Antisocial Behaviour Protocol - ASB Protocol by nyut545e2


   Safer & Stronger
Communities Partnership

   ASB Protocol
      Draft Version 1 – Sept 2010

         Calderdale ASB Protocol

                        Table of Contents

1. Introduction
      1.1 Scope
      1.2 Aim
      1.3 Context
      1.4 Information Sharing
      1.5 Calderdale‟s Approach to Anti-Social Behaviour

2. Responding to ASB
      2.1   Reporting Processes
      2.2 „24 hour ASB Activity Report‟ and Database
      2.3   UMIS (Universal Management Information System)
      2.4   Supporting Victims, Witnesses and the Community
      2.5   Equality and Discrimination

3. Dealing with those committing ASB
      1. Intervention Principles
      2. Targeted Youth Support Panels (TYSP)
      3. Early Intervention Panel (EIP)
      4. Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABC)
      5. Parental Responsibility
      6. Anti-Social Behaviour Panel (ASB Panel)
      7. Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBO)

      8. Post Management of ASBOs
      9. Legal Services

4. Publicity

5. Contact details for the ASB Team

6. Glossary of Terms

7. Appendix
      1. ASB Action Plan 2010/11
      2. ASB Referral Form
      3. Copy of an ABC
      4. Copy of an ASBO

                            Calderdale ASB Protocol

   1 Introduction

1.1 Scope
The intention of this document is to outline and provide guidance to the process that
will be adopted to deal effectively with matters that arise out of anti-social behaviour
The Crime and Disorder Act (1998) defines anti-social behaviour as:
       “Acting in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm
       or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as the
This definition is important as it illustrates that anti-social behaviour can manifest
itself in a variety of ways. It is not just about groups of youths congregating in public
places and engaging in behaviour that might cause alarm or distress - anything from
spitting to the use of offensive language - but also includes environmental crime
such as graffiti, dog fouling, abandoned vehicles, littering and noise (including
Anti-social behaviour has emerged as an important national public policy concern in
recent years. The Home Office‟s Anti-Social Behaviour Unit points out the impact of
anti-social behaviour on communities:
       “Anti-social behaviour doesn't just make life unpleasant. It holds back the
       regeneration of disadvantaged areas and creates an environment where
       more serious crime can take hold.”
As noted above, anti-social behaviour blights lives and can have tragic
consequences. Evidence suggests that it is one of the greatest issues of
concern to those who live and work in Calderdale, and while we have made
some progress, the number of local people whose quality of life is affected and
who describe it as a problem is unacceptable.
Whilst the percentage of people who think ASB is a problem has fallen since
2006, it still remains at an unacceptable level. It is also a concern that a large
number of people do not think that the Police and Council seek to understand
their concerns and that they do not deal effectively with antisocial behaviour.
There is considerable anecdotal evidence to suggest that we still have much
more to do to create the sort of environment where people feel safe from
intimidation and enjoy the sort of civility from their fellow citizens that should be
the hallmark of a modern, democratic society.

1.2 Aim
This protocol sets out the guiding principles that all agencies should follow when
seeking to tackle anti-social behaviour. The procedures contained within it identify
how referrals can be made to the Partnership ASB Team.

It describes the broad incremental approach that is used by the ASB partnership to
reduce the impact ASB has on communities and the support offered to victims and
witnesses of ASB.

The aim of this protocol is to deliver

       A consistent and robust approach to tackling Anti Social Behaviour across

       Effective interventions at the most appropriate time and in the most
       appropriate way.

       Confidence in and between agencies and the community that they can and
       will play their part effectively and in systems that enable them to do this.

       A reduction in ASB through better information sharing and increased efficacy
       of prevention and enforcement measures.

       Prevent any individual suffering anti-social behaviour on the grounds of race,
       disability, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion, or faith.

1.3 Context
April 2001, in response to the Crime and Disorder Act 1996 Calderdale established a
multi-agency ASB Panel. The Panel, which is still in existence, sits every 3 weeks
and adopts a case management process to deliver ASB interventions.

Since its inception the key players in the ASB Panel; Council, Police, NHS, Pennine
Housing, Probation Service have enjoyed a productive collaboration with regards to
our approach to tackling Anti-Social Behaviour. This unique partnership success has
been recognised both regionally and nationally and is partly due to the fact that
Calderdale‟s public authorities have common boundaries. In addition, the district has
an upper-tier Council which has sufficient „critical mass‟ with a population in the
region of 200,000 to enable resources to be focussed, but is sufficiently compact to
enable the key players to bond as a Team.

In line with the current thinking of the day the initial purpose of the panel was to
support applications for ASBOs however the prevention agenda was not totally
ignored and the Panel utilised Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) to moderate

In October 2004 an Early Intervention Panel (EIP) was established in response to an
identified gap around early intervention and the need to look at alternatives to
ASBOs. The EIP has similar partner representation as the ASB Panel but in order to
reflect the emphasis placed on diversion and prevention membership was widened
to include Young People Services and youth providers from the community and
voluntary section. This panel sits in the same week as the ASB Panel and this allows
cases where prevention is not appropriate or successful to be passed to the ASB
Panel with a recommendation for stronger interventions including ASBO.

In 2005 Calderdale Safer Communities Partnership produced an ASB Strategy and
this remained the only document which outlines the service agencies provide to
tackle ASB until the introduction of this protocol.

In January 2007, again in response to the identified need to act earlier to prevent
ASB a panel was established in the North Halifax area aimed at young people of any
age where agencies felt that there was a risk of ASB offending. This panel proved
successful and developed into the Targeted Youth Support Panel (TYSP) for North
and East Halifax. Similar TYSPs have now been established in the Upper Valley,
Halifax Central and Lower Valley.

Despite dealing with ASB at different ends of the spectrums there has been great
synergy between the panels and as a consequence of this strong relationship a
virtual team has become well established.

In July 2009, the Safer & Stronger Communities Partnership commenced a review of
its ASB service in response to a requirement identified in the 2008 Strategic
Assessment to assess co-ordination and the co-location of resources. This action
was initially driven by the need to increase confidence and satisfaction in how the
partnership responded to ASB.

A few months later the outcome of the Serious Case Review into the tragic death of
Fiona Pilkington and her daughter was released and this became a key driver for the
review. The serious Case Review noted that the case brings together three important
areas - the nature and impact of ASB; approaches to the support of vulnerable
adults; and partnership working between agencies. The Serious Case Review
identified five specific recommendations which have informed Calderdale‟s review.

