Phonetic symbols and words

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Phonetic symbols and words Powered By Docstoc
					. Phonetic symbols and words


                     /     /             /           /              /        /
                        "a "                "a "                        "a "
                         am                  hat                        cash
                         cat                 had                  champagne
                       Japan                pack                      reality
                        bag               casual                  personality
                      thanks               apple                    average
                      packet             accident                       van
                         fat                 ran                       exam
                        that                back                      Italian
                  grandmother                bad                     avenue
                        man                  sat                     finance
                          at               ankle                      valley
                       bank                match                   telegram
                        have                 fan                      marry
                       black                 pat                      Africa
                       stand               happy                      carrot
                         can                hand                       wrap
                       lamb               happen                     garage
                    Saturday              capital                  manager
                     January           drink - drank                imagine
                    tracksuit



          /   /                /   /         /   /        /   /          /       /   /   /
                     "u"                   "o "            " ou "        " oe "      " oo "
             up             club        wonderful        southern        does        blood
            cup              just        nothing           young        doesn´t      flood
          rubber             fun          above           country
           much               cut          love           double
           study           Russian        glove           enough
        understand          duck         money            trouble
           uncle              hut         come            couple
            ugly            must            son            cousin
           jump             luck         Monday          courage
           lunch            shut            one
         husband              nut        monkey
            sun               but        among
           under             run            ton
         Sunday              bus          some


1
1
       number                   but              oven
           gun                dumb               done
       luggage                subtle           mother
       rubbish              muscle              onion
         curry                 adult            honey
         crush              mustard              won
           run              subway            stomach
           fun               begun             income
         funny                drunk             worry
          shut                 rung          in front of
          sung           run, run, run          cover
         swum             understand           become
       Sunday                thumb
        sudden              summer
        jumper             customer
      sunbathe              customs



      /      /       /        /          /    /     /      /   /   /   /   / /          /
                "e "                    " ea "   "a "   " ai - ay " " ie "       "u"
    fl mns x z            tell           head   many       said     friend       bury
          red         French             dead    any      again
          pen             ten         already  anyway      said
          get           me n           leather anything    says
         very           spell           sweat
          egg           he lp         sweater
        pencil         stress       unpleasant
         desk            yes            heavy
      negative        twe lve         heaven
      welcome          when             bread
        tennis           less         instead
     television          bed           breath
          sell            tell        instead
         bell           le nd        breakfast
          fe ll         web          measure
     American            beg          wealthy
        elbow             le g        healthy
         neck        alphabet        pleasant
      elephant        elegant        pleasure
       second           went
       selfish         terror
          hen           well
        insect           fe ll

2
2
              belt             exercise
           excellent          telegram
             desert          che mist´s
            cheque               bell
             merry             method
             petrol             eleven
            dentist          Wednesday
            second             seventh
             depth              empty
           celebrate           restless


       /    /            /     /          /   /   /   /   /   /   /   /   /   /
          "a "       "e "       "o "   " oa "    " ou "    "u"         "i"
         about     mother   computer cupboard famous      …{ us      family
        finally    rubber   tomorrow            should    supply    equality
       German       paper  information          would    suppose responsibility
         Japan   accident     tomato          enormous surprise responsible
      grammar       later      today          ridiculous autumn     sensible
       cassette  murderer     doctor           fabulous August      sensitive
       woman       father      actor          behaviour succeed      holiday
            a       cover    economy                      picture     recipe
         pizza     rather       error                   adventure
        Brazil    worker      Europe                     measure
         again   daughter    European                    Saturday
      America     brother     ribbon
       banana   computer     prisoner
       camera        the      mirror
         again      over     together
    inmediately     the m  environment
        casual   secretary   opposite
         allow    teacher      onion
        above    enve lope    opinion
          ago       letter     carrot
       vinegar supermarket method
         agree  wonderful      police
         alarm    student      petrol
         alone   prisoner     second
         afraid     river    memory
        among       water     nobody
         aloud   October        lion
      around            children      million
       was             teenager       billion


3
3
     England           together        customer
     husband           weste rn
     cathedral          science
     Itґs a …             open
         anoy            desert
     enve lope          anothe r
     mustard            seventh
        opera            parent
    Christmas            siste r
      anothe r          trainers
        along           restless
       library
    genttleman
        moral
         than
      scenary
     machine
        sauna



