Interim Rabbi: Arnold Fine Shabbat Nu’s Chazzan: Daniel Benlolo Chazzan Sheini: Howard Dover at Beth Shalom President: Jack Shapiro Parnass: Allan Baker 151 Chapel Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 7Y2 Telephone 789-3501 - Fax 789-4438 www.bethshalom.ca THE SHABBAT OF PARASHAT VAYEISHEV th SATURDAY DECEMBER 4 , 2004 – 21 KISLEV 5765 MAZEL TOV TO ZACHARY LOGUE, JANET YALE, and DANIEL LOGUE ON THE CELEBRATION OF THE MINCHA-MAARIV BAR MITZVAH OF THEIR BROTHER AND SON, JOSHUA LOGUE PROUD GRANDPARENTS ARE MORRIS YALE AND FRITZI YALE COME JOIN US FOR THE ANNUAL BETH SHALOM CHANUKAH PARTY TH SUNDAY DECEMBER 12 FROM 11:00 a.m. TO 1:00 p.m. SING-A-LONG WITH CANTOR BENLOLO, ACCOMPANIED BY AVIVA LIGHTSTONE & ISAAC MUZIKANSKY (FROM ENSEMBLE MUZIKA) THERE WILL BE A PERFORMANCE OF HERSHEL THE HIPPO A CHANUKAH PLAY BY CHELSEA AND FRIENDS THERE WILL BE CHANUKAH CRAFTS, LATKES, REFRESHMENTS AND MUCH MORE CHANUKAH GELT AND DREIDLES FOR EVERYONE!! ADMISSION IS $10 PER PERSON AND $20 PER FAMILY FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CALL THE OFFICE AT 789-3501 CONGREGATION BETH SHALOM WOULD LIKE TO EXTEND A HEARTY WELCOME TO PROFESSOR SUSAN ROLL AND THE STUDENTS OF THE LITURGY CLASS FROM ST. PAUL’S UNIVERSITY NEW INTERIM SHUL OFFICE HOURS THE OFFICE IS NOW OPEN DAILY FROM 7:30 a.m. TO 11:30 a.m. ANY MESSAGES LEFT OUTSIDE OF OFFICE HOURS WILL BE RETURNED THE FOLLOWING DAY FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CALL THE OFFICE AT 789-3501 CONGREGATION BETH SHALOM IS NOW SENDING OUT OUR WEEKLY SHABBAT NU’S IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT. ANYBODY INTERESTED IN RECEIVING AN ELECTRONIC COPY, PLEASE SEND YOUR REQUEST TO INFO@BETHSHALOM.CA. SYNAGOGUE AND COMMUNITY EVENTS th Sunday, December 5 2004 The SJCC hosts a community wide family Chanukah party from 1:00 to 3:00 p.m. There will be crafts, music, games and Chanukah treats. th Tuesday, December 7 2004 The Jewish Youth Library presents a Jewish singles and couples (age 25-45) event: An evening of Chassidic Melody with concert pianist Gershon Wachtel. 1895 Camborne Crescent. Tickets are $18. RSVP 729-7712. th Wednesday, December 8 2004 A Chanukah lunch concert will be held at Agudath Israel Synagogue at 12:00 noon. Featuring Cantor David Aptowitzer, Rachel Aptowitzer on cello, and our very own Evelyn Greenberg on piano. Please call the Agudath Israel office at 728-3501 to reserve. th Wednesday, December 8 2004 Portion of the week Class – Chapel 7:00 PM th Friday, December 10 2004 Saul and Edna Goldfarb will light the giant silver menorah at the SJCC at 1:30 p.m. Cantor Daniel Benlolo will accompany Saul in prayer and song. th Saturday, December 11 2004 Ottawa Jewish Community Chanukah Ball Agudath Israel Congregation at 7:30 p.m. Tickets are $50 per person and are available through any Synagogue in town th Sunday, December 12 2004 Congregation Beth Shalom Annual Chanukah Party For more details, see the box notice above. th Thursday, December 16 2004 Jewish Ottawa Youth teen Chanukah comedy party. With Yuk Yuk’s Comedy Club at the SJCC from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. Admission is $8 and open to all high school students. For more information, please call 798-4696 ext. 386. KIDDUSH FUND WISHING SARAH BOIVIN A MAZEL TOV. WE WERE THRILLED TO CELEBRATE WITH YOU ON YOUR SPECIAL DAY. Simy, Moise, and Rafael Illouze MAZEL TOV TO LEONARD LEVENCROWN. ALL THE BEST IN YOUR NEW SPACE. Issie Rose IN MEMORY OF SAM KARDISH Issie Rose IN MEMORY OF JOSEPH WEINSTEIN Yetta and Larry Arron PRAYER BOOK FUND IN APPRECIATION TO ALLAN BAKER Marion and Myer Vexler IN OBSERVANCE OF THE YAHRZEIT OF A DEAR FATHER, FATHER-IN-LAW, AND ZADIE, ISSIE FISHBAIN Cheryl, Rami, Talya, and Yoni Aroosi THANK YOU TO ALLAN BAKER FOR YOUR COMPASSION AND HELP WITH MI SHEBERACH FOR OUR DAUGHTER AND GRAND DAUGHTER. WE APPRECIATE YOUR HELP. Gladys and John Greenberg IN MEMORY