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CSIR Postgraduate Research Programme in Engineering

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CSIR Postgraduate Research Programme in Engineering Powered By Docstoc
					                                                       2009-

CSIR Postgraduate Research
                                                       2010
Programme in Engineering
 Biomedical Engineering
  Agrionics ● Photonics




                            Two-year PG Research Programme

                                          in

    ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION
          ENGINEERING


            Central Scientific Instruments Organisation
                          Sector 30-C, Chandigarh [www.csio.res.in]
  Post Graduate Research Programme

                      in


    Advanced
 Instrumentation
   Engineering
              With Specialisation


                      in


          Agrionics ● Photonics
         Biomedical Engineering




 Central Scientific Instruments Organisation,
(Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
      Sector 30-C, Chandigarh-160030
       Advanced Instrumentation Engineering

       Instrumentation Engineering is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronic
       engineering, control engineering, systems design engineering and computer engineering to achieve
       measurements and control. It is a multidisciplinary field involving material science, sensors &
       actuators, optics, signal processing, statistics, computation, communication. The applications for this
       field are mostly visible in Health, Agriculture, Aviation, Safety, Security, Space, Manufacturing and
       Processing Sectors.

       This PG research programme on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering aims to provide in-depth
       exposure to the engineering concepts, scientific principles, research methodology and hands-on
       experience on advanced real-life R&D projects in different specialisations of advanced instrumentation
       engineering. Due to its multidisciplinary nature, graduates from wider branches of engineering can
       enrol into this course. Students completing this two-year programme will be fully research-enabled
       and industry-ready. The first semester of the programme focuses on core subjects and associated
       laboratories. The second and third semesters of the programme provide further sub-specialization in
       the areas of:

              Agrionics (AG)
              Photonics (PH)
              Biomedical Engineering (BM)

       The third and fourth semesters give the opportunity to the candidates to effectively utilize the
       knowledge acquired through the courses towards advanced R&D project work and dissertation in their
       specialisation areas.

       The medium of instruction and evaluation is English.



       Number of Seats and Sub-Specialisation Streams in the Programme

       The total number of seats available is 10 with the distribution among the following specializations.
       Allotment of specializations will be made based on the candidate's performance and preference at the
       end of the first semester.

                      Agrionics
                      Photonics
                      Biomedical Engineering

       The programme offers three streams as follows:




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       AGRIONICS
       Agro-technology is an increasingly crucial input in the industrialisation and development of nations
       and communities, particularly in the current era of globalisation, trade liberalisation and emphasis on
       competitiveness. The shared technologies and innovations of today are creating different agro-food
       industries and communities of tomorrow. CSIO has been involved in agri instrumentation since more
       than three decades. The term agrionics has been coined recently to imply agri electronic
       instrumentation.

       This novel course offers a scientific base for dissemination of basic methods and prevalent practices
       on crop management, soil preparation, testing, postharvest handling techniques, agro-processing and
       regulatory issues regarding food products. The course addresses scientific, engineering and
       technological instrumentation issues pertaining to agriculture management aimed at reducing the
       incidence of food losses, maintenance and assurance of quality, safety and traceability of products.
       Particular emphasis has been given to postharvest innovation, the transformation of knowledge and
       technologies into useful products and services in agri-food industries, as a key driver of economic
       growth and improved standards of living in rural-based economies.


       PHOTONICS
       The term Photonics implies generation, emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing,
       switching, amplification, detection and sensing of light. Foreseeing the demand of trained manpower
       in the emerging area of photonics for industry and research organisations within the country, it
       becomes necessary to initiate such a course. This course is intended to develop skilled manpower to
       meet the emerging needs of industry, standards as well as that of research and development.

       This subspecialisation is designed primarily to mould the field application of fibres into sensor
       networks, instrumentation and communication. It would allow engineering graduates to work in the
       emerging areas of fibre optics sensors, distributed sensors networks, optical materials, fibre
       waveguides, optoelectronics, holography, aspherics, structural health monitoring and optical
       communication optical instrumentation for strategic and societal needs. Other aspect with broader
       optical engineering embraces optics, optical materials, waveguides applied as sensors and imaging
       into many sectors such as industrial, strategic, agro and medical applications.

       CSIO Scientists are actively perusing research leading to applications in sectors such as safety, security,
       structures health monitoring and transport in civil life such as in aviation, railways, mines, oil & gas,
       railways, power generation and transmission, non-conventional energy generation, disaster
       mitigation, mining and geophysical survey, biosensors, biophotonics, medicine, atomic energy etc.


       BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

       Biomedical Instrumentation is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical
       field. It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological
       sciences to help improve patient health care and the quality of life of individuals. As the interest in this
       field is increasing, some institutions of engineering now have a biomedical engineering program or
       department at the undergraduate level.

       As a relatively new discipline, biomedical engineering covers fields: bioinformatics, medical imaging,
       image processing, physiological signal processing, biomechanics, biomaterials and bioengineering,
       systems analysis, 3-D modelling, etc. Examples of concrete applications of biomedical engineering are
       the development and manufacturing of biocompatible prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices
       and imaging equipment such as CT, MRI and EEG, and pharmaceutical drugs.



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                                                           2
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       About CSIO
       Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO) is a premier national laboratory dedicated to
       research, design and development of scientific and industrial instruments. It is one of the constituent
       laboratories of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), India, a multi-disciplinary and
       multi-dimensional apex industrial research & development organisation of the country.

       Established in October 1959, CSIO was chartered to stimulate the growth of indigenous instrument
       industry in the country through development of contemporary technologies and other scientific &
       technological assistance.

       Initially located at New Delhi, CSIO was moved in 1962 to Chandigarh, the City Beautiful located in the
       north west of Delhi. CSIO Campus (spread over an area of approximately 120 acres) comprises of
       Office Buildings, R&D Laboratories, Indo-Swiss Training Centre and a Housing Complex. An austere
       four-storey building and the accompanying workshops were inaugurated in December 1967. Another
       four-storey block was added in 1976 for housing R&D Divisions, Library, etc. During mid-eighties, the
       laboratory buildings and infrastructural facilities were modernized in order to gear the Institute
       towards taking up development projects in challenging and emerging areas of technology. A separate
       Administrative Block was inaugurated in September 1994.

       With a view to meeting the growing demand of well trained instrument technologists, Indo-Swiss
       Training Centre (ISTC) was started in December 1963 with the co-operation of Swiss Foundation for
       Technical Assistance, Zurich, Switzerland.

       CSIO is a multi-disciplinary organization having well equipped laboratories manned by highly qualified
       and well trained staff with infrastructural facilities in the areas of microelectronics, optics, applied
       physics, electronics, mechanical engineering, etc. The current on-going R&D programmes include
       technological solutions for societal application in food & agro and health & rehabilitation sector;
       avionics, snow and seismic monitoring in strategic sector, landslide and structure health monitoring
       for public safety and bio and nano sciences for various application sectors.

       A large number of instruments ranging from simple to highly sophisticated ones, have been designed
       and developed by the Institute and their knowhow have been passed on to the industry for
       commercial exploitation. Having contributed substantially towards the growth of the scientific
       instruments industry in the country, CSIO enjoys a high degree of credibility among the users of the
       instruments as well as the instrument industry.

       CSIO, Chandigarh is surrounded by several leading institutions such as Institute of Microbial
       Technology (IMTech, CSIR), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER),
       Terminal Ballistics Research Lab (TBRL, DRDO) and Snow & Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE,
       DRDO), Government Medical College & Hospital (GMCH), Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education
       and Research (PGIMER), Centre for Design of Advanced Computing (C-DAC, MCIT), Panjab University,
       Punjab Engineering College, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR),
       Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), IIT Punjab, Institute of Nano Science &
       Technology, Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL), and Semiconductor Laboratory.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Campus
       CSIO campus is situated on the
       Ambala-Chandigarh highway which
       houses      the     laboratories    &
       workshops, Indo-Swiss Training
       Centre (ISTC) and residential
       complex. The various amenities
       available in the campus include
       Clinical Centre, Crèche, Community
       Centre, Health Club and Adult Park.
       There are 250 dwelling units of
       various types catering to different
       levels of employees. A hostel is
       available for students from various
       engineering       institutions    and
       universities     undergoing      their
       thesis/project/training. A guest-
       house with a capacity of 16
       rooms is also available in the                         CSIO Canteen and Guest House
       campus. A canteen facility
       exists for all the employees and students. At present the vacant Type-I accommodation in the campus
       is being renovated with provision for internet facility for accommodating the Scientist Trainees and a
       50-room hostel is proposed to be constructed for them. Dining and Common Room facilities would be
       provided in for Scientist Trainees.


       Laboratories
       CSIO has a number of state-of-art modern labs actively engaged in R&D programmes of the institute. A
       select number of these labs and facilities have been earmarked for carrying out
       research/project/thesis of MTech/PhD level scholars. They can accommodate additional 3-5 Scientist
       Trainees each while a similar number would be allowed from other institutions. Three basic (common
       to all streams) labs exist (already catering MTech(Mechatraonics) students). Additional two labs are
       easily configurable from the related R&D groups. Furthermore, in all the three departments for the
       chosen streams, sitting space for accommodating the Scientist Trainees is being created with standard
       office amenities including computer, internet, printing, phone/fax facility. The CSIO’s IT cell would
       extend the services to the Scientist Trainees. Similarly, administrative requirements including national
       travel and outstation stay/accommodation of the TSs would be met initially by the existing CSIO
       establishments till independent arrangements are made. The Scientist Trainees would be considered
       as team members for international collaborations and funds for fees/travel/etc would be sought from
       different sources including CSIO/CSIR and other government funding schemes.

       Library
       CSIO library has a seating capacity of about 40 persons and is equipped with more than 50,000 books
       and standards covering a wide spectrum of areas of science, engineering, technology, management
       and multidisciplinary areas. Currently 92 journals in different disciplines are subscribed by the library
       and there is access of more than 2000 on-line e-journals within the campus. Besides that, the library
       has arrangements with other local institutions as well as National Institute of Science Communication
       and Information Resources (NISCAIR) for emergent requirement of literature and books. The annual
       budget of the library is Rs 45.00 lacs which is likely to be enhanced to meet the future requirements.
       Additional budget would be sought for procuring text and recommended books for the Sc. Trainees.



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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Faculty
       Well qualified and experienced senior scientists of CSIO have designed the course content for the
       prestigious maiden Scientific & Technological education and training programme of programme.
       Almost all the faculty has been drawn from research groups of CSIO engaged in the multidisciplinary
       areas of scientific and industrial instrumentation, devices, systems and related technologies. The
       expertise of R&D teams here largely caters to the application sectors such as health, agro, strategic
       and public safety.

       CSIO has been playing an active role for human resource development in terms of running MTech
       (Instrumentation) affiliated to Panjab University (PU), Chandigarh which was initiated at CSIO in the
       year 1994 and was run by CSIO faculty using internal laboratory facilities for three consecutive years
       before it was shifted to PU. The faculty here is still actively involved in the programme in terms of
       decision making bodies, thesis supervision and evaluation. The scientists here were also involved in
       conception, design and implementation of another programme [MTech (Microelectronics)]
       programme in the year 1998 in association with Semiconductor Complex Ltd (now called
       Semiconductor Laboratory), Mohali (Pb) currently being successfully run by PU, Chandigarh. Another
       Masters programme [MTech(Nanosciences)] has also been initiated in 2006 in PU, Chandigarh. More
       recently, CSIO has jointly initiated an MTech (Mechatronics) programme with Central Mechanical
       Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur and Central Electronic Engineering Research
       Institute (CEERI), Pilani in affiliation with Bengal Engineering Science University (BESU), Shibpur,
       Kolkata. This programme is being run jointly by the faculty of the all the four institutions involved at
       the respective places. Furthermore, scientists also supervise on a regular basis project training and
       thesis work of a large number of B.Tech and MTech students respectively. A number of Junior
       Research Fellows (JRFs) and Senior Research Fellows (SRFs) pursue their research work at CSIO for
       MTech/PhD. To facilitate a better R&D, academia and industry interface, CSIO has entered into several
       MoUs with universities, institutions and industries resulting in a regular flow of students and research
       problems. CSIO scientists are also members of Board of Studies (BoSs) and Research Degree
       Committees (RDCs) of a number of universities and institutions. In addition, an exclusive Indo-Swiss
       Training Centre (ISTC) of CSIO has been offering 3-yr Diploma in Instrument Technology (since 1963)
       and 4-yr Advanced Diplomas in Mechatronics and Die & Mould Making.

       Senior Scientists have been identified to serve as faculty for PGRTP, CSIO Chandigarh. They comprise
       of PhDs and MTechs and some of them are pursuing their PhD. All are MTechs and PhDs from reputed
       institutions such as IITs, BITS, NITs etc from the country and aboard. Some of them have gained
       experience as Post Doctorate from abroad and they are maintaining active contact and interaction
       with the professors in foreign universities/institutions including top league ones. These faculty
       members have experience of designing courses for various MTech programmes as mentioned above.
       Most of them have teaching experience ranging few years to more than a decade gained at different
       times over their career for teaching special subjects in engineering institutions and at university level.
       Some of the faculty members that have been drawn from CSIO’s Indo-Swiss Training Centre are
       dedicated to teaching diploma and post-diploma courses.

       A good number of international research publications have emanated from the research work carried
       out by these scientists and some of the papers have been published in high impact factor journals.
       About a dozen of PhDs have been supervised by some of the senior faculty members in the last
       decade while currently more than 20 PhDs and about 35 MTech students are pursuing their thesis. In
       the last few years, more than 50 patents have been filed by them and granted while many are under
       process. A number of technologies successfully developed by the scientists have been transferred to
       industry and a few industrial consultancies have been carried out in the related areas.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                        ADMISSION PROCESS
                                         Admission Process

       Please see the CSIR website, http://www.csir.res.in for announcement and online submission of the
       admission form. The selected candidates will be designated as “Scientist Trainee” under the CSIR QHS
       scheme. Admission eligibility, important dates, stipend, fees, etc are provided on the CSIR web site.
       However, the mode of fee payment at CSIO is provided below.




                                       Payment of Fees at CSIO


       For NEFT bank transfer, please transfer the amount to the saving account number 30267029400
       (Saving) of “Director, CSIO” at SBI, Sector 30, Chandigarh, (IFSC Code SBIN0001443) with appropriate
       narration statement.

       Payment may also be made using demand draft, drawn in favour of “Director, CSIO” payable at
       Chandigarh and sent by speed post or registered letter to “Director, CSIO, Sector 30-C, Chandigarh –
       160 030” along with appropriate covering statement.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              Recent Activities &
                Infrastructural
               Facilities of CSIO

                                          in
                               Agrionics ● Photonics
                              Biomedical Engineering




                                                                 7
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                               Agrionics
       FBG (Fibre Bragg Gratings) Sensors for
       Agro Applications
       Development of FBG sensors for monitoring
       temperature and moisture of soil was taken-up
       recently. Lab studies for temperature measurement
       in soil using FBG sensors and investigations for
       optimization of various process parameters for
       development of holographic phase mask for FBG
       writing are in progress.