The aim of the Safer and Stronger Communities Partnership‟s review was to move
towards an integrated ASB service in Calderdale, which will address many of the
key issues highlighted in the review of the Pilkington case. This integrated service
will ensure that victims of ASB find it easy to report and will mean that agencies can
work together more effectively on prevention and intervention. Importantly, it will
also mean that victims receive appropriate support and relevant service provision,
and that disability and vulnerability issues are understood by staff and central to their

The principles of this new integrated ASB Service are set out in the “ASB Service
Standards” which was launched in March 2010 (see section 2.4)

Effective governance, processes and interventions all have a key role to play in
tackling ASB. However, it is important to establish clear priorities to guide this work
(and to review them on a regular basis) and so an Anti-social Behaviour Summit was
held in Calderdale on 1st March 2010. The event aimed to explore how
organisations can work together more effectively to deal with all aspects of anti-
social behaviour, demonstrating to local people that their concerns are taken
seriously, and ensuring appropriate support to victims, particularly those who are
more vulnerable.

The Summit was attended by 60 delegates from a range of organisations and
sectors. It was facilitated by the Director for Safer and Stronger Communities using
the „Open Space‟ method, which seeks to draw on participants‟ knowledge and
experience and then to identify the key „asks‟ for the Safer and Stronger Partnership
around anti-social behaviour. The priorities identified have been used to build an
ASB Action Plan which will have a limited but focused number of actions against
each priority. (A Copy of the ASB Action Plan is attached to this document as
Appendix 1 and the full report from the Summit is available from the Community
Safety Team).

The Safer & Stronger Communities Partnership approved the findings and
recommendations of the ASB Review in April 2010 and a co-located team was
established on 19th July 2010.

The co-located team (referred to as the ASB Team) comprises of staff from West
Yorkshire Police, Pennine Housing and Calderdale Council‟s Community Safety
Team and Youth Offending Team. This team has 22 staff who share open plan
office facilities allowing a coordinated and collaborative approach to anti-social
behaviour work. This is a single point of contact for people to use and the aim is to
provide a high quality, fully integrated service for victims of anti-social behaviour in

The review also identified the need for more effective communication and publicity of
ASB initiatives underway in the Borough. A Communication and Publicity sub group
has been established within the Partnership and pulled together a work plan which
included publicising the ASB Service Standards. Work commenced towards a single
contact number for Partnership ASB services. It is envisaged that this single
contact number will be provided through Calderdale Council‟s Contact Centre with
an estimated go live date this autumn.

The move to a single contact number will for the first time ever allow the collection of
information around ASB related to calls to the council. This data (24 hour ASB
Activity Report) will be combined with Police and Pennine information on a daily
basis through the ASB Team and allow an early assessment of risk and/or
vulnerability (see section 2.2)

The following sections will detail how services respond to ASB in a co-ordinated and
collaborative across Calderdale.

1.4 Information Sharing

Section 115 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 empowers any person to disclose
information where necessary or expedient for the purpose of the Act, to a relevant
authority. Where the agency requesting the information clearly needs it for the
purposes of reducing anti-social behaviour, the presumption should normally be that
it will be supplied. A “relevant authority” can be any member of the Community
Safety Partnership or a person acting on their behalf.

A „relevant authority‟ may disclose information to a registered social landlord
where the landlord is acting on behalf of the relevant authority for the purposes of the
provisions of the Act.

Calderdale Forward, Local Strategic Partnership, has a joint protocol on information
exchange which enables the sharing of information for crime and disorder reduction

1.5 Calderdale’s Approach to Anti-Social Behaviour

It is essential to recognise that tackling ASB effectively will require the input of a wide
range of partner agencies, the voluntary sector and the general public. In particular
it is important to incorporate:

           the essential role played by Pennine Housing, Calderdale‟s largest public
           sector housing provider, through its commitment to work alongside the
           Police and Council to provide a integrated service response to ASB

           the work of Children and Young People‟s Directorate in Calderdale.
           Essential elements of the Directorate‟s work will include:

                  o delivery on its „Integrated Support Services Provision” strategy
                    with specific emphasis on “Targeted Youth Support” –
                    identifying and targeting children and young people at risk of
                    involvement in anti-social behaviour.
                  o roll out of the „Safer Schools‟ agenda including provision of
                    broader family support.
                  o further development of “Family First Services” and the role this
                    work plays in reducing ASB.

          the role of schools generally as a key interface with young people and a
          venue for promoting good behaviour messages

          the critical role of the Youth Offending Team in preventing anti social
          behaviour and working with youngsters who have or are at risk of
          becoming involved with the criminal justice system

         the essential part played by both the adult and children‟s safeguarding
         boards to prevent harm to the young and vulnerable people in Calderdale

         the role of Environment Health Services and Safer Cleaner Greener Team
         in dealing with enforcement activity across issues such as noise nuisance,
         graffiti, fly tipping and litter

         the role of Safer and Stronger Communities in delivering constructive
         things to do including cultural and sports programmes

         the role of the police and the extended patrol family, police officers,
         PCSOs, community wardens, CCTV, ambassadors and others in
         preventing, anti social behaviour, stopping on-going anti social behaviour
         and prosecuting perpetrators where appropriate

         the role of partner agencies such as Probation and Registered Social
         Landlords in developing their own anti social behaviour activity

         most importantly, the role of community groups including community
         associations and representative groups for young people such as the
         youth parliament in working with statutory agencies to devise effective
         prevention, enforcement and rehabilitation programmes.

There is much good work going on across Calderdale‟s Safer and Stronger
Communities Partnership to tackle the issue of anti-social behaviour : -

         There is a robust, nationally recognised, Multi Agency Anti-Social
         Behaviour Panel, which has been in existence since 2001

         The Early Intervention Panel, which was formed in recognition of the need
         to co-ordinate the increasing amount of work on prevention, has seen
         success in preventing young people from becoming subject to Anti-Social
         Behaviour Orders and other robust interventions.

         The work of the four locality based Safer Cleaner Greener Groups, to
         respond to local priorities identified at Police and Community Together
         Meetings (PACT) and Ward Forums.

         The drive shown by the council to provide locally based services as
         evidenced by the safer, cleaner, greener teams and young people services

         The commitment shown by the West Yorkshire Police to Neighbourhood
         Policing and the Policing Pledge

         The establishment of a co-located Anti-Social Behaviour Team, comprising
         of staff from the Council, Pennine Housing and the Police.