      /      /          /     /    /      /     /    /     /    /   /     / /          /   /       /
                 "i"                 " ie "        "a "       "e "     "o "     "u"         " ui "
          his             pills    families       orange     video    women     busy        build
            it            live       cities      sausage   English                           built
          big              lip                    village    pretty                        biscuit
       British         American                 luggage     eleven
       fifteen          dentist                 courage    become
           is              sin                   average    women
         sing             ship                  manager    thinnest
     dictionary          chips                  message     dessert
        video             rich                   cottage   omelette
      Itґs a ...           tin                  baggage     kitchen
         Italy            still                   garage    before
        Brazil           river                   hostage  friendliest
           sit          kitchen                   image      oldest
           in            think                   manage    shortest
       instead            will                  coverage    biggest
        prince         principal              temperature tallest
      princess          prison                  package remember
          fill             hill                  damage     remind
          pin             slim                    savage    except
        tissue           print                  cabbage      excite
         bitch             bin                             exciting

4
4
           ink           inside                excited
         insect      intelligent               example
           this            six                  excuse
          milk            with               expensive
      sensitive           film               experience
        village          which                   enjoy
          king             bill                  forest
           city          ladies                chicken
        income          carried                 decide
           pig             rid                 enough
          pitch             fit                  exam
          skip           enjoy               knowledge
          river            him                     rely
       chicken         children                college
        middle         opposite               youngest
    environment           little                richest
    supermarket       literature                repeat
     hitch-hike         dessert               telegram
       vine gar          quick                 vine gar
      chemist´s      Christmas               behaviour
       pudding           picnic                 behave
        written         deliver                 behind
          brick           fifth                 belong
     telephone            sixth                 deliver
         capital      politician                 poem
    civil servant         wind                    toilet
    living room           mill                  jacket
         guilty          guitar              December
       witness            wrist              messenger
       imagine            stick                   reply
         width            sting               passenger
                                              celebrate
                                                budget
              /i/                   /i/        /i/          /i/
              "i"                    "y"       " ey "      " ee "
              disk                  happy    money         coffee
              ship                   very    monkey
               in                   many      honey
                                     only     turkey
                                     busy
                                   country
                                   pretty


5
5
                        angry
                       chiefly
                       already
                       library
                        empty




      /     /           /        /    /    /      /     /    /    /
                "o "                    "a "      " au "     " ou "
           hot            often        what      because     cough
           not          college        want      sausage
          long           coffee        watch     Australia
        doctor           bottle        wash
       orange           borrow       washbasin
         stock              pot        yacht
           dog          bottom        wallet
         often            song        wasn´t
         sorry              got
      omelette             box
     tomorrow             lock
           job           strong
            on            gone
         from              cod
          rock             frog
          stop            shop
        wrong               cot
          shot         shopping
          lock          holiday
       foreign            sorry
        strong              fog
           lost           sock
            lot          blond
          God           belong
    knowledge            forest
         moral           along
      Scottish          o´clock
    everybody           October
        trolley




6
6
     /         /                  /       /            /        /        /           /
       "u"                        " oo "                "o "               " ou "
      sugar                         look               woman               could
    February                       book                 wolf             couldnґt
        put                        stood               bosom              should
        full                    notebook                                shouldnґt
       push                        wood                                   would
       bull                        wool                                 wouldnґt
    education                      cook
       pull                         foot
     butcher                       good
       bush                   good- looking
      fulfill                       took
     pudding                     football
                                  cookie
                                  cooker




         /         /          /       /       /    /       /        /    /           /
                       "a "                   " au "           " ea "        " er"
              r                cap             aunt            heart         clerk
            hard           carpet             laugh
            bark              fast
          sharp             faster
           artist              far
             car          afternoon
           grass          password
           glass              cart
            arm               part
           calm               half
          father            castle
         parcel            pardon
         tomato             casual
             ask           chance
           canґt           March
         France              farm
            dark              jazz
             bar             class
            park            dance
            start              are
           large              past

7
7
                scarf                  path
                 lark                  calf
               glassess                bath
               sardine             supermarket
                party                parking
                guard                 garage



