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Stedman's Medical Dictionary

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STEDMAN'S
Electronic Medical Dictionary           VERSION 4.0




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                                                                                                                                                              SKULL, ANTERIOR VIEW      SKELETON OF HEAD AND
                                                                                                                                                                                        NECK, LATERAL VIEW




MUSCULATURE OF HEAD AND   ARTERIES OF HEAD AND      SUPERFICIAL ANATOMY OF     ANATOMY OF HEAD AND        BRAIN, LATERAL VIEW       SKELETON, LATERAL VIEW    SKELETON, ANTERIOR VIEW   ARTERIES OF THORAX AND
NECK, LATERAL VIEW        NECK, LATERAL VIEW        HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL     NECK, MIDSAGITTAL VIEW                                                                                   ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR VIEW
                                                    VIEW




AUSCULTATION POINTS       MUSCULATURE OF THORAX     SKELETON, POSTERIOR VIEW   MUSCULATURE OF BACK,       SKELETON OF UPPER LIMB,   ARTERIES OF UPPER LIMB,   NERVES OF UPPER LIMB,     MUSCULATURE OF THORAX
                          AND ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR                                POSTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR VIEW             AND UPPER LIMB, LATERAL
                          VIEW                                                                                                                                                          VIEW




SKELETON OF LOWER LIMB,   ARTERIES OF LOWER LIMB,   NERVES OF LOWER LIMB,      MUSCULATURE OF LOWER       RESPIRATORY SYSTEM,       DIGESTIVE SYSTEM,         LYMPHATIC SYSTEM,         MALE AND FEMALE
ANTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR    ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR     LIMB, LATERAL AND MEDIAL   ANTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR VIEW             ANTERIOR VIEW             UROGENITAL SYSTEMS,
                          VIEWS                     VIEWS                      VIEWS                                                                                                    MIDSAGITTAL VIEW
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01. SKULL, ANTERIOR VIEW                                        14. MUSCULATURE OF BACK, POSTERIOR VIEW

02. SKELETON OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW                     15. SKELETON OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW
03. MUSCULATURE OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW                  16. ARTERIES OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW

04. ARTERIES OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW                     17. NERVES OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW

05. SUPERFICIAL ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW          18. MUSCULATURE OF THORAX AND UPPER LIMB, LATERAL VIEW
06. ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK, MIDSAGITTAL VIEW                  19. SKELETON OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW

07. BRAIN, LATERAL VIEW                                         20. ARTERIES OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR VIEWS

08. SKELETON, LATERAL VIEW                                      21. NERVES OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR VIEWS
09. SKELETON, ANTERIOR VIEW                                     22. MUSCULATURE OF LOWER LIMB, LATERAL AND MEDIAL VIEWS

10. ARTERIES OF THORAX AND ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR VIEW               23. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW

11. AUSCULTATION POINTS                                         24. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW
12. MUSCULATURE OF THORAX AND ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR VIEW            25. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW

13. SKELETON, POSTERIOR VIEW                                    26. MALE AND FEMALE UROGENITAL SYSTEMS, MIDSAGITTAL VIEW
Plate 1: SKULL, ANTERIOR VIEW

                                      internasal suture
                                     nasal bone

        squamous part of frontal bone
                                                                                                            glabella
        frontal process of maxilla                                                                               frontonasal suture

       frontolacrimal suture

        orbital part                                                                                                      frontomaxillary suture
        of frontal bone
                                                                                                                             coronal suture

                                                                                                                             supraorbital foramen
      parietal bone
                                                                                                                             temporal bone

greater wing of sphenoid                                                                                                     sphenoparietal
bone (temporal surface)                                                                                                      suture
   sphenofrontal suture                                                                                                      supraorbital margin
   zygomatic process of
   frontal bone                                                                                                              frontozygomatic
                                                                                                                             suture
              optic canal
greater wing of sphenoid                                                                                                     sphenozygomatic
(orbital surface) bone                                                                                                       suture
                                                                                                                             nasomaxillary suture
          lacrimal bone                                                                                                      infraorbital margin
         zygomatic bone                                                                                                    infraorbital foramen
   zygomaxillary suture
                                                                                                                         inferior and medial
                                                                                                                         nasal conchae

                 nasal septum                                                                                            maxilla (body)


                                                                                                                       ramus of mandible

             angle of mandible                                                                                         anterior nasal spine

                                                                                                                intermaxillary suture
      alveolar process of mandible

                                                                                                    body of mandible

                                              mental foramen                                 mental symphysis

                                        inferior border of mandible          mental protuberance
                                                                      mental tubercle


