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					      Galileo Status



Nils Weller (European Commission)
         December 2005




                                    1
        The European Approach

Step 1: EGNOS to provide civil
 Step 1: EGNOS to provide civil
complement to military GPS
 complement to military GPS
(and GLONASS), into
 (and GLONASS), into
operations in 2005
 operations in 2005
EGNOS is an initiative of the European Community , Eurocontrol and
ESA ( European Space Agency )


Step 2: GALILEO to establish an
autonomous system to provide
guaranteed services under civil
control.

GALILEO is an initiative of the European Community and ESA
                                                                     2
           GALILEO Architecture

                     Constellation




                                      Control   Orbits, Clocks
                                       Data      Integrity, …


Reference Stations                   Up-Link
                                     Stations
                         Control
                         Centers
                                                         3
        Galileo: key features




1.   Market oriented, designed for civil users
2.   Autonomous
3.   Globally available
4.   High precision
5.   Accountable
        full service and performance monitoring and real-time “integrity”




                                                                            4
              Galileo : Five Services worldwide

                                  Free service; Mass market;
               Open service
                                      Simple positioning
Navigation

                                  Encrypted; sub metric accuracy
                Commercial       (2 dedicated signals in E6 band);
                                        Guaranteed service
                                  Open Service + Integrity and
               Safety of Life      Authentication of signal.
                                     Guaranteed service

              Public Regulated       Encrypted; Integrity;
                                    Continuous availability
SAR




                                 Near real-time; Precise; Return
             Search and Rescue             link feasible

EGNOS services will be provided from early 2006 in Europe paving the5
way for the introduction of Galileo services
                  A universe of services
                          and applications




                         Recreation

                                                   Location based
                                                       services (LBS)
 Road transport


                                          Agriculture, fisheries

                         etc… .

Aviation

                                                     Rail transport


       Public services                Maritime transport
                                                                      6
                 Applications
        Safety of Life              Mass Market                  Professional
 •   Aviation                 • Personal communication   •   Oil and Gas
 •   Rail                       and navigation           •   Mining
 •   Maritime                 • Cars / motorcycles       •   Timing
 •   Inland waterways         • Trucks & buses           •   Environment
 •   Ambulance                • Light Commercial         •   Fleet Management
 •   Police / Fire              Vehicles                 •   Asset Management
 •   Search and Rescue        • Personal outdoor         •   Geodesy
 •   Personal Protection        recreation               •   Meteorological
 •   Traffic surveillance     • Others…                      forecasting
 •   Dangerous goods trans.                              •   Land Survey / GIS
 •   ADAS                                                •   Precision survey
                                                         •   Precision Agriculture
                                                         •   Fisheries / EEZ
                                                         •   Vehicle control and
                                                             robotics
                                                         •   Construction / Civil
  Integrity                     Low costs,
                                                             Engineering
(error-free),                 Low power cons.,           •   Space
 Standards,                      Small size,
 Regulation,                    Friendly use,
 Continuity,                     Best perf.                  High precision,
 Availability,                   accordingly                  High accuracy,
  Accuracy                                                    High reliability
                                                                                     7
Products &
                Services

             In 2020, Worlwide Market

             • €275 - €300 billions
             • at least 3 billion users




                                          8
           Interoperability and GNSS enhancement
                                                  GPS + EGNOS
                                  GPS +              L1&L5
                   GPS
                                EGNOS L1            + Galileo


                                                      System
 Qualitative                                          failure
 Advantages                                          tolerance
                                                   Robustness to
                                                   Interferences

                                   Integrity         Integrity

                                  Continuity        Continuity
Quantitative
Requirements     Availability    Availability +    Availability +

                  Accuracy        Accuracy +        Accuracy +


                                    APV               CAT I
                                   Level              Level
                                                                    9
    GPS,EGNOS and Galileo: Combined used
              Horizontal Accuracy




GPS only     GPS + EGNOS        GPS + EGNOS
                                    + Galileo
                                                10
                    Galileo framework


      Third countries            European             European
                                Commission          Space Agency




                                           GALILEO
                                       Joint Undertaking



                                                  Selection



      GSA
                                   System Operator:
(GNSS Supervisory
    Authority)                      Concessionaire
                       Respect of
                    concession terms

Public side                              Private side
                                                                   11
             Galileo Concession:
             A Public Private Partnership approach.
    Share of risks and funding between private and public entities.