          A team of Community Development Workers, integrated within the
          Community Safety Team, who seek to resolve issues at the earliest

This document runs alongside a number of other key documents including the
Children and Young People‟s Plan, the Prevention Strategy for Young People,
Calderdale Police‟s ASB Protocol, Pennine Housing‟s and so on.
In particular the Anti-Social Behaviour Protocol should be read in conjunction with
the Partnership ASB Plan for 2010/11 (see Appendix 1),
The Partnership ASB Plan 2010/11 is based on six key objectives: -

      1. To reduce anti-social behaviour

      2. To reduce environmental crime

      3. To reduce abuse of public space.

      4. To reduce harassment and intimidation.

      5. To communicate better to the public about reducing anti-social behaviour.

      6. Support victims and witnesses of ASB.

   2. Responding to ASB

2.1 Reporting processes
The partnership has invested heavily in improving the reporting processes that
current exist however the procedures for dealing with complaints from the public still
remain confusing and reflect inherited practices. For example, uncertainty exists in
the public‟s mind (and with practitioners) over who to contact when they are
experiencing the effects of anti-social behaviour. The Council has several Services
who deal with these matters, including Environmental Health, Housing, Community
Safety and Safer Cleaner Greener.
The Police have a clearer, more centralised system of dealing with calls from the
public and the introduction of their own ASB Protocol has improved this response
even further. Similarly Pennine Housing 2000 has a 24 hour service with dedicated
telephone numbers for their residents.
Information given to the public has had to support all the different procedures that
exist within the partnership which often leads to confusing messages being given.

The adoption of a “single contact number” together with existing co-location of
resources will allow ease of contact, a corporate response and ensure that the best
service is given to the customer. The single contact number will compliment both the
Police and Pennine Housing emergency number and provide an appropriate
Currently all ASB calls received by the Police and Pennine Housing are collated on a
24 hour basis, risked assessed for vulnerability and risk and put into a single
database (24 hour ASB Activity Report) which is then used to task resources.

2.2 ‘24 hour ASB Activity Report’ and Database
This is the Community Safety Partnership‟s process to reduce the risk of Calderdale
suffering a tragic incident such as the Fiona Pilkington case.
There is a firm intention to collate ASB Reports from all agencies on a real-time
basis to enable all Partners to respond to the changing picture of ASB demand. After
much research and action, there is a realisation that this isn‟t as easy to achieve as it
sounds. By definition, partnership working is difficult and on-going. That is no reason
why we should not attempt to do so.
With this in mind, we have instigated a 24 Hour ASB report, which captures the
essence of demand within the Borough on a continuous basis.
All report of ASB from whatever source, are channelled into one hub, where the data
is analysed and collated, producing a blueprint for immediate action, not just by the
Co-located ASB Team, but all Partners.
An essential ingredient of this process is the ability to identify risk and vulnerability
using innovative assessment tools.
All call handlers dealing with ASB complaints will be fully instructed by November
2010 in how to assess risk and vulnerability when taking details from a victim or
witness of ASB. This assessment of risk and vulnerability is based on West
Yorkshire Police‟s ASB Protocol which has been established since January 2010.
The 24 hour ASB Activity Report collates caller details and references this
information against a database identifying any repeat victims based on name,
address and telephone.
The report is then forwarded to the Co-located ASB Unit‟s appointed duty team who
will then undertake a more detailed assessment to identify risk and vulnerability
using all the information that is available to the partnership. Once that risk
assessment is complete tasks are allocated to partnership resources accordingly.
All tasks that originate from the “24 hour ASB Activity Report” are recorded and
managed through a Partnership database called „UMIS‟ by the ASB Team.
At present only Police and Pennine data is collated on the 24 hour ASB Activity
Report. Council data through the CRM database will be available from November
2010 and this will enabled a very rich picture of all ASB activity on a daily basis in

2.3 UMIS (Universal Management Information System)
UMIS is a web based management information system which is used by the majority
of resources within the ASB Partnership to record case information.
UMIS will be the system that the Co-located ASB Team will use to record all activity
around ASB that involve location, offender and victim. It will also provide
management information and performance data and will be used by the ASB
Management Board to performance mange the unit.
All work conducted by the panels dealing with ASB in Calderdale (see section 3) will
be recorded on UMIS.

2.4 Supporting Victims, Witnesses and the Community
Research shows that, where victims feel supported and protected, they are more
likely to be prepared to take a stand and act as witnesses to help reduce ASB.
Communities need to have confidence that complaints will be taken seriously by
statutory agencies. The support needs to follow through from the first report of the
ASB, to any enforcement action, or court case, and beyond.

The best type of evidence is given by witnesses who are willing to testify in court.
Witnesses should be encouraged to come forward, but they must be supported to do
so. Special measures, such as giving evidence from behind a screen or via a video
link, can be used in ASB cases, where there are vulnerable or intimidated witnesses
whose quality of evidence is „likely to be diminished‟.

Communities need to be listened to and empowered to identify local priorities.
Keeping communities well informed about what is being done to tackle ASB in their
area will improve confidence and build strong cohesive communities. PACT and
Ward Forums are the mechanism used by the Partnership to ensure that this

The Partnership has an agreed ASB Service Standard which clearly identifies and
states how we will support victims and witnesses.

The Partnership will:

                    Ensure that all reports are dealt with by the most appropriate

                    Contact victims and witnesses as soon as possible and work
                    with them to resolve their problem.

                    Ensure that suitable action and support is offered.

                    Keep victims regularly updated and informed of progress.

                    Support all victims and witnesses until the case is closed and
                    afterwards if appropriate.

                    Continue to work with the community to solve problems and deal
                    with their concerns.

                    Take swift and appropriate action to tackle people committing

                    Take robust action against people who breach their ASBOs.

All ASB victims will receive a follow up visit or call from Partnership resources and
given information about ASB services and procedures. This contact will again
enable an assessment to be made around risk and vulnerability.

In all appropriate cases a Lead Officer will be appointed and this officer will ensure
that victims are:-

                  • Given information about ASB services and procedures

                  • Given witness diaries to record evidence of the ASB

                  • Offered support through a referral to Victim Support (if a crime
                    has occurred)

                  • Regularly updated with the progress of the case if an investigation
                    is required

Where emotional and practical support, including addressing fears of intimidation
and retaliation a referral will be made to specialist support services e.g. Partnership
Target Hardening Scheme, Victim Support and Adult Services

The ASB Management Board will monitor the effectiveness of the support offered to
victims and witnesses through quality assurance checks, satisfaction surveys and
any other process which provides an indicator on the quality of service provided.

2.5 Equality and Discrimination

When investigating complaints of anti-social behaviour, staff must satisfy themselves
that they have not been motivated by discrimination or victimisation on the grounds
of, for example, race, disability, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion, or creed.
For any action to address anti-social behaviour, the process taken to arrive at that
decision and the method of implementation must be necessary, reasonable and


We recognise that we can only meet the safety needs of all our communities if we
are able to reach those adults most vulnerable to abuse and neglect by virtue of
disability age or ill health. We work closely with Calderdale‟s Safeguarding
Adults Board to ensure that the safety needs of this group are being met.

