THE SHORELINE by gjjur4356

VIEWS: 46 PAGES: 40

									                                                             THE SHORELINE
                                                Defining the Shoreline and Frequent Questions
                                                          By Anna Dupuis-Zuckerman


                                                           Recommended Plants
                                                       Suggestions for Retaining Walls
                                                       Recommended Shrubs & Trees




Defining the Shoreline                             How did the shoreline become                    What does Renaturalizing              the
                                                   compromised?                                    shoreline mean?
The life of a lake is determined at its
perimeter; the shallow waters luxuriant            Many of us have unwittingly developed           Renaturalizing the shoreline means giving
with aquatic vegetation and the fertile            our country landscape without being             land at the water`s edge back to nature.
shoreline skirting the lake, supporting life       aware that we are altering the ecosystem.       The land to be returned has been
forms of all types, plant and insect, bird,        Some examples: using landfill to extend or      calculated to restore balance to the
animal and human.                                  change the contours of land, backfilling        ecosystem of the lake. This land is to be
                                                   shallow waters, building a dock blocking        left natural, with no grass cutting and no
This zone is a complex transition from             the natural flow of water, building retaining   addition of fertilizers. See below for new
water to land, holding in a fragile balance,       walls, cutting down trees and creating          regulations.
the ecosystem that supports the survival           lawns, landscaping with potent fertilizers.
of the lake. Any disturbance of the
shoreline threatens the shallow waters             Our many power boats cause strong
and its effects ripple outward to                  waves resulting in erosion producing
compromising the whole body of water. To           increased sedimentation and excessive
protect our lakes, we must respect the             growth of aquatic plants. Such intrusions
given shoreline and we must honestly               on the shoreline affect the lake’s health,      Nature will enthusiastically landscape for
address the effects of our living on the           productivity, its chemical make-up and          us. Herbaceous plants and wild flowers
edge of these once hardy and now                   temperature and endanger the fragile            will surface, then shrubs and trees. We
vulnerable, waters. The lake, like life, is a      equilibrium of the lake’s ecosystem.            can however participate by planting the
complex web of symbiotic relationships                                                             indigenous shrubs, vines and trees
and we are part of it.                                                                             suggested below.
How can shoreline Renaturalization help the lake?                       Be Pro-Active in Renaturalizing the Shoreline:
                                                                        Indigenous-Only Planting is encouraged.
As Filter:
Natural vegetation near the waterline filters sediments, fertilizers,   Indigenous means native to our area. An extensive list of
phosphates, and consumes nutrients which nurture the growth of          indigenous trees, shrubs and flowers can be found in the booklet
algae before they reach the water.                                      ‘Flore Des Laurentides’ at Estérel City Hall.