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Plate 2: SKELETON OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW
                               zygomatic arch
                                                     bregma

              parietal bone                                    coronal suture



                                                                            frontal bone
temporal bone

                                                                                greater wing of
                                                                                sphenoid bone
lambdoid suture


                                                                                    glabella


external occipital                                                                     nasal bone
protuberance


occipital bone                                                                         zygomatic
                                                                                       bone
external auditory meatus
                                                                                       anterior
                                                                                       nasal spine
mastoid process
                                                                                       maxilla
temporomandibular joint

C1 [atlas]

C2 [axis]                                                                       mental protuberance


                                                                   body of mandible
                                                              ramus of mandible
                                                           angle of mandible




C7 [vertebra prominens]                                    carotid tubercle of C6




                                                              1st rib




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Plate 3: MUSCULATURE OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW
                                      epicranial aponeurosis   temporoparietalis m.

                                                                                              frontal belly of
                                                                                              epicranius m.
 temporalis m. (covered
 by deep fascia)


                                                                                                      orbital part of orbicularis
 auricularis                                                                                          oculi m.
 superior m.


                                                                                                          palpebral part of
auricularis                                                                                               orbicularis oculi m.
anterior m.

                                                                                                                 zygomaticus
                                                                                                                 major m.
occipital belly of
epicranius m.
                                                                                                                      nasalis m.




auricularis posterior m.

                                                                                                                  levator labii
                                                                                                                  superioris m.
                                                                                                                  zygomaticus
sternocleidomastoid m.                                                                                            minor m.
                                                                                                                  orbicularis
masseter m.                                                                                                       oris m.
                                                                                                                  mentalis m.
splenius capitis m.
                                                                                                                  depressor labii
                                                                                                                  inferioris m.
levator scapulae m.                                                                                      depressor anguli
                                                                                                         oris m.

                                                                                                          risorius m.
anterior scalene m.
                                                                                                  platysma m.

trapezius m.




                                                                                                  deltoid m.




                                                                                                  pectoralis major m.


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Plate 4: ARTERIES OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW
                                                               parietal br. of superficial
                                                               temporal a.
                                                                                                 frontal br. of superficial
                                                                                                 temporal a.



                                                                                                                       zygomatico-orbital a.
superficial temporal a.
                                                                                                                                  transverse facial a.


                                                                                                                                              supraorbital a.


                                                                                                                                              supra-
                                                                                                                                              trochlear a.


                                                                                                                                              ophthalmic a.

     maxillary a.
                                                                                                                                                infraorbital a.
     posterior
     auricular a.

     occipital a.
                                                                                                                                                     buccal a.
                                                                                                                                                  superior
     sternocleidomastoid br. of                                                                                                                   labial a.
     occipital a.
                                                                                                                                                 facial a.

                                                                                                                                              inferior labial a.
      deep cervical a.
                                                                                                                                              mental a.

      superficial cervical a.                                                                                                              internal alveolar a.

                                                                                                                              facial a.
                                                                                                                              lingual a.

                                                                                                                              external carotid a.
      ascending cervical a.
                                                                                                                              internal carotid a.
       inferior thyroid a.                                                                                                    superior thyroid a.
transverse cervical a.
                                                                                                                              common carotid a.
highest intercostal a.
                                                                                                                              thyrocervical trunk
dorsal scapular a.
costocervical                                                                                                                  vertebral a.
trunk

                                                                                                                              right subclavian a.
                                                                                                                              inferior thoracic a.
                                                                                                                              brachiocephalic a.


                             1st post. intercostal a.   suprascapular a.          axillary a.


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Plate 5: SUPERFICIAL ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK, LATERAL VIEW
                                         epicranial aponeurosis                               temporal br. of facial n.

                                                                                                    frontal br. of superficial frontal a.

                                                                                                         zygomatic br. of facial n.

pareital br. of                                                                                              zygomatico-orbital a. and v.
superficial
temporal a.                                                                                                            supraorbital n.

                                                                                                                           supratrochlear n.
                                                                                                                              supraorbital a.
                                                                                                                              and v.
                                                                                                                              buccal br. of facial n.
superficial
temporal a.                                                                                                                    zygomatico-
and v.                                                                                                                         facial n.
greater
occipital n.
                                                                                                                           infratrochlear n.
auriculo-
temporal n.                                                                                                                        external nasal
                                                                                                                                   br. of
ext. acoustic meatus                                                                                                               infraorbital n.
occipital a.
 posterior auricular a.
 posterior auricular v.                                                                                                         infraorbital a.
     lesser occipital n.                                                                                                        and n.
    third occipital n.                                                                                                           transverse facial a.
    retromandibular v.
    great auricular n.
     parotid gland


     sternocleidomastoid m.                                                                                                    parotid duct
                                                                                                                         mental n.
     Spinal accessory n.                                                                                               mandibular br. of facial n.
                                                                                                       facial v.
     external jugular v.                                                                           submandibular gland
                                                                                                   cervical br. of facial n.

