Inventions - PowerPoint

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					   Inventions
How they have improved our lives,
changed our needs and wants, and
   their positive and negative
         consequences!
              Invention: Car
               • Area: Transportation

  • How has the invention of the car improved human
                            lives?
              • Travel farther and faster
            • Protect us from the weather!
• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                         and wants?
                    • Easier to control
             • More powerful and go faster
               • Different sizes and colors
   • Heating, air conditioning, and entertainment with
               televisions, radios, and ipods.
• Positive Consequences:
  • We can move faster



 Negative Consequences:
 • Cars can be dangerous
   • Cars are expensive
• Cars cause air pollution
          Invention:
GPS (Global Positioning System)
               • Area: Transportation

 • How has the invention helped improve human lives?
             • Help humans not get lost
                   • It saves time!

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?
                • More accurate now.
           • GPS comes in some new cars
        • Includes points of interest to save!
              Positive Consequences:
                    • Saves time
        • Prevents someone from being lost
                   • Entertaining


             Negative Consequences:
• May lead you in the wrong direction or take longer
          • Could be distracting to drivers
              • Not ALWAYS reliable
  Invention: SUBMARINES
               • Area: Transportation

• How has the invention helped improve human lives?
  • Submarines allow humans to travel underwater

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                        and wants?
                   • Easier to steer!
   • Different types for military and ocean explorers.
           • Better living conditions inside
Positive Consequences:
 • US for military so
    enemies can’t see
  • Allow us to learn
     about plants and
    animals in the sea
  • Travel places far
          away

      Negative
    Consequences:
 • Can be dangerous
  Invention: TELEPHONE
               Area: Communication

How has the invention helped improve human lives?
• Help people talk to each other in different locations

How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                     and wants?
 •Dial quickly and can reach people around the world
   • Can have speed dial, caller I.D. and voicemail.
            • Can be wireless and portable
    Positive Consequences:
•Communication is live and fast
 •Easy to use and communicate
•Important during emergencies

   Negative Consequences:
         •Cost money
         •Prank calls
•Take away from human contact
         • Distraction
      Invention: INSTANT
     MESSAGES AND EMAIL
               • Area: Communication

• How has the invention helped improved human lives?
       • Make communication easy and fast

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?
 • You can send attachments with pictures and videos.
    • Businesses can advertise and send coupons.
        • Video chat is also available. (Skype)
       Positive Consequences:
  • Communication is live and fast
   • Easy to use and communicate
• Can communicate with many at once
       Negative Consequences:
 • Can be dangerous – people can lie
          • Cyber bullying
    • Email/IM not always private
   Invention: SATELLITE

               Area: Communcation

   How has the invention improved human lives?
         •Send signals around the earth
            • Improve communication

How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                    and wants?
         •Made these devices more accurate
       • We now have satellite TV and GPS!
          Positive Consequences:
• More entertainment options with radio and
                  television
   • Easier to navigate (find your way)

          Negative Consequences:
        • Radio/TV more expensive
      Invention: Television

               • Area: Entertainment

• How has the invention helped improve human lives?
• Provide entertainment, educational information, and
                    news programs

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?
                      • Color
                 • Remote controls
            • Different sizes and shapes
   • Variety of channels and recordable television
          Positive Consequences:
     • Entertaining and fun to watch
        • Knowing about the news
• Educational programs shown on television

           Negative Consequences:
• Time consuming instead of doing healthier things
                 • Expensive
        • Some inappropriate programs
      Invention: Vaccines
                 • Area: Healthcare

 • How has the invention help improve human lives?

       • Helps prevent us from getting diseases
                • Vaccines save lives

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?

