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           forest for the future
Volume 1 Issue 3 ISSN: 1-896916-16-3                                                                                      Winter 1999

  Together, we’re build-
   ing a forest for the
                                   Practical Tools for Foresters
                                   A Guide to Soil Disturbance in the Boreal
  A forest that continues
   to provide a flow of            Foresters and woodlands staff have a new tool
                                   in their quest for sustainable forest manage-
   benefits to local and           ment, “A Practical Field Guide for Equipment
  regional communities             Operators and Resource Managers to Soil
  for current and future           Disturbance in Clay and Organic Soils in
       generations                 Northeastern Ontario”. Lake Abitibi Model
                                   Forest has produced this practical field guide
                                   to address issues of clay and organic soil dis-
   An organization that            turbances during forestry operations in north-
     emphasizes the                eastern Ontario.
     development of
      on-the-ground                The practical, easy-to-use guide assists in the
   practices to achieve            identification of problem sites and operating
                                   conditions. It is visually oriented with clear
    sustainable forest             photographic series demonstrating the con-
       management                  cepts and potential results of soil disturbance,
                                   and preventitive techniques in a variety of
   A public involved in            situations.
    sustainable forest
                                   Based on knowledge
    management, that               generated by past
      respects and                 Lake Abitibi Model
   understands diverse             Forest projects, and
      forest values                by expert opinion
                                   in the field of soil/
                                   site disturbance, the
                                   guide contains recom-
     “A Forest For the             mendations for the                                               however, does occur during
   Future” is a publication        planning and imple-                                              some forest operations and this
     of the Lake Abitibi           mentation of forest                                 practical field guide addresses this issue.
       Model Forest.               operations, which allow for the minimizing of
                                   soil disturbance.                                   It is known that compaction and rutting de-
     To receive additional                                                             crease the ability of air and water to move
    copies please contact          This guide emphasizes practical on-the-             through the soil. These effects result in de-
   the Model Forest Office         ground forestry and resource use methods for        creased nutrient, oxygen and water avail-
              at:                  dealing with soil protection issues. With           ability, and in greater variations in soil tem-
     Tel.: (705) 258-4278          background information derived from publi-          perature. Damage to the layer of organic ma-
     Fax: (705) 258-4089           cations such as Ministry of Natural Resources       terial on top of the soil during forestry op-
    Email:           guidelines and the most current scientific lit-     erations often means loss of plant nutrients
      Web:            erature, the guide is written in plain language,    and soil insulation. A loss of soil insulation
                                   suitable for educational purposes and ori-          results in greater soil temperature extremes,
                                   ented to field use. The publication is printed      which can affect plant growth. In situations
                                   in a pocket-sized format on durable weather         such as operations on steep slopes and near
                                   resistant paper and includes graphs, photos,        waterways, the potential for erosion is also
                                   foldouts, and other suitable figures and il-        a significant concern. Overall, soil distur-
                                   lustrations.                                        bance can reduce forest renewal, and im-
                                                                                       pact future re-growth and potential harvests.
                                   The problem of soil disturbance is high on          In addition, rutting can alter plant commu-
                                   the list of priorities for forest planners, regu-   nities by churning up soil materials, expos-
                                   lators, and operational staff in the Claybelt.      ing buried seeds and providing a place
                                   Soil disturbance can include rutting and com-       where weed species can start to grow.
                                   pacting of soil by equipment, disturbance of
                                   the organic layer, and erosion. In their quest      The Practical Field Guide for Equipment
                                   for sustainable forestry practices, foresters       Operators and Resource Managers to Soil
                                   and woodlands staff have tried to minimize          Disturbance in Clay and Organic Soils in
                                   or avoid soil disturbance. They have done so        Northeastern Ontario will assist forest man-
                                   through careful planning and proper equip-          agers and practitioners to minimize these
                                   ment choice and operation. Soil disturbance         and other effects of forestry operations.
An Emerging Market: Non-Timber Forest Products
    A Summary of Issues Described at the “Forest Communities In The Third Millenium” Workshop