OF A DEAR BROTHER, MOSHE ZEV BEN YOSEF SCHACHTEL Muriel and Horace Beilin HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO CLAIRE ZLOTEN, A WONDERFUL WIFE, MOTHER, AND BUBBI Murray, Yona, Nijel and T.J. Zloten BUILDING FUND WISHING DEEPEST SYMPATHY TO THE SWEDKO FAMILY Wendy and Ken Radnoff MAZEL TOV AND BEST WISHES TO SARAH BOIVIN ON HER RECENT BAT MITZVAH Margo and David Kardish REFUAH SHLEMA TO JERRY PENSO Margo and David Kardish CANTOR’S DISCRETIONARY FUND GET WELL SOON TO HERB AND DENA GOSEWICH. WE ARE THINKING OF YOU! Louise and Chick Wolfe SOL SHINDER BIRTHDAY FUND IN OBSERVANCE OF THE YAHRZEITS OF HANI AND MORRIS MALEK Ethel and David Malek WISHING IRVING GREENBERG A SPEEDY RECOVERY Ethel and David Malek Weekly Parashat Questions 1. "These are the offspring of Yaakov: Yosef...." Give three reasons why Yosef is considered Yaakov's main offspring. 2. What was praiseworthy about the fact that Yosef's brothers did not speak to him in a friendly manner? 3. How do we see from Yosef's dream about the sun, moon and stars that all dreams contain some untrue element? 4. Who brought Yosef down to Egypt? 5. Where was Reuven when Yosef was sold? 6. In addition to the brothers, who else knew that Yosef was alive? 7. Why didn't G-d reveal prophetically to Yaakov that Yosef was alive? 8. For how long did Yaakov mourn the loss of Yosef? 9. Verse 37:35 states "his father wept." To whom does this refer? 10. Who was Tamar's father? 11. In what merit did Tamar deserve to have kings as her descendants? 12. Why is the word "hand " mentioned four times in connection to the birth of Zerach? 13. Why does the Torah relate the incident with Potiphar's wife immediately after the incident of Yehuda and Tamar? 14. How did Potiphar "see" that G-d was with Yosef? 15. Who in this week's Parsha pretended to be sick? 16. Why were the butler and the baker imprisoned? 17. For how long were the butler and the baker in prison? 18. How did the baker know that Yosef had correctly interpreted the butler's dream? 19. What prompted the butler and baker to tell Yosef their dreams? 20. How was Yosef punished for asking the butler for help? Cantor’s Corner Josh, We are delighted and honoured this afternoon to be part of this wonderful milestone in your life. It is our hope that you make this synagogue a part of your life and strive to become a future leader of this great Congregation. We are very proud of you. May you and your family always find a home at Beth Shalom. Mazel Tov! I am selling raffle tickets on behalf of Yitzhak Rabin High School to help support continuing Jewish education in Ottawa. The winner will receive a round-trip for two to the 2005 Master’s Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Many other prizes are also available to be won. For more details, please call me at the Shul office. Families of future Bar/Bat Mitzvahs are invited to join us during Shabbat to familiarize themselves with our service. The Congregation looks forward to celebrating these simchot. Cantor Benlolo is offering Bat Mitzvah lessons (in groups or on an individual basis) for adults who wish to celebrate their Bat Mitzvah. To enrol, please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Cantor Benlolo is planning a Youth Shabbat for children and teens. The entire service will be performed by our young congregants. Parents interested in including their children in this wonderful event are urged to email me at email@example.com or to call me at the shul office to register their children. This novel occasion promises to be a wonderful experience for all involved. Musically yours, Cantor Daniel Benlolo Weekly Parashat Answers All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated 1. 37:2 - (a) Yosef was the son of Rachel, Yaakov's primary wife. (b) Yosef looked like Yaakov. (c) All that befell Yaakov befell Yosef. 2. 37:4 - They did not act hypocritically. 3. 