       Sensors and Instrumentation for                              Experimental Set-up for Tea Quality Measurement
       Pesticides Estimation
       The development of biosensor and instrumentation             The issue of adulteration of food items has been
       is based on fluorescence or impedance/voltametric            drawing attention by several researches with an
       changes occurring during interaction of pesticide            objective to device appropriate transduction
       molecule with the bio-sensing material. These                techniques for its assessment. Honey is usually
       sensors will be deployed for the estimation of               adulterated by mixing it with high fructose corn
       pesticide level in water and soil, etc. The layout of        syrup, jaggery, sugar syrup, glucose and sucrose.
       the sensor design has been accomplished. The                 Quantification of quality of honey on the basis of its
       activities    involving    system       configuration,       physical and chemical properties, such as, pH,
       optimization & characterization of material                  electrical conductivity, viscosity and NIR spectral
       parameters for sensing layers and fluorescence               absorbance are being studied. By including samples
       behaviour of different molecules are in progress.            with several known adulterations in the reference
                                                                    set, predictive models will be developed to identify
       Sensor and Instrumentation for Crop                          the type of adulterant in honey. Partial least
                                                                    squares (PLS) regression find ample scope in the
       Growth (Photosynthesis)
                                                                    development of calibration models for the
       An agro climatic measurement system is currently
                                                                    classification of honey adulteration.
       under development for measuring photosynthesis
       rate in various crops. On passing air through a
       sealed chamber, the leaf present in the chamber
       consumes carbon dioxide gas in the presence of
                                                                       Intensity (arb.unit)




       light coming from an LED source of a specific
       wavelength in the visible region. The amount of
       carbon dioxide consumed by the leaf, under
       controlled environment of the chamber, is
       measured to estimate the photosynthesis rate. The
       gas handling system, flow controls, leaf chamber,
       light source holding system, data interpreting
       system are under fabrication.
                                                                                                   -1
                                                                             Wave number (cm )
       Quantification of Quality for Tea & Honey                     IR-Absorbance of Pure and Adulterated Honey
       Tea quality can be estimated by various physical
       and chemical and chemical, which include colour,
       moisture, texture, etc.        Development of an             Samples of honey from different sources were
       electronic module to quantify the quality of made            collected and experiments were carried out to
       tea in terms of different grading parameters on the          evaluate the properties of pure as well as
       basis of its properties were taken up. Development           adulterated honey using FTIR, refractometer and
       of different modular systems forhumidity                     pH meter.
       measurement, colour identification, size and shape
       are in progress.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Aroma and Taste Measuring for Tea
       Due to the presence of a large number of organic
       compounds in tea, it is difficult to get an absolute
       standard of made tea. Aroma and taste in made tea
       are important parameters and need to be
       standardized using electronic gadgets. Electronic
       noses/tongues comprises array of non-specific
       sensors along with a pattern recognition approach,
       which can be used to quantify flavour/odour and
       taste, etc. When the sensor arrays come in contact
       with the measurand, a change in voltage or
       frequency is observed. Each odour or taste leaves a
       characteristic pattern or fingerprint on the sensor
       array. Artificial neural network are used to train,
       distinguish and recognize the odours or the tastes
       of the processed tea. Simulation based on the
       sensory response for specific taste, such as,                Instrumentation for Quality of Stored Potatoes
       sourness, sweetness, saltiness and bitterness is
       under development to quantify the tea liquor
       quality.                                                   Hygienic      and      Safe     Production        of




                                  Controlled Atmosphere Storage House
       Instrumentation for Maintaining the          Processed/Semi-Processed Foods
       Quality of Stored Potatoes                   A Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) System for the
       Development of instrumentation with embedded               preservation of processed/semi-processed liquid
       intelligence for monitoring the potato quality             foods is under development. This will help in
       during storage is under progress. The automatic            retaining the quality, flavour, nutrition and
       control of cold house parameters helps in reducing         enhancing the shelf life of the processed food.
       the excessive dehydration, sprouting, decay and
       formation of high sugar concentration in potatoes          Preliminary designs of static and co-axial treatment
       during its storage.                                        chambers for PEF process were prepared. Study of
                                                                  the microorganisms responsible for the spoilage of
       Initial studies were carried out for the                   liquid foods was also carried out.
       measurement of potato quality parameters,
       namely, dry matter content, specific gravity, sugar
                                                                  Monitoring & Control System for Food
       concentration, etc. Fabrication of controlled              Storage Houses & Optimization of Process
       environment storage chambers is at the advanced            Parameters
       stage. Lab experiments were carried out to                 Biological products (Fruits & Vegetables) have living
       monitor and control the operation of chilling              organism, respire, huge loss reported 20,000 to
       system, humidification, heating, gas concentration         40,000 Crore per annum. The system provides
       and associated control.                                    extended shelf life 40-60% than normal cold
                                                                  storage, improved food chain, fruits availability
                                                                  round the year, and sustained quality. Cooling
                                                                  under controlled atmosphere of storage is altered




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       to increase CO2 level (to reduce internal browning),        Broad Specifications:
       reduce O2 (control respiration) and completely                   Measuring Range: 0-199 Iodine Number
       remove C2H4 (Responsible for ripening).                          Accuracy: ± 0.1 unit
                                                                        Resolution: 0.1 unit
       Broad Features                                                   Display: LCD
           •    Fully Programmable CA Storage System,
               intelligent networking                              Salient Features/Uniqueness:
           • Control of parameters Temp, RH, CO2, O2                     Portable
               & Ethylene, Scrubbing system for C2H4 &                   Direct display of iodine number
               CO2                                                       Reproducible results
           • LabVIEW based control and display system                    Low cost of analysis
           • Storage Capacity: 250Kg Extendable up to                    Readymade test reagents
               2500Kg                                                    Easy to operate
           •    Storage trials in association with CFTRI in
               progress                                            Applications include Iodine number of oils, fats &
           • Deliverables: Technology package for CA               unsaturated compounds.
               Storage like Apple, Pears etc
                                                                   Oil Spectrophotometer
           Linkages: PAU, Ludhiana; Sudhir Industries;             Oils and fats obtain metallic contents from soil
           Markfed Panjab                                          where plants are grown and from contact
                                                                   equipments during crushing, processing and
                                                                   storage. Many of the Metal ions promote auto-
       Iodine Value Meter                                          oxidation, which results in off-flavour accompanied
       ‘Iodine Number’ represents number of centigrams             by change in colour. Studies have shown that Cu is
       of iodine absorbed by one gram of oil or fat. The           most harmful metal in edible oils followed by Fe,
       instrument is based on measurement of change in             Mn, Cr and Ni. To measure these ions costly
       potential across the sensing and reference                  analytical instruments are being used. The oil
       electrodes when immersed in a mixture of test               spectrophotometer developed at CSIO is based on
       reagent and oil. The LCD display is a direct measure        Lambert-Beer’s law using specific colour developing
       of Iodine Number. It consists of two sub-systems:           reagents for each element.

       Sensing System: It consists of two-electrode                The instrument consists of a light source, sample
       assembly one reference calomel electrode and                holder, detector and optical filters of wavelengths
       other platinum working electrode fitted in holder.          430, 470, 510 and 695 nm. Specific test reagents
       Sensing surface of each electrode must be dipped            have been developed for the estimation of each
       in the test solution of ICl of known strength and           metal ion. Concentration is directly displayed on
       with known amount of edible oil.                            LCD.

                                                                   Broad Specifications :
                                                                         Measuring Range: 0.1 to 2.0 ppm for Cu, Fe
                                                                            & Ni and 0.05 to 0.7 ppm for P.
                                                                         Display: 3½ digit LCD
                                                                         Light Source: Tungsten Lamp
                                                                   Salient Features/Uniqueness:
                                                                         Low cost and portable instrument
                                                                         Direct display of concentration
                                                                         Stable and dedicated reagents
                                                                         Long shelf life of reagents
                                                                         No standards required for calibration
                                                                         Reproducible results
                                                                         Easy to operate

                       Iodine Value Meter                      Applications: Metallic ions in edible oils, water
                                                                 samples and high purity materials.
       Measuring and Display System: This sub-system
       measures the resultant potential difference across
       the two electrodes and relates it to iodine number,
       which is directly displayed on LCD.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Gossypol Measuring System                                  E-Nose Facility
       Gossypol is a toxic phenolic compound present in           Electronic olfaction, sometimes called “electronic
       the cottonseed, which makes the cottonseed oil             nose” technology, is designed to specifically
       and de-oiled cake unfit for human and animal               measure an entire aroma or odour in way similar to
       consumption. Due to toxic effects of gossypol it is        humans. Electronic olfaction technology can
       undesirable in cottonseed oil and de-oiled                 distinguish differences between samples, predict
       cottonseed cake.                                           acceptability or a customer’s response and add
                                                                  confidence to supplier/manufacturer relationship.
                                                                  This system virtually reacts in someway to most
                                                                  odours and aromas. This system uses artificial
                                                                  intelligence and statistical techniques for the odour
                                                                  fingerprint recognition.




                   Gossypol Measuring System

       The system is based on Lambert-Beer’s law, which
       employs a light source; sample holding system,
       detector, and current to voltage converter, log
       amplifier, 3½ digit display. A Red LED of 635nm
       wavelength has been used as light source. The test
       solution, after its colour development, has
       absorption maxima at 635 nm. The absorbance                                 Electronic Nose
       value is directly proportional to the concentration        The Alpha MOS electronic nose consists of 12 solid
       of gossypol, which is displayed on LCD.                    state sensors, robotic system to carry aroma
                                                                  vapours, resistivity measuring system, data analysis
       Broad Specifications:                                      in PCA, interpretation and finger print presentation
            Measuring range      : 5-75 ppm                      of the results.
            Accuracy             : ±0.5 ppm
            Display              : 3½ Digit LCD                  High Performance Liquid Chromatograph
            Light Source         : LED of 635 nm                 (HPLC)
                                                                  HPLC/GPC (Waters make) is a system which
       Salient features/ Uniqueness:                              separates low and high molecular weight
             Portable                                            compounds from liquids. HPLC utilizes a liquid
             Direct display of gossypol concentration            mobile phase to separate the components in a
             Reproducible results
             Easy to operate

       Applications include edible oil industries and
       Pharmaceutical Industries.




                     Oil Spectrophotometer                                   High Performance Liquid
                                                                                 Chromatograph
                                                                  mixture. These components first get dissolved in a




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       solvent and then forced to flow through a                     is 200 – 900 nm based on the principle of Lambert
       chromatographic column under high pressure. In                Beer’s Law. Applications include analysis of various
       this column the mixture is resolved into its                  constituents in edible oils, food, metals, minerals,
       components. The interaction of the solute with                water, grains and dyes etc.
       mobile and stationary phases can be manipulated
       through different choices of both solvent and
       stationary phase. This instrument comprises high
       pressure pumping system, different type of
       columns for separation, with detectors Refractive
       Index, Fluorescence, Absorbance, and Photo Diode
       Array. The separation capability is up to nano levels.

       Desktop Probe station with Femto range
       IV-CV Measurement Systems
       It is an analytical test station for probing
       applications such as measurement of IV–CV
       characteristics of DNA, CNTs and molecular motors.
       This probe station is ideal for applications that                      UV-Visible Spectrophotometer
       require dark and electrically 'quiet' environments            Gas Chromatograph
       such as low current measurements, CV
                                                                     Gas chromatography is a process by which a
       measurements, MOS and CCD elements.
                                                                     mixture of gases or volatile liquids is separated in to
                                                                     its constituents by mobile gas phase passing over a
                                                                     stationary sorbent. Helium, nitrogen, hydrogen or
                                                                     argon is used as carrier gas. A mixture of gases or
                                                                     volatile liquids with carrier gas passes through a
                                                                     capillary column heated at certain temperature.
                                                                     The gaseous mixture is separated with in to
                                                                     constituents as different gases and organic volatile
                                                                     liquids have different retention time in the capillary
                                                                     column. The retention time is the parameter to
                                                                     identify different constituents. The detectors detect
                                                                     and quantitatively determine the concentration of
              Isothermal Titration Calorimeter                       gases/volatile liquids on the basis of peak area or
                                                                     peak height. Gas chromatograph can determine
                                                                     gases or organic volatile mixtures as low as parts
       Isothermal Titration Calorimeter                              per million (ppm).
       Isothermal Titration Calorimeter measures the
       kinetic parameters of enzyme catalyzed reactions
       and operates in a wide temperature range (-2o to
       80°C). It consists of two cells (sample and
       reference) maintained at constant temperature
       through a thermal power supply to the sample cell.
       This thermal power reflects the heat flow, i.e., the
       dissipation of heat (dQ) as a function of time (dt).
       The heat flow measurements can be recorded in
       nano to micro Joule.

       UV–Visible Spectrophotometer                                                  Gas Chromatograph
       Spectrophotometry is a part of photometry, which
                                                                     Applications are for edible oils, organic pollutants,
       deals with the measure of light as function of
                                                                     beverages, flavouring compounds, Proteins and
       wavelength. The instrument is used for quantitative
                                                                     pesticides, sprays, adulterants, environmental gases
       determination of the constituents, which have their
                                                                     etc.
       own colour or produce colour spices with the
       reaction to another reagent in the visible range i.e.         Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
       400 to 750 nm. Similarly the compounds                        Atomic absorption spectroscopy is based on the
       organic/inorganic, which do not produce, colour               principle of absorption of radiations by ground
       but absorb the light in the range 200-380 nm can be           state atoms in the flame characteristics of each
       quantitatively estimated with the UV-visible                  element and the extent of absorption is
       spectrophotometer. Working range of the systems               proportional to the concentration of metal ions.



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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       The concentration as low as parts per million (ppm)
       can be determined by the instrument. The results
       are displayed in absorbance as well as
       concentration mode.
       The mercury hydride attachment provided with the
       AAS is used for determination of hydride forming
       elements such as As, Bi, Sb, Sn, Se, Hg and Te.
       These elements can be determined with this
       instrument at the concentration range as low as
       ppb level.



                                                                                 Differential Thermal Analyzer

                                                                      Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
                                                                      It is a method whereby the energy necessary to
                                                                      establish a zero temperature difference between a
                                                                      substance and a reference material is recorded as a
                                                                      function of temperature or time.

                                                                      Applications include determination of purity and
                                                                      thermal stability of primary and secondary
                                                                      standards, application to analytical problem, and
             Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
                                                                      determination of composition of complex mixtures.
       Applications include analysis of water, soil, purity of
       chemicals, oils and fats, metals and alloys etc.               Fluorescence Spectrophotometer
                                                                      Fluorescence is the phenomenon of absorption of
                                                                      radiant energy and re-emission of some of this
       Differential   Thermal        Analyzer/                        energy in the form of visible light. The light emitted
       Thermogravimetric Analyzer/                                    is of higher wavelength than that absorbed by the
       Differential  Scanning      Calorimetry                        material.
       (DTA/TGA/DSC)
                                                                      Fluorescence spectrophotometer is used to
                                                                      measure the concentration of materials which are
       These are the techniques in which changes in
                                                                      fluorescent. Fluorescence intensity is proportional
       physical and/or chemical properties of a substance
                                                                      to the concentration of the material and follows
       are measured as a function of temperature. The
                                                                      Lambert-Beer’s law.
       basic requirement for thermo-gravimetric is a
       precision balance with a furnace programmable for
       a linear rise in temperature with time.