By W. Plante                         ber forest products is an impor-     room cultivation, and bark-
Lake Abitibi Model Forest            tant element in the equation. The    smithing. In this way, important
                                     costs involved in running busi-      traditional knowledge is pre-
                                     nesses that depend solely on         served.
Non-timber forest products are       these resources, in a location
viewed by many to be a prospec-      that is too far from raw materi-     For as many positive reasons
tive savior for small forest-de-     als, raises costs and may jeop-      that there are for starting busi-
pendent communities. With re-        ardize the success of the busi-      nesses that utilize non-timber
cent innovations in technology,      ness. For this reason, communi-      forest products, there is an equal
forest industry as a whole, is                                            number of ethical questions.
stream-lining operations to pro-                                          Surveys indicate that those
                                             For as many                  members of forest-based com-
duce products in a more cost-
effective manner. However, with
                                         positive reasons as              munities currently earning an
the stream-lining effect comes               there are for                income from the collection and
the realization that this process,       starting businesses              sale of non-timber based forest
in many cases, involves a reduc-              that utilize                products, tend to be of low-in-
tion in the number of employ-             non-timber forest               come and are typically women,
ees required to produce product.        products, there is an             the elderly and in some cases        is not a common philosophy in
The concern over job loss, es-             equal number of                children with the largest percent-   business. Is it ethical to use tra-
pecially in communities that              ethical questions.              age being First Nation peoples.      ditional knowledge to provide
have been traditionally built on                                          The small amount of revenue          economic benefits in a context
timber-based products, has                                                gleaned from these sales is used     devoid of the spiritual nature
caused many communities to           ties in and around forests stand     to keep families afloat, taking      from which it came? Are we us-
look to non-timber forest prod-      the best chance at succeeding        care of basic needs. What hap-       ing information, freely available
ucts as a way to stabilize their     with non-timber forest products-     pens when businesses start pro-      to everyone, to create products
economies.                           based businesses.                    ducing products that fill the        that are sold to only those that
                                                                          niches once occupied by these        can afford them? Will the de-
Unlike many timber-based com-        Although there is great potential    people? Will they lose an impor-     mand for these resources
panies, businesses producing         from an economic stand-point,        tant income that can’t be re-        cause the need for regulation
non-timber forest products often     the social benefits of alternative   placed? Will society then have       and as a result reduce access
require a relatively small capi-     products derived from the for-       to consider how to assist these      to things like herbs, and natu-
tal investment, making them          est are considerable. Many non-      once contributing members of         ral medicines by those who
ideal for small communities          timber forest products make use      communities through social           depend on them?
looking for new sources of rev-      of knowledge and experience          programs?
enue. The additional benefit of      gathered by indigenous peoples                                            As with all issues related to
utilizing untrained employees in     and elder members of local com-      Important questions must be          forest management, issues
collection and manufacturing         munities. Often, this knowledge      addressed in regard to the use       around the production of non-
processes taps into an ever-ex-      is handed down verbally from         of traditional knowledge in start-   timber forest products require
panding unemployed labour            generation to generation and can     ing businesses. In most cases,       a balancing act. F i n d i n g
force.                               easily be lost. In starting busi-    the use of forest plants as medi-    methods of ensuring access
                                     ness based on non-timber forest      cines by First Nation peoples is     by traditional users while
Due to its dependence on for-        products, it is often desirable      an art that is given freely to       supporting the economies of
est-based resources, non-timber      and necessary to confer with         members of their community.          struggling forest-based
forest products is an emerging       those knowledgeable in areas         The idea of the forest as an im-     communities is essential if
market in its infancy. Proximity     like herb collection, the medici-    portant spiritual source whose       forest resources are to be
to the resources used in non-tim-    nal use of forest plants, mush-      gifts are not products but gifts,    sustainable.

