SAP Einführung - Überblick FI - 1h by wanghonghx

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									FI: Financial Accounting


                           SD              FI
                      Sales &           Financial
                     Distribution      Accounting

                MM                                 CO

                                 R/3
               Materials                        Controlling
                Mgmt.
      PP                                                  TR
     Product                                             Treasury
     Planning




      QM
     Quality
                Client/Server PS
                                                          Project

                PM ABAP/4 WF
     Mgmt.                                                System

          Plant Mainte-                          Workflow
             nance
                           HR             IS
                      Human            Industry
                     Resources         Solutions




                                                                    FI - 1
Chapter 1   FI Structure


               Organisational Structure
               Ledgers
               Components of FI




                                           FI - 2
   Organisational Structure - Client


Client     0012

                                   Company code
                                   0002 HotPans AG
      Company code
      0007 ColdPans AG
                           Company code
                           0001 HamPans AG

           General
           ledger
                                General
                                ledger




                                                     FI - 3
Organisational Structure - Company Code


       Company code

       0001   HamPans AG




              General
              ledger




                                          FI - 4
 The Ledgers



Customers         Vendors


         General
         ledger


               Assets
                            FI - 5
      The Business Area




           CoCd 0001      CoCd 0002     CoCd 0003

business    bus. area 1   bus. area 1
area 1
business                  bus. area 2
area 2
business    bus. area 3   bus. area 3   bus. area 3
area 3



                                                      FI - 6
        The functional Components of FI


FI-GL    General Ledger
                               FI-SL   Special Purpose Ledger

FI-AR    Accounts Receivable
                               FI-LC   Legal Consolidation

FI-AP    Accounts Payable



FI-AA    Asset Accounting




                                                             FI - 7
Chapter 2   G/L Master Records


               Chart of Accounts
               Account Groups
               Screen Layout




                                    FI - 8
   What is a Chart of Accounts?


Client        0012

              Chart of Accounts INT



     011020     deprechiation construction
     011050     apprechiation plant & machine
     012000     low value assets
     012010     depreciation - low value
     013000     vehicles
     013010     depreciation - vehicles




                                                FI - 9
    What is a Chart of Accounts used for?


Client          0012

                                 Company code
                                 0002 HotPans AG
 Chart of Accounts INT

                               Company code
                               0001 HamPans AG
 011020   deprechiation
 011050   apprechiation
 012000   low value ass
 012010   depreciation -
 013000   vehicles                  General
 013010   depreciation -            ledger




                                                   FI - 10
            G/L Account Master Records

                                     Client




Chart of accts                                    Chart of accts
A                   G/L Acct Phila.Natl.Bank      B
                    Bal.sheet acct       X
                    Account group        FIN.



Company Codes



  0001                         0003
Currency      USD         Currency       CAD
Line item                 Line item
Display       X           Display             X
                                                                   FI - 11
            What can you do with a G/L Account?
                       3    Change it in
                               CoA
1                      G/L Acct Phila.Natl.Bank               5
    Create it in                                  Mark for
                       Bal.sheet acct    X
    Chart of                                      deletion
                       Account group     FIN.
    Accounts                                      in CoA


2                           0001
                                                              4
    Create it in       Currency    USD            Mark for
    Company            Line item                  deletion
    Code               Display                    in CoCd
                        X

                              Change
                             it in CoCd
                        3                               FI - 12
Chapter 3   G/L related documents


               Structure
               Working with Documents
               Configuration




                                         FI - 13
          The Document Principle


1 Business Transaction        =       1 Document


          Invoice
              to YourCo.
                                   Document No. 1300001234
    from
    Flowers by Yvonne         =    Expense 100
                                   Tax      10
   3 Bouquets-                     Cash        110
     red roses          100
   Tax 10%               10

                   110
   Date
          1300001234




                                                             FI - 14
The Structure of a Document
        Document Header

        Document Date Doc. type
        Posting Date  Currency
        Doc.Number



        Line item 1

        Posting Key        01
        Account Customer (A/R)
        Amount          1.100

         Line item 2
        Posting Key         50
        Account Sales Revenue
        Amount           1.000

         Line item 3

        Posting Key        50
        Account           Tax
        Amount            100

                                  FI - 15
Integration aspects




                      FI - 16
         What can you do with documents?

                               change
               parked
create
              document

                   post

create         posted                       reversal
+ post                     reverse
              document                     document


               change

                                                       FI - 17
Chapter 4   Customer / Vendor Master Records


               Contents
               Screen Layout
               Reconciliation Account




                                               FI - 18
  Accounts Receivable / Accounts Payable



            General
            ledger


Customers                 Vendors



                                           FI - 19
            Customer / Vendor Master Record
   Client                                General data
                                    Air Coditioners Inc.
                                   Chicago
                                    60609



                                         Bank details

                                   USA 500 500 10 123456




Company codes


    CoCd 0001   Company Code data           CoCd 0003      Company code data

                Recon.acct      nnnnnn                      Recon.acct     nnnnnn
                Pmnt terms      ZB01                       Pmnt terms      ZB02
                Sort line items 001                        Sort line items 002


                                                                                    FI - 20
    The Reconciliation Account

General Ledger

                              Reconciliation Account
                              Domestic Receivables
                                  1000     500




                               Accounts Receivable/Accounts Payable


                 Customer 1                            Customer 2
           1.000                                              500




                                                                      FI - 21
Chapter 5   Business Processes


               postings
               incoming payment, clearing
               dunning
               credit management
               outgoing payment




                                             FI - 22
        Document type

                     Number of Postings




Outgoing           Incoming                Bank
invoice            invoice




                                          XXXXX XXXXXXXXX




   DR                     KR                     SB

              Acct type    D, S

              Doc. No.     1800000025
                                                 Customers

