Know your airplane PA Piper Archer II

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					Instrument Rating and IFR
      Flight Planning

     Tailwinds Flying Club
  Winter Safety Session – 2009
                 Instrument Rating
                 Pilot and Plane Requirements
“I fly VFR, why do I need to know IFR requirements?”

Low ceilings and visibility, which can catch pilots unaware or lure pilots to
   fly further, are the most deadly killers.
                                               - AOPA Air Safety Foundation

VFR into IMC accounted for 87.5 percent of all fatal weather accidents in
   SEF (single engine fixed gear) aircraft. Most of these accidents could
   have been avoided had the pilot reversed course at the first recognition
   of instrument meteorological conditions (IMC), or not departed at all.
                                                            2004 Nall Report
                Instrument Rating
                You and Tailwinds Flying Club

• Safer pilot

• Personal life insurance, when available, provides discounts
  for pilots with IFR ratings

• The club encourages continued training and certifications
   – Club instructors less expensive then typical training schools
   – Use of club planes
                Instrument Rating
                Pilot and Plane Requirements
FAR 61.65 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
• Must hold at least a current private pilot certificate
• Be able to read, speak, write the English language
• Receive and log ground training on the aeronautical knowledge areas
• Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying
   the pilot is ready to take the required knowledge test
• Receive and log flight training on the areas of operation
• Endorsement from an authorized instructor that the pilot is prepared to
   take the required practical test
• Pass the required practical and knowledge tests
The pilot must meet the aeronautical knowledge and flight proficiency as
   required by parts (b) (c)
                    Instrument Rating
                    Pilot and Plane Requirements
FAR 61.65
• 50 hours cross-country flight time as PIC
• 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time on the areas of
   operation per FAR 61.65 (d) (i) (ii) (iii)
    – 15 hours instrument flight training from an authorized instructor in the aircraft
      category for which the instrument rating is sought;
    – 3 hours of instrument training that is appropriate to the instrument rating sought
      from an authorized instructor in preparation for the practical test within 60 days
      preceding the date of the test;
    – Instrument training on cross-country flight procedures that includes at least one
      cross-country flight in an airplane that is performed under IFR, and consists of -
        • A distance of at least 250 nm along airways or ATC-directed routing
        • Instrument approach at each airport
        • Three different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems
• Part (e) relates to the use of flight simulators or flight training device
                 Instrument Rating
                  Pilot and Plane Requirements
FAR 91.201 (b) (c) (d)
(b) Visual-flight rules (day) – Instruments required
• AI, Altimeter, Magnetic DI, Tachometer, Oil pressure, Temperature
    gauge, Manifold pressure, fuel, landing gear (if retractable), safety belts
    (shoulder harness for front seats), documents (AROW), anti-collision
(c) Visual-flight rules (night)
• Instruments and equipment specified for day VFR plus; position lights,
    landing light, source of electrical energy
(d) Instrument flight rules
• Instruments and equipment specified above plus; two-way radio,
    gyroscopic rate-of-turn indicator, slip-skid indicator, adjustable
    barometric pressure sensitive altimeter, clock (display hour, minutes,
    and seconds), generator/alternator, gyroscopic pitch and bank
    indicator, gyroscopic direction indicator
                 Instrument Rating
                           Club Airplanes

• All of the club airplanes are instrument rated
• Garmin GNS 430
   –   Flight plans
   –   Current approach procedures
   –   Nearest airports includes approaches
   –   Frequency lists (departure, enroute, or arrival)
• Auto-pilot
   – Archer
   – Arrow
   – Six
                  IFR Weather
                   Weather Effects

Weather effects you need to understand
   •   Icing
   •   Snow showers
   •   Thunderstorms
   •   Temperature inversions
   •   Fast-moving fronts producing high winds
   •   Fog

Be aware of changes in the weather before and during
   your flight
Listen to your inner voice and know your minimums
                IFR Weather
                 Weather Sources
        Preflight                          In flight
• Online                          •   FSS – 122.2
    – AOPA Weather                •   AWOS (21D – 120.075)
                                  •   ATIS – (STP – 118.35)
    – DTN – Meteorlogix
                                  •   Enroute: 122.0
    – ADDS –                      •   Tower
      (http://adds.aviationweat   •   ATC               •   HIWAS (MSP Gopher 117.3)
• FSS (800.992.7433)
• FBO – Valters Aviation
• ASOS (STP – 651.298.1410)
     IFR Flight Planning
      21D – Lake Elmo Airport
Approved approaches and arrival charts
       IFR Flight Planning
What are the take-off minimums for Lake Elmo Airport?
         IFR Flight Planning
     Destination and Alternate Airports
 Destination Airport         Alternate
 •   Approach charts         •   How far – 45 min.
 •   Frequencies             •   Runway(s)
 •   Topography              •   Obstructions
 •   Obstructions            •   Weather
 •   Runway(s) visual aids   •   ATIS / AWOS / ASOS
 •   Towered / non-towered   •   Frequencies

Make sure the alternate is a good choice
         before you go there
            IFR Flight Planning
                    IFR Check List

1.   Charts, plates, clipboard    9.    Marker beacons on and
     (kneeboard), 2 pencils             tested – lights, speaker, test
2.   Copy ATIS – AWOS             10.   GPS/VORs currently tested
3.   Altimeter within 75 feet           and logged
4.   DG set                       11.   Set GPS/VOR frequencies
5.   Check fluid level in         12.   ADF test – set to 0 degrees,
     magnetic compass                   swing needle, listen
6.   Attitude indicator set       13.   Alternate static air check
7.   VSI showing ‘0’ rate               for deflections in
8.   Pitot heat check – ammeter
     deflected                    14.   Check time and set
                                  15.   Call for taxi and clearance
        IFR Training
    Instruction and Practice

•   Use the club’s instructors
•   Fly with/as a safety pilot
•   Take online courses
•   Use flight simulators
•   Fly practice approaches
•   Practice IFR flight planning

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