   LAMF President Delivers Presentation on Partnership Building in Gunma Japan

by R. Moore                          Gunma prefecture, one hun-           lishment of new Model Forest         tremely honoured to have been
Lake Abitibi Model Forest            dred kilometers north of To-         sites within the year.               chosen for the task of repre-
                                     kyo, in October. Delegates                                                senting the network, and at-
                                     from seventeen countries,            Lake Abitibi Model Forest            tributed it to the experience he
In conjunction with the Interna-     about one hundred seventy in         president, Richard Moore,            had gained working with the
tional Model Forest Network          all, met to hear papers pre-         represented the Canadian             Lake Abitibi Model Forest
Secretariat, the Japanese Forest     sented which addressed the           Model Forest Network and             staff and Board.
Agency has been thoroughly in-       questions of stakeholder-re-         delivered a presentation on the
vestigating the Model Forest         cruitment and partnership-           broad-based partnership that         The actual date of the fourth
concept. Their ultimate aim is       building. After hearing about        has been built in northern On-       and final workshop is not defi-
to establish sites both in Japan,    the experiences of various for-      tario. Later in the proceedings,     nite yet, but will occur within
and in four other countries in       est groups who have tackled          he moderated the panel dis-          the next twelve months. Those
Southeast Asia.                      this problem, panel and ple-         cussion on networking oppor-         present at Gunma felt it likely
                                     nary discussions were con-           tunities and constraints.            that it would not be long be-
The third in a series of four        ducted. It is hoped that these                                            fore they would be welcoming
workshops, learning and organi-      deliberations will lead to the       In describing the experience,        a number of sites to the Model
zational sessions, was held in       smooth and effective estab-          Moore stated that he felt ex-        Forest Network.

2...A Forest for the Future
Focus on the Model Forest Network
 Fundy Model Forest Investigates the Important Role of Dead and Dying Trees

by M. Whalen
Fundy Model Forest

Standing dead and dying trees,       conducted a number of studies        lected both coniferous and de-       a portion of timber from a stand
as well as heart-rotted, living      to understand the extent of this     ciduous trees for foraging, with     rather than all the timber at once)
trees, are called “snags”. Dead      importance.                          red spruce and balsam fir being      as the best management practice
snags typically remain standing                                           preferred. Foraging trees tended     for cavity nesting species. A
for one or more decades al-          The Pileated Woodpecker is one       to be larger, shorter and more de-   minimum of 12-15 snags (pref-
though the large snags of decay-     of the first animals to excavate     cayed than trees picked at ran-      erably 20 cm or greater dbh)
resistant species such as cedar      holes in snags. The cavities it      dom. Such trees were usually         should be left per hectare for
and hemlock can remain stand-        creates in snags are eventually      found in overmature forest stands.   foraging plus 10-12 snags of
ing for a century or more. Trees     used by other birds and small                                             aspen or beech for shelter or
growing on shallow soil or ex-       mammals. Because Pileated            Based on these two studies, re-      nesting. Where aspen or beech
posed sites may blow over in a       Woodpeckers need large snags         searchers in the FMF have con-       are absent, maple and yellow
very short time. The longer a        - the average diameter at breast     cluded that Pileated Woodpeck-       birch with a minimum dbh of 25
snag tree remains standing, the      height (dbh) in the Fundy Model      ers have specific habitat require-   cm can be substituted. Leaving
softer its wood becomes and the      Forest was found to be 49 cm -       ments that appear to be met by       clumps of trees is always pref-
easier it becomes for animals,       for nesting, roosting, and forag-    older forest structural character-   erable to leaving single trees.
such as woodpeckers, to exca-        ing they are considered to be        istics (i.e. large decayed trees).   Solitary trees left in clearcuts
vate it for nesting holes or to      one of the bird species most sen-    Older deciduous stands were          larger than 4 ha are of limited
feed on insects. Older snags also    sitive to forestry practices which   important for shelter and roost-     value.
develop loose, hanging bark          reduce the proportion of the         ing and older coniferous stands
                                     landscape containing large dead      were important for foraging.         Where clearcutting occurs, the
                                     trees.                                                                    guidelines recommend that an
