Erfahrungen mit BioStruct Fraunhofer ICT

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					                   Erfahrungen mit BioStruct
           Advanced Wood-Based Composites And Their Production

                                                    J. Diemert, C. Fisher




The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
under grant agreement number 214714
Gliederung


n Phasen der Entstehung von BioStruct

    n Projektidee, Calltext, Informationssammlung

    n Projektskizze

    n Projektantrag

n Vertragsverhandlungen

n Projektphase




     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
The Call NMP-2007-4.1
Advanced Wood-Based Composites and their Production

Technical content / scope:


The market price on standard technology wood-based products is
increasingly driven by low labour cost countries that have short timber
harvesting cycles. The difference in production costs is so significant
that improving production efficiency is not sufficient alone to maintain the
competitiveness of the European forest-based industry. A strategy for
success is to develop new high added value products produced by new
resource efficient production concepts.
Wood as a natural and abundant composite can form the basis for a
completely new industry based on intelligent recombination of
specific physical properties such as heat insulation, conductivity and
mechanical strength and shape in engineered wood products (EWP).
For example, replacing lignin with silicon, geofiller or ceramics in the
wood nano-structure, chemical grafting of cellulose or environmentally
friendly chemical densification can yield radically new product
properties. New wood and bio-fiber polymer composites (e.g.
transformation of wood fibers and thermoplastic resins into wood
polymer composites throughout plastic processing, injection moulding,
extrusion or pultrusion) show high potential for construction,
furniture and packaging applications.
The ambitious research objectives include adaptive production
concepts for new composites based on wood fibres, cellulose,
lignin, or hemicelluloses, and their derivatives; manufacturing
technologies such as moulding, shaping, compounding, melt
blowing and electro-spinning; new manufacturing methods for sheet
structures and converting operations that enable paper to replace non-
renewable materials; engineering concepts for cellulose processing,
e.g. melting and solid-state processing.
Expected impact:

The expected strategic impacts include: (1) placing sustainability at
the forefront of cost control and competitive advantage as well as
emphasising its role in industry's social responsibility, and (2)
addressing health and safety issues for both the worker and the
consumer through promotion of intrinsically better technologies. More
specifically, funded proposals are collectively expected to develop
several new product families based on new production concepts that
exploit the potential of wood-based composites across a variety of
applications in the health, electronics and food sectors, as well as in
the fields of construction, furniture, packaging, speciality papers,
vehicles and textiles.
Projektidee und Calltext




     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
Projektskizze


n Förderinstrument à Partneranzahl, Budgetdefinition à IP Large

n Festlegung einer Core-Group à WP leader

n Kontakt mit Partnern aufnehmen, Budgetrahmen kommunizieren

n Definition des Projektumfangs – Abgrenzung des Themas




      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Erfahrungen mit Projektskizzenphase


n Platz ist sehr knapp, trotz 10 Seiten

n Ziele klar herausstellen – im ersten (kurzen) Abschnitt

n Argumentation so klar wie möglich

n Wiedererkennungswert schaffen
   (Guter Projekttitel, dem Projektziel einen Namen geben)

n Grafik, die die Methodik des Ansatzes untermauert

n Core-Group baut Partnerstruktur auf à klare Verantwortlichkeiten benennen
   (Referenzen erfragen, Qualität der Partner entscheidend für Projektfortschritt)

n Core-Group trifft sich in der Skizzenentstehungsphase
   (Einheitliches Verständnis vom Projekt, Definition von Zuständigkeitsbereichen)



      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Klare Grafiken helfen die Kernidee zu transportieren


Wood fibres                            Cellulose fibres                             Bio-matrix
n physical-mechanical                  n   screening of fibres                      n    bio-based matrix
  treatment                            n   grafting                                 n    modified PLA
n pretreatment                         n   functionalisation                        n    biobaed additive
n grafting                             n   modification                                  systems
n extraction                           n   precipitation
                                       n   characterisation
                                                                                                                  4 case studies
                                                                                                                  n   automotive
           Material development                                                                 eWPC
BioStruct:                                                                                                        n   construction
           Process development                                                             building blocks        n   electronics
                                                                                                                  n   packaging
Compounding                            Shaping                                      Foaming
n integrated processes                 n   2-component                              n    coextrusion / foam
n planetary extrusion                      sandwich-moulding                             core
n reactive modification                n   tailored reinforcement                   n    foam injection molding
                                           coextrusion                              n    particle foam
                                                                                         technology



       The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
       Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
       under grant agreement number 214714
In der Einleitung Konzentration auf griffige Themen:
State-of-the-art and limitations
n Properties of conventional WPCs often don‘t meet requirements for technical
   applications

n Temperature resistance and polymer compatibility of wood-based fibres are
   limited

n Compounding and processing technology are often not suitable for WPC
   materials

n There are currently no reinforcing wood- or cellulose-fibres for
   (bio-based) technical polymers

n Emissions

n Conventional WPC materials are mainly used in low-value applications




      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Objectives of the project

Advanced chemical modifications for wood and cellulose fibres to increase compatibility to
polymers and to achieve better fibre-polymer interaction by controlled cellulose extraction
and fibre surface functionalization.

