          s                           s s                                                               s                                         q s                                                               s Z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             \
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2krLi eyke Cgu kvg kukpgi >e        w                                                              q                                   s q
                                s
  hg kjgp kdlb 4g k;kuc su kjdkp7jdku hg rpæfuf 4g Cgu kdDi hH g; ]kg          ,                                                           X                                              ,                                                              ,                                                                                            s
                                      s
       k;kuc l Fkg suiv n[ ue kdlb 4krukpgi Cgu e yd' hdlb 2Cgu hg ktH                               q s T s                                                                                                                              T                                                                                                                     s
                                  s T s
               hHd ue kd 'kenc lb ]g kgj ykc Ow> jlkjl henkv g; jkv 4jkrov jkv                                                ,                                            s                                                                                                                      ,                                                       ,
                       a , ,
         jcxi jkv jdFhr tH hg ue jkv 4g Bkuc hg uTe I‘fl g; ]g krkeuf kd I                       s s                                s T                                ,            ,                                             s                                  1                                    wa                  Z
                   1 a                                    T
       ‘fl ;o¬ e df hF hd k<"k? ulm 4kF k;x kLdi ygi kunf Nd kdlm ~ ~ ~2                                                    s s                                                                                            \                s                          X                                 q s
                                                              s
  Cgu hg ktH hHd ue kdlb jkv 6kF ktH kd neége ultf g hg e ]jv 2Cgu                     s T s                                                       ,                                               s s                                           q s                                       wa                           T s
                                   s q
                    kri >e ]kgd ulm `kri ld gér df kNi u kGhy[ 4g kgj ykc O> jlkjs                                                            s , X q                                                                w s                                                   ,                                             s             w
         l henkv g; ]kgd jdky¥pf su henkv dS Sg s/c l c[ jln df Syflb kd                                                                                                                                               q            a s s a s w
T                                               ,
kp hH jkv 4kxyduf klS kthru df kF kpkl Cgu g; ulm 4kdkp hH kGhy[           s                                   s                                                                                          s                                                    s                                               T
                                                                                                                                                                                      T
                                                                                                                                                                                  4g hgj hg hrkv XGhydr s; kd jcxi sdl                                                                                            s                      a ,
                                                      s
   m 4k;x kg er[ hH d' go ]kF krkg d' >e hHd7hHd 4g jcxi kdlm hg                                                                                                             s                                    s q                                                             wa                             a ,
       X                                   T
       e pl e df k;nf jd 0lf uer 4g hrkv Ghydr hLc kd kjcxi je ][n d                                                                         s q T                                                              X                                            \ s X a , s s                                                                        s
  f kF kgd su ke®keji kr l kg; d ke®keji kxy uyp e ct 2Bkv rpæfuf d                                     s s a                                                      s                                                                 s                             T
                                                  s
             f kgd ulm 2Bkv yDv Nd `g yk;[ k;D ]kgd ]kNi u kGhy[ 4l c[ kF                                                       q                         ,                                                              s                                    w s                                                            s s a
                     a s X
     k/c l kjhtat 4lm k;nf ukl u `hgj hg hryp hdlm BkIif jkv k;nf utkH       s                                         s s                                                                                                                                                                           ,                                              s
  u ]k;nf huki u 4kF k;x gj hÒg jd[l henkv go 4k;x kGhy[ nkc unf rkl                                                                                                                        w
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2dhO ]Sk
                                                    s
   t kv 'kg jxv ]kxMkv e nkc unf rkl 6kdl jke kurtf kjke jkv klk;î7k[                          a                   T                                                                                        s                                                                        s                                     ,
  w s
  H k[j unf rkl 6BkIif hdlb kjd ]e suk[yst l c[ kn /kc Akgd ulm ]k;x                                                                                 s                         X                                               s s a s                                          a                                               s
             s                      w
               kg kycc xkv hH kGhy[ 4ji tkojn d kGhy[ k;x k;kt y jd Ldi kdlm                                                                                s                                   s                                                                                        s                                        \            s
                             q X
  22jk/l e ukjd jkv 4g Cgu hg 'bktqax hd jln kgo 4Cgu jcxi Bkd kr jkv    q              ,                  ,                                                                                                          s w a                                                                         a , s s                                                 ,
                                               q ,
                   4neége g go jkv jcaxi hg dS kd gky¥v lm jkv g gky¥v hg dS A g k   ,                                  ,                                                                                                                         , ,                                                                                                   ,
                                                                X
     <jk/ hd kukeyle dfk;D `g ukd g; df kd henkv lb k;yf Ldi ujkG kr               q                     X                                     ,                     ,                                             s                                                                                                  \                       , s
                     ukgüm 4g xky /kre rgc kr ukeyle 4rdl jd Cgu ræknjc g; ukeylqe
                    s X                                     T          s                   a                         q                           s                                                q s
                                                        q
               4kd ukjd Sgfkp <jd¬l r/fk'l 4g rjWt hd ckrdf Bu cv 4Bx Li hukj                                    a                                     s a ,                                                                                                                                                                              \
     q                   q
     i rgc cv ckrdf hd neége dfk;D 4nkc d neége g ktH >e u joæB jkv                                                                      q                               X                                    s                                 q ,                            s s q s                                                                        ,
          wa                                 ,
          g jcaxi kd joæB e df hn jd k<"k? sultf k;x kLdi henkv dS Xe nknxc                  T                                                                                    s                                                                        \
                                                                                                                      s      qa
                                                                                                                    hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     245 fo 36 egaP
                                           \                     s
        hd sukLc? kr 6g /v hH eg ]g jgc hH eg 4g kul kd nku7rev lm kr hg                 T s a                                                                            T s                                                                                     ,               q s                                                    1                                         s
                     s X                                        , T
                     u kjgc jkv g Bki [kv kr hg su k/v 4g Sg /çyim kd 'kdi kr hg yko                               X a s                                                                         X a                                     T               q                                              s                                  z s                                         s
      s                                 X s s a
      udIH e j/v 4kg rdl kg /çyim kd 'kdi yd ]kg gj dIH e j/v er                          s s                                                  s                                                            s                                        z                                s s                                                     X s s a                                           q
                                                      s
 tkv 2Sx kg /çyim kd 'kdi jGf ]F rdIH e js/v hg lS hH 0c unf dS                                              s                                                  z                                     s s                                                     X s a                                               s s                                      q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               wa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4g krdl ki hH e kr ]hy ki u                                                T s                                                            s
            X                                       s
              k;rDf;ø l,t >e jxv `g jld k;D kje kr ]hy ki u ykyx ]hy ki u jhcd       q                                                     , w                                                                           s s                                                                 s                         q                                              s
                                                  s                        q
                      ]hy ki u 0c jxv 4g krdl ki kd rDfe eji hH e ]g krdl ki kd ;®l                                     wa                                                                   s                                         q                                                  T wa                                                                     s
                            T wa
hH e ]g krdl ki kd ke®keji hH e 4g e/ hukt kv k0J e uiv 4xy ukg                                   s                                                                                       T , Z                                                                                                                       X s                                        s                         s s
                                a
 rjfqdv ]Skt II thc Bkd hH jrhH jkgér 4Li xt xkj xtuv Bkd hH jrhH                w                                              s                                                                       s                         q X \                                                                   s                                        s
          s                   q                                    s\
          jkgér 4sn LN jo¬ jrhH jkgér hxnwtke hdltf 4n kynf k0J e ;o¬ gér kt                                                                 s                      q                                             ,                                                       s                                                             X a                             X q s
                                             q .
                  ]hgo Qxnl 4Skt kv k0J e suiv gér lki d Qxnl A g krkg Fv kd k0J                                                                              X                                        X q                                                  s                 q .                               ,                   s Z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ,              s Z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               `g krkg Fv k;D kd k0J jGf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4krLi Cgu               \
    X e kr;üke hlsS h/k' kd ;®l 4Bx kg hd hukeBc hg rkvQ' kr kuuke g; jx                      s                                                                                            s                                                                        s                                              q s
                                                           s
   e 4krdl kg Cgu hH Nd kr <kei ]kxLi hg kuuke 4kukt ukgütf ]hOm slum                                                        q s                                                     z                                s \                                                                                           s X
                          q
 ukjd df krdl kg Cgu <kei Bkd `gc lum kukt ukgütf no df kxkg kdDi                      s                                                                   z s                                      s                         s                                                  s X                                       s                                 s
s , X q T
 ld gér 4g hyduf lum ]F rdl y[ Fkl d knç' ]F hu/ kt e knç' ]sF y                                      s                                     s s                                                   s                                                s X                                     s                                   s X X
                    q s X s s
   'd kt e upkl ]F y'd kt e su[yf 4g hyduf Cgu l kvkrkK udfy ]g Xck                             s                                   q s X                                                                                       T                                                                   s X                                                              s T
                                         qa X
   rdf jnl ]e k;ufqn g ckrdf kjktg 2kg kukt u hH n[ ukgütf ]kg upo d k                                      T X                                                       X                                             s                                                                          q s X                                           X                                               s X
                  s                           q
   xky y'd rgc yod nso ukt ukd 4kjd k0J ji no ]kjd k0J ji ukjd ]k        q                              s                                            s                            ,                             s                                                                    s s                                                                                                    q s
 jd k0J ji krhx df krkg Cgu Fv g; kd k0J 2kg srdl pgi dr ;®l eqr                                                                       s                                    Z                                                                                                  s                                                qa
                                    s                     w s
                  Cgd l O> lsS 4k;x kg O> kd kO> kr Syf jd k0J jxv ji lm ]kukpgi                                           s                             w                             X w s
                                                                      s
        u ]k[sn u ]rukt u kd joæB ltf jkv `sxkjd k0J ld ji lm ]Cgu kri B                                         s                                                                                            ,                                  s                                              s ,
 s
 kd kdltf ]Cgu kukpgi ]Cgu k[n ]Cgu kukt kdltf `xkjd k0J ld er ji                                                                                                             s                                                                        s                                         s s                                                 s ,                             q
                                                s
                      joæB 4kjd k0J ji joæB er df krkg Cgu g; Fv kd k0J ]ku[j yk;[                                                                                      q                                              s                                                    Z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4g hG   ,
          kd k0J g; 4g hrkg W' tk[ hylv nkc dlb jGf 4g hGkd klkjH g; jkv       ,                    s                                q                            s                                                                            s                                                  ,                                              s                                                  ,
                        ,
                4g krdl yef lki d Qqxnl klkjH g; 2g hrdl yt hH e>e rfk;† g; ]g                                 s                                   .                            s                                                            ,                                                                       X q                                 s                                              wa
                      kuc kd kt†e7lke7hLLg kr hH e kr ]g hrdl yt rfk;† hlS jxv e gsn h      a                         .                          s                                  T s                                   ,                                                                           s                              s                                   X
d kt†e7lake7hLLg 4g oHl g; ]Cgu oHlv g; df g krOm gkl®m dS ],g hr                  .                      ,                              a                                                                                  a                                                      ,
                                  a
 Om xem dS hH jrhH jkgér jdOc lki d rDf;ø ryfo†i hldf 2g krdl skg                                                             s                        q                                ,                                            s                                                                      z                                         wa
                                      s                                 T s
                hg klS hH e ]jv df g krkt kv /kc g; gér jdOc lki d o®rDf;ø ryfo                                                   ,                                                                       s                                         X q                                 ,                                    s
                z                                            ,
   †i hldf 4g /kc dS kr ;®l 4krdl kt kuhN u ]krdl kt k;kjp u 6l hld          s                                      s                                                                                                                                                                                                                       q                                  s
                      s                                 q
   f ky sy er df ]n n gér Bkd df g Cgu r¬o Bkd ;®l 4krkg Cgu <jrkr¬g                       s s X q                                                          s                                  ,                                           q                          s                                                  s                                                       a
              s
 Bkd kd ;®l ]krdl kt Cgu k;nf ;®l3krsn Cgu ;®l Qxnl 4kg rdl y tk[                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    q .                           s s                                     s                      s
        s                                                      q s
          kd ;®l Sg iNf jrhH suiv er lutf ]g krn jk'b ]krn Cgu kuo®kl Qx.nl                                                                                                q s                                                     ,                       s s                                                s                                                a                             q
                                                                                                                                   s      qa
                                                                                                                                 hrke lnf gln rj>
              m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                               245 fo 46 egaP
            s                              \
hje ]Cgu kLi Fkg Nd lub ]xky yko ujd drd7dr d gjr jktg ; ]xky          q s                                 s s                 s                 Z q Z q s                                                                 s          s
                          s , Z
syko ukyG Fk_¬k' ]nkoof7nko kd krk0lf ; ]xky yko ukpe kekxg ; ]xky                                                  X a                    s                 s s                       s                        a s                     s
    s                                                            s
    yko sukpe yqxjsk' ; ]xky syko suky¥pf ; 4kIky Fkg hyk[ l gxt cl Te ]g             s                                              s                  ,                                             s                                          T
              s                                       T s
                rgd jxe 2g gj Lkgn 2rdgL ufe ju ul A g Sdf xk;im nç' c[ ykyx \                                        q                        q              T                           s                              w                   q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2u
                     s                           Z
            hxkg hujd rfwi hd hed 4kxLi kuLkgn kr kg u e {i uukd jxe 4g hGkd                           s \               \          s s                           X                            w                       ,
          w
uukd 6Cgu rjWt Bkd hd usy eJ kurb ]Cgu rjWt Bkd hd uLkgn kr kg Xe    s                       s                                                                                       s                    s \                s s
                               w               ,                   X
            {i uukd 4g Cgu e {i uukd df kusy >el kr Lkgn gjr hd glV yhdo B                       w                                                        s s \
        s                                          T s \
        kd hH ct 4g rLkgn gjr hd glV o 4g kujd kekxg hg ekd kd kyhdo Nd                                                 s ,                                                     a                                X                         q
                                                                                                                                             s
                                                                                                                                 4kxkg rofkHi hg l ekxg II¬tfe jG           z                 s s a ≠s
                   ,
 f 4g jZHuf cl hg ji ekxg jkgér kr jGf 4kuykc re jh/ jGf ]kg rhjiof u          s a s                        q s                                            s                       s                         s
      w                                                s
      ukd jxv udfy 4kxyp ]kykc eh/ kr kg e {i uukd 2kn kpe kekxg 6knd7  s                 s s s                            s s X                                         w                  s                                 a s w
                                 s                           s
 skyNm 2kIhi hH ycI ]kxyp Cgu ekd l uykc Zilf kr ]kg e {iof yd¥cf u                     s                                     s s s                                           s          s X                                   q
  w                                          ,             s
  ukd jxv jkv 4kn LkN ∂Gf hd uukd ]kykc l jkt urm kdl ykc l jskt u        s\                                      w                s s s                            s s                          s             s s                             s
                             s         s                 X
      rtf kr ]kg u e {i jkgér uukd jxv 4g hGkd ckrdf hd uukd ilf 4kn <          s          q             w                               T                             X                                w          Z               s
                                         X
      j0m kd kckrdf hd uukd kr kg e {i jkgér uukd jxv 4g rLs\kN s>e o c           w             s s X                                  s          q             w                                    T s                         q s
                       wa            s s
        t g krn kd Xk;F√k|of uiv knl e kt ]Syf jkgér 'nl hj[fkv kje g; ]kg          s                            T s                                  s              q            s a                                s
                 s                 s                X
d ulm kr 4sxjd W' rykdo jdkt e kryknv hg hn¥t cv jkv F Sx kg < q                                                            X X                                                                            , s                       s Z
                           s          s X
hRm kt ]kd kdrku¬ kF kgj n 'nl erfv kuiv jlGki kd ;yk|of /fof dS                                     s       s a                 a                                         s sz
                                                                                                   s
                                                                                               2kjd k;kt kv hg lsS 2Skv ji dke Nπv df ~ ~ ~         s                                              s , s
              X                                   s
            2y >el k;D7kd7k;D xky Cgu kri 4g kjr[ jkv e uykc jd klqil[    ,                    , X s s                         q
                                                                                                                  82skvkt kv
            s           T                     s                   s
   jrhH l hn¥t ]g Sx jgkc o 8 A kgd u hu®i 8`g cgkl jIDkL8 A kgd jd                   T
     q q s          q          s
 klil[ u ky¥e 4kyk[ ktkojn su hu®i hd jIDkL 4hn dr¬n d jIDkL ji tko                                     s                   s
                                           s          a
 jn jdkt 4hF Cgu hryduf l Od tkokv 4hF Bg hlk[7ñnl kd uhYQlu ky¥qe              q          a          s
                                             T s s
                                          4g ry >el cyre xky Nd kd Nd e uykc jd     s           q             q X s s
        q q     ,         s s
   klil[ jkv 2kxykc pl dk[ k;D g; ]g kvg kjL hg n[ A g krxy Xgér kr ,       q                     q        ,               q s
      s s             q             s s
   ]ykc jd klqil[ ]sykc jh/7jh/ Bkd 4g kgj ykc pl df g krkt k>el hen
                                                s           s ,                   s                 ,
                  s           s a                   s           s
  kv kyko suykc sl jkt kg; 4kxkg kgj ykc hg ;®l g krxy ]ykc jdIhi ycI                    ,                s s                      s
          s s                     s     ,
    ]sykc l jskt surtf kt ]g rnkv hH hjkgér jkv 4g gj dgL3rdgL ufe ju q       ,         T s                              q
       q T                 T     a T
   jl3g ke®kge ]g rl ]g q/kl 4g gj kt sykc cl 4g Bg hxy lkodc kr slS
                                                        T s             s                    , q                       s         s
                                                         s
                                          44k;jfc huiv huiv ]ujkd cl rdgL ufe ju jql                               q
           ,       s q        s                       s
          4g krdl n Qx.nl klkjH kurb ]lc 4Skt kv klkjH lki sdltf k
 s           s      s       s            s          s            s
lS3Cgu rkc Bkd hd sukg 'krg kr 6Cgu rkc Bkd hd krpV kr 6Cgu rkc Bkd
                                                                                 s      qa
                                                                               hrke lnf gln rj>
      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                              245 fo 56 egaP
                                                                                   s
                                                                            3gj7gj u yufk;ye
                                                                            s        s
                                                                           ]dINf <d d yejfi
                                                                              s        s X
                                                                            ]dIpf ur d k;yfd
                                                            s     s
                                                     22kd sukxHf7uxhH
                                                                s
                                                          2kd suk/ ej'7tky
                                                              , ,
                                                         3elke g k;kv jGf
                                                                      q
                                                                  6Sg Syf hr¬eyv
                                                                        q
                                                                    ]Sg Sif olkuel        q
                                                                                            a
                                                                                6SkoLq\r /cOx
                                                                              s         a s
                                                                            3d e;l u hr¬e
                                                                                  q\
                                                                          6Skv Le <{ dnke
                                                                                     q\
                                                                          ]Skv Lt rxkv7rx
                                                            s    s
                                                     22kd sukxHf7uxhH
                                                                        s s
                                                                   2kd uk[ uikuiv
                                                                      , ,
                                                               ]elke g k;kv jGf
                                                                               \
                                                                         6hLy7jhte hd exa
                                                                    \
                                                               ]hLi ikF ji lrfav
                                                                                    s , s
                                                                                   6gkjkp gj tx wa
                                                                              X X
                                                                         3e k;yfx gj ew?    s
                                                                                 s        s
                                                                               6gkojp uc rhx
                                                                            s        s
                                                                          ]gkG d jo¬ rL\m     s
                                                       s
                                              2kd sukxHf7uxhH    s
                                                                            s s
                                                                   2kd ukxHf7uxhH           s
                                                                     , ,
                                                              ]elke g k;kv jGf
                                                                                         s s
