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					                                     Good Times, Bad Times (1900 - 1956)
    The early part of the twentieth century saw Bulwer Lodge of Cairo go from strength to strength. Despite the frequent political
disturbances in Egypt and the posting of members to different parts of the world, the Lodge continued to grow, both in numbers
and status. It was particularly known for the excellence of its ritual and the dignity of its meetings and was a favourite Lodge for
District Grand Officers to visit in an unofficial capacity.
    We are fortunate in having fairly accurate records of Initiates and Joining Members for this period, and full Minutes from
1949.
    In 1900, an appeal was made for contributions towards the South African Masonic Relief Fund to assist people suffering
during the Boer War. The Lodge decided to so away with the Installation banquet and add the money saved to the other contributions
from the Brethren. This raised in excess of £150 for the fund.
    In 1901, The Grand Master, H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught, appointed General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, a member
of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo, as District Grand Master for Egypt and the Sudan in place of Lord Kitchener, who had resigned. H. M.
Crookshank Pasha was appointed Deputy District Grand Master. Both were members of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo.
    In 1902, the Lodge and the District moved from Sharia Wagh el Birka to Maison Bonello. The first meeting of Bulwer Lodge
of Cairo to be held there was in August of that year. This continued as the regular meeting place until 1913.
                                                                                   The Egyptian Gazette dated 9th January 1903 states
                                                                               that “the new Masonic Hall comprises a commodious
                                                                               and handsome lodge-room capable of seating 100
                                                                               brethren as well as a refreshment room opening onto
                                                                               a spacious terrace whence a magnificent view is
                                                                               obtained on the new building of the Museum of
                                                                               Antiquities, Kasr el Nil Barracks, the Nile and the open
                                                                               country beyond with the pyramids in the far distance”.
                                                                               It is known to have overlooked Midan Ismail (now
                                                                               Midan Tahrir or Tahrir Square).
                                                                                   Maps of central Cairo in about 1900 and 1990 give
                                                                               an idea of the position of the Masonic Hall. Although
                                                                               some of the buildings still in Midan Tahrir date from
                                                                               the early part of the century, it is unlikely that Maison
                                                                               Bonello has survived.


Maps of Cairo as it was in 1900 (above) and 1990. The former Kasr el Nil Barracks is now the Central Bus Station and the
suburbs of Cairo spread almost to the base of the Giza Pyramids which are now only visible from the top of the tallest buildings
in the city. The approximate location of the Temple prior to 1913 is shown by a circle.
    In 1903, one of the most loved members in the
history of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo, and possibly its
first Initiate, W. Bro. Raphael Borg, died on 14th
January 1903. He loss was deeply felt throughout
Egyptian Freemasonry and he was commemorated
by a plaque in All Saints Church, Cairo, as “The
Guardian of Freemasonry” with a brass tablet given
by the Lodge.
    A summons for the meeting of Saturday, 4th
February 1905 has survived in the archives at
Freemasons’ Hall. Unfortunately, the available
photocopy is not good enough to reproduce here. It
is interesting to note that Bulwer Lodge of Cairo
appears in full. The meeting was called for 8.30 p.m.
precisely and had a very full agenda.
    The minutes were read, there was a ballot for a
Joining Member, five Initiates and a candidate for
Affiliation. Communications were read, followed by
the Initiation of four candidates. Two Brethren were
Affiliated and a number of Grand Lodge Certificates
were presented - a workload which would terrify many modern Brethren. A total of 11 Brethren are known to have been Initiated
in 1905.
    A number of menus from Installation Banquets in the early 1900s have survived at Grand Lodge. The one on page 2 is from
the Inasatllation meeting held on Saturday 6th January 1906 Again, the full name of the Lodge appears on this document.
    The menu makes interesting reading - the Brethren really knew how to dine in those days! No indication of the time of the
Banquet is given but, with a menu and toast list such as this, it must have been a very long affair!
    Again, a menu from the Installation Banquet held at Shepheard’s Hotel on Saturday 5th January 1907 at 8.30 p.m. is held at
Freemasons’ Hall. The menu is equally sumptious to that in 1906 and even lists the four wines to be served with the various
courses. These include Hochheimer with the salmon, Graves with the beef, Irroy with the pheasant and Montebello with the
Salade Portugaise. Turkish coffee was also served. The toast list is identical to that of 1906. The menu cover shows the two great
pillars, the square and compasses, together with various Masonic implements including a level, an ashlar and the letter “G”.