     /          /          /       /        /       /             /         /       /     /    /     /
       "u"                     "i"            "o "                    "e "            " ea "     " ou "
       turn                    bird          word                      her            learn    journey
     church                   shirt          work                     verb            early
    Thursday                  dirty          world                 dessert          learned
      nurse                   skirt          worse                 service           heard
    surname                birthday        the worst                  term            earth
       burn                    girl          worm                  person              earn
     murder                    first       workshop                  refer
    murderer                  third                               perfume
       curl                   firm                                 version
      curly                     sir                               German
        fur                  thirty                                perfect
      purse                 thirsty                               nervous
      turtle                    stir                                jersey
    furniture              thirteen                               external
      Turk                thirteenth                                fe rtile
       hurt                thirtieth                               certain
     turkey                                                          serve
     purple                                                     civil servant
                                                                  certainly




         /            /        /       /        /       /   /         / /       /   /      /   /     /
             " ea "            " ee "          "e "         " ey "       " ei "       " ie "   "i"
    b cd egp t v                  see          she           key        receive      piece      ski
          eat                   three           he          valley      receipt       field   police
         meat                    free          me                                   achieve machine
       please                    tree           be                                    thief  sardine
       league                  Greece       cathedral                               thieves    litre
         read                   meet            we                                   shield
         steal                   seen        reality                                 priest
        leave                  sheep          these                                   chief
         seat                    feet       previous                                chiefly

8
8
           beach              wheel         scene                    thirtieth
             read            cheese        scenary
              sea             knee
            team                bee
            meal              sleep
           speak               feed
          breathe              reed
             east              feel
            bean           teenager
           mean              sweets
            jeans           thirteen
           weak            fourteen
          reason             fifteen
            bead             sixteen
           peach          seventeen
             leap          eighteen
           peace           succeed
           repeat             deep
             lead



     /     /     /    /        /       /       /     /    /    /     /     /     /    /
        "o "     " oo "          " ou "         " oa "      "a "       " au "    " aw "
       sport     door             four         board        fall     caught        saw
       forty     floor            your         abroad      small        fault    dawn
       born      door           youґre                      salt    daughter       law
         for     poor           bought                      talk      taught     draw
        sort                   brought                      ball     August     drawer
          or                  of course                      all    audition strawberries
      bored                     nought                      war       author      lawn
       more                    brought                      call    authority withdraw
       short                     ought                      hall     autumn      awful
        lord                     court                      also     auction       jaw
       pork                     course                    alright      sauce     straw
       form                     fourth                   although      sauna       paw
      horse                   resources                    walk       saucer
       cork                                               quarter
    corkscrew                                              water
        port                                               warm
      boring                                              almost
      corner                                              already
    cornflakes                                           wardrobe
       store                                             walkman

9
9
        fork
      morning
       worn
      divorce


        / u: /         / u: /        / u: /       / u: /           / u: /        / u: /                  / u: /
        " oo "          "u"          "o "         " oe "          " ui "         " ou "             " ue / ew "
          zoo         q - u- w       two          shoe            juice           soup                  true
          boot          June          do                           fruit          route                 blue
         room            flu        move                           suit          group                 tissue
          cool          rule         who                         suitable          you                  clue
          tool                      movie                      grapefruit       through                 glue
         food                       tomb                        tracksuit                              queue
        school                                                                                     draw - drew
      afternoon                                                                                        knew
       smooth                                                                                        fly - fle w
       rooster                                                                                          Jew
          root                                                                                      corkscre w
           too                                                                                          crew
          fool                                                                                       withdraw -
                                                                                                     withdrew
         moon                                                                                       corkscre w
          pool
        spoon
         shoot
          soon
         tooth   use / ju:z /
        choose
        poodle
     honeymoon
      toothbrush
     bridegroom




            /     /             /         /   /            /   /        / /            /    /      /     /        /
                       "i"                        "y"           " ye "        " ie "       " ey / ei "    " uy "
             time                while             my            bye           tie            eye          buy
             child                wild            why            dye           lie
            night                 find             cry           rye           die
            ninety                kite             fly                         pie          neither
             bike                 lion            type                                       either
               hi                tights            fry                                      height