As Barrier against soil erosion:                                        Follow nature’s layout for a good balance: 10% trees, 45%
The complex root systems of some herbaceous plants stabilize            shrubs, 45% flowers.
the shoreline reducing the impact of waves causing sedimentation
and silting in the lake. The root system of these plants grows          No fertilizers allowed.
quickly, limiting erosion and strengthening the steep banks of the
shoreline, eventually replacing man-made retaining walls.               All gardening should be done by hand (no machinery) to avoid
                                                                        debris entering the lake earth already at the site should be used.
As Temperature Regulator:
Natural vegetation cools the lake, shadowing the shallow waters         Retaining walls located in shoreline are tolerated because they
and discouraging the proliferation of algae and aquatic plants          are protected by acquired rights. Note however that any
caused by warm waters.                                                  intervention on them (repair, demolition, etc.) requires municipal
                                                                        and/or government authorization.
As Water Regulator:
Natural vegetation can retain water. As an example, two and a           To avoid error, please submit an informal sketch of planned
half acres of beech trees are able to retain up to one million          planting within the 10 meters of shoreline to Estérel City Hall.
gallons of water.
What plants are suggested for a              Grasses:                                 Covering retaining walls at water’s
natural shoreline?                           Red Fescue-grass, Crested Wheatgrass,    edge:
                                             Timothy, Flat-stemmed Meadow-grass
                                             White Clover, White Sweet-Clover, Red-
Following are suggestions for natural        top, Reed Phalaris                       If the base of the wall is under water,
shoreline landscaping. These particular                                               shoreline restoration can take place on the
plants have been chosen not only             Shrubs and height at maturity:           top of the wall. Red-osier Dogwood and
because they are native to our area but      Sandbar Willow (3m), Speckled Alder      Large-leaved Meadow-sweet can be
because they have shown remarkable           (3m), Broad-leafed Meadowsweet (2m),     planted in a proportion of 2 to 1 to a depth
success in restoration projects. They are    Red Osier Dogwood (2-3m), Sweet Gale     of 10 meters. To give the wall a more
hardy and can grow in all types of soil,     (1m), Woodbine Vine (15m)                natural appearance, plant Virginia Creeper
whether the shoreline is degraded or                                                  along the wall. This vine will quickly
spoiled, on steep cliffs, in earth that is   Trees and height at maturity:            spread and cover the wall, giving it a more
gravelly or sandy. These plants do not       Red Ash (10-12m), Choke Cherry (4m),     natural look. (Suggestion from FAPEL) If
need fertilizers, many have deep root        Silver Maple (30m), Eastern Cottonwood   the base of the wall is above water,
systems that work to control erosion,        (45m), Eastern White Cedar (15-20m)      restoration can be done at the base of the
some tolerate flooding and drought. Many                                              wall, above the high water mark, as well
are fast growing. Different combinations                                              as on the top to a depth of 10 meters.
of these herbaceous plants have proven                                                Shrubby Willows or Sweet gale can be
successful. They are cultivated in many                                               planted at the base. If the soil is poor,
local nurseries, are easily available and                                             alder could be substituted for some of the
should be planted in the spring.                                                      shrubs. On top of the wall, plant Red-osier
                                                                                      Dogwood and Large-leaved Meadow-
                                                                                      sweet in a proportion of 2 to 1. With time,
It is suggested that the following                                                    the wall will crack or simply rot if it is made
indigenous grasses be planted at the                                                  of wood. The roots of the herbaceous
shoreline, and then further back, shrubs                                              plants and shrubs will progressively take
and      trees      are   recommended.                                                over and offer the necessary support thus
                                                                            .
Groundcover will develop naturally or can                                             creating a more efficient wall with a more
be pro-actively planted.                                                              natural appearance. (Suggestion from
                                                                                      FAPEL).
                              List of plants approved for the renaturalization
                                              of the shoreline
Picture/image       Latin name           French name          Common name        Exposure     Height     Humidity
                                                     ARBRES
                Abies balsamea        Sapin Baumier       Balsam Fir        Sun / Partial     25 m     Medium / High
                                                                            shade




                Acer pensylvanicum    Érable de           Striped Maple     Partial shade /   15 m     Medium / High
                                      Pennsylvanie                          Shade




                Acer rubrum           Érable rouge        Red Maple         Sun / Partial     20 m     Medium / High
                                                                            shade




                Acer saccharinum      Érable argenté      Silver Maple      Sun / Partial     30 m     Medium / High
                                                                            shade
Picture/image       Latin name          French name       Common name      Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Acer saccharum       Érable a sucre     Sugar Maple     Sun / Partial    30 m    Medium
                                                                        shade




                Betula               Bouleau jaune      Yellow Birch    Sun / Partial   22 m     Medium / High
                alleghaniensis                                          shade




                Betula papyrifera    Bouleau à papier   Paper Birch     Sun             20 m     Medium / High




                Fraxinus americana   Frêne d’Amérique   White Ash       Sun             30 m     Medium
Picture/image       Latin name      French name       Common name      Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Fraxinus nigra   Frêne noir         Black ash       Sun              22 m    High / Medium




                Faxinus          Frêne de           Red ash         Sun             22 m     Medium / High
                pennsylvanica    Pennsylvanie




                Larix laricina   Mélèze laricin     Easter Larch    Sun             15 m     Low / High




