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Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Course Description for Division of Energy Engineering Humanities and Skills – Compulsory 16 Units HUM 101 History of Ene rgy Engineering 2 Units Definitions-history of technology and engineering in it's different branches-historical interconnection between science and technology-examples on the development of different engineering activities. HUM111 Technical English Language 2 Units Developments of students knowledge in English technical language and ability for reading and understanding – developing of listening and speeches abilities of students - writing technical topics – reading in scientific books and technical documentations – methods of search. Case study exercises related to scientific topics. HUM 112 Technical Reports Writing 3 Units Techniques of report writing: organisation - objectives, background, method, results, conclusions, appendices, etc. Achieving clarity and conciseness. Writing steps – page design - presentational aspects - figures, graphs, tables, literature references, etc - - Other forms of writing articles, letters, brochures, posters, CVs, etc. HUM 202 Human Rights 2 Units Social human behavior principles study – Work force – Social control – social environment of working sites – relationship among livelihood, society and environment HUM 303 Industrial and Engineering Legislation 2 Units Industrial legislation – Characteristics of manufacturing – Industrial safety legislation – Labor legislation – Insurance law – Environmental law – Financial systems – Tax law – Different degrees of prosecution – Capital and small projects and the legal commitments – The legal regulations for the workers in engineering projects. HUM 404 Environmental Sciences 2 Units Introduction to environmental sciences – Sources of environmental pollution (Air, water, and soil) – Environment & Development – Environmental services project such as paving road, improving water supplies & facility sustaining – Evaluation of environment effects for industrial projects – Laws and regulations of the environment. HUM 423 Engineering Economics and Project Management 3 Units Part I: Industrial cost – Cost analysis and benefit – Capital investment cycle – deprecation and replacement- raw material optimization – technical feasibility study – performance evaluation – case study. Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Part II: The objective of this part is to study the planning, control and management of projects at both the strategic and the operational levels. Students are expected to develop conceptual and analytic skills in the following areas in project management: project nature and the project life cycle; key roles and responsibilities (the client and the project manager); the use of mathematical models; network-based project management methodology; time-scale planning techniques; resource scheduling; modeling uncertainty in activity durations; project cost control and time-cost trade- offs; use and evaluation of project management software from both a theoretical and practical viewpoint- case study. Elective 8 Units Student should select 4courses HUM 213 Oral Communication HUM 111 2 Units Organization of technical presentations: objectives, background, method, results, conclusions. Presentational aspects: preparation of visual material (choice and amount of information, clarity). Timing and pacing. Speaking technique. Use of multi media- visual aids . Responding to questions. Handling interruptions, nervousness. Other forms of presentation: identification of audience. Speeches, meetings, interviews. HUM 214 Effective communications HUM 111 2 Units Human behavior analysis – communication skills – The relation between human motivation and human behavior in communications – Encouragement methods to achieve effective communication – effective listening skills – effective oral skills – Culture categories and their effect on personal communication – Oral and body langue analysis for dealers – prediction and brain analysis skills – Satisfaction and convincing skills - Refuse and objection treatment to solve different opinion problems – brain control methods in personal communication. HUM 221 Accounting 2 Units Introduction. Accounting in the engineering context. The distinction between financial and management. The balance sheet-Equity and trading-Profit determination-Stock valuation-Provisions and the valuation of fixed assets-Types of ratio-Ratio analysis and further analysis of accounts-The cash flow statement-The nature and roles of management accounting-Management accounting / engineering interface.-Basic cost concepts-Product costing systems-Activity-based costing (ABC) systems-Short-run decisions-Investment decisions: DFC and other techniques- Investment decisions: information needs and organisational issues-Budgeting- Variance analysis. HUM 222 Applied Statistics 2 Units Sampling - Probabilities – Probability tables - Random variables - The binomial and Poisson models - Probability density functions - The uniform, exponential and normal models- The central limit property - Reliability - Estimating the expected time to failure and the hazard function-The Weibull model- The reliability of devices in series and in parallel- The expectation and variance of the sum of two random variable- Covariance - Linear regression - Sampling distributions - Maximum likelihood estimation -Testing for model fit - Confidence intervals and hypothesis testing. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HUM 505 The environme ntal management System 2 Units What is ISO14000 – interpreting ISO14000 system requirements – implementing an environmental management system – meeting environmental editing requirements – performing internal audits and self-assessment – overviews of the Egyptian environmental law 4/94 – environmental classification of enterprises – guideline of environmental impact analysis (EIA) for black list enterprises . HUM 506 Occupational Safety Engineering 2 Units Safety management – standards , cods , and other documents – management a its responsibility for safety – changing roles of safety personnel – hazard types and their controls – manual materials handling hazards – acceleration , fails , falling object , and other impact – mechanical injuries – heat stress – pressure hazards – electrical hazards- fires and fire suppression explosions and explosives – hazards of toxic materials – radiation – vibration – noise – accident investigation and safety analyses. HUM 524 Marketing 2 Units Marketing system - information system – consumer behavior – product policy – price policy – promotion policy – distribution policy – advertising policy – selling. HUM 525 Managing People and Organisations 2 Units The aim of this course is to provide students with an