DONALD BARCLAY SLOCUM_ M.D. 1911-1983 by wanghonghx


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B. S.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985;67:825.

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                                                                                                                                                                                     .      aware                   of the                difficulties                       that      prosthetic                    specialists                  had         with            the        design              and
                          l;t?:;:1.i::.-l.’           :                                                              -

                                                                                                                                                                                             fitting            of        artificial                        limbs.            Working                    with             Djon           Mili,           he        filmed                sequences
                .     :,itIi:;c!#{149}           ..                         .                    .        . .I
                                                                                                                                                                                            that           showed                         natural                  human              gait            and        gait         with          artificial               limbs.                 The         stop-
             :::;i.lf            ‘                                                                              .                                                                           action                  sequence                         pictures                documented                         hip.        knee.              ankle.         and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           foot angles                      for
        .j.;!’-t                                                                                                         . .   -                                                            evens               fraction                        of          the      human               pace.                The         work           became                      Slocum’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aof part
                                                                                                                                                                                     .      Atla.s         o/ Amputations.      a respected                                                     onth(ipaedic                   textbook                       of its time.
                                                                                                                                                                                     .                    A lieutenant     colonel    at the                                                  wan’s     end.                Dr. Slocum                        left military                        service
                                                                                                                                                                                             in         1946          and                returned                   to Eugene.                       Oregon. to set              up      a specialty                    orthopaedic
              ...                        :.‘-.
                                                                                                                                                                                            practice.                     He became                                interested                 in repairing                    knees that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                so                     maximum                      activity
                                                                                                                                                                                            could               be pursued.                                 whether                 by a professional                                athlete            attempting continue
                                                                                                                                                                                             in competitive                                     sports               on an           injured             millwonken                      wanting                   to lead               a normally
                                                                                                                                                                                            productive                              life.        In          1962           Dr.       Slocuni                 developed                  the       pes        anseninus                   transplant
                                                                                                                                                                                            to realign                        the             muscles                and          tendons               fir     injured               ligaments                       order
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   in to prevent
                                                                                                                                                                                             rotatory                  instability.
                                                                                                                                                                                     .                     Although                            his          earlier               work          had           centered                 on        injuries the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       to                 shoulder.
                                                                                                                                                                                             arm.              and            hand.                  Dr.           Slocum’s                   surgical               labors            began center
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to                        on         the        knee.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   He collaborated                                     with           Bill          Bowerman.                       the     nationally                   recognized                      track          coach
                                                                                                                                                                                                   at     the             University                  (if     Oregon.                    in         producing                    a     study.      ‘   Biomechanics                          of
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Running’               .    that            had          great           impact             on the           coaching                 (iftrack-and-tield                                 athletes.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Concurrently                             .    his growing                         prominence                        in athletic                 medicine                 slowly               changed
                                                                                                                                                                                             the          nature              (if        his         clientele                 and            his      work.              Dr.          Slocum                 became                  the          master
                                                                                                                                                                                     .       (if        gait          and                kinesiology.                          and            gave            annual             symposia                     on        the         bioniechanics
                                                                                                                                                                                            of          running.                         He          lectured.                 wrote             innumerable                          articles            for       medical                  journals.
                                                                                                                                                                                             and          traveled                       all     over               the       world            sharing               knowledge of the                   knee.             He        chained
                                                                                                                                                                                             many               committees;                                  served               as Chiefif Orthopedic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (                                              Surgery                 at Sacred                    Heart
                                                                                                                                                              .             -                Hospital                     in Eugene.                              Oregon.             and            ProfessorofOrthopedics                             atthe           University
                                                                                                                                                          .             .        .           (if        Oregon                      Medical                       School.             Portland:                     was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and       a member                     of       the        American
