The Edge How The Edge Works To Enhance Muscle Memory, Concentration, & Calm Focus The patent pending The Edge formula contains glyconutrients that have been clinically proven to boost and support neurotransmitter levels. Neurotransmitters are the body’s communicative mechanisms that travel through the central nervous system and carry the signal from visual cue to the muscle for the contraction. This is achieved by supplying specific nutrients that are precursors to these chemical transporters. The Edge also ensures this elevation of neurotransmitters by reducing neurotoxins that interfere with maximizing neuromuscular facilitation (muscle memory) and brain function. Without first protecting your brain's neurons, the nutrients in the formula would be less effective, but with the neurotoxin reducing ingredients in The Edge, we can reduce this neurotransmitter cannibalism and ensure The Edge performance enhancing nutrients work at optimum efficiency. Brief Ingredient Function Of The Edge Six different ways The Edge is effective: 1. Boosting Acetylcholine - Acetylcholine is the major neurotransmitter used in memory, focus, concentration, and muscle memory. It is the substance that transports messages from one nerve cell to another. Acetylcholine is critical to the process of creating and remembering the muscle contraction. It achieves this through motor neurons (nerves that make the muscle contract). Consequently, acetylcholine is also used in short and long term memory, focus and concentration. The core ingredient in The Edge is Choline, which is the precursor to acetylcholine and the building block for this learning neurotransmitter. Choline facilitates all of our brain function and contributes greatly to the muscle contraction. By including choline in The Edge we improve our entire neuronal function. We also include a powerful nutrient called DMAE. This nutrient works in The Edge by accelerating the brain's synthesis and turnover of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which in turn plays a key role in maximizing muscle memory as well as preventing loss of the visual memory in the specified activity. It has also been suggested that DMAE may work, in part, by inhibiting choline metabolism in peripheral tissues, causing free choline to accumulate in blood, enter the brain, and stimulate cholinergic receptors. This is just another one of the many crucial factors why The Edge works so well at increasing muscle memory. Co factor nutrients such as Vitamins B-1 and B-5 are present in The Edge formulation because they are essential for the critical Acetyl Coenzyme A acetylcholine manufacturing processes. 2. Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase - As activity and stress increases (physical and mental stress), the breakdown and removal of acetylcholine accelerates through the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Consequently this enzyme reduces message-delivery activity to the muscle and over ambitiously "cleans house" of acetylcholine in our brains, even when we still need it for proper brain function. One of the ways to decrease acetylcholinesterase and increase message delivery to the muscle is to include Astragalus as we have done in the The Edge Formula. Astragalus is a compound derived from a Chinese herb that has been used for hundreds of years. Astragalus is one of the many nutrients that can help ensure that you produce and maintain a "full house" of acetylcholine. 3. Protection from Neurotoxins - Turmeric Extract and its curcuminoid content in The Edge has been clinically proven to provide protection against neurotoxins (amyloid beta). Amyloid beta mainly damages cholinergic neurons (for which acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter), most notably in the hippocampus region of the brain. This very same region is the part of the brain primarily used in Muscle Memory. It is believed that oxidative damage caused by free radicals is at least partially responsible for the formation of this destructive substance, which, in itself apparently responsible for causing further oxidative damage to the brain. Amyloid-beta is also implicated in the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, another distinctive pathological feature of brains ravaged by Alzheimer’s disease. therefore preventing damage to the cholinergenic nervous system and further increasing muscle memory. Another polyphenol compound that reduces neurotoxicity is from green tea. The most important of the polyphenols in green tea are the catechins — and in particular, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a very strong antioxidant. EGCG has also been shown to decrease another acetylcholine destruction enzyme called butyl cholinesterase. The function of butylcholinesterase is to catalyze the breakdown of butyrylcholine (BuCh), a close chemical cousin of acetylcholine that is also present in the brain but that does not function as a neurotransmitter. Inhibiting butyrylcholinesterase is desirable too, because it too catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine, albeit less effectively than acetylcholinesterase does. EGCG is also 20 times more potent than vitamin E in reducing oxidation. Green tea is essential for oxidation "clean up" in the brain and has been shown to reduce neuro toxicity. Brahmi increases the