                                                                                                  transverse cervical n.
                              trapezius m.
                                               posterior
                                               supraclavicular n.                                anterior jugular v.
                                                                    intermediate                 medial supraclavicular n.
                                                                    supraclavicular n.


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Plate 6: ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK, MIDSAGITTAL VIEW
                                                           periosteum
                                                          epicranial aponeurosis
                                             scalp         subcutaneous
                                                           connective tissue
                                                           skin

                                                          calvaria

                        choroid plexus of 3rd ventricle                                                fornix

               medial surface of parietal lobe                                                        3rd ventricle
                       thalamus                                                                                     corpus callosum
                                                                                                                         septum pellucidum

                                                                                                                                     dura mater
       mamillary body
                                                                                                                                        superior sagittal sinus
        midbrain                                                                                                                        lamina terminalis

                                                                                                                                          optic chiasma
   pineal body
                                                                                                                                               hypophysis
                                                                                                                                               [pituitary gland]
quadrigeminal                                                                                                                                   medial surface of
lamina                                                                                                                                          frontal lobe
cerebellum
                                                                                                                                                 frontal sinus
medial surface
of occipital lobe                                                                                                                                 sphenoid sinus
straight sinus                                                                                                                                  sphenoethmoidal
confluence of                                                                                                                                   recess
sinuses                                                                                                                                          superior nasal
occipital sinus                                                                                                                                  concha
4th ventricle                                                                                                                                      middle nasal
                                                                                                                                                   concha
pons
medulla oblongata
pharyngeal tonsil                                                                                                                                   inferior nasal
                                                                                                                                                    concha
cisterna magna
torus tubarius                                                                                                                                   incisive fossa
pharyngeal recess
atlas
salpingopharyngeal fold                                                                                                                         salpingopalatine
                                                                                                                                                fold
spinal cord
axis                                                                                                                                            pharyngeal orifice
                                                                                                                                                of auditory tube
ligamentum nuchae
region of oropharynx                                                                                                                     mandible
                                                                                                           uvula                         mylohyoid m.
pharyngeal constrictor mm.
                                                                                                         epiglottis                      geniohyoid m.
dura mater
                                                                                                           larynx                    genioglossus m.
posterior longitudinal lig.
                                                                                                                                 soft palate
                                                                                                            thyroid cartilage
                                                                                                         vestibular (false vocal) fold
                                                                     body of C6
                                                                                         trachea      vocal fold

                                                                                  cricoid cartilage


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Plate 7: BRAIN, LATERAL VIEW
                                                                         precentral gyrus
                                               central sulcus

                                    postcentral gyrus                                  precentral sulcus
                                                                                                           superior frontal gyrus
                      postcentral sulcus
superior parietal lobule                                                                                               superior frontal sulcus
intraparietal sulcus
supramarginal gyrus
inferior parietal lobule                                                                                                            middle frontal gyrus
angular gyrus
                                                                                                                                           inferior frontal
parieto-occipital                                                                                                                          sulcus
sulcus

                                              PARIETAL LOBE




calcarine                                                                                                                FRONTAL LOBE
sulcus                                                  TEMPORAL LOBE
            OCCIPITAL LOBE


                                                                                                                                                      frontal
lunate                                                                                                                                                pole
sulcus
                                                                                                                                        inferior frontal gyrus
occipital pole                                                                                                              superior temporal gyrus
                                                                                                                            temporal pole

                                                                                                                    superior temporal sulcus
preoccipital notch                                                      pons                                        middle temporal gyrus
                                                                   trigeminal n.
                                                                   [CN V]                                  inferior temporal sulcus
                 cerebellum
                                                                 olive                               inferior temporal gyrus
                   medulla oblongata
                                                                                                   lateral sulcus
                                                                spinal cord


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Plate 8: SKELETON, LATERAL VIEW




                                   C1 [atlas]

                                    C2 [axis]                        C3
                                                                     C4
                                                      C5                                    transverse process of C5

                                                      C6                                    carotid tubercle of C6
       C7 [vertebra prominens]                                  C7

                                                           T1
                                                      T2
                                                 T3                       1
       spinous process of T3                                                                 manubrium
                                                T4
                                                                      2                      sternal angle
                                                T5
                                                                          3
                                                T6                                           body of sternum
                                                                      4
                                                T7

