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Successful Approaches to Transition and Reentry

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					SUCCESSFUL APPROACHES TO
TRANSITION AND REENTRY


Lessons emerging from the experience
of U.S Department of Justice
agencies—

Bureau of Justice Assistance
National Institute of Corrections
APPA WINTER INSTITUTE 2010
 11:00 a.m.- 12:30 p.m. Monday, February 1, 2010
Thurston Bryant, Policy Adviser, Bureau of Justice
  Assistance (BJA), Office of Justice Programs,
  USDOJ
Kermit Humphries, Correctional Program Specialist,
  National Institute of Corrections, USDOJ
Peggy Burke, Principal, Center for Effective Public
  Policy
Gary Kempker, Senior Manager, Center for Effective
  Public Policy
.

    SESSION GOALS



         This workshop will provide participants with
          information on the accomplishments and
          learnings emerging from key Justice
          Department initiatives on Reentry:
         1) state-wide trainings on reentry and;
         2) technical assistance in support of the PRI
          initiative both sponsored by the Bureau of
          Justice Assistance, and
         3) the Transition from Prison and Jail to the
          Community Initiatives both sponsored by the
          National Institute of Corrections
      Participants will learn the core elements of
       successful reentry strategies as they are emerging
       from the work of both BJA and NIC with jurisdictions
       across the nation and participate in a review of
       practices in their own agencies.




LEARNING OBJECTIVES
BJA INITIATIVES

 Overview
 Training on Reentry

 PRI Initiative




       By Thurston Bryant
BJA REENTRY INITIATIVES ON TRAINING
The Reentry Initiative - Provides funding to develop, implement, enhance, and evaluate reentry strategies that will ensure the safety of the
community and the reduction of serious, violent crime and is implemented through appropriate programs such as training and te chnical
assistance:

    The Edward Byrne Memorial Discretionary Grants Program: National Initiatives - Enhancing Local Corrections and Offender Reentry
     Helps local communities improve the capacity of local justice systems and provides for national support efforts including training and
     technical assistance programs strategically targeted to address local needs. Funds can be used for national scope replication, expansion,
     enhancement, training, and/or technical assistance programs.

           Community Safety Though Successful Offender Reentry

    Prisoner Reentry Initiative Training and Technical Assistance Program
     Complements PRI by providing training and technical assistance to PRI grant and non-grant jurisdictions. Training and technical assistance
     will assist states, localities, and tribes in their efforts to develop, implement, and enhance their reentry initiatives thro ugh a range of
     activities such as the assessment of needs, implementation of programs, strategic planning, collaboration with faith and community-
     based partners, development of mentor programs, development of advisory groups, or other reentry activities. All training and technical
     assistance should focus on a reduction of recidivism and offender accountability.

           PRI Training and Technical Assistance Provider for Fiscal Year 2007/2008 Grantees
STATE-WIDE TRAININGS ON REENTRY
 Based on a curriculum developed under BJA
  sponsorship and based upon practitioner and
  research input
 Pilot tested (2 states) and delivered in a total of
  14 states—CO, CT, IA, KN, KY, MA, MO, NC, ND,
  NY, OK, OR, PA, WI
 Focuses heavily upon best practices and
  evidence-based practice within the corrections
  arena
PARTICIPANTS
 Institutional and field staff
 Paroling authority members
 Community partners
 All levels from line to top executive leadership
 250 (typical number of participants at each)
 Organized into working groups of 10 each
 Format: plenaries, work sessions, concurrent
  sessions
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE TRAINING


     Focused on a ―framework‖ that
      included
       Sound  offender management practices
       Leadership

       Organizational change

       Rational planning
                Leadership and
             Organizational Change



 Offender                        Rational
Management                       Planning
 Practices                       Process



                Multi-Agency
                Collaboration
TAILORING FOR EACH STATE

   Incorporated information on current
    transition/reentry effort in the host state

   Combined visiting and home state faculty

   Highly participatory with work groups charged
    with providing recommendations
IMPACTS

   Highly rated by participants in terms of new and
    useful information

   Elicited commitments from participants about
    changes they would be willing and able to make
    to support more successful reentry

   Provided host agencies with specific action
    recommendations in a final report format
LESSONS
   While knowledge about reentry is widespread, there are
    still many individuals at every level in correctional
    agencies for whom the topic is fairly new

   Staff are interested in training in order to be able to do
    the assessments, and offender interactions needed to
    enhance motivation and successful reentry

   Even for corrections staff to whom this is new territory,
    there seems to be a willingness to embrace successful
    reentry as a goal for their work.
    PRESIDENTIAL PRISONER REENTRY
            INITIATIVE (PRI)
 Conducted in partnership with the
  Departments of Education, Health and Human
  Services, Housing and Urban Development and
  Labor
 The primary objective is the enhancement of
  public safety through the reduction of
  recidivism
        BJA PRESIDENTIAL PRISONER REENTRY
                  INITIATIVE (PRI)
   Strengthening communities by helping offenders
    find work and access other critical services in their
    communities
     Pre-release assessment
     Programming and services
     Transition planning
     Post-release supervision
     Coordination of services
     Collaboration among governmental and community
      agencies
    PRI TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
                  PROGRAM
   Goal: assist grantees to achieve their goals
    and the goals of PRI by:
     Developing,   implementing and enhancing reentry
      efforts
     Identify gaps and challenges in current reentry
      efforts and develop strategies to address those
      challenges
     Make a range of training and technical assistance
      resources available
      BJA PRESIDENTIAL PRISONER REENTRY
             INITIATIVE (PRI) PHASES
   Phase 1: Protect and Prepare – Institution
    based programming