                                                                          The habitat requirements of          inventory of potential snag trees
                                     In field studies in the model for-   other cavity-nesting birds in the    should be done. A minimum of
                                     est, Pileated Woodpeckers were       FMF were also examined by re-        10-12 potential nesting trees
                                     radio tagged and tracked             searchers. Sixteen species of        plus 12-15 snags for foraging
                                     through the forest. Trees which      cavity-nesting birds were re-        should be left per hectare after
                                     the woodpeckers visited were         corded in ten plots set up in the    clearcutting. Again, clumps of
                                     examined in order to identify        model forest. It was found that      trees are preferable to leaving
                                     what types of tree species and       most species of cavity nesting       single trees. Leaving downed
                                     tree characteristics Pileated        birds (10 out of 16) did not use     trees along with other coarse
The application of guidelines will   Woodpeckers were selecting. It       clearcuts or plantations up to 20    woody debris is also of value to
increase the availability of large   was found that Pileated Wood-        years of age, either for nesting     certain insectivorous birds and
dead and dying trees on the land-    peckers preferred mature and         or foraging. The birds that did      small mammals.
scape and benefit animal species.    overmature deciduous forests.        use cavities in these managed
                                     In addition, sugar maple, yellow     environments were mostly             The application of the guide-
                                     birch and trembling aspen were       “open country” birds such as         lines will increase the availabil-
which can be used by birds, bats     found to be the most commonly        flickers, kestrels and swallows.     ity of large dead and dying trees
and insects as roosting or nest-     used tree species. The size and      Cavity nesting birds which re-       on the landscape and benefit
ing habitat.                         decay state of trees selected for    quire non-managed forests may        populations of animal species
                                     sheltering were the most impor-      thus be adversely affected by        which depend on such habitat
Cavity-utilizing animal species      tant characteristics selected by     clearcutting or plantation prac-     features for their survival. Such
tend to be highly selective in the   the woodpeckers. Average dbh         tices.                               species are integral in the com-
types of snags they choose for       (diameter at breast height) of                                            plexity of forest ecosystems and
breeding or roosting. The size,      shelter trees was 49 cm. The         What Actions are We Taking?          their presence and function in
species, the type of surrounding     majority of shelter trees selected                                        the Fundy Model Forest will
habitat and other factors are at-    were dead or dying, with broken      The FMF has adopted a set of         help to ensure its ecological
tributes that can go into an ani-    tops and broken or dead              guidelines designed to protect       sustainability so that we can con-
mal’s decision to utilize or re-     branches. As well many of the        native biodiversity in the Fundy     tinue to derive both economic
ject a snag. The absence or in-      trees had heartrot which made        Model Forest. The guidelines         and social benefits from our for-
sufficient quantity of certain       them easier to excavate.             were developed amongst the           est resource.
snag types within a forest can                                            FMF partners and incorporated
lower the populations of some        The researchers also wanted to       research from within the model       For Further Information:
animal species simply because        find out what types of trees         forest and from research in other
they fail to find suitable places    Pileated Woodpeckers were se-        areas. Landowners in the FMF         Fundy Model Forest,
to rest or to give birth and raise   lecting for foraging. The pri-       including J.D. Irving Ltd., SNB      181 Aiton Road,
their young.                         mary prey of Pileated Wood-          members and the province, are        Sussex East, New Brunswick
                                     peckers is the Carpenter Ant         incorporating elements of the        E4G 2V5
What Have We Learned in the          which forms galleries deep           guidelines within the manage-        Tel.: (506) 432-2806
Fundy Model Forest?                  within the interior of trees.        ment plans for their landholdings.   Fax: (506) 432-2807
                                     Pileated Woodpeckers knock
Researchers in the FMF con-          holes in trees in order to gain      The guidelines recommend use         E-mail:
sider snags to be critical habitat   access to these ants. It was found   of selection harvesting tech-        Web:
features for wildlife and have       that Pileated Woodpeckers se-        niques (i.e. selective removal of    /fundymf/