                                                                   1
                                                               Menu

                                                             Zagouski
                                (Zagouski, or Zakouski, is Russian for an Hors d’ouvre or snack.)
                                                        Caviar de Malosot
                                                         Real Turtle Soup
                                                            Milk Punch
                                                 Saumon de la Loire sauce riche
                                                    Pommes de terre vapeux
                                                    Sirloin of beef Châtelaine
                                                Parfait au foie gras de Strasbourg
                                                      Marquise de Clicquot
                                                Faisan de Bohéme grande chasse
                                                          Salade Rachel
                                            Asparges d’Argenteuil sauce mousseline
                                                     Bombe Aïda Historiée
                                                          Gateau Cyrano
                                                     Pannieres de Friandises
                                                       Savoury à la Bulwer
                                                          Grand Dessert

   The Toast List was:
                                         His Majesty the King, the protector of the Craft
                                             The band played God Save the King
                                                  His Highness The Khedive
                                            The band played the Khedival Anthem
                                     The Most Worshipful the Grand Master of England,
                                         His Royal Highness The Duke of Connaught
                                The Most Worshipful Grand Master of Egypt and Grand Officers
                                         The Right Worshipful District Grand Master
                                     and District Grand Officers of Egypt and the Sudan
                                                   Kindred Grand Lodges
                                           The Worshipful Master and the Wardens
                                          The Past Masters and the Installing Master
                                                          Visitors
                                                            Tyler

    The Installation Banquet menu for 1908 is again on file at Freemasons’ Hall. The event took place at The Grand Continental
Hotel on Saturday 4th January 1908 at 9 p.m. As the menu still ran to some 16 courses, followed by “Liqueurs, Cigares &
Cigarettes”, and the usual extensive toast list, the banquet must have continued well into the night.
     In 1908, Star of the East Lodge, No. 1355, changed its working language from Arabic to English and moved from the
premises of the National Grand Lodge of Egypt to those of the District Grand Lodge of Egypt & the Sudan in Maison Bonello.
    In 1911, it is interesting to note the appearance for the first time of an Assistant Secretary and an Assistant Director of
Ceremonies. Information has, again, been taken from the menu of the Installation Banquet held at The Grand Continental Hotel
on Saturday 7th January 1911 at 8.30 p.m. The menu ran to twelve courses with four wines, including Perrier Jouet 1904. One
additional item this year was “Whiskies and Soda”!
    On 23rd October 1913, an apartment at the top of Maison de Farro, a house in Sharia Antikhana el Masria was acquired and
a new Temple was dedicated by the District Grand Master, Sir Reginald Wingate. Several prominent members of Bulwer Lodge
of Cairo assisted at the dedication. The Temple was known to be very beautiful and a photograph appears on page D13.
    A summary from the “Memorial of the Dedication of the Masonic Temple”, a copy of which has survived, follows on pages
D15-16. A fine organ was installed in memory of the visit to Bulwer Lodge of Cairo by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward
VII, when he was Grand Master. The Dedication was followed by a Commemoration Banquet and a photograph of those dining
appears on page 4.