activity of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in the hippocampus (and other regions of the brain) 4. Protection from Homocysteine - Several prospective studies have now shown that folate and/or Vitamins B6, B12 and Folate have the ability to reduce levels of the neurotoxin homocysteine. An association with depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders is also found with elevated levels of homocysteine. By including these vitamins in The Edge we can protect our neuron system by protecting levels of acetylcholine from destruction. Betaine, another nutrient included in The Edge has a two fold benefit as it not only lowers the neurotoxin homocysteine by donating a methyl group to detoxify, it also provides additional methyl donors critical to the methylation process. 5. Boosting Serotonin -5-HTP is a naturally occurring substance derived from the seeds of Griffonia simplicifolia, a West African medicinal plant. In humans, 5-HTP is the immediate nutrient precursor to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT). This means that 5-HTP converts directly into serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is used in the brain to promote calm mood. It is often depleted in individuals with high levels of stress. Serotonin promotes limber muscles and more deliberate movements with positive proprioception. Serotonin is imperative in the muscle memory process. Serotonin has multiple physiological actions at neuromuscular junctions where communication crosses over, this includes facilitation of transmitter release from nerve terminals and an increase in the communication to muscle fibers. 6. Boosting Norepinephrine –The Edge includes L-Phenylalanine, a natural amino acid that is the precursor to norepinephrine. L-Phenylalanine supports healthy levels of norepinephrine, which is an adrenergic neurotransmitter that is greatly influenced by stress. Norepinephrine is released from the adrenal glands as a hormone into the blood, but it is also a neurotransmitter in the nervous system where it is released from noradrenergic neurons during synaptic transmission. As a stress hormone, it affects parts of the human brain where attention and impulsivity are controlled. This makes norepinephrine extremely important in the neuromuscular facilitation process because stress is involved in all skilled processes. As physical and mental stress increases, it has been shown that depletion of norepinephrine occurs in the brain. When depleted levels of this neurotransmitter occurs, the individual will possess the inability to think clearly and feel mentally exhausted which can effect coordination. A good example of this mental exhaustion is when we drink coffee (this dramatically depletes norepinephrine) and suffer the "crash" shortly thereafter and fall asleep. Similar to this is increased stress from any sport or activity that mostly affects the adrenal glands. In these cases it is important to supplement with L-Phenylalanine to prevent depleted levels of norepinephrine in maintaining clarity and healthy mood. The Edge Ingredient Ratios - The Secret To Performance Enhancement The Edge ingredients and their ratio's in the patent pending formulation are critical to a balanced neurotransmitter elevation that bring together the best of physical and mental performance enhancement. The Edge delivers precisely the right amount of neurotransmitter elevation with amino acids and glyconutrients that scientists have determined contributes to increased muscle memory and cognitive function. These nutrients, only found in The Edge, are the raw materials your body uses for neurocommunication and is critical for muscle memory, concentration and calm focus. This scientific breakthrough in performance enhancment ensures you "get into the zone" and take your game to the next level of achievement. General use and precautions RECOMMENDED USE: As a dietary supplement, take 2 capsules on an empty stomach before breakfast. For optimum usage, take 2 more capsules mid afternoon on an empty stomach. ALLERGY INFORMATION: FREE of gluten, lactose, milk, meat, egg, seed, soy, shellfish, insecticides, pesticides, all nuts, artificial colours and enzymatic activity. Product is legal for NCAA and Olympic Dietary Supplement Rules and Regulations. This product contains no prohormones, anabolic agents (steroids), stimulants, diuretics, amphetamines, peptide, hormones or analogues. Studies and Research The following information has been sourced and re-produced from independent studies and researches and publications, in an effort to provide information for medical professionals. Stress Induced Neurotransmitter Depletion Is The Enemy Scientific evidence showed us that there is a definite link between mental and physical stress and how it relates to our performance. Scientists and Doctors know that stress causes a drop of neurotransmitter levels during stress and physical activities. This stress induced neurotransmitter depletion affects everyone in our pressure filled society. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring chemical messengers that carry the signals our mind uses to communicate with our body. They are also used in our everyday memory processes, which are critical in maintaining focus, concentration, and muscle memory motor skill processes. Neurologists have been talking for decades that stress and poor diet, which are so abundant in our society forces our brain to run out of these chemicals or neurotransmitters causing decline. Once this stress process has started, neurotransmitters decline like dominos. Thought processes also become impaired and our ability to focus, concentrate and remain calm becomes non-existent when neurotransmitters decline. Stress Impairs Communication and Muscle Memory Processes Since neurotransmitter levels drop during any stressful activity then it’s obvious that your communication levels will become impaired and your performance will suffer. We found that communication can come to a relative standstill, and your nerve cells will simply refuse to stimulate your muscles efficiently when this mental exhaustion occurs. This decline decreases communication, which impairs focus and reduces mental clarity. With athletes we find that the picture their muscles act on become fuzzy, causing inaccuracy in muscle memory. This causes a dramatic drop in their consistency and performance. That same type of problem can happen in a golf game. Stress that players put on themselves from trying to play their best, or beat out their competitors can put them into this same type of mode, depleting the body’s communication and resulting in poor inconsistent performance on the green. This reduction in mental clarity also makes it difficult to commit to a consistent movement such as the golf swing. Even when most players were just playing to have fun, the physical stress of golf alone was found to deplete neurotransmitter levels so low their game performance suffered and the player would no longer have a good time. Many golfers notice their game falls off specifically on the back nine. This mental exhaustion can now be described more specifically as neurotransmitter decline. But what researchers found is that this neurotransmitter decline can happen to anybody playing any game, whether it’s football, golf, baseball, soccer, even the student getting ready to study for that test or exam. The Edge Helps Optimize Neurotransmitter Activity Over one year ago we set forth to find the answer to this problem. After months of tiring research we found that certain all natural amino acids and glyconutrients can calm your body and optimize neurotransmitter levels. This ensures the brain can communicate with the muscles while boosting mental focus, clarity and reducing performance jitters. With this new information, we then created The Edge. We included the glyconutrients that have been proven by the clinical research we found to reduce stress and boost communication from the brain to the muscle. The Edge utilizes the amino acids and glyconutrients that scientists have determined contributes to increased neurotransmitter activity. You can overcome stress induced neurotransmitter depletion, increasing mental clarity and creating a clearer picture for your muscles to act on, which increases accuracy. We found amazing results after testing The Edge. We have professional and school athletes from just about every sport using the product and their claims are incredible. They have reported much better accuracy in their movements, a boost in focus and concentration as well as their ability to visualize and get into the zone, which most athletes claim as the holy grail of mental and physical synchronization where their performance just flows. Sunshine Tour Golf Professional Albert Pistoruis, who was involved in the testing of the product, said, “The Edge really helped me to finish strongly over the last rounds of a tournament. I also found that my energy level improved even while remaining calm. This gives me a better chance to visualize, block out distractions and get into the zone.” While many professionals reported the benefits of using The Edge, amateurs reported even more. Amateurs also reported better sleep, improved short and long-term memory, better eating habits and a more stable overall mood. In today’s society, pharmaceutical drugs are the standard for trying to correct brain function issues that many people have. Unfortunately, they all operate from chemically altering our neurotransmitter patterns and cause side effects in over 85% of the users, some fatal. The scientific community has already confirmed that natural amino acid therapy could be the future for helping people that have a wide variety of brain function issues. The testing of an all natural product such as The Edge shows that by reducing stress with specific nutrition we may be able to naturally influence optimal brain function without the side effects, which shows a variety of benefits from game performance, to a better everyday quality of life. The Yips The black hole of indecision and spasm that Tommy Armour called "The Yips" has been the scourge of the golf language since he coined it. The Yips is basically a performance anxiety. It is a non-discriminatory affliction affecting any and many. The Yips transcend golf. Writers yip and call it a cramp. Singers forget lyrics and call it a block. Rugby players kicks a ball and wish they had it back as soon as it leaves their feet. In the spectrum that is known as golf instruction, The Yips has earned voodoo-like aspersions. Golfers don't talk about it, as though having The Yips is a character failing. Sports psychologists