   3. Dealing with those committing ASB

3.1 Intervention Principles
Calderdale adopts a graded response to tackling Anti-Social Behaviour, the key aim
being to stop the harm at the earliest opportunity. The key vehicles for delivering this
response are the ASB Panel and the Early Intervention Panel (EIP).

This incremental approach could be seen in the shape of a pyramid, with the base
consisting of universal services, provided for example by the Neighbourhood Policing
Teams (who deal with the vast bulk of ASB calls for service), Children and Young
People‟s Service, Pennine and other registered social landlord Housing Officers and
other members of the Extended Patrol Family.
Further up the pyramid are the specific intervention services provided by, for
example, by Education Welfare, Youth Offending Team, Police, Targeted Youth
Support Services, Mental Health Services and others. This would include Warning
Letters, Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) and other remedial action.
Further up the pyramid still, are the more intensive services which rely on taking
legal remedies, provided by those above but concentrating on the few who have not
responded to early intervention. Examples of this include Anti-Social Behaviour
Injunctions, Tenancy Enforcement ASBO Applications and Criminal Proceedings.
Each stage of the pyramid has a threshold test and it is vital that this test is applied
to ensure the integrity of the process and the fact that the panels are acting
appropriately and in the best interest of all concerned.

It is interesting to note that for each stage of intervention, significant proportions of
people referred fall away. In other words, the interventions are deemed as
Depending on the severity of the case or the risk attached individuals can enter this
process at any level. A case can be so severe that immediate action needs to be
taken to reduce the impact on the community in which case it will be discussed at
ASB Panel and an application for an ASBO approved, fortunately these cases are
extreme. In the vast majority of cases individuals are referred to the EIP and action
Given that intervention in many cases is successful individuals can move down as
well as up the enforcement scale.
The presumption is that all young people referred for intervention are subject to a
comprehensive assessment framework (CAF). Where this doesn‟t happen the
reasons for why a CAF has not been undertaken will be recorded.
A further presumption is that all individuals referred to the panel will be subject to an
assessment using an assessment model appropriate to the referring agency. The
YOT have agreed that they will undertake an assessment on any young person
referred for intervention. This assessment is recorded on UMIS and any structured
intervention will take into account the outcome identified by this process. Any
safeguarding issue will be dealt with in accordance to agreed practice.
The rationale behind any decision made by the panel and any action required will be
recorded on UMIS.

3.2 Targeted Youth Support Panels (TYSP)
A Targeted Youth Support Panel sits in each of the four localities in Calderdale:
Lower Valley, Upper Valley, Central Halifax and North and East Halifax. The role of
these panels is to identify and reduce the risk of any child or young person failing
any of the outcomes identified by the „Every Child Matters (ECM)‟ agenda. Panel
membership reflects the ECM agenda with representation from both statutory and
voluntary organisations.

These panels will identify children and young people who are either at risk of
committing ASB or involved in low level ASB activity. The panel agrees brief
interventions which will be delivered by both universal services and targeted support
services. If the intervention proves unsuccessful cases will be referred on to the
Early Intervention Panel.

3.3 Early Intervention Panel (EIP)

EIP sits every 3 weeks and considers cases that are suitable for early intervention.

All referrals for intervention, unless extreme circumstances apply i.e. the harm being
caused is extremely significant must be discussed at EIP to identify if early
intervention is appropriate. Cases where early intervention is not deemed suitable
will be either passed onto the ASB Panel which sits in the same week or back to the
referring agency for either more information or with a recommendation that more
local intervention is required.

Membership of the EIP reflects the aim of the panel and has a strong and committed
representation from all the Community Safety Partners along with key service
deliverers from the voluntary and community sector.

All referrals to EIP are passed to the ASB Team who will do a full research on the
individual and any other related matter and ensure that the case is discussed at the
next panel. The longest any case has to wait to be discussed is three weeks
however there are occasions where 3 weeks can be too long and in such cases core

members of the EIP panel will meet to agree action. In order that decisions
appropriate to the individual are agreed there is a robust process of information
sharing and reporting.

Referrals are made on a specific form which is readily available within the
partnership (see appendix 2 for a copy of the referral form). Any referring agency
who does not have access to this form or needs guidance in completing the form can
contact the ASB Team for assistance (contact details for the ASB Team are provided
at the back of this report). It is good and established practice that the referring
agency presents their case at EIP. It has been found that this practice enables
better information and provides awareness of the role of the EIP.

The referral form must include information in sufficient detail for an initial discussion
to be held as to the direction the case needs to take. Importantly the form will
include details of any locally based activity undertaken to resolve the problem. It is
crucial to the integrity of the process that a threshold test is applied to any referral
before action is considered by the EIP.

EIP will not:

       Consider a referral if the referral form lacks detail and information.

       Pursue a referral if insufficient attempts have been made to resolve the matter
       at a local level.

       There is no evidence that harm has been done within the community.

       The harm being committed is not ASB related.

EIP will:

       Consider cases without any local based intervention if the harm being
       committed is sufficiently serious enough to justify this action.

       Forward the case immediately to the ASB Panel if the harm being committed
       is of a violent, aggressive or persistent nature.

       Forward to ASB Panel where the individual is well known to agencies and
       recent attempts at interventions have failed.

All individuals, unless extreme circumstances apply, will be notified of the fact that
their behaviour is being discussed by the early Intervention Panel and the bottom
line for measuring success in stopping the harm caused to the victim. This has to be
the Partnership‟s main priority.

All decisions made and actions taken by EIP will be recorded on UMIS with a
rationale as to why such a decision or action has been agreed.

3.4 Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABC)

Cases, once discovered at EIP, maybe recommended for an ABC it is deemed
appropriate (a copy of an ABC is included as Appendix 3). Often this will follow
where a warning or other low level intervention has failed, or the information
provided by the referring agency is of a more serious or persistent nature that would
warrant a low level intervention e.g. a home visit, warning letter.

The aim of an ABC is to modify the behaviour of an individual and to help support
services to engage. Every reasonable effort will be made to identify diversionary
activities and other support opportunities for the individual involved and any
agreement in relation to this will be included in the ABC.

An ABC is not a legal remedy and the terms and conditions of the contract need to
be agreed by the individual concerned. They are generally issued to young people
but will be considered in all appropriate cases. An ABC is tailored to the individual
and the harm they are committing. ABCs have proved to work best with young
people where support agencies have been able to engage. It is for this reason that
the issuing of an ABC is led by the YOT.