          The Dedication of the Masonic Temple on Thursday, 23rd October 1913
    The Dedicating Officer was R.W. Bro. Sir Reginald Wingate, District Grand Master of Egypt and the Sudan. He was assisted by
Bro. H. P. Keatinge, Past Deputy District Grand Master as Senior Warden; Bro. John Langley, Deputy District Grand Master as Junior
Warden; Bro. L. O. F. Stack, Past Junior District Grand Warden, as Chaplain; Bro. A. N. Tucker, Past Senior District Grand Warden,
as Superintendent of Works (Architect); Bro C. W. Binet-Summers, District Grand Organist, as Organist; Bro. J. Philip, District Grand
Director of Ceremonies, as Director of Ceremonies and Bro. W. Snow, Assistant District Grand Director of Ceremonies, as Inner
Guard. Of these eight dignitaries, no fewer than six were members of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo.
    Also present was Bro. Idris Bey Ragheb, Most Worshipful Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Egypt and a Past Grand
Warden of the United Grand Lodge of England.
    Other prominent members of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo who attended were A. A. Mortimer, Past District Grand Senior Warden; W.
Hayes, President of the Board of Benevolence; M. G. Boyes, Past District Grand Junior Deacon and A. Nathan, District Assistant
Grand Secretary. A further eighteen members of the Lodge were present, plus several who were representing other Lodges.


                                                                 2
    The Lodge was opened in the Three Degrees by W. Bro. W. D. Blake, Worshipful Master of Bulwer Lodge of Cairo. The Senior
Warden was W. Bro. Robinson of Grecia Lodge, No. 1105 and the Junior Warden, W. Bro. Mann of Zetland Lodge, No 1157. They
represented the three oldest Lodges under the English Constitution in Egypt.
    The Dedicating Officers entered in procession and the gavel was passed to Sir Reginald Wingate. Following the opening hymn, the
following dedication was made by the District Grand Master: “Brethren here assembled to behold this ceremony: Be it known to you
that we be true and lawful Freemasons, the successors of those ancient Brethren of our Craft who, from time immemorial, have been
engaged throughout the civilised world in the creation of stately and superb edifices, to the glory of God, and for the service of
mankind.
    “From those ancient Brethren have been handed down, from generation to generation, certain secrets, by which Freemasons are
known to each other, and are distinguished from the rest of the world.
    “Those secrets are lawful and honourable and are in no way incompatible with our moral, our civil, or our religious duties, and as
we have received them from our predecessors in the order, so we hand them, pure and unimpaired, to those who are to succeed us.
    “Our order has always been distinguished for loyalty to the Throne, for obedience to the laws and institutions of the country in
which we reside, for good citizenship, for goodwill to all mankind, and especially for that most excellent gift “CHARITY”. By the
exercise of these qualities, we have in all ages enjoyed such distinction that princes and nobles of high degree have been members of
our Order, have patronised our mysteries, and have joined in our assemblies.
    “Under such powerful protection, and by the fidelity and zeal of its members, Freemasonry has endured through the ages, and been
enabled to survive the wreck of mighty empires, and to resist the destroying hand of time.
    “We have met here today, in the presence of the G.A.O.T.U. and this assembly to declare this building truly complete, and to
dedicate it to the Honour and Glory of the Most High.”
    After further prayer, The Architect (Superintendent of Works) handed the plans of the building to the District Grand Master who
accepted them on behalf of all Freemasons in the District. The Dedicating Officer called upon the Chaplain for the Oration, the
Anthem and the Dedication Prayer.
    The Dedication continued, interspersed with solemn prayer, as follows:
    “May the G.A.O.T.U. look down with favour upon this undertaking and may He crown the edifice with Abundant Success.
    “I scatter Corn on this Lodge as a symbol of plenty and abundance. And may the blessing of morality and virtue increase under its
auspices, producing fruit an hundredfold.
    “I now dedicate this Hall to Freemasonry, to the Service of the ‘G.A.O.T.U.’, and to the purpose of that great Brotherhood which
seeks, by faith of God, to promote goodwill among men and to inculcate the purist principles of Piety and Virtue.
    “I pour Wine on this Lodge as a symbol of joy and cheerfulness
    “I now dedicate this Hall to Virtue. May the symbolism of the Craft and the ceremonies which will be performed within these
walls, teach and inspire the practice of every social and moral Virtue.
    “I sprinkle this Lodge with Oil as a symbol of Peace and Unanimity.
    “I dedicate this Hall to the cause of Universal Benevolence. May the principles of Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth lead those who
are taught within these walls to act with kindness towards all living creatures.
    After further solemn prayer, the District Grand Master extended a cordial welcome on behalf of all the Brethren to Idris Bey
Ragheb. He than vacated the Chair in favour of the Brethren who opened the Lodge, and they closed the Lodge fully in the Three
Degrees.
    The Closing Ode was sung as follows:
        Almighty Architect we pray,
        For blessings on our work today,
        And may this Temple ever prove,
        A Home of Unity and Love.
    Thus, the Ceremony of Dedication ended, and 89 Brethren retired to Shepheard's Hotel (not the current Shepheard's in Cairo) for
the Dedication Banquet.
    In addition to the customary toasts, a representative of each Lodge in the District gave a brief history of their Lodge and its
achievements. The Bulwer Lodge of Cairo history by W. Bro. W. Hayes concentrated on the Lodge’s part in the growth of Freemasonry
in Egypt.
    In 1915, the Lodge celebrated its Jubilee year (despite the break from 1874 - 1883) and a Special Meeting was held, attended
by the District Grand Lodge Officers and Brethren from all Cairo Lodges. The Deputy District Grand Master, W. Bro. J. Langley
delivered a speech on the occasion and W. Bro. Hayes read a paper on the history of the Lodge.
    Sadly, due to the loss of the old Minute Books, there is no record of the Brethren who served and died in the Great War, other than
Brothers Almond and Surguy listed in the Roll of Honour at Freemasons’ Hall.
    In 1917, during his Mastership, W. Bro. G E Williams presented the Lodge with a block with an Egyptian design for use on
Lodge notices and Summonses. This was used until 1935, when the current Lodge arms, based on Lord Dalling & Bulwer’s Coat
of Arms, was adopted. This Crest has changed slightly over the years, having become a little “slimmer”. More information is
given under the year 1935.
    Ars Quatuor Coronatorum records that, in 1918, the Lodge had the unique privilege of Initiating two Army Officers who had
gained the Victoria Cross during the (First World) War, Bros. J. W. Bisdee and H. Throssell. On the presentation of their Grand
Lodge Certificates, a letter was read from the District Grand Master congratulating the Lodge on this Notable occasion. There is
no record of these Brethren’s Initiation date in the available membership records, nor of their future activities in the Lodge.
    In 1921, the District Grand Master, Sir Reginald Wingate, resigned his office and John Langley CBE of Grecia Lodge, No.
1105, and First Principal of Bulwer Chapter in 1899, was appointed in his stead.
    He was installed on 4th April 1921 and a special Deputation came from Grand Lodge for this purpose, consisting of the Grand
Secretary, V.W. Bro. Sir P. Colville Smith and the Deputy Grand Director of Ceremonies, V.W. Bro. A. R. Collett. R.W. Bro.
Langley left Egypt in 1924 and resigned his office.
    The Lodge continued to prosper. In 1922, 10 Brethren were Initiated, incuding some of our most loyal and prominent members.
1923 and 1924 both saw 8 Initiates.