   Phase 2: Control and Restore – Community
    based

   Phase 3: Sustain and Support – Community
    based long term support programs
     SCOPE OF TRAINING AND TECHNICAL
           ASSISTANCE FOR PRI
 Initial survey of sites to determine common
  needs and areas of interest
 Coaching Packets with topics based on input
  from participating sites
 Webinar Training sessions

 Individual on-site assistance

 Referral to resources
EXAMPLES OF PRI TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

 On-site assessment of reentry practices (NV)
 On-site coaching assistance (PA)

 Evidence-based practice training (CO)

 Facilitation of meetings to develop next steps
  (IN/TN)
 Off-site assistance in development of customer
  satisfaction survey (DC)
 Gender responsive training (FL/RI)
PRI COACHING PACKETS

   Coaching Packet Series 1: Policy and Practice
    Approaches

    A  framework of Reentry
     Effective Case Management

     Implementing Evidence-Based Practice
PRI COACHING PACKETS

   Coaching Packet Series 2:

     Shaping  Offender Behavior
     Engaging Offenders’ Families in Preparation for
      Reentry
     Building Offenders’ Community Assets through
      Mentoring
     Reentry Considerations for Women Offenders
PRI COACHING PACKETS

   Coaching Packet Series 3:

     Engaging in Meaningful Collaborative Partnerships
      to Support Reentry
     Implementing a Rational Planning Process to
      Support a Strategic Reentry Effort
     Measuring the Impact of Reentry Efforts
COACHING PACKET CONTENT
 Review of some of the literature on the subject
 Examples of the application of the research to
  everyday correctional practice
 A tool to determine strengths and gaps in
  current policies and practices
 Aid in developing plans to address identified
  gaps and challenges
 References to additional resources on the
  subject
PRI LESSONS

 Collaboration is essential among divisions of
  agencies (internal)
 Collaboration is essential with other
  governmental and community agencies
  (external)
 Despite what may appear as competing
  missions and goals, we all want the same thing
  – stronger and safer communities
THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CORRECTIONS’

 Transition To Community
Initiatives

TPC: Transition from Prison to Community -
      Center for Effective Public Policy
               - and -
TJC: Transition from Jail to Community –
          The Urban Institute


                         Kermit Humphries
                         Program Specialist
NIC’S INTEREST IN TRANSITION
   1985-2000: Decision-making & Violations Policies ►
    Systems Change & Collaboration.

   NIC has an overarching concern for public safety….
    Taking Several Forms.

   Big increases in number of released offenders each
    year.

   Transition practices are often fragmented and
    compartmentalized.

   Stakeholders compete rather than cooperate.
    CRITICAL NIC/TPC/TJC PRINCIPLES
•Involve multiple stakeholders


•Concentrate on    reforming systems

•Transition   starts at admission – or before

•Risk-reduction reforms   are driven by evidence-based practices

•Monitor performance     and evaluate
TRANSITION/REENTRY CLIMATE
   Learned much since 2000: from theory to practice
   Much more awareness and interest in offender’s
    returning to local communities
   Not just the job of ―corrections‖ anymore
   Multiple agencies and organizations investing
   Consistent and complimentary messages and tools
   Economy is changing attitudes & opportunities
TRANSITION FROM JAIL TO COMMUNITY
      The Urban Institute; Amy Solomon, Project Director
• Two Learning Sites over past year:
       Douglas County, KS, and Denver, CO

• Four more jurisdictions began to receive two years’
  implementation assistance Sept. 10:
   Orange County, CA     Kent County, MI
   Lacross County, WI    Davidson County, TN

• Future products will document what is learned.
  Transition From Prison to Community
Center For Effective Public Policy; Peggy Burke, Project Director



Phase I : Oregon, Missouri, Michigan, North
 Dakota, Indiana, New York, Rhode Island,
 Georgia
 (Began in 2001 and ended in 2009)

Phase II : Kentucky, Tennessee, Texas.
 Wyoming, Iowa, Minnesota.
 (Began in November 2009 and will receive
 assistance for about 21/2 years.)
TRANSITION FROM PRISON TO THE COMMUNITY

 Offers a ―framework‖ to guide the efforts of
  practitioners to reshape practice to enhance
  successful reentry from a ―system‖ perspective
 Led by a state-wide policy team, supported by
  implementation and task teams
 Deliberately involves non-correctional partners

 Seeks to create a seamless process from first
  contact with the system through discharge
TPC INITIATIVE

 Requires implementation of evidence-based
  practices
 Includes guidance on performance
  measurement:
     System  change measures;
     ―Reentry indicator‖ measures; and

