THE NEWSLETTER of the MICHIGAN FLY FISHING CLUB November 2008 Nielsen’s rating? UPCOMING Her “guide flies” MEETINGS score a 10 & EVENTS In her first appearance at a Michigan November 7-10 Fly Fishing Club meeting, West Fall Steelhead Outing Michigan-based fly tier Julie Nielsen Muskegon River, Newaygo kept October meeting attendees Contact: Eric Zadorecky enthralled by focusing on a selection of “guide flies.” She demonstrated November 12 (Note 2nd Wed.) three: a variation of Earl Madsen’s Speaker: Jeff “Bear” Andrews venerable skunk, a pattern called Topic: “Labrador Brook Trout and the Flies to Deceive Them” Clarenceville Middle School, Livonia, 7:30 p.m. November 19 (Note: 3rd Wed.) Terry Herron and Larry Poole get Board Meeting Clarenceville Middle School, some individual attention from Livonia, 7:30 p.m. October presenter, Julie Nielsen. “box o’ chocolates” and the D.O.A. or November 26 (Note: 4th Wed.) “dun on arrival.” Garage Sale & Activity Night A regular at the annual Great Lakes Featured Tier: Terry Herron Council-FFF Fly Tying Expo in Clarenceville Middle School, Mason, Nielsen described “guide flies” Livonia, 7:30 p.m. as “cheap, easy and quick to do.” “Believe me,” she said, “after a day December 6 Garage Sale Night spent with a client on the river, a 9th Annual Great Lakes set for November 26 guide’s not interested in doing any Council-FFF Tying Expo You’ll want to be on hand for tying.” Ingham County Fairgrounds, Mason what’s become a much While she doesn’t think of herself as a 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. anticipated tradition, the Club’s production fly tier, she is a commercial Admission: $10 for adults, $5 for annual garage sale night. You’ll tier, cranking out about 700 dozen flies youths ages 13-18; children 12 and likely find all manner of fishing- under are free. Continued on page 2 related items offered by members. Nielsen’s rating? body, it will pass for a hopper and has proven to be especially effective on Her “guide flies” Western rivers. The GSP thread is especially important, she added. “You score a 10 need a thread that you can really horse Continued from page 1 down on.” a year, exclusively for Gates AuSable Published monthly Lodge, Schmidt Outfitters and Kelly Editor Mike Matuszewski Galloup’s Slide Inn, near West email@example.com Yellowstone, MT. Her real forté, she 248-646-4768 said, is tying custom orders. When not Michigan Fly Fishing Club tying, she and her 7-year-old border P.O. Box 530113 collie, Tippet (more formally known to Livonia, MI 48153 the American Kennel Club as Nielsen’s 6X Tippet) have explored 2008 – 2009 Officers many of America’s most notable President Pat Brazzil rivers, including the Yellowstone, firstname.lastname@example.org Arkansas’ White River, the Deschutes 248-344-7470 in Oregon and Pennsylvania’s Yellow Vice President Breeches. Jeff McGowan email@example.com She said she finds that traditional 248-888-9791 Michigan flies, like Earl Madsen’s skunk are especially effective on other Corresponding Secretary October presenter Julie Nielsen, with rivers, particularly those out West. Bruce Kramer her materials and tools arrayed “The fish out there just haven’t seen 248-672-9056 around her, prepares to take club many of them,” she said. Recording Secretary members on a tour of her favorite Rick Gokenbach “guide flies.” 313-343-0026 Julie Nielsen’s Skunk Treasurer Scott Freeburg Thread: Black 50 denier GSP (gel spun Julie’s Box o’ Chocolates firstname.lastname@example.org polyester) 248-366-6783 Hook: #10 Tiemco 1001 Thread: Black or brown Membership Eric Center Tail: White calf tail Hook: Dry fly sizes #14, #16, or #18 email@example.com Body: Crystal Antron chenille Head: 1/8th inch brass or tungsten 248-363-3861 Accent: Four strands of Crystal Flash bead Immediate Past President Wing: High-quality elk Rib: Fine gold wire Joe Sprys Rubber legs, tied in right at the water Accent: One strand of a Crystal 248-380-6170 level Flashaboo tied in like the lateral line Nielsen described this as “an all-day on a fish Board of Directors fly.” “Cast it right up into the log jams Body: Hare’s ear dubbing Al Bullock 989-344-0594 and cover. Let it sit for a second, then Hackle: Hungarian Partridge, tied very Chris Hunter 734-207-0575 pop it. It’ll elicit a savage strike.” She sparse in by the tip John Long 734-420-0267 also noted that tied in with a yellow Julie’s D.O.A. (Dun on Arrival) Salmon time! Can be used for blue wing olives, Maralynn Tanner and sulphurs, pale morning duns one of the three salmon Hook: Dry fly sizes #18 to #24 she brought to the net Thread: To match body while fishing the Body: Crinkled Zelon, stretched out Gleason’s Landing and sparse area on the PM in Parachute post material mid-September. “ALL Hackle: Dun Whiting, 2 to 3 wraps fish caught were behind the post and 2 wraps in front successfully netted by of