       Thermogravimetry (TG)
       It is a technique in which a change in weight of a
       substance is recorded as a function of temperature
       or time.

       Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)
       It is a method for recording the difference in
       temperature between a substance and an inert
       reference material as a function of temperature or
       time.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                            Other Facilities: CHEMICAL/MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION
                           Facility                                 Brief Applications

           Inductive Coupled Plasma Atomic         Elemental Analysis of Metals
           Emission Spectrophotometer (ICP-AES)

           Microprocessor based Carbon & Sulphur   To find out carbon & sulphur in cast-iron & steels
           Analyser

           Gas Chromatograph                       Analysis of volatile compounds (liquids & gases)
                                                   into their constituents by chromatographic
                                                   technique

           Differential Thermal Analyser/Thermo-   To study the behaviour of material with respect to
           gravimetric Analyser                    temperature



                         Other Facilities: MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION : SPECTROSCOPIC

                            Facility                                  Brief Applications

           UV-Vis Spectrophotometer                   Analysis of materials based on colour development
                                                      in visible region and for colourless solutions in UV
                                                      range

           Fluorescence Spectrophotometer             Electroluminescence behaviour of materials within
                                                      the range of 200-900 nm

           Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer        Flame absorption & emission spectrophotometric
                                                      mode technique for metal ion analysis




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                               Photonics
       Strategic and Defence Instrumentation                          throughout the brightness level of outside world.
       Strategic and defence instrumentation has been an              The unit met the environmental standards of 810D,
       important R&D activity of the lab and significant              power supply MIL standards 704D and EMI/EMC
       achievements have been made recently. These                    requirements as per MIL standard 461C. The user
       involve work in optics, photonics, mechanical and              friendly Up Front Control Panel (UFCP) and Multi-
       electronic modules.                                            Function Up front Control Panel (MFUCP) provides
                                                                      continuous interaction with Display Processor (DP)
       The progress made in the Head Up Display for LCA               regarding health of the system through RS 422
       has met the R&D challenges which include, avoiding             communication link.
       sun glare during mid-day operations, performance
       up-gradation through software modification, raster
       implementation for night flying, improving the
       transmissivity of beam combiners and motorized
       iris camera. This success provided new impetus
       towards indigenous technology development of
       Head up Displays for fighter aircrafts for Indian Air
       Force. More than 890 successful flights of the LCA
       made by TD1, TD2, PV1, PV2, PV3 and LSP1 aircrafts
       have further proved ruggedness in the technology.
       The engineering perfection through SOF/LQT Unit
       of HUD for HJT-36 aircraft will further lead to
       development of low cost versions of HUD for
       civilian aircrafts.

       In the area of Photonics, work was carried out on
       fibre-optic sensors, specialized sensors like Extrinsic
       Fabry Perot Interferometric (EFPI) sensor,                                      LCA HUD Raster Version
       application specific fibre-optic systems and                   Out of total requirement of 11 HUD units by ADA,
       holography. Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) and Long                 Bangalore, 8 Units are with cursive features while 3
       Period Grating (LPG) writing system was established            Units are with raster features. The Airworthy HUD
       for providing varied characteristics features in the           Unit-014 delivered to ADA, Bangalore for flight
       design of FBGs & LPGs. Application of the sensor in            operation of LCA is a pure cursive version with
       varied areas were studied.                                     MFUCP and Standard of Preparation (SOP) of HUD
                                                                      Unit-003.
       Work on photonics based instruments for detonics
       was taken up jointly with TBRL for measurement of
       projectile velocities and film based shadowgraphs.

       Head Up Display for LCA
       In the LCA cockpit, HUD occupies the prime location
       to provide the pilot with essential flight
       information, navigational and target/ weapon
       release clues etc, superimposed on the view of the
       outside world. There is no forced air cooling or
       internal fan to remove the heat generated in the
       system, thereby reducing cockpit noise to increase
       pilot’s comfort level. The mechanical housing has
       been used as a heat sink to dissipate the heat
       generated by the system by natural convection and
       radiation.

       CSIO-HUD provides the 25° TFOV as compared to
       24° TFOV of Sextant HUD. The symbol brightness of
       more than 2800 fl maintains contrast of 1.2 to 1.3                       Sun Glare Image without Filter



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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       HUD Unit-015 with pure cursive and mixed mode              and CRI, Bangalore. The project is funded by ADA,
       (cursive in raster fly-back) was delivered to ADA,         Bangalore.
       Bangalore. The unit with MF-UFCP has met the
       requisite qualification of extended ESS i.e. power         Cursive HUD Units
       supply test (MIL STD 704D), EMI/EMC CE03 (MIL              Another project for design, development and
       STD 461C), Pre-ESS Performance Evaluation,                 supply of seven additional Cursive HUD units to
                                                                  ADA, Bangalore was taken up. These units will be
                                                                  implemented with the RFAs issues and delivered
                                                                  along with their solutions.




              Reduced Sun Glare Image with Filter                             LCA HUD Cursive Version




                                                                              Cursive Image of LCA HUD
                 Raster Image of the LCA HUD                      HUD Units-018 and 019 were delivered to ADA,
                                                                  Bangalore. The HUD Unit-018 has successfully test
       Pre-thermal random Vibration (15 minutes on each           flown with aircraft with PV3. The HUD Unit-019 was
       axis), thermal cycling (7 Cycles), post thermal            submitted for flight trials after implementing all
       random vibration (5 minutes on each axis) and 4            necessary RFAs. HUD Units-020 & 021 was made
       hours burn test. The unit was made ready for               ready after the Environment Stress Screening (ESS)
       integration with aircraft for flight trials at ADA,        Tests and will be delivered to ADA, Bangalore.
       Bangalore during night hours with Forward Looking
       Infrared (FLIR) Camera. It was implemented with            RCMA       Chandigarh,    BEL     Panchkula, BEL,
       the technical solutions of five major Requests for         Machlipattnam and CRI Bangalore are the
       Action (RFAs) by NFTC pilot’s like Sun glare,              participating and collaborating agencies.
       improved transmissivity of Beam Combiners (BC),
       BC frame obstruction, distortion of symbols in
       overlapping region and automatic control of the            Head-up Display for HJT-36 Aircraft
       brightness by using auto-iris camera.                      The HUD for HJT-36 is the modified version of
                                                                  technology as compared to LCA HUD incorporating
       Participating/ collaborating agencies include RCMA,        the new opto-mechanical lay out with tilted CRT
       Chandigarh, BEL, Panchkula, BEL, Machlipattnam             plane from vertical, reduced overall weight, volume
                                                                  and size as per the specific requirement. The



16
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       requirements of Nose Clearance Line (NCL) and               The LQT Unit also cleared RE02 tests for the
       Ejection Clearance Line (ECL) are quite stringent           measurement of radiated emissions in the
       which put up the new challenge in design and                frequency range of 14 KHz to 10 GHz using three
       development of HUD adding critical tolerances. The          different antennas at DEAL, Dehradun. The
       new feature of Electronic Stand by Sight (SBS) with         emissions were found to be wall within the
       provision of Raster has made the technological              specified range limit. The power supply test (MIL-
       development meeting yet another challenge in the            STD-704D) was subjected on SOF/LQT unit and was
       development of the new variant of Head up
       Display.




               Head-Up Display for HJT-36 Aircraft
                     (Safety of Right Unit)                                    Front Focusing of SOF Unit

                                                                   also completed successfully. Various documents,
                                                                   such as, QTP, ATP, ESS, Technical specifications,
                                                                   Software versions definition and Standard of
                                                                   Preparation etc were prepared for qualification of
                                                                   airworthy units. RCMA, Chandigarh, BEL, Panchkula,
                                                                   BEL, Machlipattnam, CRI, Ghaziabad are
                                                                   participating/ collaborating agencies in the project.




                         HJT-36 Aircraft




                                                                                Folding Mirror of SOF Unit

                                                                   Lens Assembly for HUDWAC System
                                                                   The lens assembly for Head Up Display for Weapon
                                                                   Aiming Computer (HUDWAC) under development is
                                                                   a retrofitable system for application in the existing
                                                                   electronic block of Jaguar aircraft. The optical
                      Exit Lens of SOF Unit
                                                                   system was designed and developed having a
                                                                   provision of Optical Stand by Sight (SBS) for safe
       After successful integration of the Engineering Unit
                                                                   manoeuvring and landing of aircraft during mission
       with Mission Computer at ARDC, HAL Bangalore,
                                                                   computer failure. The system is optically corrected
       the Electronic and Optical block of Safety of Flight
                                                                   for narrow wavelength of CRT and also for avionics
       (SOF)/LQT Unit H-002 was assembled and
                                                                   red colour for SBS. The fabrication of optical beam
       successfully tested with Mission Computer at ARDC,
                                                                   splitter is critical to meet the stringent requirement
       HAL, Bangalore. The unit cleared the EMI and EMC
                                                                   of the lens assembly.
       tests at TBRL, Chandigarh for CS01, CS02 and CS06.


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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       The optical system for HUDWAC was assembled                    These sensors would be fitted in Tejas aircraft to
       along with Beam Splitter and the target illumination           continuously monitor the temperature in the
       lens in a single barrel. The effective focal length and        vicinity of the engine and to send warning signal
       back focal length of the optical system has met the            through the electronic control unit. This enables the
       required tolerance limits. The fibre illuminated               pilot to take timely evasive action to avoid loss to
       graticule was assembled along with fibre bundle.               human life as well as the aircraft. The sensor is
       The beam combiner assembly of Jaguar HUD was                   based on the Negative Temperature Coefficient
       carried out on the optical module and the total                (NTC) principle and comprises 2.8 mm SS 316
       system was tested.                                             tubular sheathing with continuous thermocouple
                                                                      sensing wires equally spaced with the insulating
       RCMA, Chandigarh, BEL, Panchkula, BEL,                         ceramic mixture filling for stability. Under ambient
       Machlipattnam      and     CRI, Bangalore are                  temperature it offers several Kilo Ohms resistance
       participating/ collaborating agencies and the                  which drops to a few Ohms at the fire temperature
       project is funded by HAL, Korwa                                which triggers the alarm.

       Hot Air Leak Detection System for LCA
       Hot air leak detector was developed for LCA for
       early warning purposes. The sensor wire consisted
       of solid nickel conductor insulated with porous
       ceramic and eutectic salt mixture encased in a
       stainless steel tubing (2.8 mm dia) and hermetically
       sealed at both ends. The sensing wire has a high
       impedance at ambient temperature which shows
       abrupt reduction in the impedance at higher
       temperature (300°±5°C) occurring between the                                Fire Safety Sensors for Tejas
       centre conductor and the outer sheath conductor.
       Each aircraft has seven sensors spread over a length           A set of five sensors cleared high and low
       of 2 metres each.                                              temperature, low temperature storage, humidity,
                                                                      and altitude tests. Another set of five sensors also
       The control unit, driven by the aircraft power,                cleared 270 cycles of Endurance & 50 cycles of
       impresses a small a.c. voltage on the sensing                  Flame tests.      These qualification tests were
       element. Under the fire or overheat condition the              conducted at TBRL, Chandigarh; IRDE, Dehradun
       sensor element exhibits an impedance drop which                and CSIO, Chandigarh under the supervision of
       enables a current flow between the outer shell and             RCMA.
       central conductor. This current flow is detected by
       the control unit, which produces an output signal to           Fibre Optic Beam Delivery System for High
       actuate the alarm through an inbuilt relay. As the             Power Lasers
       fire or overheat condition subsides, the system
       automatically returns to the standby mode making
       it ready for subsequent detection. Two different
       tests namely, fault test and built-in test were
       carried out on this unit.

       The design has been tested using commercial grade
       components under Phase-I while qualification
       testing with MIL grade components is planned for                           Input Coupling (Launch) Optics
       the Phase-II. Electronic Control Box was tested at
       GTRE, Bangalore. Fire safety sensor design,                    Conventional laser beam delivery systems based on
       materials/sensors were cleared by Expert team of               bulk optical elements and manoeuvring arms are
       ADA, HAL, CRI, Bangalore & RCMA, Chandigarh.                   rather cumbersome and require extremely accurate
                                                                      terms of divergence, wavelength and pulse
       Fire Safety Sensors for Tejas                                  duration were optimized to develop the systems.
       The work supported by ADA, Bangalore for fire                  The input launch optics, opto-mechanical housing
       safety sensor was carried out and 14 sensors were              and output coupling optics were designed &
       developed and put under qualification and                      fabricated.
       endurance tests.




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                 Output Coupling (Target) Optics

       Optical fibres based laser beam delivery system
       offers high performance, reliability and enhanced
       safety for detonics. The qualities of the laser beam
       in
                                                                                  Experimental Set-up
                                                                      Bourdon Gage based FBG Liquid Level Sensor
                                                                   The rise of water level in the syringe stretches the
                                                                   spring and also the FBG leading to a linear shift in
                                                                   Bragg wavelength.

                                                                   FBG/LPG based Sensors for Structural
                                                                   Health Monitoring
                                                                   A facility for direct writing of FBGs and LPGs based
                                                                   on phase mask (contact print), holographic
                                                                   (interferometric) and point-by-point techniques
                                                                   were set-up. This facility is in use for development
                                                                   of sensors, packaging and characterization. The
                     Launch Optics Assembly                        work was supported by NPSM to fabricate sensors
                                                                   for diverse applications. Sub-micron periodic
       The developed systems were compatible with Nd:
       YAG laser with typical features like 500 mJ energy,
       30-150 nsec pulse width and 10 mm beam
       diameter. The work has been taken up jointly with
       Terminal Ballistic Research Laboratory (TBRL),
       Chandigarh.


       Fibre Bragg Grating Based Liquid Level
       Gage
       An experimental setup for liquid level gage
       comprising of a syringe, spring and bourdon gage
       attachment with an FBG was realized in the
       laboratory.                                                   Fast Tool Servo for Generating Freeform
                                                                                      Profiles
                                                                   grating pattern was written on the fibre-core by
                                                                   exposing a step index germanositicate core of a
                                                                   single mode fibre to intense UV light from a KrF
                                                                   excimer laser at 248 nm.

                                                                   Laser based Projectile Velocity
                                                                   Measurement System (PVMS)
                                                                   The work involves innovative design of electro-optic
                                                                   computer controlled projectile's velocity measuring
                                                                   system based on the measurement of Time of Flight
                                                                   (ToF) between two laser screens. The components
               Schematic of FBG liquid level gage                  involved are: laser beam expander-collimator, slit
                                                                   and retro-reflecting prism mechanism, high speed
                                                                   photo detection and associated electronic
                                                                   measurement system, etc. The work is jointly


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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       carried out between CSIO & TBRL, Chandigarh
       under the MoU for collaborative R&D.



       Multiple Lasers based Shadowgraphy
       System (MLSS)
       The work on multiple laser based shadowgraphy
       system was taken up for interfacing with digital
       cameras for small arm impact & wound ballistic
       studies as part of the MoU between CSIO & TBRL.