                Picea glauca     Épinette blanche   White spruce    Sun / Partial   22 m     High / Medium
                                                                    shade
Picture/image       Latin name           French name       Common name           Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Picea mariana         Épinette noire     Black spruce         Sun / Partial    22 m    High
                                                                              shade / Shade




                Pinus resinosa        Pin rouge          Red pine             Sun / Partial   30 m     Medium / Low
                                                                              shade / Shade




                Pinus strobus         Pin blanc          Eastern White Pine   Sun / Partial   30 m     Medium /Low
                                                                              shade




                Populus balsamifera   Peuplier baumier   Balsam poplar        Sun             22 m     High / Medium
Picture/image       Latin name           French name          Common name           Exposure   Height      Humidity
                Populus deltoides     Peuplier deltoïde     Eastern Cottonwood   Sun            30 m    High / Medium




                Populus               Peuplier à grandes    Large-Toothed        Sun           22 m     High / Medium
                grandidentala         dents                 Aspen




                Populus tremuloides   Peuplier faux-        Trembling Aspen      Sun           15 m     High / Medium
                                      tremble




                Prunus serotina       Cerisier tardif       Rum cherry           Sun           22 m     Medium / Low




                Quercus macrocarpa    Chêne à gros fruits   Bur Oak              Sun           30 m     Medium
Picture/image       Latin name          French name          Common name           Exposure   Height     Humidity
                Quercus rubra        Chêne rouge           Red Oak              Sun            30 m    Medium




                Salix amygdaloides   Saule à feuilles de   Peachleaf Willow     Sun           15 m     High / Medium
                                     pêcher




                Sorbus Americana     Sorbier d’Amérique    American Mountain-   Sun           20 m     Medium
                                                           Ash




                Sorbus decora        Sorbier des           Showy Mountain-      Sun           10 m     Medium
                                     Montagnes             Ash
Picture/image       Latin name          French name         Common name          Exposure       Height      Humidity
                Thuja occidentalis   Thuya occidental     Eastern Arbovitae   Sun / Partial      20 m    High / Low
                                                                              shade




                Tilia americana      Tilleul d’Amérique   American Linden     Sun / Partial     30 m     Medium
                                                                              shade




                                                  ARBUSTRES
                Aronia melanocarpa   Aronie noire        Black Chokeberry     Sun / Partial      2m      Medium / High
                                                                              shade




                Acer spicatum        Érable à épis        Mountain Maple      Partial shade /    6m      Medium / High
                                                                              Shade
Picture/image       Latin name            French name           Common name       Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Alnus viridis subsp.   Aulne crispé           American Green   Sun              3m      Medium / High
                                                              Alder




                Amelancher             Amélanchier du         Shadlow          Sun / Partial    7m      Medium
                canadensis             Canada                 Serviceberry     shade




                Amelancher laevis      Amélanchier glabre     Allegheny        Sun / Partial    7m      Medium
                                                              Serviceberry     shade




                Andromeda polifolia    Andromède à feuilles   Northern Bog     Sun / Partial   0,6 m    Medium / High
                                       de Polium              Rosemary         shade
Picture/image        Latin name          French name         Common name       Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Arctostaphylos        Raisin d’ours        Bearberry        Sun / Partial   0,3 m    Low / High
                uvaursi                                                     shade / Shade




                Aulnus rugosa         Aulne rugueux        Speckled Alder   Sun / Partial   10 m     High
                                                                            shade




                Cassandra             Cassandre caliculé   Leaterleaf       Sun / Partial    1m      High
                calyculata                                                  shade




                Comptonia peregrina   Comptonie            Sweetfern        Sun / Partial   0,9 m    Low / High
                                      voyageuse                             shade
Picture/image       Latin name            French name            Common name         Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Cornus alternifolia   Cornouiller à feuilles   Pagoda Dogwood     Sun / Partial    5m      High
                                      alternes                                    shade




                Cornus stolonifera    Couiller stolonifère     Redosier Dogwood   Sun / Partial    2m      Low / High
                                                                                  shade / Shade




