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Berea Class_ Rear Admiral Joseph H

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Berea Class_ Rear Admiral Joseph H Powered By Docstoc
					Sunday School Lessons
June, July and August 2010
First Samuel
Second Samuel
First Kings 1:1, 2:1-11
First Chronicles: Chapters 10-20


Berea Class, Rear Admiral Joseph H. Miller, Teacher
(admiraljoe@verizon.net)
Sunday School Lesson Before Saturday Noon:
www.baptistbiblicalbeliefs.typepad.com



Note:
There are fifty-five Chapters in First and Second Samuel. Thirty-three
Chapters, or 60% are not included in the Quarterly Lessons. Part of twenty-
two Chapters, or 40% are in the Quarterly Lessons. Parts that are not
included in the Quarterly Lesson book are included here if it is necessary
to maintain continuity to the stories. There are 31,101 verses in the Bible.
We average about 15 verses per week from our Quarterly. At this rate if one
attends Sunday School every Sunday beginning at age 20 they will be 60
years old before they go through the Bible one time. This is 40 years. The
Bible can be read in 70 hours. Can you see the absurdity of studying the
Bible this way? It is no wonder that when our students leave for college
they are Biblically Illiterate. Because of the many years of this tragedy
when they go home they go home to Biblically Illiterate parents.
                                                                          2




                Lessons From Lessons
                    (Passages from Sacred Writings)



     People, Prayer, Obedience, Disobedience,
     Loyalty, Disloyalty, Holiness, Beauty, The
                   Horror of Sin

                                  And

       God’s Response to Us According to our
                Response to Him.
             Repentance - Forgiveness,
              Rebellion – Destruction
Note: One must have a good lesson to learn a correct lesson. When I
taught medical residents who were planning to be “brain” surgeons, the
lives of their patients depended on them being taught good lessons and
that they were taught correctly. They must have all the available knowledge
on the subject. Their patient’s lives and functional future bodies depended
on their teachings

The same principle is noted in teaching God’s Word. If one teaches
incomplete information (poor lessons) it has an effect on the soul of their
student and their eternal body.

“Admiral” Joe
                                 3



Contents

Characters With References
The Philistines
The Ark of the Covenant
The “Presumptuous Sin”
Melchizedek and David
David’s 79 Mighty Men of Valor
70 Review Questions
                                                                                         4


From Lessons to Visions

“Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this
thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.”(I Timothy 3:16)

“Hear now my words…I the LORD will make Myself known…in a vision, and will
speak in a dream.” (Numbers 12:6)

“And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true:
wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.”(Daniel 8:26)

“For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not
lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry. Behold,
his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his
faith.”(Habakkuk 2:3,4) “The just shall live by faith.”

“To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the
power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and
inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in Me.
Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision:”
(Acts 26: 18, 19)

“ I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, Your young men shall see visions, Your old
men shall dream dreams”. (Acts 2:17 quoting Joel 2:28)

“Lay up for yourselves treasures in Heaven.” (Matthew 6:20)

“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after
their own lusts.” (II Peter 3:3) (Righteousness takes one to Heaven.)

“If the gate to Heaven is narrow”, (Matthew 7:14) let us to by our own
narrowness or ignorance make it more narrow.
                                                                                    5


Prologue:

Characters and References

    1.   Hannah (I Samuel 1: 2, 11)

    2. Eli (I Samuel 1:3; 2:22; 3:14; 4:18)

    3.   Samuel (All of I Samuel until his death 25:1), Ark of the Covenant in
         Samuel, (I Samuel 1:9; 3:3; 4:4; 5:1-6:12, 15, 19, 20-7:2, II Samuel 6:3,

         12-19)

    4.   Saul and his downfall (I Samuel 9:1-2, 15-17, 21; 10:1, 9-13, 17-
         24, 27; 11:1-15; 13:1, 8-14, 19-14:23, 47-48; 15:7-23; 16:14-23; 18:6, 9-12,

         25; 19:1,9-11; 28:7-8, 31:8-13, II Samuel 1: 17-27)

    5.   David and his rise I Samuel 16:12 Last words and until his death,
         I Kings 1:1; 2:1-12, I Chronicles Chapters 10-20)

    6.   Abigail and Nabal (I Samuel 25:14-42; 30:5-18)

    7. Nathan (II Samuel 7, 11-12; I Kings 1: 22-44)

    8.   Bath-sheba and Uriah            11:2-27; 12:14, 24; I Kings 1:11, 28, 31;

         2:18,19)

    9.   Sheba (II Samuel 20:1-22)

    10. Gad (I Samuel 22:5, II Samuel 24:11-14, 18-19; I Chronicles 29: 25, 29)
                                                                                                  6



I Samuel: Covers the periods between The Books
of the Judges to the Books of the Kings (140
years)

“For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through
patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.” (Romans 15:4)

“As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be
understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other
scriptures, unto their own destruction.”(II Peter 3:16)

The sacred history revealed here is sometimes referred to in the New Testament and often
in the titles of David’s psalms. If the Psalms were in order they could fall into the Books of
Samuel. We see the account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government,
(Chapters 1-8), Samuel’s resignation and Saul’s advancement. (Chapters 9-15), the Choice
of David by God, his struggles with Saul, Saul’s ruin, and David’s advance to the throne.
(Chapters 16-31)

Introduction: The turning point in history, “from judges to kings”.
The book of I Samuel tells the story of the transition in Israel from the rule of God through
judges to His rule through kings. This is a turning point in the history of the Jewish people in
the Old Testament. It covers a period of 100 years. (1100 B.C.-1000B.C.) II Samuel covers
another 40 years. The chief purpose of the Book of Samuel is to describe the change from
judges to kings and also the rise of the kingdom of Israel to show its divine roots. It
emphasizes that the king just as the people are subject to God’s will. Samuel was the last of the
judges and the first of the prophets. He led the Israelites to victory over the Philistines at
Mizpah and in repentance and worship.

I Samuel 1-24 is the birth to death of Samuel. Samuel anoints Israel’s first two kings; Saul
and David. Saul had a rapid rise to power and a tragic fall. Because of his disobedience God
rejected him as king. Saul ruled 40 years, 1050 B.C. –1010 B.C. (David ruled 40 years 1010 to
971 B.C.) The people were at a religious low point because Samuel’s evil sons were ruling
them and they insisted on having a king. This was in a sense rejecting God’s rule through
judges. The throne of David was established by God and continues forever in Jesus Christ the
Messiah.
                                                                                                    7

Chapters I and II - The Story of Hannah and Eli and the child of prayer, Samuel.
Samuel was a prophet and the last judge of the people of Israel. The first chapter begins with the
famous story of Hannah. She was one of the two wives of Elhanah. She had no children. At
that time it was considered a disgrace or at least a discredit. (This is still true in some cultures.)
Hannah was weeping, would not eat, and was severely grieved. Hannah’s husband, who loved
her, made a famous statement in the Bible for all the motherless and husbands of the
motherless. Elhanah, her husband said to her, “Am I not better to thee than 10 sons?’ (1:9)
“Hannah stood up.” (Three little words) and prayed to the LORD of Hosts. (The LORD of
Hosts is God’s Army that works with us.) “Remember me, look upon my affliction, give me a
son, and I will give him to you all the days of his life. (1:11) The LORD remembered her and
Samuel was born. (1:20) He came in response to a godly mother’s prayer. The divine reason
for the birth of Samuel was to give the people a powerful judge, prophet, and ruler that they did
not have. At a very early age (when he was weaned) Hannah brought Samuel to Eli, the High
Priest at Shiloh, who trained him for the priesthood. Hannah prayed again which is one of the
most famous prayers in the Bible. “My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn (power and
strength) is exalted in the Lord: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in
thy salvation.”(2:1) She continues, “The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to
the grave, and bringeth up.”(2:6)

Samuel ministered to the LORD as a little child. He was completely given up as a child to God.
(1:28) Samuel received his first prophetic message from God as a child, which foretold the
destruction of the House of Eli. (1:11, 3:1, 19) Each year his mother, Hannah, made him a little
coat and brought it to him. Samuel grew before the LORD. (2:18-21) Hannah had two more
sons and two daughters. The priesthood was corrupt. (2:12-17)

God reminded Samuel of Israel’s faithlessness and their rejecting Him all through their
history. (I Samuel 8:8) “Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD;
for men abhorred (with contempt) the offering of the LORD.”(I Samuel 2:17) (This is a
“presumptuous “ sin to be discussed later.)

Keep in mind that Israel was not alone in the places she went to live. Alongside were countries
and states of Philistines, Phoenicians, Damascus, Aram, Moab, and Ammon were in competition
with each other.
                                                                                              8



6 June 2010
Quarterly Lesson:
We Stand Alone Before God. Serve Him Faithfully


When leaders Fail
I Samuel 2: 22-25         (The evil sons of Eli – Their lawless and irresponsible
behavior in the performance of their duties and irregular sexual practices.)

22. Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with
the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
23. And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this
people.
24. Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye make the Lord's people to transgress.
25. If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the
LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their
father, because of this the LORD would slay them. (Intended to kill (Holman) The author, God
was pleased to kill – desires justice.) God will not let the guilty go unpunished. (Exodus 34:7)

Eli protested his son’s wicked lifestyle, but it seems to have been a weak protest. God said,
“You honored your sons before me.” (2:29) “And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall
come upon thy two sons, on Hophni (Hahf nigh) and Phinehas (Fin ih huhs); in one day
they shall die both of them.”(2:34) Eli’s sons debauched women that came to worship. They
had wives of their own. They were as “horses”. “They were as fed horses in the morning: every
one neighed (The loud noise of a horse) after his neighbor’s wife.”(Jeremiah 5:8) (It has been
noted that many women who come to church and respect their minister are more vulnerable.
This is a horrible wickedness.) Their sins were plain and public and could not be concealed.
They not only sinned, but also made God’s people to sin. (2:24) A minister is to turn people
away from sin. (Malachi 2:6) They had corrupted a nation instead of reforming it. Eli could not
forgive them since they had sinned against God. They or Eli’s house would not be forgiven. “
And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be
purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.”(I Samuel 3:14) A priest and judge in those days
should show them the “sentence of judgment”. (Deuteronomy 17:9) They had profaned the holy
things of the LORD. (We all know that this has happened in Brandon, Florida.) They sinned
against the LORD (2:25), and against God’s honor. Only God can provide reconciliation.
                                                                                                 9

The Sin Unto Death: (From my book, Explore the Brain for the Soul, 2008, pp.115-
119.)
I John 5:16
16. If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give
him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall
pray for it.
Hebrews 6:4-6
4. For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly
gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
5. And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
6. If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to
themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.

Hebrews 10:26-31
26. For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there
remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, (Christ will not be crucified again.)
27. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the
adversaries.
28. He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
29. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden
under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was
sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
30. For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith
the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
31. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Hebrews 12:15-17
15. Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing
up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;
16. Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his
birthright.
17. For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was
rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

Discussion of Sin Unto Death:
The Sin of Death: (I John 5:16)
In the Old Testament (Numbers 16: 24-33) wicked men in the congregation were killed by God
through Moses.
                                                                                               10

The false prophet named Balaam (who had a talking mule) “whose eye sees clearly, who hears
the word of God, who sees a vision from the Almighty, who fell in a trance, but having his eyes
open.” gave several “oracles” (parables) blessings to God’s people was killed by God through
Moses. (Numbers 24: 2-25; 31:7,8)

Habakkuk 2: 13-16 gives God’s specific picture of those who defy the knowledge of the
LORD and live immorally.
“Behold, is it not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the
people shall weary themselves for very vanity? For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge
of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour
drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also, that thou mayest look on their
nakedness! Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be
uncovered: the cup of the LORD's right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing
shall be on thy glory.”

Another example of Sin Unto Death is, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and
blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not
be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be
forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him,
neither in this world, neither in the world to come.” (Matthew 12: 31,32)

Jesus also said, “Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and
blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: But he that shall blaspheme against
the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation.” (Mark
3:28,29)

“Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be
salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot
of men.”(Matthew 5:13)

Peter gives the dramatic example of the Sin Unto Death of Ananias and Sapphira who were
killed by God. (Acts 5: 1-11) and “…fear came upon the church.”

Because of His displeasure God killed an immoral man in the church (I Corinthians 5:1-5) and
“many” in the church. (I Corinthians 11:30) The point is made that one apostate (one who has
renounced their faith) weakens the whole congregation.

Timothy addresses this in I Timothy 6: 20 (KJ or NIV)
                                                                                                  11

“Keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings and what is
falsely called knowledge”; and “Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the
truth.” (II Timothy 3:7)


Hebrews 6: 4-6; 10:26-31; 12: 15-17)
It is clear from the Scriptures that God must open the mind to knowledge of Himself. Many do
not have this knowledge.

“For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see
those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear,
and have not heard them.” (Matthew 13:17)

It is interesting that Hermes, a pagan Gnostic said, “If there is ignorance in the soul and learning
does not exist in the soul then incurable passions persist in the soul. If an unbeliever takes
something irreverent or profane into the temple he is a thief and a bandit.”

One must note that because the children of Israel angered God, he let that generation all die in
the desert except for two of them. Only Joshua and Caleb entered the Promised Land.
Thousands were people of faith who had “fallen away.” (Numbers 32: 10-15)

Those who “fell away” had certain markers of true Christians such as “once enlightened,
tasted of the heavenly gift, partakers of the Holy Spirit, tasted the good word of God, and
the powers of the world to come.” A true Christian will note in this list a dramatic absence of
any mention of a “love for God.” As a matter of Scripture they, “Crucify to themselves the Son
of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.” (Hebrews 6: 4-6)

This reveals that an extreme hardened mind has developed. They are an apostate or one who
has renounced a known faith. Jesus described this type of person to us, “Not every one that
saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the
will of my Father which is in heaven.” (Matthew 7:21)

Several well known interpreters disagree on the interpretation of these Scriptures and some
admit that they are not sure of the interpretation. This layman simply believes what it says.
Whether or not they were Christian (I believe they were not because I believe a true Christian
cannot “fall away” in the manner described.) they have lost their chance for salvation as clearly
stated.

John settles the question that those who “fall away” are not true Christians. “We know that
whosoever is born of God sinneth not (does not continue to sin, NIV); but he that is begotten
                                                                                             12

of God (born of God, NIV) keepeth himself and that wicked one toucheth him not.” (Cannot
harm him, NIV). (I John 5:18)

Eli’s sons sinned against the remedy of sin, the atonement itself. They had sinned against the
blood of the covenant. There is no more sacrifice. (Hebrews 10:26) Their heart had been
hardened, their conscience burned, their resistance was forfeited. Their shame is recorded for
all our generations to see. They are condemned to death by God. (2:25)

The LORD put Samuel as a child in a sleep and appeared to him three times. At this point
Samuel did not know the LORD or His Word. (3:7) Each time he thought it was Eli calling him
and answered, “Here I am” three times. Eli knew it was God and instructed Samuel to say,
“Speak, for thy servant hears.” (3: 5-10) (Samuel here learned to listen.)

God’s prophesy in 2:27-36 continues from the death of Eli’s sons. Solomon ended the house of
Eli. (I Kings 2:27)

I Samuel 2:27
“And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly
appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?” The “man of
God” here is not identified. God pronounces judgment on Eli because of his failure to
discipline his sons. Eli had served the LORD well otherwise. He died at age 98 in poverty
and blind. He fell backward and broke his neck after he learned his sons had lost the Ark
of God to the Philistines and they had been killed.

Chapter 3
Quarterly Lesson Continues:
I Samuel 3: 11-21        The “Presumptuous Sin”.
11. And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of
every one that heareth it shall tingle.
12. In that day I will perform against Eli all things, which I have spoken concerning his house:
when I begin, I will also make an end.
13. For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knoweth;
because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. (Defiled God’s house –
made light of it and God.) The Septuagint, (LXX, 70) is the translation of the Hebrew Bible into
Greek. (72 elders did the translation in 72 days?) Read I Samuel 3: 13 as “his sons blasphemed
God.” The penalty for this was death. (Leviticus 24:16)
14. And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not
be purged with sacrifice nor offering forever. (This is the unforgivable sin of the Old
Testament.)
                                                                                               13

15. And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And
Samuel feared to show Eli the vision.
16. Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And he answered, Here am I.
17. And he said, What is the thing that the Lord hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide it not
from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide any thing from me of all the things that
he said unto thee.
18. And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And Eli said, It is the LORD:
let him do what seemeth him good.
19. And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the
ground. (His words were reliable. All knew that he spoke the truth. )
20. And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a
prophet of the LORD.
21. And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh (modern Seilun) for the LORD revealed himself to
Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD. Shiloh is noted 10 times in I Samuel. It is noted
only 23 times in the rest of the Old Testament.

God said he was going to do something that would make “everyone’s ears tingle. (3:11) God
was prophesying the end of the “house of Eli”. His sons, the esteemed priests of God had
made themselves vile-immoral. “But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, (open
rebellion) whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD;
and that soul shall be cut off (die) from among his people. Because he hath despised the
word of the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off;
(be killed) his iniquity shall be upon him.” (Numbers 15:30,31) Eli and his sons were guilty
of the “presumptuous sin”. For such a sin there is no atonement or sacrifice. It is the
“unpardonable sin” in the Old Testament. (3:14)(The sentence is death, which is the meaning
of being “cut off from his people.”)

What is the “Presumptuous Sin”?
“Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; (arrogance) let them not have dominion
over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.”(Psalm
19:13) “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise
government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of
dignities.” (also shameless and irreverent, daring [W.E. Vine]) (II Peter 2:10) “But the soul that
doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same
reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off (killed) from among his people. (Numbers
15:30) “So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of
the LORD, and went presumptuously up into the hill.”(Deuteronomy 1:43) “And the man that
will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there
before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away
                                                                                              14

the evil from Israel. And all the people shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously.”
(Deuteronomy 17:12, 13)

The “presumptuous sins” are those noted in the Old Testament. Most of the people who sinned
fled from God. Others with “presumptuous sins” who knew God and stood at the door of their
tents as to out-face God Himself and dare Him to do His worst. Their hearts were so hardened
and they were fearless. This is Eli’s sons who grew up in the church, trained by the High
Priest, their father, Eli. They knew the LORD, but lived as if they did not. They managed
God’s House as if it were a barnyard. They profaned God, his church, His offerings, and His
people. They dishonor God more than they who worship idols. Their profaneness is a
wickedness not seen in idolatry. Their God was their own bellies. (Romans 16:18) They are
“Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come,
and my righteousness to be revealed.” (Isaiah 56:1) “And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or
caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook (three pronged meat fork) brought up the priest took
for himself. If they did not give the priest what he wanted he would take it by force.) (I Samuel
2:16) This is presumptuous arrogance. So they did in Shiloh, unto all the Israelites that came
thither.” (I Samuel 2:14) “Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the
LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.”(I Samuel 2:17) They preformed their sins
through the areas of their ministry. If you weary men, do you weary God also? “And he said,
Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my
God also? ”(Isaiah 7:13) They were sinning before God Himself in God’s own house. They
were impervious to God. They served their lusts with the offerings of the LORD. All religious
people suffered. The people thought the worst of God’s House. Nothing is worse than a
minister that sins against God in his own house. A righteous God, to be righteous, must
punish an unrighteous minister. Aaron’s sons did an improper sacrifice before the LORD
and they were immediately devoured by fire. (Leviticus 10:1-2) They had “presumptuous
sins.” They were capital offences. (Leviticus 7:25, 22:9) When the men looked into the Ark it
was a “presumptuous sin” and 50,070 men were killed. (I Samuel 6:19) They call themselves
ministers and priests. “For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of
the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins.” (Hebrews 10:26) Sometimes our
youth (and others) must be saved by fear and fire.” And others save with fear, pulling them out
of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. ”(Jude 23) Eli was too gentle to save
his sons and God severely punished him.

