PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MUNTINLUPA
NBP Reservation, Poblacion, Muntinlupa City
CAREER, TIME AND STRESS MANAGEMENT
(Human Behavior Organization)
CAREER comes from
the French word
“career” which means
“high road” or
forward racing with
himself and others in
the work setting.
As defined by Martires,
career management is the
pathing, planning and
development of one’s work
schedules and activities in
relation to the individual’s
competencies at the
initiative and with the
assistance of management
in order that he can take
greater job and personal
responsibility for his future.
II. Steps and Stages
STEPS AND CAREER PLANNING
Use of Career
(5) Review of
Compare Individual and
with Goals Goals
Conducting Matching Job
Performance with Individual’s
Review and Qualifications
CAREER GROWTH CYCLE
helps each individual
“to collect information
about self, develop
realistic life and work
goals that must satisfy
self values, needs and
wants and formulates
these into action plans
to achieve these goals
“A lifelong process by
which a person efficiently
and effectively develops
and pursues realistic and
challenging goals that
enable her to become the
person she wants to
MAJOR CAREER STAGES AND ISSUES
STAGES 2. Establishment Stage
1. Exploration Stage Age : 20 – 34
Age : 15 – 21 Role : recruit trainee
Role : student : apprentice
: job applicant : employee
INDIVIDUAL ISSUES ORGANIZATION ISSUES
3. Maintenance Stage 4. Late Career
(Mid Career) Age : 51 – 60+
Age : 35 – 50 Role : employee
Role : employee :supervisor
: supervisor : manager
: manager : officer
5. Decline Stage
Age : 61 and beyond
CAREER PATH OF A MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVE
VP VP VP
ADM&Finance Marketing Distribution
Operations Mngr. Services Mngr.
POSITION AND REQUIREMENTS
Dimension District Promotions Product Marketing Marketing Vice Pres. President/
Manager Manager Manager Operations Services Marketing Managing
Manager Manager Director
Knowledge Companies More Cost Marketing, Long Term Marketing Corporate &
Policies: specialized analysis, Sales, company Financial Environment
Marketing mgt. function Pricing Financial & strategy: Personnel
Info. in Policies, Resources Marketing
planning,org Campaign environment And
nanizing and Methods Company & Production
evaluating Strategy controllershi Mgt.
p Long term
Attitude Open Same as Flexible
Mature. minded Promotions Same as Loyalty to Committed
Forward the co.
Responsible Manager looking M.O.P
Dependable Happy Calm in
disposition oriented difficult
Dimension District Promotions Product Marketing Marketing V.P. President
Manager Manager Manager Operations Services Marketing
Skills Tactical Creative in Creative in Leadership Ability to Priority Human
Decision planning, Formulating Qualities supervise the setting And
Making Organizing, Testing construction formulating Conceptual
Team and of the mktg. policies
Habit Away from Long working
Long thinking Long working Same as
the family, Hours on both hours in the Socializing
office and Hours in the Operations As he/she
Travelling office and With likes it
field office manager constituents
A critical component and
a precious asset that has
been recently added to the list
of resource for individual
,group and organizational
functioning is time . It is the
seventh m (minutes
representing time), as a
domain of general
management ; the other six
being man , money ,
machines , materials , market
PERCEPTION OF TIME
When material things like building, furniture, and
supplies are destroy or when money gets lost, they can
be replace. But when time is lost, it is gone forever.
Time can also be subjective; it can be highly relative. It is
person oriented, value-laden and culture bound.
It is also interesting to observe that individuals having
the same culture could have great difference in the way
they perceive time.
Time is also situational.
TIME SAVER AND WASTERS
DIFFICULTIES AND SOLUTIONS FOR INTERFERENCES
The phone: frequency and length of Screening incoming calls by secretary;
holding all calls or shutting down
telephone during important periods.
Meetings: vehement, numerous Reduction of the number of meetings ;
“too long and too many”; “ineffective have an agenda with a purpose of the
and indecisive”. meeting prepared with involvement of
Reports: all paperwork, report the constituents.
writing – ever – increasing steam of Form control and paper work
forms, records, memos mail and simplication programs; more on
simple informational notes. prevention than stopping the process.
Use of avoidance techniques like
Visitors: Unannounced visits by
never sitting down, edging them
person referred by a superior or toward the door and having secretary
coming from the home office. openly announce another commitment.
Delegation: Frequent checks by Going over work instructions carefully
subordinate as to what is desired. and having them repeated to clarify
problem definition; Giving specific time
allotment and frequency of progress
Procrastination: Existence of Establishment of priorities;
more problems that managers Delegation of some item to
can accommodate. subordinates.
Firefighting: Unexpected Crisis prevention; Overcoming
problems that demand reluctance of subordinates to
attention; not enough time to present bad news sooner.
allot to them. Sending back the request for
Special requests: Enlarged further instructions or specific
uncertainty; worst especially need. This suggestion has met
form the head office. with tremendous resistance and
Delays: Making managers is not often used.
“Scurry up and wait” for Implement best lead plans of
incoming schedules, required manager and lead him to a life
information and planning of quiet desperation.
decisions. Taking up speed- reading
Reading: Increasing volume of courses. Use of digests and
management literature. abstracts of articles and books.