       Augmentation         of    National       Aspheric
       Facility
       Under the Modernization Programme, CSIO
       established in the year 2001 a National Aspheric                   3D Optical Profiler (Coherence Correlation
       Facility, to facilitate R&D activities. Since then, a                           Interferometer)
       number of aspheric and diamond turning based
       projects are underway at this centre. Last year, the         –   0.4-0.6 µm optical resolution
       capabilities of fabrication & characterization               –   Vertical Resolution =0.01 nm
       equipment were enhanced. Additionally, a                     –   0.003 nm rms repeatability
       Coherence Correlation Interferometer was added
       to the metrology, apart from updating the                    Upgradation of Nanoform 250 SPDT
       fabrication and characterization facilities.
                                                                    Machine
                                                                    The following attachments were added to the
       Freeform surfaces                                            existing Nanoform 250 SPDT Machine.
       Non-Rotationally Symmetric (Freeform) optics are
       increasingly used for both civil and strategic               –   400 mm Flycutter (An attachment for SPDT of
       applications. Head Up Displays, ophthalmic optics                flat surfaces)
       and adaptive optics                                          –   Dynamic Balancer
       are             typical                                      –   Manual 3 Jaw Chuck
       applications         of
       freeform         optics                                      Upgradation of Form Talysurf Mechanical
       which give         the
                                                                    Profilometer
       flexibility to control
                                                                    The capabilities of the Form Talysurf Mechanical
       aberrations          at
                                                                    Profiler were enhanced by adding the following
       localized as well as
                                                                    design and analysis tools.
       at            multiple
       positions.                                                   –   Diffsys software to design and analyse
                                                                        diffractive optics
       A fast tool servo           Fly Cutter attachment            –   Ultra Contour Analysis Software
       (FTS) attachment to
                                                                    –   Motorized Y-stage
       the single point diamond turning machine enables
       it for fabricating non-rotationally symmetric                –   Aspherics analysis Utility software
       surfaces (free form surfaces) including the diamond
       turning of toric and off-axis aspheres for various           FBG and LPG Writing System
       applications in imaging optics.                              Fibre Bragg gratings (FBGs) and long period grating
                                                                    (LPGs) are the recent intrinsic fibre elements
       3D Optical Profiler (Non-contact) for                        important for sensors and communication
                                                                    applications. FBG sensors work in wavelength
       Roughness and step height measurement                        domain and possess a built-in self–referencing
       The Talysurf CCI is based around the Coherence               capability. This is widely acknowledged as one of
       Correlation Interferometry which provides both               the most important advantages of FBG sensors.
       long scan ranges and a single mode of operation.
       The result is a non-contact 3D surface texture, step         A system for writing FBGs and LPGs was established
       height and micro dimensional measurement system              which enables grating fabrication by phase mask
       with following capabilities:                                 (static and scanning modes), interferometric and
                                                                    point-by-point techniques.




20
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                                                       various applications & projects Such as TiO2, Al2O3,
                                                                       ZrO2, HfO2Ta2O5 all types of oxides. At CSIO, the
                                                                       plant has following features:
                                                                       Evaporation Source: EB Gun, 10 KW with 4 pockets.

                                                                       Maximum sample size: 610 mm dia

                                                                       Ultimate Vacuum < 1x 10-7 mb

                                                                       Accessories: Turbo molecular pump TPH 2200,
                                                                       Backing pump DUO 035 D, Pumping Station Control
                                                                       Unit TCS 130
                                                                       Uniqueness: It is semiautomatic coating plant with
                                                                       latest model from Pfeiffer, one of its kinds in India. It
                                                                       can be used for the fabrication of State Of Art thin
                                                                       film components e.g. Beam combiners for Head Up
                 FBG and LPG Writing System                            Display, High Power Laser Systems etc.

       This grating writing system is a versatile and flexible         UV-VIS-NIR Spectrophotometer
       tool to write several types of gratings. By using a             UV-VIS-NIR     Spectrophotometer’s      applications
       variety of phase masks, chirped, unchirped,                     include reflectivity measurements: absolute and
       holographic writing, manipulating the fibre to mask             relative; Absorption measurements, Qualitative and
       distance, scan an amplitude mask, control the                   quantitative analysis of substances, Kinetic enzyme
       divergence of a small beam scanned along the fibre,             studies, Spectral transmission profile of optical
       basically special recipes for making all sort of                filters.
       gratings can be created. This system also includes
       other accessories like thermo-mechanical stripper,              Features: Double-beam, double monochromator,
       recoating unit and an epoxy packaging unit for the              ratio recording, UV/VIS/NIR spectrometer with
       gratings. Using this facility fibre grating of different        microcomputer electronics, video display, soft key
       types were fabricated, recoated, annealed and                   operating system and printer / plotter. All reflecting
       characterized.                                                  optical    system   with     holographic      grating
                                                                       monochromators in the UV/ VIS (1440 lines/mm)
       Thin Film Facilities                                            and the NIR – range (360 lines/mm). Prealigned
       Expertise available:                                            tungsten halogen and deuterium sources. Side –
                                                                       window photomultiplier and lead sulphide
           • Optical thin film design and development
                                                                       detectors.
           • Vacuum Technology
           • Design and development of Optoelectronic
                                                                       Wavelength range:        UV / VIS 185 – 900 nm,
             Instruments
                                                                       NIR 900 – 3200 nm
           • Design of specialized and sophisticated optical
             coatings and characterization

       High Vacuum Coating Plant
       High vacuum coating plant is used for multilayer
       optical coatings of high melting point materials for




                                                                                  UV-VIS-NIR Spectrophotometer




                    High Vacuum Coating Plant




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Spectroradiometer
       Automated Spectroradiometer at CSIO has for
       measuring spectral transmission and reflection of
       glass plates with thin film coatings as function of
       angle of incidence to an accuracy of better than
       0.5%. Other features include:

        • A monochromator with quartz halogen lamp of
          150 W and UV – VIS NIR collimator with high
          quality Glan – Taylor polarising prism.
        • Automatic setting of the stage before each scan.
          Control of Monochromator, collection of
          spectral data for various angle of incidence and
          display of results.
        • Storage of each set of measured spectral data
          unique to the sample position and angle of
          incidence leading to formation of 3D plots with
          Raster Scan facility.




                       Spectroradiometer

       Wavelength range: 300 – 1100 nm.
       Beam size: variable between 2 nm to 10 nm in
       height and 25 micron to 5mm in width.
       Sample Holder: Fully automated to provide
       measurable movements in X, Y and theta directions.
       Range of travel in X & Y directions is 250 mm and
       100mm respectively with resolution of ±5 micron.
       Stage: To accommodate two beam combiners of
       maximum size upto 300 mm x 300mm x 12mm thick
       with spacing of 69mm having provision for varying
       the spacing between 64 to 74 mm.




22
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                      State-of-art OPTICAL facilities at CSIO
       Technical Facility                                    Brief Applications

       Optical Design Tools/ Software                        Optical systems & components designing

       Mechanical Design Tools / Software                    Mechanical         systems        &      components
                                                             designing

       National Aspheric Facility                            Fabrication & metrology of aspherical
                                                             components

      • Aspheric Surface Generator                           Fabrication of aspheric optical components

       • Form Talysurf Profilometer                          Measurement of concave and convex
                                                             rotationally invariant optical surfaces

       • Microfinish 300                                     Polishing of aspherical optical surfaces

       • Zygo Interferometer                                 Optical metrology

       High Vacuum Coating Plant                             Thin film coating            on       optical/metallic
                                                             components

       UV-Vis-IR Spectrophoto-meter                          Measurement of transmission & reflection of
                                                             optical components

       Spectroradio-meter                                    Transmission & reflection measurement of
                                                             large optical surfaces components in three
                                                             dimensions

       CNC Lathe Machine                                     Fabrication of high precision mechanical
                                                             components

       3-D Coordinate Measuring Machine                      A Measurement of critical dimensions of
                                                             Mechanical Components

       Universal Test Station                                Assembly, testing & cementing of optical
                                                             components

       Laser Centering Device                                Assembly of optical system

       Polishing Machines                                    Polishing of optical flats & lenses

       Kugler Fizeau Interferometer                          Optical metrology

       Centering/Edging Machine                              Edging of the Lenses

       3-D Holography                                        To make holograms & gratings




                                                                                                                      23
                                                              23
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                    Biomedical Engineering
       Significant progress was made in the field of
       Medical Instrumentation. Two units of 6 MeV
       Linear Accelerator (Linac) machines were
       developed and commissioned. The first unit was
       inaugurated on April 12, 2007 by Hon’ble Vice
       President of India at Mahatma Gandhi Institute of
       Medical Sciences, Wardha. Hon’ble President Dr.
       APJ Abdul Kalam also visited this facility on June 15,
       2007. Till date more than 8000 patient exposures
       have been completed with more than 87% uptime.
       The second unit was commissioned at Cancer
       Institute, Adyar, Chennai, which was inaugurated by
       the Chief Minister Tamilnadu and is also being used
       for patient treatment.
                                                                     Hon'ble President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam visiting
       An upgraded model of Pulse Oximeter was                       6MeV Medical Linac at MGIMS, Wardha on June
       developed and trials were successfully carried out            15, 2007
       at PGIMER, Chandigarh. The developed instrument
       is PC compatible and provides oxygen saturation
       level of blood besides the pulse rate.

       As a part of Supra-Institutional Programme, new
       R&D work was initiated on Anesthesia Workstation,
       Computerized Cephalogram Analysis, Above Elbow
       Prosthesis, Electronic Knee and Miniaturized Text
       Reading Machine for Blinds. Development of
       biosensors for pathogens and bacteria detection,
       carbon nanotubes and quantum dots was taken-up.
       Besides R&D, both on-sight and in-house
       test/calibration services for medical instruments
       were provided to the valued customers through ISO
       9001-2000 certified national calibration facility
       established at Delhi Centre. A wide range of
                                                                         6 MeV Medical Linac at MGIMS, Wardha
       medical     equipments     were    calibrated   to
       manufacturer’s specifications using equipment
       having international traceability.


       6 MeV Medical Linac
       6 MeV Medical Linac machines, developed for
       cancer therapy, comprise various modules, such as,
       computerized beam control system, computer
       controlled LINAC handling & collimation system,
       computer controlled Patient Support System, Field
       optics & Range optics, etc.

       The machine was successfully installed at MGIMS,
       Sevagram, Wardha and Cancer Institute, Chennai.
       Acceptance test trials of the machine were
       conducted by Atomic Energy Regulatory Board
       (AERB) and granted a ‘Type Approval’ and                      6 MeV Medical Unac at Cancer Institute, Chennai
       certificate for its clinical use.




24
                                                                24
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Electronic Portal Imaging Device for                        with the data storage back-up of 24 hours. It is
       Radiation Therapy                                           equipped with alarms facilities for high and low
       Radiation therapy for cancer treatment requires a           limits of SpO2 & pulse rate, probe check, probe
       precise geometric positioning of the radiation dose         slippage from finger & low battery indications.
                                                                   Successful clinical trials were carried out at
       to the tumour area so that the surrounding healthy
                                                                   Department of Anaesthesia, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
       tissues are not exposed. Electronic Portal Imaging
                                                                   The work was carried out jointly with
       Device (EPID) provides patient position and
       immobilization verification, estimation of various          Semiconductor Laboratory, Mohali.
       errors like dose specification and machine
       parameter errors, field positioning errors, patient
       and organ motion detection, etc.
                                                                   Anaesthesia Delivery Workstation
                                                                   Anesthesia workstation is essential to predict and
                                                                   control anaesthetic dose to the patient throughout
                                                                   the surgery. The work involves development and
                                                                   testing of anaesthesia ventilator in a hospital to
                                                                   monitor the depth of anaesthesia based on EEG
                                                                   analysis. The transfer characteristics between dose
                                                                   and anaesthesia index helps to estimate the dose.
                                                                   The experimentation will be performed on sub-
                                                                   human primates subsequently followed by humans.




                 Graphic User Interface for EPID

       A prototype for camera model was fabricated and
       tested at Delhi State Cancer Hospital. Precision
       motion assembly was designed.                                            Anesthesia Ventilator
                                                                   The design of Anaesthesia ventilator was
       Technology Up-gradation of Pulse                            completed around SMDs. Algorithms were also
       Oximeter                                                    developed in MATLAB to estimate various
                                                                   parameters from recorded EEG.

                                                                   Linkages have been established with AIIMS, New
                                                                   Delhi and IIT Delhi while ethical clearance from
                                                                   AIIMS for data collection is under process.

                                                                   Computerised Cephalogram Analysis for
                                                                   Orthodontics
                                                                   The work on computerized system for analysis of
                                                                   acquired digital cephalograms with a standard
                                                                   DICOM interface was initiated. Software modules
                                                                   for manual as well as automatic detection of
                                                                   landmarks were developed. Initial validation was
                                                                   carried out with the help of doctors on several
                                                                   patients at Centre for Dental Education and
                    Portable Pulse Oximeter
                                                                   Research (CDER), PGIMER, Chandigarh. An
                                                                   acceptable accuracy of 2 mm was achieved. Further
       The portable version of Pulse oximeter was                  clinical trials will be carried out at AIIMS, Delhi.
       developed for use in ICUs, neonatal units, operation
       theatres, post recovery wards etc. The unit
       measures percentage of haemoglobin saturated
       with oxygen non-invasively and is PC compatible,




                                                                                                                          25
                                                              25
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
            Software Tool for Cephalogram Analysis
                                                                      Developed Electro-goniometer for Knee Angle
                                                                                     Measurement
       Myoelectric Arm for Above Elbow
       Prosthesis
       After the successful development and clinical trials
       of below-elbow myoelectric arm during the Xth Five
       Year Plan, the work on above-elbow prosthetic was
       taken up to ensure availability of complete upper
       limb prosthesis’s for amputees. The mechanical
       design and fabrication of above elbow unit was
       carried out. The design aspects of various electronic
       modules were taken up. Linkages were established
       with NIOH Kolkata, Saket Hospital Panchkula, and
       Deep Prosthetics Chandigarh.


                                                                      Knee Angle Curve for normal walking of healthy
                                                                                        individual
                                                                    Hand Held Scanner based Text Reading
                                                                    Machine for Visually Impaired
                                                                    A hand-held reading device was developed for
                                                                    visually impaired persons. The unit comprises pair
                                                                    of imaging module with computer interface to
                                                                    operate on CDAC developed OCR & TTS modules.
                                                                    Some of the features include : flexible number of
                  Above-elbow Myoelectric                           steps for comfortable reading, software providing
                                                                    seam-less merger of consecutive images, keypad for
                                                                    control functions, column handling, power saving,
       Development of Electronic Knee                               etc.
       Artificial knees to amputees require mimicking of
       natural gait pattern to realize the dynamic feedback
       and real-time control. The methodology is based on
       controlled knee flexion to improve gait pattern and
       quantification of knee performance index through
       gait analysis.

       Design and fabrication of an electro-goniometer
       was carried out and tested for knee flexion angle of
       normal individuals for different walk patterns.
       Estimation of ground Reaction Force using Poly-
       Vinyldene Fluoride (PVDF) film is in progress.

       The domain knowledge and patient trials are done                  Hand Held Text Reading Device for Blind
       with agencies like NIOH, Kolkata and Saket Hospital,
       Panchkula.



