Interim Rabbi: Arnold Fine
Shabbat Nu’s Chazzan: Daniel Benlolo
Chazzan Sheini: Howard Dover
at Beth Shalom President: Jack Shapiro
Parnass: Allan Baker
151 Chapel Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 7Y2
Telephone 789-3501 - Fax 789-4438
THE SHABBAT OF PARASHAT VAYEISHEV
SATURDAY DECEMBER 4 , 2004 – 21 KISLEV 5765
MAZEL TOV TO ZACHARY LOGUE, JANET YALE, and DANIEL LOGUE
ON THE CELEBRATION OF THE MINCHA-MAARIV BAR MITZVAH
OF THEIR BROTHER AND SON,
PROUD GRANDPARENTS ARE MORRIS YALE AND FRITZI YALE
COME JOIN US FOR THE ANNUAL
BETH SHALOM CHANUKAH PARTY
SUNDAY DECEMBER 12 FROM 11:00 a.m. TO 1:00 p.m.
SING-A-LONG WITH CANTOR BENLOLO,
ACCOMPANIED BY AVIVA LIGHTSTONE
& ISAAC MUZIKANSKY (FROM ENSEMBLE MUZIKA)
THERE WILL BE A PERFORMANCE OF HERSHEL THE HIPPO
A CHANUKAH PLAY BY CHELSEA AND FRIENDS
THERE WILL BE CHANUKAH CRAFTS, LATKES, REFRESHMENTS AND MUCH MORE
CHANUKAH GELT AND DREIDLES FOR EVERYONE!!
ADMISSION IS $10 PER PERSON AND $20 PER FAMILY
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CALL THE OFFICE AT 789-3501
CONGREGATION BETH SHALOM
WOULD LIKE TO EXTEND A HEARTY WELCOME TO
PROFESSOR SUSAN ROLL AND THE STUDENTS
OF THE LITURGY CLASS FROM ST. PAUL’S UNIVERSITY
NEW INTERIM SHUL OFFICE HOURS
THE OFFICE IS NOW OPEN DAILY FROM 7:30 a.m. TO 11:30 a.m.
ANY MESSAGES LEFT OUTSIDE OF OFFICE HOURS
WILL BE RETURNED THE FOLLOWING DAY
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CALL THE OFFICE AT 789-3501
CONGREGATION BETH SHALOM IS NOW SENDING OUT
OUR WEEKLY SHABBAT NU’S IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT.
ANYBODY INTERESTED IN RECEIVING AN ELECTRONIC COPY,
PLEASE SEND YOUR REQUEST TO INFO@BETHSHALOM.CA.
SYNAGOGUE AND COMMUNITY EVENTS
Sunday, December 5 2004
The SJCC hosts a community wide family Chanukah party from 1:00 to 3:00 p.m.
There will be crafts, music, games and Chanukah treats.
Tuesday, December 7 2004
The Jewish Youth Library presents a Jewish singles and couples (age 25-45) event: An evening of
Chassidic Melody with concert pianist Gershon Wachtel.
1895 Camborne Crescent. Tickets are $18. RSVP 729-7712.
Wednesday, December 8 2004
A Chanukah lunch concert will be held at Agudath Israel Synagogue at 12:00 noon.
Featuring Cantor David Aptowitzer, Rachel Aptowitzer on cello,
and our very own Evelyn Greenberg on piano.
Please call the Agudath Israel office at 728-3501 to reserve.
Wednesday, December 8 2004
Portion of the week Class – Chapel 7:00 PM
Friday, December 10 2004
Saul and Edna Goldfarb will light the giant silver menorah at the SJCC at 1:30 p.m.
Cantor Daniel Benlolo will accompany Saul in prayer and song.
Saturday, December 11 2004
Ottawa Jewish Community Chanukah Ball
Agudath Israel Congregation at 7:30 p.m.
Tickets are $50 per person and are available through any Synagogue in town
Sunday, December 12 2004
Congregation Beth Shalom Annual Chanukah Party
For more details, see the box notice above.
Thursday, December 16 2004
Jewish Ottawa Youth teen Chanukah comedy party.
With Yuk Yuk’s Comedy Club at the SJCC from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Admission is $8 and open to all high school students.