                                                                                                                A Forest for the Future...3
Communications Corner...
“Mysteries of the Boreal” an Innovative Approach
to Sustainable Forest Management Education
by C. Crawford                        Social Studies, History and

Finding the resources and time        Produced by the Lake Abitibi
to produce stimulating learning       Model Forest, this guidebook is
opportunities for students, while     dedicated to the understanding
meeting the criteria of the On-       and preservation of current and
tario curriculum, may sound like      future relationships between the
an unsolved mystery for some          people, communities and the
teachers. A recently produced,        forest. In order to use this re-
on-line guidebook entitled            source tool effectively in the
“Mysteries of the Boreal Forest”      classroom, however, it isn’t im-
takes the guessing out of class-      perative that the recipient school
room programming. As a sup-           be located adjacent to a forest.
plement to the curriculum, this       Some of the projects are simple
teacher’s guidebook can be used       backyard observations while
to initiate areas of study as iden-   others can involve field trips.
tified in the Ministry of Educa-
tion and Training’s documents         “Mysteries of the Boreal For-
on Science & Technology and           est” focuses on the concept of       provided. The answers are re-      teachers new to any of the ap-
                                             sustainable forest man-       vealed by the students through     plicable curriculum areas, or
                                             agement with each of the      independent, co-operative or       simply not comfortable taking
                                             74 projects in the guide      group studies while applying       their own initiative in this area
                                             identifying the target        proper scientific methods of       of study, there are also step-
                                             grade, general subject        study.                             by-step instructions on how to
                                             area, strand/topic, over-                                        conduct an experiment: pur-
                                             all expectations and spe-     The Hints and Helps side bar,      pose, apparatus, method and
                                             cific expectations to be      which appears with each            observation.
                                             achieved. It is presented     project question, provides the
                                             in a format meant to ini-     teacher with further resources.    “Mysteries of the Boreal For-
                                             tiate discussion but it       References are also cited at the   est” helps teach the teacher as
                                             doesn’t provide an-           end for additional study, if       well as educate the student. It
                                             swers. Most of the            warranted. In addition, a glos-    can be downloaded from the
                                             projects feature an intro-    sary at the back of the book       Lake Abitibi Model Forest’s
                                             ductory paragraph in          provides simple explanations       web site at
                                             which the concept of the      of terms of reference. The         Showcase.htm. The guidebook
                                             project is discussed and      handsome drawings comple-          is a total of 130 pages in length
                                             suggested questions are       ment the project content. For      upon printing.

 Model Forest Says Goodbye to a Friend
After more than six years as the      through the difficult and trying     and were strong sup-
General Manager of the Lake           times of Phase One of the pro-       porters of their church.
Abitibi Model Forest, Erik Turk       gram, and the re-organization
has chosen a new career path.         that came with Phase Two.            Erik’s new position is
His effervescent personality and                                           with the Ontario For-
his strong leadership will be sin-    Of the many strengths Erik           est Association. As its
cerely missed.                        brought to his job, the chief was    Executive Director, he
                                      his enthusiasm for whatever he       will bring his skills
Erik was part of the Abitibi          did. He was a vocal advocate for     and experience to bear
Price team that created the origi-    the Model Forest, and its prime      on their education and
nal proposal for our Forest. At       ambassador. His ability to fos-      public relations initia-
that time, he was a relatively        ter teamwork, and his patience       tives. We h e r e a t
new forester at Abitibi, having       in dealing with a plethora of        LAMF, who are try-
graduated from the University         viewpoints and demands, were         ing to cope with the
of Toronto in 1991, and was em-       also essential to the program.       immense hole he has
ployed as a GIS specialist. He        The community of Iroquois            left in our organiza-
was seconded to LAMF on a             Falls will miss him, too. Erik       tion, know he will be
part-time basis when the pro-         and his wife, Mary Lynn,             a valuable addition to their       and express our thanks for
posal proved successful, and          coached the girls’ basketball        staff. We wish him all the         the solid foundation that he
served in that dual capacity          team at the local high school,       best in his new endeavours,        left for us.

