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Hazardous Materials _ Waste Transporter Training

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Hazardous Materials _ Waste Transporter Training Powered By Docstoc
					DOT Hazardous Materials
    Transportation
            Presented by:
   Environmental Technical Group, Inc.



          www.etgonline.com
U.S. Department of Transportation

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration,
PHMSA (used to be RSPA, Research and Special
Programs Administration).
Regulates the transportation of hazardous materials.
        Hazardous Materials

More than 4 billion tons are transported annually in the
U.S.
More than 800,000 shipments occur every day.
Commerce contributes more than $446 billion to U.S.
economy.
Important part of everyone’s daily life.
Hazardous Materials - Definition

 A material that has the potential to cause an
 unreasonable risk to health, safety or property when
 transported in commerce.
 9 Hazard Classes
       Hazardous Material Worker
A hazardous material worker is one who:
   Operates a vehicle transporting hazardous materials.
   Loads or unloads hazardous materials;
   Prepares hazardous materials for transport;
   Prepares shipping documents for the transportation of hazardous
   materials; or,
   Takes responsibility for hazardous material transportation safety.
      Hazardous Materials
         Regulations
Classification
Packaging
Hazard Communication
Emergency Response Information
Training of HazMat employees
Transportation
Incident Reporting
Security
   Employer Responsibilities

            Training must be provided:
within 90 days of hire
renewed every 3 years thereafter. If an employee
was previously trained prior to hire, the training must
be current (within the last three years).
                               Manual pg. 1
Employer Responsibilities
Required training includes:
 General Awareness/Familiarization
 Function Specific Training
 Safety Training
 Modal Specific Training
 Security Awareness Training
   Employer Training
      Violations
An employer’s failure to train any
Hazardous Materials employee
carries potential fines from $1,500 to
$25,000.

Fines for failure to maintain training
records are $500 and up.
 Employee Responsibilities

Each employee must ensure each step is complete
for the safe transportation of hazardous materials and
waste.
Improperly prepared shipments or incomplete
paperwork CANNOT be accepted.
If a problem exists, contact a supervisor immediately
to describe the situation and receive further
instruction.
      Transportation Violations
           and Penalties
Prosecutor only needs to show that
an individual had actual knowledge
of the violation or prove that the
person acting in the circumstances
and exercising due care would have
such knowledge.
U.S. DOT’s Enforcement Actions
      Calendar Year 2007

169 hazardous materials civil penalty cases
Collected $893,133.04 in penalties
                 Recent Violations

Firmenich, Inc.
d/b/a Noville, Inc. South Plainfield, NJ (Shipper)

Failed to provide recurrent general awareness and function-specific
training and initial security awareness training; and other infractions of
the HMR. [172.802(a), 172.704(a)(4), 172.704(c)(2), 172.800(b),
172.702(a)]


        Penalty: $6,075
              Recent Violations
Specialty Foundry Products, Inc. Birmingham, AL
(Shipper)
Failed to register with PHMSA; failed to provide general
awareness, function-specific, safety, and security awareness
training; offered combustible liquid, n.o.s. (petroleum or petroleum
naphthal) 3, accompanied by a shipping paper that included an
unauthorized emergency response telephone number; and other
infractions of the HMR.
        Penalty: $6,230
               Recent Violations

Kay Chemical Company Winston-Salem, NC (Shipper)
Offered sodium hydroxide solution, 8, in unauthorized non-UN standard
packaging. [173.202(b), 173.22(a)(2)]


       Penalty: $3,935
             Recent Violations

Gem Gravure Company, Inc. West Hanover, MA
(Shipper)
Offered printing ink, 3, accompanied by a shipping paper
that failed to include a unit of measure; and other
infractions of the HMR. [172.802(a)(3), 172.202(a)(5),
172.800(a)]
      Penalty: $2,000
                  Recent Violations
220 Laboratories, Inc. Riverside, CA (Shipper)
Offered flammable liquid, n.o.s. (ethyl alcohol), 3 in unauthorized non-UN standard
plastic drums; offered flammable liquid, n.o.s. (ethyl alcohol), 3, accompanied by a
shipping paper that:
(1)provided an incorrect packing group,
(2)failed to use the proper packing group format,
(3)interspersed unauthorized information within the basic shipping description,
(4)provided unauthorized abbreviations,
(5)contained a shipping description that was not in proper sequence,
(6)failed to provide the technical name of the hazardous material in parentheses,
and
(7)failed to provide a total quantity of material;
And failed to label non-bulk packages of hazardous material.