26
                                                               26
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       The work has been carried out jointly with Centre            Dual Format Aspheric-based Zoom Tele-
       for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC),                Microscope for Low Vision Persons
       NOIDA.                                                       Work on development of a 3-component zoom
                                                                    Tele-microscope that can provide a magnification in
       Portable Reading Machine for Blind                           the range of 2X to 6X with good definition of image
       The existing text reading device for blind is being          quality was taken up. The tele-microscope offers a
       miniaturized for portability using aspheric lens             continuously varying magnification and changing
       design along with biscuit size PC. The prototype unit        field of view to the Low Vision Persons (LVPs) by a
       was fabricated for testing.                                  simple focusing operation on the Low Vision Aid
                                                                    (LVA). The mechanical design accounts for both
                                                                    focus and the zoom movement. The hand-held and
                                                                    spectacle mountable dual format will facilitate
                                                                    better usability to the LVPs.

                                                                    Aspheric Low Vision Reading Aids using
                                                                    Poly Carbonate
                                                                    Aspheric-based Low Vision Reading Aids (LVRAs) of
                      Portable Reading Device
                                                                    unusual powers viz. 12D & 26D using Poly
                                                                    Carbonate (PC) are under development.
       Plastic Aspheric Lens based Low Vision Aid                    Poly Carbonate, being a high refractive index
       Development Program                                          optical grade material, has good moulding
       Under funding from Ministry of Social Justice &              properties which facilitates in better aberration
       Empowerment (MSJE), work was carried out                     correction and can be used for fabrication of
       towards the development of Low Vision Aids (LVAs)            shallow lenses with lower central thickness. The
       for visually challenged. Three different types of            optical design of LVRAs was completed and
       LVAs was completed.                                          fabrication & characterization is in progress.

       Spectacle mounted LVAs for near vision
                                                                    Immunofluorescence based Biosensor for
       applications deploying 16D & 20D plastic aspheric
       lenses (PALs) and Tele-microscopes based on                  Detection of Infectious Pathogens
       Galilean configuration with 2X and 4X                        A biosensor-based instrument was developed for
       magnifications were developed for medium                     the detection and semi-quantification of generic
       distance use. In addition, self-illuminated hand-held        pathogens in clinical, food, water and other
       compact reading aids were also developed.                    environmental samples. The developed prototype
                                                                    instrument is based on fluorescence detection in
                                                                    combination with the highly specific antigen-
                                                                    antibody recognition that is commonly employed in
                                                                    immunoassay techniques. The typical features of
                                                                    the instrument include: enhanced sensitivity
                                                                    through optical measurement, compact and
                                                                    portable, cost-effective and easy to use, etc.

                                                                    Participating/collaborating agencies are Centre for
                                                                    Biotechnology and AU-KBC Research Centre, Anna
                                                                    University, Chennai.

                                                                    Instrument for Parasite Detection using
                                                                    Fluorescence and Image Processing
                                                                    Work on development of an indigenous instrument
                                                                    for parasite detection was initiated. It uses
         16D & 20D PAL based Spectacle mounted Low                  fluorescence image capturing and digital signal
                         Vision Aids                                processing to identify the species of malaria
                                                                    parasite. With the advent of fluorescence based
       The LVAs were tested on low vision persons at                techniques in microscopic detection and image
       different eye-care centres. Additionally, these LVAs         processing, it is envisaged to combine the twin
       were distributed to the needy low vision persons at          advantages and develop a cost-effective instrument
       several camps organized by MSJE.                             for local conditions and for surveillance.



                                                                                                                          27
                                                               27
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Participating/collaborating agencies are Centre for
       Biotechnology and AU-KBC Research Centre, Anna
       University, Chennai.

       Development of Instrument for
       Antibiogram
       The work involves development of a technique to
       assess the susceptibility/resistance of bacteria such
       as Streptococcus pneumonia, Mycobacterium
       tuberculosis and Escherichia coli to antibiotics and
       build a sensor-based instrument for high
       throughput analysis.                                            Atomic Force Microscope Images of Dispersed
                                                                                    Carbon Nanotubes
       The instrument is based on fluorescence detection
       in combination with the highly specific enzymatic
       reaction of viable bacteria over a non-fluorescent           Study of Molecular Motors for
       probe thereby converting it into a fluorescent               Nanorobotics
       product.                                                     A study was carried out on molecular motor-based
                                                                    nano-robotics using quantum dots (QDs). The
       Participating/collaborating agencies are Centre for          techniques were developed for directional cargo
       Biotechnology and AU-KBC Research Centre, Anna               transport through actin-myosin molecular motors
       University, Chennai.                                         in-vitro through microchannels. In this study,
                                                                    Streptavidin coated CdSe-ZnS quantum dots were
       Carbon Nanotubes for Attachment of                           used to label actin and myosin molecules.
                                                                    Biotinylated F-actin filaments and myosin molecules
       Glucose Oxidase and Targeted Drug
                                                                    were attached to Streptavidin coated quantum dots
       Delivery                                                     by non-covalent Streptavidin biotin linkages.
       A Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) based glucose sensor is            Motility of QDs labelled actin filaments was studied
       under development for Glucose Oxidase (GODx)                 along with in-vitro motility assay of QDs labelled
       and targeted drug delivery. Functionalisation of             actin filament on immobilized myosin.
       different molecules on CNTs was carried out and
       was characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared
       Spectroscopy. Attachment of GODx on CNTs,
       different composites of CNTs & polyaniline (PANI)
       were also done. Their attachment has been
       confirmed by FTIR & cyclic voltammetry techniques.




                                                                     Transport of Cargo (Polystyrene Beads) with
                                                                     Actin Myocin Molecular Motors
                                                                    Automated Liquid Media Dispensing
                                                                    System
                                                                    An automated bio-chemical dispensing system was
                                                                    developed for handling mili- and micro-litre fluids
                                                                    for various R&D and industrial applications in the
                                                                    area of life sciences, food and pharmaceuticals, etc.




28
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                                                   underlying physical laws change from macroscopic
                                                                   to nanoscopic. The exploitation of quantum effects
                                                                   for technological applications is the most obvious
                                                                   driving force behind the current miniaturization.




            Automated Liquid Media Dispensing

       The system comprises x-y-z motion control, syringe
       fluid control mechanism, z-control for positioning,
                                                                                  Confocal Microscope
       micro-probes over reagents source or reaction
       vessel plate, x-y positioner for well-plate tray for
                                                                   Our focus is on development of sensitive, selective,
       keeping solutions and micro controller based
                                                                   fast and economic bionanosensors suitable for early
       electronic control system. The unit was tested at
                                                                   disease diagnosis for predictive and preventive
       IMTECH, Chandigarh.
                                                                   healthcare measures and pathogen detection in
                                                                   agri-products during cultivation, processing and
                                                                   storing.   Thus, development of Molecular/Nano
                                                                   devises based on DNA, Bio-MEMS, Molecular
                                                                   Motors, Quantum Dots and Carbon Nanotube is of
                                                                   immense scientific, technological, economical &
                                                                   societal importance.

                                                                    • DNA Electronics Sensors        and   Actuators,
                                                                      Diagnosis, Understanding Life Processes at
                                                                      Molecular Level
                                                                    • MEMS Micro-Analytical Kits for Clinical,
                                                                      Environmental, Defence, Security, Food Industry
                                                                      Applications
                                                                    • Molecular Motor Molecular Switches, Nano-
                                                                      Robotics and predictive diagnosis & Preventive
            FESEM - Field Emission Scanning Electron                  Threuptics
                           Microscopy                               • Carbon Nanotube Nanosensors and
                                                                    • BioNanoPhptonics Selective &sensitive sensors
       Biomolecular Electronics, Nanotechnology                       for Health care and Agriculture
       and BioNanoPhotonics
                                                                   A major CSIO Golden Jubilee project is being
       The convergence of nanotechnology with
                                                                   initiated in the area of BioNano Photonics with
       information technology, modern biology, optics and
                                                                   judicious combination of expertise available at CSIO
       social sciences will reinvigorate discoveries and
                                                                   in the area of         Biomolecular Electronics &
       innovation in almost all sectors of the economy.
                                                                   Nanotechnology, Photonics ,Holography .Image
       Both science and the economy in the 21st century
                                                                   Processing , Thin Film ,materials science and out
       will require technological breakthroughs in the
                                                                   sourcing of micro-fluidics. Efforts will be made for
       control of nanometer scale structure and functions,
                                                                   in-vitro and in-vivo techniques with emphasis on
       where the top-down approach of electronics
                                                                   non invasive methods. Initial goal will be for disease
       manufacture converges with the bottom-up
                                                                   diagnosis and clinical analysis in health care and
       assembly of biology. At this moment, the scientific
                                                                   agriculture but these can be extended to other
       questions are being formulated, the required tools
                                                                   applications. These devices will find applications in
       are being developed, and the possible applications
                                                                   electronics, space, defence, bio-warfare, security,
       of nanotechnologies could be revolutionary. The
                                                                   life sciences, medicine, environment etc.
       strong     trend   towards     nanoscience     and
       nanotechnology is motivated by the fact that the



                                                                                                                            29
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       Facilities:                                                        Femto       range       (10-15)     IV–CV
               Nano and Molecular Manipulation                            Measurements
               Interfacing biomolecules                                  Semiconductor Processing
                Scanning Probe Microscope based Nano-                    Nanocalorimeter
                Manipulator                                               Confocal with co-relation spectroscopy
               Optical Tweezers-cum-Micro-dissector                      Surface Plasmon Resonance FESEM
               Molecular Devices and MEMS Simulation                     Desktop probe station
                                                                          NSOM (Being added)
                                                                          Raman Spectrometer(Being added)




       Optical Tweezers-cum-Micro-dissection System            Scanning Probe Microscope with Nanomanipulator



                                            Other Facilities: MOLECULAR

       Technical Facility                         Brief Applications

       Optical tweezer                            For catching, holding and moving dielectric objects in a size
                                                  range from nm to µm.

       Thermal cycler                             For amplification of segments of DNA.




                            Other Facilities: ELECTRONICS/ IT/VI (Virtual Instrumentation)

       Technical Facility                                    Brief Applications

       Virtual, Real Time Environment software           &   User-defined measurement systems
       Industrial PCs

       Advanced Measurements Lab                             Signal processing and optimization




30
                                                             30
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                            Other Facilities: MECHANICAL

       Technical Facility                                       Brief Applications

       Mechanical Design Tools & Software

       High Vacuum CNC Lathe

       CNC Lathe (2-axes)                                    Turning of parts

       Taly Round                                            Cylindricity & Concentricity measuring
                                                             instrument to accuracy of 0.4 micron

       Wire Cut EDM Machine                                  Fabrication of parts such as punch, die etc. and
                                                             similar parts.

       Electric Discharge Machine                            Fabrication of mould and press tool parts

       Jig Grinding/Coordinate Grinding Machine              Grinding of precise holes at accurate co-ordinates


       Punch Shaping Machine                                 Fabrication of punches and similar parts

       Spur Gear Hobbing Machine                             For spur gear manufacturing up to 40 mm
                                                             diameter

       Jig Boring Machine                                    For high precision boring holes at accurate
                                                             coordinates

       CNC Vertical Milling Machine                          High precision milling jobs

       Universal Measuring Machine                           For linear dimensional measurements




                                                                                                                  31
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                       Administrative Structure
                                  &
                         Faculty for PGRTP




32
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                        CSIO-PGRPE

                                   Administrative Structure

       Academic Steering Committee and Admission:

          1.   Dr Pawan Kapur, Director CSIO
          2.   Dr HK Sardana, Coordinator, CSIO-PGRPE
          3.   Dr ML Singla, Subject Coordinator (Agrionics)
          4.   Dr Rama Gopal, Subject Coordinator Photonics                :
          5.   Dr Amod Kumar, Subject Coordinator (Biomedical Engineering)



       Academics Management Functioning

          1.   Dr Pawan Kapur, Director CSIO
          2.   Dr HK Sardana, Coordinator
          3.   Mr AD Kaul, Dean Academics, DA
          4.   Mr VPS Kalsi, Dean, Scientist Trainee Welfare (DSTW)
          5.   COA
          6.   COFA
          7.   Tech Officer (Academics)




                                                                               33
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                      PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                                 ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING
       1.   Dr Pawan Kapur, Director, CSIO
            BTech, MTech, PhD
            Courses:
            EBC310A: Circuit Theory and Electronic Devices
            ELE52/53-3-BM: Biological Control Systems
            ELE52/53-3-AG: Agro Physics for Pre-harvest Operations
            ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies


       2.   Dr HK Sardana, Coordinator PGRTP, Scientist G
            BSc(Engg), ME, PhD, MBA
            Courses:
            COM311: Human Physiology and Bio-Instrumentation
            COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation
            COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
            COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation
            ELE52/53-1-AG/PH/BM: Digital Image Processing
            ELE52/53-5-AG/PH/BM: Soft Computing Techniques
            ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics
            ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision
       3.   Dr ML Singla, Scientist G
            MSc, PhD
            Courses:
            COM514: Sensors & Actuators
            COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science
            ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
            ELE52/53-3-AG: Agro Physics for Pre-harvest Operations
            ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques
            ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies

       4.   Dr SV Ramagopal, Scientist F
            MSc, MTech, PhD
            Courses:
            COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation
            COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
            ELE52/53-3-PH: Optical System Development
            ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision



       5.   Dr Amod Kumar, Scientist G
            BSc(Engg), ME, PhD
            Courses:
            COM311: Human Physiology and Bio-Instrumentation
            COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
            COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation
            ELE52/53-3-BM: Biological Control Systems
            ELE52/53-4-BM: Bio-Materials and Bio-Mechanics
            ELE52/53-5-AG/PH/BM: Soft Computing Techniques
            ELE52/53-7-BM: MEMS for Medical Applications


34
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                        PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                                   ADVANCED INSTRUMENTAION ENGINEERING
       6.    Mr NS Mehla, Scientist G
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices
             ELE52/53-6- AG/PH/BM: Biophotonics

       7.    Mr AD Kaul, Scientist G
             BSc(Engg), MSc(Engg)
             Courses:
             EBC310B: Mechanisms, Materials and Manufacturing
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation
             ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision


       8.    Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj, Scientist G
             MSc, PhD
             Courses:
             COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-BM: Bio-Materials and Bio-Mechanics
             ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics
             ELE52/53-7-BM: MEMS for Medical Applications

       9.    Subhash Jain, Scientist G
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             ELE52/53-4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices




       10.   Dr Sushil K Kaura, Scientist G
             MSc, MTech, PhD
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             ELE52/53-3-PH: Optical System Development
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision




                                                                          35
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                       PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                                  ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING
       11.   BK Sharma, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
             COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation




       12.   AK Paul, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques
             ELE52/53-7-BM: MEMS for Medical Applications




       13.   Randhir Bhatnagar, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices
             ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision


       14.   Dr PK Jain, Scientist F
             MSc, PhD
             Courses:
             COM311: Human Physiology and Bio-Instrumentation
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-3-BM: Biological Control Systems
             ELE52/53-4-BM: Biomaterials & Biomechanics

       15.   SK Mittal, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation




36
                                                   36
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                        PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                                   ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING
       16.   Dr C Ghanshyam, Scientist F
             BTech, MTech, PhD
             Courses:
             EBC310A: Circuit Theory and Electronic Devices
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science



       17.   Dr GS Singh, Photonics, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech, PhD
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation
             COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
             ELE52/53-3-PH: Optical System Development