                                                                                                                                                                  .,,                        College                 ofSurgeons.                                    State           Advison-   Committee.                                        In       1975    he                was   named
                                                                                                                                                  .       .                 ..               . . Mn.            Sports      Medicine’                               ‘ by          the American     Orthopaedic                                            Society                   for Sports
                                                                                                                                              .       .                                      Medicine.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          While                 fame   and                          success   were    constantly                                    at his do.instep.   E)r. Slocum
                                                                                                                                                                   :                         never          lost              his genuine                             love and contact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of                 with                                 people.   The Register     Guard
                                                                                                                                                                                             noted.                  in describing                                 Dr.        Slocum.                  that         he     approached ‘ ‘the              whole                business
                                                                                                                                                                                            of the              knee                 and         its intricacies                         with          a healthy                 measure scholarly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tif                                 curiosity,
                                                                                                                                                                                             a bit             of     respect                    for          the         Original                  Designer.                 and         enough                self-effacing                t(i      wit
                                     DONALD                      BARCLAY                     SLOCUM,                               M.D.
                                                                                                                                                                                             keep              his        considerable                                technical                     accomplishments                               in perspective”.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Not            all            of     Dr.               Slocum’s               contributions                           were            related surgery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to                        .    how-
                                                                                                                                  ever.       He was well aware                       of social         problems.          and was always                  looking        for
        On          Jul        3,       1983.         the        world           lost     one        of     its greatest    master        innovators.
                                                                                                                                  ways        to improve              the human               condition.          In 1947.         he was          instrumental             in
surgeons.          and teachers -            Donald           Barclay       Slocum.         Recognized            by ortho-
                                                                                                                                  establishing              the Easter           Seal       School       and Treatment              Center        in Eugene.            For
paedtsts        and sports-medicine                    specialists         as a giant         in his tield.         Dr. Slocum
                                                                                                                                  years       he sponsored               scholarships              for students          in sports        at the University   of
made      innumerable             contributions       to his associates,             as well as the multitude
                                                                                                                                  Oregon          and served            on the Board               of the Universityof Oregon               Development
(if patients         under      his surgical            care.      Guided        by a strong          desire       to learn        and
                                                                                                                                  Fund.        An avid           historian.           he lectured           on subjects          relating        to the pioneers.
contribute,           Dr. Slocum              changed           the direction          of orthopaedic               surgery        and
                                                                                                                                  the growth              of the colonies.                and the courage                of our forebears.
made        an incredible            difference to the world                at large.
                                                                                                                                           Dr.      Slocums              desire         for learning             was      unquenchable.                Even       on his
         Donald        Barclay         Slocum          was       born     in Portland.           Oregon.         on April           1 1.
                                                                                                                                  deathbed,            ill with leukemia.                 he read computer                books      and magazines.                trying
 191 1. He was awarded                       a Bachelor’s              degreefrom     Stanfi.ird      University.            a
                                                                                                                                  to conipnehend                 another           world.        Dr.      Stan      James       described           the essence
Docton         of Medicine          from       the     University        of Oregon            Medical         School         in
                                                                                                                                  Donald         Slocum’s           thirst      for knowledge: ‘ ‘If Don was set down                          in the niiddle
 1935. and           a Masters            degree from         the University          of Tennessee             in 1939.
                                                                                                                                  of the Sahara                 Desert,         he would             have      learned       all that       there        was     to learn
He did postgraduate                   work        in orthopaedic             surgery       at the University Iowa
                                                                                                                                  about       each        grain      of sand          there.
and was a fellow                 in orthopaedic                surgery      at the Willis           C. Campbell             Clinic.
                                                                                                                                           Dr.      Donald           Slocum            was      deeply         respected          by people              in all fields
Memphis.             Tennessee.
                                                                                                                                  throughout              the world.             He will         be sorely          missed.        not only           for his genius
         Dr.     Slocum          entered         the military             in 1941         as a first         lieutenant.            His
                                                                                                                                  and       creativity.           but      also        for his        compassion             and      understanding.                 which
servtce        included         Chief       of Orthopedics.                 Letterman           and Torney             Hospitals.
                                                                                                                                  touched          all (if us.
Palm        Springs.        California.             and Chief           of the Amputation                   Section.         Walter
Reed      Hospital.                    Washington.                       1).C.          During            his       military              service.                                   he became                                                                                                                                                                                      B.       S.

VOL.     67-A.            NO. 5. JUNE                     1985                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           825

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