          Penalty: $13,000
               Recent Violations

Epmar Corporation Santa Fe
Springs, CA (Shipper)
Offered caustic alkali liquid, n.o.s. (alkyl ether amine), 8, in
an unauthorized non-UN standard non-bulk packaging;
failed to mark packagings containing liquid hazardous
material with the required orientation markings.
[173.203(c), 173.24(c)(1), 172.312(a)(2), 173.22(a)(2)]
       Penalty: $6,875
                  Recent Violations

Chemlogic, Inc. Rayne, LA (Shipper)
Failed to close packaging in accordance with the manufacturer's closure
notification. [173.22(a)(4), 173.24(f)(2)]


        Penalty: $1,750
 Shipping Paper Violations

Failure to include a description in parentheses
following “N.O.S.” carries a minimum fine of $1,200.
Failure to prepare shipping papers when transporting
hazardous materials carries a minimum fine of
$5,200.
Waste Transportation
     Checklist
    See Appendix A in
     Student Manual
US DOT Hazardous Materials
   Definition
   – General
   – Hazard Classes
   Shipping Papers
   – Bill of Lading
   – Hazardous Waste Manifest
                                                        Manual pg. 3
 Hazardous Materials Table
Alphabetical list of hazardous materials
Column 1: Symbols
Column 2: Shipping Name
 – Font Exceptions
 – Bold entry vs. italic description
Column 3: Hazard Class
Column 4: ID Number, (UN vs NA)
Column 5: Packing Group
Column 6: Labels
Column 7: Special Provision
Column 8: Packaging Authorizations
                  8A Exceptions, 8B Non-bulk, 8C Bulk
Column 9: Quantity limitations for aircraft and rail
Column 10: Vessel storage requirements
                                         Manual pg. 5
     Proper Shipping Names
          Additional Descriptions

“Solution” or “Mixture”
“Waste”
Generic Shipping Names or “Not Otherwise Specified”
(N.O.S.)
“Reportable Quantity” or RQ
                                       Manual pg. 9
  Poison-Inhalation Hazards

The words “Poison-Inhalation Hazard,
Zone ____”
Look in Column 7 of the Hazardous
Materials Table.
Zones A, B, C, D
Poison-Inhalation Hazards

Bromine, 8, UN1744, PGI, Poison-Inhalation
Hazard, Zone A.
Placard any quantity, in addition to any other
placards required.
TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
         PENALTIES

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED
Failed to mark a package “Inhalation Hazard” when required; failed
to properly label hazardous materials container or package; failed to
provide emergency response information; transported a hazardous
materials shipment without a proper shipping paper. [172.301(a),
172.400(a), 172.600(c)(1), 177.817(a)]


                    Penalty: $10,000
                                       Manual pg. 9
         Dangerous When Wet
              Materials
The words “Dangerous When Wet”
Column 6 of the Hazardous Materials
Table.
Placard any quantity, in addition to
any other placards required
                                       Manual pg. 9

            Marine Pollutant
Appendix B of the Hazardous Material Table and
that are packaged in a solution or mixture of one or
more Marine Pollutants in concentrations which
equal or exceed …..
         Marine Pollutant


– 10% by weight of the solution for materials
  listed in Appendix B; or,
– 1% by weight of the solution or mixture for
  materials that are identified as Severe Marine
  Pollutants in Appendix B.
           Marine Pollutant

The words “Marine Pollutant” must be entered on
shipping papers and labels
Proper shipping name must identify the marine pollutant
by name. Otherwise, name must be listed in parenthesis
following the shipping description.
            Marine Pollutant

Class 9 material
“Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Liquid or Solid,
N.O.S. (marine pollutant name)”
             Marine Pollutant

Marine Pollutant US DOT labels are not required for non-
bulk packages being transported by air, rail, or highway.
        Marine Pollutant
Bulk packages of marine pollutants must be
marked with the Marine Pollutant label,
unless the bulk package is already placarded
for another hazard class.
                                               Manual pg. 14
              Packing Groups

Column 5
Does not apply to hazard class 2, 7, Division 6.2 and ORM-D
materials.
Packing Group                Danger Presented by Material
    PG I                              Great Danger
    PG II                             Medium Danger
    PG III                            Minor Danger
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #1
  Is the following a proper shipping description?
     1,1 Dichloroethane, 3, UN2362, PG II
  If not, what is the proper shipping description?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #1
  Yes.
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #2
  Is the following a proper shipping description?
     Potassium Hydroxide, Solution, UN1816, 8,
     PG III
  If not, what is the proper shipping description?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #2
  Potassium Hydroxide, Solution, 8, UN1814, PG II
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #3
 What is the proper shipping description for lead acid
 batteries?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #3
  Batteries, Wet Filled with Acid, 8, UN2794, PG III
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #4
 What is the proper shipping description for a drum of
 acetone?
         Proper Shipping
           Descriptions
Answer #4
Acetone,3, UN1090,PGII
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #5
 What is the proper shipping name for a drum of spent
 Allyl Alcohol?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #5
 Waste Allyl Alcohol, 6.1, UN1098, PG I, Poison-Inhalation
 Hazard, Zone B
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #6
 What is the proper shipping description for a waste
 mixture of 50% acetone and 50 % hexane? The boiling
 point of the material is 96 degrees Fahrenheit and the
 flashpoint of the material is 70 degrees Fahrenheit?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #6
 Waste Flammable Liquid, N.O.S. (Acetone, Hexane), 3,
 UN1993, PG II
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #7
  Is Muriatic Acid a proper shipping name?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #7
  No.
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #8
  Is the following a proper shipping description?
     MEK, 3, UN1193, PG III
  If not, what is the proper shipping description?
  Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #8
  Methyl Ethyl Ketone, 3, UN1193, PG II
       Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #9
     Which of the choices below provides the best description of the limitations
      placed on the entry “Diesel fuel, 3, NA1993”?
A.    Appropriate handling of the material for international transportation.
B.    Appropriate handling of the material for international transportation everywhere
      except Canada.
C.    Appropriate handling of the material for transportation within the United States
      only.
D.    Appropriate handling of the material by air only.
    Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #9
  Which of the choices below provides the best
  description of the limitations placed on the entry
  “Diesel fuel, 3, NA1993”?