For more information, please call 798-4696 ext. 386.
WISHING SARAH BOIVIN A MAZEL TOV.
WE WERE THRILLED TO CELEBRATE WITH YOU ON YOUR SPECIAL DAY.
Simy, Moise, and Rafael Illouze
MAZEL TOV TO LEONARD LEVENCROWN. ALL THE BEST IN YOUR NEW SPACE.
IN MEMORY OF SAM KARDISH
IN MEMORY OF JOSEPH WEINSTEIN
Yetta and Larry Arron
PRAYER BOOK FUND
IN APPRECIATION TO ALLAN BAKER
Marion and Myer Vexler
IN OBSERVANCE OF THE YAHRZEIT OF A DEAR FATHER, FATHER-IN-LAW,
AND ZADIE, ISSIE FISHBAIN
Cheryl, Rami, Talya, and Yoni Aroosi
THANK YOU TO ALLAN BAKER FOR YOUR COMPASSION AND HELP WITH
MI SHEBERACH FOR OUR DAUGHTER AND GRAND DAUGHTER.
WE APPRECIATE YOUR HELP.
Gladys and John Greenberg
IN MEMORY OF A DEAR BROTHER, MOSHE ZEV BEN YOSEF SCHACHTEL
Muriel and Horace Beilin
HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO CLAIRE ZLOTEN, A WONDERFUL WIFE, MOTHER, AND BUBBI
Murray, Yona, Nijel and T.J. Zloten
WISHING DEEPEST SYMPATHY TO THE SWEDKO FAMILY
Wendy and Ken Radnoff
MAZEL TOV AND BEST WISHES TO SARAH BOIVIN ON HER RECENT BAT MITZVAH
Margo and David Kardish
REFUAH SHLEMA TO JERRY PENSO
Margo and David Kardish
CANTOR’S DISCRETIONARY FUND
GET WELL SOON TO HERB AND DENA GOSEWICH. WE ARE THINKING OF YOU!
Louise and Chick Wolfe
SOL SHINDER BIRTHDAY FUND
IN OBSERVANCE OF THE YAHRZEITS OF HANI AND MORRIS MALEK
Ethel and David Malek
WISHING IRVING GREENBERG A SPEEDY RECOVERY
Ethel and David Malek
Weekly Parashat Questions
1. "These are the offspring of Yaakov: Yosef...." Give three reasons why Yosef is
considered Yaakov's main offspring.
2. What was praiseworthy about the fact that Yosef's brothers did not speak to him in a
3. How do we see from Yosef's dream about the sun, moon and stars that all dreams
contain some untrue element?
4. Who brought Yosef down to Egypt?
5. Where was Reuven when Yosef was sold?
6. In addition to the brothers, who else knew that Yosef was alive?
7. Why didn't G-d reveal prophetically to Yaakov that Yosef was alive?
8. For how long did Yaakov mourn the loss of Yosef?
9. Verse 37:35 states "his father wept." To whom does this refer?
10. Who was Tamar's father?
11. In what merit did Tamar deserve to have kings as her descendants?
12. Why is the word "hand " mentioned four times in connection to the birth of Zerach?
13. Why does the Torah relate the incident with Potiphar's wife immediately after the
incident of Yehuda and Tamar?
14. How did Potiphar "see" that G-d was with Yosef?
15. Who in this week's Parsha pretended to be sick?
16. Why were the butler and the baker imprisoned?
17. For how long were the butler and the baker in prison?
18. How did the baker know that Yosef had correctly interpreted the butler's dream?
19. What prompted the butler and baker to tell Yosef their dreams?
20. How was Yosef punished for asking the butler for help?
We are delighted and honoured this afternoon to be part of this wonderful milestone in
your life. It is our hope that you make this synagogue a part of your life and strive to
become a future leader of this great Congregation. We are very proud of you. May you
and your family always find a home at Beth Shalom.
I am selling raffle tickets on behalf of Yitzhak Rabin High School to help support
continuing Jewish education in Ottawa. The winner will receive a round-trip for two to
the 2005 Master’s Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Many other prizes are also
available to be won. For more details, please call me at the Shul office.