                                                                                  6kd ukl iW dS
                                                                                          a
                                                                               ]hd hnkp rkj dS
                                           ,         s      q         s
                                          4g hrkt kg W' hukg rfk∂ e uoht jkgér kr  a X                 s      q s
                     .         , s
     ]Skt yef Qqxnl 4g dS kr ;®l dfk;D 3kxLi hg kukg ]hg xkg 3g rkg e
                                               X           s \                  s             s X     T s s X
        s      q   s                             s
{i d oHuv dlm _¬k' hHl if|; 4l jk/kv d oHuv uiv g kgj ykc go   s             q       s            ,         s
 ,           s             s       s X
4g kgj ykc Cgu l jk/kv d k_¬k' go 4g o®r¬fv e {i dltf ]g go Qx.nl
                                                   ,                    X              s            ,          q
                                                                                                           4k;kv
                       s s              s                s s
Cgu ekd hldf je ukK kdub 6gj hH jGf ]F ygi kt jF®i7Ldd hgo 6Bg u          s                     \ a              q
   Z       X     s
   k"o hd k;rfke Bkd jrhH je 6Cgu kyt k;hn kd jrhH je 6Cgu h>c jkxv
                             s      s s                                             s s                  q         a
                                               s      qa
                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
              m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                           245 fo 66 egaP
    X                                                       ,
      >el dk[\ k;D 4g hrkt kg hlwtd e dr un jRm kd jkd¬eu 4g kgj jd jk            s                      a X                  s s                                                                                      wa
                                   T s
   d¬eu hg e ygi ]jd jkd¬eu o sygi df Cgu kr[j e k'kv g; lum jkv 4 X                                   s                                                                 T                                                s                            ,
    xn koax Nd ]kxSkt k[ Nd kr sxXy jd jkd¬eu jd Ls\kt Fkg lt gjr hd j
   s X                              q                                  s              q s                                                                                                                         s ,
                       s \            T s                       s , s s s
  F®i Ldv g rgj Oc lS o jxe ]g gj jd jkd¬eu jd Lkt Fkg xky kL\d,l                                            T s                                                                                   s\                               s X
      a                    s                        s
        kg; 2rdl n Cgu hH jRm kd jkd¬eu ]rdl jd Cgu hH jkd¬eu jdLkt F                                                      s                                                                                                                       s\
                    s wa
      kg o ]g krjd jkd¬eu rkt7rkv jdLkt Fkg Te ]g rkv uul 2g hrkg hukjg         s              s                    s\                                       T s                               s q ,                                   s                     ,
              q                        s X
           s>e jd[n güm3 ;hrjkH jdlk[3g rkt kv xky Su ]tkj g kr[n e j/b                                        T s                                 s                                              s wa                         s T
                                                                             s s X
                               2uk/okl df ]kxtk[ chdjr jktg jkdgv 4kxd>>f jkdgv 4ue kxsjL                                             a                               s                                            a
                                                                                                                             22kd ukxHf7uxhH s s                             s
                                                                                                                                                 4kd uk[ uikuiv   s s
                                                                                                                                      3elke g k;kv jGf    , ,
                                                                                                          3kusy >el 2re kudp jGf kr ]xy ukg ;®                                       w                        s             s              s s
1               s              s \
u Bkd ]Li ikF ]sxy suOm twax e Bkjgx jrhH jkgér ]kg ]sLi ikF ji lrav3C                           X                                       s                    q a                                     \
                                                s
  gu Bkjgx Bkd hdlm ]g y[ kd kpπc kr r<fx3Oc Gkl r<fx df Cgu 3g            ,               s               X           s                                 s ,                                                                                               ,
                             w          q             s
  Cgu ;¥e rgc Bkd kdlm ]g rkc hd 0fc kr dr3pt dr df Cgu3xy ukg                         ,                                 q s Z                                 s a Z                                                                 s                s s
        q q                     q s                     s
  uxux Nd ]xy utc u/ Bkd jrhH jkgér e /fUfl hd hldf ct ]Li ikF j         q               s                      s         q X                                                                                                 s \
                        a s                   q
  i lrv jkgér hH ct jkv 4g ykohn hd phc jkdgv 4g krkt Lt l Qx.nl g            ,              ,                                                         a                           ,                                 q\ s                   q
                  ,                                           s
    o ]g krdl kIg l iW Z<ijfi kd jkdgv kt 4g krkt kg ;‘'f go ]g krdl                w              s              a            s           ,                                           s                                        ,
                     s                    a               ,
    kIg kt jkdgv 4g k/kc hg hurm ]lc 2kd sun [j jd kdjl Gjr dS kd jk                                                                s                                                                                                          s
            a                               s
   dgv 2kd suk[ skd uiv kujd lgkl 2kusy jke hdcL kr Skt yef Qx.nl Cgds                                                                                          q s                                                               q
                                                                                                                             22kd ukxHf7uxhH  s s                              s
                                                                                                                                                 2kd uk[ uikuiv    s s
                                                                                                                                        ]elke g k;kv jGf   , ,
                                                                                                                                                                      6hLy7jhte hd ex    \                a
                                                                                                                                                                      ]hLi ikF ji lrv      \                                             a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2kukt kg jk            s             s
         s                                        s              s
  ckjr ]kukt kg jskckjl 2kukv Iky re sxhHuv ]kukv Iky re xhH7ucf l kgo                               ,                                                                           ,                          s                                 s a
                                                                                                                                                   2kd ukxHf7uxhH       s s                             s
                                                                                                                                      3elke g k;kv jGf      , ,
                                                                                                                                                     3ku>el kr Skt yef Qx.nl                    s                                                        q
                                                                                                              22kd sukxHf7uxhH   s             s
                                                                                                                             2kd sukjif hjy¥c    s
                                                                                                                                   , ,
                                                                                                                       3elke g k;kv jGf
                                                                                                                                                     s
                                                                                                                                             6Sk/ ge u k<jdf               qa s X
                                                                                                                                                 ]Sskl uc Om xkt                             s
                                                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                                                                                 6dI>f ypkv Hfjql                               a
                                                                                      s      qa
                                                                                    hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 245 fo 76 egaP
        q T s          s X             q T s s             s X
  v sler 4g rjd I‘qi kd kvkr;üke hjkgér 4g rn kjkgl kd kvkr;üke hjkgéqr
    T s          s s       s   q             q       q ,
   4g rgd hgo ]kg rgkp kt er 4Cgu yIft rgc Nd ]g Gkl7h/hl kyd 4ky
      T      s ,             s
  d g srukt o 4g <jkd kd sukg htkj lum `kg rkt kg ld htkj lum er j
                                    s     s s          s s ,          s   q
         s ,       a     X                 q       q s s         s s
  Gf udfy 4g Cgu ;o¬ sukgüm k;ki 4Cgu hH Nd er xkvki udfy ]xaSkpu rg          q
     X q s s         q s \ X       s X s                 s X
  c gér o kr pku ]Sg Li e jdDp d krkr rFfdkFr ]d krgfkji7rLfi jkv s q   a ,
                                                               s
                                               ~~~ ]roki gVu mkd rokpu cl   ,
                                                                                                                                 s                           q
                                                                                                                           44k;jfc huiv huiv ]ujkd cl rdgL ufe ju jql
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3ykyx g rgd dhO          q T s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4k;x gj –jfn jkv uhn sl g                                                 ,
                                       s
   jr hHl 'n g; 4Bki kg Cgu kni kegfe e 'n lb udfy ]Sg xky ukokegfe                        s                                      ,                                         X                       s                                              s                         q               s
     s                      X
     urb e 'sn lb Syflb 4kg rgj L[ Ldv er cr ]g rkg ntke o ct 4kg                                      s s                                    s \ s \                                                 q                                  T s s                                    w , s                                                       s
 s s                                          a               q s X
  ry jd F¬Od er kd knç' dum cr ]kg rkt kg dyfke d knç' dum eqr c                                                 s                                                 s s                                         s                                              s X                                       s
                    T s s s q
 r ]g rkg dp kt 0c ct ]kg rkt dp er ct jkv 4xkgj hg srdp er3 d               q                                s s                                            w                  q                                              ,            s s                                                                   w               q                 s
   w s                                               q s w s
   p l jhcd er ]dp l jhokge er ]dp l 0c er `g k;D kuul ]g hg ey                                                                                q s w s                                                       q                   q           ,                                                     q ,                                                w
              X                       T s s
ke eg df g gj n rfkH g; eg jkv Sx Oc jrhH jkeg l k;nfl7k;nfl upo                   az                              X                    ,                                           ,                                              s                       s X                                                X
                                                s q                    a
            sdum ]rgfkji7rLfi ]nç' Sg ul ]_¬k' dfk;D 4kd ue ;hrjkH g rfkH dS                                              q s q                                                                 X                            s                                                                            ,                    az
                                                                                                                                                     2k;df I‘d dgku Xk;D`F k;D hg Skv 2sF                                                                        s X
                                  s                              s ,
   Skv hg kd suOm lt ~ ~ ~kOm kjlhr ]kOm kjln ]kOm dS 2g krkg rdfp e k                                                                                                                                     w                                                            wa                s                                                  T s
             T s
  r g rkv ;hrjkH jkv 4g kukg Fkl d Qqxnl kr ykol hylv `l knç' kun7k  ,                         ,                       s                                 s                        .                      s                                                                                  s X                                                 s
       s                            s                   X
uy k;D ]rkv e >el nç' Cgu 4g hg okH kr rkc hylv 4hgl okH kr k"kH                                                                      ,                                                 s                                                                                                                              s
                       T s
   Cgu 4g gj hi hH jGf ]uke ]g sOc hH jGf ]hrkv Cgu hH e >el ]hHv g kg                               ,                     T ,                                                                                                                                 X                                                                        wa
                     s T                                   s s
j ykc e k"kH kt kdutf g d/fv eub ~~~xky Sg Oc uke rk' ; ]rkHi g;                                        T                                        X                                          s                           q s ,                          ,                         a s                                                  z
                                                                  a
           ]ukgof g; kd xl®l g r[n kg; 2Lkt Fkg ld go kr 4g utjfg ]g Cgu –                   T s s a                                                  s s\                                              s ,                               s                       ,                                                        ,
                                                            ,
  w' cv hH go ]g kvg kLdv hH –w' kr cv `k;D kugd kd Ldv kr cv jkv        q                       \                                                         s                                                                                                                       \                        s                                     ,
                  \             s            s X
     2Ldv kr 4xkg <‰kc n;k' 2Ldv kr 4hxkg hrkv k;bkikp jkp hd <;kekj             z                                              \                      s                              X                                                a                    ,
                              X           \
n;k' 2e Ldv ldf ]e jkdgv ldf ]e Hn ldf Cgu kri3;hrjkH jkv 4g sr                     X                       a                                                  X              a                                                                                                                                          ,                 T
         s                q                               T s
           n kd> jlf ]g rsy Lkt Fkg so ]g Cgu rnkv Bkd hd ukd> jlf gütf ],g Cg          s\                                                  ,                                                                       s                          s                      q                                         X
                        q                                      a
   u oHuv kd kjiji Bkd hd suLkt Fkg kdutf ]g Sg Skv kg; xky l epæfi                   s                                      s\                                       s                                           T                  q                              a                          s s
                                                                                                                                                                              4kF u hHd 'n g; kr ;hu;n kurb                                      s                                   s
                                                                                                                                                                                          T
                                                                                                                                                                                    4g Sg L[ djd ektrb kd uxkH   q s \ s                                                                            a                           s
           X s \                                      s
    2kg L[ xkH kr Skt kv kdke Bkd kd jr[ df gj r[n l Cg; df g L[ j                                             ,                    s                                   s                                                X s s s                                                                                             T s \
                s                           w s s s T s
    i jkudf jn lS o 4g L\[ Sg jL lsS o 4Skt Li u ji ub hnkcknc Nd sl                                                     q s                       s                s                                                     \                                                             a                           wa              q
                                         , s
huki Cgd jkv jke xkyN ]dpm jkv Bkd 4Bkd Skt u Li hnkcknc Cgd df g          a                              s                               ,                      s                            s                                                          \                     a                wa                                                        T
    s \                                          s s
     L[ jdpc lS so ]jn rgc kr kuxhH ]jn rgc kr kud> 2xul dk[\ k;D 2x           w                   q                 s                                                    w                       q                   s                              q                     s X q                                                                        s
                                                                                                                    s      qa
                                                                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
                      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 86 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                  s       q   s w\   s q  s
                                                                                                                                                        44k;jfrov k;¥ u jfgc ]kPe ju kul jc hdcv
                                         T s w s      X q  , T s
                                        4g rcL y hH gér jkv g rje hH
    s s    s                       s       s     qa s   qa
nq[ o ]rjd7rjd lkodc hg lkodc ]rjke7rjke ge l ge lc gjr lb jkv       ,
                                qa   qa                     s
                       44k;jfe ge ge rjke ]roki gVu mkd rokpu cl   ,
                                                                                                                                                                                  s                           s
                                                                                                                                                                                 4kgj rjd F¬Od ]kgj rkjgkn kd krhx kr                                            a             s                      s                     s s                                                                 s
                 q                                      s
        er df 6kgj rPi klhykp7ukeug kr er df 6g rkopu gér o kr 4kxn Ikd          s \                                                                         q           s                         q                                      T s                                                  X q s s                                                             s
                                              s
iki cl jkgér go ]g jkiv kiéduv hdlm 6xSkt Id iki cl ]kjd Oki7kti   q                                    ,                                                        q                                                          s a                                                                                                s                                                            w
              ,
        ]g Cgu kujd jkv Nd gér df kgd uXkgüm jkv ]kg jev er df kgd ukgüm                 ,                      q X q                                                                     s                                      ,                    s                                                        q                                                     s X
      4hn jkrm hg sygi hrjkv hjkgér sukgüm dfk;D 2htkj er ]kjkrm hrjkv kg; ]                                                                                   q           X                                        X                                                               q s                                                                                         a
    s
  kvkxy hRc kg; ]kvkxy yG kg; ]kvkPp kti kg; df gd o jGf 4kg rkt skg   a                       s                                          w a                                s                        \                       w a                                                       X                  s                                            s s
                                          s
          htkj kd supku pku jktg er jGf 4kg rkt kg htkj er ]g krkt kg Uli R                                                                        q                                        s s                                    s                                                      q ,                                                     s                                 z
                                                       q s
          pf kjkgér ]gj kpc jkdgv g; ]eg g; 2sxgj kr eg ]kn hH ukt kr ]hxSkt                                                 a                                                                                               X s                                                             s                         s                                 s
                                                          ,
                hg gsn ]g dhO ]kg rgd er kr 4kg rkt kg Uli Lc jdul er jxe 4hrskg              s s                                              q s                             s s                                    s                                 z s \                                                    q                  q
        Cgu jev ke®kv l ugd d krgfkji7rLfi g; ]g krkg kuukt g; ]g jev ke                     s s                                      s X                            s q                                  a                                    ,                         s                                                                            ,
                                                  wa
      ®kv df g kgj gd hg kurb e ]g Cgu jev ke®kv df g kgj gd Cgu Te 4g j                                                                         T ,                                                                                                                                 aw                                                                                                   ,
                                                              T s
  ev ke®kv Ag rgj rjd k<"k?nm rgfkji7rLfi jkgér skr 4Cgu xkje er hH                                   s                                           s .                                            s q                                   a s                             q                                                           s s                                      q
                        s
  ji uje df n kynf klkjH gér Bkd kg rgkp er 4kg rgkp er kt xgd hgo       s                                            s                    X q                        s s s                                                                   q s s                                                                   q s s X
         s q s                                                   s
          ler o 4sxkvkt Li e jdDp hldf jWt er kr ]kg gj tk[ kuo®kl jxv e                             \ X                                                                                                                 q s                                       s s                                   s                                          a
q                          ,                    ,
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                                                                                   s
                                                            4Cgu rdl Om jGf kr ]Sx jxf ]gj L[ jd Ldv {o Lc jkv 2k;                                         s                                                            s s \                                                                   \                          1 s \                                      ,
                      s                     \ a
      x y L/v go ]Bx y/ 2tkr hH jkv tkr 3g rkt kg L[ jGf /ki d lk?                                                 w             s                                              , s                                                  T s                                   s s \                                                        s , s
          ,                          s                         q
      ]g hrkg hdp kt h/kv 4g ry jd xk;im kd h/kv ]g rykL hg Fkl d h/kv                                      a               T s s                                                     s                                                            a                        T s s                                                                                s                            a
                   s T s                                                     s
                   o ]g rkt kg htkj l L/v so ]Cgu rL\y l L\/v o 4g rkt d> hg Fkl d                               s                   \ a                                                       s                          s                          a s T s                                                                          q                                                           s
                          a s
        L\/v o ]kyd hd ukt dq> ]g hrkv kyd dS kd k/ki d lk? dfk;D 4g srkt                          s                                                   ,                                                                                   s X , s                                                                                          X                           T
                                             1 s \ T s
                jxf {o Lc ]g rkt pc /ki d lk? kr g krkv ct L\/v 4g rkt jxf Xe L                                                          s , s                                                    s ,                                                                                              a                 T s
  \                                                         1 s \ s \ s
  dv hH {o Lc7Lc kr ]sLdv knk;† er jxv jkv 4kxn kjxf Ri [l ]jdkL\m                                                                 \                                                         q                                              ,                                s                                     s                       s w
                                   q
          hjkgér kxSkt y hjkgér lko/7y/ cl ]g L/v ]g h/kv kr ;®l 6g krjk>d             s                                q                   a                          w                                    ,                   \ a                            ,                   a s                                                                     ,                          s
                    s
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            s                            q s s
              kt er 4kg rkt kg Uli er ]kg rkt yG er ]kg rkt Ldv er udfy 4Cg                      s                        z                     q s s                                                             w                     q s s                                                                \                           q                                    s
                                       \
  u hrLi Bk[nf kr /ax hd ;≤i Bkd Cgd 2;≤i d Xkeüt udf 2efH;≤i hd kgd                 s                                                               q             s                                                           q s                                                                                               w                           q                          a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                            4g krkt kg kiîd jdyG jkdgv kjkg              s                                 q                             w                                     a
      q                        ,                     s
ér jkv 4kg Sg kn,i e efH;≤i lb er <jkd d k;≤i d keüt urdf eyke7u               q                              X                w                         q                              q                                                s X q s X                                                                           s                                            w
                                 s
          df ]kg hxkH;ü/ er df 6kg BklB df ]kg ukeyle df ]kg ngf er df g srg                              q                            s                                                                s                                                  q                                      s w a                                        q                                  T
                             s
      d 4kg ukge er ]g rgd 4g rn yc jkv kd jkdgv jkgér ]ruhN Cgu jkdg             q T s                                                       T s s                                                  , s                                                     a                   s                   q s                                                                                            a
                                                                                                                                  s      qa
                                                                                                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                             245 fo 96 egaP
                                                                q
                                                           2xkgl kyef kd i‘i     s                    q
                                                                    ]lki7lkv ]jkO7jkO                    ,           ,
                                                                         T s
                                                                      3g yse d Hjkl                 s            ,
                                                                            s
                                                               4lkyof dyN yN7yN
                                                                               q
                                                                     ]lkyg ryfknkuoi                    s a
                                                                       ,
                                                                      4g krkt kN lkyg Gjr kjkp                               q       X
                                                                                            s
                                                                                       22dgn rxnf7xnf                  a         .
