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Managing Research and Innovation in Southern Africa

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Managing Research and Innovation in Southern Africa Powered By Docstoc
					Managing Research and
Innovation in Southern Africa




                                1
Leadership and Management of
    Research & Innovation

 Challenges & Opportunities in
Higher Education for Research &
          Innovation


                                Presenter:
           Prof Peter van Eldik, President
                                             2
CONTENTS

 Introduction to SARIMA


 An internal perspective


 The South African Scene


 Challenges for Higher Education in R&I


 Opportunities in perspective


 A number of success indicators


 Final Remarks




                                          3
Introduction to SARIMA




                         4
  Southern African Research & Innovation Management Association

  Strengthening the research and innovation system to ensure the social and economic
  development of the region.

… to ensure that the excellent R&I currently being implemented in South Africa is translated into
relevancy and public benefit… to the sustainable social and economic development of the region.



    conferences, workshops, training
    networking, national, international
    publications, audio-visual, e-learning materials
    workshop groups, focus areas, staff exchanges




                                                                                                    5
SARIMA operates at …
                        … and across the research value chain




                                    Research management
        International


        National


        Institutional


                   … to weave research into the fabric of society


                                                                    6
Advancement of research and innovation for sustainable
economic and social development.
Professional Development and capacity building of
those involved in research and innovation in South Africa.
Best Practice in the management and administration of
research and innovation to create value for education,
public benefit and economic development.
Policy. Advocacy of appropriate national and institutional
policy, and participation in its development and
implementation.




                                                             7
               Research Africa Project

 Consortium Members:

 •   SARIMA
 •   ResearchResearch Ltd
 •   Research Research Africa
 •   Research Research Africa (Pty) Ltd
 •   The Association for Commonwealth Universities

The Research Africa Platform was developed for the African government and
institutional policy makers, researchers and research managers. The main
focus of the Platform is funding opportunities for African researchers.

Website: www.research-africa.net
                                                                      8
An international perspective




                               9
   International Trends in HE

• Worldwide demand for universities to become more
  relevant

• Universities rethinking their positioning within the region

• Universities need to do more with less

• Diversification in funding sources and opportunities

• New generation of students “living” in the ICT world

                                                            10
    International Trends in HE
    A new generation of innovative and entrepreneurial
    institutions, with common characteristics:


•   A strengthened management steering core

•   An expanded developmental periphery

•   A stimulated academic heartland

•   A diversified funding base

•   An entrepreneurial culture


                                                 Creating Entrepreneurial Universities:
                                      Organizational Pathways of Transformation (1998)
                                                                      By Burton Clark

                                                                                    11
      International Trends in HE
 A shift from Mode 1 to Mode 2 knowledge production (Michael Gibbons, 1998)
                     MODE 1                                             MODE 2
Governed by academic interests                       Governed by a discipline of application

Exists as the extension of the Academic discipline   Relevant applied research is the start and feeds
                                                     into facilitation
Relates to a single discipline at a time             Spans over a number of disciplines, trans
                                                     disciplinary
Produces new knowledge of the sake of new            Aims to make knowledge useful to apply
knowledge
Emphasis on the discovery of new knowledge           Emphasis on configuration of existing knowledge

Concerns a homogeneity of skills and hierarchical    Relies on heterogeneity and organizational
structure                                            diversity
Operates in relative isolation                       Operates in collaboration with industry and other
                                                     partners
Relies only on peer review as a measure of           Relies also on useful application as a measure of
success                                              success.
                                                                                                    12
  International Trends in HE

  A Shift from Research to Research &
  Innovation, incorporating:

• Downstream related activities such as
  patenting, licensing and commercialization

• Technology transfer and enterprise development

• Incubators and S&T Parks

• Diversity of funding streams
                                                   13
  International Trends in HE

  A Shift from Research to Research & Innovation,
  incorporating:

• Downstream related activities such as patenting,
  licensing and commercialization

• Technology transfer and enterprise development

• Incubators and S&T Parks

• Diversity of funding streams
                                                     14
S & T in Africa