                                                                  3
The Temple at Maison Bonello, Sharia Antikhana el Masria




                           4
    In 1924, Major General Sir Lee Stack was appointed District Grand Master for Egypt and the Sudan. He was Installed on 3rd
April 1924 and the Deputation from Grand Lodge consisted of the Grand Secretary, V.W. Bro. Sir P. Colville Smith, V.W. Bro.
Canon H. Curtis, Past Grand Chaplain and V.W. Bro. A. R. Collett, Past Deputy Grand Director of Ceremonies.
    He was assassinated in Cairo on 19th November 1924 which caused great shock in all right-minded circles in Egypt and
thousands attended his funeral.
    As the Lodge banner was almost worn out, a new one was purchased with contributions from the Past Masters and Wardens
of the Lodge.
    Brigadier General C. S. Wilson was appointed District Grand Master for Egypt and the Sudan. Brigadier Wilson was
elected to Honorary Membership in 1931 where more information is given.
    Once again, a Deputation from Grand Lodge came to Egypt for his Installation. This time, the Grand Secretary, V.W.
Bro. Sir P. Colville Smith, was accompanied by W. Bro. C. R. I. Nicholl, Deputy Grand Director of Ceremonies, W. Bro.
Colonel Wingfield, Past Grand Deacon, acting as Deputy District Grand Master and W. Bro. J. Terry, Past Grand Deacon, acting
as District Senior Grand Warden.
    In 1933, Rt. Rev. Bishop Ll H Gwynne was appointed District Grand Master for Egypt & the Sudan. The Grand Lodge
Deputation at his Installation on 6th April 1934, consisted of the M.W. Pro. Grand Master, Lord Ampthill, assisted by W. Bro.
Lt. Col. G. I. Davys, Past Grand Deacon and W. Bro. Major R. L. Loyd, Deputy Grand Director of Ceremonies. Bishop Gwynne
was elected to Honorary Membership of the Lodge in 1936.
    On 8th June 1934, the Foundation Stone was laid for a new Freemasons’ Hall in Sharia Madrasseh el Fransawia (Street of the
French School). The stone was cut from King Solomon’s quarries in Jerusalem where it had been specially prepared. It was
placed at the entrance to the building by Rt. Wor. Bro. Bishop Ll. H. Gwynne, C.M.G., C.B.E., D.D., L.L.D., District Grand
Master for Egypt and the Sudan. The stone on the opposite side of the entrance was brought from the Upper Egypt granite
quarries. The Temple was completed and consecrated by the District Grand Master on 18th May 1935.
    The Regular Meeting on 7th April 1934 was honoured by a visit from the Pro. Grand Master, Lord Ampthill who delivered the
Charge to the Initiates. He also presented Grand Lodge Certificates to four members and gave “most instructive and valuable
addresses”. The Lodge continued to prosper with an average of 8 Initaites every year during the 1930s.
    Bulwer Lodge of Cairo moved to the new Freemasons’ Hall in Sharia Madrasseh el Fransawia following its Dedication on
18th May 1935. The first meeting was held there on 5th October 1935.
    The Lodge Crest was changed from “an Egyptian design” to a design based on the Bulwer family arms. The top right hand
quadrant is based on the “three castles, chevron and compasses” which form half of the Crest of the United Grand Lodge of
England. The lower left quadrant, being the Giza pyramids and Sphinx, portray our Egyptian origins. The other two identical
quadrants, containing three “birds” and a chevron with three stars are, presumably, from the Bulwer Family arms.
    Bro. F. D. Stevenson Drane records that, from 1935, “the Lodge enjoyed 20 years of quiet prosperity without disturbing
incidents. It was always a popular Lodge and well attended”.
    Ven. Archdeacon Francis F Johnston CBE, (Later Bishop of Egypt - pictured right) joined Bulwer Lodge of Cairo. He was
Deputy District Grand Master Egypt & the Sudan from 1934 to 1946 and the last District
Grand Master 1946 to 1960. He was elected an Honorary Member 1936. Initiated into
Pelusium Lodge, No. 3003 in 1921 and was First Principal of Pelusium Chapter in 1931. He
was also a member of Grecia Lodge, No. 1105.
    R.W. Bro. Johnston took a keen interest in the informal meetings which were held prior
to the Lodge becoming established in London. He attended nearly all the meetings of Bulwer
Lodge of Cairo and Grecia Lodge at the Dominions Hotel, Lancaster Gate and usually
delivered the Address to the Brethren at the Installation Meetings. He died suddenly in
September 1963 whilst preaching a sermon to the Parachute Regiment.
    A number of Brethren were Passed and Raised on behalf of other Lodges during 1942. It
can safely be assumed that these were servicemen posted to Egypt during World War II.
There is no record of any of them Joining Bulwer Lodge of Cairo.
    Edward Vickery was Passed on 7th March 1942 on behalf of Guildhall School of Music
Lodge, No. 2554 where he was Initiated on 22nd May 1939 aged 28 years. According their
records, he was also raised in Egypt and was killed in action in 1942 although we record him
as having died on 19th January 1943. He was the only member of that Lodge to have been
killed on active service. (Grateful thanks to W. Bro. H. J. Mogg, S.L.G.R., Secretary of
Guildhall School of Music Lodge for additional information.)
    Alfred Geoffrey de Tracey Gould was Passed on 7th March 1942 and Raised on 4th
December 1943 on behalf of a New Zealand Lodge. Robert Hugh Hamilton Nevin was Passed 7th March 1942 on behalf of a New
Zealand Lodge. J. H. Nevin was re-obligated on behalf of a New Zealand Lodge.
    In 1949, the District Grand Lodge Meeting was moved to Alexandria on 25th November and “a motor bus was engaged to
convey the Brethren wishing to attend. Also, at this time, the Cairo Lodges held Christmas Parties for children. This year it was
the turn of Lotus Lodge, No. 3296.
    In 1950, W. Bro. D. W. Gee, although not a subscribing member at the time, presented the Lodge with a new die for its colour
crest, the old one having become badly worn. Two Emergency Meetings were held on 14th March and 13th April due to a
backlog of candidates. Happy days! Bro. J. R. D. Goadsby, although unable to attend meetings in Egypt, wrote a Memorial of the
year 1923, when he was Initiated, which the Lodge had printed in full colour by Amalgamated Press, Cairo. This was sold to the
Brethren for “whatever amount they cared to give” and the proceeds given to the Masonic Institutions. The cover and text appear
on page 6.
    By 1951, it was not now always customary to dine after every meeting. The Summons stated whether or not there would be
“supper” and meetings still tended to be long, often opening at 5.30 p.m. and closing at 9 p.m..
    Up until this time, the dress code on the summons has referred to “Ordinary”, “Evening” or “Dinner Jacket”. The summons
for 2nd June and several after it refer to “Masonic Summer Dress”. There is no indication of what this is.