                                                                              2xkv hxt hd uoht
                                               ,                                   ,
                                              4g krkt kv ralo unf lm ]g kryef Qxnl unf ltf                               q .
                                                                  s       a
                                                             222dgn rxnf7xnf              .
                                                                          22dgp roxkjs                       a
                                                                       2xkgof7hrot t                       a , ,
                                                                                                  X
                                                                                   6hd k;yfjxj ytx\                       a X \
                                                                              3ji kj/v d elke X                    s               ,
                                                                                                X
                                                                                   6hd k;yfv hjktjc                            s
                                                                                        X
                                                                              hd k;yfd k;rfcud                 a
                                        s
                                     222dgn rüxnf7xnf           .
                                                      s
                                                 22dge rge7/e             a        q
                                                    q
                                            2xkgl kyef kd i‘i           s                   q
                                                        ]lki7lkv ]jkO7jkO                      ,           ,
                                                                  T s
                                                              3g yse d Hjkl              s               ,
                                                 4lkyof dyN yN7yN  s
                                                                      q
                                                             ]lkyg ryfknkuoi                  s a
                                                                                       s
                                                                                22dgn rxnf7xnf               a   .
                                                                     2xkv hxt hd uoht
                       s X q s s s           s                 q s
        4Sgfkp kukg gér kt kg rxy sukg go er ]kg er kt rkt gj Cgu h                        q s s
          q ,      s          w
 go jGf er ]g krkg rki_l kd <jdf Bu dS e uoht jkgér jGf ]g krkt k
                                                         X                           s           q                 ,     s
     a        a      s            qa
g oHl hH oHlv kr ]hd supgi jki lm Skt uc <kei Syf jkgér rfF¬fim               z                    s           q
                qa              s              s           ,
hd hldf ]k;x pgi jki lm kr Skt yef Bkd 4g krkt kg oHl hH oHalv kr                s                   a                 s
                        T                 s
  Skt yef Qqx.nl A g srgd ykyqx udfy 4kujd jki kd jxkloH lb ,g ;éxv         s
                                                  q
                            44k;jfr ex exv /lVoH ]hjkgyfc Qxrl ykyx gd                                 q             q
                            s \           X         X     a      X
                           4Li ku>ym u e jkd/av lb ]e yktt lb ]e y
          s X q                 s \  s      , s X q           s
kt lb kjkckn gér jGf dfkr 6Li kukg u kni kjkckn gér jGf dfkr 2ky uql
     s         s w\ s   wa          s q T             s T s
 cv 2kxkt cv ]kPe g df g krgd ler e jkc hd cv udfy Ag rgd ykyx      q
                                                s      qa
                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
                   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 07 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4kukt kg ;ü' ]kukt I                      s                              w
                      ,                                 Z
   ef Ag hg dS Fv erfv kd uk;÷ jkv ei 4kukt Ief ]kukt skg ;ü' A ,g ZFv               a                                          ,                 zs                                                                                                                                                 w
                                       ,
  kd uk;÷ 4g Cgu kuit ekj7ekj Bkd Fv kd uk;÷ jkv 4kukt kg –kv ]kukt x                                                    s Z                                                                                 ,                                                             s Z
                                                     q X
   hH ]kukt d> e ei d o®r¬fv lb 6kukt d> e ei A g Fv kd kuFki 4g C     zs s                                                                                                   q X                                  zs                       , Z                                                                      Z z ,
gu kujd rhprkc Nd jd Lkt Fkg Fkl d ke®keji Fv kd kuFki 4g uk;÷ ]         q                               s\                                          s                                                                  Z                                                              Z z ,
,                  Z z                                          X
g kuFki eku kd k;kim Cgüm 4kxjd ;kim jkl d ukjgO e ukero gér Qx.nl                                                   s                                    s                          s s                                                     X                                       Z                         X q                   q
                                             ,                                         ,
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   krhc kt ]g Cgu rhrv Bkd Akxgd go 4kxn jd UHf7UNf kd rhrv jkgér g                      s                         s                                                s                                                                                              s                                                    s                q
           ,                  q                    s
o ]g Qx.nl kt 4jkdgv kLc kjkgér kurm ]rhrv kjkgér ukge kurtf 4g jkd        a                 \                            q                                                                                                   q                                                                                                  ,
   a                                q                       X
   gv kjkgér hg e rhrv dfk;D ]kxSkx ukx<x hg d rhrv ]kxIhi hg kd rhr                               X                                                                        q                   s                                                                                  s                                        s
                s                 q                                s
     v jkgér go 6kxkg jhdG kd jhdy ]kxkg hnko<kji ]kxkg hnkokjiéji go ]Cg                                                                   s                                                       q                                  s
             q .                      , ,
u Qxnl jkv g Qx kt 4Skt xt ;ürp kr Skt jxf ue jkv3Skt jxf ue kr   q s                                                             , s                                                                                                                ,                                                                                       s
     a Skt jxf aSkr;üke 4g kgj ht ue kjkgér hg jkgl d kvkr;üke dfXk;D ]kxsjd   ,                                                              q                                s                            s X
                    a
       uL[ kd Xkvkr;üke hjkgér go ]g Qqxnl kt jkv 4kxjd uFel kd kvkr;üke                   q                           ,                 .                  s                         ,                                     s                                    Z                                                 X
                            q                  s
       hjkgér k'eg go ]g Cgu Qqxnl kt 4kxn jd rjfl/7y/ kd kvk{iv hjkgéqr     ,                              .                 s                 s                                                                w                       w s X                                                               s
                        ,                  .              s
     go ]g Qqxnl kt 4kxjd hji Sk{siv hjkgér go ]g Cgu Qxnl kt ]rkc hygi          s                     w a                                                        q                         ,                                                            q .                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                  T s
                                                                                                                                                                                           4g rdl kg hxk;gl _l Nd                                             s                             s                                      w             q
                                                                                                                                                                                                               s
                                                                                                                                                                                                   `xskukpgi ld kd Qx.nl Xe                                             s , s                                                  q
        \                       \
     LkH7LhH lb hd kvQqx `ukd Qqxnl ]g rgc eLQx ]g rgc kr Qx `xkukpg X                               ,                      .          T                      q                  X                 q T                                                 q                 s                             q                      s s
          s ,                                    w
  i ld A uru ruf ]k;u ruf jkv kukji ykol g; `xkukpgi ld ]ukd Qx.nl                                            ,                      q                                                                                s s                                                     s ,                                ,                     q
                                                                                                                                                       222dgn rxnf7xnf  s                               a                          .
                                                                                                                                                                                                      22dgp roxkj         s                                          a
                                                                                                                                                                                           2xkgof7hrüot t                                                              , ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6hd k;yfjxj ytx\            X                                              a X \
                                                                                                                                                                                                            3ji kj/v d elke                    X                                        s                             ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            hd k;yfv hjktjc      X                                                       s
                                                                                                                                                                                                            hd k;yfd k;rfcud    X                                                a
                                                                                                                                                                                                            4hrOm Cgu hg kui¥d hdl
              ,                                       s
  b ]g krdl kg knk;† lm 4g kurtf ]g kry uke hg kurm kd uiv henkv kr                s             ,                                 ,                    s                                                                                                       s s                                                                            s
                                                              a
       Cgu 4hd kuokHl Skv klkjH kr sy [n kd {o hldf thc udfy 4kg rdl k                         s                 s                         s s                                     1                                                                                                          s                 s s                                s
                  1 s
  g {o ]kg gjr hd thc hHv er 4kg rdl kg yG ]kg gjr hd hyd hHv eqr                                               q s s                                                 s                   w s
                                                                                                                                                       222dgn rxnf7xnf    s                               a                          .
                                                                                                                                                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                                                           22dge rge7/e                                                     a                  q
                                                                                                                                                                                              q
                                                                                                                                                                               2xkgl kyef kd i‘i                                                          s                                     q
                                                                                                        s , ,
                                                                                           ~~~lt ]g hrI? kuI? hg hlS kr g kryef Qx ct~~~                                                                               s s ,                                                                                              q
                                                                                                                  s      qa
                                                                                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             245 fo 17 egaP
         df k[yf _i ulm e nkc jGf 4g hgj ykL k/kc Xe uykc je jdOc hg uekl      s                             X                                                                        ,                                                                              s s s s                                                                             ,                            s
                                                                       s
           df kF kri lm hH g; j,kv 2kxgd k;D Bkd df hF hgj kg hH upLv hLc sl                                                                                                              s                                      s                                                                   s                                                                  \                                \
                  s                 ,
 m kr ]g jkn>el 4Bki dkj Cgu ]hF hgj jd kI‘p jg hd udkj kd uiv go                                                                       s                                                                                                                   s                                                s s s s
                                                         s T
         ]kF kgj [n e ]kdkj rgc kd suiv sulm 4hxy ukj Oc7Oc kg; kjhe yd~ ~ ~                           s                    q                           s                                                                                              s s s , s , a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ~ ~ ~6kg rdl kg 'oof er 6g                                               s                                                            q T
                                            s
            hrdl kg hyhx [kv 4kxSkt kg Wq' kukg Nd e ;nÔ jkgér hg rOc lki d                  X a                                                                             s                                          s                q X                                                     s                 q                                  s ,                                                          s
            q                                 ,                     X s
         Qx.nl jkv 4e usy jd xyv l Qqxnl kd k;ƒef hxSkv u upLv rgc kr ]skg                                                                                          s                              .              s                                                                                                                  \                          q                s
                                 s s                                 a
         j sr[n l [kv hy[ er jxv 4go kxSkjgkn ro_a; ]kg 4kxkg Cgu hH lkHkv                        q                      q                                                                                                         s                                                a                                  s
                    s
            Bkd kd ;®l lkilkv dlm ]hxkg Cgu /ax lkilkv dlm ]hxkg Cgu kHkv lk                                                    s                                                       s                                                                              s                                                         s
                             s
ilkv dlm ]kxn Cgu <kei o®r¬fv kdlm ]kxsyef Cgu <kei Bkd gér jrhH                 s                                                            z                                                                                                                                                                 z s X q
 s                                a                             s
 d rLfi 2Iiki 6g rkr yd¥cf kr rLfi 4g hrkg yDv knk;† hLkF hH e krkr                      T s s                                              q                                       s                            a ,                            s                                                                                        s\                                   X X s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          82kxaMkt
           jxf Cgu sphu e kr sxkpC[ Fkl7dS kukn 2Øi d y¥m8 Akykc krkr kr `Xn p       T s                           s                                                                                        X s                       s s w                                                                      s                                   s s
         C[ Fkl dS sxk/ kukn jxv jkv ]kNi u rLfi 4g krn ykc _e jkdXkeu <{®                     X s                                                                    ,                                w s                                 a ,                               s                     s                               a
                                          ,
 r g; jkv kxyp Cgu kri kd hldf 4kun pC[ l kr¬gfkv lm ]g kvg k/c kx       s                                                                          s                                                               s                             s                                                        s                           ,                              q                      a
                                                    , X
         k/ hg klo e ji Skn kr ]kg kuul _e jkdkeu jxv jkv 4g krykc _ae h_;              , a                          s                                s                                     q                a                         X                                                       ,                     ,                                 s
                                                s                 ,
          kx g; ]d ji aSkc hg rpC[ kd sxk/ dlm 6kxyp Cgu hH kri kdlm ]xkg g                                            s                                          s                                            s                                    s                                                                                         s                                    s X s
         j ky[nf ikv kdltf 6kun pC[ kxk/ go kl7kjt ikv ]lc ]kxk/ kykd ]kxk/        s                                                      s
           kl7kyri ]krLi Cgu Bk[nf kd jkv hldf go ]g kvg kdIy kxk/ kl7kIkN Xe         \                                                                         s                              ,                                                        ,                q                                                                                                                s
                      , a                              s
            ji Skc dlb ]g r[n ikv ]kgd u jknukdn kr `kxykc h_;kx g; l sjk'b               T s s                                                                                                      s                                    q s                                           s s                                                                                 s
                                                  s
          k;D df l jknukdn kNi ulm 4kF <jkpπm kdlm 0' kLc 4u[n k;x 2g kr                        q                          w s                                                                                                                                             q                            \ s s                                                                                  ,
                s                       a
         ykc _e jkdkeu ]g krykc _e h_;kx 2ji ukdn hd yko rkr 4g k;kv krkr  X                         ,                                s                                   a                                                                               q                           s                        s s                              ,                                                                s
                       w
           kOuv df jc[ ulm hul 4kF k;x rLfi dS unhj[ kd rkr dS ]g kuql uTe                 s                                      q                                                                                   a                       s                                s s s                                                                          ,                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4g hrkg kn                   s
                               s\ s s X
k;† hLkF kr l krLfi 4g hrkg ydv knk;† hLkF g rgd hH e krkr 4g kgj I                                         a ,                                           s                                                                                 s\ T s                                                                       X X s                                            ,
                                                          X s s
j gjr hd krkr kr go 4g Cgo <ki kr dlm 4kxSkt uNf cl kd Qx k;ƒef u                                                                   T                                                         z s s                                                                                                                                                         q
              s
dfy 4kxsuNf Cgu hH Nd kd Qxnl ]krLi Cgu jrav Bkd ]kg u ycfbkc ]kg u                                              q                                                          q .                                           \                                                     s                        s                                                                                       s
                            q X
           ukjd ]kg u nso 4krkg Cgu kL[ ji kjkgl Cgüdf go 4g kuI? roht Qx.nl 4                                 s                                                                \                         X                                                                                  ,                                                     a                           q
   ,
   g kgj yp ;®1u kdlm ji kRi jg hHv 4g e efH Lt hdlm hHv 4g yG kv                                                                                 X                               s                                         T X                               w X \                                                                                                 ,               w
       q                                             q
       g ky[f Qx.nl 4Cgu hH yG 3jho¬r hd yG df k>el 4_ke lkHkv kd yG ]                                                                          w                                                                              w                               s                                                                                                                                           w
                                      w                       q
         lc 4yG kvg kcn e kckrdf 4uoht u ]/x u 6yG k[l 6u g rn [j jdkcn                             X X                                                                                                                      a                                   w                       w                                T s s
                         X
         Xe kckrdf 4yG k[l lt g klS kr Qqx k;ƒef 4hxkg /x hd kckrdf lki d Q  w                           w s , ,                                                               s s                                                                                 s                       a                               X                                                                         s
     q                                                      s
   x k;ƒef 4kxy kIg kd ukK dfk;D ]kxn jH l ;pækv jGf gér Qxnl 4kxy u                                      s                                                             X                               s                            s Z                                                                      X q                                 q .                                                  s
                           s X
         hN kd k;jfkdukt hjkgér Qqxnl jkv l k;jfkdukt kxjH gér Qx k;ƒef ]Qx                                                   q                               .                                  , s X                                                                            s                    X q                                  q                                                                  q
         <jk/kl 4kxSk[lf kyd hd ukg ;ü' gér 6kxSk[lf kyd hd uIef gér Qx.nl                                                                                  s s                                   w X q                                                                                                                      s                             X q                                     q
                                                                                                                                      s      qa
                                                                                                                                    hrke lnf gln rj>
                  m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                  245 fo 27 egaP
                 X                 a                     ,
   kv e jnfe df ]g hrkxy xkv e nt¬fe LhH hd k;efnkv kl jkp7kn jxv 4g                                                   X                                                \                                      X                          ,                             s                                          ,
          hrkt xy gjr hd hjkehc 4g hrkg dek∂l htr hdum udfy Cgu `g gj kt                                ,                      s                                    a                             s                                              s                              T s
                                                      w s
        Syfldf 2Xy Ni ygi ]g gj kgd kt df Sdf ∂Gf hdlb kucf kg rxy uyp            T s a                                                                                                                                                                       s s                               s
               s                         q s X s
          tr hH er kr kg gj yp tr cl jxv ]kg gj kt Cgd Fkl d k;efnkv kl                                           s                                                             s s                                                                        s X                                                 ,
                            q                                 ,
  7lkpi er jxv 4g krkg okHi dS kd LhH 4g rxy uLkn hH eg ArokHo¬ S          s                                  z                                                 \                             T s                             s ,\
                        T s                    ,\
yflb ]g gj Lkn cl jxe 2g krkv Nd Fkg d q;®e ;kolf jd Lkn7Lkn jgkc                                ,                                               q                                        s                            1                                           ,\              ,\
                                                                                           X
                                                                                       4e Ik?tkj rpf uk[ kjkp g Li jGf 4g krkt pgi                                            s                       X                      T s \                              ,                                       qa
          Ik?tkj go k;x hy¥nf skt ]g Ik?tkj e hy¥nf `xkjd k;D jdkt hy¥nf jkv                              ,                                                X                                                          s s                                                                                    ,
                                                                                         ,
                                                                                      2g Cgu jn hy¥nf df 6xgj jd pgi hy¥nf df k[j        w                                                              s X                                 qa                                              s
      s                                      s \
        uekl ;”y 2kPp jxe3kvkuc k;Pfhl hd kjlf d kxky ]k[j jlf ji k/ad d        s                                     a \                                         X                              s X s                               s                                           X                    s
 X s               s
 kxky ]kjd u ∂Gf hd hldf kg; ]l jkt kjke jdDI kg; ]k;ufn g k/i¬rfi g                                a                              s            s s                                                                        a                             q , Z                                      z
                           q ,                         a
      ; ]k;ufn g Z"?l g; 2kLkn l htr kjt 4sxkvkt Iif ]g gj kt xky urb ]g     s ,\ s                                              s                                               s                                               T s                              s s                                      ,
                     ,\                                         s ,\ s
   hpe Lkn hurb ]sxkLkn jh/7jh/ ]g dhO df eg g krkt kv e >el Gkl dr                            s                             ,                                                      X               ,                                          X                                                  Z
                                          s ,\ s