Public sector
Galileo Development phase
GNSS Supervisory Authority (GSA) : owner of EGNOS and Galileo

Private sector
                                                             EADS
                                                             Inmarsat
 Galileo Deployment phase                                    Thales
                                                             Alcatel
 EGNOS and Galileo operations for 20 years.                  Finmeccanica
                                                             AENA
 EGNOS and Galileo services exploitation for 20 years        Hispasat



•Negotiations (GJU- Concessionaire) are on-going.
•Memorandum of understanding to be signed by December 2005
•Concession contract signed in 2006
                                                                            12
               European GNSS Supervisory Authority




 Owner of all Galileo assets

  Licensing authority for the GALILEO concession scheme (conclusion and
supervision of the concession contract)

 Develop European GNSS systems, including frequency aspects and budget
management

  Ensure safety, security and certification

  Manage the EGNOS agreement (European augmentation system)


                                                                 13
        Opportunities in the Galileo Concession



Opportunities with the current concession bidders in different
areas, some examples:
   Licensing and IPR for the Galileo market exploitation
   Implementation of the Galileo Service provision end-to-end downstream
   chain (local actors, end-customer interface)
   Service agreements for specific market sectors at local, national and
   regional levels
   Optimisation and customisation of Galileo “Service Centres” and their
   interface with the Galileo Core System
   Dedicated Galileo/EGNOS Market analysis focused on specific
   regional/national priorities involving the current and future investors
   and users
   Setting-up group of interests for the different market sectors

Note: It is up to interested industries in Latin America to
contact the Concessionaire




                                                                             14
                                        Galileo overall schedule

                   48 months                 24 months                      20 years

                                                              Services provision
  Development and Validation               Deployment
                                                              Operations and Maintenance


      First
 experimental
satellite launch
    in 2005            1.5 Billion €       2.2 Billion €              220 Million € per year
                                                                  P
                                                             PP
    2 Test Satellites & 4 Operational       26 Satellites     Routine Operations and Replenishment
    Satellites
                                            Ground
    Ground Infrastructure                   Infrastructure



  EC/ESA           Joint Undertaking           GALILEO Concessionaire / Supervisory Authority


                                        EGNOS key milestones
   June 2005: EGNOS system technical qualification.

   Early 2006: EGNOS services available and integration into the GALILEO concession

   Early 2007: EGNOS certification for Safety critical applications                                  15
                     Galileo International cooperation

                                                           Signed/       In      Exploratory
                                                           Initiale   Progress     Talks
Perspective:                           U.S.A.

• New worldwide infrastructure         China

• Local and regional components        Israel

• Research & technology                India

• Industrial cooperation and market    Morocco
development
                                       Ukraine
• Trade and worldwide markets
                                       Russia
• Global Standards and certification
                                       Argentina
•Co-operation in international
                                       South Korea
organisations
                                       Canada
Galileo Centres:
                                       Brazil
•China
•Egypt ( Mediterranean Region)         Malaysia,
•Latin America                         Australia, Chile,
                                       Mexico …                                         16
       Galileo: progressing rapidly


Political -
EU Council of Ministers confirmed all parameters

Technical -
The contract with Galileo Industries for the development
phase has been concluded and the first test satellite will
be launched in December 2005

Critical technology developments completed:
 • Atomic clocks, satellite navigation antennas, signal
   generator, receivers,
 • Ground segment algorithms (high precision orbit
   determination, integrity)

Concession -
Public Private Partnership: Negotiations on the concession
contract have started and will be concluded in 2006.
EGNOS integrated into the Galileo Concession
                                                             17
     Galileo: progressing rapidly



Commercial -
The bids received for the Concession contract fully
confirm the business case of Galileo

Institutional -
Setting up of the GNSS Supervisory Authority
(Owner and licensing Authority for Galileo and
EGNOS)

International -
Strong interest of other countries in the programme




                                                      18
                            Further information




• Further information is available on the following websites:
         http://europa.eu.int/comm/dgs/energy_transport/galileo

         http://www.esa.int/export/esaNA/navigation.html
• Further information on the Joint Undertaking:
         http://www.galileoju.com




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