Illegal Immigrant from Indonesia to Malaysia

Document Sample
Illegal Immigrant from Indonesia to Malaysia Powered By Docstoc
					            Overview : Economic Cooperation
             Across the Mekong Sub-region

                   Dr. Porametee Vimolsiri
                     Senior Advisor, NESDB

        At the Workshop on World Bank’s Regional Strategy paper

                           14 March 2007
                     Nai Lert Park Hotel, Bangkok


                                                              1
NESDB
        Mekong Development




                             2
NESDB
       Mekong Region : Center of Growth
                                              China                                       Korea

Afganistan
                                                                                              Japan
        Pakistan


                                Bangladesh                                       East Asia / Europe
                        India
                                     Myanmar              Laos

                                                 Thailand
               South Asia                                           Vietnam
                                                                                Philippines
                                                                 Cambodia

                   Sri Lanka

                                                         Malaysia
                                                                       Brunei
                                                           Singapore

                                             Indonesia

  America                                                                          Asean/Australia

                                                                  3
Total
NESDB Population : 312 millions. plus 2,000 millions (India and China)
     GMS Economic
       Corridors
 • Well-defined area centered
 on a transport corridor
 • Integrated with the
 development of other
 infrastructure and economic
 activities
 • Planned and systematic
 project, policy, and institutional
 interventions


     Key Objectives
 • Connect centers of
 economic activity
 • Facilitate trade,
 investment, and tourism
 • Reduce transport costs,
 and facilitate mobility across
 borders


                                      4
NESDB
                     Transformation of GMS
                                                                                                              1992           2004
                         Real GDP (1992=100)
350
                                                                                           Total exports      36,343    a/   129,428a/
                                                                                           (US$ million)
300


250                                                                      GMS
                                                                                           Intraregional       2,397          27,339
                                                                         Cambodia
                                                                                           exports (US$
                                                                         Lao PDR
200                                                                                        million)
                                                                         Myanmar
                                                                         Thailand
150
                                                                         Viet Nam
                                                                                           Tourist arrivals   10,005          19,549
                                                                                           (thousands)         (1995)
                                                                         Yunnan Province
100                                                                      Guangxi ZAR

                                                                                           Foreign direct      2,144          3,898
 50
                                                                                           investment
                                                                                           (US$ million)
 0
      1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004


                                                                                       a/ Excludes PRC

                                                                                                                                 5
NESDB
                                     Greater Mekong Subregion
              Yunnan + Guangxi
                   (PRC)
                                                   Highlight:Past Achievement
  Myanmar                                          - Economic Growth by 9%
                                     South China
                          Lao
                          PDR
                                     Sea           - Closer Economic Ties
                                                   among Member Countries
              Thailand
                                        Vietnam
                                                   - Progress in Infrastructure
                                                   Development and software
Andaman sea
                          Cambodia                 to support Economic
                                                   activities
              Siam Gulf                            - Promote South-South
                                                   Cooperation as THA and
                                                   PRC as Emerging Donors
                                                                          6
NESDB
        Major Cross-Cutting Challenges in GMS


       Economic integration
       Infrastructure
        development
       Rural Development &
        Poverty Reduction
       Development of markets
        and a strong private
        sector
       Policy and institutional
        reform
       Human resource
        development
       Environmental protection


                                                7
NESDB
            Imbalance of Economic and Social
            Development

           GMS Country              Poverty Incidence* (%)                     Gini Coefficient**
                                             1992               2004                1992               2004
        CAMBODIA                                 39                 36              0.37                0.45
        PRC                                   23.8                 7.9              0.31                0.35
        LAOPDR                                   43              32.7               0.29                0.37
        MYANMAR                                N/A               22.9                N/A                N/A

        THAILAND                              23.2                 9.8              0.54                 0.5
        VIET NAM                              58.1               28.9               0.18                 0.2
                                          * Based on National Poverty Line
        ** Measures Degree to Which an Economy’s Income Distribution Diverges from Perfect Equal Distribution


                                                                                                                8
NESDB
                       GDP Per Capita (PPP)
           1993
 2000

 1800

 1600

 1400

 1200

 1000

  800

  600
                       394
                                   332       326       300        296
  400

