Unstable blood pressure, elderly my grandfather a few days ago, 71 was rushed to hospital blood pressure suddenly increased 160 Low 110 linked to a slight decrease of water pressure after treatment at 100 or so home prescribed blood pressure tablets after eating and reducing blood pressure to high pressure of 90 low 70 Is there any professionals who can explain to why this? PS: my grandfather had low blood sugar history! the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnosis of hypertension, age over 60 years, persistent or unusual blood pressure more than 3 times a day systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg (18.7 kPa) and (or) diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg (12.0 kPa) are referred to as the elderly hypertension. Hypertensive elderly people as a special type of hypertension in recent years, its research and research and control of attention. Epidemiological investigations suggest that elderly patients with hypertension, the chronic diabetes, aortic calcification, myocardial infarction, stroke, intermittent claudication incidence and mortality of thought and effort to control disease and overall mortality higher than those of elderly people with normal blood pressure people. And systolic blood pressure increased with age, the occurrence of stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure than diastolic blood pressure greater risk. In addition, the elderly with hypertension in clinical presentation, treatment and prognosis has some special characteristics. Most older persons with hypertension attributable to light, were a rare type of malignant or aggressive. Hypertension were more likely than younger elderly combined with other chronic diseases, especially chronic diabetes. clinical aspects of hypertension in the elderly has the following characteristics: 1, blood pressure fluctuation. Because the elderly have different degrees of organ degeneration, the body less sensitive to various types of blood pressure regulation mechanism, resulting in large fluctuations in blood pressure, the elderly, especially systolic blood pressure. Fluctuation of blood pressure, not only in the more than a long, within 24 hours of volatility than younger patients. Second, orthostatic hypotension. Hugh bit hypotension occurs also with the elderly baroreceptor dysfunction on the regulation of blood pressure. Third, the complications are many and serious. Vascular dysfunction in elderly patients with hypertension compared with, cardiac output decreased, based on coronary heart disease, major risk factors for stroke. In addition, abnormal renal function in elderly people with hypertension occurred in the earlier and more severe clinical strange performance. Fourth, false high blood pressure. Indirect measurement of blood pressure manometry old bag hid the brachial artery stiffness, and sometimes there are readings too high, resulting in \ the elderly in the drug treatment of hypertension, special attention should be the side effects of antihypertensive drugs. Environment for the elderly metabolism and balance function was within the physiological degradation, it can affect drug distribution, metabolism and excretion. The choice of antihypertensive drugs should be used as step-down effect is good, side effects of drugs and smaller doses before, according to the patient’s condition to determine whether the change in dose. Often used in current clinical ZJ is the Western compound preparation, which in wild chrysanthemum, pearl powder, bud of the main components such as Medicines, adding a small number of Western medicine clonidine hydrochloride and Hydrochlorothiazide, played to improve the efficacy synergies, but also reduce the side effects of western medicine. Has taken a small amount of blood pressure stable, long-term use without significant side effects than benefits, it is the ideal choice for elderly patients with hypertension. cause of hypertension is not yet clear as to the body above the normal range of arterial blood pressure cycle as the main clinical manifestation is an independent disease. incidence of the main reasons and barriers on the higher nervous activity. the early symptoms of hypertension, dizziness, headache, palpitation, insomnia, nervous irritability, fatigue and so on. Later be gradually involving the heart, brain, kidney organs, severe heart disease may be complicated by hypertension, renal failure, cerebrovascular disease such eventuality. of work and life of high blood pressure, hypertension and coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease the most important risk factors. Myocardial infarction patients, 50% of patients with hypertension, 76% of stroke patients have history of hypertension. Is the risk of hypertension is sudden death or disability. Learn to live nursed back to health in patients with hypertension and early treatment to control the disease progresses. hypertension have both primary and secondary. High incidence of hypertension in middle-aged people, the majority of the mental; secondary hypertension is a symptom of other diseases, such as kidney, brain, vascular and endocrine diseases can cause high blood pressure. Long as the duration of hypertension, coronary artery disease prone, it is closely related to hypertension and coronary heart disease. In terms of food choices have common requirements. side of the body feel numb or that barriers to physical activity, very sincere panic, shortness of breath, chest tightness, not even when lying down, blood pressure measurement in time, because it may have a hypertensive crisis. Hypertension is remarkable in today’s world epidemic, and the more industrialized countries the prevalence is higher. Prevalence rate of hypertension in China by the liberation of 6% to 10%. Closely related to hypertension and lifestyle. So what are the risk factors in life, which people tend to suffer from hypertension? 1. Fat prone to high blood pressure human obesity is mainly due to an increase in subcutaneous fat that the body weight gain, blood capacity also increased, so that the burden of increased cardiac and vascular resistance increased and therefore prone to high blood pressure. 2. Likes to eat people tend to have high blood pressure salt salt contains sodium, eat more salty, the more sodium intake of sodium to the water body to contain live, so that increase the capacity of the blood, causing high blood pressure. 3. Drinkers and more people are prone to high blood pressure drink liquor every day over twenty-two, over time cause damage to arteries in the body of alcohol to arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure, if Smoking will also increase the blood pressure increase. 4. The spirit of long-term nature of acute stress and people tend to have high blood pressure very exciting long-term to the poor, such as nervousness, agitation, anxiety, excessive noise, etc., plus the body physiological regulation of imbalance, the cerebral cortex of higher nervous dysfunction, empty prone to high blood pressure. Thin blood volume, although not fat big, but because of other factors can also cause high blood pressure. Thin Man must not neglect their own blood pressure. 