C. Appropriate handling of the material for transportation
   within the United States only.
       Proper Shipping Descriptions

Question #10
     Which of the choices below provides the best description of the limitations
      placed on the entry “Kerosene, 3, UN1223”?
A.    Appropriate handling of the material for international transportation as well as
      domestic transportation.
B.    Appropriate handling of the material for international transportation.
C.    Appropriate handling of the material for transportation only in the lower 48
      states.
D.    Appropriate handling of the material for domestic transportation only within the
      U.S. or between Canada and the U.S.
     Proper Shipping Descriptions

Answer #10
   Which of the choices below provides the best description of the
   limitations placed on the entry “Kerosene, 3, UN1223”?
A. Appropriate handling of the material for international transportation as
   well as domestic transportation.
                                           Manual pg. 10
         Hazardous Substance

A hazardous substance is defined as:
  A material listed in Appendix A of the US DOT
  Hazardous Material Table; and,
  Is transported in a quantity, in one package, which
  equals or exceeds the reportable quantity (RQ) value
  listed in Appendix A for the material.
      Hazardous Substance

Proper shipping description:
– Look up name of Hazardous Substance
– If not listed use:
     Environmentally Hazardous substance, n.o.s.,
     liquid, (add more info. here).
     Environmentally Hazardous substance, n.o.s.,
     solid, (add more info. here).
   Hazardous Substances
Selecting Proper Shipping Name
– One of the following must be noted in
  parentheses following the shipping
  description:
     The name of the hazardous substance as it appears
     in Appendix A; or,
     The corresponding “D” code for wastes that exhibit
     an EPA characteristic of ignitability, corrosivity,
     reactivity or toxicity.
                                        Manual pg. 18
         Reportable Quantity

The letters RQ are included before the proper
shipping name if the weight of any one individual
package meets or exceeds the RQ value in
Appendix A to the Hazardous Materials Table.
Use the lowest RQ value if more than one RQ
value applies for the components of a mixture.
        Reportable Quantity

Hazardous Substance: look at the individual
constituents and amount.
Hazardous Waste: the entire mixture/debris carries EPA
waste code(s), look at the total weight.
       Reportable Quantity

Question:
500 lb. drum of sulfuric acid (hazardous substance),
  do you need to RQ?
    Reportable Quantity

Answer:
No, because for sulfuric acid the RQ value is
  1,000 lbs.
  Reportable Quantity
Question:
500 lb. drum of waste sulfuric acid, with
waste code DOO2, do you need to
RQ?
  Reportable Quantity
Answer:
Yes, Waste Sulfuric acid, D002 has an
RQ of 100 lbs.
  Reportable Quantity
Question:
500 lb. Drum containing 10% by weight
of Cadmium and 90% by weight of inert
material, do you need to RQ?
  Reportable Quantity
Answer:
Yes. Have 50 lbs. of cadmium, RQ is
10 lbs.
  Reportable Quantity
Question:
500 lb. Drum, with 1% by weight
Cadmium and 99% by weight inert soil
with waste code D006. Do you need to
RQ?
   Reportable Quantity
Answer:
Yes, since the whole mixture is D006
with an RQ value of 10 lbs.
          Reportable Quantity

If a spill of the hazardous substance occurs during transportation
in an amount which exceeds or equals the RQ value listed in
Appendix A to the Hazardous Materials Table the spill must be
reported to the National Response Center.
           Reportable Quantity

Question
  Is it necessary to know the total weight of the load in
  order to determine if the letters “RQ” must be noted as
  part of the shipping name for the material?
          Reportable Quantity

Answer
 No. The applicability of the Reportable Quantity is
 determined based on the individual container weight.
           Reportable Quantity

Question
 What is the proper shipping name for the following
  shipment?
  1,500 gallons of unleaded gasoline being discarded.
  The gasoline will be transported in a 3,500 gallon
  capacity cargo tank.
         Reportable Quantity

Answer
 RQ, Waste Gasoline, 3, UN1203, PG II (DOO1, D018)
                                           Manual pg. 19
   Packaging Standards and
        Specifications
The UN package marking is placed on any
container/package by the manufacturer to
indicate the standards to which the
container/package has been manufactured.
       Packaging Standards and
            Specifications
Packaging codes are used to identify:
   Type of Packaging
   Materials of Construction
   Category of Packaging
   Performance Standards
   Other Special Designations
      Packaging Standards and
           Specifications
 Package Identification
         Codes
          Type of Package
1 = Drum
2 = Wooden Barrel
3 = Jerrican
4 = Box or Crate
5 = Bag
6 = Composite Packaging
7 = Pressure Receptacle
          Packaging Standards and
               Specifications
     Package Identification Codes
Materials of Construction
A = Steel (all types and surface treatment)
B = Aluminum
C = Natural Wood
D = Plywood
F = Reconstituted Wood
G = Fiberboard
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
           Package Identification Codes
Materials of Construction (continued)
H = Plastic
L = Textile
M = Paper, multi wall
N = Metal (other than steel or aluminum)
P = glass, porcelain, or stoneware
Packaging Standards and
     Specifications
         Package Identification Codes
                        Category of Packaging
             1 = non-removable head (for drums or jerricans)
2 = removable head (for drums or jerricans)
Jerricans and Drum
Packaging Standards and
     Specifications
           Package Identification Codes
                           Performance Standards
X = For packages meeting Packing Groups
         I, II, and III tests
Y = For packages meeting Packing Groups
         II, and III tests
Z = For packages meeting Packing Group
         III tests.
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
       Package Identification Codes
        Other Special Designations
Codes for specific gravity, pressure testing,
year/month of manufacture and thickness.
Packaging Standards and
     Specifications
         UN Marking
          Example:



       1A1/X1.4/150/83
       USA/LV824 1.0
                                         Manual pg. 22
     Packaging Standards and
          Specifications
Intermediate Bulk Contaniner example:

UN Marking,
11G/Y 02 92/USA/+AA1378/1951/1058/37.1
Packaging Standards and
     Specifications
Question #1
 What is the following container type?

                1A1
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
Answer #1
  A steel drum with a non-removable head.
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
Question #2
 What does the “Y” stand for in the following
 example?

                  1A1/Y
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
Answer #2
 Packaging has been tested for and meets
 the standards of hazardous materials in
 Packing Groups II and III.
 Packaging Standards and
      Specifications
Question #3
 What marking must be on all packages
 meeting United Nations manufacturing
 requirements?
Packaging Standards and
     Specifications

Answer # 3
UN
                                         Manual pg. 29
         Segregation Table

Based on Hazard Classes (primary and subsidiary).
Prohibit cyanides and acids.
TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
         PENALTIES

IDEAL CHEMICAL & SUPPLY COMPANY, INC.
Loaded, transported or stored prohibited combination of
hazardous material together. [177.834(j)]


                  Penalty: $10,000
 U.S. DOT
Exemption.

   Now
referred to
    as
 “Special
 Permits”
              Segregation Table

Question #1
 May the following materials be loaded, transported, or
 stored together?
   • Phosphine, 2.3, UN2199, Poison - Inhalation
     Hazard Zone A
   • Naphtha, 3, UN2553, PG II
 What conditions apply, if any?
            Segregation Table

Answer #1
 [X] Materials may not be loaded, transported, or stored
  together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility
  during the course of transportation.
              Segregation Table

Question #2
  May the following materials be loaded, transported, or
  stored together?
   • Waste Flammable Liquids, N.O.S. (Benzene,
     Lead), 3, UN1993, PG II
   • Waste Hydrochloric Acid, Solution, 8,
     UN1789, PG II
 What conditions apply, if any?
            Segregation Table

Answer #2
  Blank - No restrictions apply.
              Segregation Table

Question #3
 May the following materials be loaded, transported, or
 stored together?
   • Sodium Hydroxide, Solution, 8,
     UN1824, PG II
   • Sodium Nitrite, 5.1, UN1500, PG III
 What conditions apply, if any?
         Segregation Table

Answer #3
[0] Materials may not be loaded, transported, or stored together
   in the same transport vehicle or storage facility during the
   course of transportation, unless separated in manner that, in
   the event of leakage under conditions normally incident to
   transport commingling of materials will not occur. Class 8
   liquid materials may not be loaded above Class 4 or Class 5
   materials.
          Shipping Papers

Bill of Lading
Uniform Federal Hazardous Waste Manifest
Non-Hazardous Waste Manifest
        Transportation Violations
             and Penalties
ADM Trucking, Inc.
  Four counts of transporting a shipment of hazardous
  materials not accompanied by a properly prepared
  shipping paper.


                  Penalty: $25,000
              Bill of Lading

Wastes which are not EPA or State Hazardous.
For DOT Hazardous Materials.
                Bill of Lading

Question #1
  When do you use a Bill of Lading?
                Bill of Lading

Answer #1
  Bills of Lading may be used to document the
  transportation of materials which are not state or US
  EPA RCRA hazardous. The materials, however, may be
  hazardous according to US DOT regulations.
           Bill of Lading
Question # 2
For waste that is not US DOT regulated,
what is entered in the Hazard Class block?
               Bill of Lading

Answer #2
  “Non-Hazardous”
                 Bill of Lading

Question #3
  The Certification block is signed by the
  generator/shipper.
                                  True or False
            Bill of Lading

Answer #3
  True
 Hazardous Waste Manifests

Required for EPA and State Hazardous Wastes.
Hazardous waste entry before non-hazardous entry.
Each party must provide a handwritten signature.
   Hazardous Waste Manifests

NEWS FLASH……..
Effective September 6, 2006 only the Federal
  Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest may be
  used.
All State specific manifests are void.
 NEW Federal Uniform Manifest

The new form will:
  Standardize the content and appearance
  Greater number of sources
  New tracking procedures for:
   – destination facility rejects
   – exports/imports

            See Figure 4 in Student Manual
 Hazardous Waste Manifests

Within driver’s reach, while driving
On seat or door pouch, while absent
 NEW Federal Uniform Manifest