       18.   RC Kalonia, Scientist F
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             ELE52/53-3-PH: Optical System Development




       19.   VPS Kalsi, Scientist E-II
             AMIE, MTech
             Courses:
             EBC310A B: Mechanisms, Materials and Manufacturing
             ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision




       20.   Dr KD Chattopadhyay, TO E-II
             AMIE, ME, PhD
             Courses:
             EBC310A B: Mechanisms, Materials and Manufacturing
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision




                                                                          37
                                                    37
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       21.   Satish Kumar, Scientist E-I
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
             COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation



       22.   VD Shivling, Scientist E-I
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             ELE52/53-3-AG: Agrophysics for Pre-harvest Operations




       23.   RR Shravan Kumar, Scientist E-I
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation


       24.   Dr Sunita Mishra, Scientist E-I
             MSc, PhD
             Courses:
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science
             ELE52/53-3-AG: Agro Physics for Pre-harvest Operations
             ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques
             ELE52/53-4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices

       25.   Vinod Karar, Scientist E-II
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation




       26.   Sanjeev Verma, Scientist E-I
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation
             ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies




38
                                                    38
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                    PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                               ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING

       27.   Neelesh Kumar, Scientist C
             BTech, MTech, MBA
             Courses:
             COM311: Human Physiology and Bio-Instrumentation
             ELE52/53-1-AG/PH/BM: Digital Image Processing
             ELE52/53-4-BM: Biomaterials & Biomechanics
             COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation
       28.   Amol P Bhondekar, Scientist C
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             EBC310A: Circuit Theory and Electronics Devices
             COM325: Signal Processing Techniques
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             COM537: Embedded and Computational Instrumentation
             ELE52/53-5-AG/PH/BM: Soft Computing Techniques
       29.   PK Mahapatra, Scientist C
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             ELE52/53-3-AG: Agro Physics for Pre-harvest Operations
             ELE52/53-7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies

       30.   Dr Amit Lochan Sharma, Scientist C
             MSc, MTech, PhD
             Courses:
             COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques



       31.   Prabhat Kumar Baghel, Scientist C
             MSc, MTech
             Courses:
             ELE52/53-3-PH: Optical System Development
             ELE52/53-7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine Vision




       32.   Surender Singh Saini, Scientist B
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             EBC310A: Circuit Theory and Electronics Devices
             COM513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation




                                                                          39
                                                     39
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                    PGRTP-CSIO : Faculty & Courses
                               ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING

       33.   Dr Inderpreet Kaur, Scientist B
             MSc, PhD

             Courses:
             ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques
             ELE52/53-1-AG/PH/BM: Digital Image Processing
             ELE52/53-4-BM: Biomaterials & Biomechanics
             ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics
             ELE52/53-7-BM: MEMS for Medical Applications
       34.   Dr Akash Deep, Scientist B
             MSc, PhD
             Courses:
             ELE52/53-4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques
             ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics



       35.   Umesh Tiwari, Scientist B
             MSc, MTech

             Courses:
             COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics
             COM514: Sensors & Actuators
             ELE52/53-2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors
             ELE52/53-4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices
             ELE52/53-6-AG/OE/BM: Biophotonics
       36.   VS Pandey, Scientist B
             BTech, MTech
             Courses:
             COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano Science




       37.   Harry Garg, Scientist B
             BTech, ME
             Courses:
             EBC310B: Mechanisms, Materials and Manufacturing
             M513: Computer Aided Design and Simulation




40
                                                   40
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                  List of Additional Faculty for Lab/Case Studies

          1.   Jagdish Kumar, Scientist C, [BTech, MTech]
          2.   NS Aulakh, Scientist C, [BTech, pursuing PhD]
          3.   Baban Kumar, Scientist C, [BTech, pursuing PhD]
          4.   Manjit Singh, Scientist C, [BTech, MTech]
          5.   Rajesh Kumar, Scientist C, [MSc, MTech]
          6.   Ms Jaspreet Kaur, Scientist B, [BTech, MTech, pursuing PhD]
          7.   Sanjeev Kumar, Scientist B, [BTech, pursuing PhD]




                                                                             41
                                                    41
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                               Course
                               Details




42
                                           42
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                       COURSE DETAILS

       The first semester of the programme focuses on four core subjects on ‘Sensors and
       Actuators’, ‘Design and Simulation’, ‘Optics and Opto-electronics’ and ‘Bio-instrumentation’.
       They will also have one elective bridge course. Three other core subjects are covered in the
       second and third semesters and five elective subjects are provided in second and third
       semesters. The third and fourth semesters effectively utilize the student’s knowledge
       acquired through core and elective subjects towards advanced R&D project work and
       dissertation in their specialisation areas.

       The semester-wise scheme including list of specialisation subjects is shown on the next page.




                                                                                                       43
                                                    43
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                            ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING
       Semester-I
       Sr.     Subject                                      Course Code               Hours/ Week           Credits   Weightage
       No.                                                                      L         T    P    Total             CE    TE
       1.      Elective Bridge Course*                      EBC310A             3         3    0      6        3      0.6   0.4
                                                            EBC310B             3         3    0      6        3      0.6   0.4
       2.      Human Physiology and Bio-                    COM311              3         1    0      4        3      0.6   0.4
               Instrumentation
       3.      Optics and Opto-electronics                  COM312              3         1    0      4        3      0.6   0.4
       4.      Computer Aided Design and                    COM513              3         1    4      8       3+2     0.6   0.4
               Simulation**
       5.      Sensors & Actuators**                        COM514              3         1    4      8       3+2     0.6   0.4

       Total                                                                    15        7    8     30       19      0.6   0.4
            CE: Continuous Evaluation by way of tests/assignments, viva for experiments. TE: Term Eval/viva
       * A. Circuit Theory and Electronic Devices    B. Mechanisms, Materials and Manufacturing
       ** These courses include laboratory.

       Semester-II
       Sr.      Subject                              Course Code                     Hours/ Week            Credits   Weightage
       No.                                                                 L          T       P     Total             CE    TE
       1.       Elective-I (AG/PH/BM)**              ELE521-sub code       3          1       4      8       3+2      0.6   0.4
       2.       Elective-II (AG/PH/BM)**             ELE522-sub code       3          1       4      8       3+2      0.6   0.4
       3.       Elective-III (AG/PH/BM)**            ELE523-sub code       3          1       4      8       3+2      0.6   0.4
       4.       Signal Processing Techniques         COM325                3          1       0      4         3      0.6   0.4
       5.       Advanced Materials and Nano          COM326                3          1       0      4         3      0.6   0.4
                Science
       Total                                                               15         5       12     32       21      0.6   0.4


       SEMESTER-III
       Sr.      Subject                              Course Code                     Hours/ Week            Credits   Weightage
       No.                                                                 L          T       P     Total             CE    TE
       1.       Elective-IV (AG/PH/BM)**             ELE534-sub code       3          1       4       8       3+2     0.6   0.4
       2.       Elective-V (AG/ PH/BM)**             ELE535-sub code       3          1       4       8       3+2     0.6   0.4
       3.       Embedded and Computational           COM537                3          1       4       8       3+2     0.6   0.4
                Instrumentation**
       4.       Synopsis/Seminar for Project         COM2038               0          4       6      10        5      0.6   0.4
                Work/Thesis**
       Total                                                               9          7       16     34       20      0.6   0.4


       SEMESTER-IV
       Sr.      Subject                                 Course Code                  Hours/ Week            Credits   Weightage
       No.                                                                 L          T       P     Total             CE    TE
       1.       Project & Thesis, Seminar & Viva**      THE2041-           0          10      30     40      16+4     0.8   0.2
                                                        (AG/PH/BM)
       Total                                                               0          10      30     40       20      0.8   0.2




44
                                                                      44
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                                             SPECIALISATION SUBJECTS
       SEM-II, Elective- I, II & III (ELE521/2/3-sub code)** [THREE from the following], XX=(AG/PH/BM) and
       SEM-III, Elective-IV & V (ELE534/5-sub code) [TWO from the following], XX=(AG/PH/BM)


       Course Sub              Agrionics (AG)                     PHOTONICS (PH)                  Biomedical Engg (BM)
       code
       1-XX            Digital Image Processing           Digital Image Processing           Digital Image Processing
       2-XX            Biosensors                         Biosensors                         Biosensors
       3-XX            Agro Physics for Pre-harvest       Optical System Development         Biological Control Systems
                       Operations
       4-XX            Analytical Instrumentation         Photonic Materials and             Bio-Materials and Bio-
                       Techniques                         Devices                            Mechanics
       5-XX            Soft Computing Techniques          Soft Computing Techniques          Soft Computing Techniques
       6-XX            Biophotonics                       Biophotonics                       Biophotonics
       7-XX            Post Harvest Technologies          Computer Aided Metrology and       MEMS for Medical Applications
                                                          Machine Vision




                                                                                                                             45
                                                                 45
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       EBC310A: Circuit Theory and Electronic Devices

                                                                       Credits: 3      Course Overview
                                                                                       This course provides
       Module I [12L]                                                                  introductory knowledge of
       Electric circuits and components: introduction, basic electrical elements       electrical/electronic
       – resistor, capacitor, inductor, Kirchoff’s laws, voltage and current           components, building
       sources and meters, network theorems, AC/DC circuit analysis,
       transformer, impedance matching, grounding and electrical interference.
                                                                                       blocks, principles and
                                                                                       theories of working of
       Module II [16L]                                                                 various devices. The
       Semiconductor electronics: junction diode, Zener diode, analysis of diode       course is a pre-requisite to
       circuit, three terminal devices - BJT, JFET, MOSFET, four terminal devices,     electronics and circuit
       SCR, DIAC,TRIAC, photo devices - photo diodes, photo transistors, LED,
       LCD, opto-isolator and opto-couplers, amplifiers: BJT, FET amplifier,           design, digital circuit
       single stage, multistage power amplifiers – class A, B, C and D amplifiers,     analysis and study of
       operational amplifiers: specifications, characteristics and applications.       microcontrollers/
                                                                                       microprocessors.
       Module III [10L]
       Introduction to computing: number system and code conversion, logic
       gates, Boolean algebra, combinational logic circuits, sequential logic
                                                                                       Faculty:
       circuits – latch, RS, JK, T, D flip flops, shift registers, counters, digital   • Dr Pawan Kapur
       building blocks: decoder, encoder, MUX, DMUX, A/D, D/A converters,              • Dr C Ghanshyam
       memories,       programmable        logic     devices,     microprocessors,
       microcontrollers, Display devices.                                              Tutorial:
       Module IV [10L]
                                                                                       • Amol P Bhondekar
       Power devices: construction, rating, characteristics and applications of        • Surender Singh Saini
       SCR, TRIAC, IGBT.




46
                                                               46
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              EBC310B: Mechanisms, Materials and
                        Manufacturing
                                                                                 Course Overview
                                                                    Credits: 3   This bridge course
                                                                                 provides introductory
       Module I [18L]                                                            principles and functioning
       Mechanical systems: types of motion, kinematic chains, freedom and        of various mechanical
       constraints, slider-crank mechanisms, machine elements.                   components as building
                                                                                 blocks. It brings in
       Module II [18L]
       Engineering materials, machining processes: conventional, special
                                                                                 mechanical engineering
       purpose machines                                                          concepts for
                                                                                 instrumentation
       Module III [12L]                                                          engineering.
       Mechanical engineering measurements & instruments: linear, angular,
       and surface measurements, force, temperature.
                                                                                 Faculty:
                                                                                 • Dr KD Chattopadhyay
                                                                                 • AD Kaul
                                                                                 • VPS Kalsi

                                                                                 Tutorial:
                                                                                 • VPS Kalsi
                                                                                 • Harry Garg




                                                                                                              47
                                                             47
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              COM311: Human Physiology and Bio-
                      Instrumentation
                                                                                    Course Overview
                                                                      Credits: 3
                                                                                    The course is designed to
       Module I [12L]                                                               impart knowledge of the
       Cell and its constituents, basic tissues and types, major muscles of the     normal structure of
       body, nervous system, bone tissue - structure, development and growth,       human body & functions
       fracture healing, joints - classification and types, movement at joints.     and various related
       Respiratory system, Urinary system, Digestive system, Cardio vascular        bioinstrumentation
       system. Sense organs.
                                                                                    approaches. This course
                                                                                    provides knowledge on
       Module II [12L]
       Resting membrane potential and action potential of a cell,                   basic measurement
       measurements of bio-potentials, ECG, EMG, EEG. Blood pressure and            methods and
       blood flow measurements, bio-chemical measurements. Measurements             Instrumentation
       in respiratory system.                                                       techniques for the
                                                                                    measurement of physical,
       Module III [24L]                                                             physiological, and
       Study of pacemakers, defibrillators, diathermy, principles of operation of
       laser devices, lithotriptor, incubators, thermograph, ventilators,
                                                                                    biological factors in man
       anaesthesia machine, audiometry, hearing aids. Endoscope, intensive          or other living organisms.
       care units, infusion pumps, bio-telemetry systems, hemodialyser and          It introduces
       heart lung machine, electrical hazards and safety.                           measurements, covers the
                                                                                    necessary electronics, and
                                                                                    then builds from small to
                                                                                    big measurements on
                                                                                    molecules, cells, organs,
                                                                                    and the body. Useful in
                                                                                    understanding courses of
                                                                                    biomedical engineering.

