Rome and the Rise of Christianity Chapter 5 Section 4: The Development of Christianity pages 169-174 Main ideas: Jesus, a Jew from Palestine, began his public preaching. Christianity spread throughout the empire and eventually became the state religion of Rome. Background: Roman Religion Official Roman religion focused on worship of a number of gods and goddesses Beginning with Augustus, ____________ were often officially made _______ by Roman Senate Priests follow proper rituals ensure peace and prosperity Romans believed their ____________ in creating an empire meant they earned ____________ of gods ____________ of other religions – allowed in empire Religion promised followers an entry into higher world of reality and promise of ____________ superior to present one. The Jewish Background ____________ lands of old Jewish kingdom of Judah under direction of Roman official called a ____________ Lots of unrest even among Jewish groups of Sadducees, Essenes, & Zealots ____________ – favored cooperation with ____________ ____________ – like most other Jews – awaited a ____________ who would save Israel from oppression, usher in kingdom of God, and establish a true paradise on Earth ____________ – advocated violent ____________ of Roman Rule Revolt in 66 against Romans lasted 4 years, unsuccessful ____________ was destroyed The Rise of Christianity ____________ of Nazareth began preaching during troubles in Judaea The Message of Jesus Said he didn’t plan to harm traditional religion – transformation of ____________ important Follow the ____________ God’s command – ____________ God and one ____________ Humility, charity, and love toward others Judaean authorities of Palestine thought Jesus a ____________ – might challenge Rome Denounced by Jewish court and turned over to procurator ____________ Crucified The Spread of Christianity ____________ – fisherman and follower of Jesus Disciples taught that ____________ was the ____________, the Son of God, who had come to Earth to save all humans ____________ of Tarsus – highly educated Jewish Roman citizen preached the gospel to both Jews and ____________ (non Jews) Founded Christian communities throughout Asia Minor and along shores of ____________ After reports Jesus overcame death, Christianity spread rapidly Written letters, or ____________, outlining Christian beliefs Give record of Jesus’ life and teachings, form core of ____________, or second part of Christian bible Roman Persecution Tolerated other religions unless they threaten public or public morals Viewed as ____________ because didn’t worship state gods and emperors Treason, punishable by death During Nero’s reign, Christians were ____________ (harassing to cause suffering) Emperor blamed ____________ for ____________ that destroyed a lot of Rome ____________ – Christian martyr The Triumph of Christianity ____________ – ruled from 378 – 395 Romans adopted Christianity as ____________ religion of Roman Empire Persecution forced Christians become more organized – only __________ follow outlawed faith Christianity created new church structure ____________ -church leaders had duties separate from ____________ -regular church members Reasons Christianity spread: 1. message had much to offer Roman world – Rome’s religion existed for the good of Rome. Offered ________________________ 2. Christianity seemed ____________ – sacrificial death of savior-god 3. Fulfilled human need to ____________ – formed communities bound to one another 4. Attractive to ____________, especially poor and powerless – eternal life promised to all Diocletian, beginning of 4th century continued to persecute ____________ 1st Christian emperor Issued ____________ – proclaimed official tolerance of Christianity Theodosius the Great - Romans adopted Christianity as official religion 1. Explain why the Romans persecuted Christians despite their general religious tolerance.