   hH kdlm 2kLkn l htr kjt 6gj Lkn eh/7eh/ er df g Fv kdlm kr gj p   s                                          s                          ,\ s                             s                              q                      , Z                                        s s
   qa                                               ,
   gi Cgu jxv ]g krgd ue kjkeg jxe `sxkvkt pgi kgd er `pgi kgd u;                                                                                                         s                                        qa          a                   q           s qa                   a
             s                        qa          a
        yfkisu `spgi kgd jndlf `pgi kgd yko uLkn Lc7Lc 4jxf e cd ] jxf Xea                             s qa                          a             s                               s ,\ s \ s \ s                                                         X z                           s
           w                         a s                          s
        y/ ]Arrv jxf ]xky rgc Lkn 4Cgu kpgi Cgd hHd Bkd jgkc df g Cgu hg           q                  s ,\                                                   qa                                                                    s                                       ,
                                                           qa
          ∂Gf hdlb 4sxXpgi hn¥t hurm sxxkH l htr hurtf df g g; k<jk/ hjkeg                                                             X               s                              s                                                 ,
         T s                  s
      4g rgj xkH jgkc7jgkc I? lhckp ]g rgj xkH jgkc7jgkc kr eg 4g hujd               s a                                 ,                     T s                                      s                                                              s                      ,
   'kyr jrhH hLs\kF 4;kt rdf jkv ekj e ur 2kgo kr g ku'kyr 4g uketkjo                                               ,                                X                                         a                         s ,                                          ,
                         s                 q
f jrhH jkgér ;®l dfk;D 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ukt Cgd 4g hg kd gsn ZFv     X                     ,                                                                        s                                      s                                       ,
   l jed ]g Cgu kd j? Fv l jed 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd uLkN hH kd jed u
  s s                           ,                                             Z                    s s                                                                                                           s                     s s\                               s s                                    s
                                  s s
        iv Syf d uki skd ;®l df g kgd u l®kvky 4g krkv nk; upo kd wl®kvky                                   ,                                 s w s                                                      ,                                                                                    s
                                                                                                                           q
                                                                                                 44;kj?j yIH yOc j? 4Skt rdf jkv ekj e ur                s                                  ,                                                               ,                             X
                                                                                                                                                    s s s         a   T s     ,
                                                                                                                                                `sutk[ kg gj kt kgd ]g rgd jkv ~ ~ ~
                                                                                                                                                                          ,     X
                                                                                                                                                          ~ ~ ~4Skt rdf jkv ekj e ur
                                                                                                                 q               q      q
                                                                                                 44k;jfr ex exv ]/lVoH ]hjkgyfc Qxrl ykyx gd
                                                                                                                              s       q   s w\   s q  s
                                                                                                                    44k;jfrov k;¥ u jfgc ]kPe ju kul jc hd cv
                                    s s ,           s   q       s ,
                                   4kg rIky jdy Hfjl dS ]rIky Cgu jd
             q s a    T s    s
     sy ukK er l kgo 4g rxy upku lk;kuv rr d ;nÔ jkgér lki d Qxnl
                                            q a s         s   q     s   q .
                                          s           q
                                    4Bx kg ydæfe hg hurm ]hd kI‘p hurts
              s           s             s         s         T
    f 2k;x hg kg lc 2hdl dkj u hH jd dkj 2Bx kg 'ov e ]kujd ke{ >e        s q
                                                                                                       s      qa
                                                                                                     hrke lnf gln rj>
                 m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                            245 fo 37 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                           ,
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]g krkt Cgu kgd
                                                                                                                                                                                             s X        s
                                                                                                                                                                                          7kd kjkik;ø uikx
                                                                                                                                                                                       s s
                                                                                                                                                                                    2jcl [eZ;l ]kv                  q w ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ]Sk;÷l h[e–p          a                        q a
                                                                                                                                                                                                        a
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ]Sk;÷ l jGf kvkv             s                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                       X
                                                                                                                                                                   2jd 'kyr hg hdlm 2Sk;÷ hg kd                                                                 a                                   s
                       s                     , w , X
lm ]kyp 4g ntke e syko sutk[ go ]kg yduf utk[ er ltf 4g ntke jrh                                            s                           s s                                         s s                                q s                             , w ,
              s                q                          s s
H jkgér go ]kg gj jd 'kyr hd suki er ltf jkv 2`xky ki k;D `kxSkt                                                                                          q s                               ,                         s s
 s                                            s                   s
 kg k;D hH kr ]kxkg hH ji ykohn7ykohn eku kjkgér jxv `hxy ukt Xgér hH                                                                                                                         q                                                  s                                       q
                          q
          k;ufn hjkl jxv kxSkt yef dk[\ k;D `kxsyef k;D `kO‘rfi k;D ]ni Xk;D `                                                                                                                                                       z X
   T s
   g gj jd kØdb u/ eg k;D ]g gj kt eg kgd g kgj yp Cgu kri kd hldf                        X                T s                                                     a                 ,                                                                                         s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4kxSkt yp kri
                    s              q              s
   hH kder ]sxkvkt kg Lc ct ]re kvkLc? A g krxy ugd kd kpπc uiv go       s s \                                                    s            \                            ,                               s                      s X                                           s
                                  s s                               a
          jGf `kg gj kt kgd df krNi Cgu hH n[ jGf df g krkt kg w0c kurb go                               w                                                   q                                      ,                                      s                  q
                 s s s                              \ ,
            srkg7rkg kLc jkv 4kxSkt yp kri jdkg Lc ]g rgd llm cl 4g kupgi k                                                                         s s \ T s                                                     s                                                    ,                        qa a
gd krkrc Cgu Bkd 4jgkc g kupgi Cgd kdcl 4hgo g krxy ujd hH go ]gs                               ,                      qa                                  s                                              ,                                    s                                                      T
    s                                    s           s s
    gj jd kt xky d lkilkv 4hgo g krxy ujd hH go ]g gj kt kgt ikc 4g                                                       ,                                      s                                                   T s                                    a                                           ,
      kr[hl kujd <jduv kpπc kl7kIkN 4g gj kt jgkc cl 0kc ]ut ]BklB ]u      q                                                  s            T s                                                                                        ,                 ,
                         q w                            T
keyle nügf3g htkj cl e /cl lm 4g hgj kt jgkc L\hH hjkl jkv 4g rL\i                            X         a a                                  ,                                                                                                                    ,                 T s
   yp Gjr hlm eg ]g hgj kt LhH kgt 4g Bx kg rnkv hd ukg ryfeéfl Xeg              ,                                  \ a                                 T                        s X                                                     s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4k;xx skg
                                                 s T a
             ryfeéfl kr e ]Wd k;D e ]hF hgj kyt LhH jxe 4hrxy ryx hg rkc g;                       T                                                                       \
                            s
          4kd ukyt krkv Cgu hg yk;[ s>e 4Cgu df kxgd go `F rdl kyt ysdv                                                     q                                                     s                                         s s                                                      s
        q
er ]hn kyt nt¬fe kt g; uer df kNi l nügf dS7dS 4Cgu df kxgd go k               s                    s q                                     w s w                                                                                                                            s                            s
                      s s
r `F rdl kyt ydv er ]k;kyt jnfe kt g; uer df kNi l ukeyle d           s s                   q                                                    a s                                     s q                                  s w s                                                           q
S7dS jxv ~ ~ ~ekd kt krdl jd Cgu kydv rDf;ø 4g krkg ukKofkue xyv                   s                                                                           s                                              ,                s                                         s
                                                              \
          kuiv dS kd LhH df g rgd o jkv 4g rjd tk[ rgc ji lb dufkKokue                  T s                       s                 ,              T s                                    s                     q                                                                          , s
                                                                                                                                                                                                   s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                  4F rdl jd Cgu hH hHd
                  s                        q s s s q
           sydv er kt xkjtx jd ekd klS er jGf 2xkH lc df ]g e jr[ df sn                                                         s        q                                     s                                                          , X s
                                     s
ky¥pf Bkd jxv jxe 4g Cgu kun7kusy jkv Nd gér l e/ ngf 4g krkg e sj                    ,                              s                               ,                        q X q s Z                                                 w a               ,                        s X
                                       ,
r[ ct g hrkv cr hg jc[ 4hrkv Cgu jc[ hd ekylb gér hHd jkv 4yp                                                                                                                                                            X q                                               ,                s
      q                          , X s
er df g e jr[ ekylb df kul jxe 2g e jr[ g hg kNπv `g k;x kg ky                                                  q                                      , X s                                    ,                                                    ,                                 s
                                                s s s
      H k;D hg l ukg `g kyko uLxcf k;D l ukg u d e/ ngf df `kxSkt Lxc        ,                       s \                                          s s s                                 s Z                             w a                                                                       \
                              s s s                         s
   f k;D l ukg u d ekylb 2e jr[ kn ugj kr g Xe jr[ 2g e jr[ ekylb                                     X s                             s s                                s ,                          s                             , X s
                , X s                                 Z                w a
             2g e jr[ e/ ngf 4kg rkt kg ryfeéfl e sukxy xkv hH er ]g hrkxy x         s s                      s                                                      X                                                                             q ,
                                                                                                    s      qa
                                                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
   m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                          245 fo 47 egaP
                                                                                           q    s   ,
                                                                                      44;kj?j yIH yOc j?
                       s ,   s            s            w s
                      2kIky ]kvkv jrhH 4sxkvkt yduf jn l ekj hg urm s
          s                     T             s    a    q       ,
sl suiv sxkvkt yduf jwn kurtf 2g srgd ykyqx ]yp kgd er ]BkH jkv ~ ~ ~
                                                           ,      X
                                            ~ ~ ~4;kt rdf jkv ekj e ur
                                        ,
                                       4g 8ekj8 eku kd krIkjof hd
         ,         w s   q       ,                w     , ,
jrhH lm 4g 'kdkv kji jkgér jrhH 4g jrhH hH tjl jkv g jrhH hH nkp    a
                                           s        q Z w ,
                                          2jscl [e;l 8kv
                                                      a    a    q a
                                                     ]Sk;÷l h[e–p
                                                a        s    s
                                               ]Sk;÷ l jGf kvkv
                                                                s s
                                                              22jG hnirîl 8kv   ,
                                                              s
                                                             2jsu? uo7rhx 8kv     ,
                                                                       a
                                                                     ]Skx¥c7jo¬ Bkl      s
                                                                     a
                                                                    ]Skxt Aui kvkv   q s
                                                                             X
                                                                            ]jH nüN yrüdk' q
                                                                                    X X
                                                                               3e kxkj hrü;‘qn
                                                                          X           a
                                                                         ]jH /x enfkv jGf
                                                                            X X
                                                                         3e klkoæ rxfyVkv
                                                              s s
                                                          22jG hnirîl 8kv                ,
                                                           s s a
                                                          2j/v hcutv 8kv                   ,
                                                                        a
                                                                     ]Sky'f hd okxyv
                                                                      a
                                                                     ]Sky?iV jGf kvkv              s
                                                                                    a
                                                                                 ]Skt /l /kl ucf           s
                                                                                               s w
                                                                                         3clue l7roi           s   Z
                                                                                      a
                                                                                   ]Skt /c jkN7jkv   a       s       s
                                                                                 X
                                                                               3e uorpf hxj7xkj                  a
                                                       s         q w ,
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                m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                    245 fo 57 egaP
             a                    s a Z
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        s s ,
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                                         ,                     s
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                              a                     q
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                                           X
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                                                                                             s                          s
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                                                                               4k;x kg kukg kdDi kd Ikxy Fv kd Z;p@%!kç 2hxkg hgj                                         s a Z                                                                   z                       s
                        q
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 w               w                 T s                     s
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          T s
   f g gj jd rkc hd [jkx 4k;yf LkG hg ukd ]LkG Cgu kr gjxo ni d ukd                     s                                        \                                            s \                           s                          ,         ∆ s
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   s                 w\                      ,                   s                     q s q                                                    s                               s               s \                                                                                    s
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                                                        T s
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           q s                                 s
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                            s                    s
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                          X          s                   q
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            X            s Z                          s s          s \
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                                               s           X a                      s         q ,            , s                     X
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                                                                                                s      qa
                                                                                              hrke lnf gln rj>
             m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                           245 fo 67 egaP
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 s                  s                                           s
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s \                                         \               ,
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                                          s       ,
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                            ,
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                        s
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                          s             s             s
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                      s
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                                               ,
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              s                                         ,
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                         22W' k     q
      w                             s                         q
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           s                    a
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                                                                                                                                                                                 s
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                                                        s
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 s          s     s       s                     T s
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                                  a q         ,     s q
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                           q s                  Z               T s s s
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     qa       X s s s               qa
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                                                     s s            s                     X               s                     X
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                      ,                  q                  s
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 s                  s             a               a X
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                                                              s         ,         s s           X                      s a
                            s
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          s                   s \             s s
 ]kn u jxv 4Li kun kr ]Sgfkp SiQ ln df ]Sgfkp SiQ pki df ]xke kurt                                              a             s a
            s a           s s \ s                  s
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                                                                               s      qa
                                                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
               m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                               245 fo 77 egaP
      s        q s s            T
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                                         s s \             .   s s s               s s s       w
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  X                                           ,     q X
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                                            s
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                            s s                                  X
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                s                                s s
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                                                               q             qa
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                                               ,
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                             z                       a
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                               s
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          ,                                                            s
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                                 s s s X
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                          s
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                      s                    ,
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                                                                                        s      qa
                                                                                      hrke lnf gln rj>
    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                     245 fo 87 egaP
                                                                                             q
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                                                 wa
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   q                                  s     a               s w
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                                              q           ,  q
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                               ,       \ X        s Z w   a    , s
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                                                                 q
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                                             s      qa
                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
            m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                   245 fo 97 egaP
                                                                                                                             s
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                                                                                                                                   q q
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                                                                                                                                                    2k;if unf d uyef                        s s
                                                                                                                                                         Sx kv l jGf ky          s                       s
                                               ,             s     q
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                 s          q                           s ,\
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   ,\                  s            s             q Z
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                                                                 ,                                   \                                    X                           ,                                s                ,
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            s            q s
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                              s           w
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s                         a           T s             s
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      s                                     T s s
      rjd hn¥t7hn¥t 4g ry jd utHjfg ]g rsy jG kyke jdOc Iuef pki tkj                T s                                   s                                                  ,                                      a     s
                   s                         Z       T s
        df ]Tg gj kHuf ;ørd ]g gj jd Syflb ]g kujd A g Fv kd djfkpi,kv 4S                          ,                                                    , Z
                     s                  ,                  Z   s
  gfkp kukg djfkpikuv 4,g F;ø kr Bg krdjfkpikv 4Sgfkp hukg Cgu krdjfkp   q                                                    ,                                                    s
          ,                                              ,
  ikv utHjfg 4utH jfg A g krdl kg gjr hg dS oHuv go jkv 4 jrhH d       s                                                                                 q                                     ,                            s
        a                         s
        ;o¬ Sgfkp kukg oHquv kygi jxe 4g ntke hgo e Ri7Ri ]g ntke hgo Xe        , w ,                                                   X s                         s                  , w ,
                                s                  \
            jk}7jk} jGf kr Skt Li Bk[nf jrhH gér jxv ]g ntke ke®keji Gjr cl              X q                                             , w ,
                                                                                  s              q
                                                                                 2jkgér jdkv ji jk}
                                                                           wa
                                                                       ]g k;x uc <_euf jpf                                            a
                                                                                                                X q
                                                                                                           ]jkdi hd krhx <Qd                                   X
                                                                                                                    T
                                                                                                           ]g hrcL e k;dfpgf                   w X X
                                                                                                                                             6hukgd hd kvkupk;                            X