   • Vaccines are always changing and improving to
           vaccines against the latest disease
    Positive Consequences:
• Prevents us from getting sick
• Controls the spread of illness

   Negative Consequences:
      • Can be painful
   • Can cause side effects
Invention: Assembly Line
          • Area: Manufacturing

• How has the invention help improve human
                    lives?
     • Manufacturing easier and faster

  • How has the invention changed to meet
         peoples’ needs and wants?
         • Can now include robots
      • Faster with better technology
           Positive Consequences:
        • Makes manufacturing faster
          • Consumer prices lower

           Negative Consequences:
• If one part breaks, messes up the flow of the
                 assembly line!
      Invention: Body Scan
                 • Area: Health care

 • How has the invention help improve human lives?

  • Help doctors to pin point what’s wrong and treat
               illness/injuries accurately
                     • Saves lives
• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                       and wants?

     • CT, MRI, Pet Scans are more sophisticated
            • Can show problems earlier
        • Can take many images of your body
  Positive Consequences:
• Body scans save lives by
  detecting problems early
   • Help treat patients
   • Relatively easy and
           painless




                           Negative Consequences:
                         •May not show all problems
                          •May be harmful for some
                                   people
                              •Very expensive
         Invention: Plastic
               • Area: Manufacturing

   How has the invention help improve human lives?
          • Many products made of plastic
                   • Light-weight
                 • Cheap and durable

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?
             • Different colors and styles
     • Always creating new advances with plastic
Positive Consequences:
      • Durable
   • Easy to mold
       • Cheap




                               Negative
                            Consequences:
                         • Not biodegradable
                            (lasts forever)
                           • Made using oil
       Invention: Airplane
               • Area: Transportation

   How has the invention help improve human lives?
     • Can travel around the world (very quickly!)

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                       and wants?
             • Can travel farther and faster
                  • Hold more people
   • Televisions, music, internet, and more on planes
    Positive Consequences:
• Travel fast and easy in comfort

    Negative Consequences:
         • May crash
       • Cause pollution
     • Use lots of gasoline
   Invention: Gas Mask
             • Area: Safety

How has the invention help improve human
                    lives?
 • Saves lives by protecting our breathing

 • How has the invention changed to meet
        peoples’ needs and wants?
       • Appearance has changed
   • Help people breathe after accidents
Positive Consequences:
      • Save lives
  • Helps us breathe
        • Cheap

Negative Consequences:
• May not always work
    Invention: Refrigerator
                  • Area: Nutrition

   How has the invention help improve human lives?
                • Keeps our food safe
                 • Easy to store food

• How has the invention changed to meet peoples’ needs
                      and wants?
        • Come in different sizes and shapes
            • Ice-maker/Water dispenser
     Positive Consequences:
       • Keeps food cold
• Keeps food safe and fresh longer
       • Easily accessible

    Negative Consequences:
     • Cold air can escape
        • Uses energy
         • Expensive
     • Food can still spoil
     Invention: Braces
           • Area: Health Care

How has the invention help improve human
                   lives?
     • Teeth problems can be fixed

 • How has the invention changed to meet
        peoples’ needs and wants?
            • Invisible braces
               • Retainers
         Positive Consequences:
  • Straight teeth and beautiful smile 

        Negative Consequences:
          • Very expensive
• Can break and cause mouth injuries
       Invention: Laser
          • Area: Manufacturing

How has the invention help improve human
                   lives?
   • Can be used to cut through metal

 • How has the invention changed to meet
         peoples’ needs and wants?
• Can do more things to make our lives easier
  Positive Consequences:
   • Variety of purpose
• Help with manufacturing
         metal goods
     • Laser surgery

 Negative Consequences:
    • Can be harmful
     Invention: Robots
         • Area: Manufacturing

How has the invention help improve human
                   lives?
   • Can do dangerous or boring tasks
    • Manufacturing is more efficient

 • How has the invention changed to meet
         peoples’ needs and wants?
   • More accurate and can do more things
  Positive Consequences:
  • Can work all the time
 • Can work in dangerous
            places
• Can do things faster than
           humans

  Negative Consequences:
 • Can replace human jobs
• Not flexible- only do what
   they are programmed to
              do
   • Need maintenance

				
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