the post. Trim the bottom hackle my long-time fishing flush with the hook point. buddy, Vince Ronewicz,” she said. even as a passable hopper. It’s been MFFC helps CRA referred to by various names – but come November you’ll garner the info empower communities to you need to tie your own – no matter improve water quality what you decide to call it. Funded in part by an MFFC So bring your vise, your tools, and be conservation grant, the Conservation sure to get a good seat because Terry Resource Alliance (CRA) and partners Herron’s class will definitely be in have been working hard to deliver new session. technology that will make sharing information and stimulating public Our featured tier in November will be involvement much easier. Terry Herron. He’s pictured above at Its primary purpose is to include six the 2007 Great Lakes Council-FFF new rivers (Bear Creek, Big Sable, Fly Tying Expo. Manistee, Pere Marquette, Carp, and Maple rivers) and update existing Foam and feathers: watershed conditions and priorities on Class is in session at the an exciting new prototype GIS database. The database called Nov. activity meeting The Fly Tyer Foam Hopper Evaluation of Erosion Control Best by Todd A. Schotts Management Practices (BMP’s) in Hook: 2x long, sizes 8-12 Streams. Sample content may be Most birds are on the wing heading Thread: 6/0 contrasting color to the viewed at www.liaa.info/crabmp/. The south and you say you haven’t seen a foam database is user-friendly and is an grasshopper since Labor Day? You Body: 2mm closed-cell foam interactive and updateable tool for can change that at the November 26 Legs: Medium round rubber legs tracking sources of sediment input and activity meeting. Terry Herron will be Wing: Deer hair other impacts to watersheds featuring foam hoppers and Jack throughout northwest Michigan. Now Gartside’s famous sparrow pattern. for the first time, agencies, non- governmental organizations, and Herron is a Royal Oak resident, a especially local residents, can have retired school teacher and one very real-time access to watershed active MFFC member. If there’s a information at their fingertips. school, a youth activity or an opportunity to interest other anglers in Providing this information allows local tying, you’ll typically find Herron people, groups, and specific audiences there. He’s a regular at events like our to engage and connect ideas to the Youth School, Boy Scout School, the The Gartside Sparrow efforts of other organizations to create Members’ School, youth fly tying at more sustainable communities through the club’s corner at MUCC’s Hook: 1x long nymph size 12-8 interactive involvement in natural Outdoorama and the Ultimate Fishing Tail: Fluff from pheasant rump feather resource management. For 40 years, Show. Rib: Copper wire CRA and local partners have Body: Ultra chenille successfully completed hundreds of Herron’s chosen two interesting Collar: Pheasant rump feather projects greatly reducing non-point patterns. The foam hopper comes Head: Aftershaft feather source pollution from entering the from the pages of Fly Tyer Magazine. Great Lakes and surrounding coastal If you read about it, now you’ll be able Help save on postage, watersheds. to see it tied and tie your own. get your Hatch via email The secondary purpose of this project The second fly should be a staple in With the economy bracing for the is to empower local residents to get everyone’s fly box right alongside the possibility of more bad news, involved in watershed management by wooly bugger. Massachusetts native everyone’s economizing. Getting providing public information Jack Gartside devised the sparrow your monthly edition of The technology through interactive web more than 25 years ago while camping Evening Hatch via email will help and CD databases. Included is specific near Baker’s Hole on the Madison trim some of our expenses, freeing site information designed to be utilized River just outside West Yellowstone, up dollars to be used in other MT. He didn’t like changing flies all ways. Just let Membership Continued on page 6 the time, so he wanted a fly that could Chairman Eric Center know you fish as a nymph or as a streamer or want to receive the newsletter electronically. BEAD HEAD: What your fishing KEEPER RING: Synonymous with Todd’s world, partner calls you upon seeing the cold “wedding ring.” etymologically sweat beading on your forehead the morning after consuming way too PELVIC FINS: Among fly anglers whose waistline is expanding. It’s speaking much 25-year-old single malt. Related synonymous with “love handles.” to “WOBBLING.” PROFILE: A complaint lodged by Todd A. Schotts BI-FLY: A fly that is comfortable against DNR conservation officers among straight and gay fly anglers. who stop you before you reach Tippy (Editor’s note: Todd Schotts has taken Dam access site during salmon and readers