have peered into the brain to find the source of the problem. While they can see some of the effects, they don't know the cause and haven't found much that can help -- that is until recently. New research at the Institute of HeartMath has found that the yips is associated with the central nervous system and the heart. Doc Childre, founder and Chairman of HeartMath, and his colleagues expanded on the discovery that the heart does in fact have its own nervous system called the "heart-brain", and participates in an ongoing two-way communication with the brain in our head. Dr. Rollin McCraty, Institute of HeartMath Director of Research describes the condition in which one's heart rhythms get out of sync due to performance fears or anxiety.The heart sends an out-of-sync signal to the brain through the increased stress and adrenal glands, which triggers a state called cortical inhibition which depletes brain neurotransmitters. Researchers found that the first symptom of cortical inhibition is impaired decision making and the second was impaired coordination. Most golfers allow the anxiety of their forthcoming shot take control of their game causing the yips. This stress to make the shot impairs their ability for positive movement intelligence and proprioception. Sports psychologists have documented that it is exactly this type of anxiety which can take a player out of “the zone” due to fears of the unconscious. Performance Anxiety Affects Not Just Golfers, But Everyone You've seen it on TV. It's the last lap of the race and the leader misses his mark, slides up the track and allows the second place driver to cruise by for the win. Or the professional bowler that has to hit a strike on the last round for the win, and he gets a split. There are so many other examples, but the fact is we have all experienced performance anxiety at one point in our life. From actors, and musicians to every athlete performing with stress and pressure. There is nothing like performance anxiety that can take us out of "the zone". Performance anxiety can begin so easily from the daily stress we place on ourselves everyday. On the golf course this is a major stumbling block for most golfers. First you notice the group behind you waiting to shoot or the crowd watching on. Maybe it's your golf instructor and the pressure you put on yourself to learn quickly. These are distractions due to the inability to focus, but eventually the process is just performance anxiety.Performance anxiety affects almost everyone, from the beginner to the most seasoned professional. It is truly remarkable what paranoid ingenuity most of us generate during performance in order to defeat ourselves. Beat Performance Anxiety with The Edge The patent pending The Edge formula contains a natural herbal extract called 5-HTP, a naturally occurring substance derived from the seeds of Griffonia simplicifolia, a West African medicinal plant. In humans, 5-HTP is the immediate nutrient precursor to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT). This means that 5-HTP converts directly into serotonin in the brain. Serotonin, which is a specific neurotransmitter involved in promoting calm mood can support more deliberate physical movements along with acetylcholine. Serotonin also has many important functions in the human body, including a role in sleep, appetite, memory, learning, temperature regulation, mood, and of course, muscle contraction. Elevations of serotonin will not only reduce Performance Anxiety, but it plays a major role in the reduction of stress induced cortical processes. This central nervous system support can decrease one’s chances of developing the types of anxiety that can ruin our game. Serotonin is predominately used in the brain to promote calm mood. It is often depleted in individuals with high levels of stress (such as the examples we mention above). Serotonin also promotes limber muscles and more deliberate movements with positive proprioception. Serotonin even contributes to the Muscle Memory process by activating receptors involved in sodium and potassium conductance that results in direct plasma repolarization, critical to efficient intercellular communication. Raising levels of aceylcholine with the many nutrients in The Edge, along with serotonin, promotes calm, mental focus that can help keep you block out distractions and play limber and confident. Another biochemical advantage supplied by The Edge to ensure you stay in "the zone. Muscle Memory and The Science Behind It What is muscle memory (motor memory)? Well, when an active person trains movement, often of the same activity, in an effort to stimulate the body’s adaptation process, the end result is to induce a physiological change such as increased levels of accuracy through repetition. Individuals rely upon the body’s ability to assimilate a given activity and adapt to the training. As the brain and muscle adapts to training, the subsequent changes are a form or representation of its motor memory or “muscle memory”. Muscle memory is a common term for neuromuscular facilitation, which is the process of the neuromuscular system memorizing motor skills. Even though the process is really brain-muscle memory or what some call motor memory, the nickname muscle memory is commonly used. There are two types of motor skills involved in muscle