4...A Forest for the Future
The Lake Abitibi Model Forest,
Moving Forward as an Organization
by S. Parton                        tant from direct sustainable for-   communities, the Lake Abitibi      information about forests and
General Manager                     est management activities are       Model Forest will be focussing     forest management. By making
                                    being pursued for their partici-    its efforts on developing the      use of new media opportunities
                                    pation. Government and indus-       tools they need to manage for-     organizations and individuals
The Lake Abitibi Model Forest       trial senior managers are being     ests sustainably. At the same      will have greater access to the
has embarked on an exciting         shown the benefits of               time the Model Forest will be      information they need to make
journey - a journey into the fu-    partnering, not only with the       actively communicating about       informed sustainable manage-
ture. Over the past seven years,    Lake Abitibi Model Forest but       its progress, providing accurate   ment decisions.
the Lake Abitibi Model Forest       also with the Canadian Model
has developed and matured as        Forest Network as a dynamic
a model forest and an organiza-     organization. New avenues to           Future Directions
tion.                               forming research alliances have,
                                    and continue to be explored,           1. Thinking “outside the box”.
The first few years of the pro-     with the hope of forming strong
gram were spent bringing part-      links with other Model Forests,        2. Involving organizations and individuals that
ners together, identifying and      Provincial Governments, abo-
                                                                              have been traditionally distant from direct
promoting respect for each part-    riginal groups and industry.
                                                                              sustainable forest management activities.
ner’s values, and fostering a
common understanding of sus-        A paradigm shift has occurred
tainable forest management.         in the way the Lake Abitibi            3. Demonstrating the advantages of partnership
Projects were initiated that sup-   Model Forest partners are think-          to resource managers, government and senior
ported local knowledge and de-      ing and viewing the future, a             industrial managers.
velopment.                          process that will continue to be
                                    defined and molded as we move          4. Forming research alliances with other Model
As we progressed, the knowl-        forward into the new millen-              Forests, Provincial Governments, aboriginal
edge gained through research        nium. As a result of this shift,          groups and industry.
conducted in the Model Forest       greater emphasis will be placed
was refined and implemented to      on exporting technology devel-
                                                                           5. Greater emphasis on exporting Model Forest
produce innovative solutions to     oped through the Model Forest
forest management challenges.       Program, to forest management             technology.
Lessons learned through this        units outside of our boundaries.
process were taken to heart, and    In this way, the Lake Abitibi          6. Communicating successes.
as a result we have moved for-      Model Forest will aggressively
ward as a Model Forest.             pursue its goal to become an es-       7. Providing accurate information about forests
                                    sential resource for forest man-          and forest management.
The future of the Lake Abitibi      agement planning information.
Model Forest will be dedicated                                             8. Providing greater access to the information
to thinking “outside the box”,      By listening carefully to re-
                                                                              needed to make informed sustainable forest
looking outward and forming         source managers, those respon-
                                                                              management decisions.
new alliances. Individuals and      sible for forest management
organizations traditionally dis-    planning, and forest dependent