The word presumptuous may be a form of pride. Pride includes arrogance, conceit, self-
satisfaction, and boasting. Some say pride is the root of sin. Pride is indulging ones self.
Presumption is an attitude of action that involves a belief such as conscious rebellion against
God. They have been blinded by a belief in themselves that is above God. One with
presumptuous sins does not abhor or hate evil. (They love evil, sin) (Psalms 36:4) It is an evil
excessive boldness and overconfidence. The have taken over the things of God. They
                                                                                              15

knowingly and purposely violate the commands of God and count sin presumptuously. It is an
open rebellion against God. (Deuteronomy 1:43, 17:12, 13)

The “doors of the house” is the entrance to the court of the tabernacle. “God do so to thee, more
also” is an oath from Eli. (I Samuel 3:17) (David gave a similar oath, “So do God to me, and
more also”, II Samuel 3:35, Saul also used this oath in I Samuel 14:44, and Ruth in Ruth 1:17.)
Men add a similar oath to their own name to support its truthfulness as in I Samuel 20:13 and
II Samuel 3:9. (When we take an oath in a court of law it is “our name before God to tell the
truth.”) Eli accepted God’s judgment. He remained faithful to God even though he failed as
a father. (Here is a man that remained faithful to God, but failed as a father and was punished
by God in this world.) Eli was not separated from God in eternity. He was a man of God who
answered Samuel, “It is the LORD: let him do what seemeth good to Him.” (3:18)

Eli did not question God’s integrity. He did not object to his sentence. He accepted the
punishment. God’s will be done! He judged Israel 40 years, but died at age 98 in poverty at the
“wayside gate” (4:18) All Israel knew that Samuel was the prophet of the LORD who had
revealed His word to him.

Jesus words summarize the presumptuous sin. “If I had not come and spoken unto them,
they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.”(John 15:22) Jesus says if I
tell you about your sin and you still do it you have no cover or excuse for your sins. This also
refers to repeated sins as in Psalm 78:17.
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13 June 2010
Quarterly Lesson
Recognize the Holiness and Follow the Living God.


Title: When Religion Fails (Religion does not fail. It’s the people
that fail!)
What is our religion? Christianity. Can Christianity ever fail us? Of course not! We fail it!
Will God fail us? Will Jesus fail us?

In the broadest sense “religion” is a complex of faith and conducts related to gods and the souls
and moral order. There is no word in the Old Testament that can be translated “religion”.
(Oxford Bible, Metzger and Coogan p. 645) James 1:26 If any man among you seem to be
religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
“Pure religion and undefiled before God and the father is this, To visit the fatherless and
widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.”(James 1:27) In
the King James Version the word “too superstitious” is changed to “very religious” in the
NIV. (Acts 17:22) In Acts 26:5 Paul refers to the “straightest sect of our religion as a
Pharisee.” (Acts 25:5) The “fear of the Lord” has been translated “religion” in Proverbs 1:7.
The best description of a religion in the Bible is probably the description of Christ. (Isaiah 11:2)
(Which includes the “fear of the Lord”) Because of the rarity of the word “religion” in the
Bible makes it inappropriate language to use of ancient Israel or of earliest Christianity.
(Oxford Bible p.645) All through the books of Samuel we learn that God never fails. It is the
people who fail. Our religion (Christianity) never fails!

The Ruin of Eli’s House (The ruin of all of his future generations. The last descendent of
Eli was Abiathar who was thrust out by Solomon. (I Kings 2:27)

Chapter 4 The ruin and deaths of the house of Eli and the Philistines who were the
primary enemy of Israel.

I Samuel 4:3-5 The Ark of the Covenant was captured by the Philistines.
3. And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the
Lord smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us fetch the Ark of the Covenant of the
LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of
our enemies. Instead of asking God they took the matter into their own hands. (They were
treating the Ark like a “rabbit’s foot” or a “good luck charm”.)
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Israel had sinned. They did not see it. They were displeased with God and seemed to quarrel
with God. Man’s own foolishness perverts him and he blames the LORD. (Proverbs 19:3)
4. So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the Ark of the Covenant of
the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth between the Cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and
Phinehas, were there with the ark of the Covenant of God. The Ark was their responsibility to
protect.
5. And when the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a
great shout, so that the earth rang again.

The elders of Israel were ignorant and foolish and thought the ark would help them and
they lost it. The ark was to be put in a place that God would choose, not the elders.
(Deuteronomy 12:5)

The Philistines:
The Philistines are first noted in the Bible when Abraham stayed there “many days”. (Genesis
21:34) The Philistines were present during the Exodus because the LORD said to go out of the
way and avoid them. (Exodus 13:17) The Philistines remained the major threat to Shamgar
(Judges 3:31), David, Saul, (They killed him and his sons.) Solomon, and Samson (who they
also killed because of a woman) Listen! The Philistines are still with us. The word “Palestine”
is a word derived from “Philistine”. Palestinians are descendents of the Philistines. The
Romans in 135 A.D. renamed the Judea province Palestine. Their origin is not clear, but they
were among the Sea Peoples who invaded Egypt in 1188 B.C. The Philistines from Egyptian
records revealed them to be known as the “Sea Peoples”. They had migrated from the Aegean
Island and Asia Minor to the eastern Mediterranean coast in 1200 B.C. The Philistines had
beaten Israel who lost about 4000 men on the flat plain of the coast where the Philistines could
use their chariots. (4:1,2) They had 30,000 chariots, 6000 horsemen, and as many people as
“sand on the seashore”. (13:5) The original home of the Philistines according to the Bible
appears to be at Caphtor. (Deuteronomy 2:23, Jeremiah 47:4, Amos 9:7) The Philistines have
been prominent in history since the time of the Judges-Between the death of Joshua and the
beginning kingship of Israel by Saul. The Judges were the military heroes that protected Israel.
(1380-1050 B.C.) Chaos is first defined when “Every man does what is right in their own
eyes.” (Judges 17:6) “In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was
right in his own eyes.” (Judges 21:25) The wars of the LORD. (The Holy Wars.) “The LORD is
a man of war.” (Exodus 15:3) There are wars of the LORD. (Numbers 21:14, I Samuel 18:17)
The LORD of Hosts refers to the God of the Armies of Israel. (I Samuel 17:45) In the Table of
Nations of the generations of Noah’s sons the Philistines are noted in Genesis 10:14. Damascus
is noted by Abram in Genesis 15:2. The Assyrian king conquered the chief Philistine cities in
715 B.C. The Philistines were also captured, deported, and ravaged by Nebuchadnezzar with the
                                                                                               18

Jews to Babylon in 586 B.C. There was no hope for the revitalization of a once mighty
people. They used the psychological effects of war and wore plumed or feathered headdresses,
which added to their height. They had the latest heavy armor and chariots. Their most important
god was Dagon. The Philistines imported iron manufactured from the Hittites and were the first
with iron weapons. The book of I Samuel reveals many of Israel’s military activity with the
Philistines. (4:1-2, 10-11; 7:7-11; 13:3-7; 14:1-23, 47, 52; 17:1-54; 18:25-27; 23:27-28;
Chapters 28-29; 31:1-10).       [8 References in Samuel]

The elders of Israel prepared for the next battle by bringing to the battlefield the Ark of the
Covenant. “It may save us.” (4:3) The LORD of Hosts (God’s Army) dwelled between 2
cherubim on top of the Ark. (Exodus 25:22; Numbers 7:89) They made an idol of the Ark.
Some religious people depend on rituals and external observances and for those who have
deemed the power of God. Not to worship God is not to worship at all.

The earth shook in the presence of the Ark. The Philistines heard the noise and were afraid.
(4:5-8) They were told to be like men and fight. (4:9)

I Samuel 4: 10, 20-22
10. And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and
there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
11. And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
The Ark was taken and Eli’s sons were slain.
20. And about the time of her death (daughter-in-law of Eli and wife of one of his sons now also
dead) the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she
answered not, neither did she regard it.
21. And she named the child Ichabod, saying, the glory is departed from Israel: because the
ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.
22. And she said, the glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken. And she died.
The captivity of the Ark was more grievous to her than her death or the death of her
husband or father-in-law. The loss of the Ark was to the people a symbol that God had gone
into exile. (God was still present) (The Philistines dominated Israel for 40 years. 20 years under
Eli, and 20 years under Samson. (Judges 15:20)

How would you know if God’s glory had been removed from your life? Glory means something
“heavy” or “important”. What carries the most weight in your life? Social activities, sleeping in
on Sunday, money in the bank, travel, or does God control all of your life? That is the way
you know who controls your life. (God or your wife?)
                                                                                              19

They trusted the Ark rather than God and suffered a crushing defeat. The Ark was taken
by the Philistines. Eli’s two sons were killed and when Eli heard this news he fell backwards,
broke his neck and died. (4:11, 18)

Chapter 5
The Ark of the Covenant
The Ark of the Covenant is one of the most important objects in the Old Testament. It
represented the presence of God. It was a sacred object. If anyone touched it they immediately
died. Even in the days of Moses God wanted to be worshiped in certain types of places. All they
had were two Tablets of stone. They believed that God’s presence was with them there. The
Tablets were too sacred and fragile to be carried by man’s hands through the wilderness. By the
command of God they made an Ark (a Latin word meaning box) in which to place the stones
and to keep them since they represented the presence of God. This was God’s special home
where they could worship Him and find out His will for them. They needed a special tent to
hold the Ark. It was called the “Tabernacle.” (Latin for “tent”.) At first, only Moses and Joshua
were allowed inside. Later Aaron and his sons had the duty of looking after it. They would
sometimes take the Ark into battle with them.

The LORD said thou shall put into the Ark the testimony which I give thee.
(Exodus 25:16, 40:20; Deuteronomy 10:5; I Kings 8:9)

As noted later temples were built for the Ark. This included ones at:
Shiloh, Nob, Bethel, Dan, Ephraim, and the most famous Solomon’s
Temple.

The Ark of the Covenant is repeatedly referred to in I Samuel: It was called the Ark of the
LORD in Gilgal by Joshua in 6:11 and the ark of God in I Samuel 3:3, and the Ark of the
Testimony (Covenant) in Exodus 25:22). The Ark was the only object in the most High Place of
Moses’ tabernacle; God spoke to Moses here once a year for the atonement of the sins of the
people (Leviticus 16:16, 34) and later in Solomon’s Temple. (The same word can also be
translated coffin in which Joseph’s embalmed body was placed in after he died at age 110 in
Egypt. (Genesis 50: 26) On top of the mercy seat was two angelic gold statues called cherubim
at opposite ends. They marked the place of the LORD. In I Samuel 4:4 it was referred to as the
Ark of the Covenant and the Ark of the Covenant of God. The Ark of God is noted in II Samuel
6:2, 4. God wrote the 10 Commandments on stone. This was the words of the covenant.
(Exodus 34:28) “There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put
there at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came
out of the land of Egypt.”(I Kings 8:9, I Chronicles 5:10) (There should have been a jar of
manna. Exodus 16:33-34 and Aaron’s rod. Numbers 17:10; Hebrews 9:4) The priest, the son of
                                                                                              20

Levi carried the Ark during the wilderness wanderings. (Deuteronomy 31:9) The priest held the
Ark into the flooded Jordan River and the waters parted and all the Israelites passed over dry
ground. (Joshua 3:17) The Ark, trumpets, people circling the city, and shouting after seven days
the walls of Jericho fell down flat. (Joshua 6:20) The Ark was at Bethel in Judges 20:27 (Bethel
served as a sanctuary during the times of the Patriarchs, Judges and the divided kingdom. It was
second only to Jerusalem as a religious center.)

The frightened elders of Israel developed a faith in the Ark instead of God and the Philistines
defeated them. They had brought the Ark out of Shiloh to Aphek. Israel lost 30,000 men and the
Philistines captured the Ark. The two sons of Eli were killed and he fell backwards and broke
his neck at the age of 98 and died. Eli had judged Israel 40 years. (I Samuel 4:10,11,15,18)

Eli who was dead had a daughter in-law whose husband was also dead. She was ready to
deliver. She died in childbirth. Her son was named Ichabod, which mean’s “the glory is
departed from Israel”. (I Samuel 4:19, 20,21,22) The Ark was gone. It went to the Philistine
house of Dagon their god in Ashdod. During two nights it fell and was broken to pieces. The
people did not return to the house of Dagon. (I Samuel 5:3,4,5) Ashdod was destroyed, the
people killed, and smote with hemorrhoids. (5:6) The people moved the Ark to Gath, where the
city was destroyed, the people killed and were stricken with hemorrhoids in their “private
parts”. (5:9) The Ark was then sent to Ekon where the people and the city were destroyed and
had hemorrhoids. (5:10,11,12)

The Philistines had the Ark seven months and they called Israel and said, “Tell us where to
send the Ark?” (6:2) It was taken by way of Beth-shemesh and the Philistines lords went with
them to Beth-shemesh apparently in the border zone with Judah. (Joshua 15:10) The five lords
of the Philistines returned to offer trespass offerings to God. They made golden images of their
hemorrhoids and mice that marred the land. Five golden hemorrhoids for the five lords from:
Ashdod, Goya, Ashelon, Gath, and Ekron. Golden mice were given according to a number of
Philistine cities. (6:4-5, 16-18) God smote 50,070 men of Beth-shemesh because of their
curiosity they looked into the Ark of the LORD. (6:19) The Ark was returned to Kirjath-jearin
where it stayed for 20 years. (I Samuel 7:2) David brought the Ark to Jerusalem. When he
moved the Ark to Jerusalem he stopped at Chidon. Uzzah put forth his hand to hold the Ark
because the ox stumbled. God killed him because he put his hand on the Ark. (I Chronicles 13:
9, 10) The Ark arrived in Jerusalem. (II Samuel 6:16, I Chronicles 15:29) The Ark disappeared
when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B.C. The Ark will be seen again when the
temple of God is opened in Heaven. (Revelation 11:19)

Why is the Ark of the Covenant important to us? The word “sacred” is not in the Bible, but it
Is synonymous with Blessed, Divine, Hallowed, Holy, and Sanctified. The opposite is
“sacrilege”, which is a violation of something consecrated to God. It is also a gross irreverence
                                                                                               21

to a hallowed place such as a place of worship. It is a grave sin in itself. A Seraphim is the
highest order of angels. The only place they are noted in the Bible is by Isaiah in Chapter 6:2,3.
“They were above the LORD sitting high on His throne and they cried one to another the
trihagon, Holy, Holy, Holy is the LORD of Hosts: the whole earth is full of His glory.” Tradition
lists nine orders of angels. The Seraphim is the highest and the Cherubim are in the next place.
(Oxford)

“Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any
man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which
temple ye are. ” (I Corinthians 3: 16, 17) We as redeemed people are referred to as saints in the
Bible (Romans 1:7) and “saints” Literally means “holy ones.” Why is knowledge of the Ark of
God important to us? Our bodies have replaced the Ark as the Temple of God!!

Chapter 5
I Samuel 5: 1-4          The Ark (God) takes care of itself as noted further in I Samuel 5:3-12;
                         6:19-20.
1. And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.
2. When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it
by Dagon.
3. And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his
face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place
again. (Dagon had the lower body of a fish and an upper body of a man.)
4. And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face
to the ground before the ark of the LORD; and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his
hands were cut off upon the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him. (To the ancient
culture the loss of one’s head was proof of his death. The loss of hands was related to a
casualty count.) (Dagon was in the same temple where Samson pulled down the pillar and killed
3000 people. This was more that he did during life. [Judges 16:23, 27, 30] The Ark was in
Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron before it was returned to Israel.)

Disaster struck the camp of the Philistines and they sent the Ark back with presents after seven
months. (6:1,15)

Dagon was the chief god of the Philistines who controlled the weather and crop fertility. Twice
Dagon fell prostrate before the Ark as if worshiping it. The priests to Dagon were destroyed.
(5:6) They were struck with “hemorrhoids”. (The true meaning if the is unknown, but seem to
refer to tumors or boils.) This was a plague that came on every Philistine city where the Ark was
taken. (5:8,9,10)
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Chapter 6                 The return of the Ark to Israel
I Samuel 6: 19-21 The ark is returned to the land of Israel. By an overbold curiosity some
Israelites looked into the Ark and God killed them.
19. And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the
LORD, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men (50,070):
and the people lamented, because the LORD had smitten many of the people with a great
slaughter. (This was a “presumptuous sin.”)
20. And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and
to whom shall he go up from us?
21. And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have
brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. The Ark stayed here
until David took it to Jerusalem. (II Samuel 6:12)

“The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong
unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.”(Deuteronomy
29:29; Colossians 2:18) It is an affront to God for vain men to meddle with the secret things,
which do not belong to them. The ark came out of the house of the Philistines like Christ came
out of the grave, by its own power. (Matthew Henry)

Who is able to stand against the God of Israel?
God Himself gets a reverent adoration. “Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which
no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power
everlasting. Amen.” (I Timothy 6:16)
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20 June 2010

Seek the LORD During the Problems of Life and
Experience the Victory!
When External Threats Come (Things in this life.)
Chapter 7 gives us the best account of Samuel and his judgeships that we have of him in the
prime of his time. (The others relate to him as a child or an old man.) He was able to reform the
Israelites from idolatry and revived their faith and belief in God among them. He prayed against
the Philistines and God answered his prayer and with the power of God the Israelites had a
glorious victory. They erected a stone in recognition of God’s help. Samuel brought victory to
Israel by bringing Israel back to the LORD. Samuel was linked to Moses as one of Israel’s
greatest leaders. (Psalms 99:6; Jeremiah 15:1)

We have many threats; health, storms, floods, or economic failure, etc. It has been noted
repeatedly by many people that when one truly trusts God and His promises we have no
fear, but we know to seek (Pray) and trust God. If one has tension there is a lack of belief in
God. This is distrust and an insult to His promises! With proper trust in God your problems will
look like a bunch of dead ants, just sweep them in the trash. Death and problems with God are
like water being poured out on the ground. (I Samuel 7:6; II Samuel 14:14, 23:16) God
delivered Israel only when they repented and turned wholeheartedly back to God. The power of
the movement was Israel’s heart, not God’s Ark.

I Samuel 7:2-17
7:1 The Ark was brought to Kirjath-jearim (KIHR ih ath-JEE uh rim). Eleazar means “God is
Help or Power”. He was consecrated or set apart to care for the Ark. They sent messengers
to get the ark of the LORD. There is 20 years between verse one and verse two when the people
began to return to the LORD.
I Samuel 7:2 (The Ark was obscure during the reign of Saul.)
2. And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was
twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented (mourned aloud) after the LORD.

The twenty years was before Samuel called the assembly at Mizpah. The Ark remained at
Kirjathjearim for about one hundred years and remained there until David brought it to
Jerusalem. (I Chronicles 13:6;II Samuel 5:5; 6:2, 17,18)
                                                                                                24

I Samuel 7:3
3. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return (repent) unto the
Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and
prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the
hand of the Philistines. Samuel here promises deliverance if they prepare their hearts. They
had to put away their idols and leave idolatry to worship God. This is a preview of the rest of
this chapter.

“If you return to the LORD”. (What does this mean?) That is repent from sin. Be loyal to
God and have His Divine blessing restored. “And it shall come to pass, when all these things
are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before thee, and thou shalt call
them to mind among all the nations, whither (to what ever place) the LORD thy God hath
driven thee, And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and shalt obey his voice according to all
that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy
soul;..If thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments
and his statutes which are written in this book of the law, and if thou turn unto the LORD
thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. For this commandment which I
command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off.”(Deuteronomy
30:1,2,10,11)

It is not in heaven or beyond the sea. It is near to thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that you
may do it. This means believe, confess and call. I have set before you this day, life and good,
death and evil. (Deuteronomy 30:12-15, abbreviated)

“If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek
my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive
their sin, and will heal their land. Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto
the prayer that is made in this place.”(II Chronicles 7:14,15) God hears our prayers when we
repent and seek Him.

Ashtaroth was a plural name for the gods of Canaan. It included the goddess of fertility,
sexuality, and war.