10
10
         inside          ride         by
           title        price         try
          shine         prize      rhyme
          tired         pride        rely
           tidy         mind        reply
            ice       remind      recycled
          wine         climb
          kind           file
          write         final
           fine       finance
          sight        excite
           like        smile
           five        bright
          nice       exercise
            life        right
         might         invite
       frighten        polite
         fright      highway
      frightened      library
     environment        sign
      hitch-hike       ninety
          nine        Friday
          ninth    dining room
       nineteen    organization
          wife          mild
      housewife         mine
          alive          rice
          bride
     bridegroom



                   /    /                     /    /
                   " ow "                      " ou "
                      how                      about
                      now                       trout
                     town                      round
                    crowd                      pound
                      cow                       hour
                    down                       house
                    allow                        our
                   brown                        noun
                   shower                      count
                   flower                    countable

11
11
                    down                        sound
                    clown                       mouth
                    power                       south
                     owl                     shout grito
                    tower                       cloud
                                               blouse
                                                 flour
                                               around
                                                found
                                               trouser
                                                scout
                                               without
                                                doubt
                                               mouse
                                              mountain
                                           sauna ( / o: / )



     /    /     /    /      /    /     /     /                /   /    /   /
     " ea "     " ei "      " ey "       "a "              " ai "       " ay "
     break       eight       they    a- h- j- k              tail        play
     steak      eighty       grey         age               rain          say
     great      eighth       prey       name              Spain          way
              neighbour                 grape              wait          day
                reign                    tale              train         pay
                  veil                  made             straight        stay
                sleigh                   page             again          May
                weigh                    date               sail         bay
                weight                   take             sailor      highway
                                       change               aim       subway
                                        plane              stain      railway
                                      surname             chain         today
                                     cornflakes            snail      birthday
                                        shape              main        always
                                        shave             e-mail
                                        trace             afraid
                                         cake            railway
                                         face              maid
                                       danger           explained
                                       awake
                                       change
                                     champagne


12
12
                                                                     lake
                                                                  embrace
                                                                   replace
                                                                 ache - dolor
                                                                     lake
                                                                  teenager
                                                                    baby
                                                                  mistake
                                                                 behaviour
                                                                     Asia
                                                                 Australia
                                                                    radio
                                                                 celebrate
                                                                  decorate
                                                                 grapefruit
                                                                 sunbathe
                                                                   strange




     /       /       /          /       /       /   /        /        /         /     /       /      /     /
     " ere "         " ear "             " ei "          "a "         " are "          " air "        " aer "
     where            bear               their          parent         rare             chair       aeroplane
     the re           pear             theyґre                         care               air         aerial
                      wear                                            share            airport       aerobics
                      tear                                           square              fair        aerosol
                                                                     beware            airline
                                                                        are           airplane
                                                                      share              pair
                                                                       fare             stair
                                                                      mare               hair
                                                                       stare            affair
                                                                      glare           despair
                                                                      spare            repair
                                                                                        hairy
                                                                                         air-
                                                                                    conditioning
                                                                                      aircraft



         /       /              /           /       /      /              /     /         /     /   /      /
                         "o "                   " ou / oe / oo "          " ow "          " oa "     " ew "
             o                      donґt          shoulder               know -           road       sew

13
13
                                                          known
         no            ago              tour            tomorrow        boat
       video          show           although            window         coal
     notebook           so            though               bowl         coast
        coke          broke             soul              elbow         soap
     0 (number)        cold            dough               grow         coat
        close          nose                                 low         toast
       home           ghost          toe - toes             own         float
        hope         tomato            goes               owner         load
        bone         soldier                               snow       raincoat
        note           only            moor                show        throat
       phone            note                            narrow
       potato       telephone                            pillow
        holy           hotel                            shadow
      smoke              go                             yellow
       broke           hello                              slow
      clothes            old                             slowly
        also            folk
        hotel         clothes
       ocean            over
      almost           alone
     brochure          poem
     wardrobe           poet
      nobody           those
     October        November
       whole           comb




         "e+r "         " ee + r "        " ere / r "        " ea / ear "        " ie + r "
          period           beer              here                 ear             pierce
         material       engineer            weґre                near             fierce
                          cheer             me re                fear
                           deer          experience              hear
                          sheer                                  dear
                           peer                                  idea
                                                                beard
                                                                 real
                                                                 year
                                                                 rear
                                                              diarrhea
                                                               earring