                Corylus cornuta       Noisetier à long bec     Beaked Hazelnut    Sun / Partial   2,4 m    Low / Medium
                                                                                  shade




                Diervilla Ionicera    Dièreville               Bush Honeysuckle   Sun / Partial   1,2 m    Low / Medium
                                      chèvrefeuille                               shade
Picture/image       Latin name            French name          Common name            Exposure      Height     Humidity
                Hypericum             Millepertuis de Kalm   Kalm’s St. John’s-                     0,9 m    Non disponible
                kalmianum                                    wort




                Ilex verticillata     Houx verticillé        Common               Sun / Partial      3m      High
                                                             Winterberry          shade




                Kalmia angustifolia   Kalmia à feuilles      Sheep Laurel         Sun / Partial      1m      Low / High
                                      étroites                                    shade




                Ledum                 Thé du Labrador        Labrador Tea         Sun / Partial     1,2 m    High
                groenlandicum                                                     shade




                Lonicera canadensis   Chèvrefeuille du       American Fly         Partial shade /   1,8 m    Medium / High
                                      Canada                 Honeysuckle          Shade
Picture/image       Latin name           French name             Common name        Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Myrica gale           Myrique baumier          Sweet Gale        Sun / Partial   1,2 m    High
                                                                                 shade




                Physocarpus           Physocarpe à             Common Ninebark   Sun / Partial    3m      Low / High
                opulifolius           feuilles d’obier                           shade




                Potentila fruticosa   Potentille frutescente   Bush Cinquefoil   Sun / Partial   1,3 m    Medium
                                                                                 shade




                Prunus pensylvanica   Cerisier de              Pin Cherry        Sun              5m      Medium / Low
                                      Pennsylvanie




                Prunus virginiana     Cerisier de Virginie     Choke Berry       Sun             10 m     Medium / Low
Picture/image       Latin name      French name       Common name         Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Rhododendron     Rhododendron du    Rhodora            Partial shade /   1,2 m    Medium / High
                canadense        Canada                                Shade




                Rhus aromatica   Sumac aromatique   Fragrant Sumac     Sun / Partial     1,8 m    Low / Medium
                                                                       shade




                Rhus typhina     Sumac vinaigrier   Staghorn Sumac     Sun               7,6 m    Low




                Rosa blanda      Rosier inerme      Smooth Wild Rose   Sun                2m      Low / Medium




                Rosa nitida      Rosier brillant    Shining Rose       Sun                1m      Medium
Picture/image      Latin name           French name        Common name            Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Rubus idaeus         Framboisier         Raspberry             Sun / Partial     1,2 m    Medium
                                                                               shade / Shade




                Rubus occidentalis   Ronce occidentale   Black Raspberry       Partial shade /   1,8 m    Medium
                                                                               Shade




                Rubus odoratus       Ronce odorante      Flowering Raspberry   Sun / Partial      2m      Medium / High
                                                                               shade / Shade




                Salix discolor       Saule discolor      Pussy Willow          Sun / Partial      5m      Medium / High
                                                                               shade
Picture/image        Latin name          French name           Common name       Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Salix eriocephala     Saule rigide           Cottony Willow   Sun                4m      Medium / High




                Salix exigua subsp.   Saule de l’intérieur   Sandbar Willow   Sun / Partial      6m      Medium / High
                Interior                                                      shade




                Salix lucida          Saule brillant         Shining Willow   Sun/ Partial       8m      Medium / High
                                                                              shade




                Salix pellita         Saule satiné           Satiny Willow    Partial shade /    3m      Medium / High
                                                                              Shade
Picture/image        Latin name       French name           Common name          Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Salix petiolaris   Saule à long pétiole   Slender Willow      Sun              3m      Medium / High




                Salix sericea      Saule soyeux           Silky Willow        Sun / Partial   3,6 m    Medium / High
                                                                              shade




                Sambucus           Sureau du Canada       American Elder ou   Sun / Partial   3,6 m    Low / High
                canadensis                                Alderberry          shade / Shade