                                                               5
                                        Memorial
                                   by J. R. D. Goadsby

The porchway and the dormer. The mosaic pavement square.
The tessellated border; the room adjoining, where
first in heart, the Principles, and then the common prayer.
Where, unsectarian, non-partisan, indifferent to creed,
inside it’s “Brother”, and outside “Leltak sa’eed”.
Where, pendant from its corners four, the tassels to remind
of Country - Love; for Law - Respect; of Faith - Simplicity;
of Truth - its Sanctity, and service to mankind.
Where G is not a cypher, but a symbol of that Power,
When each has had his due,
to set the Sun and close the day at HIS appointed hour.
Where parallelepipedon simply means “a plane upon the ground”;
and where, within its precincts, principles abound which serve to inculcate;
and “polity” in simple terms is another word for “State”.
In breadth - from North to South. In length - from East to West.
In depth - from plane to centre. In height - infinity.
Where Wisdom, Strength and Beauty support the canopy
‘neath which, transcendent o’er the rest;
subordinate to naught save Prudence - hall-mark of the best; thrice-blessed Charity.
Where “Good health” and “Sa hiikum” mean “We toast each other”.
And “Kaif ha’lak?” and “How are you?” are merely diff’rent ways of brother greeting brother.
There was Bailey, there was Bradock, and Godwin of the Bank;
Henderson and Mish - and those of Higher rank.
There was Collacott and Powell, Blythe and Clair-Garood;
and Brunskill of the Facultee.
There was Smith and Aldercote. Twelve in perfect harmonee.
There was Hyam; there was Harry; Tomlinson - and ME!
“Right glad am I to find ye free and of one accord.
Bestow Thy blessings on mankind; and on these, O Lord,
vouchsafe Thine aid that they may better be.”
The organ swelled to mighty tone as we paraded there
in common supplication; joined in solemn prayer;
way back, in dear old Bulwer, in nineteen-twenty-three.
And though, with humble, contrite heart, we bow unto His will
and know that we are but pawns in this huge scheme of things,
and that we might ne’er meet again our brethren by the Nile,
the principles they taught us to observe have always proved worth while.
“If your neighbour stumbles, render him support.
If, despite your aid, he tumbles, raise him as was taught.
And when, inevitable and sure, like the breaking of the dawn,
the Master takes us into His keeping yet another pawn,
simply think of him as sleeping in the shelter of His breast;
a faithful, zealous servant enjoying eternal rest”.