14
14
                             /      /                                    /         /
                              " oi "                                  " oy "
                               join                                    boy
                               coin                                    joy
                             choice                                    toy
                                oil                                   enjoy
                              toilet                                  royal
                          boil - boiled                             employed
                             poison                                unemployed
                              point
                              noisy
                              noise
                              voice
                          disappointed



                                                   /        /
                                        " ur / ure / uer / our / oor "
                                                    plural
                                                     pure
                                                      sure
                                                      tour
                                                   tourist
                                                   Europe
                                                     cure
                                                     poor
                                                     boor
                                                     truer

Regular verbs ( -ed ) : One of the common pronunciation errors is the regular past - ed endings.
Students tend to pronounce everything / id / . You should aim at avoiding this error rather than worrying
about the tiny difference between / t / and / d /. The difference between / t / and / d / is minimal. We
usually only hear it if the words are linked to a following vowel sound

-ed =   / t / : -ed is pronounced / t / after unvoiced sounds: typed, packed
       / t / : after a voiceless sound : walked
-ed = / d / : -ed is pronounced / d / after voiced sounds : arrived, changed
      / d / : after a voiced sound : opened
-ed = / id / : -ed is pronounced / id / after / d / or / t / sounds: landed, rented
      / id / : after a / t / or / d / sound : waited


                                 /t/                /t/                      /t/
                                 "t "              " tt "            " - ed "

15
15
                 between        pretty        embarrassed
                  empty          little         stressed
                   night                       depressed
                   light
                  toilet
                     tie


      /k/         / k/         / k/            / k/                / k/
       "k "        "c "       " cc "           " ck "             " ch "
      cook       biscuit     occasion          check          psichology
       keep         cat                        black            chemist
       cake       insect                        back           character
     succeed    ecology                        quick         characteristic
                   cook                       chicken             echo
                   actor                        pick              ache
                   case                                         stomach
               credit card                                   choir / ´kwaier /
                   cake                                          chorus
                   clear                                         Christ
                 activity                                      Christian
                   actor                                       Christmas
                 actress
                actually
                  action
                  active
                  circle
                   clap
                   class
                  climb
                 auction



                      /          /        /            /     /
                 " ch "          " tch "                  "t "
                church           watch                 picture
                 chair          kitchen               furniture
                China           butcher                 lecture
               teacher           fetch                 culture
                 cheap          matches                  future
                  rich           catch                 fortune
               children          witch                  nature
                 chips


16
16
                  chocolate
                     lunch
                    cheese
                   teacher
                     much
                   change
                      chin
                     chain
                   change
                    charge
                   channel
                    choice
                     chalk
                      such
                      each


           /f/                   /f/           /f/                      /f/
         " f - fe "              " ff "         " ph "             " gh "
            foot                   off         photo               laugh
            first               coffee         phone               cough
          Friday                official      phonetic            enough
        fifty-four               office    photographer            tough
        fifty-five               offer     phrasal verb            rough
            after               officer       alphabet            roughly
           before               traffic     alphabetical
            often              different   phrasal verb
              lift                staff      geography
            wife                  stiff       nephew
             calf
             fish
            find
           forget
          famous
      have to



      /      /             /       /              /        /             /     /
                  " th "                                       " th "
        think              fourth                  these                   then
       thank                 fifth                 those                    the
        thick               ninth                   they                  mother
     thirteenth             three                  there                 together


17
17
          thing          thanks             brother            another
        thunder        thousand              other               this
            thin            bath            though               that
          throat          maths            weather              father
       cathedral            both              their             either
         theatre           truth            without            though
       bathroom            cloth              with             clothes
        birthday          mouth            withdraw            leather
       Thursday            tooth           although            smooth
          thirty        through             breathe           sunbathe
         thirsty        method              clothes            feather
           third           south
           path            depth
          earth         wealthy
          worth           thumb
         breath          twelfth
          death        hundredth


          s/                  /s/                /s/                / iz /
     " s - es - se "            " ss "      " c / ce / sc "         " es "
          sorry                lesson            nice              houses
           six               possible          cinema               boxes
           itґs                 stress            city            oranges
         speak                   miss           police            matches
           sin                  glass             rice             dishes
           seat                 grass           parcel              buses
           soft                 dress            face               roses
       sensitive                class         sentence             Alice´s
      September             classroom          scientist           Joice´s
        second               classical           price              Des´s
          sight             classmate           circus             Ross´s
           sort              cassette         cigarette           brushes
          shirts             darkness            circle           finishes
          sister                press           citizen           watches
         sailor              tasteless      civil servant         blotches
          snow               business             ice               kisses
          smell                  ass             race              bushes
            sit            association          pence              dresses
          cups            shop assistant          bus            languages
       monkeys               business           centre            villages
           cats               depress             cell             glasses
         packs              crossroad             CD             sunglasses