I Samuel 7:4
4. Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim (male god) and Ashtaroth (female god),
and served the LORD only.
Baal was a warrior god with a horned helmet, a club, and a spear with leaves. The children of
Israel destroyed the idol’s images.
                                                                                                25

Samuel led the people in a spiritual cleansing as Jacob did (Genesis 35:2) and Joshua did.
(Joshua 24:14, 23) There is a negative and a positive in these scriptures. Purify your hearts and
get rid of all pagan idols. The positive is to commit yourselves (establish your hearts”) and serve
Him only. This gives victory over our enemies. (Leviticus 26:7,8) “Five of you will chase a
hundred.” (Deuteronomy 28:7)

I Samuel 7: 5, 6
5. And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LORD.
6. And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the
LORD, (This was a sign of repentance and confession and an offering to the LORD and that
the LORD’s favor was more important than life-sustaining waters. It is repeated in II Samuel
14:14, 23:16) and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the Lord. (A
public confession) True repentance always results in a changed behavior. And Samuel judged
the children of Israel in Mizpeh. (There seems to be a parallel between Samuel at Mizpeh and
Moses in the Exodus. (17-18) (Samuel is introduced as a judge here.)

This was a prayer meeting where Samuel was settling disputes. (This will be further discussed
in 8:6; 12:19, 23; Psalms 99:6, and Jeremiah 15:1)

I Samuel 7: 7-17
7. And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel (evil comes out of good) were
gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. (Israel was
invaded) And when the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines. (Their
mourning turned to fear.)
8. And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to cry unto the LORD our God for us,
that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines. They were being prepared for prayer.
9. And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the LORD:
and Samuel cried unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD heard him. He intercedes by
sacrifice as a supplement to prayer.
10. And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against
Israel: but the LORD thundered with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and
discomfited (confused) them; and they were smitten before Israel. This was a quick answer to
prayer. (Hannah referred to the thunder of the LORD. I Samuel 2:10) (God used thunder to
produce panic in Israel’s enemies.)
11. And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued the Philistines, and smote them,
until they came under Bethcar (location unknown). This was an answer to Samuel’s prayer and
God gave them a glorious victory. Israel went from mourning aloud, to fear, to glorious
victory.
12. Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, (a jagged rock or “tooth”.)
and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto (thus far, all along) hath the Lord helped
                                                                                              26

us. (Stone of help.) This was a thankful moment to the glory of God. (“Ebenezer” in a country
church means, “Remember what God has done” such as Jericho, parting of the sea, etc.”
“Here I rasie mine Ebenezer” from the hymn “Come thou Fount of Every Blessing”) This is a
different Ebenezer than noted in 4:1 and 5:1) “Here I raise mine Ebenezer; Hither by thy help
I’m come…”
13. So the Philistines were subdued, and they came no more into the coast of Israel: and the
hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. Samuel secured the
public peace.
14. And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, (By the
courage and demand of Samuel) from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel
deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites.
Samuel was a protector and deliverer to Israel, not by the sword as Gideon, not by strength as
Samson, but by the power of God. Devotion to God is the best security of a nation or our life.
15. And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. He taught them their duty and reported
their sins.
16. And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged
Israel in all those places. He judged all Israel, as did Moses and Ezekiel. He also taught them
and reformed them.
17. And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and
there he built an altar unto the LORD. In keeping with the public exercise of faith and belief
in God, he built an altar where he lived for his family and his country. We should all use our
wealth, power, and interest for the keeping of faith and belief in God where we live.
(These verses 15-17 summarized Samuel’s career.)

The Philistines were alerted by the prayer meeting. (Pagans, and non-Christians, fear people
when they pray.) They prepared an attack. The children of Israel said do not cease to pray for
victory. They were dependent solely on the power of God through prayer. Samuel offered a
burnt offering and cried until the LORD heard him. To commemorate their victory through
God’s intervention, Samuel set up a memorial stone on the battlefield. It was named Ebenezer.
(“Stone of Help”.) The Philistines made no more attacks against Israel during Samuel’s
judgeship.

For all Israel Samuel was a prophet and judge. He was judge more times that anyone else in the
Bible. (Four times in this chapter 7 verse 6, 15, 16, 17.) Mizpeh, Bethel, and Gilgal were cities
that functioned as gathering places for the entire nation. Samuel was Israel’s most venerable
(deserving) judge/prophet since Moses.

Look what God did for undeserving Israel. “Look for something everyday that only God can
do.” (Henry Bachaby)
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27 June 2010

We all Make Mistakes, But If We are Wise, We Don’t
Make Them Twice.

When I Make Poor Choices (When I Make Mistakes.)
(This is poor wording. The better word here is “mistakes”. Poor “choices” is
different. One may decide between banana cream pie and red velvet cake and
realize that they made a poor choice, but that is not a mistake!) Choice is an act
of selecting. Mistake is to make a wrong judgment or to blunder. Modern society
does not like to admit the strong fact of a mistake. They like to dampen the effect
by saying to their child, “You just made a poor choice.”

The people wanted a king. (They did not know when they were well off.)

Samuel made his sons judges over Israel when he was old. (8:1) This is unusual. Usually God
appointed the judges. His sons were Joel (The LORD is God) and Abijah (“My Father is the
Lord”.) His sons were evil and walked “not in His ways”, but were after money, took bribes,
and perverted their judgments. The people wanted a king to replace them. (8:2-5) They
were trading a direct route to God through His prophets for a king they did not know.

Quarterly Lesson
I Samuel 8:6-9
Samuel was old and the tribal leaders went to his home in Ramah. His sons who were their
leaders now did not “walk in Samuel’s ways.” The tribal leaders had not met as a group
since Moses (Deuteronomy 31:28) and his death. (Deuteronomy 33: 1, 34:5)

6. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said; Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel
prayed unto the LORD. They wanted the prestige of a king as other nations had kings.
7. And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say
unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign
over them. They had rejected God.
8. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up
out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods,
so do they also unto thee. (They rejected God in all history up to the point.)
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9. Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew
them the manner of the king that shall reign over them. God here through Samuel is warning
them.

(A bit of historical information that Samuel did not have! Of course God did have it and
God let the people “shoot themselves in the foot.” (All the people from Alabama
understand what this means.) There were a total of 42 kings who reigned over Israel and
Judah - 32 or 76% were bad kings!)

The Jews made three mistakes in requesting a king. (All Evil)
   1) First, they broke God’s covenant with Moses. God had promised to be their ruler and
      protector. (Exodus 31:13, 16-17; 19:8; 24:3,7,8) They broke their promises to God
      before Moses got down off the mountain. (Exodus 32:7; Jeremiah 31:32)
   2) Second, they broke their covenant with God. The covenant designated Israel to be
      holy and set apart. By requesting a king they were identified with their pagan neighbors.
   3) Third, The elder’s request for a king shows they had forgotten God’s protection in
      history. They were to be subservient to a king and not to God. (I Samuel 12:17)

Samuel thought they were rejecting his leadership and God felt the people wanted a king to
follow instead of Him. Samuel warned them that a king would not solve their problems. (Note
the kingship was founded in conflict between deity, prophet, and people.) Samuel had not
indulged his sons as Eli had.

A king would draft young men into the military, make them farm his fields, prepare for war, run
before his chariots, draft young men to serve in his palace, tax the crops and flocks, and a king
would take away their personal freedom. (8: 10-17) they were choosing their own path. They
could not expect God to help them. (8:18,19) The king with them as his army would be
fighting their battles instead of God. (8:20) Samuel was the mediator between God and the
people. God said, “Hear their voice and make them a king.” (8:21, 22) They did not heed the
warnings of Samuel against having a king versus direct communication with God from a
prophet. Samuel’s prophecy was correct. The kingdom split into two kingdoms, Israel and Judah
in 931 B.C. Later Israel fell, (722 B.C.) then Judah fell (586 B.C.) and Israel was no more and
does exist today as in the line of David.

Chapter 9                The Process of Saul Becoming King
This begins the story of Saul, the first king of Israel. Saul (means “Asked For”) a handsome,
tall, man with great potential for leadership was selected to be the first king of Israel. (It is
interesting that there were no other prospects that stepped forward who wanted to be king.) “To
morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint
him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the
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Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me. And when
Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! This
same shall reign over my people… And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel
said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and they passed on,) but stand thou still a while,
that I may shew thee the word of God.” (I Samuel 9: 16,17, 27)

Chapter 10           Saul Was Anointed King By Samuel For God.
He had inherited God’s nation, Israel. (Deuteronomy 4:10, 9:26)

In Chapter 10 Saul was anointed by God thorough Samuel. (Verse 1) This was a religious act.
“The Spirit of the LORD (Holy Spirit) will come upon thee, you will prophesy, and ye shall be
turned into another man. (Verse 6) By these signs you will know that God is with thee. The
Spirit of God came upon him and he prophesied. God gave him another heart. (10:6,9,10) All
the people said, “God save the king.” (10:24) A new monarch is selected and a new monarchy
comes onto the scene in history.

The Dead Sea Scrolls adds (confirmed by Josephus) this to I Samuel
10:27 (This is a repeat of 11:1,2)
Now Nahash, king of the Ammonites, had been previously oppressing the Gadites and the
Rubenites. He would gouge out the right eye of each of them and would not grant Israel a
deliverer. (They had the choice to lose their right eye or die.) No one was left of the Israelites
across the Jordan whose right eye Nahash, king of the Ammonites, had not gouged out. But
there were seven thousand men who had escaped from the Ammonites and had entered
Jabesh-gilead. This is one of the events that made the people want a king.

Why could a captured warrior live if his captor gouged out his right eye? A warrior carried his
shield on his left arm. This long shield protected his head and his body. The right hand was used
to fight with his sword or spear. Without his right eye he was blind in hand-to-hand combat and
he was useless as a warrior.

Chapter 11              Saul’s Government Begins
Saul was continuing to farm until the Israelites needed him. (11:5) The Spirit of God came
upon Saul and he delivered them from their enemies at Jabest. (11:6,11) They slew the
Ammonites. Nahash (means snake) was king. They were so scattered that two of them did not
remain together. (11:11) The LORD brought salvation in Israel. (11:13) Saul was made king
in Gilgal. (11:15) There was great rejoicing.
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Chapter 12
This was Samuel’s farewell sermon. He gave the government to the hands of Saul. He
reminded them of the great things (righteous act of God for them) God had done for them
and their fathers. (12:1-15) God had delivered them out of the hands of their enemies and they
agreed to serve God. (Verses 10, 11)

“Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous
acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your fathers.”(12:7) God’s saving deeds of
righteousness is a mark of godly genius that God tried to teach the Israelites. The term for
righteousness is used to describe a trait of God’s character. His righteousness is also what God
does for His people. Some of this is noted by Samuel. (12:7-9)

I Samuel 12:13, 14 (Verse: 12 states, “The LORD your God was your King!”) (Now you
have a mere man over you.)
13. Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired! and,
behold, the LORD hath set a king over you. “And he gave them their request; but sent leanness
into their soul.”(Psalms 106:15)
14. If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the
commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you
continue following the LORD your God: (Even with a king you still have to worship the
LORD.)The people and the king were to follow the LORD. They had the same command.

The “fear of the LORD” is not just a pious attitude, but an obedient reaction to God’s holy
character. (They had forgotten, “Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and
in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in
Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.” (Joshua 24:14) and “And now, Israel, what doth the LORD
thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love
him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul.”
(Deuteronomy 10:12) They were to stand in awe of the LORD.

I Samuel 12: 15, 16
15. But if ye will not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the
Lord, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you, as it was against your fathers. They
could not evade God’s justice by getting a king. They are warned once again to obey God.
16. Now therefore stand and see this great thing (rain and thunder), which the LORD will do
before your eyes.

The curses for not obeying God’s covenant are noted in Deuteronomy 28:17-57 and include
crop calamities, oppression, drought, slavery, exile, family tragedy, helplessness, horror,
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idolaters, military defeat, no rest from fear, perish, diseases, poverty, and siege by nations.
(Does this sound like our economic recession?)

I Samuel 12:17,18
17. Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and
rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in
the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king.
 18. So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that (clear)
day: and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel.

God sent rain as a miracle (the great thing) in May and June on the wheat harvest to convince
the people of their great wickedness in asking for a king. He spoke to them with “thunder and
rain”. Samuel was still famous as the son of prayer. (Moses through God sent thunder, rain, and
hail as a warning to the Pharaoh just before he let them go our of Egypt. Exodus 9:23,24;
10:9,10)

I Samuel 12:19, 20
19. And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God that we
die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to ask us a king. (The king could not
intercede for them. They had a contrite (penitent) confession of sin; we do not want to die.
20. And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness: yet turn not
aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your heart; Being frightened
here is to bring them to God, not away from Him. God is still in control. Don’t be afraid. (All
your heart is like a covenant.)

Samuel said do not fear the death penalty for your disobedience.

I Samuel 12:21
21. And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things, which cannot profit nor
deliver; for they are vain. (Do not turn away and follow useless things.)

Vain things (empty things) refer to false gods, and idols or something not real as nothingness
or a false god.

I Samuel 12:22
22. For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath
pleased the LORD to make you his people. This was established with the Sinai Covenant. God
will not abandon His people.

For His great names sake, God will not forsake his people.
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I Samuel 12:23, 24
23. Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for
you: but I will teach you the good and the right way: They will continue in God’s care.
24. Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great
things he hath done for you. Samuel is giving them a practical belief and faith, and a serious
Godliness.
Ceasing to pray is a moral compromise and is a sin.

The Nation Had Three-Things To Do:
   1. “Serve the LORD with all your heart.” (I Samuel 12:20)
   2. “To fear the LORD” (I Samuel 12:24)
   3. “To consider the great things He hath done for you”. (I Samuel 12:24)

This required total involvement of each person. Moses also prayed for the nation of Israel.
(Exodus 32:11; Numbers 11: 2; 21:7; Deuteronomy 9:26) and Samuel followed as another
example of prayer for a nation.

I Samuel 12:25
25. But if ye shall still do wickedly (Do evil), ye shall be consumed (swept away), both ye and
your king.
This refers to God’s ultimate judgment to the people and the king.

Samuel was a continuous faithful watchman; he gave them warning and so delivered his
own soul. Chapter 12 can also be considered a coronation sermon for Saul.

End of the Four Sunday’s in June 2010.
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4 July 2010

God Looks at Our Heart, “Not At Our Ears as Most Humans
Do”.
The Power of Choice (Bad “Choice” of Words.)
“Ye shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn
aside to the right hand or to the left. Ye shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God
hath commanded you, that ye may live, and that it may be well with you, and that ye may
prolong your days in the land which ye shall possess.” (Deuteronomy 5:32)

THERE IS NO POWER IN CHOICE – THE POWER IS IN OBEDIENCE!!!
This lesson is about obedience and the results of not obeying God!
“The understanding of a man is in the candle of the LORD”. (Proverbs 20:27)

Chapter 13               The Decline of Saul in the Kingship
The people now had a king and they thought they would be great. That did not happen. As Saul
began to reign things began to go bad. Saul was infatuated with himself. Saul is described as a
spiritual rebel against the LORD’s Word. He did not obey. He committed two of the most
serious sins. He rejected God’s Word through active disobedience in not waiting for Samuel
and disobeyed God who instructed him to kill all life among the Amalekites. (15:3) Saul saved
the best for himself and also he spared the king Agag. Samuel “hewed Agag to pieces” in the
presence of all. (15:33) Samuel gave a stern warning to the people and a royal warning to
the king that if they did wickedness they would be destroyed. (12:25) Saul was invaded by his
neighbors, deserted by his soldiers, his own spirit dropped, and he preformed the sacrifice in
confusion. Samuel scolded him, and he was rejected by God from being king. The people were
miserable, (verse 6), the people diminished in number (verses15, 16), they were plundered
(Verses 17, 18), and they were disarmed. (Verses 19-23) They were now like all nations, their
glory had departed from them. They no longer had Samuel as a direct communication with
God. They had a king, a man over them. To rebel against God’s Word will cause one to lose
both their heritage and their destiny. (13:14) This is a key verse in Samuel.

After reigning for two years in Israel. Saul selected and trained an army of 3000 men.
(13:1,2) Jonathan as a leader of his group defeated the Philistines in Geba, all Israel and the
Philistines heard this, the Philistines prepared to fight. They had 30,000 chariots, 6000
horsemen, and people “like the sand of the sea”. (13:3-5) The men of Israel were distressed and
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hid in caves. Some of them left the country. The people that “followed Saul were trembling.”
(13:6)

Quarterly Lesson
I Samuel 13:8,9              The Power of Choice Obedience:
8. And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: (“Seven days
shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee and show thee what thou shalt do”. (I Samuel 10:8) but
Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
9. And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the
burnt offering.

Samuel had told Saul to wait seven days. Some of the people lost courage and scattered. Saul
offered a burn offering himself. (There is a Biblical precedence for such an action that allows
“any man” to make a sacrifice. (Leviticus 1:2) His sin was not the sacrifice itself, but that he
did not wait for priestly assistance that came from God. He did not obey God’s spokesman in
Samuel.

I Samuel 13:10-14
10. And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering,
behold, Samuel came; (Samuel arrived at the end of the burnt offering. Since offerings were
done twice a day in the morning and evening the seven days were probably not up until the
evening offering. Numbers 28:4) and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.
11. And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were
scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the
Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash; (excuses)
12. Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not
made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
13. And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the
commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD
have established thy kingdom upon Israel forever. “The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the
people be.”(Genesis 49:10) (Come unto him means Jesus) (This corrected a potential
contradiction since Saul was from the tribe of Benjamin not Judah).
14. But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own
heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not
kept that which the LORD commanded thee. (Saul was divinely chosen and divinely rejected.)
“And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the
tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years. And when he had removed him, he raised up unto
them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the
son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfill all my will.”(Acts 13: 21,22)
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Saul’s sin was failure to keep the commandment God had given him through Samuel. (This
was divine inspiration from God to Samuel, which makes it authoritative. Saul’s disobedience
had broken the covenant that God had with him. God did the same thing to Solomon when he
broke God’s covenant with him. I Kings 11:11) To obey God is better than sacrifice. (15:22)
“And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer
burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I
come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.”(10:8) Saul gave three excuses for his
action: the people are scattered, the Philistines have gathered to attack, and I have to
make supplication to the LORD. Saul knew he had done wrong. He went out to meet
Samuel to salute him. He had not waited for Samuel’s instructions that he had given him. (10:8)
Saul felt self-sufficient. He felt it was not worth waiting for a prophet of the LORD, either to
pray for him or to give him advise. This was Saul’s offense. Only a prophet could give him
blessings, which he obviously felt he could do without. Saul showed no signs of repentance.
He was charged with disobedience. He justified himself. It is not sin that ruins men, but
sinning and not repenting, falling and not getting up. Hypocrites lay a great stress upon
external performances of religion. It is their excuse for neglecting the bigger things. He said he
had “forced himself.” What does that mean? It means he broke through his convictions. He
was foolish to think God would be pleased with his disobedience. The wicked and disobedient
man is an abomination of the LORD when he prays (Proverbs 28:9), when he uses incense
(Isaiah 1:13), when he does not return to the LORD (Jeremiah 4:1), and when he is
righteous and turns away from righteousness. (Ezekiel 18:24)

To disobey God is foolish. Sin is folly, and sinners are the greatest fools. (We are all sinners.)
Saul sealed his doom noted in the verse that some feel is the key verse of I Samuel. “But now
thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the
LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that
which the LORD commanded thee.”(13:14) “To sin against God is irreversible.”(15:35)

There is no little sin because there is no little God to sin against. Every sin is a forfeiting of
God’s heavenly kingdom. God rejected Saul for a sin that might have seemed little to a military
commander. He lost his kingdom because he did not wait a few hours. (A good commander
is also a follower.) (Do you know why God did not allow Moses to enter the Promised Land?
The people needed water and God told Moses to take his rod and gather the people together.
God told him to speak to the rock and it would bring forth water. Moses lifted up his rod and
smote the rock twice and water came out abundantly. God said to Moses, “because ye believed
Me not and did not sanctify Me, ye shall not enter the Promised Land.” (Numbers 20:8-12) God
said, “Cursed be the man that obeyeth not the words of the covenant”. (Jeremiah 11:3) “God
counted Abraham’s belief for righteousness”. (Genesis 15:16; Hebrews 11:8,17) The disciples
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noted that even “the winds and the sea obeyed Jesus.” (Matthew 8:27) God gave mercy and
forgiveness to David for what are said to be great sins because David repented and asked for
forgiveness.