opportunity to solve practical managerial and organisational problems which an engineer is likely to meet in a work context. The course covers a framework for understanding the key elements which contribute towards organisational effectiveness, the importance of business strategy, effective work design, the impact of structure and culture on organisational performance, and the importance of systems, skills, staff and style. HUM 526 Risk Analysis and Management 2 Units Introduction - Treatment of uncertainties - Decision analysis - Value of information - Basic tools for risk analysis - Risk assessment with probability distributions – System evaluation - Expert judgment in Risk analysis - Organizational factors in Risk analysis. HUM 527 Negotiation Skills 2 Units Nature and objective of negotiation processes- preparation for negotiation processes- negotiation systems- characteristics of the effective negotiator- Detection methods for the orientation of different negotiation process members- risk analysis – obstacles of the negotiation processes – writing the strategy of negotiation – finishing the negotiation processes and write down the - negotiation results evaluation. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Basic Sciences Compulsory 30 Units BSE 111 Math (1) 3 Units Algebraic and non algebraic functions - Derivative – Applications on derivative – Mean value theorem – Curve sketching – Convexity and concavity – Extreme of functions – Approximation of functions – Indefinite integrals – Methods of integration – Definite integrals - The fundamental theorem of calculus – Improper integrals – L' Hopital rule – Applications on integration – Areas – Volumes of solids of revolution – Are length and areas of surfaces of revolution – Numerical integrator. BSE 112 Math (2) 3 Units Theory of equations – Matrices – Matrices and linear system – Determinants and linear systems – Eigenvalues and eigenvectors – Applications on matrices and determinants –Sequences and series – Vectors – Polar, cylindrical and spherical coordinates – Equations of the second degree – Parabola – Ellipse – Hyperbole – Translation and rotation of axes – Equations of pairs of strict lines – Equation of sphere and surfaces of revolution – Equations of straight lines and planes in space. BSE 121 Physics (1) 3 Units Properties of matter – Physical quantities – Units and dimensions – Properties of mech. and electric materials – Gravitational field and its applications – Fluid statics – Fluid dynamics – Viscosity – Elasticity – Sound waves – Waves in elastic media – Heat and thermodynamics – Heat transfer – Molecular motion of gasses – First low of thermodynamics – Entropy and the second low of heat dynamics – Applications the first and second law of thermo dynamics. BSE 122 Physics (2) 3 Units Electricity and magnetism – Charge, matter and electric field – Gauss low – Elec. potential – Capacitors and insulating materials – Current, Resistance, and Elec. Field – Magnetic field – Amper low – Savant and biot lows – Faraday's low – Magnetic properties of materials – Maxwell's equations – Integral form – heat effect of current – Optics – Properties of optics – Electromagnetic waves – Optical phenomena deviation of optics – Mirrors – Lenses – Optical fibers. BSE 131 Che mistry 3 Units States of matter – Solutions – Phase rule – Chemical equilibrium – Electrochemistry – Water treatment – Building materials – Pollution and its treatments – Other chemical industries – Mineral fertilizers – Dyes – Polymers – Sugar and starch industries – Petrochemicals – Semiconductors – Oils, Fats, Soaps and Detergents. BSE 141 Mechanics 3 Units Static – Vectors Algebra and Applications – Resultant and Moments of a Force System – Equivalent Force Systems – Equilibrium of Particles – Friction – Hinges and Pulleys –Center of Gravity – Moment of Inertia – Product of Inertia Moment – ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Inertia Moment Transfer Theories – Mohr's Circle – Distributed loads – Cross Products. BSE 213 Math (3) BSE111 3 Units Complex Numbers – Functions of complex variables – Cauchy-Reimann equations – Analytic functions – Elementary functions – Comformal mapping – Complex integration – Cauchy theorem – Applications of complex integration – Complex series and Laurent series – Series solution of differential equations – Special functions Fourier Integrals and Fourier Transformation – Partial differential equations. BSE 214 Computers 3 Units Introduction – Computer language and programming – Data base – Using programs to find approximate solutions for equations – Solution of algebra – linear and non– linear equations – Numerical integration – Solution of differential equations – Engineering applications – Case study program design - Use of ready packages. ENE 301 Numerical Analysis BSE 112 3 Units Numerical solution of linear systems - numerical solution of nonlinear equations – interpolation - numerical integration and differentiation - curve fitting-optimization - numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations - Probability and statistics - discrete and continuous random variables - frequency tables - deviation measures - data analysis - optimization techniques. MDE 101 Engineering Drawing and Projection 3 Units Drawing technology and skills, engineering operations – Projection theory: Projection of a point, line, and plane simple bodies – Assisted projections. - Intersection of plans and surfaces - Unfolding body surfaces steel connections - Principles of architectural drawing. Elective 9 Units Student should select 3 courses BSE 215 Interfacing and Data Processing 3 Units Methods for interfacing instruments to computers; software for interfacing - Methods for processing of recorded data; software for data processing - Examples of industrial applications and appropriate data acquisition and processing - Identification of measurement requirements in thermofluids applications - Principles of experimental methods in thermofluids applications - Demonstrations of measurements and data processing in selected laboratory experiments - Practical work: measurement of time varying quantities, selection and application of appropriate data processing methods, assessment of findings. BSE223 Physics (3) 3 Units Waves and vibrations– Harmonic vibration in mechanical and electrical systems – Geom. representation – Interference – Damped vibration – Fourier analysis of damped vibration – Types of waves – Wave velocity – Velocity of sound waves in fluids – ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Wave measurements – Doppler effect – Electromagnetic waves – Optics – Optic interference – Newton ring – Deviation – New concepts – Quantum mech. – Electro optical phenomena – Laser – Applications of sound waves – Applications in mech. eng. BSE224 Laser Technology and Industrial Applications 3 Units