                                                                                                            A Forest for the Future...5
Community Involvement the Key to SEPC Success
One of the Lake Abitibi Model        and partnerships.                      date the current Community
Forest’s guiding goals is to work    The Lifestyle Working Group            Development Impact Models                  SEPC Direction
with “a public involved in sus-      acknowledges the essential role        (CDIM), which have been de-                  1999-2000
tainable forest management, that     of the forest in the lives of resi-    veloped for Cochrane and
respects and understands di-         dents of local forest-dependent        Iroquois Falls. Recently con-
verse forest values.” This cru-      communities and is delivering          ducted household expenditure
cial concept will bring all forest   activities that will assist in main-   surveys in the region and a sur-      1.   Strategic Plan based on
use perspectives to the table and    taining this lifestyle. This year,     vey of local businesses are part           community involvement
is a founding principle of the       they are working towards devel-        of this updating process. This
                                                                                                                  2.   Planning and Advisory
Model Forest Program. The            opment of a workshop in Feb-           computer-based model is a de-              Working Group
Model Forest recognizes that         ruary, 2000 to create a work plan      cision support tool, which al-
sustainable forest communities       for the implementation of a re-        lows local users to develop                Projects:
are an essential component of        gional recreation strategy. The        accurate economic impacts of
sustainable forest management.       Lifestyles Working Group mem-          decisions or potential projects       •    Community Development
                                     bers will be prioritizing recrea-      being considered by industry,              Impact Model
For this reason the Socio-eco-       tional opportunities based on          municipalities, local busi-           •    Aboriginal Community
nomic Program Committee              existing local community strat-        nesses and institutions.                   Development Impact
(SEPC) has been actively seek-       egies. Members are currently re-
                                                                                                                  •    Future Utilization of Wade
ing out those individuals and        viewing these strategies and dis-      A similar model is also being              Lake
organizations that are interested    cussing them with local cham-          developed for Moose Cree First        •    Pursuit of an Integrated
in contributing their time, skills   pions to identify whether vari-        Nation. This Aboriginal CDIM               Resource
and energy to the process of         ous elements are appropriate for       is innovative, as it must take into        Management License
achieving sustainable forest         regional implementation.               account the greater degree of
management. In addition to their                                            dependence this First Nation          3.   Economic Development
personal contributions, the                                                 places on forest resources for             Working Group
Model Forest benefits from the            The Socio-economic                foods, medicines, furs and craft
                                       Program Committee has                                                           Projects:
vast array of experience, educa-                                            materials.
tion and general abilities of the      been actively seeking out                                                  •    Value-Added
participants.                            those individuals and              Recently, a series of seven fo-            Opportunities
                                         organizations that are             cus groups were conducted             •    Increased Fibre
As a Program Committee, the                  interested in                  throughout the LAMF region,                Utilization
SEPC has developed a Strategic                                              including students, recreational      •    Specialty Forest Products
                                       contributing their social                                                  •    Log Home Building
Plan to guide its activities over                                           organizations, independent log-
the coming years. The Strategic
                                        and economic values to              gers, industry and the Ministry       •    Canoe Route
Plan, the result of a number of        the process of achieving             of Natural Resources (MNR)                 Development
                                           sustainable forest                                                     •    Annee Annee Lodge
workshops involving commu-                                                  foresters, environmentalists, lo-
nity members and approxi-                    management.                    cal business operators, and           4.   Lifestyles Working
mately a year of intensive efforts                                          members of MNR’s Local Citi-               Group
on the part of committee mem-                                               zens Committee. These focus
bers, has identified four strate-                                           groups will provide us better              Projects:
gic directions that will guide       Economic Development is the            insight into the forest values
SEPC activities. Working             third strategic direction. This        held by the above groups, as          •    Regional Recreation/
Groups, including community          working group investigates for-        well as providing a better under-          Tourism Strategy
participants from throughout the     est-based opportunities to diver-      standing of the benefits of wil-
                                                                                                                  5.   Social Capital Working
LAMF region, have evolved to         sify local economies in an effort      derness and biodiversity at a lo-
help lead development in each        to derive greater economic value       cal level.
of the following strategic direc-    from the forest. Among the                                                        Projects:
tions: Social Capital, Lifestyles,   projects underway this year are        The final project being con-
Economic Development and             preliminary business plans be-         ducted by the Planning & Advi-        •    Skills Analysis Project
Planning & Advisory.                 ing prepared for specialty for-        sory Working Group will ex-           •    LAMF Resource Network
                                     est products such as spruce oil,       plore the possibility of develop-     •    Capacity Building
Social capital is the ability and    mushrooms, blueberries and             ing an Integrated Resource Man-            Workshop
willingness of residents to work     others. In addition, a project is      agement License. The rationale        •    University Partnership
together for community goals,        being conducted to explore value-      for such a license is that full re-
utilizing their skills, education,   added opportunities from               sponsibility would be assigned
experience and general abilities.    underutilized species such as          to manage for all values within
The Social Capital Working           birch, tamarack and balsam pop-        a defined land base area, not just    moting sustainable forest man-
Group enhances these skills          lar.                                   timber. The license holder            agement, equity, multiple use,
and abilities through its                                                   would operate as a financially        and protection of the important
projects. The first project in       The final working group, Plan-         independent business with the         traditional and spiritual uses of
this process was a Skills            ning and Advisory, will focus on       opportunity to generate revenue       the forest.
Analysis of SEPC members to          providing socio-economic ex-           from facilities, services and
evaluate what skills are cur-        pertise to the LAMF partnership        products of the forest. This in       If you are interested in assist-
rently available for imple-          and to local communities with          turn would allow for an optimal       ing the SEPC in the accom-
menting the SEPC Strategic           the additional task of develop-        mix of forest activities.             plishment of its objectives or
Plan. In addition, this project      ing and measuring socio-eco-                                                 if you would like more infor-
identified which skills need to      nomic indicators of sustainable        This comprehensive suite of ini-      mation regarding any of these
be enhanced. Additional              forest management.                     tiatives is intended to move the      projects, please contact
projects focus on expanding                                                 SEPC forward as it pursues new        Bob Sjonnesen, Socio-Eco-
skills and knowledge re-             This year the Planning and Ad-         and innovative opportunities of       nomic Support Person at:
sources through workshops,           visory working group will up-          economic development, pro-             (705) 232-6234.
6...A Forest for the Future
You Need
Serious Help

Your job isn’t an easy one. You have to look at the forest as more than a bunch of
trees. You have to consider recreational use, aesthetic values, environmental
concerns, social issues, the conservation of wildlife, financial obligations, the health
of the ecosystem, maintaining a rich forest legacy for the next generation...

It’s amazing that you’ve survived at all!