    In 1952, the meetings of 2nd February, 1st March and 5th April were “deferred owing to unsettled conditions”. It should also
be noted that meeting times became much earlier due to the unrest in Egypt and the risks of being out at night. The Cairo Masonic
Centre had to be closed by 8.00 p.m. The District Grand Secretary also wrote to all Lodges regarding the safekeeping of Warrants
and all records during this time. At 31st December 1952, the Lodge had 71 members, of which 52 were Country Members.
    The Lodge was honoured by a surprise visit from the District Grand Master for Egypt and the Sudan at the meeting on 3rd
October 1953, as he was now domiciled in Cairo.
    Membership at 31st December was 75, of whom 55 were Country Members. At that time, there were 21 Country Members
and 3 resident Members who were one year in arrears, 10 Country Members and 1 resident Member two years in arrears and three
Country Members to be automatically excluded, being 3 years in arrears.
    It is also interesting to note that a Minute appears implying a Lodge tradition that the Junior Warden be elected “Lodge
Steward for Masonic Institutions” - i.e. Charity Steward. A monthly Newsletter was also produced at this time written, in turn, by
the Officers of the Lodge. This appeared to run for about three years, although only very few issues have survived.
    The 1954 Installation Festive Board menu is minuted as: Clear Soup, Fillet of Sole with Tartar Sauce, Roast Stuffed Turkey
with Roast Potatoes and Vegetables, Fruit Salad and Coffee, something of a change from the feasts held at the beginning of the
century.
    It is also interesting to note that the second toast, following Her Majesty the Queen, was to The President of the Republic of
Egypt, taking precedence over the Grand Master. The full Toast List on this Occasion was:

       Her Majesty the Queen and the Craft (W.M.)
       The President of the Republic of Egypt (W.M.)
       The M.W. Grand Master The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Scarborough, K.G., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., T.D., (W.M.)

                                                                6
       The R.W. Deputy Grand Master The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Derby M.C. (W.M.)
       The R.W. Assistant Grand Masters, Brig. Gen. W. H. V. Darell C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. and
       Major General Sir Allan H. S. Adair Bt., C.B. D.S.O. M.C. and Grand Officers Present and Past (W.M.)
       The Right Worshipful The District Grand Master (W.M.)
       The Worshipful Deputy District Grand Master, The Assistant District Grand Master and
       District Grand Lodge Officers Present and Past (W.M.)
       The Worshipful Master (I.P.M.)
       The Installing Master and Past Masters (W.M.)
       The Officers of Bulwer Lodge (A. E. Owens)
       Kindred Grand Lodges (H. O. Powell)
       The Visitors (J.W.)
       The Tyler’s Toast (A. R. Godwin)

