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cynthia

VIEWS: 22 PAGES: 4

									Accessible Version of PowerPoint Presentation
1. Seminar for a Web Without Barriers for People with Disabilities:
eGovernment for Everyone

Presented by Michael Burks and Cynthia Waddell, Juris Doctor

Internet Society Disability and Special Needs Chapter
House of Diputados Auditorium
12 June 2007
Buenos Aires, Argentina

2. ISOC Disability and Special Needs Chapter
Mission: To address needs of people with disabilities that are related to the
Internet- 600 Million People!
Members are dedicated to equal access
Chairman: Michael Burks
Vice-Chairman: Cynthia Waddell
International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet (ICDRI) Founding
Sponsor

3.     eGovernment for Everyone
Technology Crossroad
The Problem of Web Barriers
Benefits of Universal Design
Signs of Global Inclusive Society Shift
Resources

4.& 5. Pictorial Montages of Persons with Disabilities and Accessible ICT

6. Technology Crossroad
Explosive Growth of Electronic Commerce
Shift from Web Content Publishing to Interactive Web Applications
Web Evolution to Multi-Modality Architecture
Global Human Rights Alignment

7. The Problem
People with Disabilities are being locked out from accessing the content of the
World Wide Web
Why? The design of the web site is not addressing accessibility or universal
design

8. Universal Design for the Web
Universal Design for the web ensures that the presentation of content on the
Web and the design of the web technology is flexible enough to accommodate
the needs of the widest range of users possible, regardless of age, language or
disability.
9. The Problem
An inaccessible web:
People who are blind or have specific learning disabilities cannot use
screenreading software that audibly reads the web page out loud
Can be a Barriers for People with busy eyes, or in a dark room or they have a
slow modem

10. The Problem
An inaccessible web:
People with mobility disabilities who cannot use a mouse and need keyboard
access
People who have busy hands, or limited dexterity or no hands available

11. The Problem
An inaccessible web:
People using speech technology input cannot access web content
People with low vision cannot increase web text size

12. The Problem
An inaccessible web:
People who are deaf cannot access audio-streaming or videos that are not
captioned
People cannot hear in a noisy room or place

13. The Problem
Web Design Historically has not included accessible design for people with
disabilities
Web developers were not trained in accessible or universal design; web tools
would break accessibility
Governments and businesses had no incentive to address universal design

14. Benefits of Universal Design
Benefits both people with disabilities AND people without disabilities
Social Benefits
Technical Benefits
Financial Benefits

15. Social Benefits of Universal Design
Promotes Equal Opportunity for People with Disabilities
Benefits People without Disabilities:
Older Adults
People with Low Literary
People not fluent in the language
People with low bandwidth connections to the Internet and older technologies
People who are new and infrequent web users
16. Technical Benefits of Universal Design
Reduces web site development and maintenance time
Reduces server load
Enables content on different configurations
Promotes interoperability
Prepares for Advances in web technologies

17. Financial Benefits of Universal Design
Enables increased web site use and reduces maintenance costs
Reduces government service costs by enabling citizens to access information
and complete transactions online
Decreases cost of upgrading to new technologies

18. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
Global society shift from medical model to integration and full participation
Focus on ability, integration and incompatibility between environment and people
with disabilities
Merger of civil rights model with social rights model

19. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
Growing recognition of significant social cost if digital divide remains
Emergence of technical standards for accessible design of ICT
US: Section 508 Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards
Japan: Accessible ICT Requirements are being built into Japanese Industrial
Standards
European Union: e-Accessibility Initiatives

20. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
At least 26 countries and jurisdictions around the world have adopted accessible
web design as a policy or law
Implementation of US Section 508 accessible web rules, W3C Web Content
Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, or a Hybrid
See 2006 Global Survey published in Web Accessibility: Web Standards and
Regulatory Compliance

21. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities- Article 9
Accessibility (Built Environment and ICT)
Ensure Access on an equal basis to information and communications, including
information and communications technologies (ICT) and systems AND
emergency services (1)
Requires identification and elimination of barriers to accessibility (1)

22. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities- Article 9
Accessibility (Built Environment and ICT)
Require implementation of minimum standards & guidelines for accessibility of
services (2a)
Ensure that private entities offering services to the public take into account
accessibility (2b)

23. Signs of Inclusive Society Shift
United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities- Article 9
Accessibility (Built Environment and ICT)
Requires training for stakeholders on accessibility issues (2c)
States Parties must promote access to new ICT and systems, including the
Internet (2g) and
States Parties must promote ICT at early stage to minimize cost (2h)

24. Resources
The Growing Digital Divide in Access for People with Disabilities: Overcoming
Barriers to Participation By Cynthia D. Waddell, Juris Doctor
Commissioned by US Department of Commerce & National Science Foundation
for 1999 White House Digital Economy Conference
www.icdri.org/CynthiaW/the_digital_divide.htm

25. Resources
Critical Issues from a Disability Perspective: Accessibility by Cynthia D. Waddell,
Juris Doctor
Expert Panel Presentation to United Nations Ad Hoc Committee for Convention
on Rights of Persons with Disabilities
www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/rights/panelcwaddell.htm

26. Resources
Web Accessibility: Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance by Cynthia
Waddell, Michael Burks, et al
Published by Apress 2006 ISBN: 1-59059-638-2

27. Contact Information
Cynthia D. Waddell, Juris Doctor
Executive Director and Law, Policy and Technology Subject Matter Expert
International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet (ICDRI)
Cynthia.Waddell@icdri.org

								
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