Chapter 14              Jonathan and his armor bearer, with God’s help,
defeats the garrison of the Philistines.
This chapter portrays Jonathan’s defeat of the Philistines at Mishmash as an act of faith by
Jonathan. (14:9-13) There was so much confusion in the Philistine camp that they did not know
friend from foe. (14:20) This gave Saul a chance for victory. (Verses 17-23) Saul’s general
exploits (victories over Moab, Ammon, Edom, Zebah, Philistines, Amalekites) are noted in
verses 47 and 48.The names of Saul’s three sons are given: Jonathan, Ishui, and Melchishua.
(14:49)

Chapter 15                A key Chapter of I Samuel The Rejection of Saul
This is the final rejection of Saul for being king because he disobeyed God. Saul by definition
was a pathological liar because knowing better he continued to say he had done what God
told him to do. (15: 13,20)

This chapter is an important chapter in the story of Samuel and Saul. Samuel reminded Saul that
God had sent him to anoint him to be king of Israel. Listen to God’s Words and do what He
says. (15:1) The LORD of Hosts instructed Saul to destroy (This made it a holy war.) the
Amalekites including men, women, infants and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. (15:3)
Saul had 100,000 footmen and 10,000 from Judah. (15:4) He took king Agag alive and the best
of the sheep, oxen, lambs, and all that was good. (15: 8, 9) “Then came the word of the LORD
unto Samuel, saying, It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back
from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and
he cried unto the LORD all night…And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his
death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul
king over Israel.” (15:10, 11,35)

I Samuel 15:13
“And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have
performed the commandment of the LORD.” (15:13) (He had not.)

Samuel said, I hear sheep and oxen in my ears. (15:14) Saul said he kept the best to sacrifice to
the LORD. (15:15) Samuel said God sent you on a journey and Saul said again, “Yea, I have
obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have
brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.” (15:20)
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“And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in
obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than
the fat of rams.”(15:22) Samuel said to Saul that the LORD has rejected thee from being
king. (Because of your rebellion and stubbornness.) (15:23) Saul said, “Now therefore, I pray
thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.” (15:25)
Samuel answered, “the LORD hath rejected thee from being king over Israel.” (15:26) Saul
prayed for a pardon and God said, “No”. Certain sins God does not forgive. Samuel tore the
skirt of his mantle as a sign that this day God has given your kingdom to another. (15: 27,28)
“And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should
repent.”(15:29) This is the only time in the Bible that God is called the “Strength of Israel”.
Samuel had the King Agag brought in and he “hewed” him to pieces before the LORD. (15:33)
“And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel
mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.”(15:35)

Chapter 16             David Is Selected To Be King. The LORD Elevates
and Empowers David.
The story of David is recorded in I Samuel 16:1 to I Kings 2:12, and I Chronicles Chapters
10-20.

From I Samuel 16 to II Samuel 5 is the “History of David’s Rise.” David is the central
character. (David is referred to as the Servant of the LORD over 70 times in the Old
Testament.) This story is more about God than it is about Samuel, Nathan, or David. God
chooses, “the lowly things of this world and the despised things, the things that are not, to
nullify the things that are.” An unlettered rural shepherd boy becomes the LORD’s
anointed, “a brave man and warrior” (16:18). David even overpowered the evil spirits. He
played the harp to the depressed Saul and the “evil spirit departed from him”. (16:23)

Samuel is instructed to go to Bethlehem and to the home of Jesse to select a new king. Samuel
said if I do Saul will kill me. The LORD said take a heifer with you and tell everyone that you
have come to sacrifice to the LORD. (This is the only place in the Bible where God permits a
lie) (16:2) Samuel selected David, the youngest of Jesse’s sons. “And he sent, and brought him
in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the
LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.”(16:12) These sacred verses are as worthy as
any in the Old Testament. David served and honored God both with his sword and his pen. He
developed his mind as a type of Christ when he studied and wrote about Melchizedek in
Psalms 110:4.Jesus quoted psalms 110:1 in Matthew 22:44) David honored God with his
sword and his pen. He served the interest of God and Israel. And as will be noted tried to be a
type of Christ. These are the beginnings of a great man.
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The Quarterly Lesson (4 July 2010)
I Samuel 16:6-13
6. And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the
LORD's anointed is before him.
7. But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature;
because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the
outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart. (The Hebrew concept of heart
means, “emotions, will, intellect, and desires”.) The life of a person will reflect his heart. The
words of Jesus, “O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of
the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the
heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil
things.” (Matthew 12: 34,35) God’s scales outweigh all our aspects of human life.
8. Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the
LORD chosen this.
9. Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
10. Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse,
The LORD hath not chosen these.
11. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet
the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch
him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.
12. And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful
countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.
“Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.”(Psalms 89:27) Only
God can judge the heart and David was it.
 13. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the
Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. The political landscape by
this spiritual action was changed forever. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah, his home.
(Other instances where God did not choose the firstborn include Seth, Noah, Isaac, Jacob,
Joseph, Ephraim, and Moses.)

I Samuel 16:14, 23
14. But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled
him. David by playing his harp caused the evil spirit to leave Saul. (16:23)

The LORD was with David as noted four times. (I Samuel 16:18; 18:12, 14, 28) David was to
become Israel’s favorite and most successful military leader. David brings deliverance to his
people, but this story is all about God, not David!
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11 July 2010

Where Did Young David Get His Courage? From God?
He got it through faith-A belief and trust in God!
As we study God’s Word today, I would like to prepare our minds with these thoughts.
(We have already had prayer.) Love is where you are! It is not someplace else in your life.
Remember the times when you said, “That never entered my mind!” Remember the man
who said, “He could see better after he became blind?” We are God’s “Candles of Light”
in our house, our church, and in or world.

David rescues Israel from a Philistine giant. (I Samuel 17: 1-58)
(Note in the Scriptures that Goliath had giant relatives that later fought David. (II Samuel
21:19, I Chronicles 20:5) Finally David was in a battle with a giant and felt faint. (II
Samuel 21:15) “But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine
giant, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no
more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.”(I Samuel 21:17) We
still have evil giants among us.


The Power of Courage That Comes From God (Chapter 17)
David is now the man whom God delights to honor, as he is a man after His own heart. He
was famous in the court, and famous in the camp. He was Israel’s champion. As a boy
David was a man figure. David saved Israel as a boy and as a man.

David Defeats Goliath and Becomes Israel’s Champion.
David killing Goliath is one of the most known and beloved stories in the Bible. This is about
David’s faith in the LORD. The power of a single boy’s faith destroyed the defying armies of
the living God. It is Yahweh who gives victory to the weak in order that His power might be
known to all.

The Quarterly Lesson
Chapter 17
David revealed an unparalleled bravery when he fought Goliath. (I Samuel 17: 31-39)
                                                                                               40


I Samuel 17:8-11
8. And he stood and cried (shouted) unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye
come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a
man for you, and let him come down to me.
9. If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail
against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
10. And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may
fight together.
11. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and
greatly afraid. (Terrified) “And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him,
and were sore afraid.” (I Samuel 17:24)

Goliath was nine feet tall and his coat of amour weighed 160 pounds. The head of this spear
weighed 19.2 pounds. He cried out to Israel: “Send a man to come out and fight me.” (17:8)
“And the Philistine drew near every morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.” (I
Samuel 17:16) The fear of the army of Israel was shameful. (17:24) What did they do? They
ran from him. (There was a bounty on Goliath? What was it?) “…the man who killeth him, the
king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's
house free in Israel.” (I Samuel 17:25)

David Heard Goliath:
I Samuel 17:32-39
32. And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight
with this Philistine. (Joshua and Caleb saw the giant Anakim 400 years before. Numbers 13:33)
33. And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for
thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
34. And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a
bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
35. And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he
arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
36. Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be
as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
37. David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the
paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto
David, Go, and the LORD be with thee. Saul was desperate. He had no other options.
38. And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he
armed him with a coat of mail.
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39. And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it.
And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put
them off him.

David took his sling and five smooth stones with him to fight Goliath. (17:40)

I Samuel 17:45-47
45. Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear,
and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of Hosts, the God of the
armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. David felt that Goliath had committed a capital
crime when he blasphemed God. (Leviticus 24:16)
46. This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take
thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day
unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know
that there is a God in Israel.
47. And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for
the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands. Goliath’s weapons were good
for close combat, but not for a fast moving boy with a slingshot. David ran to Goliath. (I
Samuel 17:48) The results of this battle would be a dead soldier representing the defeated army
and a live soldier representing the victorious army!

David’s victory shows the whole earth that God delivers His own against great odds. David
buried a stone in the skull of Goliath and cut off his head. (17:50,51) Saul said, “Who is this
kid?” (17:55) No one knew. David was an unknown boy. David said, “I am the son of thy
servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.” (17:58) (I am glad we are on David’s side and not on the side
of Goliath.)

Chapter 18              The anger and fear of Saul toward David. (18:1-30)
In Chapter 18 David and Jonathan (Son of Saul) made a covenant of friendship to each
other. (18:1-5) Jonathan, the king’s son, took off his robe and gave it along with his sword and
his bow to David. Saul set David who was acting wisely, over the men of war. (I Samuel 18:5)
When David returned from war the women sang the famous song, “…Saul hath slain his
thousands, and David his ten thousands.”(18:7) (David was the darling of his country. His
triumphs continue.) This is noted in the Scriptures. “For every right work, a man is envied.”
(Ecclesiastes 4:4) Saul said, “What more can he have other than the kingdom?” (I Samuel
18:18) “And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed
from Saul.”(18:12) God placed an evil spirit upon Saul. (18:10) Michal, Saul’s daughter loved
David. Saul sent David into battle to be killed (a suicide mission) with an objective to get as a
dowry for Michal of 100 foreskins of the Philistines. He returned with 200 foreskins. (18:20, 25,
27) David fought the LORD’s battles. (I Samuel 18:17)
                                                                                                42


Saul knew his daughter loved David and Saul became David’s enemy continually. (18:28,29)
It is to be noted that during all of the evils of Saul against him, David “behaved himself wisely”.
(I Samuel 18:5, 14, 15, 30) This was seen four times in this chapter.

A Review of David’s Wives: (I Chronicles 3)

1. Michal (Water) (His first wife whom he loved, he lost, then he regained her.)
Michal was the youngest daughter of King Saul. Saul wanted David to die so he sent him into
battle to get 100 Philistine foreskins as a dowry for Michal. He gave Saul 200 foreskins and
married Michal. (I Samuel 18:25-28) Saul knew Michal loved David, so Saul gave her to David
to be a “snare to him”. (I Samuel 18:20,21) Jonathan warned David that Saul planned to kill
him. (I Samuel 19:2) Michal later helped David escape letting him down through a window.
Saul chastised Michal and she lied to him for David. (I Samuel 19:12,17) For revenge Saul took
her away from David and gave her to Phaltiel (I Samuel 25:44) After Saul’s death at Gilboa,
David made a treaty with Saul’s general, Abner. One of the conditions was that Michal would be
returned to David. This was done. Michal was taken from her new husband Phaltiel. (II Samuel
3:15) (He ran behind her all the way to Bahurim, but Abner forced him to return home without
Michal. (II Samuel 3:16) (They wanted a king and they got a king.) When David had the Ark
brought to Jerusalem he danced in the celebration “Girded with a linen ephod”. This was to
worn by a priest. Michal had revealed a lack of love in her soul. Micah was critical of David to
his face. Her punishment was to be barren until her death. (II Samuel 6:23) She two adopted
sons who were hanged by the Gibeonites as retribution of Saul who had violated a covenant of
Joshua and killed some Gibeonites. (II Samuel 21:8,9)

All of David’s sons were born in Hebron.

2. Abinoam (love) of Jezreel. She was also rescued by David from the Amalekites. (I Samuel
30, 18, II Samuel 2:2) Abigail and Abinoam had lived with David while he was with the
Philistines at Gath. He had left Michal when he fled. (I Samuel 27:3) Amnon was her son.

3. Abigail (royalty), was wise and beautiful, but married to Nabal. Nabal was a large landowner,
who was arrogant and a drunk. When David was in hiding from Saul he requested food for his
men from Nabal. Nabal mentally abused him and David prepared to kill him and all his family.
Abigail made a wise decision to betray her husband and save her family. She took a convoy of
donkeys with food and wine to David and his men. (This was one of those right over wrong
decisions.) When Nabal heard this after he was sober he had a heart attack and God killed him
10 days later. (I Samuel 25: 3, 18, 37, 38) David then took her as a wife. (I Samuel 25:39) (One
must assume that David also accumulated Nabals’ lands.) Abigail was later captured by the
                                                                                               43

Amalekites. David rescued her and at the same time married his third wife, Ahinoam.) Kileah
was her son.

4. Maachah (pet) Absalom was her son.
5. Haggith (festal) Adonijah was her son.
6. Abital (dew) Shephatiah was her son.
7. Eglah (heifer) Ithream was her son.
8. Bathsheba (Oath) the wife of Uriah, the Hittite, and of King David. The story has been
discussed elsewhere. She was the mother of Solomon and played an important role in ensuring
that he was made king after David died. (I Kings 1:11-2:) She was the only person David asked
for during his dying words. (I Kings 1:28)

(God must have given David superhuman strength to survive all those women.)

Abishag, was the virgin brought to David’s bed to keep him warm when he was old. It is not
stated that she was his wife, but Solomon seems to have considered that she was.

Adonijah was David’s older brother and a competitor for Solomon’s throne and wanted to marry
Abishaz.. Solomon considered that he might be trying to get into position for the throne and had
them killed. (I Kings 2:17, 22, 25)

Chapter 19 The defense of David by Jonathan and Michal (19:1-20:42)
In Chapter 19 Saul plans to kill David. (19:1)
After David’s marriage to Saul’s daughter troubles came to him faster than ever. He had
escaped from Saul four times. One was with the help of Jonathan; the second was his own
quickness. The third was by the help of his first wife Michal. The fourth time was by Samuel’s
protection. God is never at a loss.

Saul repeatedly attempted to kill David. His jealousy was intense. One can see by reading the
chapter that David was under a blessing, and Saul was under a curse. David was now
injected by the Spirit of God and Saul was filed with a hatred spirit.

Saul threw his javelin at David, but he fled and it hit the wall. (19:10) Saul sent men to David’s
house to kill David. Michal warned David and let David down through a window and he
escaped. (19:11,12) Michal put an image in the bed and told the assassins that David was sick.
(19:12,13,14) Saul sent them back to get him even if he was sick. Saul said, “Bring him up to
me in the bed, that I may slay him.” (19:15) They discovered the image in the bed. Saul asked
Michal why she did that to him. She lied and said David threatened to kill her. (19:17) Saul
repeatedly sent assassins to kill David, but the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul,
and they prophesied. And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied
                                                                                              44

likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.” (19:20-21)
Saul then went himself and he prophesied. “And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied
before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore
they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?” (19:23, 24)

Chapter 20
Here we see a supernatural love against unnatural hatred.

In Chapter 20 David continues to flee from Saul. David missed the religious festivities of he
new Moon (the first day of the month.) at Saul’s table and Saul wanted to know where he was.
David met Jonathan one last time and then David had to flee. (20:5,6, 41, 42) (Jonathan and
David made a covenant with each other (20:16,17; 23:18) and another with Saul. (II Samuel
21:7)

David and Jonathan established a loyal love.
“If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the
commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you
continue following the LORD your God: But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but
rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you,
as it was against your fathers.” Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD
will do before your eyes. Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall
send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye
have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king. (I Samuel 12:14-17)
Love and loyalty are of the very essence of any relationship based on a personal covenant. We
all have personal covenants, spoken or unspoken. (Mine are examples and include my father,
my mother, brother, wife, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.) Love and loyalty
are bound together in the Hebrew word for love, “hesed” (chesed). This is a covenant love or
“steadfast love”. It is a “loving kindness” in Jeremiah 31:3 or in RSV, Psalms 51:1, 89:1. Their
covenant (as with all Christians) was made binding in the presence of the LORD. There is no
greater “hesed” than that shown by God (Yahweh). Jonathan said to David, “We have sworn
both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee. ”(I Samuel
20:42)
Chapter 21                Saul Kills the Priests at Nob because they helped
David escape.
In Chapter 21 David is treated as an outlaw and traitor until the end of I Samuel. As other
prophets David handled affliction and had patience. David went to Ahimelech, the great-
grandson of Eli at the temple in Nob to get bread and a sword. He gave David the sword that
he had used to cut off the head of Goliath. (21:9) Jesus’ disciples plucked corn on the Sabbath.
The Pharisees said this is unlawful on the Sabbath. (Mark 2:23, 24) “And he said unto them
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Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they
that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high
priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave
also to them which were with him?” (Mark 2:25, 26) And he said unto them, “The sabbath
was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of
the sabbath.” (Mark 2:27,28) Jesus is referring to I Samuel 21. David went to the priest
Abimelech at Nob for food who had no common bread. He gave David the “hallowed bread”. (I
Samuel 21: 1-6) This famous story that Jesus quotes from Samuel is the one He used to justify
working on the Sabbath when it is necessary for reason of necessity. (For food, treating the
sick, doctors, nurses, etc. military and other true emergencies, (This does not include recreation,
fishing, etc.) David fled to the king of Gath and faked madness. (Madmen were under divine
protection so the king could not touch him.) The king dismissed him. (21:15) [In addition to the
temple at Nob (I Samuel 21:1-9, 22:11) Other notable early temples were located at Shiloh (I
Samuel 1:9, 2:18), Bethel (I Samuel 7:16, Judges 20:27, Amos 7:13), Dan (Judges 18:29-30,
20:1), Ephraim (Judges 17:1-5), and of course Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. (I Kings
6:38)]

Troubles may be called temptations and draw many people into sin.
                                                                                                46



July 18, 2010

In Every Major Decision In Our Lives We Must Seek the
LORD’s Will: (We Must Ask!)

The Power of Petition (To make a “request to or for something”.) We Ask!
Saul had Ahimelech and 85 of his priests killed in retribution for helping David to escape.
(I Samuel 22:18)

Chapter 22        David establishes a place in Adullam for him and his
family (22:1-2) and he places his parents in Moab. (22:3-4)

In Chapter 22 after David’s escape from Gath (A Philistine city) he went to the cave of
Adullam. His group soon grew to 400 men. (22:1,2) One of the sons of Ahimelech escaped
from Saul and informed David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests. (I Samuel 23:21) (Who
had helped him escape.)

I Samuel 22:5
“And the prophet Gad (His Chancellor) said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and
get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.’

I Samuel 22:16
“And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father's house.” Saul, the
king, pronounced sentence against them.” Thou shat sure die.” This meant his whole family.

I Samuel 22:17-20
17. And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the
LORD: because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not
shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the
priests of the LORD. [These men were devout followers of the LORD.] (21:5) This is the
second time that the people refused Saul to kill someone. They refused to kill Jonathan when he
ordered it. (14:44,45)
18. And the king said to Doeg, (Doeg, chief of Saul’s herdsmen, 21:7) Turn thou, and fall upon
the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day
fourscore and five persons (85) that did wear a linen ephod. (There was a long-standing
                                                                                              47

animosity between Israel and Edom.) Doeg was detained in the synagogue when the priest
helped David escape.
19. And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and
women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
20. And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled
after David. (All the priests were not killed.) (Abiathar to fulfill the curse on Eli’s house was
later dismissed from the priesthood by Solomon. (I Kings 2:26-29)

This was a time that the soldiers did not obey the king. This is an example of obeying God
rather than man. (Acts 5:29)

Saul instructed his footman to kill the priests of the LORD. They refused, but Doeg who was
over the servants of Saul slew 85 priests of the LORD. In the city of Nob he killed men,
women, children, oxen and sheep. Abiathar, who had escaped the killing of the other priests,
told David that Saul had slain the priests. (22:21)

“And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he
would surely tell Saul and I should have killed him then. (22:7): I have occasioned the
death of all the persons of thy father's house.”
(I Samuel 22:22, King James Version) “I am responsible for the death of your father’s
whole family. This is the last sentence of verse 22 in the New International Version)

David failed to kill Doeg when he had the chance and he knew he should have. What is this?
David here is admitting “homicidal negligence.” (“Neglectful, remiss, delinquent” in not killing
Doeg.) David would have prevented many murders of priests, women, children, babies, oxen,
donkeys, sheep, etc. from the “edge of Doeg’s sword”. (I Samuel 22:19) To prevent this would
have been “homicidal justification.” (Just, right, reasonable, free from guilt). Don’t miss this
deeper sense meaning. Do you get it? When a group (parole board, judge, etc.) releases a
criminal and he goes out and kills they are partially responsible for the murder before God. This
is a common event now. (Because Michal, David’s wife, had helped him escape Saul gave her to
Phalti. II Samuel 25:44.) David later got her back. (II Samuel 3:15) (She was handled like we
handle a sack of potatoes.) Saul was king. He was wrapped up in himself. He gave his own
death no thought. He blocked out that he too would someday meet God face to face.

