Non renewable natural resources Oil and gas by nikeborome


									 Assignment Presentation
Wednesday 17 February 2010
          Group 4
        Non-Energy Minerals:
Question 1.
• There are three major components of
  minerals of the modern world economy:
    1.1 Energy minerals
•   These include Coal, Gas, and Uranium
    2.2 Metallic Minerals
•   There three categories namely Ferrous Metals, Precious metals
    and Base Metals
•   Ferrous metals include, niobium, terrarium,

•   Precious metals include: Gold, Platinum, Silver and;
•   Base metals include: Bauxite, aluminium, cobalt, copper, lead,
    magnesium, zinc, nickel, molybdenum
1.3 Non – Metallic Minerals
•   These are Construction minerals, industrial minerals, precious
•   Construction minerals (brick, stones, cement, clay, crushed rock,
•   Industrial minerals (kaolin, magnesium, salt, sulphur, potash)
•   Precious stones (Diamonds, Tanzanite and other gemstones)

Question 2:
•      The main obstacles in increasing the degree of processing for export
•       lack of specialized technology, for example in Gold refinery plants
       where 7 stages are involved, after the 5th stage you really need to
       negotiate with gurus in Gold refinery to get the highly sophisticated
       technology needed to process gold to final consumable product such
       as rings, necklaces, bungles etc.
•      Jewellery markets are controlled by a few large companies so there is
       a difficulty in penetrating these markets so as to sell to the end user.
•      Lack of huge capital needed to set up plants for further processing of
•      The fact that mining companies are backed by strong governments
       confirms the need for high diplomacy in negotiating a better deal.

•   Among the feasible approaches in complementing the mining policy
    framework in place include:-
•   Require all mining companies to buy at least 20% of their capital
    investment locally
•   Invest on Refineries as a matter of principle, then require all miners to
    refine their precious metals locally before export
•   Require all natural resource based investments to have at least 30%
    local sharing as a matter of principle and create a systematic system to
    share them to a wider public.
•   Create incubation funds to develop skills in key sectors and industries
    such as a natural resources
•   Strengthen local institutions to be the primary drive for strategic
    investments with ability to enter into share agreements with private
    investors (for TZ:TIC, TPDC,NDC)

•   Invest in exploration so as to increase ownership of quantity and quality of
    natural resources
•   Postponement of mining until the nation is able to negotiate a better deal in
    world markets
•   In our understanding, ways to overcome the challenges of further minerals
    processing leave a lot to be desired.

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