                                                                                                                        s
                                                                                                            3ky Pi e;o¬ kr kdl P\i          \ .                         s s
                                                                                                                                                   h<ko 0Qov hgj kg                                           s
                                                                                                                                                wa
                                                                                                                                         ]g kjH kurb l nç'                                         s
                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                         2jkgér jdkv ji jk}     q
                                                                                              wa
                                                                                            ]g k;x uc <d kd y/                                                                               w
                                                                                                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                    6jkpcf uil ge/qn       s                         s q
                                                                                                                      s
                                                                                                           3rxt xl d k;jfky                          a s X                              s
                                                                           s      qa
                                                                         hrke lnf gln rj>
      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                          245 fo 08 egaP
      ,             q  s            X    s         s           ,
hldf jkv 4Bkv u Fkg Nd rcf /fov A dfk;D ]ky jd xk;im kdltf ]g ;e
               ,           s      q                    q   s s
l dhO7dhO g; ]g /fov g; 4kxkg ydæfe jGf skr eüt kd ;‘ue xkvkt dp w
                                                         q  s
                                           44Bkv u Fkg Nd rcf /fov
                             s  s    s         s          w     s q
                            2lb kvkjgkn re cv 2kxkt cv ]yH g; dp jd jkc hurdf
                                                                 q   s   s
                                                      ~ ~ ~4BkH gukt kt jc hdcv
                                                                s s
                                                               4kg g
      X   q              s      X              q X
j jxf e [An jkc7jkc ]skg gj jxf e dju jkc7jkc er e hik/kikv hlb jkv,
                                                                 X
                                            44;kel dju jGf jGf rkr
      ,    q       X          s
    `ukd sul df ]e hik/kikv ]kg sxy e Lkn hurb er ]kg >ym e gkikgM
                                         X     ,\                              q s s                             X           s
s       q        q   q
urb er 2cr skul er jxe ]g kgj kyc jd gj7gj ]g kgj kyc gér go jkv
                            ,          q                                    ,                        q X q                       ,
                                                                        ~ ~ ~4;kyc gj / / ujkd    q , , ,
              ,         s           s
             4g krkt jH l o®r¬fv d hlm rxt kjkl kr ]g ktkjof kt jrhH               s          ,                        s
  s a                     s       ,
  d ;o¬ ]Skt yef dy> Gn dS jkv 2Skt kv <{ kd uyef kr ]jrhH kIky                                       s                        s ,
                                 2k;if unf d uyef s s
                                            2k;if unf d uylf         s s
                                                     s \
                                           3ue L/m Skv jGf
                                                                 a
                                                         6xjr7yt kgj LN                                    s\
                                                                      a
                                                                ]xuv Xe xv7xav                  a
                                                                                            q
                                                                                ]bkydv gkc jGf           X
                                                                              s s
                                                                          3kd uld ur7unp                                 a
                                                                                         ]bky jH jkxv           s a
                                                                                     ]bkejx lkl jGf     X a
                                 2k;if unf d uyef  s s
                                           2k;if unf d uyNf         s s
                                             z s
                                      3<o d <i Skv jGf    z
                                                            X
                                                         6dyN uil dnke           s
                                                              X
                                                          ]dyi h[hjl ihl
                                                                                        s s
                                                                                       ]yk? lj hrlko               a
                                                                        X
                                                                      7e <d7<d IgkuxG                                q
                                                                                       s s
                                                                                      ]ykcOef Sg _e           q            a
                                                                           s s
                                                                          ]ykL e;l7e; jGf          a
                                22k;if unf d uyef   s s
                                           2k;if unf d uy[f        s s
                                               s      qa
                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                   245 fo 18 egaP
                                                                            s
                                                                       3ji uTe Sdf u®; uxfuv
                                                                          ,            s   s
                                                                         ]g krxy kl k;k[7k;k[
                                                                                   X a s
                                                                      3hH exjl kd klkl kr cv
                                                                             s       a s
                                                                   2Skt kg unu kgkp er          q
                                                                ]k;xfc hd ue h[l kr k;   w s X
                                                                         a                 X
                                                                        ]k;yfd hd kgkp Bg rhi     q
                                                                           s       q
                                                                      ]hlS Nd hyp q;ko ;elv
                                                                        ]k;kN j>ri kd xt jkl        s
                                                                                 X
                                                                      3ji kukejv dukpv tkv
                                                                                          X w q
                                                                         ]k;ke hd ky' Id h;kH
                                                                               s
                                                                           3kd hykL hd uoht je        s s
                                                          s          a s
                                                    2Skt kg unp kgkp er                q
                                                    ,
                                                   ]g doki ue kje kr k;  s s X
                                                                  a           X
                                                            6hjkxpf hd kgkv hryt
                                                        T
                                                       3g hgj yduf l ekj7ekj    s        s s
                                                                                     \
                                                                    6hrkt hrPp hjgin7gjof      q
                                                                       ,            w s
                                                                      ]g hgj IN kr hH k;kN
                                                                                  \
                                                                ] hrkt hrPc yirfi k<‘r       z   1
                                                                 T s        s
                                                                ]g lk;î urdf j/v r"fr              1
                                                     s       a s
                                              2Skt kg upd kgkp er        q
                                                 ,                 s s X
                                                ]g hIke ur kje kr k;
   s       q                  s      q s    s              ,
  2kvkt d> ]hg jrhH suiv3kvkt d> uekl d ke®keji 4g hrdl I? rfk∂                a
                        s \ X X    s q 1               X X     s
                     4sxkLi e kFkg d ;®e jGf7jGf 6e kFkg d e; xkvkt j  s s
             \     ,            s T s          q s
Gf df ]kxsLi kugd ]g hjwcte hje Ag rgd ykyx kr ]k;df g; Cgu nf; jkv          ,
                                                         q       ,
                                               44ek/ jiet kr u ykyx gd     q
                                                        s     qa
                                                    4hrke lnf gln rj>
 ,     s Z                 s    s       s
4g hgj kg k"o hd [ql knl sxkvki kr ]Skt kg ukpgi hd jrhH kGn dS jkv ,
                                                      q
                                           ~ ~ ~4ekj gukt tuf n[ql knl
                                                        s    \
                                                       4ky Ldi gkj h
          s s      X X   s
d ke®keji kr kgkp ]e k;ufk; Ifkd hlkjkp kvkt Iky liko kr kgkp 4g srkt
                              s      , s      ,       s s        T
 s            s     ,      ,    q                              X
 r¬kj Gjr cl llb 4g kr¬kjkp ;‘ue 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu ke®keji e ufk;  s
                                             s      qa
                                           hrke lnf gln rj>
      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                 245 fo 28 egaP
      s          s Z       z s
   Bkd kdlm 4kxkg dFjuf uæi kr `g kgd ei ]g ukd ei A Ni Bkd 4g oH
                                   , a    zs , ,     zs s w s   ,
q         zs   , ,             s         , a     ,
  uv dS ei slt 4g oHquv dS kr ke®keji 4g kgd df g krdl kt kgd u jk,
    ,   ,    ,               s                     s
v g ukd df g krdl kt kgd kr u Syflb 4Cgu rDf;ø Bkd ke®keji 2kyeof
                       , a       ,   , ,                      z
                      `g kgd ]g ukd ]g k;D ke®keji ]ukoxH Auæi kygi
                                           s             X
                                        `krkg Cgu /çyim k;D hH /wn
   q    a            a
  0' cv kgo ]CF hrgc k;nfu hd hgn7/n kgt e rjkH df g k'Znn hld g;
                                   w a   X          ,      q   ,
                                                             ]ukoxH
                                                                     , a    ,  ,   ,
                                                                    `g kgd ]g ukd ]g k;D ke®keji
                                                                                          ]ukoxH
                                                                                                 4hg kurb tkv
                                                        s
                                          2Skt kg unüo kgkp er                   s                   q
                                                 s
                                         ]kje j{ j{v jg kr k;                                 s X
                           ,                       s X
                          4g hrdl jH l kxkj oiv jGf k<ho hII 6,g hr   Z w                                     w
   s               w ,        s      s
dl kg unau k;xfc h[l 6g hrdl kg kukl hÈef 3Skt I? rfk∂ kr kvkt d>                                 a s s               q
      ,       ,       ,                s q
jrhH jkv 2'kyd Cgo jkv kckd Cgo ]kd> jrhH hg uiv 2kd> jrhH ]kd>              s                   s q              s q
                                             s
                                 2Skt kg uno kgkp er       a s                     q
                                  s
                              ]kje j{ j{v jg kr k;                        s X
                                                     q
                                        ]kjkgér jkd/fv ji h<ko
                                               s       q Z
                                             ]jkgér Fv ]jkgér nç'              s          q
                                                                   ,
                                                                ]g k;ke hg hjkgér ilf                  q Z
                                                    ]oy¥i Qr7<r ]jkrlf7nkp             1 s                  a
                                                                 ,
                                                                ]g k;kN hg hjkgér ilf                   q Z
                                                     3ji hrj/ lb g k;D kje                     ,                s
                                           s
                                2Skt kg uid kgkp er       a s                        q
                                ]k<ho7ue hl7hII kr k;                w s X
                                                            s
                                             6krki kg Cgu ukLl7jo¬                          \
                                    3hH ji sup[V d LCe7/kl                 s            \
                                                              ,
                                                        6g krxt hH Bkd u xkj                       s
                                               s      qa
                                             hrke lnf gln rj>
                       m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     245 fo 38 egaP
       s                              ,                           q
       ultf g ;‘ue Bkd klS udfsy ]ei eji kg k;df u3g k;df ei uer 4g ;n                s                             s                                                               zs                               s                                                        ,                                                        zs s q , Z
  T                                           s
  kl eji kr ke®keji jkv 4g k;D Z;nkl sxkvki ukt er kr ]xy uIG uj> d                                           ,                        ,                                                     T               s                                                          q s                                X                             s w s                                                       s
                                                            s
    rhx jrhH jkgér ]kdl kg ryfknkv l rkj hjH l kjkr er ]kdl kg /≈eof7;     q s                                            s                                       s a s                                                                         s X                                               q s                                               s                            q                       Z
         pækv jd[n Sg ry[f kd yG er ]jd[n krxM kd tjl kdl pku eqr 4Ss       q s                                                  s                             w                         q                                s                                      s                                    w s
                                          s
  gfkp k[kj> kd oHuv e ;nÔ 4Cgu <kei ]Sgfkp kryh'unol dS Syf d u                                q                     X                                                                                        z                                                                                                s a                                                                      s s
                         s Z T
       ukt kd ;nkl udfsy 4kg rdl ukt hH er ]u kxky g kukt kd Z;nkl 4k;ki C                                        s s                                                                                            q s X s ,                                                                                             s                                       T
                                                     s s
gu krc Bkd kd Z;nkl 4kvg Cgu yGl _¬k' hH dS udfy ]g Sx [yf _¬k'                                   T                                  q                                                                                                                                                  s T                                                             s
    s                                                   Z T
    urdf ji ;nkl 4k;ki jd Bkd Cgu dr cv 4sxkvki jd Cgu `xkdl jd k"kH                                                                          s                                                                                        s                                                                                       s s
                                        s T s s
       jfi hlS ]g rkg jkp kn jkv kn l,t ]gjr hd r<fx dhO7dhO `xkdl jd k"                                        s                        , s s                                                                                                                                                                                             s s
                                                                         ,
       kHjfi udfsy 4g k;D Z;nkl kg rukt er 6k[sn ;nkl uer ]kg kjH l kjkr 'k                                                  T s s                                                                     q                                 Z T s q s                                                                                                            s X
      dkv rkj 6k[n ;nkl e tjl rxM d gcl 6k[n Z;nkl e kyG d ckyx ueqr  s Z T X                                                                w s                                               s                   q                      s                              T X X w s                                                                                            q s
                                ,
                          4g Cgu hjWt kun kut lm ]kg rukt kt udfy 4kg rukt rfkHhyH ]kg                      s                                           s                          s s                                       s                              s s s                                                                                     a                                          s
                                             q ,
      srukt er 4g k;D ;el df rukt Cgu er df Cgu klS jkv 4xkvki n u er                                                                           s                                                          q                                                                s               ,                               s s                                      s                                 q
                                            s T
    jRm ]sxkdkp kLkF er cr ]g k;D ;el df kxgj hg jdukt tkv df Ni jkv         s\                           q                                          ,                                                                              wa                                                                                                                                     s w ,
                    X q                                       \
                    gér sy Ldi dhO7dhO jxv Bkd udfy 4g k;D ;el kg srukt eqr 4xkLi Xe                                                                                s                                     s ,                                                                       s                                                                                       s s \
                                         q s s
                    ydæfe ]xkjd rD;øHfv 4rdl kg Cgu rD;øHfv kt ]g oHuv rgc slS e                                                                  s                              s                                                                           s                        T                                  q                                q                        s X
                              s                          q X
    uoht jkgér 4dl kg hH rD;øHfv df Cgu hjWt ]g hrkg oHuv kt thp hHl                         s                                                                                                                                                           T                      s                                    q                      s X
                                                                                                                                                                      ,                          s
                                                                                                                                                                   4g krkg oHuv ]kg 4Cgu hg krkg rD;øHfv go             q                   a                                                                                s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   T s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4g rkt skg
          F;ø d u/kc lm ;kim cl 4e k_¬k' u ]e krk0lf u ]krdl kt k/kc e kn
          Z                  s s a s                                                                                                                             X X                                                        X X a                                                                                                                                         a X X
                      s                                         ,
       ç' lm u 4g ke®keji eku kd oHquv lm ]xkukt er kt kr ]kvkt k[ e ezsi                                                                                                                                                      s s                                  q s s                                                       s                                      s X
            s                                   q s s X
            uiv er lS e jxkl Skt k[ nc lt df kg Ikjof kurb ct ei kjkgér ]S                                                                                s                    wa s ,                                             s                                                                                                            zs                                   q
                                                      X q
         kt kIef gér df kg klsS ei kjkgér ct ]kg r'c ei kjkgér ct 4g k<jk/ h               s                                              zs                                           q                               s Z s                                         zs                                       q                                                  ,
                                    w
      d krZ<ijfi hd ei jkgér ]g eku kd kre{ hd ei jkgér ]g jrhH jkgér ke                zs s                                q ,                                                                                                                        zs s                              q ,                                                                            s             q
                                                   ,
         ®keji 4g hrkv y <jdv e thc Li hg jrhH jkgér jh/7jh/ tk[ go jkv             s                              q a X                                                                   s \                                                s                    q s                                   s                                   s                                                 ,
              ,                                           s
       4g hrdl kg Wq' tk[ dS 4g rdl kxt klîhHv dS jrhH jkgér 4g rdl j                               s                                                  T s                                                                                                                                                         s                      q T s
                                                       z s
       d ryfo†i kd lk;î udfy 6g ukd ]g kgd ke®keji df rdl krc Cgu Wx.nl                                                         s ,                                     ,                            , a                                                                                  s                                                                                                 qq
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ` kn jRm lm ld3gs                                                 s                          s , ,
                          a
k;D nukv kd rîfr hd lk;î ]g k;D lk;î Ni go ]nukv kd rîfr hd lk;î kg               1                                                                         ,                                                     s w                                          a                                                                   1                                                               s
u kukt hHd sultf ]kg kvif u I? dS kd yt hHd ultf ]kg hxy u lk;î sl                                      s                                                                   wa                                                                                            s                                      s
tf `kxSki jd rîr lm jRm hH Bskd k;D jkv `n jRm lm ld skr `g k;D                           1 s                                                                                                                                   ,                  X                                          s                            s ,                                                 ,
                zs s w
       ei ANi go ]kg krIG u kuj> kd ei e ;nÔ sdltf udfy 4dl jd oHuv    s                              w                                                                                            zs X                                                                                            s s                                                                                    q
                  zs s                           ,
       ei kt ]g Syf dlm ei 4g Cgu hHd kr kdl [n u ]g hHv kr kdl [n 4g           s                                       zs ,                                                                             s s                                         s                            ,                                               s s                                                   s ,
                  Cgu hH Cgd k; ]g kg; kr k; kr 4eku kd o®r¬fv Ikjof ji lb g ke®keji           , a                                 s                                      s                                                                                                                                  s w                                            ,
                                  ,
                            4g rDf;ø ke®keji df g gj rk>el hg; rgfkji7rLfi dfk;D 4g gj rN                                                           T s s                                                                                                  s q                                      a                                X                              T s s
w                       z s s s X
i uæi lS l k;nfl eg e /acl d ke®keji udfy 4krdl kg Cgu jRm dZFkl                                                              X                               a s                                                                                s                                                     s
                                                                                                                                   s      qa
                                                                                                                                 hrke lnf gln rj>
           m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                           245 fo 48 egaP
                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                 ]kg hH rDf' er kg 0flf            q s
                                                                                                         22dr ct g k;kl kjkgér                ,                                 q
                                                                                                           2dr cr g Fke jg kd>            ,                                   q
                                                                                         ,           Z                s s
                                                                                     4g Cgu kni Bkd kr jkv3ji [kv g kni k                   ,                          a , Z
                    a       ,                  s          q
     d jkdgv 4g krkt kg W' kuLi Bk[nf gér ]g kry[ jk} kd kryh'unoal Bk   \                       X q ,                       q                                                      s             s
                        s         q s                   s          q
d jrhH jkgér l sudq> jkgér dfk;D 4l sudq> jkgér g krkt kg ke®keji hH         X                s            s               q ,                            s
                                                    a            s
        <k"ki 4k;nf jd rjfrkiW kd jF®i uer kr sxkvkt d> uekl d jF®i 4g j                   s q s             s                       q s                        s                       T
  , s                         s           s
i dlm Cgo kr sxkvkt d> suekl d {o 4g ji dlm Cgo ]xkn [j jlf kgt
                                                            q                  s                1 T , s                                             s s                               a
          q T a                      , s                      s w
        er 2g kgd ji dlm df kNi re 4k[j jlf ji kji dlm 4dl Li ji jlf sj               s                             X , s                            s             \
             q                                   s q T s
kgér Fkg kdlm dfkr kd> 4g rsy kuc jkohn Syf d ke®keji hH kd uoht P                                                       s                                           s
     e ]>elku jkv 4g ry kuc jk} kd ke®keji hH kd q;®e kr ukokKi ]jk;'fskg
     w\                         ,        T s s                                                                         s            1 s                                 z
                                                                                                                   T s a X
                                                                                                               4g rkox e –{ yod eg kt                   q                 s                 s
   ,                                              ,            ,
   g uoht hH klsS dS jkv 6g hrn Lkt l uohtkge kt g q;®e hH hlS dS 4kO      s       s\ s                                     s ,                   1                         s
                      s