18
18
            bus      password     CD player       sandwiches
        sausage                     ceiling           gases
         sports                     bicycle         beaches
      cornflakes                  December           wishes
     civil servant                  chance           dances
         mouse                   association        watches
        biscuits                    society        Nicholas´s
         course                    finance            noses
       business                  experience           faces
          castle                      place
          nurse                    produce
        society                       juicy
            this                     pencil
         books                        piece
       Saturday                     licence
       of course                      slice
          boots                      advice
          socks                       juice
         useful                 recipe - receta
        because                    embrace
           reefs                    replace
        carrots                  trace -huella
         tissues
          bikes
        suitcase
          shops
         snakes
        success
          paths
        mouths
          cakes
         clocks
          plates
          chips
         books




19
19
      /    /     /         /   /     /         /       /                /   /
       " sh "       "s "        " ss "    " ti / ci / si / c "      " ch - chu "
        shoe        sure        tissue       nationality              machine
         she       sugar       miss ion         station             champagne
       short     mansion       passion    communication              brochure
       wash       ins ure       assure          station
        shop                                   precious
       finis h                                  special
      washing                                 delicious
        push                                 protection
        ship                               organization
       crash                                  reduction
        shirt                                    ocean
     washbasin                                  partial
        wish                                   auction
        shut                                      Asia
      cushion
       shave
      shadow
       sheep
      fas hion
        fis h
         shy
      Spanis h




                     /h/                                     /g/
                   "h"                                     " g / gg "
                   who                                      garden
                    he                                        grey
                   hand                                       dog
                 humour                                      sugar
                  behind                                     green
                 behave                                      guitar
                    hat                                      good
                   help                                       golf
                 husband                                     great
                   here                                      again
                 hospital                                    angry
                 hungry                                       flag
                    his                                       egg

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                     her                        leg
                    how                         God
                    hight                      game
                    hotel                       gap
                   perhaps                     guess
                                              jogging
                                                big
                                                get
                                                gun
                                               guest
                                                bag



      /      /       /       /    /     /     /     /    /    /
          "j "         " ge "         "g"      " di "     " dge "
        Japan         orange        engine    soldier      edge
     Jew / u: /         page       engineer               bridge
         juice       manager      Germany                 fridge
         jeans        change       imagine              knowledge
      January            age        genius                judge
          June        village     gentleman               budget
          July        college       energy
     Japanese         danger        giraffe
           just     orphanage       general
         jump         damage      passenger
           jam         huge           gym
            job         urge     geography
      journey      middle-aged      logical
     journalist    arrangement   technology
           just       strange     dangerous
        jacket     get engaged
          joke       message
            jail     marriage
        judge        coverage
      jogging         garage
           jaw       cabbage
          jazz
       subject




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                                /v/       /v/
                                 "v"      "f"
                                 very      of
                                vowel
                                seven
                                 have
                                  five
                                 love
                                move
                                 give
                                 river
                                travel



      /     /               /      /        /         /            /        /
                  " th "                                  " th "
        think                fourth         these                     then
        thank                  fifth        those                      the
        thick                 ninth          they                   mother
     thirteenth               three         there                  together
        thing                thanks        brother                  another
      thunder              thousand         other                     this
          thin                 bath        though                     that
        throat               maths        weather                    father
     cathedral                 both          their                   either
       theatre                truth        without                  though
     bathroom                 cloth          with                   clothes
      birthday               mouth        withdraw                  leather
     Thursday                 tooth       although                  smooth
        thirty              through        breathe                 sunbathe
       thirsty              method         clothes                  feather
         third                south


          /z/                     /z/      /z/                         / iz /
             " s - se - es "             " z - ze "                 " es "
      Tuesday                     lose       zoo                   houses
     Wednesday                   comes      zero                    boxes
      Thursday                    wise      zone                   oranges
        lies                      fees     prize                   matches
        digs                      nose    citizen                   dishes
       knees                      boys     crazy                    buses
       mus ic                      has     zoom                     roses