                Sambucus pubens    Sureau pubescent       Scarlet Elder       Sun / Partial    4m      High
                                                                              shade
Picture/image       Latin name         French name         Common name            Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Shepherdia          Shepherdie du        Russet Buffaloberry   Sun               2,5 m    Low
                canadensis          Canada




                Spiraea latifolia   Spirée à larges      Large-leaved          Sun               1,5 m    Medium
                                    feuilles             Meadowsweet




                Spiraea tomentosa   Spirée tomenteuse    Hardhack              Sun / Partial     1,5 m    Low / Medium
                                                                               shade




                Symphoricarpos      Symphorine blanche   Common Snowberry      Sun / Partial     1,5 m    High
                albus                                                          shade / Shade




                Vaccinium           Bleuet à feuilles    Lowbuch Blueberry     Partial shade /   0,6 m    Low / Medium
                angustifolium       étroites                                   Shade
Picture/image       Latin name        French name      Common name             Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Vaccinum         Canneberge à gros   American cranberry     Sun / Partial     0,3 m    Medium / High
                macrocarpon      fruits                                     shade




                Vaccinium        Bleuet fausse-      Velvetleaf Blueberry   Sun / Partial     0,6 m    High
                myrtilloides     myrtille                                   shade




                Virburnum        Viorne cassinoïde   Northern Wild Raisin   Sun / Partial      2m      Low / High
                cassinoides                                                 shade / Shade




                Viburnum         Viorne à feuilles   Hobblebuch             Partial shade /    2m      Medium
                lantanoides      d’aulne                                    Shade
Picture/image       Latin name           French name          Common name         Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Viburnum lentago      Viorne flexible       Nannyberry         Sun / Partial   5,4 m    Low / High
                                                                               shade / Shade




                Viburnum trilobum     Viorne trilobée       American           Sun / Partial   3,6 m    Medium
                                                            Cranberrybush      shade




                                           PLANTES RAMPANTES
                Clematis virginiana   Clématite de Virginie Virgin’s Bower     Sun / Partial    4m      Medium / High
                                                                               shade




                Parthenocissus        Vigne vierge          Virginia Creeper   Sun / Partial   15 m     Medium
                quinqufolia                                                    shade / Shade
Picture/image         Latin name      French name        Common name         Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Vitis riparia      Vigne des rivages   Riverbank Grape    Sun / Partial    3m      Medium / High
                                                                          shade




                                    PLANTES HERBACÉES (VIVACES)
                Anaphalis          Immortelle vivace Pearly Everlasting   Sun             50 cm    Low
                margaritacea




                Anemone            Anémone du          Canadian Anemone   Sun / Partial   40 cm    Medium / High
                canadensis         Canada                                 shade




                Angelica           Angélique noire-    Angelica           Sun / Partial   250 cm   Medium
                atropurpurea       pourprée                               shade
Picture/image       Latin name           French name            Common name          Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Apocynum              Apocyn chanvrin        Infian Hemp          Sun / Partial     80 cm    Medium / High
                cannabinum                                                        shade




                Aquilegia             Ancolie du Canada      Canada Columbine     Sun / Partial     60 cm    Low
                canadensis                                                        shade




                Asclepias incarnata   Asclépiade incarnate   Swamn Milkweed       Sun               120 cm   Medium / High




                Aster cordifolius     Aster cordifolié       Heart-shaped Aster   Partial shade /   60 cm    High
                                                                                  Shade
Picture/image       Latin name        French name           Common name          Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Aster puniceus     Aster ponceau          Red-Stalked Aster   Sun / Partial   150 cm   High
                                                                              shade




                Aster umbellatus   Aster à ombelles       Umbellate Aster     Sun / Partial   150 cm   High
                                                                              shade




                Caltha palustris   Populage des marais    March Marigold      Sun / Partial   30 cm    Very High
                                                                              shade / Shade




                Campanula          Campanule à feuilles   Bluebell            Sun             30 cm    Low
                rotundifolia       rondes
Picture/image       Latin name         French name         Common name         Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Chelone glabra      Galane glabre        Turtlehead         Partial shade /   90 cm    Medium / High
                                                                            Shade