Chapter 23            Saul’s Life is Spared Twice by David.
Samuel 23:1-6         The Liberation of Keilah by David
1. Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the
threshingfloors.
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2. Therefore David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And
the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.
3. And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if
we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?
4. Then David inquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said, Arise,
go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
5. So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their
cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6. And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he
came down with an ephod in his hand.

The people of Keilah appealed to David instead of Saul for deliverance from the Philistines.
David asked the LORD who said, “Arise I will deliver thee from the Philistines”. The
Philistines were slaughtered.

I Samuel 23:9-13          David had delivered the people of Keilah from the Philistines. Now
Saul was coming against them. Notice their lack of loyalty.
9. And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar
the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
10. Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh
to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
11. Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant
hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He
will come down.
12. Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?
And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up.
13. Then David and his men, which were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah,
and went whithersoever they could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from
Keilah; and he forbare to go forth.

I Samuel 23:14
14. And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the
wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
Saul thought he had David trapped in Keilah. (23:7)

“And he (Jonathan) said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee;
and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father
knoweth.” (I Samuel 23:17) This is a real loyalty and love since Jonathan was next in line under
Saul to be king!
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David and Jonathan made a covenant unto the LORD in the wilderness. (I Samuel 23:18)
Saul had to abandon the search for David to go and fight invading Philistines. (23:27,28)

David dwelt in strongholds at En-gedi. (I Samuel 23:29)




                               En-gedi
This is the only natural waterfall in Israel and can still be seen today.
It is the source of dates, perfume, plants of medicine, chief source of
balsam, and provided income for the area and trade routes.
                                                                                            50



July 25, 2010

There Is Loyalty On Loyalty. Within Loyalty Are All
Other Virtues.
(It is a cardinal virtue from the earliest tribes as noted here in David.)

The Power of Loyalty
Many may be the troubles of the righteous, but the LORD delivereth out of them all.
(David refuses repeatedly to kill Saul. If he killed God’s anointed that might invalidate his
position with God.)

Chapter 24
David hid in the “strongholds” (I Samuel 23:29) and “wilderness” of En-gedi (I Samuel 24:1).
This was known as the “rocks of the wild goats.” (Verse 1:2) Saul and David were both in the
same cave. David refuses to kill Saul because Saul was “God’s anointed.” (1:3-7) (En-gedi is
beautiful. It has the only natural waterfall in Israel. It means “place of the young goats”, or
“Crags of the wild goats.” It is 35 miles Southeast of Jerusalem.

Solomon says it reminds “him of his beloved” (Song of Solomon) 1:14) It is noted in II
Chronicles 20:2, and in Genesis 14:7 as Hazegon-tamar, Joshua 15:62). It was the source of
dates, perfumes, plants of medicine, and the chief source of balsam. It provided an income for
the area and was on a trade route.

In a cave David refused to kill Saul, but cut off a piece of his robe to have as proof. (24:4)
David confronted Saul and revealed that he had refused to kill him. (24:10) Saul was sorry
and wept and said David was more righteous than he. (24:16, 17) David’s sparing Saul’s life
was a great evidence of God’s grace in him than preserving his own life. Saul’s remorse was
short lived.

This section I Samuel 24:8-21 cannot be omitted. The longest quotes by David (114 words) and
by Saul (67 words) are in I Samuel. This is of utmost importance since it represents a central
theme. David gives evidence to Saul that he had not wronged him, that he could have killed him
and quoted an ancient proverb. “As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth
from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.”(I Samuel 24:13) Jesus makes this same
point in Matthew 7:16, 20. By attempting to kill an innocent man (David) Saul was violating the
Torah (5 books of Moses –the Pentateuch) and this would bring God’s wrath on himself.
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(Exodus 23:7) The LORD is the judge and will avenge the wrongs. (I Samuel 24:12) This is
deep! David was pleading with Saul to save himself, not just to save David. This is a unique
appeal to the LORD. He appealed to “be our judge, decide the dispute, consider the cause,
uphold it, and vindicate him (David).

I Samuel 24:20-22
20. And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of
Israel shall be established in thine hand.
21. Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after
me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house. (This pledge or
covenant was fulfilled by David in the life of Mephibosheth.) (II Samuel 21:7)
22. And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto
the hold. (David did not go home, but stayed in the stronghold.)

How maliciously Saul sought David’s life. How generously David saved Saul’s life.

Saul knew he had been evil and David was more righteous and he knew David would be
king. Saul keeps asking for things only God can give.

Chapter 25
Chapter 25 is the famous story of David and Abigail. David had some relief from avoiding
Saul. A different “storm” arises.

Samuel died. (25:1) David was still in the wilderness of En Gedi.
Nabal mentally abused David. “Who is this David?” (25:10) With 400 men David planned to
attack Nabal. But Abigail saved her family and brought food and wine to David’s army. David
changed his attitude and realized he was returning evil for good. He said to Abigail if she had
not come by morning anything that “pissed against a wall” would have been dead. (25: 21,22)
Through her female power Abigail had pacified David. (Providence was still in control)

Abigail came to Nabal. He was drunk at a feast. In the morning she told him about David and
“his heart died”. He became as a stone. In ten days God killed Nabal. (25:37, 38) and David
took Abigail to be his wife. (25:42)

Chapter 26 (Quarterly Continues) David spares Saul’s life.
I Samuel 26:1-2
1. And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself in the hill of
Hachilah (location unknown), which is before Jeshimon?
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2. Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men
of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph.
Saul with 3,000 men went looking for David. Saul lost all sense of honor when he took such a
large force to kill David. David remained hidden in the desert. (Verse 3)

I Samuel 26:7-12         Once again David refuse to kill Saul.
7. So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the
trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round
about him.
8. Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day:
now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will
not smite him the second time.
9. And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against
the LORD's anointed, and be guiltless? (Do not kill a man of God.)
10. David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall
come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.
11. The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD's anointed: but, I
pray thee, take thou now the spear that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
12. So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away,
and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep
from the LORD was fallen upon them.

Once again David refused to kill Saul. David cried to the people that he had taken Saul’s
spear and water. (26:16)

I Samuel 26: 21-25
21. Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm,
because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have
erred exceedingly.
22. And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! and let one of the young men come
over and fetch it. (David now understands Saul’s deadly lies.)
23. The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD
delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the
LORD's anointed. (These were the last recorded words of David to his royal father-in- law.)
24. And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set
by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.
25. Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David: thou shalt both do great things,
and also shalt still prevail. These were Saul’s last recorded words to David. So David went on
his way, and Saul returned to his place.
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David relates righteousness and faithfulness. (26:23)
Life belongs to the LORD

Chapter 27             David in order to escape Saul moved to his enemies
land, the land of the Philistines. (In the city of Gath.)
David felt that he might die at the hands of Saul and David moved to Philistine territory with
600 men. (27:1,2) Saul did not pursue David there. (27:4)

Chapter 28 Samuel was dead. David’s time with the Philistines and the
death of Saul
The Philistines gathered their armies for war. (28:1) Saul was afraid that the LORD would not
answer him. (28:6) Saul sought a spiritualist, a term for one who can bring contact with spirits.
She brought up Samuel. This was the darkest moment in Saul’s life. Saul was desperate. There
is a deeper sense meaning to this scene. The spiritualist was breaking God’s law. Saul himself
had tried to purge the land of such people. Instructions from God: “Thou shalt not suffer a witch
to live.”(Exodus 22:18) This is also noted in Deuteronomy 18:10-11. The spiritualist knows she
might be killed. “And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done,
how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore
then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die? And Saul sware to her by the LORD,
saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.” (I Samuel
28: 9-10) This oath of Saul invoked the LORD to grant immunity to one who broke God’s
command. It turned God against himself. This oath was not only stupid, but also blasphemous.
(This was necromancy, the practice of bringing spirits from the dead to reveal the future.)
There are many opinions as to the meaning of this verse.

Saul and his sons were to die in battle the next day.
(This is a very rare incidence when God told someone when they would die. Based on the
Scriptures and Saul’s character we must assume that Saul did not tell his sons that they
would die the next day. This is a common question in psychology. Would you want to be
told??)

“Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to
morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel
into the hand of the Philistines.”(28:19) They will be with Samuel? (What does this mean?
Does it just mean that they would be dead? Or would they be with Samuel in Heaven? Another
theological question is, “Did Saul go to Heaven or Hell”?
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Chapter 29
The Philistines were ready for war. David was with them. Should he fight against his own
people? The Philistines had determined that David should not fight with them. (29:1,9) They
did not trust him. This was a providential alibi so David would not be involved in the death of
Saul.

Chapter 30 David destroyed the Amalekites as the Philistines defeated Saul.
David left the Philistines to go to the neutral Ziklog.
The Amalekites had attacked Ziklag, burned it and took captive David’s wives and the wives of
his men. (30:2-5) David inquired of the LORD who said, “…Pursue: for thou shalt surely
overtake them, and without fail recover all.”(30:18) David recovered all including his wives.

Chapter 31 Saul’s Final Day - The Battle of Gilboa.
The Philistines devastated Israel and the house of Saul.
The Philistines fought against Saul and Israel at Mount Gilboa. Saul’s sons were killed.
Archers wounded Saul. Saul took a sword and fell on it. His amour –bearer who refused to
kill Saul then fell on his own sword. (31:1,2,4) All of Saul’s men were killed. (31:6) Saul’s head
was shown throughout the land of the Philistines. (31:9) Valiant men arose, and went all night,
and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons and burned them. They took their bones,
and buried them under a tree at Jabesh. David was triumphing over the Amalekites while the
Philistines were triumphing over Saul. The men could see what comes of trusting in God
and what comes of forsaking Him. Paul’s body was publicly exposed. Thus, fell the man that
rejected God.

D. H. Lawrence in his play, “David” says for Saul, “ I am a man given over to trouble and
tossed between two winds.”
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1, 8, 15, 22, 29, August 2010

II Samuel - It has been called the “Third book of the Kings” (Septuagint)
Keys to Success David’s Kingship
(What are they in our story? David’s honor and devotion to God. When
David sinned he repented with his heart before God. (12:13; 24:17) His
religious leadership made him one of the greatest leaders of all time.

II Samuel covers about 40 years. Written in 960 B.C.

The History and Reign of King David
The central theme of the entire book of II Samuel is David.
David’s honor and devotion to God shines brighter in the Psalms. (He is the “sweet
psalmist”.)
Nathan speaks for God unto David.

These 40 years of the reign of David is taken up by the affairs of the government. It is an
account of his triumphs and troubles.

Triumphs:
David triumphs over the house of Saul. (Chapters 1-4)
Triumphs over the Jebusites (Jerusalem) and the Philistines (Chapter 5)
The bringing of the Ark to Jerusalem (Chapters 6 and 7)
His victories over the nations that were his enemies (Chapter 8-10)

Troubles: We see his problems
His sins with Bathsheba and Uriah (Chapters 11 and 12)
Troubles from the sin itself is from the sin of Amnon (Chapter 13)
The rebellion of Absalom (Chapters 14-19)
Troubles with Sheba (Chapter 20)
The plagues in Israel because he numbered the people (Chapter 24)
The famine of the Gibeonites. (Chapter 21)

This is David’s highest level. He is the most significant character of all the former prophets. His
human Character is the subject of more events than any outer in the Old Testament. He goes to
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the top of this career then tumbles by his own sin. In the process David fulfills the prophesies
of the rise of Judah to rule over Israel, the acquisition of lands promised to Israel since the days
of Abraham. (Genesis 12:7; 15:18-21; 17:8) He destroys Moab, Edom, and Amalek (Numbers
24:17-21). His life shows the Lord’s blessing, judgments, and mercy of his restoration. It is the
account of David’s rise and fall and rise again. It is a metaphor like the “ships that plows the
sea.”

We also see his song (Chapter 22), and his worthy words (Chapter 23). He is very great
and a favorite in Heaven.

II Samuel 7:12-16
This is the Davidic Covenant (Also noted in I chronicles 17:8b-14), which is unconditional. It
promises David, an eternal throne and eternal kingdom. A righteous king greater than he will
come and rule, the promised King or Jesus. II Samuel records the successes and failures of
King David.

12. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed
after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with
the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15. But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away
before thee.
16. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee: thy throne
shall be established forever.

The famous last words about David:
“ But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they
shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.”(II Samuel 23:7) David received a defeated
nation from Saul and built a young nation of military power that dominated the surrounding
nations. Under David for a time the nation was as strong as any nation in the ancient world.
David’s strong faith in God from his youth, when he killed Goliath, remained with him all his
life. David asked God for guidance and strength. (2:1, 5:19) When David sinned, he repented
with his heart before God. (12:13, 24:17) His religious leadership made him stand out as one of
the greatest leaders of all time.
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II Samuel Saul, the first king of Israel is dead.
Chapter I David is at rest in his house when he hears the news about the death of Saul
and Jonathan
A different report of Saul’s death is given. A young soldier claimed to have escaped from Saul’s
camp. He said he came upon Saul while he was dying from many arrows. Saul requested that he
“slay him”, which he said he did. He had Saul’s crown and bracelet as proof, but David had
him killed because he had killed a man anointed by God. This must mean that David
believed him! It’s interesting to note that Saul lost his kingdom because he did not obey God
and kill all the Amalekites and in the end he asked and Amalekite to kill him. There are
numerous opinions for the different records of the death of Saul in I Samuel 31:4 and II Samuel
1:2-10. Israel wept over the death of Saul. An elegy or mourning over the death of Saul and
Jonathan. (Verses 17-27)

David Reigns As King
Chapter 2 Saul is dead. David was anointed king over the house of Judah at Hebron.
(Verses 1-4)
David was directed by God to go to Hebron. Abner made Saul’s son, Ish-bosheth, king over
Israel for two years. David reigned over Judah in Hebron for 71/2 years. Abner killed Abishai,
brother of Joab. This is the remarkable story of the agreement that 12 young men of Ish-bosheth
and 12 young men of David would fight to settle the issue. All twelve on each side were
killed.(Verses 12-16) A civil war started. Ish-bosheth (Saul’s side) was beaten. (Verse 17)
There was a complete victory for David. The house of Saul relinquishes its claim on Israel’s
throne.

Chapter 3
The house of Saul (Abner) and David continued a long war. David became stronger and Saul’s
house became weaker. Abner and Ish-bosheth argued over a woman (Rizpah, a concubine of
Saul. Abner wanted her.) Abner then wanted to join David. David said bring Michal back to me
and it is a deal. They took Michal from her husband who cried all the way to the house of
David. Joab then killed Abner because he had betrayed David and killed his brother. David
mourned over the death of Abner. David builds his house in Hebron and his sons were born
there.

Chapter 4 Providence settled the issue. This was the end of Saul’s family.
Ish-bosheth was killed and his head brought to David to get a reward. (4:10) David executed
the two young men who brought David the head of a “righteous person in his own house.”
(4:11)
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Chapter 5 David is now king over all Israel. David conquers Jerusalem. (5;6-8_
David was now made king over Israel at the age of 30 and he reigned for 40 years. 71/2 years in
Hebron and in Jerusalem 33 years over Israel and Judah. (5:3-5) David moved to Jerusalem: the
“city of David”. (5:7) David became great as the LORD of Hosts was with him. (5:10; I
Chronicles 11:9) ) David inquired of the LORD who said, “Go up”. (5:19) David defeated the
Philistines at Baalperazim. The Philistines came up again. God instructed David to circle behind
them at the balsam trees and when you hear marching in top of the trees attack quickly because
this means the LORD has gone in front of you. The Philistines were struck down. (David’s
children were born after this time.) (Verses 13-16) The king of Tyre (Hiram) sent messengers to
David with cedar trees, carpenters, masons, and built David’s house. (5:11) More victories over
the Philistines. (Verses 17-25)

David’s sons and daughters born to him in Jerusalem were: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan,
Solomon, (all sons of Bathsheba), Ibhar,Elishua, Nepheg, Jophis, Elishama, Ehiada, Eliphelet,
and Nogah.
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August 1, 2010

Our lesson Today Is About God’s Holiness.
The first requirement of God is “To be holy for I am holy.” (Leviticus 11:44,45; I Peter
1:16) One cannot serve God without seeking holiness. (Joshua 24:19) Our prayers go up to
God’s holy place in Heaven. (II Chronicles 30:27) Make your holiness known. (Nehemiah
9:14) We are the temple of God. “If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God
destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.”(I Corinthians 3:17)

II Samuel
Chapter 6 David’s Spiritual Victories (6:1-7:29)
(This is also noted in I Chronicles 13: 1-14)


The Ark is moved to Jerusalem.
The obscurity of the Ark, during the reign of Saul was a great grievance to Israel.
The Ark is brought to Jerusalem. The Ark was put in a cart, which is not the respect that God
required for it. When Uzzah touched the ark he died. The Ark was now carried and a sacrifice
of a bull and fatted calf was made every 6 steps. A tent was made to shelter the Ark. David
blessed the people in the name of the LORD of Hosts. (6:18) The Ark was a token of God’s
presence just as Christ is noted in our lives. Christ is our Ark. Micah opposed David in his
response to the Ark. Her punishment was to be childless. (Verses 16, 20-23)

Quarterly Lesson                      Respect God’s Holiness
II Samuel 6: 1-15, 17
1. Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.
2. And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to
bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of Hosts
that dwelleth between the Cherubims.
3. And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab
that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.
4. And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was at Gibeah, accompanying the
ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.
5. And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments
made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on
cymbals. It was a joy to get the Ark.
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6. And when they came to Nachon's threshing floor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of
God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.
7. And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error;
and there he died by the ark of God. He sinned in the presence of God and he died. (This got
their attention.) God does not like to be ignored. He is jealous of false gods in His presence.
8. And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called
the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.
9. And David was afraid of the LORD that day, (He saw what happens when the Ark is not
treated as God said it should be.) and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?
10. So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David
carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.
11. And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and
the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.
12. And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and
all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark
of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.
13. And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he
sacrificed oxen and fatlings. (Not every six paces.)
14. And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen
ephod.
15. So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and
with the sound of the trumpet. All the people triumphed in the presence of the ark in Jerusalem.
17. And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the
tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings
before the LORD.

Micah did not like David’s dancing “before the LORD”. (6:16, 21, 23) David was honoring
God. As a result she was punished by being childless until her death.

Again David parallels Melchizedek. He blessed the LORD’s people by the LORD’s most high
God, and provided a food gift of bread, flesh, and wine. (Genesis 14:18,19; II Samuel 6:19)
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August 8, 2010

God told David because he was a man of war, Solomon, his son, would
build His house. (I Chronicles 22:7-9, 28:3, 6)

Chapter 7 The Ark in David’s Care Was His Joy.
God promised that his name would be great (7:9) as he had promise Abraham. (Genesis 12:2)

Focus on God’s Purposes:
II Samuel 7: 1-7, 11-16, 18-21 David wanted to build a Temple for the LORD. (7:1-3)
1. And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round
about from all his enemies; David had conquered all the nations around Israel.
2. That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark
of God dwelleth within curtains. (This is the first time Nathan is mentioned.)
3. And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
(Neither Nathan nor David had consulted the LORD.) God later informed Samuel that another
(Not David) would build His house. (II Samuel 7:12,13)
4. And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
5. Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to
dwell in? (This is a temple for the Ark, which was not God’s intention.)
6. Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel
out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. (A tent is a
travelers dwelling.)
7. In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any
of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people Israel, saying, Why build ye not
Me an house of cedar?
In Verse 10 God promised to provide Israel a secure dwelling place in the land of Israel
11. And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel, and have
caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an
house. (House here means, “a dynasty of long duration”.)