Once an ABC has been agreed a draft copy will be drawn up and a member of the
ASB Team (specifically a YOT officer if the individual is a young person) will visit the
individual involved and establish:

       Do they understand the actual ABC

       Do they understand the ASB process

       Their willingness to accept the contract (there is often negotiation around
       some of the conditions)

       The willingness of the parents or carer to accept the contract (if the individual
       is either a young person or a vulnerable individual)

       The willingness to engage with support services

       Their understanding of what will happen if the contract is breached or refused

If the individual, subject of an ABC, is a social housing tenant the ABC can be linked
to their tenancy and a breach of the contract could result in their house being

An ABC will normally be issued for 6 months, in certain cases they can be extended,
but the intention is to refer the individual into universal services if the contract proves

Where an ABC has been issued the case will remain with the EIP so that progress
can be monitored and reviewed. If having issued an ABC the behaviour of the
individual does not change and incidents of ASB are recorded this will be considered
as a breach of contract. A breach of contract is made on the „balance of
probabilities‟ as assessed by either EIP or ASB Panel. A breach of an ABC can lead
to an application for an ASBO being considered. Each breach and case will be
considered on its own merits.

3.5 Parental Responsibility

Anti-social behaviour perpetrated by juveniles under the age of 17, by law, is the
responsibility and accountability of both the juvenile and the juvenile‟s
parents/guardians. To that end all action taken against the juvenile requires
appropriate interventions to be agreed with the parent/guardian (see the above
section). Parents/guardians will be advised as to the consequence of the behaviour
continuing and the impact on them and their family. This is particularly pertinent
where the family lives in social housing.

Parents/guardians will be offered support from the ASB Partnership through Family
First Services and Families Intervention Project (FIP). Any support given or refused
will be recorded on UMIS.

At the legislative stage of ASB intervention a parent order can be issued by the court
and in cases where support has been declined a parenting order will be
recommended by the ASB Partnership to the court.

3.6 Anti-Social Behaviour Panel (ASB Panel)

The ASB Panel sits every 3 weeks and in the same week as the Early Intervention
Panel. This scheduling allows cases to be referred in a timely manner and enables
the partnership to deliver a prompt and effective response.

The Panel consists of representatives from the Community Safety Partnership, West
Yorkshire Police, Pennine Housing, CMBC Legal Services, Youth Offending Team,
Social Services, and West Yorkshire Probation Service.

The purpose of the panel is to consider what formal or legislative intervention can be
taken in a case to protect the public and the community. More often than not the
legislative intervention is an Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO) but can be an Anti-
Social Behaviour Injunction (ASBi), a Drink Banning Order (DBO) or in the case of a
locality a Premises Closure Order or a Dispersal Authority.

In all but exceptional cases referrals to the ASB Panel are made by the EIP. The
EIP will refer cases where interventions have failed or the behaviour impacting on
the community is serious and/or persistent. The Panel before making a decision to
apply for a legislative intervention must be satisfied that all other options have been
explored and the behaviour is such that the public and the community need to be
protected. The panel in making this decision will consider all case management
information, evidence of offending, medical information and any other information
which is available e.g. reports from Probation Services and YOT.

On reviewing a case the panel can make one of three decisions:

    1. Further intervention is required, in which case the individual is referred back to
       EIP with recommended action.

    2. Insufficient evidence to progress an application at this time, in which case the
        individual will remain with the Panel whilst further work is undertaken to
        secure additional evidence.

    3. Proceed to ASBO or other legislative intervention; a file will be prepared for

All ASB Panel decisions and actions will be recorded on UMIS.

3.7 Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)

ASBOs were introduced by section 1 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 in England
and Wales and have been available since April 1999.

ASBOs are civil orders that exist to protect the public from behaviour that causes or
is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress. An order contains conditions
prohibiting the offender from specific anti-social acts or from entering defined areas
and is effective for a minimum of two years. The orders are not criminal penalties
and are not intended to punish the offender.


Section 1(1) of the Act defines acting in an “anti-social manner” as “a manner that
caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons
not of the same household.” Therefore, any behaviour that causes this and needs
addressing, to protect people from further anti-social behaviour, can potentially be
the subject of an ASBO. The definition is intentionally wide-ranging to allow for the
orders to be used in a variety of circumstances.


      the defendant behaved in an anti-social manner.

      an order is necessary for the protection of persons from further anti-social
      behaviour by the defendant.


Although they are civil orders, the criminal standard of proof applies when making an
ASBO application, which was confirmed in a declaration by the House of Lords.
However, in the same ruling, the Lords stated that the assessment of whether an
order is necessary to protect people from anti-social behaviour, “does not involve a
standard of proof: it is an exercise of judgement or evaluation.”


An order can be made against anyone aged 10 years or more who has acted in an
anti-social manner and where an order is needed to protect people and the wider
community from further anti-social acts. These orders can be used to combat anti-
social behaviour in a wide range of situations and settings. Where groups of people
are engaged in anti-social behaviour a case needs to be made against each
individual against whom an order is sought.


Agencies able to apply for orders are defined as „relevant authorities‟ in the
legislation. These include:

       Local authorities (the district council or unitary authority under Section 1 (12)
       of the 1998 Act).

       Police forces (including the British Transport police).

       Registered Social Landlords (RSL) as defined by section 1 of the Housing Act

THE TERMS OF THE ORDER (the prohibitions)

The terms of the order are conditions which prohibit the offender from specific anti-
social acts or from entering defined geographical areas. Careful thought needs to be
given to their formulation so they cannot be easily circumvented, nor misunderstood
by the perpetrator.

The terms of the order cannot be positive requirements and only prohibitions can be

Although it is for the court to decide what prohibitions are to be imposed by the
order, the applicant agency should propose conditions to the court.


   Cover the range of anti-social acts committed by the defendant.
   Be necessary for protecting person(s) within a defined area from the antisocial
   acts of the defendant .
   Be reasonable and proportionate.
   Be realistic, practical and specific.
   Be clear, concise and easy to understand.
   Be in terms which make it easy to determine and prosecute a breach.
   Contain a prohibition on inciting others to engage in antisocial behaviour.


   Cover acts that are precursors to a criminal act, for example a prohibition on
   entering a shopping centre rather than on shoplifting.
   Include a general condition prohibiting behaviour which is likely to cause
   harassment, alarm and distress.
   Include a prohibition from approaching or harassing any witnesses named in the
   court proceedings.


Breach of an order is a criminal offence; criminal procedures and penalties apply.
The standard of proof required is the criminal standard and therefore, guilt must be
established beyond reasonable doubt.

Any sentencing will be proportionate and reflect the impact of the anti-social
behaviour. It should relate to all the relevant circumstances, such as the number of
breaches and how the breach relates to the finding of anti-social behaviour.