                Comarum palustris   Comaret des marais   Marsh Cinquefoil   Sun / Partial     35 cm    High / Very
                                                                            shade                      High




                Cornus canadensis   Quatre-temps         Bunchberry         Partial shade     10 cm    High




                Epilobium           Épilobe à feuilles   Fireweed           Sun               200 cm   Low
                angustifolium       étroites
Picture/image       Latin name          French name          Common name          Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Eupatorium           Eupatoire maculé      Purple Joe-Pye      Sun / Partial     200 cm   Medium / High
                maculatum                                  Weed                shade




                Eupatorium           Eupatoire perfoliée   Perfoliale          Sun / Partial     75 cm    Medium / High
                perfoliatum                                Thoroughworth       shade




                Heliopsis            Héliopsis faux-       False Sunflower     Sun               120 cm   Low / Medium
                helianthoides        héliante




                Impatiens capensis   Impatiente du cap     Cape Touch-me-not   Partial shade /   100 cm   Medium / High
                                                                               Shade
Picture/image         Latin name          French name       Common name        Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Iris versicolor      Iris versicolore     Blue flag Iris    Sun / Partial   55 cm    High / Very
                                                                            shade                    High




                Lobelia cardinalis   Lobelie cardinale    Cardinal Flower   Sun / Partial   90 cm    High / Medium
                                                                            shade




                Mentha arvensis      Menthe du Canada     Wild mint         Sun             50 cm    High / Medium




                Monarda fistulosa    Monarde fistuleuse   Wild Bergamot     Sun             100 cm   Low
Picture/image      Latin name           French name          Common name            Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Myosotis laxa         Myosotis laxifore    Small Forget-me-Not   Sun             30 cm    High




                Physostegia           Physostégie de       Obedient Plant        Sun / Partial   70 cm    Medium / High
                virginiana            Virginie                                   shade




                Pontederia cordata    Pontédérie cordée    Pickerel weed         Sun             80 cm    High




                Rudbeckia laciniata   Rudbeckie laciniée   Cut-leaved            Sun             150 cm   Medium / High
                                                           Coneflower
Picture/image       Latin name               French name             Common name            Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Sagittaria latifolia      Sagittaire latifoliée    Broadleaf Arrowhead   Sun / Partial   100 cm   Very High
                                                                                         shade




                Sanguisorba               Sanguisorbe du           Canada Burnet                         150 cm   High
                canadensis                Canada




                Scutellaria lateriflora   Scutellaire latérifore   Side-Flowering        Sun             70 cm    High / Medium
                                                                   Skullcap




                Solidago canadensis       Verge d’or du            Canada Goldenrod      Sun             110 cm   Low / Medium
                                          Canada
Picture/image         Latin name      French name         Common name          Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Symphyotrichum     Aster latériflore    Calico Aster        Sun / Partial   70 cm    Medium / High
                lateriflorum                                                shade




                Symphyotrichum     Aster de Nouvelle-   New-England Aster   Sun / Partial   50 cm    Low / Medium
                novae-anglia       Angleterre                               shade




                Thalictrum         Pigamon pubescent    Tall Meadow-Rue     Sun / Partial   180 cm   Medium / High
                pubescens                                                   shade / Shade
Picture/image        Latin name          French name           Common name         Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Thalictrum            Pigamon veiné          Veiny Meadow-Rue   Sun               60 cm    Medium / High
                venulosum




                Tiarella cordifolia   Tiarelle cordifoliée   Foamflower         Partial shade /   20 cm    Medium / High
                                                                                Shade




                Verbena hastala       Verveine hastée        Blue Vervain       Sun               110 cm   High




                                                   GRAMINÉES
                Bolboschoenus         Scirpe fluviatile    River Bulrush        Sun               100 cm   High
                fluviatilis
Picture/image       Latin name           French name         Common name          Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Calamagrostis         Calamagrostide du    Bluejoint           Sun             130 cm   High / Medium
                canadensis            Canada