                                                                                    Faculty:
                                                                                    • Dr PK Jain
                                                                                    • Dr Amod Kumar
                                                                                    • Dr HK Sardana

                                                                                    Tutorial:
                                                                                    • Dr PK Jain
                                                                                    • Neelesh Kumar




48
                                                             48
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              COM312: Optics and Opto-electronics

                                                                       Credits: 3    Course Overview
                                                                                     This basic course in optics
                                                                                     and opto-electronics lays
       Module I [12L]                                                                foundation for various
       Basic optics: reflection and refraction of plane waves, polarization,
                                                                                     applications of
       diffraction; two-beam and multiple beam interference, Fabry-Perot
       interferometer, micro-optic components, laser basics and applications.        instrumentation
                                                                                     engineering.
       Module II [14L]                                                               Instrumentation systems
       Optical fibre properties, fibre characterization techniques, directional      now-a-days invariably use
       couplers, connectors, splices, fibre polarization components, wavelength      photo sensors/ photo
       division multiplexing, fibre gratings, optical spectrum analyzer, OTDR.
                                                                                     detectors and related
       Module III [22L]                                                              optics in the form of
       Interaction of radiation with material, optical sources and detectors, Q-     conventional components
       switching and mode locking in lasers, light detection techniques, fibre       or laser and optical fibre
       optic and radiation sensors, photonic crystals, holey fibre, fibre half-      as one of their main
       block and birefringent fibres, electro-optic effects, acousto-optic effect,
                                                                                     building blocks.
       nonlinear optics and parametric amplification, fibre amplifiers and laser
       systems.
                                                                                     Faculty:
                                                                                     • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                     • Subhash C Jain
                                                                                     • Randhir Bhatnagar
                                                                                     • Umesh Tiwari

                                                                                     Tutorial:
                                                                                     • NS Mehla
                                                                                     • Dr Sushil K Kaura
                                                                                     • RC Kalonia




                                                                                                                   49
                                                              49
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              COM513: Computer Aided Design and
                         Simulation
                                                                                   Course Overview
                                                                  Credits: 3+2     The objective of this
       Module I [8L]                                                               course is to introduce the
       Introduction: Introduction to computer aided design, simulation and         principles and practices of
       visualization, genesis of CAD, concepts of Computer Aided Engineering       Computer Aided Design,
       (CAE) and Virtual Prototyping (VP), extension of CAD into Virtual Reality   Engineering and Analysis
       (VR), sensing in VR, hardware, input/output devices and applications.
                                                                                   and Simulation in multiple
       Module II [10L]                                                             disciplines of
       Mechanical Design & Simulation: Introduction to CAD/CAE/Simulation,         instrumentation. The
       hardware and software in CAD/CAE applications, graphics input and           course provides building
       output devices. Introduction to 2D, 3D drawings and projections.            mathematical concepts of
       Modelling approaches, coordinate systems, geometric modelling, wire         object modelling,
       frame modelling, surface modelling, part modelling, assembly modelling,
       sheet metal modelling, rendering and visualization. CAD/CAE data
                                                                                   rendering and display of
       exchange file formats & their exchange, introduction to dynamic             objects and focuses on
       simulation, FEA. Basic concepts of simulation, various types of             establishing the kinematic
       simulation.                                                                 relations among various
                                                                                   objects, so that systems
       Module III [10L]
                                                                                   can be defined, modelled
       Electronic Design & Simulation: Electronic Design Automation/Electronic
       Computer-Aided Design (EDA/ECAD), mixed signal simulation, behaviour        and simulated. The course
       simulation, emulation, PCB layouts, thermal analysis, EMI analysis.         has lab with tools
                                                                                   developing mechanical
       Module IV [10L]                                                             components, optical
       Optical Design & Simulation: Features & construction of merit function,     systems, electronic circuits
       optimisation methods for lens optimisation, descent methods, ortho-
       normalization methods and optimisation subject to constraints.
                                                                                   and mixed systems.
       Introduction to global optimisation techniques used in lens design.
       Computer performance evaluation of optical system, ray trace curves,        Faculty:
       spot diagrams, optical path difference curves, encircled energy curves      • Dr HK Sardana
       and modulation transfer function.                                           • Dr GS Singh
                                                                                   • RR Shravan Kumar
       Module V [10L]
       System Simulation: Introduction, statistics and probability for             • Vinod Karar
       simulation, descriptive simulation modelling, techniques for sensitivity
       estimation, simulation-based optimization techniques, meta-modelling        Tutorial:
       and the goal seeking problems, "What-if" analysis techniques.               • AD Kaul
                                                                                   • Sanjeev Verma
                                                                                   • Vinod Karar
                                                                                   • Surender Singh Saini

                                                                                   Lab:
                                                                                   • Harry Garg
                                                                                   • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                   • Surender Singh Saini




50
                                                            50
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                  COM514: Sensors and Actuators
                                                                                   Course Overview
                                                                  Credits: 3+2     This course deals at length
                                                                                   with various transduction
       Module I [12L]                                                              principles, sensors, their
       Sensor Technologies: Physical principles & basic mechanisms in sensor
                                                                                   working and applications.
       systems, semiconductor processing, processing of ceramic and glasses,
       thin and thick film technologies, processing of micro-sensors               These sensors encompass
       Sensor Structures: Impedance type, semiconductor based, resonance           a complete spectrum of
       based, electro-chemical cell, colorimetric and fibre optic sensors.         physical, chemical,
                                                                                   biological, and other
       Module II [12L]                                                             variables. The course
       Sensing Effects: Dielectric, sorption, conductivity, resistivity, optical
       behaviour, selective chemical sensing, multi-array sensing                  presents a total treatise of
       Sensor Performance: Transduction principles, transducer characteristics,    sensing mechanisms to
       classification of transducers, methods for characterisation of              the students. Coverage of
       transducers-performance          characteristics, static   &     dynamic    actuators makes students
       characteristics, error analysis.                                            understand the subtle
                                                                                   relationship between
       Module III [12L]
       Actuators: Principles of actuation mechanism, architecture of control       sensing & action required
       electronics, development methodology of motor/actuator control, micro       in response.
       actuators, stepper motors, brushed DC motors, brushless DC motors and
       hydraulic and pneumatic actuators, Bimorph actuators.                       Faculty:
                                                                                   • Dr ML Singla
       Module IV [12L]
       Sensor Applications: Mechanical, acoustic, temperature, IR, humidity,
                                                                                   • Dr C Ghanshyam
       magnetic material, MEMS sensor, ion-selective, medicine and biology.        • Dr Sunita Mishra
                                                                                   • NS Mehla

                                                                                   Tutorial:
                                                                                   • Amol P Bhondekar
                                                                                   • Umesh Tiwari

                                                                                   Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                   • Baban Kumar
                                                                                   • PK Mahapatra
                                                                                   • NS Aulakh
                                                                                   • Jagdish Kumar
                                                                                   • Ms Jaspreet Kaur
                                                                                   • Sanjeev Kumar




                                                                                                                  51
                                                             51
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
             COM325: Signal Processing Techniques

                                                                       Credits: 3     Course Overview
                                                                                      The objective of this
       Module I [28L]                                                                 course is to impart
       Continuous time signals, sampling theorem, discrete time signals and           preliminary knowledge of
       systems, classification, analysis of linear systems, correlation of discrete
       time signals, z-transform, frequency domain analysis, DFT, FFT, IIR/FIR
                                                                                      processing of signals in
       digital filter design, basics of DSP processors.                               the form of optical or
                                                                                      electronic in time or space
       Module II [16]                                                                 domain. Most of the
       Digital image fundamentals, image transforms image segmentation,               treatment in electronic
       shape representation and description, object recognition.
                                                                                      signal processing is digital
       Module III [14L]                                                               through sampling. The
       Fourier optics, coherent and incoherent imaging transfer functions,            course will help to
       spatial filtering, optical data processing.                                    understand basics applied
                                                                                      in electronic systems,
                                                                                      imaging systems and
                                                                                      optical systems.

                                                                                      Faculty:
                                                                                      • Dr HK Sardana
                                                                                      • Dr Amod Kumar
                                                                                      • Dr GS Singh

                                                                                      Tutorial:
                                                                                      • BK Sharma
                                                                                      • Satish Kumar
                                                                                      • Amol P Bhondekar




52
                                                               52
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
            COM326: Advanced Materials and Nano
                         Science
                                                                                   Course Overview
                                                                     Credits: 3    This course on advanced
                                                                                   materials introduces
       Module I [12L]                                                              recent advances made in
       Ferrous & non-ferrous alloys, shape memory alloys, chemical                 the field of material
       composition, mechanical properties, electrical and magnetic properties,
                                                                                   science revolutionizing
       heat treatment, metal processing, elastic behaviour, optical materials.
                                                                                   engineering design in
       Module II [12L]                                                             many spheres. Properties
       Semiconductor materials- electronic and optical properties.                 pertaining to new
                                                                                   materials including nano
       Module III [12L]
       Chain growth polymers, step growth polymers, photochromic polymers          materials and polymers
       & conducting polymers, optical applications, photochromic lenses, liquid    are dealt for future
       crystal polymers, photo simulated shape changes.                            technologies of sensors
                                                                                   and instrumentation.
       Module IV [12L]
       Nano structured materials: characterization techniques, thin film growth,
       coating, powders, semiconductor nanostructures, fabrication, quantum        Faculty:
       dot processing technologies, bio-nano materials and applications.           • Dr ML Singla
                                                                                   • Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj
                                                                                   • Dr Sunita Mishra

                                                                                   Tutorial:
                                                                                   • Dr C Ghanshyam
                                                                                   • Dr Amit Lochan Sharma
                                                                                   • VS Pandey




                                                                                                              53
                                                             53
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
            COM537: Embedded and Computational
                     Instrumentation
                                                                              Course Overview
                                                              Credits: 3+2    This course provides deep
                                                                              insight into various
       Module I [8L]                                                          processing/computing
       Introduction to embedded systems and architecture, system design       architectures and their
       using specification and modeling tools.                                application in embedded
                                                                              system design. It deals at
       Module II [12L]
       Overview of embedded computing platforms; microprocessors,
                                                                              length with embedded
       microcontrollers, DSPs and SoCs, hardware – software design and        computing platforms and
       partitioning.                                                          various design issues
                                                                              specifically related to real
       Module III [16L]                                                       time systems. The
       Design issues, consideration and trade-offs: performance memory,
                                                                              mapping of
       power, timing, cost, and development time. Memory hierarchy, system
       interfaces and communication with peripheral units, timers-counters,   computational algorithms
       introduction to real-time system and real-time scheduling.             to chosen design
                                                                              architecture has been
       Module IV [12L]                                                        emphasized.
       Real-time software development: high level languages and programming
       issues, systems performance: networked embedded systems.
                                                                              Faculty:
                                                                              • Dr HK Sardana
                                                                              • Dr Amod Kumar

                                                                              Tutorial:
                                                                              • BK Sharma
                                                                              • SK Mittal
                                                                              • Amol P Bhondekar

                                                                              Lab/Case studies:
                                                                              • Baban Kumar
                                                                              • Neelesh Kumar
                                                                              • Sanjeev Kumar
                                                                              • Manjit Singh




54
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
             1-AG/PH/BM: Digital Image Processing

                                                                  Credits: 3+2    Course Overview
                                                                                  Digital image processing
                                                                                  is the use of computer
       Module-I [8L]                                                              algorithms to perform
       Elements of visual perceptions, digital Image sensing, sampling and
                                                                                  image processing on
       quantization, digital image representation, basic relationship between
       pixels, elements of digital image processing system.                       digital images. The course
                                                                                  provides image sensing
       Module-II [8L]                                                             and acquisition
       Image transforms - discrete Fourier transform and properties, separable    approaches with
       image transforms, image enhancement. Wavelet transforms.                   emphasis of illumination
                                                                                  optics. Further while
       Module-III [8L]
       Image restoration, image segmentation, image reconstruction from
                                                                                  deviating from frequency
       projections.                                                               domain to space domain,
                                                                                  the students would learn
       Module-IV [8L]                                                             primarily two sectors of
       Medical image processing: x-ray imaging, CT, MRI, ultrasound, PET,         applications: high
       SPECT.
                                                                                  resolution medical image
                                                                                  processing, colour based
       Module-V [8L]
       Colour image processing: colour models, agro sector applications.          agro sector imaging and
                                                                                  processing.
       Module-VI [8L]
       Statistical pattern recognition, cluster analysis, feature selection &     Faculty:
       extraction, syntactic pattern recognition: stochastic languages, problem   • Dr HK Sardana
       solving methods for pattern recognition.

                                                                                  Tutorial:
                                                                                  • Dr HK Sardana

                                                                                  Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                  • Dr Inderpreet Kaur
                                                                                  • Neelesh Kumar




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                                                             55
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                         2-AG/PH/BM: Biosensors

                                                                    Credits: 3+2   Course Overview
                                                                                   Biosensors are powerful
       Module I [8L]                                                               analytical devices for
       Introduction: biosensors, principles, applications, detection techniques.   selective detection of
                                                                                   chemical compounds at
       Module II [8L]
                                                                                   ultra trace levels. These
       Biological materials (amino acids, proteins, enzymes, antigen-antibody,
       cell, nucleic acids) and their immobilisation techniques.                   devices have wide
                                                                                   applications in the area of
       Module III [8L]                                                             medical healthcare,
       Electro-chemical biosensors (potentiometric and amperometric).              environmental and
                                                                                   agricultural monitoring,
       Module IV [8L]                                                              food analysis, etc.
       Immunoassays, immunosensors, DNA probes.
                                                                                   Faculty:
       Module V [8L]                                                               • Dr PK Jain
       Optical and photonic biosensors (LPG, FBG, luminescence), surface
       plasmon resonance.
                                                                                   • Dr Amit Lochan Sharma
                                                                                   • NS Mehla
       Module VI [8L]
       Current trends in biosensor technologies, biosensors based on               Tutorial:
       semiconductors, polymers, quartz crystal microbalance, surface              • Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj
       acoustics and liquid crystals.                                              • Umesh Tiwari

                                                                                   Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                   • Dr ML Singla
                                                                                   • AK Paul
                                                                                   • Randhir Bhatnagar




56
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                  3-BM: Biological Control Systems

                                                                   Credits: 3+2     Course Overview
                                                                                    Biological control systems
       Module I 8L]                                                                 are the regulators of
       Introduction to control systems, transfer functions, mathematical            various processes in living
       approaches, system stability, feedback concept and stability analysis.
                                                                                    beings. Among the many
                                                                                    control systems are the
       Module II [8L]
       Introduction to biological control system, comparison with engineering       ones that maintain a
       control, transfer of substances between compartments, biological             balance in the biophysical
       receptors, characteristics, transfer function model, bio feedback.           and biochemical
                                                                                    functioning of the body,
       Module III [8L]                                                              stabilise internal body
       Regulation of acid-base balance, regulation of extra cellular water and      temperature in all kinds of
       electrolytes, process controls - cardiac rate, blood pressure, respiratory
       rate and blood glucose regulation. Endocrine control, Pharmaco
                                                                                    weather, and regulate all
       modelling - drug distribution system, regulation of interstitial fluid       functions within the body.
       volume. CO2 regulations.                                                     The course is aimed to
                                                                                    create new research
       Module IV [8L]                                                               opportunities in the area
       Modelling of human thermal regulatory system, parameters involved,           of artificial biological
       control system models etc., heat loss from the body, model of heat
                                                                                    control systems.
       transfer between subsystems of human body like skin, core, system
       within body, body environment etc.
                                                                                    Faculty:
       Module V [8L]                                                                • Dr Amod Kumar
       Respiratory control system, modelling of O2 uptake, mass balancing by        • Dr Pawan Kapur
       lungs, gas transport mechanism of lungs, O2 and CO2 transport in blood
       and tissue. Cardio vascular control system, servo mechanism,                 Tutorial:
       Introduction to eye tracking and control, pupil control system.
                                                                                    • Dr PK Jain
       Module VI [8L]
       Design of biomedical control systems, case studies.                          Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                    • Ms Jaspreet
                                                                                    • Sanjeev Kumar




                                                                                                                  57
                                                              57
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
        3-AG: Agrophysics for Pre-harvest Operations

                                                                   Credits: 3+2    Course Overview
                                                                                   The most important pre-
       Module I [8L]                                                               harvest agriculture issues
       Physico-chemico principles involved in the pre harvest operations, soil     are about soil, water and
       parameters, soil testing, bio-sensors for pesticides, insecticides, plant
       growth, plant metabolism, plant genetics, genetic modifications, plant
                                                                                   environment which affect
       and fertilizer usage, plant-soil-water interactions.                        plant health and growth.
                                                                                   This course introduces
       Module II [8L]                                                              latest techniques to
       Hydro Thermal Physics, drip irrigation, micronutrient measurement and       measure soil parameters,
       control, plant dynamics, photo synthesis, plant intake studies based on
                                                                                   plant-soil-water
       trace elemental analysis, soil-plant-atmosphere environment models,
       automatic and intelligent environment control systems, green house          interaction and
       farming and cultivation under controlled environment.                       fundamentals of
                                                                                   cultivation under
       Module III [8L]                                                             controlled environment. It
       Precision agriculture related technologies and protocols, agro machinery,   also imparts knowledge
       tractor mounted devices, automatic harvest systems.
                                                                                   and practices in precision
       Module IV [12L]                                                             agriculture and crop
       Horticulture cropping management, intelligent expert system and             management.
       decision support system.
                                                                                   Faculty:
       Module V [12L]                                                              • Dr Pawan Kapur
       Principles of GPS/GIS applications, concepts, tools and software such as
       arc GIS, SST tool box and similar software.
                                                                                   • Dr ML Singla
                                                                                   • External Faculty

                                                                                   Tutorial:
                                                                                   • Dr Sunita Mishra
                                                                                   • VD Shivling

                                                                                   Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                   • Baban Kumar
                                                                                   • PK Mahapatra




58
                                                             58
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                3-PH: Optical System Development

                                                                 Credits: 3+2     Course Overview
                                                                                  The purpose of this course
       Module I [32L]                                                             is to present the current
       Optical system design, fabrication techniques (spherics & aspherics),      state-of-the-art in optical
       system integration, performance evaluation and analysis, optical
       materials and thin films, design of interference and rugate filters,
                                                                                  design, fabrication and
       fabrication and measurements methods.                                      testing of optical systems
                                                                                  at an advanced level. It is
       Module II [16L]                                                            assumed that students
       Basic holographic principle and recording, holographic optical elements,   are already conversant
       holographic interferometry and non-destructive testing, laser speckle
                                                                                  with principles of optical
       techniques and applications.
                                                                                  components and devices.
                                                                                  Emphasis of the course is
                                                                                  to give the students
                                                                                  insight into cutting edge
                                                                                  technologies in aspherics,
                                                                                  thin films and holography.