        hn [jkx jfe huje ltf~ ~ ~4k[sn sue kr kje e df g kyd dS hd suje hlS             T s              T                     ,                                                                s
           ,                       s         ,
         Ag krgd [jkx jkv 4syef nko¬ kd rev kr je jkdgv 4g Cgu oHquv Bkd                    1       s s                          a              ,                                         s
               s          s            s              a
        jq/e llb kr ]je jkdgv 2;®e jkv hOhe 4kje ;®e hOhe hg hlo ]kje hH e
                                                                     q 1         ,                     s             q 1                                          , s
q                wa                         q T
r df g krgd sler e hgo 4g Bki ;®e hOhe hlS dS ue df g kgd u [jkx      ,              q 1                       s                      s T                   ,                     s           s
                                                                                                                 s
                                                                               44kOhn jfe [jkx huje ltf ]kje huje lrf                                         ,
                                                                                                                ,     ,    ,     s     ,
                                                                                                          4kOhe g uje kje ]kje hxkt sg kje
                                                                                                                              ,
                                                                                                                             Ag kgd dhO u [jkx             s            s
                                     s                 s             s q
                                   2kje ]kIef ]kd> A g xP hg dS kd uukt kd ke®keji 4kd u
                                                                                 ,         a                       s            s                                         s
                   s                   ,                   a
ukt kd ke®keji g Cgu xP g; jkv 4kniél huiv 6kg rgkp kukuc gxjfi kui           ,                              s s                                 z
                        s                  q s s
v hH kd ke®keji er 6kg rgkp kujd ktçd hH ji ke®keji eqr 4g nc Xe hL                                                                           , a
        s\                                                         s
        ktrf hjkeg ke®keji 2lki jkgér g kgd ke®keji 2kg d hLkd kn ]jv ]kg k; q , a                                s s             ,\ s         s                 s
                 q            s                   q s X s s
       D er df kdl krc er kd kxky d lkLi7sy¥ge dfkr 6Cgu lki jkgér jkv g                 s \       q                                        s         q            , ,
                     s s                             s
           lki je ke®keji df kdl jd kokn er dfkr 4ky [j djd nc e hLktrf hH             q             s                s                a X              s\
           s              q s
             lm er kr Skt yef ke®keji hg klS ]djd nc e hLktrf g k;yf [j u/            s s               a X               s\         ,
    s , T s                                 X            q
    lt 4g rkgp ku[j e hØe hH kd ke®keji 2g k;D ke®keji g rgkp kuukt j    s                       ,                                  T s
     ,                     T s \ s \            X
     kv3eg g L[ Ldt e jkdgv uiv ]eg g L[ Ldv 4k>el tkj kd ukg ri a         s                  T s \ s \                 s                                    s s
                      s                                        s       ,
       √el ]k[hl kyd hd sudq> kr ]g k;D ke®keji df kg hrgkp hg kuukt 2kyeof                                s
               ,                              zs s
              4g kO‘kdkji hd ei kr ke®keji jkv rkg Cgu rD;øHfv hH ei Ike7IkN ;       , s s                                                zs s s s s s
                                                                                               ,              zs s s
                                                                                             2`g k;D ei xkdl krc udfy ]kdl                           s s
  s                                                ,
  n hH uoht kuiv df g kgkp kurb ]g kgkp suer kd hldf u hldf 6kg k;df               ,                   q s                                         s
s                           s            s a
kd _ef ]kg k;df kd ke ]kg k;df kd Ic ]kg k;df kd hu®i `kg k;df u ei
                                                             s                  s s s s                         s                       s                            zs
                                                                  s      qa
                                                                hrke lnf gln rj>
        m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                           245 fo 58 egaP
         ,             s              q         s
4dS g kukgc 4kdl Ief er df lltf ]_ke Refuf dS ]g ucykv dS yod                                     ,                     a                       s
                    T s             a             s ,
ke®keji df g rgd yftri udfy 6g ;”y kd k;/fof hjkl kr ke®keji df g             X                                  s                                    T
  rpkl l j,krekv kr eg 2/fof jkv ke®keji 4ke®keji A g hgd /fof dS Xe
  s s s                     s                       ,                                                          ,
   Z           X                 s      s             ,
   kpp hd k;/fof hd uki kd ;®l 4g hgd rkc hd lgkl Lc u yftri 4,g Cg                                         s \ s                       a
       w     s       ,     w q              s
 u _l Bkd jkv ;¥egc knk;† llb e k_l7xk; 4g k;nf _l rqHnv u yftri
                                                        X X w           s        ,                           w                 .      s             a
                  s           q           s
                 4kvkt d> hg Xe jed suiv 4Cgu rjWt hd ukt kckd jkv h'kd k                      s                                    ,                   s
     s                   T s                  X
r ky >el tkj 4g ukgc cl ]e h'kd df kd> e kckd ]e nt¬fe df kd> Xes q X                               X                                       s q
           a T s                s s                      s
     jnfe 4g ukgc cl kr o 4,g kudq> uekl dldf kNi re jkv 2k[hl kud>
                                                                 s                     s w                         ,              s               q
                                                    22dr ct g k;kl kjkgér ,                             q
                                                                   ,
                                                    2dr cr g Fke jg kd>                               q
                                                        2dr ct g rkx kjkgér ,                             q
                                                                     wa
                                                           ]Te kxgj jduc jev
                                                               6hH kuekd er kg rîfr           q s                          1
                                                                 ]hH kupk; er kg ukn             q s
                                                                                        s
                                                                                       6kg hH ;ørx kg <jp              a s
                                                                                   ,
                                                                                ]g rgfkel cl Xe Cgér                                      q
                                                                                           s
                                                                                          6kg hH ;ørd kg ed          Z           s Z
                                                                                     s
                                                                                ]kg hH ;ørk;÷ kg uk;÷                        s
                                                                                          ,    z
                                                                                 2dr ct g rki kd kiÎ
                                                                                  s           T a   X
                                                                                 ]l jefrf u? e WL k;D
                                                                                                   q s
                                                                                      6hH huefk; er kg lonf
                                                                                                      q s
                                                                                        ]hH huxfkj er kg xkj
                                                                                                  s      s      q s
                                                                                                6kg hH ;K er kg ukK
                                                                                               ]hH ku/kl eqr kg 0flfs
                                                                                                      s      zs  q s
                                                                                                 6kg hH ;i er kg <kzi
                                                                                                    s      s      q s
                                                                                                ]kg hH ;K er kg ukK
                                                                                      ,
                                                                       2dr ct g Fkg kjkgér          q
                                                                            s
                                                                         ]sje ji 'h' g ;Hv   wa
                                                                                  s              q s
                                                                                 6kg hH |x er kg rhx
                                                                                        s       a s
                                                                                      6kg hH |o kg kuno   a
                                                                                    s             s
                                                                                 6kg hH rDfH kg kuokH
                                                                                           w            q
                                                                                        ]kti7ku/kjkv Cgér
                                                                               s
                                                                              6kg hH rDflkv hH xk;®
                                                    s      qa
                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
                    m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          245 fo 68 egaP
                                              s
knof ikv7uiv Igkyt[ jGf ]Iuef Nd df ]LXdl Nd kr ]Cgu xSkt[ tkv                                  q                                                                q                                                            s                 q s                                                               s a q
                       s
     df ky jd hg ntf unf dS er jxv 2hxsyp jn hurdf kr ]kvkt[ u eqr jx                                                           q                                                                                     s                                           s                     s                            q
                     s
v 4yp Igkyt[ e jlf df l,t 4g Igkyt[ hd 0fc hd gjr dS kr klkKtf   q X                                                         s                   ,                                        q                                                 q                                                                                   s
                                                                                                                                                                                       4ku[j <je¬ nsH kd klîhHv7klkKtf
                                                4Cgu klîhHv ]g rjd klkKtf e /cl d ke®keji xky udfy 2kyk[    T s                                                                X                  a a s                                                                                          s                                    s                   s s
                                   s s
              hHv ]kyk[ hg tkv ]kykI re hH ji yd jkv 2jk} d ;nÔ uiv kyk[ Cg;                         s                                                                                                        ,                                           s                                           s                              s s
                ,
              4g Cgu rjWt hd sukt hH Cgd Syf d uki lm ]g kt jkv 4g k;x kg kd r                                                                                     s s                                          s                        , s                                  ,                    ,                                    s
                                     Z
Df;ø hg Fv kjkeg l ke®keji dfk;D ]g krLi eyke dFkl uæi l uLs\kt Fkl             s                                                              X                    ,                                \                          w                             Z                                      z s s
         s
         d nç' ke®keji 4kxxy ytGf uæi kr ]g ukd go ]g kt ]Ni Bkd 4kxxy y              s                                   w                          z s                           ,                   ,                                             , s                            s w s                                                             s
     tGf uæi kr ]g kgd go ]g kt df sNi Bkd cv 4g ke®keji eku kjlwn kdlm
     w                              z s                         , a                                                      , s                                    w s                                                                  ,
                    , s                      , s
               ]g kt ]g kt jrhH ]g kt jgkc g kt e>e ]g kt eeqr ]g kt e kRi7kRi                      , s                                               , s X q , s X                                                                                                                , s X X                                                              X
                   X 1 , s X
sd k{o ]g kt e <jdf7<jdf hd tjl ]g kt e <d7<d d kog 4g Cgu hH B                                                                                              w , s X                                                                                                        s                                               ,
 s                            q                      , X
 kd kvg kOc e 'kdkv jn go 4g kujd unsouf slltf ]g hujd kuFki slltf ]                                              w                      ,                                                                                                                  ,                                                              Z z
   ,                                     q s
   g kujkdi kdltf ]kvg kOc e 'kdkv jn g rDf;ø Bkd go lt 4rckc d ke®                         q                           , X                                                   w ,                                                                s                                     s ,                                                          s
                                ,
   keji g hgj hg; k<jk/ hd kxky udfsy 2kd ke®keji g hu[yf hØpf Bkd géqr                                                     X s                                                      s                                                                ,                                                                                         s X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4k;yf I
     kd u'hed kuiv SiQ ln su yjut jI¬keI¬ki lb dfXk;D 4kutH re rike ]k                                                                                                                             s                                                                                                      s                                       Z
                  s s                            s
utH /hl7/hl kr XtH hH hHd kjkckn jxe ]dhO kr kl tH SiQ uikv df ~  s                 s                                                                      s                                                                        s s s s                                                                                   s
 ~ ~]8yjut jI¬keI¬ki Gkv j;d ]yef kd ke®keji8 hgo~ ~ ~]Hi g df Bkv hØ         s                                                   s s                                   s                                                                                                                 q z s
                                                   s
   pf hdlm l dkL hrIky Snf tH eku d henkv lm l jLkvhue SiQ lhykp                          ,                                        s                                  s                                                                            s                Z
       s                     s s
4kn tH urm Sg surtf kyp df kgd jkv Sdf Ødb SiQ lhykp jdyef ucl      q                                          s                                                          ,                                             s                                                                                                                                  s
                                                             X
             ]hØpf Bkrc e lGfkv kd k_ef jkv u jI¬keI¬ki 4kxyp Cgu ekd d SiQ l                            s X                                        , s                                                                   s                             s                                                                         s
                                                                      s
         kpi kucf cv 2kn hg tH cv SiQ lkpi jkv Sgfkp kon Syf d hu®i df hF                                    s                                                                                ,                                                                                                             s
                                       s                 \              q
               h[yf l kLhi rgc 4kxkg e [An rgc rpæfuf henkv df Bx kv k;n hH slm                                  s X                       q                  q
                           \                               s
              ]hPi hØpf Akd ke®keji yef Ahyef hØpf kd yjut jI¬keI¬ki `jd k;D jkv                                      s                                                                 s                                                                                                  s                             X                                       ,
                                                                            s
               4yjut jI¬keI¬ki Gkv j;d ]kd ke®keji yef 4kn tH hn¥t SiQ lkpi d                                                  s s                                                                          s                             s                     s
       f k[yf ]kF henkv knkl7k/hl 4n [yf _i hg kd ke®keji kpkl 4g krjd uk;                                                           wa                                                                           s                                                                          s                         ,
         ÷ kd ke®keji henkv cr Skv u ekd ;kim Bkd ct 4Skv u ekd ;kim Bkd                                                                                                                                            s                                                                                                                                          s
                         q
         ]kdp jd ;kim cl jkv hF jkehc hu®i 4k[yf _i kd ke®keji u henkv dS                         ,                                                                                                                                           s                                                                    s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2kdlm g                        ,
         hu[yf h_i7hØpf Bkd 2g kukdOf Bkd ]g kri Bkd kdlm `g ukd ]g kgd ke        s                       ,                                              s                  ,                                               s                                                        ,                        ,                     , a
                                  s w
®keji kNi re 2 kjd rt√lof kLkF kd jkdgv 2kyeof ]k[hl kyd hd <Ziel         s                                                                  s\ s                                               a                                                                       s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4g Cgu ykol hylv
                                            a s q a
               g; ]kxkI uer kgd ]g hylv <iel 4g krkt xI hH Cgd <iel hg lS 4g                           ,                                               Z                         ,                                                     a                                                                Z                                        s s ,
                                          a
              krkt xI hH Cgd Ikd 2g krLi dG k;D llb 4g rn xkI ji tkojn7jk} kr           s                           ,                   \ Z                                                 s                                      T s s                                  a                                     s                                                  s
           s                                                   T s s
             kg u hyh[ 4g rn xkI ji hyh[ kr kg u hI[ 4g rn xkI Ikd ji hI[ slt                 a                                                    s s                                                   wa                       T s s                               a                        s                                             aw              ,
                                                                                                                       s      qa
                                                                                                                     hrke lnf gln rj>
                     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    245 fo 78 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2g k;x Ll cl 6g kpc Cgu                 \                                           ,
             q
       Nd cv jrhH d y;jfku df Cgu hg ∂Gf kd hldf 2g srxy udcf gcl jGf s                                                                                                                             s                                                  T                                      s                                                      q
         ,                             s s
       ]g krkt n kd jknukdn jGf hjkti rkj ]e unf kg srkv kPp er3g gj Pp                     q                                                          q                                       X                                 s                                              \                             q T s                                                   \
  l k"o y;jfku hg o 4g hrkg hg suekl d kjnfe ukdn hd y;jfku jkv 2g kIk
 s ë                                                                          s ,                             s                                                           s X                                       a X                          q                                                                           ,                             ,                      s
                                                   wa
  [ g; df ]kxy Cgu df krdl gd Cgu kr g; ukoxH df g kn;kG dS ed7sl                                                                                                                s                                                                                       ,
                                T s
    7ed 4g rkv kPp xky kdum ]Cgu jk;r kd uy Bkd kdutf ]Sx lif ]Sx l     \              s s                                                                               , s s s                                                           s s
                  s
   ?f ]ryp Cgu Cgd li kt 2 g k;D hg krkv jkv rDjfrfv d Ik[ ]kgd ulm                   s , s                                    ,                                                                                     ,                                                         s s s                                                                          s
           T s                                    s s
     `g rkv hH Ik[ ]g rkv e hjrkPp kt ]hHd e kli df kNi l hjkti lm u               T s                      X                                 s \ s                                                                     X X ,                                                     w s                                                    q                                    s
   T s                           X          q
    e kr ]e ji;kj ]dr unf Nd kF krgj lki d jnfe dS e ~ ~ ~kg rsn kr Xkg                                               q                                                                                        s                            a                          T                                            X s                                s
       s s                         s s
        rn k[k/ kd henkv 2g rkv kPp dDlf Ik[ 4g hy ykduf chdjr hLc u kx                    T s                                               \ s                                        s s                              T                                                         X                                                               \ s X
                 T s \                                  , T s s
sky 4g rkPp jkv g ry kjqp yG l kphxc d kjln 4g rkPp y;jfku L\l xky                                                                  w s X                                                        s ssa w T s \                                                                                                                               s                          s
                                                                                                     ,                               ,
                                                                                           `g hjk;r hd ukPp IH k;D kr kg krdl yef ke®keji                            s \                                 X                                    s s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4g Cgu h,
               ,
  jk;r hd suIef 4hxMkv hHd jGf ]g hujd ykH[n hdub hHv ]g pπc7ykc I               a                                                                       ,                                                                     s                                                                             T s                                                                s
    s s
     kN kr hHv df hxkgd er kr 4g ke®keji hg rfi df g rgd kr _¬k' dfk;D      s                          q s                             ,                                                                                                                 T s                                      s                                                               X
            s \                       w s
        4Li kuNi l rfi kjt df hxkgd er kr ]g hjk;r hd uIef ]g krn kyef sl                                                         s                               q s                                 ,                                ,                         s                                      wa                 s
                                                             wa
        ke®keji df gd e jxv `g klîhHv ]g lk;î hjkgéqr g; udfy 2kNi uæi d       T                                        ,                                                    ,                                                                                                                  s                                w                              z
                                        w                           z
       o®fkr ]kNi uæi dufZ'kn `g k;D ]g ukd ]g kgd ke®keji 2kNi uæi kd ct                                         ,                                           ,                ,                        , a                                                                                                w                   z
                    , s s T
  x kld ]k[n 4g henkv Nπv eg g krkg 0lf kr Ni uæi Nπv ]g krxy klS                                  s                                             ,                    s                                                s s w                                   z s                                                ,                                                         s
        T s                         s
      4g rkt kg hnkv d suNi xky uæi Nπv7sNπv 2 k;yf Ni 4g hukdpc klkKtf   s                      w              s                                  z s                                                                                                          w ,
                                                                                                                                         q
                                                                                          4Cgu hH Nd jkv uOfd knk;† l uki kd ke®keji kr skg                     ,                                                                                  s s                       s                                                                           s
                                          ,
        klkKtf jkv 4Cgu hH Nd jkv yjl knk;† l uki kd ke®keji kr kg klîhHv                                q                   ,                                                                             s s                                 s                                                               s s
                                                                                                                                                                                           4Cgu klkKtf ]kyeof ]Sgfkp klîhHv
                                                                                                                                                                                         s
                                                                                                                                                                        4hxxy unN kd k<ki urm ]hxxy ukg            s s s X z s                                                                                                     s                         s s
  hjgx lk;î hurm kxrhc ;el kurtf 4kxSkt hg LkF yH e hL? kn7hL\? 6kxSk               s                                                                                                                                       s s\                          w X                                \ s
                              s s\            w X
  t hg LkF yH e Iuef kn7Iuef Nd go 2kg kjH l lk;î kvkj7kvkj 2xy lk;                            s                                                    q                                      s                                       s                                  a s a s                                                              s
                                               s , ,
  î Xe yF¬Qe lt 4g hxy lk; >e 2 huki ]g utk;i Nd l utnm u ]g utk;                                                                s q                                                         ,                             s z                        q s                                           .                                            ,                        s