memory, fine and gross. Fine motor skills are very minute and small skills we perform with our hands such as brushing our teeth, combing our hair, or using a pencil or pen to write and even playing video games. Gross motor skills are those actions that require large body parts and large body movements like throwing sports (bowling, football, baseball), golfing, swimming, and tennis. The list goes on and on, from racing a car to archery. Muscle memory is fashioned over time through repetition of a given motor skill and our ability through brain activity to remember it. When you first began to learn how to brush your teeth, comb your hair, or even drive a vehicle, you quickly realized it was not as easy as it looked. As you reinforced those movements day after day after day, your neural system learned those fine and gross motor skills to the degree that you are no longer required to think about them, but merely react and perform. Today, if you pick up your hair brush, you automatically have a certain motion, style, number of strokes, and amount of pressure as you brush your hair without thinking about each movement. When you drive your car, you just get in, start it and take off. It just happens without even thinking. That’s muscle memory. Think of it as a blueprint for the movement that is mapped in our brain over time creating motor memory. For example, muscle memory starts with the visual cue. As our brains process the information about the desired activity and motion such as a golf swing, we then commit to that motion we think is correct. Over time, our accuracy and skills in performing the swing or movement improve. Muscle memory is the control center of the movement. In maximizing muscle memory to learn a new motion you must practice that same motion over a long enough period so that it becomes automatic. This learning process could take months, even years, to perfect depending on the individual’s dedication to practice, and their unique biochemical neuromuscular learning system to retain that practice. In detail, inside your brain are neurons (brain cells) that produce impulses, which carry tiny electrical currents. These currents cross the synapses (junctions) between neurons with chemical transporters called neurotransmitters to carry the communication. Neurotransmitters are the body’s communicative mechanisms and one of their many functions is to travel through the central nervous system and carry the signal from visual cue to the muscle for the contraction. Boost Acetylcholine and Retain Your Muscle Memory Although there are many types of neurotransmitters, the one primarily used in muscle memory is acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is the major neurotransmitter used in memory, focus, concentration, and muscle memory. It is the substance that transports messages from one nerve cell to another. Acetylcholine is critical to the process of creating and remembering the muscle contraction. It achieves this through motor neurons (nerves that make the muscle contract). When a motor neuron depolarizes, an electrical current is passed down the nerve fiber and the impulse causes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to be released to the muscle cell. Acetylcholine then binds with receptors on the muscle membrane to create the contraction. Over time, with acetylcholine the muscle learns the chosen motion with the brain and induces it’s own form of memory. This process is also called neuromuscular facilitation. Once we create muscle memory and retain that blueprint in our brain we no longer have to think about the movement and free up brain activity for other aspects of the game. Movement Intelligence and Awareness Crucial To Muscle Memory In order to support the muscle memory neurocommunication processes it is always important to recognize the incorrect swing or movement and make adjustments from the feedback to create the proper muscle memory. If practice of an incorrect movement is not recognized the athlete could learn the movement incorrectly and would need to relearn the movement all over again. If your brains mental capacity is not operating at peak efficiency we cannot make adjustments due to the lack of processing the information. Recognition of the feedback is called movement intelligence and it is based on the user’s cognitive and brain learning systems. Movement intelligence actively involves athletes to become consciously aware of their motions, and all of the information their body is absorbing. The greater the mental capacity, the more information our body will process and recognize and execute. One way to increase movement intelligence is to boost brain activity. Take The Edge and Enhance Muscle Memory By taking The Edge, you improve your game through enhanced cognitive function and your ability to retain more motions is enhanced to further improve your skill and consistency. The patent pending The Edge formula contains nutrients that have been clinically proven to increase neurocommunication so that movement intelligence can be achieved and muscle memory can be enhanced. The Edge elevated neurocommunication will sharpen the blueprint of the movement and your ability to commit to the movement more accurately will result.The result is increased performance and consistency, which can take you to the next level of achievement.