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            Judy´s        Mary´s         zoo      Alice´s
             Joe´s         Ana´s       zebra      Joice´s
          Harry´s         Anne´s      zigzag       Des´s
            Sam´s          Bob´s      zodiac      Ross´s
          Susan´s      Sod´s Law       zone      brushes
       Mary´s pen       butcher´s        zip     finishes
              easy           was     zip code    watches
                is        clothes      dizzy     blotches
              days           rose       lazy       kisses
              eyes       propose                  bushes
      wife - wives       bus iness                dresses
     thief - thieves         pens               languages
      knife- knives           use                villages
       half- halves         these                 glasses
      calf - calves        please               sunglasses
        life - lives         pens                 wishes
     shelf - shelves          rise               beaches
       self - selves         busy                  gases
         ourselves         cous in                horses
        mauntains            raise
              pubs           beds
              bags        shelves
             loves         songs
            John´s        cheese
         president          rings
        sometimes          chairs
          opposite          those
         windows            these
             jeans       trousers
             cities        shoes
          families        always
           studies            use
            ladies       potatoes
           onions       tomatoes
              keys       because
           dreams        bus iness
              bees           jobs
             caves          pears
             birds       customs
           flowers      mornings
              trees         walls
         songs           friends


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     /        /        /      /            /       /
       "s "              " sio "            " ge "
     pleasure          television          garage
     unusual            occasion          massage
      usually          explosion          luggage
     treasure         conclusion          courage
      casual          confusion
     measure             vision
                        decision
                        revis ion




          /       /                    /       /
             "n"                        " ng "
            think                         sing
           uncle                      morning
          thanks                         thing
           drink                       tongue
            bank                      singing
           anger                         wing
         monkey                       painting
           finger                      saying
              ink                      young
         penguin                        singer
             pink                   ping-pong
                                          long
                                       wrong
                                       strong
                                        songs
                                     language
                                    interesting
                                       belong
                                        bring




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                            /r/                       /r/
                            "r "                     " rr "
                           agree                     carry
                            true                    marry
                            run                     married
                            rich
                           ruler
                           write
                           wrote


             /w/                /w/                  /w/                   /w/
           "w"                "w"                   "o "                    "u"
            will              water                 once                   quick
            we                worry              twenty-one               question
           when            twenty-one                one                   quiet
           word              window                                       quickly
           work            Wednesday                                       queen
           world              west                                        penguin
         welcome              why
           wood               wish
            west              while
           what               away
          where               warm
            won               where
          awake               white
            well            withdraw
            wet              always
           twice             switch
          twenty             twelve



      /j/      /j/        /j/                    / ju: /        / ju: /        / ju: /
                                   /         /
      "y"      "e "      "i"           "u"       " ew "         "u"            " eau /
                                                                                eue "
     youth    Europe     onion population      fe w            reduce         beautiful
     young              million    January     ne w           computer
      yard               billion             nephe w          university
       yes             millionaire         ne wspaper          student         queue
      your             behaviour             know -              use
                                              kne w
      year                                     stew             music
     yellow                                stewardess          usually

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        yesterday                                   steward      situation
           yet                                                   amusing
         lawyer                                                  uniform
         beyond                                                   avenue
          yacht                                                   useful
                                                                  useless
                                                                   huge
                                                                 Tuesday




Third person singular " s " endings :

                      /z/                    /s/                     / iz /
                    sonora + s             sorda   +s
                  live - lives           work - works            dance- dances
                 play - plays             make-makes               kiss-kisses
                study- studies               ask-asks             pass - passes
                   rub - rubs              stop - stops          catch - catches
                   tell - tells          cook - cooks              wish-wishes
                 read - reads            walk - walks               use - uses
                   go - goes             write - writes          wash- washes
                   run - runs           thank - thanks         change - changes
                 agree-agrees            make - makes           watch - watches
                    lie - lies          knock -knocks           finish - finishes
                 come-comes             laugh - laughs        practice - practices
                  beg - begs                 sit - sits          relax - relaxes
                 love - loves               get - gets            miss - misses
                   sail - sails            hate - hates       manage - manages
                 climb -climbs          invite - invites          buzz - buzzes
                  rain - rains           want - wants            relax - relaxes
                  ring - rings           jump - jumps           notice - notices
                   do - does              look - looks            close - closes
                wear - wears             wrap - wraps
                 need - needs              smokes
                    try - tries         paint - paints
                   call - calls           cut - cuts
                    do - does           hope - hopes
                spend - spends
                   put - puts
                travel - travels
                   sell - sells