7:12-16 is the Davidic Covenant:
(This is also noted in I Corinthians 17:8b-14)
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The David Covenant:
    1. God will appoint a place for His people.
       (II Samuel 7:10, I Chronicles 17:9; Psalms 132: 13-14)
    2. God will arrange the permanence of His people.
       (II Samuel 7:10; I Chronicles 17:9; Psalms 132:14)
    3. God will prevent oppression from His people’s enemies.
       (II Samuel 7:10; I Chronicles 17:9; Psalms 132:18)
    4. God will set up the Davidic Dynasty - The House of David
       (II Samuel 7:12, 16; I Chronicles 17:10, 11; Psalms 132:11,12)
    5. God will establish the Davidic Kingdom
       (II Samuel 7:12, 13, 16; I Chronicles 17:11; Psalms 132:17)
    6. God will ensure the certainty of the Davidic throne
       (II Samuel 7:16. I Chronicles 17:12; Psalms 132:11,12)

12. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed
after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. (David’s son
would establish a kingdom. This was started as noted in I Kings 6:1)
13. He shall build an house for My name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
The Messiah would establish David’s kingdom forever.
14. I will be his father, and he shall be My son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him
with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: This refers to Jesus the
messiah in Hebrews 1:5 “his father-- My son” related to Jesus the Messiah as in Hebrews 1:5,
“For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten
thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? In Jewish thought the
son had the full character of the father. The future seed of David would have the same essence
as God. “If he commit iniquity” refers to the intermediate seed until the Messiah’s arrival. “He
shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.”(Psalms 89:26)
Mary called Jesus her son, “God and Savior”. (Luke 1:47)
15. But My mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away
before thee. This is the unconditional covenant.
16. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established forever before thee: thy throne
shall be established forever. (House, kingdom, throne are fulfilled in Jesus. Forever, Christ’s
Davidic reign will conclude human history.)

David’s humble prayer and praise to the LORD is noted in verses 18-29.
II Samuel 7:18-21
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18. Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O LORD
God? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
19. And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O LORD God; but thou hast spoken also of thy
servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O LORD
God?(David’s greatest blessings were yet to come.)
20. And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, LORD God, knowest thy servant. David
used the term “thy servant” thirteen times, which is more than any other person. (Solomon used
it seven times.)
21. For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great
things, to make thy servant know them. (The “great thing” was made greater by it being made
known to him.)
22. Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God
beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23. And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to
redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and
terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the
nations and their gods?
24. For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee forever: and
thou, LORD, art become their God.
25. And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and
concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
26. And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel:
and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee. (The name of God here is
His reputation to be magnified through His promise. This was not an order to God, but a great
faith and acceptance of God’s promise to him.)
27. For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build
thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
28. And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised
this goodness unto thy servant: (You are God and Your words are true.)
29. Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for
ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of
thy servant be blessed for ever.

This prayer is a vision to the Messiah and His Kingdom.

This completes David’s prayer. There is nothing else we can desire. David adores the
greatness and glory of God. (7:22)

This related the tradition of God’s work in history. (Also noted in Deuteronomy 4:32-40)
God’s house (Kingdom) will be established forever.
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The Mind of David
“Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised
up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, The spirit
of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.” (II Samuel 23:1,2)

These last words of David need explaining. The mind of David must be further explored.
“And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and
concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said. And let thy name be
magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy
servant David be established before thee. For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast
revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in
his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words
be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant. Therefore now let it please thee
to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord
GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.” (II
Samuel 7:25-29) (The “house” here is the generations of David.)

Matthew: The Genealogy of Jesus from Abraham to Joseph and Mary:
1:1 “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.”
1: 5,6 “And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat
Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had
been the wife of Urias;”
1:16 “And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is
called Christ.”

The people knew Jesus as the Son of David as He healed the sick and He readily responded to
that name. (Matthew 15:22, 20:30-32)

The Genealogy of Christ back to Adam:
Luke 3: 23-37
“Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which
was the Son of God.”(Luke 3:38)

We must bring Christ’s Words into the discussion:
The people knew Jesus as the Son of David as he healed the sick and he readily responded to
that name. (Matthew 15: 22; 20:30-32)
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Matthew 22:41-42
 “While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, Saying , What
think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David.”
The answer to Jesus’ question about the Messiah is in a number of Old Testament passages
including II Samuel 7:12-16 which is the Davidic Covenant form God; Psalms 89:3,4 34-36;
Isaiah 9:7, 16:5, 55:3,4. This describes that the Messiah will come in Davis’s line.

Matthew 22:43
He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
This verse affirms that David wrote Psalm 110 under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

Matthew 22:44
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy
footstool? If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? And no man was able to answer
him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.”

This verse by Jesus quotes Psalm 110:1 Two different Hebrew words are used for God here.
(Yahweh, the proper name of Israel’s God.) The second is Lord, which means, “Master.” David
the King of Israel calls one of his offspring “Lord” another title for deity. This describes Christ’s
presence in Heaven until He comes to reign on earth. See Hebrews 8:1,10:11-13, 12:2;
Revelation 3:21.

Matthew 22: 45,46
“If David then calls him Lord, how is He his Son? The Pharisees could not answer the
question and they did not ask Christ any more questions.”

Christ’s’ question is from their own catechism. “What think ye of Christ? Whose Son is He?”
Whose Son do you expect the Messiah to be, who was promised to your fathers? They could
only answer, The Son of David. It was their circumlocution (use of unnecessary words) of the
Messiah; they called Him the Son of David. Their scribes had taught them, “Nevertheless my
lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant
will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my
holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun
before me.”(Psalms 89:33-36) The royal covenant made with David was a figure of the
covenant of redemption mad with Christ. David was made king with an oath. If Christ was the
Son of David, He was really and truly man. “What think ye of Christ?” They put the question
out of the law. Christ put the question upon a promise. (People full of the law do not know
Christ.”) “He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The
LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy
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footstool? This is repeated again in (Mark 12:35,36,37) “And Jesus answered and said, while
he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?For David himself
said by the Holy Ghost, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine
enemies thy footstool. David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his
son? And the common people heard him gladly.” The common people heard and believed
Jesus would sit at the right hand of God. If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? And
no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any
more questions. “If David then calls him Lord, how is He his Son?”(Matthew 22: 43-45)
Many can readily know this truth. The objection Christ raised was, “If Christ be David’s Son,
how then does David in spirit call him Lord?” He was trying to instruct them in a truth, that
the expected Messiah is God. David was divinely inspired. “Now these be the last words of
David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the
God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and
his word was in my tongue.”(II Samuel 23: 1-2) Knowing this it is easy to see why David called
Christ Lord. No man knew Christ except by the Holy Spirit. (I Corinthians 12:3) David was one
of the holy men who spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit to prove that in Spirit David
called Christ Lord. Jesus quotes David’s writings in Psalms 110:1. The scribes themselves
believed that this referred to the Messiah (Christ.) This prophesy is a summary of the doctrine of
Christ, a Prophet, Priest, and King. Christ quotes the whole verse that shows the Redeemer in
His exaltation (Heaven) at the right hand of God. (Hebrews 8:1, 10:12, 12:2; Ephesians 1:20;
Philippians 2:9) David calls the Messiah his Lord. Yahweh said unto my Lord. We must grab
and hold this tight that He is David’s Lord and this explains his being David’s Son. The
Pharisees were either ignorant or they would not admit the Messiah to be God which was the
only key to understanding Christ’s’ question. To them Christ as God was David’s Lord, and
Christ as Man was David’s Son. David said to God, “Thou art my father, my God, and the rock
of my salvation.” (Psalms 89:26) This knowledge was completed at His resurrection. “I Jesus
have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the
offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.”(Revelation 22:16) “And Mary said,
My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.”(Luke 1:46,
47) Mary knew who He was by the Holy Spirit. One must know the Holy Spirit to know the
Christ. Some are convinced, but not converted. They do not know to ask the question; “what
must we do to be saved?” (Acts 16:30) The Pharisees and lawyers were no match for the Christ
because they knew not the Holy Spirit.

Here we need to further review the mind of David and the vision that God has for His Kingdom.
“And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and
let the house of thy servant David be established before thee. For thou, O LORD of hosts, God
of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy
servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that
God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant. Therefore
                                                                                                67

now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue forever before thee:
for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be
blessed forever. ”(II Samuel 7:26-29)

The Jews did not know their history In Matthew 22:24 Jesus was quoting Psalm 110:1 written
by David.

Psalms 110:1-3
“The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy
footstool. The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of
thine enemies. Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness
from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.”

Psalms 110:4
“The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of
Melchizedek.” Forever can only mean Jesus.
Who was Melchizedek?

Psalm 110:5-7
“The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge
among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over
many countries. He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.”

Melchizedek: King of Jerusalem and Priest of the Most High God:
“And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the
most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God,
possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine
enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. (Genesis 14: 18-20)

“As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec..
Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong
crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he
feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And
being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek. Of whom we have many things to
say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.” (Hebrews 5:6-11)

“Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the
order of Melchizedek.”(Hebrews 6:20)
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 “For this, Melchizedek king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham
returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;To whom also Abraham gave a
tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also
King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Without father, without mother, without descent,
having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God;
abideth a priest continually. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the
patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils…For he was yet in the loins of his father,
when Melchizedek met him…And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of t
Melchizedek here ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal
commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest
for ever after the order of Melchizedek …(For those priests were made without an oath; but
this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art
a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek:)By so much was Jesus made a surety of a
better testament…But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable
priesthood…For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled,
separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; Who needeth not daily, as those
high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this
he did once, when he offered up himself. For the law maketh men high priests which
have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is
consecrated for evermore.” (Hebrews 7:1,2,3,4,10,15,16,17,21,22,24,26,27,28)

Melchizedek blessed Abraham in the name of “God Most High.” He was higher ranked than
Abraham. Melchizedek is seen as a type of Christ. In Hebrews he and Christ are seen as kings
of righteousness and peace. Christ new priesthood is noted to be superior, “the Author of
Salvation.” (Hebrews 5:9; 7:16, 17, 21, 22, 28)
_____________________________________________________________________________
Chapter 8 David’s victories over his enemies. (8:1-14)
David has settled he ark of God in the proper place. Now we see the resulting blessings and
prosperity that God gave David. In his conquests he triumphed over the Philistines (8:1),
Moabites (8:2), king of Zobah (8:3,4) Syrians (8:5-8, 13), and over the Edomites (8:14). His
wealth came from these subdued nations, which he dedicated to God. (8:9-12) The
administration of this government and chief officers is noted. (8:16-18) The LORD gave David
victory wherever he went. (8:6, 14) David established a righteous and just administration. (8:15-
18)
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August 15, 2010

This Is Another Story of Loyalty Upon Loyalty.
David Sought Out any Remaining Family of His Friend
Jonathan.
He found his crippled son, Mephibosheth.

Chapter 9 David fulfills his covenant to Jonathan (9:1-13)
The only thing of note is this chapter is the kindness that David showed to Jonathon’s son for
his sake.
Demonstrate Kindness
This is the short view. David was fulfilling a covenant he had made with his best
friend, Jonathan, who was now dead. (I Samuel 20:16, 23:18) He also made a
covenant with Saul. (II Samuel 21:7)
Quarterly Lesson
II Samuel 9:1-13
1. And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him
kindness for Jonathan's sake? Jonathan and David had a covenant of friendship.
2. And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had
called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.
3. And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of
God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his
feet.
4. And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the
house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.
5. Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from
Lodebar.
6. Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he
fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold
thy servant!
7. And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy
father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my
table continually.
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8. And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a
dead dog as I am?(This reflects Mephibosheth’s low self-image.)
9. Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said unto him, I have given unto thy master's
son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house.
10. Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt
bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master's
son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.
11. Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his
servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as
one of the king's sons. David’s exemplified God’s grace is shown and his faithfulness to a
covenant promise.
12. And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the
house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth. The family of Saul through Micha continued
for several centuries. (I Chronicles 8:34-40)
13. So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table; and was
lame on both his feet.

For Jonathan’s sake David took care of his crippled son who was the only remaining member of
the house of Saul.

Chapter 10                David Defeats the Ammonites.
The king of Ammon died. David sent servants to comfort his son the new king. The new king
suspected they were spies and cut off half their beards and garments to their buttocks. This
greatly shamed them. David waited until their beards had grown back. David sent Joab to battle
against the people of Ammon and defeated them and the Syrians. (They were defeated in their
own country. David advanced his own reputation for gratitude, in returning kindness, and for
justice, in repaying the injuries to his men.

Joab said to David’s troops: “Be strong, have courage”, “fight bravely for our people (remember
your families), fight bravely for cities of our God.” This made it a religious conflict. David
killed 700 of their charioteers and 40,000-foot soldiers. (Verse 18)
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22 August 2010

We Are All Sinners. How Do We Deal With Our Sins?
The LORD Judges David. (11:1-20)

Personal sin: David, Bath-sheba, Uriah, and Nathan

David as many others in the Old Testament with many wives had troubles. This included
Abraham, (Genesis 21:9-11), Jacob (Genesis 30, the entire chapter, but 30:15 “Is it a small
matter that you have taken my husband”?), Eckanoh (I Samuel 1:1-18), and Solomon (I Kings
11:1-8, “His 700 wives turned away his heart.”) David’s marriages were mostly for political
reasons. His many children became competition for his kingdom. (I have seen several of the
city’s “blue –bloods” marry with poor results.) David’s wife problems did not explode until
Bath-sheba came along.

Chapter 11 The famous story of David, Bath-sheba and Uriah and the account of his
sin. David was guilty of adultery and murder. The author of God’s word does not conceal this.
It was written for our learning. We must take heed because we too may fall. Being hardened
by sin is a “death unto death.” we must let it awaken us unto the savior of life. David was the
best of men. We must note what happens to the best of men when God leaves them to
themselves. David repented of his sins, but there was irreparable damage that had been done.
The blessings from his obedience were gone. David and his nation lost prestige. The country of
Israel was later exiled. The LORD brought Israel back from exile, but it was destroyed in 70
A.D.

Quarterly Lesson                 Deal with Personal Sin
II Samuel 11: 2-5, 14-15
2. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon
the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman
was very beautiful to look upon.
3. And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the
daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?
4. And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for
she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. (It is not known what
part Bath-sheba played in all this. (The king was two doors away and she took a bath visible
from David’s roof. Biblically in adultery both parties are guilty.) (Leviticus 20:10)
5. And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.
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14. And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand
of Uriah.
15. And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and
retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. (David used the dangers of war to commit a
murder to “get him off the hook.” It did not work.)

Uriah was killed (11:24)
Bath-sheba mourned for him. (11:26) She became the wife of David and bore him a son.

Chapter 12
This gives us the account of David’s repentance. Though he fell, he was not totally out. By
the grace of God he recovered and found mercy with God. Nathan’s message from God
convicted him immediately.

12:1-6 This is the story of the lamb taken away from the poor man by a rich man and fed to his
guests. Bath-sheba delivered a child who died.

Quarterly Lesson
II Samuel 12: 7-14
7. And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed
thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
8. And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the
house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto
thee such and such things.
9. Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou
hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast
slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
10. Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised
me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. These words anticipated the
violent deaths of Amnon (13:28, 29), Absalom (18:14,15) and Adjonijah (I Kings 2:24,25)
11.Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house,
Amnon’s rape of Tamar (13:1-14), Absalom murder of Amnon (13:28, 29), Absalom’s rebellion
against David (15:1-12) and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy
neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun (16:22). (David’s wives would
be taken by another.)
12. For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
(David’s sin was private, but God’s discipline was public.)
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13. And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto
David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
14.Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to
blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die. (David’s punishment.)

Notice how God ends this Chapter 12: 26-31. David defeats the king of Rabbah and takes his
crown with a talent of gold and imbedded jewels and puts it on his own head. When God
forgives He forgives. He does not deal with us according to our sins!!!

“But now he (the child) is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go
to him, but he shall not return to me. ”(II Samuel 12:23)
“And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare
a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.”(II Samuel 12:24)

David continued to win battles.

Quarterly Lesson
Psalm 51: 1-5
1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the
multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
2. Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
3. For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.
4. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be
justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou Judgest.
5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

“I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and
that my soul knoweth right well.” (Psalm 139:14)

This is an excerpt from my book, “Biblical Beliefs”:
1. Man (Not under God’s curse)
I have heard in sermons and writings that man came under “God’s Curse.” It may be just a poor
choice of words, but God did not curse man or say he comes under His curse. God cursed the
serpent (Genesis 3:14), and “the ground” (Genesis 3:17) where man will have to work, not man
himself. (There are many curses in the Bible that can be put on man for certain of his own
actions. This is not what we are referring to here.)
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2. Man is not born in Sin.
The second misconception is that because of Adam’s sin man is born in sin. I heard an
assistant minister say during an indoctrination of new members in a church that man was “born
in sin.” When I questioned this statement the answer seemed to be a poor choice of words. I
later learned that that person had had psychiatric care. All men are sinners, but not until the age
of accountability at which time all men become sinners. Newborn babies are not sinners. One
must wrong God to be a sinner. God told woman because of her sin her pain would be
increased at conception. (Genesis 3:16) It stretches the point to say the newborn baby is born in
sin. Giving birth is not a sin for the mother; being born is not a sin for the baby. From the
Scriptures it’s hard to understand infant baptism and the concept of one church that if a baby
dies before being baptized it goes to hell. Jesus said of little children, “of such is the kingdom
of heaven”, (Matthew 19:14, Luke 18:16). To say we are all born in sin is man’s word and it is
not in God’s word.

Man is born with a free will that is revealed when he becomes accountable. He is not born
sealed by the Holy Spirit. Because of the devil’s supernatural strength man is tempted and sins.
After man sins he becomes a sinful person. All humans are sinners. All humans due to the
devil’s superior strength sin against God. Humans are weaker than the devil. God allows the
devil to tempt us and we all sin. It is not because of a sinful nature that we sin. As humans
with a free will we cannot resist the traps set by the wisdom of the devil. When we are “born
again” we are sealed by the Holy Spirit. God within us. (The Holy spirit) gives us the strength
and desire to resist the devil’s temptations in all the world. We still have a free-will, but it is
strengthened. Before being “born again” we did not have the incentive to resist sin. A Christian
is given by the Holy Spirit a divine incentive and power to constantly better himself
(sanctification). Our minds become directed toward the holiness of God and away from the
evilness of the devil. We have taken on a “divine nature” We are the offspring of God. (II Peter
1:4) , Acts 17:29) No where in the Bible does it say man is born with a sinful nature. At the age
of accountability man is subject to sin and he sins. All men sin because the “man of sin” (Satan)
has been given the power by God to make us sin.

We all know according to God’s word that sin is violating the principles and teachings as given
to us by Jesus.