Highlight of Changes (See Figure 4 in Student Manual)
  Line 3. Emergency Response Phone
  Line 4. Manifest Tracking Number
  Line 13. Waste Codes
  Line 14. Special Handling Instructions and Additional
  Information
  Line 19. Hazardous Waste Report Management
  Method Codes
US DOT Hazardous Materials
         Labels
Describe the characteristics.
Coded: color, symbol, number, text.
Generator’s responsibility.
Driver’s responsibility.
US DOT Hazardous Materials
         Labels

Column 6, Label codes.
Primary Hazard Label.
Subsidiary Hazard Label.
                           Effective October 1, 2005
TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
         PENALTIES

DSI TRANSPORTS, INC.
Offered hazardous materials for transportation which
were not properly prepared for transportation. [172.2(c)]


                 Penalty: $18,000
New DOT Label

        Effective January 1,
        2011 this new label
        must be used.
        Combines Organic
        Peroxide Primary
        hazard with Flammable
        Liquid Subsidiary
        hazard.
   Labels for Bulk Packaging

With 4 digit DOT ID Number.
Package capacity >1,000 gallons
– Display on each side and each
  end
Package capacity <1,000 gallons
– Display on two opposite sides
Displaying Labels
            Hazardous Waste
            Markings/Labels
Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC)
   must display the four digit UN/NA
   identification number AND hazard
   class label (or placard) on two
   opposite sides.
Hazardous Waste Markings
Identify the contents of the
package and provide vital
information in the case of an
emergency.
Must be displayed on all non-
bulk packages.
          Non-Hazardous/Non-
         Regulated Waste Labels
A non-hazardous or non-regulated waste
 label is required on non-bulk packages
 containing waste that is not classified as
 hazardous.
All information must be complete and match
 the information provided on the shipping
 papers.
Orientation Arrows Marking

       For non-bulk combination package with
       inner packaging containing liquid
       hazardous materials
       Marking must be displayed on two
       opposite sides
       Arrows pointing in correct upright
       direction
                            Labels

Question:
Which of the following statements is NOT a general marking
    requirement for HazMat?
A.   The marking must be durable, in English, and printed on or affixed to
     the surface of a package, or on a label, tag, or sign.
B.   The marking must be displayed on a black or white background.
C.   The marking must be unobscured by labels or other attachments.
D.    The markings must be located away from any other markings.
                       Labels

Answer:
Which of the following statements is NOT a general
    marking requirement for HazMat?

B.   The marking must be displayed on a black or white
     background.
                   Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Methyl Mercaptan”?
                   Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Methyl Mercaptan”?

             2.3 (Poison Gas) and
             2.1 (Flammable Gas)
                    Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Methyl vinyl ketone, stabilized”?
                    Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Methyl vinyl ketone, stabilized”?


                        6.1
                         3
                         8
                    Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Organometallic substance, solid,
pyrophoric, water-reactive”?
                    Labels

What labels are required when transporting a non-
bulk container of “Organometallic substance, solid,
pyrophoric, water-reactive”?


                       4.2
                       4.3
  Loading/Unloading Hazardous
           Materials
Verify that the vehicle hand
brake is securely set.
Verify that all reasonable
precautions have been taken
to prevent vehicle motion.
Loading/Unloading Hazardous
         Materials
Stop vehicle engine if it is not used to operate a pump
for loading or unloading.
Secure cargo to prevent movement during transit.
  Loading/Unloading Hazardous
           Materials
Smoking on or around any
motor vehicle while loading or
unloading any Class 1
(explosive), Class 2, Division 2.1
(flammable gas), Class 3
(flammable liquid), Class 4
(flammable solid), or Class 5
(oxidizing) material is forbidden.
  Loading/Unloading Hazardous
           Materials
Extreme care shall be taken in the loading or unloading of any
Class 1 (explosive), Class 2, Division 2.1 (flammable gas), Class
3 (flammable liquid), Class 4 (flammable solid), or Class 5
(oxidizing) material into or from any motor vehicle to keep fire
away and prevent all persons in the area from lighting matches or
carrying any flame, lighted cigar, pipe or cigarette.
     Loading /Unloading Hazard
         Class 2 Materials
To prevent overturning cylinders must be handled in one
of the following ways:
– Loaded securely in the upright position;
– Loaded into racks securely attached to the
  vehicle;
– Loaded in the horizontal position.
    Loading/Unloading Class 2
            Materials
Cylinders may not be loaded on vehicles with uneven
floor surfaces.
Do not use cargo heaters without knowing the
restrictions.
            Loading /Unloading Class 3
                     Materials
   To neutralize static charges prior to and during the transfer of flammable
   liquids between containers, metallic bonds and ground conductors must be
   used for containers that are not in metallic contact with each other. Connect
   the electric conductor to the container to be filled first and then to the
   container from which the material is being transferred from.