                  15
           S & T in Africa
• Africa produced 1.8% of the World’s publications
  from 2000 to 2004 (EU 38.8%, USA 33.6%,
  China 4.7%)



• Research publications are proxies of scientific
  manpower available in different countries

 Source: Prof A Pouris (2009)
                                                    16
The Southern African Scene




                             17
    Challenges facing Southern Africa


•   Improving world competitiveness

•   Switch to knowledge and technology intensive economy

•   Socio economic development

•   Ensuring economic prosperity

•   Improving quality of life for all

•   Challenges in health, food, education and water
                                                       18
    Policy Development in SA on S&T

•  White Paper on Science and Technology (1996)
•  White Paper on Small Business Development
   (1996)
• National System of Innovation
  - NACI
  - Innovation Fund
  - GODISA Programme for Incubators (now named
    SEDA Technology Programme with DTI)
  - Tshumisano Trust
  - Technology Innovation Agency establishment in
    2009

                                                    19
    Policy Development in SA on S&T

• National Research & Development Strategy
  (2002)

•     “To bridge the Innovation Chasm”

• Concept document on “Intellectual Property
  Rights from publicly funded research, with
  the focus on Patents” (2006)

• Legislation in 2009
                                             20
       The Innovation Gap

    V RE S E H OO Y O R E
   OESA TCNL G S UCS
Research        Development           Production




      Local
                      Innovation          Local Industry &
     Research          “Chasm”               Industrial
                                             Products

Basic    Strategic Application  Design Production / Sales
    Research             Development      Manufacturing
                    R D C IF Y L
                   P O U TL EC C E
                                                             21
     Restructuring of HE in SA

• merging of 36 higher education institutions
  into 23 universities (2003)

• 12 universities

• 5 comprehensive universities

• 6 universities of technology
                                            22
Challenges for HE in R&I




                           23
• Positioning the institution on the R&I spectrum

• Determining the role of the institution in R&I with
  regard to:
  -   Different type of R&I contributions
  -   Training a new generation of post graduates
  -   Fostering of an innovative mindset
  -   Involvement in downstream related activities
  -   Components of technology transfer

* The structuring of R&I activities within selected
  themes, with adequate resources,
  infrastructure and support mechanisms
                                                      24
• The support and leadership of senior and top
  management, including the Office for R&I
  management and support

• The importance of partnerships and strategic
  alliances, linked to local and international
  funding opportunities




                                                 25
Opportunities in Perspective




                               26
• Identification of research opportunities and
  needs within a realistic framework of restricted
  resources, infrastructure, staff, post graduate
  students

• Limitations and stability within the environment
  the institution has to operate

• National policies and support mechanisms

• The institutional culture for research and
  innovation
                                                     27
A Number of Success Indicators




                                 28
• Qualifications and expertise of staff

• R&I outputs in the form of

    - research papers in good journals

    - external recognition of contributions

    - leadership at international conferences

    - attracting high profile researchers

    - downstream related outcomes

•   International positioning of the university

                                                  29
Strategic R&I Planning




                         30
• Not one size fits all

• The importance and need for strategic R&I planning

• Do good homework through a SWOT analysis, be
  realistic in outlining the opportunity, develop a short
  business plan which includes the major aspects and
  costing of the different stages, resource needs etc

• Discuss the plan with stakeholders and colleagues to
  enrich the document and obtain buy in

• Must be in line with the institution’s strategic plan

• Identify potential partners and funders
                                                            31
Final Remarks




                32
• Younger institutions have a major challenge in
  positioning themselves w r t their role and
  opportunity in Research and Innovation

• Develop a strategy that can be rolled out in
  phases over time

• Be realistic in setting time frames; understand
  the complex environment in which you have to
  operate.

• Obtain advice from peers and colleagues in
  other institutions and share information with
  them

                                                    33
           The End
Contact us through our website : www.sarima.co.za




         Prof Peter van Eldik, President
         vaneldikp@lantic.net


         Corline Kriel, Co-ordinator
         Tel: +27 12 8413329
         sarima@sarima.co.za




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