Webster defines sin as, “an offence against God, a transgression against God or his laws.” Sin
is some action by a person and is not passive. It requires the individual to do something
against God. We are not born with a sinful nature, but we all sin when we become accountable.
(The accountable age has been defined as that age when we know right from wrong, according
to God’s word.)
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*Psalms 51:5 (Note the following five different translations of this scripture.)
King James Version: “Behold I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive
me.” (This is a poor translation since David’s mother was a devout person and God’s
handmaid.) (Psalm 86:16, 116:16) David himself describes his mother as God’s handmaiden. He
never says she was sinning when she gave birth or gave birth to a sinful baby! One must look at
all the scriptures and interpret them according to the whole word.
New International Version: “Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother
conceived me.” (Sinful is inclined to sin.)
Holman Christian Standard Bible: “Indeed, I was guilty (when I) was born; I was sinful
when my mother conceived me.” (Guilty is not a good translation unless all the others are
wrong. Sinful conflicts with guilty since guilty is past tense and sinful is inclined to sin. They
are different.)
Today’s English Version: “I have been evil from the day I was born; from the time I was
conceived, I have been sinful.” (Again a newborn is not evil and has not sinned against God.
Sinful again conflicts with evil since one is present tense and the other is inclined to sin.)
The Living Bible: (A paraphrase) “But I was born a sinner, from the moment my mother
conceived me.” (Bad paraphrase - Why are we not sinners before we are born.)

One notes these five translations are all different. There must be a problem with the
translations. It makes no overall scriptural sense from God’s whole word that we are born a
sinner and the mother is sinning when she gives birth to us. (Psalm 51:5 will be extensively
studied later.)

B. Original Sin

1. Definition
“Original sin” as a term is not in the Bible. The Catholic Church listed it 400 years after
Christ as a contracted, but not actually committed sin. (Original Sin: A Disputation, Edward
T. Oakes, (Internet: http://print.firstthigns.com/ftissues/ft9811/articles/oakes.html, 9/14/2005,
p.1)

Was Jesus born in sin? If the concept of the original sin is true and he was “fully” man the
answer must be “yes”. Did Mary, His mother, have a sinful nature inherited from Adam?
My grandfather, a poorly educated, but intelligent mind said we are born smart (not sinful).
“Boy, there are some things you are born knowing better than that and this is one of them.”

What is the “Original Sin?” When God created a baby did He create a “sinful person”? Is a
“baby” sinful? Does God create anything or anybody sinful? Did our mothers sin when they
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delivered us? When David said, “I was shapen in iniquity”, does that mean God created Him
sinful? If God “shapen David in iniquity”, did God sin?

The devil is given a good definition by Webster, “personal supreme spirit of evil.” (Sin).
Noah came after the Fall of Adam and “found grace in the eyes of the Lord, was a just man and
perfect in his generation, and walked with God, who said to him, “for thee have I seen
righteousness before me in this generation.” (Genesis 6:8,9; 7:1.)

God describes Job as “perfect and upright” and actually calls Satan’s attention to Job. (Job
1:1,8; 2:3,6.) This clearly shows that Satan when he tempts us he must receive permission
from God and that our belief in God does not depend on good or bad circumstances.

It’s impossible to eject from the Scriptures that Noah or Job were born a sinner or with a sinful
nature. Sin came in the world through Satan and he did not create us in sin or with a sinful
nature. God created us in His image. It is because Satan is more powerful than us that Eve and
Adam sinned, just as we do. It is not inherited, but if it were it would have to be from Satan,
not Adam. “And the great dragon was cast out (of heaven), that old serpent, called the Devil and
Satan, which deceiveth the whole world.” (Revelation 12:9)

What does “original” mean? What does the man made term “original sin” relate? What scripture
describes the “original sin”? “Original” in Webster can be a noun or an adjective. Sin can be a
noun “Sin against God” or a verb as a sinner (noun) commits a sin (verb). Did we sin against
God before we were born? Did sin originate from Adam? “Origin” means ancestry, derived or
caused from a source. “Original” a noun means something from which a copy can be made. Did
Eve and Adam copy something or reproduce the original? “Original “ as an adjective means the
first or initial or not copied from something.

Back to the question, “What is the Original Sin?” As used in the question “sin” is a noun and
“original” is an adjective. Sin was present before Eve and Adam since the serpent was already
there being sin himself. (II Thessalonians 2:3, Romans 5:13) A better question is, “Who (which
human) committed, according to the Bible, the first sin?” The answer must be Eve as first, then
Adam as second. (Genesis 3:6) The term “original” is not a good term. “Original” would mean
that we would have to eat from that tree to perpetuate the original sin of Eve and then Adam.
Since we cannot eat from that tree, by definition we cannot perpetuate the first sin of Eve or the
second sin of Adam. Our sins are “millions” down the road and are not original sins. We commit
our own first sin. I cannot remember my first sin, but the first sin I remember was not eating
from the “tree of knowledge”. The concept of us perpetuating the original sin is absurd.
God created them with a “free will” to sin and they did. God creates us with a “free will”
to sin and we do. If we are not free to sin or not sin, then we are not free. Are we free not to be
born or to be born sinners? Is it a sin to be born? The scriptures do not allow us to blame all
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our sins on Eve or Adam as the originators of the “original sin” concept attempt to do. It
would be nice if we could blame all our sins on Eve and Adam, but it just does not work that
way. We are responsible for our own sins and no one else can be blamed. I like the cartoon
picture of a cute little boy who says, “God does not create a dummy.” God does not create a
sinful baby or make a mother sinful because she delivered a sinful baby since a sinful baby does
not exist.

2. Psalms 51:5 Must Be Explained:
“Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.” Also, explain this,
“Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.”
(Psalms 51:8) God did not break his bones and bones do not rejoice. Explain this, “The
wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.”
(Psalms 58:3) Do babies “Speak lies?” Try this, “…thou hast covered me in my mother's
womb. I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvelous are thy works;
and that my soul knoweth right well.” (Psalms 139: 13,14) Dr. Paul Brand authored a great
book, “Fearfully and Wonderfully Made.” Can “fearfully and wonderfully made” be translated
“made a sinner”? A famous verse quoted thousands of times with the first part omitted, “Naked
came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord
hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.” (Job 1:21) Where else in the Bible does it
say we will return to our mother’s womb? This is a figure of speech, womb means earth.
“Naked I came from the earth and I will return to the earth.” Continue to listen to scripture, “
Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright…”(Ecclesiastes 7:29) Does
“upright” mean God made us upright sinful? “Upright” means morally correct, just and not
sinful. “Know ye that the Lord He is God: it is He that hath made us, and not we ourselves…”
(Psalms 100:3) Did we create ourselves or did God do it? “Before I formed thee in the belly, I
knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained
thee a prophet unto the nations. Then said I, Oh, Lord God! Behold, I cannot speak: for I am a
child.” (Jeremiah 1:5-6) This was long after Adam. See the extensive and academic discussion
of Overstreet. (Are Men Born Sinners? Alfred T. Overstreet, Evangel Books Publishing Co., p.
13ff.)

3. What is Sin?
Sin is an act. Sin is a conscious and voluntary action. Sin is personal. One is not responsible for
someone else’s sin.

Where did sin come from? Sin is an action. Sin is not a thing or a gene that can be handed
down from one generation to another. It is only present when we do a sinful action. God
created an environment where sin is possible. He put the serpent in the garden. He says we sin
when we break His commands. Did God create sin? No, sin occurs by our actions when we
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disobey God. God made us different from animals. We have a choice to sin or not sin or to do
bad or good.

Did God create the sin that is in all of us, or did we do it? “God created man in His own
image…” (Genesis 1:27) God again confirmed this with Noah after the flood and long after the
time of Adam. (Genesis 9:6) But Jesus said, “Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come
unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” (Matthew 19:14; Luke 18:16) Did Jesus say
“these little sinners are the kingdom of heaven?” The scriptures quoted above, “shapen in
iniquity” (born in sin), “babies speaking lies,” “naked shall I return to my mother’s womb”.
These are similes. (A figure of speech in which two dissimilar things are compared.) David said
this after he had gone to Bath-sheba. Nathan, the prophet, came unto David and confronted him
with his great sin. He was caught in the sight of God. Nathan said, “Thou art the man” (II
Samuel 12:7) In David’s despair he said, “I am a worm.” (Psalms 22:6) (David was not a
worm.) David was not born in sin. He just felt like it, because he had fallen so low in sin. God
had instructed Samuel to anoint David as king. David was selected by God to replace the
sinful Saul. (I Samuel 16:3) “And the Lord said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.” (I Samuel
16:12) The king, selected, and anointed by God Himself had committed the most horrible sins
(murder and adultery). God through His prophet Nathan revealed his sin to the world.
David felt like a “worm”, “like he was shapen in iniquity and in sin did my mother conceive
me.” One must understand the context of Psalms 51:5 and not take it literally. If one does take
this verse literally one must accept that God creates sinners.

4. All men are Sinful:
The next question is how did men get that way?

When one cannot agree babies are born sinful then one proceeds to the next level of false
knowledge by saying babies are born with a sinful nature. Did God create us with a sinful nature
and then punish us when we sin? If so, should God accept some of the blame for our sins? It
makes the author shudder to even think this. When I write it my heart trembles. The concept
that a man is born with a sinful nature is not in the Bible. It is a man made doctrine. Does
God have a sinful nature? He created us in his image. What caused the theologians to have
such a thought 400 years after Christ and at least 5,000 years after Adam? It was the age of
man’s reason being used to explain God. (It is still happening today.) “For the wisdom of this
world is foolishness with God…” (I Corinthians 3:19) “God made foolish the wisdom of this
world.” (I Corinthians 1:20)

Age of Accountability
In medical school I remember being taught that man’s personality was completely developed by
age 6 weeks. This sounded ridiculous. However, after observing many babies and children as a
physician and children of my own I finally concluded that the human personality is probably
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developed by 6-12 months of age. This varies just as some children walk at 6 months and
others not until 18 months. The question is, what is the age of accountability? Everyone agrees
that this also varies. What is meant by accountability? It is the time when a person knows the
difference between right and wrong. It happened to Eve and Adam when they ate of the tree of
knowledge. (The Bible does not say, but it must have been an apple, since no naked person
walking in a garden and who sees an apple could resist it.) What is the tree and fruit that a child
eats that makes him know the difference between good and evil. Is it the father, the mother,
brother, sister, teacher, neighbors, television, school, church, etc.? Now hear this! This is not a
drill! “But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him
that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.”
(Matthew 18:6) Have you been that “fruit of the tree?” Child offender, you are in “big” eternal
trouble!

6.      Man Becomes a Sinful Person When He Sins:

Man does not have a sinful nature, and he is not born with it. Man becomes sinful after he
becomes accountable and subject to the devil, (Sin). Billy Graham said, “Sin is the root, sins
are the fruit.” In the scriptures it is important to know what refers to children, as we know them,
(chronological, young age) verses “Children of God” which can be any age. Sinners are the
servant of sin (the devil) (John 8:34) Jesus tells us those with disbelief are Satan’s children.
“Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer
from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he
speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.” (John 8:44) He
that committeth sin (continually) is of the devil…Whosoever is born of God doth not commit
sin; (continually)…In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil:..” (I
John 3: 8-10) When Paul says. “…by nature the children of wrath, even as others.” He is
referring to the character of sinners before they are saved. (Ephesians 2:3) This does not refer
to a chronological child, but an adult who is accountable. All men are sinful after they sin. A
man who has sinned by his own free will and becomes saved or reborn is now given a “divine
nature” by the Holy Spirit. God created us. He did not give the devil power to create in us a
sinful nature, but only to tempt us to sin. When we are “born again” a “divine nature” occurs.
“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be
partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.”
(II Peter 1:4) When we become accountable we know right from wrong, but this knowledge
does not cause us to do the wrong. We do it voluntarily and the choice was a free one made by
us.
Origin of sin and hardening of the heart?
(William H. Propp, Oxford Guide to the Bible, Metzger and Coogan, 1993, p. 269)
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The Hebrew refers to the heart as “hard, strong, firm, fat, or bold.” Hardness of heart is a
perception of inflexibility. This does not necessarily lead to sin. The concept itself does not
suggest “cruelty.” The obtuseness or bluntness of heart in English is the “hard –hearted”. This
may hinder us in understanding as it did Jesus’ own disciples. They were in a situation they did
not like and thus complained about having no bread. Jesus said to them, “Don’t you remember
the miracle of feeding the 5000 with 12 baskets left, and the 4000 with 7 baskets left. (Mark
6:52, 8:17) Scripture is full of men who have hardened their heart so they cannot be healed or
converted. This includes Jews and Gentiles. (Matthew 13: 14-15; Mark 3:5; John 12:40; Acts
7:51, 19:9, 28:25-27; Romans 11:25; II Corinthians 3:14; and Ephesians 4:18) Hardness of the
heart can also cause dissension within the church (Romans 2:5; Hebrews 3:8, 15: 4-7).

God may harden hearts. (Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; Isaiah 63:17)
We may harden our own hearts. (Deuteronomy 15:7; II Chronicles 36:13; Psalms 95:8)
God may intervene to harden the heart. (I Samuel 2:25), I Kings 12:15, 18:37, 22:20-23; II
Chronicles 25:16; Psalms 105:25, Isaiah 6:9-10, 29:10, 63:17.)
God gives some people up because of their stubbornness. (Psalms 81:12, I Samuel 15:23)
The Pharaoh of the Exodus is a special story in the Bible. Pharaoh’s stubbornness and God’s
intervention leads to his doom.

Pharaoh hardened his own heart. (Exodus 8:15, 9:34; I Samuel 6:6).
Yahweh also hardened his heart. (Exodus 4:21, 7:3, 13, 9:12, 10:1, 20, 27, 11:10, 14:4, 8, 17)
Other times the Pharaohs heart became hardened. (Exodus 7:22, 8:15, 9:7, 35)

God has decided that some will be impervious (incapable of being penetrated) and He gives
them up to eternal damnation. (Hell) (Isaiah 6:9-10, John 12:40) Jesus quotes Isaiah 6:9-10 as
an explanation to His disciples as to why He speaks in parables. (Matthew 13:10-17)

The following is an unusual story about God’s intentions. God sent Jonah to warn Nineveh that
they would be destroyed in 40 days. The people believed God and “cried mighty to Him”. “God
repented of the evil He had said He would do unto them; and He did it not. (Jonah 3:3,4,8,10)

I heard a retired international missionary of 44 years say that when someone dies without God
someone has not done their job. Listen to God through His message to Ezekiel.

“Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked;
but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why
will ye die, O house of Israel?”(Ezekiel 33:11)

“Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at
my mouth, and give them warning from me. When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely
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die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked
way, to save his life; the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require
at thine hand. Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his
wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul. Again, When a
righteous man doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock
before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his
righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thine
hand. Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous man, that the righteous sin not, and he doth not
sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy soul.
(Ezekiel 3:17-21)

“Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword
come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. He heard the sound of the
trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall
deliver his soul… When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die; if thou dost
not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his
blood will I require at thine hand. Nevertheless, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn
from it; if he do not turn from his way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy
soul. Yet ye say, The way of the LORD is not equal. O ye house of Israel, I will judge you
every one after his ways.”
(Ezekiel 33: 4, 5, 8, 9, 20)
God desires tha all sinners repent. To bring this about is somebody’s job.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Chapter 13 Nathan told David that God would raise up evil against him in his own
house. Here is the beginning.

Amnon’s Incest: Absalom murders Amnon and flees to Geshur. (13: 23-39)
Amnon raped his sister Tamar, a daughter of David. This was incest against the Law of
Moses. Once Amnon was gratified he hated Tamar. Absalom waited two years and then killed
Amnon his brother. A false rumor said Absalom had killed all the kings’ sons, (13:30) which
put him next in line for David’s throne. The truth was that Amnon was the only one killed. The
false rumor however had a profound affect on David seeming almost as bad as if it were true.
(False rumors can do much harm!)

Chapter 14               Absalom had fled out of his father’s protection.
The king’s heart remained toward Absalom. Joab sent a woman to David to trick him. Absalom
had been banned by David. David detected her trickery and she confessed that Joab had
required her to do it. David sent Joab to get Absalom, but David wouldn’t see him for two years.
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Absalom set fire to the servant’s field to get David’s attention. His hair weighed five pounds,
(which should have been enough to get his attention.) (14:26)

Absalom came to David and he kissed him. (14:33) David was reconciled to Absalom. (14:1-33)
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August 29, 2010
Face Crisis With Courage

We All Have Crises In Our Lives. How Do We Handle Them? Do We
Double Up Our Fists, Grit Our Teeth, Fight and Take It?
OR
Do We Ask (Pray) To God For his Wisdom, Strength, and His
Will For Our Lives?

Chapter 15 The Rebellion Against David - He leads a treasonous
revolt against David. (15: 1-12)
The story of Absalom’s rebellion began in this chapter. An important question for parents is if
David had punished him for the murder of his brother, Amnon, would Absalom have taken a
different direction than being a traitor and dying for it? The Scriptures say that Absalom had
hatred in his heart for three years. He did the murder in the presence of his other brothers who
all fled. (13:22,28,29,38)

Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel (15:6) His name means “the peace of his father.”
Absalom went to Hebron. (15:10) This is more rebellion in David’s house.

Quarterly Lesson
II Samuel 15: 13-14
David goes into exile and takes his family, but leaves his concubines to take care of the
palace.
13. And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after
Absalom. (He had used his deceptive practices to gain their sympathy. A “Slick tongue” can
always deceive most people. David’s counselor had changed sides and went to Absalom. (Verse
12)
14. And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee;
for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly,
and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword. (David wanted to avoid
unnecessary assault on the city.)
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“And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord the king liveth,
surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy
servant be.”(15:21)

The elites of David’s army were with him. (15:18)

II Samuel 15: 24-26 Much of David’s support at this time was from the religious
community.
24. And lo Zadok (a priest) also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the
covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar (A priest) went up, until all
the people had done passing out of the city.
25. And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find
favour in the eyes of the LORD, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his
habitation: (David did not want to place more confidence in the Ark than in God.)
26. But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth
good unto him. David had faith in the care and will of God.

The ark of God was again carried to Jerusalem.

II Samuel 15: 30-37 They left the Kidron Valley (II Samuel 15:23) Jesus passed over this
brook. (John 18:1)
30. And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his
head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man
his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up. (These were outward sign of mourning.)
31. And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David
said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. (Ahithophel was
Bath-sheba’s grandfather. [11:3] He was with David, but he had switched sides.)
32. And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he
worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite (loyal friend of David) came to meet him with his
coat rent, and earth upon his head:
33. Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me:
34. But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have
been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me
defeat the counsel of Ahithophel.
35. And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that
what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar
the priests.
36. Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and Jonathan
Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.
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37. So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem. (Hushai
played a key role. Friend can mean a “counselor” or “an advisor.” (I Kings 4:5)

Chapter 16
The house of Saul was still vying for the throne. Mephibosheth (Jonathan’s son and Saul’s
grandson) wanted the throne. (16:3) Shimei of the house of Saul cursed and threw stones at
David. (16:5,6) He said the LORD has delivered the kingdom to Absalom. (16:8) Abishai said,
“Why should this dead dog curse, let me take off his head.” (16:9) Absalom was given counsel
that he should go to David’s concubines in the sight of all Israel. This was the ultimate
insult.

Chapter 17 The day of deliverance begins to dawn for David.
Absalom got a second opinion that said to kill David only and the people would follow him.
Ahithophel (Bath-sheba’s grandfather) committed suicide when things were not going his
way. (17:23)

Chapter 18
Absalom’s army was no match for David’s experienced army. (18:7,8) 20,000 men were
slaughtered.

Absalom ran under an oak on a mule and his head caught hold and he was hanging in the air.
(18:9) Joab killed Absalom with three darts while he was alive hanging. (18:14) The
revolution was over. David was informed of Absalom’s death. (19:32) David mourned bitterly
over his son’s death.

Chapter 19
In David’s mind the victory was turning into mourning for Absalom. (19:1) Joab reprimanded
David for loving “his enemies (Absalom) more than his friends.” (19:6) Shimei’s treason was
pardoned. (19:23) Mephibosheth’s failure is excused. (19:30)

Quarterly Lesson
II Samuel 19: 7-8        David was overcome with grief.
7. Joab said, Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably (speak to the heart) unto thy
servants: for I swear by the Lord, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this
night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now.
(Words of encouragement to his troops.)
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8. Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. (The city’s legal center) And they told unto all the
people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king:
for Israel had fled every man to his tent. David spoke to his troops and showed his authority.