  200

    0
        Thailand   Yunnan PRC   Viet Nam   Lao PDR   Myanmar   Cambodia

                                                                          9
NESDB
 Cross Border Interactions                 Thailand

            FLOW of Goods             ACMECS : to tackle
        Capital
                           Raw
                         Materials
                                       the root of soio-
    Technology               Labor
                                       economic problem
                                      Register Aliens
            Positive Flows
                                       Workers
             Negative Flows           Provide Equal
                                       Treatment to
            illegal workers            Migrants i.e.
                 Drugs
           Illegal Migration           healthcare, services
               Smuggling                                   10
NESDB
        Strategy and Direction




                                 11
NESDB
        New Regional Development Agenda
    Balance Economic/Social+ Environment= Sustainability


        Culture as an Effective Collaboration Tool


   Economic
    Growth
      &
                Knowledge
    Quality
                  Base &
    Capital                      Good
                 Low Risk
                  Society     Governance
                                  &
                             Transparency       People
                                                Contact
                                                       12
NESDB
   Corridor Development
   Recent Strategy        New Strategy




                                         13
NESDB
                   Expedite Economic Activities along the Corridors
    MYA                                        THA                                        LAO                   VN
                    Chiang Rai
Yangon                SBEZ
Sea Port
10,000-15,000DWT


                                                                   Mukdahan Savan-Seno
                    Tak SBEZ                   Khon Kaen           Distribution     SEZ      Dansavan Lao Bao SEZ        Hue
                                             Logistics Center/IE   Center                                           (World Heritage)


Mawlamying                  Pitsanulok                                                                       Dong Ha
                          Logistics Center                                                                   (Tourism)     Da Nang
     Contract                                                                                                              Deep Sea Port
                                                                                                                           35,000 DWT and
     Farming                                                                                                               Dung Quat IE
                                                               Aranyaprathet Poipet
                        Bangkok
                                                                                                         Ho Chi Minh
                                                                                          Phnom Penh                     Vung Tao
                                                                                                                         Deep Sea Port

                                                                        Trad      Koh Kong
                                                                                    Cambodia

                     Malaysia
                                      Kota-Perdana
        Infrastructure & Transport
        Highlight :
         Fulfill Missing Links & Expand Linkages

         Upgrade Logistics Systems – Multimodal
          Transport
         Develop Software to Facilitate Free Flow of
          Goods and People
         Promote Sustainable Use of Infrastructure
          - Joint Utilization of Infrastructure
          - Maintenance,Capacity Building,RoadSafety
          - Socio-Economic Impact of the
             Development
                                                  15
NESDB
         Road Transport Network
  2005                            2015




                                    16
NESDB
                                                        Flagship Initiatives:
                                       The Negotiation of All Annexes& Protocols
                                       has been finalized and Signed by March 2007,
                                       waiting for the ratification from countries.
  Cross-border Transport Agreement
                                       After ratification, full implementation of CBTA
                                       has scheduled in 2008
        Single Stop Inspection                                             First Step

                                                                           Second Step


          One Stop Service


 For CBTA in Thailand

    First step : Mukdahan,
    Aranyaprathet , Mae Sai, Mae Sot

    Second Step : Nong Khai, Chiang
    Kong, Chong Mek and Trat


 Thailand can Provide Assistance
 in Customs &Cross Broder
 Management to CLMV
                                                                                    17
NESDB
        Energy & Power
        Highlight :
           Establish Energy Power
            Market
            - Transmission Lines
            - Power Trade Operating
               Agreement
           Promote Alternative Energy
            i.e. Biofuels Hydropower &
            others
           Support Energy for the Poor
            i.e. Rural Electricity, Border
            Power Trade


                                             18
NESDB
    Enhancing Competitiveness

           Inter-Governmental Agreements on travel and trade
            facilitation and power trade
           Major reduction in travel time
           Removal of non-tariff barriers (Cross Border
            Transport Agreement)
           Customs facilitation
           Enabling policy environment for private investments
            (financial sector reform, judicial reform)
           Capacity Building – Phnom Penh Plan for
            Development Management

                                                              19
NESDB
        Trade & Investment
         Highlight :
            Facilitation - AISP, One Stop Service,
             Account Trade, Transaction with Local
             Currencies
            Promotion - Roadshow, Tradefairs,
            Investment Bases Preparation – Contract
             Farming, IE, SBEZ
            Investment Protection
            Private Sector Participation


                                                       20
NESDB
        Building a Community

           Joint promotion of trade, investment, and tourism
           New initiatives for closer cooperation such as
            ACMECS
           Integrating Ethnic Minorities in mainstream GMS
            development
           Joint work on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Avian Flu
           Preservation of shared environmental and cultural
            heritage
           Economic Integration: From an integrated market to an
            economic community?