                Deschampsia           Deschampsie          Tufted Hairgrass    Sun / Partial   100 cm   Medium
                cespitosa             cespiteuse                               shade / Shade




                Elymus canadensis     Élyme du Canada      Canada Limegrass    Sun             150 cm   Medium / High




                Glyceria canadensis   Glycérie du Canada   Canada Mannagrass   Sun / Partial   100 cm   Medium / High
                                                                               shade / Shade
Picture/image       Latin name          French name      Common name          Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Glyceria grandis     Glycérie géante   Tall Mannagrass     Sun             160 cm   Medium / High




                Glyceria striata     Glycérie striée   Nerved Mannagrass   Sun / Partial   90 cm    Medium / High
                                                                           shade / Shade




                Hierochloe odorata   Foin d’odeur      Sweetgrass          Sun / Partial   60 cm    High
                                                                           shade




                Juncus effusus       Jonc épars        Common Rush         Sun             60 cm    High
Picture/image       Latin name          French name       Common name          Exposure     Height     Humidity
                Leersia oryzoides    Léersie faux riz   Rice Cutgrass       Sun             130 cm   Medium / High




                Panicum virgatum     Panic raide        Switchgrass         Sun / Partial   150 cm   N/D
                                                                            shade




                Schoenoplectus       Scirpe aigu        Hardstern Bulrush   Sun             200 cm   High
                acutus var. acutus




                Shoenoplectus        Scirpe d’Américe   American Bulrush    Sun             100 cm   High
                pungens
Picture/image       Latin name           French name       Common name           Exposure     Height      Humidity
                Schoenoplectus       Scirpe des étangs   Softstern Bulrush    Sun             150 cm   High
                tabernaemontani




                Scirpus cyperinus    Scirpe Souchet      Common Woolgrass     Sun             150 cm   High




                Spartina pectinata   Herbe à liens       Pectinate Spartina   Sun / Partial   100 cm   Medium
                                                                              shade
Picture/image       Latin name            French name           Common name           Exposure      Height     Humidity
                                                   FOUGÈRES
                Athyrium filixfemina   Athyrie fougère-       Lady Fern            Sun / Partial    60 cm    Low / High
                                       femelle                                     shade / Shade




                Athyrium filixfemina   Fougère-femelle du     Northern Lady Fern   Sun / Partial    60 cm    Low / High
                var. angustum          Nord                                        shade / Shade




                Dennstaedtia           Denstaedia à lobules   Hayscented Fern      Sun / Partial    90 cm    Low / High
                punctilobula           ponctués                                    shade / Shade




                Dryopteris cristata    Dryoptère à crêtes     Crested Wood fern    Partial shade/   55 cm    Medium
                                                                                   Shade
Picture/image       Latin name             French name          Common name            Exposure       Height     Humidity
                Dryopteris marginalis   Dryoptère à sores      Marginal Wood Fern   Partial shade /   60 cm    Medium / Low
                                        marginaux                                   Shade




                Dryopteris spinulosa    Dryoptéride            Spinulose Shield     Sun / Partial     50 cm    Low / Medium
                                        spinuleuse             Fern                 shade / Shade




                Dryopteris              Dryoptéride            Marsh Shield Fern    Partial shade /   60 cm    Very High
                Thelypteris             thélyptéride                                Shade




                Matteuccia              Fougère à l’autruche   Ostrish Fern         Partial shade /   230 cm   Medium / High
                struthiopteris                                                      Shade
Picture/image      Latin name             French name        Common name          Exposure       Height      Humidity
                Onoclea sensibilis      Onoclée sensible   Sensitive Fern      Sun / Partial     80 cm    High
                                                                               shade / Shade




                Osmunda                 Osmonde cannelle   Cinamon Fern        Partial shade /   125 cm   High / Medium
                cinnamomea                                                     Shade




                Osmunda regalis         Osmonde royale     Royal Fern          Sun / Partial     125 cm   High
                                                                               shade / Shade




                Thelypteris palustris   Thélyptère des     Marsh Shield-Fern   Partial shade /   60 cm    High
                                        marais                                 Shade

								
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