of The Evening Hatch on tours steelhead season as they pat you down of some of Michigan’s most famous looking for the (in)famous “Pere rivers. In this edition, he’s decided to Marquette Yarn Treble Hook” turn his attention to some of the terms patterns. that have slipped into fly anglers’ RUN: What you do when you vocabulary. Read ‘em and weep or inadvertently hook a wasps’ nest in a chuckle as the mood moves you. What tree overhanging the river. you’re about to read likely won’t be SNIPPET: What your spouse does to contained in the American Heritage, your credit cards after you get home Webster’s or Oxford New English A Bimini twist from the fly shop. dictionaries.) STRIP: What you do after you step BIMINI TWIST: A variation of that into a deep pool and float your hat. Taking a break from tying recently, I 1960, Chubby Checker-inspired dance, decided to look up “Fly Fishing “The Twist.” This version can only be Terminology” on the Internet. Was I performed in tropical locations ever amazed! There were sites for wearing a mango-hued Midwest Fly Japan, England, Europe, Ireland and Fishing Expo tech shirt and a $5 grass the good ol’ USA. Let’s not forget skirt. “fly tying.” WOW! After glancing at BUTT PAD: Okay, I’m going to some of those definitions I figured I leave this one alone. NEXT!! could enhance or come up with my DISTURBANCE PATTERN: This own definitions for a few of them. So occurs when a rooster-crowing alarm I picked out ones that I thought really clock goes off at 6 a.m. in the middle SURFACE TENSION: The result of needed some new definitions and here of a crowded fly fishing lodge. As the repeatedly hooking your float partner they are. Some of you, after reading lodgers search high and low for this or guide. this list, may think that I may have tied fowl wake-up call, the disturbance TEETER: What you do after multiple one too many flies or left the caps off causes a pattern of surly behavior nips of the 25-year-old single malt in the Fish Glue, Zap-A-Gap and head among the awakened lodgers. your hip flask. If this happens, find a cement. Nevertheless, here they are. FOUL-HOOK: This is the name chair immediately. If no chair is given to the first fly you ever tie available, just sit down where you are because it tends to resemble a chicken … as long as it’s not in the middle of with a hook in its marabou section the river. (buttocks). UPWIND: A very good place to be HORROR FLIES: Think stacked after eating my Loaded Country Bean, deer hair trimmed to resemble you 15 Bean Soup. BAM!!! famous horror film villains – the VENT: What you do if you’re “Frankenstein Fry Fly;” “Dracula “UPWIND.” Dobson Fly;” “Mummy Mayfly,” an WILD TURKEY: Possible favorite advanced, but misnamed cased-caddis adult beverage among fly fishers. An alevin pattern. pattern; and “Jason’s Jointed Fly,” a WOBBLING: What you do while variation of Earl Madsen’s “buzzsaw.” walking to the river the morning after ALEVIN: One of the three famous Tiers of these patterns are not known you’ve spent a night drinking 25-year- singing and TV and movie star to have a life. old single malt. See “BEAD HEAD.” chipmunks. (Simon, Theodore, and INSECT GREEN: The color your ALEVIN!) face turns after drinking water straight Until next time, Tight Lines and from the river, stream or lake you are Snazzy Flies. fishing. MFFC Board - Hunter has agreed to put together a misspelled emails will be system for tracking the club automatically returned. Expo Meeting Minutes equipment, specifically the vises information is being updated as it is September 17, 2008 and fly tying materials. Hunter received, so please keep forwarding Present: P. Brazzil, J. Long, J. will seek assistance and make a the information. There was a McGowan, S. Freeburg, A. Bullock, B. proposal for a tracking system. discussion about being able to accept Kramer, C. Hunter, E. Center. - There is a suggestion that all board payment through the website, however members have keys to the offsite we are not there in terms of economic Visitors: John Pinto, Jeff Parker, Tim storage units as well as the on- feasibility and technology. This will Marchand, Eric Zadorecky. premises storage. be re-visited periodically and if 7:30 Meeting was called to order by Looking Forward anything changes, the board will be McGowan. Two proposed versions of - All business for meetings must go notified. Zadorecky is seeking a meeting minutes were submitted for through the board before being moderator to oversee a fly fishing approval and Center/Kramer moved brought up at any regular meeting. report blog. The moderator would for the approval of the “G” version of This is a constitutional oversee/moderate/edit the blog to the minutes. Long/Center moved for requirement, and will be enforced. make sure everything is appropriate for the approval of the agenda, with one - There will be an effort to publication and