37:10 - The moon represented Rachel. Since she had already died, it was impossible for that element of the dream to come true. 4. 37:28 - A caravan of Midianites. 5. 37:29 - He was attending to Yaakov. 6. 37:33 - Yitzchak. 7. 37:33 - Because the brothers had issued a ban against revealing the truth to Yaakov, and G-d, so to speak, abided by their ban. 8. 37:34 - Twenty-two years. 9. 37:35 - Yitzchak, who wept because of Yaakov's suffering. 10. 38:24 - Shem. 11. 38:26 - In the merit of her modesty. 12. 38:30 - To allude to his descendent, Achan, who sinned with his hand by taking four things from the spoils of Jericho. 13. 39:1 - To teach us that just as Tamar acted with pure motives, so did Potiphar's wife. 14. 39:3 - Yosef mentioned G-d's name frequently in his speech. 15. 39:11 – Potiphar's wife. 16. 40:1 - The butler was imprisoned because a fly was found in the king's goblet, and the baker was imprisoned because a pebble was found in the king's bread. 17. 40:4 - Twelve months. 18. 40:5 - The baker dreamed the interpretation of the butler's dream. 19. 40:6 - Yosef asked them why they looked troubled. 20. 40:23 - He remained in prison an additional two years YAHRZEITS This week we commemorate the yahrzeits of the following: Ferdnand Hersh Lazarus Schecter Tillie Cherm Nathan Cohn Leah Flatt Miriam Goldstein Fanny Levine Ida Bien Sally Feldman Rose Goldberg Chana Malek Morris Malek Mordecai Movshovitz Harry Weidman Minnie Zelikovitz Rabecca Appel Avrum Barook Lee Hutt Larry Pleet Alex Rothman Maurice Schachtel Ben Baylin Levi Faynwachs Elka Kimmel Albert Shetzer Fay Applebaum Ann Petigorsky Joseph Sadinsky Israel Fishbain Lazar Silver Sally Solman Lawrence Freiman Morris Stern SHABBAT SCHEDULE th Saturday, December 4 – Shacharit service begins at 9:00 a.m. Parashat Vayeishev Torah Reading: Genesis 37:1 – 40:23 Pages 141 - 151 Haftorah: Amos 2:6 – 3:8 Pages 152 - 154 Mincha followed by Seuda Shlishit: 3:50 p.m. Maariv: 5:02 p.m. Shabbat Ends: 5:11 p.m. Shacharit service Sunday morning: 8:30 a.m. Evening services Sunday through Thursday: 6:00 p.m. Shacharit services Monday through Friday mornings: 7:30 a.m. Shabbat services next Friday evening: 3:50 p.m. Shabbat Shalom Parashat Vayeishev Now is the time for the Covenant between the Pieces (Bereishit 15:9-20) to be fulfilled. From this point until the end of the book of Bereishit, the Torah chronicles how the seventy souls of Yaakov’s family descend to Egypt. And this sequence of events begins with Yosef: These are the generations of Yaakov: Yosef, seventeen- years- old, was a shepherd (RO’EH) with (ET) his brothers with the flock, (BA’TZON) and he was a lad (NA’AR) with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah, his father’s wives (NESHEI AVIV). And Yosef brought bad reports about them to their father (Bereishit 37:2). In this brief description we find the seeds of tension and discord between the brothers, which erupts when they sell Yosef as a slave to Egypt. For now, however, what are Yosef’s duties to the family? What are their duties towards him? How do the various brothers feel about Yosef now, even before he tells them his dreams? In view of the fact that Yaakov has always been a shepherd (25:27, according to Ibn Ezra and Rashbam; and 30:29-43), it is not surprising that his sons continue in this vocation. It thus seems superfluous to state: Yosef, seventeen- years- old, was a shepherd (RO’EH) with (ET) his brothers with the flock (BA’TZON), especially because the text does not mention sheep herding again until verse 12. In addition, the usual expression is either RO’EH TZON (herder of flock: Bereishit 4:2, 46:34, 47:3) or RO’EH ET TZON (herding flock: Bereishit 30:36, Shemot 3:1, Zechariah 11:4). But Yosef is with the flock (BA’TZON). Possibly, RO’EH… BA’TZON is a trainee, as is suggested in Shmuel I 16:11 regarding David. Furthermore, and he was a lad (NA’AR) with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah means Yosef was a student (na’ar, cf. Mishlei 22:6); his half-brothers were assigned to the task of teaching Yosef sheep herding (Daat Mikra). It is interesting that Ha’ketav V’ha’kabbalah (R. Yaakov Tzvi Mecklenburg, 1785-1865) sees the opposite relationship; he says that Yosef taught his brothers, because he knew more than they did! Who is teaching whom? Saadiah Gaon (882-942), on the other hand, translates this verse: When Yosef was seventeen- years- old he was a shepherd together with his brothers among the flock, and he grew up with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah. R. Avraham ben-haRambam (1186-1237) follows this, explaining that Yosef was with them more than he was with his other brothers because they were closer in age to him. Even Yissachar and Zevulun felt a stronger attachment to the other children of Leah, although they were very close in age to Yosef. This reminds us of Rashi’s analysis of the family dynamic: “[Yosef] remained with the children of Bilhah, since his brothers would look down on them, while he would befriend them. …Any defect he saw in his brothers the sons of Leah he would report to his father.” Peh Kadosh (R. Yitchak “Reb Itzele” ben Chayyim Volozhiner, 1780-1849) says further that Yaakov commanded the children of Bilhah and Zilpah both to train Yosef and to watch over him. Perhaps, as Daat Mikra suggests, this attachment was necessary after his mother’s death. But this raises a question mentioned by Ramban. If – because of their age, work duties and affection – Yosef was so close to Dan, Naftali, Gad and Asher, then why did they not defend him when the sons of Leah wanted to do him harm? Indeed, with Reuven and Yosef himself they would have outnumbered the other 5 brothers! Therefore, Ramban holds that Yosef was hated by all the brothers. Ramban supports the midrash (Bereishit Rabbah 84:7; Pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer 38) based on And Yosef brought bad reports about them to their father, that, because he was always around them he could – and did – report on all of them at all times. Rashi however holds that Yosef was friendly towards the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah; so why did they not rescue him? R. Yehoshua ibn Shuaib (14th Century), while siding with Ramban, provides an answer for Rashi’s view: Because their mothers were originally maidservants, the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah felt themselves subordinate to the sons of Leah (the “chief wife”) and thus they could not oppose them; only Reuven spoke his mind independently. It is ironic that the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah should feel inferior, especially since the verse calls their mothers his father’s wives (NESHEI AVIV), which conveys a status equal to that of Rachel and Leah. In fact, Tosafot haShalem (4, p. 9) says that Leah too had just died, and since Yaakov had sworn to Lavan that he would not take any more wives, Bilhah and Zilpah became his senior wives. Peh Kadosh explains the feelings of the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah towards Yosef differently. Yaakov commanded them to watch over him and, like any older siblings entrusted with the responsibility of caring for a younger brother, they resented it. They did not do their duty as required, and this is what Yosef reported. When the time came, they did not stand up to protect him. We see here one family, wracked by antagonism. Its hierarchy is based on birth and interdependence, and opposing factions are beginning to form. A brother will be sold into slavery by some of his brothers, while others will not come to his aid. Eventually, all their progeny will be enslaved. Future Jewish families, and the entire Jewish People would do well to learn the bitter lesson of Yosef and his brothers.
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