Families of future Bar/Bat Mitzvahs are invited to join us during Shabbat to familiarize
themselves with our service. The Congregation looks forward to celebrating these
Cantor Benlolo is offering Bat Mitzvah lessons (in groups or on an individual basis) for
adults who wish to celebrate their Bat Mitzvah. To enrol, please e-mail me at
Cantor Benlolo is planning a Youth Shabbat for children and teens. The entire service
will be performed by our young congregants. Parents interested in including their
children in this wonderful event are urged to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or to
call me at the shul office to register their children. This novel occasion promises to be a
wonderful experience for all involved.
Cantor Daniel Benlolo
Weekly Parashat Answers
All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated
1. 37:2 - (a) Yosef was the son of Rachel, Yaakov's primary wife. (b) Yosef looked like
Yaakov. (c) All that befell Yaakov befell Yosef.
2. 37:4 - They did not act hypocritically.
3. 37:10 - The moon represented Rachel. Since she had already died, it was impossible
for that element of the dream to come true.
4. 37:28 - A caravan of Midianites.
5. 37:29 - He was attending to Yaakov.
6. 37:33 - Yitzchak.
7. 37:33 - Because the brothers had issued a ban against revealing the truth to Yaakov,
and G-d, so to speak, abided by their ban.
8. 37:34 - Twenty-two years.
9. 37:35 - Yitzchak, who wept because of Yaakov's suffering.
10. 38:24 - Shem.
11. 38:26 - In the merit of her modesty.
12. 38:30 - To allude to his descendent, Achan, who sinned with his hand by taking four
things from the spoils of Jericho.
13. 39:1 - To teach us that just as Tamar acted with pure motives, so did Potiphar's wife.
14. 39:3 - Yosef mentioned G-d's name frequently in his speech.
15. 39:11 – Potiphar's wife.
16. 40:1 - The butler was imprisoned because a fly was found in the king's goblet, and the
baker was imprisoned because a pebble was found in the king's bread.
17. 40:4 - Twelve months.
18. 40:5 - The baker dreamed the interpretation of the butler's dream.
19. 40:6 - Yosef asked them why they looked troubled.
20. 40:23 - He remained in prison an additional two years
This week we commemorate the yahrzeits of the following:
Ferdnand Hersh Lazarus Schecter Tillie Cherm
Nathan Cohn Leah Flatt Miriam Goldstein
Fanny Levine Ida Bien Sally Feldman
Rose Goldberg Chana Malek Morris Malek
Mordecai Movshovitz Harry Weidman Minnie Zelikovitz
Rabecca Appel Avrum Barook Lee Hutt
Larry Pleet Alex Rothman Maurice Schachtel
Ben Baylin Levi Faynwachs Elka Kimmel
Albert Shetzer Fay Applebaum Ann Petigorsky
Joseph Sadinsky Israel Fishbain Lazar Silver
Sally Solman Lawrence Freiman Morris Stern
Saturday, December 4 – Shacharit service begins at 9:00 a.m.
Torah Reading: Genesis 37:1 – 40:23 Pages 141 - 151
Haftorah: Amos 2:6 – 3:8 Pages 152 - 154
Mincha followed by Seuda Shlishit: 3:50 p.m.
Maariv: 5:02 p.m.
Shabbat Ends: 5:11 p.m.
Shacharit service Sunday morning: 8:30 a.m.
Evening services Sunday through Thursday: 6:00 p.m.
Shacharit services Monday through Friday mornings: 7:30 a.m.
Shabbat services next Friday evening: 3:50 p.m.
Now is the time for the Covenant between the Pieces (Bereishit 15:9-20) to be fulfilled. From this
point until the end of the book of Bereishit, the Torah chronicles how the seventy souls of Yaakov’s
descend to Egypt. And this sequence of events begins with Yosef:
These are the generations of Yaakov:
Yosef, seventeen- years- old, was a shepherd (RO’EH) with (ET) his brothers with the flock,
(BA’TZON) and he was a lad (NA’AR) with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah, his
father’s wives (NESHEI AVIV). And Yosef brought bad reports about them to their father (Bereishit
In this brief description we find the seeds of tension and discord between the brothers, which erupts
when they sell Yosef as a slave to Egypt. For now,
however, what are Yosef’s duties to the family? What are their duties towards him? How do the
various brothers feel about Yosef now, even before he tells them his dreams?