that there are no addition for a brief presentation by coordinate Activity/Speakers with abuses by anyone. Please see Pinto. the season of fishing, with hopes Zadorecky if you can help or are of creating themes and tie in with interested. The website is still in need Officer Reports the speakers and activities. (Like of photographs from members. These President – Brazzil welcomed visitors can be any appropriate photographs opening day flies in March/April, and new board members. The expo from members and do not need to be late season patterns in dates are now set in stone for March 7- limited to fishing, club outings and September/October…) 8, 2009. The expo will be at the same activities. All appropriate pictures will location and the same time as last year. Treasurer – Freeburg submitted a be considered. Sprys will be the Expo chair. Our year-end report and a monthly report. We were under budget for 2008, Membership – Center will work with tentative speakers are Gary Borger, achieving a 10% reduction from the Freeburg to reconcile the numbers Jim Teeny, Bob Jacklin and Oscar prior year, so thank you to all chairs between the funds received and paid Feliu. Last year all chairs were asked and club members who helped meet members. to reduce their budget by 10% and this same request is being made this year this goal. We will need to address the Events & Outings – Pinto suggested a (to keep each budget area at the same accounting for insurance as the policy gathering on the East side to generate 10% reduction as last year). Chairs is for three years, however it is paid in interest. The thought is to rent a hall were thanked and congratulated on one lump sum. This makes the and host a speaker. The proposed date reducing their budgets 10% and insurance budget look like it is over, is 2/18/2009 and the proposed budget coming in on/under budget. There was when it is actually on target for the would be $250, which would be for the a 100% positive feedback for the three-year policy life. Reports going hall rental and speaker. The thought is banquet at the Italian-American Club forward will include a category for to have a cash bar. The hope is to have and thanks are extended to all interest on investments. The 2009 approximately 250 people attend the organizers of the event for such a great budget will keep track of all YTD outing. Brazzil spoke in favor of the time. All participants had a good time expenses vs. budget. Motion to idea and the proposed date which and Oscar Feliu provided a very good approve the report by Center/Kramer. would not conflict with any other change of pace which appealed to the Passed. calendar dates. This would be a good non-fishing banquet attendees. Corresponding Secretary – Kramer way to promote the club, and would announced that Julie Nielsen will be hopefully generate interest in the expo, Seeking Help the speaker in October, and Jim which is on the East side and the - Brazzil is seeking a board member Bedford will speak in December. month following the proposed date. It or volunteer to create and maintain There is still a vacancy for November, is important for the membership to a spreadsheet with all the club however efforts are being made to find understand this would not be a normal outings. The spreadsheet would a speaker. club meeting and would not interfere provide information on the outing with any other scheduled club meeting. and serve as both a historical and Website – Zadorecky. The website is Motion to approve a $250 budget for organizational tool. It is hoped the being updated and changed daily. All John Pinto to arrange an East side spreadsheet would include the historic passwords were preserved and gathering. Hunter/Center. Passed. name, email, date, chair, and other the old web site was archived. So pertinent information for each club members have a general understanding Continued on next page outing. of the web site protocols, all spam and MFFC Board 3. Internal Audit Committee. Meeting Minutes Freeburg is looking for a three September 17, 2008 member audit team. The audit Continued from previous page must be completed before the taxes are filed, and the filing date New Business is January 15, 2009. The goal is to 1. We received a letter from Attorney have the audit done and the taxes Steve Clemmons regarding our completed by December 1, 2008, trademark for the Expo. After a for presentation at the December review of the letter, it was business meeting. Freeburg has Ray Geitka displays a box of Clousers. determined the proposal by the met with the accountant once to go attorney was unclear, however it through the basics of the audit and Oh that Geitka! was very clear that action needed our financials. Eric Center Crazy ‘bout Clousers to be taken prior to October 2008 recommended Mike Matuszewski in order to preserve our trademark. and Cindy Center. Brazzil will