For adults: The maximum penalty for breach of an order is five years‟ imprisonment.
A Conditional Discharge is not available for breach of an ASBO.

Types of ASBO

Stand Alone ASBO

These are most commonly applied for in the Magistrates‟ Court, which will issue a
summons at the request of the police, a local authority or a registered social landlord

This is the best way of getting an ASBO where:

       the behaviour does not involve criminal conduct,
       the evidence is very complicated.

Interim ASBO

The court cannot impose bail conditions in a stand-alone ASBO case, so in order to
protect your community whilst you are waiting for the full ASBO hearing you can
apply to the court for an interim ASBO.

An interim ASBO should be viewed as an „emergency‟ provision for serious cases of
anti-social behaviour, with prohibitions designed to prevent this continuing. There is
no formal testing of the evidence in relation to an interim ASBO but the court will only
impose one if it considers it „just‟ to do so. In most cases Calderdale will apply for an
interim ASBO.

In extreme cases, such as those involving witness intimidation, an interim ASBO can
be obtained from the court ex parte, i.e. without telling the defendant first. An ex-
parte order is only effective once the defendant has been told about it and will only
last for a few days to allow the court time to fix a hearing which the defendant will

Order made in criminal proceedings

If a defendant has been convicted of a criminal offence, the prosecutor can apply for
an ASBO as part of the criminal proceedings. The prosecutor is not limited to
presenting the facts that led to the commission of the criminal offence but can use
the same evidence as would be used in „stand alone‟ ASBO proceedings. This is
probably the quickest and most convenient route where a defendant is facing
criminal prosecution which involves antisocial behaviour. But there is a need to
consider the likely sentence for the criminal offence before proceeding

Order made in County Court proceedings

Sometimes, a defendant will be facing proceedings in the County Court. For
example, it is fairly common for tenancy agreements to stipulate that tenants must
not behave in an anti-social manner. Breaching that condition can have the same
consequences as not paying rent and a defendant may be brought before the
County Court. You may then be able to apply for an ASBO alongside any tenancy
enforcement action that is being taken. This is one example of why it is so important
to know what other agencies are doing to tackle anti-social behaviour in Calderdale

3.8 Post Management of ASBOs

The ASB Panel has an additional responsibility to review and manage ASBOs which
have been issued to individuals. Support will be offered by the Partnership to any
individual who is on an ASBO.

The prohibitions included on an ASBO can be varied where they are no longer
deemed appropriate and in certain cases ASBOs can be discharged. This authority
to vary or discharge can be used as a “stick and carrot” in encouraging compliance
with the order.

For example:

An individual who has a prohibition in their ASBO which states they can’t visit the
Town Centre finds employment in a town centre store. The ASB Panel could
consider that this is a justifiable reason to remove the prohibition or may suggest that
the prohibition be altered to allow the individual into the Town Centre during working

Or, where a variation was required to make the ASBO more effective:

An individual has an ASBO but starts to commit crime with a new friend. The court
can be asked to vary the ASBO to include a non-association prohibition preventing
the individual from associating with his friend.

Or, where an ASBO is about to expire:

An ASBOs is due to expire in 3 month’s time however the behaviour of the individual
has not improved and there have been a number of breaches. The Court can be
asked to vary the length of the order and at the same time amend the prohibitions.

Or, where the behaviour of the individual has been improved and sustained:

An individual has a four year ASBO however his behaviour over the last few years
has been very good. The ASB Panel would look favourably on discharging the
ASBO and would probably ask the court to do so. Indeed the individual has the right
to approach the court and asked the court to do the same (the likelihood is the court
would agree).

The ASB Team monitors all individuals on ASBOs and reports to the ASB Panel any
issues or breaches so variations and discharges can be considered.

3.9 Legal Services
Although the Police, Registered Social Landlord and some other authorities can
apply for ASBOs in their own right, the agreed procedure between the five „Upper
Tier‟ Unitary Metropolitan Authorities and West Yorkshire Police in the County of
West Yorkshire, drawn up soon after the Act was invoked, was that each Local
Authority would take responsibility for Civil ASBO applications.
Since that time, in Calderdale, all civil applications have been undertaken by the
Department of the Chief Law and Administration Officer, who employs a specialist
Solicitor to carry out this work.
All cases are referred through a progressive Case Panel system, thus ensuring that
appropriate interventions are carried out at each stage. These interventions begin
with verbal and written warnings and progress through ABCs, Positive Activities,
Intensive Key Work and even criminal prosecutions.
Once the Partnership Case Panel decision to proceed is made, both the „relevant
authorities‟ sign a Certificate of Consultation (they do not have to consent or agree
but merely „consult‟)
This ensures that when one of the ASB Caseworkers submits a case file, which may
include statements from various sources the relevant evidence in presented in such
a manner to satisfy the Justices, that : -

       the defendant behaved in an anti-social manner.

       an order is necessary for the protection of persons from further anti-social
       behaviour by the defendant.

The Councils‟ Legal Department will prepare files and liaise with the Magistrate‟s
Court to arrange hearings, adjournments, pleas and appeals. They also circulate
results to the Community Safety Team, who ensure that all partners are aware of the
results of proceedings.

    4. Publicity
Following the advice issued by the Home Office the ASB Partnership acts on the
presumption that all ASBOs issued will be made known to the public. The issuing of
an ASBO is in the public domain and the community tells us that they need to know
what the partnership is doing to reduce anti-social behaviour. Publicity is a key way
in demonstrating our commitment to reducing ASB.
The decision to publish details of an ASBO is made by the ASB Panel. All publicity
must be reasonable, necessary and proportionate. In making this decision the panel
will consider the risk to the individual concerned, his or her family, the victim and any
witnesses involved in the case. This information is collected on a risk assessment
form which is circulated across the ASB Partnership and any other interested agency
or organisation. The views of all these agencies are taken into consideration when
assessing the risk whether to publicise or not.
Once a decision is made to publicise the ASB Panel will decide the most appropriate
way to communicate the information. The options available to the panel are:

       Internal publicity i.e. within the Partnership and to interested groups such as
       Pubwatch, Shopwatch etc.