                                                T8                    5
                                                 T9                   6

                                                     T10
       transverse process of T10                                          7
                                                      T11
                                                                          8
                                                           T12                             costal margin
                                                                          9
                                                            L1
                                                                          10
                                                                L2

                                                                L3
                                                                                           body of L3



                                                                                           iliac crest
       spinous process of L5

       spinous process of S1
                                                                                           anterior superior iliac spine
       sacrum
                                                                                           anterior inferior iliac spine
       post. sacral foramen
       S5

       coccyx



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Plate 9: SKELETON, ANTERIOR VIEW



                              jugular notch                                                        1st rib
                                                                                                   clavicle
                        manubrium                                                                  coracoid process
                                                                           C6
                                                                                                   acromion
         sternal angle                                                     C7                                    greater tubercle
      Intertubercular                                                      T1
      sulcus
                                                                                                                            lesser
                                                                       1                                                    tubercle


                                                                       2

                                                                   3


                                                                   4

                                                                                                   medial border of scapula
                                                               5
                                                                                                      body of sternum
      inferior angle of scapula
                                                           6
                                                                                                      xiphoid process

                                                       7                   T11

      costal margin                                                        T12
                                                   8

      10th costal cartilage                    9                           L1

      11th rib                                10                           L2

      12th rib
                                                                           L3


                                                                           L4

      ilial tubercle
                                                                           L5
                                                                                                              iliac crest
      promontory of sacrum
                                                                                                              anterior superior
                                                                                                              iliac spine


                                                                                                              inguinal ligament

      coccyx
                                                                                                              pubic crest
      pubic tubercle
                                                                                                              pubic symphysis


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Plate 10: ARTERIES OF THORAX AND ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR VIEW
                                                         ascending cervical artery
                                                              inferior thyroid artery
                  right common carotid artery
                                                                      vertebral artery
          thyrocervical trunk                                                 transverse cervical artery
costocervical trunk
                                                                                  left subclavian artery
dorsal scapular artery
                                                                                                   thoracoacromial
suprascapular artery                                                                               trunk
axillary artery

                                                     3                                                       arch of
subscapular                                                                                                  aorta
artery
                                                     4

                                                     5

                                                     6

                                                     7

transverse cervical artery                           8                                                 sternal angle
ascending aorta                                                                                        thoracic aorta
                                                     9
inferior thoracic artery
                                                                                           perforating branch of
9th posterior                                   10                                         internal thoracic artery
intercostal artery
7th anterior
intercostal artery                              11
superior epigastric artery

musculophrenic artery                           12                                      celiac trunk
                                                                                        superior mesenteric artery
                                                                                        left renal artery
right renal artery
                                                                                        left testicular artery
                                                                                        2nd lumbar artery
                                                                                        inferior mesenteric artery
subcostal artery
                                                                                        abdominal aorta



                                                                                        common iliac artery
iliolumbar artery

middle sacral artery
inferior epigastric artery                                                              internal iliac artery

                                                                                        external iliac artery


deep circumflex iliac artery


                                                                                         femoral artery


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Plate 11: AUSCULTATION POINTS

                                                               sites of auscultation of valves
                                                                            aortic
                                                                            pulmonic
                                                                            tricuspid
                                                                            mitral




                                                     1
                                                 1


                                                           2
                                             2

                                                                3
                                         3

                                                                4
                                     4

                                                                    5
location of valves                   5

     pulmonic                                                           6
                                6
        aortic

      tricuspid


        mitral




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Plate 12: MUSCULATURE OF THORAX AND ABDOMEN, ANTERIOR VIEW
                                                            external jugular vein
                           superficial cervical veins       sternocleidomastoid muscle
                           platysma muscle                   anterior jugular vein
                          manubrium                            clavicle
      perforating branches of                                            trapezius muscle
      internal thoracic artery
      & anterior cutaneous                                                      acromion
      branch of intercostal                                                                 hiatus of
      nerve                                                                                 deltopectoral
      deep fascia                                                                           triangle
      cephalic
      vein




      basilic vein
      axillary tail of breast                                                        deltoid muscle
      suspensory ligaments                                                        pectoralis major
                                                                                  muscle
      nipple                                                                      body of sternum
                                                                                  serratus anterior
      ampulla of lactiferous duct                                                 muscle

                                                                                   costal margin
      thoracoepigastric vein
                                                                                   rectus sheath–
                                                                                   anterior layer
      linea alba
                                                                                   anterior cutaneous
                                                                                   branch of intercostal
      lateral cutaneous branch of                                                  nerve
      intercostal nerve