Ray Geitka stepped into the fly tier’s The matter was referred back to seek and follow up with spotlight at the September 24 activities Mike Matuszewski to make recommendations and try to find a meeting and brought the esteemed inquiries and take action on the third member for the team. Clouser Deep Minnow with him. trademark. Motion to renew the Brazzil will report to Freeburg Fly fishing icon Bob Clouser, who has trademark and include all other when the committee members are been a headliner at several Midwest reasonable variations of the name identified. Fly Fishing Expositions, developed the (Midwest Fly Fishing Exposition) pattern in the 1980’s and has since assuming there is no additional Old Business experimented with a variety of hooks, cost above the $600 quote. 1. MUCC Membership – tabled. barbells, materials and colors. The Brazzil/Kramer. Passed. There has been no change. pattern gained national fame in 1989 2. Walicki Fundraiser. The club 2. Anglers Legacy – tabled due to after fellow icon Lefty Kreh wrote received a notice of a fundraiser absence. about it in Fly Fisherman magazine. being held for Ed and Kirsten Walicki. The notice is seeking Visitor Comments The fly is typically tied with barbell support from members for our eyes set on top of the hook about one- Zadorecky – Maybe the club should fellow member as he goes through third of the way back from the hook consider changing the board elections expensive cancer treatment. eye. Usually, according to Geitka, to coordinate with the tax filings. This Flyers are available for materials are tied sparsely in layers on would alleviate the problem of having distribution and information will the inside of the hook. Generally, the an incoming president/board member be on the website. (McGowan fly is tied with no body. signing and being responsible for the will provide the information to tax returns for the prior administration. Common hooks are the Mustad Kramer for the website.) The saltwater 3407 or Mustad 3906, or fundraiser will be announced at Meeting adjourned at 9:25 p.m. their equivalents, in sizes 2 to 6. the next meeting(s). Kramer/Brazzil. Barbell eyes come in a variety of forms – bead chain, lead, nickel, brass MFFC helps CRA empower communities or plastic. Sometimes the eyes are to improve water quality purchased already painted or the tier can paint his or her own. If you’re Continued from page 3 interested in painting your own, insert for outreach, educational assistance, research, public knowledge and to a cheap comb upright in a vise, slide provide recommended treatments for problem sites. the barbell eyes in the comb tines, CRA believes that healthy communities need healthy watersheds because so paint both sides and add pupils. much of Michigan’s heritage and family lifestyles are tied to rivers, lakes, Common eye colors are red, white and fish, forests, and wildlife. This project is needed to help provide the yellow, Geitka said. opportunities for local stewardship to improve coastal watersheds and water “Design the fly to be an attractor or a quality through participation, education, information, and technology, and baitfish. It can be as simple as a clump help guide decision-making by partners from local interest groups, of Flashabou or layers of bucktail, landowners, and agencies in each watershed. Crystal Flash and peacock herl. Other organizations joining the MFFC in supporting the initiative include the Sometimes a red feather throat is Pine River Area chapter of Trout Unlimited, the National Forest Foundation, added, perhaps to simulate blood from CRA’s RiverCare Fund, the Michigan Department of Environmental an injured baitfish.” Quality’s (MDEQ) Michigan Coastal Management Program and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Pinks and Kings Judging by the number of SUVs, father instructed the boy on how to trucks, campers and tents in the land a fish and properly release the aplenty at the end parking area, the fish clearly were in. fish. In fact the number of fish in the river of road to the Garden was staggering. This was the first time I looked up at the bank and was surprised to see three campers holding by Bob Jurczyszyn I saw fish lined up like cords of up cards with numbers on them, I never would have traveled this path if firewood along with plenty of similar to judges at the Olympics. The it hadn’t been for my first trip to the fishermen, though there was still kid only got 2 nines and an eight. MFFC Pink Salmon Outing on the plenty of room to find and fish for pinks. We were pleased to find an This year was again outstanding after Carp River, just north of St. Ignace. two slow years. Last year we had few occasional king salmon coming The lure of fishing for lots of 18-to-20- through and Charlie hooked a few. pinks but enough kings to provide inch salmon in September was just too plenty of