Insertion of functionalities into cellulose fibres, e.g. electrical conductivity or flame
retardancy, allowing the composite to be used in technically demanding automotive,
construction, packaging and electronics applications.

New bio-based engineering polymers e.g. bio-based polyamide, lignin-based compounds or
modified polyesters enabling the use of the new composites under harsh conditions.

Flexible, energy-efficient, integrated compounding processes that reveal the full potential
of the new materials.

Advanced processing technologies for eWPC such as bio-hybrid-technology, local
reinforcement, foaming and sandwich technologies.

               à BioStruct will develop a new class of materials - eWPC


       The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
       Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
       under grant agreement number 214714
Projektantrag


Umfangreicher Ausbau des Dokuments

    n Änderungen/Ergänzungen in praktisch allen Bereichen

An Projektphase denken:

    n Antragsvorlagen besorgen

    n Managementstrukturen à Führungsstruktur im Projekt

    n Ziele und Arbeiten “nur” so konkret wie nötig formulieren
        à es kommt anders

    n Berichte sind ungeliebte Deliverables à Demonstrators, Prototypes, Events

    n Meilensteine gut überlegen

    n Detaillierungsgrad der Zahlen- und Zeit-Planung realistisch halten


     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
Erfahrungen aus der Antragsphase
Grafische Darstellung des Projektes




     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
Erfahrungen aus der Antragsphase


n Partner früh fest einbinden (LOI, Ansprechpartner, Antwortzeiten?)

n „Core-Group“ und “All Partners” Treffen organisieren. Gute Templates erstellen
   und dabei vor allem an alle geforderten Infos denken

n Früh mit dem Besorgen von Informationen über Partner beginnen

n Hilfe einholen (NKS, Erfahrene Kollegen, Fachleute)

n Aufwand nicht unterschätzen (20 Partner X 5-6 Infodokumente, EPSS,
   Komplexität des Dokuments, Änderungen bis zur Abgabe)

n Guide for Applicants beachten

n Proaktiv sein: Vorschläge für Finanzkalkulation erstellen, Partnerprofile, WPs, ...




      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Dinge, die uns immer wieder Probleme bereitet haben


n Was sind Indirect Costs, SME Status?

n Festlegung des Cost-Models

n Abschätzung des Projektaufwandes für die Partner

n Einheitliches Verständnis des Projektzieles

n Einheitliche Schreibweise und Argumentation

n Problem: Informationen von der Partnern schnell und ausreichend detailliert zu
  bekommen?

n 5-10% der Partner
  (Erreichbarkeit, Qualität à In Vertragsverhandlungsphase überdenken)

n Definition der Kostenarten und insbesondere der Management-Kosten



      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Komplexität des Dokuments


n Deliverables zeitlich auf Arbeitsplan abgestimmt

n Deliverables mit WP abstimmen und Ressourcenplanung passend dazu

n Zahlen zu Person Months an vielen Stellen in unterschiedlich zusammengefasster
   Form vorhanden à Erstellung eines Kalkulationssheets

n Erstellung eines Deltadokuments auf Basis des ESR und der Veränderungen in
   Stage 2

n ....



à Obwohl das Dokument das Ergebnis der Zuarbeit vieler ist, muss eine
  Person den Gesamtüberblick über das Dokument haben.



         The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
         Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
         under grant agreement number 214714
Managementstruktur von BioStruct – Sie muss hinterher funktionieren

                                                                  Management Structure

                     European Commission                                                                                      Industrial
                                                                                                                              Reference
                                                                                                                              Group


                                                                           Steering Committee
                                                                               Lead: Fraunhofer ICT

                               BioStruct                                                                                           IPR &
                                                                            General Assembly                                       Exploitation
                            Coordination
                                                                              1 participant per partner                            Support
                            Dr. Jan Diemert, ICT
                                                                                                                                   Group
                             Project Office
              Project Manager & specific assistance staff, ICT



                 WP1: Definition             WP2: Wood fibre              WP3: Chem. mod.                 WP4: Bio-based           WP5: Integrated
                 eWPC properties             processing                   of cellulose fibres             matrix systems           process
                                                                                                                                   development
                                                                                                                                   Lead: ICT (RTD)
                 Lead: Haidlmair (SME)       Lead: Lenzing (LE)           Lead: VTT (RTD)                 Lead: Henkel (LE)


                 WP6: Advanced               WP7: Application             WP8: Ecologic,                  WP9:                     WP10: Project
                 eWPC moulding               development &                economic & health               Dissemination and        Coordination
                 technologies                Case studies                 evaluation                      training
                 Lead: Aimplas (RTD)         Lead: Alento (SME)           Lead: NetComposites             Lead: HolzClusterNord
                                                                          (SME)                           (Association)            Lead: ICT (RTD)