       Leaflets distributed to areas of the community who have an interest in the

       Posters displayed in specific locations e.g. bus station, libraries and shops

       Police, NPT websites

       Local media – if this option was felt appropriate the partnership‟s press and
       communication team would be involved as control over the message can be
Tight control will be retained over the publicity as the ASB Partnership has to be
accountable for the actions it takes.
Where the ASB Panel has a dispute over publicity the matter will be referred to the
Safer and Stronger Communities Partnership Executive for a decision.
All actions and decisions made on publicity will be recorded on UMIS.
The ASB Partnership will proactively promote other aspects of its work other than

    5. Contact Details for ASB Team
The ASB team can be contacted on 01422 288015.

      6. Glossary of Terms

ABC                  Acceptable Behaviour Contract

ASB                  Anti-Social Behaviour

ASBO                 Anti-Social Behaviour Order

CAF                  Comprehensive Assessment Framework

CCTV                 Closed Circuit Television

CRM                  Customer Relationship Management

ECM                  Every Child Matters

EIP                  Early Intervention Panel

FIP                  Families Intervention Pilot

NHS                  National Health Service

NPT                  Neighbourhood Policing Team

PACT                 Police and Communities Together

PCSO                 Police Community Support Officer

SCG                  Safer Cleaner Greener

TYSP                 Targeted Youth Support Panel

UMIS                 Universal Information Management System

               Appendix 2 – ASB Referral Form

                                                                                                 Office use only
                                           Calderdale Safer & Stronger Communities          Number
                                                     Delivery Partnership
                                             Anti Social Behaviour Referral Form            (PH2K)
                                                    New Case Submission
    Name                                                                                   Parent/Guardian
                                           Date of Birth            Gender
  of Subject                                                                               Aware?
(And also known                                                     Male                   Yes
   as / alias)                                    --/--/--
                                                                    Female                 No
Ethnicity: (Please Select One)
White                 Black/Black          Asian/Asian British      Mixed                  Other Ethnic Group
British                                                             White&Black
Irish                 Caribbean                                     Caribbean
                                           Pakistani                                       Chinese
Other                 African                                       White& Black African
                                           Bangladeshi                                     Other
                      Other                                         White&Asian
                                                                    Other Mixed
Home Address:         Name&Address         Locality/NPT Area:       Tenure:
                      (if different)
                                           Upper Valley             Privately Owned
3 Thomas Street                            Lower Valley             Registered Social
South                                      Halifax Central          Landlord
Halifax                                    Halifax North &          Private Landlord
HX1 4DS                                    East
School                                                                                     Juvenile
(inc Address)/                                                                             Yes
Occupation                                                                                 No

Referring Agency

Officer Submitting                                           Date of Referral

Contact Details
Phone & E-mail
Case Details: (Please see the guidance notes below to assist you in completing the referral form)
Please consider the following points when inputting information for the referral:-
What happened? – Information in regard to the anti-social activities of the referral
Where did the incident (s) take place?
When did the incident (s) take place?
Who are the victims of this incident (s) and How did this affect them?
Who are the witnesses to this incident (s) and How did this affect them?

Who also lives at this property?
Parent/Guardian details (if a juvenile):-
Known Associates (of the perpetrator):-
What Service/Agency Policy Actions have been tried up to now?
Current support being received if known and Details of Other Agencies Involved:-

Subject details verified?                   By whom                                Date
Specify by what means / Database

E-mail to:; and

                                           OFFICE USE ONLY
Has a CAF been considered?                 Y / N Date: - - / - - / - - - -
Has a Lead Professional been               Y / N Date: - - / - -/ - - - -
I agree to organisations involved with my family or this young person being contacted about the case.
Name:                                     Signature

                Guidance Notes for Anti-Social Behaviour Case Submission Form

1. Who – The referral is the alleged perpetrator and not the victim and should also include
   any other name they may be known by

2. The minimum personal details that are required are:
             a)Name and Address b) Or name and date of birth

3. Housing Tenure assists us with information required from a social housing provider and
   private rented sector landlord

4. Ethnicity helps us with Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) monitoring

5. Locality allows us to information share widely to local officers at an operational level

6. What – Examples of anti-social activities must have taken place during the preceding 6
   months and must be specific. Alleged activities will only be accepted with the details of
   these alleging the activities
   (Please provide a comprehensive report in regard to the Anti-Social behaviour that
   is taking place, to include where appropriate:
   Education - Attendance, Behaviour and Exclusion logs, SEN and relevant letters
   and multi agency reports
   Environmental Health - Log sheets, relevant letters and reports
   Housing – Tenant Sheets, relevant letters and reports
   Police – Niche (OIS, CIS, View data and ibis logs)

7. When, Where, Who and How – The quality of this information will determine the
   effectiveness and likely success of the intervention delivered
   (Please provide a comprehensive report in regard to where the Anti-Social
   behaviour incident (s) took place;
   Building, house, school, road, park, public transport, communal area
   Day, date and time,
   Name, address and contact number and victim and witness impact statements
   Names and DOB of other household/family members that live in the property of
   victim, witness and offender)

8. Associates help us link with other cases and partnership intelligence
   (Please provide Names and addresses)

9. There is an expectation that services must have carried out their own internal policy
   action prior to referral to the Calderdale Community Safety Team
   (Copies of Reprimands, Warnings, Letters, Meetings – to include dates and times,
   Education – Outcome of muti-disciplinary meetings), letters to parents)

10. If the problem has been on gong for some time please outline the timeframe (days,
    weeks, months, years)

11. Parents of juveniles must have been informed of the referral prior to the referral taking
    (All referring services are to ensure that all referrals for young people under the
    age of 17 includes both the details of the parent/guardian and evidence that the
    parent guardian is aware that the referral is being made)

12. Current support being received by the referral assist us with the level of intervention to be
    delivered, other services who could/should be involved and, the venue where the
    intervention can be delivered in partnership with those identified services
    (Child & Adolescent mental health Service - CAMHS – Contact Officer
    Mental Health Services – Contact Officer
    Social Services – Child in Need, Child Protection, CAF
    YPS – Attendance, key worker
    YOT – Asset, type of order, engagement, supervising Officer)

13. If other agencies are known to be involved please state the agency and the individual
    officer if known. This will help us to intervene at the most appropriate time and place, and
    with the most appropriate service
    (Please provide name of contact officer, agency and phone numbers)

14.   Please return this form to:

Appendix 3 – Copy of an ABC



THIS AGREEMENT is made on ……….              date

BETWEEN Calderdale Community Safety Partnership

AND Name- - - - - - - (DOB - - - - ).

This agreement will expire 12 months after signing.

This Agreement aims to prevent anti-social behaviour in the Calderdale area, in
particular the - - - - - - area ,of Halifax, West Yorkshire, where most of XXXXXXX‟s
anti-social behaviour has taken place.

Name     - - - - - AGREES the following in terms of his future conduct:

   1. I will not engage in any such behaviour, which causes or is likely to
      cause harassment, alarm or distress to others (not of same household).

   2. I will not use threatening, abusive or insulting language or behaviour
      towards another person or instruct, encourage or incite others to so
      behave. Either directly in person or indirectly by text messaging.