     Public safety measures
HIGHLIGHTS

 Involved 8 states during the first round: GA, IN,
  MI, MN, MO, NY, OR, RI…and 6 more during the
  current round: IA, KY, MN, TN, TX, WY
 Involves provision of on-site and off-site
  technical assistance (no funding), exchange of
  information with other sites
                  The TPC Model
    Transition From Prison to Community

                                                                                 Release Authority
                                                             Community Supervision
                                                 Prison
                                                             Human Services Agencies


                 Admission       Assessment      Behavior                                  Supervision                                Law
                                                               Release        Release/
Sentencing          to               and           and                                        and           Discharge   Aftercare   Abiding
                                                             Preparation     Revocation     Services                                Citizen
                  Prison        Classification Programming
                                                                                   Violation


                                     Institutional                Re-Entry                               Community
                                         Phase                     Phase                                   Phase




                                                             TPC Integrated Case Management




          IA, KY, MN, TN, TX, WY
      GA, IN, MI, MO, ND, NY, OR, RI
Transition from Prison to Community Initiative
TPC IMPLEMENTATION ROADMAP
 Change teams
 Develop vision/mission
 Assess current practices
 Identify targets of change
 Devise implementation and measurement
  strategy
 Implement
 Monitor/Adjust
ILLUSTRATIVE IMPACTS OF TPC
   MISSOURI--Decreasing rates of recidivism (return to
    prison) 6 and 12 month follow-ups (23% down to
    15%, 37% down to 30%)

   GEORGIA—Upward trend in successful completions of
    parole 2005-2007 ( 66% up to 71%)

   MICHIGAN--MPRI outcomes through August 2007 --
    26% improvement in total returns to prison (net 400
    fewer returns to prison)
LESSONS

 Transition/Reentry is not just a corrections
  issue
 This is not just about more programs, it is
  about doing business differently
 Successful Transition/Reentry efforts are about
  community safety
 Measurable impacts are resulting from the
  efforts
TPC MODEL                       BJA FRAMEWORK


   Involves non correctional      Focuses heavily on
    partners                        correctional practices
   Emphasizes evidence based      Emphasizes evidence based
    practice                        practice
   Encourages collaboration       Encourages collaboration
   Looks to good performance      Looks to good performance
    measurement                     measurement
   Seeks reduced recidivism       Seeks reduced recidivism
    and public safety               and public safety


CONTRAST AND CONVERGENCE
 TRANSITION FROM JAIL TO THE COMMUNITY
 INITIATIVE (TJC)
 Provides a framework for a systems approach
  to successful jail-to-community transition
 Joint ownership of the effort between jail and
  community
 Triage approach to interventions
          on screening and assessment
     Built
     Matching right person to right interventions

   Data to understand populations and measure
    performance
  TJC MODEL
System Elements

Leadership, vision,           Collaborative     -Data-driven                    Targeted         -
                                                                                               Self-evaluation
and organizational          + structure and   + understanding                 + intervention + and
culture                       joint ownership    of local reentry               strategies     sustainability


 Individual Intervention Elements




                                                                                                                 Improved Outcomes
        JAIL                                                                                COMMUNITY
   Screening &
   Assessment
              Transition Plan

                            Targeted Interventions



  Information & referrals    Case management         Formal services   Informal support systems   Supervision
         TJC--HIGHLIGHTS

   Implementing model in six jurisdictions
     Davidson County, TN; Denver County, CO; Douglas
      County, KS; Kent County, MI; and Orange County,
      CA
 Technical assistance and evaluation support
  provided
 Web-based implementation toolkit to assist the
  broader jail field
         TJC IMPACTS

 Varied due to great differences between sites
 Implementation of risk/needs screening and
  assessment
 Creation or invigoration of collaborative bodies
  to address criminal justice system issues
     Including   justice system agencies and community
      partners
   Development of performance measurement
    capacity
ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL
TRANSITION/REENTRY STRATEGY INCLUDE:
   Good, evidence-based offender management practices,
   A seamless approach to assessment and case management,
    supported by a single, evolving case plan based on a sound
    empirically-based assessment or risks and needs;
   Adequate interventions targeted to offenders on the basis of
    risk and criminogenic need,
   Identification and removal of systemic barriers to reentry for
    all offenders;
   Strong collaboration among corrections and other public and
    community partners;
   Organizational change strategies and good planning;
   Agreement about performance measurement measures—
    and their collection and use to improve performance
   Strong leadership
CONCLUSION
A variety of resources including:
   Program/service   funding;
   Building correctional staff (and their partners’)
    understanding, buy-in, and skills;
   On and off-site technical assistance; and
   Guidance of a ―model or framework‖

  can assist jurisdictions to address the many
  challenges of supporting successful transition
  and reentry.
DOWNLOAD DOCUMENTS

 TPC Handbook
 http://nicic.org/Downloads/PDF/Library/0226
  69.pdf

 SVORI Handbook
 http://www.cepp.com/documents/CEPP%20SV
  ORI_final.pdf
FOR A COPY OF THIS PRESENTATION



   http://www.prisontransition.com/new.htm

				
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