                                                                                  Faculty:
                                                                                  • Dr GS Singh
                                                                                  • Dr Sushil K Kaura

                                                                                  Tutorial:
                                                                                  • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                  • RC Kalonia

                                                                                  Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                  • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                  • RC Kalonia
                                                                                  • Prabhat Kumar Baghel




                                                                                                                59
                                                            59
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                4-BM: Biomaterials & Biomechanics

                                                                   Credits: 3+2   Course Overview
                                                                                  This course discusses
       Module I [8L]                                                              biomaterials - the
       Introduction - material science, materials used in medicine, polymers,     materials that are used
       metals, ceramics, treated natural materials, biocompatibility,
       hemocompatibility.
                                                                                  and adapted for medical
                                                                                  applications in dental,
       Module II [12L]                                                            surgery, drug delivery and
       Scope of mechanics in medicine - orthopaedics, cardiology, exercise        many other applications.
       physiology, biomechanics in orthopaedics - principles, joints, fracture,   It also imparts knowledge
       internal and external fixation, prosthetic design, biomechanics of
                                                                                  about the role of
       degenerative disorders, gait analysis, biofluid mechanics, mathematical
       models.                                                                    mechanics in biological
                                                                                  systems which include the
       Module III (10L)                                                           analysis of motion in
       Introduction to rehabilitation engineering: artificial limb, myoelectric   animals, fluid dynamics of
       hand, finite element analysis and its application to problems in           blood and role of
       biomechanics.                                                              mechanical processes in
                                                                                  the development of
       Module IV [10L]
       Materials and nano/molecular devices working at cellular level:
                                                                                  abnormality. Finally, it
       molecular motors, molecular robotics, study of biomechanics using          also covers materials and
       optical tweezer, AFM based nanomanipulation, hybrid devices, sensors,      biomechanics at cellular
       biomolecular electronics: charge transport and electrical properties of    level.
       biomolecules e.g. DNA, proteins.
                                                                                  Faculty:
                                                                                  • Dr PK Jain
                                                                                  • Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj
                                                                                  • Neelesh Kumar

                                                                                  Tutorial:
                                                                                  • Dr Amod Kumar

                                                                                  Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                  • Dr Inderpreet Kaur
                                                                                  • Neelesh Kumar




60
                                                             60
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
         4-AG: Analytical Instrumentation Techniques

                                                                 Credits: 3+2    Course Overview
                                                                                 This course prepares
       Module I [12L]                                                            students in chemical
       Basics of analytical instrumentation, use of computers in analytical      instrumentation and
       instrumentation, statistical techniques, atomic emission and absorption
                                                                                 analysis at professional
       spectroscopy (UV-visible, NIR, IR, FTIR, X-ray).
                                                                                 level. It does not assume
       Module II [8L]                                                            any prior knowledge in
       Detection of atoms, molecules and aerosols, glow discharge                analytical chemistry and
       spectroscopy for elemental analysis                                       molecular spectroscopy as
                                                                                 physical basis of various
       Module III [10L]
                                                                                 techniques is included in
       Separation techniques, chromatography (gas, ion and liquid) and
       headspace analysis.                                                       the course structure.

       Module IV [8L]                                                            Faculty:
       Electro-Chemical Instrumentation: introduction and overview of            • Dr ML Singla
       electrode processors, kinetics of electrode reactions, potentials sweep   • Dr Sunita Mishra
       methods, impedance spectroscopy.
                                                                                 • AK Paul
       Module V [10L]
       Concept of scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron            Tutorial:
       microscopy, tunnelling microscope and atomic force microscope,            • Dr Sunita Mishra
       applications in material characterization.                                • Dr Akash Deep

                                                                                 Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                 • Dr Amit Lochan Sharma
                                                                                 • Dr Inderpreet Kaur




                                                                                                             61
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              4-PH: Photonic Materials and Devices

                                                                   Credits: 3+2     Course Overview
                                                                                    This course is aimed at
       Module I [28L]                                                               imparting knowledge
       Semiconductor physics, optical and photonic band gap materials, device       about materials,
       structures and characteristics, optical amplifiers, distributed feed back
       laser, distributed bragg reflector laser, quantum well lasers, modulators,
                                                                                    characterization and
       detectors-PINs, APDs, PMT, CCDs, LCD, diode arrays and OEICs.                physics of optical and
                                                                                    photonic devices such as
       Module II [20L]                                                              lasers, Fibre Bragg
       Optoelectronics sensors and systems - Raman, Brillion and Raleigh            Gratings, CCD’s and
       scattering based Sensors, FBG/LPG sensors, interrogation techniques and
                                                                                    optical IC’s. The practical
       systems, surface plasmon resonance and related sensors.
                                                                                    aspects would cover
                                                                                    design of optical and
                                                                                    photonic systems
                                                                                    applications in
                                                                                    instrumentation.

                                                                                    Faculty:
                                                                                    • Dr Sunita Mishra
                                                                                    • Subhash Jain
                                                                                    • Randhir Bhatnagar
                                                                                    • Umesh Tiwari

                                                                                    Tutorial:
                                                                                    • NS Mehla

                                                                                    Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                    • NS Aulakh




62
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
          5- AG/PH/BM: Soft Computing Techniques

                                                                 Credits: 3+2    Course Overview
                                                                                 The course addresses
       Module I [14L]                                                            current soft computing
       Neural network systems, learning laws and learning methods, network       techniques such as
       architectures, uncertainty and imprecision, fuzzy systems, linguistic
       rules, approximate reasoning, genetic algorithms.
                                                                                 Artificial Neural Networks
                                                                                 (ANN), Fuzzy Logic,
       Module II [16L]                                                           approximate reasoning,
       Hybrid systems, neuro-fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms evolving neural   machine learning, etc in
       networks, applications in control, inspection, monitoring, forecasting,   situations where
       recognition and diagnosis.
                                                                                 measurements are
       Module III [18L]                                                          uncertain and in
       Applications: engineering design optimisation, optimiser behaviour        deterministic. The
       evaluation through stochastic analysis, performance analysis, optical     applications include
       design and engineering, mechatronic products, agro applications.          effective solving of
                                                                                 pattern recognition and
                                                                                 classifications problems.

                                                                                 Faculty:
                                                                                 • Dr HK Sardana
                                                                                 • Dr Amod Kumar

                                                                                 Tutorial:
                                                                                 • Amol P Bhondekar

                                                                                 Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                 • Dr Amod Kumar
                                                                                 • Dr HK Sardana
                                                                                 • Sanjeev Kumar




                                                                                                              63
                                                           63
CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                     6- AG/PH/BM: Biophotonics

                                                               Credits: 3+2    Course Overview
                                                                               Biophotonics deals with
       Module I [16L]                                                          interactions between light
       Introduction, fundamentals of light-matter interactions, biosensors     and biological matter. It is
       based on optical and photonic principles, FBG, LPG based sensing, bio
       luminescence, fluorescence, evanescent sensors, photobiology.
                                                                               an exciting frontier which
                                                                               involves a fusion of
       Module II [16L]                                                         photonics and biology. It
       Bioimaging: principles and techniques, confocal microscope, surface     offers applications in early
       plasmon resonance, Raman microscope, near field scanning optical        detection of diseases and
       microscopy etc., microarray technology for genomics and proteomics,     for new modalities of
       flow cytometry, light-activated therapy, photodynamic therapy
                                                                               light-guided and light-
       Module III [16L]                                                        activated therapies.
       Nanotechnology for biophotonics: bio-nano-photonics, applications in    Biology is advancing
       healthcare and agriculture, disease diagnosis and pathogen detection.   photonics, since
                                                                               biomaterials are showing
                                                                               promise in the
                                                                               development of new
                                                                               photonic media for
                                                                               technological
                                                                               applications. Biophotonics
                                                                               techniques are equally
                                                                               important for agro food
                                                                               science and studies of
                                                                               plant life.

                                                                               Faculty:
                                                                               • Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj
                                                                               • Umesh Tiwari

                                                                               Tutorial:
                                                                               • Dr HK Sardana
                                                                               • NS Mehla
                                                                               • Randhir Bhatnagar

                                                                               Lab/Case studies:
                                                                               • Dr Inderpreet Kaur
                                                                               • Umesh Tiwari
                                                                               • Dr Akash Deep




64
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
                  7-AG: Post Harvest Technologies

                                                                   Credits: 3+2     Course Overview
                                                                                    The main technological
       Module I [12L]                                                               challenges related to the
       Physical properties of agri-produce, quality aspects, quantification of      harvesting of crop
       quality, quality model building (tea, honey, sugars, syrups etc.),
       spectroscopic techniques, advanced analytical instruments, IMS devices,
                                                                                    manifest themselves in
       machine vision and Image information processing technology for sorting,      three forms:
       grading of agri-produce                                                      sophistication of
                                                                                    machinery; storage
       Module II [12L]                                                              techniques for prolonged
       Storage technologies, CA storage, bulk storage, air storage, instrumental,
                                                                                    shelf-life of agro-produce;
       pulsed excitation techniques for pasteurization, methods for increasing
       storage efficiency.                                                          and quality
                                                                                    assessment/associated
       Module III [12L]                                                             regulatory aspects. This
       Farm machinery and equipment featuring intelligent electromechanical         course is designed to
       integration, virtual agriculture and modern sensing technologies such as     address these issues
       biosensors
                                                                                    besides making the
       Module IV [12L]                                                              students aware about
       Some case-studies of post-harvest operations such as grading/sorting         technological
       controlled environment operations, agri-mechanisation methods.               advancements in these
                                                                                    areas and research
                                                                                    underway.

                                                                                    Faculty:
                                                                                    • Dr Pawan Kapur
                                                                                    • Dr ML Singla
                                                                                    • External Faculty

                                                                                    Tutorial:
                                                                                    • AD Kaul
                                                                                    • VPS Kalsi

                                                                                    Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                    • PK Mahapatra
                                                                                    • Sanjeev Verma




                                                                                                                  65
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
       7-PH: Computer Aided Metrology and Machine
                         Vision
                                                                                   Course Overview
                                                                  Credits: 3+2     This course teaches the
                                                                                   techniques used for
       Module I [4L]                                                               computer aided inspection
       Modern measurement techniques, precision and accuracy, contact and          (CAI) and metrology. High
       noncontact measurement, metrology environment.                              speed and high accuracy
                                                                                   of positioning systems
       Module II [8L]
       Co-ordinate measuring machine: process and practices, probes, profile
                                                                                   and contactless
       and surface measurement, concepts, reverse engineering.                     inspections are essential
                                                                                   elements in modern
       Module III [10L]                                                            manufacturing industries.
       Interferometery and diffraction based metrology for surface and profiles,   This course equips one to
                                                                                   cater to the modern
       Module IV [8L]
                                                                                   inspection protocols that
       Non-contact and in-process inspection: air gauging, backpressure gage
       system, scanning, triangulation, applications                               help enhance the
                                                                                   productivity. The course
       Module V [10L]                                                              further covers different
       Computer aided measurement techniques: data acquisition, calibration,       aspects of inspecting
       repeatability and reproducibility, automatic inspection.                    geometrical features of a
                                                                                   component and the ways
       Module VI [8L]
       Vision based inspection system: Image processing techniques, shape
                                                                                   to evaluate those in mass
       analysis, photogrammetry                                                    production.

                                                                                   Faculty:
                                                                                   • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                   • Dr KD Chattopadhyay
                                                                                   • Dr Sushil K Kaura
                                                                                   • Dr HK Sardana

                                                                                   Tutorial:
                                                                                   • Dr SV Ramagopal
                                                                                   • Randhir Bhatnagar

                                                                                   Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                   • VPS Kalsi
                                                                                   • AD Kaul
                                                                                   • Prabhat Kumar Baghel




66
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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)
              7-BM: MEMS for Medical Applications

                                                                    Credits: 3+2   Course Overview
                                                                                   The technology of micro-
       Module I [12L]                                                              electro-mechanical
       Material properties, crystal growth, basic fabrication techniques –         systems (MEMS) is
       diffusion, oxidation, deposition of films using various techniques,
       chemical and plasma etching, cleaning, lithographic process,
                                                                                   impacting the industry,
       electroplating.                                                             leading to a new
                                                                                   generation of tools with
       Module II [10L]                                                             sophisticated
       Surface and bulk micro-machining, release of microstructures                functionality. Some of
                                                                                   these miniature sensors
       Module III [8L]
       MEMs devices: Capacitive, electrostatic, piezoresistive, piezoelectric,
                                                                                   and actuators designed
       thermal, magnetic transduction, micro-fluidics.                             for biomedical
                                                                                   applications (BioMEMS)
       Module IV [8L]                                                              are appearing as medical
       MEMs packaging technologies                                                 devices, as well as playing
                                                                                   a role in drug delivery. The
       Module-V [10L]
       BioMEMs: application in healthcare, hearing aids, implantable devices
                                                                                   course would cover
       and diagnosis                                                               theoretical, design and
                                                                                   application aspects.

                                                                                   Faculty:
                                                                                   • Dr Lalit M Bharadwaj
                                                                                   • AK Paul
                                                                                   • External Faculty

                                                                                   Tutorial:
                                                                                   • Dr Amod Kumar

                                                                                   Lab/Case studies:
                                                                                   • Dr Inderpreet Kaur
                                                                                   • Rajesh




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CSIR PGRPE on Advanced Instrumentation Engineering (2009-2010)
CSIO, Sector-30, Chandigarh-160030, (www.csio.res.in)

				
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