                                                                                   external abdominal
                                                                                   oblique muscle



                                                                                   umbilicus




                                                                                    anterior superior
                                                                                    iliac spine
                                                                                    inguinal ligament
      superficial circumflex                                                       intercrural fibers of
      iliac vein & artery                                                          external
                                                                                   abdominal oblique
      superficial epigastric                                                       muscle aponeurosis
      vein & artery
                                                                                   femoral nerve
      superficial inguinal ring
                                                                                    femoral vein
                                                                                   suspensory
      falciform edge of                                                            ligament of penis
      saphenous hiatus
                                                                                   spermatic cord

                                                                                   femoral artery

                                                                                    sartorius muscle
      lateral femoral
      cutaneous nerve                                                                external
                                                                                     spermatic fascia
      great saphenous vein                                                            deep fascia
                                                                                      of penis



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Plate 13: SKELETON, POSTERIOR VIEW

                                                                  skull




                                             cervical vertebrae    clavicle

                                                                            1st rib



                                 scapula


                                                                                               thoracic vertebrae
                         humerus




                  ulna
                                                   lumbar
         radius                                    vertebrae

                                                   hip bone                iIium
                                 carpal bones
                                                                          sacrum
                         metatarsal bones
                                                                              coccyx
                     phalanges               pubis
                                                                              ischium




                                                                               femur




                                           tibia


                                        fibula



                                                                                   calcaneus

                                                                                tarsal bones

                                                                                metatarsal bones

                                                                                phalanges



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Plate 14: MUSCULATURE OF BACK, POSTERIOR VIEW
                           3rd occipital nerve         semispinalis capitis muscle
     dorsal ramus of greater occipital nerve (C2)
                                                        sternocleidomastoid muscle
     lesser occipital nerve (C2,C3)
     greater auricular nerve (C2,C3)                   splenius capitis muscle

       medial cutaneous branches of
       dorsal rami of C4–C8, spinal nerves             levator scapulae muscle


          medial cutaneous branches of                                  acromion
          dorsal rami of T1–T6 spinal
          nerves
     lateral
     supraclavicular                                                                           deltoid muscle
     nerve (C3,C4)




     triangle of auscultation                                                    triceps brachii
                                                                                 muscle–long head
                                                                                    teres major muscle

                                                                                  teres minor muscle

     lateral cutaneous                                                       infraspinatus muscle
     branches of T4–T11,
     ventral rami of spinal                                                  trapezius muscle
     nerves
                                                                             latissimus dorsi muscle



                                                                                 lateral cutaneous
                                                                                 branches of dorsal rami
                                                                                 of T7–T12 spinal nerves


      lateral cutaneous branch of                                                lumbar triangle
      subcostal nerve (T12)
                                                                                 exterior abdominal
                                                                                 oblique muscle
     lateral cutaneous branch of
     iliohypogastric nerve (L1)                                                  iliac crest



     superior cluneal nerves
     (dorsal rami of L1–L3)                                                  thoracolumbar
                                                                             fascia–posterior layer



                                                                                 middle cluneal nerves
                                                                                 (dorsal rami of S1–S3)
     lateral femoral
     cutaneous nerve (L2, L3)                                                    gluteus maximus muscle



                                                                                 iliotibial tract



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Plate 15: SKELETON OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW
                                                                                                                               1st rib
                                                                                                               clavicle
                                                                                         acromioclavicular joint
                                                                           coracoid process of scapula
                                                                                  greater tubercle

                                                                                 lesser tubercle
                                                                         intertubercular grove
                                                                             shoulder joint
                                                                             scapula

                          of humerus
                                                                     humerus




                                                                                                                                         manubrium
                                                              trochlea                                                                                sternum
                                              lateral epicondyle                                                                       sternoclavicular joint
                                                capitulum                                                  coronoid fossa

                                                                                                     medial epicondyle


                                           radius                                                  humeroulnar joint
                                                                                                  proximal radioulnar joint       elbow joint
                                                                                                 humeroradial joint

                                                                                        ulna


                                    radiocarpal joint
          carpometacarpal joint of thumb


                                                                                                             distal radioulnar joint
   distal                                                                                                    carpal bones
   phalanx
   proximal phalanx
                                                                                                             carpometacarpal joints
    middle
    phalanx

                                                                                                            metacarpal bones



                                                                                metacarpi-
                                                                                phalangeal joints


                                                                                 proximal phalanx

                                                                     proximal interphalangeal joints


     distal phalanx



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Plate 16: ARTERIES OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW

                                                                                                                                              subclavian artery

                                                                                                                           superior thoracic artery

                                                                                                         axillary artery


                                                                                    lateral thoracic artery

                                                                         posterior circumflex humeral

                                                                         anterior circumflex humeral
                                                                                 subscapula artery

                                                  ascending branch of profunda brachii artery

                                                                 profunda brachii artery

                                                                    brachial artery



                                                      radial collateral artery

                                                                                                                                      superior ulnar collateral
                                                                                                                                      artery
                                              middle collateral artery

                                    radial recurrent artery                                                                     inferior ulnar collateral artery


                                                                                                                              anterior ulnar recurrent artery
                                  radial artery
                                                                                                                   posterior ulnar recurrent artery
                  common interosseus artery

         posterior interosseus artery                                                                    anterior interosseus artery
   superficial palmar
   branch of radial artery
                                                                                                 ulnar artery
     deep palmar arch

   radialis indicis artery
                                                                    palmar carpal branch of radial artery
                                                                 palmar carpal branch of ulnar artery
                                                              deep branch of ulnar artery



                                                      palmar metacarpal arteries
                                                  superficial palmar arch


                                            common palmar digital arteries



                                          proper palmar digital arteries

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Plate 17: NERVES OF UPPER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW

                                                                                                                     brachial plexus (C-5–T-1 roots)
                                                                                                                   superior trunk
                                                                                                                  middle trunk

                                                                                                                inferior trunk

                                                                                                        posterior cord
                                       brachial plexus
                                                                                                 clavicle

                                                                                        medial cord

                                                                                  lateral cord

                                                                           axillary nerve

                                                                         radial nerve


                                                                  humerus

                                               musculocutaneous nerve



                                                         radial nerve
                                                                                                                     lateral pectoral nerve
                                                                                                                                        medial pectoral nerve
                                                                                                                         ulnar nerve
                                     deep radial nerve                                                                   median nerve
                        superficial radial nerve
      lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve


                              radius                                                                 anterior interosseus nerve
                                                                                              ulna
   superficial radial nerve
                                                                                         ulnar nerve
   common palmar digital
   nerves of median nerve

                                                                        median nerve




                                                         common palmar digital nerve
                                                         of ulnar nerve




      proper palmar digital nerves


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Plate 18: MUSCULATURE OF THORAX AND UPPER LIMB, LATERAL VIEW
                trapezius muscle                           sternocleidomastoid muscle
                                                           external jugular vein
  acromion process of scapula
                                                           clavicle

                spine of scapula

                 deltoid muscle
                                                                        pectoralis major muscle
           Infraspinatus muscle


            teres minor muscle

            teres major muscle

                                                                        serratus anterior muscle
    lateral head of triceps brachii
    muscle
                                                                        long head of biceps brachii
  lateral intermuscular septum                                          muscle

       latissimus dorsi muscle                                          brachialis muscle



                                                                        external abdominal oblique muscle



                                                                 lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve
                                 olecranon
                        anconeus muscle
                                                    lateral epicondyle of humerus
        extensor carpi ulnaris muscle          brachioradialis muscle

                                               extensor carpi radialis longus muscle
           extensor digitorum muscle
                                               extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle




                                               abductor pollicis longus muscle




                                               extensor pollicis brevis muscle
       extensor pollicis longus muscle


                    extensor retinaculum       anatomical snuff box

                                                       radial artery
               1st dorsal interosseus muscle
                                                         adductor pollicis muscle



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Plate 19: SKELETON OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR VIEW
           iliac crest
                                                                           sacroiliac joint
            iliac fossa
                                                                           hip bone
      anterior superior iliac spine
                                                                           sacrum
      anterior inferior iliac spine
      head of femur                                                        hip joint
      greater trochanter
                                                                           superior ramus of pubis
      neck of femur
                                                                           body of pubis
      lesser trochanter                                                    ischium




      femur




                                                                patella



      lateral condyle                                           medial condyle

      knee joint

      head of fibula
                                                tibial
                                                tuberosity
      proximal tibiofibular joint
                                                                                                                               ankle
                                                                                                                               joint
                                                                          calcaneus
                                                                                                                               talus
                                                                      calcaneocuboid
                     fibula                                           joint
                                                                      cuboid                                                   navicular
                                                                                                                               lateral
                       tibia                      tarsometatarsal                                                              cuneiform
                                                  joints
                                                                                                                               medial
                                                                                                                               cuneiform
                                                  metatarsal
                                                  bones (1-5)                                                                  inter-
                                                                                                                               mediate
                                                                                                                               cuneiform

          distal tibiofibular joint        medial malleolus
               lateral malleolus



                                                interphalangeal
                                                joints                                                           proximal
                                                                                                                 phalanx