     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
Vertragsverhandlungen


n Allerspätestens hier detailliert an Projektphase denken

n Detaillierte Budgetrechnung

n Unmengen neuer Abkürzungen und Begriffe: Validation, Annex 1, Legal Entity
   Form, LEAR, PIC, ESR, GPF, NEF, A-Forms, Project Officer, CA, Grant
   Agreement, IRG, SC, GA, ….

n Dokument nimmt an Komplexität weiter drastisch zu und es ist ein iterativer
   Prozess à Es fehlen sinnvolle Vorlagen für die Projektplanung à Eigenleistung

   bspw. Planning for the first 12 Month

n “Nette” Deadline für die Abgabe aller Dokumente (kurz nach Weihnachten)

n Am Ende haben wir 9 Versionen abgegeben…

n 3 Project Officers bis heute (alle sehr hilfsbereit)

      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Hauptschwierigkeiten während der Vertragsverhandlungen


n Validation der Partner (Koordinator muss Dokumente sammeln, kann aber nicht
  wirklich beurteilen, ob die gesandten Dokumente ausreichend/korrekt sind).

n Deadlines der Kommission kaum einzuhalten

n Festlegung eines Starttermins sehr zeitaufwändig

n Probleme mit dem NEF (Langsamkeit, Fehler, Verfügbarkeit)

n Immer wieder Forderung nach neuen Elementen im Annex 1
  à Frühzeitig Versionen an den PO und LO schicken
  (Person month status table, Deliverables in bestimmter Form, etc.)

n An einigen Stellen sehr „uneleganter Vorgang“: Screenshot GPF à Annex 1

n Frühe Deadlines planen: Es kommt fast alles spät und zur Deadline zeitgleich

n Rechtzeitig Termine planen: 2-3 Monate mindestens für 20 Partner

      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Dann war es soweit - Kickoff
Ideen 06 – Skizze 05.07 – Antrag 10.07
Verhandlungen 01.08 – Official Start 09.08
Official Kickoff 09.08 – Technical Kickoff 12.08




     The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
     Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
     under grant agreement number 214714
Allgemeine Eindrücke nach erfolgreicher Projektakquise
n Realistisch erscheint eine erfolgreiche Akquise aus der Retrospektive nur,
  wenn:
     n Schon Erfahrungen mit EU Projekten vorliegen
     n Ein Team von 2-3 Leuten sich über längere Zeit überwiegend mit Stage 2
         beschäftigen kann. 1 Person für administrative Dinge
     n Ein Partnernetzwerk besteht und schnell eine verlässliche Core-Group
         aufgestellt werden kann
n Nicht vergessen – Lesen: Guide for Applicants, Call, Ziele des Workprograms
n NKS hat sehr geholfen. Danke!
n Zeit für die Eintragung in EPSS und NEF einplanen:
     n Ständige Änderungen an den elektronischen Plattformen können sehr viel
         Zeit kosten
     n Es kommt auf den Euro an
     n Langsamkeit der Systeme (EPSS Stage 1 - 2010 ok)


      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
Projektphase – Was hat sich bewährt ?


n Sorgfältige Partnerauswahl

n Projektmanagementstruktur

n Erstellung komplexer Excel-Tabellen für die Finanzverwaltung (Amendments,
  neue Partner, Budgetverschiebungen)

n Regelmäßige Steering Committee Conference Calls (monatlich)

n Gute Balance aus General Assemblies und Technical Meetings

n Aufteilung Projektmanagement in Project Office + Technical Management

n Frühe Definition von Spielregeln und konsequente Erinnerung an deren
  Einhaltung à Good Project Practice




      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
What we think is necessary to make BioStruct a successful and
smooth project

Communication:
• Don't passively wait...
• Inform about your progress and arising problems
• Copy WP leaders and CO in all important e-mail
• CC: means for your info
• TO: means at least urgent attention. Mail is specifically addressed to you.
• Use BIOSTRUCT in every e-mails header
• Don't hesitate to ask questions
• Insist on necessary info
• Clear identification of tasks, leaders and responsabilities

Reporting
• Use templates
• Meet deadlines
Projektphase – Was nicht so gut funktioniert


n Die Website als zentrale Informationsdrehscheibe

n Elegantes Reporting innerhalb des Projektes und an die EU

n Langsame Änderungsprozesse (Annex 1, neue Partner)

n “Controlling” der Partner




      The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
      Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
      under grant agreement number 214714
                                BioStruct – Coordination
                             For further information please contact:


                                                    Dr. Jan Diemert
                                                    Fraunhofer ICT
                                            Department of Polymer Engineering

                                                      +49 (0)721 - 46 40 433
                                                  jan.diemert@ict.fraunhofer.de
                                                        www.biostructproject.eu




The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's
Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-NMP-2007-LARGE-1)
under grant agreement number 214714

				
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