action if you were willing to attractive. While taking a lunch break at the car, do a little searching. This year there along with a little libation, we entered were plenty of pinks. In addition, Alan Amendt, Chuck Chandler, Tom in a discussion with an older fellow Hollman and I decided to give it a try there was such a surplus of actively crossing the parking area with a spawning kings that virtually everyone and booked a couple of rooms in a St. shotgun over his shoulder and found Ignace motel (we weren’t up to joining was fishing for them. In fact, they’d out he owned a cabin within walking get irritated when they hooked a pink our fellow club members who were distance. After several more libations, camping at a campground on the Carp that was feeding on the king’s eggs. he was eager to give us a tour of both River – but it didn’t stop us from his cabin and a new one he (and his It was common to be distracted by joining them in a few evening libations partner) were building for rent. splashing kings (at times, 10 feet later on). upstream of you) while you were The new rustic cabin would have a fishing downstream to a pod of males Following the map (provided by the wood potbellied stove, a propane stove outing chairman), we took the two- aggressively protecting the space and lights, three bedrooms with a pair behind a spawning female. The fish track to the river and started scouting of bunk beds in each, an outdoor privy for pinks. They were a little tough to weren’t selective as to what nymph (later replaced with an indoor you were using, even though some locate until I was drawn to the river by bathroom) and would come with all a stranger shouting to me, “Are you people would swear “red” was the the pots, pans and utensils needed for color the first day and “chartreuse” on from the club?” It turned out he was eating. Even though the cabin at that the cousin of club member Andy the second day. Frankly, if you would point only had four walls, a roof and fish down and across with a couple of Jakubik and was looking to take a half the floor completed, we decided it lunch break. He gave me a prime spot BB split shot 18 inches above a was worth the gamble and decided to nymph, you could probably swing any fishing to a pod of pinks. I probably rent it for the next year. These guys caught 15 fish on any subsurface fly I nymph pattern across their nose and had built the cabin using planks cut get hookups. could put in front of their faces. from trees on the property, had Unfortunately over the next three years provided running water from a small At times walking upstream, you could the amount of fish available in the stream nearby and did this with no get as close as a rod length from a pink Carp dropped dramatically. Some said electricity available. without spooking them. it was the weather. Others blamed nets Staying at a cabin would sure beat the There were so many fish that you allegedly set at the mouth of the river. 90-minute drive from Sault Ste. Marie almost felt you were in a commercial Out of desperation, we decided to each day. trout pond. explore other public access points The fishing was great; they were all By the time we finished our third day along the Garden River. The Canadian over the place! I got humbled and of fishing, we were fished out but Tire store in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, irritated when two kids (probably 8 eagerly looking forward to next year. provided us with directions to a two- and 10 years old) proceeded to haul in If you don’t like to be in calf-deep track road that would take us to the twice the number of pinks that I did. water, on gravel, in a pristine stream river. After we found the two-track, it All the while their father was behind surrounded by trees in full fall color, took us 30 minutes to go three miles to them video-taping them fly fishing. casting flies to big fish… If you don’t reach the football field-sized parking like the idea of finding yourself to be area at the river. The only time he gave them any the only angler in sight … You might This road is extremely rough in spots instruction was when the youngest boy want to think about someplace other and a four-wheel-drive vehicle with got bored and proceeded to drag a fish than the Garden. high ground clearance is highly out of the water by placing his fly rod advisable. over his shoulder and marching to ankle deep water. At that point the Extending helping hands MFFC members were much in evidence assisting at last month’s special benefit for Ed and Kirsten Walicki. In addition to Phil and Debbie Heck who organized much of the event, John Bayerl (above) was deeply involved. Bill Arnold (right), who is one half of the duo Wire & Wood, entertained along with the U.P. band Chasin’ Steel. Many other club members were involved as well. Sadly, Ed lost his battle with cancer on October 20.