But now there’s help.                                                  communities. By providing an open forum for relationship build-
Over the last seven years, the Lake Abitibi Model Forest has           ing between forest users, the Lake Abitibi Model Forest helped to
been working with resource managers just like you, to find             resolve conflicts in the negotiation of remote tourism land-use is-
solutions to forest management issues. By creating partnerships        sues. In participating in a network of model forests across Canada,
among forest users, we have bridged the gap between research and       we have helped to correct inaccurate perceptions about forest man-
application to bring new and innovative forest management tech-        agement practices. Through partnerships with the Ontario Ministry
nology to those who need it most. You!                                 of Natural Resources, forest industry, and educational institutions,
                                                                       the Model Forest has been involved in collaring, studying and as-
So let’s work together! Look at some of the things we have ac-         sisting in the development of guidelines to protect a recently dis-
complished. By working together, the partnership of the Lake Abitibi   covered herd of woodland caribou.
Model Forest has developed a harvesting system that is both eco-
nomically feasible and more environmentally friendly then tradi-       What can we do for you?
tional cutting practices. Through innovative research the Model
Forest has assisted in pioneering and testing a new type of seedling   Find out how you can make use of the forest management tools
that reduces the need for herbicide use in regenerating forests. In    we’re developing. Tell us about the kinds of tools you
collaboration with other forest-related organizations, like the Ca-    need to manage your forest in a healthy and viable way.
nadian Forest Service, a computer model was created to help pre-       We’ll listen.
dict the results of forest management activities on forest dependent

         Sue Parton - General Manager Tel.: 705-258-4278 Fax: 705-258-4089 Email:

                                                                                                            A Forest for the Future...7
The LAMF’s Communication Tools

                You asked for it…you got it! An
                easy to understand summary of
                all the LAMF’s Phase I projects
                in one neat package. The
                LAMF’s communication pro-
                gram has just released the pub-
                lication entitled “Compendium
                of Phase I Projects.” This 89-
                page guidebook includes a sum-
                mary of each project undertaken
                by the LAMF over the last five
                years as well as an introduction
                to criteria and indicators of sus-
                tainable forest management in a
                non-technical format. Get your
                copy today from the Model For-
                est Office.

                Want a general overview? Then
                you’re looking for the new
                LAMF brochure. This 17x24-
                inch double-sided four-colour
                document provides a complete
                overview of the Model Forest
                Program and sustainable forest
                management on one side, and
                some highlights from successful
                LAMF projects on the second
                side. A map showing the names
                and locations of all 11 model
                forests is also included. Copies
                available from the LAMF office.

                Looking for a way to get your
                organization interested in the
                Model Forest? Why not distrib-
                ute copies of our LAMF Phase                  Next Publication Date: Spring 2000
                II poster to each of your organi-
                zation’s members. This 24 x 36-
                inch poster features colourful       Newsletter Credits
                images taken from many of the
                LAMF’s projects. Each of the         Editor: Wendy Plante, Communications Officer LAMF
                LAMF’s Phase II goals is also        Writers: George Kynman, Maureen Whalen, Cindy Crawford,
                featured for easy reference. For                Richard Moore, Wendy Plante, Sue Parton
                information on how to obtain         Editorial Support: Sue Parton, Jacynthe Peever
                copies of the Phase II poster for    Proofing Services: Richard Moore
                distribution to your organiza-       Design & Layout: Wendy Plante
                tion, please contact the Model
                                                     All photos are the property of the Lake Abitibi Model
                Forest Office.
                                                     Forest unless otherwise indicated.

                Looking for information about
                the LAMF or its projects? Inter-
                ested in learning more about the
                                                      Comments or Feedback?
                Model Forest Network?

                Launched in June, the LAMF            Do you have a comment to make about something
                web site provides a complete          you’ve read in A Forest for the Future? Send it in and
                overview of the Model Forest          we’ll include it in our next issue.
                and its projects. Visitors can
                view individual summaries of all      We’re always interested in hearing from our readers. If
                LAMF projects undertaken over         you have suggestions or feedback about A Forest for
                the last five years. Contact in-      the Future, drop us a line.
                formation is provided for all
                project leaders, partners and                                       A Forest for the Future
                staff. Getting information about                              C/O Lake Abitibi Model Forest
                the LAMF has never been easier.                                                     Box 550
                                                                                     Iroquois Falls, Ontario
                                                                                                   P0K 1E0
                Check us out at:
                                                                                           Attention: Editor
                                                                 Fax: (705) 258-4089