SUGGESTION FOR MANAGING TIME EFFICIENTLY
Manage by objective
Develop long–range plans (over one year)
Develop monthly objective and priorities
Use a weekly plan sheet
Use a daily plan
Make “to do” list
Develop a personal and team profile and time-wasters
Expect the unexpected
Plan for “unplanned” time (leave 20% of one day open)
Practice waste basketry
Standardize routine and detail work
Have Your paperwork and mail screened, prioritized,
handled, and diverted by a secretary or assistant
Develop and review filing system
Use a date follow-up file
Clean the top of your desk
Use handwritten memos
Use dictating machines
Resist personal overtime
Leave the briefcase
Do nothing you can delegate
Ask subordinate what decision they would like to make
Divorce yourself from detail
Delegate whole tasks
Resist upward delegation
Practice not knowing all the answers
Use response deadlines
Use “planned unavailability”
Screen and schedule calls and visitor
Group calls and callbacks
Close your door
Be candid; “say sorry, I’m sorry”
Control visit – stick to your purpose
Try standup conference
Put a drop-in visitor in work
Learn how to end a visit or a meeting
Have secretary interrupt
Check for understanding when giving a task
Choose the most effective medium for your message
Keep it brief and simple
Set a time limit or agenda items
“Stack” meeting consecutively
Send out agenda in advance
Start and end on time
Asses fact, develop alternatives
Identify the most critical fact
Asses the negative consequence
Don’t wait for facts
Take action and handle an item only once
Manage by choice, not chance
MANAGER’S ROLE IN TIME MANAGEMENT
Although time management is mainly a personal
responsibility, it behooves on the organization to
help individuals save and manage time.
Time management is recently being given interesting
consideration in the organization, it seems the most
in the Philippines still lag behind individuals in
practicing time management.
THE NATURE OF STRESS
A physiological and
psychological agent that
affects the individual to
react to certain
B. The Physical and
Psychological Bases of
C. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
Some of these are:
High Blood Pressure
Feelings of Inability to Cope
Excessive use of Alcohol
Problems with Sleep
Inability to Relax
D. Cultural Aspects of Stress
II. Stressful Occupants
“Jobs whose occupants
must make important
uncertainty, jobs in which
employee skills, no
matter how high, are
insufficient to the task,
and jobs in which the
occupant has little control
are likely to produce high
level of stress.”
EXAMPLES OF WORKERS UNDER THIS
Psychotherapists and Air Practical nurses
Public relations officer
12 JOBS WITH HIGHEST LEVELS OF STRESS:
1. Laborer 7. Manager or Administrator
2. Secretary 8. Waitress or waiter
3. Inspector 9. Machine Operator
4. Clinical la technician 10. Farm worker
5. Office manager 11. Miner
6. First-line supervisor 12. Painter
IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGING STRESS IN
Offers explicit advice
on how to manage
people for healthy
OUTLINE SUMMARY OF COLEMAN’S MEASURES ON MANAGING
PEOPLE FOR HEALTHY PROFITS
1. Give people as much 8. Avoid too much administration.
responsibility as they can safely 9. Teach employees to recognize
handle. their own stress sign.
2. Remember to say thank you. 10. Never give authority without
3. Know when to push and when responsibility and never give
to stop. responsibility without authority.
4. Smile and the world will smile 11. Treat people as people – not
with you. tools.
5. Take the error out of 12. Teach people to say no.
computerization. 13. Make sure that people have
6. Don’t under estimate the peril of proper control over the
boredom. machinery they use.
7. Teach people to accept change. 14. Help employees prepare for
15. Democracy rules OK! 22. Personalize the
16. Encourage forgiveness and environment.
discourage grudges. 23. Make sure employees know
17. Encourage independence. how to relax.
18. Teach employees to ask for 24. Always keep
help. communication lines open.
19. Encourage employees to 25. Put purpose into people’s
make suggestions. lives.
20. Make sure that your 26. Control competitiveness.
company shows that it cares. 27. Show people that you are
21. Encourage sensible interested with them.
exercise habits. 28. Banish ambiguity.
29. Avoid conflicting rules and 36. Remember that colonialism
regulations. doesn’t work.
30. Criticize – but with care and 37. Allow employees to show
thought. their anger.
31. Use encouragement to 38. Ensure your employees
strengthen the weak. take their holiday.
32. It’s the little things that 39. Remember that “failure”
counts. isn’t always a dirty word.
33. Remember the loser. 40. Don’t fuss.
34. Learn to anticipate 41. Master the art of the
35. Make the most of people’s 42. Good planning can help to
skills. defuse deadlines.
TRANCENDENTAL MEDITATION (TM )
is a process of developing a physical state of deep rest.
It produces decreased heartbeat, respiratory rate and lower
Cardiologists MEYER FRIEDMAN
and RAY H. ROSENMAN
Identified several personality character of people who
are most prone to heart disease. They want heavy work.
Some people have a basic personality structure that leads
them into stressful situations. It is these impatient,
demanding, over striving types that often wind up with heart
attacks at an early age.
MEYER FRIEDMAN RAY H. ROSENMAN
TYPE A INDIVIDUALS, THEIR DISTINGUISHING
Chronic and severe sense of time urgency. Such people
become frustrated in traffic jams.
Constant involvement in multiple projects subject to
deadlines. Somehow they take delight in the feeling of
being swamped with work.
Neglect all aspects of life except work. Workaholics live
to work rather than work to live.
A tendency to take on excessive responsibility,
combined with a feeling that “Only I am capable of
taking care of this matter.
Explosiveness of speech and a tendency to speak faster
than most people.