5. Hypertension genetic factors accounted for about 30%. Family history of hypertension who have bad habits and poor is very stimulating, and often prone to high blood pressure. But if the develop good habits, such as eating less salt, no smoking, no alcohol, no fat, the same can not be hypertension. increase with age, blood vessel elasticity is poor, increase the resistance of small arteries, thus blood pressure along with it. Persistent high blood pressure cause changes in arterial wall damage and atherosclerosis has increased, the two are mutually reinforcing, so the elderly prone to high blood pressure. importance of drug therapy in patients with hypertension, the patient medication guide to follow the doctor, remember that their frequent use of drugs not to abuse drugs, in order to avoid any eventuality, the sooner the better treatment time, should start with borderline hypertension treatment. Hypertensive patients taking notes: medication every day, even though his condition improved, the amount should maintain service. Do antihypertensive drugs before going to bed clothing, to prevent the sleep blood pressure, cerebral blood volume reduction, slow down, easy to form thrombosis. Blood pressure medication during the caution, or contraindication ephedrine, cough Dingchuan pills, tablets and other drugs Chuanbei fine. Inhibit the decomposition of body fat contains ginseng things, people who have high blood pressure should be used with caution. nursed back to health is very important in patients with hypertension, drug treatment at the same time, guidance in life, environmental, spiritual and other aspects of treatment. diet, low salt (5 grams daily), low in animal fat. Hypertension, coronary heart disease among the obese, because excess body fat, cardiac extraction will increase the burden on the heart. Therefore, obesity hypertension, coronary heart disease, since the first diet, mainly vegetarian, in order to achieve weight control. Lost weight, blood pressure will be reduced. Choose low-calorie foods, eat more low fat foods, try to eat vegetable oil. Because vegetable oils containing unsaturated fatty acids, plasma cholesterol will drop, can reduce high blood pressure, coronary heart attack. Animal fat, liver and the brain, heart, kidney, butter, marrow, roe, cream and other food, including high cholesterol, should eat or not eat. adequate exercise and capabilities, and choose light exercise, the hours are long, \ law of life, to ensure adequate sleep (7-8 hours), work and rest. Not rash, emotional, joy in there. thin, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease patients, to fish, lean meat, beans and soy foods, in order to increase the body’s protein. Soy products contain Valley steroids, can inhibit the intestinal absorption of cholesterol, vitamin C can reduce plasma cholesterol. Therefore, hypertension, coronary heart disease patients to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C (sour fruit). Meanwhile, hypertension, coronary heart disease to control the amount of salt. Because sodium can cause the body of small arterial switch and tendons, blood pressure. And the sodium salt will absorb moisture, so that the accumulation of excessive body water, increased burden on the heart. Therefore, to eat less salt (salted) vegetables, salt, eggs and other hot food. hypertension, coronary heart disease must Ji Jiu, quit smoking, drink tea, to avoid worse. hypertensive patients should pay attention to the needs of life to answer questions. avoid dry stool, stool hypertension forced solution, prone to stroke, angina pectoris. Eat more celery, leeks, cabbage, spinach and other vegetables and more fiber to keep the stool. Do not use hot water or cold water bath to reduce blood pressure and sudden changes in order to warm bath affordable. intercourse moderate, young adults should try to control or reduce patients, elderly patients should be avoided to prevent the occurrence of any eventuality. Health Guide one. Regulating Emotions: Keep a relaxed and happy mood, to avoid excessive tension. After 1 hour of work is best to interest the Soviet Union 5 to 10 minutes, can exercise, walking and other adjust their nerves. Yu Nu mood, make a diversion through the process easy and pleasant way to loose their emotions. Very sensitive to emotional outbursts of anger to prevent stroke. II. Diet: should be as common control diet, eat less fat, sweets, salt. Light- based diet, eat more fruits and vegetables. Avoid overeating. Daily salt intake of no more than 5 grams of salt to make water retention, increased blood volume, increase the burden on the heart. Obesity should be controlled food intake and calories to reduce weight. To maintain a good sleep before going to bed with warm water immersion foot, to avoid reading novels, watching TV intense terror shadow play. To keep urine clear. Sexual people in a highly excited state, neurovascular tension, or even can cause stroke, should be restrained lust, caution sexual intercourse. III. Less alcohol cessation: nicotine (nicotine) can be contracted tiny blood vessels, so that heart rate, blood pressure; a few drinks can make micro-cycle expansion, increasing the elasticity, there are certain advantages. Promote smoking cessation less alcohol. But a lot of drinking and drinking alcohol is definitely harmful to no help for. IV. Laoyijiege: If in the highly intense work, to master their own emotional regulation, attention to work and rest, the Soviet Union for more information, to avoid the very harmful to the chronic stimulation (eg noise) impact. Conceiving the spirit of Soviet interest, the Soviet Union on the strength of physical interest. Heavy physical labor force, vigorous exercise is not affordable. Weight, distance run, plate transport heavy objects should be prohibited. But the power of light physical labor is, long-term bed rest is not good. five. Adhere to the exercise: should stick to play ball, skills, daily morning and evening, can improve the blood cycle, reducing peripheral resistance, leaving blood pressure. VI. Adhere to the medication: on the middle and late hypertension, adhere to medication treatment is very important. Such as a drug resistance and ineffective, other drugs should be replaced. Not prescribed, arbitrary withdrawal will lead to sharp rise in blood pressure and dangerous. Normal blood pressure should be kept. full version see here: http://www.zgxl.net/sljk/ybjb/xunhuan/gxy.htm patients likely to show a normal blood pressure, low blood sugar instability, because the interaction between blood pressure and blood sugar sometimes and impact, should be based on changes in blood pressure (frequently measured blood pressure) to adjust the amount of antihypertensive drugs to prevent the unexpected happening.