Physics and Laser Technology - Introduction to Laser Processes - Atomic Models. Energy Levels - Absorption of Energy - Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission - Inversion of Population. Laser Oscillation - Optical Resonant Cavity - Properties of Laser Beam. Spectroscopy. Pumping – Circuits - Materials for Lasers - Laser Applications - Industrial Applications – Cutting – Welding - Thermal Treatment of Materials - Applications on Electronic Field (Doping, Annealing, Metal Contacts, Etching) - Reference to Medical Applications - Safety: Dangers and Precautions: Interaction of the Laser Beam with Human Tissue (Skin and Eyes) - Organization of the Laser Working Environment. BSE 242 Continuum Mechanics 3 Units Introduction to continuum mechanics - the concept of continua, elements of vector and tensor calculus, forces acting on solid and motion of a continuum element - Conservation laws (of mass, energy and momentum) and basic constitutive relationships. ENE 300 Modeling and Simulation 3 Units Introduction – Scaling and similarity criteria – Model design and techniques – Mathematical modeling - Finite element analysis and applications -Theoretical principles of the finite element method. model generation, analysis and results post- processing. Modeling and analysis of real structural problems - Case study using soft wares. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Basic Engineering Sciences - 53 Units ECE 301 Electronic Engineering BSE 122 3 Units Introduction – Review of power connection – Dual linkage – Electronic circuits – Amplifiers – Counters – Stabilizers – Output signals – Transistors – Logical circuits – Digital to analog and analog to digital circuit – Signal summing system – Circuit applications for angular speed – Stepping motor – Ignition and electronic injection in the internal combustion engine – Other applications – Introduction to robots. ENE 200 Thermodynamics BSE 121 3 Units Basic fundamentals and definitions – Energy concepts – First law of thermodynamics – Closed systems – Energy equation for closed systems – Continuity equations – Energy equation for open systems – Steady and unsteady flow through open systems – Properties of pure substance – Ideal gas model – Reversible processes – Irreversible processes – Second law of thermodynamics – Carnot cycle – Heat engines and efficiency – Entropy – Entropy change – Properties of gas mixture and vapors – Enthalpy and internal energy of gas and vapors mixture. ENE 201 Advanced Thermodynamics ENE 200 3 Units Availability – Air standard cycle for energy generation – Gas turbines – Vapor power cycles – Reversed cycles – Reversibility – Combined cycles for electricity generation - Relation between thermodynamics properties and effect of real gases – Introduction to the principles of stiochiometry and applications – Combustion reaction for mixtures and applications of first and second laws of thermodynamics – Principles of chemical and phase balance. ENE 202 Fluid Mechanics (1) BSE 121 3 Units Introduction – Fluid Principles Definitions – Fluid statics – Fundamentals of fluid motion – Fluid kinematics – Principal equations for mass continuity, energy conservation, and momentum in integral formula – Applications – Dimensional analysis and similarity – Laminar & Turbulent flow – Laminar flow cases – Steady flow in pipelines – Friction coefficient and losses – Minor losses – Methods of nets connection. ENE 203 Fluid Mechanics (2) ENE202 3 Units Differential form of continuity and motion – Approximate and Analytical solutions – Flow through boundary layer – Potential flow theory – Flow around immersed bodies – Unsteady flow – Introduction to flow control – Introduction to computational fluid mechanics. ENE 204 Heat Transfer ENE 202 3 Units Introduction to heat transfer – One dimensional heat transfer – Heat transfer with internal heat generation elements – Continuous heat transfer in two dimensions – Unsteady one directional heat transfer by conduction – Convection heat transfer – Free convection relations – Forced convection relations – Mixed convection heat transfer – Fins and extended surface – Heat transfer with phase change. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ENE 302 Engineering Measure ments ENE 200 3 Units Operating performance of measurement devices – Measurement system elements – Fixed and variable errors – Measuring error treatment – Digital measuring technique – Force measurement – Torque measurement – Pressure measurement: manometers – Dynamic device for pressure measurements – Electric device for pressure measurements – Flow measurement device: orifice, nozzle, ventury, rotating turbine and rotameter – Velocity measurement: pitot tube – Hot wire – Laser – Angular velocity measurement – Temperature measurement – Thermometer, and bimetal sensor – Variable resistances – Semiconductors –Thermocouples – Radiometer – Measurement of gas exhaust components – Sensors – Analysis of exhaust gases. ENE 303 Gas Dynamics ENE 203 3 Units Compressible flow – Properties of flow in variable area ducts – Introduction to shock wave – Normal and oblique shock wave – Flow in pipes of constant area with and without friction – Flow over surfaces – Compressible flow in two dimensions. ENE 304 Control of Mechanical Power Systems ECE 301 3 Units Introduction to automatic control – Assessment of automatic control systems – Classification of automatic control systems – Basic elements in automatic control systems – Signal conditioning – Kinds of automatic control systems – Applications of mechanical power automatic systems. Hydraulic control: Hydraulic fluids; Control elements – Working elements – Experimental applications. Pneumatic control: Compressed air; Control elements – Working elements – Experimental applications – Design of control circuits: electronic; electric; electro-pneumatic. ENE 306 Heat and Mass Transfer ENE204 3 Units Types of heat exchangers – Performance of heat exchanger – Heat radiation – Heat transfer by radiation from gases and flames – Radiation and environment – Mass transfer in solids, liquid, and gases – Application of mass transfer – Methods of heat transfer improvement. ENE 405 Introduction to Mechatronics ECE 301 3 Units Data processing in mechatronic systems. Input/output analog and digital data. Connection of mechanical tools. Sensors and actuators in mechatronics. Data collection systems. Types of cards. Simulation of mechatronic systems. Design and use of computer program. Sensor modeling. Actuator modeling. DC motors. Step motors. Hydraulic and pneumatic motors. Interfacing; computer interfacing requirements. EPE 201 Electrical Engineering BSE122 3 Units Electric field – Magnetic field – Electric circuits – Elements of electric circuits – Sources of electric voltage – Electric current sources – Elements of resistances – Capacitors and induction coils – Methods of analysis for continuous current circuits – Node analysis – Method of superposition – Circuits theories – Sine concept – Applications on theory of oscillating current electric circuits. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- MDE 202 Mechanical Drawing MDE 101 3 Units Sketching, Assembly drawing, Working drawing. Surface finish symbols. Fits and tolerances. Auto Cad program. Drawing and editing commands. Three–dimensional drawing. Multi layer drawings. Sorting and editing. MDE 303 Mechanics and Strength of Material MRE 102 3 Units Stresses and Strains – Testing machines and strain gages – Engineering material behavior under tension, compression, and cold bending – Direct and transverse shear – Torsion – Fatigue – Hardness – Toughness and impact stresses – Experimental part: Mechanical tests – Static tests: Tension, compression, shear, bending, torsion, and hardness – Dynamic tests: Fatigue, impact. MDE 304 Stress Analysis MDE 303 3 Units Equilibrium of simple mechanical elements – Normal and shear forces – Bending and torsion moments – Stresses in loaded elastic bars: Axial, bending, torsion – Strains – Rigidity – Strain energy – Stresses in combined loading: Eccentric loads, inclined bending and torsion – Two dimensional stresses: Principal stresses, Mohr circle, theory of failure – Applications: Thin and thick cylinders, springs, Frames, and Finite elements. Experimental part: Strain measurements, Whitestone Bridge, principal strains, strains in thin and thick cylinders, stress concentration factor, elastic failure, and deflections of beams. MRE 101 Production Technology 3 Units Introduction to engineering material (ferrous & non-ferrous) – Polymers – ceramic – Composite materials: types and characteristics – Forming: Casting –Forging – Rolling – Drawing – Fastening & joining – Riveting – Welding –Hand operations. Cutting: machine tools – Machine operations – Turning – Shaping – Drilling – Milling – Grinding – Measurement tools –Vernier caliper – Micrometer – tool life & tool wear measurements and factors affecting tool life – measurement of surface roughness – measurement of machined surface – Theory of metal cutting – economics of metal cutting– introduction to the use of computers in manufacturing workshops – CAD/CAM – components of NC machine tools – types of NC machines – steps for NC machining. MRE 102 Material Technology 3 Units Metallic and non–metallic materials – Crystals – Mechanical properties – Relation between crystals and properties – Material codes and standards – Alloying theory – Heat treatments – Polymers – Composites. Ceramics – Material selection – Non– destructive tests. MRE 403 Principles of Maintenance 2 Units Maintenance definitions – Maintenance department functions – Maintenance types – planed maintenance – manual maintenance forms – Use of computer in maintenance planning – Maintenance forms via computer – Spare parts via computer – Statistical analysis in maintenance. Maintenance cost – Oil and lubrication. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Applied Engineering Sciences Compulsory 26 Units EPE 302 Electric Machines EPE 201 3 Units Types of electric machines – Direct current machine – Multi-phase alternative current system – Electric transformers – Induction machine – Synchronizing machine – Small power engines – Electric distribution systems – Cables and their properties – Electric machine safety – Electric transformers safety – Laboratory tests. ENE 307 Introduction to Combustion BSE 131 3 Units Fuel and its chemical composition - Introduction to combustion process; combustion thermodynamics; combustion kinetics - Major factors influencing the combustion process. Combustion transport - Flame types - Flammability limits, detonations, deflagrations and flame stability - Combustion aerodynamics. ENE 400 Mechanical Powe r Laboratories 2 Units Experiments in: Engineering measurements - refrigeration and air conditioning – fluid flow - turbo machinery - internal combustion engine - continuous combustion experiments – heat exchanger. ENE 401 Principles of Turbo Machinery ENE 203 3 Units Basic thermodynamics and fluid mechanics for turbines – Classifications of turbo machinery – Euler’s equation – Losses – Efficiencies – dimensional analysis and similarity – One dimensional flow – Two dimensional flow – Axial, radial and mixed turbines – Axial, radial and mixed compressors and pumps – Performance curves - Effect of viscosity, compressibility, and cavitations – Three dimensional flow steady and unsteady flow – fans and blowers- water turbines. ENE 402 Principles of Refrige ration and Air Conditioning ENE 200 3 Units Refrigeration methods – Compression refrigeration systems – Refrigerants – Absorption refrigeration systems – Air refrigeration systems – Introduction to psychometric chart – Air conditioning systems (summer, winter, and annual) – Refrigeration and heat loading – Air conditioning equipments – Air ducts – Air duct design. ENE 403 Internal Combustion Engines ENE 307 3 Units Introduction – Principles of internal combustion engines – Fuel and air cycles – Actual cycle – Performance of internal combustion engines – Properties of fuels – Combustion in spark ignition engine – Combustion chambers of SIE’s – Combustion in compression ignition engines – Lubrication and friction – Engine indicators. ENE 404 Fire Fighting 3NE 203 3 Units Fire Detection – thermodynamics of chemical process and flame propagation – resistance of different materials for fire – flame dynamics and heat transfer from flame – fire from electrical instruments – self combustion of materials in stores and industry – fire protection – fire protection system designs – standard specification and practice code – applications ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ENE 405 Energy Saving ENE 201 3 Units Energy and civilization – energy sources – fields of using energy – efficiency of utilization – Basic fundamentals for energy saving and increase the efficiency of utilization – Fields and methods of saving – Energy saving in industrial fields – Practical applications for energy saving – Accounting of energy systems. MDE 405 Mechanical Design and Transmissions MDE 304 3 Units Technology Part I: Introduction to design and creativity - Design considerations and factor of safety – Axis and rotor shaft design – spring design - General gear design methods. Dynamic and kinematic aspects of gears, belts and chains - Tooth forces, inertia forces, etc., for bearing design - Vibrational aspects, torsional stiffness considerations and gearbox noise effects - Materials and heat treatment of gears in relation to contact mechanics and bending stresses - Rolling element bearings - Selection and design of rolling element bearings - Lubrication and lubricants - Failure modes in rolling and sliding contacts related to lubrication and contact conditions - Seals and sealing - Design belts, chains, couplings, clutches and brakes. Part II: Transmission types: gearing, continuously variable transmissions, belts and chains, fluid power systems and electrical systems - Contact mechanics and tribology in the transmission of power - Reliability assessment methods and condition monitoring techniques for transmissions. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Applied Engineering Sciences Elective 30 Units Student should select 10 courses. Combustion Branch ENE 411 Burners Technology ENE 307 3 Units Fuel types – Burners classifications- – Principles design of burners – Aerodynamic combustion control – Burner ignition systems- Fuel and air supply systems- Fuel preparation for combustion – Flame detection systems- Burner performance –Types of burners- Criteria for burner selection- Burner operation; start up and shutdown – Burner maintenance. ENE 412 Combustion Instrume ntations ENE 302 3 Units Flame visualization and recording- Measurements of burning velocity –Flame temperature measurements- Composition measurements in flames- Probe sampling from combustion systems- Laser diagnostics- The analysis of flame data- Gas tracer flow metering- Electrochemical sensors for emissions control. ENE 413 Fuels and Chemical Kinetics BSE 131 3 Units Fuel types- Properties of fuels – Fuel applications- Background of chemical kinetics- Kinetic theory of laminar premixed flames- Kinetic model and computational methods- Combustion stiochiometry for different fuels- Chemical kinetics and equilibrium- Kinetic theory of gases- Chemical kinetic aspects- Reaction kinetics- Case Study. ENE 414 Incineration Technology ENE 307 3 Units Combustion processes – Waste classification – Waste characterization – Combustion systems enclosures- Fluid flow consideration in Incinerator applications – Materials Preparation and Handling – Incineration systems – Air pollution aspects and control for Incineration processes –Incinerator selection and design. ENE 415 Sustainable Fuels for I.C. Engines ENE 403 3 Units Need for sustainable fuels - sustainable fuels for C.I engines - sustainable fuels for S.I engines - Performance and emissions of sustainable fuels for C.I engines - Performance and emissions of sustainable fuels for S.I engines- Standards for sustainable fuels- Pollution control from sustainable fuels. ENE 416 Pressure Charger Engines ENE 403 3 Units Pressure charging - Radial and axial flow machines – Pressure-charging the compression ignition engines - Pressure-charging the spark ignition engines - Systems and practical considerations - Transient response of pressure charged engines - Variable geometry pressure chargers - Turbo - charged engine performance. ENE 417 Engine Performance and Maintenance ENE 403 3 Units Performance and operating variables for S.I. engines – S.I. engine combustion ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- chamber design effects on performance – Performance and operating variables for C.I. engines – C.I. engine performance, efficiency and emissions – Pressure charged engine performance – Load acceptance of S.I engine and C.I engines – Engine Friction and Lubrication – Engine testing equipment – Maintenance. ENE 418 Propulsion ENE 401 3 Units Classification of propulsion engines – Main components of an aircraft propulsion engine- Thrust – Turbo machinery fundamentals- Burners: Combustion fundamentals – Axial turbines – Axial Compressors – Ancillary equipment. ENE419 Special topics-1- in combustion 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ENE 511 Natural Gas Technology ENE 203 3 Units Natural Gas and other energy sources in Egypt - Use and application of natural gas - Gaseous hydrocarbons and natural gas composition - Thermo-physical and transport properties of pure hydrocarbons and mixtures - Prediction of pipeline behavior in transport processes - Distribution network design and computational simulation - Specifications and safety rules - Environmental impact - Specific applications in industrial processes. ENE 512 Thermal Equipment Emissions Control and ENE 413 3 Units Exhaust Gas Treatment Pollutant emissions- Pollutants characterization- Particulates agglomeration, control & removal systems- UHC, CO, Sox, Nox, Soot and halogenated compounds formation & oxidation mechanisms and control. ENE 513 Thermal Equipment Auxiliary Systems ENE 201 3 Units Fuel tank storage- Steam traps- Soot blowers- desuperheaters- air preheaters- economizer- boiler blowdown- air ejector- lambda control system. ENE 514 Numerical Modeling in Combustion ENE 301 3 Units Finite elements methods for one-dimensional flame propagation problems – Finite element methods in turbulent combustion – Computational spray combustion – Use of advanced software packages in combustion modeling – Case study. ENE 515 Design Principles of Industrial Furnaces ENE 306 3 Units Ignition theory – Combustion efficiency – Fuel combustion equipments – Heat transfer through furnaces – Industrial furnaces – Electrical furnaces – Flame furnaces – Furnaces applications (metal melting – cement – glass – ceramics) – Furnaces and Environmental pollution. ENE 516 Modern Spark Ignition Engines ENE 403 3 Units Direct injection gasoline fuel system - Combustion chamber geometry and in-cylinder mixture dynamics - Combustion chamber and control strategies – Combustion process ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- and control strategies– Fuel economy and emissions - Specific combustion systems and control strategies. ENE 517 Pollution and Pollution Control in the I.C. ENE 403 3 Units Engines Clean air requirements – Pollutants and their harm to health – Pollution formation (NO x , CO, CO2, HC, particulates….etc) – Exhaust gas treatment – Acoustic pollutions – Vibration – New fuels and pollution – Legislation. ENE 518 Promising Engine Technology ENE 417 3 Units Dual fuel engines – Alternative fuels and their use in SI and CI engines – Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines – Hydrogen as an engine fuel – Hybrid electric vehicles – Fuel cells. ENE 519 Internal Combustion Engine Modeling ENE417 3 Units Ideal models of engine cycles – Flow processes in cylinders – Calculation of non- steady flows using filling and emptying methods and quasi-steady flow methods – Heat transfer in the cylinders – Simple mathematical models in compression ignition engines – Simple mathematical models in spark ignition engines. ENE51X Special topics-2- in combustion 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Fluid Transportation Branch ENE 421 Piping and Pressure Vessels ENE 203 3 Units Process Plant Pipe; Definitions and Sizing-Pipe Specifications-Storing Pipe- Calculations to Use. Transportation Pipe Lines; Steel Pipe Design -Gas Pipe Lines - Liquid pipe Lines. Pipe Line Condition Monitoring; Pig-based Monitoring