                                                                                                              distal phalanx
                                                                          middle phalanx



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Plate 20: ARTERIES OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR VIEWS
                                                               abdominal
                                                               aorta
       common iliac artery

       external iliac artery
                                                             internal iliac
       deep circumflex iliac                                 artery
       artery
                                                            superior gluteal
                                                            artery
                                                            inferior gluteal                                        lateral femoral
       lateral femoral                                      artery                                                  circumflex artery
       circumflex artery                                     inferior epigastric
                                                             artery
                                                             medial femoral
                                                             circumflex artery

       perforating
       arteries (1-3)
                                                              profunda
                                                              femoris artery
                                                             femoral artery
                                                                                                                      perforating
                                                                                                                      arteries (1-3)


       descending branch of
       lateral femoral                                                                                              descending branch of
       circumflex artery                                     descending genicular                                   lateral femoral
                                                             artery                                                 circumflex artery

                                                                    superior medial
                                                                    genicular artery                            superior lateral
                                                                                                                genicular artery
                                                                     popliteal artery
                                             Articular vascular
                                             network of knee
                                                                      inferior medial                             inferior lateral
                                                                      genicular artery                            genicular artery
                                                                   posterior tibial artery
                                                                                                                    anterior tibial
                                                                                                                    artery
                                                                                                                  peroneal
                                                                                                                  artery

                                                 anterior tibial
                                                 artery




       lateral malleolar artery            medial malleolar artery


      dorsalis pedis artery
                                         arcuate artery
                                                                                                                lateral plantar artery
                                                                        medial plantar artery
      deep plantar branch
                                                                                                                plantar arch
                                         1st dorsal metatarsal artery deep plantar branch
                                                                      of dorsalis pedis artery                    plantar metatarsal
                                                                                                                  arteries
                                                                                                                   plantar digital
                                                                                                                   arteries



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Plate 21: NERVES OF LOWER LIMB, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR VIEWS

                  subcostal nerve
                                L-1
        branches                                 lumbar plexus
        of spinal      iliohypogastric nerve
        nerves        ilioinguinal nerve
        lateral femoral cutaneous
        nerve


       lumbosacral trunk                         sacral plexus                                superior gluteal nerve
       femoral nerve

                                                                                               inferior gluteal nerve
       obturator nerve
       anterior cutaneous branches             posterior femoral
       of femoral nerve                        cutaneous nerve
                                               perineal branch of
                                               the posterior
                                               femoral cutaneous
                                               nerve

                                                  sciatic nerve




                                               saphenous nerve




                                                                                                 common peroneal nerve
                                                             tibial nerve

                                                                                                 lateral sural nerve




                                                      medial sural nerve


        deep peroneal nerve
                                                        sural nerve



       superficial peroneal nerve




                        sural nerve

                                                       medial plantar nerve                     lateral plantar nerve




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Plate 22: MUSCULATURE OF LOWER LIMB, LATERAL AND MEDIAL VIEWS
   common iliac artery
                                                                                                       iliac crest
                                             internal iliac artery               latissimus dorsi muscle
   iliac crest                                lateral sacral a. and v.                                               external oblique
                                                                internal oblique                                     abdominal muscle
                                                                abdominal muscle
                                                    piriformis muscle

   external                                                    gluteus medius muscle
   iliac artery                                                (covered by fascia)

                                                       sacrospinous ligament
   umbilical artery
   obturator
   artery & vein                                         gluteus maximus
                                                         muscle
   symphysis
   of pubis                                       tensor fasciae latae muscle

   adductor
   longus
   muscle                                         obturator internus muscle


   rectus                                     adductor magnus muscle
                                                                                                                                    sartorius
   femoris                                                                                                                          muscle
   muscle
                                            semimembranosus muscle
                                                                                                                                       rectus
                                           gracilis muscle                                                                             femoris
                                                                                                                                       muscle

                                           semitendinosus muscle

   sartorius
   muscle
                                                                  long head of biceps
   vastus medialis                                                femoris muscle
   muscle

   superior medial
   genicular a. and v.                                                   iliotibial tract
                                                                                                                                       vastus
   patella                                                                                                                             lateralis
                                                                                                                                       muscle
   synovial capsule of
   knee joint
                                         saphenous nerve
   medial patellar
   retinaculum                                                                                                               quadriceps
                                                                                                                             femoris muscle
   inferior medial                                                  short head of biceps                                     tendon
   genicular a. and v.                                              femoris muscle
                                                medial head of
   pes anserinus:                               gastrocnemius muscle                                                         patella
   sartorius m. tendon
                                                    common fibular [peroneal] nerve                                          lateral patellar
   gracilis m. tendon
                                                                                                                             retinaculum
   semitendinosus m.
   tendon                                         lateral superficial sura nerve                                           patellar ligament

