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Seminar series Session Nordic Cooperation both in and outside

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					                          Seminar series,
    Session: Nordic Cooperation - both in and outside the EU
  Institute of International Affairs, Reykjavik, 12 February 2009




     The Northern Dimension:
a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?


                Elisabeth Johansson-Nogués

          Visiting Fellow at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs
       Drottning Kristinas väg 37, P.O. Box 27035, 102 51 Stockholm, Sweden

       Associate Researcher at the Institut Universitari d'Estudis Europeus,
 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici E-1, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




Structure of presentation

           1.      Background; Northern Dimension timeline

           2.      Nordic “frost” and “thaw” on the Northern Dimension
                   Initiative

           3.      What explains Nordic (non-)cooperation?
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




                                             Northern Dimension – the concept:

                                                   instrument of cooperation; involving the EU and its
                                                       member states and partner countries Russia,
                                                       Iceland, and Norway. The USA and Canada hold
                                                       observer status.

                                                   The objective: to support sustainable development,
                                                      stability, welfare and security in the northern parts
                                                      of Europe, with special focus on northwest Russia

                                                   Two (three) partnership: environment, Public Health
                                                      and Social Wellbeing (and transport/logistics)

                                                   no single budget
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




     Northern Dimension timeline:

           Speech by Finnish PM Paavo Lipponen, at the Barents Euro-Arctic Council
             in Rovaniemi ,1997

           1997 Luxembourg European Council

           1998 Vienna European Council.

           1999 Finnish EU Presidency (First Northern Dimension Ministerial
             Meeting)

           2006 Northern Dimension Framework Document
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




Nordic reactions
           First, ”frost”….
                       Sweden
                       Denmark
                       Norway and Iceland

                                  …..but, eventually “thaw”

                                              2001 Swedish EU Presidency
                                              2003 Danish EU Presidency
                                              2004-6 preparations for and
                                                    conclusion of the Northern
                                                    Dimension Framework Document
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




The Northern Dimension
    Nordic non-cooperation….
           • diverse geographical focus
           • diverse funding mechanisms
           • difficult equilibrium between EU membership/non-membership and
             Nordic cooperation


                       …..and cooperation
                       •          preserving Nordic cooperation
                       •          Nordic cooperation in a globalizing environment
The Northern Dimension: a case of Nordic cooperation and non-cooperation?




                                thank you for your attention!

                                    For questions or comments:


                          Elisabeth.Johansson-Nogues@ui.se

                               Elisabeth.Johansson@uab.es