(page 48)
   Loading /Unloading Class 3
            Materials
Cargo tanks must be bonded and grounded before and
during the transfer of flammable liquids.
    Loading /Unloading Class 4
             Materials
Prevent Flammable Solids that are likely to
become dangerous when wet from getting
wet.
These materials should also be kept dry
during transit.
All portions of a load of Flammable Solids
must be contained and covered within the
body of the vehicle.
   Loading /Unloading Class 4
            Materials
Spontaneously Combustible Materials must be loaded in
a manner to allow sufficient ventilation to the load.
Vehicles loaded with Spontaneously Combustible
Materials must be unloaded as soon as possible after
reaching the destination.
 Loading /Unloading Class 5.1
           Materials
Prevent oxidizing materials that are likely to become
dangerous when wet from getting wet.
These materials should also be kept dry during transit.
  Loading /Unloading Class 6
           Materials
When transporting Poisonous Materials in cargo tanks,
all manholes and valves must be closed, secure, and
free of leaks.
Packages bearing a POISON label cannot be loaded with
food stuffs, animal feeds, or any other edible cargo
intended for human or animal consumption.
   Loading /Unloading Class 8
            Materials
Nitric Acid cannot be loaded above any package
containing material.
When loading or unloading individual breakable
packages of Corrosive Materials by hand, each package
must be loaded and unloaded individually.
    Loading /Unloading Class 8
             Materials
Breakable packages of Corrosive Materials may be
loaded above other hazardous materials if the first tier of
material is boxed, crated, or packed in drums, barrels, or
kegs. The weight of subsequent tiers must be entirely
supported by the packages in the first tier.
   Loading /Unloading Class 8
            Materials
Breakable packages may not be loaded on vehicles with
uneven floor surfaces.
When transporting Corrosive Material in cargo tanks all
manholes and valves must be closed, secure, and free of
leaks.
      Loading/Unloading Cargo
               Tanks
 A designated individual must be in attendance during
the loading/unloading of a cargo tank. The individual
must:
– be awake and within 25 feet of the cargo tank;
– have unobstructed view of the cargo tank;
– be familiar with the material hazards;
– be instructed in emergency procedures; and,
– be able to move the vehicle if necessary.
                 Placards

Most important method to communicate hazards
contained within transport vehicle.
Displayed on all 4 sides.
Driver’s responsibility.
                Placards

                REMINDER:
         Effective October 1, 2005

All subsidiary placards must display the hazard
     class/division number in the lower corner.
     TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS
           AND PENALTIES
CONSOLIDATED FREIGHTWAYS CORPORATION OF
DELAWARE
Moved a transport vehicle containing hazardous material
that was not properly marked/placarded. [177.823(a)]


                 Penalty: $4,500
TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
         PENALTIES

ALLWASTE SERVICES OF ATLANTA, INC.
Transported or accepted shipment of hazardous materials not in
proper condition for transportation; moved a transport vehicle
containing hazardous material that was not properly
marked/placarded. [177.801(a), 177.823(a), 177.834(j),
172.504(a)]


                    Penalty: $13,500
             Placards
         Non-Bulk Packages
Based on the total weight of the hazard classes being
transported.
Placards to be displayed are determined by consulting
Table 1 and Table 2.
             Placards
         Non-Bulk Packages
Placards for hazard classes listed in Table 1 are required
to be displayed:
– In addition to all other placards required;
  and,
– When hauling any quantity of a Table 1
  material.
             Placards
         Non-Bulk Packages
Placards for hazard classes listed in Table 2 are required
to be displayed:
– When transporting 1,001 pounds or more of
  material of Table 2 hazard class; and,
– When transporting materials of different Table
  2 hazard classes having a combined weight of
  1,001 pounds or more.
                 Placards
             Non-Bulk Packages
DANGEROUS placard, in place of the
individual Table 2 placards.
However, when 2,205 pounds or more
of one hazard class of material is loaded
at the same site, the individual hazard
class placard must be displayed.
                Placards
            Non-Bulk Packages
A Dangerous When Wet placard is required
when transporting any quantity of a material
with this hazard class, primary or subsidiary.
                Placards
            Non-Bulk Packages
An Inhalation Hazard placard is required
when transporting any quantity of a material
classified as an Inhalation hazard.
               Placards
           Non-Bulk Packages
When transporting 2,205 pounds or more of a
PIH material in non-bulk packages, the
appropriate UN/NA number must be
displayed.
               Placards
           Non-Bulk Packages
When transporting 8,820 pounds or more of
the same proper shipping name and UN/NA
number in non-bulk packages, the ID number
must be displayed
                           Placards

A placard is not required for non-bulk packages of
 materials classified as Combustible Liquids.
A COMBUSTIBLE placard is required when
 transporting combustible liquids in bulk (greater
 than 119 gallon capacity) packages.
              Placards
           Bulk Packages
US DOT Hazardous Materials
transported in bulk packages
must always display the US DOT
identification number (UN/NA
number). This includes
placarding on cargo tanks, dump
trucks, etc.
               Placards
             Bulk Packages
A cargo tank that must be placarded when it contains
hazardous materials MUST remain placarded when it is
emptied until it is:
• Reloaded with a material NOT requiring
  placarding; or,
• Sufficiently cleaned and purged of all
  vapors to remove any potential hazard.
            Placards
          Bulk Packages
Shipping papers for a cargo tank containing the
residue of a hazardous material may include the
words:
   “Residue: Last Contained” followed
   by the description of the material last
   transported.
A shipping paper copy for the material carried last
may be used instead of a new shipping paper.
               Placards
             Bulk Packages
A transport vehicle containing IBC must display the
hazard class placard and ID number on all four sides.
When you have multiple IBCs of the same hazard class,
but different ID numbers, then the hazard class placard
can be displayed with multiple orange panels.
       Bulk Packages-
Elevated Temperature Material
Elevated temperature material means a material which,
when offered for transportation or transported in a bulk
packaging:

(1) Is in a liquid phase and at a temperature at or above 100 °C (212 °F);

(2) Is in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 37.8 °C (100 °F) that is
intentionally heated and offered for transportation or transported at or above
its flash point; or

(3) Is in a solid phase and at a temperature at or above 240 °C (464 °F).
       Bulk Packages-
Elevated Temperature Material
Must be marked on two-opposing sides with the
word “HOT”.

On the packaging itself or on a white-square-on-
point display.
            Portable Tanks

Proper shipping name
Owner’s or lessee’s name
4-digit ID number on tank and if not visible from
outside the transport vehicle:
 – 4-digit ID number on all 4 sides of the vehicle.
 – Placards, orange panels, white square-on
   point.
                    Placards

Question #1
  A vehicle is loaded with 3 drums, weighing 500 pounds
  each, of a Hazard Class 3, (Flammable Liquid) Material.
  What placard(s) would you display?
                  Placards

Answer #1
  A FLAMMABLE placard would be displayed.
                    Placards

Question #2
  A vehicle is loaded with 3 drums, weighing 300 pounds
  each, of a Hazard Class 3, (Flammable Liquid) Material.
  What placard(s) would you display?
                     Placards

Answer #2
A placard would not be required.
              Placards
Question #3
A vehicle is loaded with the following items:
  2 drums, weighing 500 pounds each, of a
  Hazard Class 3 Material;
  3 drums, weighing 250 pounds each, of a
  Hazard Class 8 material; and,
  4 drums, weighing 500 pounds each, of a
  Hazard Class 9 Material.
What placard(s) would you display?
                  Placards

Answer #3
Option #1:
 A FLAMMABLE placard and a CORROSIVE placard
  would be displayed.
Option #2:
  A DANGEROUS placard would be displayed.
                     Placards

Question #4
 A vehicle is loaded with one drum, weighing 30 pounds,
  of a material listed on the Hazardous Waste Manifest as:
     RQ, Waste Trichlorosilane, 4.3,
     UN1295, PG I, Dangerous When Wet
 What placards would you display?
               Placards

Answer #4

 A DANGEROUS WHEN WET PLACARD would be
 displayed.
                    Placards

Question #5
 A 2,000 gallon capacity cargo tank is loaded with 50
 gallons of a material whose Hazard Class is Combustible
 Liquid.
  What placard(s) would you display?
                   Placards

Answer #5
Option #1:
  A FLAMMABLE (1993) placard would be displayed.
Option #2:
 A COMBUSTIBLE (1993) placard would be displayed.
                  Placards
Question #6
A vehicle is loaded with the following items:
   2 drums, weighing 500 pounds each, of a Hazard Class 3
   material;
   3 drums, weighing 250 pounds each, of a Hazard Class 8
   material;
   2 drums, weighing 150 pounds each, of a Hazard Class 6.1,
   Inhalation Hazard.
What placard(s) would you display?
              Placards
Answer #6
Option #1:
  A FLAMMABLE placard, a CORROSIVE placard, and
  a POISON placard would be displayed.
Option #2:
 A DANGEROUS placard and a POISON placard
  would be displayed.
TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
         PENALTIES

DSI TRANSPORTS, INC.
Offered hazardous materials for transportation which
were not properly prepared for transportation. [172.2(c)]


                 Penalty: $18,000
Emergency Response Guides

   The US DOT requires emergency
   response information to accompany
   the shipping papers when US DOT
   regulated materials are transported.
Emergency Response Guides

The emergency response information must include
information on fire and health hazards, emergency
actions to be taken and proper first aid techniques.
2004 North American Emergency
     Response Guidebook
Published by the US DOT for
use by first responders during
the initial phase of a
hazardous material incident.
Divided into 4 color-coded
sections.
  Emergency Response Guides

A small spill is defined as an incident involving a single
container equal to or smaller than a 55-gallon drum or
a small leak from a large container.
A large spill is defined as an incident involving a
container larger than a 55-gallon drum or a spill from
many small packages.
  Emergency Response Guides

Isolation and Protective Action Distances.
   • Look up the Isolation Distance on the
     Table.
   • Direct all persons to move laterally to
     the prevailing wind away from the spill
     to the isolation distance found on the
     Table.
    Emergency Response Guides
Isolation and Protective Action Distances.
   • Look up the Protective Action Distance
     on the Table.
     The Table gives the distance, in miles,
     down wind, in which protective actions
     should be considered for spills both
     during the day and at night.
 Emergency Response Guides

Isolation and Protective Action Distances.
   • Initiate Protective Actions, beginning
     with those closest to the spill site and
     working away from the site in a
     downwind direction.
  Emergency Response Guides

Question #1
 What Emergency Response Guide would accompany the
 following material?
   • Waste Flammable Liquid, N.O.S.
     (Acetone, Hexane), 3, UN1993, PG II
 Emergency Response Guides