                                                         fibularis [peroneus]
                                                         longus muscle

                                                        lateral head of
                                                        gastrocnemius muscle                                               tibialis anterior
                                                                                                                           muscle


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Plate 23: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW


                                brain
                                                       choana

           sphenoid sinus
                                                          torus tubarius

frontal sinus


superior nasal conchae
middle nasal conchae
                                                    nasopharynx
inferior nasal conchae
                                                     oropharynx            pharynx
nasal cavity
vestibule of nasal cavity
                                                     laryngopharynx
hard palate
pharyngeal opening of                               larynx
auditory tube
soft palate                                           vocal fold
                                                                cricoid cartilage
            thyroid cartilage
                                                                     carina
            trachea
            apex                                                         left main bronchus
right main                                                                            superior lobe of left
bronchus                                                                              lung
superior lobe of
right lung




horizontal fissure of
right lung
                                                                                    central tendon of
middle lobe of right                                                                diaphragm
lung
                                                                                    oblique fissure of
oblique fissure of                                                                  left lung
right lung
                                                                                    inferior lobe of left
inferior lobe of right                                                              lung
lung

diaphragm


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Plate 24: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW



                                                  brain




                  nasal cavity
                                                hard palate
                  oral cavity

               vestibule of oral cavity         soft palate

                                tongue
                                                 oropharynx

                                     larynx
                                                          laryngopharynx
               esophagus




                                                                            left lobe of liver
                                                                           diaphragm


                                                                           spleen
               right lobe of liver
                                                                           lesser omentum
               falciform ligament of liver
                                                                           stomach


               gallbladder                                                 pancreas


               transverse colon
                                                                           duodenum
               ascending colon
   large                                                                   jejunum           small
   intestine                                                                                 intestine
               descending colon                                            ileum

               cecum
                                                                           sigmoid colon




               rectum


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Plate 25: LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, ANTERIOR VIEW

                                                                    jugular trunk

                                       left brachiocephalic vein
                                                                      left internal jugular vein

                                      right lymphatic trunk                   cervical part of thoracic duct

                            right brachiocephalic vein                              left venous angle

                  superior vena cava                                                   left subclavian vein

                                                                                             left subclavian trunk




                                                                                         left bronchio-
                                                                                         mediastinal trunk

                                                                                          thoracic part of
                 cisterna chyli                                                           thoracic duct


                                                                                          abdominal part of
                                                                                          thoracic duct

             inferior vena cava

                                                                                             para-aortic
                                                                                             lymph nodes


                common iliac
                lymph nodes




                                                                                             internal iliac
                                                                                             lymph nodes
             sacral lymph
             nodes

                                                                                               external iliac
                                                                                               lymph nodes


         deep inguinal
         lymph nodes



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Plate 26: MALE AND FEMALE UROGENITAL SYSTEMS, MIDSAGITTAL VIEW


                        ureter

     ductus deferens

     apex of bladder                                                                                          sacrum
     muscles of anterior
     abdominal wall
     median umbilical ligament
     urinary bladder
     pubic symphysis
                                                                                                                 rectum
     suspensory ligament
     of the penis
                                                                                                                seminal
     prostate gland                                                                                             vesicle

                                                                                                              levator ani
     penis                                                                                                    muscle
                                                                                                            anal canal
     corpus cavernosum
                                                                                                        anus
     urethra

     epididymis                                                                                   external anal sphincter
                                                                                             ejaculatory duct
     glans penis
     navicular fossa
                                                                                      bulbospongiosus muscle
                                                                                         urogenital diaphragm
     ureteric orifice

               testis                                                                    corpus spongiosum
                                           scrotum
                                                     spermatic cord



                 ureter                                                                     fundus
                                                                                              body              uterus
                                                                                                   cervix
       apex of bladder


      median umbilical
      ligament                                                                                           sacrum
      muscles of anterior                                                                              posterior fornix
      abdominal wall                                                                                   of vagina
      urinary bladder                                                                                   anterior fornix
                                                                                                        of vagina
      pubic symphysis                                                                                        rectum

      vagina                                                                                             levator ani
                                                                                                         muscle
      urethra
      clitoris                                                                                          anal canal
                                                                                                         anus
      ureteric orifice
                                                                                                   external anal
                                                                                                   sphincter
      labium majus
                                                                                            urogenital diaphragm

      labium minus
                                                                                vaginal orifice
      vestibule of vagina


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Description: Human Physiology for medical Students