     z s s
     i Bkd l uthlDkv u s>e ]jd ke{ s>e ]tkjkge df kxgd go kr ]g kruc                                    q X                                                                q                                                                                        s                                           s                    ,
                       s s                                 s
  huki l uyef d l,x kn ut{v jkv utnm ]kv I pS ]g k[j k;D e huki ]r                      s                                                      ,                                   .                        s w                                              ,                                                           X
                          \                     s
     e kLc? df kdlm hH xkvk>el er jxv `g k;D _l dufkKo kd huki df k                           s s                                                          q                                                 ,                                      w                                    ,
      s w                                                       ,
 xNi go k;D `g k;D huki kxNi go k;D kr ]dr kunf yef u huki jkv Skt                                                          s w                                                      s                                               X                     s                                                                           ,
                            X                                     s
  dIH e ukr¬xfj henkv Bkd l,t ]kg e Idl <ki df lk;î hlS jkv 4lk;î hu                                       s s                                        X X                                         a                          z                                                       s                               ,
  k; klîhHv 2Sgfkp klîhHv `g ukd ]g k;D ke®keji 2ygrd 4g hukdpc klkK                                                      ,                ,                       ,                                                                                               w q                     ,
                        ,                             s
      tf 4g hrkt kg rîkel hg dr cr kg rNi er dr ct Bx jkv hOm ]g jxH                                                                                         s s w                                               q                                                                     ,                                                            , q a
                     ,                                   q
 <{ 6g Igkyt[ klkKtf 4hxgj hryp hg7LkF jH hxntV knl Bkd 4hxSkt kg                                                   s                                                                  s s\                                                                                                           s                                                             s
                                                                                                                            s      qa
                                                                                                                          hrke lnf gln rj>
                     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              245 fo 88 egaP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     s \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4Li kukg u jcte ji uy       s                                    w                                         s
     s                                            X q
     kc Ow> gér Cgd kr 6Li eyke ojkx gér e ukrc df skg u hurb hjkgér gko         s               s \                           w                                     , X q X s                                                                                                                                                             q
                                       ,
         “ur 4g –Hv kuykL e pkdl gér skr 4sxy pkdl e ugd gér jkv kg ed h                              X                    s a X q                                                                                         s a X s                                                      X q                              , s
                         q
jkgér gko“ur g krdl kg dfk;D ]rNi Cgu hH gko“ur 4kn LkN rkc kr hd      ,                                            s                            X                    s w                                                                                                 s                      s\                                      s
                                 ,
  jiM 6g kryef kurdf gér df rNi Cgu hH gko“ur hd jln7dS xky e k;u                                                X q                                   s w                                                                                                             s w                                                   s X
       q                             ,                       s
  fn df g g; kr pl 4kxSkt kuke kYH kr sxkNi gjr lb hH l hldf e k;ufqn                                                                                                                     s                    s w                                                                        s                                      X
                                                               wa                                        s
                                                            `g krdl y Nd e l jiM k;D 2g kryef kurdf l jiM3g rkc               q T s                                                                                      ,                                                                             s                                     ,
         k;D g; df hdI[ >e hurb hg rkc g; dfk;D ]k;x kgj Cgu l>e df kgd                      s q                                                                                                                   X                                                                                     s q
    s X
     ukgüm 4k;df kjc rgc jd jke kIkp suer 4g I‘'fv df k>el kr Ni u Bkd       q        q                                                                        a                                q ,                                                                     s                                   s s w                                                    s
                     ,                          z
             4g uæi dofkHko¬ yd¥cf kr g; 4g Cgu kri Nd kd kr;˙l jkv jkpkI‘'f                        q                                   s                                ,                                                               q                                                                   ,
                                                   X q
;hrjkH gér Syflb ]Sg Cgu Lc e rjkH er df kgd ue 4g ukeiv kje g;                                              q                                     s \ X                                                         q                                               s T ,                                                                           s
               wa                  q                      ,
         2y Nd jkv hH jiM d gko“ur df g k>el kphu kurb >e `g kryef k;D                                            s                                                                   ,                                                                                           s q                            ,
                                                         T s w s q
          jiM df g rNi l>e so ]Bg g; rkc df kgd ukgüm 4kNi ue ]Bg k;D rkc                                                                    q                                                                                      s X                                         w s T                                     q
                                                                                          s a                                      s
                                                                                     2l kg; kyduf ]kxn udQ Cgu Iuef dS g rgd kpkp ]e                                             wa s                                                                                                    T s                                                                     X
                           ,                 q
  j? g Bg hpe gyd ]Bx kg I>a> hLc df ykc jdkv l>e jkv 4kd kpkp ui                                                      s                                                   \                              s s                                              s q                                ,                      s                                             s
  v k;nf jke kIkp ]Sx kv e l¬x ]kF u yk;[ Nd kd kxP7kxj de√k/ d rj   a                                                      X s q                                                                                                      q                           X a X a                                                                     s
                        s s
kH kr kdum `g kgd Bkjc elb 4g rkc hd jiM rkc hd jiM `k;D jiM ]B     , a                                               q X                                   ,
                                         ,
       H df g krkt kNi l hHl kr kg; 2l kryjl `g kryef k;D l jiM `kIc ]          w s                                                  s a                                     s                                                    ,                                                                  s                                                   s
  hryef gko“ur hurdf `kIc ]rjd hjdku k;D df kNi lum u htkpkp~ ~ ~sF                                                          s s                                                            ,                                                         w s                                   s
s                            a                       s
rgj kg; dum kpkp ]F rgj e Ly≈b dum kr htkrif ~ ~ ~kNi lum u kpkp                                        s s                                         X         T a s                                                  s                                                                              w s                                s
                                           s
          sdum kr Skv rjkH jGf ]Sg Lc Cgo ]gj e Ly≈b hg l uipc _ef dS jse                                                                 q s \                                                s X                               T a                                 s                                                                                         s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4Cgu hg krkg oHuv                                   s                            q
                                                                         ,
             okH7/kjiv 4g krkg oHuv okH7/kjiv Bkd kd yko uy u 4krkg Cgu oHu             s                                q                                                                                      s s s                                             s s                                                  s                                                 q
v okH7/kjiv Bkd kd syko sun roæjf kgt g 'n kydv rjkH n;k' e k;ufqn             s s                                                             s                                        a                    ,               s                     s                                                                               X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4hrkg eyke Cgu upLv Bk             w                                                                   \                   s
                       X q X s s ,
  d gér e un jkv 4g krdl kt k;nf hH kdub df skg rukt er kr 2g gj kt                        ,                                                                                                       s                                                        s                                   q s                             T s
           s                   s \ s \ s
           gc Lc7Lc ]jv 2rklcf k;D hd kjkpcf ub kr ]g kry y dr y;jfku L\l ]                                                                                      X                                                     s                    ,                   s s                                                                                  s
  ,                             , s                               s
    g jk;r kd suy dr ke®keji ct jkv 2LkN kdub ]jI¬ufef Ghp ]jI¬ufef ]j                                                                                                 ,                      X s\ s
  I¬ufef hIîLf ]jIDsyd hIîLf ]jknyhlgr ]yko lyfi Ike7IkN s; kr ]rLkN Cgu                                                                                                                         s                                         q s s s s                                                      s                 s s\
             s
             kd dr ke®keji eg ct 2<ki7e/ g 'n g; jkv 4g de√k/ roæjf dfk;D 6                                                                           z Z                      ,                       s                             ,                 ,                                                                                           X
                  s
  hxdl Cgu Ief roæjf l 'sn lb ]g krxy >e hHd7hHd llb 4g k<jk/ hjkg                                             s                                                   ,                                        s q                                                             s                                  ,
                                               s s
       éqr hd un roæjf hH kd ke®keji 4kxn Ikc nkli kd urb kr hxSkt kg dhO                         s                                                                                wa                a                         z                         s                           s                                               s
  hjkehc hd hu®i hje df 6kxMkPp y;jfku kr xkn kxy hjdku kd dLy je d                s                                                  a                 \                                                  s s s                                                                       , s s \ s s
                    T s
       f g rkv gd xky 4g ryef r¬l y;jfku Ll ; jkv3Cgu g kr k/kc Bskd ]Cg   s                  T s                                          s                                                             s \ s                                ,                                  , s
                                                       s
       u krykL kr IokdQ Bkd 4g krLi ewyke uklkv kun k[k/ kd ke®keji udfy                                   s                     ,                        \                                                                                     s                   s s                                                                                                s
                                                                                                                          s      qa
                                                                                                                        hrke lnf gln rj>
                      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             245 fo 98 egaP
                                         X
           go dfk;D ]hHv kvky re e phc kd ke®keji `g jk/kv kdcl kt g k;D go                    s                                             X                      s                                                                                 ,                                                                         s ,
                              , s                                             s
                       `g ykgél kdcl kt g k;D go 2hxkg hrykgél yhd kr Bkd kd Fik_k; ru                             s ,                                                           s                                                                                             s                      s s                                                                                   a
                                                                    w
                v lb ]yG nkc d kyG ]elke nkc d elke ]g kgj yp urojfi kurb ]g g                     s X w                                         ,                                 s                               ,                         ,                                                         Z                                                                         T s
                                                      s
                j yp jkr7nkp ]g kgj yp <eHjfi kurb 4g dkp kvg kryp hg ji jk/kv  a                   ,                                                 z                                                                          ,                                                 q
         s                                                        q
         d yhd Bg hjgO 4g kryp dkp ]g hrgj hjgO kr yhd 4Skt jxf hH hLkx kr                                  ,                                                   ,                                                                              s                                                                                                                       \ s
                           s
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  s ,
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                                       s
   jfiv kt kxkg kr Nd e rxt yh'urojfi lb dfk;D `g k;D 4hxkg W' k_k;     s s                                         q X .                                                    Z                                                                            X                                 ,                                             s                 q
                                                                                  ,
                    d;él cr jkv `k;D ilf ]ke®keji kgd re `g k;D Ag kuukt jWt ]kg ` k                                          Z                                                        s                                                         ,                                      ,                                                                       a
         ;D rjWt hd suuke `g ke®keji df uldf kgd l>r ]kyeof 4g rkg W' uy                                                   ,                                                         s                                                               s q                                                                   T s s                                      q s
                                s X
           duf l elm O> lhpπi jGf kr ky uke kd O> dS jkv 4g Sx kg hnkv xky           w                                                             s s                                                      s                          w                                    ,                       T                                 s                                                 s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4k;x kg I‘u yd¥cf       s                                          q
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           w                                            Z
           H kjt @#!ilf 6g k;kuc 'Du7dku hg u ke®keji jkv g hjrm hg l xo¬ ]skg                   ,                                                                                               s                                                                  , ,                                                                         s Z
                s
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                  X              a                                    ,
                    e rkdS ]g ho–im ky¥e g; 2sy I>> ukd ]g henkv yri7ycn ykynp cv                                                      q                                                   a                    ,                        T                                                s                     s q                                        w a
                                                                                                                                       `k;kuc su ke®keji kjgke7kjgp Cgu `hjrm l xo¬ Cg                                                     s                           s                                                                         s Z
                                             s
                u 4h[n hu®i hje kr uer 4g pl go g kgj gd e kt df Cgu k;D rgd ]N               s s s q ,                                                                                            wa                                                         T s                                                                 X                    s
                                                    X                    s s
        qd Cgu k;D rykc ]ykynp df kgd u ky¥e jGf 4jrhH7hg7jrhH kF kgj kLq\cL                                                     w a                                       s                                  q
                                               w
     q\d ykynap 4hF h[n u ykynp ilf hu®i hdlm hF Cgu h[n u hldf kr jkv 4                               s s                                  w a Z                                                                                                                                                  s s                                            s                         ,
              ,                                    s X
                g hP\x l kFkg uiv u ke®keji 2'Du7dku k;D 2g hjrm l xo¬ 2hji hd xo¬      s                              s                                     s                                                                                          ,                                         s Z                                                                             Z
                       ,                                                    Z
                    ]g hji hd xo¬ df ]kF kgj jd kla'i hd ;nkl d hu®i huiv uhYQlu ky¥qe                                                                                                   z                               Z T s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2rd
                                                            X X w s s s s s T
Dnf k;D e kO> Ike7IkN kr g Syf uke O> Lc7Lc eg 2rjWt k;D hd tk[                                                                                                                                                   w s \ s \                                                                                                                                                         s
                                   s
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                                                          s
kim kd upc l utk[ e ylv 4 rkg Cgu ji®r hHd kd utk[ o ]g ji®r u                      s s s X                                                                    s s                                                                                                         s s s s T                                                                                                          s
                               s s
                rb kd uuke hH xky kt ]ku[j uk;÷ jkv 4g ji®r yd¥cf eg kd uuke ]g                                 s s                                                                                     ,                      T                                                 q                                               s s                                                  T
                     s                                          s
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         4Sdf oHquv kucf ]ukpgi kucf ]ukt kucf g ry uke eg hH kd joæB `k;D                                       s                                       s                                                           T s s                                                                                           s
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   g kyeof cv ~ ~ ~ 4g k;yf uke kd joæB jkv Cgu kryh'unol Bkd hd ujd                                                 ,                                     s                                                                ,                                                                                  s a                          s                                 s
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                    oHquv kd joæB ]Cgu ukpgi Bkd l joæB3g k;yf ykc g; ueg kLc kr ky                                                                     s s                                                                        ,                                                  s                            s                                  \ s
                                     ,
                    gi 2g k[j k;D e kOw> IkN7IkN ]g dp ykc O> L\c7Lc eg dfk;D 4g k;x                  X X                                s s s s                      T s q                                               s                         w s                              s \                                            X                         ,
s
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                                                 s
   f Cgu ]kg kryef u k; kg kryef jiM jkv3g rkrc hH kdlm xky jdkPp7kP                                                                s                                                                     ,                   T s                                                              s                              s                                           \
       \ T                                                     s w
       c3g hg rNi eg kr gko“ur kg; 4g Cgu hg rdDnf Bkd kr e 'n lb udfy                                    s                                         a                    ,                                                                                                    s s X                                                     s                                                 s
                                                                                                                                s      qa
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                      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               245 fo 09 egaP
                          q                                   T s
    pl er jxv 4g rOm ykol lS Syflb 4kxs>l Cgu Fkg kd Fkg 4krL\i Cgu                                                                         s s                                                                                            w                                                          s
                                  q s                          , a q
    Bk[nf Nd kr 4g kv/ hg kv/ Gjr kjkp ji <in jkgér 4g Sg j? gér gj                                                 a q                                                              X                                                          Z s                                      q T                               q s s X q
                   X                                      a q
r hd kIiy hd S/ aSk<‘r ]aSkNπb ]k;rfe¬ ]Skui¥d 4g hr[j rîRm géqr Sku                                  1                                                                    a                    1                      a                                               T                                                                                      X                       a
                        q s
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                                          \
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                                                                       \ a q
                                4hxy sukLm kv/ lc hg rOm gcl jkv Bkl hg rkLm7rkLm kv/ hH                                                                    s                                          q                       ,                       s                                   s \ s \ a q
                                     s
 rkj ~ ~ ~hxkg hgj rnkv hd ukie/ ~ ~ ~4g hgj kLm kvq/ hOc7hOc ]lc 4krL\i                                                                            z w                                              ,                                                     \ a                                           ,                    ,
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    u e I>> lb e hHd kr krkg kri l ygi >e ]'kd A kgd u jln kr `g                                    s                        s                                                     s s                                             s q                                                                                 s s w s                                                            ,
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                         s X s
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4kg kv/ hg kvq/                                              a
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                     a q                                   z X
j Om kv/ yirfi e Rpf jkgér 4g kgj Om kv/ ]g kvg kpe }} ]g kgj yp                                                  s                  q ,                                                                                   a q ,                                                 q                                           a ,
          s
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                             z s                   s
   jxf uæi jkl jkgér ct df kl,t hygi kLc ]Z<i;¬gj kLc ]g g; kte jkv 4k      q                                                                                                  s                            \                            w                                                \ ,                                                                           ,
                                         X q X
xsyef jRm gér e uk;÷ ]kg 4g hd Bkjgx hd jxkl kr rkc s; 4g rkg ji gr                                           a                 T                                                                                                                                   s X                                                     T s s
                                              T
  l hd jxkl ]g gjr hd kjgy kr jRm7uæi 4g hjgx rgc Xrkc ; 4g Cgu hd                                        X                               s                                                              z T                                                                   q                                          s T
                            z X
jRm7uæi rkc s; 4krdl n Cgu jRm Bkd 4nhjG u ]jhcd u 4g rdl sn jRm                                            s                                                                              s                                                                                                                        T s
               q
    ykyx u 4krdl n Cgu jRm e 4kxsyef jRm l kgo ]kvkt kg rk' 4g kt d  s                                                                T                                                                                              s a                                     s                               s                          a                        , s s
                                                       z s
  l jd ryfGrfi lm <in kd ;ürp dfkr ]kn [j Gjr dS jdkIg kdcl lm                                   Z                                                              ,                                                s                                                                                                                                  s
              w s
     ]k>c kt ]k>el kt ]kuke kt ]kukt kt dr cv ueg A g krkg Fv kd uk;÷     s                                           s                                                                s                                                                    s                               ,                      s Z
                                                                                                                                             wa
                                                                                                                                    4g krgd uk;÷ e kd hjk;r lm 4kxkg kujtx sl                                               T s                                                    ,                                                  s                                     q
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                                        T s