Answer #1
  Emergency Response Guide # 128
  Emergency Response Guides

Question #2
 What Emergency Response Guide would accompany the
 following material?
   • Allyl Alcohol, 6.1, UN1098, PG I,
     Poison - Inhalation Hazard, Zone B
 What are the Isolation and Protective Action Distances for
 this material?
 Emergency Response Guides

Answer #2
Emergency Response Guide #131
  Isolation Distances:
    Small Spills - 100 feet in all directions
    Large Spills - 100 feet in all directions
  Protection Distances:
     Small Spills - Day .1 miles, Night .1 miles
     Large Spills - Day .2 miles, Night 0.4 miles
  Emergency Response Guides

Question #3
  What Emergency Response Guide would accompany
  the following material?
   • Waste Non-RCRA Solid, N.O.S. (Oil
     Soaked Debris), Non-Hazardous,
     None, None
 Emergency Response Guides

Answer #3
 None. An Emergency Response Guide would not
 accompany a material that is not US DOT Hazardous.
  Emergency Response Guides

Question #4
 What Emergency Response Guide would accompany the
 following material?
   • Waste Resin Solution, 3, UN1866, PG II, RQ
 Emergency Response Guides

Answer #4
  Emergency Response Guide # 127
  Emergency Response Guides

Question #5
 What Emergency Response Guide would accompany the
 following material?
   • Hazardous Waste Solid, N.O.S. (methyl
     ethyl ketone), 9, NA3077, PG III
 Emergency Response Guides

Answer #5
  Emergency Response Guide #171
     Emergency Procedures

Follow Emergency Response Card
Instructions.
Isolate the hazard by keeping all other
persons away from the vehicle and
upwind of the hazard.
     Emergency Procedures
Avoid breathing, touching, tasting, or any
contact with the materials or its vapor.
DO NOT rely on the sense of smell to
detect the presence of hazardous materials
since some materials may be odorless or
overpowering.
DO NOT light flares.
     Emergency Procedures

Prepare to provide emergency responders with all
possible information, such as shipping papers and
emergency response cards.
Identify the material by shipping name and US DOT ID
number providing it can be done safely.
         Emergency Procedures
If a leak may be quickly and safely
stopped, without endangering
yourself or others, do so quickly and
retreat.
If other freight may be moved safely,
to avoid contamination, do so quickly
and retreat.
    Emergency Procedures.

Seek medical attention if exposed to a hazardous
material or if symptoms of exposure exist.
Contact a supervisor or any necessary emergency
response agencies immediately.
    Emergency Procedures
Failure to report a reportable quantity spill can result in fines and
penalties of up to $25,000, three years in prison, or both.
24-Hour Emergency Telephone Numbers
 – National Response Center Hotline
       (800) 424-8802
        Security Awareness

Effective Sept. 25, 2003
Security Plans: Shipper, Carrier, Receiver
 – Personnel security
 – Unauthorized access
 – En-route security of cargo
Terrorist Acts
 – 1993 World Trade Center Bombing: ammonium
   nitrate, urea, nitric acid.
 – 1995 Okalahoma City Bombing: ammonium nitrate
 – 2001 World Trade Centers, Pentagon, PA field
            Security Awareness
Potential Targets:
 –Chlorine gas & cyanide: enclosed spaces
 –Flammable fuels: high density population
 –Contaminate water supplies
 –Bridges, tunnels

 1993, NYC:
 4 members of a terrorist cell were planning to ignite a gasoline tank
 truck in the Hudson River tunnel.

 1999, Elkgrove, CA:
 Anti-government militia planned to ignite a 24 million gallon Liquid
 Propane tank farm.
       Security Awareness

Potential Threats:
–Be suspicious, Watch for unusual behavior
–Live, work in our community. Part-time or temporary
 employees.
–Don’t stereotype. Could be a disgruntled employee.

Jan. 2001, Sacramento, CA:
 37 yr. old angry driver, drove over 70mph and crashed
 tractor trailer into State Capitol. Diesel fuel tanks
 exploded. Driver died. State Assembly near by.
           Security Awareness

HazMat most vulnerable when in-transit.
En-Route Security:
–   Shortest route
–   Avoid heavily populated areas
–   Avoid bridges, tunnels
–   Don’t pickup hitchhikers
–   Park in well lighted areas, keep view of vehicle
–   Careful of what you say on 2-way radio or CB
–   Report delays. Trucks equipped with GPS.
–   Pre-trip inspections
–   Have required paperwork
–   Report lost/stolen cargo
        Security Awareness

Prevention Tools:
– Evaluate vulnerabilities
– Employee background checks & verify info
– Facility Security Plan
       Security Awareness

Recommended Procedures
– Keep storage areas locked
– Keep updated/accurate inventories
– Conduct regular inspections of storage areas
– Conduct security spot checks of personnel
  and vehicles
– Lock all equipment
– Be alert for unusual purchases or odd
  behavior
       Security Awareness

Facility Security Evaluation
 – Nature of area surrounding facility
 – Nature and quantity of hazardous materials
   present
 – Physical barriers to entry
 – Means of detecting intrusion attempt
 – History of unauthorized entries
 – Regulatory requirements

				
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