In view of the fact that Yaakov has always been a shepherd (25:27, according to Ibn Ezra and
Rashbam; and 30:29-43), it is not surprising that his sons continue in this vocation. It thus seems
superfluous to state:
Yosef, seventeen- years- old, was a shepherd (RO’EH) with (ET) his brothers with the flock
(BA’TZON), especially because the text does not mention sheep herding again until verse 12. In
addition, the usual expression is either RO’EH TZON (herder of flock: Bereishit 4:2, 46:34, 47:3) or
RO’EH ET TZON (herding flock: Bereishit 30:36, Shemot 3:1, Zechariah 11:4). But Yosef is with the
Possibly, RO’EH… BA’TZON is a trainee, as is suggested in Shmuel I 16:11 regarding David.
Furthermore, and he was a lad (NA’AR) with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah means
Yosef was a student (na’ar, cf. Mishlei 22:6); his half-brothers were assigned to the task of teaching
Yosef sheep herding (Daat Mikra). It is interesting that Ha’ketav
V’ha’kabbalah (R. Yaakov Tzvi Mecklenburg, 1785-1865) sees the opposite relationship; he says
that Yosef taught his brothers, because he knew more than they did! Who is teaching whom?
Saadiah Gaon (882-942), on the other hand, translates this verse:
When Yosef was seventeen- years- old he was a shepherd together with his brothers among the
flock, and he grew up with the children of Bilhah and the children of Zilpah.
R. Avraham ben-haRambam (1186-1237) follows this, explaining that Yosef was with them more
than he was with his other brothers because they were closer in age to him. Even Yissachar and
Zevulun felt a stronger attachment to the other children of Leah, although they were very close in
age to Yosef.
This reminds us of Rashi’s analysis of the family dynamic:
“[Yosef] remained with the children of Bilhah, since his brothers would look down on them, while he
would befriend them. …Any defect he saw in his brothers the sons of Leah he would report to his
Peh Kadosh (R. Yitchak “Reb Itzele” ben Chayyim Volozhiner, 1780-1849) says further that Yaakov
commanded the children of Bilhah and Zilpah both to train Yosef and to watch over him. Perhaps,
as Daat Mikra suggests, this attachment was necessary after his mother’s death.
But this raises a question mentioned by Ramban. If – because of their age, work duties and
affection – Yosef was so close to Dan, Naftali, Gad and Asher, then why did they not defend him
when the sons of Leah wanted to do him harm? Indeed, with Reuven and Yosef himself they would
have outnumbered the other 5 brothers! Therefore, Ramban holds that Yosef was hated by all the
brothers. Ramban supports the midrash (Bereishit Rabbah 84:7; Pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer 38) based
And Yosef brought bad reports about them to their father, that, because he was always around
them he could – and did – report on all of them at all times.
Rashi however holds that Yosef was friendly towards the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah; so why did they
not rescue him? R. Yehoshua ibn Shuaib (14th Century), while siding with Ramban, provides an
answer for Rashi’s view: Because their mothers were originally maidservants, the sons of Bilhah
and Zilpah felt themselves subordinate to the sons of Leah (the “chief wife”) and thus they could not
oppose them; only Reuven spoke his mind independently.
It is ironic that the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah should feel inferior, especially since the verse calls their
mothers his father’s wives (NESHEI AVIV),
which conveys a status equal to that of Rachel and Leah. In fact, Tosafot haShalem (4, p. 9) says
that Leah too had just died, and since Yaakov had sworn to Lavan that he would not take any more
wives, Bilhah and Zilpah became his senior wives.
Peh Kadosh explains the feelings of the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah towards Yosef differently. Yaakov
commanded them to watch over him and, like any older siblings entrusted with the responsibility of
caring for a younger brother, they resented it. They did not do their duty as required, and this is
what Yosef reported. When the time came, they did not stand up to protect him.
We see here one family, wracked by antagonism. Its hierarchy is based on birth and
interdependence, and opposing factions are beginning to form. A brother will be sold into slavery by
some of his brothers, while others will not come to his aid. Eventually, all their progeny will be
Future Jewish families, and the entire Jewish People would do well to learn the bitter lesson of
Yosef and his brothers.