                                                             21
NESDB
        Water & Natural Resourses
    Highlight :
     Set Rules and Regulation for
      Joint Utilization&
      - Commercial Navigation
      - MRC
     Joint Management&Conservation

     Integrate Environment with
      Development i.e. EOC



                                      22
NESDB
           Health & Migration
        Highlight :
         Cooperation on
          Communicable Diseases
          i.e. warning& control
          systems
         Capacity Building

         Community Development
          Projects



                                  23
NESDB
                    Movement of Labor
     Dimensions of      Measures of Extent           Expected                Possible
   Regional Integration   of Integration             Benefits             Costs/Untapped
                                                                             Benefits
    Movement of Labor     · Labor/migration      · Increased             · Trafficking
    (cross-border        policies like no-visa   employment              · Loss of jobs due to
    employment)          policy                  numbers and             competition from
                          · Increase in          opportunities           immigrant workers;
                         migration numbers       · Rise in income        · Fall in wage rate
        The              · Increase in number    levels                  · Deterioration in
      project            of workers going        · More freedom of       labor rules working
     will try to         across the border       movement – less         conditions
                         · Rise in               hassles at border;      · Social effects of
     find data           employment rates        no visa                 greater migrant
    to measure           · Decline in wage       · Easier to get cheap   workers (e.g.
       these             rate                    workers                 HIV/AIDS, and
      indices                                                            increased crime)


                                                                                          24
NESDB
   Resource Mobilization : Thailand & DPs
        1500 mil baht since 1996     7000 mil baht since 2001
  Technical Assistances            Financial Assistances
         via TICA                     via NEDA, BoB



                  Regional Development



                    Partnership with Other
                    Development Partners
                                                          25
NESDB
        Key Issues for World Bank’s
             Regional Strategy




                                  26
NESDB
              Dimensions of Regional Integration
    • Transport Links                            Movement of
    • Communications          Economic
                                                 • Goods
    • Natural Resources      Interactions        • Labor
    • Social Service Links                       • Capital


       Resource/                               Social
     Infrastructure              REI        Interactions
      Interactions
 • Legal/Judicial                           • Knowledge Endowment
 • Political                 Governance     • Social Capital
 • Regional Institutions     Interactions   • Cultural Linkage
 and Projects


                                                               27
NESDB
          Promote 3 Securities for Emerging Issues
        Energy Security & Efficiency
        Cooperate in developing and using subregional resources.
        Ensure fair income distribution to the poor& responsibility to
        environment.
        Food Security & Food Safety
        Adopt co-production process based on comparative advantage
        of each countries. Promote intra-regional trade to substitute
        import from outside. Use green approach for the food safety.
        Human Security
         Well Manage Transboundary issues i.e. illegal labor, trafficking,
         poverty reduction and environmental degradation. Ensure
         capacity of people for development.
                                                                       28
NESDB
        Ultimate Goals of World Bank’s Regional Strategy
                                                                                       Close
 Commitment                                                                       Coordinatio
      &                              WB Regional                                      n with
 Ownership of
 the Countries
                                      Strategy                                       Existing
                                                                                  Developmen
                                                                                    t Partners
                                                                                  i.e. ADB, JP
                                             R&D



     Increase           Upgrading Living       Promote Peace and        Strengthen Core Value
Competitiveness and    Condition and Well     Stability through Trust    i.e. Culture, Nature,
Growth of the Region   Being of the People     and Understanding           Tourist attractions




NESDB             Prosperity for Mekong Community                                      29
           Thank You
        http://www.nesdb.go.th




                             30
NESDB

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Illegal Immigrant from Indonesia to Malaysia document sample