   3. I will not damage or attempt to damage any property not owned by

   4. I will not enter any premises, gardens or outbuildings without
      express permission from the owner.

   5. I will not enter the grounds or premises of Luddenden Dene School
      or Youth Centre without the consent of the head-teacher or his/her

   6. I will not be part of a group of persons carrying out any anti-social


If xxxxxxxxxxxx does anything, which he has agreed not to do under this
Agreement and which Calderdale Community Safety Partnership considers to
amount to anti-social behaviour, an application may be made to the magistrates
court for an ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR ORDER to prohibit
xxxxxxxxxxxxx from acting in a manner likely to cause harassment, alarm or
distress to one or more persons not in the same household as himself.

It is a criminal offence to break the conditions of an Anti-Social Behaviour
Order. If this happens, the Crown Prosecution Service may prosecute, and the
court could impose a fine or a prison sentence of up to five years.


I confirm that I understand the meaning of this Agreement and that the
consequences of breaching the Agreement have been explained to me.





           Police Constable


Appendix 4 – Copy of an ASBO

                                 SCHEDULE 3

Rule 4(3)

        Anti-Social Behaviour Order [Crime and Disorder Act 1998, s1]

                         Calderdale Magistrates Court

Date: 22nd August 2008

Respondent: XXXXXXX

Address: XXXXXXX


On the complaint of:-

    Complainant: B M Livesey, Chief Law and Administration Officer

    Applicant Authority: The Borough Council of Calderdale

    Address of Applicant Authority: The Borough Council of Calderdale,
    Westgate House, Westgate, Halifax, HX1 1PS

The Court found that:

(a) the Respondent acted in the following anti-social manner, which caused or was
likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same
household as himself: See attached Schedule

And (b) this order is necessary to protect persons from further anti-social acts by

And it is ordered that the Respondent XXXXXXX is prohibited from:-

1. Acting or encouraging or inciting others to act in an anti-social manner, that is to
   say, a manner that causes or is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to
   one or more persons not of the same household as himself within the area of

2. Being in groups of two or more people in a manner likely to cause any person to
   fear for their safety within the area of Calderdale.

3. Being in possession of any vessel (open or closed) containing any
   intoxicating liquor, in any public place in Calderdale.

4. Being drunk in public in Calderdale.

5. Entering or attempting to enter any domestic property belonging to another
   person, including gardens and outbuildings, without the consent of the owner or
   lawful occupant.

6. Entering or attempting to enter the premises currently trading as XXXXXXX.

7. Contacting directly or indirectly with XXXXXXX.

Until: 23.59 on 21st August 2010


                                 [Justice of the Peace / Justices Clerk]


If, without reasonable excuse, you do anything which you are prohibited from doing by this
order you shall be liable on conviction if you are aged 18 or over to imprisonment for a term
not exceeding five years or to a fine or both: if you are aged 12 to 17 to a detention and
training order for a maximum term of 24 months.

If you appeal against this order it will remain in place pending the outcome of the appeal.

  Name:                                                                          Address:

  Incident No:

    This scorecard is designed to help you identify vulnerable victims, witnesses, and complainants.

    It should be used as a guide, and in combination with your own judgement (and that of your neighbourhood partnership) to help ascertain what support and
    protection is required in any given situation. All action taken as a result of your assessment should be discussed with the witness to ensure it meets their

                  1. Other than this occasion - how often do you have problems?                       5    Daily
                                                                                                      3    Most days
                                                                                                      2    Most weeks
                                                                                                      1    Most months
                                                                                                      0    Only occasionally

                  2. Do you think the current incident is linked to previous incidents?               2    Yes
                     If so why?                                                                       0    No

                  3. Do you think that incidents are happening more often and/or are getting          2    Yes
                  worse?                                                                              0    No

                  4. Do you know the offender/ s?                                                     2    They know each other well
                                                                                                      1    They are „known‟ to each other
                                                                                                      0    They do not know each other

                  5. Does the perpetrator (or their associates) have a history of or reputation for   6    Perpetrator or their associates are currently harassing the complainant
                     intimidation or harassment?                                                      4    Perpetrator or their associates have harassed the complainant in the
                                                                                                      2    Perpetrator or their associates have not harassed the complainant, but
                                                                                                           have a history or reputation for harassment or violent behaviour
                                                                                                      0    Perpetrator or their associates have no history or reputation for
                                                                                                           harassment or intimidation

                  6. Have you informed any other agencies about what has happened?                    0    Yes
                     If yes, are you happy for us to discuss this problem with them?                  1    No

                  7. Which of the following do you think that this incident deliberately targeted     4    You
                     Specify                                                                          3    Your family
                                                                                                      1    Your community
                                                                                                      0    None

                  8. Do you feel that this incident is associated with your faith, nationality,       3    Yes
                  ethnicity,                                                                          0    No
                     sexuality, gender or disability?

                  9. In addition to what has happened, do you feel that there is anything that is     3    Yes
                     increasing you or your household‟s personal risk (e.g. because of personal       0    No

                  10. How affected do you feel by what has happened?                                  0    Not at all
                      Details:                                                                        1    Affected a little
                                                                                                      2    Moderately affected
                                                                                                      3    Affected a lot
                                                                                                      5    Extremely affected

                  11. Has yours or anyone‟s health been affected as a result of this and any          3    Physical health
                  previous                                                                            3    Mental health

                  12. Do you have a social worker, health visitor or any other type of                0    No
                  professional                                                                        1    Yes

                      Can we speak to them about this?

                  13. Do you have any friends and family to support you?                              3    Complainant lives alone and is isolated
                                                                                                      3    The complainant is isolated from people who can offer support
                                                                                                      1    The complainant has a few people to draw on for support
                                                                                                      0    The complainant has a close network of people to draw on for support

                  14. Apart from any effect on you, do you think anyone else has been affected        1    Your family
                      by what has happened?                                                           3    Local community
                      Details:                                                                             Other
                                                                            TOTAL SCORE:
 Based on these factors and your own judgement, adjust the scoring accordingly
                  Low       0             4            8           12           16          20        22         24          26       28         30          High

 The agencies are there as a guide, and should be used in combination with other local resources, and your own judgement of what support and protection are
 required in any given situation. All action taken as a result of your assessment should be discussed with the witness to ensure it meets their needs.


                 HOUSING TEAM / ASB TEAM





                 HOUSING TEAM / ASB TEAM




                 HOUSING TEAM / ASB TEAM







 I consent to agencies obtaining and sharing information as part of the multi-agency work to help and secure my safety and that of my
 If there are child protection concerns, information will be shared regardless of whether this form is signed.

 Signature:___________________________________________                                                                     Date:_____________

 PRINT NAME:___________________________________


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