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            order - orders
             drive - drives
            stand - stands
              ring - rings
            listen - listens
              stay - stays
          deliver - delivers
           repair - repairs



          -ed = / d /               -ed = / t /            -ed = / id   /
         sonora + -ed               sorda + -ed               -t / -d

        arrive - arrive d       watch - watched             rent - rented
      change - changed           pack - packed             land - landed
           call - calle d          type - typed            wait - waited
        marry - married          work - worked             start - started
            die - died              like - liked            hate - hated
         seem - seemed           wash - washed            need - needed
          beg - begged            hope - hoped            treat - treated
         open - opened           cook - cooked        depend - depended
          play - played          stop - stopped           paint - painted
           live - lived          finis h- finished      assist - assisted
         agree - agreed         laugh - laughed        intend - intended
     /z / please - pleased       wish - wished          record - recorded
         move - moved              kiss - kissed      collect - collected
     frighten-frightened            ask - asked           want - wanted
        allow - allowed          push - pushed            need - needed
          join - joined           help - helped            visit - visited
          stay - stayed          drop - dropped          waste - wasted
         study - studied         walk - walked           invite - invited
         smile - smile d          pass - passed        suggest-suggested

        save - saved            produce-produced        arrest - arrested
        love - loved             crash - crashed     transport - transported
        rain - rained            jump - jumped        celebrate - celebrated
      climb - climbed               introduced         decorate- decorated
        rob - robbed            smoke - smoked        prohibit - prohibited
        rub - rubber            wrap - wrapped             add - added
      breathe-breathed            trap - trapped
       seem - seemed             reach - reached
         dry - dried           sunbathe- sunbathed
         use - used
         discovered

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                worry - worried
              destroy - destroyed
              survive - survived
               travel - travelle d
                enjoy - enjoyed
                order - ordered
              arrange - arranged
              deliver - delivered
              receive - receive d
             sew - sewed - sewn
                 offer - offered




. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phonetics: silent letters




       a is silent in secretary - head - bread - deaf - meant - mountain - marriage -
                      restaurant
       b is silent in climb - climber - thumb - plumber - debt - lamb - bomb - tomb -
                      comb - subtle - doubt - doubtful -
       c is silent in scissors - muscle - blackguard - yacht - indict - scene - scenary -
       ch is silent yacht -
       in
       d is silent in Sandwich - Wednesday - handkerchief - handbag -
       e is silent in every - camera - Tuesday - Wednesday - pirate - more - have - give -
                      oven - different - interested - opera - lonely - desperate - temperature
       f is silent in stiff - cuff - scoff - stuff -
       g is silent in sign - gnaw - gnome - phlegm - champagne - talking - saying -
       gh is silent straight - taught - high - sigh - sight - might - night - weight -
       in             neighbour - thought - bought - thought - through - brought - although
                      - ought - sleigh - highway -
       h is silent in what - heir - ghost - exhausting - exhibition - honest - honour - hour -
                      who -
       i is silent in business - fashion - cushion - medicine - aspirin -
       k is silent in know - knee - knock - knife - knit -
       l is silent in talk - folk - salmon - should - half - should - would - could - calf -
                         calm -
       m is silent       mnemonic -
       in
       n is silent in hymn - autumn -

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     o is silent in chocolate - leopard - jeopardy -
     p is silent in psalm - pneumatic - cupboard - receipt - psychology -
     r is silent in far - sure - here - work - garden - person - yesterday - upstairs - near
                    - myrrh - dark - horse - word - tired - where - there - are - iron -
                    later - more -
                    - A single " r " is usually silent between two vowels : are -
     s is silent in is le - ais le - viscount - mess - island -
     t is silent in listen - castle - often - fasten - thistle - mortgage -
     u is silent in build - guild - plague - biscuit -
     w is silent in whole - write - sword - write - two - answer - wrong - dawn -
     y is silent in prayer - mayor -
     z is silent in rendezvous -




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