  r¬fv g; A g gj Ni eg cr 4g ryfeéfl krxel Xe 8k;D8 lm cr 4g ryfeé               w                                                              ,                                                                            z                                                                                                                            ,
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  fl e 8k;D8 lm cl g; ]kIkUl g; ]yxjk' kd uI kvg krkv l jn g; ]tko                                                                                                                           q s                                                    ≠s                     q                                            s                   w                                   X
                      X \                            s
kv hd k;Lfpf ; ]kvkd kvg krykc g; kr ]g k;D A kNi er jxv jkv 4kvg                    ,                          q                                     s                                       s                      ,                                               s w                            q                                                 ,                                     q
  d;él end kygi dfk;D 4d;él ]g hrdl kg W' k_k; cr jkv `g k;D AkNwi                         X                                                                      ,                                            s                             q                                                                 ,                          ,                                       s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2ji eku d ke®keji jkv g h                        s                                                                 , ,
 gj yp Ikdjke3g gj jke kd k;nfg; BklB ]g gj jke kd k;BklB ukeyleT s                                                  s X                                                 w                                                          T s                                                 s X                                                                                             q
   T s                                 s X
 ]g gj jke kd kukeyle BklB ]g gj jke kd kvngV ukeyle ]g gj jke kd                              q                                                     T s                                                      s X q                                                                                     q T s                                                                       s
                       q w                              ,
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  s s                                       ,
   y kd eku jkv hldf ]Sg ji hoƒi lb o–im surtf jdy kd eku d ke®keji                                     q                                                 1                                                                                                                          s s                                                        s
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4g kvg                        q
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     kckj[7u[ ]g hId uZnx hd kxky 4kvg Cgu yg Nd l nç' lm 4g kdp kg                      X                                     X s                                                       q                                                                    q s                                                                             ,                       q s
                              q
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                                                                                                                                s      qa
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           m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                245 fo 19 egaP
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                                                                               6ue krjd hH jdn                s
                                                                                    z       w
                                                                                ]ueæi7kti7ir7it
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                                                                                                            s
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                                                                                                        s
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                                                                                                                             ,   q wa s
                                                                                                                       2hHv jkv Nd n n
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                                                                                                                               q
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                                                                                              ,                         s
                                                                                          4g krxy sukg I‘i¬ hg kurm ]kvkPp kurtf                                      s             \
          X                wa         \                    a
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                          s \                                    ,
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              a                               q          ,
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  \                                 ,                        ,
  p jkc dS jkv ~ ~ ~`g krpc kd ujd jkv Nd kr kvkt kg yeof 2Skt kv                    s s                      ,             q s s                            s
    elb xk; kjkl 2g eku kjk;î kurb cv 4g k;nf n eku k;D df rk>el Cgu ZF
    X             s                         ,                                                               ,                    s                                        s
                              T s s             s
      v hH so g rn sn kt eku 4rjd Cgu ∂Gf hH hd Fv d keku jxe ]g r[j sj  s                                                               Z           s X                                  T s
                s              s \ s
      k;î7jk;î Lc kr eku eg 4krkt gj Cgu ye Bkd ji Rpf ct ]g krkg yeof                                                    s                                             ,             s
                                                    ,
      Rpf ct 2kyeof ]g kjk;î kr eku kjkgér~ ~ ~ g krkg yeuf Rpf ct jkv 4o  s                              q                  ,                 s         Z                                    ,
                                                      s            ,
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            s           s          \ X X                       s
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        q                                 s             X q ,
    v/ g; kd ue uiv gér ]g rkc hd sukdp hL\c lcl jkv 4g krLi kukdp N                                            q                   s                  ,       ,                  \             q
                      s
 qd Syf d ke®keji 4krkt jd e®[ kyeke ]krkt n jRm "Qi0c dS kr 2krk                                                                          s                     q q                        s           s
      g kr¬l kurb ke®keji ]'kd 4k;nf sn ue jkv kNi uer df krdl yef Cgu k                            s T               ,               w s q
                                        s
      r¬l jRm 4hxkg huk[nf hjk;r hd ujd Nd kr ]kg hrgkp jRm ]kyeof hg Xe     ,                  s                    q s               s
                                                                    s      qa
                                                                  hrke lnf gln rj>
               m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                    245 fo 29 egaP
                                               s s                    X X
      r hd htçl7xkl F rdcf e kjktkc henkv ]CF hrgc k;nfu hd hgn7/wn 4sF sr                                                                                                                a
   s                     q s s                       X X
   kg ekyx 6F rdcf e kjktkc henkv dfk;D 4kF Cgu ;†kjekj hH ;†kj kd ekj                                          X
         wa                                           T s s
        4g krdl gd Cgu e 4F rgd ;†kjekj h/kx ke®kge kdltf3e uket d ekj                                                                 a                                                    s                                         X s                    s
                                                                                                              4Cgu hH klS ]kF 0el kLc Nd udfy                       s                                                1                    \          q                 s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4kF 0el 'sn     1
                                                            ,
hHd df rkc hl7hurb 4g rkc hd ugd 4g xP d ugd yod kr ; 6g dhri k                                  s                     T                    a s s                                                                 s s s T                                         z s
              s ,                                             X
r ; 4g Cgu rjWt hd k;nfu hd hgn7/wn ]g hrn kHk' hg hd huki kr k;nfu                                                                 T                     s                s                                                                  s a
      s                                            s
`rjd k;D kdub 2 kjd yk;“ hH kd klH7;kx Nd `kgd rk/ nfk;®b _¬o `k                                         X T                                                  q                 a                                s s                                                       a
                 s                    s
 gd rkgu 2 kjd yk;“ hH kd k;yfNe Nd 4hrkt kg ydæfe hLc kr Crgc k;                 X                                      q                                            s                                            q                   \ s                           a
nfu hd hgn7/wn `CF hrgc k;nfu hd hgn7/n e pl hHd kg rpskl er 2'sno¬    a                                                              w X                                                                 s s                                      q
                                                                                           s
                                                                           `krkg Cgu /çyim k;D hH /n 0' cv akgo ]CF h                                   X                                           w                        q
                      a                                w a
 rgc k;nfu hd hgn7/n kgt e rjkH df g k'nn ld g; ]ukoxH A uæi kjlwn         X                                               ,                   Z q s ,                                                                                                     z
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4g krkt sn
                                  q ,
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                                         ,              s
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            s               q           X z T s
     kukg rDe sl kuæi 4g rxy uæi e ue lsS g rxy Ri ji k{o lt 4g Cgu h               z X                            s                       T s                           s                                              X 1 s , ,
               a          s                X z                  s
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                                z            s
        k;kOm uæi g; u ue ltf 4xaSkv Om uæi Su lhpπi l e jRm `kxkg k;D          s                                                 z                                                            s X                                                       s
 s                                                                s
 l jRm 4Cgu jRm ]wag krn /f"kv 6g |o e g krgd hH e 4Cgu jRm ]g krsn                    ,           wa             , T wa                                                                              T                                                        wa
                   , T wa                         s T               ,
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                    T         s             s a           q
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                                    s           z
                        4Skt kg Ixi Cg; ]Skt kg Idi hHv ke®keji kr ]Skt kv kyd hd usns                 z                                                                            s                                                                              s
                                                                                                 2hHv jkv Nd n n             ,                     q aw s
                                                                                                                       6ue krjd hH jdn                                                                       s
                                                                                                                     q
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                                                                                                                                                                X
                                                                                                                                                              6kg h<jluv lkl                            q                          X a
                                                                                                                                                     X
                                                                                                                                               ]kg hujefl k;yfxm                              q a                                       a
                                                                                                                                                                                        s
                                                                                                                                                                                6kg kjkgér ek<jfi                                   q
                                                                                                                                                                                                   X s s Z
                                                                                                                                                                                                ]kg je ed _ke
                                                                                                                                                                                  s
                                                                                                                                                                             6kg kjkgér ek/7u/                                 q
                                                                                                                                                                                      s
                                                                                                                                                                             ]kg kjkgér eku g;                                   q
                                                                                                 2hHv jkv Nd n n               ,                    q wa s
                                                                                                                       6ue krjd hH jdn                                                                         s
                                                                                                            ]u/kl7eJ rpfl jpf                                                 a
                                                                                                                                                       s s
                                                                                                                                                6ky y <jxkt7uîo¬
                                                                                                                                              s s
                                                                                                                                             ]ky y <je ]ky eüt                                             s
                                                                                          s      qa
                                                                                        hrke lnf gln rj>
                      m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           245 fo 39 egaP
                                                             s s
       ydfBkl 2F rjd kLm e tkgt Bkog ht–üpekj df kLm re e kvkui¥d um                                            \ X                                                                                                                                                           s \                                             X X
                                           s
          eqr `F /çyim kd ht–pekj uyfhjI jkv IkdhjI kg rpkl k;D er 4sF Cgu                     s                                a                                                     s ,                                                                  s s s s                                                                                    q
                                                   s
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                                                                \
F kylkG kLc knk;† hH l tkv n;k' 4kF kylkG kLc rgc 4kF Cgu kylkG p                                                           s                                                                                                                                      \                   q
                              s
      hc d jhev jkv chjx df kupkl re g; er jxe 4kF kry ked d;ky uhi7             ,                                                                           s                                                                 q                                                                   s                                                                 s
s uk[ suiv henkv df hF uhet hurb lki d 'sn udfy 4hF hH kunf um hchjx                                                                                                                                          s                                                          s                                                      X
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          kg u hchjx cv3k;nf jd I‘u ueg kdcl um ]F oÂr kjom ]F oÂr kt7kt                                                                                           s                      s                                                           s                                                Z                          s                                 s s
              s                                               ,
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ktg BkP ub eg gjr lb 4k;nf jd [kj kdlm ]kvif7k;k[ ulm hH kt kr 4g                                                                                                                                      s                                                                                                  s                                              s s                          T
                s                                         s
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                            s s s
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                                             ,
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                                       q
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                                    a
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                                  s
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                                                                                                                                        4kvkuc klo kgkp klt ]g e Fkg jkgér lkgrfb ]k   , s                                                      , , X                                                              s                  q                                                 s
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                          \                                         qa
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  krkg htkj kd udcf e kjktkc ukd kr Cgu ]xkg hg gj xky kr chjx 4rdcf                                           X X                                              , s                                                                  s X                               s                         s s                                                            s
     Cgu henkv e jktkc cv dfk;D ]k;x k[ Fv go kr cv 4Bg hnhj[ l jktkc    X                                                                      X                                             s Z                                                              s                                             q                                            s
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  y ekn ]unhj[ e kjktkc F rkv xky hu/ ]ktkjkge7ktkj 4F rxy ekn ]hd k                      X X                                       s s                                     s                                                                                                                            s s                                                                                X
;efnkv hF hrkg hekyhu 2hro Lc ]hxk;® Lc df g rkt yp Sky¥pf ]g rkt            s                                                           z s \                                                               s \                                     T s                                   s                                                                   T s
  Skyp eg jkv 2k;k[ u pkdl hH e unhj[ kd henkv 2xkg gj ufe7"f+ dk ,                                                                    s a                                 X s                                                        s                                                      s X s                                            q
                             s s
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                     m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        245 fo 49 egaP
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             n;k' er 4g <jkd kd k'nn hjkeg g; 4k;df Cgu kni ukKof Bkd e kykl                                               Z q                                                                                                                                   ,                                                      s X X
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jktg pki u rjkH jkv 4Sgfkp ukKof kd uoht 4krkg Cgu Nd l kti 2g krk                              ,                                                                                      s                                                   s                                                 q s                                             w ,                                     s
                   q                                        s
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jktg uhr Pkl ;kx erO‘J e y;kjtb 2k;nf jd rke kdcl kr u y;kjtb j                                                        s X                                                                                                                                 s                                    s s
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kv 4g hrn /wn jIyf jktg uhr ;kx erO‘J e ukikt 2erO‘J 4g hrn /wn jI                                                                                                                                s X                                                                                      s                    ,                          s
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                                                  s
          x knk;† lcl e k;ufn hjkl ~~~4g k/ofl hd kl®dfpf u ]g rki7lk? u ]g uX                           q                                                 ,                                q                                                                                        ,                                                                              ,
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  eqr kr hd tkgt Bkog ]kF Cgu hH ycI7ebkI 4k>ym re e ykt d kvkui¥d                                                                                                                   s                              s                                                              X                                         s X
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               ht<e”y k[n l l¬qx u ht–pekj 2tkgt kjln kd kgd 2ycI7ebkI kd kgd                                     s                            a                                                                  w                                  a                                                  s                                                             a
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                                                                                                                                                                                                            ` kxIN cd tkgt kjln df kvkr                                                                                            w                            s
                                s
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  r 4Ski Cgu hg Pp 4k;x Om ukeof di‘i ]hn pC[ ñj?f u henkv iNf jiM ]              \                                                                                                           q                                                                             s                                                 s
  kF kgj kt k;kyp ukeof di‘i e ñj?f ltf df3k;e krhl jkv3ht–pekj jkv                                                                   q X                                                                                            ,                                                   ,                                               a                                       ,
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  g gj [n gkj hd ukeof di‘i ]su ekj hy rht kdy 4Bg kyhyekj e oakx dS                                                                   q                                                                                         a                                  q                                                                X
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                                                                                                                                           4g hyef rDf;øHfv kd k{kdv hlm ]g hgj k{kd                                     ss                                    a                                                         ,                                                     a
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          krgkp kuLm e 'kdkv l knl henkv 4g <jkd Nhi d kvkui¥d jkv 4Tg Sku                                           s                                                                    T                           s                                s X                                                                             ,                                   a
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    i¥d ; e k;ufqn hjkl 4g Skui¥d hjkeg 4kF Cgu ykol kd gjxo tkgt Bkog                                         T a                                                                                                                                                                                          ,
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                                                                     4g rkt pgi djd dkO7dhO ]jd kl?f7l?f kd hjout lhcçN 4g                                                                                                                                                     s                                                                                                   T
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           rkt yH ;el hdkc ]ukekl kuiv jk;r g r[j Syf d hjout lhcçN ilf                                                                                                                  , T s                                                                        s                                                                                       Z
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                                               s
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        d kjt 2 ryp jdy <kc7"u/ e Fkg jkv rLm e tkgt Bkog 22hF Cgu hH                        s                                      q                    X                                       , s \ X
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                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 kg yp ujd rfk' e oæof sjkl 4                       s                                         a X
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                              a
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                  hu®i7rfi K; jdkyt e j? /kdS 2kn krc d kojd kr e j? /kdS 2Skt                                  X                                                                  s                                    s                                                        s X
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             s s s                                                      s
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                s Z                                 s
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4g Cgu /cl Bkd kdlb                               a a                       s
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              w                                 s
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k<jfi k;D ]er dp jd K; kr urdf 4kd k"o sl K; Cgu kun7kuy Bkd 2kjd                                                             s s                                                                         Z                                                                                                   s                           s                  s                         s
                          s s                                             Z
           K; kr kg u k"o 4okn sO> ]sokn ryx3kgj krjd e/ dfkt ]d k;®l dufkKo                        s                      w                                                                                                                   Z                                          s                     s X                                                                                  ,
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                                T w                                   s s s
           lm3g ygi kn d dDlf hg dS s;3sxX>el Fkl dS kd kukn ub eg unf ltf                                                                                                                                                                                     s X s
                 s X s                            s
           ]x[n klS eg unf ltf 4hH {ke ]g hH jkll ke®keji jkv 4hH ke®kv jkv                                                                   s                      ,                                                a                                                                         ,                                                                                        ,
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