                                                             FI - 23
       Posting an Outgoing Invoice

  Document Entry

                             Line Item 1
 Doc. Header                 PK            01
                             account       customer
Document Type   DR           amount        1150
Document Date                tax code      A1

Company Code    0001
                             Line Item 2
                              PK           50
                             account       800000
                             amount        *




                               Automatic Line items



                                                      FI - 24
         Payment Terms


Cust.acct:Air Cond.   Your Payment Terms           DR Air Conditioners
 - Master Records -                                01   Invoice 1.100
                      ZB00 net / net

Payment Data          ZB01 14Days 3%              ZB01
Paym.Terms   ZB01          20Days 1%              14 3%, 20 1%, 30
                           30Days net
                      ZB02 15Days 1%
                           40Days net




                                              Open Item Analysis

                                              Incoming Payment

                                              Outgoing Payment

                                              Dunning Procedure

                                                                    FI - 25
          Taxes



                                 Tax Table
Company                                                     DR Sales revenue
Air Conditioners            A1    10% Output
                                      Tax                   01 Credit   1.100
Invoice 1800000025
                            A2     5% Output                   Tax        100
from       03/25/YYYY
                                      Tax                       Tax code   A1
Goods        1.000          V1    10% InputTax
                            V2     5% InputTax
Tax            100
Total        1.100




                           Automatic tax entry is posted


                           Automatic tax adjustment is calculated
                            when posting cash discount.

                                                                            FI - 26
         Incoming Payment




                            Open Items
Incoming Payment
                            OI1   1000,-   Cash D.   3%
                            OI2   4000,-   Cash D.   3%
                   match    OI3   6000,-   Cash D.   0%
          2910,-            OI4   3000,-   Cash D.   3%
                            OI5   1000,-   Cash D.   1%




                                                     FI - 27
Processing Open Items



  Line Item 1 Field 1   Field 2 Field 3   Amount Cash D. %

  Line Item 2 Field 1   Field 2 Field 3   Amount Cash D. %

  Line Item 3 Field 1   Field 2 Field 3   Amount Cash D. %

  Line Item 4 Field 1   Field 2 Field 3   Amount Cash D. %

  Line Item 5 Field 1   Field 2 Field 3   Amount Cash D. %




  Post         activate / deactivate            process
                                                          FI - 28
     Dunning Run

            Basic                 Online
 Master   parameters            parameters            Documents
Records

                   Dunning program

                                                     Edit

                                                      l   Dunning level
                       Proposal                       l   Dunning block

                                                      Test print

                       Print Program




                    Dunning letters          Dunning list

                                                                   FI - 29
  The Dunning Procedure



dunning procedure      0001
Name                   four-level dunning notice, every two weeks


Dunning interval in days      14
No.of dunning levels           4
Min.days in arrears            6
Line item grace periods        2
Interest indicator            01   standard item interest




                                                                    FI - 30
      Why we need credit management

                              Customer


 Where is
our money?




                                         FI - 31
The Credit Control Area


Client         0012

Controling Area Europe             Controling Area Asia

 CoCd DE       CoCd GB             CoCd JP       CoCd KR



  Sunshine      Sunshine            Sunshine      Sunshine
 (CoCd-dep.)   (CoCd-dep.)         (CoCd-dep.)   (CoCd-dep.)




Customer Sunshine Ltd.       (CoCd-independent part)




                                                               FI - 32
Maintaining Credit Limits


Client                 0012

Controling Area Europe                     Controling Area Asia
 CoCd DE               CoCd GB             CoCd JP            CoCd KR
   Sunshine             Sunshine            Sunshine           Sunshine
  (CoCd-dep.)          (CoCd-dep.)         (CoCd-dep.)        (CoCd-dep.)


individual credit limit    20.000,00      individual credit limit   17.000,00


Customer Sunshine Ltd.               (CoCd-independent part)
  total credit limit                    100.000,00
  maximum individual credit limit       20.000,00



                                                                                FI - 33
          Monitoring Credit Limits

Company
BlueSky
Invoice 1800000025                   Credit limit        15.000,00
from       10.04.96

Goods           1.000                Receivables          6.761,13
Tax              150                 Special liabil.          0,00
Total           1.150                Order value              0,00
                                     Credit exposure      6.761,13


Bank transfer                        Credit limit used    45,07 %




                                                                     FI - 34
         Incoming Invoices


                             Company code

                             0001   HamPans AG
Company
BlueSky
Invoice 1800000025
from       10.04.96

Goods        1.000                  General
Tax            150
                                    ledger
Total        1.150




                                                 FI - 35
             The Payment Program

             Master           Payment           Current
                              control           parameters   Doc.
             record


                                      Proposal run
                                                                        post
                                                               Edit
                                      Proposal data          proposal

                                      Payment run

                                      Print program


                                      Print program

Check                                         Payment        Payment
                      Bank transfer                          summary
                                              advice
Euro Check




                                                                         FI - 36
Chapter 6   Additional Features


               foreign currencies
               financial calendar




                                     FI - 37
    Possible Currencies (FI)


   Local Currency (company code)
   Transaction Currency
   Group (client) Currency
   Global Company Currency
   Hard Currency (country level)
   Index Currency (country level)




                                     FI - 38
   Additional currencies in FI

   Example of currency types in a Multinational Group:

                             German Group
                              Group Currency
                                   DEM




                      US       Germany         Mexico
Transact. Currency   XXX         XXX           XXX
Local Currency       USD         DEM           MXP
Group Currency       DEM         DEM           DEM
Hard Currency                                  USD
Index Currency                   ECU
                                                         FI - 39
The Financial Calendar



                 May 1996
   Mon   Tues   Wed   Thu   Fri   Sat   Sun




                                              FI - 40
The End
          FI - 41

								
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