Genres by wanghonghx


									Poetry is multi-dimensional

   It is

     Intellectual

     Sensual [appeals to the senses]

     Emotional

     Imaginative
        Poetry’s distinctive elements

 Rhythm – flows like a melody and has movement

 Melody – sweet or agreeable succession or arrangement
  of sounds

 Imagery – mental picture of something
  not actually present

 Form – shape; a poem of a tree written
  in the shape of a tree
Poetry in the Classroom…

   Nursery Rhymes – stories, riddles, lullabies
   Folksongs – poems set to music
   Ballads – stories set to music
   Couplet – a pair of rhyming lines
   Haiku – Japanese form of writing poetry
   Free Verse – lacks rhyme and pattern
   Cinquains – gradually increasing syllables in each
    line. Last line has two syllables
   Limericks – Lines 1, 2 and 4 rhyme. 3 and 5 rhyme
More types of poetry
   Poems set to music – folk songs, such as Skip to My Lou
   Free verse – lacks rhyme and has less predictable rhythm
   List poems – a list of your favorite excuses/complaints,
    animals, etc.
   Concrete poetry – words and phrases arranged on paper to
    capture and extend the meaning; written in the shape of the
   Diamante – poem in the shape of a diamond; seven lines
   Clerihew – funny poems about specific people [teachers,
    parents]; four lines long
   Acrostic – a word written vertically; write a descriptive phrase
    using the first letter of each line.
Nursery Rhymes . . .
 We have all grown up
 with a well-known set
 of rhymes. Can you
 give me some
A little history . . .
  Rhymes were a
  means used by the
  locals to gossip
  about politics in
  general and the
  royals in particular.
Did You Know?
 Humpty Dumpty is King Richard III.

 The farmer’s wife in the Three Blind Mice is Queen
  Mary I.

 Baa Baa Black sheep refers to the tax laws in

 Jack Sprat is none other than King Charles I.

 The old woman who lived in a shoe was the mighty
  British Empire. Her many children were the
  umpteen colonies.
Do You Find Any Similarities?
Did You Know?
            Mary, Mary, quite contrary,
           How does your garden grow?
        With silver bells and cockle shells
           And pretty maids all in a row.

 This is a protestant condemnation of Mary Queen of
 Scots. Protestants could not speak openly against the
 Queen without retribution so they spoke in more or less
 a code to wit.
Mary, Mary . . .
               Mary, Mary, quite contrary,
              Mary is a disagreeable Catholic tyrant.

             How does your garden grow?
 The garden referred to is filled with the graves of protestant
 martyrs/opponents of the Queen and the growing number of such
 victims under her oppressive rule.

          With silver bells and cockle shells
    Instruments of torture such as thumbscrews and iron masks

             And pretty maids all in a row.
            Instruments like the guillotine known as “maids”
                          to behead enemies
Who was Mother Goose?
 An 8th century
  noblewoman by the
  name of Bertrada II of
 Wife of Pepin the Short
 Mother of
 Patroness of children
 Nicknamed Queen
History of Ma Mere L’oye
 Mother Goose began as folk stories
  told to children.

 French peasants had created the
  mythical Mother Goose, who told
  charming stories to children.

 Giambattista Basile printed a
  collection of stories – The
  Pentamerone (1637).

 The first collection to bear the name
  “Mother Goose,” was brought out by
  Charles Perrault (1697).
History of Ma Mere L’oye
 The English translation of Perrault’s book did not do well.

 The First American version was published in 1787, titled
  Mother Goose’s Melody or Sonnets for the Cradle.

 The American version included modern favorites like Jack
  and Jill and Tommy Tucker.
Folk songs and ballads
 Narrative poetry [tells a story] set to
   Tom Dooley

              Hang down your head Tom Dooley,

                Hang down your head and cry

              Hang down your head Tom Dooley,

                Poor boy you're bound to die.
 A pair of lines that are usually rhymed

 "If the phone rings,

hope then still clings.“

                     A child drifted off to sleep

                     After she counted sheep.
   A poetic form and a type of poetry from the Japanese culture.
   Many themes include nature, feelings, or experiences.
   The most common form for Haiku is three short lines.
   A Haiku must "paint" a mental image in the reader's mind.

              A Rainbow
               Donna Brock

       Curving up, then down.

Meeting blue sky and green earth

        Melding sun and rain.
Free verse

  Lacks rhyme and has less predictable rhythm
                  FIRST HORSEBACK RIDE
I never rode a horse             with her tail
before, until that               and I was helping
                                 trying hard to swat flies with my hand.
sweltering                       That was when I discovered how

August day                       reins
riding through the New England
                                 are not like steering wheels,
woods                            for no matter which way I turned
                                 or pulled
the horse was swatting           she would only go to the

flies                            barn.                      Nesbitt
 Five lines gradually increasing number of syllables in
  each line until the last line returns to two syllables.

                      pointy edges
               revolving, rotating, angling
                Triangles are all different.
 Some people say that the limerick was invented by
  soldiers returning from France to the Irish town of
  Limerick in the 1700's.
      A limerick must be funny!
      A limerick must tell a story.
      A limerick must have 5 lines.
      A limerick must have a rhyme scheme of aa bb a.
      A limerick has a specific rhythm.

 Limericks are meant to be funny. They often contain
  hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms, puns, and other
  figurative devices.
 The last line of a good limerick contains the PUNCH LINE
  or "heart of the joke."

     Imagine a skunk who proposes,
  To his true love, surrounded by roses.
         It may turn out just fine,
        When she falls for his line,
   But I wonder if flowers have noses?
List poems
   A good list poem creates a rhythm in both
    structure and content and then breaks that rhythmic
    pattern with an item that is surprising.

My car is my office,             My car is my home,
with laptop                      with a sleeping bag and pillow
and printer                      in the trunk,
and files                        a few changes of clothes,
and cell phone                   dirty socks and two pairs of
and paper clips scattered on     shoes
the floor.                       stuffed behind the seat,
                                 a toothbrush, toothpaste,
                                 and an extra razor in the glove
                                 box. And
                                 there is a little fox puppet in
                                 the back window
                                 in case I get lonely.
Concrete poetry

A concrete poem is
one that takes the
shape of the
object it
 A diamante is arranged in a diamond pattern
  with 7 lines that describes a specific subject,
  and then the opposite of that same subject.
                       wonderful, happy
                 enjoying, amazing, fascinating
              rainbows, flowers, dragons, monsters
                 terrifying, horrifying, shocking
                         scary, horrible
 Clerihews are funny poems you write about
  specific people. They are four lines long.
 The first and second lines rhyme with each other, and
  the third and fourth lines rhyme with each other.

                   Our art teacher, Mr. Shaw,
                   Really knows how to draw.
                   But his awful paintings
                   Have caused many faintings.
 A poem in which special letters spell
  another word.
Panthers growl,          Devoted,
Orioles sing,            On
Eagles soar,             Guard.
Monkeys swing.
See?                     back-end
Links for Teachers

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