Systems- Coupons-Manual Investigation-Cathodic Protection. Pressure Vessels; Stress Analysis Failures in Pressure Vessels-Loadings-stress-procedure 1: General Vessel Formulas- Procedure 2: Stresses in Heads Due to Internal Pressure-Joint Efficiencies (ASME Code)-Properties of Heads Volumes and Surface Areas of Vessel Sections-Maximum Length of Unstiffened Shells Useful Formulas for Vessels-Material Selection Guide. ENE 422 Incompressible Flow ENE 202 3 Units Continuum mechanics – vector calculus and index notation – kinematics of local fluid motion – basic laws – Newtonian fluids and Navier-stokes equations – some incompressible flow patterns – dimensionless analysis – incompressible flow – some solutions of Navier-stokes equations – stream functions and the velocity potential – vorticity dynamics – flows at moderate Reynolds numbers – characteristics of high Reynolds number flows – kinematic decomposition of flow fields – ideal flows in plane – axisymmetric and three dimension ideal flows – boundary layers – low Reynolds number flows – introduction to stability and transition. ENE 423 Introduction to Turbulent Flow ENE 203 3 Units The nature of turbulence - Methods of analysis - The origin of turbulence - Diffusivity of turbulence Length scales in turbulent flows - The Reynolds equations - Elements of the kinetic theory of gases - Estimates of the Reynolds stress - Turbulent heat transfer - Turbulent shear flow near a rigid wall - Kinetic energy of the mean flow - Kinetic energy of the turbulence- Vorticity dynamics - The dynamics of temperature - Almost parallel, two-dimensional flows - Turbulent wakes - The wake of a self-propelled body - Turbulent jets and mixing layers - Comparative structure of wakes, jets, and mixing layers - Thermal plumes - The problem of multiple scales - Turbulent flows in pipes and channels - Planetary boundary layers - The effects of a pressure gradient on the flow in surface layers - The downstream development of turbulent boundary layers - The probability density - Fourier transforms and characteristic functions - Joint statistics and statistical independence - Correlation functions and spectra - The central limit theorem. ENE 424 Non-Newtonian Fluids ENE 203 3 Units Introduction – Linear viscoelasticity – viscosity in a uniaxial liquid – a theory of flow birefringence – flow alignment : a general approach – non-Newtonian effects in polymeric liquids – non-Newtonian effects in suspensions – flow phenomena in liquid crystals – plasmas in magnetic fields – liquid helium. ENE 425 Transient Flow ENE 203 3 Units Introduction - Review of Fundamental - Manifold Flow - Pipe Network Analysis - Design of Pipe Networks – Extended Time Simulations and Economical Design - Introduction to Transient Flow - Elastic Theory of Hydraulic Transients (Water ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Hammer) - Solution by the Method of Characteristics - Pipe System Transients - Pumps in Pipe Systems - Network Transients – Transient devices and procedures. ENE426 Special topics-1- fluid transportation 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ENE 521 Compressible Flow ENE 33 3 Units Compressible Flow—Some History and Introductory Thoughts - Integral Forms of the Conservation Equations for Inviscid Flows – One Dimensional Flow - Oblique Shock and Expansion Waves - Quasi-One-Dimensional Flow - Differential Conservation Equations for Inviscid Flows - Unsteady Wave Motion - General Conservation Equations Revisited: Velocity Potential Equation - Linearized Flow - Conical Flow - Numerical Techniques for Steady Supersonic Flow - The Time Marching Technique: With Application to Supersonic Blunt Bodies and Nozzles - Three-Dimensional Flow - Transonic Flow - Hypersonic Flow - Properties of High-Temperature Gases - High- Temperature Flows: Basic Examples. ENE 522 Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) ENE 301 3 Units Numerical analysis tools for flow field prediction. Parabolic, Elliptic and Hyperbolic differential equations. Finite differences and finite element methods. Method of characteristics and method of lines. Grid generation techniques. Transport properties estimation techniques for fluids. Steady and unsteady flow in pipes and complex networks. Boundary layers, free jets and wakes. Computational analysis of multiphase flows. Application of existing computational codes. ENE 523 Two-Phase Flow ENE 203 3 Units Gas - Liquid flow in pipes. Flow regimes in vertical horizontal and inclined pipes. Pressure drop and void fraction modeling for specific flow regimes. Pneumo transport and Hydro transport of solids in pipes. Two-phase flow boundary layer analysis. Modeling of interaction forces. Air-Lift Pump modeling. Gas - Liquid -Solid three- phase flow. ENE 524 Fluid Transportation Systems Technology ENE 202 3 Units Piping Fundamentals - Introduction to Piping - Piping Components - Piping Materials - Manufacturing of Metallic Piping - Fabrication and Installation of Piping - Bolted Joints – Pre-stressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe and Fittings - Grooved and Press fit Piping Systems - Generic Design Considerations - Hierarchy of Design Documents - Design Bases - Piping Layout - Stress Analysis of Piping - Piping Supports - Heat Tracing of Piping - Thermoplastics Piping - Fiberglass Piping Systems. ENE 525 Design of Pipeline Systems ENE 203 3 Units Water Systems Piping - Fire Protection Piping Systems - Steam Systems Piping - Building Services Piping - Oil Systems Piping - Gas Systems Piping - Process Systems Piping - Hazardous Piping Systems - Slurry and Sludge Systems Piping - Wastewater and Storm water Systems - Plumbing Piping Systems - Ash Handling ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Piping Systems - Compressed Air Piping Systems - Compressed Gases and Vacuum Piping. ENE 526 Pipeline Insulation ENE 204 3 Units Introduction – fundamentals of heat transfer – design parameters ; Controlling heat loss on hot piping – Providing personnel protection – Providing personnel comfort in commercial buildings – Reducing heat gain on cold piping – Limiting or retarding surface condensation – Providing process control – Economic optimization or energy conservation – Providing fire protection – Providing freeze protection – Providing noise control – design conditions ; Indoors or outdoors – Conditioned space or nonconditioned – Geographic location (coastal regions, northern climes, southern climes, rainy, dry, etc.) – Long, straight runs or frequent bends – Personnel traffic area or unaccessible – Aboveground or below ground – service considerations ; Hot water and chilled water – Steam and condensate return – Heat-transfer fluids – Hot oils – Liquefied gas (cryogenic service) - Sanitary and sewerage water – Materials ; Calcium silicate insulation – Cellular glass insulation – Elastomeric foam insulation – Fiberglass and mineral wool insulations – Perlite insulation – Phenolic foam insulation – Polystyrene foam insulation - Polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foam insulations. ENE 527 Internal Lining and External Coating for MRE 102 3 Units Pipes Metal specification – materials (cement, epoxy , concrete , rubber) construction – welding – metal preparation – internal linings – introduction – background, history, and advantages of linings and coatings – lining guidelines – lining selection considerations - terminology –types of organic pipeline protection linings and coatings – external coating – types of external coating – assembly , testing , inspection and maintenance. ENE528 Special topics-2- in fluid transport 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Power Generation branch ENE 431 Compressors ENE 303 3 Units Introduction- Thermodynamics and fluid mechanics relations- Classification of compressors- Dynamic compressors (Axial, radial and mixed): Performance, Stability and instability, Rotating stall and surge , Auxiliaries , Maintenance and troubleshooting – Positive displacement compressors (Reciprocating: Single acting and double acting, Multistage, … etc. and Rotary: Screw compressors, Lobe compressors, Scroll compressors, Vane compressors, … etc. – Performance and Auxiliaries) – compressor selection- Cooling and lubrication of compressors- Sealing of compressors – Methods of performance improving. ENE 432 Steam Turbines ENE 401 3 Units Introduction – Classification – Impulse turbines – Reaction turbines- steam turbine parts and Auxiliaries – Losses – Design and performance – Control of steam turbine- Maintenance and troubleshooting of steam turbines. ENE 433 Pumps ENE203 3 Units Pumps classification – Centrifugal pumps: classifications (radial – mixed – axial) – Pumps arrangements – Euler's equation – Effect of exit angle – Effect of vanes number – Losses – Pumps performance – Similarity – Pump selection – Cavitation [Thoma's factor – Net positive suction head (available and required)] – System curve and operating point – Pumps in series and parallel connection – Pump control – Priming – Impeller, diffuser and casing design – Auxiliaries – Troubleshooting – Positive displacement pumps: Reciprocating pumps (lift and force pump- Diaphragm pump) – Rotary pump (gear pump- screw pump- vane pump- lobe pumps) – Applications – Pump performance- Auxiliaries – operation and maintenance - Troubleshooting – Examples of industrial application. ENE 434 Boiler Water Treatment BSE 131 3 Units Introduction – Chemical and physical properties of water – water quality requirements – Clarification and Softening methods – Oxygen control – Chemical scavenging control – Internal treatment – Depositions control – Corrosion control – Chemical cleaning. ENE 435 Heat Exchange rs ENE 306 3 Units Introduction- heat exchanger classification –overall heat transfer coefficient – heat exchanger principle design - heat exchanger analysis – heat exchanger calculation methodology – compact types – fouling effect – heat exchanger code standers – heat exchanger maintenance - case study. ENE 436 Thermal Powe r Stations ENE 201 3 Units Classification of power stations – Analysis of load, storage and economy in power stations – Daily load – Annual load – Performance parameters – Turbines selection – Steam power stations: Cycles and components – Evaporators – Reheat and super heaters – Economizers – Air pre-heaters – Condensers – Pumps, connections and pipe lines – Boilers: its operations – Boiler performance and heat balance – Control devices – New trends for steam generation - Binary power station- Gas power station ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - Combined power station - nuclear power station - Operation and control of power station - Environmental aspects of power generation. ENE437 Special topics-1- power generation 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ENE 531 Fans and Blowers ENE 401 3 Units Introduction – Axial fans and propellers ; fans applications – axial fans – fan stage parameters – types of axial fan stages – propellers – performance of axial fans – types of centrifugal fans – centrifugal fan stage parameters – design parameters – drum type fans – partial flow fans – losses – fan bearings – fan drives – fan noise – dust erosion of fans – Blowers ; Basic theory of blowers – classification and performance curves of blowers – design of radial type blower stage – construction details of blowers – blower applications – regulation of blowers – blower installation , operation and test – disc stresses – critical speeds. ENE 532 Gas Turbine Engines ENE 431 3 Units Introduction – Thermodynamic review – Gas turbine components and their performance: compressor, turbine, combustion chamber, cooling system, lubrication system, fuel system – Parametric Cycle analysis of ideal engines – Methods of improving gas turbine performance – Examples of application. ENE 533 Combined Powe r Stations ENE 201 3 Units Introduction – Economics and performance of steam power station – Economics and performance of gas power station – Thermodynamic Review – Combined cycles with heat recovery boiler – The STAG combined cycle power plant – Combined cycle with multi pressure steam – Combined cycle for nuclear power plants – Techniques of improving the performance of combined cycles – Control and operation of combined cycles. ENE 534 Nuclear Technology 3 Units Nuclear energy fundamentals – Nuclear reaction and radiations – Industrial application of radioisotopes – Principles of reactor analysis – Nuclear reactor kinetics and control – Nuclear energy removal – General principles of reactor safety – Radiation protection and environmental effects - Elements of nuclear physics – Nuclear fission – Fission reactors – Environmental impact and safety of nuclear reactors – Fusion reactions and fuel resources – Experimental devices for nuclear fusion – Fusion reactors. ENE 535 Non-Conventional Powe r Stations ENE 201 3 Units Introduction – Binary power stations-combined power stations-combined power stations with solar energy-solar thermal power stations- Wind power stations – Geothermal power stations- Energy from ocean – wave energy – fuel cells – Energy storage (flywheel – pumped hydro – compressed air – Batteries … etc) – Environmental aspects of power generation. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ENE 536 Ope ration, Maintenance and Control of Boilers MRE 403 3 Units Steam generation – Boiler control systems – Start-up procedures – Boiler operation – Shut down procedures – Water blow-down – Inspection types – Types of maintenance programs – Failure prevention – Safe storage. ENE 537 Hydro Powe r Stations ENE 203 3 Units Introduction – Basic relations – Euler’s equation – Efficiencies and losses – Dimensional analysis and similarity – Specific speed – Cavitations – Water turbines: turbine efficiency and losses – Thoma’s cavitations factor– Hydro power stations components – turbine classification - impulse turbine (Pelton – Turgo – Banki) – theory – design - performance. Reaction turbines: radial and mixed (Francis) - axial (Kaplan) – theory – design – performance – selection of turbines – design of runner, draft tube and casing – Power station economy – Micro hydro power stations. ENE 538 Hydraulic Circuits ENE 304 3 Units Introduction to hydraulic circuits – Main components- Basic circuits (Filtration circuits- Safety circuits –accumulator circuits – Sequential circuits –unloading circuits ... etc.) – hydrostatic transmission circuits (Cranes and elevator circuits – pressing circuits – Plastic machines circuits - packing machines circuits- … etc.) - hydrodynamic transmission circuits: hydraulic coupling and torque converters - relations and characteristics curve. ENE539 Special topics-2- in power generation 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Branch ENE 441 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Loads ENE 204 3 Units introduction -solar radiation- indoor and outdoor design condition- external thermal loads ( through walls, ceiling, ground, infiltration and ventilation load)- internal thermal loads (people, Light, equipment and motors, persons, processes ,product )- Heat gain through air ducts- Heat transferred through contact surfaces- cooling load calculation method- refrigeration and air conditioning loads application. ENE 442 Air Distribution Systems ENE 202 3 Units Flow through ducts-pressure change through duct- friction pressure loss- friction chart- correction factors- dynamic loss for fittings- air duct design methods- design consideration of air duct- heat gain and loss- thermal insulation of air duct systems- noise reduction- noise criterion curves- noise source- air outlet types- location of air outlet- selection of air outlet- air cleaning methods- types of filters- selection of filters- fans- fans laws- performance characteristics curves of fans. ENE 443 Equipments of Refrigeration and Air ENE 402 3 Units Conditioning Refrigerant compressors- condenser and cooling towers– evaporators and defrost methods - expansion device– auxiliary components of refrigeration system - cooling and dehumidification process- Heating and Humidification process- air filters – fans. ENE445 Special course-1- in Refrigeration and Air 3 Units Conditioning The special topics will be designed by course professor according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course professor. ENE 541 Systems Refrigeration and Air Conditioning ENE 443 3 Units Domestic refrigeration systems- commercial refrigeration systems- industrial refrigeration systems- refrigeration systems in transportation- all air systems- air water system- all water systems- direct air conditioning system. ENE 542 Control and Protection Equipments of ENE 304 3 Units Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems Definition – Basic functions of control system-control theory - types of control systems- Basic components of control systems and its symbols – design conditions of the control of air conditioning system- Control of air temperature – Humidity control systems- liquid flow control systems – air flow control systems – pressure control – control of enthalpy- partial and full control system- electrical control system- automatic control system- special application of the Control and protection of refrigeration and air conditioning systems. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ENE 543 Applications of Refrigeration and Air ENE 402 3 Units Conditioning Systems Introduction- types and components of the cold stores- types and components of the freezing tunnels- food preservations- ice manufacturing- gas liquefaction- air conditioning for commercial, industrial and transport applications- other applications. ENE 544 Ventilation Systems ENE 202 3 Units Aims of ventilation- classification of ventilation- air jets (types-circulation-behavior) – gas suction- combined supply and extraction systems- ventilation equipment- ventilation thermal load- determination of ventilation rate- optimum design of ventilation systems- dust bags- structure considerations. ENE 545 Design Working Fluid Circuits of ENE 203 3 Units Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems Function of piping system- piping materials- pipe joints- refrigerant piping system (hot gas line- suction line- liquid line) - general design consideration- refrigerant piping size- equivalent length of piping- piping size table- liquid line sizing- oil separator- ammonia piping- liquid indicators( sight glass) – refrigerant dehydrators- strainers- pressure relive valve- compressor service valve- receiver valve- sizing of child water piping- sizing of cooling water piping- pumps- practical applications. ENE 546 Economics of Refrigeration and Air HUM 423 3 Units Conditioning Systems Introduction- terminology- types of economic analysis- benefits and costs- economic analysis approaches- value engineering- initial costs- energy costs- maintenance and repair costs- alteration and replacement costs- management consideration- case studies. ENE 547 Electricity of Refrigeration and Air EPE 201 3 Units Conditioning Systems Electric symbols- electric circuits (complete wiring diagram) for various refrigeration and air conditioning systems- electric wires and cables-electrical insulation- types and structure of electric motor (single and three phase) characterises of electric motor (speed-power)- effect of voltage and amp on the motor characteristics- starting of the motor-relays- capacitors- motor protection device- motor selection- technical data of motor- voltage drop protection- practical application. ENE 548 Operation and Maintenance of Refrigeration MRE 403 3 Units and Air Conditioning Systems Setting to work- calibration and final commissioning- commissioning records- classifications of maintenance work- maintenance requirements – planning of suddenly maintenance – major maintenance work- spare parts – planning of regular maintenance for refrigeration and air conditioning systems – modern instrument and ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22 Energy Engineering Helwan University Faculty of Engineering- Mataria ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- testing devices – periodical inspection- troubleshooting of refrigeration and air conditioning systems. ENE549 Special topics-2 in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 3 Units The special topics will be designed by course teacher according to national and international market requirements as will as student capabilities. Prerequisite courses will be chosen by course teacher. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 Energy Engineering