Barzillai: This is the famous story of Barzillai an 80-year-old man that had aided David in his
exile. David wanted him to come to his court. “And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have
I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem? I am this day fourscore years old:
and can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I
hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant
be yet a burden unto my lord the king?” Barzillai went home to die, but David took his son
Chimham with him. (19:31-40)

Chapter 20
The Story of Sheba (Sheba was a “rebel” (NIV) meaning a “ worthless person”.)
A new rebellion comes to David. The sword never departs from his house. (12:10)
Sheba tried to overthrow Israel and David. David sent Joab to get him. Sheba was trapped in a
city. A woman said do not destroy a city and a mother of Israel. Joab said we only want Sheba.
The woman consulted the people and they threw Sheba’s head over the wall. (20:22)

Joab kills Amasa and his bowels fall out to the ground. (20:10) (Amasa was to take Joab’s place
as commander of the army.)

The Chapter concludes with a short account of David, six great officers including Joab, Adoram,
Sheva, Zadok, Abiathar, 23-26) and Ira. (20:

Chapter 21
Saul had broken a covenant by putting some Gibeonites to death. Joshua in the name of the
LORD God of Israel swore the Gibeonites would not be killed. (Joshua 9:15,19-20) He wanted
to terminate the foreign elements from the land of Israel. The men wanted atonement for what
Saul had done. With David’s agreement they executed seven of Saul’s descendents by hanging.
(Since God’s law prohibits punishing a son for the sins of the father, they must have been part of
the killing of the Gibeonites.) God’s judgment on Israel for Saul’s sin of the Gibeonites was a
three year famine (21:1) which God lifted after Saul’s descendents were hung. David went again
to fight the Philistines. He felt faint in battle. A giant started to kill him and Abishai killed the
giant. David to them was the “light of Israel” and they would no longer allow David to go into
battle. They killed three more giants. (They were descendants of Goliath?)

Chapter 22 and Psalm 18: Note the Messages: The Song of David-A declaration of
trust in God. The LORD delivers David. (22:5-20)
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This is a Psalm of Praise. David shows a warm devotion to God and takes comfort in Him.
David spoke with the LORD by the words of a song (Psalm 18) in the day that the LORD
delivered him out of the hands of his enemies including Saul. II Samuel 22 and Psalm 18 are
the only chapters that appear in two places in the Bible. The Psalm became part of
congregational worship. It is praise to the LORD. The “horn of my salvation” (22:3) is for
protection, defense, might, and power.” (The horns of an animal.) God is to be worshipped, but
also is to be praised for what He does for us. Hell is a place of corruptions. (22:6)

II Samuel 22: 7-15 describes God’s actions as in Exodus 19:16-18 “And it came to pass on the
third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the
mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp
trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood
at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord
descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the
whole mount quaked greatly.” and Psalms 68:18-19 “Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led
captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord
God might dwell among them. Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even
the God of our salvation. Selah.”

II Samuel 16-20 portrays the parting of the Red Sea, “And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye
not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the
Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. And Moses
stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east
wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the children of
Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them
on their right hand, and on their left.” (Exodus 14:13, 21, 22)

When David was “sinking” God from above pulled him out of many waters. (22:17)
David said the LORD deals with people according to their conduct in 22:21 and
Deuteronomy 30:16, “In that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in his
ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou mayest live
and multiply: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to
possess it.” The LORD is our light and Salvation.

The reason for David’s deliverance.
“The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my
hands hath he recompensed me. For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly
departed from my God. For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not
depart from them.I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.
Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my
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cleanness in his eye sight. With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the
upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with
the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine
eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down. For thou art my lamp, O LORD:
and the LORD will lighten my darkness.” (22:21-29)

“For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness…Thou hast also
given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.”(II Samuel
22:29, 36)

“Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises
unto thy name. He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed,
unto David, and to his seed for evermore.”(II Samuel 22: 50, 51)

Chapter 23            The last words of David include all of verses 1-39.
The last words of David, the “sweet psalmist”.

                                   The Psalms in I Samuel
 1. I Samuel 19:11        When Saul sent men to watch the house in order to         Psalm 59
                          kill David.
 2. I Samuel 21:10,11     When the philistines captured David in Gath               Psalm 56
 3. I Samuel 21:10-15     When David pretended madness before Abimelech             Psalm 34
 4. I Samuel 22:1; 24:3   When David fled from Saul into the cave                   Psalm 57
 5. I Samuel 22:1; 24:3   When David was in a cave                                  Psalm 142
 6. I Samuel 22:9, 10     When Doeg the Edomite warned Saul about David             Psalm 52
 7. I Samuel 23:14 (or    When David was in the wilderness of Judea                 Psalm 63
    II Samuel 15:23-28
 8. I Samuel 23:19        When the Ziphites warned Saul about David                 Psalm 54

(The MacArthur Bible Commentary, 2005. p.336)

The last words of David are recorded.
“Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised
up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, The Spirit of
the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. The God of Israel said, the Rock of
Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. And he shall
be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender
grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain. Although my house be not so with
God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this
is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow. But the sons of Belial
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shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: But the man
that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly
burned with fire in the same place.”(23:1-7)

The “sweet psalmist of Israel (23:1) 73 of the150 Psalms in the Bible are attributed to David.
The Spirit of the LORD spoke by David. (23:2) The everlasting covenant (23:5) is recorded in
7:12-16 as previously noted in Psalms 89:3,4. “I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have
sworn unto David my servant. Thy seed will I establish forever, and build up thy throne to all
generations. Selah.” The mighty men listed in 23:8-12,18-39 are the heroes that fought with
David. (Note that a leader always acknowledges his men.) (The best list of David’s mighty men
of valor appears to be in I Chronicles 21:5 where he lists them by their names and the name of
their fathers.

Chapter 24                 David Stops a Divinely Sent Plague. (24:1-25)
Israel angered the LORD and He moved David to a census from Dan to Beer-sheba. The people
did not like it. It required 9 months and 20 days. There were 800,000 valiant men in Israel and
500,000 in Judah. (Also noted in I Chronicles 21:5) God allowed Satan to provoke David to
number Israel. (I Chronicles 21:1) Through the prophet Gad (24:11-14) God gave David three
choices: 7 years of famine, fleeing three months from his enemies, or a 3-day pestilence. David
would not make a decision because that put it in the hands of man. He left the decision to the
LORD. The LORD sent a pestilence (plague) and 70,000 men died. The LORD repented that He
had done this. (24:13-16) God told David to buy a place and built an altar to the LORD. (II
Samuel 24:18-25. This was to be a token of God’s reconsideration to him as his people. This
became the site of the future temple.) The plague left Israel. (24:25) Gad also assisted David in
knowing God’s plan for temple worship. (I Chronicles 29:29, II Chronicles 29:25) In this
chapter David relates his sin when he numbered the people (verses 1-9), his convictions, and
repentance for his sin. (Verse 10)

David’s sacrifice was wood on blood on a hill near Jerusalem. Jesus
the ultimate son of David gave His blood on a hill near Jerusalem.

We continue the story until the death of David.

I Kings 1:1
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no
heat.
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I Kings 2: 1-12
David was a great and good man who is here dying in (2:1) And dies in (2:10).
1. Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son,
saying,
2. I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man;
3. And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his
commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses,
that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself:
4. That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children
take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul,
there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.
5. Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the
two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of
Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his
girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.
6.Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in
peace. Time does not wear out the guilt of any sin.
7.But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at
thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother.
8.And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which
cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to
meet me at Jordan, and I swear to him by the Lord, saying, I will not put thee to death with
the sword.
9.Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou
oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.
Solomon restricted Shimei within the walls of Jerusalem. He left the city and Solomon promptly
executed him. (2:40-46)
10.So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. Solomon gave David a
magnificent burial and Solomon added money. 1300 years later a high priest Hircanus found
the 3000 talents that had been buried with David and gave it to “public service”. (Josephus.)
11.And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in
Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
12.Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established
greatly.

David died at the age of 72 years.
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                             70 Review Questions
This is another 70 since Luke 10:1- Up to 70 times seven. (Mathew 18:22, “O LORD how
long will thou be angry with these 70 years? Zechariah 1:72)
                                 I Samuel - I Kings 2:1-12


You may consult: Urim and Thummim
(Exodus 28:30; I Samuel 14:41, 42, 28:6; Ezra 2:63)

1. Name 4 main Characters in I And II Samuel.
Answer: Hannah, Eli, Samuel, Saul, David, Abigail, Nabal, Nathan, Uriah, Bathsheba, Sheba,
Gad

2. What is the name of the group whose armies fought with Saul, David, Solomon, and Samson
more than any other?
Answer: Philistines

3. What group did they finally become?
Answer: Palestinians

4. What group did the LORD tell Moses in the Exodus to avoid and go around?
Answer: Philistines (Exodus 13;17)

5. What happened to the Ark of the Covenant?
Answer: It was supposedly destroyed during the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
in 576 B.C.

6. What part of the Bible does I and II Samuel cover?
Answer: From the Book of Judges to the Book of Kings.

7. What was the turning point in history seen in the Books of Samuel.
Answer: The control of the Judges through God to the control in the country by kings.

8. Who was the last of the Judges and the first of the prophets and the child of prayer? Samson
was the child of promise. (Judges 13:3, 24)
Answer: Samuel

9. Who were the first and second kings of Israel?
Answer: Saul and David
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10. Was Samuel an adult or child when he first got a revelation from God?
Answer: A child

11. How often did Hannah make her son a coat and take it to him?
Answer: Each year

12. Who did Hannah leave Samuel with for training as a priest?
Answer: Eli

13. Who was responsible for the Ark of God and lost it to the Philistines?
Answer: The sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas

14. What happened to the men?
Answer: They were evil and killed by God.

15. What happened to Eli?
Answer: At age 98, blind, and in poverty he fell backwards and broke his neck.

16. Eli was a good man and faithful to God. Why was he severely punished by God?
Answer: He knew his sons were vile, in God’s house and he did not restrain them. (I Samuel
2:22, 3:13,14)

17. Eli’s sons were guilty of “presumptuous sins” and God killed them. What are they?
Answer: Sins that a Christian commits with full knowledge of his sins and stares God in the
face without fear or sorrow. (They were priests that sinned in church.) It is the “unpardonable
sin” in the Old Testament.

18. What was the only piece of furniture in the innermost room, for Most High Place of Moses’
Tabernacle and Solomon’s Temple?
Answer: The Ark of the Covenant

19. The “Ark of the Covenant” or “Ark of the Testimony” (Exodus 25:22) had two other names.
What were they?
Answer: “Ark of God” (I Samuel 3:3), and Ark of the LORD” (Joshua 6:11)

20. The Ark had a gold cover known as the “Mercy seat”, (Exodus 25:7) What was on both ends
of the “Mercy Seat”?
Answer: Two gold cherubims (Exodus 25:18)
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21. What was the only thing inside the Ark?
Answer: The Ten Commandments (Two tablets of stone), (Exodus 25:16, 21, I Kings 8:9) a
golden pot with manna and Aaron’s rod listed in Hebrews 9:4 had been lost, but placed there at
the command of God. (Exodus 16:33) and Aaron’s rod (Numbers 17:10) The author of Hebrews
apparently was not aware of I Kings 8:9)

22. Where will the Ark show up next?
Answer: In the Temple of God opened in Heaven. (Revelation 11:19)

23. The Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God. The Ark is no longer with us.
What has replaced it?
Answer: Jesus and the Holy Spirit

24. The Ark had been taken into battles and the battles were won. However, on one occasion the
Jews who were afraid depended on the Ark, the battle was lost and 30,000 of Israel’s people
were killed. Why?
Answer: In this they depended on the Ark and put their faith in it instead of God. (I Samuel 4:4)
(Not to worship God is to not worship at all.)

25. In I Samuel 7:6 the people said, ”We have sinned against the LORD.What did that
represent?
Answer: A public confession.

26. The hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of ______?
Answer: Samuel.

27. Samuel appointed his sons as judges and priests. What did the people say about the sons of
Samuel?
Answer: His sons were evil, took bribes, and made perverted judgments. (I Samuel 8:3)

28. What was the turning point of history that his sons caused?
Answer: The people of Israel requested a king to rule over them instead of a prophet or judge.

29.What was the profound effect in history that resulted?
Answer: Samuel was the last of the prophets and judges that ruled the people. They would no
longer have direct access to God through a prophet. Both Samuel and God were insulted by
their request for a king.

30.They made a bad choice. Why?
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Answer: there were 42 kings that ruled over Israel and Judah. 32 or 76% were bad kings! (They
shot themselves in the foot when they requested a king to rule over them and got it.)

31.What changed when they requested and got a king?
Answer: First, they broke God’s Covenant with Moses. God had promised to be their ruler and
protector. Second, the Covenant designated Israel to be holy. They were now identified with
their pagan neighbor countries. Third, the elder’s request for a king revealed that they had
wanted to be subservient to a king and not to God. (I Samuel 12:17)

32. Nahash the king had defeated the Israelites. He gave them the choice of death or they could
have their right eye put out. (11:22) (7000 escaped) Why were the warriors completely helpless
without a right eye?
Answer: They carried a long shield with their left arm. This shield covered their whole left
body and head for protection. They used their right eye to fight with their sword and used the
shield to protect heir body. Without their right eye they were helpless as a warrior.

33.How do we know 7000 men escaped the king Nahash?
Answer: There is a paragraph that is added after I Samuel 10:27 from the Dead Sea Scrolls that
reveals this.

34. Samuel said, “Fear not (despair not) ye have done wickedness, but you are not following the
LORD.” (I Samuel 12:20) What did Samuel say would happen if they continued to do
wickedness?
Answer: You and your king will be “consumed”. (I Samuel 12:25)

35. What finally happened to Israel?
Answer: Israel was split into two kingdoms; Israel and Judah and both ceased to exist in 722
B.C. and 586 B.C. respectively.

36.Why was Saul’s kingdom taken away from him by God?
Answer: Because Saul had not kept the commandments of the LORD. (I Samuel 13:13)

37. Saul was not a priest, but he made a sacrifice unto the LORD to move things along. What do
we learn from this?
Answer: To obey God is better than sacrifice. (I Samuel 15:22)

38. What sin is irreversible in the Old Testament?
Answer: Sin against God. (I Samuel 15:35)

39. Why is there no little sin?
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Answer: Because there is no little God to sin against.

40. Where in the Bible in the story of David?
Answer: I Samuel, II Samuel through I Kings 2:12, and I Chronicles Chapters 10-20.

41. What was David doing in the battlefield anyway when he killed Goliath?
Answer: Jesse, his father, sent David to take food to his three brothers who were fighting with
Saul and he heard Goliath who had been, for 40 days, hollering and challenging the Israelites. (I
Samuel 17:16) All the men of Israel were “sore afraid”. (I Samuel 17:24)

42. David said to Goliath that you come to me with a sword, a spear, and a shield. What did
David tell him he was coming to Goliath with?
Answer: “I come to thee in the name of the LORD of Hosts.” (I Samuel 17:45)

43. What did David tell Goliath he would do to him?
Answer: I will take thy head from thee.” (I Samuel 17:46)

44. How many wives did David have?
Answer: 8 or 9 if Abishaz is counted.

45. Who was David’s first wife who he loved, lost, regained and then she ridiculed him for
dancing before the Ark of God? He was wearing an “ephod” usually only worn by a priest. (II
Samuel 6:14; I Chronicles 15:27) How was she punished for this?
Answer: Her name was Michal, daughter of Saul, and she was to bear no children. (II Samuel
21:8,9)

46. Michal adopted two children. What happened to them?
Answer: They were hanged. (II Samuel 21:8,9)

47. Who was David’s most famous and most productive wife?
Answer: Bathsheba

48. Which of David’s wives was the mother of Solomon?
Answer: Bathsheba

49. When David was dying who did he call for help in selecting the new king to follow him?
Answer: Nathan called Bathsheba to help. David said, “Call Bathsheba.” Solomon was selected
king. (Kings 1:11-34)
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50. Which of David’s wives was wise, beautiful, and reminded David that he should act as the
future king of Israel should act.
Answer: Abigail (I Samuel 25:30, 33)

51. When Saul ordered the slaying of the priests of the LORD, Daeg killed 85 of them and
many other people. (I Samuel 22:18) Why did Saul have them killed?
Answer: Because they supported David in his escape from Saul.

52. How many times did David have the opportunity to kill Saul who was chasing him to kill
him, but he refused to kill Saul because he was God’s anointed?
Answer: Two times (I Samuel 24:4, 26:8,9)

53. This is a “Think Tank” question. Saul was told by Samuel (who had been raised up by a
spiritualist) that he and his sons would die the next day. Would you want to be told that you and
your sons would die the next day?
Answer: Yes or No? Would you tell your sons? Saul did not.
Answer: Yes or No?

54. The Book of II Samuel covers a period of how many years?
Answer: 40 years.

55. What is the central theme of II Samuel?
Answer: It is all l about David

56. Who is God’s spokesman to David?
Answer: Nathan

57. “And thine house and they kingdom shall be established forever before thee; they throne
shall be established forever. (II Samuel 7:16) This is the last verse of what covenant?
Answer: The Davidic Covenant found in II Samuel 7: 12-16)

58. Twelve young men of Ish-basheth king over Israel for two years, David had ruled Judah for
seven and a half years was the remarkable story of an agreement between the two for the
primary kingship of both kingdoms. They agreed that 12 young men from each side would fight
to settle the issue. What was the result?
Answer: All 12 men on each side were killed (II Samuel 2: 15, 16)

59. What happened next?
Answer: a civil war was started.
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60. What happened after the civil war started?
Answer: Two young men killed Ish-basheth for a reward. David killed them because they had
killed a “righteous man in his own house.” (II Samuel 4:5-12)
This ended the war and the two kingdoms or all Israel were under the hood.

61. One of the oxen pulling the cart with the Ark of God on it tripped. Uzzah put forth his hand
to the Ark to support it. God killed Uzzah. Why?
Answer: God said, “Do not touch the Ark”. There are no excuses to ignore a commandment of
God. He means what He commands.

62. In II Samuel 12 in the first 13 verses Nathan exposes David’s sin of adultery and murder and
says the LORD forgives him. He will not die. In Verse 11 Nathan tells David what evil he will
use on his own house. His first child dies (12:19) His second child Solomon is born. (12:24) In
verses 26-31 the end of the chapter David and his army defeated Rabbah, What was David’s
trophy that he took home?
Answer: He put the kings crown of a talent of gold embedded with precious jewels on his own
head and went home. In the 31 verses of II Samuel Chapter 12 Nathan exposed David’s adultery
and murder, told David the sword would not depart from his house, evil would arise out of this
own house, God forgave his sins, his first baby died, his second child was Solomon, and he
defeated Rabbah and went home with a one talent gold crown embedded with jewels. When
God forgives, He forgives in a hurry even though David had more family problems on the way.

64. Absalom because he had killed his brother Amnon for raping his half-sister Tamar was
exiled for three years. Joab convinced David to let Absalom return, but David would not see
him for two years since his return to Jerusalem. What did Absalom do to get David’s attention
so he would see him?
Answer: He set Joab’s barley field on fire. (II Samuel 14:31)

65. Absalom turned against David and organized an Army against David. David’s more
experienced Army easily defeated Absalom. How did Absalom die?
Answer: While retreating on a mule Absalom caught his head in a tree and Joab killed Absolom
while he was hanging alive in a tree. He was killed with him with three darts to the heart. (II
Samuel8:14)

66. Saul wanted to purify the land so he killed many Gibeonites. This broke a covenant of God.
Which one?
Answer: Joshua made a covenant with the LORD God of Israel to not kill the Gibeonites.
(Joshua 9:14,17)

67. In the whole Bible there are only two chapters that are exactly the same. What are they?
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Answer: II Samuel 22 and Psalm 8

68. Out of 1,570,000 men David recognized by their name and their father’s name how many of
his men of valor.
Answer: 79 (I Chronicles 21: 15)

69. Who did Nathan call and give maximal help to in getting Solomon selected as the king to
follow David?
Answer: Bathsheba (I Kings 1:11, 12, 2:31) She said let the king live forever.

70. Who did David call for while he was dying and for help in selection of the next king?
Answer: Bathsheba

				
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