    A letter was received from W. Bro. Percy Henderson. He wrote: “Saturday sees another Bulwer Installation. It will, I believe
be the first I have missed since 1917. I shall be with you in spirit and at ten p.m. I shall raise a glass in silence to Absent Brethren.
As I write these lines, the memory almost brings my heart to bursting point. Our ranks are thinning, but the Bulwer quality
remains unimpaired. In union and loyalty to the Lodge there is a power of strength which far outweighs mere numbers.”
    During 1954, attendance dropped off, presumably due to the increasingly difficult situation in Egypt. For example, at the
October meeting only seven members and one visitor are recorded. There being no candidates during 1954, the meetings were
occupied the prexentations of various parts of the ritual. The attendance book for 5th February 1955 shows only eight members
and no visitors attending and for 7th May, only seven members - possibly our worst turnout ever, but understandable given the
political situation and the risks involved. During the March meeting, the Worshipful Master thanked W. Bro. John Hayes for the
“attractive hymn cards which he had produced”. A number of these have survived.
    At the April meeting, the Worshipful Master said that, as there was no work, the “immediate future Brethren should volunteer
to do some” which, indeed became the case!
    For the benefit of those who know Cairo, it is worth recording the following comment from the Newsletter written by Bro. H.
Gaspard, Junior Warden, in May.
    “Many who have been absent from Cairo for 12 months or more would be little short of astonished by the tremendous changes
which have taken place; practically all the footpaths in the centre of the city have been relaid with yellow and red tiles; trams no
longer run in Sharia Foud el Awalwhic has been very artistically and efficiently converted into a dual carriage-way thoroughfare
with trees planted in the dividing pedestrian island and which now continues right through Ezbekiah Gardens. The Maspero
Corniche is also free from tramcars and has been completely redesigned, again into a dual carriage-way and has been extended
right along the bank of the Nile, past the Semiramis Hotel, the back of the British Embassy (the garden no longer reaches to the
bank of the Nile) and Kasr el Aini Hospital until it joins up with the old road from Cairo to Maadi. Consequent upon many of the
improvements which have taken place in redesigning the city, traffic regulations have been changed and unless one is familiar
with the rather intricate system of one-way streets, driving a car from one point to another in the centre of town is quite a problem.
Indeed, I venture to think that any Brother who left Cairo more than a year ago would find himself in considerable difficulty if he
wished to drive from, shall we say, Opera Square to the Masonic Hall.”
    For those who do not know Cairo, many of the old landmarks mentioned have been pulled down. The traffic is appalling and
Maadi, once a separate town some 20 kms. north of the city is now an affluent suburb.
    Interestingly, at the December meeting, it was decided due to a shortage of Brethren not to ballot for the Master and Treasurer.
The vote was taken by a show of hands.
    During 1956, the Lodge met at Freemasons’ Hall, Cairo, on 7th January 1956, (Installation), 5th May, & 2nd June. The
February, March and April meetings were not held, presumably due to the deteriorating situation in Egypt, and the June minutes
were never confirmed by the Worshipful Master. The October, November and December meetings were not held as they were
after the “Suez Crisis”, although three Initiations took place at the June meeting. Indeed, the attendance book for 3rd November
says “Meeting not held due to political situation. Masonic Hall under sequestration.”
    It would appear that the Lodge Regalia, sequestered by the Egyptian government was, by this time, in a state of disrepair as a
Brother had been asked to look into getting it refurbished or replaced while he was in London.
    The Installation Meeting was attended by was attended by Rt. Wor. Bro Archdeacon F. F. Johnston, C.B.E., District Grand
Master and his Grand Lodge Officers. The Summons for 2nd June 1956 shows H F Dutton as Tyler, it having been stated at the
December 1955 meeting that it was hoped to appoint him as District Grand Tyler in 1956.
    Bro. Dutton was indeed appointed as District Grand Tyler and, being the resident caretaker at Freemasons’ Hall, Cairo, at the
time of the Suez Crisis, did his utmost to save what Masonic property he could. He was given a vote of thanks, proposed by W.
Bro. F. D. Stevenson Drane in his capacity as Past Assistant District Grand Master when he attended the meeting on 13th January
1966 in London.

                                                        The End of an Era
    And so Bulwer Lodge of Cairo came to end of its time in Egypt. Stories have been told of Brethren being badly beaten in their
attempts to rescue items from the Temple. Sadly, none of these has been committed to paper and, at the time of writing in 1998,
only one of the Members from the Egyptian days - W. Bro. Djeddah - is known to be alive, in reasonable health and living in
Geneva. However, he left Egypt in 1945 and has little memory of events there.
    Jack Stidwill of Ionic Lodge, who joined Bulwer Lodge of Cairo after its move to London, is also still with us but, having
suffered a stroke, is having difficulty in recalling any details.
    It is for this reason that the “future history” of the Lodge must be documented and carefully preserved for the generations to
come.


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